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THE FUTURE OF ALASKA.
Those who had the pleasure of hear ing Rev. Sheldon Jackson yesterday gained much valuable information as to the resources of the country and the character of the natives. Mr. Jackson has been long enough in Alaska to speak with authority on the subject. In area, Alaska is as large as the United States east of the Missippi, but most of this area is utterly unexplored, and nrobablv uninhabited, if not uninhabita ble. Enough is known of the coast, waters and islands however, to fix its value at high figures as & real estate transaction. We may not agree with the speaker that it is the most valuable of all our land purchases, for the Louisi ana purchase must on every account stand foremost, while we cannot recall a single transaction of the kind that has not been profitable, even the Gadsden purchase, which was the poorest of all, included a settlement of damages for Indian raids, for which we had made ourselves responsible, to the full amount paid. Of the value of the Alaska purchase we never had any misgivings, but our estimates of this value were greatly en larged by Mr. Jackson's statements. The furs, fisheries, timber and mines are either of them worth more than the cost ten times over. If our Alaska coast could be colonized with the hardy Ice landers, Scotch crofters and the fisher men who are starving on the coast of Labrador, it would lead to the develop ment of an industry worth hundreds of millions to this country. There are valuable mines of gold even on the coast, and doubtless richer and more extensive ones in the interior, for the general character of the Rocky Mountain range is the same throughout both Americas, and it extends across the North Pacific into Japan, Siberia and all northern Asia. Besides gold and silver there are also extensive mines of iron, copper, lead and coal, which will some time be made productive. But it was the information in regard to the native inhabitants that particu larly interested us. Bancroft, in his volume on Alaska, in the Pacific coast series, gives much information, but that of Mr. Jackson is much more direct and encouraging as to these people. That they are degraded and cruel savages is true, but they are good, willing workers, and on trial have been found superior to the Chinamen in the mines. iVhen men are willing, able and eager to work, there is every reason to hope and labor for their elevation. Like all people who live in a rigorous climate, they are cruel and superstitious, but they are quick and eager to learn and inclined to be re ligious. With these things in their favor and the further consideration that they are natives of what is now a part of the United States, there is a clear and weighty duty laid upon our people to labor for their improvement. Our gov ernment should provide liberally for their education and to protect them in their rights, while Christian people should assume the responsibility of pro viding for their spiritual wants and moral training. It is sickening to listen to the accounts of the exposure of in fants, the sale of children, the murder of slaves and the whole catalogue of abominations of which women are the chief suffers and victims. The women of America have a great work to do, and they should inform themselves and equip themselves to do it. Whatever we do for the heathens of other lands, and we would not have less, but rather more, we have a greater re sponsibility to civilize and christianize our own heathens. The cost of ore to make a ton of pig-iron is $6 in the United States and in Great Britain it is $1.50. In the cost of produc ing ore 80 or 90 per cent, is the cost of labor. The coke for smelting the ore costs $3 per ton at the English furnace, in the United States $4.75. The labor required to make a ton of pig-iron in this country with the ore and coke furnished is $1.50, while in England it is only 60 cents. And the cost of converting pig-iron into steel is $7.75 in this country and only 80 cents in England. The difference of workmen's wages considered, iron and steel rails are cheaper in this country than in England. The American capital and man ufacturer makes less profit than the Eng lish capitalists. Those who attack this in dustry are making war directly and only upon American laborers. Cut off the tariff close every mine, furnace, forge and mill« turn oat the thousands of men employed in every department of this industry, and who would be benefitted ? Would we con tinue to get iron and steel at the prices they now sell for in England? Not a bit of it Within a year we should be paying as high prices as now and could not get the supply we needed at any price. We hope the Governor's proclamation for the observance of Arbor Day will meet with a general and hearty response. The Governor has no more personal interest in the matter than any one of our citizens. Trees will grow in Montana if proper care is had in their selection and in setting them out and taking care of them. We have the promise hereafter of plenty of water in Helena, and the general planting of trees will add much to the beauty, health, comfort and protection of onr city. We trust our county commissioners will do something for the court house grounds in the way of planting trees and grassing the arid precincts. So too, there should be something done on onr school grounds. Do not wait till Arbor Day comes, but let every one think out beforehand what can and should be done, and then do it Fu ture generations have a claim upon us, and will jnstly consider us derelict if we do not heed their mute appeals. THE CITY ELECTION. It may be that we are mistaken in our judgment of the present indifference about the management of our city affairs, but it hardly seems possible that an election involving so much to us in dividually and collectively could be so near at hand with no more indication of what is to be done, or whether anything is to be done sensibly, systematically and earnestly to secure the services of our best men in the management of our municipal affairs. It is discouraging when men like Wallace refuse to serve. Hardly a man in the city who would be most prominently mentioned—of those who have large vested interests to iden tify them with the prosperity of the city—is willing to be put forward as a candidate. Heretofore it has been a matter in volving expense, and what one party attempts to do, is sought to be outdone by the other. But the greatest objec tion urged is that candidates are sub jected to personal abuse, which men are naturally unwilling to endure, for an office that yields nothing but hard and responsible work. The most respon sible positions, such as those of Mayor and Aldermen, have no salaries attached to compensate for personal abuse and loss of time involved in anything like a faithful discharge of duty. Some have suggested that politics and party organi sons should be dropped in our city elec tions. True, as every one is free to ad mit, there is no chance to apply politics to municipal government, except, possi bly, in the choice of persons to fill posi tions. There is not a duty to be per formed by a city official that has the re motest connection with questions of na tional politics. But still political parties are organized and they have the only machinery and experience that seems adapted to bring out candidates. Espe cially is this true in years when presi dential elections are pending. It re quires a good deal of har'd work to or ganize for a single campaign, and men work together awkwardly who are accus tomed to be in opposition. There is suspicion and jealousy that things will not be evenly divided, and even after election under such arrangements, men do not act freely and easily in their posi tions. So we see no alternative but for the organized parties to take the field and bring out the best men they can name, men who will honor the positions and serve the people well, whether they are called Republicans or Democrats. At least the leading men of both par ties can agree that no money shall be spent on either side to influence voters, and that no abuse of candidates shall be tolerated. The coming election in many respects is to be the most important that we have ever had. The work of building a sew erage system has been determined upon and a large sum of money voted. It is of the first importance that this work be well done, so that it may yield us the benefits for which we are to pay so liberally. It will require constant watching by competent and interested men to see that no defective work done. It should be so done that will be good for a century. The introduction of new water works is also going to involve many new and important questions and duties. To do all that is laid out to be done, and to satisfy all portions of our city will be very apt to increase expenditure and taxation beyond reasonable and prudent bounds. The occasion calls for every man to do his duty faithfully as if the result rested upon his own individual choice and action. We understand a cooking school is to be opened in Helena this season and we wel come the project most heartily. We are convinced that an immense amount of raw material is wasted and spoiled by poor cookery. Good cooking is a fine art that requires study, skill and patience. There are fortunes in it to those who master it, It will save money, promote health, com fort, morality and Christianity. It is not an art that domestics alone should be in structed in, but the female head of the house should know better than the cook how cooking should be done, or the whole household i§ at the mercy of the domestic, The one who employs labor of any kind should know how labor is properly done, So radically and vitally important to the peace, health and happiness of a com munity is this matter of good cooking that we believe all should understand it, old and young, male and female. We be lieve it should be taught theoretically and practically in our public schools and some time there will be colleges and universities to teach the higher departments of it. The world can be revolutionized by cookery. _ Says Labouchere, editor of the London Truth aud member of Parliament : "Were I an American I should be a protectionist, but protection means high wages, and England cannot pay high wages and keep her control of the markets of the world/ Here it is in a nut shell, as every sensible Englishman recognizes. Protection and high wages go hand in band, and so do free trade and low wages. As Labonchere says he would be a protectionist if he were an American, so we say that every free trader in this country ought to be an Eng lishman and look for his support from the country he serves. All the Democratic doctors are trying to diagnose the malady of "The-man-who takes-his-turn-at-the-organ-crank." The more hopeful party physicians are disposed to speak of it as simply "an attack of Minnesota winter cholera," while the old stagers insist that "all the symptoms point to a clearly defined case of carpet-bag gripes." WRETCHED POSTAL SERVICE. The decline of the postal service under Democratic administration is enough of itself to condemn that party and cost it the forfeiture of the executive branch of the government. Everywhere in the country the mails are irregular and uncertain. Roundabout routes are chosen through ignorance and carelessness instead of direct routes. Letters are missent and lost in numbers vastly greater than under Repub lican administrations, and newspaper mail is handled with such indifference and neg ligence that complaints are heard every where. The attempt of a Democratic Con gress, in conjunction with a Democratic administration, to make an appearance of economy in public expenditure for the sake of humbugging voters in the ap proaching campaign, has resulted in a wicked crippling of the public service. There is an outrageous niggardliness in the allowance of suitable facilities and sufficient men. The postal service is in wretched hands, and nowhere is it worse than in Montana. Says George Robert Gleig, a British his torian, who published in 1821 his cam paigns in America: "Should another war occur between Great Britain and America, there is but one course by which it can be successfully carried on by us. America must be assaulted upon her sea-coast, her harbors destroyed her shipping burned, and her sea-port towns laid waste. These are the only evils which she has reason to dread, and were sufficient force embarked with these orders, no American war would be of long continuance." This was writ ten more than sixty years ago, and by one who participated in the burning of Washington. Things have changed some since then. Most of our people scout the idea that war is pos sible between us and Great Britain. It has happened twice, and as to the future there is more likelihood of a war with Great Britain than with any other uation in the world. As sure as we undertake to get the control of the ocean and its com merce, we will be bi ought face to face with a jealous rival at a point which is life or death to England. Without control of the seas, she loses control of all her colonies, including the emipre of India. More than this, she loses the supplies for her manufactures and even the food for her daily consump tion. If any one thinks that England would not put her existence thus in jeo pardy, let them think again that these things are already in jeopardy. No one would think that England could be so suicidal as to continue to alienate and op press Ireland. It would be no greater folly to attack us at disadvantage and de stroy our sea coast cities. This is our vulnerable point. Before we go to building ships of commerce and enter this broad field of contest, we should build ships of war for the doable purpose of protecting our sea coast aud the com merce of the seas that will naturally fol low the culmination of our manufacturing era. The experience acquired in building a strong navy would enable us to build ships of commerce. With the strongest navy we could at once control the Ameri can continent and all the adjacent islands would be ours. Our surplus should go into a navy till we have the best in the world. The decision of the Supreme Court in the Bell telephone case will prove far from satisfactory. Out of a total of nine mem bers only four concur in the opinion. It is therefore in reality a minority opinion. It is a pity that such a monopoly rests upon such a narrow perch and can be permitted to swoop down on society and carry away its plunder and devour it in the sight of its victims, who are powerless to resist. Four-fifths of all the receipts of the com pany are said to be net profits. It is noth ing but licensed robbery. Congress should pass some act at once limiting still further the life of a patent. Ten years is enough. But this limitation of time is not enough. There should be a power lodged some where to limit the charges for the use of a patented article. The government in the exercise of power given by the people to encourage useful inventions, is just as much in duty bound to see that the people enjoy these uselul inventions on reaso nable terms. General Wilson, who made a visit to China two or three years since to examine the country as to its opportunities for rail road construction, gives some valuable in formation that corrects some of our com mon impressions. He says the country is not over-populated, but could easily sup port three or four times as many as now live there. Aside from the Great Wall, there are few public works worthy of notice. The Grand Canal, of which so much has been said and imagined, is a miserable abortion, filled up and washed away in long stretches, and of no earthly account for commerce. Of Pekin he says it is the filthiest city in the world, not excepting Constantinople, without any sewers or po lice. The total revenues of the country are not to exceed ninety millions of dollars, and these revenues have to suffice for all the expenses of the departments, as well as the general government. England's great colonial possessions will in a few years become so populous and strong that they cannot be retained in a condition of dependence. The only way open for England to retain anything like respectable proportions, even [for a second rate nation, is to cultivate Ireland, placate her people, develope the resources of the country, make her populous and her peo ple contented and prosperous. Neither Russia nor all the other nations of the world together are doing such injury to Great Britain as her own bigoted, selfish, narrow-minded tory policy and policy of persecution and alienation. While Paris, Berlin and in fact all of northern Europe are bound in snow, the farmers of Montana have been sowing their grain, and onr cattle, horses and sheep are oat on the ranges taking care of themselves. It is hardly fair to speak of Dakota as pursuing a dog in the manger policy, be|| cause the larger part of the people prefer division. It is well enough for the people to express their desire, and if the repre sentatives of tne old Btatee are unwilling to multiply new states so fast, let them pass an enabling act to admit Dakota as one state along with Montana, Washington and New Mexico. If the people of Da kota reject the offer of admission as a single state, it is no reason why the others may not accept the benefits and come in as states. It does not prevent Congress from acting as it thinks right either as to Dakota or the other Territories. We be lieve that if statehood was offered Da kota without any unreasonable conditions, her people would accept and say no more about division, Nor do we find fault be cause an enabling act is proposed for Wy oming or for Arizona and Idaho. We think there is nothing unreasonable in any Territory wanting to escape the de pendent, helpless condition of tributary provinces with less of substantial self government than the colonies of Great Britain. There are special reasons why the Mormons should not be allowed sovereign state rights, but as for the rest we should be only too glad to welcome them all as states and have done forever with this abortion and abomination of Territorial governments. The government might pro vide for some intermediate condition by which the inchoate states should have rep resentation in congress with a vote at tached, and might have some vote for pres ident also, with a right to choose their own governors and j edges, but the neces sity is fast passing away and there is little use of suggesting changes on this theory. But the atrocious and un-American system of government with which the Territories are now saddled is so grievous that it should not be prolonged a year, or even a day. __ To show the progress that the South is making in manufactures under the present protective system, Senator Brown quotes statistics in detail showing that during the last year the number of manufacturing establishments doubled over the former year, and the capital stock in these new establishments for 18S7 showed an increase of $127,072,000. And he adds : "In view ot this astonishing result, showing the wonderful progress now beiDg made in the South, it seems almost incredible that the chosen représentât ives of t he South should support legislation which tends seriously to cripple if not to dest roy this immense wealth-producing development." When Southern Democratic Senators see so clear ly and speak so plainly on this tariff issue, we may be sure that no solid South is going to sustain Cleveland's free trade de parture. _ Says Senator Brown, of Georgia, in a recent speech, "I do not undertake to speak for the people of Kentucky, but I have no hesitation iu saying that while the people of Georgia deeir© a just revision Of the tariff and the abolition of the internal revenue system entirely, they do not desire to crush American manufactures or reduce the compensation of American labor. On that question they stand squarely on the Democratic platform as promulgated by the national Democratic party in 1884, which no person, or association of persons, except the Democratic party in convention, has power to change." ind Senator Brown shows throughout the speech that in his opinion Cleveland has departed from the doctrine laid down by the convention that nominated him, aud that the Kentucky and Georgia ideas of revenue reform do not harmonize. J. Senator Brown says father that un der the low tariff that prevailed from 1846 to 1860, refined white sugar was was worth from fourteen to sixteen cents per pound, now with the tariff it is to be had for six and one-half cents pt pound. And dar ing the same low tariff period calico was worth at retail in this country from ten to twelve cents per yard, now just as good an article can be had at from five to six cents per yard. This doesn't look as if con Burners had suffered under the effects of high tariff. In fact, as Senator Brown says, the farmers and the great consuming class would not suspect they were being ruined unless in addition to the demon strations of certain college professors, they had the official assurance of the great president to the same effect. If this kind of ruin is to be continued as the result of fostering manufacturers, creating home competition and bnilding up home mark ets, what is to become of the poor farmer ? The portion of the Dominion that we are most anxious to acquire or see annexed to the United States is British Columbia. It is thinly settled and the people are gen erally favorable to the union with us. It wotnd connect our Alaskan possessions with the rest of our domain, and it includes the rich mineral resources of a large portion of the Rocky Mountain region, whose value is yet little known and understood. But the nation that controls the production of precious metals is going to control the des tinies of the world. The time is coming when the Rocky Mountain region will be the richest part of the country and of the world. Independent : Cheering news for the Mis sourians ! The Choteau Calumet announces that a large colony *of Missourians, rela tives of the Younger snd Gibson families, are now on their way to Choteau for the purpose of taking up land and locating permanently on the upper Teton. The editor sententiously remarks that they will materially assist in swelling the Dem ocratic majority next fall. The average value of farm lands in Massachusetts is $43 52, and South Carolina $5,10 per acre. Yet every one knows that the latter State has a better soil and climate, and with manufactures and a good home market its lands would become even more valuable. In New Jersey the average of farm lands is $65.16 per acre, while in Georgia it is only $4.30. And yet the States that most need protection and protected industries are the ones opposing them most fiercely. a G. A. R. ENCAMPMENT Large Concourse of Veterans at Miles City for the Fourth Annual Encamp ment. J. 6. Sanders, of Helena, Will Probably be Elected Department Commander, If He Will Accept. THE ENCAMPMENT. Gathering of the Delegates of G. A. K. Posts at Miles City-Large Attendance. Miles City, March 21.—[Special to the Herald.]—The veterans gathered here this morning in attendance upon the fourth annual encampment of the G. A. R. depart ment of Montana, to the number of about one hundred, with other comrades due from posts east and west during the fore noon. THE HELENA DELEGATION, with accredited representatives from Boze man, Livingston and Billings posts, arrived in the city at 5 o'clock this morning in good order and under strict military dis cipline, and found elegant quarters await ing them at the Macqueen House. The posts of the department are represented by many of their best men, and at the opening session at 10 o'clock this mornir g all answered to the roll call with the ex ception ot two or three posts. A FINE MEETING ANTICIPATED. Those yet to arrive include, Missoula, Virginia City, Sheridan and i White Sul phur Springs posts. The missing mem bers will probably report by to-day's trains. All indications point to an interesting and enjoyable encampment. TO-DAY''S PROCEEDINGS. Miles City, March 21.—[Special to the Herald.] —This morning's session was devoted to business, the chief features of which were reports of the Adjutant Gen eral and Acting Quartermaster General Culver, Inspector General Romeyu and Council of Administration. Department Commander Waters deliver ed a lengthy and interesting address, which was listened to with close at tention and was enthusiastically applauded. At 1 p. m. a recess was taken till three o'clock. Comrade J. G. Sanders, of Wardsworth Post, Helena, will probably be elected de partment commander for the ensuing year if he will accept. Delegates to the en campment discussed include Comrades Milieu of Deer Lodge, Eaton, of Park county, Willson, of Bozeman, Shoemaker, of Butte, and others. The city is hand somely dressed with banting and flags, and a warm greeting is given to all veterans attending the encampment. to of of ? we It of of be the the in and in Hknaxub Bboww ahgira up one of the fallacies of the President's message most completely. The President assumes and asserts that the effect of a duty imposed on an imported article that competes with an article manufactured in this country, not only raises the price of the imported article by the full amount of the duty, but raises tbe price of the article manufactured in this country to the same extent. Brown says if the principle is true it applies just as much to raw material and farm produce as to manufactures, and he takes corn as instance. There is a duty of 10 cents a bushel. Now, if the President's reasoning is good this doty of 10 cents is not only added to the 30,536 bushels imported last year, but it raises the price of the 1,936,136,000 bushels raised in this country to the [same extent, which would amount to the magnificent sum of $193,617,500. Going through with the protected list of farmer's products and applying the president's doctrine, he makes out that the farmers of the country have received a', profit from the tariff in the grand sum of $1,203,954,994. Either the farmers have this sum to show by way of profits coming from the tariff, or the pref ident's reasoning is false. A more com plete reductio ad absurdum never was con ceived. a It as is t. Sunset Cox, in his "Diversions of a Diplomat," tells a good story how the stolidity of the Turks was once broken up on the occasion of Dr. Hamlin's exhibition of a phonograph. They listened unmoved while the instrument talked back to Dr. Hamlin in his native tongue, but when he talked Turkish and the instrument talked back just as readily in that tongue, they expressed great surprise that it could learn to talk another language so quick. The Santa Fe strike is declared off and the engineers have returned to work. Contested Election Case. Washington, March 20.—The House committee on privileges and elections to day began the hearing of the contested election case of Lynch vs. Vandever. Jos. D. Lynch was present, but was represented by counsel, E. Hunton. Vandever argued his own case. Hunton argued that the county clerk of Los Angeles county, Cala., in refusing to register 183 names, which had been en rolled by the deputy assessors, acted un lawfully and by such action worked Lynch's temporary defeat.] Vandever defended the action of the clerk, and explained the laws of California on the action. The committee adjourned without ac tion. _ _ _ Manitoba Grievances. St. Paul, March 20.—A special from Winnipeg to the Pioneer Press says : The Manitobans generally uphold the action of Premier Greenway and Attorney General Martin in leaving Ottawa. A dispatch from the capital says the announcement that they had departed came like a bomb shell into the Dominion camp, and it is thought their action in showing the gov ernment that they would not be humiliated will hasten a settlement Before leaving Premier Greenway sent the third and final state document to the Secretary of State, setting forth clearly the grievances of Man itoba and the urgent and immediate want of better railway facilities. The Fort McLeod Gazette (conservative) urges the Northwestern members of Par liament to back up Manitoba in her fight for freedom. MATTERS. MINING Esler's Purchase in the Coeur d'Alenes —Resignation of Superintendent Sizer of the Empire—Other Notes. The Esler syndicate, an association of Helena, Cœur d'Alene and Spokane Falls capitalists, have just concluded the pur chase of some valuable mining property in the Cœur d'Alene country tnat promit*» brilliant results. The deal has been pend ing for some time and was just brought to a successful consummation a few days ago. It is a mammoth enterprise. The mines purchased are at Wardner aud comprise the Emma, Last Chance and Republican Fraction, located northerly from the famed Bunker Hill aud on the same vein. These mines, says the Spokane Chronicle, have been energetically developed during the past two years, aqd are no longer classed as prospects but productive mines. All are covered by United States patents, so that all chance for future difficulty as to title is forever laid at rest. A. M. Esler, repre senting the Helena syndicate, Charles Sweeney, of Wardner, and Frank Moore, of Spokane Falls, being the purchasers. We are informed that it required $75,000 to purchase the controlling interest in two of the miues alone—in the Emma and Last Chance mines. A. M. Esler has the man agement of the property, and has been one of the important personages in bringing the matter to a happy conclusion. One thing the writer knows and knows it well and has for a number of years that A. M. Esler never has anything to do with a mining scheme unless there is money in sight in the mine and sufficiently to pay handsomely ; he is no stock stock gambler. Consequently this is another proof that this is a permanent ar.d will be a profitable enterprise. Mr. Et 1er has secured E. C. (Lum) Ray as his superintendent, the same gentleman he had while he was manager of the Helena Concentrating Company when that corpor ation controlled the Bunker Hill and Sul livan. It is the intention of the syndicate to erect concentrating works this season to handle the immense reserves of conceu t. ating material. Additional development work will be vigorously prosecuted, in fact everything connected with the enterprise shows that it will be one of the great pro ducers of that famous country. MR. SIZER'S RESIGNATION. It is understood that Mr. Frank L. Sizer, Superintendent of the Empire Mining Company, under whose management the mine has prospered and paid dividends, has tendered his resignation to the Board of Directors at London, to take effect May 1st this year. MINING NOTES. Inter Mountain: The Harris & Lloyd tunnel continues to increase its fine show ing. The owners of the property are : One-half by John and Thomas Lloyd and Jerry Griffith, the other half by William Harris and son, John Dunstan and John H. Davis. They have an offer of $80,000 cash for the property by agents, presum ably of one of the local copper companies, but have refused to sell at that price. They have not set any price, but think they can get a good deal more than has been offered. Ibid: Tbe Diamond Hitch mine is located in the region between Burke and Wallace in the Cœur dA lene country, and is owned by Lehes brothers et al. of Ward ner. Joe Powell, who is now in the city, reports that a strike of wonderful rich ore was made in the property last week, some of it assaying as high as $500 per ton. It is a silver-lead ore of the same character as that of the Tiger and Poorman. The find has created considerable excitement. Butte Miner: There was considerable excitement on the streets yesterday, caused by a rumor that the vein had been struck in the West Granite, and that in conse quence thereof stock on the St. Louis board had jumped from 40 to 65. There were, however, many doubting Thomases. a of to of is CONGRESS'. SENATE. Washington, March 20.—Blair, who yesterday introduced a bill giving prefer ence for civil service appointments among the men who had been disloyal during the war and to those who had served in the confederate army and who were suffering from wounds or disabilities, asked Platt, who had objected to the second reading of the bill, to withdraw his objections. Platt said he could not object a the bill being read a second time and referred to the committee. Blair said he had introduced the bill in entire good faith. He understood that in North Carolina there were to-day 20,000 ex-soldiers of the confederacy who had lost limbs in the service, and that a very large number of them were in poor circum stances. It seemed to him that if the gov ernment, under this administration or un der any other administration, gives ap pointments to men who had been disloyal the preference should be given to those who had served in the confederate asylum and were now disabled, other things being equal. Debate was conducted up to 2 o'clock, when the bill went over till to-morrow without action. Speeches were made by senators Platt, Hale, Berry, Blair, Hoar, Riddleberger, Hampton, George, Mander son, Daniels and Hawley. Southern sena tors, while expressing the kindliest feeling for the generosity and philanthrophy which had prompted the introduction of the bill, disclaimed all desire on the part of the ex-Confederates for the passage of any such exceptional measure, but thought as a matter of courtesy and uniformity of practice the bill should be read the second time and referred. Northern senators were of one accord in condemning the measure as unwise and ill considered. HOUSE. A bill was reported to prevent the em-' ployment of convict and alion labor on public woiks. Placed on the calendar. Weaver, of Iowa, introduced a bill pro viding for the issue of legal tender treasury notes, in lieu of the notes estimated to be lost or destroyed. Referred. At the expiration of the morning hour, the House resumed the consideration of the resolution assigning four days for the transaction of business reported by the Committee on labor. The opponents of the resolution, led by Rogers, of Arkansas, proceeded to ob structive methods to prevent action. After one roll call O'Neil stated that in order to remove the pretext under which the gen tlemen were resorting to filbustering tac tics, he was willing to amend the resolu tion by striking out the clause limiting the "time of debate on each measure called up. Rogers objected to the charge that he was acting u^der pretext The reason he was offering the obstruction was that the committee on labor, with four bills on the calender was asking to have four days assigned, when the appropriation bill was undisposed of and the committee on ways and mevns was maturing a bill affecting the interests of honest labor a bundred times more than any conceivable proposi tion over which tbe committee on labor had j urisdiction. After considerable debate and the elimination of time the clause was agreed to and the resolution adopted. It sets aside the 20th and 23st of March, 18th of April and the 16th of May for the pur pose stated. The floor was then accorded the committee on labor, and bills were pasrod for the protection of the wages of mechanics, laborers and servants in the District of Columbia and the territories, and extending the provisions of the eight hour law to letter carriers. ces E. and the the the of of in is of in to ENGiNEERS CIVIL of of of of to on It of Monthly Meeting of the Montana Society---Paper by Mr. Evan on the Water Works. The society held their regular monthly meeting last Saturday evening at the offi ces of J. J- Donovan, engineer in charge of Northern Pacific branch lines in Montana, E. H. Beckler in the chair Present, twelve members and two visitors. Robert J. Walker was re-elected a charter member Applications for membership were re ceived, read and placed on file. The reports of special committees were read and adopted. 2®sa The letter ballots upon amendments to the constitution showed the adoption of the amendments. Letters were read from Col. J. T. Dodge, acknowledging iu a most graceful manner the receipt of ä beautifully engrossed copy of the resolutions of the society. Correspondence with Benezette Williams, of Chicago, chairman of the board of man agers of the Association of Engineering Societies relative to tbe proposed member ship of this society with that association, was placed before the society and dis cussed. By request, Mr. Geo. E. Evans, engineer in charge of the Helena water works, re cited the engineering features of that pro ject He sketched the general plan and some details upon an improvised black board, pointing out the features of special interest. A partial digest of his remarks gives the fallowing information : The well is forty feet in diameter and contains twenty feet of clear water. The bottom of the well was carried to bed rock. From the bottom eight pipes of four to six inches in diameter were driven as deep as practi cable, and they extend from twenty-four to thirty -six feet below the bottom of the well and have added considerably to the supply of water. The engine house is 38x74 feet and is divided in two equal parts—devoted re spectively to the engines and boilers. There are two pumps, each having a capacity of 1,500,000 gallons in twenty-four hours. One of these pumps is a reserve. They are set down five feet, thereby relieving that amount of suction. The pressure at the engine house is 200 pounds to the square inch and at the court house, on the first floor, 60 pounds per square inch. The reservoir, which has a capacity of three to four million gallons, is two and three-quarter miles from the engine house and is supplied through a twelve inch main. The supply pipe to the reservoir is the same that carries the water from the reservoir) The water, in entering the reservoir, is forced upwards, enabling the employing of a device preventing anchorite The general system haa been arranged with the view of relieving the pipes from sud den shock, there beicg a safety valve at the engine house, used when pumping di rect into supply mains. The pipe system embraces 21 miles of mains and 13} miles of distribution pipe. With the exception of 4,800 feet of the main—leading)from engine house—which is of cast iron, they are of the patented Kala mein pipe, being much lighter than the cast iron pipe and so treated as to prevent oxidation. They will bave a minimum covering of 51 feet of earth and have re ceived a test at the foundry ot 300 pounds pressure per square inch, aud while under this pressure they are struck with a ham mer. The mains are from 12 to 8 inches in diameter and the distribution pipes from 6 to 4 inches. There are 124 hydrants now set, aver aging 300 feet apart in built up portions aud from 590 to 600 feet in outlying por tions of the city. The members discussed at some length the details of these works and also of other similar works throughout the coun try, at the close of which a unanimous vote of thanks was given Mr. Evans for his intesting and instructive account of the future water works of Helena. The meeting adjourned to meet April 21st next at the same time and place. LITERARY SQUABBLE. Controversy Over the Publication o! Gen. Grant's Book. New York, March 20. —The Sun will to-morrow publish Gen. Adam Baileau's version of the controversy which has arisen between himself and Grant's family in regard to the claim which Badeau makes for compensation for servives to Gen. Grant in the preparation of bis "Per sonal Memoirs." The statement is ad dressed to the "American Public" and fills several columns of the Sun. Badeau de fends his position, and is severe in his strictures on the course pursued by Col. Fred Grant in the mat ter. He tells how much time and hard, unremitting labor he gave to the work, aud how his own book, on which he had spent sixteen years, was injured by the success of Gen. Grant's, which he was also put to many pains to make perfect. "I did not write the original matter," said he, "and in that sense did uot com pose the book. The thoughts were Gen. Grant's and iu most cases the original draft of the language, but I suggested much. I told him when to insert descriptions of scenes, where to place an account of a character, how to elaborate on a picture of a battle, etc. I discussed his statements and the advisability of his expressions of opinion, and often persuaded him to change the one or modify the other. I broke up sentences ; I softened or strengthened the effect ; I corrected grammar, and all with tbe knowledge and sanction of Gen. Grant. I always sought to preserve his simplicity and directness and even rugged ness of language, never to betray my own share in the work. He had no idea whatever of building up a chapter of a book or of treat ing a theme so as to lead up to a point or to make a compete picture of arguments. But the book could uot have been made wbat it is without me. There was no one else who had both my peculiar knowledge of the theme and literary quality. Tbere was no one else whom be would have al lowed to do what I did, but he knew how I loved him and how devoted I was to bis fame, and he trusted all to me. I woirid not have told what I am writing now if it had not been extorted from me by tbe im putations referred to by his son. Badeau claims that the letter of dismissal was iu the handwriting of Fred. Grant, with the exception of the siguature. The Herald speaking of General Badeau 's statement editorially speaks of it as fol lows: "Gen. Badeau avers that General Grant drugged, diseased and on the verge of the grave signed the letter written or improperly inspired by his son, Col. Graut, which, had he been iu his right mind, be would not have signed. This letter, how ever, exists in General Grant's band writ ing—written in pencil, as was all of Gen. Grant's literary work in those days of bodily effort and torture, . ud copied by his son for convenience. This fact Gen. Badeau of course knows perfectly well." Senator Brown's speech shows clearly that the Kentucky idea has a very inti mate connection with the the whisky ring. The modem Kentucky statemeu want to reduce the tariff which protects the far mer, the consumer, the laborer and the manufacturer, but they want to retain the internal revenue on whisky for the benefit of about 1,000 distillers.