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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 03, 1888, Image 4

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R. E. FISK,......Editor
THURSDAY, MAY 3, 1888.
A Territoral Republican Convention will be
held at Livingston, on the 19th day of May, 18S8,
at ten o'clock ;n the forenoon, for the purpose of
edecting two Delegates and two Alternate Dele
gates to the Republican National Convention, to
be held at Chicago, June 19th, 1SSS, to nominate
candidates for President and Vice-President of
the United States. The several counties will be
entitled to representatives as follows:
Counties. No. of Delegates.
Beaverhead........................................................ I
( 'ascade............................................................- 3
Dawson........................... .1
Deer Lodge.........................................................
Gallatin.............................................................. *>
Lewis and Clarke.............................................13
Madison............................................................. 1
Meagher.......................................................... 3
Missoula................................................. ~
Park................................................................... 4
Silver Bow...............................1.........................16
Yellowstone...................................................... 3
The county Republican Committees of the sev
eral counties (except Cascade) will proceed to
call County Conventions in their respective coun
ties, and elect Delegates and Alternate Delegates
to the Territorial Convention as above desig
In Cascade county the County Convention may
be called by the member of the Territorial Com
mittee of that county.
It is desired that umple notice of such Con
ventions be given.
The following rules have been adopted for the
government of the Republican Territorial Con
ventions in the Territory' of Montana :
1—Delegates and Alternate Delegates shall be
elected in the future to Territorial Conventions,
and in the event of the failure of a Delegate to
attend, the Alternate Delegate shall cast the vote
of the Delegate whose Alternate he is.
:i—In the absence of a Delegate and his Alter
nate a majority of the Delegation from that
County, shall cast the vote of the absentee.
3— In the absence of all the Delegates and Al
ternate Delegates from any county, no vote shall
be cast for such county.
4 — In the county in which the Territorial Con
vention shall be held, when any Delegate and
his Alternate Delegate are absent there shall be
no vote cast in their behalf.
5— Delegates and Alternates must be Republi
can residents of the County which they repre
By order of the Territorial Republican Com
I. Salhinger, Isaac D. McCutcheon,
Secretary. Chairman.
A Valuable Prdmium List for the Year
1888 .
Attention is called to the premiums of
fered for subscribers to the Weekly Her
ald. The list comprises a large number of
interesting and valuable publications, which
are sent without charge to all prepaying
subscribers, old and new, whose names 'are
now upon or to be added to our books. For
$3.50 The Herald and any one of the
several great weekly prints uamed in the
advertisement will be sent for one year.
Prices are stated for The Herald and.one
or the other of the illustrated atlases, which
we have arranged to furnish.
The New York Independent tersely and
forcibly sums up Mr. Cleveland's career as
President in these words : "He started cut
the Democratic party, and ended by lettiDg
down the government."
Decent arrivals Irom the Sound say that
it was confidently expected that daylight
would be let through the Cascade tunnel
on the N. P. this week, and that the cars
would be running through it in June.
The committee of the French Chamber
of Deputies has finally recommended that
the Panama Canal company be allowed to
raise a loan by a lottery scheme. We sup
pose it will now be claimed that is on a
sound gambling basis.
Prof. Henderson gives to day the
sequel to the Conkling bath incident, re
lated yesterday. It is interesting and
everybody will read it. A sketch of the
Senator's trip over the Park Terraces will
appear in a later issue.
It is pretty hard for Americans to under
stand the significance of this Boulanger up
rising in France. Many think it an impe
rial movement in disguise, though its pro
fessions are all right, and in some respects
seem to be an improvement on the policy
that bas prevailed. Boulanger has never
shown any ability as soldier or statesman.
The tariff allusion of the Massachusetts
Kepublicans is moderate and strikes the
proper note. It asks simply lor the de
gree of protection that will encourage
American capital to invest in manufac
tures and American operatives to compete
with continental cheap labor. Any one
who does not desire these two things is a
poor citizen of this country and ought to
look for his pay to the country that he
serves. _
The Union Pacific has just held its an
nual election of officers, and announces
that no new road building is under con
sideration. It is a great pity that this
powerful organization, that might and
ought to be doing so much to develop the
country, is kept crippled and bound so
that it can do nothing. Why cannot Con
gressmen show some little sense, make the
best settlement possible, and leave the
road free to live and grow and build up
the country___
We have scanned the resolutions [of the
Indiana Democracy in vain to find any en
dorsement of the Cleveland free trade pol
icy. They seem to be pretty plain Eng
lish, but the nearest approach to the tariff
issne is an expression in favor of protect
ing the interests of labor, and promoting
harmony between capital and labor. So
far as this goes it would have appeared
with equal or greater propriety in the
seme words in Republican resolutions,
This singular silence or omission is like the
play of Hamlet with the character of
Hamlet omitted. Yet the resolutions were
unanimously adopted with eloquent
silence on the conspicuous omissions. The
dreary sarcasm that declares the Demo
cratic party in favor of "fair and honest
elections" is intended for northern circula
tion, and the wind-np pledges the Indiana
Democracy to die in the last ditch shoot
ing that the gray mare is the better horse
for Indiana, Jo McDonald to the contrary
Yesterday was Indiana day in Con
gress. Voorhees in the Senate and By
num in the House endeavored to recon
cile Democracy and public interests,
with very poor success.
Senator Voorhees, after contenting
himself with a misrepresentation of the
Kepublican position, turned aside to a
more agreeable and easier task of de
fending the memories of McClellan and
We have no desire to pluck a leaf from
the crown of any one, dead or alive, who
ventured his life to save the Union and
served his country to the best of his
ability. We have had enough of the
unprofitable work of fighting over dead
issues. We have a live issue on our
hands at present that demands all of our
attention, that reaches down to the foun
dations of our growth and prosperity.
It is the question of protection to Amer
ican industry, to American labor and
American capital.
Voorhees attempts to describe the
Kepublican position in three proposi
tions. First, that taxation is not to be
limited by the expenses of the govern
ment, but with a view to protect manu
facturing monopolists. Second, that all
the protection shall go to enrich the
capitalists and none to the laborers.
Third, that any reduction of taxation
shall be on luxuries rather than neces
saries of life.
If these propositions correctly state
the Kepublican position, they are not
deserving of the support of the Ameri
can people. In our estimation this is
not an ingenious misrepresentation of
the Kepublican position. Kepublicans
favor protection, it is true, but this prin
ciple of protection can well be adjusted
to the revenues needed. And in this
matter of expenses, the Kepublicans
would include the early payment of the
national debt, the construction of a
navy, and a great many other things
that our national growth demands and
our national wealth permits us to have.
The second proposition more especial
ly, hut all of them with little difference,
misrepresent the republican policy as
designed alone to protect the capitalist,
the monopolist. This is only a cheap
play upon words to catch the ear of the
ignorant. The application of the prin
ciple of protection does not establish
anv monopoly. How can it in a coun
try as large as ours, where capital is
abundant and quick to see an advantage?
Talk of a monopoly, where the advant
age is open to sixty-five millions of peo
ple, is the silliest of all stuff. Our
patent laws create monopolies, but pro
tection laws that apply to all parts of the
country, to every individual in it, can
not posssbly create monopolies. An}'
man, womau or child in the country can
engage in any protected industry. Po
tatoes are protected, and according to
"oorhees' application of the term, every
man who raises a potato is a monopolist.
Every child with a pet lamb, such as
Mary had, goes into the category
of • monopolists along with the
owner of a woolen mill.
Again we would like to inquire of Mr.
Toorhees in all candor, how it is possi
ble to reach the operative in any depart
ment of skilled labor, except through
the capitalist, who comes forward to
build a mill, factory, forge, furnace, etc.,
and put in the machinery so that the la
borer can get a chance to work. If,in our
jealous hatred of capital, we drive it out
of the country, or compel it to lay idle,
we destroy the chance of the laborer to
get employment, and deprive him of his
wages. Capital somewhere must furuish
the plant for manufactures. If it is fur
nished in foreign countries it will not
supply labor in this country. The pol
icy of the Democratic party would leave
the laboring man like one who held a
lease of the third story of a house tha't
was burned down.
As for Representative Bynum, as soon
as he opened his mouth he put his foot
in it. He confessed that raw wool was
cheaper since we have had protection.
It has brought home competition instead
of foreign, just what protectionists assert
and desire. If it has given us cheaper
wool, why then should Cleveland want
to remove all the duty on wool? Does
he want to make it dearer, with a view
to make clothing cheaper ?
A greater tangle of absurdities never
could be conceived of than this Indiana
defense of free trade.
It strikes us as a very wise measure, the
bill reported favorably in the Senate for
the government to erect a building for the
use of the post office in every town and
city where the yearly postal revenues
amount to $3,000. As the business is now
done, it looks very much as if the govern
ment considered itself or its control of the
postal business as a mere temporary affair.
The value of city and town property is
constantly increasing in this country. The
government has plenty of surplus to build
with and its credit is 6uch that it could
get any amount needed at 2} per cent, or
even less. Why it should be doing busi
ness in rented premises year after year is
certainly strange and unbnsiness like.
The Pope has fallen under the influence
of the English court, and declares against
the boycott and the plan of the campaign.
Court influence and favors seem to count
for mere than centuries of faithful and
zealous obedience. In much the same way
in this country the large majority of the
Irish are doing the hard, diity work of the
Democratic party, while the chiefs of that
party, Cleveland, Bayard and Phelps, are
toadying to the Tory ministry and sacri
ficing the interests of the Irish and of Ire
land at every instance and turn. So true
is it that many do not know their true
friends, but patiently grind in the mills of
their oppressors.
Most of our readers will agree, we
think, that the "organ's" treatment of
Mayor Fuller is not so much a question
of press privilege as abuse of privilege,
calling for very plain if not profane de
nunciation. Impudent, persistent inter
viewing is generally disgusting to most
people. In cases of distinguished visi
tors from abroad in whom center great
public interest, and whose appearance,
impressions and exact words are all
more or less legitimate and general
matters of public curiosity, formal
interviews are excusable and tolerable,
provided the victim is couscious and
willing. But if any one attempts an
interview and professes to give what
transpired and was said, the first and in
variable rule to observe is to give the
exact language of the person reported.
To distort the meaning and put words
and sentiments never uttered into the
mouth of a press victim is simply an
outrage, an abuse of privilege that a
newspaper man or anv other man ought
never to be allow.
Public acts of public men are proper
subjects of comment and criticism, and
no one, least of all our genial and liberal
minded Mayor, will complain of it in its
utmost profusion.
Misrepresenting motives, falsifying
facts, misquoting language are not press
privileges, to personal privileges even to
an iron-clad reporter.
Capt. Fuller, who is not a stranger to
our people, as his interviewer and critic
is. Nor is he by any means a novice,
unfamiliar with public duties or the
proprieties of private intercourse. When
one of so amiable and even temper is
provoked to characterize a statement as
a scurrilous falsehood in plain terms, it
will be generally endorsed a true bill.
Sixty-six years ago to-day Gen. Grant
was born. It is a day that will always be
hallowed in the memory of every patriotic
American. The names of Lincoln and
Grant will be associated with liberty and
union. They were born of the people,
lived close to the popular heart, served the
people and died for them. They loved
even their enemies with big hearts, and
their enemies are fast learning to appre
ciate and honor their memories. A half
holiday ought to be dedicated to the
memories of both these heroes and martyrs
and oar children in all onr public schools
ought to be reminded of the services they
rendered, and be taught to emulate their
virtues and modest worth.
The resolution of the Democratic com
mittee endorsing the Cleveland adminis
tration as "honest and courageous," eays
the Inter Mountain, should not be over
looked by those misguided friends of Bill
Nye, who regard him as the champion
humorist of the United States. Mr.
Cleveland is now giving this country, and
particularly the western half of it, a pus
illanimous, fence-straddling, carpetbag,
anti-silver, free wool, down-with-the-hon
est-settler administration that will make
him odious for the next ten generations,
and for the Democratic committee to allude
to the administration as honest and cour
ageous is a fine example of that side-split
ting humor which belongs only and alone
to the Democratic bosses, and of which it
were foolish of Bill Nye to attempt any
imitation. _
The electors of Helena recently sent the
Kepublicans to the front by a majority of
500 3 gainst as strong a ticket as the Demo
crats could nominate in opposition. Prob
ably nothing so much contributed to the
complete overthrow of the Democracy
as the scurrilous and defamatory
campaign conducted by the party organ
which halted at no misreseutation or abuse
of the Republican candidates and which
daily went out of its way to berate the
Republican nominee for Mayor and to as
sail and ridicule the Grand Army, of which
he is a worthy and honored member.
With the election of Capt. Fuller it was
supposed the enmity of the organ would
tire and die out,and that its falsehoods and
calumnies for a period at least cease. But
the Hessian crowd seem to think that they
must in a manner that heretofore has char
acterized their conduct, earn their hire,
and the smut machine is kept at
its work. From a purely selfish point of
view, the Herald wishes the past and
present pursuit of the organ may be kept
up. In that event it can be guessed pretty
safely that at the autumn polls the Repub
licans will easily increase their late mu
nicipal majority to a round one thousand
in the county.
The perpetual snivel of the Independent
about the non-appointment by Mayor Ful
ler of Burns, late policeman, justifies a
word of explanation, for it illustrates the
merits of all the complaints that are made.
No person has a perpetual right to office,
not even Mr. Burns, and his mere failure
to obtain the re-appointment would be no
wrong to him, nor in itself the remotest
imputation upon him. The position of a
private citizen is not a hamiliation, nor
does any right-minded citizen consider it a
disgrace. Mr. Bnrns has, therefore, from
his own point of view, no grievance to air.
His original appointment was a reward for
"political service." The kind of "service"
rendered can be easily described. Until he
had rendered it no one ever thought of
him as policeman or any other official. At
the polls at the court house a year ago last
November he was a Democratic political
"striker." While there was some excite
ment, order was maiutained until this
wonld-be and alleged peace officer, without
provocation or warning, strack a peaceable
and quiet citizen in the face in a cowardly
manner. He has had his reward. Let him
Old residents of Helena will know how
to sympathize with Central City, Dakota,
in its baptism of fire.
McMillan, of Tennessee, known as the
"Carthagenian reformer," took the floor
yesterday as champion of the free trade
canse, and reiterated the stale falsehoods
about poor people being ground down with
taxation while the luxuries of the rich
went untaxed. His talk was all to save
the monopoly of the whisky ring. His
plaiut reached a crisis when he inquired
where we should get our revenue from,
with all the internal taxes repealed. Well,
if there is a deficiency with these internal
taxes abolished, we see no great objection
to putting a dntv on tea and coffee. These
are not any more necessaries than tobacco.
They are stimulants and partial lnxnries.
Besides, we gained little if any redaction
in price or improvement in quality for re
pealing these duties. McMillan was far
ther opposed to protection as unfavorable
to onr merchant marine, in which Tennes
see has such a lively and extensive inter
est. Well, there is something in this point,
more than McMillan brought out. If the
tree trade policy should by any gt neral
access of folly he adopted in this country,
it would be very apt to throw so many out of
employment on land that they would have
to take to the water. By reducing wages
to the continental standard A merican ship
owners might be able to navigate their
vessels as cheaply as foreigners. But we
have never yet discovered how a sensible
man could be convinced that it was wise
to abandon a good, established, profitable
policy and busmess for one that is new and
uncertain. What we have lost ou the
ocean we have more than made good on
land. Railroads are better than a merchant
marine. There is not a stite in the Uuion
that wonld be more benefitted by protec
tion and more injured by free trade than
Tennessee, and even in Democratic con
ventions of that state the contest has often
been close between the protectionists and
revenue reformers. McMillan will live to
see his free trade sophistry generally repu
diated in his own state, and will either
have to reform himself or join the ancient
While Mr. Mills, of Texas, is making
his onslaught upon American industries
his constituents are expressing their indig
nation in a very lively manner. Some
time ago the wool growers of Texas, with
out regard to party, sent to Washington a
very vigorous protest against the free trade
programme of putting wool on the free
list. Now the Cattle Men's Association,
largely composed of Democrats, of Mr.
Mills' own district have had a meeting
and adopted the following resolutions:
We deprecate the course of Mr. Mills
and pat ourselves on record in hearty
condemnation of his conduct and his bill.
Forsaken by our Representative, we nrge
upon our Senators and Representatives in
Congress to work against the Mills bill,
and we call upon all good men from other
States to protect Texas, if her own Repre
sentatives fail to do so.
States to protect Texas, own
sentatives fail to do so.
Protection on raw wool ia purely m pro
tection to the producer, the farmer as well
as the sheep man, end should be main
If Mr. Mills persists in and urges the
proposed removal of the duty on wool
and hides, it is the sense of this, a repre
sentative body of his constituents, that he
abdicate his seat, and hereafter we will
withhold our supportât the ballot box and
A tougher time than Mr. Mills is having
no Democratic Congressman has ex
perienced in trying to carry out by legisla
tion the free trade policy of Cleveland.
Mills has put himself up in strong antag
nism to industries as important to the wel
fare of Texas as they are to Montana, and
as strongly is he condemned by the con
stituency whose interests he has betrayed.
He will have cause to regret his course
when the people get a chance at him at
the ballot box.
The Dominion government recently as
sumed a debt of some seventeen millions
to save Manitoba from secession, and now
it is about to assume several millions more
for river improvements for Montreal and
Quebec. The Dominion debt was $275,
000,000 two years ago, and must now be
about $300,000,000. This looks like a
heavy burden for a country of four million
inhabitants. It would be about four times
as great proportionally as our uational
debt, and if Democratic Congressmen are
to he believed our people are nearly ground
to death by burdensome taxation. Con
sidering the comparative prosperity of the
two countries and the ability of the people
tD bear taxation, we must conclude that
our taxes are rather light. One of our
troubles never afflicts Canada. It has no
Bnrplns to worry and quarrel over. When
all other sources of revenue fail, we ex
pect another bill for fishery damages will
be presented to the United States, en
dorsed by Great Britain. Wheii that bill
is presented next it will be paid by an
order on Davy Jones' locker.
We do not know where Representative
Bynum gets his authority for the assertion
that we have to buy more than half our
wool abroad. The latest published sta
tistics in Spofford's American Almanac
give the total production in this country
at 285,000,000 pounds and the imports at
114,038,030 pounds. This purports to be
taken from the bureau of statistics of the
U. S. treasury department. It does not
show that more than half our wool is im
ported, but does show that considerable
less than one-half is imported. The wool
industry is not like the sugar production
that has made no gain for fifty years, but
it has made substantial advance, and sup
plies the greater portion of the demand
to the greatest wool consuming nation in
the world, end even Bynum has to confess
that protection has reduced the price to
the consumer.
It seems to us in mighty poor taste for
Queen Victoria to be on a junketing ex
cursion to the Prnssian capital. We have
no idea that any more important business
is in the wind than looking after relations.
The visit would not be out of the way to
express sympathy and tender assistance,
but a great deal less of court etequette and
display wonld seem in better taste.
"Some, like Randall, will vote for a high
protective tariff to secure a surplus revenue,
but such are not true Democrats.— Inde
The Democratic organs just now are
vigorously belaboring Samnel J. Randall
with a view to whip him into the traces or
drive him ont of the party. As the com
ing presidential campaign seems likely to
be fought mainly ou the taritf issue, it is
hard to see bow such men as Randall can
support Cleveland in his avowed free trade
policy. This issne has been avoided in
recent campaigns by some straddling, am
biguous phrases that coaid be interpreted
to mean anything the ingenuity of the
interpreter should choose. Bat there is no
ambiguity about Cleueland's last message,
and in accepting him as their candidate
after such a declaration, the party accepts
his new departure and will make free trade
the test of true Democracy.
In view of this position it is worth while
to revert to some of the recorded senti
ments of acknowledged leaders and ex
pounders of Democracy. Andrew Jackson
was considered a pretty good Democrat in
his day. In one of his earliest messages to
Congress, December 7,1830, he says:
"The power to impose duties ou imposts
originally belonged to the several states;
the right to adjust those duties with a
view to the encouragement of domestic
branches of industry is so completely iden
tical with that power, that it is difficult to
suppose the existence of one without the
Again in the same message:
"While the chief object of duties should
be revenue, they may be so adjusted as to
encourage manufactures
And again:
"In this conclusion I am confirmed as
well by the opinions of Washington, Jeffer
son, Madison and Monroe, who have each
repeatedly recommended the exercise of
this right under the constitution, as by the
uniform practice of Congress, the continued
acquiescence of the states and the general
understanding of the people."
Of those authorities to whom Jackson
refers, at least Jefferson, Madison and
Monroe were Democrats and with Jackson
constitute the highest court of appeal to
determine what is true Democracy. It
was not the Democracy of the Calhoun
school, we admit, but the latter never was
accepted as the standard in the better or
purer days of Democracy.
In President Jackson's letter to Coleman
of North Carolina, he expresses more fully
and precisely just the position the Repub
licans hold to day. He says
"If we omit or refuse to use the gifts
which Providence has extended u us, we
deserve not the continuation of His bles
sing. He has filled our mountains and our
plains with minerals, with lead, iron and
copper, and given us a climate and a soil
for the growing of hemp and wool.
These being the great materials of
our national defense they ought
to have extended to them adequate protec
tion, that our manufacturers and laborers
may be placed in a fair competition with
those in Europe, and that we may have in
onr country a supply of those leading and
important articles 30 essential to war. I
will ask, What is the real situation of the
AgriooltarisiV Wlioro Laa iLo Amoi lean
farmer a market for his surplus produce ?
farmer a market for his surplus produce ?
Except for cotton, ne has neither a foreign
nor a home market. Common sense at once
points ont the remedy. Take from agri
culture, in the United States, 600,000 men,
women and children and you will at once
give a market for more breadstuffs than
all Europe now furnishes us. It is time
we should become a little more Ameri
canized, and instead of feeding the paupers
and laborers of Eogland, leed onr own, or
else in a short time, by continuing our
present policy, we shall be rendered pau
pers ourselves."
Here in good Jacksonian Democratic
style is the Republican argument of to-day.
Here is the frame work of that American
policy so ably advocated by Henry Clay.
There are the same conditions existing to
day. We are in the full tide of that pros
perity which it was predicted this policy
would produce.
Randall has the example and teaching
ofsnch Democrats as Jefferson, Madison,
Monroe and Jackson. Cleveland is follow
ing the digression of Calhoun that blos
somed ont successively in nullification and
Mr. Commissioner Chamberlain repre
sents in England that he mingled with all
classes in this country and those of various
nationalities and found hardly any one
who approved Mr. Gladstone's policy, and
further he says that the few who pretend
to favor home rule do not understand it.
Either Mr. Joseph Chamberlain is a pcor
obsei ver or a great prevaricator. Aside from
the narrow circle that surrounds cur state
department, there is not one American in
a thousand who does not greatly admire
and endorse Gladstone and favor home
rale for Ireland. Bat this evidence of
Chamberlain is the worst arraignment
that could possibly be made of the British
spirit of the present administration.
Delegate Toole has offered an amend
ment to the pending general land bill,
which provides that before any lands are
patented to any land grant road, the sur
veyor general of the State or Territory
shall personally examine every tract and
sub division of the lands and certify they
are not mineral, aod valuable only for ag
ricultural purposes. He shall then adver
tise a description of these lauds, and be
fore they are patented any person, whether
a prospector or not, may challenge the sur
veyor general's decision, and the burden of
proof to show they are not mineral lands
shall lie upon the company.
We are glad to notice that Sec. Whit
ney approves the plan of forming a naval
reserve—that is, adding by government
subsidies the construction of a class of
vessels for commerce, but so built that
they will be available for war purposes
with the right of government recognized
to take them into its service at any time
by payment of a stipulated price. Such
vessels would extend onr commerce and
make our flag familiar to all nations and
Cuba is suffering from unusual droughts
in addition to misgovernment and lawless
ness. Many Cabans are removing to
Florida, and the prosperity and popula
tion of the island will steadily decline.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoriau
Is Perpetuated by the Proper Observai of
the Anniversary of His Birthday.
Large Array of Notables Gather in
Banquet and Pay Homage to the
Departed Hero.
Gen. W. T. Sherman Presides.
Gen. Depew's Stirring Eeply to the Only
Formal Toast, "The Day We Cele
brate" —! President Cleveland,
Gen. Joseph E. Johnson, Col.
John S. Mosby and
Others Send Feeling
Messages of
Celebration of His Birthday in New
New York, April 27.— In commemora
tion of the anniversary of the birthday of
Gen. Grant an elaborate banquet was given
at the Delmonico's to-night, as the most
fitting arrangements were made by the old
comrade of the dead General and President,
Gen. W. T. Sherman. About 150 persons
were present. The walls of the banquet
rooms were a'most concealed with flags
and bunting, and at the head of the room
were three oil paintings, representing the
dead soldier in both uniform and civilian a
dress. The seat at Gen. Sherman's table,
which was to have been occupied by the
late Koscoe Ccnkling, was vacant, and on
the chair was hung a heavy wreath of
laurel. Each table was presided over by
some distinguished soldier, statesman or
a man of affairs, and on either side of the
presiding officer was seated six or seven
Gen. W. T. Sherman presided over the
first table, and on the right Chaunoy M.
Depew, the orator of the evening, and on
the left Mayor Abram S. Hewett. The
others at the table were Gen. Wm. Mahone,
Geu. Wm. H. Seward, son of Lincoln's
secretary of state, Hon. Geo W. Childs,
Cyras W. Field, Rev. John R. Paxton, Ed
ward Pierrepont, Gen. C. B. Comstock, W.
C. Andrews, Samnel Sloan, Captam W. W.
Paxton and Albert Beirstadt. Among
others present were Gen. Fitz John Porter,
Col. A. Louden Snowden, of Philadelphia,
D. O. Mills, Gen. Stewart, L. Woodford,
Gen. Wagner Swayne, Col. Douglass, Col.
Robert G. Ingersoll, Elliott F. Shepard,
Hon. Elihu Root and Hermau C. Armon".
Among the letters of regret were those re
ceived from the following : Hon. Wm. H.
Evarts, Gen. J. S. Mosby, Gen. S. B. Buck
ner, Gen. J. E. Johnson, J. C. Bancroft,
Gen. P. H. Sheridan, Gov. D. B. Hill,
Senator John Sherman, Senator Hiscock
and Admiral Gherardi.
President Cleveland sent the following
telegram to Washington : To General W.
T. Sherman : Will recall with heartfelt
homage the virtues and achievements of the
iJhiatriona Amarienn Thfl following are
extracts from letters read: From Gen.
Joseph E. Johnpon—"Sympathizing earn
estly with those who desire to do honor to
a great soldier's memory, it would gratify
a great soldier's memory, it would gratify
me highly to avail myself of this invita
tion, but very much to my regret my en
gagements at this time will not allow me
that privilege."
Col. John S. Mosby : "I regret I cannot
be with you on the occasion to add my
tribute to the memory of the generous
soldier whose victories in peace were no
less renowned than in war. With feelings
of pride I remember that I honored him in
life and was not one of those who did not
discover his virtues until he was dead."
Gen. James Longstreet: "I was more
indebted to General Grant for personal
kindness than to any friend living or dead."
Gen. Fitz Hugh Lee wrote a long letter,
in which he said : "As a citizen of the
United Slat 28 who was once a soldier in
the army which fought against
the army commanded by General Grant,
May I be permitted to add that the close
of military operations in this state termi
nated the career of the commander whose
military renown was justly merited. The
surrender of the Southern army was asked
for by Gen. Grant to prevent "Any further
effusion of blood," to which Gen. Lee
replied: "Restoration of peace should be
the sole object of all." After that we hear
of Gen. Grant saying: "Let us have peace."
While Gen. Lee wrote as early as August
18, 1865, it was the duty of every
citizen in the present condition of the
country to do all in his power to aid in
the restoration of peace and harmony, and
in no way to oppose the policy of state or
general government directed to that object.
If the survivors of the opposing armies of
the past will follow the precepts thus
taught by their respective commanders, a
prosperous fntnreof an undivided republic,
which we should be equally interested in,
will be assured. "I feel," said the dying
soldier, who now sleeps at Riverside,
"that wc are on the eve of a new era, when
there is to be great harmony between fed
eral and confederates. I cannot stay to be
a living witness of the correctness of this
prophecy, but I feel within me that it is to
be so." Let us hope that the last predic
tions of General Grant will be fulfilled.
Gen. Sherman in introducing Hon.
Cbanncey M. Depew to respond to the
only formal toast, "The day we celebrate,"
touched briefly upon two or three points.
He touched upon the arrival of Gen.
Grant's grandfather in 1749; upou Grant's
father's removal Sootb; upon Grant's birth
at Point i Pleasant, Onio, sixty-six years
ago; upon his appearance at West Point,
where, mach to his surprise, he found
himself registered as Ulyeses S. Grant! and
where, for the first time, he made the sub
sequently famous signature of U. S. Grant.
Gen. Sherman continned: "Now, again in
1789 there had been an awfnl rebellion in
the country. And at that time Washing
ton became president. Congress without
any army, without any preparation as they
usually do, passed a bill to make Washing
ton lieutenant general of the United States.
Washington never took the oath of General
of the army of the United States, and if
you will look up the papers of that day
you will see that he was buried as a lieu
tenant general. There never has been in
this country bat two generals—Grant and
Sherman—[prolonged applause], and three
lieutenant generals—Washington Scott and
Sheridan. Gen. Sherman then introduced
Depew, who proceeded to deliver a bril
liant oration. He compared and contrasted
President Lincoln and Gen. Grant. He said
each was necessary to success to the other,
and both to the restoration of the Union.
No other soldier was so fit for the work to
be done in the field, and no other man
than President Lincoln would have had
the masterful stamina to withstand the de
mands of the country for Grant's with
drawal. The speaker touched upon the
generous recognition of General Sherman's
great abilities evinced by General Grant's
interposition when President Johnson
wanted to punish those who had
been in the rebellion. In view of the as
sociation of Mr. Depew's name with the
Republican presidential nomination, the
following sentence from his speech seemed
significant: "It is a notable fact that
though we are the only purely industrial
nation in the world, we have never se
lected onr rulers from among the great
business men of the country, and the con
ditions and prejudices of success present
insuperable obstacles to snch choice"
Other speeches were made by Gen. Ma
hone, Col. R. G. Ingersoll, Judge Pierre
pont, Gen. Noh.e, of Missouri, and others.
New York, April 27.—Gen. Grant's
tomb at Riverside Park was visi.ed to day
by many people, many bearing floral trib
Grant's Birthday Celebration in
Boston, April 27.— The banquet of the
Massachusetts club held in honor of Gen.
Grant's birthday at the Hotel Yendome
this evening d"ew together a notable array
of notable men. Prominent among those
present were Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, Gen.
Chas. Deveuf., Geo. S. Boutwell, of Gen.
Grant's cabinet. Gov. Ames, Gov. Louns
bnry, of Connecticut, Gov. Davis and Gov.
elect Taft, or Rhode Island, Lieut. Gov.
Fuller, of Vermont. Hon. A. H. Rice, Hon.
A. A. Raney, Hon. W. W. Crapo and others.
The large banquet hall was elaborately
decorated for the occasion, the life size
bust of General Grant occupying a com
manding position, while at the end of the
main hall was the glory of flags with a
gilded eagle and shield of the national
colors, the shield being crossed by a band
bearing the name of Grant. Hon. A. W.
Beard presided at the banquet, while seat
ed before him around the tables were up
wards of 300 gentlemen, many of whom
have achieved a national reputation.
Eloquent speeches were made by Gov.
Ames, Hannibal Hamlim, Geo. S. Bout
well, Senator Dawes. Geo. Lounsberry, of
Connecticut, and Gen. Devens, while Gov.
Davis and Governor-elect Taft, of Rhode
Island, Gen. N. P. Banks, Hon. A. H. Rice
and Hon. W. W. Crape made brief remarks.
Celebrating in Pittsburg and Wash
Pittsburg, April 27. —The second an
nual dinner of the Americus Club, this
city, in commemoration of the birthday of
Gen. Grant, was given this evening.
Among the guests were Governor Beaver,
Senator Sherman, Benjamin Harrison, Ind
diana, Hon. Foster, New York, Hon. John
C New, Col. Fred Grant and Hon. Richard
Washington, April 27.—The Republi
can National League te-night celebrated
the birthday of Gen.Grant at their club
house in Thomas circle.
Sale of Thoroughbreds.
Nashville, Tenn., April 26— The
annual sale of Belle Mead thoroughbred
yearlings, get of Enquirer, Great Tom,
Luke Blackburn, Bramble, I'lenipal, Van
derbilt, and imported Pizzarro, w:is held
to-day. A large number of prominent
turf men from all parts of the country
were in attendance. Fifty-two head were
sold, amounting to $248 450, an average of
$478. 'The following are those which brought
$1,000 or over: Bay colt, bv imported
Great Tom, dam, Duchess. R. Tucker.
Louisville, 1,025 ; chestnut colt by import
ed Great Tom, dam, Meselle, Dwyers Bros.,
New York, $1,500; bay filley.by Enquirer,
dam, Bribery, Dwyer Bros, New York,
$1,400; bay Alley, by imported Great Tom,
dam, Queen of the West, Ed. Corrigan,
Kansas City, $1.000: dark bav fill**-, Lj
EDqmrer. dam, Bnc Iirae, J.
Nashville, Tenn., $1,000.
J. Carter,
Queen Victoria.
Berlin, April 26. —Queen Victoria left
this afternoon. In addition to the host of
royalists, she found at the station the Bur
gomaster and members of the municipal
council, who had come to pay their re
spects. The Crown Prince introduced them
to the Queen, who expressed her cordial
thanks lor the welcome tendered her. The
Crown Prince then conducted tne Queen
to her carriage, and after affectionate fare
wells between the Queen and the Empress
and Princess, the traiu started, amid the
loud cheers of the populace. The Queen
repeatedly expressed her gratification at
the welcome given her by the people of
Montreal, April 27 — E. A. Whitehead,
trader, has made an assignment. Liabili
trader, has made an assignment. Liabili
ties $279,000.
Not in the Home Paper.
A New England capitalist, who controls a
good deal of money and has invested many
thousands in the West and Northwest, writes
to the Herald (of which he is an old sub
scriber and punctual reader,) asking infor
mation as to the responsibility of one of
onr real estate firms. "The firm," says our
correspondent, "advertise here, but their
name and business do not appear in the
Herald." Any one who thinks they are
needed can furnish the comments.
The action of our school trustees in
superseding Prof. Howard will he heard
with general and profound regret. Y\e
believe it has been done in disregard of the
wishes of a large majority of our
people, aud of the best interests
of our schools. In fact, we cannot
regard it otherwise than as a calamity.
With the kindest feelings and sincere re
spect for all the gentlemen connected with
the board and for the new principal, we
cannot refrain from expressing our opinion
that a great mistake has been made. We
hope to be disappointed, and shall always
do our utmost to advance onr school inter
ests in whatever hands they may fall.
Hudd, the Green Bay horse of Wiscon
sin, denies that American laborers are
profited by protective duties. Let the la
borers speak for themselves from the teu
thousand factories, mills, mines, furnaces,
forges and shops that have sprung up all
over the land under the shelter of pro
tection. Let them compare their rates of
wages with those paid on the continent to
the same class of laborers and enquire for
the reason. Close the mines and mills
and where would the idle hands get the
money to buy cheap British goods?
Sayers, of Texas, says the Mills bill Î9
a step in the right direction. The other
step wonld lead to absolute free trade, with
its accompaniment of direct taxation. Alter
onr recent experience with direct taxes in
the South, the statesman would be tool
hardy to attempt to run the government a
month on direct taxation. It doesn't suit
the temper of the Anglo-Saxon race. Our
people prefer to pay their taxes a little at
a time, as they have the money and want
something else more.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.

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