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FISK BROS. Publishers. R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, MAY 3, 1888. REPUBLICAN CONVENTION. A Territoral Republican Convention will be held at Livingston, on the 19th day of May, 18S8, at ten o'clock ;n the forenoon, for the purpose of edecting two Delegates and two Alternate Dele gates to the Republican National Convention, to be held at Chicago, June 19th, 1SSS, to nominate candidates for President and Vice-President of the United States. The several counties will be entitled to representatives as follows: Counties. No. of Delegates. Beaverhead........................................................ I ( 'ascade............................................................- 3 Choteau..............................................................3 Dawson........................... .1 Deer Lodge......................................................... Fergus................................................................3 Gallatin.............................................................. *> Jefferson......................................................... Lewis and Clarke.............................................13 Madison............................................................. 1 Meagher.......................................................... 3 Missoula................................................. ~ Park................................................................... 4 Silver Bow...............................1.........................16 Yellowstone...................................................... 3 Total.........................................................90 The county Republican Committees of the sev eral counties (except Cascade) will proceed to call County Conventions in their respective coun ties, and elect Delegates and Alternate Delegates to the Territorial Convention as above desig nated. In Cascade county the County Convention may be called by the member of the Territorial Com mittee of that county. It is desired that umple notice of such Con ventions be given. The following rules have been adopted for the government of the Republican Territorial Con ventions in the Territory' of Montana : 1—Delegates and Alternate Delegates shall be elected in the future to Territorial Conventions, and in the event of the failure of a Delegate to attend, the Alternate Delegate shall cast the vote of the Delegate whose Alternate he is. :i—In the absence of a Delegate and his Alter nate a majority of the Delegation from that County, shall cast the vote of the absentee. 3— In the absence of all the Delegates and Al ternate Delegates from any county, no vote shall be cast for such county. 4 — In the county in which the Territorial Con vention shall be held, when any Delegate and his Alternate Delegate are absent there shall be no vote cast in their behalf. 5— Delegates and Alternates must be Republi can residents of the County which they repre sent. By order of the Territorial Republican Com mittee. I. Salhinger, Isaac D. McCutcheon, Secretary. Chairman. THE WEEKLY HERALD. A Valuable Prdmium List for the Year 1888 . Attention is called to the premiums of fered for subscribers to the Weekly Her ald. The list comprises a large number of interesting and valuable publications, which are sent without charge to all prepaying subscribers, old and new, whose names 'are now upon or to be added to our books. For $3.50 The Herald and any one of the several great weekly prints uamed in the advertisement will be sent for one year. Prices are stated for The Herald and.one or the other of the illustrated atlases, which we have arranged to furnish. The New York Independent tersely and forcibly sums up Mr. Cleveland's career as President in these words : "He started cut the Democratic party, and ended by lettiDg down the government." Decent arrivals Irom the Sound say that it was confidently expected that daylight would be let through the Cascade tunnel on the N. P. this week, and that the cars would be running through it in June. The committee of the French Chamber of Deputies has finally recommended that the Panama Canal company be allowed to raise a loan by a lottery scheme. We sup pose it will now be claimed that is on a sound gambling basis. Prof. Henderson gives to day the sequel to the Conkling bath incident, re lated yesterday. It is interesting and everybody will read it. A sketch of the Senator's trip over the Park Terraces will appear in a later issue. It is pretty hard for Americans to under stand the significance of this Boulanger up rising in France. Many think it an impe rial movement in disguise, though its pro fessions are all right, and in some respects seem to be an improvement on the policy that bas prevailed. Boulanger has never shown any ability as soldier or statesman. The tariff allusion of the Massachusetts Kepublicans is moderate and strikes the proper note. It asks simply lor the de gree of protection that will encourage American capital to invest in manufac tures and American operatives to compete with continental cheap labor. Any one who does not desire these two things is a poor citizen of this country and ought to look for his pay to the country that he serves. _ The Union Pacific has just held its an nual election of officers, and announces that no new road building is under con sideration. It is a great pity that this powerful organization, that might and ought to be doing so much to develop the country, is kept crippled and bound so that it can do nothing. Why cannot Con gressmen show some little sense, make the best settlement possible, and leave the road free to live and grow and build up the country___ We have scanned the resolutions [of the Indiana Democracy in vain to find any en dorsement of the Cleveland free trade pol icy. They seem to be pretty plain Eng lish, but the nearest approach to the tariff issne is an expression in favor of protect ing the interests of labor, and promoting harmony between capital and labor. So far as this goes it would have appeared with equal or greater propriety in the seme words in Republican resolutions, This singular silence or omission is like the play of Hamlet with the character of Hamlet omitted. Yet the resolutions were unanimously adopted with eloquent silence on the conspicuous omissions. The dreary sarcasm that declares the Demo cratic party in favor of "fair and honest elections" is intended for northern circula tion, and the wind-np pledges the Indiana Democracy to die in the last ditch shoot ing that the gray mare is the better horse for Indiana, Jo McDonald to the contrary notwithstanding. INDIANA DEMOCRACY ON TARIFF Yesterday was Indiana day in Con gress. Voorhees in the Senate and By num in the House endeavored to recon cile Democracy and public interests, with very poor success. Senator Voorhees, after contenting himself with a misrepresentation of the Kepublican position, turned aside to a more agreeable and easier task of de fending the memories of McClellan and Hancock. We have no desire to pluck a leaf from the crown of any one, dead or alive, who ventured his life to save the Union and served his country to the best of his ability. We have had enough of the unprofitable work of fighting over dead issues. We have a live issue on our hands at present that demands all of our attention, that reaches down to the foun dations of our growth and prosperity. It is the question of protection to Amer ican industry, to American labor and American capital. Voorhees attempts to describe the Kepublican position in three proposi tions. First, that taxation is not to be limited by the expenses of the govern ment, but with a view to protect manu facturing monopolists. Second, that all the protection shall go to enrich the capitalists and none to the laborers. Third, that any reduction of taxation shall be on luxuries rather than neces saries of life. If these propositions correctly state the Kepublican position, they are not deserving of the support of the Ameri can people. In our estimation this is not an ingenious misrepresentation of the Kepublican position. Kepublicans favor protection, it is true, but this prin ciple of protection can well be adjusted to the revenues needed. And in this matter of expenses, the Kepublicans would include the early payment of the national debt, the construction of a navy, and a great many other things that our national growth demands and our national wealth permits us to have. The second proposition more especial ly, hut all of them with little difference, misrepresent the republican policy as designed alone to protect the capitalist, the monopolist. This is only a cheap play upon words to catch the ear of the ignorant. The application of the prin ciple of protection does not establish anv monopoly. How can it in a coun try as large as ours, where capital is abundant and quick to see an advantage? Talk of a monopoly, where the advant age is open to sixty-five millions of peo ple, is the silliest of all stuff. Our patent laws create monopolies, but pro tection laws that apply to all parts of the country, to every individual in it, can not posssbly create monopolies. An}' man, womau or child in the country can engage in any protected industry. Po tatoes are protected, and according to "oorhees' application of the term, every man who raises a potato is a monopolist. Every child with a pet lamb, such as Mary had, goes into the category of • monopolists along with the owner of a woolen mill. Again we would like to inquire of Mr. Toorhees in all candor, how it is possi ble to reach the operative in any depart ment of skilled labor, except through the capitalist, who comes forward to build a mill, factory, forge, furnace, etc., and put in the machinery so that the la borer can get a chance to work. If,in our jealous hatred of capital, we drive it out of the country, or compel it to lay idle, we destroy the chance of the laborer to get employment, and deprive him of his wages. Capital somewhere must furuish the plant for manufactures. If it is fur nished in foreign countries it will not supply labor in this country. The pol icy of the Democratic party would leave the laboring man like one who held a lease of the third story of a house tha't was burned down. As for Representative Bynum, as soon as he opened his mouth he put his foot in it. He confessed that raw wool was cheaper since we have had protection. It has brought home competition instead of foreign, just what protectionists assert and desire. If it has given us cheaper wool, why then should Cleveland want to remove all the duty on wool? Does he want to make it dearer, with a view to make clothing cheaper ? A greater tangle of absurdities never could be conceived of than this Indiana defense of free trade. of no an is. a It strikes us as a very wise measure, the bill reported favorably in the Senate for the government to erect a building for the use of the post office in every town and city where the yearly postal revenues amount to $3,000. As the business is now done, it looks very much as if the govern ment considered itself or its control of the postal business as a mere temporary affair. The value of city and town property is constantly increasing in this country. The government has plenty of surplus to build with and its credit is 6uch that it could get any amount needed at 2} per cent, or even less. Why it should be doing busi ness in rented premises year after year is certainly strange and unbnsiness like. The Pope has fallen under the influence of the English court, and declares against the boycott and the plan of the campaign. Court influence and favors seem to count for mere than centuries of faithful and zealous obedience. In much the same way in this country the large majority of the Irish are doing the hard, diity work of the Democratic party, while the chiefs of that party, Cleveland, Bayard and Phelps, are toadying to the Tory ministry and sacri ficing the interests of the Irish and of Ire land at every instance and turn. So true is it that many do not know their true friends, but patiently grind in the mills of their oppressors. to to PRESS PRIVILEGE. Most of our readers will agree, we think, that the "organ's" treatment of Mayor Fuller is not so much a question of press privilege as abuse of privilege, calling for very plain if not profane de nunciation. Impudent, persistent inter viewing is generally disgusting to most people. In cases of distinguished visi tors from abroad in whom center great public interest, and whose appearance, impressions and exact words are all more or less legitimate and general matters of public curiosity, formal interviews are excusable and tolerable, provided the victim is couscious and willing. But if any one attempts an interview and professes to give what transpired and was said, the first and in variable rule to observe is to give the exact language of the person reported. To distort the meaning and put words and sentiments never uttered into the mouth of a press victim is simply an outrage, an abuse of privilege that a newspaper man or anv other man ought never to be allow. Public acts of public men are proper subjects of comment and criticism, and no one, least of all our genial and liberal minded Mayor, will complain of it in its utmost profusion. Misrepresenting motives, falsifying facts, misquoting language are not press privileges, to personal privileges even to an iron-clad reporter. Capt. Fuller, who is not a stranger to our people, as his interviewer and critic is. Nor is he by any means a novice, unfamiliar with public duties or the proprieties of private intercourse. When one of so amiable and even temper is provoked to characterize a statement as a scurrilous falsehood in plain terms, it will be generally endorsed a true bill. GEN. GRANT'S BIRTH DAY. Sixty-six years ago to-day Gen. Grant was born. It is a day that will always be hallowed in the memory of every patriotic American. The names of Lincoln and Grant will be associated with liberty and union. They were born of the people, lived close to the popular heart, served the people and died for them. They loved even their enemies with big hearts, and their enemies are fast learning to appre ciate and honor their memories. A half holiday ought to be dedicated to the memories of both these heroes and martyrs and oar children in all onr public schools ought to be reminded of the services they rendered, and be taught to emulate their virtues and modest worth. BOURBON HUMOK. The resolution of the Democratic com mittee endorsing the Cleveland adminis tration as "honest and courageous," eays the Inter Mountain, should not be over looked by those misguided friends of Bill Nye, who regard him as the champion humorist of the United States. Mr. Cleveland is now giving this country, and particularly the western half of it, a pus illanimous, fence-straddling, carpetbag, anti-silver, free wool, down-with-the-hon est-settler administration that will make him odious for the next ten generations, and for the Democratic committee to allude to the administration as honest and cour ageous is a fine example of that side-split ting humor which belongs only and alone to the Democratic bosses, and of which it were foolish of Bill Nye to attempt any imitation. _ The electors of Helena recently sent the Kepublicans to the front by a majority of 500 3 gainst as strong a ticket as the Demo crats could nominate in opposition. Prob ably nothing so much contributed to the complete overthrow of the Democracy as the scurrilous and defamatory campaign conducted by the party organ which halted at no misreseutation or abuse of the Republican candidates and which daily went out of its way to berate the Republican nominee for Mayor and to as sail and ridicule the Grand Army, of which he is a worthy and honored member. With the election of Capt. Fuller it was supposed the enmity of the organ would tire and die out,and that its falsehoods and calumnies for a period at least cease. But the Hessian crowd seem to think that they must in a manner that heretofore has char acterized their conduct, earn their hire, and the smut machine is kept at its work. From a purely selfish point of view, the Herald wishes the past and present pursuit of the organ may be kept up. In that event it can be guessed pretty safely that at the autumn polls the Repub licans will easily increase their late mu nicipal majority to a round one thousand in the county. The perpetual snivel of the Independent about the non-appointment by Mayor Ful ler of Burns, late policeman, justifies a word of explanation, for it illustrates the merits of all the complaints that are made. No person has a perpetual right to office, not even Mr. Burns, and his mere failure to obtain the re-appointment would be no wrong to him, nor in itself the remotest imputation upon him. The position of a private citizen is not a hamiliation, nor does any right-minded citizen consider it a disgrace. Mr. Bnrns has, therefore, from his own point of view, no grievance to air. His original appointment was a reward for "political service." The kind of "service" rendered can be easily described. Until he had rendered it no one ever thought of him as policeman or any other official. At the polls at the court house a year ago last November he was a Democratic political "striker." While there was some excite ment, order was maiutained until this wonld-be and alleged peace officer, without provocation or warning, strack a peaceable and quiet citizen in the face in a cowardly manner. He has had his reward. Let him subside. as no as to it Old residents of Helena will know how to sympathize with Central City, Dakota, in its baptism of fire. A TENNESSEE FREE TRADER. McMillan, of Tennessee, known as the "Carthagenian reformer," took the floor yesterday as champion of the free trade canse, and reiterated the stale falsehoods about poor people being ground down with taxation while the luxuries of the rich went untaxed. His talk was all to save the monopoly of the whisky ring. His plaiut reached a crisis when he inquired where we should get our revenue from, with all the internal taxes repealed. Well, if there is a deficiency with these internal taxes abolished, we see no great objection to putting a dntv on tea and coffee. These are not any more necessaries than tobacco. They are stimulants and partial lnxnries. Besides, we gained little if any redaction in price or improvement in quality for re pealing these duties. McMillan was far ther opposed to protection as unfavorable to onr merchant marine, in which Tennes see has such a lively and extensive inter est. Well, there is something in this point, more than McMillan brought out. If the tree trade policy should by any gt neral access of folly he adopted in this country, it would be very apt to throw so many out of employment on land that they would have to take to the water. By reducing wages to the continental standard A merican ship owners might be able to navigate their vessels as cheaply as foreigners. But we have never yet discovered how a sensible man could be convinced that it was wise to abandon a good, established, profitable policy and busmess for one that is new and uncertain. What we have lost ou the ocean we have more than made good on land. Railroads are better than a merchant marine. There is not a stite in the Uuion that wonld be more benefitted by protec tion and more injured by free trade than Tennessee, and even in Democratic con ventions of that state the contest has often been close between the protectionists and revenue reformers. McMillan will live to see his free trade sophistry generally repu diated in his own state, and will either have to reform himself or join the ancient mariners. CONDEMNED BY THE MEN. CATTLE While Mr. Mills, of Texas, is making his onslaught upon American industries his constituents are expressing their indig nation in a very lively manner. Some time ago the wool growers of Texas, with out regard to party, sent to Washington a very vigorous protest against the free trade programme of putting wool on the free list. Now the Cattle Men's Association, largely composed of Democrats, of Mr. Mills' own district have had a meeting and adopted the following resolutions: We deprecate the course of Mr. Mills and pat ourselves on record in hearty condemnation of his conduct and his bill. Forsaken by our Representative, we nrge upon our Senators and Representatives in Congress to work against the Mills bill, and we call upon all good men from other States to protect Texas, if her own Repre sentatives fail to do so. States to protect Texas, own sentatives fail to do so. Protection on raw wool ia purely m pro tection to the producer, the farmer as well as the sheep man, end should be main tained. If Mr. Mills persists in and urges the proposed removal of the duty on wool and hides, it is the sense of this, a repre sentative body of his constituents, that he abdicate his seat, and hereafter we will withhold our supportât the ballot box and elsewhere. A tougher time than Mr. Mills is having no Democratic Congressman has ex perienced in trying to carry out by legisla tion the free trade policy of Cleveland. Mills has put himself up in strong antag nism to industries as important to the wel fare of Texas as they are to Montana, and as strongly is he condemned by the con stituency whose interests he has betrayed. He will have cause to regret his course when the people get a chance at him at the ballot box. The Dominion government recently as sumed a debt of some seventeen millions to save Manitoba from secession, and now it is about to assume several millions more for river improvements for Montreal and Quebec. The Dominion debt was $275, 000,000 two years ago, and must now be about $300,000,000. This looks like a heavy burden for a country of four million inhabitants. It would be about four times as great proportionally as our uational debt, and if Democratic Congressmen are to he believed our people are nearly ground to death by burdensome taxation. Con sidering the comparative prosperity of the two countries and the ability of the people tD bear taxation, we must conclude that our taxes are rather light. One of our troubles never afflicts Canada. It has no Bnrplns to worry and quarrel over. When all other sources of revenue fail, we ex pect another bill for fishery damages will be presented to the United States, en dorsed by Great Britain. Wheii that bill is presented next it will be paid by an order on Davy Jones' locker. We do not know where Representative Bynum gets his authority for the assertion that we have to buy more than half our wool abroad. The latest published sta tistics in Spofford's American Almanac give the total production in this country at 285,000,000 pounds and the imports at 114,038,030 pounds. This purports to be taken from the bureau of statistics of the U. S. treasury department. It does not show that more than half our wool is im ported, but does show that considerable less than one-half is imported. The wool industry is not like the sugar production that has made no gain for fifty years, but it has made substantial advance, and sup plies the greater portion of the demand to the greatest wool consuming nation in the world, end even Bynum has to confess that protection has reduced the price to the consumer. It seems to us in mighty poor taste for Queen Victoria to be on a junketing ex cursion to the Prnssian capital. We have no idea that any more important business is in the wind than looking after relations. The visit would not be out of the way to express sympathy and tender assistance, but a great deal less of court etequette and display wonld seem in better taste. WHAT IS TRUE DEMOCRACY? "Some, like Randall, will vote for a high protective tariff to secure a surplus revenue, but such are not true Democrats.— Inde pendent. The Democratic organs just now are vigorously belaboring Samnel J. Randall with a view to whip him into the traces or drive him ont of the party. As the com ing presidential campaign seems likely to be fought mainly ou the taritf issue, it is hard to see bow such men as Randall can support Cleveland in his avowed free trade policy. This issne has been avoided in recent campaigns by some straddling, am biguous phrases that coaid be interpreted to mean anything the ingenuity of the interpreter should choose. Bat there is no ambiguity about Cleueland's last message, and in accepting him as their candidate after such a declaration, the party accepts his new departure and will make free trade the test of true Democracy. In view of this position it is worth while to revert to some of the recorded senti ments of acknowledged leaders and ex pounders of Democracy. Andrew Jackson was considered a pretty good Democrat in his day. In one of his earliest messages to Congress, December 7,1830, he says: "The power to impose duties ou imposts originally belonged to the several states; the right to adjust those duties with a view to the encouragement of domestic branches of industry is so completely iden tical with that power, that it is difficult to suppose the existence of one without the other." Again in the same message: "While the chief object of duties should be revenue, they may be so adjusted as to encourage manufactures And again: "In this conclusion I am confirmed as well by the opinions of Washington, Jeffer son, Madison and Monroe, who have each repeatedly recommended the exercise of this right under the constitution, as by the uniform practice of Congress, the continued acquiescence of the states and the general understanding of the people." Of those authorities to whom Jackson refers, at least Jefferson, Madison and Monroe were Democrats and with Jackson constitute the highest court of appeal to determine what is true Democracy. It was not the Democracy of the Calhoun school, we admit, but the latter never was accepted as the standard in the better or purer days of Democracy. In President Jackson's letter to Coleman of North Carolina, he expresses more fully and precisely just the position the Repub licans hold to day. He says "If we omit or refuse to use the gifts which Providence has extended u us, we deserve not the continuation of His bles sing. He has filled our mountains and our plains with minerals, with lead, iron and copper, and given us a climate and a soil for the growing of hemp and wool. These being the great materials of our national defense they ought to have extended to them adequate protec tion, that our manufacturers and laborers may be placed in a fair competition with those in Europe, and that we may have in onr country a supply of those leading and important articles 30 essential to war. I will ask, What is the real situation of the AgriooltarisiV Wlioro Laa iLo Amoi lean farmer a market for his surplus produce ? AgriooltarisiV farmer a market for his surplus produce ? Except for cotton, ne has neither a foreign nor a home market. Common sense at once points ont the remedy. Take from agri culture, in the United States, 600,000 men, women and children and you will at once give a market for more breadstuffs than all Europe now furnishes us. It is time we should become a little more Ameri canized, and instead of feeding the paupers and laborers of Eogland, leed onr own, or else in a short time, by continuing our present policy, we shall be rendered pau pers ourselves." Here in good Jacksonian Democratic style is the Republican argument of to-day. Here is the frame work of that American policy so ably advocated by Henry Clay. There are the same conditions existing to day. We are in the full tide of that pros perity which it was predicted this policy would produce. Randall has the example and teaching ofsnch Democrats as Jefferson, Madison, Monroe and Jackson. Cleveland is follow ing the digression of Calhoun that blos somed ont successively in nullification and secession. Mr. Commissioner Chamberlain repre sents in England that he mingled with all classes in this country and those of various nationalities and found hardly any one who approved Mr. Gladstone's policy, and further he says that the few who pretend to favor home rule do not understand it. Either Mr. Joseph Chamberlain is a pcor obsei ver or a great prevaricator. Aside from the narrow circle that surrounds cur state department, there is not one American in a thousand who does not greatly admire and endorse Gladstone and favor home rale for Ireland. Bat this evidence of Chamberlain is the worst arraignment that could possibly be made of the British spirit of the present administration. Delegate Toole has offered an amend ment to the pending general land bill, which provides that before any lands are patented to any land grant road, the sur veyor general of the State or Territory shall personally examine every tract and sub division of the lands and certify they are not mineral, aod valuable only for ag ricultural purposes. He shall then adver tise a description of these lauds, and be fore they are patented any person, whether a prospector or not, may challenge the sur veyor general's decision, and the burden of proof to show they are not mineral lands shall lie upon the company. We are glad to notice that Sec. Whit ney approves the plan of forming a naval reserve—that is, adding by government subsidies the construction of a class of vessels for commerce, but so built that they will be available for war purposes with the right of government recognized to take them into its service at any time by payment of a stipulated price. Such vessels would extend onr commerce and make our flag familiar to all nations and countries. Cuba is suffering from unusual droughts in addition to misgovernment and lawless ness. Many Cabans are removing to Florida, and the prosperity and popula tion of the island will steadily decline. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoriau a GRANTS GLORY Is Perpetuated by the Proper Observai of the Anniversary of His Birthday. A Large Array of Notables Gather in Banquet and Pay Homage to the Departed Hero. Gen. W. T. Sherman Presides. Gen. Depew's Stirring Eeply to the Only Formal Toast, "The Day We Cele brate" —! President Cleveland, Gen. Joseph E. Johnson, Col. John S. Mosby and Others Send Feeling Messages of Eespect. GEN. GRANT. Celebration of His Birthday in New York. New York, April 27.— In commemora tion of the anniversary of the birthday of Gen. Grant an elaborate banquet was given at the Delmonico's to-night, as the most fitting arrangements were made by the old comrade of the dead General and President, Gen. W. T. Sherman. About 150 persons were present. The walls of the banquet rooms were a'most concealed with flags and bunting, and at the head of the room were three oil paintings, representing the dead soldier in both uniform and civilian a dress. The seat at Gen. Sherman's table, which was to have been occupied by the late Koscoe Ccnkling, was vacant, and on the chair was hung a heavy wreath of laurel. Each table was presided over by some distinguished soldier, statesman or a man of affairs, and on either side of the presiding officer was seated six or seven others. Gen. W. T. Sherman presided over the first table, and on the right Chaunoy M. Depew, the orator of the evening, and on the left Mayor Abram S. Hewett. The others at the table were Gen. Wm. Mahone, Geu. Wm. H. Seward, son of Lincoln's secretary of state, Hon. Geo W. Childs, Cyras W. Field, Rev. John R. Paxton, Ed ward Pierrepont, Gen. C. B. Comstock, W. C. Andrews, Samnel Sloan, Captam W. W. Paxton and Albert Beirstadt. Among others present were Gen. Fitz John Porter, Col. A. Louden Snowden, of Philadelphia, D. O. Mills, Gen. Stewart, L. Woodford, Gen. Wagner Swayne, Col. Douglass, Col. Robert G. Ingersoll, Elliott F. Shepard, Hon. Elihu Root and Hermau C. Armon". Among the letters of regret were those re ceived from the following : Hon. Wm. H. Evarts, Gen. J. S. Mosby, Gen. S. B. Buck ner, Gen. J. E. Johnson, J. C. Bancroft, Gen. P. H. Sheridan, Gov. D. B. Hill, Senator John Sherman, Senator Hiscock and Admiral Gherardi. President Cleveland sent the following telegram to Washington : To General W. T. Sherman : Will recall with heartfelt homage the virtues and achievements of the iJhiatriona Amarienn Thfl following are extracts from letters read: From Gen. Joseph E. Johnpon—"Sympathizing earn estly with those who desire to do honor to a great soldier's memory, it would gratify a great soldier's memory, it would gratify me highly to avail myself of this invita tion, but very much to my regret my en gagements at this time will not allow me that privilege." Col. John S. Mosby : "I regret I cannot be with you on the occasion to add my tribute to the memory of the generous soldier whose victories in peace were no less renowned than in war. With feelings of pride I remember that I honored him in life and was not one of those who did not discover his virtues until he was dead." Gen. James Longstreet: "I was more indebted to General Grant for personal kindness than to any friend living or dead." Gen. Fitz Hugh Lee wrote a long letter, in which he said : "As a citizen of the United Slat 28 who was once a soldier in the army which fought against the army commanded by General Grant, May I be permitted to add that the close of military operations in this state termi nated the career of the commander whose military renown was justly merited. The surrender of the Southern army was asked for by Gen. Grant to prevent "Any further effusion of blood," to which Gen. Lee replied: "Restoration of peace should be the sole object of all." After that we hear of Gen. Grant saying: "Let us have peace." While Gen. Lee wrote as early as August 18, 1865, it was the duty of every citizen in the present condition of the country to do all in his power to aid in the restoration of peace and harmony, and in no way to oppose the policy of state or general government directed to that object. If the survivors of the opposing armies of the past will follow the precepts thus taught by their respective commanders, a prosperous fntnreof an undivided republic, which we should be equally interested in, will be assured. "I feel," said the dying soldier, who now sleeps at Riverside, "that wc are on the eve of a new era, when there is to be great harmony between fed eral and confederates. I cannot stay to be a living witness of the correctness of this prophecy, but I feel within me that it is to be so." Let us hope that the last predic tions of General Grant will be fulfilled. Gen. Sherman in introducing Hon. Cbanncey M. Depew to respond to the only formal toast, "The day we celebrate," touched briefly upon two or three points. He touched upon the arrival of Gen. Grant's grandfather in 1749; upou Grant's father's removal Sootb; upon Grant's birth at Point i Pleasant, Onio, sixty-six years ago; upon his appearance at West Point, where, mach to his surprise, he found himself registered as Ulyeses S. Grant! and where, for the first time, he made the sub sequently famous signature of U. S. Grant. Gen. Sherman continned: "Now, again in 1789 there had been an awfnl rebellion in the country. And at that time Washing ton became president. Congress without any army, without any preparation as they usually do, passed a bill to make Washing ton lieutenant general of the United States. Washington never took the oath of General of the army of the United States, and if you will look up the papers of that day you will see that he was buried as a lieu tenant general. There never has been in this country bat two generals—Grant and Sherman—[prolonged applause], and three lieutenant generals—Washington Scott and Sheridan. Gen. Sherman then introduced Depew, who proceeded to deliver a bril liant oration. He compared and contrasted President Lincoln and Gen. Grant. He said each was necessary to success to the other, and both to the restoration of the Union. No other soldier was so fit for the work to be done in the field, and no other man than President Lincoln would have had the masterful stamina to withstand the de mands of the country for Grant's with drawal. The speaker touched upon the generous recognition of General Sherman's great abilities evinced by General Grant's interposition when President Johnson to to and the ties to of wanted to punish those who had been in the rebellion. In view of the as sociation of Mr. Depew's name with the Republican presidential nomination, the following sentence from his speech seemed significant: "It is a notable fact that though we are the only purely industrial nation in the world, we have never se lected onr rulers from among the great business men of the country, and the con ditions and prejudices of success present insuperable obstacles to snch choice" Other speeches were made by Gen. Ma hone, Col. R. G. Ingersoll, Judge Pierre pont, Gen. Noh.e, of Missouri, and others. New York, April 27.—Gen. Grant's tomb at Riverside Park was visi.ed to day by many people, many bearing floral trib utes. Grant's Birthday Celebration in Boston. Boston, April 27.— The banquet of the Massachusetts club held in honor of Gen. Grant's birthday at the Hotel Yendome this evening d"ew together a notable array of notable men. Prominent among those present were Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, Gen. Chas. Deveuf., Geo. S. Boutwell, of Gen. Grant's cabinet. Gov. Ames, Gov. Louns bnry, of Connecticut, Gov. Davis and Gov. elect Taft, or Rhode Island, Lieut. Gov. Fuller, of Vermont. Hon. A. H. Rice, Hon. A. A. Raney, Hon. W. W. Crapo and others. The large banquet hall was elaborately decorated for the occasion, the life size bust of General Grant occupying a com manding position, while at the end of the main hall was the glory of flags with a gilded eagle and shield of the national colors, the shield being crossed by a band bearing the name of Grant. Hon. A. W. Beard presided at the banquet, while seat ed before him around the tables were up wards of 300 gentlemen, many of whom have achieved a national reputation. Eloquent speeches were made by Gov. Ames, Hannibal Hamlim, Geo. S. Bout well, Senator Dawes. Geo. Lounsberry, of Connecticut, and Gen. Devens, while Gov. Davis and Governor-elect Taft, of Rhode Island, Gen. N. P. Banks, Hon. A. H. Rice and Hon. W. W. Crape made brief remarks. Celebrating in Pittsburg and Wash ington. Pittsburg, April 27. —The second an nual dinner of the Americus Club, this city, in commemoration of the birthday of Gen. Grant, was given this evening. Among the guests were Governor Beaver, Senator Sherman, Benjamin Harrison, Ind diana, Hon. Foster, New York, Hon. John C New, Col. Fred Grant and Hon. Richard Smith Washington, April 27.—The Republi can National League te-night celebrated the birthday of Gen.Grant at their club house in Thomas circle. Sale of Thoroughbreds. Nashville, Tenn., April 26— The annual sale of Belle Mead thoroughbred yearlings, get of Enquirer, Great Tom, Luke Blackburn, Bramble, I'lenipal, Van derbilt, and imported Pizzarro, w:is held to-day. A large number of prominent turf men from all parts of the country were in attendance. Fifty-two head were sold, amounting to $248 450, an average of $478. 'The following are those which brought $1,000 or over: Bay colt, bv imported Great Tom, dam, Duchess. R. Tucker. Louisville, 1,025 ; chestnut colt by import ed Great Tom, dam, Meselle, Dwyers Bros., New York, $1,500; bay filley.by Enquirer, dam, Bribery, Dwyer Bros, New York, $1,400; bay Alley, by imported Great Tom, dam, Queen of the West, Ed. Corrigan, Kansas City, $1.000: dark bav fill**-, Lj EDqmrer. dam, Bnc Iirae, J. Nashville, Tenn., $1,000. J. Carter, Queen Victoria. Berlin, April 26. —Queen Victoria left this afternoon. In addition to the host of royalists, she found at the station the Bur gomaster and members of the municipal council, who had come to pay their re spects. The Crown Prince introduced them to the Queen, who expressed her cordial thanks lor the welcome tendered her. The Crown Prince then conducted tne Queen to her carriage, and after affectionate fare wells between the Queen and the Empress and Princess, the traiu started, amid the loud cheers of the populace. The Queen repeatedly expressed her gratification at the welcome given her by the people of EerliD. Assignment. Montreal, April 27 — E. A. Whitehead, trader, has made an assignment. Liabili trader, has made an assignment. Liabili ties $279,000. Not in the Home Paper. A New England capitalist, who controls a good deal of money and has invested many thousands in the West and Northwest, writes to the Herald (of which he is an old sub scriber and punctual reader,) asking infor mation as to the responsibility of one of onr real estate firms. "The firm," says our correspondent, "advertise here, but their name and business do not appear in the Herald." Any one who thinks they are needed can furnish the comments. The action of our school trustees in superseding Prof. Howard will he heard with general and profound regret. Y\e believe it has been done in disregard of the wishes of a large majority of our people, aud of the best interests of our schools. In fact, we cannot regard it otherwise than as a calamity. With the kindest feelings and sincere re spect for all the gentlemen connected with the board and for the new principal, we cannot refrain from expressing our opinion that a great mistake has been made. We hope to be disappointed, and shall always do our utmost to advance onr school inter ests in whatever hands they may fall. Hudd, the Green Bay horse of Wiscon sin, denies that American laborers are profited by protective duties. Let the la borers speak for themselves from the teu thousand factories, mills, mines, furnaces, forges and shops that have sprung up all over the land under the shelter of pro tection. Let them compare their rates of wages with those paid on the continent to the same class of laborers and enquire for the reason. Close the mines and mills and where would the idle hands get the money to buy cheap British goods? Sayers, of Texas, says the Mills bill Î9 a step in the right direction. The other step wonld lead to absolute free trade, with its accompaniment of direct taxation. Alter onr recent experience with direct taxes in the South, the statesman would be tool hardy to attempt to run the government a month on direct taxation. It doesn't suit the temper of the Anglo-Saxon race. Our people prefer to pay their taxes a little at a time, as they have the money and want something else more. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.