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For instance : The smaller Atlas (price $1.50) is furnished with The Herald for $5.25; the larger book ^Standard Atlas of the World, the regular selling price of which is $4 50,) is sent with The Hekald for $4.25. The forty stories and other publica tions, as published in the liât, are furnished with The Herald for the pa per's subscription price ($300.) Of the journals advertised, any one of the papers named go with The Hekald for a year at the low figure of $3.50. All old sub scrilærs now on our books are entitled to the same privileges accorded new subscrib ers by paying arrearages to January 1, 1888, and the amount required for the en suing year. Let us hear from everybody— old timers and new comers. We want all to have The Herald and a premium. An invaluable book, well worth an effort of every household to possess, is The Stan dard Atlas of the World. This magnificent work is in the list of premiums announced in our advertising columns. It is furnished (with the Weekly Hekald for one year) to every prepaying subscriber for $4.25. The regular subscription rate of the Hek ald is $3 00 a year and the regular selling price of the Atlas is $4 50. We want thousands of new subscribers, and we are making the most liberal possible conces sions to gain them. Every head of a family and every per son who aspires to that honor not already enrolled upon our books, are sought as subscribers to the Herald and re cipients of our published premium offers. We desire one and all of the "OldGuard" Herald readers to have a premium. We offer terms that should induce everybody to po-seis one. Let us this year not have a single delinquent on the books. Fur twenty years The Herald has had the best class of Montana people for its readers. It wants the same people for twenty years to come, with thousands added to their number. Friends, everywhere, consult The Her ald's premium announcements. Yuurhees to-day introduced in the Senate a bill for the formation and admis sion as a State of Montana. Referred to Committee on Territories. The rainfall in California is said to be steadily increasing from year to year, as settlement and cultivation advance. The same fact is observed in all parts of the so called arid region. IN a letter published to-day Thomas G.. Merrill tells of a danger that threatens the Territory.in the absorption by the North ern Pacific of mineral lands east and west of the main range within the limits of the grant of the railroad company. Mr. Merrill claims that investigation made by him establishes the fact that the company, through the local land office, has complied with all the requirements of becoming the owner of large tracks of mineral land, the same l*eing parts of odd sections certified by government officers as agricultural land, and that the issuing of patents at Washington is now the only requirement to complete the title to the properties named. MANUAL TRAISING. Again this subject is presented to the public, and this time by a still abler and more experienced advocate, I'rof. C. M. Woodward, of the Manual Training School of Washington University, St. Louis. It is a subject of growing and ad vancing interest, and we are fully per suaded in some form or degree it will in time become a part of our system of public free schools. It was the wise ob servation of one of the Greek philoso phers that children should be taught in their youth what they need to know when they become men. Without underestimating the great and good work that our common schools have done and are doing, the most intel ligent of the friends of the -ystem are inwardly conscious that the results are not what they should be. New studies have been introduced from which great things have been expected, and the re sults are more or less disappointing. Children do not stay with the schools only the lower grades are full. Some thing must be devised to keep our child ren more generally in school and for a longer time. If the benefits of the pres ent system were generally recognized as beneficial to the extent claimed, the ranks would not thin out so fast as child ren advance to the higher grades. We think manual training throughout the whole course will supply a great de fect, will make children more interested in the work of the school and will make the parents better satisfied so that they will co-operate and sacrifice to keep their children in school, and tax pavers will be better satisfied to pay even more in order to distribute generally such an education as will equip every child to become a self-supporting, useful, pro ductive member of society. There is substantial truth in the re mark of Prof. Woodward, that schools were first established to train men for the learned professions or to be elegant gentlemen of leisure, and when it came to extending school advantages to all classes and conditions of society the same system of instruction was contin ued with few and slow modifications* Now everybody works, and labor is con sidered honorable and not servile. Even those who are not obliged to work need to know how it should be done in order to be successful employers of labor. There is absolutely no station exempt. Though by some regarded as a curse pronounced upon Adam for his sin, it .was the most merciful form of punishment ever devised. What we want is the most intelligent skilled labor. It creates health, wealth and contributes to morality. It is the magic key that unlocks ail the secrets of nature and discloses the abundance of hidden treasures profusely scattered ! over and under the surface of the world. .Schools should not be confined to training the mental faculties alone or principally, but all the faculties of body as well, and all the senses. Reading thi- work of Prof. Woodward will fill one with surprise at the progress made in this direction of manual train ing. We are not surprised at the uni form and enthusiastic testimony of the good results attained. We think the book leaves an impres sion that this manual training cannot be generally introduced and that it will be very expensive. In this we do not agree. That no one system will be everywhere equally available is self evident, but with competent teachers it can be introduced successfully everywhere in some form or degree. A little money judiciously ex pended, where but little can be had, will produce proportionally as good re.-ults. In this, as in everything else where there is a will, there is a way. In Prof. Howard, superintendent of our city schools, we have a geLtleman of expe rience. ability and resources sufficient, if he were properly encouraged and sup ported, to work this revolution in our schools very speedily, and we believe the value of our schools would be doubled within two years at very little extra expense. It can hardly be longer considered an experiment. Success is absolutely certain. Oregonian : It took the Republican party twenty years to get a clean bench, but it will take the Democracy as long as that if we continue to send plutocrats, not patriots, to the United States Senate. We are reap ing what we have sown ; we have allowed men who buy and sell great public trusts, like stocks, to the highest bidder, to com pose our State legislatures. The Republi can plutocrat sells senatorships to the Stan fords, the Sharons and the Stewarts ; the Democratic plutocrat sells to the Fairs, the Pavnes and the Hearsts. Wan AM AKER, of Philadelphia, has solved the question of furnishing cheap homes for working women by providing for those in his employ board, lodging, washing and other conveniences for $3.25 per week. We wish there was some such practical Christian in every city and town in the country. The San Francisco Chamber of Com merce endorsed the Salt Lake protest against a reduction of duty on lead. Mon tana has equal interest with Utah and all the other silver producing State» in oppos ing this reduction. Many of our silver mines will be closed if the price of lead goes 'down._ The minister of mines in the Australian province of Victoria estimates the Austral ian gold y eld last year at 2,710,613 pounds sterling and the expense of mining at 2,385,680 pounds, so that the profit was less than the average of other occupations. The Honse to-day adopted the resolution for an investigation of the trust pools and other combinations. A SCHOOL OF MINES. We Lave watched with great interest to see what response was made o the call from the College of Montana at Deer Lodge for assistance to establish a School of Mines in connection with that prosperous institution. We feel irresist ablv that a mi-take has been made in asking too little. If a call bad been made for a hundred thousand dollars it would have challenged more attention, it would have been a surer pledge that something more eflectual and creditable was to be done and we cannot but think that there would have been a readier re sponse. Montana, a- the leading producing State of the precious and valuable metals, ought to do something worthy of the rank she has attained. We can but think that if we have attained such a rank at such disadvantages as those un der which we have labored, we could ad vance that rank greatly and put our selves beyond rivalry if we cultivate and direct our energies to thoroughiy and systematically exploring our resources. A college of mines with an able corps of teachers and thoroughiy furnished laboratory and an enthusiastic band of students, lor a center of operations, would soon explore our Territory, large as it is, from end to end* and the result would be in the aggregate to add millions to our wealth. We can not sav that it would discover any particular mine in any single locality, but we can confidently affirm as to general results that a thor ough exploration of our resources by competent men provided with proper facilities will result in uncovering mil lions of treasure. For such work we want a head center, and Deer Lodge is advantageously situated for the purpose,and we know of no better man than President McMillan to be at the head such an institution. It ought not to be allowed to begin on such a small scale, but those who give $1,000 ought to make it $10,000, and there are plenty of men in Montana now able to do this, and they will be richer at the end of ten years for so doing. _ After some days backing at snow drifts in Dakota, ex-Delegate Maginnis succeeded in breaking through the late snow blockade and landing safely in St. Paul, where we hear of him at some length through the interviewing columns of the Globe. The Major confided to the reporter that he was on his way to Washington, primarily "in the interest of the admission ot Montana into the Union as a State, and secondarily to secure if possible a ratification of the treaty with the northern Indian tribes, in accordance with the recommendations of the commission that visited the resen ation last year." He expressed himself in accord with the Springer bill for the ad mission of the several Territories therein named after the next presi dential election shall have passed. He seemed to share in the Democratic opinion that the creation of new States out of Dakota, Montana, Washington and New Mexico should not be harried, but should be extended to a period sufficiently re mote as not to hazard party succesa at the coming election by newly made common wealths, the political status of which was in doubt or could not certainly be fore told. Of course, the Major declared him self op posed to the division of Dakota. He was not disposed to regard the expressed wi.-n»-s of the people in that regard al though at the recent election the popular vote favored division, it was enough to say that all the people didn't vote. Plain ly, back of the objection stated, is the fear of two Republican States instead of one, into which the broad and largely populated Territory might be carved. The Major lamented the "sectionalism and partisanism'' displayed in the Senate over the confirmation of Lamar, and his opinion was that "just so long as these old embers of bate and discord are stirred up the South will remain solid." Maginnis is no more nor any less truculent than the aver age Democratic politician to the southern wing of his party, which behind every Democratic administration is the govern ing power of the country. The Major is pliant and now as heretofore does not hestitate to sacrifice the principles for which he once fonght if by so doing he can serve his political ambition. Claus Spreckles, at a recent gathering of San Francisco merchants, said he was going into making beet sugar on a large scale and did not need government bounty, if it would only retain the duty on refined sugars. Between Claus Spreckles and our agricultural department we stand some chance of becoming a sugar producing country, either out of beets or sorghum. The more we raise of what we consume the more independent we shall be. The London Times, in commenting upon the lact that 400,000 British born perma nent residents of the United States are pro posing to become naturalized citizens, thinks they may exert a controiing infiu ence in aiding to elect a free trade presi dent. They will hardly support ajprineiple that drove them into exile any more than the colonies of a hundred years ago were willing to be serfs under British lords. Atlanta Constitution, (Dem.) : Just how long this free trade spasm may last we do not know—probably long enough to bring the Democratic party to its knees again— bat it will last in the South only until the farmers and the laboring people open their eyes to the truth of the situation. During the last year the Southern Pa cific sold 777,000 acres of land in Southern California, and since 1875, wheu its sales began, it has disposed of about 2,500,000 acres at an average price of $3 per acre. Most of this land is sold to actual settlers, and some of it to «peculators in "Border" cities. Before the railroad went throngh it none of it was worth 25 cents per acre. WASTE. Few people who have not given the matter special attention are prepared to believe to what an enormous sum the waste in this country amounts. It has been a matter of common observa tion of foreign visitors to this country that we are the most wasteful people on earth. We were not a little startled re cently in reading a book in our public library by Bowker on Economics to see it stated that the waste in food products alone was placed as high as 10 per cent, and amounted in the aggregate to $500, 000.000 per annum. We do not assert the truth of this statement and hardly deem it possible. If there is such a waste in food, there is as 'great a waste in drink and probably nearly as much more in clothing. And if we add other waste of various kinds we could swell the total into billions. If only this waste could be saved how much richer we would be ! It would add probably as much as $33.33 to the income of every man, woman and child in this country. There is enough waste in food, not only to feed all the hungry in our own land, but to satisfy all the starving in all parts of the world. There is enough wasted in clothing, too, to cover all the naked, and enough in/drink to satisfy all the thirsty. If any people in the world needed to study economy it is the people of the United States. This waste is not con fined to the wealthy or the well-to-do classes alone. It is found probably to just as great an extent in the case of those who work for day wages and in the homes of the poor. It is the result of ignorance, improvidence, and general bad example. The greater portion of this waste can be prevented by proper care, study and effort. Economy should be taught in our schools, by our press and from our pulpits, and practiced by every family and individual. Enough can be saved in this way to remove want and suffer ing from the world and cover our land all over with schools, libraries, churches, asylums and hospitals. It is a subject not beneath the atten tion of any one. It ought to be a mat ter of pride and duty also. Anything that would so much add to the wealth, comfort and happiness of the world is not to be despised. The speech of Senator Frye on the tariff question is given full enough in our dis patches to indicate that it was a powerful one. The applause that followed in Eng land, the receipt of the President's message may well cause Americans to rub their eyes and look about them and inquire if a policy so acceptable in England is really the true policy for the United States 1 But we think Mr. Frye is wrong in one sense in calling this a ^puthern measure at the present time. It is true that it was almost exclusively southern doctrine in old slavery days. Bat the South of to-day is more interested in pro tection than any other part of the country. The eastern States have been protected till some of them think they can hold their own with a low tariff. They are more interested in getting cheap raw material than they are fearful of competition and they can get this raw material cheaper by sea than by rail from the interior of our own country. There are p triions of the South to-day that are more staunchly in favor of protection than Massachusetts. It would be fightingt his issue on a false basis to regard it as specially a Southern demand for a low revenue tariff. There is an opportunity to fight squarely on a national issue and abjure sectionalism, and the Republicans ought to improve the occasion to split wide open the solid South. The South will find its best friends in the Republican party of the North. Since the abolition of slavery, the South has entered npon an era of material prosperity already superior to anything experienced in days of slavery, and if they adopt the Republican policy of protection to home industries, the intro duction of diversified and skilled labor and the preservation of home markets both for raw material and finished pro ducts, they will prosper fully as much as any section of the country and soon be come convinced that their supposed ene mies are really their only true friends. John Sherman would abolish all inter nal taxes except on spirits and beer, and he approves Wm. D. Kelley's proposition that the taxes on even these articles should be modified so that the States might make their consumption a source of revenue and a relief from local taxation. This could be easily accomplished by repealing the federal tax altogether and leaving the States free to divert the tax now paid the federal govern ment to their own treasury by taxing malt and spirituous liquors at the point of con sumption. By the pasrage and strict en forcement of high license laws the States could directly secure the same benefit that Mr. Blaine proposed to secure by distribut ing the federal tax on beer and whisky among the States. The repeal of these federal taxes and their reimposition by the States would accomplish the same result sought by Mr. Blaine in a more direct and entirely unobjectionable way. Failing in this plan of remitting liquor taxes to the States, Sherman would, we assume, renew his former recommendation to reduce the sugar duties and compensate the sngar raisers by a bounty. Sherman favors the repeal of the tax on tobacco on the ground that the nse of tobacco was so general that its tax was a burden to the farmer and the consumer, rather than to the tobacco manu facturer, since the farmer had to sell to licensed dealers alone. The assessable wealth of Georgia has in creased over $100,000,000 within the past nine years and over fifteen millions of this is in railroads. The wealth of the colored people of Georgia amounts to about $9,000, 000 . SINES AND COSINES. Knights of the Transit Gather at the Festive Board, Eat, Drink and Make Merry. Annual Meeting and Election oi Officers ot the Montana Society of Civil Engineers. "You are cordially invited to attend a banquet tendered by the resident members of Helena and vicinity to the Montana Society of Civil Engineers, upon the occa sion of ther annual meeting, to be held at Helena Saturday, January 21st, 1888." Such was the wording of about a hundred neatly engraved aDd monogramed cards, issued last week from the office of Secre tary Keerl. of the Society of Engineers. In response to the graceful missive about 30 gentlemen, whose business it is to carry the transit and level in varions parts of the Territory, *fsembled in Helena last Saturday, prepaieft to take part in the an nual meeting of toe association and meet their professional colleagues at a "plane table" in the festive baDquet hall. At 10 o'clock they gravitated towards the Mer chants hotel and there soon found a "com mon centre" in the cosy parlors on the second door, where Mine Host O'Brien had spread his tables in inviting array. The company were soon seated and began their onslaught on the "goods provided by the gods," otherwise by Chas. Taylor, the experienced colored caterer of the Merchants. Host and stew ard had done their best in preparing for the occasion and the spread was worthy of their best efforts. The tables were ele gantly dressed, the rooms brilliantly light ed and decorated and, what is more to the point, the menu was replete with ail the delicacies and good things of the season, prepared with the chef's most consummate skill and invitingly served in the beststyle by Taylor and his corps of ebon waiters. There was no "cold lunch'' about the ban quet. It was a veritable Vitellian repast and the menu, printed npon souvenir cards of which each guest had one, comprised the following substantial and delicacies: Blue Point Oysters with Celery. Consomme Imperial. Brook Trout witli Parisienne Potatoes. Sauce Maitre d'Hotel. Sweet Brea<l with Fresh Peas, I.ardia Filia of Beef with Champignons, Masked Potatoes and Asparagus. Chicken Salad witli Mayonaise Dressing. Peach Ice Cream. Fruit Cake, Lady Fingers. Macaroons, Meringue Kisses. Confectionery. Oranges. Roquefort Cheese. Stilton Cheese. Water Crackers. French Coffee and Cognac. Red and white wines and sparkling champagnes appeared as the courses were served and the goblets were replenished with unstinted hand nntil the feast came to an end five hours after the banquet com menced. Of course there were toasts and many a bumper was pledged to the health of the city, the press, the society, its mem bers and departments and their wives and sweethearts. The engineers proved them selves adept speakers too and the hall re echoed frequently to the resonance of elo quently rounded periods and strains of polished wit that would do credit to those whose lot it is "the applause of listening senates to command." We regret that space forbids the publication of these highly creditable efforts, as all the speeches were of that sort that would not only look well but be interesting in print. But a brief list of the topics and responses must suffice. Walter S. Kelly acted as toast master and called for the pledglngs with the grace and facility of one experienced in the role. The toasts were well selected and the responses uniformly happy and to the point. The list was as follows : 1. The Montana Society of Civil Engi neers—E. H. Wilson, 1st vice president. 2. The Press—Hon. Will Kennedy, of the Independent. 3. Early Days of Engineering—Col. W. W. DeLacy, Chief Clerk L T . S. Surveyor General's office. 4. The West; and Its Future— J. S. Keerl, secretary Montana Society of Civil Engi neers. 5. Our Railroads— J. J. Donovan, chief engineer Northern Pacific branches in Mon tana. 6. The Engineer and his Achievements —E. H. Beckler, chief engineer Montana Central. 7. Tunneling in the West—John H. Farmer, engineer in charge of Wickes tun nel. Montana Cental railroad. 8. Hydraulic Engineering—George E. Evans, engineer in charge of Woolston wa ter works. 9. Relations of Civil and Military Engi neers on Internal Improvements— H. B. Davis, civil engineer, of Deer Lodge. 10. The brave men who locate railroads at 50 degrees below zero—L. R. Lothrop, assistant engineer N. P. branches in Mon tana. 11. Matrimony and Engineering—A. S. Hovey, C. E. 12. Penciling«—George O. Foss, chief draughtsman N. P. R R. In the absence of the president of the Society, Col. J. T Dodge, Mr. E. H. Wilson, first vice president, oc cupied the chair during the business meet ing, the principal feature of which was the election of officers for the ensning year as follows : President—George K. Reeder of Helena. First Vice President— E. H. Wilson, of Butte. Second Vice President— E. H. Beckler, of Helena. Treasurer.— J. W. Wade. Secretary.— J. S. Keerl 1 Trustees— E. H. Beckler, Col. W. W. de Lacy, of Helena, and Jos. H. Harper, of Butte. The following resolutions of compliment were reported by the committee and unan imously passed : Helena, Mont., Jan. 21.—To the Honor able Society of Engineers—Gentlemen :— The undersigned, your committee appoint ed to draft resoluions of respect to Col. J. T. Dodge, beg leave to submit the follow ing for your consideration : Whereas, From the necessity of atten tion to personal affairs, and by reason of over exertion in advancing the interests of his employers, oar associate in engineering and president of our society, J. T. Dodge, has deemed it due to himself to retire from the active pursuits of his profession and sever the agreeable relations he has so long held in oar midst, and desiring as a body to express our appreciation of his character, for his valuable services in or ganizing our society and encouraging young engineers to take an active interest therein while serving as its president; be it Resolved. That we recognize in him at tainments found in few of the profession* which has called forth his life's best ener gies, and that we regard his engineering achievements here and elsewhere as monu ments of which he may justly be prond. Resolved, That we regard his life and especially his career in Montana as calcu lated to elevate oar profession and to fnlly demonstrate that great possibilities lie within the grasp of those who will emu late the example which his professional life has furnished ns. Resolved, That while deeply regretting his departnre from oar midst, and the severance of his connection with onr so ciety as its honored head, we assnre him of our grateful remembrance and best wishes in whatever field his energies may be called. E. H. Beuklf.r, J. W. Wade, Geo. K. Reeder, Discussions are generally prolonged, and what with discussing the good things of the menu aDd discussing toasts and busi ness matters, it is not surprising that sev eral hours flitted by and still found the engineers congregated around the festive board. Bat time hang heavy on no one's hands, and it was somewhat with regret that the company at last broke up and quitted the banquet hall. Each and all bore away the pleasant remembrances of the memorable occasion and will ever hold to its memory as one of the brightest spots in their happiest recollections. The affair was a success of successes and the Engi neers' society have reason to be proud ot the talent represented, the large attend ance and good fellowship prevailing at their first banquet. _ MINERAL LANDS. Their Certification to the Railroad Company. The Northern Faoifio in a Fair Way to Become the Owner of a Large Share of Montana Mining Lands. Thomas G. Merrill's Letter on the Subject. Alhambra, Mont., January 20,1838.— To the Editor: —Since my last communi cation upon the mineral lands of Montana Territory in their relation to the Northern Pacific railroad land grant, I have spent some time in getting from the United States land office at Helena and from other sources facts as to the townships of mountainous and mineral land the odd numbered sections of which have been certified to the Northern Pacific railroad company for patent. The land office fees here are paid, and all that remains to be done by the company is to pay what fees, if any, are due to the general land office at Washing ton and receive their patents, but the tele gram from the Secretary of the Interior to the Helena Board of Trade assures us of sixty days at least before these patents shall issue in which we can prepare and forward evidence of the mineral character of these lands. These are some of the sections of the mountainous land certified to th s company in the vicinity of Butte : Land in sections I, 11,23, 25 and 35, township 4 north of range 7 west ; all the odd sections in town ships 4 n. 8 w., 5 d. 8 w. and 6 n. 8 w. Townships 4, 5 and 6 north, range 8 west, lie in the monntain range north of Butte, between Butte and the Deer Lodge valley, embracing the headwaters of Brown's gulch, Dry, Cottonwood and Peterson's creek, and other gulches. They are composed entirely of mountainous land. They do not contain a twenty-acre tract of agricultural or farm ing land. < juartz veins have been discov ered and located throughout these entire townships, and I would call upon Hon. W. A. Clark, J. K. Clark, Joseph Broughton, Dr. G. W. Beal, F. R. Bateman and other prominent rniniDg men of Butte, well ac quainted with the land, to say if these are not facts ; if in their opinion the land in these townships is not more valuable for the mints already found than for agricul tural or farming purposes ? And this dis trict has boi commenced to be thoroughly prospected for its mineral veins. The Caribou or Orofino district where a large number of mining properties have already been Ojiened is situated at the head of Peterson creek, in township No. 6, north of range 8 west. I would ask Capt. Mills, of the Neic Northwest, who has some mining interests in this district, I thick also Drs. Mitchell and Mnsigbrod, William Thompson or any citizens of Deer Lodge, to say whether these town ships are mineral or agricultural land? If these townships are mineral land, as the facts clearly show, by what right have the odd numbered sections been certified to the Northern Pacific Railroad Co? By what right has this land been placed in such a situation that this Company had only to pay the balance of their land office Res and take their patents? I find odd numbered sections in these townships certified to this Company: Township 6, north range 5 west, in which is Basin City; Township 7, north ranges 4 and 5 west, in which are situated Wickes, Jefferson City and Gregory ; Towhship 8, north ranges 3, 4 and 5 west, in which are situ ated Clancy, Hot Spring Creek and all those valuable mining properties about the head of Clancy creek, Lamp Galcb, Cataract creek and Bald Monntain. These townships embrace nearly all the land be tween Helena and Basin City and the Bonlder. Is there a man in the Territory at all acquainted with this district who would hesitate to say "this is mineral land?" This is among the richest and most valuable of the mining districts of Montana. Let our pioneers speak and say is this mineral land or is it not. Let ns hear from our Hon. Ex-governor Samnel Hauser, from A. M. Holter, H. M. Pärchen, J. O. Briscoe, Gen. Harris and other prominent citizens of Helena who own mines and mining interests in this district. Let us hear from Secretary Hill and John Manlshagen of Wickes, H. M. Hill of Clancy, Dr. Stein of Alhambra, Nathaniel Merriman and the Axes of Jef ferson, Chas. E. Stevens, county recorder, and other county officers at Boulder in this matter. What man can deny the mineral charac ter of this district when, on passirg through it, he sees such mines as the Alta, Cornet, Rumley, Gregory, Legal Tender, Minab, Pen Yan, Blue Bird, Evening Star and many other paying mines, besides the hun dreds of promising prospects scattered throughout this entire section and waiting merely for development to become pro ducers of rich ores? And yet odd numbered sections in these townships are certified tor patent to the N. P. R. R. Co. Is this right? Is this justice to our Territory ? I find also that the odd sections in township 12 n.,Jr. 5 w., in which are Marysville, Gloster and other mines have been certified for patent. How is it, citizens of Marysville and Glos ter, Empire and Jay Gould camps, are the Drum Eummon, Gloster, Empire and Jay Gould the only qnartz veins in your vicin ity? Have you no promising prospects? And if you have, are they all on even num bered sections? Is there no rich field open to the prospecter and miner near you? I would like to hear from Messrs. Cruse, Sizer, Robinson, Downs, Childs, Btstal and other mining men of that locality in this matter. Now, Mr. Editor, I might show the same danger threatenin' Granite, Philipsbarg, Neibart, Castle Monntain and other mining camps. I have given yon a very few of the towships in the mineral districts of Montana, the odd numbered sections in which have been certified for patent to this company, and now only await the iasaing of the patents, bat is not this enough to show that there is danger of the Northern Pacific railroad company's acquiring title to a large portion of onr best mineral land? Miners and prospectors of Montana, are yon content to sit down and let this com pany secure their patents to the odd num bered sections in all the mineral districts in Montana ; to have one-half of the field of exploration taken irorn vou and plated under the control of a sing!» corporation ? For, when these patents once issue this company can eject as a trespasser any party prospecting on their land and should any discoveries be made on these sections they would simply inure to the benefit of this company, and how few prospectors know or can ascertain, in our mountains, where the section corners or lines are. But this is not the worst danger that threatens us. As soon as this company gets patents for their odd sections they can compel the owner of every mining claim located on these odd sections, which has been discovered and recorded in any county recorder's office, that has not been patented or surveyed by a United States deputy mineral surveyor, to either give up his mining claim or enter a contest with them for their mine, and carry it up to the high est tribunal, if the railroad company choose. There is not more than one in fifty of the recorded mining claims scattered through out our mountains that have been patented or surveyed, and how many of the owners of these unpatented mines can stand the expense of carrying through a contest with this railroad company, who have their at torneys here paid by the year. When these patents are once issued, if, as the court decisions plainly loreshadow, the only competent contestant of these patents is the United States, and then only on the ground of fraud, let me ask if the United States is not forever barred from the claim of fraud against the North ern Pacific Railroad Co. in th i selection of these lands when they have accepted, as has, I think, been done in every instance, the reports and certified plats ol the gov ernment's own servants, the United States deputy surveyors? Copies of the plats are in the United States land offices. Ia all these surveyed townships the odd num bered sections comprise one-half of the land and contain as many mineral veins as the even numbered ones. Now, Mr. Editor, the only remedy, the only sure and safe course to prevent nearly one-half of all our surveyed min eral lands from becoming the property ol the Northern Pacific railroad company, is an act of congress setting aside all our mountainous land as mineral land, and that no patents shall be made for this to any railroad company as a part of its grant until it shall furnish ample proof of its non-mineral character. This will throw the burden of proof on the railroad com pany instead of on the poor prospector and miner. And this is right, as all this im mense grant of so many millions of acres of our rich agricultural lands was a gift from the people to this company. Let the people of Montana be satisfied with nothing less than this act of congress. This action of Congress can be secured only by the most ample and indisputable proofs, furnished to Congress, of the greater value of our mountainous country tor its mineral than for any or all other purpose*. These proofs can be best secured by united action on the part of those interested in mining properties in Montana, and this united action can be best secured by a representative convention of the mining men of the Territory, the delegates to which to be sent instructed and pledged to work and vote to secure this act of Con gress declaring all onr mountainous land to be mineral land. And when these proofs have been made as to the mineral character of our mountains let them be sent to Washington in the hands of a com mittee of our representative mining men. Thomas G. Merrill. THE WONDERFUL "CAltRlBOO." A («old Quartz Prodigy in Hritish Columbia That Rivals King Solomon's Mines. Spokane Falls, W. T., January 18, 1888.— Editor Herald :—Considerable attention was paid by miners and prospec tors last season to the recent quartz dis coveries made in Washington Territory and British Columbia. In Washington Terri tory, on Salmon river, a tributary of the Columbia, rich silver mines were dis covered, and while in Spokane Falls I had occasion to see a large amount of ore speci mens from there that assayed from one to five hundred ounces per ton, and score- of miners were leaving every day for the new camp; while just across the line British Columbia was receiving her share of stam peders to the new gold fields there. Of this latter class I was one. After leaving Spokane Falls, you pass through Colville, ninety miles distant. Fifteen miles farther on you cross the Columbia river at Marcus ferry. Here you are put in charge of two "Klntchmen," who paddle you across in their birch hark canoe to the opposite shore where an old Indian trail is pointed ont to you and at once you pluDge into the deep forest, following up Kettle river one hun dred and twenty-five miles when tbe trail turns and leads up Rock Creek, a distance of twenty miles, and npon this stream the new mines are located. We arrived bat just a little too late, for we met a man go ing to record the richest .mine on earth, the Carriboo. It was discovered last May and eclipses anything of its kind in the United States, yes, I might add with much truth, in the whole world. To those who have never witnessed a rich strike of this kind it would be difficult for them to . realize how great is this mine ; it is impossible for me to try and describe it and do it justice. I can only, standing looking into the face of the drift, compare it to some treasure vault, filled with nuggets. Ton upon ton of huge bonlders of float quartz lay strewn over the surface. These were literally wrought, seemed and bespattered with gold : little cavities filled to overflowing ; pintles of wire gold stood upwards while others hung down in the form of little icicles. As the son melted the snow from around this pure, white quartz, half gold, it left them a glittering sight never to be forgotten. While there I became acquainted with one of the owners, who invited me to go along with him and help to break some specimens. We Htarted without either pick or shovel, only our pen knives, and in lesi than two hours we nad a CIGAR BOX "CHOCK FULL" of twenty dollar gold pieces—not minted dollars, but dollars of value just the same. This mine was discovered by two deserv ing prospectors, Al McKinney and Fred Rice, who left the Colville country for that section last May. The mine is tributary to Spokane Falls, it being the neare-t rail road town of importance and when -pring opens up it is likely her mining men will take advantage at once of this favorable opportunity of purchasing a valuable prop erty. The only drawback is its location or British soil, and in consequence duties have to be collected on everything coming from the United States, and on mining machinery the duty is very high. But there is splendid water power close at hand, capable of driving all the works ne cessary to run the mine. I understand at present the property is for sale on bond and here is a good chance for Helena parties, who desire to deal in mines the coming summer, to purchase a good one. It will take a fortune to buy it, but then fortunes are noihing when compared to it. There are other new discoveries made ot more or less value, bat like all others they drop in to insignificance when compared to this mighty golden Carriboo. H. B.