Newspaper Page Text
From the Dativ Herald of January 9. BLOWN TO ATOMS. A Liant Powder Explosion at the Wickes 'runnel Kills Tw o Men. Wickes, January 9. —[Special to the Herald.]— A disastrous and fatal accident occurred at the Montana Central railway tunnel near here at 4:15 o'clock Saturday afternoon. Thomas Burke, one of the em ployes of Larson, Keefe & Co., the tunnel builders, was engaged in thawing out some jiant powder for use in the tunnel. He was at work in the small powder house near the mouth of the tunnel, used espe ially for this purpose. The large magazine is far removed from the workmen, but suf ncient powder is kept in the workhouse for daily u>e. At the hour mentioned on Sat urday a terrific explosion occurred. The , 0 wder house, which contained about U 50 pounds of giant powder, blew jp, killing two men. Burke, the man who was thawing the powder, was blown to atoms. John Delaney, who was standing within fifty feet of the house at the time» bad his head blown off. No other persons were injured. Not a vestige of the powder ouse is left. The explosion shattered the engine house, but did not damage the machinery. What caused the explosion will never be known. It wa3 sudden and ma voidable and the contractors are in no way responsible for it, as they used every precaution in handling the dangerous ex plosive. The men killed were both un married. Burke was about 26 years of age and Delaney was only a lad of 18. The latter was the son of Mr. Delaney, who was foreman at the Mullan tunnel. His remains were sent to Helena yesterday tor interment. Shooting Affair at Basin. The following message was received by the Herald yesterday from Jefferson City: "It is reported here that Leo Sntor, a ..lerchant of Basin, was shot last evening by Mr. Erskine, manager of Bach, Cory & Co.'s store. The bullet went through his neck, but the wound is thought not dan The shooting resulted from a quar neck, but the wound is thought not dan gerous. The shooting resulted from a quar rel over business matters." The following particulars were gathered to day from Mr. J. M. Erskine, who is man ager of Bach. Cory & Co.'sjwarehouse at the lepot, and looks after thecompany's ontside business : On Friday last he was sent to Basin City to attach the store of Sntor & LaSalle. Serving the papers and leaving a Jepntv in charge, Mr. Erskine went up to a wood camp and attached a small store nelonging to the same firm, returning to the hotel for supper. After supper some one came in and said Mr. Sutor was outside and wanted to see Mr. Erskine. Mr. E. put on his overcoat and stepped outside, when Mr. Sutor struck him on the fore head, knocking him down. He got np and started away, Sutor following. He re peatedly warned Sutor to keep away from nici, hut, finally, seeing Sutor reach to ward his hip pocket, he fired his pistol, hitting Sutor in the neck. Mr. Erskine -ays there were a number of witnesses who will testify to the above statement. For tunately the wound is not considered dan gerous. Death ot Daniel Jewett. The death of Uncle Jewett, as he was familial ly known among his many warm personal friends, which occurred yesterday evening at about five o'clock, at St. Peter's Hospital, will be a painful shock to all his rriends far and near, and he had hosts of :hem, perhaps mostly in Masonic circles, but widely beyond these limits also. Brother Jewett was a native of Vermont and possessed all the sturdy virtues of gen uine New England stock. Upon this strong, solid basis had grown up a noble character, broadened and liberalized by much travel and intercourse with men in all parts of the country. He lived some years in California before coming to Mon tana. From there he came to this Territory :n 1-66 and for more than twenty years he has been a well known and universally re spected and useful citizen. Iu the Masonic fraternity he was one of the pillars of strength. He was devotedly attached to the institution, not only a con stant, faithful attendant, but a worker. His services were in constant demand and the impressive, energetic manner was wit ness to the earnestness and sincerity of his belief in the principles and tenets so forci bly inculcated. Many a manly tear will 1« shed when the sad news of this unex pected death will reach his taithlul broth ers scattered all over the mining and Ma sonic world. No one so often as Brother Jewett has repeated the impressive Masonic burial ser vice over the graves ot departed brethren and now another must do for him what he was ever bo ready to do for others. There was a world of modest worth and nobility in the soul and character of Bro. Jewett and well may his brethren mourn. His irffluence and memory will long sur vive him and be cherished as a precious legacy. His laith was well founded and we can securely trust his future to Him whose judgments are in wisdom and mercy and who doeth all things well. 6. A. K. Appointment. George O. Eaton bas been appointed as sistant inspector general for the depart ment of Montana on the staff of Com mander-in-Chief Kae, Grand Army of the Republic. Drum Luinmon Product. Manager Bayliss, of the Montana Com pany Limited, furnishes the Heeald with the following statement of the Drum Lnrnmon output for December, 1887 : Tons. Yield. Id" stamp mill crushed 527 S13.10U ........ " ...............2803 *8.800 00 " " (low grade;...........3450 28,100 Total for month...............6780 5100,000 Working expenses............................ 555,000 R. T. BAYLISS, General Manager. This completes the biggest year's run in the history of the mine. From January 1 to December 31, 1887, the Drum Eummon crushed ouer 75,000 tons of ore and pro duced over $2,000,000 in bullion. Star of Bethlehem. Exchange: The Star of Bethlehem, which has lieen hidden away in space for this last 300 years, is now visible in the southeast every morning from 3 o'clock to daybreak. It is the brightest at about 4 o'clock, and is much more brilliant than the morning star. It will be visible for about two years, and will then vanish for 300 years again. Those who fail to take a good look at it during the next two years will be very gray before they get another opportunity. This star has been visible to the earth but five times since it guided the magi and the shepherds to the marger where Christ was born. From the Dally Herald of January 10 TWO MEN KILLED. The East Bound Local Passenger Jumps the Track Near Billings. Billings, January 10.— [Special to the Herald.] —A fatal railroad accident occurred at Greycliff, 67* miles west of this place on the Northern Pacific, this morning. No. 6, the east bound local passenger train that left Helena last evening, jumped the track while running abont 20 miles an hour. The whole train left the track bodily, the engine turning over in the ditch, bnt all cars remaining right side np. Engineer Monroe and fireman Gustafson were killed outright. No passengers were injured. IN FAVOR OF BONDING. The Special Election Says Yea to the Proposition to Bond the City for a Sewerage System. Pursuant to notice the polls were opened in every ward yesterday for a special elec tion, called for the purpose of ascertaining if the voters of Helena favored the propo sition originated by the city council to bond the municipality for $150,000 to raise mon ey to construct a complete system of sew erage for the city. The vote polled was very light—not a fourth part of the vote at the last general city election. The pro position for bonding was carried by a ma jority of 178 out of a total vote of 422, the ballots showing "bonds, yes," 300 and 'bonds, no," 122. The Sixth and Seventh wards went against the proposition. Fol lowing is the vote by wards : Yes. No. First Ward..................... ................. 49 20 Second Ward................. ................. 73 4 Third Ward.................... ................. 53 8 21 Fifth Ward..................... 16 Sixth Ward.................... ................. 10 25 Seventh Ward................ ................. 20 28 Total...................... ................30C 122 The returns will be canvassed and the result officially announced at the special meeting of the City Conncil next Thurs day evening. HAMBURG TEA. A Dose if Legal Physic Not Relished by the Vendor of Town Lots in Border City. Simon Hamburg was arrested in Helena on Saturday night by City Marshal Read, on a telegram from San Francisco authori ties, authorizing the officers here to cap ture and hold him, as he had been indicted by the grand jury for embezzlement. This This morning, through the efforts of Attor ney Duffy, whom Hamburg retained, the prisoner was released on a writ of habeas corpus from the Sflpreme Court, returnable His bail fixed at $5000, corpus from the Sflpreme Court, returnable next Monday. His bail was fixed at $5000, but as he could not raise it he went abont to-day in charge of an officer. Hamburg is a slim, sharp-nosed Israelite, with a nervous manner, glib tongue and an accent peculiar to his national ity. He dropped or blew into Helena a • few days ago and began to advertise that he would give away lots in Border City, California, and sell others for $25 apiece. He worked the scheme for all it was worth and cleaned np about $1,000 in a few days in Helena, hav ing just come from Bntte where he says he raked in $2,000 during a short stay. His "racket" was to give away lots for a nomi nal price, $3 apiece, which he claimed was but the price of the deed. Where Border City was or whether there was any such place at all his cus tomers generally did not enquire. He showed maps of the place and represented it as located in Southern California, on a railroad. After giving away one lot he usually managed to sell one or more others at $25 apiece. He profited on even those he gave away. At $3 each these lots would bring $36 per acre, which, it is reasonable to suppose, is more than the land cost the sharp Jew. Ont of this three dollars his net profit must have been over $2. If he got the land at government rates, it will be seen that even this was anenormons profit. The schemer, who is a shrewd fellow, was disposing of much of his property here and bad not the summons for his arrest come would doubtless have quitted the town with a good swag. His scheme is legiti mate, and the only thing necessary to its success is the requisite number of "suckers" to purchase. These, it seems, he finds in every community. Since noon we have interviewed Mr. Hamburg. He says the order for his ar rest did not state the crime charged, but simply that he had been indicted. It is not known that it is embezzlement. He telegraphed the San Francisco officers that he would go there at once, if they would pay his expenses. They answered that they would, and accordingly City Marshal Reed leaves with the prisoner this after noon for San Francisco. Confusion Morse Confounded. The Bntte Miner, in commenting on Simon Hamburg's visitation to Helena, says: "It will be a rude awakening to the con fiding Helenaites, who are out at least $3 for a deed to a lot in the modern Garden of Eden as they thought. But every sharper that comes aloDg seems to find no difficulty in playing Helena people for suckers, and the higher he flies the readier they are to be gnlled." That is a graceful sentiment to come from a city that opens its arms to tea fakirs, gold brick swindlers and forgers. Bntte men have not in the past attained a shin ing reputation for astuteness in avoiding the snares of the wily swindler, and should look after their own shortcomings. By the way, the Miner neglects to mention that Hamburg worked Butte before he tackled Helena. Like all other swindlers, he plaved the most gullible community first. His transactions in Helena scarcely brought him $1,000, while in Bntte he cleaned up $2,000 in three days. Come ofi' the perch, Mr. Miner. Hamburg Aeain Arrested. Simon Hamburg, who is evidently not the Simple Simon of nursery lore, was ar rested Monday night in Bntte by the au thorities there, who announced their in tention of holding him until an officer from San Francisco should come for him. They were finally induced to take a differ ent view of their duties in the premises and on yesterday morning City Marshal Read resumed his journey towards the Golden Gate in charge of the pesky Jew. While in Butte Hamburg had a gala time, frequenting saloons and setting np the champagne for kindred spirits in the Sil ver City, whom he toasted lavishly as a farewell greeting. ___ Hebrew Benevolent Society. At the annual election of officers of the Hebrew Benevolent Society of Helena, held on Snnday last, the following were elected for the ensuing year : President— Henry Klein. Vice President—A. Birkenfeld. Secretary—Simon Bohm. Treasurer—I. L. Israel. Trustees—Jacob Feldberg, M. Silverman, M. Boyer. From the Daily Herald of Januiry 11. THE MATER MAR. Hal* 's Hobby Begins to Bnck-«-The Company Enjoined by the Courts—A Test Case on City Regulations. Yesterday Mrs. M. B. Saunders, a lady living at No. 4 North Rodney street, in one of the houses of the Crounse & Moffitt block, filed a complaint with the clerk of the district court against the old Helena Water Company. The complaint alleges that the company had notified her that water in her honse would be shut off ; that she had tendered the company the sum of $9 for water rent for one quarter in ad vance from January 10th, which is the price charged, and that they HAD REFUSED IT and announced their intention of turning oft - the water because the owners of the building in which she was a tenant wonld not pay the rent in advance for the whole block ; that the water pipes leading to her honse were independent of the others, and that water could be furnished her without necessarily supplying the adjoining houses. The complaint also sets forth that the rates charged, $3 per month, are in excess of the rates prescribed by a city ordinance now in effect, regulating water companies ; that the charge for what water she used under this ordinance would he only $1.66 per month ; furthermore that the exaction of the company for the payment of rent three months in advance is unnecessary and un reasonable. Wherefore the plaintiff prays that de fendant may be enjoined from turning ofi' the water on her premises and that a re straining order issue to that effect ; also that the injunction be made perpetual when the case comes np for hearing. The complaint is signed by Carter, Clayberg & Maddox and Turner & Shelton, attorneys for plaintiff. THE INJUNCTION ISSUED. Yesterday afternoon Judge McConnell issued an order holding that the gronnds presented by plaintiff seemed sufficient to warrant an injunction, and enjoining and restraining the defendant from shotting ofi' the water at Mrs. Sannders' residence. The injunction was served by the sheriff last nicht upon R. S. Hale of the Helena Water company, and the company was also summoned to appear in court within ten days to answer the alle gations of the plaintiff set forth in the complaint. A TEST CASE. Another case hearing upon the question of water rents and regulations will come up in the police court next Friday. Last November the city council passed ordi nance No. 120, "regulating the sale of wat er and the laying of pipes and mains there for." This ordinance was vetoed by the mayor and subsequently was passed by the council over his veto. The ordinance went into effect on December 3d, 1887. Among its provisions is this : "Sec. 5. The charges for water furnished by such persons or corporations or assor tions of individuals to any persons, bodies or corporations in this city shall not exceed the rates fixed and prescribed by section fifteen of said ordinance number ninety five." Ordinance No. 95 is the Woolston ordi nance and contains the schedule of rates to be charged for furnishing water. The rates charged by the old Helena Water company are in part or wholly company are in part or wholly in excess of those prescribed in ordinance No. 95, and the company show no dispo sition to conform to them as required by ordinance 120. Hence the city has brought suit on the complaint of John Moffitt to enforce the provisions of ordinance No. 120. Moffitt alleges that the old water company charges him $5 for a service that, under ordinance No. 95, conld only be rated at about $3. The case will come np on Friday morning in the police court. City Attor ney Botkin will represent the mnnicipality and Wade, Toole & Wallace will appear for the Helena Water Company. It is probable judgment will be given at once and that the case will be appealed to the district court. Its progress will be watched with no little interest by the public, as it involves the right of the city to prescribe the maximum rates to be charged by water companies and other public corporations enjoying municipal franchises. The decision of the injunction case now pending in the district court will also shed some light upon the question and deter mine the rights of water companies in col lecting rents and regulating prices. Death ol A. H. Swain. Mr. E. C. Babcock, of this city, yester day received the sad news of the death of his father-in-law, Sir. A. H. Swain, at his home at Monmonth, 111. Deceased was a veteran newspaper man and was a visitor to his daughter in Helena last summer and made many friends during his stay. He was an intelligent, clever and affable old gentleman, possessing, in spite of his 58 years, the faculties and vigor of middle life. He intended to close np his affairs at home and transfer his buäineM to Montana this year, but death overtook him suddenly, he having contracted a bad cold a short time ago that resulted fatally. Mrs. Babcock, who has the sympathy of many friends in her bereavement, left yesterday for Mon month on hearing of the illness of her father. The news of his death reached here after she had departed. Burned to Death. [Inter-Mountain.] About noon Sunday, in Anaconda, while Mr. and Mrs. James Clark were for a short time absent from home, their two children, a baby and a five-year-old girl, in playing with matches set the enrtain on fire. The fire quickly communicated to other inflam mable material in the room, and in a very short time the whole structure was in a blaze. The eight-year-old boy of Mr. Cor nelius, a near neighbor, managed to get the older of the two babies oat of the burning house, and tried manfully to save the other, bnt nnavailingly, and before other help reached the scene the little one was burned to death. The fire was with great difficulty prevented from spreading toother residences near at hand. Correction. It was stated last week that two men, who were brought to the Helena hospital for treatment, were the victims of an acci dent at the Wickes tunnel on the Montana Central. This was a mistake. The men were injured in Tnoby'e tunnel mm Basin, on the Montana Central railway. The Wickes tunnel shows a record remarkably clear of accidents for such a gigantic un dertaking. The explosion of last Saturday was the first fatality occurring at that place from accident. The contractors ex ercise the utmost prudence in every de partment of the work, and the result is that the employes have been exempt from the mishaps ordinarily incurred in such an undertaking to an unusual degree. Milling at Card Rate». Miner: "The Helena popart up to Saturday continued to eulogize Hamberg's generosity in giving away tetra lota in his paper city in California." So we did, gentlen*en, at 30 cents per line. Testimonials as to the absolute parity of Butte's grave yard water supply and affidavits to the Miner's hugef?) circu lation will be inserted in the Heeald, ac companied by an asterisk, at ths same rate. CITY COUNCIL. Canvassing the Vote on the Bond Question---Other Proceedings-- Sewerage Matters Discussed. A special meeting of the City Council was held last evening. Mayor Steele pre siding. The volt on the sewerage bond question, polled last Monday, was can vassed with the following result : For the bonds 293 ; against the bonds 122. The result was annonDced and the bonding proposition formally declared carried. Discussion ensued upon the proper method of procedure, now that the bonds had been voted. Howey favored cautiot s proceedings and grave deliberation on the important matter. The city wanted good sewerage and the first step, he though', should be the procuring of expert engineer ing advice and assistance. He suggested that the Council invite local engineers to confer with them and mentined the names of Gen. Greene, Col. DeLacy and Mr. Evans, of the Woolston water company. Lissner advocated the seeking of ex perienced professional aid in the East. He suggested that plans be requested from engineers in the large cities, the one ac cepted to be awarded a prize of $1,500 or thereabouts. The Mayor spoke of the great import ance of the subject and suggested that all engineers be invited to give their views in the matter. The completion of such a work would call forth either the appro bation or the curses of the community. Wallace thought a committee of citizens should be appointed to act in concert with the council. They were going into a new business that few knew anything about, and they should be glad to obtain all pos sible assistance. Worth moved that further action on the matter be postponed until next Monday evening, at which meeting all local en gineers be requested to be present. Carried. ° A long communication from J. E. Sharp, sanitary engineer of Winnipeg, was pre sented and read. It suggested the advis ability of providing the city with a proper system of sanitation to effect the removal of night soil and garbage in a manner that would be both inoffensive and innocuons. He presented outlines of his plans for this work, and asked for his proposition favor able consideration by the conncil. His paper was accompanied by a written statt | ment from Dr Morris, of the board of the board of health, noting ihe presence of typhoid fever and other septic troubles, and recommending as a sanitary measure the passage of a law to regulate the exca vation of vaults and mode of covering or protecting cesspools. The Montana Central Railway company having completed a telegraph line from Great Falls to Helena, asked the privilege of setting poles in the streets of the city. Referred to the < ommittee on streets and alleys. The following communication from the clerk of the board of county commissioners was read and referred to the committee on fire department. Hon. A. C. Botkin, city clerk. Dear Sir At a regular meeting of the board of county commissioners, held on the 15th day of December, 1887, the follow ing action was taken : "Ordered that the clerk is and he is hereby instructed to in form the city council, through its clerk, that the county commissioners are desirous of obtaining possession, for jail purposes, of the premises on the lot now occupied by the fire department as an engine house. The commissioners desire to acquit them selves of any intention to inconvenience the city government or its fire department, and theremore make no formal demand for immediate possession, but trust that the city council will take steps in the near future to provide the department with an engine house in a different locality." Of this please take notice and govern yourself accordingly. Lissner moved to reconsider the vote of reference and moved to lay the communi cation on the table. He said the ground had been donated by the county for city uses and had been occupied by the city for fourteen years. The county had no claim upon it. Motion to reconsider put and lost. A. Anderson was allowed a bill of $103.75 for work done on the city ball. A communication from Ross Deegan, lieutenant colonel M. N. G.. asking that arrangements be made for the provision of suitable apartments for armory and drill ing purposes for the local militia, was re ferred to the committee on ways and means with instructions to notify all persons con cerned that efforts are being made to se cure the old Ampitheatre on Edwards street with that intent and that the matter will be attended to as speedily as circum stances will permit. Voting Fluctuations. The election tables published in the Holi day Miner show the vote of Montana at every congressional election from the or ganization of the Territory in 1864 to 1386 inclusive. The tables show the linctua tions in the vote since the early days and are as follows : In 1864 Montana polled 6.565 votes; in 1367,10,900 ; 1869, 9,550 ; 1871, 10,135; 1372, 8,711; 1874, 7,457; 1876, 6.807; 1878, 9,242; 1830. 14,182; 1882, 23,318 ; 1884,26,969 ; 1886, 32,262. Supreme Court. Following are the latest proceedings in the Supreme Coart : 595. James Larkin et al., appellants, vs. D. N. Upton et al-, respondents. Knowles & Forbis and Thos. L. Napton for appel lants, Dixon and Robinson & Stapleton for respondents. Argued and snbmitted. 603. Dennis Driscoll et al., appellants, vs. Timothy Dunwoody et al., respondents. F. T. McBride for appellants, Knowles & Forbis for respondents. Set for trial Thurs day. January 12th. 597. Ben E. Harris, appellant, vs. Terri tory of Montana, respondent. Toole & Wade lor respondent, Attorney General Cnllen for respondent. Set for Monday, January 16tb. 602. George Thexton, Jr., and Thomas Deysrmon, appellants, vs. Winthrop Ray mond, respondent. J. E. Callaway and Daffy & Campbell for appellants, Blake & Pigott for respondent. Motion to strike out part of transcript sustained. Opinion by Galbraith, Justice. 613. United States, appellant, vs. Geo. H. Goodwin, respondent. Robt. B. Smith, U. 8. District Attorney, for appellant, H. N. Blake for respondent. Submitted on brief. 607. Granite Mountain Mining Com pany, appellant, vs. Went Granite Moun tain Mining Company, respondent. Robin son & Stapleton tor appellant. Submitted on brief._ —Hon. Geo. R. Tingle, government seal inspector of Alaska, arrived in Helena last night from San Francisco Mr. Tingle, it will be remembered, represented Dawson epoaty in the Montana legislature in 1885, and was appointed from Glendive by President Cleveland to hu present posi tion. He left Alaska some months ago and has sines been in San Francisco. He is now on his way to Washington. Hs has many entertaining things to tell of the lend of the midnight snn, among others that the seal crop was splendid last year and that his r seidenes was 1,500 miles north of Sitka and almost as far removed from the nsMeat white settlers. He will spend a day or two in Helena. "MILDEWED'S" MI SINGS. A Typo Responsible tor the N'amc-- Kevieu of Social Events--A Chatty, Entertaining and Sarcastic Letter. They say genius is always erratic, and I hope I shall be accused of no more vanity than usually falls to the lot of self-srttiafied mortals, when I state that genius and I mast be related, since all my friends ac cuse me of being somewhat eccentric. That troth of common sense which teaches that idiosyncracies are the common prop erty of smart men and fools, I shall en deavor to overlook. These diametrical axioms afford a rare field for discussion, bnt I shall not enter into it for fear of be ing vanquished. Suffice it that I hold the first gronnd and shat my ears to all argn ment from an opposite standpoint Hence yon see I feel safe in admitting that I am what might be termed erratic. I promised the Heeald a few letters on society this winter, but in writing, as in all, else, I am the slave of moods and, like my Quaker brethren, never take up my pen unless the spirit moves me. After receiving the above invitation an article in the morning paper, purporting to report the social events of the week and to guide Helena society in the way it should go, inspired me to make my first appearance in print by inditing a burlesque upon the efforts of my friend "Dade," who, by the way, should not take snch things so mach to heart as to be obliged to fall back upon personal allusions to "get even." His landable de sire to fill np a column upon society events, when there was really nothing to write about, will serve to exense mach of the i vaddle which his pointless eff usions con tained. However I see my admonitions had the desired effect in inducing him to withdraw as gracefully as possible from the roll of social mentor, which he so arrogantly assumed. I am glad he has discovered his mistake and come to the conclusion that it is not his to lay down rules of etiquette for the government of Helena society, which existed and nourished par excellence long before his upstart lungs ever inhaled the bracing atmosphere of Montana. It was in all charity that I gave him the benefit of wider experience on such matters, and, from his profiting my my suggestions, as well as society comments on "Mildewed's" first article. I am led to believe that the burlesque allusions were well timed and effective. Bnt that reminds me that I mast modestly disclaim any originality in the "bon mot" perpetrated in the signature to my first communication. For reasons of my own I adopted the nom de plume "Mildred," bnt the witty typographer, who puzzled his head and wearied his fingers in "setting np" my illegible scrawl, with a humorous conviction that my sig nature was intended as a pun upon the soubriquet of my friend of the Independent, spelled it "Mildewed." That type setter ha I my heartiest thanks, and as a recogni tion of his wit I make this explanation of the occurrence and also subscribe myself "Mildewed." Jennie Winston's real name is Jennie Bruce, but by a typographical is Jennie Bruce, but by a typographical blander her name appeared on the first bills iu this country as Jennie Winäton, and she has since sailed satisfactorily nnder that cognomen. Perforce of similar circumstances I shall remain "Mildewed." Social events the past fortnight have been unusually pleasant, as they always are at Holiday time in the hospitable city of Hel ena. Christmas trees in various churches and numerous homes gathered merry throngs of young and old beneath their evergreen branches, and the dispensations of Santa Ciaus made many a heart happy. What a glorious old custom it is. The weeks of preparation on the part of indul gent parents, whose hearts are wrapped np in the happiness of their offspring; the generous donations of friend to friend, rel ative to relative; the sweet self-satisfaction in presenting those we love with suitable gifts ; the evergreen trees bearing Kris K rinkle's harvest, emblems of eternity and the everlasting endurance of the happy ob servance of Christ's nativity ; the social and fam ily reunions aronnd the Yale log or under the mistletoe, the childish glee and happiness over the arrival of Santa Clans, the church chimes and general rejoicing and last but not least the Christmas feast and loads of delicacies—they are all happy memories that cluster about the festival of Christmas and linger with ns from the age of reason to the grave. "Blessed be the mr.n who invented sleep" and blessed be he who invented the graceful custom of cele brating Christmas in this joyful manner. What with dances, parties, dinners, New Year receptions, the fair and the theatre societv people haVe been kept busy since Christmas. At the theatre there were Nast and his caricatures to amuse the artistic, Uncle Tom s Cabin and the blood hounds to entertain the children and general public, and Levick's company to indulge the taste of devotees of the society drama. All were well attended and each appreciated to the fallest extent. Owing to the cold weather there were smaller audiences than . usual, and no theatre parties were observed. It seems going to the theatre in select parties is a practice going out of vogue in Helena. No doubt it will be resumed when Madame Modjeska honors the Helena stage with her presence. Last week there were New Year recep tions, a wedding and two balls to claim society's attention and attendance, but, as the Herald has forestalled me in referr ing to each, a mere mention is sufficient. Wednesday night's events have been the talk of the local world since they trans pired. The Barbonr-Whittelsey nuptials were witnessed by "everybody who is anvbody" and both everybody and any body were charmed with the elegant character and au fait air of the occasion The ball that followed at Encore Hall was well attended and highly enjoyed. By the way, this is how "Dude" "slings adjectives" in personal comments on the ladies present : "Miss A— looked superbly handsome, Miss B— bewitching, Miss C— dainty as a flower, Miss D— dashing, Miss E— entrai cing, Miss F— bewitching, Miss G— radiant, Miss H— queen ly, Miss I— adorable and Miss J— divinely fair." Immediately upon reading the above, a kind friend bought a copy of "Crabbe's Synonyms" and mailed it to "Dude," Independent office. He might have more ladies to speak of next time, and the considerate friend feared his adjectives might give ont. Society ladies are going to give their gentlemen friends a "benefit" in the shape of a Leap Year party. The performance will be "for one night only" and all of oar prominent ladies are "included in the cast." It is to take place at Encore Hall next Tuaday evening. The cold weather is cheating us out of divers entertainments that were anticipated with great pleasure. Foremost among them is that of a! social party at the home of a well known West Side hostess, whose name is synonymous with kindness, cour tesy and hospitality. The honse or man sion is on Bladison avenue. The party was set for this week, but has been postponed on acconnt of the inclemency of the weather. A public event of great interest that Jack Frost has forbidden was the G. A. R. entertainment, set for the 19th and 20th of this month. They were to include music by the Encore Club, Hendershot, the Rap pahannock prince of drummers, tableaux and recitations by home talent. Unfortun ately the projeet is for the present "laid on the table," bat I think someone will "move to reconsider" and secure the presentation of the programme later on. SOCI ALETTES. It îs said that on New Y'ear's day, a prominent jurist, who made the social rounds, and who is noted for his aversion to ardent spirits, was tendered a glass of egg-nogg, represented to be "whipped cream" He moistened his lips with the beverage, bnt detected the lurking foe in the white froth and "would have none of it." Let ns hope he enjoyed '.he (yearn of the joke. * * * One of the pleasantries of New Years was the discomfiture of a gentleman who, with a deftly turned compliment, wished a lady friend the enjoyment of "365 happy days." Whereupon the lady indignantly declared it was leap year and she expected to enjoy 366. * * * I am proud to chronicle the first leap year proposals. A certain retiring, modest and withal somewhat bashful young man, whose business has something to do with transits and trigonometry, was waited upon and proposed to the other day by three different young ladies. They "popped" in close succession, and the be wildered youth flew out of the house, managing to ejaculate as he went, "Give me time to consider." The next morning the trio asked tor his answer, and the nn gallant fellow, in the presence of all three, accepted one and refused the others ! The place where it occurred is a well known residence on the east side. * * * * Rehearsals for "The Sorcerer" are pro gressing favorably and the opera will pro bably be given in February. The cast has not yet been completed. * * * In talking of the approaching Leap year ball a prominent lady was recently heard to remark, "Now we'll get even with the men. It will do me good to see some of them play wall flowers"—all of which my gentlemen friends can ponder over between now and Thnrsday night. * * * People are asking why a certain young professional gentleman of the city spent the holidays away from home near the residence of a former Helena young lady. Answer : "There is a destiny that shapes our ends" and also onr movements about Christmas time. N. B. The Italian name for destiny is inamorata. *** The identity of "Dude" and "Mildewed'' is a subject for much speculation. It has been hinted that they are one and the same person, bnt this I indigantly deny. Mildewed. Bratnober Lost His Valise. [New York Tribune, Jan. 3d.] HE WENT ABROAD WITHOUT HI9 VALISE. The following advertisement appeared in one of the morning papers : If the party who took a valise from Room 253, Hoffman louse, will have the goodness to return the papers by mail to office of hotel he will greatly oblige the owner, who leaves for South America on Wednesday. The papers are of no value Wednesday. papers are no and would only inconvenience the owner. The advertisement was inserted by H. Bratnober, of Montana, who came to the city last Wednesday. He had left the hotel when a reporter called yesterday af ternoon, bnt at the office it was stated that the valise contained a number of addresses and some other papers of vaine only to the owner, but the loss of which greatly in convenienced him. It was thought that he had perhaps set the valise down in the office or in the hall, and that some one had taken it through mistake. Land Office Business. The Helena laud office did an extensive business last year, as the following table of the transactions for 1837 will show : K CM BEK AND ENTRY. AC It IS. AMOfXT. 389 Cash................................ 45.819 8 71,697 59 7 Coal................................. 893 9,324 50 180 mineral........................... 5,60 1 20,365 00 142 Desert............................. 42,240 11,799 97 104 Filial entry..................... ............ 30,288 98 150 Final homestead............ 22.901 1,172 14 398 homestead......................, 60,. .0 6,733 13 225 Timlier cu tore............... 30,9.0 2,910 00 223 Mineral applications.................. 2.230 10 43 Protests...................................... 430 00 699 Pre-emptions............................. 2,097 00 11 Soldiers and sailors..................... 33 00 £5 Coal land.................................... 195 00 3 Railroad selections......... 39,644 491 00 1 Military bounty warr'nts 160 4 00 Reducing testimony, etc............. 994 16 2.610 Total.................... 1 252,341 9160,593 47 Sales of land, 8143, Fees and commissi« ns, 817,207.43. OFFICERS OF THE STAFF. General Inspection of Grand Army Posts. Minneapolis, January 11.—Member? of the Grand Army of the Republic are mak ing preparations for a national inspection of the Posts, to occur daring January and February. Among the assistant inspector generals appointed are the following : E. O. Easton, Bozeman, Mont.; Wm. M. Berger, Santa Fe, New Mexico ; E. B. McElroy , Salem, Oregon; J. E. Hudson, Ogden, Utah: Engene M. Baxter, Washington Territory; E. C. Daken, San Francisco ; S. McClathon, Denver, Col. TIMBER STEALING. Alleged Thefts on a Big Scale in Cal ifornia. New Yoke, January 11. —The Herald this morning prints a three-column letter from Eureka, California, in regard to a gigantic timber land steal. The correspon dent states that a foreign syndicate is operating in Redwood district, of which Eureka is the center, and that it has al ready gobbled up 64,000 acres of the finest redwood forests in the world. The syndi cate is composed largely of Scotch capital ists, and is known as the California Red wood Company, with the chief office at San Francisco. The method pursued by the syndicate in securing land is described as follows : A number of notorious land sharks were hired by the company and sent to Eureka, and they soon had plans perfected for the great fraud. The head quarters of the gang was in the back room of a gin shop of local repute, which estab lishment was the resort of a rongh floating population. Three blocks away from the saloon was located the U. S. land office. The area of land soaght by the conspirators was so vast that a small army of men was re quired to go through the forms of entering and proving, as required by the law of the United States in the disposal of the public domain. It was necessary to obtain 400 persons who were willing to aid in the fraud, either knowingly or unconsciously through igno rance of the meaning of the statement each wonld be called on to make. The snm fixed by the Redwood Company as the maximum price was $50. For that paltry snm men were to be called on to go to the land office and make a statement that the land entered ander the bénéficient laws of Uncle Sam's was for their individnal use and occupancy. As soon as entry was made Gie men were escorted to the headquarters of the syndicate where the land was trans ferred to the "canny Scotchman." Thus was that chapter of crime completed and the raid on 64,000 a urea of growing timber, among the most valuable in the world, was finally consummated. TOWN AND TERRITORY. —General Manager F. L. Sizer reports the output of the Empire mill (40 stamps) for the month of December, 1887, as fol lows: Bullion, $24,250; concentrates, $2,000 ; total, $26,250. — Col. De Wolfe told an Inter Mountain reporter that he conld not afford to leave Bntte. So it is presumed he will resign the supreme bench appointment, if he is assigned to any other district. —Governor Leslie has appointed Dr. Chas. F. Mussigbrod, of Warm Springs, a member of the Board of Territorial Arbi trators, vice R. M. Eddy, of Missoula, who declined the appointment some time ago. —The funeral of the late Daniel Jewett took place this afternoon under the auspices of the Masonic fraternity and was largely attended, the order turning out in force to pay the last tribute of rtspect to the deceased. —Mrs. Carter, wife, of an employe of the Independent, won the sealskin sacque, and D. M. Sutton the diamond ear-rings in Ben Harris' prize distribution. Holders of the other lucky tickets have not yet been heard from. —Monday's Miner contains a column of "special correspondence" detailing the Iasi week's social events in Helena. A ver batim copy of the Heral 's description of New Year receptions and personal colun n are its main features. —Gust. Sanders, a young man 22 years of fige, was lost in the snow and frozen to death in the mountains near Butte. He was out on a deer hunt and left his com panions to trail a wounded deer. His body has not yet been found. —The remains of John Delaney and Thomas Barke, the unfortunate victims of the powder explosion at the Montana Central tunnel at Wickes, were yesterday buried from the Cathedral, the funeral being attended by a large number of friends. —The body of the man, who was found frozen to death near Butler last week, ha? been identified as that of Andrew Wilson, a former employe of the Montana Central Those who frequent the court honse as well as the general public will be glad to hear that the remains were taken from the morgue and bnried this morning. —The civil engineers of Helena and vicinity are to give a grand banquet on the 21st inat. in honor of the Montana Society of civil engineers. Carde of invi tation elegantly engraved and enclosed in envelopes bearing the engraved monogram of the society have been received from Chicago, though they have not yet been issued. —Warfield & Houser's livery stable at Butte was destroyed by fire Snnday night. The horses were saved but vehicles, har ness and feed were destroyed to the extent of $4,000 or $4,000 loss, which were not in sured. The building, owned by Ross Dee gan, of Helena, was valued at $4,000. Ad joining buildings and stock, including the printing material of the Mining Journal, which suffered by being hastily moved, were damaged to the extent or probably $50o. The origin of the fire is unknown. —Articles of incorporation of the Mon tana Smelting Company were Saturday filed in the office of the Territorial Secre tary. The incorporators are Walter S. Gurnee, Augustus C. Gurnee and Anton Eilers, of New York, who, in conjunction with Edward Cooper, of New York, and Harry W. Child, of Helena are also the trustees. The capital stock of the associa tion is plated at $1,500,000, divided into 15,000 shares of the par value of $100 each, 5.000 shares of slock of par value of $100 each to be known as "special stock," which may be increased to 6,000 it desired, the remainder of the capital stock to be known as "ordinary stock." The object of the organization is the erection of re ducing, refining and smelting works at Great Falls, Cascade county, Montana, which place is also designated as the base of operations. PERSONAL. —Ben Harris went to Great Falls to-day —Capt. I. P. Baker, of Bismarck, is in the city. —Mr. and Mrs. M. E. Downes have gone east on a visit. —Hon. Jesse F. Taylorof Choteaa is vis ting the Capital. —Sam. H. Wildy, the Billings attorney, is at the Cosmopolitan. —Mr. and Mrs. D. J. McNally of Boul der, are at the Merchants. — D. M. Dnrfee, a lawyer from I'hilips bnrg, is at the Cosmopolitan. —R. Ells, of Prickly Pear canyon, is registered at the International. — S. M. McKee, of Bntte, arrived yester day and left for Great Falls to-day. —Russell B. Harrison has returned from the East after an extended absepce. —Hon. J. T. Baldwin, the well known Butte attorney, is at the Cosmopolitan. — Chas. S. Hastman, ex-Probate Judge of Gallatin county, arrived from Bozeman to-day. —W. J. Townsend, the stage agent, and Wm. R. Gibbings, of Boulder, are visiting tbe city. —County Attorney Taylor, of Great Fall, passed through Helena yesterday route east. —Hon. Martin Maginnis left yesterday for the National Capital, to remain during the winter. —W. Bennett, of Bennett Brothers, the West Side merchants, came over from Bntte this afternoon. — R. H. Cokefair, telephone manager came in from Bntte to-day and departed for Miles City this afternoon. —J. W. Stanton, an attorney of Great Falls and W. H. Yerrick, a merchant of Missoula, are at the Merchants. —Frank Higgins, of Missonla, T. J. De Mers, of Frenchtown and J. B. Losee, of Anaconda, are among Territorial visitors in the Capital. —Judge and Mr«. Chumasero, now jour neying to the Pacific coast, will spend the ensuing three months in Southern Califor nia. Tue health of Mrs. Chumasero is very delicate. —Harry Walker, of the Assay Office, re turned this morning from a four weeks' visit in the East. He comes back with a bran new cape overcoat and many pleasant recollections of the tr>p. —Rev. T. Y. Moore, pastor of the Fifth avenue Presbyterian church, whose health is mach impaired, has been ordered by his physician to a warmer clime. He has been voted a two month's leave, and in a day or tw o will start for the orange groves of California. MAimiBD. LEWIS-SIMMS.—In Helena, January 5. !838, by Rev. R. E. Smith, Mr. John Lewis an»*. Misa Martha Simms, both of Helena. Boxur. MARTIN.— In Dubuque, Jowa, January S, 1888, to the wife of T. L. Martin, ot Hefei a, a son.