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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, April 19, 1888, Image 1

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Volume XX2.
Vsu **.'«Jo
Helena, Montana, Thursday, April 19, 1888.
No. 21
<fl|c ttlccltly Jerald.
R. E. FISK D. W. FISK. ». J. FISK
Publishers and Proprietors.
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
-o
Rates of Subscription.
WEEKLY °HERALD :
One Year (in mlvanee).............................83 00
Hli Months, (in advance)............................... J
Three Months, (in advance).............................
When not paid for in advance the ra»e will be
Four Dollars peryeaii
Postage, in all cases. Prepaid.
DAILY HERALD:
City Sulmcrihers,delivered by carrier $1.00a month
One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. £0 00
Six Months, by mail, (in advance)............... S oU
Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50
If not paid in advance, 812 per annum.
[Entered at the Postoffice at Helena as second
class matter.]
Aa-All communications should be addressedto
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
SPRING WINDS.
I heard the winds with unseen feet
Pass up the long and weary street ;
They sang, "We come from hill and glen
To touch the brows of toiling men,
"That each may know and feel we bring
The first faint breathings of the spring,
•'To sweeten lane, and street, and square,
And lighten all the dusty air.
"The hills from which wc come lie bright
In something of a richer light.
"The long, deep glens and woodlands lie
In softer shadows to the eye.
"The birds have caught a finer note
To throb with joy each feathered throat.
"The streamlet echoes sweet and clear
The liquid pulsings of the year ;
"And everywhere you look is seen
I.ife dawning in a tinge of green."
Thus sang the winds as up the street
They passed with heard, but unseen, feet;
And, as they want, a cloud above
bent downward tears of spring and love.
TIME TO ME.
Time to me this truth hath taught
Tig a truth that's worth revealing ;
More offend from want of thought,
Than from any want of feeling.
If advice we could convey.
There's a time we should convey it ;
If we've but a word to say.
There's a tone in which to say it.
Many a lieauteous flower decays.
Though we tend it e'er so much ;
Something secret on it preys,
Which no human aid can touch.
So, in many a lovely breast,
I.ies some canker grief concealed ;
That if touched, is more oppressed ;
Left unto itself—is healed.
Oft, unknowingly, the tongue,
Touches on a chord so aching.
That a word, or accent, wrong.
Pains the heart almost to breaking.
Many a tear of wounded pride.
Many a fault of human blindness,
Has been soothed or turned aside,
By a quiet voice of kindness.
BEFORE THE RAIN.
The blackcaps pipe among the reeds.
And there'll be rain to follow ;
There is a murmur as of wind
In every coign and hollow ;
The wrens do chatter of their fears
While swinging on the barley ears.
Come, hurry, while there yet is time.
Pull up thy scarlet bonnet.
Now, sweetheart, as my love is thine.
There is a drop upon it.
So trip it ere the storm-hag wierd,
Doth pluck the barley by the beard.
Lo ! not a whit too soon we're housed ;
The storm-witch yells above us;
The branches rapping on the panes
Seen not in truth to love us.
And look where through the clover bush
The nimble-footed rain doth rush !
LAMENT OF A MOCKING BIRD.
Silence, instead of thy sweet song, my bird,
Whicli through the darkness of my winter
Warbling 8 of summer sunshine still was heard;
Mute is thy song, and vacant is thy place.
The spring comes back again, the fields rejoice,
< arols of gladness ring from every tree ;
But I shall hear thy wild trinmphant voice
No more; my summer song has died with
thee.
What didst thou sing of, oh, my summer bird?
The broad, bright, brimming river, whose
swift sweep
And whirling eddies, by thy home are heard,
Bushing, resistless, to the calling deep.
What didst thou sing of, thou melodious sprite?
Pine forests, with smooth russet carpets
i*prea<l.
Where e'en at noonday dimly falls the light.
Through gloomy blue-green branches over
head.
What didst thou sing of, oh. thou jubilant soul ?
Kver-fresh flowers, and never leaflless trees.
Bending great ivory cups to the control
Of the toft swaying orange-scented breeze.
Whnt didst thou sing of, thou embodied glee ?
The wide wild marshes with their clashing
reeds.
And topaz-tinted channels, where the sea
Daily its tides of briny freshness leads.
What didst thou sing of, oh, thou winged voice?
Dark, bronzed-leaved oaks, with silver mosses
crowned.
Where thy free kindred live, love and rejoice.
With leaves of golden jasmine curtain d
round.
These did thou sing oC sprite of delight !
From thy own radiant sky, thou quivering
spark!
These thy sweet southern dreams of warmtn
and light.
Through the grim. Northern winter drear and
dark.
One Way.
"See here, sir," said a man to a Dakota
real estate agent; "you know that lot you
sold me for last fällig
"Yes."
"Well, I find you you've just sold the same
lot to an eastern speculator—just saw the
records—warranty deed, consideration $500.
What do you mean by selling my lot?"
"Isn't your lot down under twenty-five feet
©f snow?"
"Well, yes, from twenty to twenty-five."
k "Well, this lot I've sold to the New Eng
land man is on top. When the snow thaws
in June you just go ahead and take posses
sion of your lot and tell the Boston man that
his lot has melted and run into the Gulf of
Mexico. Oh, there's more than one way to
skin an eastern capitalist besides holding
over him in draw pokar 1"—Chicago TribuoA
Christmas Cheer.
Rich Man (to poor relation)—And now,
James, what part of the turkey shall I send
you?
Poor Relation (the last to be served)—Any
§£'* ir ' but the head and feet.—New York
THE ORCHID CRAZE.
A New Mania That Has Taken Pos
session of the East.
[Chicago Times.]
It is a genuine mania. There were a
few cases of it before, but the malady
never became alarming till about six years
ago, when it began to attract public atten
tion in England. Like gout and hay fever,
it is most likely to attack persons of large
means, high social position, and bine blood.
Poor people are never victims of it. A
singular peculiarity about it is that it is
much more likely to attack men than
women. Like hydrophobia, leprosy, and
consumption, it is pronounced incurable.
That it is contagious is admitted by all
who have given attention to the matter.
Some wealthy Americans who were in
London four or five years ago contracted
the disease and bronght it to this country.
It is now quite prevalent in New York,and
there are a few cases in Boston, and a
smaller nnmber in Chicago, St. Lonis, and
other Western cities. It has for several
years been the custom of hay fever suffer
ers to hold an annnal reunion. The vic
tims of the orchid mania are following
their example. About fifty of them met
in New York not long since, and had a
very enjoyable time. They bronght with
them about 800 varieties of the plant over
which they have gone daft.
A large proportion of the nobility and
gentry of England are victims of the
orchid craze. All the members of the
Rothschild family, whether living on the
the continent or in Great Britain, are or
chid fanciers. Baron Shroder, Mr. Cham
berlain and Sir John Lubbock have very
large collections. Mr. Sanders, of St. Al
bans, has four acres covered with glass that
are entirely devoted to producing orchids.
Mr. Chamberlain's collection cost him $40,
000, but it is valued at more than twice
that sum. He has nine glass houses full
of orchids, many of which are exceedingly
rare. They are all joined together, and are
connected with conservatories and hot
house, in which other (lowers are raised.
All the buildings are lighted by electricity,
and are supplied with beautiful birds and
tropical insects. Yon can pass from the
drawing room of his mansion to a mosaic*
floored, plate-glass covered promenade, and
walk for several rods amoDg the vegetable
marvels of the tropics. The owner is an
excellent botanist and a skillful florist, and
spends most of his leisure among his plants.
The trade in orchids has reached enor
mous proportions in England. Larger snms
have been paid for orchid roots than were
ever given for any specimens of live stock.
The most expensive flowers are not always
the finest. The price of plants range in
the order of their scarcity. Some speci
mens that readily brought 100 guineas ten
years ago can now be bought for a few
shillings. A single root of a newly discov
ered variety will command a fabulous sum.
Every person who is trying to get a large
collection will endeavor to obtain it.
Every portion of the tropics is now being
searched by orchid-hnnters sent oat by the
London importers, who have grown rich in
the business of obtaining rare specimens.
One dealer has sixteen collectors in
varions parts of tropical South America,
Africa, Asia and the islands in the Pacific
and Indian oceans. Their salaries and ex
expenses amount to over $100,000 a year.
In their travels and explorations they em
ploy many natives. One of our consuls in
Venezuela reports that the orchid traade is
rendering the country prospérons. A poor
man will often obtain more for an orchid
root obtained from a swamp or a branch of
a tree than he received for hard labor dur
ing a dozen years.
Collecting orchids is attended by many
dangers and great losses of property.
Several collectors in the jungles of India
have been devoured by tigers, bitten by
venomous serpents or drowned in bogs.
Qnite a number have been overturned
while in canoes, and it is presumed that
several have been roasted and eaten by
the cannibles of Polynesia. Many valu
able specimens are lost on account of lack
of facilities for transportation. One Lon
don dealer lately received a telegram from
Port Said, informing him that 10,000
orchid roots had been killed by exposure
to the surf on the Red Sea or by being
knocked about during a storm. A collector
on one of the Phillipine islsuds got to
gether 20,000 specimens, which he spread
oat on the beach to dry, bnt an nnnsually
high tidal wave swept them all into the
sea. Another collector in Peru had all his
roots in sacks on the backs of mules, which
were confiscated by a party of soldiers,
who declared they had immediate need of
the animals. The soldiers langhec' about
the orchids having any vaine.
Some things can be said in favor of the
orchid mania. It is harmless. So far
from injuring the poor in any country, it
benefits them. It furnishes employment
for many people. It encourages the study
of botany, which is the most neglected of
all the natural sciences. What is of more
consequence to the world, it is the means
of causing many outlandish countries to
be explored.
Democratic Failure.
New York Sun (Dem.) : The six definite
enterprises which constitute the whole
book of Mr. Cleveland's policy, so far as
his administration has had a distinct poli
cy, are these :
The reform of the civil service on the
so-called non-partisan or Mugwump plan.
The suspension of silver coinage in order
to avert predicted financial panic.
The negotiation of an extradition treaty
with Great Britai»
The settlement of the fishery tronbles
by the negotiation of a treaty with Great
Britain.
The reduction of the surplus by means
of an extensive reduction of customs duties,
retaining the internal revenue taxes.
The Pan-Electric suit to annul the Bell
telephone patents.
In every one of these six cases the result
of the undertaking can be recorded in a
8il The administration's civil service reform
policy.—Abandonment. . , ..
The administration's demand for the
suspension of silver coinage—Relinqmsh
administration's extradition treaty.
^The**administration's fisheries negotia
^The^n^istration's surplus redaction
Pl The administration 's Pan-Electric snit
Disgrace.
OREGON REPUBLICANS.
Platform Adopted and Selection of
Presidential Electors.
Portland, Or., April 11.—The Republi
can State convention met at Masonic Hall
at 11 o'clock this morning. Ex-United
States Attorney General George H. Wil
liams, of Portland, was elected chairman,
and J. L. Sheef, of Douglas county, secre
tary.
The usual committees were appointed
and a permanent organization was effected
at 2 p. m.
A committee on resolutions, consisting
of one member from each county, was ap
pointed and a recess taken until 7:30 p. m.,
awaiting the report of the committee on
resolutions.
R. Binger Herrmann was renominated
for Congress by acclamation.
The committee on platform reported at
8:30 p. m. It favors a free ballot and the
right to have that ballot counted ; protests
against further Chinese immigration ; fa
vors liberal pensions ; denounces Cleve
land's action in returning the rebel flags ;
condemns the land department at Wash
ington for refasing to survey lands ready
for 8ettlemeut, and for the employment of
spies and informers to harrass settlers with
the defense of needless suits ; denounces
Cleveland's veto of the river and harbor
bill, and the Secretary of War for obstruct
ing the improvement of the Columbia river;
declares civil service reform a sham and a
fraud. The tariff planks are as follows :
That the policy of Democratic adminis
tration, which would place wool and lum
ber on the free list, and woolen goods on
the highly protected list, cotton, ties and
hoop iron on the protected list, and which
policy would continue the collecting of
$50,000,000 on sugar each year, while at
the same iime the majority applauds and
claims to carry) ont the President's idea,
that a tariff tax is a robbery of the people,
constitutes a piece of unparalelled politi
cal dishonesty, having for its sole object
the success of the Democratic party at the
next election, even at the expense of the
practical destruction of many of our most
important agricultural and manufacturing
interests. We favor the policy of provid
ing chiefly for the revenues of the general
government and for other purposes essen
tial to the general government a system
of duties levied upon imports so adjusted
as to discriminate in favor of domestic in
dustries and productions, and in favor of
American labor. We declare in favor of
reducing the annual revenues of the gov
ernment by admitting free of duty such
articles of general use as cannot be largely
produced or manufactured by our owu
people. That we deprecate the attempt
of the administration to degrade the honest
toilers of Aiûerica to a level with the
pauper labor of the Old World.
Judge W. P. Lord was nominated for
Supreme Judge on the first ballot.
Presidential Electors—Wm. Kapas, Port
land ; Robert McLean, Lakeville, and C
W. Fulton, Astoria.
Portland, Oregon, April 12.—The State
convention adjourned sine die at 1 o'clock
this morning. The following were chosen
delegates to the national convention : Z.
F. Moody, F. C. Mays, The Dalles ; Rufna
Mallory, J. Barnes, Jr., Portland ; J. E.
Bean, Pendleton ; J. W. Cusick, Albany.
Napkin Rings.
I From the Boston Transcript.]
Why should a smile wreath the lips of
the recipient of a beautiful aud costly nap
kin ring ? Rather should the lips be com
pressed in dismay. There should be no
costly napkin rings. There should be no
napkin rings at all.
A well appointed table should not toler
ate the article in any form. Inevitably it
suggests the use of a soiled napkin. A close
calculation of the saving of a laundry bill
of from three to five cents—a probable
flavor or aroma of dishes eaten at a pre
vious meal, in some cases of a series of
mealr running through a series of days.
To individualize clean napkins by rings
is entirely superfluous; and, æsthetically,
a folded napkin has a chaste beauty that
that one rolled in the most beautiful of
rings cannot equal. If economy requires
the repeated use of soiled napkiu9, a ring,
let the ring be unobtrusively plain and in
expensive, in conformity to its uses. A
soiled napkin in a gold or silver ring is
a most offensive association of contradic
tory things.
All the canning and skill of the metal
worker and the engraver have been ex
pended to concentrate attention upon what
otherwise might escape special notice—the
forbidding piece of soiled linen. And in
these days of moustaches, how absnrd, how
outrageous to assume (say at a boarding
house table) that if a napkin must be used
more than once, all at table cau alike make
them serve for a fixed number of meals.
All wearers of moustaches require, in
the name of decency, a fresh napkin at
every meal. And if a general adoption of
the moustache would drive forever from all
tables the soiled napkin that result in it
self would justify the cultivation of hirsute
growth on the upper li^r
Bat the daintiest of lips transfer a stain to
the napkin, though tea, coffee or chocolate
be sipped ever so fastidiously, and there
food flavors (as fresh fish) that tenaciously
cling to the linen, thongh it has bnt
lightly touched the month receiving such
food. Who that has lived variously
at "fashionable" boarding-booses has not,
on a hot summer day, had his light appe
tite annihilated by his reversed, soiled,
tainted napkin, redolent of the aromas and
flavors of meats of preceding days ? And
what guest at private tables has not in
wardly felt glad that he was a guest, as by
virtue of that fact he alone, of all the cir
cle, enjoyed the privilege of a fresh nap
kin? *
It is a truth, fully established, that even
napking rings do not invariably prevent a
displacement of napkins. The primary
error lies in permitting a second use of
soiled napkins. All considerations of
cleanliness forbid it. Napkin rings alone
render the custom practicable. Napkin
rings stand, then, clearly and solely, em
blems of uncleanlineas.
Napkin rings most go.
Delicate Surgical Operation.
New York, April 13.—An operation of
laparotomy was performed on Dr. Cornelias
R. Agnew this afternoon by Surgeon Henry
B. Sands. The doctor found and removed
a quantity of pns from a peritonical abscess.
The reenlt of the operation is awaited with
much interest.
EFFECTS OFPHOSPHORUS.
Its Constant Use Leads to the Decay
of the Inferior Maxillary.
[San Francisco Chronicle, March 28 ]
A man aged about 40 years, giving his
Dame as John Clayton, applied for admis
sion to the city and connty hospital on the
11th inst. Upon examination it was found
that he was suffering from necrosis, or
death of the inferior maxillary (lower jaw)
bone, besides a general breaking down of
his nervous, mental and physical powers.
The normal contour of his face was de
stroyed by the swelling of the tissues sur
rounding his jaws, and his mouth was dis
tended until his facial appearance was
most repulsive. Added to this, his lace
was of a peculiar, ashen pallor, different
from that seen in most kinds of sickness.
All the teeth in the lower jaw, save one,
were gone, and the cavities where they had
been were filled with pus, while the gums
were contracted, exposing here and there
portions of the jaw. The odor emanating
from the parts affected was unbearable.
The man was suffering the mo6t intense
pain, to alleviate which he had been tak
iug one-half a grain of morphia daily for
several days before going to the hospital.
It was impossible for him to masticate, and
he had been subsisting on liquid food for
more than a month. The presence of pus
in his mouth was a source of septic infec
tion to the patient's blood, and he already
showed symptoms of blood poisoning when
he entered)the hospital.
In stating his case to the attending phy
sician, Clayton said that fourteen years
ago, while serving as a soldier in the
United States army, statioued in this
State and Nevada, he was given the posi
tion of hospital steward of his regiment.
While acting in this capacity he learned
something of the nature of drugs and their
immediate effect on the system. He saw
phosphorus administered to sick soldiers
to brace up their nervous system, and it
was the knowledge which he gained then
of this property of phosphorus that occa
sioned his present condition, for while suf
fering from what he thought was nervous
debility, he began takiDg phosphorous in
pill form, and found that it acted as a
stimulant, putting new strength and en
ergy into his system. He continued the
use of the drug for several months without
ceasing, and then gave it np for a short
time. Then he began to feel the symp
toms of the nervous trouble returning, and
he again resorted to the use of phospho
rus. Whenever he discontinued taking it
he felt the need of some nerve tonic, aud
beiDg opposed to alctaolic stimulants he
wonld always return to phosphorus pills.
For years he used the ding unremittingly,
carrying his case of pills as constantly as
the opinm-eater, until the habit grew on
him and he conld not break it off. The
amount of phosphorus which he
was in the habit of taking daily
wonld kill an ordinary man. One one
hundredth of a grain of phosphorus consti
tutes a regular dose. Physicians usually
prescribe this quantity, rarely more, and
sometimes less, watching carefully its ef
fect. In this case the man took as much
as one-tenth of a grain in a day for more
than a year. Lately he bad been a verita
ble slave to the drug, having no will power
or control of his nerves for a moment with
out being stimulated by it. All this time
he was not aware that the drug had him
under its control or that it was injuring
him. He reasoned that his nervous system
was so consented that it required a con
stant stimulant and that phosphorus sup
plied that want, and being cheap and easily
taken he nsed it as a medicine. Some
years ago his teeth began to decay and
drop out, and the lower jaw also showed
symptoms of crumbling away. He did not
attribute these troubles to the phosphorus
and it was only when the blood became
poisoned from the exudations of his jaw
that he resorted to morphia to alleviate his
suffering.
The only hope the physicians at the hos
pital held oat to him was the removal of
the jawbone, as it was so far decayed as to
be a menace to his life—it was poisoning
his entire system. Accordingly he was
placed on a strengthening diet, such as
could be given him, consisting of beef tea,
wine aud iron and the like, to prepare him
for the operation. This course was con
tiuued until Monday, when the jaw was
removed, the operation consisting of an in
cision made along the base of the bone
from ear to ear, and, the flesh being drown
back, the jaw was sawed through in the
middle of the chin and the pieces disar
ticulated at the joint in front of the ear.
The month was then thoroughly cleansed
and the flesh on the cheeks drawn to
gether and stitched in place. The patient
is doing as well as conld be expected, con
sidering his shattered constitution and the
nature of the operation performed upon
him. It is impossible lor him to articu
late, and he makes known his wants in
writing, using his left hand, the right be
ing devoid of four fingers. The pa
tient is a man of more than ordinary in
telligence, as indicated by his written re
quests, which are always expressed in good
language.
Iu administering stmulants to him, beef
tea, wine, milk, brandy and the like are
given, bnt so great is his craving for phos
phorus that he constantly begs to be al
lowed a few pills of it. Frequently hypo
dermic injections of morphia mast be given
him to qniet his nervous system.
The case of Clayton is remarkable from
the fact that no instances are recorded in
medical science where a man has developed
the habit of phosphorus pill-taking, or
where such large doses taken daily for so
long a time was indulged in. The medical
profession has now a new habit of evil to
contend against in the phosphorus habit.
Its immediate effects are not noticeable ex
cept in the vigor which it gives to the
nervous system, bnt the continuance of it re
sults most disastrously, as shown in the
case of Clayton.
Prohibition in Kansas.
Topeka, Ks., April 11.—The decree in
the Siebold & Hsgelin brewery case, in
which the United States supreme court
recently sustained the constitutionality of
the prohibition law of Kansas, was to-day
signed by Judge Brewer, of the United
States circuit court, except that the de
cision of the supreme court did not pro
hibit the defendants from manufacturing
beer to be sold in other States, which was
overruled, and the ü. S. marshal was to
day ordered to close np their brewery at
Atchison as a nuisance.
A VAST COUNTRY.
The Growing West as Seen by East
ern Eyes.
1 Harper's Magazine. 1
When a Western man goes East he car
ries the consciousness of playing a great
part in the making of an empire ; his hori
zon is large; bat be finds himself sur
rounded by an atmosphere of indifference
or non-comprehens on of the prodigious
ness of his country, of incredulity as to the
refinement and luxury of his civilization,
and self-assertion in his natural defense.
This longitudinal incredulity and swagger
is a carious phenomenon. London thinks
New York puts on airs, New York com
plains of Chicago's want of modesty, Chi
cago can see that Kansas City and Omaha
are aggressively boastful, and these cities
acknowledge the expansive self-apprecia
tion of Denver and Helena.
Does going West work a radical differ
ence in a man's character? Hardly. We
are all cut out of the same piece of cloth.
The Western man is the Eastern man or
the Southern man let loose, with his lead
ing-strings cut. But the change of situa
tion creates immense diversity in interests
and in spirit. One has but to take up any
of the great newspapers, say in St. Paul or
Minneapolis, to be aware that he is in
another world of ideas, of news, of inter
ests. The topics that most interest the
East he does not find there, nor much of
its news. Persons of whom he reads daily
in the East drop out of sight and other
persons, magnates in politics, packing,
and railways loom np. It takes columns
to tell the daily history of places which
have heretofore only canght the attention
of the Eastern reader for freaks of the ther
mometer, and he has an opportunity to
read daily pages about Dakota, concerning
which a weekly paragraph has formerly
satisfied his curiosity. Before he can be
absorbed in these lively and intelligent
newspapers he mnst change the whole cur
rent of his thoughts and take np othersub
jects, persons and places than those that
have occupied his mind. He is in a new
world.
One of the most striking facts in the
West is State pride, attachment to the
State, the profound belief of every citizen
that his State is the best. Engendered
perhaps at first by a permanent investment
and the spur of self-interest, it speedily
becomes a passion, as strong in the newest
State as it is in any of tbe original thir
teen. Rivalry between cities is sharp, and
civic pride is excessive, but both are out
done by the larger devotion to the com
monwealth. And this pride is developed
in the inhabitants of a Territory as soon
as it is organized. Montana has condensed
the ordinary achievements of a century
into twenty years, and loyalty to its pres
ent and expectation of itB future are as
strong in its citizens as is the attachment
of men of Massachusetts to the State of
nearly three centuries of growth.
ROYAL INCOMES.
What Some European Sovereigns Get
for Their Valuable Services.
In an interesting article on "The Empe
ror's Income," published in the Ausburger
Abendzeitung , Herr Karl Hermann gives
some detail respecting the revenue of other
sovereigns and presidents. It will surprise
a great many to learn that as German Em
peror, William I. had no income at all.
True the Reichstag voted for the Emperor
a sum of 2,600,000 marks ($130,000) iu the
budget for 1887-88. But this is not a source
income for the Emperor at all, but merely
served as a fond at his disposition for
granting pensions and gratuities. Con
sequently the imperial dignity in
Germany is an unpaid honorary
office. What income the German
emperor does not derive he receives as
King of Prussia. As such, his revenue
amounted for 1887-88, altogether, to 12,
219,296 marks (£610,955) of which 7,779,
296 marks were taken from the income
derived from public lands and forests, and
the remainder (4,500,000 marks) voted by
the Prussian Chambers. Out of this
12,250,000 marks (which comes to 33,477
marks, £1,678 a day), the King of Prussia
has to allow their income to the princes of
the royal house. The expenditure for the
imperial house of Russia amounted, accord
ing to the published balance sheet tor 1884,
to no less than 10,560,000 rabies (the
rubie at 2s. makes £1,056,000) in that year,
or nearly 300,000 rubies (£3,000) a day.
In Austria-Hungary the countries repre
sented in the Reichbarth granted a civil
list of 4,650,0006, and Hungary contributes
the same amount, making together 9,
300,000fl, (£300,000) a year, or about (26,
OOOfl) £2,600 a day. The civil list of the
Queen of England is £409,000 a year, or
only about £1,120 a day. But then sepa
rate incomes are annually voted by par
liament to the princes and princesses of the
royal house. Italy is also somewhat more
liberal than Germany in providing for the
reigning family. A sum of 15,150,000
livre (£616,000) is annually voted for the
civil list and appendages. This amounts
to about 42,000 livre (£1,680 a day. The
civil list of the kings of Spain is 9,350,
000 pesetas (£374,000). Japan also has a
considerable civil list It is 3,240,000 yeks
(£482,000). France pays her president in
salary and expenses of representation the
snm of l,200,000f. a year. The President
of the United States receives a modest in
come of 150,000 (£10,000).
Bills Passed by the Senate.
Washington, April 11.—The following
bills were taken from the calendar and
passed :
House bill, to purchase of the widow of
the late Gen. James Shields certain swords
at a cost of not exceeding $10,000.
For the erection of a monument to the
memory of Gen. Joseph Warren, who fell
at Banker HilL
Authorizing the construction of railroad
bridges across the Snake and Clearwater
rivers by the Oregon Railway & Naviga
tion Company.
Appropriating $10,000 for a monument
to Bri gadi er General Wm. Lee Davidson,
who fell in the battle of Cowans Ford in
February, 1781.
The bill for the purchase from Miss Vir
ginia Taylor Lewis of a sword of Wash
ington for $20,000, was taken np and read.
There was a long debate, but the matter
went over without action and the Senate
adjourned.
AT THE CLOVER CLUB.
't?
M <
Bill Nye Makes a Speech, but Says Noth
ing He Regrets.
T IS now an his
torical fact, estab
lished by means of
research, acrostics
I and cryptograms,
that when Demos
thenes went on to
the beach and prac
ticed for weeks
with his mouth full
of pebbles, striving
to outbellow the
billows and ]>a
tiently clinging to
tbe thread of his
discourse, even
while the loud
boom of the breakers caught up his shrill re
marks and hurled them into sj>ace, he was
not preparing to make an impression upon the
history of his time, as we have been taught.
He was simply rehearsing a speech which he
hoped to deliver at the Clover club, of Phila
delphia.
People who have formed the idea that
Philadelphia is not given to sociability and a
cheerful interchange of thought are unfa
miliar with the methods of the Clover club,
especially under the administration of Moses
Purnell Handy.
For the information of those who may read
this piece, yet have not had the pleasure of
addressing this successful organization, let
me say that it is a custom of the club to in
vite eminent statesmen, poets, judges, hu
morists and other freaks to come to its
annual dinners and make speeches. The
club assists in the delivery of these speeches,
adding thoughts of its own as the orator pro
ceeds, aud also making inquiries regarding
the personal characteristics of the speaker,
which are calculated to divert his attention
from what he was about to say.
The only way to speak successfully at a
Clover club dinner, I believe, is to avoid say
ing what you were about to say.
I had the pleasure of holding a conversa
zione with the Clover club on the occasion of
its sixth annual meeting. I had been led to
believe that the air of refinement which
people notice about me wherever I go would
entitle me to the respect and kind considera
tion of the club. Even should that fail, how
ever, I thought that no one could help admir
ing my unwavering confidence in myself, a
confidence which is all the more heroic and
praiseworthy on my part, because it has
not been shared by the general public. It is
no great honor to indorse a popular man, but
it is certainly meritorious in any one to show
confidence in one who needs it very much.
But the Clover club is not constructed with
a view to the building up and fostering of
rhetorical industries. It is built upon the
moral theory that aman who speaks publicly
does so for the edification of the audience.
T his is a quaint and extremely eccentric idea.
Generally it is otherwise. Public speakers
arise and enjoy themselves, while the audi
ence, though largely in the majority, has to
suffer. Jf the members of the Clover club do
not like the tendencies of a speech, they sug
gest to the speaker some other line of
thought. They do noc do so offensively.
They approach him in a courteous way, so as
to avoid giving him pain Perhaps they sing
eleven or twelve verses in reference to the
Derby Ram, a table delicacy of which the
club is passionately fond, or in some other
adroit way they intimate to him that the
pleasure of the audience should be consulted
before that of the speaker.
I did not know that. I had always before
selfishly reveled in the wonderful cadence of
my own melodious Skowhegan voice, for
getting that the audience had rights.
I enjoyed it very much, for I was down at
the foot of the table having fun with Dr.
Bedloe, and I knew that at this rate, with a
hundred guests to be gently scared half to
death in that way, I would not lie reached
before Friday, and I thought that I could get
away before that time. It was at this supreme
moment, when saturated with a soothing
sense of security and congratulating myself
on the wonderful way in which Mr. Maltby's
dress suit fitted me, that the president of the
club, observing that I had my mouth full of
ice which I did not know what to do with,
introduced me to the brilliant assemblage.
I felt embarrassed and was about to say so,
I believe, when ex-Governor Bunn, who was
appointed and received the portfolio as gover
nor of Idaho solely by reason of his great
powers as a conversationist, said something
to me which did not bear upon what I was
about to say myself.
While I was thinking of a bon mot which
would wipe Governor Bimn from the face of
the earth, such as a reference to him as
Bunny, and a request that I might be per
mitted to lay my head in his lap and have a
good cry, or something like that, Mr.
Jerome, a gentleman from New York, who is
69 years of age, said something which was
highly enjoyable, but which, after CoL
Thomas P. Ochiltree, Col. McCaull and CoL
McClure join in the same time, seemed to
open up an entirely new line of thought from
what I had intended to follow.
I was about to administer a tart rebuke to
Mr. Jerome, when I happened to remember
his greater age and resolved not to do so.
My attention was also at this time attracted
by the sounds of music. It was a Tyrolean
air, and referred to the Derby Ram, which
seems to have a wild fascination for the gen
tlemen of the club, and when such voices as
those of Wayne MacVeagh, Gen. Horace
Porter refrain it is well worth going to Phil
adelphia and sitting up till long after 9
o'clock to hear.
So I decided not to speak while these well
known vocalists were engaged in song. As
they were encored, they obliged by singing
"Maryland, my Maryland," with improvisar
tions by tbe great impresario, Mr. Jerome.
I then stood on the other leg awhile and
tried to recall what I had said, which had
reminded the auditors of these songs, but I
could not. In all my remarks so far, al
though I had been on my feet twenty minutes
or so, I had carefully avoided saying any
thing that would call forth an attack of this
kind. I had used no language which would
naturally provoke such men as CoL Taylor
or CoL McClure to song.
I was on my feet about twenty minutes,
but during that tim© I can say truthfully
that. I said nothing which I now regret.
People afterward spoke of my impressive
manner and said I also used rare discretion
in avoiding so many unpleasant features
which are apt to stir up ill feeling at such a
tune.
They named whole columns of things which
I had thus evaded, and every one said that if
I had erred at all it was in the direction of
conservatism. All the members of the club
who expressed any opinion about it said that
they were in favor of printing my remarks
with a rubber stamp.
There can be no more comfortable sensa
I fancy, than to be a guest at one of
these annual dinners, with the personal recog
nizance of the president in your pocket Lind
ing himself not to call upon you for a speech
and certifying that you have previously had
a fair and impartial trial on the charge that
veu were a good after dinner speaker and
that vou have proved an alibi.—Bill Nye in
New York World.
The Young People.
Bertie—Pa, I hope grandma will die before
I do, don't you ? Pa—What on earth ever
put such ideas into your head I Bertie—Oh, I
have often noticed that I can stand trouble
better than she can.—Judge.
A small boy of our acquaintance admires
his clergyman. He says: "I would like to be
a minister, if I could be a nice minister like
him. If I can't be that, I should like to be a
street car conductor."—Detroit Churchman.
Minister—Well, Bobby, do you think you
will be a better boy this year than you were
last? Bobby (hopefully)—I think so, sir; I
began taking cod liver oil last week.—The
Epoch.
"Mamma," asked a little 5-year-old miss
of this city, "won't you have my new dress
made with a vestibule train?"—Philadelphia
CalL
Conversation between a traveler and a lad
of 6 or 7. "Your grandfather there seems
very old. Do you know what his age is?"
"No, sir, I couldn't exactly say, sir; but I'm
sure he can't be very young. He's always
been about the house as long as I can remem
ber."—Judge.
There are two little brothers in Connecti
cut aged 5 and 6 years. One day Mamma
H. gave 5-year-old Joe a banana and told him
to give half to Ned. Joe looked doubtful a
minute and then said; "Give it to Ned."
"Why?" asked mamma. "Because," was the
answer, "if 1 break it I'll have to give Ned
the bigger half, and I want that myself."—
New York Tribune.
A little boy while playing fell down the
steps and hurt himself severely. His mother
scolded him for his carelessness, and he
sobbed out: "Mamma, please don't scold mo
till I get done hurting."—Baptist Weekly.
Among other extraordinary anatomies dis
covered by my hopeful of 4}j is one which he
named in telling me of the sad chastisement
inflicted on a disobedient doll: "Papa, Dittie
was so naughty today that I had to 'pank her
on the back of her tommicl"—Babyhood.
A little Buffalo girl was not feeling well,
and her parents suggested that she might be
about to have chicken pox, then prevalent.
She vent to bed laughing at the idea, but
early next morning went into her parents'
room, looking very serious, and said: "Yes,
it is chicken pox, papa. I found a fedder in
the bed."—Christian Leader.
She declined for two or three nights to say
her prayers. One night her papa covered
his face with his hands, and said: "It makes
papa feel sick to think Margaret won't say
her prayOrs." "Papa feel sick?" "Yes,
dear." "Papa better take casser (castor)
oiL" The subject of prayer was ao longer
discussed that night.—Babyhood.
un me zievniea :n
A Third avenue train, bound for city hall,
reached Fifty-ninth street at 10 o'clock, e£d
was crowded. A man who had kept his eye
on the first car managed to squeeze himself
in there. In one of the cross seats were two
young women, and opposite them were a
bundle and a young man. The young women
were engrossed in each other's conversation,
which seemed to consist almost entirely of
"Says be to me," "Then, says I to him,"
"He wrote me, so he did," and so on.
The man approached and said, somewhat
gruffly, "I want to sit down."
The young man, who was sitting upon the
outer end, closed in his legs to let him pass.
"I want to sit down there," he said, with
an emphasis on "there" as ho pointed where
the bundle rested. He spoke more gruffly
this time, and in a louder tono.
The young man smiled and continued read
ing.
"Well," roared the now thoroughly in
furiated man, "I paid for my .'eat and I'll
seo you to the deuce before you can keep two
scats for one fare." Then he took the bundle
and pitched it upon the floor. The young
man again smiled, while the young women
suddenly ceased their "Said I to him" and
"Says he to me." One of them reached for
the bundle, which was hers, and said to the
man, loudly enough for everybody to hear:
"You dirty, naughty, mean man."
The man was overwhelmed with confusion
and was apologizing to all three, when a
fellow passenger who had been sitting with
his back to him stood up and cursed him.
"Do you want to gaze at the stars?" said he,
"or probably you have a rush of blood to the
head. Anyhow, lean off. Give my back a
show."
There had been no triangular piece of wood
to keep their backs apart. The man forgot
his apology, and turned around to confront
his new antagonist. Fragments of the two
would soon have been strewn about had not
the other passengers interfered. Then tho
blunderer rushed to the door as the train
slowed up.
"No," replied the guard, shaking his head;
"this is Forty-seventh."
Before the blunderer could resume his seat
tho train started and he was flung to the
floor, crushing his hat and hurting his lip as
he fell. As the train reached Twenty-third
street there was a great rush. The blunderer
was leaning on his cane. When the train
again started the blunderer wasn't leaning on
his cane, but he was leisurely examining the
two halves of it.
Moral: Look before you leap.— Now York
Tribune. __
Descendants of the Dirt Haters.
There is a race of negroes in the United
States that must be defendants of the iirt
eating tribe of Africans known to exist in the
interior of the dark «ontinent, for I had a
cook who came from tlie back hill country of
Louisiana, which, by the way, is very Jittle
known by outsiders, who was a (lilt eater.
She said one day that she was going Imck to
the hills, as the black dirt at New Orleans
was not good, and she pined for some of tho
kind she had always been used to euting, and
she went back. I was told that iu certain
joil where these people live there was a strong
alkali taste which they fancied very much.
Eating dirt becomes a habit with them, and
when they wander away they still keep up
the desire until they get tired of the mud that
is unlike the home article. I have heard of
white men w Co eat dirt, but this negress is
the only genuine dirt eater I ever saw.—CoL
George L. Cunningham in Globe-Democrat.
Caused by Fright.
Savants have discovered that the hail oi
the prong'horned antelope, like that of man,
is made to stand erect by sudden fright. In
vestigati.n in this line might take in tho
hedgehog and the ridgepo)« cat—New Y'ork
Bun.

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