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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK,...... Editor THURSDAY, APRIL 26, 1888. REPUBLICAN CONVENTION. A Territoral Republican Convention will i>e held at Livingston, on the 19th day of May, 1888, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, for the purpose of electing two Delegates and two Alternate Dele gates to the Republican National Convention, to l»e held at Chicago, June 19th, 1888, to nominate candidates for President and Vice-President of the United State». The several counties will be entitled to representatives as follows : Cooties. No. of Delegates. 1 'ascade................. .......................................... . 3 ....................................... 3 ............................................. 1 ............................................10 ........................................ 5 ........................................... 6 ...........................................13 Madison................. .............................. 4 Meagher................ ........................................ 3 Missoula................................................. 7 Park................................................................... 4 Silver Bow.........................................................W Yellowstone...................................................... 3 Total...!..................................................... !» The county Republican Committees of the sev eral counties (except Cascade) will proceed to call County Conventions in their respective coun ties, and elect Delegates and Alternate Delegates to the Territorial Convention as above desig nated. In Cascade county the County Convention may be called by the member of the Territorial Com mittee of that county. It is desired that ample notice of such Con ventions tie given. The following rules have been adopted for the government of the Republican Territorial Con ventions in the Territory of Montana : 1— Delegates and Alternate Delegates shall be elected in the future to Territorial Conventions, and in the event of the failure of a Delegate to attend, the Alternate Delegate shall cast the vote of the Delegate whose Alternate he is. 2— In the absence of a Delegate and his Alter nate a majority of the Delegation from that County, shall cast the vote of the absentee. 3— In the absence of all the Delegates and Al ternate Delegates from any county, no vote shall be cast for such county. 4— In the county in which the Territorial Con vention shall be held, when any Delegate and his Alternate Delegate are absent there shall l»e no vote cast in their behalf. 5— Delegates and Alternates must be Republi can residents of the County which they repre sent. By order of the Territorial Republican Com mittee. I. Salhinoer, Isaac D. McCitcheox, Secretary. Chairman. THE WEEKLY HERALD. A Valuable Premium List for the Year 1888 . Attention ia called to the premiums of fered for subscribers to the Weekly Her ald. The list comprises a large number of interesting and valuable publications, which are sent without charge to all prepaying subscribers, old and new, whose names ]are now upon or to lie added to onr books. For $3.50 The Herald and any one of the several great weekly prints named in the advertisement will be sent for one year. Prices are stated for The Herald amFone or the other of the illustrated atlases, which we have arranged to famish. Ex-Gov. Gilbert L. Pierce, of St. Paul, with a party of friends, is taking a look at Helena. Gov. Pierce is an old Newspaper man, having been prominently identified with the Chicago newspaper fraternity, and is now, we believe, one of the editors of the St. Paul Pioneer Press. His Dakota department of that paper is making it lively for the carpet bag fra ternity who now occupy the offices but do not govern that great and gloriously wronged territory. Gov. P. is a striking figure in our western history. In the political world there is a rumor, mysteriously whispered among the know ing ones, that if the Senate shall pass the Platt bill admitting Montana this session, the House will pass it at once and ex Governor Hauser be put on the Democratic ticket as Vice President. This scheme is said to meet the hearty approval of Presi dent Cleveland. It is said that such action will avoid all political complications and factional fights. Stranger and worse things might happen. The next volume of The Century begin ning with May, will contain a series of chapters in the Lincoln Life of great inter est and importance. The subject of the lïorder States will be dealt with in May ; and in subsequent numbers will be pub lished the inside history of Fremont's rela tions with the President,—an astonishing letter written by Greely to Lincoln after the battle of Ball Run; also details as to the Trent affair, Fort Donelson, the Shiloh Campaign, Yorktown, Williamsbarg to Fair Oaks, etc, etc., with especial reference to Lincoln's part in these events. LOUISIANA ELECTION. Nichols (Dem.) is elected Governor by 65,000 majority. That was the telegraphic announcement the other day from Louisi ana. The result is not surprising to the well informed. McEnery'a promise that all his powers as executive of the State would be exerted to secure a fair election was not kept. This being discovered, Warmoth, the Republican candidate, pre ceding the election, issued an address to the public denouncing McEnery for his bad faith, saying: "McEnery has written to his returning officers, whose duty it is to fix the polling places, appoint the commissioners and clerks of election, and return the votes in all the parishes of the State, as follows : ".'Warmoth is developing too much strength. We must beat him. See to it that your parish returns a large Democratic majority.' "I dare Gov. McEnery to deny that he has written this letter. I charge that Gov. McEnery has organized a conspiracy to have the vote of the Republicans sup pressed throughout the State of Louisiana, and that it is his purpose to have ballot boxes stuffed, returns falsified, and results declared which are lalse, and men put into office by fraud and violence. I appeal to the honest people of Louisiana in the name of all that is honorable and right to con demn this conspiracy." On a full vote and fair count Louisiana is a Republican State. What kind of an election was held in that State that returns a Democratic majority of 65,000 no intelli gent, unbiased reader will be troubled to guess. Warmoth knew in advance what was coming, and prepared the country what to expect. Louisiana leads off in the Southern column that by similar methods will return State after State for the De mocracy next November. SHALL WE HAVE ANEW PARTY? Frobably there has never been a year since the organizatian of the govern ment that somebody has not been agi tating, asking, or answering this ques tion. In one sense it is a very stale chestnut. Out of thousands of attempts the score of success can be kept upon the fingers of one hand. There was an Anti-Masonic party once that for a time controlled the elections in several states, and later there were the Abolition and Native American parties, that gath ered considerable of a body of support ers and controlled the elections in some parts of the country. In the case of the Abolitionists, some will contend that it was the baiss of the Republican party, but this is not true. The Free-soil party was a considera ble modification of the old abolition doctrine, and proposed to fight slavery within the limits of the Constitution. The violence and unreasonable demands of the slave-holders made the whole North united to resist. Slavery took up the sword and perished by the sword. We have had the Greenback party, the Grangers, the Labor party, the MugJ wumps and a dozen more. Some of these still keep up a show of organiza tion, a sort of intermittent existence, their managers ready always for a dicker. There is no law against the organization of a new party, and really no limit to the possibility of forming them till there shall be as many parties as there are voters, and we presume the vocabulary would supply a name for each. It seems to us rather late in the day for prohibitionists to start the inquiry, "Shall we have a new party ?" If we recollect aright there has been such a party for a great many years. They had St. John as a candidate for the presi dency four years ago, and claim, with some show of truth, that they elected Grover Cleveland president, just as the abolitionists once threw the vote of New York for James K. Polk and defeated Henry Clay. The history of all free government! shows that no permanent national party has ever been organized on the basis of a single idea, however sound and correct that idea may have been. It is true of all great national parties that their strength for the time is directed to sin gle issues, but they always have a re serve of other consistent principles, covering the whole of domestic and foreign policy more or less completely. The idea of forming a permanent na tional party on the single plank of pro hibition of the manufacture and use of all intoxicating beverages is an inherent impossibility, and labor on that line is labor lost unless it is paid for by other causes incidentally benefitted. Prohibition is good in its place. If any individual is convinced that it is not good to drink anything stimulating or intoxicating, he can prohibit it for him self and nobody will complain or inter fere. But when it comes to controlling the actions of others there Î3 a vast di versity of opinions, and experience has not yet demonstrated how far it is right or best to go. The prohibitionists are at variance among themselves. Some want constitutional prohibition, national and state; some are not satisfied with legisla tive prohibition, and others with local option. The evils of intemperance are so great that there are very few intelligent per sons who are not in favor of some re striction upon the manufacture, sale and use of intoxicants. All sorts of license regulations have been tried with but little benefit, except the general high license law now in vogue in several states, which seems to produce better practical results than prohibition. This is pre-eminently a practical eco nomical question to he solved by trial. It cannot be disposed of by any abstract theory. Because the use of stimulants is very liable to abuse it does not follow that there is no such thing as a proper use. Everything is liable to abuse, the best things we have. The field of proper legislative action is to prevent the abuse without interfering with the proper use. Individual liberty and responsibility mustbeallowed proper latitude. Sumptu ary laws are generally regarded with aversion and with good reason. As to that extreme line of temperance action which adopts prohibition as its only line of action, we believe that it is a misdirected effort and does more harm than good to the cause of genuine tem perance. As a political factor, its practical operation is generally in the interest of intemperance. It prevents the growth of healthy temperance sentiment. Old fashioned moral suasion is worth a thousand times more than prohibition, but we hear of very little done or at tempted on this line in these days. Men are to he choked into being temperate and all other methods are to be aban doned. This is too much like propagat ing religion with fire and sword, the rack and thumb-screw. Both houses of congress, in different forms, have given authoritative interpreta tion to the law that authorizes the Secre tary of the Treasury to purchase bonds, though no bill has heen agreed upon and may not be. Each house has said that the intent of the law as it stands was to give the power to purchase bonds with the sur plus, and it virtually takes away all ex cuse for having any further surplus. Sec retary Fairchild takes the hint and an nounces that on next Monday and eveiy day thereafter he will receive proposals for sale of bonds with reservation of the right to reject all offers that are not satisfactory. Any offer that will save two per cent in terest ought to be satisfactory, compared with hoarding in the treasury or loaning to the banks without interest. LOCAL OPTION IN MONTANA. These temperance fanatics who have but one patent process, prohibition, to check or cure intemperance, are respect fully invited to observe the fact that there is a local option law already on the statute books of Montana.approved March 10, 1887, which only requires the petition of one-third of the legal voters to have submitted in every county in Montana and an adoption by a majority of the voters to become operative as a prohibi tory liquor law. If those who preach it have any faith in the sufficiency of pro hibition, here is a chance to get it to the test of trial before their own eyes and upon their own neighbors. It would be no great difficulty t j get the petition signed. Many would sign a petition who would not endorse their petition at the polls, as our late city election witnessed. No law of this kind ought to become operative unless ap proved by a very large and strong ma jority. Such is the nature of the law that it can be put in operation in any single county, without waiting to con vert the whole territory. The local option law, by which any single county in Montana can revel in the glories of prohibitien to its fullest measure, is found on page 1035 of our last Compiled Statutes. Isn't it very much of a far-fetched, transcendental philanthropy to be plan ning for presidential campaigns and con gressional contests, and not attempt to apply the great remedy at home, when all the machinery is made ready ? The good faith and sound sense of such tem perance advocates are subject to impeach ment when they deliberately walk away from the object of which they pretend to be in search. The world is gradually growing more temperate, in spite of false friend as well as open foe, and we have unbounded faith that the good work will go on as a moral reform, but not as a political dogma, enforced by fagot and dungeon. FREE TRADE MILLS. There are enough astonishing asser tions in the opening address of the Chairman on Ways and Means, if only they could be elevated to the plane of fact and rendered credible, to make the reputation of a dozen statesmen. Here is one statement that especially deserves notice : "If all the custom houses were torn down and the government support ed wholly by direct taxation, not more than ten per cent, of the goods consumed in the United States would be imported." The language is very loose, but the evident intention is to assert that not one-tenth of the manufactured goods used in the country would be im ported, if the tariff were wholly done away with. A proposition so contrary to all reason and human experience, we are asked to accept on the word of Mr. Mills, who does not condescend to cite an instance in our own or the world's history to give color or plausibility even to so reckless a statement. On the contra ry, the history of every nation that has ever introduced manufacturing, shows that it has done so under high protective laws, and in the case of woolen goods in England, their importation was prohib ited on any terms. Mills abounds in paradoxes. He as serts, as if it became as good as true by his assertion, that we always import the n\ost goods when they are high. If this is true, then we import least when goods are low. Why should this be true ex cept that when goods are made cheap by destroying home industries and giving over our markets to foreign control our people cannot get the little money needed to buy cheap goods. Certainly if goods were cheap and people had the money to buy with they would have them. We might as well inquire, "Will a duck swim?" Mills says England buys our raw material and we ought to buy her wares untaxed. Yes, England buys of us what she cannot get elsewhere at the very least possible price, and it is our business to do precisely the same thing. England has ransacked the world and spent fortunes in experiment so that she might get rid of buying from us. There is no occasion to dwell on the sentimen tal aspect of the case. It is a pure mat ter of business, and we must treat it on that basis or be left. Another of Mr. Mills' original discov eries is that coal, steam and machinery make higher wages, and another of his paradoxes is that higher wages mean a lower cost of production. Not tj treat him unfairly, we will suppose that he means to say that higher wages are indica tive of more efficient labor, and it is the efficiency of labor that increases the quantity and improves the qual ity of production. But if it is the possession of iron and coal, steam and machinery that produce higher wages, then wages ought to be higher in England than the United States. England has propor tionally to her territory and population more iron, coal and machinery than we have in this country, but wages are from a third to a half lower. On the continent, where there is still plenty of coal, iron and machinery, wages are still lower. Cause and effect ought to be inseparable, and would be it the real and true cause were found and stated. There is no donbt that labor is more efficient in this conntry. Men always labor better when they get better pay. Men have better general education and are stimulated by higher hopes and ambi tions than anywhere in Europe. Possibly if some superior power that we could not resist should force free trade upon us as it was forced on China and Japan by England, some of our manufacturing industries might still survive. But this is not onr situation. Part of onr own people are trying to bind us and lead ns away captive as tributaries to British shippers and manufacturers. THE WHISKY RING AT THE BOTTOM. There are many strong reasons for be lieving that the free trade fever, which seems to have sprung up in these latter days from the vicinity of the Kentucky distilleries and has been industriously spread by Kentucky champions till the whole Democratic administration and party has been brought over to its sup port, is all or chiefly the inspiration of the whisky ring. Curiously enough it is not for the purpose of removing, but for retaining the tax on whisky, so that the small combination of less than a thousand manufacturers can retain the monopoly that is so immensely profitable. This influence Las made Carlisle speaker and has an active set of lieutenants in the Kentucky Senators and Representatives, and a powerful organ in the Louisville Journal. This Kentucky idea that has gained control of the policy of the Democratic party, was not at all the Kentucky idea of the Henry Clay era, when almost unani mously the State followed its eloquent son in advocacy of the American policy of protection. We can see no other ex planation of the change of Kentucky sentiment but this growth of a whisky Ring under cover of a war tax. Lay aside this new horn influence and there is no other explanation of the great change that has come over Kentucky political setiment. The hurry and fierce onslaught to reduce the tariff and increase the free list, is through fear that the whisky tax will be interfered with. Senator Brown, of Georgia, has set forth the case very fully and clearly in his great speech in the Senate. If the whisky and tobacco taxes were removed there would be no surplus left to justify any considerable change in the tariff. These internal license taxes are purely war taxes, of which we hear so much said by the free trade clans. They may he taxes on luxuries, but they are no less taxes on our own people and take the money from their pockets just the same as if they were necessaries. No part of these internal taxes are laid upon for eign manufacturers and shippers as in the case of the tariff duties. If these taxes were repealed and the whole internal revenue system wiped out and done away with, the several States could and most likely would raise a revenue from this source nearly as great as that which is now paid to the general government. These revenues, not now needed by the general government, are needed by the States for a great many purposes that the State can attend to much bet ter, such as the better support of public schools. There would be no need of the Blair education bill then, if the several States had remitted to them the income from the whisky and tobacco taxes. Some may say, Why not let these taxes be collected as now and be divided among the people? We say if the gen eral government is not to have the avails it ought not to be saddled with the labor and resposibility. If these taxes w'ere to go into the State treasuries there would be a direct popular interest among the people of the States to col lect them. Some States would make the taxes heavier than others, and the different policies with the results would soon show which was best. Some States might then adopt the Gothenburg plan of carrying on the entire sale of whisky and tobacco through its own agents, taking all the profits and ensuring the sale of only pure, unadulterated articles. But whatever is done with these in ternal revenue taxes, we need protective duties on foreign manufactures and such imports of foreign raw material as in terfere with important home produc tions. The cry of a dangerous surplus is all a sham and that of war taxes a still greater sham, so long as the internal revenue taxes are to be spared and pro tective duties on foreign imports abolished. A liberal and enlightened spirit should pervade the city council and char acterize its action with respect to enter prises projected for the public convenience and the growth of the city. The multi plication of street car lines is desirable and calculated to promote the advance and bnilding-np of the city. No unnecessary objections should be interposed to delay the carrying out by responsible parties of projects intended to realize additional facil ities for tramway communication to differ ent parts of the municipal limits. The sooner onr system of street car lines ia en larged and extended to cover the several districts of Helena the more rapid will be onr growth in wealth and population. Siberia and the Exile System. Mr. George Kennan will tell in the May Century how he came to go to Siberia on the Century expedition. Mr. Kennan had spent some time in Siberia already in con nection with the overland telegraph scheme, and in the sommer of 1884 he made a preliminary excursion to St. Peters burg and Moscow for the purpose of col lecting material and ascertaining whether or not obstacles were likely to be thrown in his way by the Rnssian government. He returned in October, fully satisfied that his scheme was a practicable one. He therefore sailed from New York for Liver pool in May, 1885. He says : "All my prepossessions were favorable to the Rus sian government and unfavorable to the Russian revolutionists." He adds that this "partly' explains the friendly attitude to ward me which was taken by the Russian government, the permission which was given me to inspect prisons and mines, and the comparative immunity from arrest, de tention, and imprisonment which I en joyed, even when my movements and asso ciations were snch as justly to render me an object of suspicion to the local Siberian authorities."_ Beat by the Briton.* London, April 21.—The bicycle race at Warrow to-day was won by Foods, who beat Rowe, the American, by one foot. "PROHIBS." IN COUNCIL. Meeting of the Prohibition Mass Con vention of the Territory of Mon tana, in Which a System of Work is Laid out for the Coming Cam paign. Shortly after 10 o'clock this morning abont fifteen men and treble that number of women, m«t of whom were strangers in the city, having come from the neighbor ing settlements, gathered in council at Encore ball subject to a call heretofore issued, for the purpose of organizing the "Prohibition party of Montana," and to meet Mr. Walter T. Mills, B. A., of Ohio, a special representative sent here from the National Prohibition Committee, who is to explain the workings and plans of the "new party." After waiting a half hour or more in anticipation that the attendance would in crease, which it did by the appearance of some twelve or fifteen additional female followers of the cauæ, Hon. Massen» Bal lard, of Helena announced that the con vention was ready for business. Prof. Wylie, of Bozeman, and Miss Wheeler, of Missonla, were elected presi dent and secretary, respectively, of the meeting. Prof. Wylie stated the object of the meeting, and in support read the two fol lowing calls, the first printed in large letters, every adjective therin being ilam ingly displayed in 5-line pica type, the latter written in the plain bold hand so peculiar to Mr. W. F. Cummins, of Helena, a gela tine press copy of which was famished oar reporter. The calls read as follows * CALL FOR ORGANIZING MONTANA TERRI TORY FOR PROHIBITION. In response to numerous reqnes's from citizens of Montana, a Territorial prohibi tion mass organizing convention will be held at Helena on Thursday, April 19tb, at 11 a. m., and addressed by Walter T. Mills, B. A., of Ohio, who comes on a special mission from the national prohibi tion committee as national organizer for the Pacific States and Territories. All persons who consider the prohibition of the traffic in alcoholic beverages the great and overwhelming issue in local and national affairs, and who stand for the one political party which everywhere demands prohibition, and who desire to organize the national prohibition party in the Ter ritory, are invited to take part in this con vention. Mr. Mills will show the logical ground for the existence of the party, de scribe its wonderful growth in twenty-nine States, and give reasons for its prospects of speedy triumph. He is a trained and skilled organizer, and fall of helpful plans and suggestions. Do not miss this oppor tunity to secure a thorough organization in behalf of "the coming issue already come." Issued by authority of the national pro hibition committee. Mr. Cummins' call was more moderate and read : PROHIBITION MASS CONVENTION FOR THE TERRITORY OF MONTANA, in Helena, Montana, April 19th, 1888, at Encore Hall at 10:30 a. m., and lecture at Encore Hall at 8. p. m. on "Must we have a New Party?" By Hon. Walter Thomas Mills, of Ohio. Every temperance socieiy or organization ia urged to send a delega tion, male and female, as this will be a conference concerning the foture plans of work in the Territory. The time bas come when aggressive work must be doue. Seud a large delegation and ask for reduce! rates on all railroads. Hoping to have a rousing meeting we are yonrs in the battle, for "God, Home and Native Land." W. F. Cummins, for Committee on Invitation. Following the reading of the calls, Mr. Ballard suggested that Mr. Mills make a statement regarding the plans to be adopted. "We are all novices in this mat ter," remarked he, "and we must depend upon onr distinguished visitor as to the mode of procedure. Mr. Mills, B. A., of Ohio, stepped forward and addressed the audience, in personal appearance he is a little man, about four feet high, with flowing whiskers cut some thing after the Lord Dundreary style, and is, as the call suggests, "a good organizer." He is a fluent speaker, apparently well versed in the subject under discussion, and doubtless well able to handle the class of auditors that visit him. He began by congratulating the "new party" upon the successful meeting which he organized and held at "Buzmun" last night. (Brother Alderson should have instructed him as to the proper pronunciation of the name of the beautiful little village on the Gallatin). However.be told how 183 signatures had been obtained at Bu; —Bozeman last evening in one Bhort hoar. Yet, in contra diction to the printed cal!, he stated that he was here for the purpose of organizing a "new party." He wanted to organize a convention, select delegates and repre sentatives to the national convention, and in the fall put up men in each state and territory for congress that icijl support our cause. He said: "The time for discussing the advisability of organizing is gone by. Onr organization is an established fact; the matter under consideration here is how, when and where to act. All the states and territories are falling into line and the Prohibition party is as firmly and strongly established as are the two others. As I go through each state and territory, I conquer all, and I cite you California, Oregon and Wash ington Territory as being thoroughly organized. I go hence to Idaho, Utah and Wyoming, and I hope that when we to-day leave this hall we shall have inscribed onr motto on Montana's banner." [Great ap plause from the ladies present.] "In con clusion I ask that all in sympathy with our cause make a direct and personal demand on the prohibitionists of Montana to assist us in our objects." THE FOLLOWING COMMITTEES were appointed, after which an adjourn ment was taken to again meet at the hall this evening to listen to the gentleman's lecture on "Must We Have a New Party ?" and perfect the organization. On credentials—Mrs. L. E. Howey, of Helena, Rourke, Missonla; Nichols, Helena. On central committee—Cooper, Boulder; Willson, Bozeman. On plan of work—Rourke,Missoula; Bar naby, Bozeman; Cammings, Helena. A White Buffalo Robe. A white bnffalo robe is a rare possession O. W. Jackson, the music man, has just brought one from Fort Benton to show to his Helena friends that there was once snch an animal as a white bison or buffalo. The robe is from the cabinet collection of Indian curiosities and fine furs and robes of John J. Healy, formerly of Fort Benton. The robe, (really more of a bright cream color than pure white), was bought from an Indian hunter more than twenty years ago. It was evidently from the back of a yearling, being small compared to the size of the nsnai robe. Get a look at it, that yon may swear yon have, of a verity, seen a white bnffalo robe. He Was Bounced. Washington, April 21.—The acting sec retary of the treasury discharged secret service agent Finegas at San Francisco. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. THE "TANK" TALKER. He Organizes the "New Party," Raises $400 for "Campaign Purposes," and Extends Left Handed Compliments to the Herald. What the "Little Giant of the Prohibition Party" Did Yesterday and Said Last Night—He Wants to See the Democrats and Republicans Transformed into a Sort of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Party. The "Little Giant of the Prohibition party," so dubbed by President Wylie lectured last evening at Encore Hall to a large audience (composed principally of ladies), using as his subject, "The Helena Herald ; or, Shall We Have a New Party?" The admission was free, yet, not unlike a church fa : r, it cost nothing to get in, but, as subsequently shown, $400 to get out. The dimunitive Hercules, after being intro duced to the audience, took the stand amid demonstrative applause. He spoke exactly two hours and fifteen minutes, as timed by our reporter's chronometer, dur ing which spell he dissertated at length upon the Herald and the shortcomings of the old parties. In regular spread-eagle, Fonrth-of-July oratory he gave vent to his feelings, and in elaborate discourse showed how the editor of the Herald was a good Presbyterian, and how the Prohibition was the coming party. The Prohibition party was the coming organization that would rule the conntry, and the Herald shonld "be made to keep its slanderous month shot." All the states and territories were falling into line in this great movement, and the Herald shonld "be made to pat np or shat up." He proposed to separate the "vicious" from the "good" element of both the old parties ; make them distinct and kept by themselves as it were. (He had been reading Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, evidently, from his remarks). He believed some Democrats to be bad men ; on the other hand, he believed the majori ty of them honest, good and sincere. He believed that the majority of Republicans were honest and virtnons men. Bnt in each party there were bad men and they produced the evil results. The speaker proceeded thenceforth after the manner of the ancients to tarn over the Democratic party, because he claimed the oarty was mu by the lowest elements. He also as sailed the Republican party for its sins of omission, and claimed that instead of the country having a government of, by and for the people, it was a government of, by and for the politicians. Neither Hayes, Garfield or Cleveland, he said, were elected on any issue, bat simply because they were the party 's chosen men. For this reason the ballot for the last few years had been uo good. He then devoted along time to show that the Democrats had no idea abont their poli tics. He said he would pay five cents to any man who conld furnish an idea that a man mast have to be a Democrat, or the same thing about the Republicans. He has a neighbor who is a Republican, and he challenged the editor of the Herald to tell • single idee ; that the prohibitionists, however, had an idea when they voted. They voted believing they were voting for the grandest issue ever submitted to the people. When the prohibition party sent men to Congress they would send men more capable of dealing with the tariff question and other important questions. He argued that at present the men who were there were not, from the manner in which they were elected, capable of giving the country snch laws as it desired. Here he rested for a moment, and after taking a drink of something from a pitcher —some said it was water—he renewed his at tacks on the Herald. He so far diverged from his original subject as to lead the audience to believe that he had switched on the "new party" racket and proposed to devote the balance of the evening in ad vertising the Herald. He did not, however bat instead referred to a (to him, at least.) more important subject. He reminded the andKnce that in order to help the cause it was necessary that some "shekels" should be forthcoming, and asked that a subscrip tion be taken up for "campaign purposes." This request created a stir in the audience, and many had business outside when it was broached. Those remaining he as tounded by asking of them, each $10, dem onstrating fully that he was not behind the door when the "gall" was passed around. After dragging the first net, he threw another for the $5 "fellers," and ap parently with good success, as when "the new party" began to figure up, after the audience had dispersed, they found they had gathered in about $400, a rather hand some clean up for one day's work. THE DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. At the sessions held yesterday afternoon and evening, the following business was transacted : 1. That the convention proceed to nomi nate and elect delegates to the national convention to be held in Indianapolis May 30th. 2. That the territorial executive commit tee, in co-operation with the territorial central committee of the several connues, be directed to call at an early date county conventions to nominate candidates for the legislature, fall county and city tickets. 3. That some member of the territorial executive committee or other representa tives of the party be instructed to be in at tendance upon all county conventions. 4. That, provided a competent parson can be secured, a territorial organizer be employed and put in the field to organize clubs, perfect committee organizations, circulate literature, raise funds and to do such other work for the party as occasion may suggest ander direction of the terri torial executive committee. 5. That books be opened at this conven tion and subscriptions be taken for terri torial aud national work, aqd thatthissub serption for funds be furnished through the regular committee throughout the Ter ritory. A motion carried to proceed to the elec tion of two delegates and two alternates to attend the national convention. An infor mal ballot was taken, resulting as follows : Bullard.............................................................. 12 Howey............................................................. 4 Waters............................... 7 Willson............................................................. 8 Hall.................................................................. 3 Mr. Bullard declined to accept the nomi nation, and a second ballot elected Dr. J. M. Watersand Davis Willson, both of Boze man, as delegates, and Mrs. Howey and M. J. Hall as alternates. An appropriation of $150 was made for the expense of the dele gation. Mr. Ballard was elected president of the executive committee and Mrs. Wade and Mrs. Howey vice presidents. DAVIS WILSON FOR DELEGATE. The following resolution, by Mr. Ballard, was unanimously carried : "That this con vention recommend to the central commit tee the nomination of Davis Willson, of Bozemen, as a candidate for delegate to congress." : AT THE EVENING SESSION the following platform was read and adopted: The Prohibition party of Montana in convention assembled, acknowledging our responsibility to the God of nations, pre sent to onr fellow citizens in this te-ritory the following platform: We maintain that municipal misrule, the dominance of the vicious classes, the disregard for criminal law and corrupt practices of current politics are evils in separable from the existence of the saloon and the present competition between the old parties for its political support ; and we affirm that this fact calls loudly for snch a reorganization of political parties as shall sharply divide the lawless from the law-abiding classes in political action. We maintain that wherever the old par ties failed to enforce prohibitory laws (as in portions of Rhode Island, where a three fifths vote by the people declaimed for pro hibition), as well as their failure to enforce all laws prohibiting gambling, the sale of intoxicants to Indians and minors, and the practice of those vices which corrupt the youth and endanger the life of the nation, proves no failure of these laws, but does prove the failure of those parties, and de monstrates the necessity of a party, the election of whose candidate shall in no way depend on the saloon vote. We insist on the enforcement of the compulsory education law, and all laws for the practice of minors and other depend ant and defenseless cases and demand the immediate enactment of a prohibitory law by the territorial legislature. To the maintenance of the above the prohibition party of this territory pledges itself; and on all other national questions, declares itself in harmony with the na tional prohibition party of which it is a part Finally we call upon all good citizens to unite with us in enforcing the position of ihe United States Supreme Court and the prohibition party that it is the right and duty of civil society to protect itself against the ravages of the liquor traffic. "tank" topics. " 'Rah for the (hie) New Party." Brother Mills ' The convention is yours—the collection is mine. How many of the audience took a drink after Mills' B A. lecture last night ? Ten dollars is a high price to pay for the privilege of listening to a dry lecture on an aqueous subject. The third party organizer distinguished himself, not so much as a "psalm singer" as a "slang-8linger." He is a small man'physically, bat prohi bitionally a bigger man than old Dow taking his word for it. Walter Thomas Mills, B. A., admirably advertised the Herald last evening tor which it extends many thanks. Several of the ladies were in rapt ares over the oracle's whiskers. Taese were mutton-chopped and magnificent. How are the ladies of the new party to be granted the privilege of voting for their candidates in the fall election? Onr friends of Gallatin County consti tuted the heft of the convention, and "Bnz mun," in consequence, walked off with the delegatorial honors. If ever Brother Mills staggers he is resolved to stagger ander a load of dollars rather than a load of drinks His cleau np last night is stated at $400. The "New Party," having successfully gathered the clans —and ducats—in Helena, will leave on to-morrow's train for the West, other fields to conquer. Forty-three votes were cast by the "New Party" in yesterday's convention. In nnmber they compare favorably with those cast for the prohibition candidate f jr mayor two weeks ago. The Third party organizer departs from our midst hilarious, so far as being "well beeled" with ducats can make him so. Evidently Brother Mills isn't out in the mountains altogether for his health. The membership of the executive com mittee was apportioned to Helena, and the heat and burden of the Third party cam paign will of course devolve upon this central body, appointed to direct and pro mote the cause. The third party organizer i3 a small man, so far as he cuts any particular figure in feet and inches; bnt mentally, morally, prohibitionally he's a greater than George Washington. He insinuated as much in his speech when swelling and squeaking from the platform last night. Said a prominent prohibitionist to-day: "I believe in the cardinal principles of the doctrine, but when a "fakir" comes along, having as his object the creating of dissen sion among political parties, he should be sat upon, and I think the Herald is pur suing the proper course in this matter." Asa slugger, Brother Walter Mills can easily beat John L. Snllivan—with his mouth. He fought a hundred or more rounds and consumed in the neighborhood of three hours in trying to knock out a newspaper opponent, and winded at last, "threw up the sponge.' No bottle-holder. The audience smiled—feminines and masculines--occnlarly and audibly, when ever the four feet of prohibition pugnacity, at intervals of every few minutes, exploded his wrath at the offending Herald. We are charitable and can forgive the intem perance of a temperance crank. We can do that if others can who witnessed the orator's antics and laughed at the absurdi ty of his tandrums. HOOF AND HORN. Close of the Cattle Growers' Conven tion. The Montana stock growers, in session at Miles City the past two days, adjourned Thursday evening. The report of the special committee on improved stock cars reported in favor of the Street stable cars. It was ordered that a brand book be is sued immediately, containing only names of members of the association in good standing. The report of the board of stock com missioners showed that nine ot the fitteeu counties of the Territory were under the operation of the board. The stock inspectors were reduced from nine to three during the past year. Eighty three thousand head of cattle were in spected and 3,300 estrays recovered during the year. The fund of $20,355 has been largely expended, the balance on hand be ing $2,430. The election of officers resulted as fol lows: President, Joseph Scott; first vice president, W. B. Hundley; second vice president, Henry Tusler; secretary and treasurer, R. B. Harrison. The executive committee, with a few changes, is the same as last year. French Constitutional Committee. Paris, April 21. —On the reassembling of the chamber of deputies to-day a com mittee was appointed to consider the ques tion of revising the constitution. The committee consists of eleven members. Four oppose revision, while two are in favor of immediate revision and five desire revision, but are willing to accept proposals of the cabinet to postpone action on the question. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.