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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, April 26, 1888, Image 2

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THE RECORD.
For twenty years, commencing with
1864, and ending with 1884, the State of
New York has given its electoral vote to
the Republican and Democratic candidates
for president alternately, as the following
figures will show :
18641 1876!
Lincoln, R...........368.735 Tilden, D..............521 919
McClellan, I>.......361,986 Hayes, R..............489,3u7
Rep. plurality.. 6,749 Dem. plurality.. 32,742
1868. 1880.
Scymous. D.........429,883 Garfield. R...........555,544
Grant, K..............419,883 Hancock, D..........534,511
Dem. plurality.. 10,000 Rep. plurality... 21,033
1872. 1884.
Grant, R............440,736 Cleveland, D........563,048
Greeley, D...........387,281 Blaine, R..............562,001
Rep. plurality.. 53,455 Dem. plurality.. 1,047
If the Democrats carry New York next
November it will he seen that they will
have to break this precedent. The proba
bilities are that the Republicans will take
their turn and this year carry the state in
regular order. As opposed to Cleveland,
we believe Depew, Allison, or Sherman
could command a majority vote. Blaine,
in all probability, could sweep the state by
a majority only measured by scores ol
thousands._
A HOME INSTITUTION.
The Home Building ami Lean Associa
tion of this city is one of those institutions
that deserves the confidence and patronage
of our people. It is a home association in
a double sense, for it is not only composed
exclusively of permanent residents, using
home capital for the general benefit of
themselves and building up our city, but
its purpose is to provide a home for every
one without costing any more than the
same person would pay out for rents and
the cost of moving around for a few years.
It is not what is nominally called a charit
able and benevolent institution, but it is
much better practically, for it takes hold
with those who want to help themselves
and gives them a powerful lift. It pro
motes industry, economy and good habits;
it stimulates ambition and makes perma
nent citizens interested to make improve
ments.
There ought to be five hundred members
of the organization, with a capital of half a
million, and that would be if the plan of
operations were only generally understood.
Call on the secretary and get a copy of the
by-laws and learn how the plan and pur
pose is accomplished.
The British have just launched a steel
clad ship of war, the Nile, which cost for
construction and equipment five million
dollars. It is the most powerful ship of
war alloat, possibly not the most effective
for it is yet a matter of doubt if several
smaller vessels built for the same money,
but carrying fewer guns and men, would
not do more execution and involve less
danger of heavy loss. But the fact that
England is spending money so lavishly on
war ships, ought to make the United States
consider well how she is to meet her only
possible foe on the only possible scene of
conflict, the ocean. Before we can ever se
riously consider the matter of competing
for ocean commerce ; before we can ever go
largely into the business of negotiating
commercial treaties, except with countries
reached by rail ; before we can ever hope
the countries on this continent will give us
their trade and seek our friendship and
alliance; before we can ever hope that the
streams of foreign supplies of any sort, of
new or raw or manufactured products, can
flow to us, secure from interruption, we
must have a navy that is superior in all re
spects to any other. True we are in no
present danger of war, but it will take us
several years of the utmost industry and
effort to produce such a navy as we need,
and it is as certain as human foresight can
pronounce on any future event, that before
we are in readiness for the harvest of the
seas, it will be ripe for our gathering. A
general European war would give us the
opportunity to acquire a preponderance of
the ocean commerce, if we are prepared to
hold and defend it. We can as well as not
spare ten millions each year for the con
struction of new war ships and as much
more for the manufacture of superior ord
dauce and small arms. We can better
afford this than any nation in the world,
and we have greater interests in the future
than any two other nations on the face of
the earth.____
Lewiston Enterprise: The action of the
Republican territorial committee with ref
erence to the selection of delegates to the
national convention is in striking contrast
to the boss rule applied by the Democratic
committee. The Democrats of Montana
will have no voice in choosing delegates, as
the committee has. through its chairman,
deputed itself to act for them. The Re
publican convention, which meets in this
city on the 19th prox., will be composed of
representatives selected by the people, and
will be prepared to intelligently choose
delegates who will cast their votes at the
Chicago convention for a presidential can
didate agreeable to a large majority of the
party. It remains to be seen whether the
rank and file of the Democratic party will
quietly submit to the boss rule, intro
duced into Montana politics by their lead
ers.
Congress has its hands full. Of the
twelve thousand and some hundreds of
bills introduced less than a thousand have
been considered at all, and those the least
controverted. There have been one hun
dred and twenty-five notices of regular
prepared speeches on the tarifl bill filed
with the Speaker. Probably ten thousand
amendments will he offered and voted
upon. In anticipation of a season's cam
paign. the appropriation bills are being
hurried through. The Democrats have no
two-thirds majority to order any previous
question and choke down debate, and it is
pretty safe to remark that the subject of
tarifl' wiil be thoroughly considered and
subjected to all manner of coddling and
buffeting before it is disposed of in the
House, and after that the Senate will take
it in hand.___
Will Maginnis and his friends sutler
Brannigan to be muzzled by the Cleveland
committee majority ? John should be
given a chance to be heard.
MONTANA DEMOCRACY FOR
CLEVELAND.
The Democratic convention of commit
teemen have done their appointed work
in their own peculiar way, and if the
Democratic party is satisfied with the
result, we surely ought to be. The adop
tion of the resolution endorsing the ad
ministration of Cleveland and expressing
the belief that he will be unanimously
nominated and triumphantly elected, is
about equivalent to an instruction and
pledge. Without this we might natu
rally expect that Major Maginnis would
exert himself as enthusiastically to nom
inate Cleveland as the latter did to nom
inate the former for governor of Mon
tana. We have fancied that there was
some intentional ambiguity in the reso
lutions confining the commendation
simply to Cleveland's administrative
acts. It may be only our notion, but it
looks to us like a careful avoidance of
committing any one to an approval of
Cleveland's policy as declared in his
message to congress and expressed in
concrete form in the Mills tarifl'bill with
its free wool and general preference for
British manufactures. It seems also a
tri le sarcastic to refer to the man
ne in which Cleveland has upheld
th 1 national honor and added to the
CO intry's reputation at home and
ab.oad. If any one can recall anything
that Cleveland has done or attempted in
that direction we should like to be in
formed, for we certainly have never
heard of it. He has allowed our east
ern fishermen to be treated as brutally
as our merchantmen in the Mediter
ranean were treated by the Barbary
States iu the beginning of the century,
and when Congress voted him the power
to retaliate he did nothing. We ven
ture to say that if James G. Blaine had
been President those powers would not
have remained dormant. But we were
told that all this was to be better settled
by treaty, and a great parade has been
made over the treaty that Bayard and
Chamberlain have concocted. It is a
wonderful instrument, by which the
Canadians have agreed for valuable con
siderations to abandon their piratical
and barbarous usages. It is a treaty
that does no credit to any one on our
side of the negotiations, and will
never be confirmed by self-rerect
ing American Senators. Every
act of the administration, so far as
the public has been advised has mani
fested the same truckling subserviency
to the British aristocratic policy, and its
disposition was good enough to grant
extradition to every political offender
against British tyrannical rule in Ire
land. Perhaps Major Maginnis and
Colonel Marshall may approve of this
conduct of the administration and want
more of it, but we don't believe it, nor
do we believe that the Democrats of
Montana would blister their hands
clapping applause over the renomina
tion or re-election of Cleveland, whose
policy has already cost Montana hun
dreds of thousands of dollars, and if
carried out into law, would ruin our
most proming industries.
If, as seems now probable, there is to
be no other candidate before the Demo
cratic convention at St. Louis, we are
not suprised that Hauser and Clark did
not care to attend the funeral, it would
be enough for them to furnish the
corpse.
Our friends who are so ready with
their approval of the administrative acts
of Cleveland, certainly cannot have for
gotten Sparks and his beauty of an ad
ministration of the Land Office, nor
could their enthusiasm have been kin
dled to a very lively glow by anything
that has been done to increase our postal
facilities. Here comes in "the high
standard of industry," as Col. Curtis can
testify.
If Messrs. Maginnis and Marshall cast
the vote of Montana Democracy for
Cleveland, it will not be in response to
the demands of any portion of the party
save the office holders, and it will not be
in recognition of any favors received or
of any advantages expected from Cleve
land's re-election.
When we heard of the sudden appear
ance of Minister Phelps in this country our
first natural inference was that he was
after the chief justiceship. It is said
that Cleveland inclines to give him the po
sition and to appoint James Russell Lowell
again to the English mission. This may
explain Lowell's recent utterances in favor
of free trade. The subserviency of both
these persons to British Tory views renders
them unfit for American representatives
We are by no means infected with Anglo
plobia, and seek no strife with our blood
relations across the Atlantic. But we make
a broad distinction between the court and
aristocratic English and those middle and
lower classes from which all oar immigra
tion has come. Our sympathies are alto
gether with the English that follow the
lead of Gladstone ; that are ready to ac
cord borne rule to Ireland ; to disestablish
the state church ; to reorganize the Honse
of Lords on an elective basis ; to abolish
primogeniture and entail, and in fine, to
lii>eralize all the interior and exterior policy
of England. We want no alliance with
England under Salisbury, but we want to
see an England with such a policy that
will make it an ally without need of any
formal treaty.
Cases are méntioned where American
manufacturers, in view of the possible pas
sage of the tariff bill of Mills', have sent
agents to England to ascertain the pros
pects of transferring their business there.
They find there will be a good margin of
profit in cheaper material and labor. There
is not a shadow of donbt that this wonld
be the resnlt Manufacturing wonld be
largely transferred to England, onr own
factories wonld be closed and their em
ployes turned adrift.
THE RETURNS COMING IN.
The first returns from Cleveland and
Mills campaign against wool are begin
ning to come in. Yesterday the failure
of F. D. Blake & C'o., wool commission
merchants of New York, was announced.
There will be more to follow. But while
one fails, thousands are losers all over
the country. If the mere threat of dan
ger produces so much loss, what will be
the effect of the danger itself, with
Cleveland for President and a Congress
ready to record his decrees ?
The cotton-growers may rejoice over
the decline and fall of a Northern indus
try, which in all ages has been consid
ered the most deserting of patronage
and protection, among all dwellers in
the North temperate zone. Canadians,
Australians, South Africans, New Zeal
anders and British subjects generally all
over the world are rejoicing over the ap
proaching ruin and down-fall of the
American wool-growers and the opening
to foreign marauders of the greatest and
best wool market on the face of the
earth.
Great Britain, in the role of bully and
assassin, forced China to admit opium
on her own terms, and in the same way
compelled Japan to admit British goods
at five per cent, duty, but never before
has she found a nation, civilized or bar
barous, so silly and craven as to shape
its revenue laws expressly to suit British
interests of their own accord. Such a
wanton, reckless assault upon one of the
established leading interests of the
country by a portion of our own citizens
and by those honored with official trust
never before was beard of. If an
avowed, open enemy with hostile
armies and shotted guns were to
dictate such terms to us as Cleveland
has advocated in Ids message and Mills
has embodied in his tariff bill, our peo
ple would never accede to them, but defy
their enemies to do their worst. And
we are to kill off our sheep, close up our
mills and turn out the employes to idle
ness and poverty, sacrificing millions on
the shallow pretense that the British can
do this business for us cheaper. Did we
ever get anything cheap from England
except poor advice? In vain was the
war of the revolution fought and indepen
dence declared if we voluntarily resume
the relation of such subordinate, meek
and humble patrons of British trade and
manufacture. If there is any profit to
be made in wool growing, we ought to
prefer to protect our own colonists in
the Territories and our small farmers
all over the country who are utilizing
our waste and mountainous lands ;
if any capitalists are to make a profit
in the manufacture we ought to prefer
our own, who give employment to skilled
labor at home and build up here the
best markets for our agricultural pro
ducts ; if any shippers are to be bene
fitted by the transportation of raw wool
and the finished product, let it be our
own railroads rather than British ship
owners.
In fact we can see but little to prefer
in having an American President with
British principles and preferences, to re
suming our old condition of colonists
and having a scion of the British royal
family for ruler.
The Democratic committee was careful
to confine its endorsement of the President
to his administrative acts. Even that was
a mighty sight more than the party would
have consented to had the rank and file
been allowed to meet in convention and
speak as they felt. There was enough
deference paid to general Democratic sen
timent to refrain from instructing the dele
gates to vote for Cleveland. Had that res
olution prevailed, Maginnis, for one, would
probably have declined to attend at St.
Louis.
The House Democrats seem to be guided
in their estimate of time to be given to the
discussion of the tariff bill to that spent
over the direct tax bill. No such standard
is to be regarded. The importance of the
bill and the policy that it would inaugurate
are too vitally absorbing and far reaching
to be passed over without bed-rock inves
tigation and fighting every inch of ground.
The most industrious use of time can
hardly prepare the measure for a final vote
before the nominating conventions meet
and do their work. No ten day campaign
will satisfy the country, without the whole
frame work is changed in that time.
While it seems to be conceded that
Cleveland will be renominated without op
position, the Republicans have a score or
more of good candidates, any one of whom
we could cheerfnlly and most heartily
support. Still, as the day draws nigh
when the choice mast be made, we feel all
oar ardor of fonr year3 ago renewed for
Blaine. The more we contrast him in
every respect to Cleveland the more we
like him and want him for president. We
believe he could be elected beyond all
question. Bat in the uncertainty that
Blaine will accept a nomination, we are
compelled to think of a second choice.
There are many general and some special
reasons why Allison, of Iowa, would prove
most acceptable to Western Republicans.
Canada is making preparations to profit
by the Mills tariff bill, and very gener
ously proposes to admit free of duty what
we have nothing of to export. When
Canada gets any more of these one-sided
treaties negotiated we shall expect to know
it, but onr private opinion is that the only
way in which Canada will ever get free
trade with the United States will be by
becoming a part of the Union.
The Investigation of Governor Hill, of
New York, is bringing out some very
damaging testimony, which wouldn't ap
pear to advantage in a canvass for the
presidency. It shows how the tax-payers
of New York City are made to pay cam
paign expenses as in the good old days of
Tweed & Co.
Until four years ago the Democrats of
the Territories had no standing whatever
in national conventions of the party. By
courtesy they were allowed at most ad
mission and the privilege of spectators to
see and hear. In 1884 this shutting ont of
the Territories was done away with, no
one doing more towards bringing about a
change to correspond with the Republi
cans than Sam Word, of Montana.
Up to that time it had been the
practice of the party in all the
Territories to permit, unquestioned, the
Territorial committee to meet and name a
couple of Democrats, by courtesy called
"delegates." Do onr Democratic friends
show a disposition to conform to the new
order of things ? Not at all. They are
proceeding this year as of old to the selec
tion of delegates by committee—dele
gates who now have a voice and
vote in determining the choice of presi
dential candidate. The party at large is
utterly ignored. No convention is called—
no permission is given the rank and file
to meet and declare their preferences. In
justice to the party elsewhere it should be
said that Montana, of all the Territories so
far reported, is alone in continuing the
committee practice. The Democratic bosses
here appear to have absolute control and
contrary to the action taken in Idaho,
Washington and other Territories, refuse to
permit a representative convention, an« 1 in
stead re-enact the farcical committee meet
ing, determined that, whatever may come
of it, Cleveland delegates shall be named
and principles declared by a conclave com
mitted to Cleveland, his free trade and
other policies. The ' committee is, all
in all, the Democratic party. It is run,
certainly, as if it were such, and the Her
ald permits objecting Democrats to say so.
The Herald never fails to supply in
teresting themes of discussion for the De
mocracy, whether gatheied in committee,
assembled in convention, or running a cam
paign. Chairman Clark, in deference to
the opinions expressed in these colnmns as
to the legitimacy of the committee pro
ceeding to delegate representatives to St.
Louis, submitted the question to his col
leagues, apparently adopting the
view taken by the Herald that
the wisest, safest and best method wonld
be to follow the Republican plan and call
a convention. One after another of the
committee took the floor to remind the
brethren that the Herald was not of
their politics, was not a safe adviser of the
party, and that the Democracy should run
the machine in their own way. The Her
ald's counsel was good, but for purposes
personal to those in control of the com
mittee our advice was ignored and the
majority went ahead and "cheeked it
through." _
There is good reason to believe that the
tin mines of Dakota are rich and exten
sive enough to supply the country with
one of the most impoitant articles for
which we have been heretofore dependent
entirely upon foreign production. The
tests that have recently been made on a
large scale, both in England and this coun
try, are pronounced entirely satisfactory,
and preparations are being made to work
the mines on a large scale. Our imports of
tin plate last year amounted to near $17,
000,000. In view of the possibility of
being able soon to develop an industry
that would make us independent of foreign
supply, it would be very unwise to remove
the duty on tin plates. The home indus
try wonld give employment to millions of
capital and thousands of hands, and they
in turn would increase the home demand
for agricultural products.
The National Educational Association
has issued an attractive bulletin of its next
annual meeting in July at San Francisco.
Prof. Howard, our city school superin
tended, is one ol the directors and can
give all the necessary information that is
not contained in the published bulletin.
To those who wish to a'tend from Helena,
toe fare for the round trip will be $51.
Several routes will he open to choice, and
changes can be made after buying tickets
for $10 extra. The meeting opens July
17th and holds four clays. An extensive
and attractive programme is laid out, and
it will be an occasion of rare interest.
Each successive one is better than any be
fore, and the proverbial generosity of Cali
fornians ensures bountiful entertainment.
Excursions are planned all over the Pacific
slope, and this will give practical educa
tion of the right kind for the teachers of
American yonth.
That Chamberlain has gone over to the
Tories and severed his connection with the
Liberals is not particularly surprising.
There seems to be an irresistable attraction
to some minds in the condescending patron
age of the British aristocracy. Our minis
ters have successively fallen under this in
fluence and lost their heads. It i3 less
strange in Chamberlain's case than
Lowell's. Chamberlain knows well that
he has lost the confidence of the Liberals,
and there is no future for him except in
the Tory ranks. He probably hankers for
a peerage, and thus prefers to link himself
with a dead past rather than a living
future.
In Lecky'a history of England in the
eighteenth century, even in the closing
years of the century, the stage ride from
London to Edinburgh took from ten days
to three weeks, according to the weather,
and condition of the roads. When the
change was introduced from horse-back
riding to stage coaches there was violent
opposition, and many riotous outbreaks in
England, and so too, the same opposition
was shown to the introduction of turnpike
roads, and the latter when first introduced
were only made wide enough for a single
vehicle, and it was next to impossible to
tarn oat or pass another vehicle.
Democrats don't seem to know a thing,
so to speak, as to what course the commit
tee intend to pursue. Some declare the par
pose is to ignore Maginnis ; that is to say,
not to permit him to go to the convention.
One more kick won't make much difference
to the Major.
The Standard Oil Company is going to
lay 2k pipe line from its oil field at Lima,
Indiana, to Chicago. The distance is 210
miles, and the cœt is estimated at two and
quarter millions. The oil will be trans
fert ed in its crude form. There will be no
waste, for all the residuum after refining is
valuable for various manufactures as well
as for fuel, and for this latter purpose the
whole product is expected to find ready
market and will displace coal to a great
extent. From tests made in Rnssia it is
found that petroleum is much better than
coal for either stationary or locomotive en
gines. The coal oil and natural gas region
of the United States is going to be the
great center of the manufactnring indus
try and the advantages in cheapnesss and
the ease of transportation by pipe is des
tined to prove of such an advantage that
no part of the world will he able to com
pete with it. Fortunately the same region
produces iron ore in abundance, and there
will be such an increase of iron pro
duction that it will revolutionize the
world. Houses and bridges, fences and
possibly railroad ties and telegraph poles
will be manufactured of iron. The ore
beds and mountains of iron in Missouri,
Michigan and Wisconsin are extensive
enough to furnish the material to recon
struct the world. Chicago is already one
of the greatest manufacturing cities of the
world, and with the new supply of cheap
fuel, its industries will receive a new im
petus. It will be of the greatest advan
tage in building up the great central in
terior manufacturing region ; that it is also
surrounded by the best agricultural region,
capable of feeding at the cheapest rate
millions of operatives, while transporta
tion is abundant and cheap either jy rail
or water. It will give new life to the
scheme of connecting the great lakes with
the Mississippi by a ship canal. If there
is no fooling allowed with our protective
tariff, the great Western States will, in a
few years, he able to supply the whole
country and its great manufacturing estab
ments will not need protection.
The action of the Connecticut Demo
cratic committee that recently met and chose
delegates at large to the national conven
tion, is ominous of the feeling in certain
Democratic quarters. While the adminis
tration was endorsed in general terms, a
motion to endorse the president's message
and the Mills tariff bill was voted down so
quick that it made the mover's head swim.
The Cleveland Democratic delegates may
support Cleveland in convention in absence
of any other candidate, but so far as carry
ing the state on a low tariff and free trade
platform it is not expected, and no great
effort will be made. There is no state in
the Union more dependent upon its manu
facturing interests than Connecticut, and
its manufacturers are not so well estab
lished and prosperous as to be able to get
aloDg without protection.
In 1880 there wore no more than 5.000
Jews in and around Jerusalem, and now
we are told they amount to 30,000 and are
increasing very rapidly. The greatest ac
cession has been from those driven oat of
Russia. These Jews in Jerusalem are not
generally self-supporting, but are main
tained by the charity of wealthy Jews in
Europe and America. If Palestine could
be detached from Turkey and provided
with some enlightened stable government,
it would in a few years become rich and
prosperous, but we have au idea that these
Russian Jews are poor material to build
up the prosperity of any country. They
are generally represented to be ignorant,
lazy, bigoted and thriftless.
Between 1870 and 1880 the number of
establishments for manufacturing silk in
this country increased from 88 to 332, the
capital invested increased threefold, and
the number of hands employed, fivefold.
On the other hand, there was no increase
in the number of woolen manufactories, a
dimunition of the capital employed, and
only a slight increase of the hands em
ployed. And in worsted goods there was
a large decrease of establishments and
hands employed. If there had been any
great profit in the business there would
have been an increase corresponding with
the increase in other departments.
There were no great amount of bonds
honght yesterday by the national treas
urer. It was only an experiment to test
the market and the temper of the secre
tary. If this practice is kept up steadily
there will soon be plenty of offers, for
those who hold 4] per cents will look up
some more permanent and profitable in
vestment and take the premium before it
all disappears, for it will vanish entirely
within the next three years.
Our esteemed contemporary, the Inde
pendent, continues the reprehensible prac
tice of revamping ancient dispatches
secured from eastern exchanges, and palm
ing the same upon its ] readers as current
news. A sample of several impostures of
the sort in this morning's issue, is one cap
tioned "The Vacant Justiceship." It is a
fraud nine days old, and it should be
known that the Associated Press is in no
respect responsible for it.
A howl from over the way. A Repub
lican mayor appointed and a Republican
council confirmed a colored man for police
man. That's right. Every Republican
will stand by it. When a protest is heard,
be sure it will come from no other source
than that of the hired man of the "organ."
Cleveland twice voted against making
Maginnis Governor of Montana. The
question is, whether the Major will vote as
many or more times against making
Grover a Presidential candidate.
How strange that Northern Democratic
papers do not say more about their great
victory in Louisiana! Repnblicans all voted
the Democratic ticket! At least this is
the explanation of the returning officers.
There are a large number of Democrats
expressing the hope that Branagan will
have the courage of his convictions and let
himself be heard in committee on the
Cleveland and tariff issues.
i
!
I
!
IN COUNCIL.
The Republicans of Massachusetts
Making Themselves Heard in
the Land.
Boston, April 24.—There is a large
gathering of politicians here to-night to
attend the State Repnblican convention to
morrow. Permanent officers have already
been selected, and it is rumored that
Blaine's name will be eulogized. The
platform will endorse the national temper
ance plank. The delegates to the Chicago
convention will, it is concluded, he Senator
Hoar, Henry S. Hine. Alanson W. Beard
and Dr. Fred L. Barden.
Boston, April 25.—The Republican
State convention to elect delegates to the
National convention assembled at Tremont
Temple at 11 o'clock this forenoon. The
convention was called to order by Dr. Bar
den, chairman of the State committee, who
said the prospects of the Republican party
in the State and Nation never looked more
encouraging than to-day. He urged the
formation of Republican dub aids to the
regular organization, and said the import
ance of such clubs could not be over
estimated. He favored a policy of making
a clean campaign entirely from a Republi
can standpoint ; "bat," said he, "we will
welcome the honest independents who,
believiDg that the course pursued by the
Republican paity four years ago tended to
retard reform of the civil service,
Wfnt ont and fell down at the feet
of that great high priest of reform,
Grover Cleveland, because he will admit
his mistake. But to that so-called inde
pendent, who seized upon the question of
civil service reform as a pretext while the
rtal reason was that he was free trader, we
have no concession to offer. r l he policy ot
the Republican party is identified with
the principle of protection to American
laoor. President Cleveland's message has
indellibly imprinted free trade upon the
Democratic policy. President Cleveland
for the Democratic party threw down the
gage of battle, and James G Blaine picked
it np and answered the challenge with a
trumpet blast for protection that will not
cease to he heard until a Republican
shall sit in the presidential chair of the
nation."
Dr. Barden's remarks were frequently
interrupted by applause. The mention of
the name of James G. Blaine elicited wild
enthusiasm, and a call by a delegate for
three cheers for Blaine was heartily re
sponded to, with an enthusiastic ' tiger."
Protective sentiments in the address also re
ceived hearty applause. When Dr. Barden
had concluded the usual committees were
appointed, and Gen. Wm. Cogswell
was elected president of the con
vention. General Cogswell congratu
lated the delegates on the perfect harmony
in the party. He reviewed the record
of Cleveland's administration, which he de
clared was characterized by "ignorance and
incapacity," its distinguishing features be
ing "a total lack of Americanism." He
strongly denounced the President's mes
sage and the whole course of the Demo
cratic party upon the tariff. The course of
the national administration upon the fish
eries question was also severely criticized.
Geo. F. Hoar, F. L. Barden, Henry S.
Hyde, and Alanson W. Beard were elected
delegates at large to the National Conven
tion, and the convention adjourned.
Pennsylvania Convention.
Harrisburg, Pa. April 24 —For the
first time in six years Senator Don Cam
eron appeared personally upon the ground
at the State convention to fight lor the
chairmanship for the State committee,
which was settled by a compromise this
evening. Senator Cooper continues to act
as chairman until the first of next Jan
uary, which gives him the management of
the campaign this year.
Harrisburg, Pa., April 25.—The Re
publican State Convention to nominate
four delegates at large to the National Con
vention, a candidate for supreme judge,
and two electors at large, met in the Opera
House at 11 o'clock this morning. Samuel
H. Miller was elected temporary chairman.
He congratulated the convention on the
harmony which prevails among the Re
publicans of the state, and said: "Through
out the country the outlook is cheering
and hopeful. By virtue of the wise finan
cial and industrial legislation of the Re
publican party onr manufacturing and
other industries are fairly prosperous, not
withstanding the discouraging, although
unsuccessful attacks made upon them by
every Democratic Congress. The vital
question of to-day is, Shall the American
doctrine of protection and American mar
kets for American manufactures be re
tained, or shall the Democratic party be
permitted to hinder, cripple and overturn
all this. Shall our people march forward,
or shall they heat a retreat at the whim of
the Democratic ways and means commit
tee, moved by the power and patronage of
a Democratic executive.
Shall the next President of the United
States favor tho policies of Cleveland or
Blaine? As Pennsylvanians we are direct
ly interested in the success of the Repub
lican party iu the nation. A national in
dustrial policy that would cripple or hin
der the development of our manufacturing
interests would be felt more severely by
the people of our State than by onr fellow
countrymen in those sections that have
not directly been affected by the growth
and prosperity which naturally results
from our great industries. It is of the
utmost importance that the Pennsylvania
Republicans should take the lead in all
matters that are calculated to extend the
strength and solidify Repnblican theories,
policies and principles in every part of
the Union. Is it not an object worthy
our best efforts to build up the Republican
party in the Southern States,
in which the confederates can
join heartily, and which will make
the States of the South as debatable
on the eve of the presidential election as
are the States of the Noith, East or West.
Miller's reference to Blaine was greeted
with loud and long continued cheers.
The platform submitted to the conven
tion demands that congress enacts such
laws as shall secure fair elections for mem
bers of Congress and the electoral college ;
it denounces the president's message and
wool clause of Mills tariff bill. It demands
the passage of a just and comprehensive
pension hill, condemns the action of the
Democrats in the House for refusing to
pass the direct tex bill, declares in favor of
true civil service, reform, and pledges the
Republican party of the state to submit
the question of prohibition to a vote of the
people, and endorses the state administra
tion.
Proposed Presidential Nominations.
Syracuse, N. Y., April 24.—At a meet
ing to day of the State executive commit
tee of the Union Labor party of this State,
A. J. Stroeter, of Illinois, chairman of the
national committee, was prominently men
tioned for presidential nominee, with Grand
Master Workman Powderly for vice-presi
dent.
Prohibition.
Ogden, Utah, April 24.—The Territorial
prohibition mass convention decided, in
view of the peculiar local situation, not to
divide the gentile minority by organizing
a separate political party.
Confirmations.
Washington, April 24.—The Senate
confirmed G. T. Dennis for district attorney
for the southern district of California, and
C. M. Johnson, of Kentucky, agent of the
Pima Indians. Arizona.
[For the Herald.
Which is the Better ?
[BY REV. F. D. KELSEY.]
Was it not better when the foundation
stone of the new, but inferior, temple was
laid, for the people to shout for joy over
the rebuilt temple, than to weep and wail
over the past and inferiority of the present?
Is not an humble temple better than none?
Is not emancipation better than Babylonian
slavery? Is not Jerusalem rebuilt better
than Jerusalem in ashes, even if the re
built Jerusalem is insignficant when com
pared with the Jerusalem of David and
Solomon? It sterns almost oat cf place
for men to weep over a corner stone of
blessing, mercy and a bettered condition.
Even iif the present be not equal to the
golden age of the past, yet if be onward
and upward and the humble beginning of
better days, they who shout and sing
and give thanks are more rational and do
better than those who weep and moan and
groan over comparisons of the present with
the past. If these tears and mourning
could accomplish anything and better
affairs, all well and good. Let there be
much of 't. if it lead to repentance for sin,
and amer'i'^ent of life, or greater zeal in
active duty. But the Lord deliver us from
chronic growlers, weepers whose tear glands
are more developed than their working
muscles, or their willingness to lake hold
and help. Wbat Zeruhbabel wanted and
needed were men not given to weeping b nt
to working, and a hearty good shout and
sturdy good hand were more worth that
day than groans and tears. Tears are
cheap, but "lend a hand" means much; and
people who shout in joy and praise over the
issues of the present hour are far more
helpful than tearful eyes and beclouded
countenances of those who mourn that
these latter days are so corrupt and infe
rior todays gone by. Well, suppose that
be true; tears will not helD the matter;
lay to and lend a hand in rebuilding the
temple; if not so fine as Solomon's, yet so
fine as the possibilities of the present will
allow, and shout for joy with them that
shout in glee that any temple at all can lie
rebuilt, It is exceedingly provoking in
times of successful endeavor to make a had
matter better to have these millstones tied to
onr neck—these millstones run with water
flowing from eyes that look not at the
grandeur of the attainments under present
difficulty, but at what once was but now is
not.
It is like those who look upon our city
as an insignificant village, because in the
East there are thousands of unimportant
places of double its size. They have no
appreciation of the surroundm,; facts and
impediments. They have no appreciation
of the relation of things and the compara
tive value of things that differ. A. little
diamond carried in the hand may ha
worth more than a whole mountain of
limestone. A single lot in a city may
have more selling worth than a large ranch
in some other place. To be sure, the sec
ond temple was more insignificant than
the first, but compare the circumstances.
The first was boilt by the greatest mon
arch and richest nation of the age. The
second was built by the pioneers of a race
of emancipated slaves, who built not in
a time of luxury, but before even
their own families had been made secure
from famine and the incursion of hostile
bands of robbers. It was a time for shout
ing and of joy rather than for weeping over
the smallness of results. The results were
not small; it was a grand attainment for
such a people in their poverty and weak
ness to begin the new freedom of rebuild
ing as they were able the temple of the
Lord.
Wailing and weeping have their appro
priate place.3 and times. Well may wo
weep and wail at the guilt and degrada
tion of sin, but when men have done all
tnat lies within their power they should
not weep over its insignificance but shout
for joy that they can do anything at all.
And in the sight of God the results
of a poor, weak man's consecrated
toil is as acceptable as the mag
nificent works of the mighty, the rich and
the great; and the, day of the corner-stone
of the second temple was as bright and
acceptable to God as the day when Solo
mon in all his glory, wealth and power
built the temple whose ren >wn has been in
history ever since. It is the heart behind
the gift that makes it precious m God's
sight.
Each human soul is now, or ought to be,
building a temple unto God. That temple
will be better built by those who work
rather than by those who weep. Like St.
Paul, we shall not spend much time and
strength in brooding over the mistakes of
the paet or its sad ruins. The question for
us now is, What will we do about it? Let
us forget the things which are behind and
reach forth unto the things which are before,
and press towards the prize. It is not how
many fears we can shed over the ruins of
the sins of the past, but what can be saved
from the ruins, and how much, and how
well can we rebuild. There is a mighty dif
ference between those who weep over sin's
ruin, and those who mend their way i. God
loves the man whose weeping and wailing
over sin leads him to build up God's tem
ple within his heart, and mend his wavs.
Then after the temple is rebuilt he should
praise God in song and shout rather than
in weeping, bewailing the present attain
ments in comparison with the past.
Ah, but how many there are who at this
moment neither weep over sin and sin's
ruin, nor lend a hand at rebuilding God's
temple in the heart, bnt are fast going
down to death and eternal ruin. Art thou
such an one ?
Desperate Fight With Indians.
Nogales, April 24.—The Yaqai Indians
are now at war with the Mexican federal
forces at Sonora, Mexico, and are now forti
fying different places and making a de
termined stand against the troops. A few
days ago Major Enciso and Lieut. Valtne
leal and two columns of federal troops at
tacked the Indians' Btrong fortified posi
tions, in the Famalaqnaca mountains, near
the town of Aqna Verdo. A desperate
fight ensued, but the fédérais, after a num
ber of charges, rou'.ed the Indians from
their fortifications, killing seventeen and
wounding a large number. The federal
forces had one man kill and several
wounded.
The Irish Flag Incident.
New York, April 24.—The board of
aldermen had a lively session to day,
when the resolution curtailing the mayor's
power in displaying flags on the city hall
was offered for passage over Mayor Hew
itt's veto. By ordinance the mayor had
unlimited power over flags. The resolu
tion passed over his veto by a vote of 20 to
3 give3 the mayor power unless the aider
men otherwise direct. The whole trouble
grew ont of the mayor's refusal to display
the Irish flag on the city hall on St.
Patrick's day.
Fatal shooting Affray.
Galveston, April 24.—The Ntics' New
Laredo, Mexico, special says: Sunday
Captain Ramon Arguilles, of the Mexican
army, and Adolfo Towesa, clerk in the
National Railway office, quarreled iu a
restaurant. Meeting subsequently Ar
guilles shot Towesa, wounding him in the
groin. The latter returned the fire, killing
his antagonist. Towesa's condition is pre
carious.
Price of Silver.
New York, April 25.—Bar silver, 93j.

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