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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, March 08, 1888, Image 4

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Ch* Î0* <Mö IfjcraM.
FISK BROS.
R. E. FISK,
Publishers.
Editor
THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1888.
THE WEEKLY HERALD.
A Valuable Premium L'st for the Year
1888
Attention is called to the premiums of
fered for subscribers to the Weekly Her
at.:). The list comprises a large number of
interesting and valuable publications, which
are sent without charge to all prepaying
subscribers, old and new, whose names are
now upon or to l»e added to our books. For
$3.50 The Herald aDd any one of the
several great weekly prints named in the
advertisement will be sent for one year.
Prices are stated for The Herald and one
or the other of the illustrated atlases, which
we have arranged to furnish.
STORMS in Dakota Thursday and Fri
day drifted the snow badly and the
Northern Pacific has been unable to move
a freight train west of Fargo for two days.
Ex -President Grkvy's son-in-law
Wilson, was not saved from prosecution
and punishment by Grevy's resignation.
There will be little sympathy for Wilson
but much for Grevy.
The whole civilized world is waiting
with sympathetic anxiety the final pang
that shall end the sufferings of the Crown
Prince of Germany. Power and wealth
and human skill can do nothing more
There is not a healthy person in the world,
however poor, who would change places
with the heir of the greatest monarchy of
Europe.__
As far as heard from Mr. Cleveland s
allies in the low tariff and free trade
scheme are—
Chairman Mills.
The Dominion of Canada.
The Empire of Great Britain.
These three have reported. Milla is
pleased. Canada is delighted. Great
Britain is jubilant,
it is a triple alliance.
A glorious campaign is promised.
Let the Democratic brethren all "jine
Oi k British cousins seem to be taking
extra precautions to prevent the Sullivan
Mitchell mill. First one is arrested and
then the other. The true inwardness of
the matter appears to be the fear of
Britons generally that the Boston bruiser
is too much for the English champion and
they do not desire to be humiliated by a
lass of the ring colors. The Irish Ameri
can is a terror whom English science and
brawn don't aeom anxiona to ftvoa im »
square, stand np fight.
To illustrate the fallacy of the Presi
dents assumption that the duty on the im
ported article increased the price to the
consumer in this country by precisely that
amount, Dr. Morray Butler recently stated
before the Republican club of Paterson, N.'
J : "Our Pennsylvania road has just
ordered 50,000 tons of steel rails at $31.50.
The present price in England is $24, duty
$17, cost of transportation and other
charges $4. If Cleveland was correct the
American price should be $45, instead of
$3150." _
The original appropriation of $1,200,000
asked for the proposed new postofiice
building at St. Paul has been cut down
one-half by the House committee. St.
Paul kicks. The sum only equals that ap
propriated for the Minneapolis postoffice, a
building which two years after its con
struction was found to be too small to ac
commodate the business required of it
The idea of the St. Paul people is to com
mence with the $(>00,000, make it go as far
as it will, and then call for the other half
to complete the building wanted.
De Lessees has postponed the date of
completing his canal from 1800 to an in
definite fntnre, and further announces that
it will not be attempted at present to
make it a sea level canal, but locks will be
substituted with the promise at some
future time to carry out the original de
sign, if the earnings of the canal will war
rant it and furnish the means. This is an
inglorious though not unexpected ter
mination of the magnificent boasts and
promises of De Lesseps. In all probability
the Nicaragua canal will be finished first
and cost less money than the Panama
canal, taken in its present condition.
The Rocky Fork road is in a hard row 1
a petrified forest, of stumps, as it were.
Attachment after attachment is beiDg
plastered upon it—as many and as thick
as mortgages upon a Montana newspaper
after a "boom" management has got
through with it. The latest we hear of is
a suit instituted by the Northern Pacific,
demanding $1,350 for unpaid freight jaw
boned over the road by the Rocky Fork
projectors. Attorney Goddard, of the
N. P. at Billings, has attached snch prop
erty of the defaulting company as any
where appeared in sight.
The dispatches to-day announce the dis
covery of the sarcophagus of Alexander
the Great at Saida. This is a small Medi
terranean port near the site of the ancient
city of Sidon, which opened its gates to
Alexander in the year 323 B. C. Alexander
died at Babylon in May or June, 333 B. C.,
and it is said his body was deposited in a
golden coffin by Plotomy at Alexandria.
What subsequently became of the coffin
or body is unknown. We accept with
many grains of allowance the story of
finding his sarcophagus at Saida. If it
should prove trne and contain the dust of
the great conqueror of the world, it will
revive interest in the Greek empire that
he founded and be a new reason for restor
ing Macedon to the Greeks and the restore*
tion of the dust of her greatest son to the
land that geve him birth.
REPUBLICAN CLUBS.
The March North American opens
with a symposium on the subject of
"Permanent Republican Clubs,'' in
which a score or more of prominent Re
publican leaders participate, beginning
with Foster, President of the League.
There is a general consensus of opin
ion as to the importance of these organ
izations, if we except John S. Wise, of
Virginia, who gives very good reasons
why the organization would not be ad
visable in Virginia and geuerally in the
South, though Johnson, of Maryland,
and Bradley, of Kentucky, spoke as
heartily in favor of the movement as
any of their Northern confreres.
Nearly every writer contributes some
new idea or takes some different view of
the field to be occupied by such an
organization and how to cultivate that
field.
.Some of the prominent points brought
out are to the effect that the work of the
Republican party is not ended, that as a
permanent organization it must take up
new questions involving the welfare and
progress of the nation; must promote
sound principles and diffuse general
information ; must prevent the growth
of bossism and chasten personal aspir
ations to be subservient to the general
party interests.
This age of progress is a standing
witness to the value of organization and
co-operation. Independent personal
action in au organized society is im
possible. Individual ability, energy and
influence can all be made more produc
tive in working through organization.
So too, permanent organizations are pre
ferable to temporary ones.
In these brief letters it cannot be ex
pected that all the advantages of the
proposed organization would be touched.
The greatest of all advantages, as it
seems to us, would be the work done in
the intervals between campaigns, not
only in drawing lessons from past ex
perience, correcting mistakes and im
proving advantages, but in exploring
and opening up new fields for action.
We should expect from a permanent
organization to see some honorable, con
sistent, worthy foreign policy for the
nation to pursue steadily, mapped out
in grand outline to accompany a general
internal policy to co-operate with.
Let the Republicans of Helena or
ganize such a permanent club at an
earlv dav.
SEKIOUS BUSINESS.
Leaving at one side the relative merits
and demerits of the railroad companies
and their employes, there remains a
third party, the great general public,
whose interests are involved and who
therefore have some right to be heard and
protected. The transportation of mails,
freight and passengers is too great an
interroi tu bo Wy
strikes. If the construction of railroads
is. of such general importance as to
justify resort to eminent domain by
which private property may be con
demned and transferred, it is a matter
of equal importance at least that these
roads should be operated, without which
their construction subserves no public
good. The roads have built up large
communities which depend for current
daily supplies upon the running of rail
road trains. Neither the railroads alone
r their employes alone, or both to
gether, are chiefly interested in the
operation of the roads.
Either the States or the national
government have a clear right to inter
pose for the protection of the public
and say that the roads shall be run and
the public necessities shall not be put in
peril by either the railroad companies
or their employes. Tribunals should be
created to hear and determine finally
all conflicts of interest, and meanwhile
the service must be allowed to go on.
There is no alternative. If ordinary
legislation cannot reach the case, as we
believe it can, the public is strong
enough to change the fundamental law
and confer such power.
Corporations engaged in the business
of common carriers stand in a different
relation to the public from other em
ployments, and there is not the same
reason why the State should legislate
generally on the subject of strikes and
lock-outs.
Murat Halstead opposes in vigorous
style in the North American the proposed
assumption of the telegraph by the national
government under the significant title of
"Increase of the Standing Army." His
chief objection is that only two per cent,
of our people use the telegraph ; that ex
perience in England under more favorable
circumstances shows that it will not pay,
bat cause an annual deficit of ten millions
of dollars. He denies that the Western
Union plant could be duplicated for one
fourth the capital stock of that company,
with all its watery element. It is well to
hear all sides of this question, and is never
wise to ignore difficulties and objections
In reading Halstead's article we coaid not
refrain from the running objections that
would apply equally well to our postoffice
system carrying letters and printed matter.
The whole business of transporting mes
sages by any means seems to be naturally
associated. The best point made in favor
of the Western Union is the showing that
messages are really carried cheaper in this
country than by the government service in
England.
A duty of 50 per cent on foreign pottery
productions has encouraged the industry
in this country to snch an extent, drawing
in capital and skilled labor into home pro
duction so far that prices to the consumers
are only half as mach as they were before
ander a duty of 24 per cent.
Independent: Judge Liddell may be
able to give the boys some snre-thing tips
on striking it in the Louisiana lottery.
THE IfEW TARIFF HILL.
The laboring mountain has brought
forth and the anxious friends are some
what relieved to find the breath of life
remains after all the pains and perils
gone through. But now comes a double
anxiety, for there is the bantling to
worry over as well as the mother. While
the doctors are looking after the ex
hausted parent, the army of wet .and
dry nurses, with their simples and red
flannel, are scampering around in fren
zied style to keep the breath of life in
this beir of great expectations.
Some may hastily imagine that the
bill reported is as good as passed. It
would have been stranger still if a com
mittee organized for this express pur
pose could not produce a revenue
reform bill. The only wonder that
can rationally be entertained is that
it took so long to bring out
what had been agreed upon before con
gress assembled. Morrison succeeded
as far as this with his 20 per cent hori
zontal reduction bill, but he did not
even get it through the House, and not
withstanding that the bill reported is on
the whole more moderate than we antic
ipated, it will be more moderate still
before it passes even the House. Sugar
duty is reduced less than anticipated in
deference to Louisiana democracy. The
new duty on pig iron is given at $0.00
per ton instead of three-tenths cent per
pound. If anyone can figure out a
reduction on that basis he will do better
than we can. But it is of little use to
consider the details of the bill. These
will be greatly changed before the bill
can pass the House. And if it ever
reaches the Senate in anything like its
present shape, it will not pass.
It is enough for Montana to know
that it puts wool on the free list and re
duces the duty on lead and copper. In
these respects it deals a staggering blow
to some of our leading industries. Be
tween the higher wages that our sheep
men have to pay for help and the high
rates of transportation to market, we
cannot raise wool to profit against
foreign competition. There is no profit
in the business now, and with prices
still further reduced the fate of the
business is sealed unless cheaper wages
and lower transportation rates can be
secured. Our sheep men have been
compelled by experienced losses to spend
more for shed, and to fence hay lands
and put up hay. They are just about
holding their own on this increased
plane of expenditure. They cannot
well stand a further reduction. But we
do not despair, because we do notjbe
lieve the bill will ever pass in this form
through the present Congress, and after
another general election we do not be
lieve there will be a Congress in which
such a bill, will ever be introduced. The
bill sacrifices the agriculturalists, and
tbcj mr hilcHigvutf cuvugU iv r»w I v «u«A
strong enough to prevent it.
The blow struck at our mineral products
is just as fatal. The reduction of the
duty on lead will prevent the profitable
working of a considerable portion of
our silver mines, which are are only
worked to profit by the prices now pro
cured for the lead. Our copper mines
will also suffer in the extended competi
tion with countries .„.where labor is
cheaper as well as machinery and trans
portation.
It is our mssfurtune k that the greatest
of all the metal-producing sections of
the country is almost unrepresented in
Congivss. iVith our proportionate rep
resentation no such measure could have
any show of success.
As a general observation upon the
whole bill we can confidently affirm that
consumers will not perceive any reduc
tion of prices. The benefit will be
divided between the foreign importers
and the middlemen. The classes most
needing and deserving protection will
not he benefitted tp any perceptible
extent. It is not a measure that will
benefit the wage earners, wh.l? it strikes
down a large class of those producing
raw material.
We still favor protection to manufac
turers on general principles, but if man
ufacturers join iu the league to wage
war upon the producers of raw material,
they will soon be compelled to drink of
the same cup.
We are more and more coming to the
conlusion that the proper line of action
for those in favor of general protection
to farmers, wage-earners and manufac
turers alike, is to move for the entire
abolition of internal revenue taxes. The
country seems blindly bent on reducing
revenues without providing for the pay
ment of debt or the building of a navy.
Let the tobacco and whisky tax go, then,
with all the officials and machinery con
nected with this department. That
would conciliate some of the Southern
States and put them in interest along
with the party that favors a protective
tariff.
The eighty thousand dollars which Con
gress is willing to appropriate at this time
for the Helena public building may be
enongh to cover the cost of the gronnd
and perhaps give a start to the structure,
but will hardly go beyond. To secure
complete anything like the building at
present needed not less than a quarter
million of dollars will be required. Far
tber than this it is not necessary to specu
late just now, bnt within the next five
years Helena will want and demand a
building the cost of which will exceed a
half million of dollars. *
Where the employes are admitted to a
participation in the general profits of the
business, strikes are unknown. It seems
to ns this pointa the way to a trne solution
of all conflicts between labor and capital.
March comes in something like a lion
and we trust will go out like a lamb.
BULLION CERTIFICATES.
In the North American for March
Senator Stewart gives more fully the
ideas and purpose embodied in the bill
that he has introduced in the Senate.
In brief, he proposes to fully remonetize
silver, taking all that is offered at the
treasury and issuing therefor coin cer
tifictates, the same for silver as for gold
at the present rate of sixteen to one as
the relative value of the two metals.
This new species of currency with a
metallic base of equal breadth would, as
he thinks, be the best money the world
has ever seen. It would soon displace
the legal tender and national bank
notes, nearly seven hundred millions
which have no metal base, except the
$100,000,000 reserve of gold in the treas
ury. It Would wind up shortly all banks
of issue and confine the banking busi
ness exclusively to deposit, discount and
exchange. Stewart thinks, with good
reason, that the loss of certificates would
fully equal the cost of coinage and other
incidental expenses, so that the govern
ment could well afford to buy all bul
lion offered at full price and issue coin
certificates at once. We should soon
have but one kind of money—gold and
silver, or paper representing these
metals.
The fear that we should be inundated
with foreign silver is not overlooked, but
is reduced to very moderate dimensions.
He estimates the amount of silver bul
lion in Europe and America at less
than $10,000,000, and the entire mass of
coined silver in Europe at less
than one billion. The difference in the
rates of value between silver and gold
in Europe and America would prevent
its being bought up in Europe to be
shipped to the United States. It would
be a losing game. He asserts as a fact
that the present ratio of production of
silver to gold is not greater than during
the 200 years preceding 1875.
Such action on the part of this coun
try, we have not the least doubt in the
world, would be a grand success and give
us the full control of all the money
markets in the world and very soon the
greatest share of the business, commerce
and trade in the world. Our coin based
certificates would soon become the favor
ite currency of the world.
While we do not expect to see this
measure adopted at once or without a
struggle, we believe it is coming.
THE IDEM OF MARCH.
To-morrow is the 4th of March, and
President Cleveland has only one more
year left of his official term. Of couise,
after all he said in his inaugural against
a second term, he will not be a candi
date for re-election. Those words stand
nnrecalled by their author, and if he is
a man of fixed purpose and consistent
action, claimed for him by his admirers,
A/y «^.4 Pftn Kaut Kp CQU1 (\ ©«••**♦• ~ —•
nomination. The Democrats will point
with some show of triumph to the fact
that the country has continued to pros
per under Democratic administration.
But the sufficient reply will be that ours
is a government of law and that the
laws have not been changed in my ma
terial respect from the shape into which
they were fashioned by Republican
policy. Only the office-holders have
been changed. In all else the govern
ment is running on the Republican
track. With a free trade congress and a
free trade president the country would
soon drift back to the sorry plight in
which Buchanan left it, without surplus
or credit, weak and divided. À Repub
lican Senate has stood in the breach and
saved us from the ills naturally conse
quent on Democratic ascendency.
Andrew Carnegie writes in the March
North American on "The President's Puz
zle—the Surplus," and shows most con
vincingly the shallowness of the reasoning
that concludes that any surplus reduction
can come from lowering the duties. The
the treasury surplus is no more than hap
pens in any case where a man keeps the
money in his pocket w^th which he ought
to pay his debts. There will be $230,000,
000 of national debt fall due in three
years, and it will take a surplus of $75,
000,000 each year to furnish the means to
pay it when it falls due. Instead
of waiting till the money falls
due with the accumulated inter
est, is it not better to apply the
surplus as fast as it accumulates and save
a part of the interest that otherwise must
be paid in fall. It doesn't require a high
degree of intelligence to comprehend the
advantage of snch a course. The adminis
tration and the Democratic party seems to
be acting upon the false assumption that
oar war debt is paid. Congress has been
in session three months and has j ust passed
through the House a bill to authorize the
Secretary of the Treasury to buy up and
cancel outstanding bonds. If this had
been done at once, as the seeming gravity
of the case demanded, $180,000 might have
been saved the country, and the $40,000,
000 8nrplns would have been out at work
earning other dollars and famishing labor
to idle bands.
Inter Mountain: The advices fail to
state why it is necessary to get Liddell oat
of Louisiana, or what confederate regiment
he served in dming the war to destroy the
Union, bat it seems that his services were
sufficiently eminent to call for the recogni
tion of a Democratic president, and the
people of Montana most take their medi
cine. This is the second intimation that
the President has given of the fact that he
considers the Louisiana delegation to the
St. Lonis convention in need of carefnl at
tention. This now seems to be a govern
ment of the solid South, by the solid, South
and for the solid South. We trust it is
not necessary in this connection to call at
tention to the home rale plank in the last
national Democratic platform.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria^
GENERAL TERRYTO RETIRE
Vacancies of Major General and Brig
adier General in Prospective.
Miles and Crook, Brooke and Otis Prom
inent in the Line of Promotion.
Washington, March 1. —[Special to
y «Herald.]— Current report here is to the
fftet that Major General Alfred H. Terry,
commanding Division of the Missouri,
with headquarters at Chicago, will retire
from active service soon after the expira
tion of his present leave of absence, several
months of which has been spent in Florida
in recuperation of bis health. That this
report is credited in military circles is
inferred from certain army and political
influences at work for General N. A. Miles,
commanding Department of Arizona, and
also in behalf of General George Crook,
commanding Department of the Platte,
both of whom are being pushed for the
succession. Generd Crook is believed to
stand first in the preference of the head of
the army. General Sheridan, and the Secre
tary of War, and the President will prob
ably conform to their choice. The Briga
dier vacancy, which occurs in the event of
the retirement of Terry and the promo
tion of Miles or Crook, will, it is anticipated,
bring on a lively contest in which a
half dozen candidates are expected to take
part. A number of these candidates have
already been here or have had their friends
investigating the situation and inquiring
into their chances. The impression is
pretty general that Colonel John R.
Brooke, Third Infantry, commanding the
Military District of Montana, stands
first for the Brigadier succession, with
Colonel Elwell S. Otis, Twentieth infantry,
commanding at Fort Atsinaboine, as second
choice.
THE CU1JDEN CAMPAIGN*
Cleveland derives a good deal of com
fort from the fact that the free trade cam
paign on which he has launched the
democracy is assured the moral and mone
tary support of the Cobden club. The
mugwumps, too, are free traders, and are
confidently relied on as unswerving allies
of the British policy adopted by the
administration. In recent numbers of
Harper's and Fuck are cartoons commit
ting both publications to the president's
new departure. The time having come
when he could most safely do so, Curtis,
the apostate, who has posed as a reformer,
throws off his deceitful mask, and openly
marshals his troops in the Cobden column.
Curtis and his fellow mugwumps opposed
Blaine, not on personal grounds, as they
pretended, bnt because he upheld a policy
that protected American labor and fos
tered American industries. Their attitude
toward the Republican party—the party of
progress and protection—is unchanged
since Blaine's refusal to again permit the
use of his name before a presidential con
tention. The real animas of mngwumn
defection is now pretty clearly exposed,
and the treachery of Curtis can no longer
mislead any one.
Capital Chat.
The latest report is that oar new Jadge
is a temperance man and somewhat of a
prohibitionist, bnt before lending it cred
ence it wonld be well to remember that he
is a Liddell and comes from Louisiana.
*
* *
There has been much speculation as to
whether or not the new Jndge has a son.
It is still an undecided question, but some
one says his clerk will be a Mr. Jones—he
has been waiting to get even with the
Jones family for some time.
*
* *
Colonel Wheeler thinks Judge Liddell
should not be called a carpet-bagger, as he
is witbont doubt an old time Montanian.
He comes from Louisiana, and Montana
was originally part of the Louisiana pur
chase. Hence tne conclusion.
* ,r *
"Who are those two Englishmen?" asked
an old-timer to-day, pointing to two fig
ures walking up Broadway, carrying cape
overcoats and cane. "Those are not Eng
lishmen," replied his companion. "They
are Will Wallace and Secretary Webb, who
have been to America."
*
* *
"Pshaw," or something ^ronger, said a
disgusted citizen as he stepped ont of
the postoffice yesterday with an armful of
papers. "This is the way my mail comes
now—none at all for some time, and then
three days' mail in a bunch. If the
administration would substitute a little
mail service reform in place of tariff reform
how mach happier we would be.''
*
* *
Mayor Kenyon, of Butte, is expected in
Helena to-day. It i9 understood
that the City Council, Board of
Trade, Y. M. C. A. and other societies will
turn out to escort him up from the depot
as it is his first visit to Helena. A young
Capitalian, by the way, asserts that that
was the platform on which Kenyon was
elected Mayor of Butte—his opponent had
been to Helena and he had not. From the
present visit of the popular official, there
fore, we infer that he is not a candidate
for re-election. We hope that our people
will vie with one another to acquaint him
with the many fine points of our city gov
ernment. A committee should be ap
pointed to show him onr paved and level
streets, anti-deluvian cross-walks, oar sani
tary system of sewerage as evidenced in
the Last Chance flume, our superior drain
age facilities as demonstrted in the Dry
gulch sluice-box, our absolute immunity
from contagions disease guaranteed by the
worms and bull frogs in the East Side
water, our freedom from fires secured by
building fire places on a wooden floor, the
clean and wholesome condition of our
streets and alleys and several other points
abont onr municipal economy that cannot
fail to interest the chief executive of the
little town over the range. Let not the
son go down on his coming nntil he is
familiarized with onr cityfied superiority.
Washington Gossip.
The Washington Star of the 25th inst.
says. "The latest gossip in society circles
is that Secretary Bayard and Mrs. Folsom
are to be married and that Mrs. Folsom has
gone abroad to secure her tronsean. Many
people regard the matter as a joke, bnt it
is talked about a good deal. It is said the
announcement was made recently at a
West End tea."
How the News Was Received.
There was a judgeship in Montana,
To be filled by his Adipose Honah ;
So he appointed Liddell,
And Savage cried, "H— 1 !"
And the Joneses all shouted, "Hosannah !'
MINERS' PETITION.
Appeals to Congress and the Chief
Executive on the Mineral Land
Question.
The executive committee of the Mon
tana Mineral Land Convention have form
ulated the following petition, which will
be circulated throughout the Territory for
signatures:
To His Excellency the President of the
United States and to the Senators and
Representatives in Congress Assembled :
Your Petitioners most respectfully
submit:
That they are all citizens of the United
States, or have declared their intention to
become such, and are residents ot the Ter
ritory of Montana. •
That they are all interf sted.in the pro
tection and development of the mineral
resources of said Territory.
That the Northern Pacific Railroad Com
pany claims nearly all the odd numbered
sections of the surveyed portion ol the
mineral lands of said Territory, bearing
gold, silver, lead or copper, and has already
caused the same to be certified to itsell for
patent by the United States land officers
of said Territory.
That said certification has Lsen based
upon certain plats made by tha deputy
United States surveyors, and now on tile in
the respective United States land offices in
said territory, showing these lands so cer
tified to be non-mineral in their character;
which said plats are erroneous, ia that they
designate large quantities of mineral land
as agricultural, mountainous and moun
tainous timber lauds.
That under the present acts of congress,
and the various decisions of the supreme
court of the United States construing such
acts, there is little, if any hope of correct
ing the existing errors and of preventing
said railroad company from acquiring title
to these lands.
That only within a few years has quartz
mining proved a paying industry in Mon
tana, and therefore the lands bearing the
precious metals are to a large extent unde
veloped.
That millions of dollars are now invested
and being invested in the development of
such resources, the benefit of which will
inure to said railroad company, if it is
permitted to acquire title to the lands
already certified to. and to which it is not
entitled.
That unless relief is granted said rail
road company will soon acquire the abso
lute title to nearly one-half of the mineral
land of this Territory.
That the acquirement of title to these
lands by the said raiin.ad company would
not only work irreparable iüjury to the in
dustries of the Territory of Montana, and
materially retard its progress, but would
deprive all citizens ot the United States
of the right given them by the statutes to
locate and appropriate our miaeral lands,
and would create one of the most colossal
monopolies that has ever existed.
Now, therefore, We most respectfully and
earnestly pray that snch legislation be bad
as will preserve the mineral lands of the
Territory of Montana, bearing the precious
metals, to the citizens of the United States,
and prevent the Northern Pacific railroad
company from acquiring any lands to
which it is not clearly entitled ander its
grant.
A BUTTE VILLAIN.
A Young Girl Ruined by a Heartless
Lover.
Another scandal has come to light in the
other chapter to the old story of woman's
love and trustfulness and man's basent«?.
The parties concerned lived in Walkerville
and are said to be eminently respectable,
good people. On account of the high
social standing of the yonng lady, the
Inter Mountain withholds the names of the
principals, but gives the following account
of the amour :
The lady had been fn the habit of re
ceiving occasional visits from a handsome
yonng Irishman, who was employed in the
Anaconda mine for some two or three years
past, and as time passed these visits be
came more and more frequent. As he was
fine looking and possessed of good address,
the villian experienced little difficulty in
winning the love of this pare minded and
inexperienced girl, and as he basely pre
tended to be very much enamored of her,
she gave him all the wealth of her honest,
confiding nature. Having won her love,
the next step was to work her ruin. When
the betrayed girl learned of her condition
she besought him to make the only repara
tion he could for the evil he had wrought
by marrying her, and her tears and en
treaties so moved him that he consented to
do so and arranged with Father Van de
Ven to perform the ceremony. The day
before the marriage was to have been
solemnized the scoundrel absconded ; all
subsequent efforts to discover his where
abouts have been futile. The heart
broken girl, with whose fair name no
whisper of suspicion has ever been as
sociated, and her aged and sorrowing
parents have the heartfelt sympathy of the
entire community in this the hour of their
dire affliction.
THE NEIHART BRANCH.
Its Completion ThisSeason an Assured
Fact.
it
The building of immense reduction
works at this place, says the Great Falls
Tribune, will be supplemented by tne con
struction of a branch of the Montana Cen
tral to Neihart and Clendenin, an enter
prise of the highest importance to Great
Falls, as it will render the Little Belt
Mountain mining region wholly tributary
to this city. This branch (which will be
a continuation in part of the line to Sand
Coulee) will be completed the present sea
son, and it will create a boom at Neihart
and the Barker district- that will be felt
throughout North« rn Montana.
With railroad communication and the
development of mines that will follow, we
look to see Neihart, Clendenin and Yogo
furnish hundreds of tons of rich ore daily
for the redaction works at this place.
Unfounded Report.
The last issue of the Butte Mining Jour
nal stated that small pox had appeared
among the workmen at both ends of the
Wickes tnnnel, and that in consequence
several laborers were leaving and the con
tractors found it difficult to prosecute the
work for lack of bands. The Herald
telephoned the tunnel this morning and
ascertained that there was no truth what
ever in the report. The men are all
heaKhy at all the camps near Wickes and
there is not a case of small pox nearer
than Butte. The contractors were very
much surprised and indignant to hear
that such a report had been published and
are at a loss to account for its origin.
They are working fall handed and are
making excellent progress. There is not
a case of sickness at the tnnnel.
Bill Passed.
Washington, March 3. —The House, by
a vote of 197 to 4, passed the Pacific rail,
way telegraph bill.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria^
MINING MINUTES.
The Anaconda Bonds a Property in
Missoula County—-Other
Notes.
[Northwest Tribune (Stevensviilej],
The White Cloud mine, located on the
head of Eight Mile creek, and owned by
Themas C. Marshall, R. J. Latimer and
Bowden 6c Jamison, was bonded to the
Anaconda Company last week for $12,000,
bond to expire six months from date. Tt#
company will be;;in development during
this month, and if the property meets their
expectations a branch road will be run
from Florence to the mine. In this section
there are a number of good locations which
will doubtless be worked this season m
they only need an introduction.
The Helena & V ictor Mining Company
are working two shifts in the Elizabeth
tunnel, and are in 450 feet where they are
cross cutting. Exploring is kept up in the
Curlew shaft, and the usual amount of
high grade ore is being taken out. As
soon as the spur is put in they will make
regular shipments to Wickes.
The Whippoorwill & Last Chance Min
ing Company have been taking out some
fine ore this week, and have contracted to
sink a shaft to tap the face of the tunnel.
They have started the work and will push
it as last as possible.
The Corvallis Netc Idea says: The Mis
soula Mining Co. will put a force of men
to work on the mines n the Mineral Hill
when the snow goes off. This company
has some beautiful mining property which,
with a little development, may startle the
mining men of Montana. Tom C. Mar
shall was in town last week, and he told
us that the company would have a meet
ing soon, and that they were going to work
the mines this sommer for all there is in
them.
Butte Miner: The first annual meeting
of the Constitution Mining, Milling and
Prospecting Company was held yesterday
evening. It is a newly organized company,
and although but little development work
has been done, the owners are satisfied
they have a veritable bonanza. The mines,
five in number, are located about six miles
northeast of Butte, on the main range of
the Rockies. The superintendent sub
mitted a report which was especially grati
fying to the owners present, and it was de
cided to place twenty-five thousand shares
of the capital stock upon the market, the
proceds of which will be 3olely used for the
development of the mine. The capital
stock of the company is $1,500,000 divided
into shares of $5.00 each.
The following officers were elected yester
day : President, M. D. Pratt ; Vice Presi
dent, Christian Weideman ; Secretary Sim
eon Kemper; Treasurer, Isaac Lownsbro;
additional directors, Isador Strasburger
and J. E. Coeneur.
FURNACESATGREATFALLS
Smelting Works on a Large Scale at
the Manitoba-Montana Town.
St. Paul special : A contract has been
concluded between the Great Falls Water
Power Company of Montana aDd the Mon
tana Smelting Company, by which the last
named corporation is to proceed with the
erection of smelting furnaces at the Great
Falls of the Missouri on a larger scale than
has ever before been undertaken, making
the largest plant of the kind in the world.
The Montana Smelting Company is com
pany is composed of practically the batne
gentlemen that are interested in the Colo
rady Smelting company of Pneblo, one of
the largest establishments in Colorado.
The company has acquired 250 acres of
chased 2,500,000 brick, all that can be ob
tained at Great Falls and Helena, for the
erection of their buildings. Contracts for
the bnildings and plant have already been
made, 25,000 tons of metal from the Mon
tana mines contracted for, and the new
works will be in active operation by Au
gust of the present year. The capital
stock of the new company is $1,500,000,
which will l>e increased as required, and
their plans call for the expenditure of
nearly $2,000,000 for the erection of fur
naces and structures to accommodate ths
business that is to be done.
A Strange Item.
We sometimes hear a newspaper item
called "strange," if it happens to relate to
some nnnsaally startling incident. It is
the news which it conveys, that is strange,
and not the item itself. The following
information is neither startling nor strange,
and yet it will be read by musical people
with as much interest as if it were more
thrilling. Among the new musical publi
cations of the month »>.re the following :
"Assyrian Monarch March," by Smith,
piano, (50 cts.); "Fire and Flame Galop,''
piano, by Gobbaerts, (40 cts.) ; "Valse,"
Chopin, piano, (40 cts.), and "Rondo," by
Mendelssohn, (60 cts.), as played by the
wonderful child pianist, Josef Hofmann.
And then come these choice vocal pieces :
"A Ballad of Dreamland," by J. K. W.,
(30 cts.); "Last Wishes,' - song by Gounod,
(40 cts.) : "Ask if I Love Thee," a choice
song by Marion, (40 cts.) ; "God Guard
Thee, Love," a quartet for male voices, by
Nevin, (20 cts.); "Starry Heaven," a duet,
by Pinsnti, (50 cts.), and a "Caprice" for
the guitar, by Foster, (25 cts ). Any of
these new pieces sent to any address on re
ceipt of price, by the publishers, Oliver
Ditson & Co., Boston, Mass.
Killing Fish with Giant Powder.
Says the Missoula Times of yesterday :
Forty-six ChinameD, camped on the Davis'
ranch, Bitter Root railroad, were arrested
Monday .charged with killing trout with
giant powder. They were brought in by
Sheriff Hey fron aud lodged on the second
floor of the court house, which was con
verted into a temporary jail. Hearing yes
terday was postponed until to-day. it is
asserted that these Chinamen bave been
killing fish by the wholesale, and the Rod
and Gun Club have taken the matter in
band and propose to enforce the law. The
Clnb will see that all provisions of the law
are enforced, and it is understood that they
will stop the dumping of sawdust into the
trout streams. Probably there is no mill
man in the county so poor as to be unable
to take care of his sawdust, but if so the
club will give him the necessary assistance.
The Pope's Coronation.
Rome, March 2. —To-day was observed
as the anniversary of the coronation of the
Pope. His Holiness received the congrat
ulations of the Sacred college, Cardinal
Sacconi, dean of the college, delivering the
address. The Pope replied in an animated
speech. He lamented p ore than
than ever hisposition, which, he said,
was nnbearable. He declared if the
Italian government did not prohibit the
jubilee fetes it Was in its owu interest that
it acted and not from any feelings of re
spect for the Holy See. The Catholic
world must be aware of the situation. No
arrangement with the government was
possible until the independence of the
Papacy was restored.
Another Sugar Syndicate.
Boston, March 2. —The Commerce
Bulletin will announce to morrow tl
formation of a stock company in this cit
which expects to control the entire sorgui
crop of the country throngh the use of
new patent process.

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