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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, JANUARY 26, 1888. THE WEEKLY HERALD. A Valuable Premium List for the Year 1888 Attention is called to the premiums ol fered for subscribers to the WEEKLY Hek ali>. The list comprises a large number of interesting and valuable publications, which are sent without charge to all prepaying subscribers, old and new, whose names are now upon or to be added to our books. For 115.50 The Herald and any one of the several great weekly prints named in the advertisement will be sent for. one year. Prices are stated for The Herald and'one or the other of the illustrated atlases, which we have arranged to furnish. Kansas papers say that alter this year there will not be an acre of vacant public land in that State. Such has been the tide of emigration and it will stay till it has overrun every (quarter section in the wild, wild we-t and mingles with the tide of the Pacific. _ The total productions of South Caro lina in 1860, including agriculture, manu factures and mines, was but little over fifty millions, while last year it amounted to nearly twice that sum. Population in creased thirty per cent, in twenty-seven years, while production increased nearly one hundred per cent. This is good evi dence of the increased profit of free labor. The cynic of the Independent thinks feminine incapacity for business proven by the case of a Pennsylvania lady being swindled out of $30,000 by another woman. If swindling is proof of capacity for busi ness, the argument goes for nothing, for swindler and swindled were both women. As a more pertinent illustration of relative business capacity, how many more women than men invested in Border City lots? The pros, and cons, on government tele graph, as contained in the speeches of Dr Green and Mr. Hubbard aud reported in to-day's dispatches, are well worth study, for this is one of the pending questions. The announcement that the Western Union is going to reduce rates is the most effectual argument for postponement of action. A great deal better argument is to actually r owthitpjople could not expect to do better under government ownership ___ Congressman Springer is left in a very unenviable predicament by his at tempt to turn his congressional services and information to account for personal revenue, and his explanation did not im prove the case iu the least. The stock holders who accepted their slight returns on subscription will generally feel that they were as well entitled as the govern ment to at least an equal return. What would be thought of a couple celebrating their golden wedding and charging the ex penses to the invited guests. The Mexican International railroad con necting the American railroad of the same name with the Mexican Central, and ex tending from Eagle Pass on the Kio Grande to Leredo, has been completed since the opening of January, and at just the same time that the " 800 " line with its interna tional bridge over the St. Mary river was completed. This new Mexican road gives San Antonio direct connection with the City of Mexico, and the distance is only about the same as from Helena to St. Paul. It shortens the distance by rail between New York and Mexico about 700 miles The new line belongs to the Pacific system. Between 1810 and I860, under the low revenue taritV, our gold mines yielded $641,000,000 and did much to save us from the poverty that would otherwise have been the natural result of that vicious system, but more than two-thirds ol' this gold went to England, aud we had the smallest share of the benefit of tbe product of our own mints. If, instead of the low tariff, we had simultaneously encouraged home manufactures by a protective tariff, most of this gold would have been retained and invested at home, and we might have been perhaps twenty years in advance of our present develop ment of wealth. Indeed, it is not too much to claim, that if we had improved our opportunities at the time, our civil war might have been avoided. By an earlier cultivation ol home manufactures, slave labor would have become relatively so much more unprofitable that the slave owners would have been glad to have disposed of their slaves at a low rate, and the Eation could well have afforded to pay the owners a good price which would not have been one-tenth of what the civil war cost in money, to say nothing of the best life blood of hundreds of thousands of American citizens. The south would then have been rich and twice as powerful as it is to-day. Had the South invested this money received from the emancipation of its slaves in manufac tures, directed by the talent of those who fell on that side in the war, there would have been a larger white populaton in every portion of the South than there is now, and there w ould have been no possibility of negro domination, even if the ballot had l>een at once bestowed upon the emanci pated blacks. Bat this would not have been done by the wholesale ; only by slow' degrees, so as at no time to have been a disturbing element in social or political life. It was, indeed, the golden opportunity that was wantonly thrown away in conces sion to the qnack theories of free trade. Even billions of money cannot estimate the consequent loss our nation then sus tained, from which we can never wholly recover. EXIT DIKECT TAXATION. The large majority by which the bill passed the Senate to refund all money collected as a direct tax in 1861, and re lease all demand' and claims on account of it, indicates that it will pass the House as well and become a law. Notwith standing this is the form of taxation ap proved by free trade theorists, it lias al ways proved on trial the most objection able. the most expensive, unequal and unjust of all forms ever devised. Out of over ten billions that have gone into the national treasury since the organization of our gouernment only about twenty eight millions have ever come from that source, and under the direct tax of 1861 only about twelve millions. Though this tax was levied in 1861, it has been drib bling into the treasury ever since. In 1886 there was $108,240 of it paid. Much is still in arrears. The only way to set tle it seems to be to wipe out the whole thing and return the money to those who paid. Even this will not equal ize matters without the govern ment pays interest to those who paid, which is not proposed. It is a confession of the total failure of this plan of raising revenue. Our government never could have sustained itself under such a system in the most prosperous times of peace, to say noth ing of war times and financial crises. It is safe to say that the folly will never be repeated of even attempting to raise national revenue from this source. It is a fountain whose flow is intermittent and always turbid, never reliable aud worse when most needed. Our constitution requires that repre sentatives and direct taxes shall be ap portioned among the .States according to numbers. This is not a fair apportion ment because the people of the several States are equally prosperous and able to pay, yet it is the only way provided by the constitution. This constitutional provision was a theoretical creation that has proved impracticable on trial and we recognize in this Senate vote a public confession of the fact. THE EAKWELL HILL. Senator Far well lias introduced a bill in the Senate that seems to combine many desirable points and to be open to very little objection from any source. The telegraph synopsis seems quite full enough to show all the points covered. The main design, perhaps, is to continue our excellent national banking system. It should be continued, for we know nothing that can take its place. It should be continued without involving the necessity of prolonging our national debt. It provides, therefore, for the use of State and municipal bonds. Tbe effect of this will be to enhance the value of these bonds, aud will enable those that have to borrow hereafter to get more favorable rates of interest. It will inspire States and municipalities with an interest and ambition to guard their credit with greater care and induce tho^ in default to repair their credit as quickly as possible. It directs the Treasurer of the L'uited States to invest the surplus each month in the purchase of outstanding government bonds at market rates. The only objection to any feature of the bill that we can detect is in the rate of interest aud the long term of fifty years for the new bonds for present is sues. Such new bonds would command a premium from the moment they were issued. The rate should not exceed 21 per cent, nor should the term extend be yond thirty years, or at least the govern ment should have the right to redeem the bonds in much less than fifty years. Within that time, judging from the ex perience of the past fifty years, the rate of interest will be considerable less than at present, probably not to exceed 2 per cent. It wipes out that myth of the sinking fund, but it should not do away with the steady purpose to pay off the national debt within a short period. The pro gress of this bill will be watched with exceeding interest. COMMERCIAL UNION. The hill introduced in Congress for the purpose of securing a commercial union between the United States, Canada, Mexico and all the southern republics, for the adoption of a uniform system of weights and measures and a uniform standard of money should be favorably considered by our law-makers. The necessity lor closer commercial relations between this country and its neighbors on the American conti nent is generally admitted. Foreign countries have practically driven us from the field of competition by a policy of friendship which we have heretofore ignored. Indeed, the isolation of the United States could not be more complete were the country removed to New Zealand, and were it not for the ghost of the Monroe doctrine, occa sionally becoming visible, this country would have no more to say in the matter of continental American affairs than has the smallest of the Hawaiian islands. The fear is expressed that Mr. Townsend has overloaded his bill by including among its objects the organization of a Territory ont of the Indian Nation, and the consolidation of various bureaus now under separate and distinct management. While these objects are laudable and meritorious in themselves, they are sure to meet with an opposition which the question of commer cial union would not lind arrayed against it If Mr. Townsend would cat his bill in two, leaving the questions of new Terri tories and bureau consolidations for later or separate effort, he will be more likely to succeed. One of the secrets of legislation is to come with a dash and a short bill. The assessed vaine of property in Cali fornia increased $132,000,000 last year. GOVERNMENT telegraphy. The National Board of Trade in ses sion at Washington has had under con sideration the matter of government control of the telegraph business and adopted a resolution of moderate ap proval. Arguments were heard pro and con, Erastus Wyman of New York speaking against the proposition. The experience of Great Britain was made j the basis of the argument on both sides. With some show of force it was urged that if the business could not be made self-supporting in so populous and com pact a country as England, it could not in this country aud would necessarily become a heavy public burden without corresponding public advantages. There is some show of force in this objection ; in fact it is the only serious objection that we have ever heard. We have always felt that the fate of the measure in the L'nited »States depended upon its success in England. Thurber says it is a success, though evidently not a triumphant one. This branch of the postal service in England has been great ly extended and the prices reduced. If not yet attained success is assured. So we think it is the case in the United States. It is only a matter of time when the telegraph will be a part of our postal system. Our country is becoming gen erally settled and the demands of busi ness for quicker communication become more urgent and general too. There is one consideration that we do not remember to have seen anywhere noticed why telegraphing will always be relatively better patronized in this country than in England. It is on ac count of greater area and longer dis tances of communication. In such a little hat-box country as England a let ter will reach its destination almost as soon as a dispatch, but here the tele graph has the advantage of some days over the quickest rail communication. If this method of communication was made cheap it would be used more than the letter mails between distant points. This is a strong argument in favor of postal telegraphy in this country. Another is the universally recognized fact that our business men generally in this country are quicker and more push ing in their ways and methods. Our people are always in a hurry, and when offered the choice between mail and telegraph will always take the latter, even if it would not save more than a day's time. Another consideration that effects this question is that in England population is much more fixed and settled than with id. An ordinary family of six in this country will have some representa tive in each section ol the country. With id, as a rule, children do not occu py the habitations of their fathers from generation to generation. This wide separation of families promotes corres pondence and a great part of such cor respondence is urgent and would naturally go to the telegraph. There can be no doubt that our people read and correspond more than any other in the world. But really the greatest argu ment of all is the conceded fact that such great profits have been made out of the business in this country. If it pays iu private hands, it certainly will pay in pablic hands, if managed with the same prudence that our post office is now and always has been man aged. On the score of its political influ ence and the possibility of divulging political and business secrets, there can be no more danger than there is now. If any one gives the matter full and careful consideration, counting all the tendencies of current growth, we believe there is but one possible result that can be reached, and that is, that the day is approaching fast when all telegraphing, and possibly telephoning as well, will be consolidated in our postal system. ANOTHER KICKER. In a recent number of the Live Stock Journal Editor Searles takes issue with the Democratic organs, the Independent and Miner, and comes boldly out in opposition to Cleveland's free trade ideas, to which the Territorial party prints named have blunderingly hurried to conform their views Mr. Searles is a life long Democrat, but be ing now "divorced from insincere professions of the faith," he occasionally shows the courage in a non-political paper of his con scientious convictions. He sees the danger to the wool industry if the policy of the President is to prevail, and his kick is as vigorous as his Democratic colleagues of the Husbandman, the Messrs. Sutherlin. Hear Editor Searles . Territory w-ools have already struck a level in eastern markets which leaves but a narrow margin between the price and absolnte loss. Any adverse legislation upon the part of congress would destroy that margin, ruin the business in Montana and precipitate sheepmen into bankruptcy This is not a pleasant picture to content plate, yet it is one which would be brought to view should Mr. Cleveland's recom mendation concerning the tariff' upon wool be acted upon in accordance with his sug gestions. In view of this contingency the Journal holds that the placing of wool upon the free list would be impolitic and unwise, and destructive of one of the leading industries of Montana. The Salt Lake Tribune publishes an interesting extract from a letter written by a miner from Utah now visiting in England. It is written from Cronwall to a brother miner and was not intended for publication. He says ''miners are work ing here for sixty to seventy cents per day and board themselves and snpport their families on that The boarding houses of Utah would be considered lnxaiions here, where beef is worth 18 cents and eggs 3 cents each. Times are very dull." Doesn't this show the necessity of a pro tective tariff on iron, lead and other met ala if onr mines are to be worked at all and good wages are continued to be paid to oar miners? dneing H. W. Yates, in Band, McNally & Co.'s Bankers' Monthly, discusses very intelli gently the question of protection and its effect upon the revenue, and differs very widely from the conclusions reached by the president. The only war taxts we have left are those on whisky and tobacco, and as those are on luxuries alone they should be allowed to s*and. Mr. Yates remarks very truly that the effect o f re duties on foreign imports in any degree short of total re moval would increase the surplus evil so much complained of Again he remarks, what every one mast concede, that it is not the collection of a surplus of revenue that threatens stagnation or de ingement of trade and finances. It is the hoarding of it in the treasury and keeping it out of circulation that causes the trouble. If paid out on our national debt, it would go back into circulation and be invested in some productive industry. Mr. Y'ates rec ommends as a relief measure the refund ing of all our present national debt 21 per cent, bonds, paying the equitable difference out of the present existing and accruing surplus. The annual interest charge would then he re duced from $47,000.000 to about $25,000, 000. That would be a great permanent re lief surely, but we do not even see the ne cessity for refunding at all, for with our present revenue undisturbed, we could ex tinguish the debt altogether in the next ten years. Unless we are to build a powerful navy and enter resolutely upon the mat ter of recovering the commerce of the oceans, or assume the business of telegraphing as part ol onr postal system, involving a large outlay for plant, or enter upon the scheme of improv ing the Mississippi river, or building post offices in every town and city, our first duty should be to pay off our debt and for ever get rid of its burden and its re minder of our civil war. We know well that the effect of buying up the outstand ing bonds on any large scale will cause them to rise, and we shall have to pay higher premiums. If this premium gets so high that we cannot realize 2 per cent, in the purchase, it should be discontinued, for there are plenty of ways to invest that would pay ns better. We cannot really say that it was free trade that forced the Timberline miners to sign a degrading contract. Nor was it pro tection any more. It is a very noticeable fact that the rate ol wages seems to have very little to do with matter of strikes, else weshould naturally expect to see strikes begin among those who get the least wages. This is not true in this or aDy other coun try in the world. It seems to depend more upon the intelligence, independence and organization among workingmen. The duty on coal is only 75 cents per ton and there is more exported than imported. Of anthracite coal there was none imported and considerable export ed, while of bituminous coal there was about two-thirds as much ex ported as imported last year. Our sympa thies are always with the working men, and we desire to see their wages kept up and advanced in every way possible and reasonable without killing business. The rapid increase of capital in this country has reduced the rate of interest, and to the same extent tbe share of earnings upon invtstmentsin mines and manufactures,and this has been to the advantage of the working men. But as to this matter of strikes or lock-outs we do not think they are to be charged either to protection or free trade. We are very sure that if free trade should by any possibility be adopted in this country and shou'd result in clos ing our mines and factories, leaving only one main employment, that of raising the raw material, the competition in that line would force down wages and there would be no alternative to the workingmen bat to take what they coaid get or starve, for there would be no other resort for them. The change that is coming will not be in the direction of discouraging the development of our own resources or of diversifying our home industries or di minishing the proportion of skilled labor products. The Independent says oui mineral wealth will not spoil if allowed to lav till it can be worked to profit without protection. Bat this argument will not do. Adopting this principle, Montana would not be settled, and those that came here would remain as poor as the Indians before us. who had all this country for centuries and never were sure of a square meal. But working our wheat and tobacco lands wears them out just as fast as it does mines. _ _ It is said that even Randall has agreed to a reduction of the duty on lead one-half. Such a reduction would affect all mining States and Territories disastrously, Montana among the rest, and our people should be inspired by self-interest to protest with all their power and influence. It is well know n that many of our silver mines could not be worked at all with any profit but for the price they now get for the lead. According to the Independent we could lay over our mines and wait till wages come down or foreign mines are worked out. We are told that the silver and lead and coal wont spoil by waiting. If we wait till we are dead and a more sensible gener ation comes to work them, they will not do us any more good than they did the Indians. What shall our discharged miners go to doing? Shall they go to raising sheep? Oh, no. That can be done cheaper in Aus tralia or South America. Shall they go to raising wheat? Still no. That is done cheaper in India. Our people could not raise anything that would bear the heavy transportation rates to the east and have a living margin left. It all comes back and rests upon onr mineral product. If that is mined with onr live stock interest, every body might as well leave Montana at once. To Exempt Mining Property. Washington, January 19. —The Senate committee on mines and mining this morn ing perfected an amendment to the alien land law exempting mining property from its operation ; that is, allowing foreigners to purchase and own ore minee in this country. nothing better illustrates the value of protection in this country than the growth ol the iron and steel industries. In I860, the last year of revenue tariff, the total production of pig-iron in this country was 821230 tons. The production did not reach a million tons till 1864. In 1887 according to latest statistics, the production was 6 471,148 tons. Here is an increase of eight fold. During the same period British production increased from 3,826,752 to 6,670,665 in 1686, or. not quite double the amount in 26 years. It will be seen that at present our annual product is about equal to that of Great Britain. In the manufacture of Bes semer steel ingots and rails we have done better, even though England had ten years the start before we began. In 1886 Great Britain produced 1,570,530 tons of steel ingots, and the United States 2,269,190 tons. In the same year Great Britain pro duced 730,343 tons of steel rails and we produced 1,574,703 tons, or more than twice the amount. With free trade in iron and steel such growth could not have taken place at all, and we should have hâd to pay English manufacturers their own prices for all the iron and steel used in the construction of our vast rail road system. In truth, we should never have had the railroads that we now have. England could not have supplied the material at any price. It is true that English iron and steel are now cheaper than American iron and steel, but that is because Eugland is shut out of the best market in the world. The market of the United States is worth as much as that of all the rest of the world together. It is very shallow reasoning on the part of Watterson to attempt as he does to show how much cheaper our rail roads could be built by using English iron and steel. If we were to close our mills and furnaces, the price of the English pro duct would at once advance to the same level and probably would go higher. As it is, American steel has gone to build bridges in British colonies, has gone to build railroads in Mexico, and American locomotives and mining machinery have gone to work British mines in South Amer ica, and even American cutlery is sold in .Sheffield, England. Even the sensible, large-minded business men who compose the National Board of Trade fall into the nonsense of exclaiming against the assumed heavy taxation of our people in time of peace. We are not heav ily taxed, either in comparison with other nations or the ability of our own people to pay. Besides, good business men should be able to know that it takes money to pay debts just as much as to carry ou war, and of the two it is the more worthy purpose. Besides, if we have no war on our hands now, we ought to be doing something to prepare ugainst future wars. One of these preparations is to get onr debt paid off so that we shall have a better credit and the full command of our resources. A FULL treasury leads to extravagance, we are told, and every one seems to have conceded the truth of it without stopping to inquire. The statement is not true as a principle, either of individuals or nations. There is more real extravagance among the poor than the rich, and that is largely tbe cause of their poverty. The principle that, to those who have the more shall be given, and from those who have not shall be taken away what little they have, is a statement of a profound natural law. The way to make a boy a spendthrift is to refuse to give him anything of his own and en courage him to increase it by judicious in vestment. There is the most extravagance always among those nations which are most in debt and never have a dollar in their treasuries. HOARD OF TRADE. A .Magnificent Illustrated Report for the Year 1887. A decidedly handsome publication and one of no small importance to Montana's capital and commercial city is the Report of the Helena Board of Trade for 1887, a special book edition of which is jnst out and in course of distribution. The con tents are largely descriDtive, with statistics carefully collected and invitingly arranged showing the progress of Helena daring the year just past, and presenting facts and figures relating to mining, manufacturing, building, merchandizing and other indus tries and interests. The paper prepared by the Secretary of the Board, Major R. C. Walker, is well digested and clearly writ ten, while the picture parts of the pamph let are superb specimens of the illustrative art. The report is a pleasant surprise to all who have seen it, and a brisk demand for copies is sure to occur as soon as the nature of the work becomes generally known. An edition of ten thousand copies should really have been printed, instead of tbe three thousand now struck off and de livered. Railroad Courtesy. Inter Mountain: The freight department of the Northern Pacific road, during the cold snap, was at a standstill, and not a freight train could be moved between St. Paul and Wallula. In Butte the smelting men were cryiüg loudly for coke. Clark's Colusa, in particular, was short. Several hundred men were indirectly dependent npon its operation. This fact was tele graphed to St. Paul and the result was that cars loaded with coke were attached to the regular passenger trains and rushed through whenever it was possible at the rate of thirty miles an hour. The smelter was kept going and other smelters were also supplied. Very few railroads in the coun try would have done what the Northern Pacific did in the emergency. And that company should receive due credit and the thanks of the people for its courtesy. Montana Horses in England. Yellowstone Journal : It is stated on good authority that the three car loads of horses taken to England for sale by P. Wyllie brought an all 'round price of $203. These horses were most of them purchased from R. G. Weare, and were nothing extra, being average Montana range stock and largely consisting of half-breeds. The cost of transportation per capita was $60, leaving a margin of $143 per head and a profit of about $50. The band of select mares and geldings which Sidney Page took to England are said to have brought fabulous prices. Onr informant says that Page got $2,000 for one of the animals, though which one he was unable to Bay. Fruit, Vegetable and Bee Culture on Ten Mile--Thriviug Orchards and Profitable Crops. Stock Ranch, Ten Mile. M. T. ) January 15,1888. ( Editor Herald— Your paper and I have been warm friends for twenty years. It has been my educator, connseller and helper and has cheered many a lonely hoar. Not only is it my friend, but it finds a warm place at the fireside of my children's homes, and contributes its share towards tne education of my grand children, one of my children's home being in Boston,Mass., the other in the Judith Basin, Montana. Notwithstanding the fact of my being a "constant reader," I have never yet had my say. I have read and read other men's thoughts, always intending to give expres sion to some ot my own some time in re gard to the knowledge I have gained from years of toil and experience in my ranch life here. I am an old man now. »Soon others will fill the p'ace that I fill and follow in the furrows that I have tilled. Were I begin ning life here now I would read with in terest any gleanings from the experience of one who had expended money, care and time as I have in the improvement and cultivation of Montana soil and stock. ARBORICULTURE. The most interesting part ol soil culture I find to be the raising of tret s, especially fruit trees I raised the first apples in this part of the country east of the Rocky Mountains. My trees here trait in 1868. I have now two hundred and forty bearing trees, besides cherries, plums, apricots and pears. I find the cul tivation of trees, both fruit and shade, quite as easy here as in the east and I have tried it in both places. It is a matter of wonder to me that so few give this their attention, especially fruit trees that more than pay for themselves in a short time, as well as adding to the beanty and comfort of the place. In the cultiva tion of cereals and vegetables there is the work of tilling, planting and plowing each year, while with trees, one planting lasts for a lile-time. Then the natural, rich and beautiful scenery here is much enhanced by tine orchards or trees of any kind. It is a pity to raise a family where the children grow into manhood and womanhood and go out into the world carrying with them all the sweet memo ries of their childhood home in which they never played 'neath the shade of a tree nor in which the old orchard or their favorite apple tree had a place. SMALL FRUITS. 1 find that the current and gooseberry thrive with little or no trouble and al most throw into ycur lap yearly thier rich, juicy fruit. They are a pretty shrub too. Here the strawberry finds its native soil, and where ever its cultivation is understood it ever pays, quadruply pays, for the labor expend ed. I have many fine specimens of plums that were originally the wild tree—hence obtained solely by grafting and cultivation. There is no need of any family being here many years without having a plentiful supply of fruits and berries. POTATOES AND BEES. Of course they all cultivate the grains and potatoes. The latter thrive here as no where else in the world, except Ireland. This is their native land and just here the soil is especially adapted to them. Its composition is almost identically that of the dry potato soil of Ireland and so well does the potato thrive there that by many it is supposed to be a native of that coun try. Were la young man just starting here I would give more room to the potato thar anything else lor the market. I used to believe that bees gathered all their honey from flowers, hence that the land of flowers alone was the land for bees. Observation and experience have taught me different. This is a grand country for bees and the little creatures certainly pay for all the care they get. In addition, taking care of them is a relaxation, a pleasant pastime, a rest—for rest is not inertia—it is change of employment. Then, too, those with flowers, strawberries, chickens and shrnbs afford employment, education and health to the children of a family. They should be early taught to work and become interested in all that makes their home. I regret not having given any attention to bees here until 1880, although in my early life in the East I had been a success in their management. Although I was so late as '80 in bringing them, I brought, like the apple, the first east of the Rocky Mountains here. I would like to dwell longer on this now, but it is late and a farmer has only his eveniDgs for this kind of work. There are so many things about the cultivation of the potato that I want to tell and a great deal about the raising of stock. The winter evenings are long, and some time I will write another letter. Y'our old friend, D. T. Goodei.l. Temperance Man in Trouble. In Bismarck, Dakota, last week the court gave a judgment against W. H. Winches ter, county superintendent of schools, for $3.90, the amount sned for, and costs. The trial of the case and its decision created much excitement in Bismarck. Mr. Win chester, who is a prominent temperance man, was sued by L. N. Griffin, a liquor dealer, for $3.90, the cost of one gallon of Tolu, Rock and Rye. The evidence showed that Mr. Winchester had ordered the liquor the day before last fall's election and had used the same for election purposes. In commenting on the trial the Tribune say 9 : "It was indeed a novel scene. W. H. Winchester, county superintendent of schools and a prominent temperance advo cate, sned for a whisky bill ; the gentle manly and highly respected legal and edu cational luminary crossing swords with the immortal Michael T. O'Connor, defending himself against the charge of refusing to pay his saloon Gills. Had Mr. Winchester accepted the proposition of the prosecution and sworn that he did not order the whisky he would have won the case, hat having refused to do this, there can be but one conclusion. "Look not upon the Tolu rock and rye when it is red, nor when election approach es, for its teeth are like unto needles and buzz-saws are its arms." The Sketch Club. The above is the name given to an or ganization recently formed in our city. Their object is to study from the model in every pose and feature. The names of the gentlemen composing the clnb are sufficient guarantee that they mean business, and hard work and constant application will be the order of the day. They are R. E. De Camp, C. M. Rnssell, H. J. Lowrey, Robert Fenn and Dr. A. F. Foote. R. E. De Camp û the president and Robert Fenn secretary and treasurer. Their studio is room 14, Sanford & Evans' block, Mail street, which they have fitted op with a'»l the conven iences necessary fer their work. Three nighta in the week will be devoted to Study. Before long we hope the Sketch Club will favor the pablic with an "Open Day." The cause is a good one and we wish yon success, gentlemon. There Was No Contour Map »Made During Mayor Sullivan's Ad ministration--Honor to Whom Honor is Due. Relaxing to a great extent the suave yet unmistakable dignity that characterizes our Territorial Auditor, Mr. Sullivan, ex cited over a correction made by the Her ald yesterday in regard to the origin of the contour map. publishes a card in this morning's paper nearly a half column in length, wherein he accuses the Herald of willful mendacity, malicious exaggeration and "rushing wildly into print." As it is the Herald's daily business to rush into print as fast as a steam press will allow, we must plead guilty to the last accusa tion. As to the rest, vide et crede : The lollowing item, based, as we under stand, upon intormation furnished by Mr. Sullivan, appeared in the Independent yes terday morning : The contour map of the city referred to in the sewerage discussion had on Monday evening, was designed and executed by John Krunton. a former resident of Helena, when city engineer under ex-Mayor Sullivan's regime, and are said to be as perfect in detail as any that may be in the future originated. The map is a color work throughout, drafted in sections and specifying the entire system now contemplated, and should be a valuable guide in the present deliberations of the new sewerage supervisors. Barring a specimen of the Independent's peculiar grammar, observable in the first sentence, the significance of the above is easily comprehended. Now for the facts. The only contour map of Helena and the one referred to in the sewerage discussion is the one made by Beider & Walker, under taken while Mr. Kleinschmidt was Mayor and Mr. Reeder city engineer. A Hkrai.D reporter visited the city engi neer's office this morning and asked Mr. Wheeler, Mr. Wade being out of the city, to show nim the "contour map" referred to by Mr. Sullivan. Mr. Wheeler said : "We have only one contour map of the city, and that is the one made by Mr. Reeder. ' "Will you show me the one made by Brunton and spoken of by Mr. Sullivan in this morning's paper?" asked the reporter. "We have no contour map made by Mr' Brunton on file here," said Mr. Wheeler. "But I think this is the one referred to by Mr. Sullivan." With that Mr. Wheeler produced an out line copy of the towneite map according to McIntyre's survey, with no lot lines on it and not a single contour line observable. It is simply a skeleton of the McIntyre map, showing nothing bat street and block lines. It was made by Mr. Brunton, and is headed "Proposed plan of sewerage lor Helena." The only reference to sewers are a few lines, drawn in red ink through the principal street-, showing the desired location of sewerage pipes, and also a red ink line near Main street, showing the course of the Last Chance flume. This is probably tbe • "color work throughout" spoken of by tbe Independent— straight lines in black and red mk. The map is not even tinted and there is not a shade of topography work upon it. Be 9 ide 3 it covers only the old townsite, which is but a small portion ot the whole city. And yet the Independent says it "specifies the entire system now contemplated." If such is the case our proposed sewers would not extend north of Lawrence street and very little east of Dry gulch. The absurdity of the entire state ment is apparent. Yet Mr. Sullivan says that "the map referred to in the Indepen dent was prepared by Mr. Brunton at his (Snllivan's) suggestion, and was drawn expressly for the purpose of constructing a system oflJsewerage in the future.'' How- valuable that map would be with its bare outlines in aid ing engineers on the sewerage question, any one who inspected it can tell. As furnishing information to aid engineers in preparing plans for sewerage it is as valueless as the hundreds of similar maps that hang on the walls of real estate and other offices in the city. To plan a sewer age system engineers must he acquainted with the slope and undulations of the ground, and a plat showing these is called a "contour map." Mr. Brunton never made such a map. Mr. Reeder did and moreover made it cover almost the whole city. It shows the slope and contour of the ground not only in the old townsite but as far north as Lyndale avenue, as far west as the Ming and as far east as the Boyce addition. It is covered with topographical work, besides showing blocks and lots, and will be invaluable to the engineers in preparing plans for sewerage. The only trouble is that it does not extend far enough into the valley and to perfect it in this respect the City Engineer is already at work. Mr. Sullivan's "contour map" is a good outline plat and lacks nothing but the contour. It will answer some purposes as a map, butas a contour map it is a conspicuous failure. Let any draughtsman spend an hour in drawing red lines upon any map of the McIntyre survey, and he will have as good a "contonr map'' as Brunton's or bet ter, for the latter shows nothing but block lines. Mr. Reeder's map took months of field work and draughting. Mr. Brunton s was copied in a day from the McIntyre plats and could be reproduced by any draughtsman in about the same time. So much for the great sewerage maps of the Sullivan administration. A Notable Death. 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