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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, February 23, 1888, Image 2

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THE PUBLIC LASÜS.
Secretary Vilas Las been called upon
for information as to how much land it
would take to give the old States that
had no school lands from the govern
ment the same amount the new States
have received. There were nineteen
States that received no school lands and
there were twelve more that received
only one section- In response Vilas
figures j out that it will take some 37,
000,000 acre-. The fact that this inquiry
has been made would indicate a purpose
to carry into effect another raid upon
the fast vanishing public domain.
At first sight it will appear to many
that it is all right that the public
domain, acquired by common cost to
the whole country, should go for the
benefit of all alike. If the lands were
sold to settlers at a fixed price the funds
would go into the treasury and all would
be benefitted alike.
In making land grants to railroads
the government acted upon the theorv
of the shrewd speculator who has laid
out a city addition and builds a street
railroad leading through it, and in giv
ing some sections for school purposes it
further imitates the conduct of such
speculator who sets apart some blocks
for school houses and parks.
This is all to induce settlement and
make the rest of the land valuable.
The people of the old States seem to
forget that they are getting benefits from
the public domain when their ow n citi
zens move out and settle on them. That
is the fact, however. In all our Terri
tories are settlers from every State in the
Union. They are open to all who come
on equal terms, and no one who remains
behind has a right to complain that he is
not getting his share. Land is such a
thing that it cannot be removed. Those
who want it must come where it is.
Montana lands have once been levied
upon in this way for the benefit of agri
cultural colleges in all the older States.
If the proposed change is made in the
land laws, allowing them Lo be acquired
only as homesteads by actual settlement,
all the old States get the same benefits
as the new ones.
The whole purpose of the general gov
ment in acquiring and disposing of title
to land is to give secure and definite
land titles as the basis of. all prosperity.
The chief general interest to the public
comes from having the lands settled up
and cultivated by thrifty, intelligent
citizens, and the gift of school lands is
to induce settlement and insure the
establishment of public schools.
CHEESE PARING.
A lopping off ot one-fifth of the
amount of the appropriation for the pro
posed public building at Helena leaves
but eighty thousand dollars for the pur
chase of ground and purposes of con
struction. The amount is altogether too
small to realize anything like the build
ing required. The cost of a site suitable
for the building would probably be, at a
moderate estimate, thirty thousand dol
lars, leaving but fifty thousand dollars
to be devoted to the structure itself.
This expenditure would mean a struc
ture inferior in size to the U. S. Assay
Office—a building anything but credit
able to the government or city, and far
from answering the public requirements.
Gen. Sheridan, whose name in connec
tion with the Presidency was becoming
rapidly prominent, settles the question em
phatically by a refusal that covers the
whole ground. Of all the candidates men
tioned Gen. Sheridan would be called upon
to make the greatest sacrifice, and we cer
tainly respect the judgment manifest in
the decision he has made. However, the
General is too good a soldier to refuse to
obey any popular demand or command.
At the present rate the circle of prominent
candidates will he greatly narrowed before
June. The Republican party need not
fear being left without a candidate, and
the man it nominates, in our opinion, will
he elected. The action of this Congress is
going to do much to determine the elec
tion.
Manual training schools have so multi
plied within the past five years and have
shown such uniform good results that it is
no longer doubtful thdt they will soon be
come a recognized, universal portion of our
public school system. The time has come
to introduce this feature into the public
schools of Montana. We hope to see Hel
ena lead oft - in this reform. Whether or
not we are to have a new school building
this year on the central grounds, a begin
ning may be made that will not involve
much expense, and our means are ample to
supply this expense from the public funds.
With a word of approval and permission,
Professor Howard would undertake to see
this enterprise put upon its feet, and we
have the utmost faith that he would make
a success of it.
A navy would protect our sea coasts,our
commerce, enforce respect to American in
terests in all part3 of the world, give tone,
confidence and effect to American diplo -
mat y, enable us to negotiate more favor
able treaties, give significance to the Mon
roe doctrine, encourage the weaker nations
on this continent to seek alliances with ns
that would bring us commercial as well as
political advantages, stop the general
scramble of continental powers to seize
upon all the islands of the oceans and sea
coasts of the continents and bring the com
merce of the seas again nnder the Ameri
can flag. _
Mount Vernon, the county seat of Jef
ferson county, in central southern Illinois,
has been devastated and almost destroyed
by the combined effects of a cyclone and
fire. The dead number thirty and the
wounded exceed a hundred. Several were
burned alive in the ruins of their homes.
It is a case that appeals strongly for sym
pathy, and abundant help is fortunately
close at hand.
Mr. Human Clark, well known in
Mon tana as a railroad contractor on the
Northern Pacific, is the projector of an
underground railroad for New York City,
which is to run under the Harlem river
from Fleetwood Park, branching at about
the Astor House and sending one branch
under the North river and the other under
East river, thus connecting New York,
Brooklyn and Jersey City. There will be
fifteen miles of tunnel and at no point less
than one hundred aud fifty feet below the
surface. In the North river there is a
chasm sixty feet wide of great depth that
would have to be spanned with a cylinder.
The tunnel to the forks would be large
enough for fonr tracks and on the branches
for two tracks. The scheme would involve
a cost of thirty millions, but the capital is
secured if the franchise can be obtained.
The work would take about six years to
complete. Of course the surface and ele
vated roads would be injured, and they
will fight it for all there is out. It looks,
however, to an outsider as if it would be a
grand, good thing for the city on general
principles.
In replying to the criticism of the pro
hibitionists that high license ha3 failed to
close the saloons or stop drunkenness iu
Chicago, the Inter Ocean says that there
has been no increase in the number of sa
loons, though the city has increased 325,
000 since high license was introduced, and
the revenues from the license has paid a
large share of the city expenses. On the
other hand, we have read an article from
a Maine paper within a week, which
says that though prohibition has
been the law in that State for thirty
three years, there is but little if any less
drunkenness than when first introduced,
while of course there has been no revenue,
but a continual heavy expense in attempt
ing to enforce the law. So if it is objected
to high license that it does not prevent
drunkenness, it can be answered, neither
does prohibition, whether in form of
constitutional or legislative enactment.
There is and always will be under any
form of legislative action a full field for
personal exertion and example, the best
and most reliable means for genuine and
durable reform after all.
If Congress wants to bridle monopolies
why does it not modify our patent laws,
the most prolific source of the greatest
monopolies in existence? As our market
enlarges, as public intelligence increases so
that the merits of new inventions are
more readily recognized and adopted, as
capital increases and becomes more ready
and available to pnt new inventions upon
the market and in the way to realize
profits, the term of the patent should be
reduced. Some check should also be pro
vided against extortionate and unreason
able charges for the use of a patent, some
limit to the profits that may be acquired
under cover ot letters patent. Again, some
provision should be made that any patent
may be appraised and appropriated |by the
government for the general use of the
public.__
The late of the presidential election is
verly likely to he decided before this ses
sion of Congress adjourns. Before Mills'
tariff bill is disposed of the lines will be
drawn on which will turn the national
election. The friends of protection are in
dead earnest and they will know who is
for them and against them. Before such a
sweeping reduction of duties and addi
tions to the free list is allowed to become
law old issues will be swept out of sight
and old controversies buried and forgotten.
The Northern protectionists will say to
the South, "Stand with us for interests
that will insure your future prosperity,
and we will wipe out all internal revenue
taxes, the only purely war taxes that re
main," and on such an issue several of the
Southern States would vote with them be
yond a doubt.
If we must have a reduction of reve
nues before the national debt is paid and
a navy built, by all means let it be in the
repeal of internal revenue taxes rather
than those which protect American pro
ducts, either raw material or manufactured,
and the wages of American workingmen.
These must be protected by all means, not
by prohibitory duties, but by duties high
enough to offset the higher wages in this
country, which are on an average 50 per
cent, higher than on the continent of
Europe.
The condition of things at Billings grow
ing out of the non-payment of contractors
and laborers on the Rocky Fork road is
distressing. If the company has any bot
tom or bowels of compassion we cannot
understand how they can willingly allow
the serious state of affairs to continue any
longer. A crisis is at hand, and if the
company does not at once come to the res
cue and satisfy the claims of the men
serious trouble may arise.
It requires some hardihood to avow the
true motive for keeping Dakota out of the
rights of a sovereign State, to which by all
precedent and fairness she has long been
entitled, and though as residents of Mon
tana desiring the earliest admission possi
ble as the greatest boon for us, and perhaps
in that respect profiting from the delay in
doing justice to Dakota, we cannot suffi
ciently express our detestation of the polit
ical crime of which Dakota has been made
the victim.
It is said that wages are lower in Ger
many with protection than in England
with free trade. Our answer is,
that protection has increased the rate of
wages in Germany, and it does the same
in every country that applies the principle.
There is such a surplus of unskilled labor
in all European countries with no other
outlet but expatriation to relieve the pres
sure of competition that it tends steadily
to keep wages low.
General Greene—"A man may kick
me ; a man may knock me down ; a man
may even call me a liar and I can forgive
him, but when the judge of a court plays
me for a fool, it's an insult to my intellect
and I won't stand it"
in
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WASHINGTON'S UIRTHDAY
The day that gave to the world such a
man as George Washington deserves to
be regarded as a red-letter day forever
among the generations that shall people
this western continent and from thence
rule the world. It was rather by his
deeds and well balanced character than
by any words spoken or written that his
place in history was won and his influ
ence exerted. And yet it has been well
said that his "farewell address" contains
words of wisdom never surpassed by un
inspired tongue. It was a legacy of
greater value thau crowns or bursting
treasuries or any catalogue of brilliant,
bloody victories.
We refer to this address now with
reverent regard for every precept and
warning that it contains. But there are
those who quote its warning against en
tering into entangling alliances with
foreign nations, as if we were committed
by it forever to a career of isolation,
studiously avoiding the natural influence
that comes from the possession of su
perior power, wealth and intelligence.
Such is an unwarranted inference from
the address, and the experience aud cir
cumstaces that inspired it, and is in
grained in every word of it. The occa
sion in some respects resembled that of
the children of Isreal after their wander
ings were over and their early victories
had given them some confidence for the
future, just as they were to cross over
Jordan and take possession of the land
of promise.
Washington warned us against sec
tional parties. We have not heeded his
warnings and in consequence have waded
through the red sea of civil war with the
bloody billows breast high. He warned
us against entangling alliances w r ith
European nations. Such was our early
alliance with France from which we
broke loose with some violence and found
a happy escape.
But nothing was further from the pur
pose of Washington than to restrain us
from exertiug the influence that would
come from our legitimate growth in
strengthening fc our position, in forming
alliances that would not be entangling,
in upholding and aiding those nations
and institutions born of our example.
When the Creator formed the sun He
intended that it should shine. So
when in His providence He brought
into existence such * a nation
as the United States has become, it was
for the purpose that its influence should
be exerted in all possible ways for the
benefit of the world, both directly and
indirectly. Nations, no more than in
dividuals, are exempt from responsi
bility than comes from the possession of
power.
It is time that the United States
should speak and act so as to be felt and
recognized at every court in the world.
We want no dictating, secret, crooked
diplomacy, hut a simple, open, manly
policy of assertion aLd protection of
American interests.
Our policy of welcoming emigrants
from all nations of the world, especially
all the nations of Europe, has given us
a right of relationship to speak and be
heard even in the councils of European
nations. The enterprise of our citizens
has carried them into every corner of
the world and our duty requires that we
follow them with our protection.
We need to command respect to our
rights and proper wishes a navy strong
and numerous enough to be seen and
felt in every foreign port. And we need
some clear outlining of our American
policy, with a new school of trained di
plomatic representatives, familiar with
that policy and able to command re
spect for it.
We have the power to promote peace
among the nation, liberty, intelligence
and prosperity among all peoples, and it
is no departure from the teachings of
Washingtsn, but iu discharge of a di
vinely imposed duty to so use our power.
The carpet-bag invasion of the Terri
tories goes bravely on under the sanction
and with the assistance of the glorious ad
ministration of Grover. Recent acquisi
tions of the sort are General Briscoe of the
late Confederacy and one Cornell of the
Cleveland contingent of the State of New
York. The spoils of an Indian agency and
of a land office are the incentives that
beckon to distant fields a pair of political
bummers whom the States Democracy are
glad to sequester in the wilds of the North
west. Powerless to prevent are Delegates
Toole and Yoorhees, who, making at least
the pretense of a fight, yield to the inevit
able with such grace as they can. Make
way, there, for the carpet-bag brigade.
The friends of Dr. Rob Morris will be
pleased to learn that he safely arrived at
his "old Kentucky home" on the 14th inst.,
having been absent and laboriously em
ployed since September 26. On the 8th
inst. he was at Winnipeg at the session of
the Grand Lodge of Manitoba, and de
livered an original poem, "In White Ar
ray." One would think after such a term
of toil, during the severest seison of the
year, that our venerable Brother wonld
want a long rest, bnt he announces himself
ready at once for a tour to the Holy Land
The season of cyclones opens early, with
all the horrors experienced in the worst
forms of its visitation. The death and de
vastation wrought in Southern Illinois is
appalling. Thirty-six persons killed and
others will die from their injnries. Five
hundred buildings are inclnded in the
property destroyed. To this and farther
extent has Mount Vernon suffered by the
terrible calamity recounted in the dis
patches.
It comes straight from General Sheridan
that he would not accept the Presidential
nomination, in connection with which some
of the Republican papers have recently
nsed his name. "No, not nnder any cir
cumstances," exclaims "Little Phil."
The newspaper prg& of Dakota and
Minnesota are bnsily engaged in repelling
the assaults made upon the climate of the
Northwest, magnifying the suffering and
losses of settlers and diverting the tide of
immigration. As we have said before, it
frequently happens that many settlers ar
riving late in the season and from warmer
latitudes have been caught unprepared and
suffered much. It is the same in all new
countries in any latitude. The people of
Dakota have not suffered even in the un
usually severe winter, with many difficul
ties in the way that time and experience
can remove, any more than the settlers of
many of the older States. People have
frozen to death this winter in Texas and
Mexico. At this very time it is reported
that the north of England is buried under
snow, and that flocks and people, too. have
perished. We can speak advisedly of
Montana, which is as far north as Dakota,
and of even greater altitude, and say that,
notwithstanding very severe cold weather
in January, there has been little or no loss
of life or stock, no more than occurs from
varions causes every mouth in the year,
while for a full month past our weather
has been as mild as October weather usual
ly is. Our latitude is liable to experience
some very severe cold weather, and people
should know it and prepare for it, bnt it is
less dangerous than cyclones and malarial
fevers and various other visitations to
which residents of lower latitudes are ex
posed. We do not pretend to say that our
portion of the country is particularly
adapted for a pleasant winter resort as
Southern California, but for the whole year
aronnd, we assert that there is as much en
joyable weather as in any section of the
country. Our climate is healthy and in
vigorating and those who come this way to
settle will have as little to regret on all
accounts as those who go to any other part
of the wor ld. _
We are not admirers of the practice be
coming so common for Congress to legis
late specially for the Territories, but for
all laws for the protection of female virtue
and purity, come from what source they
may, we have the most profound respect.
The age of consent should extend through
minority. The penalties may be so severe
as to defeat their enforcement, but they
do not exceed the magnitude of the crime.
The dangers of blackmàiling may be great,
and should be punished just as severely.
The rest can be safely left to juries. The
greatest dowry that any young woman can
have on reaching matnrity is virtne, and
our laws should guard it as sacredly as life
itself.
The sober trnth seems to be that the
German Crown Prince is fast nearing his
end and we should not be surprised to hear
of his death any day. It will be a sad and
heavy blow to Germany and will be very
apt to hasten the end of the Emperor's
life. The Crown Prince Frederick Wil
liam was born October 18, 1831, married
January 25, 1858, Queen Victoria's oldest
daughter and has two sons and four
daughters. The oldest son, of the same
name as kis father, was born January 27,
1859, and consequently is at present in his
30th year, not a very young man.
It is just as a person looks at it, wheth
er two hangings in one month is or is not
creditable. Comparitively speaking, we
think is it much to the credit of Montana
to have the world know that the crime of
murder is punished with death here, and
that the law has become stroDg and settled
enough not to require the administration of
Lynch law.
As February verges towards March it
begins to assume the chilly, blustering
garb for which that initial spring month is
notorious. We have had a month of
spring weather in winter and should not
complain if some winter weather straggles
along into spring.
Our esteemed contemporary, the local
Democratic mouthpiece, thus greets the
carpet bag crowd still heading for Montana
and Territories further west :
Welcome, eon of Mississippi, to Mon
tana: All hai), scion of New York, in the
name of Washington Territory ! Are there
any more of you ? We have a few offices
eft.
The burning question of the hour : Will
the Democratic committee, in session at
Washington to day, accept the California
bid of bed and board (with bourbon left
ont) for the convention? It is gravely
doubted if the San Franciscans can suc
ceed with the whisky omitted.
July' 3d has been determined upon by
the committee as the date for the Demo
cratic national convention. It is thought
by sanguine Californians that San Fran
cisco will be the place selected.
This week we are prDinised a sight of
Mills' new tariff bill and then the fun will
*>egin.
Give ns a department of agricnltnre
and place at its disposal means to do great
and good work.
Committee in Session.
Washinton, February 22— The Na
tional Democratic committee met in Wil
lard's hall in this city at noon for the pur
pose of selecting a time and place for the
holding of the next Democratic conven
tion. Ex-Senator W. H. Barnaul presided
and L. O. Prince acted as secretary. There
was a fnll attendance of delegates, the
only vacancy being in the membership
from the state of New York. After a brief
session Wm. Stein way was elected to fill
the vacancy.
Washington, February 22.—Daring the
debate on selecting the date of the conven
tion, the principal speakers were ex-Sena
tor McDonald, Senator Goodaw and Con
gressman W. L. Scott Scott favored an
early date. A motion for Jnly 3d was car
ried by a vote of 28 to 20 against that date.
San Francisco men were jubilant and de
clared that the decision was favorable to
their city.
At 2:15 the committee took a recess un
til 2:45.
After recess the committe began to hear
delegations representing the varions cities
where it is proposed to hold the convention,
the first speaker being M. W. Fuller in be
half of Chicago.
The first ballot taken in the Democratic
Committee upon the place for holding the
next convention, resulted as follows: San
Francisco, 15; Chicago, 16; St Louis, 16;
Cincinnati, 1.
RAILROAD WRECK.
Narrow Escape from Death—A Recent
Visitor Among the Injured.
Hon. James R. Mead, of Wichita, Kansas,
who recently visited Montana and invested
in mining property near Helena, was se
verely shaken up in a railroad accident
near Uniontown, Iowa, February 9th, on
his homeward journey. In his account of
the smash up and narrow escape of him
self and fellow travelers from death, Mr.
Mead says: About daylight Thursday
morning, because of a broken rail, the
sleeper left the track just as the train
struck a hnudred-foot bridge, which was
thirty-five feet above the creek bed. The
coach, with its twenty-four sleeping men
and women, was dropped the entire length
of the bridge, tearing the structure all to
pieces. At the west end of the bridge the
coupling parted and the coach went over
the embankment, over and over, down
twenty-five feet, through brush, trees and
bonlders, landing bottom side up and prac
tically reduced to kindling wood. Mr. M.
said there was no screaming, but calls for
help came from all sides, as nearly every
passenger was caught and held firmly by
the debris. The train was running about
fifty miles an hour, and for a wonder
no one was killed outright, but all
more or less bruised. The mattresses and
bed clothiDg had saved them. Mr. Mead
was pretty severely cut on the chin, and
had one knee and arm considerably braised
up. However, one man, a gentleman who
had got on at the same place with Mr.
Mead, and who gave Mr. M. the first choice
of the two remaining berths, was badly
hurt internally, but whether fatally could
not be determined before the train reached
Kansas City. The car took fire, but was
put out by hand grenades by the railway
employes. The thermometer was away
below zero, and out on that bleak prairie
all hands thought they must freeze to
death before they could find their clothes
and get them on. Some clothes, to
gether with some jewelry and pocket
books, were lost. The pocket-books were
afterwards recovered. Surgeons were
secured in a few minutes and everybody
attended to, the officials of the road
doing all in their power to render the pas
sengers comfortable. An officer boarded
the train and interviewed every passenger
as to loss and injuries, and in every in
stance where anything was demanded a
check for the amount was drawn. The
lost jewelry was paid for in full. Only
three passengers refused to settle. Mr.
Mead, who says he wouldn't take the
chances in another each a mishap for a
million of dollars, says that too much
could not be said in praise of Conductor
L. Parks and of the other officials of the
road, who did everything that possibly
could have been done, not only to save the
personal effects of the passengers, but to
render them comfortable.
THE NATIONAL PARK.
Who Were the Discoverers of Wonder
lancj ?
A "Subscriber" asks us "to state when
the National Park, or Wonderland, was
discovered."
In answer we wonld say that the dis
covery in recent times is due, first, to a
visit by Charles W. Cook and David E.
Folsom ia 1869. On tbo strength of what
they reported, a larger party went from
Helena the following year, Surveyor Gen
eral Washburn being in charge and Lient.
Doane commanding at escort of troops ac
companying. In this party were Messrs.
Hanser, Langford, Gillette, Hedges, Trnm
bnll, Stickney, Smith, and Evarts, the
latter being the one who was lost and
came near perishing. The party left
Helena about the middle of Augnst and
were out till October. They followed up
the Yellowstone river to the Lake, visiting
the Falls and Snlphnr Mountain by the
way, bnt missing the Mammoth Springs,
though within a mile of them. They
went aronnd the Lake, spending two weeks
in the undertaking and experiencing one
severe snow storm.
In getting from the Lake to the head
waters of the Madison they discovered the
great Upper Geyser Basin, which was
higher up on the Fire Hole river than the
point reached by Messrs. Cook and Folsom.
Several accounts of the expedition were
written by members of the party and pub
lished ip the Herald, and the remarkable
loss and the finding of Evarts created ad
ditional interest.
It was on the way home from this ex
pedition that Mr. Hedges first suggested
the propriety of making a national park
of it.. The official report of Gen. Wash
burn and Lieut. Doane. together with the
public interest created by the story of
Evarts and other magazine articles, led to
a government expedition under Prof. Hay
den in 1871. It was March 1st, 1872 that
the bill creating the National Park was
approved. As originally created it was 65
miles north and south and 55 miles east
and west, containing 3,575 square miles,
about three times the size of Rhode Is
land. The altitude of the whole is over
6,000 feet, and that of the lake 7,788 f jet.
Almost every year has witnessed the dis
covery of some new wonders, but such is
a brief general account of the discovery.
DYNAMITE EXPLOSION.
Eighteen Men Injured--So:ne Fatally.
Duluth, February 22. —This morning at
7:15 o'clock an explcsioD of dynamite oc
curred in a rock cut on Fourth street.
Eighteen men were injured. Fight are
now in the hospital. One died on reach
ing the hospital and the others cannot live
through the day. Men and rocks were
hurled many feet by the shock. The ex
plosion wa3 caused by some cartridges fired ;
last Saturday bnt bad not exploded nntil
th j men had resumed work about them.
A few taps on the drill served to set oil' the
unexploded cartridges.
Played With the Pistol.
Chicago, February 22.— Charles Holtor,
son ot C. C. Holton, a prominent and
wealthy furniture dealer, was fatally
wounded this morniDg by his younger
brother, Ethan Allen Holton. The fear of
burglars induced Charles to purchase a re
volver, which be kept nnder his pillow.
When the boys were dressing this morning
Ethan took the weapon and playfnlly
pointed it at his brother. It was accident
ally discharged, the ballet entering the
breast of Charles. The physicians say he
cannot live._____
Temperance Ticket.
Providence, R. I., February 22. —The
Prohibition convention for the nomination
of State officers nominated the following
ticket:
For Governor—Geo. W. Gould, of North
Providence.
Lieutenant Governor— H. T. Scott, of
Newport
Attorney General—John T. Blodgett, of
Providence.
General Treasurer—Jno. T. Perry, of
Booth Kingston, who is the preeent incom
bent
Snicided in Jail.
Alliance, Ohio.—Charles Wingard and
Anna Fox, ancle and niece, in jail here for
eloping from Monroe, Michigan, committed
suicide by shooting at 10 o'clock this morn
ing.
FISHERY DISPUTE.
Satisfactory Settlement of a Vexed
Question.
;
Washington, February 15.—After daily
sessions for the last two weeks the fish
eries commissioners at 7 o'clock to-night
completed their labors and signed a treaty
which it is believed will result in the satis
factory settlement of the disputes that
have existed for almost a century between
this government and Great Britain over the
north Atlantic fisheries. The treaty is
signed by all six of the commissioners and
is said to have their fnll concurrence. It
will be sent to the President to-morrow
for transmittal to the Senate. Before the
treaty can take effect it must have the
ratification of the Queen of Great Britain,
the Dominion of Canada and the province
of Newfoundland, as well as oi the Senate
of the United States.
Although the treaty will not at present
be made public, it can be stated that it re
lates exclusively to disputes concerning
fisheries of the north Atlantic coast and
does not include any provisions concern
ing the Behring sea troubles or commer
cial reciprocity. The treaty does not con
template the admission of fish into the
United States free of duty.
Secretary Bayard said to-night that he
could not because of his official position
make known the contents of the treaty,
but it was his earnest wish that it should
be given to the press by those having a
right to make such disposition of it, and
that every line of it should be published.
The dispute, he said, had been one of long
standing and had come to him by inheri
tance when he assumed the duties of
Secretary of State. He had used his best
endeavors to reach a satisfactory agree
ment with the government of Great Bri
tain, and believed that he had succeeded
so far as it lay in his power to effect a
settlement.
Washington, February 16.—T! e fish
eries treaty was a subject of much specu
lation and discussion at the capital to-day.
While declining to give any specific infor
mation as to its provisions, Secretary Bay
ard to-night said to an Associated Press re
porter that, for many years, the great con
tention among American fishermen had
been for a fair and just construction of the
treaty of 1818, and that the present treaty
had been framed by American negotiators
with a view to meet the needs and neces
sities of American fishermen, and he be
lieves that if the treaty is ratified that the
desired end will have been accomplished.
From a trustworthy sonree it is learned
that to the American fishermen is secured
all the commercial privileges for which
they have been contending, with the ex
ception of the right to purchase bait in
Canadian waters, which is expressly with
held. Their right to enter Canadian ports for
fuel, water and repairs is conceded. Cer
tain bays, which are specified, are to re
main under the exclusive jurisdiction of
Canada. There is nothing in the pro
visions of the treaty, it is said, which
necessitates the removal of duty on Cana
dian fish or anyway changes the American
tariff system. In its important features the
treaty, it is stated, is favorable to the
United States, and while new and valuable
privileges have been acquired, this has
been done without any costly sacrifice on
the part of America. Secretary Bayard
said to-night that the published reports
purporting to give the essential features of
the treaty were nnanthorized and wholly
wrong. The American negotiators left for
their homes to-day. Sir Charles Tupper
and Mr. Chamberlain will remain in Wash
ington a few days longer, the latter ex
pecting to sail for England in about a
week.
Ottawa, February 16. —Foster, minister
of marine and fisheries, says : The reports
sent from Wash.ngton regarding the terms
of settlement of the fishery question ate
specimens of bad gness work. Although
Foster does not speak warmly of Canada's
lack, he says that the settlement reached
will, if endorsed by the Senate, promote
better relations between the two countries.
Washington, February 17. — Erastus
Wyman, in response to request, has written
the editor of the Toronto Mail, saying that
he thinks the fisheries treaty the best set
tlement of the ugly quarrel. Canada in
the long run wfill not be the loser. The
provisions of the new treaty will tend to
increase the intercourse between the two
countries. Continuing, he says : "The
next most vexed question to be adjusted is
the conflict now pending between the great
railway systems of the two countries. The
success of the new "Soo"route has inten
sified the fact that Canadian roads are free
from tbe exactions of interstate commerce
and this freedom meant an enormous loss
of profit to every other railroad in the
United States which is carrying produce
from west to east and merchandise from
east to west. This condition of things
seriously threatens the repeal of tbe bond
ing system, by which American produce is
conveyed through Canadian territory with
out the payment of a duty on its entrance
into the United States. This repeal would
mean simply ruin to Canadian roads, as
without the through business they could
not pay their fixed charges. It has been sug
gested that Butterworth might with proprie
ty omit the clause referring to the fisheries
question, now likely to be settled by the
treaty, and substitute another clause which
would invite concurrent legislation on the
part of Canada, creating provisions similar
in that country to the operation of the in
state act in this so far as it affects the
through traffic in which the United States
is alone interested. This movement would
secure the support of vast railway interests
in the United States, and it would also
secure the advocacy of that movement by
the English owners of Canadian railway
securities, whose interests are at present
seriously imperilled.
DISGRUNTLED CANADIANS.
Dominion Interests Sacrificed by the
Fisheries Treaty.
New York, Febnrary 18.—An Ottawa
special says : It has been arranged that
an international move will be in the
direction of the location of a boundary
line between British Columbia and Alaska
in the event of a satisfactory
settlement of the fishery question, the
matter to be submitted to a commission in
which England will be represented. The
Canadian government has been pressing
for the appointment of a commission for
over a year past. The settlement of the
fishery question has already created angry
controversy between the government and
opposition. Several official newspapers
gnided by the tone of Americun dispatches
have little praise for Tnpper. Others say
they will content themselves with con
gratulating the commissioners on the con
clusion of their labors nntil the treaty is
published. Libera) or opposition papers
unanimously deplore the alleged result.
Montreal and Halifax newspapers are ac
cusing Tnpper and Chamberlain of wil
fully sacrificing Canadian interests.
Fowderly's Denial.
Scranton, Pa., February 16. —General
Master Workman Pov. "erly this afternoon
denied that the Reading strike had been
declared off- He positi vely said that the
visit ot National Mastor Workman Lewis
to Scranton was simply to consult Mr.
Hayes of the executive board, and to talk
over the manner of securing good intelli
gent witnesses to L'ke the stand before the
investigating commutes now in session.
IN CONGRESS.
Tariff Issue Before Ihc Senate.
"Washington, February 16.—The House
met at 8 o'clock for debate upon the Pa
cific railroad telegraph bill. Anderson, of
Mississippi, spoke in support of the bill,
which, he declared, had for its purpose
the compelling of subsidized roads to con
form to the fundamental requirements of
tbe granting acts.
Guenther, of Wisconsin, said that while
he had voted for the pending bill in com
mittee, he would greatly have preferred
voting for a bill placing the whole tele
graph business under government control.
Lind, of Minnesota, supported the
measure, declaring incidentally that as the
telegraph was in the nature of a monopoly
it should be controlled by tbe government.
Anderson, of Illinois, bvored the bill,
and detailed the provisions of the contract
entered into between the Union Pacific
Railroad Co. and the Western Union Tele
graph Co. to show that it was in direct
violation of the granting act of the former
company, which provided that it should
receive aud transmit all telegrams present
ed to it without discrimination.
Hopkins, of Illinois, contended that sub
sidized roads were stopped from claiming
that they had made contracts with the
Western Union Co., and that that com
pany had acquired vested rights which
coaid not be interfered with.
Washington, February 20.—The fol
lowing bills were reported aud placed on
the calendar :
To establish a United States land court
and to provide for the settlement of private
land claims in certain States and Terri
tories.
To relieve purchasers and indemnify
certain States under the swamp and over
flowed lands act.
For a public building at Helena, M. T.
The bill to incorporate the Washington
Cable Electric Street Railroad Company of
the District of Columbia was taken from
the calendar for consideration. An amend
ment (prepared bj committee; having been
reached requiring tue rails to be of Ameri
can manufacture, Edmunds suggested in
formally and in a lew tone of voice that
that was in opposition to the President's
message and at variance with tbe adminis
tration. It was formally opposed by Yance
as unusual in a bill of this character and
altogether absurd.
Edmunds, in order to have tbe votes of
the Senators placed on record on this direct
tariff question, demanded the years aud
nays. A vote was taken and the amend
ment was adopted—yeas 25, nays 17, as
follows :
Yeas—Blair, Bowen, Brown, Chase, Chan
dler, Davis, Dawes, Edmunds, Farwell,
Frye, Gorman, Hiscock, Hoar, Manderson,
Mitchell, Morrill, Paddock, Palmer, Platt,
Plumb, Riddleberger, Spooner, Stanford,
Stewart, Stockbridge —25.
Nays—Bate, Blackburn. Call, Coke,
Daniel, Fastis, George, Gibson, Hampton,
Harris, Hearst, Pugh, Reagan, Yance, Vest,
Walthal, Wilson, of Maryland—17.
Among the pairs announced were the
following: Cullom with Gray, Evarts with
Morgan, and Hale with Beck.
The bill, which was about half com
pleted, was laid aside.
Palmer, from the committee on agricul
ture, reported a bill for the establishment
of a bureau of industry. Placed on the
calendar.
By Blair, declaring that any person con
victed of carnal and unlawfully knowing
any female nnder the age of 18 years shall
be punished by imprisonment for from five
to ten years and for the second offense, dar
ing his natural life. A punishment of from
ten to thirty years is provided for persons
forcibly ravishing any female, and for the
period of his natural life for any person
who carries out his ends by means of po
tions or drugs. The provisions of the bill
are made applicable to all places within
the jurisdiction of the United States.
Vest reported favorably tbe bill to ap
propriate $80,000 for the erection of a pub
lic building at Helena, Montana.
HOUSE.
On motion of Dockery, of Missouri, the
resolution was adopted making the Pacific
railroad telegraph bill a special order for
March 3d.
Bills were introduced and referred as
follows :
By Vandever, of California, to establish
a harbor of refuge at San Beunaventure,
California,
By Hudd, of Wisconsin, a joint resolu
tion, proposing a constitnional amendment
extending the presidential term to eight
years.
By Culbertson, of Texas, On behalf the
committee on judiciary, moved to suspend
the rales and place npon its passage the
Hoar joint resolution, proposing a constitu
tional amendment, changing the date of
inauguration day and extending the term
of members of congress until April 30.
Quite a long debate ensued.
The motion to suspend the rules and
pass the joint resolution was lost—ayes
129 ; noes 128—not the necessary two
thirds in the affirmative.
senate.
Washington, February 21.—Sherman,
from the committee on finance, reported
adversely the bill authorizing the Secretary
of the Treasury to overrule and reverse the
decisions of all inferior officers in the de
partment in relation to matters of acconnt.
Among the bills introduced and referred
were the following : If .»
By Platt, To provide for tbe establish
ment of an experimental grass and forage
plant farm and for conducting experiments
relating to grass and forage plants.
The bill to incorporate the V/ashington
Electric Cable railway was then taken up
and a long debate ensued. The bill was
finally laid aside informally, and after an
executive session tbe Senate adjourned.
HOUSE.
The bill for the sale of tbe Black Bob
Indian reservation in Kansas was passed,
the land to be sold at $6 an acre.
Adjourned until Thursday.
In reporting to the house the joint réso
lution proposing a constitutional amend
ment defining and prohibiting polygamy,
tbe house committee on judiciary says the
object is to clothe the general government
with concurrent powers with the soveral
Slates to suppress the crime of polygamy
in the severe! Sratïs. It is believed, says
the report, that within a very brief period
the practice of polygamy in the Territories
will be effectually suppressed, but it
must be evident to every one that
in one or perhaps more of
the Territories the withdrawal of the power
of the general government to punish po
lygamy, which necessarily would follow
the admission of such Territories into the
Union as States, would be the signal for a
return to the practice of polygamy. The
anti-mormon element would be powerless
either to make or enforce la vs against this
offense. Such Territories . must either,
therefore, be continued indefinitely under
the expense of territorial government or
admitted into the Union as States with an
absolute certainty that polygamy will be
shielded from punishment by statehood.
This result, it is believed, cannot be cer
tainly prevented except by an amendment
to the constitution of the United States
such as is now proposed.
Senator Sherman's Views.
Pittsburg, February 15.— Senator John
Sherman in an interview to-day said he
considered Mr. Blaine meant every word
said in his letter as to himself. Sherman
said he was not worrying abont nomina
tion, and doesn't care particularly if he
don't receive it

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