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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 03, 1888, Image 2

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The Republicans of the County of Lewis and
Clarke will assemble in precinct primaries on
Saturday evening, May 5th, 18S8, at 8 o'c'oek. fi*r
the selection g t delegates and alternate dele
gates to the County Convention. Bach precinct
will be entitled to representation as follows :
Helena: First Ward—City Hall........................ 7
Second Ward—Engine House........................... 7
Third Ward— Clewell's Store............................. 7
Fourth Ward—School House..........................— 7
Fifth Ward—School House................................ 7
Sixth Ward—School House................................ 7
Seventh Ward—School House........................... 7
Cnionville......................................................... 1
Park................................................................... 1
Mouth of Nelson................................................ 1
Rimini............................................................... 2
Butler...... . ........................................................ 1
Flo ................................................................ 1
Augusta.............................................................. 3
Dearborn........................................................... 1
Sliver City......................................................... 1
Empire............................................................... 2
Mitchell's........................................................... 1
Harmony School House.................................... 2
French Bar......................................................... 1
W arreu's School House.................................... 1
Gloster............................................................ 2
Marysville......................................................... 7
Canyon Creek.................................................... 1
Goodwin's School House................................... 2
Carterville......................................................... 1
Prickly Pear Junction....................................... 1
Kessler's............................................................. 1
Jay Gould.......................................................... 3
Stemple .............................................................. 1
Vaughn.............................................................. 1
Ulm................................................................... 1
Hogan................................................................ 1
The County Convention will be held at
the city of Helena on Saturday, the 12th
day of May, 1888, at 12 o'clock noon, for the pur
pose of electing thirteen delegates and thirteen
alternates to attend the Territorial Convention
at Livingston.
By order of the County Committee
JOS. DAViS, Chairman.
Wm. H. Tbowurioc.e, Secretary.
The conditions and interests of Mon
tana are very similar to those of Colo
rado, and hence the following letter of
.Senator Teller may be read as if ad
dressed to our own miners and wool
growers :
Washington, D. C., April 2,1888.
Dennis Sheeily, Esq , Denver, Colorado :
My Dear Sir: —I am in a receipt of a
letter from yourself and Mr. Moffat con
cerning the proposed reduction of the duties
on lead ore. The reduction proposed in
the Mills bill is very large, and if it is ac
complished, most destroy the prod action
of lead as an industry. It is true that in
case of lead ores carrying a large amount
of silver, lead will still be produced as an
incident to silver mining, but in all cases
where lead has largely entered into the
value of the ou* pat of low grade
silver mines, as we know it does, there will
be a falling off of the production of silver,
as well as lead, and some mines now pav
ing, must close. Lead ores can be brought
to this country so cheaply from Spain that
it will be useless for oar miners to attempt
to compete with them. Wages in Spain
for miners are from 6U to 72 cents per day,
and common laborers, from 36 to 42 cents.
Spain has lead enough for the whole world,
and ran transport it from her mines to
New York and other Atlantic cities cheaper
than we can transport our production from
Denver to New York.
If the Mills hill becomes a law, with
free wool and a reduced tariff on lead,
Colorado will fare badly.
The redaction of the tariff on wool in
1883 depreciated the value of sheep in the
United States from $25,000,000 to $30,000,
000, and free wool will practically destroy
the wool production in the United states.
In that event, the raising of sheep would,
of coarse, cease to be profitable. How
ever, I do not believe that we shall have
free wool or a reduced duty on lead. It is,
of course, needless for me to say that I
will exert myself to the utmost to prevent
the passage of the Mills bill.
Yours truly,
H. M. Teller.
What would our miners say to com
peting with Spanish miners at from 50
to 75 cents per day. And ocean trans
portation is proportionally as cheap in
comparison with railroad freight. In
fact ores are shipped to the United
States from Spain as ballast at a mere
nominal rate. With the Mills bill
enacted into law, all of our eastern states
would get their supplies of iron, lead,
silver and other ores cheaper from for
eign countries. Either one or two
things would happen, neither of which
is desirable. Our mines would be
closed or our miners would have to work
at wages to compete with foreign
miners. It can hardly be expected that
mine owners will work long at a loss,
and mines that did not pay the cost
of working would be worthless.
It has sometimes been said that there
was little difference in parties except the
name, and that party contests are only a
struggle between ins and outs, but this
can no longer be said of the present
Democracy, as interpreted and applied
by Cleveland and Mills, is at open war
with the two leading industries of Mon
Further east and south they seem to
have had colder weather and mire snow.
The weather has been favorable with us
for grass and grain. As for snow, we are
liable to see it any month in the year.
It is hardly necessary to announce that
the Burlington road would not build any
extensions this year. If it survives and
pays expenses it will be a great improve
ment in the present condition.
THE'Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe has
moved its Eastern terminus to Chicago, and
the first train left that city yesterday on
the new line, which is called the Chicago,
Santa Fe & California road. Its new cars
are heated by steam and lighted by elec
tricity. ____
It is good news from Pittsburg that the
glass factories will soon again be in full
blast after five months' idleness. At the
same time high license goes into efiect.
There will be no conflict and not so much
rattling of glasses.
The speech of Foran, of the Cleveland
district of Ohio, is as emphatic a de
nunciation of the Mills tarifi bill as any
that has come from a Republican member.
Democratic Irishmen will not all follow
Cleveland into the British camp.
Mills is working hard to get enough
supporters to pass his tarifi' bill through
the House. To save the support of the
two Democratic members from California,
he has consented ta restore the duty on
fresh and dried fruits, and still these mem
bers refuse to vote with the party for free
wool. It is said that the reputation of
Mills and the fate of Cleveland is felt to
be so much at stake that the friends of the
bill are ready to abandon all else, if only
they can strike off the dnty on wool.
The appointment announced yester
day evening of Melville W. Fuller, of
Chicago, to be Chief Justice, was a sur
prise, indeed, to the whole country, and
we judge, on the whole, a most agreea
ble surprise. Chief Justice Fuller has
not, so far as we know, ever held any
judicial office, but for thirty years has
had an extensive and varied practice in
State and National courts. Our most
eminent chief justices, Marshall, Taney,
Chase and Waite have had little judi
cial experience before taking the highest
judicial office in the world. Our sur
mise that Minister Phelps was home
with a view to this appointment was
true in part, for it seems that the presi
dent was guided in the choice he made
chiefly by the adtice of Minister Phelps,
who was a college classmate and particu
lar friend of the new appointee.
Our greatest fear in the whole matter
was that some one would be appointed
from the South, tinctured with State's
rights heresies, but the one selected is a
Northern man by birth, education, sym
pathies and habits of thought. His age
is in his favor. Being born in 1833, he is
now in the prime of life and ought to
continue so for fifteen or twenty years
yet. The position is a very laborious
one, and unless of a strong constitution
and of the most correct personal habits
the labors will soon wear out the in
cumbent. There is very much need of
increasing the number of judges, or pro
viding for the withdrawal of much of
the business now devolved upon this
In one respect our Supreme Court is
the highest judicial body in the world.
It is co-ordinate with the Executive and
Congress. The constitutional questions
that come here for final settlement are
the most important in the world. In no
other country or government is there
anything like it.
From the good opinions expressed by
those who have long known the new
ChiefJustice, we do not apprehend there
will be any delay or difficulty in his con
firmation, and there is reason to believe
that the appointment will reflect credit
upon the President.
We remember once being told by a keen
observer who has lived long in Montana,
that there was one insuperable difficulty
to our success in agriculture, the fact that
manure would not rot in our soil. We
bave often thought to inquire of those who
have had the most and best opportunity to
observe, whether this stated difficulty is a
fact, and whether it is insuperable. Cer
tainly we can raise small grain, grass, and
splendid vegetables, and though corn may
not be a success, we can fatten hogs about
as well ou peas. But we would like our
agricultural readers to tell us, if they can,
whether there is anything in our soil or
climate that prevents manure from rotting
in the gronnd. We know that the fence
posts rot pretty qnick, and we see no good
reason except lack of moisture and heat,
why manure should not rot as readily as
The Republican county central commit
tee met last evening at the Herald office
and designated Saturday, May 5th, at 8
o'clock p. m., as the time for holding the
party primaries, aud Saturday, May 12th,
10 o'clock noon, at Helena, as the time and
place of meeting of the connty convention.
The apportionment provides for a total
county representation of ninety, which
nnmber of delegates, when assembled, will
proceed ander the Republican Territorial
call and apportionment to elect thirteen
delegates and as maDv alternates to the
Livingston convention, to meet on the 19th
of May. Attention is directed to the call
in to-day's Herald.
The Reservation bill, signed by the
President at the last moment, becomes a
law. The withholding to the extreme
limit the executive approval shows that
Cleveland hesitated whether he should
serve the measure as he did the Manitoba
right-of-way bill. We surmise that the
influence of Hill and Broadwater was
exerted to the utmost, and doubtless largely
to their instrumentality was due the pre
vention of a veto. We think the purpose
of the President was to kill the bill, but
that has happily been prevented, and we
may now all rejoice that the great northern
Indian empire is open to settlement.
The Financial and Mining Record of
April 21, makes the point that it was a
play of the enemies of silver to rush
through the House the resolution interpret
ing the power of the Sec. of the Treasury
to purchase bonds. It makes the point,
too, that it is no part of the powers of
Congress for one Congress to construe the
acts of another. That power is vested in
the Supreme Court. We still hope that
the House will pass the bill that came
from the Senate, and we should think it
very strange if the more popular branch of
Congress would not be found as friendly to
silver as the Senate.
Gen. Gibbon, commander of the De
partment of the Columbia recently par
doned a soldier convicted and sentenced by
a court martial that the General had
ordered. He was censored therefor by the
Sec. of War, who told him that he had no
power to grant pardons, notwithstanding
Sec. 112 of the articles of war expressly
confers this power upon every officer
authorized to order a general coart mar
tial. Gen. Gibbon appealed to the presi
dent and got the short answer that the
censure of the Sec. of War was none too
severe. Every man in Montana will say
that Gibbon wa9 right.
Chauncey M. Depew recently took
occasion to openly rebuke Prof. Goldwin
Smith, who, at a private dinner in New
York, on St. George's day, had. the poor
taste to scold oar people for their home
role sympathies for Ireland. Depew found
himself among a strange lot of Englishmen
who coaid hiss at the name of Gladstone.
It matters little though the President
did not approve the act confirming the
agreements with the Indians of northern
Montana till the last hour of the last
day allowed by law ; nor does it matter
so much to us who deserves the chief
credit for the accomplishment of the
work, the great thing for the people of
Montana to rejoice over is the fact that
the last formality has been completed
that adds to the area of Montana 17,
500,000 acres of land, an area equal to
the whol#of Massachusetts, New Hamp
shire and Vermont, with their popula
tion of three millions, represented in
Congress by sixteen Representatives and
six Senators.
No doubt our delegate has done all
that lie could in every way to accom
plish this object, and deserves full credit
therefore, but after all it was the Mani
toba road that brought it about, and
none would more readily concede this
fact than Delegate Toole. Neither the
President nor his party looked at this
measure with favor at the outset. The
President at first said truly that there
was no one living in this part of Mon
tana who needed a railroad, and he
showed his ignorance in further assert
ing that no one would ever care to build
a railroad through it, and though the
existing Indian treaties provided for the
construction of all kinds of roads through
the country, he refused to allow it.
The Manitoba railroad demonstrated
to the President that it was ready to
build its road through the reservation
and pay for its right-of-way, and the
President's objection was answered.
Then, when the road was built, came
the treaty for cutting down the reserva
tions. Where roads could be built peo
ple could settle and could reach the
markets with their products. The In
dians did not need the country and were
glad to cede it on reasonable terms.
The Indians and all their .champions
and friends favored the treaty, and still
it had not advanced very rapidly to a
conclusion. It seems as if the President
waited till the last minute, hoping that
something would turn up to give him an
excuse for refusing his approval.
It has been a long, hard fight against
great odds, and it has taken hard work
and cost somebody a good deal of money
to keep the matter alive and moving.
The Manitoba road deserves the chief
credit for all this. It came to us with
out subsidy, paid its right of way, gave
us effectual competition, added millions
to the value of our mines and lands, and
to crown all has added fully one-third
to the available area of our Territory for
We thought it great good fortune to
get the Northern Pacific through at such
heavy cost for lands that our people
must pay for, lands that are still largely
held for a rise and thus kept from
settlement, but the Manitoba has brought
us 17,500,000 acres of domain, all
open to settlement on the cheapest
and most favorable terms, with tran
sportation ready in advance of settlement.
So the case stands to-day. Montana
has the largest and best portion of pub
lic lands in the whole country open to
settlement on the most favorable terms.
The consequences will prove marvelous,
beyond the most sanguine expecta
tions of most of our readers. Northern
Montana will very soon he settled, aud
more generally settled than other parts
of the Territory. It is thrown open to
settlemeni when the tide of immigration
is at its full from northern Europe.
What has been done in Dakota will soon
be done in Montana. The day of our
admission as a State cannot be far off.
In the next five years the population of
Montana will double, probably in less
time. Iu two years more the eleventh
census will he taken, and help comes in
good time to show some of its fruits to
our advantage.
Another advantage is the break up in
the Canadian Pacific monopoly, by
which branch lines can be extended
south and that vast region be rendered
in a great measure tributary to Mon
By our Organic Act all the Indian
Territory was excluded from the opera
tion of our laws. To-day their sway is
extended over an increased area five times
as large as the State of Connecticut.
It took the children of Israel a great
many years to conquer and occupy Pales
tine, which, in its widest limits, was little
more than one-third of the area that is
now added to Montana in a single day,
to be our heritage forever, dedicated to
freedom, enlightenment, virtue, indus
try, Christianity and permanent pros
perity. _
Harper's magazine for May is of unu
sual interest. It gives ns a picture gallery
of English authors, and no less than three
articles on American cities—Denver, Chi
cago and Philadelphia—full of surprising
interest even to Americans who are tolera
bly well traveled and read. It is sugges
tive of one thing that tljis age of mannfac
tures and railroads is building np our cities
more rapidly than the country. The mul
tiplication of agricultural machinery ena
bles the cultivator of the soil to dispense
with many hands. There are also two very
instructive articles in this number of Harper
on Russian prison life and administration of
justice, which present these matters in
much more favorable light than they have
usually been regarded. The proportion
of political exiles is mach smaller than
generally supposed, and most of the stories
of cruel punishments and harsh treatment
are pare invention. Every one will be
glad to know this in America, where we
have much reason to feel friendly to the
Russians. And bat for the nihilists, in all
probability Russia would have had a par*
liament to-day.
The action of the Pop« in condemning
the methods of the Irish Land League and
throwing the great weight of its influence
on the Bide of the present Tory govern
ment of England will be heard ol with
pain, almost consternation, by thousands
in this country, who love both their chnrch
and their native land. In this land and
Great Britain the authority of the Catholic
Church is not powerful enough to prevent
or silence free criticism, and this action of
the chnrch npon a matter that is almost
entirely social and political is well calcu
lated to provoke much free expression of
opinion. It logics utterly uncalled for and
far transcending any legitimate power and
province of ecclesiastical authority. The
Catholic chorch condemned Fenianism, for
the reason that it aimed at violent methods
to reach it ends, and so, too, with good rea
son, it has exerted its utmost influence to
discourage assassination and the use
of dynamite. Bat it is a very dif
ferent thing to interfere with the
peaceful£methods of opposition and " the
plan of campaign." It looks like a
very close approach to enforcing with all
the power of the chnrch authority passive
submission to whatever the British Parlia
ment may enact or British judges may de
clare to be law. If the religious teachers
iu these American colonies had such power
aud had so used.it, the United States
never would have become an independent
nation, and the world's progress for the
century past would have been mostly a
blank. Will the Irish, whose millions of
exiled sons and daughters have learned in
other lands the spirit and langnage of
freedom, hush at'once all their aspirations
for freedom of Bpeech and greater liberty
of action in their native land, at the dicta
tion of a foreign hierarchy ? The world
will wait patiently for an answer.
The decrease of our public debt for
April is reported at upwards of nine mil
lions and for ten months at $97,795,881.
In the two remaining months of the
present fiscal year the debt redaction will
be nearly twenty millions more. Look
over all the nations of the world in exist
ence or that have ever existed and see if any
snch parallel instance can be found
of a nation reducing its public indebted
ness at the rate of $120,000,000 per an
num. This is is one the grandest achieve
ments in history and challenges the ad
miration of the world. Such evidence of
prosperity amazes and alarms those
who are jealous of our growing power. It
would seem as if every American would be
enthusiastically proud of such a record,
and labor to continue it till the last dollar
of our debt was paid and we possessed a
navy that would not only protect our sea
coast cities, but give us control of the
commerce of the seas. Bat no. The Pres
ident and his party are doing their utmost
to destroy the very basis of this prosperity.
They stigmatize as useless surplus
all this money that is paid to
reduce oar debt. They stigmatize every
manufacturer as a monopolist, and expect
the operatives to make brick withont
either clay or straw. When speaking of
the present prosperity of the country,
please bear in mind that it is not dae to
Cleveland or Democratic legislation. It is
in spite of them, and they u-e doing their
utmost to destroy it.
The Dominion Senate has the fisheries
treaties under consideration, and one in
discreet member has been foolish enough
to threaten us with "the mighty voice of
British cannon" if we reject the treaty.
No time need be lost in getting those can
non ready, for that treaty nor any other
like it will ever be signed by the approval
of the American Senate, nor will any more
bills of damage bs paid, nor any more
American vessels be pirated. We may not
have so large a navy as Great Britain to
begin a war with, bat it will
be larger when we get through.
We have just launched a gnn boat
that will project a dynamite shell of suf
ficient explosive power to sink the whole
British navy. We have been looking for a
good investment for our surplus and we
shall never see the day when we shall
have so little property afloat on the ocean.
In the first place Canada overestimates the
affection of Great Britain for her. We do
not believe Great Britain would go to war
with ns over any Canadian grievance, and
we do know that if Great Britain should
invite ns to the test of the ordeal of war
the invitation would be readily accepted
and we would help ourselves to what we
wanted of Canada.
What a contrast in Carl Schurz being
banquetted in the German Capital and
complimented by Coant Herbert Bismarck,
when only 40 years ago the same Carl
Scbnrz was a fugitive radical revolutionist.
These have been an eventful forty years to
America as well as Germany, and to the
guest of the evening.
It would seem as if most of the bonds
offered under the call were 4 per cents.
These have 19 years to ron from June 1st,
and at maturity every dollar with interest
added would amount to $1.76. At $1.261
the government saves in interest about 21
per cent on its investment.
The great trust cyclone has struck the
peanut industry, aDd all the urchins of the
country are anxiously inquiring the fate of
the favorite succulent. Is nothing to be
left to relieve the monotony of chewiDg
gam? A las peanut syndicates, as the
French boys would say.
In Convention.
New York, May 2.— The second Na
tional Anti-Saloon conference began this
morning in Cooper Institute. Delegates
from all the states were in attendance.
Chairman Griffin in bis opening address
raid that the only way in which the move
ment can be successful is to have the help
of others that are not now in the move
ment. "Seventy-five per cent of the Re
publicans," he continued, "are opposed to
saloons, and consider it a paramount ques
tion. Fifteen per cent care more for the
political movements than the saloon ques
tion, and only ten per cent favor saloons.
Only one-half of one percent of the Repub
lican party are in the liquor business, and
we hope that by the action of the next
National convention this element will be
eliminated from that business"
Ingalls Heard in the Senate in Reply to
The Kansas Senator Reverts to War His
tory and Depicts the Part Played
Therein by the "Wabash
The Hoosier Sesession Sympathizer Insane
With Rage at the Disclosures of
His Record and Yells "Liar"
and "Doa:."
The Indianian's Consorts, North
South, Haudled Like Himself,
Without Gloves.
Cleveland's Title to the Presidency Con
trasted With That of Hayes.
A Democratic Usurpation Without Par
allel in Republican Government.
Revival of Rebellion and How its Dis
astrous Results are to be Over
Lamar's Accession to the Supreme Bench
and What the Ascendency of
Democracy Means.
Washington, May 1.—The Senate gal
leries presented an unnsaally animated
appearance at the opening of to-day's ses
sion, being crowded with spectators, princi
pally ladies drawn by the announcement
of a speech at 2 o'clock by Ingalls in re
sponse to Voorhees' invective of last
Wednesday. Ingalls' desk was decorated
with flowers. He commenced his speech
by recalling the fact that on the 11th of
July last, Major Fitz John Porter, now on
the retired list, wrote a letter in which he
thanked bis friends, and said that his heart
was always with them. The Senator from
Indiana had complained last Wednesday
with bitterness that an attempt had been
made to blacken the names of all the great
civil, as well as military, leaders of the late
war who remained true to the Democratic
party. Fitz John Porter had been of those
military leaders who maintained their
allegiance to the Democratic party, and he
within the last four months had written
that "his heart was always with them."
Ingalls spoke of his education at West
Point, his business connection with Beau
regard, and his attempt to extend and con
tinue human slavery by the acquisition of
Cuba. He spoke of him as having begun
his military career by disobeying the
orders of Gen. Scott, as having abandoned
Pope at Centreville, as having failed to pnt
tue reneis to tne sword at Ancietam, as
having refused to obey the orders of the
President and follow the rebels at Win
chester,and as having fatally[controlled the
destinies of the army until the battle of
Fredericksburg. History has pronounced
a verdict npon him as a soldier, and the
Senator from Indiana would not be able to
place him in the same category with Na
poleon, Hannibal and Cæsar. He (Ingalls)
dealt with him as a politician, and said
that no one could read his letter to Presi
dent Lincoln after the disastrous seven days
fight on the Peninsula and before Rich
mond, without coming to the conclusion
that McClellan was not actively in sympa
thy with the forces, ideas and sentiments
which were then controlling the American
his martial career was one of the imper
ishable heritages of American glory. He
marched and triumphed. He filled the
abyss of fame with names which would he
eternally luminous—the Peninsula, Antie
•am, Gettysburg, Cbancellorsville, Cold
Harbor and Petersburg. Had he been a
soldier under Napoleon he would have
been a prince and marshal of the empire.
He bad been well called Hancock "the
superb," but after the war closed he, like
McClellan, had become tainted with the
fatal virus of ambition for tüe presiden
tial nomination ; hut notwithstanding bis
magnificent and unapproachable career,
the American people recognized his hos
tility to reconstruction measures, and
in the presidential election of 1880 he
carried but three northern States—
California, Nevada and New Jersey, and
the first two of them had been stolen
by the forgery and fraud of the Morey let
ter issued by Democratic politicians. He
had also received the 138 electoral votes of
the solid South, which had been promised
him in his speech at Cincinnatti by the
senator from South Carolina (Hampton.)
He spoke of the affected indignation of the
Senators from Indiana and Kentncky as
discreditable to their intelligence or their
candor. If they did not know that he
(Ingalls) had spoken of these Union gen
erals, not as soldiers, bat as politicians and
as Democratic candidates for the presi
dency, they were dull, stupid and ignor
ant indeed ; if they did know it but per
sisted in their assertions, they were disin
gennons, and h9 suspected, if such things
were possible, that they were both poli
ticians. [Laughter]
IngalD continuing said : Mr. President :
From the impassioned eulogy, from the
rhapsody of approbation that flowed from
the Senator from Indiana at the great mil
itary achievements of McClellan and Han
cock, I began to have some doubt who it
was that re)ly pnt down the rebellion. I
was driven curiously to inquire what was
in the North and of the Senator from In
diana as one of its great leaders. In 1862,
when McClellan, the ideal Democrat, was
fighting the battle of Antietam; in 1863,
when Hancock was hurling hack in con
fusion and dismay the shattered squadrons
of the confederacy, I was really for the
moment, Mr. President, inclined to believe
that the Democratic party in the North
and the Senator from Indiana and those
other great patriots whom he eulogizes as
the immovable bulwark of liberty, ot the
constitution and the Union, Mr. Thomas
A. Hendricks, Mr. Horatio Seymour and
William A. Richardson, were iu the fall
panoply of battle, assisting McClellan, as
sisting Hancock, doing what they coaid to
make the success of the armies possible ;
and it seems like the very climax of
effrontery, like the apex of audacity, for
these men, whose history is so well
known, who were from the beginning the
avowed enemies of the cause of the Union
at every step of its progress, and who, like
the senator from Indiana, were avowedly
in sympathy with the Sonth at the outset
and were advocates of and apologists for
slavery and secession, who gave aid and
comfort to the rebellion in every possible
way—the "Copperheads," the "Butter
nuts"—(laughter), the "Knights of the
Golden Circle," with all their brutal and
degraded lies, appearing here as advocates
and champions of the Union soldiers and
of the cause of human liberty ! I suppose,
from the enthusiasm displayed in favor of
the military achievements of McClellan
and Hancock, that we should, upon in
spection at least, find that the leaders of
the Democracy, who bave been so eulo
gized, were in sympathy with the Union
cause, and in sympathy with the efforts
that we were making to overthrow the
Confederacy. Yes, Mr. President, at the
very time and during the very year when
McClellan was fighting the battle of An
tietam, the senator from Indiana, without
excepting McClellan, and not excepting
Hancock, speakiDg at Sallivan, Indiana,
on the 5th of August, 1862, said in refer
ence to Union soldiers that they should
go to the nearest blacksmith shop and
have iron collars made and placed around
their necks, and have inscribed thereon in
large letters,
And at the same time he referred to the
Union soldiers as Lincoln's dogs and hire
lings, withont excepting McClellan and
Hancock. And during the campaign, Mr.
President, that resulted in the election of
Abraham Lincoln, the Senator from Indi
ana, who is now so vehemently in favor of
the prosecution of the war ot the rebellion
for patting down ihe Sonth. who so eulo
gizes the energies of the Union armies and
the genins of the Union commanders, who
poses here as the especial friend of the
Union soldiers, and denounces and opposes
any criticisms npon the political chaiacter
and affiliations of those who were engaged
in that war, made a speech at Greencastle
which was reported in the Cincinnati Com
mercial of August 8, 1864. Ingalls read
extracts from the speech, which declared
the war a failure, aud spoke of Lincoln as
a monster and felon.
Passing to the question of the electoral
commission of 1876, Ingalls said he was
not specially enamored of Mr. Hayes,
[laughter], and yet inasmuch as Hayes'
title was brought into controversy
by the Democratic party as one of the
issues of the approaching campaign, he
felt bound to say the title of Hayes to the
Presidency was the most absolutely irre
fragable of any in the whole list of Ameri
can Presidents, because it was the only one
which was ever passed upon by
properly organized for that purpose. The
Democratic party should not forget that
the electoral commission was ono of its de
rices. It was no: the first time they who
had digged a pit and digged it deep, bad
fallen into it. (Laughter.) It would be
remembered how Hon. Henry Watterson
issued his celebrated proclamation calling
on 100,000 "unarmed Kentuckians" to visit
the city of Washington on the anniversary
of the battle of New Orleans for the pur
pose of superintending the electoral count.
(Laughter.) He (Ingalls) had a conversa
tion with President Graot shortly after the
issuing of that celebrated proclamation,
and had asked him if he thought there
was going to be any trouble. Gtn. Grant
had paused a moment, aud, with that de
liberate method which characterized
his utterance*, replied: "No, I don't
think there is going to be any trouble,
but it has been the one rule of my
life to be always ready, and," added In
galls, with solemnity, "he was ready." In
obedience to some mysterious impluse,
troops and parks of artilleiv and munitions
of war began to come to the capital, and
the agitation of the Democratic party be
came extreme ; because if there was an v
tblng that would tarn tne average Demo
crat inside oat with indignation, it was the
sight of federal soldiers in blue uniform.
[Laughter]. Cleveland apparently had a
warranty deed for the seat which he occu
pied, and yet compared with the title Mr.
Hayes had to his seat, he was
and the receiver wan as had as the thief.
In a court of justice and fair conscience, he
never had been elected at all. He had
been counted into office by a partnership
between Dick Turpin and Uriah Heep,
footpads and sneak-thieves—Cartouche and
Pecksniff—and it was some consolation to
know that in that partnership the apos
tates and renegades had lost their share of
the swag. [Laughter and applause].
T'ae country had still against it the
Southern confederacy. It was confronted
with 153 votes of the solid South, as it had
been at every election since the elec
tion of Hayes. The solid South was the
confederacy, and the success of the Demo
cratic party meant the success of the con
federacy, which was to-day as much an
organized, active, aggressive force in poli
tics as in 1861 and previous times. He
honored aod admired (but regretted and
deplored) the constancy of the South to
that idea, to its loyalty and fidelity to the
leaders UDder whom it fought, and its de
termination to reunite and reconstruct its
history so that it would be able to say to
the generations which are to come that
while it was overthrown by overwhelming
numbers in the field, yet within twenty
years alter the war closed its leaders had
In this connection he asked who was
Lucius Quintus Curtins Lamar. He never
was suspected of being a lawyer.
[Laughter.] His bitterest enemy
never accused him of that. He
□ever had been admitted to the
bar of the supreme court, on whose bench
he was appointed. He never had tried or
reported a case in any tribuna., state or
national for thirty years. He asked what
necessity there had been for the president
to affront the loyal sentiment of the coun
try by placing on the bench of the supreme
court a man who was not a lawyer and
never had been and who called Abraham
Lincoln a baboon ? Why, of all men in
the South, did he select him and force him
on a reluctant people? It was because Mr.
Lamar was the nearest and dearest friend
and representative of Jefferson Davis.
There was no other explanation of it. In
galls then referred to a -peech made in the
house in 1879 by Blackburn, declaring it to
be the purpose and intention of the Demo
cratic party to keep on until it wiped out
from the statnte hooks the last vestige of
war legislation. He saw that within the
next few years the supreme court would
be entirely reconstructed, and if that
tribunal was to pass hereafter on war legis
lation all knew what .'he result would be
The Senator from Indiana had seen fit to
invite a comparison between their records
and their relations to the questions of the
past twenty-five years, and he felt it his
duty to put öd record from the information
in his possessio a, what the Senator's record
and history was. He should refei only to
public matters in the public records, and
should venture the affirmation that what
ever might have been his own (iDgalls)
relations in the great struggle between
North and South, the Senator from Indi
ana had been from the outset a determined,
outspoken, positive and malignant enemy
of the Union canse.
"I pronounce that," said Voorhees rising,
with anger in his eyes, "to be a deliberate
false accusation. I voted for e^ery dollar
1 that the soldiers received, for every stitch
of clothes he wore, and for every pension
bill that rewarded his services."
Ingalls said : "The Senator came in here
to-day and thanked God that he never had
been followed here by a committee to ques
tion his right to his seat; and with mach
diffaaene33 of illustration had endeavored
to cast aspersions upon him (Ingalls) and
belittle and humiliate him in the eyes of
the American people when he (Ingalls)
had only referred to the Senator's public
utterances, his speeches, which he had
never denied."
Voorhees declared he did deny them.
Ingalls replied the Senator could not
deny the publication he had read. It was
a verbatim report and so certified to.
Voorhees asserted that not one word or
syllable said by the Senator was true or
believed to be true in Indiana. The accu
sation had been trampled under toot.
Ingalls, continuing, said the Senator
from Indiana had written a letter to F. A.
Shntte, which that gentleman took south
with him aud filed iu the confederate war
department in support of his application
for appointment as a brigadier general in
the confederate army. The letter was
dated December 12, 1862, and said :
"On the disturbing questions of the day
Lis (Shntte's) sentiments are entirely with
the South, and one of his objects is a prob
able home in that section. I take this oc
casion to say that his sentiments and mine
are in close harmony.
"Daniel W. Voorhees."
The senator had said that the charge
that he bad called the Union soldiers hire
lings and "Lincoln dogs," and that they
ought to go to the blacksmith shop
and have an iron collar around their necks
with the inscription : "My dog—Abraham
Lincoln," was a campaign slander and «
scandal that had been spit upon. That
âvermêti* could be substantiated by as
creditable witnesses as there were in the
Voorhees—and even If the SeOätof Said
it, it would be absolutely false and a pal
pable lie.
IDgalls—The Senator is disordei ly. Con
tinuing, Ingalls read from a paper signed
by citizens of Sullivan county, who stated
that they were present at a meet ng on
April 6, 1862, when Voorhees had made
the remark quoted. Everybody knew
what business the Democratic party of In
diana had been engaged in daring the war.
Seventy thousand of them bad been mem
bers of the Knights of the Golden Circle
and had been conspiring against the Union,
they had entered into a combination, ac
cording to Gcnetal Holt, for the purpose of
aiding soldiers to desert, discouraging en
listments, circulating treasonable pub
lications, giving intelligence to the enemy,
and it was susceptible of proof that they did
conspire to murder the government. Ihis
organization, which the Senator says he
never belonged to, bad aritnalof which 112
copies were found in the Senator's office at
the time when Hancock was at the front.
In that same office was found other corres
pondence concerning the objects and pur
poses of that organization. The corres
pondence of C. L. Vallandingham was in
the office of the Senator. In his address
to his constitnents in 1861 he had declared
he would never vote a single dollar
for a single man for the prosecution
of the war, aDd he had never done so as
long as he was in congress. Yet, continued
Ingalls, the Senator who I think deserves
charity more than any man I know of on
this floor, aud who has receive! it at the
hands of his associates, and who ran less
afford than any man of my acquaintance
to invite a scrutiny of his war record, riser
here and refers to the fact that I served
during the war as a judge advocate with
the rank of major, and subsequently of
Voorhees denied again the statements
charged to him regarding the soldiers, and
said the papers found iu his office were
left there to put up a job on him. The
letter with regard to Captain Shute be had
•--ii r.-- » » uciure U).
war broke out, aud be bail sympathized
with the feeling locking to a compromise
Ingalls—Did not the soldiers of Indiana
threaten to hang the Senator with a hell
rope on the train after he made that Lin
coin-dog speech ?
"the senator is a great liar."
said Voorhees, "when he intimates such a
thing. A great liar aud a dirty dog. It
never occurred, never in the world. That
is all the answer I nave, and I pass it back
to the scoundrel behind the Senator who is
instigating these lies." (This remark was
made in reference to Representative John
son of Indiana, who was seated at the desk
directly in the rear of Ingalls )
Ingalls—There is a very reputable gen
tleman in the chamber, a citizen of In
diana, who informs mo that the signers of
that certificate are entirely reputable in
habitants of Indiana, and that he knows
fifty people who heard the Senator.
Voorhees—Tell him I say he is an in
famous scoundrel and a liar. Tell him I
say to.
National Republican Clubs.
New York, May 1.—The sub-committee
of the executive committee cf the National
League of Republican clubs was in session
here to-day. Reports received from thirty
four States showed great progress in the
work of organization. Every Northern
State with the exception of Oregon, Colo
rado and Nevada are said to have estab
lished State Leagues. It was decided by
the committee to hold a grand ratification
d „eting in Ch : cago on the evening follow
ing the adjournment of the National Re
publican convention. The meeting will be
held under the auspices of the League, but
will he open to all.
Unpledged Delegates.
Columbia, S. C., May 1.—The State Re
publican convention met to-day, aud the
chairman iu his address advocated the
sending of unpledged delegates to the
National convention. Delegates at large
were elected. Senator Sherman's name
was greeted with applause, .od Blaine's
most loudly cheered.
The Great Strike Ended.
Chicago, May 1.—It is reported to night
that the great strike on the Chicago, Bur
lington «k Qaincy Railway has been de
clared off. The statement is that at a
meeting of the leaders here to-day it was
decided that the strike was lost, and that
the general grievance committees should In*
convened without delay to formally make
snch declaration. Before Chief Arthur
left for Cleveland to-night he was asked
about the report but declined to talk.
End of a Long Strike.
Pittsburg, April 27.—It is reported
that the flint glass workers strike had been
settled at the conference to-day, and fires
have been started in all the lactories and
work will be resumed next Monday. Toe
settlement will give employment to sev
eral thousand men who had been idle since
last September.
Public Debt Decrease.
Washington, May 1.—The decrease of
the public debt for the month of April
amounts to $9,235,300 ; decrease tinea June
30, 1887, $97,795,881 ; cash in the treasury
available for the reduction of the public
debt, $314,955,552 ; total cash in the treas
ury, as shown by the treasurer's general
account, $500,368,518.
Fatal Street Duel.
Jackson, Miss., May 1.—Gen. Wirt
Adams, postmaster of this place, and John
Marlin, editor of the New Mississippi« 11 '
this afternoon fought a street duel, aud
both were killed. The General was h t in
the head aud Marlin was hit twice.
Price of Silver.
New York, May 2.—Bar silver 931

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