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For twenty years, commencing with 1864, and ending with 1884, the State of New York has given its electoral vote to the Republican and Democratic candidates for president alternately, as the following figures will show : 18641 1876! Lincoln, R...........368.735 Tilden, D..............521 919 McClellan, I>.......361,986 Hayes, R..............489,3u7 Rep. plurality.. 6,749 Dem. plurality.. 32,742 1868. 1880. Scymous. D.........429,883 Garfield. R...........555,544 Grant, K..............419,883 Hancock, D..........534,511 Dem. plurality.. 10,000 Rep. plurality... 21,033 1872. 1884. Grant, R............440,736 Cleveland, D........563,048 Greeley, D...........387,281 Blaine, R..............562,001 Rep. plurality.. 53,455 Dem. plurality.. 1,047 If the Democrats carry New York next November it will he seen that they will have to break this precedent. The proba bilities are that the Republicans will take their turn and this year carry the state in regular order. As opposed to Cleveland, we believe Depew, Allison, or Sherman could command a majority vote. Blaine, in all probability, could sweep the state by a majority only measured by scores ol thousands._ A HOME INSTITUTION. The Home Building ami Lean Associa tion of this city is one of those institutions that deserves the confidence and patronage of our people. It is a home association in a double sense, for it is not only composed exclusively of permanent residents, using home capital for the general benefit of themselves and building up our city, but its purpose is to provide a home for every one without costing any more than the same person would pay out for rents and the cost of moving around for a few years. It is not what is nominally called a charit able and benevolent institution, but it is much better practically, for it takes hold with those who want to help themselves and gives them a powerful lift. It pro motes industry, economy and good habits; it stimulates ambition and makes perma nent citizens interested to make improve ments. There ought to be five hundred members of the organization, with a capital of half a million, and that would be if the plan of operations were only generally understood. Call on the secretary and get a copy of the by-laws and learn how the plan and pur pose is accomplished. The British have just launched a steel clad ship of war, the Nile, which cost for construction and equipment five million dollars. It is the most powerful ship of war alloat, possibly not the most effective for it is yet a matter of doubt if several smaller vessels built for the same money, but carrying fewer guns and men, would not do more execution and involve less danger of heavy loss. But the fact that England is spending money so lavishly on war ships, ought to make the United States consider well how she is to meet her only possible foe on the only possible scene of conflict, the ocean. Before we can ever se riously consider the matter of competing for ocean commerce ; before we can ever go largely into the business of negotiating commercial treaties, except with countries reached by rail ; before we can ever hope the countries on this continent will give us their trade and seek our friendship and alliance; before we can ever hope that the streams of foreign supplies of any sort, of new or raw or manufactured products, can flow to us, secure from interruption, we must have a navy that is superior in all re spects to any other. True we are in no present danger of war, but it will take us several years of the utmost industry and effort to produce such a navy as we need, and it is as certain as human foresight can pronounce on any future event, that before we are in readiness for the harvest of the seas, it will be ripe for our gathering. A general European war would give us the opportunity to acquire a preponderance of the ocean commerce, if we are prepared to hold and defend it. We can as well as not spare ten millions each year for the con struction of new war ships and as much more for the manufacture of superior ord dauce and small arms. We can better afford this than any nation in the world, and we have greater interests in the future than any two other nations on the face of the earth.____ Lewiston Enterprise: The action of the Republican territorial committee with ref erence to the selection of delegates to the national convention is in striking contrast to the boss rule applied by the Democratic committee. The Democrats of Montana will have no voice in choosing delegates, as the committee has. through its chairman, deputed itself to act for them. The Re publican convention, which meets in this city on the 19th prox., will be composed of representatives selected by the people, and will be prepared to intelligently choose delegates who will cast their votes at the Chicago convention for a presidential can didate agreeable to a large majority of the party. It remains to be seen whether the rank and file of the Democratic party will quietly submit to the boss rule, intro duced into Montana politics by their lead ers. Congress has its hands full. Of the twelve thousand and some hundreds of bills introduced less than a thousand have been considered at all, and those the least controverted. There have been one hun dred and twenty-five notices of regular prepared speeches on the tarifl bill filed with the Speaker. Probably ten thousand amendments will he offered and voted upon. In anticipation of a season's cam paign. the appropriation bills are being hurried through. The Democrats have no two-thirds majority to order any previous question and choke down debate, and it is pretty safe to remark that the subject of tarifl' wiil be thoroughly considered and subjected to all manner of coddling and buffeting before it is disposed of in the House, and after that the Senate will take it in hand.___ Will Maginnis and his friends sutler Brannigan to be muzzled by the Cleveland committee majority ? John should be given a chance to be heard. MONTANA DEMOCRACY FOR CLEVELAND. The Democratic convention of commit teemen have done their appointed work in their own peculiar way, and if the Democratic party is satisfied with the result, we surely ought to be. The adop tion of the resolution endorsing the ad ministration of Cleveland and expressing the belief that he will be unanimously nominated and triumphantly elected, is about equivalent to an instruction and pledge. Without this we might natu rally expect that Major Maginnis would exert himself as enthusiastically to nom inate Cleveland as the latter did to nom inate the former for governor of Mon tana. We have fancied that there was some intentional ambiguity in the reso lutions confining the commendation simply to Cleveland's administrative acts. It may be only our notion, but it looks to us like a careful avoidance of committing any one to an approval of Cleveland's policy as declared in his message to congress and expressed in concrete form in the Mills tarifl'bill with its free wool and general preference for British manufactures. It seems also a tri le sarcastic to refer to the man ne in which Cleveland has upheld th 1 national honor and added to the CO intry's reputation at home and ab.oad. If any one can recall anything that Cleveland has done or attempted in that direction we should like to be in formed, for we certainly have never heard of it. He has allowed our east ern fishermen to be treated as brutally as our merchantmen in the Mediter ranean were treated by the Barbary States iu the beginning of the century, and when Congress voted him the power to retaliate he did nothing. We ven ture to say that if James G. Blaine had been President those powers would not have remained dormant. But we were told that all this was to be better settled by treaty, and a great parade has been made over the treaty that Bayard and Chamberlain have concocted. It is a wonderful instrument, by which the Canadians have agreed for valuable con siderations to abandon their piratical and barbarous usages. It is a treaty that does no credit to any one on our side of the negotiations, and will never be confirmed by self-rerect ing American Senators. Every act of the administration, so far as the public has been advised has mani fested the same truckling subserviency to the British aristocratic policy, and its disposition was good enough to grant extradition to every political offender against British tyrannical rule in Ire land. Perhaps Major Maginnis and Colonel Marshall may approve of this conduct of the administration and want more of it, but we don't believe it, nor do we believe that the Democrats of Montana would blister their hands clapping applause over the renomina tion or re-election of Cleveland, whose policy has already cost Montana hun dreds of thousands of dollars, and if carried out into law, would ruin our most proming industries. If, as seems now probable, there is to be no other candidate before the Demo cratic convention at St. Louis, we are not suprised that Hauser and Clark did not care to attend the funeral, it would be enough for them to furnish the corpse. Our friends who are so ready with their approval of the administrative acts of Cleveland, certainly cannot have for gotten Sparks and his beauty of an ad ministration of the Land Office, nor could their enthusiasm have been kin dled to a very lively glow by anything that has been done to increase our postal facilities. Here comes in "the high standard of industry," as Col. Curtis can testify. If Messrs. Maginnis and Marshall cast the vote of Montana Democracy for Cleveland, it will not be in response to the demands of any portion of the party save the office holders, and it will not be in recognition of any favors received or of any advantages expected from Cleve land's re-election. When we heard of the sudden appear ance of Minister Phelps in this country our first natural inference was that he was after the chief justiceship. It is said that Cleveland inclines to give him the po sition and to appoint James Russell Lowell again to the English mission. This may explain Lowell's recent utterances in favor of free trade. The subserviency of both these persons to British Tory views renders them unfit for American representatives We are by no means infected with Anglo plobia, and seek no strife with our blood relations across the Atlantic. But we make a broad distinction between the court and aristocratic English and those middle and lower classes from which all oar immigra tion has come. Our sympathies are alto gether with the English that follow the lead of Gladstone ; that are ready to ac cord borne rule to Ireland ; to disestablish the state church ; to reorganize the Honse of Lords on an elective basis ; to abolish primogeniture and entail, and in fine, to lii>eralize all the interior and exterior policy of England. We want no alliance with England under Salisbury, but we want to see an England with such a policy that will make it an ally without need of any formal treaty. Cases are méntioned where American manufacturers, in view of the possible pas sage of the tariff bill of Mills', have sent agents to England to ascertain the pros pects of transferring their business there. They find there will be a good margin of profit in cheaper material and labor. There is not a shadow of donbt that this wonld be the resnlt Manufacturing wonld be largely transferred to England, onr own factories wonld be closed and their em ployes turned adrift. THE RETURNS COMING IN. The first returns from Cleveland and Mills campaign against wool are begin ning to come in. Yesterday the failure of F. D. Blake & C'o., wool commission merchants of New York, was announced. There will be more to follow. But while one fails, thousands are losers all over the country. If the mere threat of dan ger produces so much loss, what will be the effect of the danger itself, with Cleveland for President and a Congress ready to record his decrees ? The cotton-growers may rejoice over the decline and fall of a Northern indus try, which in all ages has been consid ered the most deserting of patronage and protection, among all dwellers in the North temperate zone. Canadians, Australians, South Africans, New Zeal anders and British subjects generally all over the world are rejoicing over the ap proaching ruin and down-fall of the American wool-growers and the opening to foreign marauders of the greatest and best wool market on the face of the earth. Great Britain, in the role of bully and assassin, forced China to admit opium on her own terms, and in the same way compelled Japan to admit British goods at five per cent, duty, but never before has she found a nation, civilized or bar barous, so silly and craven as to shape its revenue laws expressly to suit British interests of their own accord. Such a wanton, reckless assault upon one of the established leading interests of the country by a portion of our own citizens and by those honored with official trust never before was beard of. If an avowed, open enemy with hostile armies and shotted guns were to dictate such terms to us as Cleveland has advocated in Ids message and Mills has embodied in his tariff bill, our peo ple would never accede to them, but defy their enemies to do their worst. And we are to kill off our sheep, close up our mills and turn out the employes to idle ness and poverty, sacrificing millions on the shallow pretense that the British can do this business for us cheaper. Did we ever get anything cheap from England except poor advice? In vain was the war of the revolution fought and indepen dence declared if we voluntarily resume the relation of such subordinate, meek and humble patrons of British trade and manufacture. If there is any profit to be made in wool growing, we ought to prefer to protect our own colonists in the Territories and our small farmers all over the country who are utilizing our waste and mountainous lands ; if any capitalists are to make a profit in the manufacture we ought to prefer our own, who give employment to skilled labor at home and build up here the best markets for our agricultural pro ducts ; if any shippers are to be bene fitted by the transportation of raw wool and the finished product, let it be our own railroads rather than British ship owners. In fact we can see but little to prefer in having an American President with British principles and preferences, to re suming our old condition of colonists and having a scion of the British royal family for ruler. The Democratic committee was careful to confine its endorsement of the President to his administrative acts. Even that was a mighty sight more than the party would have consented to had the rank and file been allowed to meet in convention and speak as they felt. There was enough deference paid to general Democratic sen timent to refrain from instructing the dele gates to vote for Cleveland. Had that res olution prevailed, Maginnis, for one, would probably have declined to attend at St. Louis. The House Democrats seem to be guided in their estimate of time to be given to the discussion of the tariff bill to that spent over the direct tax bill. No such standard is to be regarded. The importance of the bill and the policy that it would inaugurate are too vitally absorbing and far reaching to be passed over without bed-rock inves tigation and fighting every inch of ground. The most industrious use of time can hardly prepare the measure for a final vote before the nominating conventions meet and do their work. No ten day campaign will satisfy the country, without the whole frame work is changed in that time. While it seems to be conceded that Cleveland will be renominated without op position, the Republicans have a score or more of good candidates, any one of whom we could cheerfnlly and most heartily support. Still, as the day draws nigh when the choice mast be made, we feel all oar ardor of fonr year3 ago renewed for Blaine. The more we contrast him in every respect to Cleveland the more we like him and want him for president. We believe he could be elected beyond all question. Bat in the uncertainty that Blaine will accept a nomination, we are compelled to think of a second choice. There are many general and some special reasons why Allison, of Iowa, would prove most acceptable to Western Republicans. Canada is making preparations to profit by the Mills tariff bill, and very gener ously proposes to admit free of duty what we have nothing of to export. When Canada gets any more of these one-sided treaties negotiated we shall expect to know it, but onr private opinion is that the only way in which Canada will ever get free trade with the United States will be by becoming a part of the Union. The Investigation of Governor Hill, of New York, is bringing out some very damaging testimony, which wouldn't ap pear to advantage in a canvass for the presidency. It shows how the tax-payers of New York City are made to pay cam paign expenses as in the good old days of Tweed & Co. Until four years ago the Democrats of the Territories had no standing whatever in national conventions of the party. By courtesy they were allowed at most ad mission and the privilege of spectators to see and hear. In 1884 this shutting ont of the Territories was done away with, no one doing more towards bringing about a change to correspond with the Republi cans than Sam Word, of Montana. Up to that time it had been the practice of the party in all the Territories to permit, unquestioned, the Territorial committee to meet and name a couple of Democrats, by courtesy called "delegates." Do onr Democratic friends show a disposition to conform to the new order of things ? Not at all. They are proceeding this year as of old to the selec tion of delegates by committee—dele gates who now have a voice and vote in determining the choice of presi dential candidate. The party at large is utterly ignored. No convention is called— no permission is given the rank and file to meet and declare their preferences. In justice to the party elsewhere it should be said that Montana, of all the Territories so far reported, is alone in continuing the committee practice. The Democratic bosses here appear to have absolute control and contrary to the action taken in Idaho, Washington and other Territories, refuse to permit a representative convention, an« 1 in stead re-enact the farcical committee meet ing, determined that, whatever may come of it, Cleveland delegates shall be named and principles declared by a conclave com mitted to Cleveland, his free trade and other policies. The ' committee is, all in all, the Democratic party. It is run, certainly, as if it were such, and the Her ald permits objecting Democrats to say so. The Herald never fails to supply in teresting themes of discussion for the De mocracy, whether gatheied in committee, assembled in convention, or running a cam paign. Chairman Clark, in deference to the opinions expressed in these colnmns as to the legitimacy of the committee pro ceeding to delegate representatives to St. Louis, submitted the question to his col leagues, apparently adopting the view taken by the Herald that the wisest, safest and best method wonld be to follow the Republican plan and call a convention. One after another of the committee took the floor to remind the brethren that the Herald was not of their politics, was not a safe adviser of the party, and that the Democracy should run the machine in their own way. The Her ald's counsel was good, but for purposes personal to those in control of the com mittee our advice was ignored and the majority went ahead and "cheeked it through." _ There is good reason to believe that the tin mines of Dakota are rich and exten sive enough to supply the country with one of the most impoitant articles for which we have been heretofore dependent entirely upon foreign production. The tests that have recently been made on a large scale, both in England and this coun try, are pronounced entirely satisfactory, and preparations are being made to work the mines on a large scale. Our imports of tin plate last year amounted to near $17, 000,000. In view of the possibility of being able soon to develop an industry that would make us independent of foreign supply, it would be very unwise to remove the duty on tin plates. The home indus try wonld give employment to millions of capital and thousands of hands, and they in turn would increase the home demand for agricultural products. The National Educational Association has issued an attractive bulletin of its next annual meeting in July at San Francisco. Prof. Howard, our city school superin tended, is one ol the directors and can give all the necessary information that is not contained in the published bulletin. To those who wish to a'tend from Helena, toe fare for the round trip will be $51. Several routes will he open to choice, and changes can be made after buying tickets for $10 extra. The meeting opens July 17th and holds four clays. An extensive and attractive programme is laid out, and it will be an occasion of rare interest. Each successive one is better than any be fore, and the proverbial generosity of Cali fornians ensures bountiful entertainment. Excursions are planned all over the Pacific slope, and this will give practical educa tion of the right kind for the teachers of American yonth. That Chamberlain has gone over to the Tories and severed his connection with the Liberals is not particularly surprising. There seems to be an irresistable attraction to some minds in the condescending patron age of the British aristocracy. Our minis ters have successively fallen under this in fluence and lost their heads. It i3 less strange in Chamberlain's case than Lowell's. Chamberlain knows well that he has lost the confidence of the Liberals, and there is no future for him except in the Tory ranks. He probably hankers for a peerage, and thus prefers to link himself with a dead past rather than a living future. In Lecky'a history of England in the eighteenth century, even in the closing years of the century, the stage ride from London to Edinburgh took from ten days to three weeks, according to the weather, and condition of the roads. When the change was introduced from horse-back riding to stage coaches there was violent opposition, and many riotous outbreaks in England, and so too, the same opposition was shown to the introduction of turnpike roads, and the latter when first introduced were only made wide enough for a single vehicle, and it was next to impossible to tarn oat or pass another vehicle. Democrats don't seem to know a thing, so to speak, as to what course the commit tee intend to pursue. Some declare the par pose is to ignore Maginnis ; that is to say, not to permit him to go to the convention. One more kick won't make much difference to the Major. The Standard Oil Company is going to lay 2k pipe line from its oil field at Lima, Indiana, to Chicago. The distance is 210 miles, and the cœt is estimated at two and quarter millions. The oil will be trans fert ed in its crude form. There will be no waste, for all the residuum after refining is valuable for various manufactures as well as for fuel, and for this latter purpose the whole product is expected to find ready market and will displace coal to a great extent. From tests made in Rnssia it is found that petroleum is much better than coal for either stationary or locomotive en gines. The coal oil and natural gas region of the United States is going to be the great center of the manufactnring indus try and the advantages in cheapnesss and the ease of transportation by pipe is des tined to prove of such an advantage that no part of the world will he able to com pete with it. Fortunately the same region produces iron ore in abundance, and there will be such an increase of iron pro duction that it will revolutionize the world. Houses and bridges, fences and possibly railroad ties and telegraph poles will be manufactured of iron. The ore beds and mountains of iron in Missouri, Michigan and Wisconsin are extensive enough to furnish the material to recon struct the world. Chicago is already one of the greatest manufacturing cities of the world, and with the new supply of cheap fuel, its industries will receive a new im petus. It will be of the greatest advan tage in building up the great central in terior manufacturing region ; that it is also surrounded by the best agricultural region, capable of feeding at the cheapest rate millions of operatives, while transporta tion is abundant and cheap either jy rail or water. It will give new life to the scheme of connecting the great lakes with the Mississippi by a ship canal. If there is no fooling allowed with our protective tariff, the great Western States will, in a few years, he able to supply the whole country and its great manufacturing estab ments will not need protection. The action of the Connecticut Demo cratic committee that recently met and chose delegates at large to the national conven tion, is ominous of the feeling in certain Democratic quarters. While the adminis tration was endorsed in general terms, a motion to endorse the president's message and the Mills tariff bill was voted down so quick that it made the mover's head swim. The Cleveland Democratic delegates may support Cleveland in convention in absence of any other candidate, but so far as carry ing the state on a low tariff and free trade platform it is not expected, and no great effort will be made. There is no state in the Union more dependent upon its manu facturing interests than Connecticut, and its manufacturers are not so well estab lished and prosperous as to be able to get aloDg without protection. In 1880 there wore no more than 5.000 Jews in and around Jerusalem, and now we are told they amount to 30,000 and are increasing very rapidly. The greatest ac cession has been from those driven oat of Russia. These Jews in Jerusalem are not generally self-supporting, but are main tained by the charity of wealthy Jews in Europe and America. If Palestine could be detached from Turkey and provided with some enlightened stable government, it would in a few years become rich and prosperous, but we have au idea that these Russian Jews are poor material to build up the prosperity of any country. They are generally represented to be ignorant, lazy, bigoted and thriftless. Between 1870 and 1880 the number of establishments for manufacturing silk in this country increased from 88 to 332, the capital invested increased threefold, and the number of hands employed, fivefold. On the other hand, there was no increase in the number of woolen manufactories, a dimunition of the capital employed, and only a slight increase of the hands em ployed. And in worsted goods there was a large decrease of establishments and hands employed. If there had been any great profit in the business there would have been an increase corresponding with the increase in other departments. There were no great amount of bonds honght yesterday by the national treas urer. It was only an experiment to test the market and the temper of the secre tary. If this practice is kept up steadily there will soon be plenty of offers, for those who hold 4] per cents will look up some more permanent and profitable in vestment and take the premium before it all disappears, for it will vanish entirely within the next three years. Our esteemed contemporary, the Inde pendent, continues the reprehensible prac tice of revamping ancient dispatches secured from eastern exchanges, and palm ing the same upon its ] readers as current news. A sample of several impostures of the sort in this morning's issue, is one cap tioned "The Vacant Justiceship." It is a fraud nine days old, and it should be known that the Associated Press is in no respect responsible for it. A howl from over the way. A Repub lican mayor appointed and a Republican council confirmed a colored man for police man. That's right. Every Republican will stand by it. When a protest is heard, be sure it will come from no other source than that of the hired man of the "organ." Cleveland twice voted against making Maginnis Governor of Montana. The question is, whether the Major will vote as many or more times against making Grover a Presidential candidate. How strange that Northern Democratic papers do not say more about their great victory in Louisiana! Repnblicans all voted the Democratic ticket! At least this is the explanation of the returning officers. There are a large number of Democrats expressing the hope that Branagan will have the courage of his convictions and let himself be heard in committee on the Cleveland and tariff issues. i ! I ! IN COUNCIL. The Republicans of Massachusetts Making Themselves Heard in the Land. Boston, April 24.—There is a large gathering of politicians here to-night to attend the State Repnblican convention to morrow. Permanent officers have already been selected, and it is rumored that Blaine's name will be eulogized. The platform will endorse the national temper ance plank. The delegates to the Chicago convention will, it is concluded, he Senator Hoar, Henry S. Hine. Alanson W. Beard and Dr. Fred L. Barden. Boston, April 25.—The Republican State convention to elect delegates to the National convention assembled at Tremont Temple at 11 o'clock this forenoon. The convention was called to order by Dr. Bar den, chairman of the State committee, who said the prospects of the Republican party in the State and Nation never looked more encouraging than to-day. He urged the formation of Republican dub aids to the regular organization, and said the import ance of such clubs could not be over estimated. He favored a policy of making a clean campaign entirely from a Republi can standpoint ; "bat," said he, "we will welcome the honest independents who, believiDg that the course pursued by the Republican paity four years ago tended to retard reform of the civil service, Wfnt ont and fell down at the feet of that great high priest of reform, Grover Cleveland, because he will admit his mistake. But to that so-called inde pendent, who seized upon the question of civil service reform as a pretext while the rtal reason was that he was free trader, we have no concession to offer. r l he policy ot the Republican party is identified with the principle of protection to American laoor. President Cleveland's message has indellibly imprinted free trade upon the Democratic policy. President Cleveland for the Democratic party threw down the gage of battle, and James G Blaine picked it np and answered the challenge with a trumpet blast for protection that will not cease to he heard until a Republican shall sit in the presidential chair of the nation." Dr. Barden's remarks were frequently interrupted by applause. The mention of the name of James G. Blaine elicited wild enthusiasm, and a call by a delegate for three cheers for Blaine was heartily re sponded to, with an enthusiastic ' tiger." Protective sentiments in the address also re ceived hearty applause. When Dr. Barden had concluded the usual committees were appointed, and Gen. Wm. Cogswell was elected president of the con vention. General Cogswell congratu lated the delegates on the perfect harmony in the party. He reviewed the record of Cleveland's administration, which he de clared was characterized by "ignorance and incapacity," its distinguishing features be ing "a total lack of Americanism." He strongly denounced the President's mes sage and the whole course of the Demo cratic party upon the tariff. The course of the national administration upon the fish eries question was also severely criticized. Geo. F. Hoar, F. L. Barden, Henry S. Hyde, and Alanson W. Beard were elected delegates at large to the National Conven tion, and the convention adjourned. Pennsylvania Convention. Harrisburg, Pa. April 24 —For the first time in six years Senator Don Cam eron appeared personally upon the ground at the State convention to fight lor the chairmanship for the State committee, which was settled by a compromise this evening. Senator Cooper continues to act as chairman until the first of next Jan uary, which gives him the management of the campaign this year. Harrisburg, Pa., April 25.—The Re publican State Convention to nominate four delegates at large to the National Con vention, a candidate for supreme judge, and two electors at large, met in the Opera House at 11 o'clock this morning. Samuel H. Miller was elected temporary chairman. He congratulated the convention on the harmony which prevails among the Re publicans of the state, and said: "Through out the country the outlook is cheering and hopeful. By virtue of the wise finan cial and industrial legislation of the Re publican party onr manufacturing and other industries are fairly prosperous, not withstanding the discouraging, although unsuccessful attacks made upon them by every Democratic Congress. The vital question of to-day is, Shall the American doctrine of protection and American mar kets for American manufactures be re tained, or shall the Democratic party be permitted to hinder, cripple and overturn all this. Shall our people march forward, or shall they heat a retreat at the whim of the Democratic ways and means commit tee, moved by the power and patronage of a Democratic executive. Shall the next President of the United States favor tho policies of Cleveland or Blaine? As Pennsylvanians we are direct ly interested in the success of the Repub lican party iu the nation. A national in dustrial policy that would cripple or hin der the development of our manufacturing interests would be felt more severely by the people of our State than by onr fellow countrymen in those sections that have not directly been affected by the growth and prosperity which naturally results from our great industries. It is of the utmost importance that the Pennsylvania Republicans should take the lead in all matters that are calculated to extend the strength and solidify Repnblican theories, policies and principles in every part of the Union. Is it not an object worthy our best efforts to build up the Republican party in the Southern States, in which the confederates can join heartily, and which will make the States of the South as debatable on the eve of the presidential election as are the States of the Noith, East or West. Miller's reference to Blaine was greeted with loud and long continued cheers. The platform submitted to the conven tion demands that congress enacts such laws as shall secure fair elections for mem bers of Congress and the electoral college ; it denounces the president's message and wool clause of Mills tariff bill. It demands the passage of a just and comprehensive pension hill, condemns the action of the Democrats in the House for refusing to pass the direct tex bill, declares in favor of true civil service, reform, and pledges the Republican party of the state to submit the question of prohibition to a vote of the people, and endorses the state administra tion. Proposed Presidential Nominations. Syracuse, N. Y., April 24.—At a meet ing to day of the State executive commit tee of the Union Labor party of this State, A. J. Stroeter, of Illinois, chairman of the national committee, was prominently men tioned for presidential nominee, with Grand Master Workman Powderly for vice-presi dent. Prohibition. Ogden, Utah, April 24.—The Territorial prohibition mass convention decided, in view of the peculiar local situation, not to divide the gentile minority by organizing a separate political party. Confirmations. Washington, April 24.—The Senate confirmed G. T. Dennis for district attorney for the southern district of California, and C. M. Johnson, of Kentucky, agent of the Pima Indians. Arizona. [For the Herald. Which is the Better ? [BY REV. F. D. KELSEY.] Was it not better when the foundation stone of the new, but inferior, temple was laid, for the people to shout for joy over the rebuilt temple, than to weep and wail over the past and inferiority of the present? Is not an humble temple better than none? Is not emancipation better than Babylonian slavery? Is not Jerusalem rebuilt better than Jerusalem in ashes, even if the re built Jerusalem is insignficant when com pared with the Jerusalem of David and Solomon? It sterns almost oat cf place for men to weep over a corner stone of blessing, mercy and a bettered condition. Even iif the present be not equal to the golden age of the past, yet if be onward and upward and the humble beginning of better days, they who shout and sing and give thanks are more rational and do better than those who weep and moan and groan over comparisons of the present with the past. If these tears and mourning could accomplish anything and better affairs, all well and good. Let there be much of 't. if it lead to repentance for sin, and amer'i'^ent of life, or greater zeal in active duty. But the Lord deliver us from chronic growlers, weepers whose tear glands are more developed than their working muscles, or their willingness to lake hold and help. Wbat Zeruhbabel wanted and needed were men not given to weeping b nt to working, and a hearty good shout and sturdy good hand were more worth that day than groans and tears. Tears are cheap, but "lend a hand" means much; and people who shout in joy and praise over the issues of the present hour are far more helpful than tearful eyes and beclouded countenances of those who mourn that these latter days are so corrupt and infe rior todays gone by. Well, suppose that be true; tears will not helD the matter; lay to and lend a hand in rebuilding the temple; if not so fine as Solomon's, yet so fine as the possibilities of the present will allow, and shout for joy with them that shout in glee that any temple at all can lie rebuilt, It is exceedingly provoking in times of successful endeavor to make a had matter better to have these millstones tied to onr neck—these millstones run with water flowing from eyes that look not at the grandeur of the attainments under present difficulty, but at what once was but now is not. It is like those who look upon our city as an insignificant village, because in the East there are thousands of unimportant places of double its size. They have no appreciation of the surroundm,; facts and impediments. They have no appreciation of the relation of things and the compara tive value of things that differ. A. little diamond carried in the hand may ha worth more than a whole mountain of limestone. A single lot in a city may have more selling worth than a large ranch in some other place. To be sure, the sec ond temple was more insignificant than the first, but compare the circumstances. The first was boilt by the greatest mon arch and richest nation of the age. The second was built by the pioneers of a race of emancipated slaves, who built not in a time of luxury, but before even their own families had been made secure from famine and the incursion of hostile bands of robbers. It was a time for shout ing and of joy rather than for weeping over the smallness of results. The results were not small; it was a grand attainment for such a people in their poverty and weak ness to begin the new freedom of rebuild ing as they were able the temple of the Lord. Wailing and weeping have their appro priate place.3 and times. Well may wo weep and wail at the guilt and degrada tion of sin, but when men have done all tnat lies within their power they should not weep over its insignificance but shout for joy that they can do anything at all. And in the sight of God the results of a poor, weak man's consecrated toil is as acceptable as the mag nificent works of the mighty, the rich and the great; and the, day of the corner-stone of the second temple was as bright and acceptable to God as the day when Solo mon in all his glory, wealth and power built the temple whose ren >wn has been in history ever since. It is the heart behind the gift that makes it precious m God's sight. Each human soul is now, or ought to be, building a temple unto God. That temple will be better built by those who work rather than by those who weep. Like St. Paul, we shall not spend much time and strength in brooding over the mistakes of the paet or its sad ruins. The question for us now is, What will we do about it? Let us forget the things which are behind and reach forth unto the things which are before, and press towards the prize. It is not how many fears we can shed over the ruins of the sins of the past, but what can be saved from the ruins, and how much, and how well can we rebuild. There is a mighty dif ference between those who weep over sin's ruin, and those who mend their way i. God loves the man whose weeping and wailing over sin leads him to build up God's tem ple within his heart, and mend his wavs. Then after the temple is rebuilt he should praise God in song and shout rather than in weeping, bewailing the present attain ments in comparison with the past. Ah, but how many there are who at this moment neither weep over sin and sin's ruin, nor lend a hand at rebuilding God's temple in the heart, bnt are fast going down to death and eternal ruin. Art thou such an one ? Desperate Fight With Indians. Nogales, April 24.—The Yaqai Indians are now at war with the Mexican federal forces at Sonora, Mexico, and are now forti fying different places and making a de termined stand against the troops. A few days ago Major Enciso and Lieut. Valtne leal and two columns of federal troops at tacked the Indians' Btrong fortified posi tions, in the Famalaqnaca mountains, near the town of Aqna Verdo. A desperate fight ensued, but the fédérais, after a num ber of charges, rou'.ed the Indians from their fortifications, killing seventeen and wounding a large number. The federal forces had one man kill and several wounded. The Irish Flag Incident. New York, April 24.—The board of aldermen had a lively session to day, when the resolution curtailing the mayor's power in displaying flags on the city hall was offered for passage over Mayor Hew itt's veto. By ordinance the mayor had unlimited power over flags. The resolu tion passed over his veto by a vote of 20 to 3 give3 the mayor power unless the aider men otherwise direct. The whole trouble grew ont of the mayor's refusal to display the Irish flag on the city hall on St. Patrick's day. Fatal shooting Affray. Galveston, April 24.—The Ntics' New Laredo, Mexico, special says: Sunday Captain Ramon Arguilles, of the Mexican army, and Adolfo Towesa, clerk in the National Railway office, quarreled iu a restaurant. Meeting subsequently Ar guilles shot Towesa, wounding him in the groin. The latter returned the fire, killing his antagonist. Towesa's condition is pre carious. Price of Silver. New York, April 25.—Bar silver, 93j.