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NATIONAL HOARD OF TRADE
i*o*tal Telegraphy and Other portant Subjects I nder Dis cnssion. Im* Washington, January 18.—The Na tional Board of Trade held its eighteenth annual meeting here to-day, Frederick Fraley, of Philadelphia, in the chair. Mr. Fraley was re-elected president and Ham ilton Hiil, of Boston, secretary. The board reaffirmed its action regard ing the necessity of a judicious national anti-adulteration law. The question of spurious lard, submitted by the Chicago board of trade, was dis cussed and a resolution adopted petition ing Congress to enact a law providing that all packages containing impure or spurious iard shall be so plainly labelled as to avoid deception. Alter passing resolutions favoring coast !etet-e and the improvement of rivers and harbors the board adjourned. Washington, January 19.—Captain H. C. Taylor, of the United States Navy, read a paper on the progress of the work on the Nicaragua canal and the important results to follow its construction. Capt. Taylor said : ' The requirements of commerce make it ( artain that there will be a transit tor ships between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. American Engineers are now on the ground resarveying the route and making a final location of the line of the canal." J. M. Miller, manager of the Stonington steamboat line, followed. He said : "The international commerce of the western States seeking exit through the Mississippi 's ready tor the markets of South Ameri ca. The minerals, grain and lumber of the Pacific Statt s and Territories await the new and shorter channels to the eastern markets. What may be the development of the trade of Central America the future must show. But to-day the tonnage exists to yield to the Isthmian canal 12 per cent, on the capital of $100,000,000." Mr. Miller argued the superiority of the Nicaragua canal route and declared that England and Germany stand ready to avail of the opportunity, should it offer, to con trol this route. No action wa- taken upon the subject. Postal telegraphy was taken np. Thur ber. of New York, submitted answers to questions he had sent to Keneyck B. Mur ray, secretary of the London chamber of commerce. Mr. Murray in substance said the purchase and operation of the tele graphs by the British government were successful so far as the service was con erned but not financially to the postoffice anti quickness. Certainly the secrecy of the service was improved under postoffice management. The increase of employes in the postoffice service had not been pro ductive of political evils. The induce ments to get up new inventions in telegra phy were not so great under the govern ment system as if the system were in private hands. The recent reduction in ♦oils have been of great benefit to the the number of messages seut hav ing increased thirty-three per cent, but :he revenue only increased six per cent. The universal popular sentiment is against the leturn to private management. Mr. Thurber, in speaking, saiil the Brit ish government had paid lor large additions to her plant out of the curreut receipts ami if tfce telegraphs had not each year paid the interest on the bonds issued for their purchase—if they bad been credited with these betterments and with the free service of the government department— they would have been able to show a cred it sufficient to pay the interest on the bonds and it they were credited with the increase of service given the public beyond what private companies were giving at the time the telegraphs were taken over it would show an enormous balance on the credit side. Erastns Wyman of New York spoke in opposition to government control, claiming the British reports showed a steady deficit and to meet it the whole population was taxed while but few could use the service; that the service was bad, being tardy and uncertain, with no redress for gross negli gence. If the British telegraph system, in a circumscribed area, showed $2,300,000 a year deficit, in the the United States, with its great area, the same system would show a deficit of $10,000,000. If the United States adopted the system it would increase its employes 100,000 and these employes would feel bound to work in the interest of their immediate employers. A resolution was adopted asserting that the usefulness of the postoffice department should be extended in the direction of tele graphic communication, and Congress was urged to favorably consider the question as e irly as possible. The executive council was directed to memorialize Congress to provide for reci procity with Canada. The question of the abolition or reduction of internal revenue tax occupied a large share of attention. It was resolved that recent events have shown the danger to the business interests of the country from the government continuing, in time of peace, the excessive taxation which was necessary in time of war. The large surplus in the treasury ties up the circulating medium which is the life-blood ol commerce, exposes the people to still greater taxation in the shape of high rates of interest, acts as a menace to industry, dwarfs business enterprises, gives the treas ury a power over commerce which was never contemplated.and isaconstant temp tation to extravagance in the administra tion of the government. £cwired, That the business men of all parties, whether protectionists or free trader-, should unite in demanding early action by Congress to reduce the present enormous revenue in the way which will least embarrass existing industries. Jit soil ed, That while it is desirable to reduce the internal taxes, it it is not desir able to abolish the internal revenue sys tem as a whole. A resolution embodying a proposition to recommend the total repeal of internal revenue taxes failed. Washington, January 20.—The Na tional Board of Trade to day adopted a resolution askiDg Congress to amend the naturalization laws. This resolution pro vides that no person can be naturalized aud given the rights of citizenship who does not bear and display to the court ap plied to for naturalization papers a duly authenticated certificate from the customs officer setting forth the date of the arrival of such person, the place of entry in this country, the port whence he departed for this country, his place of nativity and the country he shall have left. The question of the revision of the laws relating to banking wa- discussed and a resolution adopted favoring a revision and codification of the national banking laws. Also a resolution advocating the refunding of the present four per cent, debt of the I'nited States at a lower rate of interest, to be redeemable in annual installments from 1891 to 1921. with a view to the use of the new loan as security for the circulating cotes of national banks. Also a resolution urging the repeal of the laws providing for the compulsory purchase of silver bullion. Washington, January 20.—A resolu tion was adopted declaring that the gov ernment should pay American steamship lines a fair price for fair service irrespec tive of the amoant of postage collected on any particular route, and that every legiti mate means be used to foster onr merchant marine. The preamble and resolutions regarding extradition treaties proposed by the Chi cago board of trade were adopted. They declare that as immunity from punish ment of embezzlers and defaulters by escape to Canada and elsewhere exposes the business community to crimes of great gravity, it is the duty of the national government to make treaties with all foreign governments that will enable the sure return of persons accused of such crimes. Congrees will be memorialized in accordance with this proposition. Adjourned sine die. The board will meet in Chicago on the second Wednesday of November next. THE SURPLUS. A Rill to Purchase United States Ronds. Washington, January 18.—Harwell treduced a bill to authorize the .Secretary of the Treasury to purchase United States bonds and to perpetuate the national bank ing system by providing further securities. The first section provides that the Secre tary of the Treasury shall issue to the national banking associations bonds of the United States in such form and denomina tion as he may prescribe, redeemable after fifty years from the date of their issue, bearing interest, payable semi-annually, at the rate of 3 per cent, per annum, to be used by the national banking associations as security tor their circulating notes. Such bonds shall be exempt from taxation by or 1 under State or municipal authority. Any national banking association shall, after the passage of this act, be authorized o issue circulating notes to the amount of 0 0 per cent, of the par value of said bonds. Sec. 2. That any national banking asso ciation shall be authorized to deliver to the Secretary of the Treasury any of the out standing bonds of the United States in ex change for 3 per cent bonds provided for in this act ; the money differencein the value of the bonds so exchanged to be ascertained by taking tue average premium as shown by the New York market for twenty days prior to the time of such exchange. Sec. 3. Tfie secretary of the treasury is hereby authorized and directed to receive from national banking associations United States notes in payment for the 3 per cent bonds herein provided for, sueh bouds to be delivered at their par value. Sec. 4. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized aud directed, at the end of each month, to invest the surplus funds held in the Treasury (not otherwise appro priated ) in the purchase, in open market, of any United States bonds. Bonds so pur | chased shall be cancelled and destroyed. Sec. 5. The The Treasurer is authorized to receive from any national banking asso ciation, to secure its circulating notes, an amount equal in value (value hereinafter provided tor) to the coupons of the regis tered bonds so purchased, cancelled and de stroyed, any State or municipal bonds of the United States upon Which the interest has been heretofore promptly paid and whose market value is equal to or greater than their par value, bearing interest at the rate ol not less than 1 per cent, per annum, provided shall not receive such bonds at more than par value ; provided Treasurer shall not receive such State or municipal bonds until such bonds -hall have endorsed upon the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury and Comptroller of the Currency. Sec. 6. That all laws or parts of laws relating to the establishment of a sinking fund for the payment of the national debt be and the same are hereby repealed. that the Treasurer State or municipal 75 per cent of their further that the LAMAR Sworn In us Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Washington, January 18. —The Judges in their black silk robes filed into the chamber in solemn procession at 12 o'clock and the assemblage, at the tap of the gavel, arose respectfully and remained standing until the members of the Court had taken their seats. Lamar, clad in a well-fitting suit of black, followed the Court and took his seat beside Clerk McKenney, at the right of the bench. The Chief Justice an nounced the first proceedings of the Court would be the reading of the commission of Lamar and the administration of the oath. The commission was thereupon handed to the clerk, who read it. after which Lamar read impressively, from manuscript, the judicial oath, as follows: "I. L. Q. C. La mar. do solemnly - wear that I will admin ister justice, without respect to persons, and do equal right to poor and rich, and that I will faithfully and impartially dis charge and perform all duties incumbent on me as Afsociate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, according to the best of my ability and understanding, agreeably to the constitution and laws of the United States. So help me God." He took the Bible as he uttered the last sen tence, and at the end solemnly kissed it. He was then escorted behind the screen which extends the length of the benches behind the chairs of the Justices, and after a minute of delay reappeared at the left clad in a new flowing robe of glossy black silk. The Court and assemblage arose, the new Justice bowed to his as-ociates, and then to the bar and public, and took his seat in the chair of the juuior justice at the extreme left of the bench. The Court then proceeded with the ordinary routine business. _____ _____ Northern Pacific. New York, January 19.—The Northern Pacific directors, at their regular meeting to day, formally ratified the lease of the Oregon Navigation Co. The only change made from the terms already announced was the limitation of the provision by which the Northern Pacific liability was restricted to one-half the annual rental. The Oregon Navigation directors had al ready approved the lease of Tuesday and the Union Pacific directors ratified it on Wednesday, so that the long pending nego tiations are finally ended. By the terms of the lease as finally agreed upon the Oregon Kailway & Navigation Co. will be operated by the Union Pacific and North ern Pacific companies for ninety-nine years. The Union Pacific and Northern Pacific jointly and severally guarantee the payment of all charges, including six per cent, dividend on stock per annum, and in case either company fails to pay its proportion of charges the other com pany will be liable for the full amount. Cattle Quarantine. LINCOLN, January 18— On the recom mendation of the State Live Stock Com mission, Governor Thayer to-day issued a proclamation, quarantining, after February 1st, all cattle shipped from the States of New Jersey and Delaware and from the counties of Westchester, Kichmond, New York, Kings, Queens and Suffolk New York State ; the county of Philadelphia, Pa ; the counties of Baltimore, Howard, Carroll and Prince George, Maryland, and the county of Cook, Illinois. The proclamation also prohibits the ship ment into the State from the first of March to the first of November of all cattle from the States of Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi. Georgia, Sooth Caro lina and the Indian Territory. Valuable Stallion Dead. Lexington, Ky., January 19.— Milton Young's thoroughbred stallifn 1 îzzaro, which was imported by Pie *™ 1884 and sold last winter, died pneumonia. Yonng valued him at $lo,000. THE TARR1FF ISSUE. Senator Frye's Address in the Senate. Washington, January 23.— Frye said that Great Britain to-day had her market open to the wide world. Other countries had their markets partially closed. She found now within her own borders the fiercest kind of competition, and her indus tries were falling off'. Bat England bad heard the President of the United States declare in his annual message that tariff (the only obstacle to English possession of the American market) was vicious, illogical and inequitable, and what wonder that the English people filled American ears with their cries of "Hear, hear, hear !" They saw him adopt as the slogan of the Democratic party for the presidential bat tle of 1888 the old fundamental doctrine of free trade, that dnty is a tax paid by the consumer. What wonder that they hailed Mr. Cleveland as their champion? But the attitude of the Democratic party of this country was of more importance practically than the attitude of Great Britain. Would the Democratic party of the United States, he asked, endorse their new chief? He was strongly inclined to think that it would. He thought that the Demo cratic party of the country really shared in the President's convictions and really believed that the tariff' was vicious, illogical and inequitable. The controlling element of the Democratic party had been always in the South, and the southern wing of the Democratic party controlled it to-day as powerfully and completely as it did before the rebellion. There was not the slightest doubt as to the attitude of the South on this question. The Demo cratic party had demonstrated its promo tion to power by demanding that the tariff be revised and the whole business of the country disturbed. The Democratic chairman of the com mittee of ways and means since the acqui sition of power in the house has been Fer nando Wood (with Randolph Tucker as assistant) and Win. R. Morrison, all three of them out and out theoretical freetraders, and to-day Mills of Texas was chairman of that committee, and Mr. Mills was ever a crank in his devotion to the principles of free trade and endorsed the message of the President. The distinguished Speaker of the house, in his devotion to the principles of free trade, dared in the last Congress to arrogate to himself almest despotic powers and to declare from his high place that he would recognize no member of the house to make any motion to cut down the sur plus unless it was first submitted to the Democratic caucus. The Democratic Sec retary of the Treasury had also joined in the choral song of the free traders appar éntiy with all his heart. In fact, he was satisfied that all the Democratic leaders agreed with the Presi dent except they had not the President's Ixddness or honesty. If, however, by cheating the people in the next election as to their position, they could get a new lease of power and obtain control of the Senate, then the people might bid fare well to every principle of protection. The Republicans took up the President's gaunt let of free trade with great pleasure and let great pleasure joined issues with the Democrats. Frye supported the argument in favor of protection, with numerous illustrations. Many of them were drawn from his own observation in Europe. As to the surplus, it was Democratic in capacity that caused it, and now the coun try had to look out to see that the same Democratic incapacity in administering the medicine did not give poison and kill the patient. He was as much against the surplus as the President was, but was not frightened at it. He would rather have a surplus than a deficit. If there were any honest purpose to get rid of the surplus it could be done without the slightest diffi culty. The Senator from North Carolina (Vance) had indicated a way to prevent a surplus, and the Senator from Georgia (Brown) had proposed a way which would do it beyond all manner of question, that was the repeal of all the internal revenue laws, but his Democratic friends and their allies, the distillers, brewers and saloon keepers, had recently developed a wonderful regard for the temperance cham pions, protesting against whisky being made cheaper, but he told them that the temperance sentiment of the country was rapidly crystalyzing into the opinion that the sooner the tax on whisky was repealed the better and quicker the principles of temperance would be served. He could see, however, one or two objections to its re peal, and one of them was that so much revenue could not be spared. As to the duty on sugar, he declared himself in favor of taking it oil', but he would not kill the sugar industry of this country, feeble as it was ; he would give a bounty equivalent to the present duty on sugar. But if the purpose of the Demo cratic party was to destroy the tariff and cripple many and absolutely destroy some of the industries of the country, the Presi dent's method could of course do that. The workingmen could he reduced to the deg radation almost of the workingmen and wimen of Europe. Rank Closed. Washington, January 23.—The Comp troller of the Currency was to-day in formed by telegraph that the First Na tional Bank at Auburn, N. Y., closed its doors this morning by reason of heavy de falcations on the part of its cashier, Cha3. O'Brien, who has absconded and is now supposed to be in Canada. The amount of defalcation is not stated. An examination of the books is in progress and the doors are closed. Nobody is admitted and no figures are given for publication. It will take several days to straighten out the books and verify the entries. A director is reported as saying that the deficiency will amount to $200,000. This bank was the depository of the city treasury, the board of education, State prison and asylum, aggregating a quarter of a million, but these are secured by bond. The directors claim that the doors are closed tem porarily, merely as a matter of prudence, until the books can be overhauled. The excitement is subsiding and no further trouble is apprehended. Important Court Decision. Philadelphia, January 23. — The supreme court to-day affirmed the decision of the common pleas court in the suit of the city against the Western Union and Mutual Union telegraph companies to re cover from those companies an annual license fee of $1 for each one of their poles erected npon public streets and $2.50 for every mile of suspended wire. These license fees were imposed by ordinance on January 6,1881, but have never been col lected. In affirming the judgment the court bolds that tbe city, in the exercise of its police powers, has an undoubted right to impose a license fee on poles and wires, and that there is nothing unreasonable about tbe amoant fixed for the fee. Lynched by Vigilantes. M( Leod, N. W. T., January 23.—News has jnst reached here of the hanging of "Nosey" Smith at San River, Montana, by vigilantes. He was well known in that Territory. It is said he came here two years ago to escape hanging for shamefully abasing his two daughters, and going back to gain possession of them he met the noose. _ Prohibition Amendment. Boston, January 19.—The constitutional prohibition amendment passed in the sen ate this afternoon by a vote of 25 to & POSTAL TELEGRAPHY. Arguments Before the Congressional Committee. Washington, January 20.—Dr. Green said if the government did run the tele graph system it must buy up existing lines. No private enterprise could run in compe tition against the United States treasury. Would the government be responsible for delays and errors ? he asked No govern ment system was. There was a popular belief that that the Western Union's sys tem was owned by one man. Tbe com pany's directorate was composed of thirty men. The millionaires of the country have less than three-eighths of the stock. Over 20,000 people in all were interested in this property. "I am told," the doctor continued, "that a petition bearing 500,000 signatures is to be sent to this committee in favor of the government system. They will come by a command originated in spite against one man, with whom Mr. Fowderly had a quarrel. Not one in a hundred of these signers ever use the telegraph, yet they were asking to be taxed for the benefit of rich brokers, bankers, merchants and com mercial operators and speculators." Dr. Green said he had prepared a peti tion and remonstrance to Congress, which he intended by courtesy of some of the members to get before the Senate and House, and he would not longer detain the committee. Gardner G. Hubbard addressed the com mittee in favor of postal telegraph sys tem, proposed in the bill introduced by Senator Dawes. He gave it as his opinion that of $86,000,000 capital stock of the Western Union Co. about $8,000,000 or $10,000,000 bad been paid in cash by the stockholders, and probably a9 much more by the stockholders of other telegraph companies, which had become bankrupt and been bought up, and that the rest of it bad been taken from the public in the shape of telegraph tolls. It was true that the present value of the property was very large. He did not believe it possible to duplicate its 600,000 miles of wire for less than $60,000,000. Over and above this value of property were other large values. He had always regarded its right of way over the railroads of the country as being nearly as valuable as the other franchises of the company. There was, then, this great monopoly, with a capital of $86,000,000, nearly three-eighths of which was held by directors of the company. They, therefore, had virtually a monopoly, since it would be utterly impossible at any stockholders meeting to obtain a controlling vote of the stock held by the directors themselves. Dr. Green corrected this statement and said that at the stockholders meetings three fourths of the capital stock was frequently represented. Mr. Hubbard said in this there was practically no competition in the telegraph business aud there could be none for it was a business which could be man aged more easily and cheaply by one com pany than by a number, but the question arose whether the government could not manage it more cheaply than the Western Union company and whether the Western Union company could not manage it much more cheaply than it does. This question should he answered in the affirmative. Mr. Hubbard then gave his well known views on the subject of postal telegraph at great length. Pure Fond Convention. Washixgton, January 19.—The Na tional Pure Food Convention met to-day, with 125 delegates present, representing nearly all the leading trade organizations of Mississippi valley, aud there are also some present from places as far west as Colorado. Dr. Knowlton, dairy commissioner of New Jersey, was elected president, and H. W. Grannis, a Chicago grocer, secretary of the association. F. B. Thurber, of New York, presented the report of the committee on legislation, recommending the enactment of a bill which they have caused to be introduced in both branches of Congress to establish in the Treasury Department a bureau on adulteration and to regulate or pionibit the importation, manufacture and sale of adulterated articles of food and drugs. A long debate ensued, but no definite action was taken before adjournment. Washington, January 20.—At the Pure Food convention this morning the follow ing resolution was adopted: Resolved, That this convention, recog nizing the importance of preserving the purity of the food supply of this country, and of devising means for the preservation of the health and interests of the commu nity from injury by the use of adulterated food, drinks and drugs, hereby recommend and urge the necessity of the immediate enactment of laws to prevent this evil. Nearly all of the morning session was consumed in the discussion of a proposed food-adulteration bill. At half-past 11 o'clock the President re ceived the delegates in a body. WASHIXGTON, January 20.—Delegates of the Pure Food convention called on the President to-day. The consideration of the adulteration bill was resumed at the afternoon session, aud it approved and a resolution was passed instructing the committee on legis lation to urge its enactment by Congress. In its main features the bill remains as in troduced by Senator Sherman Permanent organization was effected under the title ol "The National Food As sociation, and the following officers were elected for the ensuing year : President— J. W. Callahan, of New York. Secretaries— H. W. Grannis, of Chicago ; Louis W. Buckley, of Philadelphia ; Ben jamin Johnson, of BcstOD. Treasurer—Finley Acker, of Philadel phia. A vice president for each State repre sented was also elected. American Shipping League. Washington, January 18. —The Ameri can Shipping and Industrial League re sumed its session to-day. Officers were elected for the ensuing year as follows : President—General Joseph Wheeler, of Alabama. First Vice President—Captain Ambrose Snow, of New York. Second Vice President—L. M. Merritt, of Florida. Third Vice President—Geo. A. Kelly. Fourth Vice President—Hon. John Gear, of Iowa. Fifth Vice President—Thos. L. Thomp son, of California. Secretary—Charles Hill, of Washing ton. Treasurer—A. Vanderbilt, of New York. The convention then took a recess, to permit the delegates to attend the Presi dent's reception. At the afternoon session Admiral Porter and General Imboden addressed the con vention. Resolutions were adopted demanding the adoption of prompt and efficient measures for the restoration of American shipping, urging immediate provision for coast de fense, the bnilding of a strong navy and the improvement of the rivers and harbors in the country. Adjonrned sine die. Suicide. New York, January 23— Geo. S. Meigs, a dentist and a cousin of Quarter Master General Meigs, committed suicide by poison to-day. Extreme nervousness, loss of practice and Christian science were con tributory causes. THE TRAIN RUBBERY. All of the Outlaw Gang Captured. St. Louis, January 19. —An attempt was made upon the W'abash train last night by robbers near Missouri City. Tbe train was flagged and the engineer ordered out of his cab. The officials had information of the attempt and a volley from shot guns met the robbers and the leader was shot down. The county officials are now in pursuit and some of the robbers have been captured. St. Louis, January 19.— Telegrams from General Manager Hayes from Division Su perintendent McGill say that all of the would-be robbers are captured, three of them were overtaken by the posse and the fourth, Bearney Sweeney, the leader, who stopped the train and who received a heavy load of shot in the breast from the gun of a man concealed in the engine cab, was found in the woods, where he crawled after being wounded. The plot was given away by one ot the gang named (King, who told C«rant Arnold, the station agent at Mis souri, what was going on. Arnold in turn informed the sheriff' of Clay county and the latter organized a posse. Arnold was one of the posse, and it was he that shot Sweeney. King remained with the gang and signalled the train to stop, hut took no other part in the robbery. Sweeney is fatally wounded. He is well known. It was he who was concerned in a blackmail ing scheme against General Manager Tal mage two or three years ago. Irvin; DEADLY AFFRAY. ; to Gain Possession of Property. His Sax Diego, Cal., January 19.—A year ago a rancher in Moosa Canyon named Levi Stone went east. During his absence a family named Goen, a widow with two sons and one daughter, took possession of his ranch and cabin. On Stone's return he instituted legal proceedings to eject the parties. His title to the property was con firmed and last Wednesday, when the sheriff' went to take possession the whole family of the Goens faced tbe officer of the law with revolvers. Breedlove snatched a revolver from Miss Goen, who was at the door. She seized a gun and shot him in the face. In the melee which followed a citizen named Reed was fatally wounded by Percy Goen. The married daughter of Mrs. Goen was accidentally shot, in the neck by her brother and tell dead. Free man was severely stunned by a blow on tbe head. Percy Goen was shot through the head and arm. He is fatally wounded. His sister and brother were dead when the officers retreated with their wounded, and Mrs. Goen still holds the fort, declaring that she will not leave the place alive. .MISSOURI MURDER TRIAL. Testimony Against Cora Lee for tlie Death of Sarah Graham. SPRIXGFELD, Mo, January 20.— In the second trial of Cora Lee for complicity in the murder of Sarah Graham to-day, Charley Graham testified regarding what he saw between Cora Lee and Graham at Elgin, Illinois. At Washington, Kansas, Graham was manager of a paper known as u The Morning and Day Reform and Cora Lee worked in the office. His mother, Sarah Graham, managed the household. He had seen Cora and Graham in bed together. After Sarah had gone down stairs in the morning he saw Mrs. Mol toy in bed with Graham twice, and had seen all three in bed together at the Malloy farm. The witness then told at some length about going to Springfield, and mentioned that Cora asked if his mother had come with him. When the body was found Cora went to the well but did not want the children to go. The witness saw Cora aud Etta Molloy burning letters written by Cora to Graham. On cross-examination the witness said that when he and Roy were being taken to the Malloy farm Grsham told them to say that they last saw their mother in St. Louis. He also told them that she was ready in peace; that he owned hail of the Molloy farm and that as soon as he could get it all he would send for her and send for Cora and Mrs. Molloy. He also told the witness of meeting her in Springfield, and when asked why the latter and Roy were not taken to see her, said he did not know she was going to be there. Other witnesses testified as to the sus picious actions of Cora before and after the murder. A BOLD B\NK ROBBERY. Cashier Shot, One Robber Killed Another Lynched and the Rest Prisoners. Limestone, Indian Ty., January 23.— Four masked men. all heavily armed, en tered the Citizens Bank Saturday and pre sented their pistols at the head of Cashier W. J. Reynolds and demanded that he hand over the cash. While pretending to comply Reynolds slammed the sale door shut and turned the lock. He was at once laid out by a bullet from the pistol of one of the desperadoes which killed him in stantly. The bank was then ransacked and all the money in the cash drawer, some $23,000, was taken. An attempt was made to ooen the safe, but in this the robbers were foiled. As the sound of pistol shots were heard several people came rushing towards the bank and in a few minutes two officers were aroused and twenty or thirty armed men hurried to the bank. The robbers were just mount ing ther horses as a hot firing commenced, in the course of which one of tbe robbers, Thomas Evan, a ranchman living near town, was killed. In the melee four of the citizens were wounded but not fatally. The surviving robbers then rode away with the booty, followed by the posse which after several hours chase caught the desperadoes and took them back to Limestone. The leader was found guilty of murder and was strung up. The other two were placed in charge of a strong gnard and started for Fort Wihita, where they were turned over to the United States authorities. The stolen money was re covered. SAD ACCIDENT. Seven Persons Drowned While Skat ing. Ennis, Texas, January 18.— Seven per sons were drowned to-day in Sand Lake, abont ten miles east of here. Two yonng women, daughters of William Williams, a farmer, and a yonng man named Babbitt, were skating on the lake when the ice gave and they sank in fonr and a half feet of water. Miss Babbitt and two little girls, aged 14 and 8 years, also daughters of Wm. Williams, who were on the shore watching the sport, were drowned in attempting to rescue their friends. A very small child of Mr. Williams, also fell through the ice, bat was saved by one of the drowning yonng ladies catching and throwing it ont on the ice. Yonng Williams, a brother of the young ladies drowned, was a quarter of a mile distant and saw the trouble. He ran to the assistance of the unfortunates, bat was soon overpowered by those who were drowning, and he, too, was drowned. Mrs. Williams, his mother, made an effort to save them, bnt she was palled down and wonld have met the fate of her children bnt for the timely aid of her two daughters, aged 10 and 12 years. These children threw her a rope and succeeded in palling her ashore. ASSIGNMENT. Ruined by a Confidence Operator. Morristown, Pa., January 19. —Miss Mary A. Brown, a maiden lady residing here, who is possessed of considerable prop erty, has been swineled out of $30,000 by a Philadelphia woman, who made invest ments for her. She conducted a "ladies' bank " and promised large returns for every dollar invested. Morristown, Pa., January 19. —Miss Mary A. Brown, broken down in spirit and ruined financially, to-day made an assign ment to B. Perry CbaiD. Miss Brown is a maiden lady and was reputed to be worth $150,000. All this has melted into nothing, together with thousands that she borrowed to put into a scheme that promised enor mous returns. The court records show that there are outstanding against her judg ments and mortgages aggregating over $ 19 , 000 . Miss Brown's financial ruin was effected by a womon whose name is with held for the present. The woman, a Phil adelphian, was an old acquaintance of Miss Brown and enjoyed her confidence. Mies Brown began lending her money, about a year ago, on her personal promissory notes, and when der own funds were exhausted, borrowed of banks and friends. Quite re cently Miss Brown requested the borrower to make a return of a portion of the money and on January 9th received a check on the Third National Bank of Philadelphia for $10,000, dated January 16th. The check was presented for payment, but was returned marked "no deposit." The bor rower wrote to Miss Brown, saying: " Do not write to me again; I have no money, but will pay you sometime." It is stated that the borrower was neither the woman who conducted the famous lottery for women in Boston nor the celebrated Mine. Latouebe. Whoever she was, she promised Miss Brown returns for loans. Later. —The "lady broker" who is said to be concerned in the "investment" of $30,000 for Miss Mary A. Brown, of Morris town, Pa., has been identified as Mrs. Cor delia Hendricks, of 1527 Second avenue. Philadelphia, January 20.— The sher iff wiil to-morrow sell out the handsome dwelling and conten's belonging to Mrs. Celia Hendricks, at 1527 Grand avenue, under an execution for debt. The credit ors are several tradesmen and retail firms. Mrs. Hendricks is the woman to whom Miss Mary A. Brown of Norristown loaned at var ous times some $30,000 upon représent ation that Mrs. Hendricks had a fortune of $50,000 locked up in the hands of an agent in New York. As the investigation of the transactions which Mrs. Hendricks had with other confiding acquaintances ; progresses new actions develop and it is j stated that up to to-night creditors whose 1 claims aggregate over $100,000 have been located. In each case the money was given i willingly upon the representations made hy Mrs. Hendricks that she had a large for- j tune which was lor the time out of her reach. In one or two instances she exhib- ! ited a paper which purported to be and which she declared was a bond of the Uni ted States government of the amount of $750,000 for the payment of a mytfncal legacy, and in this manner reassured her j victims. Mrs. Hendricks has disappeared and her husband and son profess not to j know her whereabouts. They also say they did not know she was engaged in any such practices as are charged agaiust her. Some of her victims still maintain confi dence in her. DISASTROUS FIRE. Narrow Escape ot the Inmates of Chicago Tenement House. Chicago, January 22. —About 40 people barely escaped being burned to death this morning in a fire that destroyed the greater part of the big apartment and store build ing at the southeast corner of Oakwood boulevard and Cottage Grove avenue. Not one of the 40 had time to give the s^ht est attention to their dress, and many, in cluding several ladies, were dragged out by firemen into the frosty air unconscious. Miss Abbie Birdsall, a teacher, was found lying in a foot of water in the cellar two hours after the fire started. She had be come suffocated and lost her way in the smoke. Her recovery is not expected. T. D. McKillip, a gentleman rooming in the building, is also in a precarious coiulition, the result of injuries received in making his escape. A few of the people had to be taken out of the upper windows by means of a ladder. A. P. Tregent, with his wife and baby, were forced to climb away from the flames to the roofs of houses next to the burning block. Wallace L. Dewolff, a local lawyer, owned the building. His loss is $30,000, fully insured. About $10, 000 worth of furniture and clothing, half insured, belonging to nine families, was destroyed and $10,000 additional damage, also partly insured, was inflicted on the stock of the several storekeepers occupying the ground floor. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE. The Losses Foot Up $1,500,000. Philadelphia, January 23.—At 11 o'clock to night a lire occurred in the exten sive dry goods, millinery and trimmings store of Marks Brothers, corner of Eighth and Arch streets. A stiff' southwest wind soon fanned the flames across 8th street to the large millinery store of Adolph Heller and np 8th to Shoneman Bros, extensive trimmiDgs and notions store. Up to one o'clock the following estab ishments had succumbed : Marks Bros, Adolph Heller, Shoneman Bros., Strouse, Tanhauser& Co., trimmings, W. H. Clark, agent for Batterick'a patterns and Mrs. Avans' boarding house in the same building. A large number of stores on the south side of Arch street were dam aged by heat and flooded with water to such an extent that their losses will be quite heavy. It was burning fiercely at 1 o'clock, but it is thought the greatest dam age has already been done. The losses al ready foot up to a million and a half. At 2 o'clock the fire was under control. Only a rough estimate of the losses can be made, but it will not aggregate much less than the first figures. Shocking Suicide. Denver, Col., January 18.—A Colorado Springs special to the News a&ys : Minnie Ray, the daughter of a prominent citizen of this place, threw herself in front of the engine of the Midland express, which passed the rear of the house at 11 o'clock last night, and was instantly killed. Her head was crushed and torn from her shoul ders and her body horribly mangled. She left a letter to her parents, saying she was a great sinner and rather die than disgrace them. It is learned that she a few days ago rented a cottage belonging to her father for $20 and spent the money. It is thought this so preyed upon her mind that she concluded to take her life. The coroner's jury rendered a verdict of "suicide while temporarily insane." The girl's parents, who are at present visiting in New Mexico, have been telegraphed for. Railroad Accident. Troy, N. Y., Sanuary 23.—A railway ac cident occnrred this afternoon on the Salem branch of the Delaware & Hudson railway, from the results of which fonr men will probably die. Many others were seriously bat not fatally injured. The accident oc curred on a carve a mile west of Baxter ville, between Shnshan and Salem. | J HE JUBILEE. Presentation of President Cleveland's Gift to the Pope. Baltimore, January 22. —The follow ing cablegram from Rome was to-day re ceived by the Sun : The gift of President Cleveland to Pope Leo XIII. was present ed to him Saturday afternoon in the throne room of the Vatican by the American dele gation. Archbishop Ryan, of Philadel phia, in presenting the bound copy of the constitution of the United States, said: Holy Father:—We feel most honored and happy in being selected to present to Your Holiness this gift, expressive of the veneration and felicitation of His Excel lency, the President ot' the United States, upon the occasion of the auspicious jubilee of Your Holiness' entrance to the sacred priesthood. It is a tribute paid Your Holiness by tbe ruler of sixty millions ot freemen, a ruler elected by them, who feels deeply the responsibility of his exalted station, his dependence npon God's provi dence, and who bas had the wisdom and fortitude to discharge faithfully and con scientiously ail the important duties de volving upon him. He is a ruler respected by the people, and who has publicly de clared bis solemn conviction that Chris tianity furnishes a true, permanent basis of real civilization aud perfect social order, representing at once the moial conviction over the greatest nation of earth. This conquest, your Holiness, which re ceived respectful recognition from the kings of the world, receives through the most worthy President the tribute of a free and independent people, of the freest, largest and most progressive people. They are naturally Christian, brave, just and generous, and will be, in the future as in the past history of the nation. In the American Republic the Catholic church is free to act and to carry out its sacred and beneficial mission for the human race by the fundamental right of constitutional guarantee, as demonstrated in this volume, the appropriate gift of the President. In the United States the Catholic church is entirely free from state dominion. This liberty is all she requires. In her his tory the United States has clearly proved that the ignorance of the real doctrines of the church and hereditary prejudice, the great obstacles to its progress, are grad ually disappearing and that the Catholics and non-Catholica are coming to under stand each other. "We beg of yon now, Holy Father, to bless the young republic th?t has achieved so much in a single century. Bless the land discovered by your saintly patriot— Columbus Bless the wise and manly President of the United States." The Pope then read his reply to Arch bishop Ryan in Latin, expressing the pleas ure he felt in receiving a jubilee piesent from the President of the United States. The Pope ordered that the President's gift be placed on exhibition among those of kings. Members of the papal court state that the American presentation was the most successful event of the jubilee, no other offering having elicited from the Pope so rich aDd spontaneous an expression oi' thanks and appreciation. In conclusion he said, "I grant you my blessing and ask that for yourself and for the President of your country." Turning to Dr. O'Connell, the Pope said : "I desire you to make this known to your people. Describe the solemn manner in which I have received the gift of your people >1 E T H O D IST I' KO T E S T. President Cleveland C ensured. Baltimore, January 23.—At the meet ing of the Methodist preachers to day the resolution offered at a previous meeting censoring President Cleveland for sending a copy of the constitution of the United States to Pope Leo, came up. There was much discussion, but the resolutions were finally adopted by a vote of 19 to 10. The following is the text of the resolutions: First, that the preachers meeting of the Methodist Episcopal church in Baltimore hereby disclaims all sympathy with or concurrence with the act of the President of the United States, performed in com memoration of the Pope's golden jubilee. Second, that we, members of the Balti more preachers meeting of the Methodist Episcopal church, as American citizens, enter our solemn protest against this new departure of the President ia making such marked official recognition of religious hierarchy, claiming also temporal sover eignty. Third, that we regard the act of the President as a political discourtesy, if not an offense to King Humbert, whose sover eignty over united Italy the Pope antago nizes and denies. Fourth, that in making the foregoing protest we disavow all feeling of animosity toward or desire to abridge either the political or religious rights of our Roman Catholic fellow citizens. PRESIDENT'S STATE DINNER. Larne Assembla; Persou -The second Washington, January 19. of the series of state dinners were given by the President to-night to the members of the diplomatic corps. The public par lors and state dining room were, as usual, beautifully adorned with a profusion of potted plants, roses predominating. Covers were laid for forty-nine persons. The Pres ident escorted Baroness Fara to the dining table, and Mrs. Cleveland was escorted by Minister Preston, of Hayti, dean of the diplomatic corps. The other guests pres ent were the British Minister, Mrs. Romero, the French Minister, the Minister of Sweden and Norway, Mme. DeGuzman, the Chinese Minister, the Minister of Co lombia, Mrs. Sherman, the Mexican Min ister, the Russian Minister, Mrs. Degan. the Argentine Minister, the Spanish Min ister, Lady Tupper, the Italian Minister, the Minister of Switzerland, Mrs. Carter, the Netherlands Minister, the Chilian Min Mi8S West, the Secretary of State, the Bel gian Minister, Mrs. DeReutesskiold, the Hawaiian Minister, the Minister of Austro Hungary, Hon. Mr. Chamberlain, Mrs. Erastns Corning of Albany, Senator Sher man, the Charge d'Affairs of Brazil, Miss Murphy of St. Paul, the Charge d'Affairs of Venezuela, Mrs. Scott Townsend, the Minister of Nicaragua, the Minister of Den mark, Mrs. Alfred C. Chapin of Brooklyn, the Minister of Costa Rica, Miss Bayard, Sir Charles Tapper, Mr. Belmont, Miss Storre, of Scranton, Pa., the Charge d'Af faire of Guatemala and the Charge d'Af fairs of Japan. Railroad Passenger Kates. St. Louis, January 20.—The first circu lar of the passenger department of the Transcontinental Association has been is sued. It contains one way rates to the Pacific coaet and rules governing traffic, for the instruction of members and non members of the association. The differen tial allowed the Canadian Pacific is $10 on limited first class rates to Puget Sonnd and Portland, and $5 on emigrant tickets to the same points. Paget Sonnd and Portland territory is given entirely to the Northern Pacific. The Canadian Pacific representatives of the passenger business are drawing np a circular giving rales governing the roand trip and excursion rales. Worked it Through at Last. Washington, January 23,— A resolution confirming the title of Carlisle to his seat has been adopted—yeas 164, nays 7.