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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, March 01, 1888, Image 2

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This is the title of a duodecimo volume
of 300 payes written by H. L. Hosmer,
formerly Chief Justice of Montana, and
published in Han Francisco, where the
Judge now lives, by Bancroft & Co. We
have not yet read the book with sullicient
care to pass a judgment that would even
satisfy ourselves. It requires vastly more
familiarity with the subject than we pre
tend to possess. We confess to having an
indignant prejudice against the attempts
to destroy the fame of Shakespeare as the
author of those immortal plays which are
more admired the more they are studied.
In this little book before us Judge Hos
mer has, by the use of a simple key
thrown a flood of light on the subject. If
we could only believe that Shakespeare
was not a heaven-born genius and the
author of the plays that go by his name,
the explanations in this volume would
have yreat force, and we confess would
give a significance to the sonnets that they
never before possessed. The author of the
plays is certainly the writer of the sonnets.
It is easy enough to conceive of a suffi
cient motive why the author of the letters
of Junius should wish to escape from be
ing known, but we confess we can see no
good and satisfactory reason why Bacon,
if he wrote the plays of Shakespeare,
should have wanted that fact to be un
known or remain in doubt. Compared with
Bacon's other works, great as they were in
philosophy, law and history, these trage
dies and comedies were vastly superior,
and the author certainly must have known
better than any one else that they were
destined to be a more enduring and glori
ous monument of genius. Is it conceiva
ble that one who labored so ha r d for fame
should have so obscured and obliterated
the trace of his authorship and claim?
This overshadowing and ever-present gen
eral veiw of the case destroys the force of
detailed evidence on any other theory.
But Judge Hosmer's book is beautifully
written, is in good taste and well fitted to
allay conceded prejudices. Every Hhakes
perian scholar should read it, and many of
the old friends of Judge Hosmer will feel a
personal interest in perusing the book,
whatever they may think of the main
issue. It throws light upon an obscure
subject. Those who want the book can
procure it by sending direct to the Judge
for the published price, $1.50, and we hope
his profits may in some measure compen
sate the evident labor expended. His ad
dress is 316 Taylor street. San Francisco.
Cabkfully compiled tables showiDg the
weekly rate of wages in woolen factories
in the United States, England, France and
Germany from the latest and most reliable
sources show that the wages paid in the
United States average 106 per cent higher
than the European countries, while all the
expenses of living do not exceed 17 per
«eilt in this country, and that for a good
deal better living, well worth the differ
ence. It does not take a hundred per cent
tariff to accomplish this result. The for
eign manufacturers make more money
than those in this country. They have the
advantage of cheaper capital. The class
that is most benefitted by our wool tariff
is the wage earners. Going into details,
a comparison is made between a woolen
mill in Bradford, England, and one at
Providence, Rhode Island, employing the
same number of hands, engaged in the
same class of work, and the weekly wage
account stands thus : In the Providence
mill $1,317.25; in the Bradford mill
$633,50. Who are protected by the tariff?
Thebe were some good addresses yes
terday on pertinent subjects in honor of
Washington's birthday. Cbauncey M.
Depew honored the Union League Club,
of Chicago, with such an address which,
even in abbreviated form, shows a wealth
of sound, thoughtful statesmanship. He
gave Cleveland some good advice, more
than he will get in Florida. Senator
Hawley spoke in Detroit to the toast :
"Washington, the President," the senti
ment. That it is the first duty of every
nation to care for its own people, is the
essence of all good, practical statesman
ship. We should let England watch for
the interests of British manufacturers,
and South America and Australia look
after the interests of their wool growers.
When we have ships to handle the com
merce of the seas and a navy to protect
our floating wealth and supplies in transit,
it will be time enough for ns to think of a
wide-open, foreign policy.
Thebe seems to be even more kicking
in the Dominion Parliament against the
fisheries treaty than in our own. The
Halifax representative says the only means
to force the United States into a reciprocity
treaty is lost by the treaty. This concedes
what was always charged on this side, that
the course of the Canadians was a black
mailing scheme to force us into a treaty
which by the very nature of things could
not lie mutually beneficial to both alike.
The people of this country will not be
forced into such a treaty, and England will
hardly relish the part assigned her to play
in this dishonorable game. If the treaty
fails and Canada attempts to renew her
game of coercion, we hope that we shall
have a President that will use the full
latitude of retaliation.
The death of Banker Corcoran in Wash
ington recalls the memory of his numer
ous benefactions, which will perpetuate
and embalm his memory. We rejoice to
notice that the University of Virginia is
remembered and enriched by a $200,000
legacy and a magnificent library. Me
wish some one would provide a generous
endowment for William and Mary College
which at present exists only as a name.
An average wheat crop of India is about
269,000,000 bushels, or about one bushel for
each inhabitant But people who work for
six cents per day cannot afford to eat wheat
bread even with wheat at fifty cents a
bushel, as it is in the wheat growing dis
tricts. The average annual amount
snatched from the hands of starving nativ«
for export is about 35,000,000 bushels.
If war occurs in Europe it seems
pretty clear that Russia can expect no
ally but France. Germany, Austria and
Italy are notoriously leagued together,
and there is little less doubt about the
position of England, provided that
Salisbury is at the head of her govern
ment. Should Gladstone regain power
we might see a different policy. Glad
stone is a man of peace and could do
more to arrange matters with Russia
than any man in England. Perhaps it
might be arranged to the satisfac
tion of Russia that Constantino
ple, the great bone of contention,
should be given to the Greeks, with
what was left of Turkey in Europe.
Gladstone is a fervent friend of Greece
and her people. Russia accepts the
Greek religion and is its chief support
and defender. If Russia cannot possess
the old capital of the Greek Empire she
could more readily consent to its trans
fer to her religious protege. As for
England, it has been an odious and un
remunerative work to uphold the un
speakable Turk. The time is rotten ripe
for bundling the Turks out of Europe
and there are Greeks enough around
the shores of the Mediterranean
to make a respectable nation
under the joint protection of England
and Russia. No other nation would
seriously object to this arrangement.
The Greeks are a commercial rather
than a warlike people, and with their
access of power, territory and invigor
ated national life would still not become
The whole civilized world would re
joice to see the restoration of Greece as
Italy has been restored. Of course the
Turks would not quit Constantinople
peaceably, but if Russia advanced an
army from the north and England con
centrated her navy around Constanti
nople there would be little blood shed
in accomplishing the transfer.
Turkey is in debt to Russia and Eng
land, and they have good excuse to fore
close and divide the equity of redemp
tion. It would be a gain to both coun
tries, and the whole civilized world
would approve.
We acknowledge the receipt of an in
teresting pamphlet and paper portraying
the wealth of resources of Texas and the
special advantages of the city of San An
tonio. We are almost persuaded that, next
to Montana, Texas is the best, and next to
Helena, San Antonio has the greatest
future before it. San Antonio claims to be
the largest city in Texas and the healthiest
in the United States. It has the most and
best schools and churches, water power
and supply in profusion, and coal con
veniently near. We are not surprised that
Judge McLeary concluded to stay, ana we
hope him joy and success among his old
friends. Texas certainly has a magnificent
fature in store. She has the greatest school
fund of any State in the world. We would
like to suggest to our Texas friends that
they do not sell any more of their school
lands but lease them on long terms. They
will bring in from rents more than the in
terest on the money and besides the school
fund will gain all the increment from the
general advance of real estate w hich in a
single generation will amount to a great
many millions.
Notwithstanding the depaiture of
Winter and the advent of Spring is accom
panied with a chill reminder that we are
residents of the far north, we have no
reason in Montana to complain. We have
had one full month of mild weather that
has shortened our real winter very much,
and as for our stock losses they have
amounted to nothing. The sun has return
ed to lengthen the days and diffuse the
warmth of its rays so that we are in no
danger of any protracted cold. The snow
fall was very much needed. It is better
than rain, for it does not beat down the
earth and goes off 30 gradually that the
ground and grass roots absorb the whole
of it, and a succession of such snowfalls
would soon start the verdure and grain
Our stock is in good condition to stand
the chill. A stormy March is much to be
preferred to a cold and backward April or
May. _
The letter of Roscoe Congling to the
Pittsburg Republican club that has taken
his name is a very significant one. No
doubt the definitive withdrawal of Blaine
has much to do with it. With any other
candidate it is probable that Conkling will
co-operate with his usual vigor for the sue*
ce« of the Republican party. He is too
shrewd to seek to be a candidate himself
in the approaching contest, but no one
quMtions his ability to render such services
would entitle him to become again one
of the foremost leaders of the party, and
the coming contest, which depends so
much in its issue on the vote of New York,
hearty co-operation would be of immense
Colonel Moses J. Liddell is pro
nounced with the accent on the "dell."
The President found him among the bull
rushes of Louisiana.
Is any one on the war path? It seems
to ns a Savage yell sonnds from the direc
tion of the Yellowstone.
His name is Liddell and he hails from
Louisiana. We refer to the new Judge,
the successor of McLeary.
The tortnre of the Crown Prince still
goes on. Let him die in peace is the
general wish of the civilized world.
Time is np for Chairman Mills to report
that tariff reform bill. What is the mat
ter with the infant ? No wool on his head?
We do not know where Moses was when
the light went oat, bat he was certainly
on deck when McL*' ~ went ont.
Is his name Col. Mosw Jerusalem Lid
Reflection upon the terms of Springer's
omnibus bill leads to the conclusion that
there is no sincerity on the part of its
originator even to accomplish the early
admission of any new States. We may
be wrong, but all the indications are that
the new bill was designed to divide, dis
tract and delay instead of facilitating
the advancement to Statehood. New
Mexico seems to have been brought into
the quartette without consultation and
and, as it appears, contrary to the wishes
of a majority of her people. We favor
the form of an omnibus bill because we
know well enough that it would be easier
to pas3 such a bill than any single act of
admission. If the friends of admission
of the three northern Territories would
join forces and concentrate action upon
the amendment of the Springer bill
to leave out New- Mexico and strike
out that provision requiring a subse
quent act of Congress to admit the States
after organization under and in accord
ance with t he terms of the enabling act,
we believe such a bill could be passed
through the present session. It is in our
opinion the only practical chance for
either Dakota, Montana or Washington.
We therefore earnestly implore co-ope
ration on this line of action. It will not
suit those in Dakota who prefer division
to admission. It will not exactly suit
those of Montana and Washington who
each want to include a portion of Idaho.
But it will give us all the main thing
we desire, self-government and states
rights and a representation in Congress
with power to settle a great
many other questions to our advantage.
In view of these great advantages to be
gained only by admission, all other
questions seem trivial and temporary.
If the people of Dakota should con
tinue to wish division after admission,
it will be easier of accomplishment than
at present. But we do not believe the
question would ever seriously arise.
And hereafter if the northern portion
of Idaho is to be detached and divided,
it can as well be done thereafter as has
been done in other cases.
The main question for us is admission
on the best terms attainable as soon as
possi ble.
On this line we invite co-operation
and a sreneral effort.
The more we reflect upon the criminal
injustice that would be involved in a de
struction wholesale of any single interest
existing in any part of our country to
which capital and labor had been invited
by legislation, the more we feel satisfied
that it will not be allowed. No adminis
tration and no party could ever afford to
bear the odium of such a crime. If
changes or poney are io uc moat, mej cnu
only be made so gradually and with such
abundance of notice that no loss shall
ensue, and plenty of time may be given to
capital aud labor to adjust themselves to
the new conditions.
Ben Bitleb's vigorous denunciation of
the fisheries treaty beyond doubt ex
presses the feeling of the Gloucester fisher
men, whom Ben has repeatedly represent
ed in Congress. We should not be much
surprised if that district would return him
to Congress, and that he would be found
working again in the Republican party
against an administration that in all its
policy has shown such a subservience to
English interests.
Akmstbong struck out vigorously for
the Judgeship, but he fell short in the
reach aud was'nt strong enough in the arm
to knock the Louisianian out.
Church Property aud Poljgainy Under
Salt Lake, Utah, February 28. —In
considering to-day the bill for city govern
ment, the lower house of the legislature
struck out the clause allowing money to
be appropriated for Fourth of July cele
brations. The referee to day investigating
facts on a motion of the receiver of an
order to turn over church property, had a
minute book of this stake by which^ the
transfer from the church to Bishop Whit
ney of 1081 shares of the L esert Telegraph
stock was shown about the time of the
passage of the Edmunds-Tucker law. A
demand will be made for this stock. In
testifying on this matter to-day Aneus
M. Cannon, president of this stake and his
brother George Q. Cannon, said polygamy
was a divine revelation through Joseph
Smith. It is not abandoned that I know
of, but such marriages have been stopped
as far as I know, since the passage of the
Edmunds-Tucker law, but not before, be
cause the priesthood officating bad not
been affected by legislation prior to that.
In Favor of Reciprocity.
Ottawa, February 29.— Sir Richard
Cartwright, minister of finance ander the
MacKenzie administration, has given notice
of the following resolution :
Resolved, That it is highly desirable that
the largest possible freedom of commer
cial intercourse should obtain between
the Dominion of Canada and the United
States, and that it is expedient that all the
natural products of either country should
be admitted free of duty into the ports of
the other, articles subject to duties of ex
cise or internal revenue alone exempted.
That it is farther expedient that the gov
ernment of the Dominion should take steps
to ascertain on what terms and conditions
arrangements can be affected with the
United States for the purpose of securing
a fall and unrestricted reciprocity in trade
therewith. _ _ _
Canadian Advices.
Ottawa, February 29.—The British
Columbia members of parliament fear
trouble if efforts are made to force the law
in the disputed territory between that prov
ince and Alaska. The government has de
cided to issue clearances to vessels pro
ceeding to the Bering sea fishing ground.
It is said that the liberals in caucus yes
terday decided, alter discussion, to adopt
commercial anion as the leading plank in
their platform.
Prison Escape.
Shbevepobt, La., Feb. 28.—Eighteen of
the twenty-five prisoners confined in the
parish jail in this city made their escape
this morning.
The amonnt of sugar used in this coun
try last year is reckoned at the enormous
sum of 3,200,000,000 pounds. The in-,
crease of onr population and the rapid in
crease of the use of sn^ar per capita make
it certain that we shall soon be the great
est consumer of sugar in the world. Does
this not show the necessity of our exertion
either to produce our own sugar or seek to
acquire some addition to our country that
will give us reliable sugar producing
lands ? There are the Central American
American States, that could easily be
made to produce all the sugar and coffee
that we consume. We could easily offer
them inducements that would be accept
able to join the United States. The
growth of those States would be magical.
The value of real estate would increase
tenfold within as many years and make
all the resident land owners wealthy. The
acquisition would benefit both coasts and
all parts of the country, besides giving us
as a nation the control of a dozen transit
routes and bring us nearer to South
America, so that we could soon control
that country. The acquisition of one of
these States, as Guatemala, would soon
be followed by that of the others. We
could have rail connection through Mexico
and steamship communication on both
coasts. The productions of Central Amer
ica seem to supplement exactly our present
products and invite us to the enterprise.
Mill's new tariff bill it as not presented
as promised last week. It seems to have
stuck on the ways and means and launch
ing is delayed. We confess to more curi
osity than anxiety to see the craft cut the
breakers. It will force the issues on a
great maDy points. It will force some
who want protection in some things and
free trade in others to show their hands
and make their choice. It will force a vote
on the abolition of the internal revenue
taxes and probably draw enough votes in
the direction of that alternative to carry
it through congress. If a vote can ever be
reached on the merits of the tariff bill it
is likely that a general slight reduction
will be made. The free list is not likely
to be enlarged. The duty on worsted
goods will probably be raised, as it cer
tainly ought to be, and as all concede. The
sugar duty will be reduced, not abolished.
The reduction of duties will naturally in
crease imports and revenues. A discrimi
nation ought to be made in all cases on
goods imported in Americsn bottoms as an
encouragement to American ship building.
"Bacon and Shakespeare in the Son
nets" is creating a stir in scholastic aDd
literary circles. The book is now passing
through its second edition. The author,
Hon. H. L. Hosmer, was the first Chief
Justice of Montana—a man of letters as
well as learned in the law. Years before
bis judicial appointment he was a member
of the Ohio Bar, and a colleague of the
present Chief Justice af the United States
in nnp
great criminal cases of the State
at that time. The most notable literary
work of Ho-smers younger manhood was
"The Octoroon," a romance unrivalled in
merit by the best story writing of the day.
We expect to see Judge Hosmer's present
scholarly volume in the hands of thou
sands of literary people and on the shelves
of every public library in the land. Many
Montanians will want a copy, and all such
should send their orders to the author, 316
Taylor street, San Francisco, Cal.
The increase in the use of sugar in this
country is something marvellous. In 1850
the amount used is given at 23! pounds
per capita, while in 1887 it is just as care
fully estimated at 53 pounds per capita.
Here is an increase of nearly 133 per cent
in little over one generation. Do other
nations generally show such an increase?
Is it because we are so much more prosper
ous and can better indulge in this luxury ?
We should like to hear from medical men
how this change in diet affects health.
Does sugar when taken into the system
become converted into a stimulant and
satisfy in any measure the craving for
stimulants? If it is a healthful as well as
an agreeable stimulent, we onght to use
all means to cheapen it to the public,
either by producing it or admitting it free
of duty, providing this latter course would
inure more to our benefit than to foreign
producers and shippers.
The Hebald is credibly informed that
the Treasurer and General Manager of the
Rocky Fork company gave ont at least
five different contracts for work and ma
terial for that badly managed and unfor
tunate enterprise. It is understood that
Mr. Cooper claims that he had authority
for making these contracts in the name of
Dennis Ryan. In contradiction of this,
the Hebald ha9 been shown one of these
contracts, at the bottom of which Mr.
Ryan most emphatically states that he
never authorized Mr. Cooper to draw or
sign a contract in his name. There is a
question of veracity for settlement be
tween the Rocky Fork official and the
Minnesota magnate.
The recent election in the 11th Michi
gan district is cited by Democratic papers
as an evidence that the country agreee
with the President in reducing duties on
foreign imports. Breen, the Labor candi
date, who was simply endorsed by the
Democrats, expressly stated in his canvass
that he was no free trader «nd that he was
in favor of raising the duty on iron or«
from 75 cents to $2.50 per ton. And free
traders who came into his district to arge
his election on the low tariff layout were
sent back as injuring his chances of elec
tion. On the inné of free wool, salt and
iron ores, Michigan wonld give 75,000 Re
publican majority without over-exertion.
Says the Inter Ocean : We have stand
ard oil, cotton seed, sugar, copper, gas and
whisky "trusts," about which and their
baneful tendencies much is said and in
vestigation proposed, bat there is another
trust which is in danger of being lost Bight
of, organized by Grover Cleveland, March
4, 1885, when he declared that "public
office was a public trust."
Austbalia has more than double the
number of sheep that there are in the
United States, and they increase very fast.
But Australia is liable to severe drouth
also, and so severe that the
flocks have sometimes been almost annihi
lated. The same has happened in Cali
fornia. It would be very unwise to confine
this industry and cultivate it exclusively
in any narrow area. There is land best
suited for sheep growing in every part of
our country, north, south, east and west
And it is one of those industries of such
prime importance that it should be fos
The committee of one hundred in New
Orleans that has undertaken to purge the
registration lists in that city have already
discovered about 24,000 frauds and errors.
Allowing for errors and changes of address
there will be about 15,000 names to strike
off entirely. Register Brewster and Gov.
McEnery are represented as facilitating
the work of the committee. It would be
the wonder ot the age if there should be
an honest election in Louisiana. It is too
much to believe at once.
Arkansas again comes to the front,
this time with Attorney Nash, who by the
grace of Garland and the commission of
Cleveland, gets a judgeship in Washington
Territory. In months of waiting and
worrying the Department of Jastice, Nash
went broke and was bandied away from
the capital and lodged at Spokane Falls in
advance of his promised appointment.
He originally aspired to "plug a hole" on
the Montana Bench, but failing in that,
consented to emigrate further west.
The strike of the engineers and firemen
of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy rail
road is the engrossing event of the day. It
has been in contemplation for some time,
and the demand and refusal have been de
liberately made. No doubt both parties
have provided for the contingency. The
Brotherhood of Engineers and the Knights
of Labor are not co-operating, but antagon
ize each other in this strike. There are
many intricacies and uncertainties which
tend to awaken public curiosity to the
highest pitch.
New discoveries of coal in Montana are
reported daily. We shall not have to
haul coal from Pennsylvania and Wyoming
much longer. Blizzards will lose their
terror. Future manufactures loom up in
the prospective for Montana. Remember
that three tons of coal represent the labor
power of an average human life when har
nessed to machinery. The time is coming
when the fleeces of oar flocks will be woven
into blankets and broadcloths inside of our
borders. __
Oer esteemed contemporary, under the
anspices of the new—bran new—directory,
comes tearing into the political arena with
the briskness of a prairie blizzard freshly
wafted from Minnesota to the mountains.
Xne em.erpn.Mug wi* u ®
ing a vote, has a voice, and it is out with a
municipal slate for both parties. It is
very kind of onr St. Paul friends to volun
teer on the jump, as it were, the arrange
ment of these little matters for onr people.
The miners in the eleventh Michigan
district, who voted for Breen and have
been represented as favoring free trade, are
unanimously signing a petition to Con
gress protesting against the reduction of
the duty on iron ore. Even under the
present duty of 75 cents per ton there were
1,300,000 tons shipped into this country
last year as ballast. The free traders can
not carry a single district in Michigan.
Recent visitors to Great Falls say that
work is being pushed on the branch road I
to Sand Coulee and will be completed
early next week. It will be of immense
advantage to the building of the city, for,
besides furnishing coal for fuel, it will also
furnish building stone and lime of excel
lent quality in exhaustless quantities.
Thebe are over forty millions in the
treasury of the United States, avaliable
for reduction of the public debt. Even at
the rate of two per cent, on this amount
of indebtedness the daily saving to the
country would be about $2,000 per day
Isn't this an item worth the attention of a
prudent administration?
The anti-climax in Depew's Chicago ad
dress that called ont the most applause
was the following allnsion to the Presi
dent : "The present executive is an officer
highly esteemed for singular honesty and
directness of purpose, and remarkable for
inexperience in the duties of government
and for ignorance of the great issues before
the country^_
Says the Indiana Journal ; Agricultural
depression in England may not resalt from
free trade any more than prosperity from
protection in this country, yet it is an in
teresting coincidence, silently protesting
against the school boy theories of free
Axothee of Depew's ion mots was a
tribute to the typical Western town.
"When the visitor first comes he says
there's nothing in it ; on his second visit
he concludes to invest, and on his third
visit concludes to stay."
We hope our County Commissioners will
provide soon for enriching and irrigating
the court house grounds so that the barren
surface may produce some verdnre when
the spring rains appear.
They say that in Great Falls the rock
com« so near the surface that they have
to blast hol« to Bet out trees and put np
telegraph poles. It makes good founda
tions for hous«, though.
No, prudent, practical, patriotic states
man will favor a policy of crippling in
v est el capital and established indnstri«
for any theoretic and uncertain ad van
tag«. _
The Jon« family is largely represented
in Montana. As there are practically none
left in Louisiana the Honorable Moe« will
seek oat his old friends in this Territory.
The Washington Millionaire and
Philanthropist Passes Away.
Washington, February 24. — W. W.
Corcoran died this morning at 6:30. He
was born at Georgetown I>ecember 27,
1798. He laid the basis of his great for
tune under the firm name of Corcoran &
Riggs, bankers, by floating government
bonds during the Mexican war. He is beet
known as a public benefactor and phil
anthropist. In 1847 he purchased the site
of the Oak Hill Cemetery, Georgetown, ex
pended about $120,000 in improving it and
presented the cemetery to his native town.
The Corcoran Gallery of Art he established
in 1857, spending about $300,000 i.i fitting
it up, and in addition establishing an en
dowment fund of nearly a million dollars
for its benefit, and transferred his entire
collection of paintings, statuary and works
of art. 4
Another of his gifts is the Louise Home,
founded in memory of his wife, and in
tended as a home for aged women of re
finement and education, who by reverses in
fortune have been reduced from afliueuce
to poverty. The building cost about $200,
000 and has an endowment fund of about
Corcoran also made large gilts to the
Washington orphan asylum ; the Columbia
University, and many institutions in the
South. He also gave $100,000 to the
Chnrch of Ascension of this city, and to
the University of Virginia he made gilts
amounting to $200,000, besides a library
of about 4,000 volumes.
Washington, February 27.—The funeral
of W. W. Corcoran took place this after
noon at his late residence. In accordance
with a wish of the deceased the ceremonies
were simple and devoid of ostentation.
Among the floral tributes was a large
pillow sent by Mrs. Cleveland. Mrs. Cleve
land was present during the services and
her carriage was in the long cortege that
followed the remains to the grave. She
was escorted by Secretary Endicott and
stood during the services in the house
very near the head of the casket. Chief
Justice Waite, Senators Barbour, Eustis,
and many other persons of note were in
the parlors of the mansion during the ser
Testimony of the Public Printer.
Washington, February 23.—Public
Printer Benedict was before the House
committee to-day. His labor roll, he said,
had been reduced $150,000 or 200,000 dur
ing 1887. Other large savings had been
made and the men were now getting more
pay and the government more service. In
purchasing type the witness received the
discount allowed all purchasers, and the
bills showed it. The bills purchased
before he assumed the office failed to show
that any such discount had been saved.
He disclaimed any knowledge beyond the
fact of the practices of his predecessors in
that respect. In tonching on the state
ment made regarding the saving in the
item of ink, the witness said his eleven
cent ink was better than the forty cent
ink left by his predecessor in the office,
for the latter was inferior ink, full ol varn
ish and not fit for good work. When
the witntdS assumed the office the fore
man asked him to have shipped for sale,
twelve barrels of dross; the witness had
them opened and found beneath the
layer of dross in each barrel were layers
of brass rule and shavings, copper electro
type clippings, etc. The contents of each
barrel were worth about $50 or $60
The witness presented two lists, the
__joi £1A poranna V»«H ViPPTl
discharged between September 13tb. 1886,
and November 1st, 1887, of whom 205 had
been reappointed, and the second showing
that between November 1st, 1887, and
February 15tb, 1888, the discharges num
bered 642 persons, of which number 173
have been restored. The witness added
that there were now in his office about
700 persons who we'e not in when he came,
or.t of the force of 2,250.
Washington, February 27.— Mr. Bene
dict, public printer, appeared again this
evening before the special committee. He
gave in detail a sketch of the reforms
which he asserted he had accomplished in
the saving of money and securing better
service. He said he had observed the
spirit of the civil service law by con
tinuing in office the most experienced and
most reliable employes, who to-day con
stituted two-thirds of the whole work
ing force, and by reinstating into office the
experienced and competent employes who
had been discharged prior to his incum
When he first went into office, ne said,
there was no record showing the number
of soldiers and sailors employed and en
titled tc protection under the statute. He
presented a statement showing that there
were on the rolls to-day 488 persons claim
ing such protection ; 70 persons had been
discharged who were entitled to such pro
tection, and 117 appointments of honorably
discharged soldiers or their widows or
children had been made.
Maritime Canal Bill Passed.
Washington, February 27.— The Sen
ate resumed consideration of the bill to
incorporate the Maritime Canal Company
of Nicaragua. Several amendments re
ported by the committee on foreign re
lations were agreed to. The bill was then
reported back from the committee of the
whole and the amendments agreed upon
in committee of the whole concurred in.
The bill then passed—yeas 38, nays 15.
A Ship Blown up-—Many Casualties
Sonn Vallejo, February 27.—The
steamer Jnlia was blown np this morning
and burned to the water's edge. Fifty
persons were on board, several of whom
were killed and many wounded.
The steamer Julia, which exploded this
morning, was a ferry steamer plying be
tween Vallejo Junction and and South
Vallejo. There were between fifty and
sixty persons on hoard at the time, and it
is now known that seven persons were
killed. ^
Asylum Burned.
St. Louis, February 27.—The State deaf
and dumb asylum at Fulton burned to
night. The fire canght in the dome in the
5th story and burned down. The bnilding
was a large one and cost the State nearly
a half million dollars and was insured for
hut $50,000. There were 180 pupils in the
building bnt all were removed without
injury. _ _ _
Mysterious Murder
Chicago February 27.—Maggie Gugan
aged 15 years, was assaulted and murdered
and the body concealed in a closet in
Green Bro.'s boot heel factory, in this city
early this morning. Zeph Davis, a mul
lato 22 years old, supposed to be the mur
derer, left the store before the discovery of
the body and has not yet been found. The
girl worked in the factory, and it is sup
posed she reached there about half-past
six. Davis at that time was there alone,
and it is supposed he criminally assaulted
and murdered her with a hatchet, the skull
being beaten to piec«. The clothing and
body gave evidence of the girl having
made a terrible straggle.
Mexican Judge Murdered.
Matamobas, Mexico, February 25.—Ad
vie« from Tula Btate that last night
one o'clock Jndge Emile Martinez, the
higheet judicial authority, was murdered
in that city.
Indians of Northern Montana Forsak.
ing the Rifle for the Plowshare.
On the Blackfoot Indian reservation in
northern Montana there are now about
2,200 Indians, who are fast forsaking their
barbarous customs and adopting civilized
ways. They are cultivating the arts uf
peace and seem to take a liking to the ne v
life. The hehlth of these red men is good
and in place of diminishing in number the
Blackfeet tribes are increasing, the birth
rate far exceeding the mortality for the
last few years. Major Baldwin is now the
U. S. agent at the Blackfoot agency aud
under his government the Indians are tie
having admirably. A River Press reporter
asked the Major the other day how he
managed so well with his dusky wards and
he replied as follows :
"Well, I think in the first place they
realize as never before that they must
adopt the habits Of the whites ; that war
fare and horse stealing are things of the
past, and that a new departure is neces
sary. This is shown by the increased in
terest they manifest in agriculture. About
eighteen miles of fencing was put up last
season preparatory to farming this year.
Three hundred acres were cultivated last
year, the crop consisting of oats, wheat and
potatoes. One old fellow has eighty acres
under fence and regularly seeds down
half of it, and garners his harvests. But
the singular thing is that the chiefs and
leading men take an active interest in
work, and instead of playing the part of
indolent idlers, seem to have an ambition
to deserve their positions by actual hard
work. This new turn in the Indian mind,
which I have encouraged in every possi
ble way, is a great help to me ; then I have
a very efficient Indian police force that has
done good work in heading off war parties
of young bucks, who sometimes decide to
win a little glory for themselves."
There is a prospect too that the welfare
of the nortoern tribes will be considerably
benefitted by national legislation this year.
The treaty proposed by the Northwest
Indian Commission, who visited Montana
last year, has been reported favorably to
Congress. If ratified, which now seems
highly probable, it will inure to the bene
fit of both y bites and Indians, as millions
of acres of land will be added to the pub
lic domain and sufficient left to the Indians
for all purposes, the latter receiving besides
about $ 4 , 300 , 000 . As Major Baldwin says,
"one-tenth of that sum invested in cattle
would in four or five years make them self
supporting and fi«e the government from
any charge on their acconnt. The land left
to them is of their own selecting. They
will be only too glad to learn that the
matter is finally settled."
H'hat the Brotherhood Engineers
Must Agree to do to Secure
their Non-Interference.
Pittsbueg, February 29. —The Knights
of Labor engineers of the Reading railroad
have clearly outlined their policy. Ac
cording to an interview with one of the
engineers, they will take the places ol the
Burlington strikers, and will promise Chief
Arthur, of the Brotherhood, to return to
their homes if he calls his engineers off the
Reading and Brooklyn elevated railroad*
Five car loads of engineers and firemen
passed through the city this morning
cn route for Chicago. There was about
two hundred in the party and were nearly
all Knights of Labor and mostly formet
employes of the Reading road.
Express Robbery.
St. Lot is, February 29.— It is reported
that the St. Lonis, Arkansas & Texas ex
press train was robbed at Kingsland, Ark.'
early this morning. The express messen
ger loocked the doors but the robbers
smashed them in and secured $2,000.
Later dipatches give farther details of
the robbery. At one o'clock this morning,
when the north bound express was about
a mile from Kingsland, the train sudden y
came to a standstill and the conductor
stepped to the door to see what was w rong.
As he opened the door a bullet whistled
by his head and he at once retired inside
the car where he remained during the
trouble. The robbers went to work in a
cool and systematic way. They boarded
the engine and commanded the engineer
and fireman to get down from the box,
taking the engineer and fireman with
The robbers ordered them to call on the
messenger to open the car. They did as
ordered, but he refused to show up. Then
began a fusilade, which lasted while the
attempts were being made to force their
way into the car. The fireman was
ordered to take the slash bar from the eu
gine and break in the door of the car. He
obeyed, but af he could not get in after a
minute's delay the robbers proceeded to
set the car on fire.
This forced the messenger to open the
door and the engineer and firemen were
made to get into the car first, their bodies
thus protecting the robbers as they climbed
in. The messenger opened the safe with
out further trouble and the contents were
quickly transferred to a sack. The exact
amount taken is not known, though late
reports state that between $5,000 and $1<\
000 was taken. Some place the loss much
higher. The sheriff and a posse are in pur
suit of the robbers. The passengers and
mail car were not molested.
Corcoran's Hill.
Washington, February 29.— The will
of the late W. W. Corcoran was ofibred
for probate to-day. The greater portion ot
the «täte, which is valned at $3,000;000,
is bequeathed to his graud childred, Geo.
P., Louise M. and Wm. C. Eustis, t<* Im>
held in trust for them for ten years. Sev
eral legacies, from four to five thousand
dollars each, are left to other relativ«,
and similar amounts to various orphan
asylums in the District. One hundred
thousand dollars is left to the Corcoran
art gallery, the will stating that a million
and a half has been given to the institu
tion. Fifty thousand dollars is left to the
Louise Home, $500,000 having already
been devoted to it.
Complaint Dismissed.
New Yobk, February 29. —It is under
stood on excellent authority that the
grand jury decided y«terday, by a vote ol
18 to 5, to find no indictment against Jay
Gould and Russell Sage. The merits ot
the case aud tho qu«tion of the guilt or
innocence of Gould and Sage were not con
sidered—simply the point whether or not
prosecution was barred by lapse of years.
New Yobk, February 29. —The com
plaint against Gould and Sage has been
dismissed, as indicated iu earlier dis
patch«. _ __
Teerner the Winner.
Jacksonville, Fla., February 28—The
sculling race for the championship ot
America came off' this afternoon cn Lake
Weir, the contestants being Teerner, Haroni
and McKay. Teerner won in 20:02 ; Mc
Kay second in 20:05, and Hamm 3i
20:06. _ .
W ar to th'S Knife.
Rome, February 28. —Ad rices from Mas
sowah state that King John has issue«. *
proclamation summining all classes ot Dis
people to arms and declaring that he hop»
after exterminating the Italians,
annihilate the Sondan«e.

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