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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, MARCH 22, 1888. THE WEEKLY HERALD. A Valuable Premium List fir the Year 1888 . Attention is called to tbe premiums of fered for subscribers to tbe Weekly Heb ALD. The list comprises a large number of interesting and valuable publications, which are sent without charge to all prepaying subscribers, old and new, whose names are now upon or to be added to our books. For $3.50 The Herald and any one of the several great weekly prints named in the advertisement will be sent for one year. Prices are stated for The Herald and (one or the other of the illustrated atlases, which we have arranged to furnish. We are not much in favor of tarring and feathering human beings, but if it is to be done at all, we know of none who could wear such drapery more becomingly than Mormon elders. Indeed there is only one infliction that we can think of that better suits their case. Tuesday was a bad day for spring elec tions in New Jersey. The severity of the weather is evidenced by the fact that some who were faithful to their electoral duties were so overcome as to require stimulants. We are persuded that nothing but extreme peril could ever have induced a Jersey voter to take stimulants. The cost of collecting all tbe revenue the government needs by tariff on imports would be very little more than it is at present and the whole internal revenue machinery and officials might be dispensed with. This would leave to the states and their local subdivisions the chance to raise revenues from whisky and tobacco. The anti-monopoly congressmen are aggrieved to the point of requiring the privilege of stopping the whole business of congress to listen.to their answers to anony» mous newspaper writers. We suggest that there is a cheaper and more satisfactory way for congressmen to vindicate their good sense and integrity, and that is by their votes, speeches and general conduct If a dog should stop to hunt for fleas at every little bite he would never catch a rabbit or anything else. It looks as if some desperately hard work had been done to defeat the right of way bill for the Billings, Clark's Fork & Cook City railroad through the Crow reser vation. We can safely conclude that these Indian protests were industriously worked up for the occasion. The plea that Mon tanana wants cheap fuel is rather pervert ed. Two roads would naturally give the result better than one. The claims of Cook City and the mines in that vicinity are certainly deserving of some considera tion. The presence of a rival in the field pushes work better than anything else we know of.__ It looks as if there had been an attempt at swindling on a grand scale in Oregon in connection with certain land grants for wagon roads made in 1864 and 1866. Not withstanding the certificates of successive Governors that the roads were completed the report of a special government agent indicates that there has been no work done that deserves the name. It seems to us that the people and representatives of Oregon are chiefly concered to have this swindle exposed and punished. The loss and the infamy rests on them. If the gov ernment pays for the roads, the people of Oregon are entitled to have them and whatever benefits can come from them. We will venture the opinion that there are not many innocents who will su fier by a forfeiture._ The Central Pacific railroad has shrewd ly employed ex-Senator McDonald as its chief attorney managing its controversy with the government. His political stand ing and influence in the Democratic party give weight to his efforts in behalf of the corporation that does not stand well before the country, and at a time when the anti railroad feeling runs high. The preten sions of the Central Pacific folks are so un reasonable that the country has little patience to listen to them. For instance, they claim that the government was mor ally bound to have discouraged or prevented the construction of any other transcontinental roads, so that their monopoly should not be interfered with. They say that they would have had the means to pay the government claims in full if their revenues had not been reduced. They do not show that before other competitors entered the field they were so applying their earnings as to reduce their indebtedness to the government. Instead of that they used t hese re 80 urses to build independent lines in every direction. Notwithstanding the' impudence of their various claims, there is merit in some of them. The result has been a saving to the government in various indirect ways, perhaps beyond the extreme limits of the government claims. It has re duced t he the cost of t ranspor tat ion of mails suppress for the army and Indian service. It has aided the settlement of large por tions considered as weste desert, and has driven the wild Indians from the plains, making travel in any direction quick, cheap and safe. A world of rich mining region has been opened np, and other roads have been encouraged by the example to be built without subsidy So considering all the results, we think our government can well afford to adopt lib eral terms of settlement, and we hope McDonald will have influence enough among his democratic friends to secure the passage of the measure extending the time of repayment at a low rate of interest. CARPET-BAG GOVERNMENT. The local organ recurs again and again to the subject of carpet-bag government, deprecating the nearly universal resent ment displayed by the Territorial press against Mr. Cleveland's disregard of the pledges contained in the National Demo cratic platform with reference to Terri torial appointments, and in a spirit at once humble and contrite withdraws or amends its late satirical comments applying to commissioned immigrants. The recon sidered position of the organ under the new dispensation is contrary to the general sentiment and expression of its party, and Democrats throughout the Territory, among whom were many and worthy aspirants for official honors to which they had the clearest right to think themselves entitled, are no little amazed at the ex ceptional and offensive attitude of the Helena mouthpiece. We may attribute to ignorance more than mendacity, perhaps, the labored efforts of the organ to mislead its political friends by asserting that comparatively few of the Montana federal officers have been filled by strangers, and that, con trasted with twenty years of Republican administration tbe three years rale of Cleveland, (in honor obligated by the dec larations of his party) have forced upon this territory a small number of carpet baggers. It is of course entirely false that out of the numerous federal positions iu Montana filled by Cleveland, "only five of tbe appointees are from outside the terri tory." The fact is that more than twice that number of appointees, covering by a large majority the most important public offices within tbe territory, have been of tbe class of "assisted political emi grants'' from the States, journeying thou sands of miles from their homes to assume the duties and bold tbe offices to which they were commissioned by President Cleveland. Instead of five no less than an even dozen of such appointments occur to us on the instant. These embrace tbe offices of Governor, Surveyor General, As sayer, Judges, (Pollard, McLeary, McCon nell, Liddell,) Indian Agents, (Williamson, Baldwin, Brisco, Field,) Land Inspector, (Gunn). All the above named officers are importations from "America"—ten of the dozen from States of tbe Sontb and tbe late confederacy. Of the smaller number of resident citizens appointed tbe majority attaining any office of consequence were also those of radical southern or confederate proclivi ties, including Kelly and Smith and Lang horne, as Marshal, U. S. Attorney, and Register of the Land Office. One redeem ing exception to the confederate rale was the commission given a single Federal soldier—Howell, Receiver of Public Moneys. The complaint of Democrats is the prac tice of carpet-bag government. The blame is with the President in making and not with the strangers in accepting Territorial appointments. We may be sure that jnst so long as appointments to tbe Territories are thus made that long will we hear the cry of "carpet-bagger" from press and people." FEOERAL OFFICE FACTS. "Out of nineteen Federal appointees five only are from outside the Territory," said the Democratic cracle. Whereupon the Herald yesterday enumerated no less than a round dozen of Mr. Cleveland's ap point ees made "from ontside the Territory," instancing also the remarkable fact that, with the exception of two, all were from tbe solid South and of the confederate class of Democrats. Tbe oracle farther said that "daring the whole time Montana remained under Republican rule * * * twenty-eight appointments were made by Republican Presidents, of which eighteen were carpet baggers and ten were residents of the Territory." This latter assertion, examined in the light of facta, is quite as hap-bazard and unreliable as the first. Ten is the number of residents stated by the organ as having been appointed by Re publican Presidents. The Herald easily names many more than ten without tear ing a hole in its thinking cap. Here are some of them : Judges—Knowles, Blake, Wade, Gal braith. Secretaries—Tufts, Mills. Surveyor General—Blaine. Land Officers—Star, Child, Lyman, May, Burton, Willson, Bogart. U. S. Collector—Langford, Fuller. U. S. Assessor—Evarts. U. S. Collector of Customs—Cummings. U. S. Indian Agents—Simmons, Alder son. U. S. Attorneys—Nealy, Hedges, Sanders, Page, De Witt. U. S. Melter—Meyendortf. The forgoing list shows twenty-six Federal appointments of resident citizens to Federal offices daring Republican ad ministrations. Bat that is not the full number, Wade. (Chief Justice) first ap pointed from Ohio, was for three succes ive terms of four years each reappointed from the Territory. Galbraith (Associate Justice) was also so appointed for a second term ; Blaine was once so appointed. Bot kin, ditto. Fuller, served the equivalent of nearly fonr terms, or fifteen years ; Cummings, the equivalent of three terms; Hedges three terms: Meyendortf three terms, etc. This enumeration hastily prepared, shows upwards of thirty citizens commis sioned to federal offices in Montana by Republican presidents—about six times the number of such appointments made by Cleveland. The Democratic organ under the new dispensation, is, to say the least, a very careless hand at political statistics. The severe storm at the east has been marked not only, by great loss bntby great suffering and some loss of life. The money damage figures np into the millions. Nor is the end yet Snch a quantity of snow as has fallen will be very apt to cause a flood when the weather changes, especially if there should be a 'concurrence of rain and warm weather. THE AUDITOR'S REPORT. In some respects the annual report of our Territorial Auditor and Treasurer is a good and creditable one. But we can not help reflecting upon what will be the eastern comments on the showing that nearly one-halfoftheTerritorial revenues are required to support the insane, and half of the residue for the support of our convicts. Out of a total revenue of $140,000 all but about $25,000 goes di rectly or indirectly to the support of in sanity and crime. We fear that eastern people will think we are all lunatics or criminals. We venture to say there is not a parallel case to be found in the world where so large a portion of the general revenues of a State are ab sorbed in the support of the insane. Has Montana so many more of this class than other communities, or do other communities fail to provide for them properly, or are we paying an unreason able amount for the support of our in sane? There is no evidence that we have any more crazy folks than other portions of the country. In fact we pride ourselves with good reason for having one of the healthiest countries in the world. The claim that disappoint ment in mining ventures is apt to drive men crazy, is offset by the fact that there is no mining country in the world where there are so few disappointments and those who have not already harvested success are reasonably sure that their turn is coming soon. Nor are we willing to.think that other communities neglect to provide reason ably well for the support of their iasane. No such charges are made, though the country is full of roving philanthro pists whose keen eyes are quick to dis cover social evils, aud whose tongue and pen are prompt to report them. The other alternative, that we are paying an unreasonable sum for the sup port of our insane, is the only one left. While other communities and common wealths have their vampyre trusts of various forms and names, we have one in the shape of an "insane trust," that levies its heavy tax on every citizen and industry iu Montana. Many of those inmates of the insane asylum have property of their own. Many more have relatives who should be made to support them. Aud there are very many others who do more than enough work to support themselves. If the number were reduced simply to those who were really deserving objects of public char ity and these were supported at a mod erate charge, the expense to the Terri tory on this account would be reduced two-thirds. We believe the several counties could take care of their insane at one-third of the expense charged against the Territory. And until the Territory is able to have an asylum of its own and to run it on economical and correct principles, it had no business to undertake their support. COMMERCIAL UNION. The house committee has unanimously ordered a favorable report upon a bill to promote commercial union with Can ada. It is something radically differ ent from the former reciprocity treaty, and proposes uniform tariff and internal revenue laws, and a division of the rev enues. This is virtually annexation. As C'hambtrlain well said, annexation had better take place at once, for Eng land would uever consent to such an arrangement. It would be necessary in this case not only that the revenue laws should be made to correspond at the outset, but no subsequent changes would be made by either party without the consent of the other. Such a restriction on the part of our congress we are cer tain never would be consented to. We see no alternative really between annexation and dealing with Canada as any other foreign power. And the first step towards annexation is for Canada to separate from Great Britain. Even then we could not deal with Canada en tire. Some of the provinces are small and others are large. We should not care to admit the little province of Prince Edwards Island as a sovereign state with two senators. We know how hard it is to get one of our own Terri tories admitted as a state. The trouble would certainly be increased greatly w hen we came to consider the admission of such an omnibus load. We can only look upon this House bill as a measure to hold out an indefi nite hope to Canada, that if she will sep arate from England and dissolve her union, we will consider the case of the separate provinces on their individual merits. In the case of some of them, it would require consolidation with others to form states of proper size. We are not going to have any more Rhode Is lands or Delewares, with equal power in the Senate with such states as New York, Texas and some others. The Rocky Forkers haven't been saving their money for nothing. They have been patting it where it would do the most good—not in pay ing the multitnde of contractors and creditors, bat in lobbying to kill off the Billings, Clark's Fork & Cook City road. With the supposed aid or consent of Mon tana's Delegate in Congress, Messrs. Word Hubbell & Co. seem to have gained their point in suppressing the right-of-way bill of the rival road in Congress. This ap pears to be the case so far as choking off the measure in the Democratic House. The Rocky Forkers have spent the winter in Washington to some purpose. Dakota is having some innocent re venge on the East, where the losses and sufferings from Dakota blizzards were paraded as a warning against Western emigration. MEANING OF THE AMENDMENT. The special from Washington in refer ence to the Senate amendment to the House bill to ratify the treaties with the Indians of Montana is rather obscure, but the only intelligible construction that we can apply is that none of the lands thus acquired shall be subject to entry as desert lands ; that is, the general desert land law is made inapplicable to any of the reservations thus acquired. Why this is done does not appear. If Congress is so opposed to the application of this desert land law it would seem to be easy enough to repeal it altogether. As we have often said before, we regard this law as one of the fairest and most beneficial of all the land laws. The lands that could be most easily irrigated have been almost all taken. Those that remain require the construction of longer and more expen sive ditches. To encourage this work ought to be a special aim of legislation. Under the desert act the general govern ment gets $1.25 per acre, the same price that has been paid for the richest lands in the Mississippi valley, while the people ot territories secure the construction of water ditches and canals of the utmost importance, and without which a large part of our open land would only grow a scant crop of grass, and of such land in such condition a full section would not sustain enough stock of any kind to sustain a single herder in decent shape. So far as we know from all reports the lands in the northern part of Montana are high, roll ing grass prairie, not much different from those in Dakota or the Musselshell val ley. The natural rain fall gradually de creases towards the mountains, but this is partly recompensed by the streams supplied from snows, and irrigation can take the place of the more uncertain rain fall. It would seem that the Senate amendment was inspired by the fear that the public lands remaining must be hus banded. If the new policy will plant a family on every quarter section we shall only be too glad of the result. In the history of Ireland by Hon, Emily Lawless, in onr public library, in the chapter on "the commercial code," will be found the statement that Cromwell placed English and Irish commerce on the same footing. Bat the English soon became jealous of their own people who had settled in Ireland, and began to crip ple Irish commerce by preventing the im portation of Irish cattle into England. Driven from this industry the Irish turned their attention to raising sheep and manufacturing woolen cloth, in which they made snch progress that the English again became alarmed, and in 1669 passed an act forbidding tbe export of Irish woolen goods into England and all other countries. In six months the whole in dustry was rained, manufacturers and em ployes emigrated, and famine destroyed those who could not escape. It was by such nnjnst legislation towards Ireland the English settlers in Ireland came to hate England as much as the native Irish. Every material interst of Ireland has al ways been thus subordinated to the inter terests of England, and there can be no wonder that English rule is hatefnl to Ireland and borne rale the thing most de sired. Bat the action of oar own presi dent, who advises a coarse that would de stroy sheep growing in the United States, is worse than any of the infamous acts of tyranny practised by Eogland towards Ireland under tbe stress of race and reli gious bigotry. We know there are many good people in the United States who think it humil iating to exclude Chinese immigrants of the laboring class. They think it is a sad falling away from onr pretensions of giv ing an asylum to the poor and distressed from all parts of the world. Bat this asylam business is apt to be overdone. If we attempt more than we can carry out we shall make a failure of the whole. We are trying to provide for the snrplus of Europe and besides the results of our war left on onr lands several millions of blacks to be elevated to the scale ot responsible citizen ship. In addition to all this we have the Indians to civilize. Now there are limits to the capacity of the most philanthropic and self-sacrificing. We may well shrink back from the undertaking to provide for the millions of Chinese. The result would be more likely to heathenize ns than to christainize them. But the main con sideration is a material one. These Chi nese come in direct competition with onr lowest class of American laborers who need protection, and whose wages we should try to keep np to a scale of comfortable self support _ The Burlington strike seems no nearer settlement than ever, except that the com pany has sought to secure the more favor able consideration of other companies by receding from its cats. Now the country is startled and vexed with another strike as large as the Burlington—that of the Santa Fe. The men simply say they are "tired," as those of the Union Pacific said they were "sick"' when they saw Barling ton cars in^their trains. What the end is to be is hard to tell. Possibly all the railroad traffic in the country is to be stopped and the conntry made to accept the terms the engineers may see fit to im pose. If these terms are unreasonable and the resalting losses of these strikes amount np into the millions, it will tarn the sympathy of the public to snch a degree that life will be a harden to the strikers. Hereafter we think every great road will have its own scale for the éducation of its own engineers, as the Pennsylvania Central now has. This coaid not be done in a short time, bat promisee the best results for the future. The prices of provisions at certain points in the east daring the recent storm even exceeded those in Montana in the spring of 1865. The new Chinese treaty, according to the epitome transmitted by telegraph, con tains a provision that we pay China $275, 000 for damages, as we suppose for losses incurred by the anti-Chinese riots in vari ons places. The bill of damages for the Rock Creek massacre, in Wyoming, has al ready been paid, bat others have occurred, and at various places, mostly ou the Pacific coast, but in one nofable case in Denver. We are prond of Montana that no such cases bave happened in onr Territory. Thongh it is right and jnst that onr gov ernment should be held primarily respon sible, there ought to be some way to make the communities where these outrages oc cur, foot the bills, especially in States where the general government can only act upon call of the state authorities. There are so few among the powerfnl nations of the world that make any pretense of doing j notice by China as they reqnire other nations to do by them, that we are glad to see onr own country do justice as well by the weak as by the strong. We shall not lose anything by fair dealing with all alike. History makes not of these transactions, and as the great ness of onr country expands we hope it will always be associated with justice and fair dealing. Thus our influence will become powerful as an example, and as an arbiter of international disputes. Nor shall we lose anything on the mere score of money reckoning, for we shall be favored in commercial relations as well. RAILROAD LEGISLATION, Central Pacific Case Before the House Committee. W ashington, March 16.-The Central Pa cific case was represented before the House R. R. Committee to-day by ex-Senator McDonald, who explained and argued in favor of the Huntington bill. He declared that the property mortgaged to the govern ment was its sole security, and that a lien could not be extended to the other proper ties without an express personal agreement. He did not believe that the stockholders could be held individually liable for the amount of their holdings, even in Cali fornia. A good deal of ill feeling had been indulged in on account of alleged personal profits having been made in tbe construc tion of the road. Congress could prosecute persons accnsed of this extravagance. Mr. Webber asked if the company would consent to such prosecutions. The counsel replied that it was not a question of acceptance. Congress con Id provide for it whenever it pleased. Of course the parties were never going to make any acknowledgment of liability. It was never established against them. It would be against their moet strenuous op position. Of course they would never con sent that the government shonld take the place of the company in the prosecution of snch. Webber, thought the company, would not accept any snch bill containing any such provision. McDonald—"I do not think it will be accepted by either company, bnt I am not authorized to enlighten anybody on that point. If the debt was paid ; if the gov ernment collected it, it would do more than any privat* enterprise had yet done ander like circumstances. If private parties were dealing with the company it would undertake to discount or scale." He did not suppose that the committee coaid entertain snch a proposition. The scheme mast embrace repayment of all to the com pany with an extension. "Under snch circumstances I would guarantee the gov ernment against loss, and these conditions would be met by the bill already submit ted by the company." THE MORMON ISSUE A Bill for the Admission of Utah as a State. Washington, March 17.— The bill in troduced by Senator Bntler to-day for the admission of Utah as a state, provides that qualifications necessary to take part in the election of delegates to the constitutional convention as directed to be held by the bill, shall be the same as now required in the election of members of the territorial legislative assembly. The Utah Commis sion is granted power to apportion the state into election districts and on the day of the regular annual election in Angnst, 1888, the delegates shall adopt the constitution of the United States. They shall have the right to become a state, and the constation shall contain among other things an irrevocable ordinance providing that perfect toleration of religions senti ments shall be secured, and that no in habitant of the state shall ever be molested in person or proper./ on amount of his mode of religions wors lip. If the consti tution iormed by this .'«invention shall be ratified by the people of the territory, the president is required to issue a proclama tion for admitting the state into the Union. CHINESE RESTRICTION. Some Features of the New Treaty. Washington, March 16.—The President to-day sent the new Chinese treaty to the Senate, bnt it has not yet been laid before that body. Its main features have already been published. It is understood the President recommends in his message of transmittal that the injunction of secrecy be at once removed from the treaty. An accompanying paper by Secretary Bayard explains tbe features of the treaty and the history of the negotiations from the time the present administration entered office. The treaty, by its terms, runs twenty years. The Chinese laborer who has $1,000 worth of property here or that amount dne him ; who has a lawful husband or wife, or parents or child, the man, if absent, can return within one year; if detained by sickness may be extended to two years. No other Chinese laborers may come in on any terms. Chinese merchants, scholars and students may come only when provid ed with certificates issued by an American consnl. The treaty binds this country to pay the Chinese minister $275,000 within one year, which sum shall be accepted as a fall settle ment of all claims against the United States or her citizens for losses or injnry suffered by Chinamen here. Rosebuds and Shamrocks. Mr. L. B. Wells, the florist, favored ns with the gift of some beautiful rosebuds this morning, called from flowering plants in his conservatory, of which he has a great number. Over two hundred varieties of roses are represented in his hot houses and nearly every plant is budding. He also presented os with a plant of the genuine white flowering shamrock, whose tri foliate leaf ia the well known emblem of Ireland. Mr. Wells has made vast im provements at his conservatory, and ex pects to add greatly to his stock and facili ties this year. TERRITORIAL REPORTS, What It Cost to Run the Government in 1887. The official reports of the Auditor and Treasurer for 1887 are being circulated» from which we gather the following items of general interest : The expense of maintaining a militia amonnted to nearly six thousand dollars. The law and miscellaneous libraries cost us a little over five thousand. ThL in cludes a special appropriation of three thousand. The Auditor, Treasurer, Super intendent of Public Instruction and Terri torial Veterinary cost the public in salaries and expenses about $11,500. Several special appropriations were made, one amounting to $4,000 and another snch of $3,500 for the Compiled Statutes. The Legislature cost $3,000 for extra clerks and printing. Printing for the year, including reports from the several departments, blanks, stationery and supreme court reports, amounted to a little over five thousand dollars. THE BOUNTY LAW cost, daring its existence of a few months, $61,721.25, bnt happily the prompt action of the Governor, backed np by the wisdom of the legislature in extraordinary session, checked this leak, which threatened to sink our financial ship of state. The cost of the care of the INSANE AND CONVICTS in the penitentiary does not appear in the Auditor's recapitulation, bnt was about $60,000 for the insane and $40,0(H) for the criminals. The total expenses of the year amount ed to $208,075 16. The outstanding war rants on December 31, 1887, amounted to only $2,503 55, and there was cash in the treasnry to the amount of $36,026.87 Aside from the general expenses of the Territory are those of the STOCK INSPECTORS, the salaries of whom amounted to $14,000 and the expenses $4,000 more. The stock indemnity fund was drawn on to the ex tent of five thousand dollars for salaries and traveling expenses and five hundred dollars for condemned animals and destroy ing same. There are balances in these funds amounting to about $12,500. THE REVENUES. Tbe balance in the general fund on Jan. 1, 1887, was $57,269.18. The amounts re ceived from the county treasurers was $182,642.53 ; from insurance companies, etc., $3,743.77 ; in all amounting to $243, 655 48. The warrants paid amounted to $207,628 61, bearing a balance on Dec. 31, 1887, of $36,026 87. In the stock funds the balances on Jan. 1, 1887, were $17, 657.97; the revenue for the year was $18,084 87. The balances on Dec. 31, 1887, were $12,389.65. INSURANCE STATISTICS. The insurance companies doing business in Montana daring 1886 received in pre miums $293,802.49 for policies written to the amoant of $11,317,094.96. The losses paid for that year (1886) were $172,040 94. Incomplete returns for 1887 show policies written of a little over $10,000,000; J$267, 394.42 paid as premiums and losses amounting to $103,589.80. THE NORTHERN RESERVE. How and For What Purpose the Great Indian Domain Was Set Apart. The following article, in the carrent number of the Townsend Tranchant, is probably from tbe pen of Col. James L. Fisk, explorer of the northern overland route from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains. The Colonel, back in the early sixties, led in the pioneer work of opening np Montana and Idaho and several times traversed the entire length of the great northern plains mentioned in the article, and being called into the councils of the General Government at the time in the matter—speaks whereof he knows. Upon the strength of material facts later pre sented by the Colonel to the railroad peo ple and now made public the Manitol a extension was relieved from the veto dead lock of two years ago and the great 'enter prise enabled to proceed on its royal way to onr towns. Unquestionably there is no sufficient reason why the great portion of the vast unoccupied area shonld not be reclaimed, and converted to the practical uses of waisting thousands of the whit 3 men.—We copy. From our personal knowledge of the facts attending and the actual history con nected with the creation of the vast In dian reserve in Northern Montana, we have from the very first expressed sur prise that there should have been any hes itation on tbe part of Congress or tbe President to approve its opening and cur tailment, provided they had informed themselves as to the written and printed evidence bearing upon the subject. But the bill throwing a large portion of it open to settlement ha3 finally passed tbe House of Representatives and weeannot see bow it can possibly fail in the Senate. That immense tract of country (on the ground that it would of all others be the least likely to be demanded by the whites for the following twenty years or more) was determined entirely upon our own suggestion, recommendation and penciling of boundaries, as a reserve upon which the government might plant the main portion of the hostile Sioax and any other war like tribes between Nebraska and the Canadian boundary, as last as our military forces could whip and force them to a surrender; After all onr costly campaigns against those tribes it will be remembered that the conquered Indians kicked so strongly against that far northern abiding place that they were fin ally allowed to indicate grand and fertile areas of country for not only one but sev eral great reservations fronting on the Mis souri river hundreds of miles south of this said northern strip. As to the three or four so-called tribes of Indians naturally resident within said limits, the Gros Ventres, Valley Crows, Blood & Piegans and Blackfeet, are of snch insignificant numbers and account that they could with propriety be given a couple of townships to each tribe and find therein plenty of room for themselves. So we say emphati cally that that great northern reservation was not in any sense laid off for the sole nse and control of the lew sqnalid frag ments of Indian bands or tribes (so-called ) which happen, like a fly on a balloon, to make a speck upon its surface. In short, this great reserve was simply intended in the exigencies of the rending war,to it.» vice a side chute on to which tte captured savages could be run and policed as advantageously as possible until further developments of the situation should occur. The area embraced is in many particu lars valuable, and of itself is larger than several of onr states. Everything done or said abont it, even with the tribes that are upon it, at the time provided for uninterrupted travel of the whites through said conntry, and all the privileges that such travel might de mand or require. It is simply a great*farce 1 and wrong to advancing civilization to maintain the reservation as it is. Virginia Snow Storm. Lynchburg, Va., March 17.—A heavy snow is prevailing throughout this section. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria" MINING MINUTES. Dividends for this Year—W. A. Clark's Big Copper Purchase in Arizona Other Notes. The big dividend payers among Mon tana's incorporated mines open the new year with a promising tlonrish. The Granite Mountain rolls out its $200,000 per month to the stockholders with th6 regu larity of a government mint, and the Dram Lummon has started the ball rolling for ^ with a January dividend of $165, 000, while the Hope, Jay Gould and Parrot come to the front with handsome sums. The total dividends for the first two months of 1888 were $648,000, divided as follows : Granite Mountain......................................$40u 000 Hope......................................................... 2VOOO Jay Gould.................................................. 40,000 Montana.................................................... 165,000 Parrot........................................................ IS,000 $648,000 The total amoant paid in the whole United States during the same time was but $2,131,076, Montana properties having alone paid over a fourth of that sum. Onr dividends last year aggregated over three millions of dollars and this year indica tions are that they will exceed four mil lions. The Granite Mountain paid another dividend, not included in the above, on the 10th inst, of fifty cents per share, or $200,000, making $600,000 paid this year and $4,200,000 to date. CLARK'S ARIZONA VENTURE. It seems Mr. W. A. Clark, the Butte copper king, is not content with his me tallic conquests in Montana and has ex tended his operations to Arizona, where he recently purchased a famous copper prop erty near Prescott. The Clifton lAr.,) Clarion, gives the following account of the deal : Great excitement was caused to-daj [on receipt of a telegram by Murphy Bros., brokers in mining property, containing the intelligence that the United Verde Copper Company's mines, and mines ai Jerome, 30 miles northeast of here, were sold to Mr. Clark, of Butte, Montana. The tele gram does not state the price paid, but it is estimated at from $2,000,000 to $4,000,000, as the former owners held the works at $3,500,000 before the recent raise in copper. The property has been idle for some time, owintr to the excessively high rates pre valent on both the coke and in tbe ship ment of bullion. It is said that at present the ore from the mine yields silver of suffi cient quantity to defray all expense neces sary in mining and treating the ore. This is certainly one of the richest copper mines in the world, as euerts state that a moun tain of copper is tipped by the mine. Mr. Clark will at once proceed to improve his property and demonstrate the feasibility of mining in Arizona. MINING NOTES. An item was published yesterday giving the output of the Empire mine for Feb ruary at $30,621 55. This was the product of the Elkhorn Company for last month, tbe names having been confused. The Empire statement has not yet been pub lished. Inter Mountain : Returns were received yesterday by Secretary Warren, of the Poorman Company, from their first ship ment of thirteen cars of ore to Denver, the total number of tons being about 235. The gross return from the shipment was $18,300, and tbe net, after deducting cost of shipment and reduction, was something over $13,000. The net return per ton was a fraction over $57. Tbe ponderous machinery recently men tioned by the Inter Mountain as having been received by the Monntain View for the purpose of sinking their shaft 2,000 feet deep, is fast being placed in position, and it will not be long now nntil tbe preparations will be complete for starting up on their deep mining. MR. OAKES SPEAKS. The Northern Pacific Railroad and Montana Mineral Lands. [St. Paul Globe. | To the Editor of the Globe :—An article which appeared in your paper of Satur day, under the head of "Robbing the Terri tories," conveys an erroneous impression to readers as to the action of the Northern Pacific Railroad company in tbe matter of mineral lands lying within its grant in Montana. You speak of the "rapacity of tbe railroads" and intimate that this com pany is asserting title to lands which do not rightfully belong to it. Will you per mit me to state the facts as they are ? The company has a grant extending through Montana from east to west, for the entire length of the Territory. Lands known to contain minerals are exempted by the granting act from the operation of the grant. Mark the phraseology : "Lands known to contain minerals," not lands supposed to contain minerals, or lands which may at some time in the future be found to contain minerals. The grant is not to be suspended indefinitely waiting for miners and prospectors to make explorations, bnt when the government surveys are made, such of tbe sections in cluded in the granting act as at that time are not known to contain mineral are patented to tbe company. That settles the matter so far as title to those seciions is concerned, and no futnre discovery of minerals invalidates the title. This is not only law, bnt equity and common sense. Montana has been searched for the precious metals for more than a quarter of a cen tury. The Northern Pacigc was built through tbe Territory five years ago. The government surveys progress very slowly, and as fast as they are made it is only fair that the railroad company should receive title to the lands congress enacted that it should have, in order that it may sell them, and that the settlement of the country may not be longer re tarded. Minerals may possibly be found on any section of the Northern Pacific grant on tbe entire mountain district traversed by the road in the territory, a belt of country 300 miles long. It would be manifestly unjust to tbe company, and highly detrimental to the interests of the territory, if the whole grant for that distance would be withheld from sale and settlement for many years, perchance for another quarter of a century, until every remote chance and possibility of gold, silver or copper being found upon it is determined in the negative. Vet this is the position your article appears to assume. I desire to say in conclusion that the Northern Pacific company is not seeking title to a single acre of land in Montana that does not lawfully belong to it ; that it is gnilty of no "rapacity" in act or in tent, but, on the contrary, is patient and long-suffering, waiting year after year for the government to make surveys which it agreed to make long ago, so that it can ob tain the land which congress said it should have as soon as its road was completed. Yours truly, T. F. Oakes, Vice President and General Manager. St. Paul, March 5,1888. Bank Statement. New York, March 17.—The weekly bank statement shows a reserve decrease of $1,475,000. The banks now hold $9,992, 000 in excess of the rale. i ; ; i