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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, February 16, 1888, Image 4

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<r\c ^ilccltlii ^jeralil.
FISK BROS. - - - Publishers.
R. E. PISE,......* Editor
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1888.
THE WEEKLY HERALD.
A Valuable Premium List for the Year
1888 .
Attention is called to the premiums of
fered for subscribers to the Weekly Her
ald. The list comprises a large number of
interesting and valuable publications, which
are sent without charge to all prepaying
subscribers, old and new, whose names are
now upon or to be added to our books. For
$3.50 The Hebald and any one of the
several great weekly prints named in the
advertisement will be sent for one year.
Prices are stated tor The Heeae» andone
or the other of the illustrated atlases, which
we have arranged to furnish.
Friends of Louis L. Munson, who has
spent two summers in Helena, will be in
terested to learn that he is getting fat at
Oracle, Arizona, a place about 40 miles
from Tucson.
The man at the crank declares he got
" hot in the collar " at the treatment of the
Hebald. It was only the other day that
he protested he " wore no collar." The
renegade gives himself away.
_
I.v the early days of Montana, notices
were posted in places of amusement, "Don't
shoot the pianist—he is doing thé best he
can." Such may well apply now to the !
organ grinder of the Independent.
It was a happy remark of Senator Sher
man at the Home Market Club banquet
yesterday that "the best home market lor
our food products in this country was the
hungry mouths of our mechanics."

We have recently been urgently applied
to by a gentleman countered with the
mineralogical department of the govern
ment service for samples of smoky quarts'
We have seen and possessed at one time
some beautiful specimens, but have none
now and do not know where they are to be
found. If any ot our readers do. we should
thank them for the information.
The remarks of Col. DeLacy and Messrs.
O'Bannon and Irvine at the Miners' Con
vention, yesterday, indicate that there has
been some sharp practice, if not foul play
in securing certifications of lands as being
of the quality contemplated by the grant
to the Northern Pacific railroad. It is
lortunate for the interests of Montana that
the discovery was made in time to prevent
its consummation.
The fellow Kennedy, dressed in a little
briet authority for a very little while, prates
of honor among journalists ! He is the
worthy who, for a mess of pottage, cr
cheaper than that, sold out his party, sur
rendered his political principles, and there
after forever parted company with the re
spect and confidence of men. Kven those
who bought and use the renegade despise
and fear to trust him. Out upon the
blatherskite traitor who shouts "scrub"
and "trickster" at honest folk.
Many writers notice with symptoms of
surprise and alarm that what few Ameri
can ships are engaged in the carrying trade
are chiefiy manned by foreigners. The
fact is that American born citizens are
better employed in more skillful and pro
ductive work. It ought not to be a cause
of mourning that our own people are bet
ter employed where they are earning more
for themselves and their employers
American born citizens, with all their skill
energy and ubiquity, cannot do everything
or be everywhere at the same time. If
they were on the water they could Dot be
on the land. If they are earning $75 per
month on land they cannot at the same
time be acting as sailors at $20 per month.
It may turn out in the end that the neg
lect of government in hastening the sur
veys has saved us from greater mislor
tunes. It is evident that some more clear
and definite instructions are needed to be
issued to the surveyors as to the returns
made as to the character of the lands. It
may and probably will prove true that
there is not enough land within the rail
road limits of the character contemplated
by the grant to fill the railroad claims, but
congress did not undertake to furnish any
more and are not responsible for the nature
of the country. The railroad will get
enough to satisfy any reasonable demand
and will lie better off when it gets through
with its land business and confines itself
strictly to railroading and building np the
country. _
The committee on Territories in the
House has reported favorably the bill to
create a new Territory of Oklahama. Tak
ing the public land strip and the unoccu
pied portion of the present Indian Terri
tory enough area is fouud to make a good
sized State, and if once organized aqd open
to settlement, it will soon be settled and
within ten years become a State. If the
government does not intend to settle all
the Indians within the Indian Territory
there is no reason why this fine section of
country should not be thrown open to set
tlement. The tide of immigration is surg
ing all around the borders of this new
State even now, and the time has come to
make the final decision, and we can see no
reason to hesitate. The idea of creating a
great Indian commonwealth does not find
encouragement. Force would be needed to
bring the Indians together here, and then
they do not agree and thrive thus. In this
great alembic of the nations, no single ele
ment can hope to preserve its distinctive
features. What cannot mingle with the
rest will be rejected and disappear. Snch
seems to be the end distinctly traced by
the finger of destiny.
!
MINERAL LANDS.
_
There is no mistaking the general
1 interest to prevent a large share of our
mineral lands passing into the hands of
I the Northern Pacific Railroad Company.
Montana's present and future depends
! upon her ming interests and there is no
! doubt that these interests will suffer by
any means that virtually confiscate.- a
large share of inchoate discoveries and
cuts off by one half the area open for
i future prospecting and discovery.
The Northern Pacific Railroad was
' not granted any of these mineral lands,
and therefore it is not proposed to take
away anything that ever rightfully be
longed to it. It was never proposed nor
ever claimed, that lands containing
mines, probably worth hundreds of mill
ions, should go to a railroad company
! as a gratuity or subsidy for the comple
tion of an enterprise, however great we
I may count its importance. True, the
I company would not carry these mines
away and might never work them; it
might not derive any more direct benefit
from them than from ordinary agricul
tural lands. Rut the moment title passes
from the United States and is confirmed,
prospecting ceases. The owner of the
land is entitled to all that is thereafter
found in it.
Unfortunately no method of ascer
taining what were mineral lands was
provided by the original act, and it is
still unsettled. Nor will it be an easy
matter to get at and do justice to all par
ties concerned. Legislation and litiga
tion both may be expected. It would
not seem a difficult matter in case of
those particular sections where mineral
has already been discovered, but there
is a vast area involved where the pre
sumption is that mineral will be dis
covered by future prospecting.
Ordinary surveying cannot discover
and determine the mineral character of
land. It need:- a mineralogical survey,
by men scientifically and practically
competent for the business.
It is but natural that the Independent
editor should feel aggrieved over his exhi
bition of childish simplicity yesterday, that
allowed him to be so easily outwitted aud
out generaled in a common piece of ré
pertoriai enterprise. If he wanted 'the
resolutions why did he not get ahead of
the Hebald man and ask for them first?
He had a right to be chagrinned at his
lack of enterprise. We would be just as
much "cut up" were the conditions re
versed. But that could never be. How
ever, if such a thing ever should occur, we
would not be the first to "give it away.'
The Independent man not only "gives it
away" but personally] assails the Hebald
people for getting ahead of him. For a
renegade Republican who trains with the
Democrats, an ex-legislator whose record
shows the most whimsical and unaccount
able departures aDd whose vote on the
registration bill is openly charged with
"beiDg inliuenced," whose journalistic
labors are marked with no loftier charac
teristics, whose name appears on the
docket of the Helena police court under
the charge "drunk and disorderly," who
has spent a night in the "cooler" in a
beastly state of intoxication, who baa de
prived deserving men of office to work
himself into their places, whose high
moral (?) tendencies induced him to op
pose a law for the suppression of gambling
during his first term in the legislature,
whose subsequent efforts in the counci'
helped to defeat the aati-variety theatre
law, whose almost every public act has
been a betrayal of his constituents, whose
editorial attacks upon persons are as
groundless and unprovoked as his charges
are false—for such a man, we say, to prate
about decent journalism, integrity and
force of character, is one of the paradoxes
of modern civilization. It is with the
same propriety that the rogue preaches
virtue and the thief prates of honor.
The consumers of lard will be consider
ably edified by the testimony produced be
fore the Congressional committee in regard
to the ingredients. Fairbank's "Prime
Refined Family Lard," on analysis, was
found to contain more than one fifth of
beef fat aDd one-filth cotton seed oil.
Armours & Co.'s prime article contained a
trille more of hogs lard, and there were
other brands that did not contain even a
trace ot hog's lard, perhaps manufactured
especially for Jewish and Mohammedan
customers. Fairbanks in his personal tes
timony says that his customers prefer his
manufactured article without the "hoggy
taste" that comes from dumping into the
chaldrons heads, hoofs, etc. So far as sub
stituting pure articles of beef fat and cot
ton seed oil for the hundredth part of mud
and filth that the refiners get ont of the
packers lard, the public has no right to
complain. It is well known that in all
warm countries olive oil is the general sab
stitute for both batter and lard. We see
no reason why cotton seed oil is not just
as pure, and if the public knows the whole
truth about it, we apprehend that they
will continue to prefer the com
pound. They may insist properly in
knowing what they get, and having the
brand in accordance with the fact, and the
price proportioned to the cost or value of
the material used. People do not like to
be defrauded even though the fraud is a
cleaner and healthier article than the
genuine. We expected to find in the in
vestigation that coal oil was used instead
of cotton seed oil. This matter of food
adulterations is of such importance that
we think public interests demand that
every article offered for sale should be sub
jected to analysis by competent chemists,
and a department of government estab
lished to look after this matter.
We pity more than we reproach the
ravings of the crazy ad interim. He got
"scooped" by the "beardless boy" of the
Hebald. Where are the. boasted short
hand scribes and rustling reporters who
brag of getting the news early and at any
price ? Where, O, where ?
CONVENTION CLOSES.
Report of the Investigating Commit
tee Shows that Nearly Two Million
Acres of Lands in Montana
Have Been Certified to the
Northern Pacific for
Patent.
Full Text of vhej Strong Resolutions Passed-—
Committee Appointments—Concluding
Proceedings.
A part of the proceedings of the Mineral
Land Convention, which was ciowded oot
cf our report yesterday, was the following
report of the committee appointed to visit
the land offices and ascertain the exact re
lation of the Northern Pacific to Montana
mineral lands:
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Conven
tion :
Your committee, appointed to state as far
as they can the facts in respect to the pres
ent condition of the mineral lands of Mon
tana in relation to the N. P. R. R , would
respectfully report that they find about
1,450,000 acres of land have already been
selected by the Northern Pacific railroad
company, aud the same have been certified
to them for patent bj the Helena land of
fice, a large part of which are the moun
tainous, mineral lands of Montana; that
they have received as yet no patents to
these lands but are selling them, with dis
covered and recorded miniDg claims upon
them, to parties who do not understand
the conditions of their grant—hence to
innocent] purchashers—and are returning
said lands for taxation and are paying
taxes thereon. We believe the means by
which these lands can be permanently
saved to the people of Montana, not only
surveyed mineral lands, but the vast
amount of mountainous mineral lands in
the unsurveyed mountains within their
land grant, to be an act of Congress, the
power making the grant and reserving
mineral lands, declaring the mountainous
lands of Montana mineral lands aud not
subject to the action of the land grant of
any railroad company. And we would
suggest as the proper means of se
curing this action by Congress, that a
map be prepared, showirg the exact out
line of our mountain ranges, aud where
placers occur in our valleys ; said map to
be certified to by county and other sur
veyors, and copies sent to the President
and Congress, accompanied by affidavits of
thousands of our best citizens that the
mountainous lands of Montana are more
valuable for their minerals than for any
other purpose—specific proofs to be also
made, snowing about the number of min
ing claims in the different townships; also
an earnest petition to the President
and Congress lor immediate ac
tion ; and that this convention appoint
an executive eommiitte of five, whose duty
it shall be to have this map made, these
proofs and petitions provided and placed
in the hands of the proper authorities at
Washington. Also that there be appointed
by this convention a finance committee of
not hss than three from each county for
the purpose of raising the money necessary
to accomplish this object.
This committee is unable to determine
and rrport to this convention the legal
status of the mineral lands already certi
fied to the N. P. R. K. Co. but are of the
opinion that said lands are seriously en
dangered by such certification and by the
claim of title made by the N. P. R. R
thereto, and that prompt and immediate
action :s necessary.
(Signed) T. G Mebbill, Chairman.
O. B O'Bannox,
J. A. Lego at,
Committee.
The above report was read and referred
to the commitiee on resolutions.
AFTEBXOOX SESSION.
The balance of the morning session was
devoted tu speech-making, of which there
was a full report in the Hebald yesterday.
At noon the convention took a recess nntil
1 o'clock, at which time it was announced
the committee on resolutions would make
their report. Jt was after two before Pres
ident Mantle called the convention to or
der. A-* the committee on resolutions had
not ;ei put in an appearance, he announced
that any speeches by members of the con
vention were in order. Numerous calls
for "Word" brought Hon. Sam Word, dele
gate from Madison county, to his feet. Mr.
Word spoke for a half hour on the subject
and said in substance: " Mr. President and
Gentlemen: I am greatly interested in the
object of this convention. We are con
fronted with a very serious proposition and
I see by the faces surrounding me that
all the prominent men present have come
here with an equally profound interest
in the question at issue. No question
affecting the mining interests of
Montana, nay of the United States, was
ever presented that was graver than the
one we are assembled here to discuss. [The
speaker then paid a handsome tribute to
Thomas G. Merrill, whose individual ef
forts, assisted by others equally as alert,
had called the attention of the mining
men of Montana to the great evil that
threatened them]. It was a proud day for
Montana when the Northern Pacific rail
road was completed. I appreciate its ben
efits and do not wish to say a word against
it. But Congress has said to it, "You shall
construct this road and take certain lands,
but no more," and we are here to-day to
see that it shall take no more than .the
government gave. [ Applause]. It is said
that corporations have no soul, but they
have as much as individuals. When in
the early days a man charged §200 for a
sack of Hour, I have doubted if that man
had a soul. Corporations are like idividnals
—they will take all they can get. The
Northern Pacific are now after onr mineral
lands and wonld rather have them than
agricultural lands. And I don't blame them.
They know that with a few mines like the
Drum Lummoa or the Gran te Mountain
they could buy thousands of acres
of snch lands. These mines may not
be discovered now, but they will be in the
future. Hence we say to the Northern Pa
cific, "Keep your hands off. Don't touch
an acre of our mineral lands. We propose
to see that you get jnst what the govern
ment gave you and no more."
I disagree with some opinions expressed
this morning. I say let these lands be
surveyed. The railroad grant provides for
their survey and it would be acting in
bad faith not to have them surveyed.
The speaker then took the position that
if any mineral lands had been certified to
the Northern Pacific for patent by land
officers, it was through ignorance of their
character and not through collusion or
fraud on the part of such officers. He said
now was the time to protest before the
patents were issued, and closed by advo
cating the appointment of a committee to
go to Washington in person and lay the
matter before the President, the Interior
Department and Congress.
BKSOLUTIOX OF THANKS.
On motion of E. H. Irvine, of Bntte,
the following resolution was unanimously
adopted :
Resolved, That the hearty thanks and
grateful acknowledgments of this conven
tion, of the miners of Montana and of the
entire people of this Territory are justly
due to Thos. G. Merrill, of Helena, for his
timely warning and his earnest efforts to
protect our mining interests against the
encroachments of the Northern Pacific
Railroad Company.
Delegate Harris, of Montana City, then
arose to advocate the adoption of a sweep
ing resolution, declaring that the Northern
Pacific bad forfeited all rights to all lands
in Montana, agricultural as well as min
eral, but his views found no supporters.
R. B. Smith, of Dillon, chairman of the
committee on resolutions, then read the
following report of that committee:.
STBONG RESOLUTIONS.
To Hon. Lee Mantle, President :
Your committee on resolutiots beg leave
to report that :
Whereas, In the act of Congress, ap
proved July 2,18G4, entitled "An Act grant
ing lands to aid in the construction of a
railroad and telegraph line from Lake Su
perior to Puget Sound, on the Pacific coast,
by the northern route."
Section 3 reads as follows:
Section 3. And it is further enacted that
there be, and hereby is, granted to the
'Northern Pacific Railroad Company," its
successors and assigns, for the purpose of
aiding in the construction of said railroad
and telegraph line to the Pacific coast, and
to secure the safe and speedy transporta
tion of the mails, troops, munitions of war
aDd publèc stores, over the route of sa'd
line of railway, every alternate section of
public land, not mineral, designated by edd
numbers, to the number of twenty alter
nate sections per mile, on each side of said
railroad line, as said company may adopt,
through the Territories of the United
States, and ten alternate sections per mile
on each side of said railroad whenever it
passes through any State, and whenever on
the lire thereof the United States have
full title, not reserved, sold, granted or
otherwise appropriated, and free from pre
emption, or other claims or rights, at the
time the line of said road is definitely fixed
and a plat thereof filed in the office of the
Commissioner of the General Land Office;
and whenever, prior to said time any of
the said sections, or parts of sections, shall
have been granted, sold, reserved, occupied
by homestead settlers, or pre-emption
or otherwise disposed of, other
lands shall be selected by said
company in lieu thereof. under
the direction of the Secretary of the Inte
rior, in alternate sections, aud designated
by odd numbers, not more than ten miles
beyond the limits of said alternate sections.
Provided, That if said route shall be found
upon the line of any other railroad route,
to aid in the construction jof which lands
have been heretofore granted by the United
States, as far as the routes are upon the
same general line, the amount of land here
to lore granted shall be deducted from the
amount granted by this act. Provided,
further, That the railroad company receiv
ing the previous grant of land may assign
their interest to said Northern Pacific rail
road company, or may consolidate, confed
erate and associate wiih said company
upon the terms named in the first section
of this act. Provided, further, That all
mineral lands be, and the same are hereby,
excluded from the operations of this act,
and in lieu thereof a like quantity of un
occupied and unappropriated agricultural
lands, in odd numbered sections, nearest to
the line of said road may lie selected as
above provided. ADd provided, further,
That the word "mineral" when it occursin
this act shall not be held to inclue iron or
coal. And provided, turther, That no
money shall be drawn from the treasury of
the United States to aid in the construc
tion of the said Northern Pacific railroad.
And
Whereas, The Territory of Montana, in
so lar as the same is included within the
limits of said grant, is composed, almost
exclusively, of mineral lands, which have
been, and are now being, explored, located
and improved under the mining laws of the
United States; aud
Whereas, The sa d railroad company has
heretofore made and is still continuing to
make selections of lands within this Ter
ritory under said section 5, aud are, in such
selections, including large tracts of lands
which are notoriously mineral, and in
many cases were actually being worked as
mining claims at the time ot such selec
tion ; and,
Whereas, The said railroad company has
been enabled to make such selections, and
procure certificates from the local land
offices in ihe respective land districts, by
virtue of reports made on the character of
the land selected by incompetent or mis
directed individuals, who have, in the
presence of open and notorious facts to the
contrary, apparent on the ground, certified
mining claims, being actually worked at
the time, to local land offices as non
mineral lands; and,
Wnereas, Under instructions from a
former Secretary of the Interior or Com
missioner of the General Land Office, sur
veys of public lands have been made in
the Territory of Montana without aDy
reference to tbeir character as being min
eral or non-mineral lands, and that under
such instructions a large portion of the
mineral lands of this Territory have been
returned either as mountainous timber
land, without any reference whatever to
their mineral character, or in some other
classification which does not in any man
ner, directly or indirectly, refer to the
mineral character of the land ; and,
Whereas, It is a manifest fact that but
a small fraction of the mining claims
located and worked under the
laws of United States have
been eurveyed, except as included in
general township surveys, and that no sur
vey of mineral lands, as such, occurs until
an application for a patent is made by the
owner or locator of a miniDg claim ; and
Whereas, A report submitted to the
Surveyor General in pursuance of instruc
tions would present and have presented
fragmentary, false and unreliable informa
tion as to the character of the lands re
ported upon ; and
Whereas, Under these reports the local
land office has been deceived, imposed upon
and misled as the character of the lands
designated and selected by said Northern
Pacific railroad company ; and
Whereas, It has come to onr knowledge
that the agents and servants of the said
Northern Pacific railroad company, author
ized and directed to examine the land prior
to the designation and selection by the
company, have reported to said company
land as non-mineral land, when in truth
and in fact, both placer and quartz mining
have been, in many instances, in active
progress on the land reported npon at the
time of the examination ; and
Whereas, Under the laws of the United
States, homestead and pre-emption and all
other claimants seeking titles to lands an
der the general laws of the United States
relating to non-mineral lands within the
Territory of Montona, are required, under
pains and penalties of perjury, at the time
of making application, to make an affidavit
and submit proofs to the register and re
ceiver of the local land office, setting forth
clearly the non-mineral character of the
land for which an agricultural patent is
sought ; aud
Whereas, We are informed, and believe,
that the said Northern Pacific railroad
company is not now, nor has it ever been
required to make any showing whatever
as to the non-mineral character of the land
which it designates and selects, farther
than the gratuitous oath by the land com
missioner of said railroad company to the
effect that the land designated and selected
in the application is the character of land
contemplated by section 3 of the aforesaid
Act of Congress, to which said railroad
company is entitled, and
Whereas, It is a well known fact that
said land commissioner has made snch
statements, ander oath, to the Register and
Receiver of the Helena Land Office with
reference to vast quantities of land which
were, at the time of making and swearing
to such statement, openly, notoriously and
universally known throughout the Terri
tory of Montana to be mineral land, and
upon which said land mining claims had
been located and were, at the time of such
statement by said land commissioner, be
ing actually worked with profit as mining
claims, and
Whereas, In onr opinion, it is not only
the interest of the people of the Territory
of Montana, but the inherent right of all
the citizens of the United States to have
the mineral lands of the public domain
left free from cloud of private ownership
for full, free and unlimited exploration by
any and all citizens under the iaws of the
United States relating to mineral lands,
and
Whereas, In our opinion, the laws of the
United States, and the rales and regula
tions prescribed by the Department of the
Ulterior, governing the selection of land by
the Northern Pacific railroad company are
palpably defective, and that the preserva
tion of the mineral lands of the public do
main within the land grant ot the said
railroad company, requires immediate ac
tion on the part of Congress and the Inte
rior Department in the enactment of such
laws, rules and regulations as will distinct
ly define mineral lands, as referred to in
section 3 of said act aforesaid, and pre
scribe such forms for said railroad company
to comply with, in the designation and se
lection of their lands as may prevent the
acquisition of title by said company to
mineral lands in the public domain ; and
Whereas, We are informed by the Inte
rior Department that patents may be is
sued to the lands already selected and des
ignated by said railroad company before
any action can be taken by Congress in the
premises, unless proofs are presented and
filed with the Secretary of the Interior set
ting forth the mineral character of the
lauds heretofore selected and designated by
sai l railroad company ; and
W hereas, Under and by virtue of the
certificate of the local land office the said
Northern Pacific railroad company ciaims
title to said lands without the formality of
proof or the necessity of procuring a pat
ent, and has heretofore paid taxes upon the
lands selected,and otherwise asserted rights
of ownership, thus creating at least a cioud
upon the title to all the mineral lands, in
cluded within their grant, which have been
selected and designated by them, and,
upon the other hand, they have made no
effort whatever to perfect their title to
those lands within the Territory of Mon
tana, which are well knowi to be agricul
tural in their character.
THE RESOLUTIONS.
Now, therefore, we the citizens of Mon
tana Territory, in convention assembled,
do hereby resolve, that we view with
alarm, and regard as an impending public
calamity the threatened acquisition of
title by the Northern Pacific railroad com
pany of the mineral lands of the United
States included within the limits ot the
grant made to said railroad company ; and
be it further
Resolved, That a central committee con
sisting of five persons, to be known as the
"Citizens Executive Committee," be by the
president of this convention, appointed,
with full power and authority from this
convention to appoint such sab-committees
in the various counties and mining dis
tricts of the Territory as they may deem
necessary ; that such central com
mittee be further empowered
to employ such professional or
other skilled assistance as they may deem
necessary to execute fully and affectively
the »rowers hereby delegated,and that such
committee be further empowered, and it is
hereby directed, to prepare and forward to
the Department of the Interior, with the
least possible delay, proofs, in such form
as they may deem most efficient, setting
forth the mineral character of the
lands heretofore designated and
selected by the Northern Pacific
railroad company in the Territory of Mon
tana, and likewise of all other lands in
clnded within the land grant to said rail
road company, with a protest, in such form
as to them may seem most efficient, against
the issuance of patent or the delivery of
other evidence of title to said Northern Pa
cific railroad company to any and all min
eral lands in said Territory ; and
Fuither, The said "Citizens Executive
Committee" is directed and empowered to
present to the President of the United
(States, to our Delegate in Congress, the
Secretary of the Interior, the President of
the Senate, the Speaker of the House of
Representatives, and the chairmen of the
respective committees on Territories in the
Senate and House of Representatives, a
memorial embodying these resolutions, to
gether with a statement of such facts as
they may deem relevant and material,and a
draft of such law as in their opinion would
prove most effective in the premises, if
passed by Congress, concluding with a
prayer for such legislation and executive
action as, in the opinion of the gov
ment,' would most effectively conduce
to a fair and just allotment to the said
Northern Pacific railroad company to lands
to which they axe entitled within the
terms ot the grant aforesaid, while, at the
same time, preserving to the citizens of the
United States all the mineral lands within
the Territory of Montana, and
Be it further Resolved, That the President
of this convention appoint, and he is here
by authorized and directed to appoint, a
committee of three persons, to be designa
ted and known as the "Finance Commit
tee," which said finance committee shall
have power, and it is hereby authoiized,
to appoint sub-committees in the various
counties and mining districts of the Terri
tory, and to make such collections of
money, directly or through such sub
committees, from time to time as may be
necessary to carry out and execute the
purposes of this convention; and said
finance committee is hereby directed to
keep accurate books of acconnt, showing
the sum of money collected from time to
time and from what source, and
to disburse the same npon the order
of the chairman of the executive commit
tee, taking his receipt for such money so
paid, which said receipt shall state the
purpose for which the money has been or
is to be expended, and the said finance
committee is further directed to deliver to
the president of this convention a report
of all moneys received and disbursed by
said committee, which said report shall be
filed at least once in each month, or when
ever called for by the president of the con
vention; and
Be it further resolved, That the chairman
of said executive committee be and he is
hereby directed to report on the first day
of each and every month to the chairman
of the finance committee all moneys re
ceived and disbursed by him and to file,
when practicable, vouchers for such ex
nenditnres, which said vouchers so filed
with the chairman of the finance commit
tee, shall be by him transmitted with his
report to the president of the convention ;
and
Beit further resolved, That the President
of this .invention be, and he is hereby
authorized and directed to fill any vacancy
which may at any time occur by death,
resignation or otherwise, either in the
Executive or Finance committee, and to
call at any time he may think proper on
the chairman of either of said committees
for a report as to any matter coming with
in the purview of their respective duties ;
and
Be it further Resolved, That when this
convention adjourn it shall adjourn subject
to the call of its president.
(Signed.) R. B. Smith, chairman; W. W
Morris, T. H. Carter, John W. Stanton. Jos.
H.Harper,T. Schweitzer, W. J. McCormick,
S. F. Ralston, Nathaniel Merriman, Ü. B.
O'Bannon, L Rotwitt, J. W. Plummer, H.
G. McIntyre, T. G. Merrill, committee on
resolutions.
COMMITTEES APPOINTED.
Pursuant to resolution, President Mantle
appointed the following committees :
Executive Committee—Thomas G. Mer
rill, of Helena. E. H. Irvine, of Batte, J. W.
Basket, of Jefferson county, R. S. Kelly, of
Deer Lodge, and John S. Harris, of Helena.
Finance Committee—John A. Leggat, of
Butte, Thomas Cruse, of Helena aud J. W.
Plummer, of Philipsburg.
Resolutions of thanks to Thos. G. Mer
rill for his efforts were adopted, and the
convention adjourned subject to the call of
the president.
Mr. Smith also read the following sup
plemental report, which was unanimously
adopted :
Whereas. Thomas G. Merrill, actuated
by a commendable public spirit, has been
chiefly instrumental in calling the atten
tion of the people of Montana to the
alarming condition of their interests as
menaced by the attempt of the Northern
Pacific railroad company to acquire a
lirge quantity of the valuable mineral
lands of the Territory ; and
Whereas. In traveling over the Terri
tory and communicating by mail with the
people in the work of warning them of the
impending danger and in arranging lor the
assembling and accommodation of this
convention, he must of necessity incurred
considerable personal expense in our com
mon interest.
Therefore he it Resolved, That the thanks
of this convention and of the people by it
represented are due and are hereby ten
dered to said Thomas G. Merrill for his
timely action and devotion to the public
interests : and it is further
Resolved, That the finance committee be
and said committee is hereby authorized
aud directed to aadjt and pay to said
Thomas G. Merrill such sums of money as he
may have expended in the work of arrang
ing and calling this convention together
and in furnishing it with necessary ac
commodations during its sessions.
After the appointment of the executive
and finance committees, mentioned yester
day, the convention selected sub-commit
tees for various counties as follows :
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES.
Cascade county — T. E. Collins, Paris
Gibson, H. H. Chandler, all of Great Falls.
Deer Lodge county—J. B. McMaster, Ü.
B. O'Bannon, Dr. A. H. Mitchell. Deer
Lodge; S. T. Guillow, Poorman; F. Gars
lev, Pioneer; M. S. Capliee, G. A. Kellogg,
Philipsburg; S. Cameron, Cable ; Chas. G.
Birdsey, Blackfoot; F. G. Brown, Ana
conda ; J. C. Markham, Helmsville ;
Loge, Bear and Elk ; J. D Risque, Granite;
I). Henne8sy, Boulder; J. D. Featherman,
New Chicago; Alex. Auckland, Stemple;
J. B. Long, Black Pine; S. D. Hudnett,
Seven-Up Pete.
Beaverhead county—J. A. Browne,
Browne's Bridge; B. F. White, Dillon; H.
Knippenberg. Giendale.
Gallatin county—J. V. Bogert, BozemaD;
John F. Potter, Moreland; D. D. Pattee,
Three Forks.
Lewis and Clarke county—Wm. Muth,
A. S. Hovey, Moses Manuel, Helena; S. F.
Ralston, A. J. Burns, John Hudson, Marys
ville; Harpin Davis, Rimini ; H. P. Con
stans, Unionville; Wm. Murray, Empire.
Madison county—F. Schweitzer, Red
Bluff'; N. J. Isdell, Pony; John Hall,
Sheridan; Thomas Deyarmon, Virginia
City; M. H. Lott, Twin Bridges; George
Blackman, Silver Star;--Rochester,
Laurins.
Meagher connty—L. Rotwitt, White Sul
phur Springs; Thomas Dougherty, York ;
Wm. A. Smith. F. L Hensley, Castle; J.
E. Kanouse, Henry Whaley, Townsend ;
Jas. Su livan. Diamond ; E. Grenier, Nei
hart ; C L. Cline, Toston ; W. H. Sather
lin, D. E. Folsom, White Sulphur Springs
John Bristol, White's.
Park connty— D P. Vaughn, Livingston ;
Neil Gilliss, Cinnabar ; Dave Boreum,
Boulder; Samuel Jackson, Red Lodge;
Geo. O. Eaton, Gardiner ; Wm. Vinnedge,
Cooke City.
Jefferson connty—Elias Merriman, P.
H. Luddy. Jefferson City; George Muller,
Corbin; C. E. Stevens, Boulder; L. N.
Smith, T. F. Spraggins, Elkhorn ; John
Murray. W. C. Whaley, Bedford ; E. R.
Dean, Charles »Starret, Wiekes ; W. R. Gib
bings. Basin : L. A. Vawter Radersburg ;
J. S. »Smith, »St. Louis ; J. H. Geiger. Mon
tana City: H. M. Hill, George Harvey,
Clancy; Peter McCIuskey, E M. Bach,
Gregory ; Geo. A. Bruff'y, Fish Creek ; Sam
Pauley, Placer.
Missoula County— W. J. Stephens, J. R.
Latimer, John L. Hartt, Missonla; John
R. Higgins, A. »S. Blake, Victor ; Amos
Buck, Stevensville : B, F. See, H. C. Myers,
Mineral Hill ; L. H. Choquette, Eight
Mile; James Cameron, Missoula Ferry.
Silver Bow County—J. H. Harper, C. H.
Wilson, Butte.
FINANCE SUB-COMMITTEES.
Cascade county—Same as executive sub
committee.
Deer Lodge county—Same as executive
sub committee.
Gallatin county—Same as executive sub
committee.
Lewis and Clarke county— W. C. Hick
ey, C. D. Curtis. Helena; Robert Bach, Joe
Pyle, Empire; Wm. Maygar, Wm. Brown,
Daniel King, Marysville, C. B. Vaughn,
Rimini; F. B. »Smith. Unionville.
Madison county—Same asexeentive sub
committee.
Meagher connty— L. Heitman, J. C. E.
Barker, James S. Brewer, White Sulphur
Springs; F. D. Spratt, York : Court Sheriff',
Canyon Ferry; H. H. Barnes, Castle; W. E.
Tierney, Townsend; John Hines, Canton;
Albert E. Anderson, Diamond; Wm. Mul
ler, Neibart; D Ames, Toston; J. V. Staf
ford, Canyrn Ferry.
Park county—Same as executive sub
committee.
Jefferson county—A. H. Moulton, Jeffer
son City ; C. Y. Anderson, Corbin ; F. C.
Berendes, Boulder; R. T. Wolliston, Elk
horn ; Isom Pruett, Bedford ; J. E. »Sites,
Wickes ; S T. Hopkins, Basin ; Al. Hoss
feld, B. H. Skinner, Radersburg ; Wm.
Risque, St. Louis; S. C. Harris, Montana
City ; Cbas. Glass, Clancy ; George Beattie.
Placer; John T. Britt, Gregory; Geo. A.
Bruffy, Fish Creek.
Missonla county— G. A. Wolf.N. B Don
ley, Missoula ; Henry Buck, John B. Cat
lin, Stevensville ; T. J. Demers, French
town.
Silver Bow county—W. A. Clark, Wm.
E. Hall, P. J. Brophy, John Capliee, E. A.
Sawtelle, Robert Boreum, James A. Tal
bot, Butte.
Beaverhead county—Same as executive
snb-committee.
A communication from S. W. Langhorne,
Register of the land office, was read. It
answered certain questions bearing upon
the mineral lands asked by the committee.
It was placed on file and ordered printed
with the proceedings of the convention.
(Quigley, of Blackfoot, introduced a reso
lution reciting that the Northern Pacific
Railroad company had failed to comply
with its charter and therefore had forfeited
its right to all its lands in Montana. After
a slight discussion it was voted down.
O'Bannon introduced the following réso
lution, which was adopted :
Resolved, That the thanks of this conven
tion are hereby extended to the Surveyor
General and the Register and Receiver of
the land office for vourtesies extended and
information famished.
George B. Foote, of Helena, introduced
the following resolution :
Resolved. That it is the sense of the con
vention that the honorable commissioner
of the general land office, with the consent
of the honorable secretary of the interior
should make such rules and regulations as
will require all proofs in regard to the
mineral or non-mineral character of the
land sought under the operations of tae
grant to the Northern Pacific railroad com
pany which may be required to be here
after made shall after published notice he
made before some officer authorized to ad
minister oaths within the land district
within which said lands are or may be
situated, and that a copy of this resolution
be forwarded to our delegate in congress
for presentation to the honorable commis
sioner of the general land office.
The resolution was referred witl out de
bate to the executive committee.
Frank D. Brown, of Philipgburg, intro
duced the following resolution, which was
adopted :
Resolved, That whomsoever sLal! be
chosen to labor at Washington in the in
terests of those whom this convention rep
resents, shall labor and co-operate with
our honoraable Delegate in Congress, whose
earnest labors in the interests of our people
are assured and upon whom we much de
pend.
Resolutions of thanks to Hon. Lee Man
tle, the presiding officer, for the able and
impartial manner in which he had gov
erned the convention, and to Secretaries
Davis and Kanouse for their faithful work
were adopted, and then the convention ad
journed, subject to the call of its president.
LESSONS FROM LIFE.
A Ore» 1 Notional Calamity—What 1|
Teach««,
Tho last few years have played sad
havoc with many prominent men of our
countrv.
Many of them died without warning,
parsing away apparently in the full flush
of life.
Other* were sick but a comparatively
short time. V»"e turn to our files and are
astonished to find that most of them died
of apoplexy, of paralysis, of nervou
prostration, of malignant blood lmmoi,
of bright's disease, of heart diseast, oi
kidney disease, of rheumatism or oi
pneumonia.
It is singular that most of our pro mi*
nent men die of these disorders. Any
journalist who watches the telegraph re
ports, will be astonished at the number
of prominent victims cf these disorders.
Manv statements have appeared in our
paper with others to the effect that the
diseases that carried off so many prom
inent men in 1887, are really one disease,
taking different names according to the
location of the fatal effects.
When a valuable horse perishes, it be
comes the nine days' talk of the sport
ing world, and yet thousands of ordinary
horses are dying every day, tbeir aggre
gate loss is enorm ous, and yet their
death creates no comment.
So it is with individuals. The cause of
death of prominent men creates cc ai
ment, especially when t < an be shov. n
that one unsuspected disease carries off
most of them, and yet "vast numbers of
ordinary men and women die before their
time every year from the same cause."
It is said "if the blood is kept free from
uric acid, that heart disease, paralysis,
nervous prostration, pneumonia, rheu
matism, and many cases of consumption,
would never be known. This uric acid,
we are told, is the waste of the system,
and it is the duty of the kidneys to re
move this w aste.
We are told that if the kidneys are
maintained in perfect health, the uric,
kidney, acid is kept out of the blood, and
these' sudden and universal diseases
caused by uric acid will, in a large meas
ure disappear.
But how' shall this be done" It is folle
to treat effects. If there is any known
way getting at the cause, that way
should be known to the public. We be
lieve that Warner's safe cure, of which
so much has been written, and so much
talked of by the public generally, is now
recognized bv impartial physicians and
the public as the one specific for such
diseases.
Because public attention has been di
rected to this great remedy by means of
advertising, some persons have not be
lieved in the remedy. We cannot see
how Mr. Warner could immediately ben
efit the public in any other way, and his
valuable specific should not bo con
demned because some nostrums have
come before the public in the same way,
any more than that all doctors should tie
condemned because so many of them are
incompetent.
It is astonishing what good opinions
you hear on every side, of that great
remedy, and public opinion thus based
upon an actual experience, has all the
weight and importance of absolute truth.
At this time of the year, the uric acid in
the blood invites pneumonia and rheuma
tism. and there is not a man who does
not dread these monsters oi disease; but
he need have no fear oi them we are
told, if he rid the blood of the uric acid
cause.
These words are strong, and may
sound like an advertisement, and be re
jected as such by unthinking people, hut
we believe they are the truth, and as
such should be spoken by every truth
loving newspaper.
Judging by the opening discussion ia
the »Senate on the bill exempting mines
from the alien disability act, there is not
much prospect of its success. Senator
Stewart stated the facts and presented our
claims on their merits, but the represent
atives of the Eastern States seem to think
they know better what the people in the
Territories need than they do themselves.
It is just as Senator Stewart said. Our
mines are just as worthless to us {is they
were to fhe Indians before, without
capital to work them. The capita!
in this country is short of what it has to
do. Mach as we have it does not reach to
the extent of all demands upon it. Espe
cially in the matter of miniDg capital ic
this country hesitates through want ot ex -
perience to take hold of it. In Europe,
where mining has been carried on ior
centuries, there is more confidence that
come from skill and experience. Every dol
lar that we can get of foreign capital will
give us five. This foreign capu.l gives
employment to American miners and cre
ates a market for American machinery and
for the food products of our soil. We have
mines enough for all the American and
foreign capital both to employ themselves
with. It is not simply capital that is
wanted for mining success, but it is large
capital accompanied with skill, experience
and patience. American capitalists want
immediate results, and to secure this many
a good enterprise is wrecked.
Sent to Ireland.
London, February 11.—Gilhooly, a
member of parliament, arrested last even
ing, left Eaton Square station for Dublin,
in company with his guards this morning.
There was no demonstration.

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