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THE PUBLIC LASÜS.
Secretary Vilas Las been called upon for information as to how much land it would take to give the old States that had no school lands from the govern ment the same amount the new States have received. There were nineteen States that received no school lands and there were twelve more that received only one section- In response Vilas figures j out that it will take some 37, 000,000 acre-. The fact that this inquiry has been made would indicate a purpose to carry into effect another raid upon the fast vanishing public domain. At first sight it will appear to many that it is all right that the public domain, acquired by common cost to the whole country, should go for the benefit of all alike. If the lands were sold to settlers at a fixed price the funds would go into the treasury and all would be benefitted alike. In making land grants to railroads the government acted upon the theorv of the shrewd speculator who has laid out a city addition and builds a street railroad leading through it, and in giv ing some sections for school purposes it further imitates the conduct of such speculator who sets apart some blocks for school houses and parks. This is all to induce settlement and make the rest of the land valuable. The people of the old States seem to forget that they are getting benefits from the public domain when their ow n citi zens move out and settle on them. That is the fact, however. In all our Terri tories are settlers from every State in the Union. They are open to all who come on equal terms, and no one who remains behind has a right to complain that he is not getting his share. Land is such a thing that it cannot be removed. Those who want it must come where it is. Montana lands have once been levied upon in this way for the benefit of agri cultural colleges in all the older States. If the proposed change is made in the land laws, allowing them Lo be acquired only as homesteads by actual settlement, all the old States get the same benefits as the new ones. The whole purpose of the general gov ment in acquiring and disposing of title to land is to give secure and definite land titles as the basis of. all prosperity. The chief general interest to the public comes from having the lands settled up and cultivated by thrifty, intelligent citizens, and the gift of school lands is to induce settlement and insure the establishment of public schools. CHEESE PARING. A lopping off ot one-fifth of the amount of the appropriation for the pro posed public building at Helena leaves but eighty thousand dollars for the pur chase of ground and purposes of con struction. The amount is altogether too small to realize anything like the build ing required. The cost of a site suitable for the building would probably be, at a moderate estimate, thirty thousand dol lars, leaving but fifty thousand dollars to be devoted to the structure itself. This expenditure would mean a struc ture inferior in size to the U. S. Assay Office—a building anything but credit able to the government or city, and far from answering the public requirements. Gen. Sheridan, whose name in connec tion with the Presidency was becoming rapidly prominent, settles the question em phatically by a refusal that covers the whole ground. Of all the candidates men tioned Gen. Sheridan would be called upon to make the greatest sacrifice, and we cer tainly respect the judgment manifest in the decision he has made. However, the General is too good a soldier to refuse to obey any popular demand or command. At the present rate the circle of prominent candidates will he greatly narrowed before June. The Republican party need not fear being left without a candidate, and the man it nominates, in our opinion, will he elected. The action of this Congress is going to do much to determine the elec tion. Manual training schools have so multi plied within the past five years and have shown such uniform good results that it is no longer doubtful thdt they will soon be come a recognized, universal portion of our public school system. The time has come to introduce this feature into the public schools of Montana. We hope to see Hel ena lead oft - in this reform. Whether or not we are to have a new school building this year on the central grounds, a begin ning may be made that will not involve much expense, and our means are ample to supply this expense from the public funds. With a word of approval and permission, Professor Howard would undertake to see this enterprise put upon its feet, and we have the utmost faith that he would make a success of it. A navy would protect our sea coasts,our commerce, enforce respect to American in terests in all part3 of the world, give tone, confidence and effect to American diplo - mat y, enable us to negotiate more favor able treaties, give significance to the Mon roe doctrine, encourage the weaker nations on this continent to seek alliances with ns that would bring us commercial as well as political advantages, stop the general scramble of continental powers to seize upon all the islands of the oceans and sea coasts of the continents and bring the com merce of the seas again nnder the Ameri can flag. _ Mount Vernon, the county seat of Jef ferson county, in central southern Illinois, has been devastated and almost destroyed by the combined effects of a cyclone and fire. The dead number thirty and the wounded exceed a hundred. Several were burned alive in the ruins of their homes. It is a case that appeals strongly for sym pathy, and abundant help is fortunately close at hand. Mr. Human Clark, well known in Mon tana as a railroad contractor on the Northern Pacific, is the projector of an underground railroad for New York City, which is to run under the Harlem river from Fleetwood Park, branching at about the Astor House and sending one branch under the North river and the other under East river, thus connecting New York, Brooklyn and Jersey City. There will be fifteen miles of tunnel and at no point less than one hundred aud fifty feet below the surface. In the North river there is a chasm sixty feet wide of great depth that would have to be spanned with a cylinder. The tunnel to the forks would be large enough for fonr tracks and on the branches for two tracks. The scheme would involve a cost of thirty millions, but the capital is secured if the franchise can be obtained. The work would take about six years to complete. Of course the surface and ele vated roads would be injured, and they will fight it for all there is out. It looks, however, to an outsider as if it would be a grand, good thing for the city on general principles. In replying to the criticism of the pro hibitionists that high license ha3 failed to close the saloons or stop drunkenness iu Chicago, the Inter Ocean says that there has been no increase in the number of sa loons, though the city has increased 325, 000 since high license was introduced, and the revenues from the license has paid a large share of the city expenses. On the other hand, we have read an article from a Maine paper within a week, which says that though prohibition has been the law in that State for thirty three years, there is but little if any less drunkenness than when first introduced, while of course there has been no revenue, but a continual heavy expense in attempt ing to enforce the law. So if it is objected to high license that it does not prevent drunkenness, it can be answered, neither does prohibition, whether in form of constitutional or legislative enactment. There is and always will be under any form of legislative action a full field for personal exertion and example, the best and most reliable means for genuine and durable reform after all. If Congress wants to bridle monopolies why does it not modify our patent laws, the most prolific source of the greatest monopolies in existence? As our market enlarges, as public intelligence increases so that the merits of new inventions are more readily recognized and adopted, as capital increases and becomes more ready and available to pnt new inventions upon the market and in the way to realize profits, the term of the patent should be reduced. Some check should also be pro vided against extortionate and unreason able charges for the use of a patent, some limit to the profits that may be acquired under cover ot letters patent. Again, some provision should be made that any patent may be appraised and appropriated |by the government for the general use of the public.__ The late of the presidential election is verly likely to he decided before this ses sion of Congress adjourns. Before Mills' tariff bill is disposed of the lines will be drawn on which will turn the national election. The friends of protection are in dead earnest and they will know who is for them and against them. Before such a sweeping reduction of duties and addi tions to the free list is allowed to become law old issues will be swept out of sight and old controversies buried and forgotten. The Northern protectionists will say to the South, "Stand with us for interests that will insure your future prosperity, and we will wipe out all internal revenue taxes, the only purely war taxes that re main," and on such an issue several of the Southern States would vote with them be yond a doubt. If we must have a reduction of reve nues before the national debt is paid and a navy built, by all means let it be in the repeal of internal revenue taxes rather than those which protect American pro ducts, either raw material or manufactured, and the wages of American workingmen. These must be protected by all means, not by prohibitory duties, but by duties high enough to offset the higher wages in this country, which are on an average 50 per cent, higher than on the continent of Europe. The condition of things at Billings grow ing out of the non-payment of contractors and laborers on the Rocky Fork road is distressing. If the company has any bot tom or bowels of compassion we cannot understand how they can willingly allow the serious state of affairs to continue any longer. A crisis is at hand, and if the company does not at once come to the res cue and satisfy the claims of the men serious trouble may arise. It requires some hardihood to avow the true motive for keeping Dakota out of the rights of a sovereign State, to which by all precedent and fairness she has long been entitled, and though as residents of Mon tana desiring the earliest admission possi ble as the greatest boon for us, and perhaps in that respect profiting from the delay in doing justice to Dakota, we cannot suffi ciently express our detestation of the polit ical crime of which Dakota has been made the victim. It is said that wages are lower in Ger many with protection than in England with free trade. Our answer is, that protection has increased the rate of wages in Germany, and it does the same in every country that applies the principle. There is such a surplus of unskilled labor in all European countries with no other outlet but expatriation to relieve the pres sure of competition that it tends steadily to keep wages low. General Greene—"A man may kick me ; a man may knock me down ; a man may even call me a liar and I can forgive him, but when the judge of a court plays me for a fool, it's an insult to my intellect and I won't stand it" in be a is to a to iu a WASHINGTON'S UIRTHDAY The day that gave to the world such a man as George Washington deserves to be regarded as a red-letter day forever among the generations that shall people this western continent and from thence rule the world. It was rather by his deeds and well balanced character than by any words spoken or written that his place in history was won and his influ ence exerted. And yet it has been well said that his "farewell address" contains words of wisdom never surpassed by un inspired tongue. It was a legacy of greater value thau crowns or bursting treasuries or any catalogue of brilliant, bloody victories. We refer to this address now with reverent regard for every precept and warning that it contains. But there are those who quote its warning against en tering into entangling alliances with foreign nations, as if we were committed by it forever to a career of isolation, studiously avoiding the natural influence that comes from the possession of su perior power, wealth and intelligence. Such is an unwarranted inference from the address, and the experience aud cir cumstaces that inspired it, and is in grained in every word of it. The occa sion in some respects resembled that of the children of Isreal after their wander ings were over and their early victories had given them some confidence for the future, just as they were to cross over Jordan and take possession of the land of promise. Washington warned us against sec tional parties. We have not heeded his warnings and in consequence have waded through the red sea of civil war with the bloody billows breast high. He warned us against entangling alliances w r ith European nations. Such was our early alliance with France from which we broke loose with some violence and found a happy escape. But nothing was further from the pur pose of Washington than to restrain us from exertiug the influence that would come from our legitimate growth in strengthening fc our position, in forming alliances that would not be entangling, in upholding and aiding those nations and institutions born of our example. When the Creator formed the sun He intended that it should shine. So when in His providence He brought into existence such * a nation as the United States has become, it was for the purpose that its influence should be exerted in all possible ways for the benefit of the world, both directly and indirectly. Nations, no more than in dividuals, are exempt from responsi bility than comes from the possession of power. It is time that the United States should speak and act so as to be felt and recognized at every court in the world. We want no dictating, secret, crooked diplomacy, hut a simple, open, manly policy of assertion aLd protection of American interests. Our policy of welcoming emigrants from all nations of the world, especially all the nations of Europe, has given us a right of relationship to speak and be heard even in the councils of European nations. The enterprise of our citizens has carried them into every corner of the world and our duty requires that we follow them with our protection. We need to command respect to our rights and proper wishes a navy strong and numerous enough to be seen and felt in every foreign port. And we need some clear outlining of our American policy, with a new school of trained di plomatic representatives, familiar with that policy and able to command re spect for it. We have the power to promote peace among the nation, liberty, intelligence and prosperity among all peoples, and it is no departure from the teachings of Washingtsn, but iu discharge of a di vinely imposed duty to so use our power. The carpet-bag invasion of the Terri tories goes bravely on under the sanction and with the assistance of the glorious ad ministration of Grover. Recent acquisi tions of the sort are General Briscoe of the late Confederacy and one Cornell of the Cleveland contingent of the State of New York. The spoils of an Indian agency and of a land office are the incentives that beckon to distant fields a pair of political bummers whom the States Democracy are glad to sequester in the wilds of the North west. Powerless to prevent are Delegates Toole and Yoorhees, who, making at least the pretense of a fight, yield to the inevit able with such grace as they can. Make way, there, for the carpet-bag brigade. The friends of Dr. Rob Morris will be pleased to learn that he safely arrived at his "old Kentucky home" on the 14th inst., having been absent and laboriously em ployed since September 26. On the 8th inst. he was at Winnipeg at the session of the Grand Lodge of Manitoba, and de livered an original poem, "In White Ar ray." One would think after such a term of toil, during the severest seison of the year, that our venerable Brother wonld want a long rest, bnt he announces himself ready at once for a tour to the Holy Land The season of cyclones opens early, with all the horrors experienced in the worst forms of its visitation. The death and de vastation wrought in Southern Illinois is appalling. Thirty-six persons killed and others will die from their injnries. Five hundred buildings are inclnded in the property destroyed. To this and farther extent has Mount Vernon suffered by the terrible calamity recounted in the dis patches. It comes straight from General Sheridan that he would not accept the Presidential nomination, in connection with which some of the Republican papers have recently nsed his name. "No, not nnder any cir cumstances," exclaims "Little Phil." The newspaper prg& of Dakota and Minnesota are bnsily engaged in repelling the assaults made upon the climate of the Northwest, magnifying the suffering and losses of settlers and diverting the tide of immigration. As we have said before, it frequently happens that many settlers ar riving late in the season and from warmer latitudes have been caught unprepared and suffered much. It is the same in all new countries in any latitude. The people of Dakota have not suffered even in the un usually severe winter, with many difficul ties in the way that time and experience can remove, any more than the settlers of many of the older States. People have frozen to death this winter in Texas and Mexico. At this very time it is reported that the north of England is buried under snow, and that flocks and people, too. have perished. We can speak advisedly of Montana, which is as far north as Dakota, and of even greater altitude, and say that, notwithstanding very severe cold weather in January, there has been little or no loss of life or stock, no more than occurs from varions causes every mouth in the year, while for a full month past our weather has been as mild as October weather usual ly is. Our latitude is liable to experience some very severe cold weather, and people should know it and prepare for it, bnt it is less dangerous than cyclones and malarial fevers and various other visitations to which residents of lower latitudes are ex posed. We do not pretend to say that our portion of the country is particularly adapted for a pleasant winter resort as Southern California, but for the whole year aronnd, we assert that there is as much en joyable weather as in any section of the country. Our climate is healthy and in vigorating and those who come this way to settle will have as little to regret on all accounts as those who go to any other part of the wor ld. _ We are not admirers of the practice be coming so common for Congress to legis late specially for the Territories, but for all laws for the protection of female virtue and purity, come from what source they may, we have the most profound respect. The age of consent should extend through minority. The penalties may be so severe as to defeat their enforcement, but they do not exceed the magnitude of the crime. The dangers of blackmàiling may be great, and should be punished just as severely. The rest can be safely left to juries. The greatest dowry that any young woman can have on reaching matnrity is virtne, and our laws should guard it as sacredly as life itself. The sober trnth seems to be that the German Crown Prince is fast nearing his end and we should not be surprised to hear of his death any day. It will be a sad and heavy blow to Germany and will be very apt to hasten the end of the Emperor's life. The Crown Prince Frederick Wil liam was born October 18, 1831, married January 25, 1858, Queen Victoria's oldest daughter and has two sons and four daughters. The oldest son, of the same name as kis father, was born January 27, 1859, and consequently is at present in his 30th year, not a very young man. It is just as a person looks at it, wheth er two hangings in one month is or is not creditable. Comparitively speaking, we think is it much to the credit of Montana to have the world know that the crime of murder is punished with death here, and that the law has become stroDg and settled enough not to require the administration of Lynch law. As February verges towards March it begins to assume the chilly, blustering garb for which that initial spring month is notorious. We have had a month of spring weather in winter and should not complain if some winter weather straggles along into spring. Our esteemed contemporary, the local Democratic mouthpiece, thus greets the carpet bag crowd still heading for Montana and Territories further west : Welcome, eon of Mississippi, to Mon tana: All hai), scion of New York, in the name of Washington Territory ! Are there any more of you ? We have a few offices eft. The burning question of the hour : Will the Democratic committee, in session at Washington to day, accept the California bid of bed and board (with bourbon left ont) for the convention? It is gravely doubted if the San Franciscans can suc ceed with the whisky omitted. July' 3d has been determined upon by the committee as the date for the Demo cratic national convention. It is thought by sanguine Californians that San Fran cisco will be the place selected. This week we are prDinised a sight of Mills' new tariff bill and then the fun will *>egin. Give ns a department of agricnltnre and place at its disposal means to do great and good work. Committee in Session. Washinton, February 22— The Na tional Democratic committee met in Wil lard's hall in this city at noon for the pur pose of selecting a time and place for the holding of the next Democratic conven tion. Ex-Senator W. H. Barnaul presided and L. O. Prince acted as secretary. There was a fnll attendance of delegates, the only vacancy being in the membership from the state of New York. After a brief session Wm. Stein way was elected to fill the vacancy. Washington, February 22.—Daring the debate on selecting the date of the conven tion, the principal speakers were ex-Sena tor McDonald, Senator Goodaw and Con gressman W. L. Scott Scott favored an early date. A motion for Jnly 3d was car ried by a vote of 28 to 20 against that date. San Francisco men were jubilant and de clared that the decision was favorable to their city. At 2:15 the committee took a recess un til 2:45. After recess the committe began to hear delegations representing the varions cities where it is proposed to hold the convention, the first speaker being M. W. Fuller in be half of Chicago. The first ballot taken in the Democratic Committee upon the place for holding the next convention, resulted as follows: San Francisco, 15; Chicago, 16; St Louis, 16; Cincinnati, 1. RAILROAD WRECK. Narrow Escape from Death—A Recent Visitor Among the Injured. Hon. James R. Mead, of Wichita, Kansas, who recently visited Montana and invested in mining property near Helena, was se verely shaken up in a railroad accident near Uniontown, Iowa, February 9th, on his homeward journey. In his account of the smash up and narrow escape of him self and fellow travelers from death, Mr. Mead says: About daylight Thursday morning, because of a broken rail, the sleeper left the track just as the train struck a hnudred-foot bridge, which was thirty-five feet above the creek bed. The coach, with its twenty-four sleeping men and women, was dropped the entire length of the bridge, tearing the structure all to pieces. At the west end of the bridge the coupling parted and the coach went over the embankment, over and over, down twenty-five feet, through brush, trees and bonlders, landing bottom side up and prac tically reduced to kindling wood. Mr. M. said there was no screaming, but calls for help came from all sides, as nearly every passenger was caught and held firmly by the debris. The train was running about fifty miles an hour, and for a wonder no one was killed outright, but all more or less bruised. The mattresses and bed clothiDg had saved them. Mr. Mead was pretty severely cut on the chin, and had one knee and arm considerably braised up. However, one man, a gentleman who had got on at the same place with Mr. Mead, and who gave Mr. M. the first choice of the two remaining berths, was badly hurt internally, but whether fatally could not be determined before the train reached Kansas City. The car took fire, but was put out by hand grenades by the railway employes. The thermometer was away below zero, and out on that bleak prairie all hands thought they must freeze to death before they could find their clothes and get them on. Some clothes, to gether with some jewelry and pocket books, were lost. The pocket-books were afterwards recovered. Surgeons were secured in a few minutes and everybody attended to, the officials of the road doing all in their power to render the pas sengers comfortable. An officer boarded the train and interviewed every passenger as to loss and injuries, and in every in stance where anything was demanded a check for the amount was drawn. The lost jewelry was paid for in full. Only three passengers refused to settle. Mr. Mead, who says he wouldn't take the chances in another each a mishap for a million of dollars, says that too much could not be said in praise of Conductor L. Parks and of the other officials of the road, who did everything that possibly could have been done, not only to save the personal effects of the passengers, but to render them comfortable. THE NATIONAL PARK. Who Were the Discoverers of Wonder lancj ? A "Subscriber" asks us "to state when the National Park, or Wonderland, was discovered." In answer we wonld say that the dis covery in recent times is due, first, to a visit by Charles W. Cook and David E. Folsom ia 1869. On tbo strength of what they reported, a larger party went from Helena the following year, Surveyor Gen eral Washburn being in charge and Lient. Doane commanding at escort of troops ac companying. In this party were Messrs. Hanser, Langford, Gillette, Hedges, Trnm bnll, Stickney, Smith, and Evarts, the latter being the one who was lost and came near perishing. The party left Helena about the middle of Augnst and were out till October. They followed up the Yellowstone river to the Lake, visiting the Falls and Snlphnr Mountain by the way, bnt missing the Mammoth Springs, though within a mile of them. They went aronnd the Lake, spending two weeks in the undertaking and experiencing one severe snow storm. In getting from the Lake to the head waters of the Madison they discovered the great Upper Geyser Basin, which was higher up on the Fire Hole river than the point reached by Messrs. Cook and Folsom. Several accounts of the expedition were written by members of the party and pub lished ip the Herald, and the remarkable loss and the finding of Evarts created ad ditional interest. It was on the way home from this ex pedition that Mr. Hedges first suggested the propriety of making a national park of it.. The official report of Gen. Wash burn and Lieut. Doane. together with the public interest created by the story of Evarts and other magazine articles, led to a government expedition under Prof. Hay den in 1871. It was March 1st, 1872 that the bill creating the National Park was approved. As originally created it was 65 miles north and south and 55 miles east and west, containing 3,575 square miles, about three times the size of Rhode Is land. The altitude of the whole is over 6,000 feet, and that of the lake 7,788 f jet. Almost every year has witnessed the dis covery of some new wonders, but such is a brief general account of the discovery. DYNAMITE EXPLOSION. Eighteen Men Injured--So:ne Fatally. Duluth, February 22. —This morning at 7:15 o'clock an explcsioD of dynamite oc curred in a rock cut on Fourth street. Eighteen men were injured. Fight are now in the hospital. One died on reach ing the hospital and the others cannot live through the day. Men and rocks were hurled many feet by the shock. The ex plosion wa3 caused by some cartridges fired ; last Saturday bnt bad not exploded nntil th j men had resumed work about them. A few taps on the drill served to set oil' the unexploded cartridges. Played With the Pistol. Chicago, February 22.— Charles Holtor, son ot C. C. Holton, a prominent and wealthy furniture dealer, was fatally wounded this morniDg by his younger brother, Ethan Allen Holton. The fear of burglars induced Charles to purchase a re volver, which be kept nnder his pillow. When the boys were dressing this morning Ethan took the weapon and playfnlly pointed it at his brother. It was accident ally discharged, the ballet entering the breast of Charles. The physicians say he cannot live._____ Temperance Ticket. Providence, R. I., February 22. —The Prohibition convention for the nomination of State officers nominated the following ticket: For Governor—Geo. W. Gould, of North Providence. Lieutenant Governor— H. T. Scott, of Newport Attorney General—John T. Blodgett, of Providence. General Treasurer—Jno. T. Perry, of Booth Kingston, who is the preeent incom bent Snicided in Jail. Alliance, Ohio.—Charles Wingard and Anna Fox, ancle and niece, in jail here for eloping from Monroe, Michigan, committed suicide by shooting at 10 o'clock this morn ing. FISHERY DISPUTE. Satisfactory Settlement of a Vexed Question. ; Washington, February 15.—After daily sessions for the last two weeks the fish eries commissioners at 7 o'clock to-night completed their labors and signed a treaty which it is believed will result in the satis factory settlement of the disputes that have existed for almost a century between this government and Great Britain over the north Atlantic fisheries. The treaty is signed by all six of the commissioners and is said to have their fnll concurrence. It will be sent to the President to-morrow for transmittal to the Senate. Before the treaty can take effect it must have the ratification of the Queen of Great Britain, the Dominion of Canada and the province of Newfoundland, as well as oi the Senate of the United States. Although the treaty will not at present be made public, it can be stated that it re lates exclusively to disputes concerning fisheries of the north Atlantic coast and does not include any provisions concern ing the Behring sea troubles or commer cial reciprocity. The treaty does not con template the admission of fish into the United States free of duty. Secretary Bayard said to-night that he could not because of his official position make known the contents of the treaty, but it was his earnest wish that it should be given to the press by those having a right to make such disposition of it, and that every line of it should be published. The dispute, he said, had been one of long standing and had come to him by inheri tance when he assumed the duties of Secretary of State. He had used his best endeavors to reach a satisfactory agree ment with the government of Great Bri tain, and believed that he had succeeded so far as it lay in his power to effect a settlement. Washington, February 16.—T! e fish eries treaty was a subject of much specu lation and discussion at the capital to-day. While declining to give any specific infor mation as to its provisions, Secretary Bay ard to-night said to an Associated Press re porter that, for many years, the great con tention among American fishermen had been for a fair and just construction of the treaty of 1818, and that the present treaty had been framed by American negotiators with a view to meet the needs and neces sities of American fishermen, and he be lieves that if the treaty is ratified that the desired end will have been accomplished. From a trustworthy sonree it is learned that to the American fishermen is secured all the commercial privileges for which they have been contending, with the ex ception of the right to purchase bait in Canadian waters, which is expressly with held. Their right to enter Canadian ports for fuel, water and repairs is conceded. Cer tain bays, which are specified, are to re main under the exclusive jurisdiction of Canada. There is nothing in the pro visions of the treaty, it is said, which necessitates the removal of duty on Cana dian fish or anyway changes the American tariff system. In its important features the treaty, it is stated, is favorable to the United States, and while new and valuable privileges have been acquired, this has been done without any costly sacrifice on the part of America. Secretary Bayard said to-night that the published reports purporting to give the essential features of the treaty were nnanthorized and wholly wrong. The American negotiators left for their homes to-day. Sir Charles Tupper and Mr. Chamberlain will remain in Wash ington a few days longer, the latter ex pecting to sail for England in about a week. Ottawa, February 16. —Foster, minister of marine and fisheries, says : The reports sent from Wash.ngton regarding the terms of settlement of the fishery question ate specimens of bad gness work. Although Foster does not speak warmly of Canada's lack, he says that the settlement reached will, if endorsed by the Senate, promote better relations between the two countries. Washington, February 17. — Erastus Wyman, in response to request, has written the editor of the Toronto Mail, saying that he thinks the fisheries treaty the best set tlement of the ugly quarrel. Canada in the long run wfill not be the loser. The provisions of the new treaty will tend to increase the intercourse between the two countries. Continuing, he says : "The next most vexed question to be adjusted is the conflict now pending between the great railway systems of the two countries. The success of the new "Soo"route has inten sified the fact that Canadian roads are free from tbe exactions of interstate commerce and this freedom meant an enormous loss of profit to every other railroad in the United States which is carrying produce from west to east and merchandise from east to west. This condition of things seriously threatens the repeal of tbe bond ing system, by which American produce is conveyed through Canadian territory with out the payment of a duty on its entrance into the United States. This repeal would mean simply ruin to Canadian roads, as without the through business they could not pay their fixed charges. It has been sug gested that Butterworth might with proprie ty omit the clause referring to the fisheries question, now likely to be settled by the treaty, and substitute another clause which would invite concurrent legislation on the part of Canada, creating provisions similar in that country to the operation of the in state act in this so far as it affects the through traffic in which the United States is alone interested. This movement would secure the support of vast railway interests in the United States, and it would also secure the advocacy of that movement by the English owners of Canadian railway securities, whose interests are at present seriously imperilled. DISGRUNTLED CANADIANS. Dominion Interests Sacrificed by the Fisheries Treaty. New York, Febnrary 18.—An Ottawa special says : It has been arranged that an international move will be in the direction of the location of a boundary line between British Columbia and Alaska in the event of a satisfactory settlement of the fishery question, the matter to be submitted to a commission in which England will be represented. The Canadian government has been pressing for the appointment of a commission for over a year past. The settlement of the fishery question has already created angry controversy between the government and opposition. Several official newspapers gnided by the tone of Americun dispatches have little praise for Tnpper. Others say they will content themselves with con gratulating the commissioners on the con clusion of their labors nntil the treaty is published. Libera) or opposition papers unanimously deplore the alleged result. Montreal and Halifax newspapers are ac cusing Tnpper and Chamberlain of wil fully sacrificing Canadian interests. Fowderly's Denial. Scranton, Pa., February 16. —General Master Workman Pov. "erly this afternoon denied that the Reading strike had been declared off- He positi vely said that the visit ot National Mastor Workman Lewis to Scranton was simply to consult Mr. Hayes of the executive board, and to talk over the manner of securing good intelli gent witnesses to L'ke the stand before the investigating commutes now in session. IN CONGRESS. Tariff Issue Before Ihc Senate. "Washington, February 16.—The House met at 8 o'clock for debate upon the Pa cific railroad telegraph bill. Anderson, of Mississippi, spoke in support of the bill, which, he declared, had for its purpose the compelling of subsidized roads to con form to the fundamental requirements of tbe granting acts. Guenther, of Wisconsin, said that while he had voted for the pending bill in com mittee, he would greatly have preferred voting for a bill placing the whole tele graph business under government control. Lind, of Minnesota, supported the measure, declaring incidentally that as the telegraph was in the nature of a monopoly it should be controlled by tbe government. Anderson, of Illinois, bvored the bill, and detailed the provisions of the contract entered into between the Union Pacific Railroad Co. and the Western Union Tele graph Co. to show that it was in direct violation of the granting act of the former company, which provided that it should receive aud transmit all telegrams present ed to it without discrimination. Hopkins, of Illinois, contended that sub sidized roads were stopped from claiming that they had made contracts with the Western Union Co., and that that com pany had acquired vested rights which coaid not be interfered with. Washington, February 20.—The fol lowing bills were reported aud placed on the calendar : To establish a United States land court and to provide for the settlement of private land claims in certain States and Terri tories. To relieve purchasers and indemnify certain States under the swamp and over flowed lands act. For a public building at Helena, M. T. The bill to incorporate the Washington Cable Electric Street Railroad Company of the District of Columbia was taken from the calendar for consideration. An amend ment (prepared bj committee; having been reached requiring tue rails to be of Ameri can manufacture, Edmunds suggested in formally and in a lew tone of voice that that was in opposition to the President's message and at variance with tbe adminis tration. It was formally opposed by Yance as unusual in a bill of this character and altogether absurd. Edmunds, in order to have tbe votes of the Senators placed on record on this direct tariff question, demanded the years aud nays. A vote was taken and the amend ment was adopted—yeas 25, nays 17, as follows : Yeas—Blair, Bowen, Brown, Chase, Chan dler, Davis, Dawes, Edmunds, Farwell, Frye, Gorman, Hiscock, Hoar, Manderson, Mitchell, Morrill, Paddock, Palmer, Platt, Plumb, Riddleberger, Spooner, Stanford, Stewart, Stockbridge —25. Nays—Bate, Blackburn. Call, Coke, Daniel, Fastis, George, Gibson, Hampton, Harris, Hearst, Pugh, Reagan, Yance, Vest, Walthal, Wilson, of Maryland—17. Among the pairs announced were the following: Cullom with Gray, Evarts with Morgan, and Hale with Beck. The bill, which was about half com pleted, was laid aside. Palmer, from the committee on agricul ture, reported a bill for the establishment of a bureau of industry. Placed on the calendar. By Blair, declaring that any person con victed of carnal and unlawfully knowing any female nnder the age of 18 years shall be punished by imprisonment for from five to ten years and for the second offense, dar ing his natural life. A punishment of from ten to thirty years is provided for persons forcibly ravishing any female, and for the period of his natural life for any person who carries out his ends by means of po tions or drugs. The provisions of the bill are made applicable to all places within the jurisdiction of the United States. Vest reported favorably tbe bill to ap propriate $80,000 for the erection of a pub lic building at Helena, Montana. HOUSE. On motion of Dockery, of Missouri, the resolution was adopted making the Pacific railroad telegraph bill a special order for March 3d. Bills were introduced and referred as follows : By Vandever, of California, to establish a harbor of refuge at San Beunaventure, California, By Hudd, of Wisconsin, a joint resolu tion, proposing a constitnional amendment extending the presidential term to eight years. By Culbertson, of Texas, On behalf the committee on judiciary, moved to suspend the rales and place npon its passage the Hoar joint resolution, proposing a constitu tional amendment, changing the date of inauguration day and extending the term of members of congress until April 30. Quite a long debate ensued. The motion to suspend the rules and pass the joint resolution was lost—ayes 129 ; noes 128—not the necessary two thirds in the affirmative. senate. Washington, February 21.—Sherman, from the committee on finance, reported adversely the bill authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to overrule and reverse the decisions of all inferior officers in the de partment in relation to matters of acconnt. Among the bills introduced and referred were the following : If .» By Platt, To provide for tbe establish ment of an experimental grass and forage plant farm and for conducting experiments relating to grass and forage plants. The bill to incorporate the V/ashington Electric Cable railway was then taken up and a long debate ensued. The bill was finally laid aside informally, and after an executive session tbe Senate adjourned. HOUSE. The bill for the sale of tbe Black Bob Indian reservation in Kansas was passed, the land to be sold at $6 an acre. Adjourned until Thursday. In reporting to the house the joint réso lution proposing a constitutional amend ment defining and prohibiting polygamy, tbe house committee on judiciary says the object is to clothe the general government with concurrent powers with the soveral Slates to suppress the crime of polygamy in the severe! Sratïs. It is believed, says the report, that within a very brief period the practice of polygamy in the Territories will be effectually suppressed, but it must be evident to every one that in one or perhaps more of the Territories the withdrawal of the power of the general government to punish po lygamy, which necessarily would follow the admission of such Territories into the Union as States, would be the signal for a return to the practice of polygamy. The anti-mormon element would be powerless either to make or enforce la vs against this offense. Such Territories . must either, therefore, be continued indefinitely under the expense of territorial government or admitted into the Union as States with an absolute certainty that polygamy will be shielded from punishment by statehood. This result, it is believed, cannot be cer tainly prevented except by an amendment to the constitution of the United States such as is now proposed. Senator Sherman's Views. Pittsburg, February 15.— Senator John Sherman in an interview to-day said he considered Mr. Blaine meant every word said in his letter as to himself. Sherman said he was not worrying abont nomina tion, and doesn't care particularly if he don't receive it