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The letter of James G. Blaine to Chairman Jones, of the National Re publican Committee, announcing that he will not be a candidate for the Presi dential nomination, will generally be read with surprise and regret by the increasing multitudes who regard him as the foremost citizen of the great republic; the bravest and ablest political leader in the country of any party ; the boldest, clearest headed and broadest minded statesman living. The letter does not say that he will refuse under any circumstances to be a candidate, but as we understand it, that if nominated at all it will be without personal seeking on his part. The Re publican party has plenty of great and able men worthy of the highest honors in the gift of the nation. They have the right to command the services of the best, and it still remains for them to say whether Mr. Blaine will be allowed to decline on any personal grounds. It is the first duty of the Republican party, laying aside all personal preferences, to nominate the man who they believe will make the best president, if elected, and the next to elect him. Our preference for Blaine over all others rests largely on our belief that he would give us a bold, spirited foreign policy, something we never yet have had and something that we ought to have as the most powerful nation of the world. Some may think that it would be pre mature and foolish so long as we are without an army or navy. But the nation> know well enough that we have the means to create both and they re spect this fact. We want to see such a spirited foreign policy not only as more becoming to our condition but to divert attention from too exclusive attention to domestic ques tions, which will do better for an occa sional rest._ A II EH.II IT NATION. It is objected to the policy of the pro tionists that its tendency is to make us a hermit nation. The protectionists say manufacture everything possible at home and buy as little as possible abroad. To the extent that this doc •rine rationally applied and steadily ad hered to will make us a hermit nation, then we are liable to the charge and will assume all the consequences. Campare with this policy of the protectionists its opposite, that is to manufacture noth ing at home that can be procured abroad and see what it would lead us to. If we were to continue in primitive simplicity, devoting ourselves to agriculture alone, what would be our condition? The valley of the Nile, enriched by the annual overilows of that river, has borne bountiful crops for thousands of years, and is as poor to-day— is poorer thau when cultivation first be gan. Virginia has exhausted her soil in raising tobacco, and is not the richer for it. So our wheat lands have been exhausted to little profit. Other nations grew rich in the transportation and manufacture of our raw material, while we received the smallest share of the profit. Since we turned our attention to manufactures and internal commerce we have grown rich as no other nation in the world has done. We have not only provided for own but have furnished homes to millions that have been crowd ed out of Europe. A nation as large as our own and in a country as large as the United States is not much in danger of becoming a her mit nation. A farmer who raises as much as possible of what he needs to consume makes more money in the end than another who devotes all his atten" tion to a single crop and has to buy a large share of what he consumes. So a community flourishes best that encour ages the introduction of a variety of trades and employments and retains in its vicinity as much as possible of its cir culating capital. These principles, that bring independence and prosperity to individuals and smaller communities, cannot fail, when applied to nations, of producing the same results. Let other nations if they will be con tent with being the hewers of wood and drawers of water for more skillful and energetic nations, but for ourselves we should aim to fill our land with all the industries and send nothing abroad but manufactured products upon which skilled labor had exhausted its resources. Even commerce is subordinate to manu factures as a profitable employment. The cost of a Democratic convention is more for fluids than food. The bid of the San Franciscans to fur nish bed and board for all the committee men and all the delegates was not big enough. With any reasonable expectation of se curing the convention they should have said: "We will supply the bourbon." More plausibly than any other offer, that would have fetched it. Ik the Manitoba railroad is going to spend live millions and lay 55,000 tons of steel rails in our vicinity this year ; if we are to have a motion and a half smelter and a chance for a second one ; if we are to have a hundred thousand government building, new water works, sewers, and perhaps a new central school building, with extension of street railways and various other improvements that llit about on the wings of rumor, there is a possibil ity of the liveliest season that Helena has ever seen. The World, Herald and Sun, of New York, the Republican, of .St. Louis, and kindred Democratic prints of the adminis tration stamp seem to have usurped the editorial page of the Independent. The ad interim —where is he ? IMMIGRATION. It is e\ ident that extraordinary exer tions are being made in various portions of the country to attract emigrants. The marvellous growth of Southern Cali fornia has aroused the envious rivalry of other sections of the South to enter the race for favor. We find Texas, Arkan sas, Louisiana, Florida and other southern States actively engaged in soliciting permanent settlers, setting forth in attractive details the charms of climate and scenery and the resources of soil and natural production. But for one thing the older States of the South would become the favorite direction of this great flow of home seeking humanity. However it may be true of some more far-sighted and liberal minded people of the South, it is still generally true that the mass of the southern whites are hostile to new sett lers, and instead of extending a welcome, turn a cold shoulder, practice social ostracism and petty persecution upon all who attempt to introduce im proved methods of indusday and social relations. They would all like the ben efits of awakened life, diversified indus tries, growing towns, etc., but are un willing to allow the conditions of social and political freedom without which men of spirit will turn away from the most attractive localities. The recent severe cold weather at the north has set a great many to thinking of securing a home in a more congenial climate. As the season advances this feeling wears off, and in the main we shall find that settlement advances gen erally along the same parallels of settle ment. Southern solicitors of emigration tell of the northern blizzerds and the scores who perish by cold, but on the whole people suffer and perish from the cold in the south as well as the north. Re cent and inexperienced settlers are often overtaken with stress of weather before they are prepared, and that has been the reason of the suffering and loss of life in Dakota and Kansas. Such sharp lessons of bitter experience teach prudence. It is the concurrent testimony of the world's history that the nations and individuals who cling to the same climate and paralell of latitude, though rigorous, thrive best, and increase in en ergy, resources and vitality. AN IMPERILLED INDUSTRY. The department statistics for the past year show a decrease of between two and three per cent in sheep, an evidence that with the present rate of protection the industry is in a failing condition. If further reducticn of duty is made it will ruin the industry completely. Remem ber this is one of the most general indus tries in the country. There are but thirty-six counties in all the States and Territories where sheep are not raised. It is one of the most important indus tries and has Always been so recognized. There was a time in England when the importation of woolen goods was entirely prohibited in order to protect wool growers and wool manufacturers. When the United States has reached the age of England and our population has reached 500,000,000, as it will by that time ; when we control the com merce of the world, as we shall long be fore that time ; when we can and will do more of the manufacturing than all the rest of the world together, doubtless we shall find it for our interest to buy most of our wool abroad rather than raise it. Circumstances alter cases. Our present circumstances clearly decide that we should protect this industry. A SHALLOW PRETEXT. The President and his Secretary of the Treasury give as an excuse for not using more of the surplus in the treasury in the purchase of outstanding bonds that the power is doubtful because contained in an appropriation bill. Senator Platt pertinently calls attention to the fact that the authority of the President to draw his increase of salary rests upon precisely the same basis, and has never been known to interfere with the regular ity of its payment or receipt. It mat ters not in what form the law is, provided that the law is in existance, and as for this provision for the applica tion of the surplus there has never been a question as to its purpose or suffi ciency. If the law was good to cover the ap plication of any part of the surplus, it was just as good to cover a furthur ap plication in the same direction. The fact remains, and the country should know it, that the administration alone is responsible for the idle surplus in the treasury. Every dollar of it might and should be applied to reduce our interest bearing debt._ Tammany Hall is supposed to be the* double-distilled essence of democracy, and yet it says, boldly : "We believe that free trade is a myth as long as the government expenditures require the raising of revenue, and we believe that such revenue should be raised by such a tarifi' as will protect American industry and insure the highest wages and make the necessaries of life as cheap as possible for the working men." Let Waterson, Henry George and Frank Hurd ruminate this Tammany morsel and reconcile it, if they can, with their own and the President's utterances. A feiend writing ns from Kentucky speaks feelingly over the sad death of General Finnell and brings to notice his wide reputation for wit, humor and sar casm, as shown in a series of letters that he once wrote for the press under the nom de plume of "Jeemes Giles.'' Blaine is out of the race. Now let every State trot out its favorite son, "and may the best man win." THE WISEK CHOICE. The people of the seaboard cities very naturally and self-interestedly lay great stress upon the shame and humiliation of seeing our foreign commerce disappear ing from the seas, and what is left being done in foreign ships managed by foreign crews. In one sense this condition of af fairs is to be regretted and in another it is not. If we had been putting our money into ships we could not have built railroads with it. We have made the wiser and bet ter choice of the two. Greater attention to foreign commerce might have increased the population and wealth of the seaboard cities, but it would have taken that much away from the interior, and the country as a whole has nothing to regret or la ment over the result. Every local in terest tries to have it appear that it is the leading national interest. That is natural and we do not complain of it, but we do not propose to be deceived by it either. As a nation, with a vast interior of much more consequence than our sea coast, as extensive as that may be, we have a very different problem to work out than we should have if only a little island, virtually all sea coast. We want to settle op and develop our vacant and sparsely settled do main. We cannot do this by building ships and going out upon the ocean. We need railroads into the interior. We want something more, for if all our people were engaged in cultivating the soil, we would raise a hundred times as much as we conld consume or sell and would only be the poorer for our superabundance. Here we have to find consumers for our products, manufacturers to work it up and mechanics to eat our food products. It is as much or more our clear duty, policy and interest to foster manufactures. The nearer home we can find a market the better for those rais ing the bulky raw material. More than this, we want our manufacturing moved out into the interior nearer the fields where the raw material is produced. It leaves a larger margin of profit for the producer. Things have not taken the course they have without good reason. There has been a wise providence in it. Eastern manu facturers have no right to claim that the tariff shall be cut oft' because they can now get raw material cheaper by ocean ship than by inland rail. COURAGE AND HONESTY. The advocates of Cleveland say he de serves a second term on account of his courage and honesty. We suppose what is meant is official courage and honesty. Does it show courage to allow our fishing smacks in Dominion waters to be treated as pirates, denied shelter in distress, while our last Congress passed a law empowering the President to retaliate and expecting that he would do it as the only ready and prac tical relief? And we think it can be fig ured out as the very essence of dishonesty to allow the surplus to accumulate in the treasury to the amount of over forty millions when there is a law under which every dollar of it might be used to purchase outstanding government bonds. Even at the minimum rate of in terest, two per cent, that might thus be saved, the saving in a single year would amount to $800,000. The President says he don't do it because he is doubtful of his authority. Does he fail to draw his salary which is provided for by exactly the same authority ? Is that any reason why the people of this country should be subjected to a loss of $800,000 because the bondholders could get a premium on their bonds ? If they don't get a premium they will get the full interest that the bonds call for, and that is more still and draws from the same treasury. Does it matter to the people, whose money it is, whether it is paid as premium or interest? It is money all the same, and it comes from the same source. It is national robbery in substance and fact, nor can we believe in the honesty of the President's excuse without questioning his sanity or good sense. Januaby was a severe month for the new Northwest and for the North gener ally. Montana felt the full force of the cold winds and drifting snows, but we can show for the Territory as small a per centage of loss of life or stock as the State of Texas or Northern Mexico. We are well aware that every section and climate has its advantages, but we claim for Mon tana more of the first class advan tages that should control the choice of a home for a man of energy and ambition looking to far reaching results. While Montana is situated far from the sea board and in that respect is under disadvantage for foreign markets, her mining resources are so preeminent and well established that it ensures the best home market of any portion of the country With but recent partial development Montana has stepped to the front of all the metal producing commonwealths and will easily hold her front rank. We bave plenty of the best wheat land in the country. We have the best ranges for cattle, sheep and horses. We have ample coal fields and water power for the future cultivation of manufacturing industries. We have a dry, healthful, invigorating climate. We have ample fields for the profitable investment of capital and muscle. On the whole survey of the country, counter-balancing the attractions and advantages of each Montana will not yield to any in the force of her appeal to any intending emigrant from any part of the East or northern Europe. We have good laws well administered, and as advanced and well sustained a system of public free schools as any state in the Union. We have room for millions, and those who come first will be best served. James Russel Lowell, who served as minister to England under Grant and Gar field, has the impudence to insult the memory of these great men, sacred to the heart of every true American, by saying that Cleveland is a higher type of Ameri canism than we have seen since Lincoln's death. To such grovelling debasement does mugwumpery and English toadyism bring its dupes. DIVIDED, WE FALL. The Springfield (Mass.) Republican is a great champion of the President's policy to reduce or abolish the tariff on raw wool. It says that under the pres ent tariff the number of sheep in the New England States has diminished steadily, and that the benefits of the law all inure to the advantage of "the bonanza sheep growers who pasture their sheep on the public domain." When shown by a Vi isconsin corres pondent that the sheep growers of that State are fairly prospering with the pro tection of the tariff and would be ruined by its repeal, the Republican says the West owes its present prosperity to the railroads and not to the tariff. It should be remembered that railroad transporta tion is high compared with water car riage. The "bonanza sheep grow-ers" in the Territories who pasture the public domain have to pay $40 a month for herders' and pay twice as much freight to the eastern mills as it costs to carry South American wool by ship to Philadelphia New- York and Boston. The residents of the Territories have some claim to have their interests considered in prefer ence to foreign wool growers. The Re publican says that it is for the interest of American wool growers that woolen manufactures should flourish and that these manufacturers would flourish best with the duty on wool removed. We are not so selfish and short sighted as to wish to see the manufacturers injured. But neither should the eastern manu facturers desire to build up their pros perity over the ruins of the western wool growers. We want a tariff' that will protect both. We believe thoroughly in protecting, building up and extend ing manufactures, not at the expense of but for the interest of that still larger class, the agriculturists. A home market, at least our home market, of sixty mil lions of enlightened and prosperous peo ple, is the best market in the world, and we should keep it for the benefit of our own people first. All home interests and industries should stand and work together intelligently to protect one an other. The New England manufac turers are too selfish and short-sighted for their own good. The result will be that the West will soon be doing its own manufacturing for which it does not lack facilities. FREE TRADE ENGLAND. We hear so much about free trade in England that some readers may really think England consistently follows out the principles that she recommends to us. According to the American Consul at Leeds, the English government col lected in duties on imports $9(1,000,000 in 1881, while the United States, with about double the population, collected in the same year from the same source $180,000,000. And Germany, which is always quoted here and in England as a high tariff country, though with a much larger population than England, collect ed from duties on imports $78,000, 000. About half the English income from duties, $43,000,000, is raised on American tobacco, and $20,000,000 on rum, brandy and wine. And for fear that the English people might decline to drink these taxed spirits, coffee and tea are taxed at the custom houses about $20,000,000. The English tariff' on an American product is not one of our modest 50 per cent, duties, hut is 1,500 per cent, on the raw product and 400 per cent ad ditional on the manufactured article. Here is protection with a vengeance that puts our modest duties to a blush. And on top of this enormous duty ou the raw material, an extra duty of from 20 to 25 cents per pound is levied on the manufactured articles and this for the benefit of British manufacturers. It may be said that tobacco is a lux ury and not a necessary of life. Never theless nearly every British laborer uses it and will use it no matter what it costs, even at some sacrifice of bread and clothes. The fact is that England practices free trade in corn and cotton for her own benefit and not ours, and England wants us to put free trade in force where it will benefit her and not us. If England can fool our people to wear out their land and strength in raising raw material for British ships to transport and British mills to work up and pay us off with pittance of the product, it is all well enough from the English standpoint, but if we step into such a trap we are too big fools to think of keeping up the form of an independent nation. Speaking of General Phil Sheridan as the possible Republican candidate for President, he was born in Ohio in 1839, graduated at West Point in 1853, served on the Texan frontier and in Oregon before the war, and knows the w-hole country well as any man in it. He wonld make President that the British government would not bnldoze, and when vested with authority to retaliate he would strike hit, and hit to hurt. St. Louis. Globe Democrat : Judge Thur man says he would be ashamed to call him self a Democrat and let his politics shield crime like that of the Ohio tally-sheet for gers. It is this pecnliar sensitiveness, the country well understands, that has changed Judge Thurman's occupation from that of a Senator discussing grave issues constitutional law to that of an attorney aiding in the conviction of ' Democratic election swindlers. If that Mrs. Robinson who has just been convicted of poisoning so many relatives get the insurance on their lives, persits the deeire to starve herself to death, we hope every facility will be afforded her carry ont her purpose. WONDERLAND. A Jewelled Cave—The First Dis covery in a Subteranean World. Mammoth Hot Speings, Feb. 12.— [Special correspondence of the Heeald.] Oa February 1st inst., your correspondent secured the services of William Douglas and Walter J. Henderson in order to en ab'e him to demonstrate and verify the statements frequently made by him in re gard to the great underground terraces and caves that ramify all the Seven Plateaus on the surface of which the immense ver ticle coats and horizontal and circular ter races are to be found. The snow on Terrace Mountain was over three feet in depth in most places and the south wind had softened it so that it was a work of great labor to reach the ob ject of our search. We took one saddle animal to carry our faggots, ropes and the necessary material for subterranean ex ploration. Two years ago I sent to a St. Paul paper an account of a bathing paety that on the 25th day of December took a most luxuriant bath of over two hours in Bath Lake, the temperature of the water being 90° and the atmosphere 80°. At the same timo I described one of the horri zontal terraces that enclosed the lake, into which I found an entrance, but the Basa lisk guarded that entrance more securely than any grand sentinel ever guarded the door of a Masonic temple. We had re solved to SCOBCH THE BASALISK WITH FIEE and explore the innermost recesses of this chamber of horrors or of heavenly beauty, as the case might be. Our efforts were in vain. Every faggot was extinguished the moment it fell within reach of the carbonic acid, which is the real fabled Basalisk of antiquity. The most intense heat of fire, faggot and flame, red hot coals, or even a blazing comet would have been quenched within this cold vortex of anti-vital air. Chagrined at our defeat we gathered to gether our implements of war and went a mile further up the mountain to ANOTHEE CAVE that Mr. Douglas and my son had discovered five years ago, but had never dared to enter. We threw in our blazing brands, and to our joy they continued to burn freely on the first floor twenty feet below. In a short space we were swallowed up by our venerable mother earth. But no tongne or pen can describe the splendor of the rotundas with their jewelled walls and dazzling car bunkles. There was one pedestal that alone would require pages adequately to picture. This is but an opening to A WOELD OF WONDEES, which in a recently prepared article I have attempted to describe. So our first defeat became a victory on that ever to-be remembered 1st day of February, 1888. MUGWUMP CHATTER. The New a York Times Talks on its Own Hook. New Yoek, February 15.—A Washing ton special to the Times says : "Wm. Wal ter Phelps is quoted as saying to a South ern man that it is altogether probable that Senator Hiscock, of New York, wonld be come the legatee of Blaine and that he would go into the national convention with New York, New Jersey and all the other eastern and middle States, except Connecticut, behind him. This report has made Hiscock an important factor in poli tics. It looks, however, as if the result of the publication of Blaine's letter would be to encourage all aspirants for the presi dency to make heroic efforts to enlarge their respective followings, go into the na tional convention for a dozen candidates and then, perhaps, under the inspiration of Kansas aDd California, make a hurrah, break tor Blaine and nominate him by accla mation on the first ballot. All his friends agree that he would not refuse the nomi nation under these circumstancos." Death of "Nasby." Toledo, February 15.—D. R. Locke, editor of the Blade and author of the re nowned "Nasby" letters, died of consump tion early this morning, aged 55 years. He leaves a wife and three sons. Territorial Bills. WASHINGTON, February 15. — At meeting of the House committee on Terri tories to-day adverse reports were made upon the bills of Baker and Gifford divid ing Dakota on an east and west line and admitting the eouth half to statehood. A sub-committee was appointed to draft an omnibus bill providing for the admission to statehood of Dakota, Montana, Wash ington Territory and New Mexico. Republican Congressman. Mabquette, Mich., February 15.—Re turns irom yesterday's special congres sional election in this district show the election of Seymour, Republican, by majority of about 500 over Breen, Demo cratic and labor candidate. Nominations. Washington, February 15.—The Presi dent sent to the Seaate the nominations Lewis Granger to be register of the land office, and J. H. Craddock to be receiver money at Marysville California. Davis' Successor. Minneapolis, Minn., February 15. —R G. Evans, of Minneapolis, has been elected a member of the National Republican committee to succeed Senator Davis. a Passed. Washington, February 15.—The Blair educational bill passed the Senate—39 2 ). _____ Favorable Report. Washington, February 11.—The House committee on commerce to-day decided report favorably the bill to charter the Nicaragua Canal Co. No Embezzlement. Philadelphia, February 14. — The warrant for the arrest of Hilt has been called. It was found that he had only mixed the*lodge money with his own and there was no embezzlement. Lynched. Pickneyyille, 111., Febraary 14.— Earley this morning a mob lynched Alonzo Hally, (colored.) who was in jail for crim inally assulting a white woman two months ago. Recovered Swag. Saco, Maine, February 15.—The end the Saco bank robbery sensation was ar rived at this morning. The institution recovered every dollar of the $265,000 registered bonds stolen by McNeally last August Factory Burned. Nobth Wilbeaham, Mass., February 15.— The extensive works of the Collins Paper Co. were destroyed by five this morning. The loss is estimated at a quar ter of a million dollars. Insurance, three hnndred thousand. Price of Silver. New Yobk, February 15.—Ear silver, 95J. The Helena Medico Pursuing His Studies in Edinburgh—The Men He Meets and the Things He Sees. A medical friend of Dr. J. J. Leiser has received a letter from him which contains matter that cannot fail to be of interest to the readers of the Heeald, and the gentleman to whom it was addressed feels that its publication will be no serious breach of confidence. With the expla nation that it was not written for such a purpose we herewith present the enter taining epistle : Edinbubgh, Scotland, January 15th, 1888.— My Dear Doctor : —I promised to write you some medical news from this city and will proceed to fulfill the same, though brietly. Edinburgh is the seat of learning for Great Britain and its uni versity, possibly the largest in the world. There are 1,850 medical students matricu lated this year, and a corresponding num ber of theological students and law stu dents; so of the mass of humanity one meets! a big share are young men, with one turn-up on the bottom of their trousers and a stick in the hand, clutched in the middle and carried at about the angle of the guard on a locomotive, as though to clear the way ; and this may nut be altogether unnecessary for these students do strike a gait that makes me, who am no mean walker at home, get quite out ol their way. The medical men here of renown, you know of as well as I can tell. There is still a Simpson, and there are several baronets; and then Mr. Keith, who cat into the abdomen of nearly one hundred women and removed a tumor from each, without a death ; Mr. Lister, who created a revolution in sur gery by the introduction of the antiseptic dressing, you know, went down to London where he gets more pay. THE GEEAT HOSPITAL. The chief hospital here—the Royal In firmary—is said to be the largest in ex istance, and probably the finest. It, of coarse, admits patients with all the ills humanity is heir to, besides those inhu manity can invent. Probably a dozen prominent surgeons have charge of the sur gical wards ; the same number of physi cians of the medical wards, aud then each speciall j has a corps of specialists to man age their respective wards. W here the patients come from I could never figure out. In Edinburgh one scarcely sees a crip ple—they have all been killed or cured long ago, so long that there is no second generation to follow. Bat Scotland is large, and the Scotsman does not like to part with his "ha' pence" (half penny); so he goes to the Free Infirmary for t.l 1 his little ills. And then, you know, Edin burgh is ihe hot-bed of the great Presby terian chnrch. Here they go to church Sun day morning, afternoon and evening, aud what is the result of overstrain in any direction but reaction? In conseqserce such holidays as New Years these gcod worshippers of Queen Mary, but followers of John Knox and mourners of Bobby Burns, celebrate the new year of their glorious existence as in the days of Auld LaDg Syne. It is said the poor house sur geons at the Infirmary not only make no calls New Years, but that many of them quite break down from overwork the sev eral weeks following, due to the numerous accident cases. GOING TO LONDON. What I have seen here would fill a volnme, and I may have time in the future to detail much of it to you, and you*, can rest assured I do not play truant; for as soon as I finish the na tional dish for my breakfast I am out aud in the crowd of Highlanders in pursuit of knowledge. When no surgical operations, eye cases, nose, ear and throat demonstra tions, skin exhibitions, or clinics or women and children's diseases are to be seen or heard, and the medical clinics on general practice are not open, then I attend the university lectures. One of these from the chair of hygiene and toxicology has been occupying an hour each day. Prof. Little john has a national reputation, and as good fortune would have it I have been enabled to follow him through bouse drain age and sewerage. I met Dr. Littlejohn when making a New Years'call with Robert Rus sell, known to most Helena people. I was to have nosed about the city with the doctor to see the system of sewerage and the special supervision he has of its health, but j can scarcely spare the time, as I ex pect quite soon to run down to London. Why ? Because I can have even more op portunities there, while I see a lot of prom inent men aud how they do things ; and there are not nearly so many students and I can get a position called clinical clerk in several hospitals of those special ties I want, and I reed not then come home wanting in anything. This would be a glorious country had it a little sunshine and stoves ; not that it is cold, but raw and foggy ; and to an old Montanian, used to an atmosphere above tbe common level o f humx.-nity and a son of fore first the The if and set by by ye to thatfulfilfs"its destiny! whi ch'is to shine j by day, this is an oppression that hangs heavily overhead. Letters directed to me here will be for warded. Very truly yonrs. J. J. Leisee, 15 Bernard Terrace, Edinburgh. WHAT SANDERS SAYS. He Talks With a Butte Paper About the Mineral Land Agitation. rFrom the Miner.] Colonel W. F. Sanders, of Helena, was in Butte yesterday, and being asked by a Miner reporter his opinion of the agitation aginst patenting mineral lands to the Northern Pacific, said : "It is us well that this matter is being agitated, as it will lead to a determination of tbe mineral and agri cultural lands in Montane. At the same time there was no danger of any patents being issued for the lands in question, as there was no act ! on being taken to secure patents, and no definite prospect of such action. In the meantime mineral locations made on railroad lands are just as good as anywhere else, and if the company undertook to defeat such lo cations, the burden of proof would be on the company. Title does not rest in a cor poration as it does in an individual who patents a horustead or pre emptioD, ana it would be more difficult for a corporation to hold lands not intended in the grant. As to whether the company would obtain indisputable right to minerals, other than iron and coal, by patent, that i3 a question of law that I am not now prepared to give an opinion on. A gentleman speaking at the convention iu Hel ena yesterday, was condemning the com pany because he said they want to get their lands surveyed. Heretofore it has been the practice to curse the company all around for wanting to avoid paying taxes by not having the lands surveyed. This is rather inconsistent." Speaking ol the Indian reservations, Col. Sanders said : "There should be no half way measures with the reservations. They onght to be anuilated. If the Indians want land, they ebonld be allowed to take up claims of 160 acres each, and no more. T.ie reservation system is an outrage on Montana and other Territories, and the people should not rest in endeavoring to annihilate them until tney exist only in memory."_ Determined to Starve to Death. Boston, February 14. —Mrs. Robinson, ander sentence of life imprisonment for poisoning, refuses to eat and declares her intention to starve herself to death. IFor the Herald. "Attention, Company " BY BEV. K. I>. KEL'EY. Iu the drill of a militai y company, be fore the command is given, the commander cries, "Attention, company!" The duty first of all is to give attention; tbe com mands of duty will soon be given ; but ere these can be spoken is the call to attention, that tbe command be heard. So the great commander, our Savior, rings the call to attention. "Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation : the spirit is willing, but the tlesh is v,eak." The call to attention is, theretore, of great importance. The damage done by mere heedlessness, carelessness, or iudoleuee is nearly as great, if not greater that done by maliciousne'* and wickedness. In tbe matter of fires, those set by deliberate malignant intent are very few when compared with those caused by a heedless, reckless, blundering negligance. How often we Tear the baneful exclamation, "Oh, I didn't think!" yet that "didu t think" caused sorrow, pain and mss. In religious matters much more is 1 >st by mere carUessuess and indolence than by malicious wickedness ; hence our Lord's call to attention : "Watch and pray, lest you fall into temptation—the spirit is willing but the tlesh is weak" ; aud the great apostles in like spirit said: "be strong in the Lord, and in the power of hit might; put on the wbolearmor of God. that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil ; praying always with all prayer and suppli cation in the Spirit, and watching thereun to with all perseverance." Have you ever stood and watched the man who manages the "cage ' of a deep sil ver mine? In that cage are human souls, being lifted or lowered in the mine. If the man who engineers the machineiy make' the slightest mistake, men are mangled nr slain. Few are the men of nerve in ' cau tion and steadiness who can be trusted to take that position. He must teed to busi ness strictly, and a notice in large print is placed near him cautioning and forbidding all from saying anything to him : a whis per, a single word may so take off his at tention as to cause a mistake, and a mis take moans from one to eight human lives. But the Christian s life duty is no less important and critical. He has an im portant life work to accomplish, and a mis take on his part means ruin to himself or others. His great first duty is attention : "Watch and pray, lest ye fall into teiupta tion." Of all means of blessing and spiritual growth and strength, nothing is so service able and profitable and apparently nothing more neglected than this watching onto prayer. No man can maintain a vital Christian experience who neglects to pray. No duty is more inculcated in the precepts of the Bible, and no duty is better illus trated in the example set by Cnrist than this daty of prayer. No word of testi mony is stronger than that given by the saints than this : Prayer is the Christian's vital breath. The Christian's native air; His watchtvord at the gates of death; He enters heaven witli prayer. Or as another Christiau expresses it: Restraining prayer, we cease to fight ; Prayer makes ttie Christian's armor bright; Ami Satan trembles when he sees The weakest saint upon his knees. l'oor Peter, his llesh was weak ; weaker far than he expected. He needed sleep, but he needed prayer and thoughtful watching more than he needed sleep. Peter had not made such a mistake and sin next day had he been prayerful, "watching unto prayer" in that dark night in Geth semane. Peter's yielding to tbe demands of the sleepy body in the hour of spiritual need is typical of our owu lives. We take great care aud notice of the demands of the body. The soul may fa' lish, but ap petite must be gratified. The soul may lanquish, but the body must rest. The spirit may be in destitution, but the body must lie clothed and fed, even if the spirit ual matters fail. Oh, brethren, we are penny wise and many pounds foolish who cease praying or who shorten their prayers, or who meekly "say prayers." If ever we make a success of a religious life we must do in religion as in business, give attention, toil and care unto it. We are in the midst of tremen dous and momentous and critical events and probations. Watch aud pray, lest ye enter into temptation—"the spirit is will ing, but the llesh is weak." A BRACE OF LIONS. Two of the Royal Rocky Mountain Beasts Killed in Deer Lodge County. Ed. McKinstry has been pros*acting in the mountains about half way between Butte and Deer Lodge, in a direct line, and has a cabin built there, says the Inter Mountain. He lived alone, with the ex ception of the company of a setter. A few mornings ago, while he was getting break fast, he left the cabin door standing open. j "*P re ""* , y_ h _ ta if it to in in the door in a condition of great excite ment. The dog laced about, t he hair on its back stood straight up, and it gave vent to low growls of mingled anger and fear, which brought Mr. McKinstry quickly to see what was the matter. On looking out the door he was startled to see two im mense mount ain lions out in the timber close to the cabin. One, the female, was crouched aB if about to make a spring to waid the open door, while the male was a few feet fuither away behind a lo ir . which paitially concealed him. Mr. McKinstry recognized the danger ot the situation at once, and hurriedly seizins his Winchester, with quick, direci aim, he sent a bullet through the lionesses brain. Throwing another cartridge into position, he fired oext at the lion, only tbe upper portion of whose body was visible above the log. The beast drew down out of sight, and Mr. McKinstry could not tell whether he had 1 tiled it, or if it was only hurt a little, or was "laying for him." The dog made a dash around the log, however, and as it did not appear again, McKinstry carefully roconnoitered.ij He found the dog hanging on to the lions throat and tnsseling with him. The lion had been shot through the shoulder«, and I both of them were broken, so he was t;j-j iDg to get at the dog with bis hind claws,| and in the meantime they were having a lively fight, with the dog getting the best.I McKinstry, with another well directed; shot, put the lion out of his misery. I Both of the beasts were very large, an' I the male was especially so. They wouldl make fine specimens if properly preserved| Sale ol Trotting Horses» Lexington, February 14.—W. R Brass-p field's great sale of trotting horses began* this morning. Sixty seven head broug $38,385. Among the sales were the folio*| ing: _ . J Nannie Smith, b. f, foaled in 1 *>J1 Red Wiikes, dam Nellie Gray, da M n Phil Thompson and Lady Wilkes, to ho 1 Campbell, of California, $2,555. Red Wilkes, Jr., b. h., foaled in 1". Red Wilkes, dsm by Brown Cniti, to ■. Falters, of Kentucky, $2,500. « Nobleman, b. c., by Nutwood. 2:18$ ; dam George Wilkes, record 2 2-, » Dr. Ollum, of Tennessee, $1,700. _ , i Lexington, Ky., February l-'" second day of Brassfield & Co.'s great sa of trotting stock was largely attendee a fair prices were obtained. The only for over $i,000 was Baruermark, b. ff years old, by Victor Von Bismarck , , Sally Dudley, to James G. Boyd, ot wankee, for $1,575.