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FISK BROS. R. E. FISK, - Publishtri. - Editor THURSDAY. JANUARY 12, 1883. Two great smelter plants are on the tapis lor Helena andboth.it is safe to wager, will be builC_ The cholera is reaping a harvest of death in Chili at present and there is greater dan ger this year than last that it will work its way north.___ It is stated that a distinguished Demo cratic statesman, who is credited with sen atorial aspirations, favors the recall of Mr. Dickerson to the editorial tripod of the Independent. ______ Fifty-two millions of silver currency issued on the deposit of standard silver dollars, have gone ont into circulation within the past few months and have ap parently solved the question of what we shall do with our silver coinage. "Oi k Joe" has introduced in the House a budget of bills, many of them of a pri vate cbaraeÉer for the relief of various constituents, and others of a general nature applicable to Montana. There are two dozen in the list to start with, and the indications are that a big sessions work is resolved on. Numbers of the bills are of great importance to the Territory All that remains now to be done is to en gineer the bills through Congress and see that the President signs them to make them laws._ Pennsylvania is fast extinguishing her State debt. The latest report says that nearly a million and a half was paid off i.t-- year, leaving the principal at about liiiten millions, against which there is an accumulating sinking fund which at pres ent amounts to about ten millions, leaving the net indebtedness only about five mil lion dollars. One year ago this net indebt edness, as given in the American Almanac, was $10,000,000. The prospect is now that the whole will be wiped out in the next two years. It shows that not only is the national debt being paid eff, but that the blutes are fast getting free from debt, and the burdens of taxation from this source are beiDg lifted from the people. Pennsylvania incurred her large debt in constructing canals, j ust as Vir ginia did, bat while the latter has neglect ed to pay principal or interest, Pennsyl vania is paying off every dollar in full. While we have distanced the world in railroad construction, the matter of digging canals is not altogether discontinued. One sach canal is brought to notice in a report of progress on the Cape Cod ship canal, which is to connect Buzzard and Barnstable bays, on the southeast coast of Massachu setts. The length of the canal is about eight miles, and by this route the distance between Boston and New York will be shortened ninety miles, besides escaping a dangerous point of coast, where thirty or forty vessels are wrecked every year. The company engaged in the work has already spent $800,000 and the total coat is expected to be between live and six millions. They have a dredging machine that cost $125,000 and is capable of 6,000 cnbic feet of dirt etfery hour. The canal will have a depth of twenty-three feet at low water and 200 feet wide. Nearly one quarter of the work is already completed, though much is to be done on the approaches besides the excavation. It has been estimated that 15,000, 000 tons of shipping will use this canal every year and at a charge of 10 cents per ton the revenue would amount to $1,500,000. During the revolu tion and the last war with England the general government made surveys and es timates of this work, but it was never un dertaken. It is now being done by a pri vate company. There are many such works along our.'coast that will yet be done, work ing a great saving of time and exposure to dangers of loss. They should be done by government aud m ide free to our coasting commerce. The report of the Pacific railr ad com mission is published and consists of a ma jority and minority report. The former is signed by Anderson and Littler and the latter by ex-Governor Patterson. The majority report a bill for the adoption by Congress, which is very similar to that reported by Senator Edmonds. It provides lor landing the debt and interest at three per cent, and granting an extension of time for its pa> ment of 5U years. Bat Patterson favors the repeal of the charters and patting the property in the hands of a receiver. There can be little question that the majority report is the most sensible and practical. So far as the Union Pacific is concerned it is agreed that it is honestly and. efficiently managed at the present time, and there seems to be no way to get at the thieves who plundered and wrecked it in the days of its prosperity. We hope something will be done by the present congress. It is given out that the directors and stockholders are indifferent to the action of the government. Even if the extension of payment at reduced interest is granted the roads will have to be very prudently managed to pay out with all the competi tion they now have to contend with. In the settlement, we wonld suggest that the government take back all the unsold por tions of the land grants at a fair present valuation and apply this in a redaction of the debt or in paying off first mortgage bonds. It will be a good thing for all par ties and leave the roads to be man aged without conflicting interests on principles that will build up the tribu tary country and make bnsiness for the roads. With the command of their own resources to build branch lines, these roads could soon doable their business and would prove an important factor in the settlement of the poorest part of the country, espe cially in the settlement and regeneration of Utah. PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRIES. The principle of protection, as advo cated by the Republicans and every nation on earth of any intelligence, ex cept England, is all contained in the sound, practical, prudent advice, Patronize home industries. It is the principle voluntarily practiced by every shrewd, progressive community, even in the wide area where trade is com pletely free. But if every man were to act upon the Democratic principle of only buying where goods could be bought the cheapest and selling only where the most could be obtained, it would prevent or destroy all local prosperity. Even where trade is wholly free we act voluntarily upon the principle that it is better to pay a little more to encourage home industry, to help our neighbors to prosper, in order that we in turn may share in their prosperity. But when everybody is sending away to a distance in order to save a few cents, as for in stance, a newspaper, or a job of printing, or any any other article that is kept by our merchants or made by our mechanics, it proves the ruin of business in any com munity. Give us a diversity of employ ments and help them all to live and prosper, is the only theory of building up a prosperous community. We are at fault with our free trade friends because they make no distinc tion between friend and foe, between citizen and straDger. They look only at the price got and paid. We say that it does make a vast difference who we trade with. The interests of the wool men of Montana ought to be of more concern to the Independent than those of Australia. It is not probable that any of the latter patronize the Independent, but we are very sure that paper would lose a share of its patrons if all the wool growes in Montana were broken up and driven out of business. They are certainly having a very bard time of it now, and if Cleveland's policy is pur sued their condition will surely be worse. But, say the President's supporters, it is not a good industry to foster in Amer ica so long as wool can be grown and shipped into this country so much cheaper from Australia and South America. So by simply taking a nar row view of the immediate present, the President is willing to make a sacrifice of the entire wool interest and make our whole people dependent for this prime necessity upon sources thousands of miles away. The supporters of the President's idea do not stop to think of the changes of situation that will ensue when our sheep men have been ruinedjand driven out of business. They assume without a shadow of reason that the wool growers of Australia will con tinue to sell us their wool as cheap as at present. But it is certain this will not be the case. They will have a larger demand than now, and with no competition can and surely will raise the price so that our people would have to pay as much as now and may have to pay a great deal more. And they will have to pay it in gold, for Australian and South American trade are all in British hands. In case of a foreign war and without a navy, dependent on for eign sources for such a prime necessity, we would be exposed to distress, and might have to pay three or four times as much for our woolens as now. So ex treme is this peril, so certain is it that it would not give us any advantage under the most favorable conditions, that we cannot but regard the President's policy as one of extreme danger and folly. So long as we have free trade among the States it furnishes ample field for all the advantages that policy can bring. It protects us fully and absolutely agaiust any possible monopoly either in wool growing or its manufacture. If it were otherwise and we were compelled to pay tribute to any class of monopolists it would be better to support home monopo lists even than foreign ones. In the matter of wool growing the most casual acquaintance with the busi ness would convince any one that it is an '^industry for which we have great and general advantages, though not so great at present as Australia and South America. There is not a State in the Union that does not have a large area that could be better used for raising sheep than for any other purpose, at anything like a fair price for W'ool. It is an industry that is liable to great fluctuations, as the tables of prices for the last fifty years will show. If con fined to a narrow range of production, these fluctuations will be greater ; drouth may assail the interest in California and New Mexico; cold winters may work disastrously in Oregon and Montana, and disease in other parts of the coun try. The only security against such fluctuations is to have the interest as wide-spread as possible, so that the general yield may not be greatly affected by any local disaster. Next to our food, our clothing is a matter of importance in our cold cli mate. No prudent statesman would neg lect an interest so important, or even entertain the idea that we should depend upon foreign sources of supply. No matter what else is protected, the wool interests of this country should be pro tected to the degree that sheep raising should be fairly profitable. It is not so at the present time, and the situation demands an increase rather than de crease of duties. If the business becomes more profitable, it will increase so that home competition will reduce the price. It is better to have the regulator in our own hands than in foreign ones. Even if we raised the tariff on foreign compet ing wools to the point of protection we shall be in no possible danger from inflation of prices, and the revenue that it we should lose from the duties on foreign imported wool we do not need to swell the surplus of the treasury, according to the President's own showing. We believe in the policy of protection on general principles, but in the matter of wool growing and manufacturing there are special reasons to plead for it and stamp as suicidal folly any attempt to endanger their existence, as the course of the President would confessedly do. SKILLED LABOR. The rapid growth of our manufactures under the shelter ol protection till we have become the gÄtest manufacturing people in the world is proof positive that it fosters and creates skilled labor iu the sense that the term is generally employed in distinction from that engaged in pro ducing raw material. It may be true that skilled labor does not come to this country from Europe iu the same pro portion that unskilled labor does, and there are many good reasons for it. In the first place it is comparatively better paid at home. This is true in all coun tries. The pressure is felt most in that class whose numbers are greatest. And notwithstanding this fact and the addi tional one that passage to America is so cheap, it not true that most of our emi grants are of the poorest class in Europe. Our factories and shops, where the labor employed is mostly of the class called skilled laber, are full of foreigners as is well known. The invention of ma chinery has had the effect to make un skilled labor competent to produce the fruits of the most skilliul laborers. As for instance, in the case of watch making. The machinery in jise at Waltham and Elgin turns out finer watches than the Swiss and French workmen can produce with all the skill that generations of practice and special study and applica tion have been able to give them. * * * Take any single employe in the fac tories at Waltham or Elgin and beyond doubt plenty of foreign workmen can be found to surpass them in general knowl edge of watch making. But the pro ducts of skill born of machinery, with a smaller degree of general skill in the employe, surpass in finish and very much in cheapness of product the greater personal skill. The invention of machinery has converted all depart ments of labor into the higher grades of skilled labor, and the general education and intelligence of our people, acquired through our public school system, has labor required. We have uot needed furnished us all the degree of skilled the skilled labor of Europe. We could do better work with our machinery and a much smaller degree of skill among our workmen. The fact that so few skilled laborers come from Europe only shows that their field is better occupied in this country than in Europe. So far as the question of profit is con cerned from producing the fruits of skilled labor, we have distanced the world, and though the introduction of so much machinery has undoubtedly lessened the demand for the highest de gree of skill in the workman, it has brought us the profit and enabled men of less skill to reap the rewards that men of superior skill obtain in the old country. The skillful inventor through his machinery virtually imparts his skill to thousands who have not a tithe of it. * * * Senator Dawes tells us that when the present tariff law was passed some of the committee, of which he was one, pro posed that the duty on silk should be made low because none was then pro duced in this country, but he insisted that with encouragement and protection it might be produced, and such has been the fact. Last year more than 55,000,000 worth of silk was produced in this country, giving profitable employment to home capital, to thousands of skilled laborers and furnishing a home market for our farmers, besides giving us the product cheaper than ever before. Silk dresses, which once were only thought of by the very rich, ^re now found in the wardrobe of every domestic in the land. * * * Why! bless your heart, this land is full of skilled labor as an egg is full of meat. Even farming, the most general field of unskilled labor in the world, has, by the introduction of machinery, been elevated to the rank of a skilled profes sion. A single farmer of ordinary intel ligence, with a team and modern farm machinery, can produce as much as a hundred hard toiling Chinamen, Hin doos or European serfs. We have skilled labor to produce raw material and skilled labor to convert it into the fin ished product ready for consump tion. There is hardly an import ant .thing that the manifold wants of civilized man crave that we cannot produce better and cheaper in this coun try. Some of the goods sold in our mar kets are sold cheaper in foreign coun tries. They have to be sold cheaper there or they could not be sold at all. If an American goe3 to Europe, in any part of it, and stops at any public house, he will be charged about twice as much as a citizen of the country, simply for the reason that he is better able to pay and is accustomed to pay more. If we should stop our manufactures and^, de pend on foreign supplies, would we get foreign goods as cheap as they are sold at home ? Prices are not regulated always or generally by the cost of pro duction, but very much also by the ne cessities of purchasers and their ability to pay. * * * So far as the rewards of labor are con cerned there is not a country in the world where it is paid as liberally as in this country. Statistics have been gathered and comparisons have been made thousands, of times and with one uniform result. The greater part of our workingmen fare better every day than a good part of the nobility in Europe. The cost of living in the old country and this should be accompanied by an investigation into the style of living. It is a fact that the inmates of our poor houses and charity hospitals live much better than a large part even of the better classes of Europe. What is spent here by a single workingman would, on an average, sustain a whole family in Europe. * * * So far as we have any unprotected in dustries, they all share the benefits that come from protected one3. The farmer who raises wheat is protected by being furnished the best home market in the world, and nine-tenths of all that is produced is consumed within our own borders. Would any but an insane man prefer the market where the smallest part of his produce can find purchasers ? England would not buy of us a bushel of wheat or a pound of cotton or beef if it could be got elsewhere. Prudence demands that we should make the most of our home market. It is worth more to us now than all the rest of the markets in the world, and it can be made vastly better than it is by judi cious protection. A very important decision has just been rendered in the United States District Court for Northern Iowa, Judge Shires pre siding. The effect of the decision is to vacate the Glidden patent under which the Washburn & Moen company have claimed and exercised the right to exact a royalty of all manufacturers of barbed wire. The decision will have to go to the Supreme Court, as did the Driven Well"case, recent ly decided. But such is the confidence of manufacturers that the patent will be vacated that no more royalty will be paid, and there should be a con siderable redaction in the price of wire, of which Montana in the future will have the advantage. The results in these two cases suggest the propriety of providing that the general government shall furnish in full or part the expense of testing thor oughly iu the courts the validity of con tested patents. These patent monopolies constitute the most oppressive taxes that our people pay. It is quite generally be lieved that the the patent under which the Telephone Company is extorting mil lions from onr people every year is without any just and valid basis. People submit to these exactions because the cost of liti gation is so great, and it is only when a great number combine and divide this cost that such cases are ever thoroughly tried in the courts. Meantime the extortion goes on and fortunes are made, and this encourages others to practice the same policy. The government which represents the people shonld use the people's money to prosecute such actions. Either Voorhees' speech on the Presi dent's tariff message is intended for satire or else it is a maudlin mass of contradic tions. So far as he bewails in extravagant terms the an tiering hardens of taxation that onr people bear, the tears shed wonld rival those of a crocodile. The people of this country pay less tax to their national government than any other in the world. Bat if it is true that a needless amount is kept idle in the treasury, it is wholly the fault of the administration and no one else, for it might be nsed in buying np onr bonds, as was done last autumn, about election time. Again, if there is more money coming into the treasury than is needed, why does the President recommend a redaction of duty on wool, the only possible effect of which upon the treasury would be to increase the receipts. It strikes us that a sober man would have to get pretty close up to Cleve land to make him appear a greater man than Jefferson, except upon the principle that a live dog is better than a dead lion. Voorhees seems to re joice that Cleveland has made a move and doesn't seem to care much about the direction. Voorhees claims to favor incidental protection and is opposed to abolishing the internal revenue taxes. These are sound positions, and indicate that Voorhees will come out of the fog some time on the right side of the fence when he recovers from the bewilderment into which the dazzling light of the Presi dent's message has thrown him, without the precaution of nsiog proper glasses. The President certainly made a faithful transcript of some of the tracts of the Cobden Club, and the message receives un bounded praise in England, aud for the best of reasons. Competent judges would say that Manning's last report as treasurer was as much superior to the President's mes sage as the sunlight exceeds the pale, bor rowed light of the moon. If Grover is greater than Jefferson, Manning must have been a wonderfully great man, or we shall have to think less of Jefferson than we have been accustomed to do. The capital invested in the Southern States in manufacturing and mining indus tries last year was nearly doubled and let it not be forgotten that the new South is fast acquiring a keen appetite for protec tion. Twenty-five years more of protective policy will see the South rich and prosper ous, perspiring wealth at every pore. Pro tection of home industries, diversity of in dustries, the development of her rich min eral resomces will make the South rich, will settle the real controversies and exalt and crown free labor. K. of L. Prospects. Philadelphia, Jannary 6.— -Responses to the notice of General Secretary Litch man for the payment by the local assem blies of the Knights of Labor of the Janu ary taxes are pouring in to the several of fices of the order. Secretary Litchman says the showing is excellent. We have nearly 500,000 members now, and all in good standing. We are ready for the new year ander the very brightest of prospects. Senator Reagan, of Texas, is opposed to the principle of the Blair educational bill, because it will lead to centralization. Texas is exceptionally favored beeanse, of all the States, it alone has the control and disposal of its pnblic lands, and out of them has provided liberally for pnblic schools, and therefore does not need the aid of the general government. This Blair bill waa intended as a measure of relief for the Southern States, where most of the illiteracy exists, very largely among the blacks. Many of the Southerners reject the profier of relief because they do not want the blacks educated, and rather than have them educated prefer to have the whites continue in their ignorance At First we favored the bill because we felt that Congress, which had given the ballot to the freed men, should give them the means to nse it properly. But there has been so much opposition at the South to the measure, and if the grant is made it will be appor tioned and managed exclusively by the whites and in their interest that we bave lost faith in its accomplishing the good in tended. Senator Plumb has proposed to amend by making the distribution ac cording to population as shown by the census of 1880. This, too, would be work ing great injustice to the new States of the West, which have more than doubled their population since that census was taken. We are now much nearer to the census of 1800 and the ap propriation should be deferred, if made at all, till after the next census is taken. But we believe it would be full as well to let the States that neglect to educate their people suft'er the consequences. They will learn after a while that ignorance is a heavier tax than the schools. Experience is a hard master, but it is often the only one whose teachings are heeded. Jnst as the States that repudiate their honest debts lose credit aud iu the end more money than it would take to pay them honestly, so the States that tolerate ignor ance in any portion of their population will reap corresponding harvests of crime, pauperism and shiftlessness. When the southern States realize that ignorance don't pay they will repent and do works meet for repentance. If help is crowded on them they will not appreciate it or im prove it. _ Senator Tukpie has introduced a gen eral enabling act for the admission of Da kota, Montana, Washington and New Mex ico. . The present boundaries are preserved for all except Washington, which is en larged to include the pan-handle of Idaho. Rather than have any contention or delay, even this change had better be abandoned. Springer, who has just been appointed chairman of the committee on Temtories, has recently, and in anticipation of his ap pointment, signified his approval of sach a general bill, and there is a better prospect of its passing than ever before. The spirit of division aas diminished in Dakota, and would disappear entirely if the act pesées granting admission as a whole. As was foreseen and intended, the new States can not participate in the next presidential election. After the act passes, the people are to elect delegates to a constitu tional convention, and though the bill does not provide when this shall be done, it will probably be fixed as late as the time when the States vote for President. After the constitutions are adopted these will have to he submitted to a vote of the people and the resalt of acceptance certi fied to the President. With promptness of action the matter could probably be ma tured, if a legislature and State officers are voted for when the constitution is submit ted, so that our Senators and Representa tives con Id be ready to take their seats soon after the opening of the new adminis tration, March 4,1889. Such a consomma tion for the first time looks probably and we shall watch the progress of this measure with more direct interest than any pending before Congress. Resolutions of Respect. Montana Lodge No. 1, I. O. O F.. at its last meeting, acted UDon and adopted the following resolutions : Whereas, Bro. John H. Ming, P. G , departed this life on the 27th day of De cember, 1887 ; now therefore, be it resolved by Montana Lodge No. 1,1. O. O. F. First, That in the death of Bro. Ming the lodge has lost a member who was for many years a prominent and devoted Odd Fellow, one who as a private member illus trated the principles of our fraternity, and who, in the various official positions from time to time held by him, discharged the sacred trusts committed to him with zeal, ability and fidelity. Second, That we extend onr sincere sympathies to the widow and children of our deceased brother in their bereavement. Third, That in token of our sorrow our lodge room be diaped with the usual em blems of mourning for thirty days. Fourth, That a certified copy hereof be furnished to the family of our deceased brother. Massena Bullard, M. Silverman, F. E. Thieme. Committee. Bills Introduced. Delegate Toole is credited with the in troduction in the House of the following hills, all of which are of more or less gen eral interest to the Territory : For the annexation of a portion of Idaho to Montana and the admission of the Ter ritory as a State. Providing for a permanent reservation for the Crow Indians in Montana. For the consolidation of various tribes on the great northern reservation of Montana. To amend the alien land laws. To grant the Cinnabar & Rocky Fork railroad the right of way through the northern boundary of the Yellowstone Park. Granting the Missoula & Bitter Root Val ley road the right of way through the Foit Missoula reservation. To allow the Fort Benton Bridge compa ny the right of way across the Missouri river at or near Fort Benton. Several memorials from the Montana legislature urging certain legislation for the Texritory, including an appropriation for the Yellowstone Park. A bill authorizing the Secretary of War to provide the militia of Montana with arms and military stores. For the erection of a public building at Helena. For the establishment of another land district in the Territory. To extend the functions of the assay of fice at Helena. MONTANA BAR ASSOCIATION Annual Meeting and Election of Ol fleers---President Blake's Address. The annual meeting of the Montana Bar Association oonvened at the court house las t night, with a large attendance of at torneys from all parts of the Territory. President Henry N. Blake, of Madison county, called the meeting to order at 7 o'clock and delivered an interesting ad dress upon the subject, "The Power of Con gress over the Territories '' It was received with rapt attention. Following is a syn opsis of Judge Blake's remarks : president blare's address. The subject of the address was the power of Congress to legislate in certain matters affecting the Territories. The provisions of the constitution were analyzed, and the opinions of courts and law writers were quoted. It was shown that all admit the constitutionality of a Territorial govern ment, and that the powers of Congress are omnipotent in a parliamentary sense. The source of these powers has been a subject of discussion concerning the part of the United States which has been acquired since the government was formed. It is claimed by many authorities that the con stitution did not contemplate any acquisi tion of foreign territory. Others maintain that the power to declare war and nego tiate treaties includes the right to obtaia cessions of land by purchase or otherwise. The latter is now the settled doctrine. It was shown by a number of writers that some supposed there never could be any States where Iudiaua, Illinois and Michi gan now exists; and that the same remarks were made respecting the regions of the Columbia river aud Rocky Mountains. The present growth was not anticipated, and the constitution was not framed by every statesman with any such progress in view. Fortunately the boundaries of the United States were not accurately defined in this inslrumen. Two theories appear in the hooks. One is that the power to create the territorial government is given directly under the clause authorizing congress to make rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property in the United States. The other doctrine derives the right to govern foreign acqusitions like Lonisiana and Florida from the authority to secure them by treaty. The tendecy of the courts is to support the latter. Congress can make a void law of a territory valid or a valid act void. A reference to treaties and patents shows that the term "territories" has a more com prehensive meaning than "territory." At tempts have been made to limit the power of congress, because the singular number is nsed instead of the plural. But the writ ings of the persons who lived when the constitution was adopted mention the whole west as one country, and therefore the word "territory" was most familiar to the legislators. In 1787 there was only one territorial government. The power of congress has not been abridged through any question or' number. The term "state" or "states" in the con stitution has been construed by the courts to include the territories iu certain matters and not in others. The citizens ot a terri tory cannot maintain actions in the circuit courts of the Union, inasmuch as this privilege is confined to the citizens of states. The statute of a territorial legislature can not he reviewed by the supreme court of the United States, for their jurisdiction is restricted to the law9 of state legislatures. It was shown that in a number of in stances in which the constitution uses the terms "^ite" or "states," congress had en acted laws which embraced the territories. The clauses relating to the records of courts, the apportionment of direct taxes and fug itives from service or labor, which do not mention the territories, have been interpre ted to include them. The speaker insisted that the rules of interpretation had not been uniform or inflexible, and that some of the strict constructionists had been lib eral in applying these principles, while those of the opposite school had often been narrow. The various propositions were il lustrated by the citation of case3 from the reports. Inconclusion Judge Blake acknowledged his gratitude to the members of the asso ciation for the expression of confidence which promoted him to the honorable post of president aud alluded to the pleasant memories which clustered about its duties. election of officers. On the conclusion of the President's ad dress, routine proceedings were entered into. The report of Treasurer C. W. Turner was received and referred to the executive committee. The report shows a balance on hand of $398. The report of the special committee ap pointed at the semi-annual meeting with reference to the codification of the Terri torial laws was received and placed on file. The report cites the history of the bill which was introduced at ihe extra session of the Legislature with reference to the matter of codification, and recommends that a similar effort be made at the next session of the Legislative Assembly. The following officers were elected for the en9ning year: President—W. W. Dixon, of Bntte. Secretary— F. P. Sterling, of Helena. Treasurer—Cornelius Hedges, of Helena. vice presidents. First district— T. H. Carter, of Helena. Second district— H. R. Whitehill.of Deer Lodge. Third district—L. A. Luce, of Boze man. Fourth district— J. W. Strevell, of Miles City. The following was announced as the executive committee : First district—Geo. F. Shelton. Second district— T. C. Marshall. Third district— C. S. Hartman. Fourth district— O. F. Goddard. The following resolution was adopted : Resolved , That the committee on juris prudence and law reform be instructed to ascertain if the session laws of Montana were obtainable at reasonable prices with adequate promptness after their enactment, and if not, the causes therefor and what remedy, if any, shonld be invoked and re port from time to time npon that subject The report of the committee on jnrisprn dence and law reform, with reference to the delay in the publication of the compiled laws, was read. The report was discussed at considerable length, with the result that the responsibility for the delay was pretty evenly distributed among the legislative assembly, the public printer and the secre tary. President elect W. W. Dixon was then escorted to the chair by two ex-presidents of the association, Col. Sanders and Judge Knowles, and expressed his thanks for his election to the office. Information was given to the association of charges made against a member of the bar in the eastern portion of the Territory, bat the charges not having yet been re ceived by the secretary the matter was de ferred to some fntnre time. President Dixon then announced the fol lowing as the standing committees for the year: Jurisprudence and Law Reform— H. N. Blake, Hiram Knowles, G. W. Stapleton, W. E. Cullen and J. B. Clayberg. Judicial Administration and Remedial Procedure— W. F. Sanders, D. S. Wade, I. D. McCutcheon, William Scallon and R. B. Smith. Legal Education and Admission to the j j j i ! ! Bar— F. W. Cole, W. H. Hunt, A. F. Bur leigh, J. W. Savage and F. K. Armstrong Grievances— W. H. DeWitt, Frank H Woody, E. D. Weed, H. G. Mclntire and Thompson Campbell Adjourned. Montana Match-Making. [Butte Inter Mountain.] A rather romantic engagement is to be consummated by marriage in this citj this week. We are not at liberty as yet to make public the names of the contracting parties. The gentleman, however, is a prominent merchant of Philipsbnrg, and the young lady a recent arrival frein the East. The way it came about was this': A Butte lady who recognizes that it is not good for a woman to be alone, any more than it is good for man, set herself the task of getting the two young people inter ested in each other, as she liked them both. He lived at Philipsburg and she (the youDg lady in the far east. By dint of muen talking, she finallv got them to corresponding. This soon led to an engagement, although they had never seen each other. It was at length arranged that the wedding should take place in Butte, and the bride has just ar rived from the east, while the bridegroom got in from Philipsburg yesterday. Al though they had never seen each other be fore, the expectations of both were more than realized, and all that remains to com plete their hapiness is the set rices of a matrimonial knot-tyer. The matter is told not only because of its interest, but be cause this kind of an engagement and mar riage is distinctively Montanian. Holiday Miner. The holiday edition of the Butte Miner is already in circulation. It is a large j pamphlet containing nearly a hundred pages and remarkable for good typograph ical and press work, done in the Miner office. It contains descriptive articles on every county in the Territory, together j with handsome illustrations of cities and towns in each. One of the features of the j book is a table showing the vote for Dele i gate to Congress every election since the ! organization of the Territory. Mining, stock and agricultural interests are written up and the resources of Butte and the Territory fully exposed. The number is a ! credit to the Miner, and will be a valuable pamphlet to circulate abroad among people seeking information about Montaua. Rosy Prospects Fred. Wilson, now editor of the Benton River Press, never allows himself to he outdone iu generosity of any kind, whetLer in startling predictions or otherwise. The following is his latest effort : "We recently stated there was fair, pros pects that Helena would soon have a smelt ing plant erected, costing one million dol lars, and are not surprised to learn that Great Falls has "raised 'em oue," and has now decided on the erection of a smelting plant to cost two millions. While dwell ing on this iemptiug topic, it may he well to state that Fort Benton's citizens hare completed arrangements by which a smelt ing plant will he brected in the city limits inside of six rnon'hs, that will not cost less than three million dollars. Future pros pects are indeed rosy." Big Sheep Deal. [Benton Hiver Press.] Mr. O. G. Cooper, whose recent visit to Benton was noted in our columns, did not, it seems, come here entirely for his health. We learn this morning that during his stay he concluded pending negotiations for the sale of one-half of his ranch property and one-half of his sheep for the snug sum of $25,000. The purchaser is Henry M. Martin of the well known commission mer chants, Manning, Harding & Martin of Boston. This firm is one of the heaviest buyers of Montana wool and well known to fiockmasters throughout the territory. This recent purchase fully testifies their faith iu the future of the Montana wool growing indnstry. The Wolf Pest. Wolves and coyotes are already making their presence felt among the cattle herds of this section, says the Benton Press, and should the remainder of the season prove severe, will without much doubt inflict serious damage. From Mr. Chas. Roth we learn that a day or two since he came upon nine head of cattle near Nine Mile coulee, that had been corralled by a baud of wolves. His attention was first attracted by the bellowing of the affrighted cattle, which, on approaching, he found formed in a circle, defending themselves with their horns. Mr. Roth had with him at the time one dog belonging to himself and four from Peck & Lacy's sheep camp—all shep herd dog9. The dogs at once attacked the wolves and an exciting combat resulted, in which the wolves were of course vic torious. In the meantime the cattle im proved the opportunity to seek greener fields and pastures new. Two of the dogs were seriously ipjured and are still nurs ing their wounds. Land Office Business. (Bozeman Courier 1 The business of the local United States land office for the year ending December 31,1887, foots up as follows: NUMBER OF ACRES. Homestead applications............................. Final homesteads................................. Pre-emption filings.................................... Cash entries................................................. Desert filings............................................... Final desert entries (not iuciuding those for unsurveyed lands........................... Timber culture applications....................... Final culture entries................................... Mineral applications................................... Mineral entries............................................ Coal filings................................................. 11,563 12,376 10,010 2,062 15,891 5,461 6,583 280 626 325 4,315 Montana Dividends. Daring the last month of the year 1887 dividends amounting to $248,000 were paid by Montana mining properties, the Granite Mountain alone paying one of $200,000. The total dividends paid dur ing the year were over three millions, dis tributed as follows : Granite Mountain...................... $2,000.0(0 Montana Limited................................ 742,500 Jay Gould............................................... 71,000 Empire................................................... 70,500 ' , ...... 60,000 50.000 . ...... 42,678 30.000 .................. 30,000 .............. 25,000 Original......................................... 12,000 Total.............................................S3,133,678 Moulton., Parrot....................... Amy A Silversmith... Kikhorn ................... Hecla........................ Hope. Railroad Earnings. The earnings aud expenses for Novem ber of the Cœur d'Alene Railway A Navi gation Co. were : Gross earnings..........................................? 18.736 Operating expenses................................... 7,053 Net earnings...................................$ 11,683 April 1st to November 30th inclusive: Gross earnings......................................$129,148 Operating expenses................................... 51,855 Ndt earnings....................................? 77,293 The Cholera. Lima, January 6—A private dispa from Valparaiso says the cholera has creased at that port to an alarming ext< the number of cases daily reaching 13<J which about 90 prove fatal.