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A Notable Letter from Hoc James G. Blaine. His Name Will Not be Presented to the National Republican Convention. Cordial Thanks Expressed for the Loyal Friendship of his Countrymen. A Review of the Party in the Past and its Cheering Prospects for the Future. Protection as an Issue to Republican Success. Letter From James G. Hlaine. Pittsburg, February 12. — The Commet - d Gazette will publish the following to morrow : Mr. B. F. Jones, chairman of the national Republican committee, has received a let ter from Mr. Blaine declining to allow his pâme to be presented to the national Re publican convention ;is a candidate for the Presidency. Mr. Jones, when asked whether Mr. Blaine's declination would prevent his friends from nominating him anyhow said : "As I am chairman of the national com mittee I do not think it would be proper for me to have anything to say on that subject." "Do you think Mr. Blaine would accept the nomination if tendered ?" "I have no authority to speak for Mr. Blaine and have no conjectures to offer on the subject. The letter speaks for itself, and I must decline to be interviewed on the question." Following is Mr. Blaine's letter in full : Florence, Italy, Jan. 25,1888. To B. F. Jonen , Esq , Chairman of the Repub lican National Committee : StR:— I wish, through you, to stale to the members of the Republican party that my name will not be presented to the Na tional Convention, called to assemble in Chicago in June next, for the nomination of a candidate for President and Vice Presi dent of the United States. I am con strained to this decision by considerations entirely personal to myself, of which you were advised more than a year ago. But I cannot make the announcement without giving expression to my deep sense of grat itude to the many thousands of my coun trymen who have sustained me so long and ho cordially, that their feeling has seemed to go beyond the ordinary political adher ence of fellow* partisans and to partake somewhat of the nature of personal at tachment. For this most generous loyalty of friendship I can make no adequate re turn. but I shall carry the memory of it while life lasts. Nor can I refrain from congratulating the Republican party upon the cheering prospects which distinguish the opening of the national contest of 1888, as compared with that of 1884. In 1882 the Republican party through out the Union met with a disastrous de feat. Ten States that bad supported Gar field and Arthur in the election of 1880 were carried by the Democrats either by majorities or pluralities. The Republican jonn in the northern elections, compared with the preceding national election, ex ceeded a half million votes, and the elec toral votes of the Union, divided on the basis of the result of 1884, gave the Demo crats over three hundred electors out of a total of four hundred and one. There was a partial reaction in favor of the Republi cans in the elections of 1883, but the Democrats still held possession of seven northern States, and on the basis of the year's contest could show more than 100 majority in the electoral college of the whole country. But against the discouragement natur ally following the adverse elections of these two years the spirit of the Republi can party in the national contest of 1884 rose high, and the Republican masses en tered into the campaign with such energy that the final result depended on the vote of a single state, and that state was carried by the Democratic party by a plurality so »mall that it represented less than one eleventh of one per cent, of the entire vote. The change of a single vote in every second two thousand of the total poll would have given the state to the Repub licans, though only two years before the Democratic plurality exceeded 192,000. The elections of 1886 and 1887 have de monstrated the growing strength in the Republican ranks. Seldom in our political history has a party, defeated in a national election, rallied immediately with such vigor as have the Republicans since 1884. No comparison is possible between the spirit of the party in 1882 3, and .its spirit in 1886 7. The two periods present simply a contrast—the one of general depression, the other of enthusiastic revival. Should the party gain in the results of 1888 over those of 1886-7 in anything like the pro portion of the gain of 1884 over 1882-3, it would secure one of the most remarkable victories of its entire existence. But vic tory does not depend on so large a ratio of încîeaee. The party has only to maintain relatively its prestige of 1886-7 to give to its national candidate every northern State but one, with a far better prospect of carrying that one than it has had for the past six years. Another feature of the political situation should inspire the Republicans with irre sistible strength. The present rational administration was elected with it not upon the repeated assertions ot its leading supporters in every protection State that no issue on the taritl was involved. How ever urgently the Republicans urged that question as the one of controlling importance in the campaign, they were met by the Democratic leaders and journals with per sistent evasion, concealment and denial. That recourse the President has fortunate ly removed. The issue which the Repub licans maintained and the Democrats avoided in 1884 has been prominently and specifically brought forward by the Demo cratic President and cannot be hidden out of sight in 1888. The country is now in the enjoyment of an industrial system which in a quarter of a century lias assured a larger national growth ; a more rapid accumulation and a broader distribution of wealth than were ever before known to history. The Ameri can people will now be openly and form ally asked to decide whether the system shall be recklessly abandoned and a new trial be made of an old experiment which has uniformly led to national embar rassment and widespread individual dis tress. On the result of such an issue fairly presented to popular judgment, there is no room for doubt. One thing only is necessary to assure success—complete harmony and cordial co-operation on the part of all Republicans —on the part of both those who desire to lead and of those who are eager to follow. The duty is not one merely of honorable devotion to the party whose record and whose aims are alike great, but it is one demanded by the instinct of self-interest and by the still higher promptings of pa triotism. A closer observation of the conditions of life among the older nations gives one a more intense desire that the American people shall make no mistake in choosing the policy which inspires labor with hope and crowns it with lignity, which gives safety to capital and protects its increase, which secures political power to every citizen, comfort and culture to every home. To this end, not less earnestly and more dhectly as a private citizen than as a public candidate. I shall devote myself, with the confi dent belief that the administration of the government will be restored to the party which has demonstrated the purpose and the power to wield it for the unity and the honor of the republic ; for the prosperity and progress of the people. I am, very sincerely yours, James G. Blaine. BLAINE'S WITHDRAWAL. Opinions of the Press and Indi viduals. Chicago, February 13.—A Columbus, Ohio, dispatch says: John Sherman, who i 9 in the city, on hearing that Mr. Blaine would not allow his name to be used before the Chicago convention, said that he had been expecting some such utterance from Mr. Blaine lor some time. He had understood that it would be forth coming. Mr. Blaine was one ot the fore most Americans whom every Republican would dave delighted to honor, and it was a source of regret that he had not con cluded to make the race again. Mr. Kherman did not care to talk much about the Blaine letter and thought it would cause a number of other candidates to come to the front. He proposed to take the race for the Ohio delegation and would contest honorably for the nomination. Mr. Blaine was a Republican that could sweep the country if nominated, but he had understood all along that he would not again seek the nomination. It was on this hypothesis that Sherman had entered the list. New York, February 13.— From the Herald : Senator Hawley, who is staying at the Astor House, when shown Mr. Blaine's letter, said : "Well, I am not al together surprised, and yet did not expect this. I was talking to some ot Mr. Blaine's closest friends only a few days ago, and they had then no idea that Mr. Blaine would come to such a decision. They did not expect an 7 thing of the sort ; intact, were drawing plans for a Blaine campaign. Still, as I have said, I am not altogether surprised at Mr. Blaine's action.' Washington, February 13 —Mr. Blaine's letter was the leading topic of political gossip to day. Mr. Blaine's avowed friends in Congress show a desire not to express their opinions but intimate that the letter only emphasizes the disinclination which he has shown to press his claims for the nomination. The prominent men known as opponents of Mr. Blaine hail the letter as an actual withdrawal on his pait lrom the presidential race. Senator Allison and others who may be classed as presidential candidates content themselves with saying that Mr. Blaine's expressions are unques tionably sincere, but that he would nave to yield to the demand of the party, that he should become its candidate if it should so express itself in the convention. Washington, February 13—Senator Frye said : "I think the letter is exactly what it purports to be—an instruction to Blaine's friends not to present his name to the convention. It does not debar the con vention from selecting him if it chooses." "Senator Farwell said : "In reading be tween the lines I infer that Blaine has an eager desire for a re-nomination. It seems to me that if it were Blaine's sincere in tention to decline or refuse the nomination he would have signed his name at the end of the first paragraph." Senator Chandler said: "The party both loses and gains by his withdrawal. It loses the effect of his great popularity on the Pacific coast and thousands of votes which he alone can gain from the Irish American Democrats. It also loses the enthusiasm which his name would inspire everywhere. The gain is the support of a small percentage of Republicans who are hostile to him. These being reconciled to the party it would be completely united, and this union will give us a Republican victory. The free trade message of Cleve land will probably result in defeating his renomination. So we shall pretty surely have a new ticket on both sides." Augusta, February 13.—In an editorial upon Blaine's letter the Kennebec Journal to-morrow will say : "W e know not all the reasons which have caused Blaine to send his declination to the national com mittee and are authorized in no sense to speak for him or to explain his course of action. He knows well that he has strong personal reasons for not wishing to accept the Republican candidacy and avoiding the great responsibilities which the presi dency would impose upon him, but the needs of the country and the demands of the great national party with which his name and fame are closely identified should and must override all personal considerations. To make absolutely sure of a Republican victory over the opponents of American protection the voice of the Republican masses calls James G. Blaine to lead them, believing that thoughtful patriotism, sound policy and hopes of surest victory call for Blaine's unanimous nomination. We confidently cherish the hope that he will obey the popular will when he sees how necessary it is that his private feelings and considerations should yield to loyal devotion to the great party whose past career and future fpurpose are worthy of homage and brilliant with the best hopes of the American people." Philadelphia, February 13.—In refer ence to Blaine's letter declining to be a nominee for the presidency, Senator Quay said : I am surprised at Blaine's decli nation. I was not prepared for it at all. I had reason to believe that he was as much a candidate as ever. There were special reasons for this, since the prospects indi cate his nomination." "But are yon sure, Colonel, he has de clined ?" interrupted State Committee Chair man Cooper. "Can't you read something else between the lines?" "I can see nothing in that letter but absolute withdrawal from the field," re turned Senator Quay. "Blaine has made a blunder and he can not remedy it. He would not dare to be a candidate after that letter, because if be was nominated he would certainly be defeated." Augusta, Maine, February 13.— The an nouncement in the morning papers that Blaine says he will not allow his name to be presented to the National Republican Convention has created a breeze of excite ment in this city and has been the only subject of discussion among Blaines friends. Mr. Manley says : ' It does not change the sitnation. Mr. Blame s friends have insisted that he was not a candidate. If however, the Republican convention believes that Blaine is the man who can best unite the party it will nominate hum I believe he is to mach of a patriot to de cline. Having once been a amdidate and having been unsuccessful he again seek the nomination. He must leave the party free too act He has no right to decline. If, however, some other Ripubh can than Blaine be nominated Maine wul vote for the nominee." Regent of the Smithsonian Institute. Washington, February 10.—The House has passed the Senate bül authorizing the appointment of Andrew D. White as regent of the Smithsonian Institute. THE NATIONAL CONVENTION Meeting of the Republican Sub-Com mittee. Chicago, February 9.— The sub-com mittee of the national Republican commit tee, appointed to make arrangements for the convention, held a session here to day and will meet again to-morrow. The com mittee organized in the afternoon by elect ing O. R. Clarkson chairman and ex-Sena tor Hobart secretary. A large delegation of G. A. R. men was on hand to-day to urge the claims of Capt. John H. Healy, president of the Union Veteran Club, for the positiou of sergeant-at-arms, is against those of Col. E. B. Knox and Gen. Fitz simmons, both.of whom are in the field. The committee admitted no one and de ferred the selection of sergeant-at-arms. The members talked over the preliminaries in the morning and in the evening were clos eted with the Mayor and local committee, prominent Republicans selected by him to assist in the preliminary work of the con vention, except Conger of Ohio. Every member of the national sub-com mittee expressed the belief that his state favored the nomination of Blaine. Several of them had an "if" attached to their opinions, such as "if Mr. BlaiDe is a candi date," " if Mr. BlaiDe says he is a candi date," " if Mr. Blaine wants the nomina tion." Senators Sherman and Allison, Robert T. Lincoln and General Sheridan were the only other candidates mentioned. Mr. Conger, of Ohio, said: "Ohio will be for Sherman, this time—a solid delegation, without a doubt. Mr. Blaine's friends might carry several districts in the state, but I do not think that they are disposed to make a fight against Mr. Sherman in Ohio this year. As to the vice-presidency the members of the sub committee seemed to be wholly adrift. The list of local committees suggested by Mayor Roche was adopted without change. It consisted of four or five well known citizens to each committee, the members beiDg selected with special reference to their fitness for the work in hand. The chairman of each committee was made a member of the general, or as it is termed, the executive committee, the particular chairmanship of each being as follows : J. A. Roche, chairman ; S. B. Raymond, secretary; J. L. Woodward, treasurer; Eli Keith, hotels; George R Davis, printing ; R. W. Patterson, press ; W. B. Keep, transportation ; Geo. B. Swilt, employes ; C. L. Hutchinson, music ; Geo. Schneider, decoration ; L. W. Price, State headquarters ; F. W. Peck, halls; R. C. Clowery, telegraph ; J. M. Smith, auditing; Eugene Carey, official reporting and pub lishing. The national sub-committee will visit and inspect the auditorium building to morrow. The matter that occupied most of the time of the committee this evening was the selection of a sergeant-at-arms, and when an adjournment was taken at nearly midnight the matter was still undecided. The sub-committee decided a point that had been somewhat widely discussed, and may have an important bearing on some State delegations. It was whether delega tions at large to the convention should be voted for in each district or as to the old State convention. The language of the official call in this particular was vagne. The convention decided that no interven tion be entertained and that the old usage would prevail. Chicago, February 10.—The national committee ha9 limited the number of tickets to be issued to 8,000. The mem bers of the sub committee after inspecting the auditorium building to-day thought it would not seat more than 7,500. The Chi cago committee want 1,200 tickets for local distribution. Mr. Clarkson said they would do well if they got 500. There is no certainty of more than 7,000 seats. There are 840 delegates and as many al ternates. All Senators, Congressmen, judges and State officers must have tickets. Each delegate will probably be allowed three tickets admitting to three sessions for five days. There will be separate tickets for each session, and dele gates can divide them up and make them go further. Mr. Clarkson Baid he had al ready had over 2,000 applicants for tickets. The committee adjourned to meet at the call ol the chairman. Messrs. Clarkson, Conger and Clayton will constitute a sub committee of the sub-committee having immediate charge of the arrangements, and will meet here whenever Mr. Clarkson thinks necessary. The full sub-committee will probably not meet again until the Wednesday preceding the convention. RHODE ISLAND REPUBLICANS. Senator Sherman Presented With a Gold Headed Cane. Providence, February 10.—The YouDg Men's Republican Club was addressed this evening by Hon. John Sherman an 1 Hon. C. H. Grosvenor, member of Congress from Ohio. Senator Sherman, in an address re ferred to the auspicious opening of the Presidential campaign and the importance and influence the YouDg Men's Republican Club would exert on the political move ments of the day. He spoke in the most vigorous denunciation of the emigration to this country ot communists, anarchists and socialists. Touching upon the tariff, npon wool and sugar, he said the Democratic party would take the tariff off of wool, but strenuously objected to the redaction of two cents on sugar for the reason that su gar was grown in the South. He would take the tariff oil' sugar and give the grower a bounty. He then entered into an exhaustive analysis of the proposed reduc tion of the tariff. Senator Sherman was presented at the cl ose with a handsome gold-headed cane by the club. ___ Resolutions of Republican Club. New York, February 13.—At to-night's meeting of the Federal Club, a new organ ization of local Republican leaders, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted : , Resolved , That the Federal Club has read with regret the declination of J. G. Blaine to allow his name to be used at the Chicago convention as a candidate for the presidency of the United States ; and be it further Resolved, That the Club pledges undi vided support to the candidate of the Re publican party, no matter who he may be. Republican Banquet. Columbus, February 13.—Among the guests who sat down at the banquet of the Ohio Republican Leagne were, Senavor Sherman, Governor Beaver, of Pennsyl vania ; Governor Luce, of Michigan ; Gover nor Foraker, Ben Bntterworth, S. P. Fos ter, president of the New York League ; W. H. Smiley, Warren, Prof. Scarborough, of the Wilfterforce College; Murat Hal stead, of Cincinnati. Senator Harrison's Opinion. Indinapolis, February 13. —In speak ing of the Blaine letter, Senator Harrison said : "The letter was a surprise to me. Mr. Blaine certainly was not actuated in taking this step, either by fear of defeat in the convention or at the polls. He has given his own reasons, and I have no doubt, sincerely. Mr. Blaine will continue to be the leader, whether his name is on the ticket or not." Challenge Accepted. London, February 10.—John L. Sullivan has accepted the offer of Jack Knifton to stand before him six rounds for £200. BOSTON BANQUET Senator Sherman's Speech on Home Markets. Boston, February 9. —The dining hall of the Hotel Vendôme was filled to over flowing this evening, it being the occasion of a banquet given by the Home Market Club. There were over 400 present from various sections of the country. President Merrick briefly allnded to the fame of the Clnb's guests, and concluded by introduc ing Senator Sherman, who was received with great applanse. Senator Sherman, after thanking the gentleman for the re ception accorded him, said, : "Referring to the Home Market Club, I like the name for it describes your principles. When you use the word "home" you mean your whole country. You use the phrase, "home market," to distinguish it from a foreign market, not to exclude foreign markets but to exercise your preference for the home market as infinitely greater, more valuable, »more productive than foreign markets. When I think of the contrast between our home market and the foreign market in the magnitude and proportions of uni versal benefits of the one and the compara tive unimportance of the other, I am led to wonder why men, gentlemen of educa tion and of character, are willing to endan ger the wonderful development of our home industry to increase our foreign com petition. I believe the best we can do for mankind is the best for our country. Sherman attacked Mr. Lowell for his speech at the tariff reform banquet. He found but very little in his remarks about the tarif!', but a good deal about President Cleveland. Said Sherman: Lowell, who has been honored by a great party with its confidence and trust, places Cleveland above Grant, the great soldier of our coun try, above Hayes, who certainly gave to the country a pure and excellent adminis tration, and Lowell himself above Garfield, one of the most accomplished of American statesmen, and above Arthur, in every way a model gentleman and prudent and able President. Speaking of President Cleveland's policy, Senator Sherman said: "The inevitable effect is to increase importations at the expense and loss of our home market, and especially to reduce the wages of all those engaged in industries competing with foreign production. His message creates alarm among business men at home and gives joy and hope to every market in Eu rope." Referring to the surplus, Mr. Sher man remarked: "The surplus is a great deal better than a deficit ; and it has been growing ever since the close of the war. It has enabled us to perform the magnificent feat of rapidly reducing the public debt, a policy which hes excited the admiration of the greatest statesmen of Europe. This growing surplus was bequeathed to Cleve land by his predecessors and was applied by them to the payment of the debt and to repeated reductions of taxes. It is the rational and steady result ot our increase in wealth and population growing out of the policy ot protection to home industries. Our friends may be surprised that the sur plus revenue did not stop with the election of a Democratic president, and perhaps it will if his advice is followed. Certainly it will be if he checks prosperity, while he enables us to import goods and pay taxes. But why is not this surplus applied to the payment or purchase of the public debt? Whose fault is it that it accumulates in the treasury ? It is plainly the fault of Cleve land, whose Secretary ot the Treasury is authorized to apply this surplus at any time to the reduction of the public debt. If he had followed the example of his pre decessor, he would weekly or monthly, wit hont proclamation or noise, have pur chased and retired the public debt, under the main provisions of the existing law. But if the President preferred to reduce the surplus by a reduction of taxation, why did he not apply to Congress to di minish taxation without disturbing home production ? I know that at the last Congress taxation could have been reduced but for the desire of the Speaker of the House and the President to strike at home industries rather than to reduce taxation. The hungry mouths of the workingmen engaged in various pursuits in every part of our country lurnish the best market for their productions, and you, in New England, even your prolessors and free traders, will learn that the demand made by millions of your countrymen in the West and South for textile and metallic fabrics, furnishes you a hundred fold better market than you can find in the overstocked markets of Europe and Asia. If you join in breaking down this system in order to increase your foreign market for manufactures from two to even ten per cent, you will destroy the goose that lays the golden egg. You may ask me what I have to say about a tariff reform. I an swer that I am decidedly in favor of a tariff reform and always have been and always will be. How would I reduce the surplus? I answer frankly that the tariff ought to oe carefu'ly revised, with a view to correcting any irregularities or incongruities that have grown out of the change of values since the passage of the act of 1883, that every imported article which does not compete with our domestic industry and is essential to the comfort and wants of our people should be placed upon the free list ; that every raw material of industry that does not compete with our own productions should be especially selected for the free list. McKinley, of Ohio, was introduced, and among other things he said: "It is as sumed by the revenue reformers that the money received by the government is un necessary. Why, it takes more than $300, 000,000 every year to meet the obligations, and the only way it is raised is by taxation. We can obtain it in two ways, either by taxiDg home goods and property or by levying a tax on foreign goods. It has been a settled policy of the government to raise its money from import duties. The President has emphasized his issue, and we to-night appeal from the President to the people. The wool growers are united and have shown it." Nathan Gofl', Jr., of West Virginia, fol lowed and endorsed the remarks of the pro vious speakers. Lincoln's Birthday. New York, February 13.—The Repub lican League of Brooklyn to-night gave a dinner in commemoration of the birth of Abraham Lincoln. Among the guests present were Hon. Benjamin Bntterworth, Gen. Hawley, Col. Robt. Ingersoll, Senator Wm. M. Evarts, and ex-Senator Warner Miller. Letters of regret were read from Senators Ingalls, Hiscock and Frye, Gover nor Foraker and General W. T. Sherman. Boston, February 13.— The anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln was ob served to-night by the Boston Club with a banquet. A number of addresses were made, and letters and telegrams from Pres ident Cleveland, General Sheridan, Senator Sherman and others were read. Matrimonial. St. Louis, February 9.— Miss Blanche Thorne, the leading lady of "Held by the Enemy" Co., now playing at the Olympic theatre in this city, was married this after noon to Mr. David C. Johnson, a well known book-maker and horseman of the firm of Appleby & Johnson, of New York. The ceremony was performed at the Ephi pany Episcopal church. Miss Thorne will close her engagement with the company at Louisville on the 25th, when she will re tire from the stage and accompany her husband to New York to live. FARMERS AGAINST FREE 1 R \DE Emphatic Declaration for Tariff and Protection. New York, February 8.— Some time ago the Tribune of this city invited an expres sion of opinion by individual members, ag ricultural societies and grangers regarding the infinence of the tariff upon the agri cultural industry and the changes in the tariff desired by farmers. The result was the receipt of several thousand letters, which the Tribune submitted to a commit tee, consisting of Hon. Warner Miller, New York, chairman; Cyrus C. Carpenter, John T. Rich, W. C. Morse, Edward Burroughs, J. D. Lyman, W. M. Grosvenor, Hon. J. H. Hale of Connecticut and James Wilson of Iowa. This committee was charged with the werk of making np the concensus of farmers of the country, as shown by these letters. Its report i9 signed by all except Hill and Wilson, the former having, how ever, approved all the findings on which the document is based, and the latter beiDg beyond reach in Texas or Mexico. It will be published in the Tribune to-morrow. It is accompanied by the following petition, which embodies the findings of the com mittee, and which the farmers and the farmers' organizations who favor its propo sitions are requested to sign aDd transmit to congress, or to the Tribune for forward ing: THE PETITION. To the Speaker of the House : The un dersigned respectfully pray that agricul ture may be more effectually protected by preventing the fraudulent importations of cattle on the pretense that they are for breeding only ; by a duty of twenty cents per bushel on barley, with a proportionate increase of the duty on malt; by duties of twenty-five cents per bushel on potatoes and onions; $2 per hundred on cabbage; $3 per ton on hay ; ten cents per pound on hops ; five cents per dozen on eggs ; thirty per cent, on fowls and poultry, and on veg etables in their natural state, or in salt or brine, not otherwise provided for, with no removal or reduction of duties on market products now dutiable; by such increased duties on flax and on linen goods as will effectually encourage the preparation of the fibre and manufacture of goods; abolishing all duties on sugar. with a bounty to home producers ; by pre venting the imports of leaf tobacco and repealing all internal taxes on tobacco ; by restoring to wool growing the substantial protection enjoyed under the tariff of 1867, so modified as to meet later forms of for eign competition and invasion. The report proper is quite loDg, giving the statistics of farm and manufacturing growth in the United States during the past fifteen years to show that protection has brought immmigration, and with it a home market for agricultural products, which permitted vast home developments, etc. The following excerpts give the spirit of what the committee found in the let ters. A great many expressed the convic tion that the tariff, notwithstanding de fects and omissions, had contributed powerfully to the growth and welfare of agriculture. With scarely an ex ception the letters point out that the tariff should have directly defended the industry of the farmers in a way which it has not. It should shield them as com pletely as any branch ot manufacture from spasmodic and destructive competition with products, the cheapness and degradation of labor in some other lands permit. The fraudulent importation of cattle for slaugh ter across the northern and southern boun daries, on the pretense that they are for breeding purposes, should be effectually prevented. Last year 12,000 head were brought in from Mexico, professedly for breeding, and many more from Canada, though American producers have for years been unable to get living prices. Besides these there were 73,000 head imported at a low duty of 20 per cent. The fraud ulent evasion of the law regardmg breed ing animals can be indefinitely ex tended. Over 13.000,000 bushels of barley were imported during the calendar year, while in 1886 the home production was 59,000,000 bushels. The regions in which barley may be most profitably grown have their prices fixed in the great markets which the Canadian .producers can reach by water, while most of our own producers can not. The duties on potatoes and mar ket garden products, which at times can be brought here in ballast in almost unlim ited quantities, should be large enongh to insure a fair defense. Two hundred and seventy-nine of the 326 farmers who refer to the duties on sugar ask the abolition of those duties. Regarding wool the report says: The wool growers who appeal to other farmers throughout the country to show that the prostration of their industry is imminent ; that they number more than one million, and if forced to give np wool growing must devote ther land to other branches of agriculture, in which compe tition is already ssvere enough ; that the prostration of the manufacture would also deprive American farmers of a consid erable part of their home market, and that with woolen goods worn by nine-tenths of the people now as in any other country, quality considered, the consumers have only to pay high prices if the enormous consumption of this country is to be sup plied, wholly or in part by foreign looms. They therefore ask a united effort of all farmers to obtaia from congress such action that this industry may receive the substan tial protection enjoyed under the tarif! of 1867.____ FARM ANIMALS. Report of the Agricultural Depart ment. Washington, February 10.—The fol lowing is the February statistical report of the Department of Agriculture in relation to the numbers and values of farm ani mals : There is an increase in horses, mules and cattle, and a decrease in sheep and swine. The largest rate on increases is in horses—5 per cent.—and it is general throughout the country, though the largest is west of the Mississippi river. The ag gregate is 13,000,000. The increase in mules averages 313 per cent. The increase in cattle is 2] per cent. It makes an ag gregate of 49,000,000. The increase is nearly as large in milch cows as in other cattle. In sheep the decline appears to be between 2 and 3 per cent., the aggregate of flocks being about 43,500,000. There is a smaller decline in the numbers of swine —less than one 1 per cent., leaving an ag gregate of over 44,000,000. The aggregate value of all farm animals is $8,000,000 more than a year ago. Logan Memorial Dedication. Washington, February 9.— The memo rial to Gen. Logan, in the Metropolitan Methodist church, was dedicated this morning. Mrs. Logan, John A. Logan, Jr., and wife, Major and Mrs. Tucker and Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, father and mother of Mrs. Logan, Jr., Judges of the United States Supreme Court, Senators and Repre sentatives were present. The tablet is of Georgia marble, set in Créai marble, and is appropriately inscribed. Major Stanford, of California, was chairman. Eulogistic ad dresses were made by Justice Miller, Sena tors Stanford, Ingalls and Voorbees, Repre sentatives Long, Henderson, Springer and Reed. ____ Resignation. Chicago, February 13. —Chief of Police Ebersold this evening tendered his resig nation to Mayor Roche. No reason has been assigned as yet. ALIEN LAND LAW. Senator Stewart's Bill to Amend the Act. Washington, February 8 —Oo motion of Stewart the Senate bill to authorize the sale to aliens of certain mineral lanes was taken up. The bill amends the alien land act of the 3d of March, 1887, by providing that said act shall not relate to, or affect title to, mineral lands or mining claims in the Territories. Stewart explained and advocated the bill, which, he su'd, would be entirely satisfactory. He said more money was spent, probably, in developing mines lhan was taken ont of them. It made no difference to miners or to mining communities whether the capital employed was foreign or native. The object of the bill was to restore the law as it had stood for the last thirty years in regard to min eral lands. Mitchell spoke in favor of the bill and had read a communication in sup port of it from the delegate of the Territory of Montana. Mitchell added that tfee bill had the recommendation of the governors of all the Territories, with one exception. He offered an amendment providing that no Chinese persons and no company or cor poration in which aDy Chinese persons were interested shall ever be permitted to hold or own any mining claim or real estate ,n any of the Territorits. After some dis cussion the bill was laid aside. Washington,' February 9.—The bill to authorize the sale to aliens of certain min eral lands was taken np, and after a dis cussion hinging upon the fact that none of the Democratic members of the committee were present at its consideration, Fdmunds moved to recommit it to the committee on mines and miniDg. Edmunds suggested that he could see no good reason why a distinction should be made between mineral lands and agricultural lands, and saying somewhat plainly that if he wanted to obtain political influence, he would prefer to be a mine owner rather than the owner of the adjacent township. Reagan said there was a strong popular sentiment to which the act of last session in regard to alien ownership of land in the territories was a response. He would re gret the abridgement of that act. The bill was also opposed by Plumb. Stewart replied that a silver mine on the mountains was as worthless as a desert without capital. That capital, so far from interfering with the laborer and bearing him down, brought employment to him and raised the price of his labor. It was the laboring men of the Territories who were demanding the passage of this bill. They were asking that capital should noi be kept out of the mines and themselves de prived of employment. The law of the last congress was a re striction to the development of the Ter ritories, a discrimination against them which no State in the Union had put upon its own industries. The* bill was recommitted to the com mittee on mines and mining. ADULTERATED LARD. Testimony in Hegard to the Manufac ture of the Article. Washington, February 8.— Fairbanks, of Chicago, described the history of the modern lard product. Twenty-five years ago lard oil was pressed from the hog pro duct, leaving stearine, a hard, waxy sub stance, for which there was little demand. Then a firm in New York conceived the idea of mixing stearine with ordinary lard and formed a compound which gave better satisfaction, especially in warm countries, than pure lard. Then the packing houses, in making lard, got to dumping into the pans everything, heads, feet, etc., and made a product which was offensive, having, as the witness said, "a hoggy taste." The re finers cast about for something to neutral ize this, and found it in cotton seed. Out of a hundred tierces of packers' lard the refiners got about one tierce of mud and filth "as black as your coat." To the re fined product they now added 25 per cent, of cotton seed oil and 15 per cent, of stear ine, which compound comprises seven eighths of the lard now on the market. Once or twice when the compound ran short pure lard was supplied to customers and witness was overwhelmed at once with complaints that the consumers were dis sa'isfied. The trouble with Squire, the witness said, arose from the fact that the witness' firm had secured a large part of Squire's trade, especially in New England, and that gentleman had agitated the passage of the bill because small dealers could not take out a license to sell the compound, as re quired by the bill, and as no license would be required to sell the pure hog-fat lard, they would resume the purchase of lard manufactured by Squire. The demand lor legislation did not come from the people. Constantly increasing sales of lard made by the witness' firm proved that the public wanted their lard. When asked why he didn't label it as compound lard, he said the American people were not educated up to the use of oils yet. He objected to beiDg compelled to change the brand "Refined Lard," because that label was a part of his stock in trade. The hearing will be continued to-morrow. Washington, February 9.— The hear ing before the Senate committee on agri culture on the bill to impose a tax on lard containing anything except hog's fat was resumed this morning. Judge Wilson, at torney for Squire & Co., read a petition signed by a large number of manufacturers and dealers in pure lard urging the passage of the bill; also letters from manufac turers of St. Louis and Omaha stating that crackers in which was used a lard com pound in pait of cotton seed oil would become rancid in a few days; also a clipping lrom the Journal of Commerce in which it is stated that the exports of lard from the poit of New York had fallen ofi' 56,000,000 in the year 1887 as com pared with the year 1888. Mr. Cromwell, attorney for the refined lard manufacturers said he had a petition from over 5,000 persons saying that refined lard was not an injurious article. He said it was not claimed that cotton seed oil could be used for every purpose, and he would admit that it was not fit for crack ers. Cromwell argued at length against the bill, and after further addresses the hearing sdjourned. BLI/ZARD REPORT. Lfst of Lives Lost by the Late Storm. Minneapolis, February 10.— The Even ing Journal will publish an official state ment, showing the loss of life by the recent blizzard in North Dakota to be greatly ex aggerated by some papers. Governor Church writes, saying there is no want of food in the Territory, and that the loss of life in Yankton county was only three. ex-Govemor Pierce corroborates Governor Church, and is joined in the statement by the bankers and prominent citizens of North Dakota. As to live stock the ex aggeration is still worse. Of 6,000 horses, 7,000 sheep, 20,000 cattle and 15,000 hogs io Yankton county, not over 500 in all were lost Railroad Commissioner N. T. Smith, of Huron, writes: "As far as learned, the following is the authentic summary of the loss of life in the recent storm : Beadle county 9 ; Bonhomme 19 ; Coddingtoa 3 ; Burchard 6 ; Clark 2 ; Edmunds 6 ; Brown 5 ; Hand 7 ; Kingsbury 3 ; Lincoln 29 ; Spinks 4; Turner 18; Yankton 3—total 114. CHINESE PROBLEM. Negotiation« to Settle the Vexed Ques tion. Washington, February 8.— Mr. Bel mont, chairman of the house committee on foreign affairs, said to-day that negotiations had been pending for some time for the amicable settlement of the Chinese ques tion and were now reaching completion. He understood, in fact, that a draft of the proposed treaty had been transmitted to the Chinese minister to-day, containing such modifications of the existing treaties as would briDg about the complete exclu sion of that class of emigrants which the people of the western coast objected to. He believed that within a month we would have a treaty which would effectually dis pose of the question. Belmont further said that any treaty arrangement with China to prevent Chinese immigration would, of course, have to be supplemented by some stringent legislation and perhaps by some treaty stipulations jwith Great Britain to suppress the introduction of Chinese coolie labor by the way of Hong Kong and Vancouver, by which our pres ent restriction laws were largely avoided. It was understood there would be no diffi culty on this score. CHINESE RESTRICTION ACT. Important Decision by the IJ. S. Su preme Court. Washington, February 13.—A decision of particular interest and importance to California was rendered by the United States Supreme Court to-day in the Chi nese immigration case of the United States agamg Jong Ah Lung. Lung, theappelee. was a Chinese laborer, who resided in the United States on November 17, 1880, and who continued to reside there until Octo ber 24, 1883. He then left San Francisco for China, taking with him a certificate of indentitication, issued to him by the col lector of that port in the form required by the fourth section of the act of May 6th, 1882, chapter 126-22, statute 58. This certificate was stolen from him in China and remained outstanding and uncancelled, upon returning from China to San Fran cisco by vessel Jung Ah Lung was not al lowed by the collector to land lor want of the certificate and was detained in custody in port by the master of the vessel by di rection of the customs authorities. On a writ of habeas corpus, issued by the District Court of the United States, it appeared that he corresponded in all respects with the description contained in the registra tion books of the custom house of the person to whom the certificate was issued. He was therefore discharged from custody and the order of discharge was affirmed by the Circuit Court. This court, in the opinion delivered by Justice Blatchford, holds 1. That Jung Ah Lung was in custody under or by color of authority of the United States and that the District Court had jurisdiction to issue the writ. 2. That the jurisdiction of the conrt was not affected by the fact that the col lector had paased on the question of allow ing persons to land, or by the fact that the statute provides for diplomatic action in case of hardship. 3. That the case of Jung Ah Ludr was not to ba adjusted under the provisions of the act of July 5, 1884, chapter 220, (23 stat. 115) where they differed from those of the act of 1882, sec. 4. That in view of the provisions of section 4, of the act of '82, in regard to a Chinese laborer arriving by the sea, as distinguished from those of section 12 of the same act, in regard to one arriv ing by land, the District Court was author ized to receive the evidence it did in re gard to the identity of Jung Ah Lung and on the facts it found to discharge him from custody. The judgment of the Circuit Court is therefore affirmed. Justice Harlan, Field and Lamar dissented from the opinion of the court. TRANSPORTATION. Text of the House Bill in Regard to Common Carriers. Washington, February 8. —Following is the text of the bill passed in tie house to day making bills of lading conclusive evidence in certain cases : That whenever any common carrier by land or water, or its agent authorized to execute and deliver bills of lading, signs and delivers any bill of lading or instru ment in the nature thereof purporting to be forgood8, wares or merchandise received by such carrier for transportation from one State to another within the United States or to any foreign country, such bill of lading, or instrument in the nature thereof, in the hands of any bona fide holder for a valuable consideration, who has acquired the same in the usual course of trade, with out any notice of any defect therein, shall be conclusive evidence that the goods de scribed therein were actually received by such carrier in the manner and tor the purpose as therein stated. FAST MAIL SERVICE. Postmaster General's Arrangements With the Railroads. Washington, February 10.—The Post master General has entered into a new con tract with the Chicago, Burlington & Quin cy railroad for a mail service between Chi cago and Council Bluffs, to take effect March 13th. The present contract calls for a fast mail service on a schedule of sixteen hours westerly, six times a week. The new contract is for a daily service, both east and west, upon a schedule of 141 hours, the leaving time at either end to be controlled by the Postoffice Department. By this ai rangement the California mail leaving San Francisco in the evening after business hours and arriving at Council Bluffs in the afternoon of the third day will be taken up by the new fast train and will reach Chicago in time for the first morning delivery on the fourth day from the Pacific coast. It is the purpose of the Department to secure, if possible, a fast mail from Chiogo east, to leave Chicago on the arrival of the Pacific coast train and to make New York in about 25 hours from Chicago, and about 1111 hours from Kan Francisco. Erection of Public Buildings. Washington, February 13.—The House committee on public buildings will favor ably report many bills for the erection of public buildings, among them the Senate bill introduced by Vest for a structure at Helena, Mont., to cost $100,000. Nominations. Washington, February 13. — Alex McCue, of New York, to be Assistant Treasurer of the United States at New York in place of Charles J. Canda, re signed. Postmasters— W. C. Smith, Stockton, California; John C. Wethereed, Tacoma, W. T. _______ Mine Assays. Philadelphia, February 10.—The as saying commission finished its work this morning and shortly after noon a report was prepared and signed by all the mem bers. It will be sent to the Mint Bureau at Washington. It was stated that the re sults were gratifying, all the coins having come np to the standard.