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SALT AND LI'NIIEH PROTEST
The Saginaw Board of Trade has sent to Congress a protest against putting salt and lumber on the freee list, and gives good reasons therefor. The salt industry in Michigan was developed by both national and State bounties in con sideration of its vast importance. The results have justified this wise liberality. In 1800 Michigan produced only 4,000 barrels of salt, in 1887 4,200,000. The price in 1860 was $2.35 per barrel, in 1887 it was only 58 cents per barrel. The entire supply to the American peo ple is now only 8 cents per capita, or less than one-tenth that of sugar. The present duty is only 12 cents per hun dred pounds and does not fairly represent the higher wages paid to American laborers. The duty is not prohibitory, for under it about one-third of the salt used in the country is imported. Vet the repeal of the duty will de stroy a large share of the present de mand for the home product, throw thousands of our citizens out of employ ment and destroy millions of capital in vested. With good reason the salt man ufacturers say that if the duty is to be removed from salt so it should be from other things that they use, and the jus tice of this demand certainly every pro tectionist will admit. It is the same with lumber, the duty on which is*only 16 per cent., and even under this tariff one-half the product of Canada comes to the United States. This tariff does not represent any more than the extra wages paid to American workmen, and to this they are entitled unless all duties are repealed. The protestants say that there is five times as much lumber in the southern pine forests as yet unused as in all the Ifominion. Perhaps this refer ence to the lumber resources of the 8?outh may influence the votes of some of the southern senators and representa tives. There are no salt and lumber trusts to provoke this unequal and un just discrimination against American capital and labor in behalf of the Cana dians, who have so wantonly harried our fishermen and conducted themselves generally as selfish and unneighborly. DISCRIMINATES AGAINST THE WEST. Speaker Carlisle says the Mills tariff bill is a very conservative measure, and that it is drawn in no hostility to capital and labor employed in manufacturing industries. This is only partially true. It does offer protection in a fair measure to eastern capital and labor, but it is grossly unjust to the West and North west. It puts upon the free list wool, lumber and salt, and reduces the duty on ores that come into direct competi tion with those produced in our section *>f the country. Owing to the higher rates of inland transportation, the West is to be cut off from the eastern markets for raw material which, under the new tariff, will be mostly supplied from foreign countries by water. There is a good deal of jealousy at the East over the rapid growth of the West, and there seems to be a disposition to form an alliance with the old South to discriminate against it. We warn our eastern friends that this alliance will not pass unnoticed and will not be allowed to succeed. The West demands as of right that its interests and industries shall be protected equally with those of other sections. If we are not strong enough to secure our equal rights and protection, the time is fast coming when we shall have the controlling in terest. The direction and magnitude of this growth renders this certain. An other thing is equally certain, that the new South will by similarity of inter ests be the ally of the West in a short time. These two sections are now in terested especially in the protection of the raw material that they chiefly pro duce. They are interested in protecting and building up manufactures in o/der to make a better home market for these raw materials, and for the further rea son that they may soon introduce manu factures for themselves. At present we lack the capital and facilities of cheap transportation as well as a supply of labor, but these conditions are fast passing away. Again we say, that the new tariff as proposed discriminates against the West and deserves its united opposition unless radically amended. Our people know when they are well treated and will not long or tamely submit to be plucked for the interest of other sections. We are good for a fight and will stay to the finish. Chairman Mills is said to be highly pleased with his new tariff bill. Of course he should be. If it had not pleased him he would not have made it as he did. But we warrant him that the owners of the seven million sheep in Texas are not pleased with his work. The British in England and her colonies are immensely pleased with his work and have good rea son to be, for the interests of our sheep growers are sacrificed to them. Nero was pleased to see Rome burning and the Chris tians impaled for the crime that he had committed. That is no sign that either Nero or Mills have done anything that the countries should applaud which plac ed them in positions to perpetrate such crimes' Wait till these representatives hear from their constituents and we will warrant that more than a dozen Democrats will be found in the opposition. The market prices of wool do not indicate that any one is very much concerned about this bill passing as reported. If Mills is as much pleased with his work when Congress has done with its consideration and amendment we shall be surprised. Politics as a means of getting offices is one thing, but when it interferes with a man's business and investments it is a very different matter. FROM BAD TO WORSE. »Vhen a Western man was appointed Postmaster General we bad some hope that the increased postal facilities de manded by our growing section would be readily understood and find favorable consideration, but Vilas was as much of a crank in his line as Sparks. Instead of keeping the service abreast of the de mands, there has been a curtailment and the condition has been going from bad to worse all the time. The situation in this city and on the roads passing through here is but a sample of the condition all over the West. In many places it is possibly worse. The work required of our postmaster and of every clerk em ployed in the office is not only more than is just to ask of any public servant, but more than any man can perform,, however competent and willing. If our postmaster was to spend every cent of his salary for postoffice clerks and give his whole time for nothing it would not avail to supply adequate service. Mails have to lie undistributed for hours and even days, though the poor clerks work early and late. The same is true of the force on the trains. They cannot handle the matter that comes to them, and the mails are carried by their places of destination, causing wearisome delays and complaints con stantly growing louder. The department knows all about the situation, or has the means to know from the appeals complaints and pro tests sent up from the distracted post masters and carried direct to the ear of the chief and responsible officials. There really seems to be no effort made to remedy the evils complained of. The present head of the department, as much as his predecessor, seems intent on only one thing, to make a record 'for economy, to swell the revenues and keep down the expenditures. And what is the end and use of this severe and unrea sonable economy ? It is not because the government is poor and without means to do its duty fairly by the public and its employes. The treasury is full to overflowing. It is not because political opponents are barring the way or are unwilling to vote the necessary appropriations. There is n# complaint of this sort. It is only for the cheap glory of being economical, when there is no need of it, and nobody calls for it. It is only to swell the idle surplus in the treasury as a pretext to reduce the revenues. It is short-sighted, even in the ignoble seeking for popular ity. For every one who praises this economy there are hundreds who curse the government for its wanton disregard of their reasonable demands. Bro. Mills thinks Bacon wrote the plays and sonnets attributed to Shakes luacL ikittkn Ik W MO tüc < 9CUtI* ment of the age was against play writing that Bacon concealed his authorship and yet labored so hard to have a future age discover the truth. On the contrary, play writing and acting stood relatively higher in Bacon's time than it ever has since. Whatever Bacon's contemporaries may have thought of these plays, we think the one who wrote them was as well able to judge of their merits as any one. To .say that Shakespeare had not the mind, cul ture and travel to be the author of such plays, assumes the whole question. If Shakespeare did write them, then he had the mind, culture, etc., necessary to do the work. Genius supplies all deficiencies. We do not know that Homer had the mind and culture to compose the Iliad and Odyssey, but it would take a good deal of clear evidence to convince us that there was no such a genius as Homer, and still more to convince us that Shakespeare was a fraud. _ Ox the first Saturday in April occurs the annual school elction, and it is time for our citizens to begin to consider well what is to be done in the matter of any new build ing and the introduction of manual training. There is no mistaking the tendency towards the universal introduction of manual training into the public schools. That kind of education, in this practical age, which fits boys and girls for the actual, experience and practical duties of life is the one we need and must have. It will crowd out nothing that is either useful or ornamental. It may extend the average time of attendance at school, but when children leave school they will not lose or waste of time in finding something to do. Colonel Liddell, of Louisiana, is shortly due. He comes with the presi dent's commission to assume the dnties of associate judge of Montana in place of McLeary, of Texas, resigned. On the way up the Yellowstone| to the territorial capital the gentleman from Lou isiana passes through the thriving citiea of Miles, Livingston and Bozeman, the homes of Garlock, Savage and Armstrong, and ea route will doubtless be greetings and dem onstrations, processions with music and banners, marshalled by rejoicing Demo crats who didn't want office—who submit loyally to the inevitable, and shout ever and always, Glory to Grover. Several contemporaries of the territo rial press appear to have "bones to pick" with the Independent —notably its Demo cratic colleagues of Bozeman, Billings and Great Falls. Oar esteemed contemporary, in penance for offenses of one sort [and another, is recently yielding yards of edi torial space in explanation, apology and disclaimer. The journals which have sharply taken the local organ to task 1 ought now in a measure to be appeased. Brethren, abide ye in peace. Washington Territory will wait a long time, will muse and meditate many months, before thinking np a better name than the suggested one of Tacoma. Randall's tariff bill is nearly com pleted and will be made pnblic in a day or There is business enough before Con grass to keep it in session night and day throughout the year, even with the closest attention and a general disposition to posh it to results. Even if the time of Congress were to be exclusively devoted to the con sideration of the tariff and internal reve nue laws alone, it would be a good six months job to perfect a bill that would do equal justice to all sections, classes and interests. Among those who want duties reduced, each one has some special interest dear to his constituents that he wants exempted from the general redaction. And so of those who want protec tive duties, some want them higher than is necessary for protection, though moderate and reasonable in regard to in terests in which they are not specially in terested. In all this clashing of interests it is next to impossible to strike the proper medium. The result is usual that after a certain time of wrangling all get tired and mutually agree to drop the subject. Not unfrequently the two houses begin early to disagree, and seem more intent to defeat one another than to reach a reasonable compromise. After all it is only a compro mise that will do anything in the end. There are some general principles that onght to be kept clear in view in all these revenue changes. All sections and interests must be considered and equally protected. Vested capital and established industries should be cared for rather than plans for the introduction of new indus tries, and any changes deemed desirable should be made by gradual approaches. It is not only necessary to consider our selves, bat how these changes will affect foreign nations and trade. We can well make more favorable rates with nations that favor us. As a general principle we believe duties on foreign imports should be kept pretty well up by general law and all departures regulated by special com mercial treaties, giving special favors in return for similar ones. There is one substantial argument of constant and considerable force in favor of abolishing all internal revenue taxes—it would do away with all the officers now employed in their collection. If our reve nues are all gathered from a single source it will not reqnire any more enstom houses and but a small increase of force. The customs officers are all located on the sea board and come little into contact and rarely into conflict with most of our peo ple. In a large section of the country the amount of internal revenue collected does not pay the cost of collection and only serves as a constant irrita tion. If the dnties are imposed on foreign imports, a Urge share of the tax is actually borne by foreigners and the bal ance is equally distributed among all con sumers in all parts of the country alike. The duties on general necessaries should be lower than the duties ou luxuries, but we believe on principle that all imports from abroad should pay some tax, and exemp nuu mir mau« io lavur tnose wno ravor us or to encourage commerce by lower rates on goods imported in American ships. We are quite ready to go even further than the Randall bill proposes and abolish all in ternal revenue taxes, together with the whole official machinery for their collec tion. Men trained by the experience of Bleed ing Kansas in days of border ruffianism may be pardoned bitterness of speech when challenged to recar to the events of the late war. Kansas is familiarly known at present as the "Soldier State," its popu lation being more largely composed of veterans of the war than any other. The assauLs of Vest and Blackburn evidently irritât -d the president of the Senate, who never sugar-coats his pills. The man who attempts to assail Ingalls had better amuse himself with hand ling a hot poker. Perhaps his assailants thonght they bad him at a dis advantage in the chair of a presiding offi cer, but we believe Ingalls would resign the presidency of the United States rather than miss a fight. Vest was shrewd enough to stay away and take the tire at long range, and Blackburn must have wished he had imitated Vest's prudence. We regret Ingall's speech, and the provo cation as well that called for it, just as we regret the necessity for hanging the man who commits mnrder. The government statician's report shows a still farther decline of between two and three per cent, in the number of sheep in the country the last year. Is there any thing in the condition and prospects of the sheep industry to justify the murderous assault of the administration upon ono of the oldest and most useful and honorable occupations of the world ? There are ninety millions of dollars invested in this industry in this country, representing ten per cent, of the industry in the world. If a foreign power should attempt to do what the administration is doing the country would fly to arms and bo justified in pro claiming war. Is it any lass a crime when perpetrated by those who have been hon ored and trusted by the people ? While Ingalls in the Senate was laying on his scorpion lash, a scene of similar character was presented in the other house over a contested election case in an Ala bama district, and the Virginia champion of Southern election methods found him self picked up unceremoniously in some of his allusions te historical and recent events. O'Farrsll's statements that the Southern blacks had discovered their friends in the Democratic party, and that they were still abject slaves to their preachers, were rather confusing and contradictory, nor did his statement explain, as he intended, the great reduction in the Democratic vote and representation of Virginia. 1 The Pnblic Library, through the care lessness of shipping clerks, have on hand a few duplicates which they would like to dispose of at cost. Napier's Peninsular War, five volumes; Mabel and Elsie series, five volumes; Agassiz's Life and Corres pondence ; two volumes ; Spencer on Edu cation, and Lowell's poems. They can be at the library. Montana enters upon the new year in splendid condition, with her general treas ury well supplied and not a debt outstand ing ; with her rank as the leading pro ducer of the precious metals achieved with her railroad connections completed as to trank lines, and well advanced in branch construction, and with her stock interests greatly recovered from the losses of last year. We shall see a larger immi gration this year than ever before, proba bly doable than that of any former year. Montana is ripe for Statehood, and with a control of oar destinies and a real represen tation in Congress, our development would be greatly accelerated. The striking engineers on the C, B. & Q. road say they only ask the same pay that is given on other roads, and this seems no more than right We are in favor of a congressional investigation, for we believe some law is necessary to prevent loss and suffering to the pnblic by snspension of railroad traffic, whether it is the fault of the managers or the employes. As a gen eral principle, neither the railroads or the public can afford to be served by incom petent, poorly paid and dissatisfied engi neers. The Northern Pacific and Manitoba companies are pressing each other on Helena businers. Five months ago the Manitoba made the first cat on freight rates and this month have slashed into the passenger traffic. The Northern Pacific met both cuts, and have now done a little freight cutting on their own hook. Matters are growing interesting iu railway circles, and many regard this as only the opening of the ball. We may have a regu lar fancy dress party before the summer comes. Senator Voorhees has become sponsor of a bill that will require the schools of the Territories to introduce the reformed system of spelling, the principal feature of which is the omission of all silent aud superfluous letters. There is no law that we know of that prevents an; one either in a State or Territory, in Congress or out, to reform bis own spelling. Bat we do re sent with all our might the insulting im pudence of Congress in all attempts to dictate what shall or shall not be taught in the schools of the Territories, towards whose support Congress has never yet in any way contributed a single penny. For lack of sufficient allowances to pay the expenses of their offices numbers of postmasters of the second class are tender ing their resignations. The P. M's. of Los Angeles and Pasadena. Cala., Spokane Falls Washington Territory, and Boise City, Idaho, have resigned, and others are ready to follow suit. The Helena post office is abont the worst off of any, and we shall not be surprised to hear that Mr. Curtis will be the next man to throw up the job. Chicago boasts of a late invention that is to produce gas cneaper tnan can Be supplied by gas wells. We hope no time will be lost in getting the invention before the pnblic. Cheap light and fuel are the great aims of modern civilization. It may be possible that rail transportation will some day be cheaper than water transpor tation and steam power than water power. Twelve hundred Republican clubs have sprung into existence since the National League was started in New York a few months ago. Each one of these clnbs is seenring a powerful membership] and al ready is wielding a potential political in fluence. On the protective tariff issue great numbers of Democrats are joining these clubs. Let us organize in Montana Vilas' aristocratic airs and red-tape style is not exactly relished by such Dem ocrats as Voorhees and Beck. It seems that the Secretary can only be approached by means of a blank application furnished to every visitor to be filled out and carried up to his high-mightiness on a platter. Whew ! Clays Spbeckles is on the war path against the sugar trust, and is carrying the war into Africa. Spreckles has the means, the experience and evidently the disposi - tion to do something effective to supply this country with cheap sogar. We have more faith in Spreckles than in Congress to give ns a practical solation of the ques tion. The annoancement of reduced freight rates between St. Paul and Helena over the Northern Pacific will be heard with satis faction by shippers and consumers alike, without criticising the inspiring motive. Cheaper freights will promote more orders and increased consumption. The railroads will not lose anything by reducing their rates. In the House to-day a resolution by White (Ind.) was referred, providing for a committee of five to proceed to Chicago to investigate and mediate in the matter of the Brotherhood strike. The number of roads represented by members of the grievance committees of engineers and firemen is upwards of twenty. _ So far as we are concerned, we want to see both roads to the Rocky Fork coal mines built and operated. The more roads the better and the more coal the better. Some Republican clubs are reported from West Virginia, made np almost exclusively of ex-Confederates. The tariff has done it. Maine seems to be voting a protest against the fisheries treaty and,the free list Celebration Postponed. Fort Benton, Mareh 5th.—[Special to the Herald.]—The formal inauguration of the water works and electric light service, which was to have been celebrated last Saturday, was postponed on account of the fhilnre to complete the works at the time specified. The banquet and other pro ceedings to commemorate the event will be delayed a few days. THE SMELTING PLANT. A Start Made on the Great Falls Re duction Works. Two Millions to be Expended and Twenty Acres Covered. Great Falls. M. T., March 5.—[Special to the Herald.] —Puris Gibson strack the first pick on the redaction works at one o'clock. The building will be twelve hun dred by five hundred and fifty feet and will cover twenty acres, besides boarding and lodging houses. The plant will use six million brick. The smokstack will be thirty-two feet square and one hundred and fifty high. Two million dollars will be expended on the works. ANOTHER AND FULLER ACCOUNT. Great Falls, Mont, March 5.—[Special to the Herald.]—Work was formally begun to-day on the redaction works which the Montana Smelting Company are about to build near the Great Spring, midway be tween the Black Eagle and Rainbow Falls. The first earth was dug by Mr. Paris Gib son, and Mr. Hngh Kirkendall, of Helena, discharged some explosives, thereby loosen ing a large mass of gravel and making way for the foundation. Many leading citizens witnessed the formal commence ment, which has excited general public interest. The Herald correspondent has received accurate details of these works, which will be on a scale of great magni tude. The main building will be 200 feet long and 550 feet wide. It will embrace a department for each b-anch of the business. The sampling works will occupy an area of 150 feet square. The blast furnace section will be 186 by 100 feet, and will contain five 65-ton water jacket furnaces. Back of this will be bins occupying a large part of the building. The roasting section will contain twenty roasters, connected with the roast stack, which will be 28 feet square at the base and 125 feét high. The main stack will be 150 feet high and 32 feet square at the base. There will be twelve railroad tracks throughout the building or leading thereto. The works will have a daily capacity of 225 tons and are only the first section of an immense industrial establishment. Among the other buildings will be a board ing and bunk house, which will each ac commodate 300 men. There will also be a building for the company's offices and residences for the staff and workmen. Water power will be used throughout the works, which will also have ten steam en gines of 250 horse power. The entire property will be lighted by electric light and there will be extensive water works. An immense quantity of material will be used in construction. Six million brick will be required, of which five million have been bought here ___ J TT„1 ~ OU.. .il... . ■ ■»«.. t,mÊ ±mm elude 1 , 000,000 feet of lumber for frames and the like ; 20,000 bushels of lime ; 5,000 tons of sand and 600,000 fire brick, the latter of which are coming from Cleve land, Ohio. The sampling works will be completed by Jane, when the company will be ready to receive and pay cash for ores. The entire works are to be finished in August. The officers of the company are Anton Eilen, President ; Edward Cooper, Vice President; W. S. Gurnee, Treasurer and H. W. Child, General Mana ger. The staff includes Val Laubenheimer Accountant ; W. W. St*wart, Chief Clerk ; C. G. Griffith, Engineer ; Robt. Stiehl, of Pueblo, Colorado, Metallurgist. The only stockholden ara Mayor Hewitt, Edward Cooper, Walter S. GurneeTall of New York ; Anton Eilen, of Colorodo, and H. W. Child, of Helena. Montana materials will receive the preference in building this immense estab lishment, which will be built iu such a manner as to keep the money in circula tion at home. The contract for hauling the material from the railroad to the works has been let to Hugh Kirkendall, of Helena, who has on the spot some of the finest teams ever seen here. Keefe & Larson have taken the contract for the excavation and grading at the works. ADMISSION QUESTION. The "Omnibus" Bill to Be Reported to Congress. Washington, March 4 —Representative Springer, in behalf of a majority of the committee on Territories, has prepared a report which he will present to the House, recommending the passage of what is known as the "omnibus" lull, to enable the people of the Territory of Dakota, Montana, Washington and New Mexico to form State governments and be admitted into the Union. Dakota, it says, has an area of 96,596,480 acre«, an [estimated population in 1887 of 568,477 and a taxable property valuation of $157,084,365. It is coocoded that in point of population, agricultural and mineral resources and all other mat ters which eoostitrtto a State, Dakota is fully prepared for admission, and in fact no other Territory is squally well fitted for statehood. The failure heretofore of admission into the Union is attributable to the fact that all organized efforts here tofore made in the Territory have had di vision in view. The regret is expressed that even now there are some well disposed people in the Territory who will insist that Dakota should not be admitted into the Union aa one State and who prefer that there should be no admission until a division is accomplished. Attention is called to the fact that 25, 284,711 acres,* comprising more than one fourth of the entire area of the Territory, is Ihdian reservation land, and excluded from the jurisdiction of the propsed State. The climate in the northern part of the Territory and the character of the lands west of the Missouri river are stated to he such as to preclude the possibility of a dense population in those regions. If, however, the Indian title should hereafter be extinguished and the population be come so great as to make a single state government unwieldy, then Congress may provide for a division into two states. Montana has an area of 92,016,648 acres. The population is estimated at 175,000, and the taxable property valuation in 1886 was $55,076,871. The Indian reservations in the Territory comprise 20,574,648 acres. The art» of Washington Territory is placed at 44,796,160 acres of which 4,107, 558 is Indian reservation lands. The population in November last was esti mates at 160,000 and the taxable property in 1887 was given as about $56,000,000, not including railroad property, and no refer ence is made to its great mineral and [lum ber resources. The are*, of New Mexico is placed at 77,568,640 acres of which 9,586,225 is comprised of Indian reservations. The official census of 1885 showed a population of 134,141, and the taxable property in 1886 amounted to $56.000,000. The growth of the Territory has been much retarded by the unsettled condition of land titles. The report concludes : "The four Territories whose admission is provided for in this bill have population und resources which entitle them to ad mission into the Union. It should be the policy of Congress to admit Territories into the Union whenever these conditions are realized. The committee therefore recommend the passage of the bill as re ported. TH E CATARACT C ITY. Notes from Great Falls—-Railroads, Smelters and Coal Mines— Personal Notes. Great Falls, March 3.—[Special Her ald correspondence.]—The weather is cool but pleasant in this vicinity. The recent cold spell has stopped plowing, but many of our farmers have already put in their wheat. Forty bushels uer acre of wheat last year was raised on the "desert lauds in this vicinity. If any ol the Eastern States can produce better crops let them "trot 'em out" the sand coulee railroad has been rapidly extended to within about four miles of the mines and will be fin ished in a few weeks. The coal is being used on the Montana Central and St. 1', M. & M. railroads and will soon be ex clusively used. Coal sold at these mines last winter for $2.50 per ton. and it is said it can be profitably mined for one-fifth that amount. The coal produces first-class coke and has stood the most rigid tests. It will doubtless sell in Helena for §4 or $5 per ton and will help build up your city. Next week ground will be broken for the reduction works, where $1,500,000 will be expended the coming year. These are located about three miles from town. Though there is very little said about it, yet there seems to be a boom in real estate here. I was told by the gentlemanly Recorder that nearly 200 instruments had been filed for record in his office the last thirty daye. A visit to the townsite office showed me clerks and notaries rustling with a large stack of deeds, while the real estate agents aie full of business. I was pointed to the corner lot of a young blacksmith, which has just sold for seventy-five hun dred dollars. He came here without a cent two years ago but was industrious and temperate, made several investments, and is now rated worth twenty thousand dollars. On looking around the town one finds A GREAT MANY HELENAITES. Misses McBrine and Rich, of Helena, are in charge of the schools at this place aud give great satisfaction. Alex and Ben Lapeyre are doing a fine business in drags and medicines. I. L. Israel & Co. and W. B. Raleigh & Co.. Uncle Jesse Taylor, Holter's lumber yard and S. C. Ashby's are familiar names which greet one. The town is inclining to metropolitan honors and the office seekers were oat with a petition for a city organization. The tax payers, however, seem more conserva tive and think this too soon. The nbiqnitous Will Kennedy has lately been here to present his claims to the pnb U. iV,. a - m --- XK>* Slav Z»v|/MbIicauo vw* call to mind his "sadden conversion" to the Democracy on the registration ipatter and his opposiflon to Cascade county and do not take kindly to William. Judge Bach has made many friends here. He has recently left for his Dawson county term. Cattle are looking fat and in the best condition. A range rider informs me that after riding several days he has not yet seen one dead animal. Rambler. CITY COUNCIL. G. N. Miller, of St. Paul, Selected as Engineer for the Sewerage Work and an Advisory Committee Appointed. The city council held a special meeting last night to consider the sewerage ques tion. In the absence of Mayor Steele, Al derman Worth presided. Howey, chairman of special committee, reported topographical surveys completed, and that the contour map would be ready by the 15th inst. The committee had cor responded with two engineers with refer ence to coming to Helena to prepare plans for the sewerage system. These were Peter Hagan, of Albany, N. Y., and G. N. Miller, of St. Paul. Each gentleman asked $1,500 for the work. The committee had finally selected Mr. Miller and decided to recom mend his engagement. They also sug gested that he be invited to come to Helena at his earliest convenience to consult with the loca. officers and committees, look over the ground and inform the council of the exact amount of work to be performed. The names of J. J. Donovan, George Evans and W. A. Haven, civil engineers, were suggested as an advisory board. The re el rt was adopted aud its recommendations ordernd carried oat. A petition was presented from citizens of the Sixth ward, protesting against the proposed erection of a planing mill near the Sixth ward school house, on the ground that it would endanger vicinage property. A communication from Messrs. Willis & Campball, the parties in question, was read, setting forth that they desired to put up merely a carpenter shop and turning lathe, the latter to be ran by an eight horse power engine, which would be en closed in a fire-proof brick building, and will not endanger sarrounding property. Howey opposed the grant of a permit for tho shop and Thieme favored it This being the case, the matter was referred to a special committee, consisting of Wallace, Gans and Hoback, for determination. The council then passed the cab-stand ordinance. It names Main street south of Bridge and Centra street between Sixth avenue and Lawrence streets as stands for wood ; Main 6treet north of Helena and Lawrence street between Main and Clora streets for hay ; Broadway between Main and Jackson streets for drays and Jackson between Broadway and Sixth avenue, south side of Sixth avenue be tween Jackson and Clore streets. Bridge street between Clore and Main Btreets for l acks and cabs, provided they can stand in front of the hotels subject to the orders and directions of the city marshal. Adjourned. Thinks the Strike will Spread. Chicago, March 7.—Chief Arthur stated to the Associated Press to-day that there was serions danger that the strike of the engineers and firemen will now spread widely. "It is impossible to appease our men," he said, "when they know that the railroad companies all over the country are giving ail to the Burlington road, and we are continually in receipt of telegrams showing that companies are rendering this assistance. California Earthqnake. Pasadena, Cal., March 7.—A severe shock of earthqnake was felt here at 8 o'clock this morning. The buildings were shaken, bat no damage done. A DRESSING DOWN. That's What the Kansas Senator Gives Confederate Brigadier* Vest and Blackburn. Washington, March 6.—Ingp.Hs having c'jled Platt to the chair, proceeded to ad dress the Senate, the galleries being crowd ed to their full capacity. He had been surprised one day last week on returning to the chamber after a brief absence to learn that the Senator from Missouri (Vest» had referred to him in terms not compli mentary, and had coupled with personal remarks an intimation that the people of the District of Columbia were incapable of disinterested patriotism, and that the vet erans of the republic were a ruob of sordid plunderers. As to himself he would say that the nomination and election of Grover Cleveland had made the pretensjous of any American citizen to the presidency respectable. There was no man in this country whose ignorance was so proiound, whose obscurity so impenetrable, who<® antecedents were such, that he had not the right to aspire to the presidential nom ination by the Democratic party. He re gretted that the Senator from Missouri was rot in bis seat to day. He would not imitate that Senator's bad example, and would confine himself, so far as he was concerned, to that Sen ator's autobiography. That Senator was born in a State that had not seceded, (Kentucky) and hc.d represented a state in the confederate congress which had not seceded (Missouri.) The senator from Kentucky, Blackburn, had also referred sneeringly to the super-loyalty of the sol diers of the Union. It was curious that the confederates from the Union states were a little more pronounced, a little more aggressive, and a little more violent, in denunciation of the North than -jouied erates from states that seceded. He did not know where the senator from Missour got the figures from when he stated that but 8,000 of Lee's army had surrendered at Appomattox. But one parallel was ta be found to the extraordinary inaccuracy of that statement, and that was the same sen ator's assertion that of 2,300,000 soldier? of the Union army, more than half bad applied for pensions. Such speeches a* those of the senators from Missouri and Kentucky were intended to catch the con federate vote, and they conld catch it. He wanted the senators on the democratic side to understand that the disguise for opposing the pension bills was exceedingly thin; that nobody was deceived by it. The South did not love the Union army,neither did the democratic party. Morgan reminded Ingalls that the Dem ocratic party had nominated and sustained a federal officer, General Hancock, for the presidency. "Yes," said Ingalls, "it did support Hancock, and it also supported Horace Greely, attempting to fool the North. It also nominated and supported that other ally of the confederacy, George B. McClellan. Sach pretensions are alto gether too diaphanous. Why was it, when one of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States who, by one of the strange caprices of history, now sat in judgment upon those great con stitutional amendments adopted against his protest and efforts, why was it, when he arose in the Senate and said that he would resent as a personal affront any im putation upon the honor, integrity or patriotism of Jefferson Davis, when he i. w Im.j mw «rvAW* »vu is»VIS would occupy a niche in history by the side of George Washington, why was it no Senator on the Democratic side arose to re pudiate or disown it? And yet the mo ment any Senator on the Republican side, or any editor of any northern paper, talked about the Union army they were taunted with waving the ensanguined ander garment, raking op the ashes of sectional strife, appealing to partisan hatred and malice. It was time the twenty-four confederates on the other side of the chamber were informed that the northern people were not ill advised about this matter. Ingalls referred to the un veiling of Hill s statute in Georgia in 1886, and the speeches of Grady and Jefferson Davis thereat. He spoke of the same orator having gone to New York and New England soon after, making speeches there, pouring ont his "cold cream and honey and maple syrup all over the North." When, he asked, was that orator sincere ? Coming back to the opposition of the southern senators to the pension bills, he said he did not blame them for it. If the federal government had been over thrown he did not believe be would have felt comforted in voting pensions to confederate soldiers: but he would bave regarded, as the climax of effrontery if they had accepted their par don and had their disabilities removed, and had taken the oath of allegiance to the succe88fnl Southern Confederacy. He had denounced day after day the efforts which the confederates made to reward their own soldiers. It was a little singular that in all the years which bad elapsed since the war there had ne . er come from any States that had been in the rebellion, so far as he knew, a Union soldier as a representative in either branch of Congress elected by Democratic votes. And yet, said he, we have the jailers and murderers of Anderson ville, Belle island and Libby prisons sitting under the flag which they attempted to pall down, legislating for the country t hey endeavored to destroy, and trying to pinch and belittle and minimize the amounts to be paid to the mutilated and disabled sur vivors of the army of the Union. The Senator from Missouri had asked, in a burst of indignation, where all this was going to end. I will tell him, said Mr. Ingalls, and every Senator on that side of the chamber, whether he likes it or not, what we intend to do. It is going to stop when the arrears of pensions are paid ; when the limitation is removed and every soldier on the rolls or who gets on the rolls is paid from the day of his disability, or in the case of a sur vivor from the date of the soldier's death, and when every surviving soldier of the army is pat on the rolls for service only. That is when it is going to stop, and if you don't like it make the most of it. After eulogizing the Grand Army, Ingalls said in conclusion: "We propose to pass this bill; I hope it will pass the other house of con gress, and if it does, let the President veto it at his peril." Turned into War Ships. Odessa, March 7.—The shipment of freight by the subsidized Black Sea Steam ship Company has been suspended, and orders have been given to immediately fit out the steamers of the line for war pur poses. Return of Mrs. Garfield. New York, March 7.—The steamer Trove, having on board Mrs. Garfield and her daughter, arrived this moruiog. The Weather. The damp snow that commenced falling yesterday afternoon is still piling up the "beautiful" flakes as we go to press, and there are about six inches of snow on the ground. The thermometer has been high since the commencement of the storm and has stood all day about ten degrees above zero. There is little or no wind and con sequently no drifting.