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• • K 5 ! •'set. Volume XX2. Helena, Montana, Thursday, May io, 1888. No. 24 ra* ^VlïlceltluKjcrald. R. E. FISK D. W. FISK. ft. J. FISK Publishers and Proprietors. Largsst Circulation of any Paper in Montana -O Rates ot Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: Orv Year, (in lulvanee)............................. H M Hx Months, (in advance)............................... J £ Three Months, (in advance)........................ ■ 1 '" J When not paid for in advance the *e will be Four Dollars per year] Postage, in all cases. Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: City Stihscribers.de) i vered by carrier Ç1 .00a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. to 00 Si* Months, by mail, fin advance)............... 5 "0 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid in advance, 812 per annum. Entered at the Postoflice at Helena as second class matter. ] , ÄdrAU communications should be addressedto FISK BROS., Publishero, Helena, Montana. T11E SI IMMER HOARDER. Together they had walked the fields As morning's veil was drawn ; Hh< 1 plucked, w ith dewy diamonds wet, The daffodil and violet. And breathed their breath of dawn. *»he was a dnintv city lass, A pallid lily, fair ; Put Auster through the flying weeks Had blown the roses in her cheeks, To grace the dimples there. And he who by the maiden's side Dame Nature's sweets enjoys ! A hale and hearty country lad. Whose brawny limbs were roughly clad In rustic corduroys. Each morn this captivating miss P.efore their walk begun. Attired herself in raiment new, ho ravishingly sweet, she drew Warm kisses from the sun. But he possessed no such supply Of complicated suits; And save on habbatli dav, he wore The trousers of the day before, htufl'ed in his creaking boots. Between his puckered lips he blew A lively roundelay ; And all his nimble, whistling notes. The warblers from their yellow throats t aught up in trtbles gay. ''Poor fellow !" thought this fair coquette, •'1 11 drive his mirth away And so she said, "1 fear, my friend. Our rambles all must have an end ; I go to town to-day." "Oood gracious !" thought this maiden fair, ''He shows no signs of grief ; That look which glimmers to the sight Is surely, if I judge aright. Expression of relief." Tunica cheeks of tan aflame ; A s he exclaimed, "O, don't mind me; This is my business here, you see. It's mam' that is to blame. "She told me I must show you round And let you flirt a bit ; Kase ef you didn't find a chap To tumble in your purty trap She feared you'd up an' git. "I ain't the kind you hev' to coax To do a thing that's nice ; 'Siiles, fur the little bit you got Mam' said the other day she thought You paid a rousin' price. "An' it's a blame sight funnier Than workin', anyhow ; I'd rather climb a tree fur eggs Than shake the stuffin' frum my legs A wrestlin' with a plow. "But Fairy told me yesterday I spread it on too thick ; An' that sech triflin' wouldn't do, Unless I let up courtin' you. She'd drap me mighty quick. • "You don't know Sairy-?" like a flash The city damsel turned ; t'pon her cheeks a crimson hue. Anil as she vanished from the view He said. "Well, I'll be durned !" VANITY FAIR. Through Yanity Fair, in days of old. There passed a maiden with locks of gold. And a jieddler opened his tempting pack, frying, "O my pretty lass! What do you lack? Here's many a ware Costly and rare, • ome buy—oh, come buy ! In Vanity Fair." * Silks and satins are not for me ; Dice is for damsels of high degree ; 1 he lads would laugh in our country town If I came clad in a broidered gown ; But yet there's a ware Precious and rare 1 fain would buy me In Vanity Fair. "Pray, sell me, sir, from your motley store, A heart that will love me forevermore, That, whether the world shall praise or blame, Through sorrow or jov will be still the same. 'Tis the only ware For which I care 'Mid all the treasures In Vanity Fair." "Much It grieves me, O lassie, dear," The peddler said, "but I greatly fear The hearts that loved in the old sweet way Have been out of fashion this many a day ; And gilded care Is all the ware You w ill get for your money In Vanity Fair." THE BRIDGE OF SLEEP. A slender bridge it is—a slender bridge, This span of sleep, Which can that void that lies ' Twixt us and Paradise So overleap, That we without so much as flutter of hand Or pressure of foot, pass to the other land. Built upon piers of elould across a chasm, A river of death ; No hold in rook or clay, Yet 'tis the King's highway ; And in one breath Beggar with prince would pass, and joy with woe. Mother loaves child, and lovers part to go. W1 lat is beyond this fragile span of sleep On the other shore? A thickly peopled place ; A lost, lieloved face To see once more; A vanished hand to clasp, yearned for In vain, And voices we eou.d never have heard again. And of that other bridge, that mystic bridge, Over whore track We are so loth to pass. Because once crossed, alas ! We come not back ! **<> very like to this of sleep it seems. What is beyond it? Dreams and only dreams? r.nn or a nonm. First Easterner—I guess you remember lh<\ We met in Los Angeles. Second Easterner—I remember you per fectly. You aro the good angoi who sold me A corner lot on which I made a small fortune. I sold that lot for $00,000. You know I only fcaid you $ 20,000 for it "Yes, and as you did so well, I don't xnind confessing; that nearly all that $30,000 was clear profit. I bought that lot for a couple ©f hundred dollars. By tho way, what became of the man you sold to?" The last I heard of him he was in the •«ns bouse.''—-Omaha World. PASTORAL DANCES. The Leading Amusement of Early Californians. Dancing was a passion with Californians early in the present century. It affected all from infancy to old age. Grandmothers and grandchildren were seen dancing to gether. Their houses were constructed with reference to this amusement, and most of the interior space was appropriated to the sola, a large barn-like room. A few chairs and a wooden settee were all its furniture. If a few people got together at any hour of the day, the first thought was to send for a violin or guitar, and should violin and gnitar be found together in skillful hands, that of itself was sufficient reason for sending for the dancers. Balls were also held in the open air. A large space was selected in front of the house and roofed over with boughs ; three of its sides were covered with white cotton stuft' adorned with ribbons and artificial flowers. The fourth side was left open and there horsemen collected in a group before a strong fence which prevented the intrusion of the horses. Around the three inclosed sides were seats for the women. The musicians and two or three singers sta tioned themselves in a corner where they were out of the way. The master of cere monies organized everything connected with the ball. He led out the women when they danced singly, beginning at one end of the saloon. Clapping hands, he took steps to the music in front of her whom he desired to call ont. She, rising, went to the center of the saloon, and ex tending her skirts with both hands began to dance to the sound of the music. After taking a turn or two in the center of the saloon she retired and another took her place. In this way all the women present were called out, except such as could not dance or did not desire to do so, aDd these for compliment's sake rose, and giving a hand to the master of ceremo nies, were turned by him and then reseated. While the woman were dancing, the men on horse back kept up a continual movement and sky-larkiDg, coming and going and disputing places, each endeavoring to force his horse to the front. If the piece were to be danced by a couple, the horsemen who wished to take part dismounted, removed their spurs and hung them at the saddle-bow ; then, hat in hand, they entered the parlor and each took out the partner selected. The piece concluded, the women retired to their places and the men remounted. A j f I.,...,,!» «»11 *L « o_ I :j'- - — r.—x 1.^11-« •• much alike, they varied in the song and in the ceremonies. The jota was the favorite. Each cavalier took out a lady and the couples faced each other. The music began and the singers began their verses or estribillos —a kind of refrain in lyric couplets of no very high order of poetry— aDd immediately each set of couples com menced to move the hands and arms capriciously, taking care that this should last as long as the verse lasted. On the singers beginning another estribillo, all joined hands, forming a chain, and the circle moved around till partners were faciDg each other again. The singers then began another verse, and the couples to make différent figures. The step in this dance consisted in alternately raising the feet and hoppiDg gracefully in time with the music. This dance was most harmoni ous and graceful when understood by the participants; on this ac count it was generally exe cuted by older persons who were skilled in it and because it required a cer tain dignified grace. The words of the verses were according to the caprice of the singers, and perhaps came down from ancient times. The estribillo was long or short, according to the number of couples taking part in the dance.— Hubert Howe Bancoroft's California Pastoral. Drug Stores in Germany. [Dresden Correspondence.] The drug stores have a curious way here of shutting up just about the time you want them. And as soon as it begins to grow dark, down go the shutters, aDd if you need anything you go to a little bell handle outside of ODe of the iron shutters and ring it. Then you hear some one at a crank inside, the massive frame rolls up, and a head looks out the window. Finally the man or boy inside opens part of the window and you talk through a pane of glass and make known your wants. In stead of angry at beiDg aroused, the man begs your pardon for keeping you outside and says : "I thank you for your order." If you have not the exact change, and the man inside is Dot in the same predicament, he will beg you most politely and thank you to allow him to change it. Having done so he will thank you for calling (evi dently taking the visit as a social one), how, close his little peep hole, bow again, and then smile sweetly as he grinds down his iron shutter and "his smiling face is lost to view. How different from the druggists in America ! I remember I once awoke one up in the States and he came down stairs with a shot gun after me. But, as I remarked before, they have a curious way of doing thiDgs in Dresden. Wealthy Men's Ready Money. "It would bo a pleasure to accommodate you, but the simple truth is I haven't $.500 in cash in the world," said a Buffalo Croesus to tho financial man of the firm, who was seek ing a purchaser for a gilt edged $1,300 6 per cent, real estate mortgage. Noticing an ex pression of incredulity upon tho face of his caller, Croesus hastened to add: "It is a common mistake of those having small means to suppose that a millionaire always has $50 000 or more at instant command. It is only on rare occasions that most of us see $33 000 in currency at one time, and for two years I have never once had $10,000 of my own on hand. Tho men of great wealth ore ns a rule men of largo business interests. V e own blocks, elevators, ships, telegraph tele phone and railroad stocks, suburban tracts and many other kinds of property, but none of these can bo converted into cash at an hour's notice. Then, again, most of our real estate is mortgaged, because we are able to use ready money in such a manner os to re alize more than 6 per cent. You would be astonished could you learn how large a ioad of debt some very wealthy Buffalo men are carrying. It is usually the second generation of wealth that buys mortgages govenmMnt bonds and other securities which T^Jda moderate income and require no looking after."—Buffalo Express. WORKINGWOMEN. Those >1 ho Fail to Learn IIow to be Practical. [Woman ,9 World. | There are few sadder sights in the world than to see an intelligent, sober artisan married to an ordinary domestic servant (such unions are very common ) and observe the progress of their lives, say. for a year. They have both saved a little money, and take a cottage, which they furnish, "not wisely, bnt too well,'' and commence life under, apparently, the most favorable cir cumstances. They bave delightful breakfasts and dinners. Jack never lived so well in his life, even when a single man, and he thinks what a real treasure he has found in "Jill." She loves him devotedly, thinks she can never do enough for him, and that nothing is too good to give him to eat. She had "helped in the kitchen" in her last place, and being an observant girl, with a pros pect of a home of her own, she watched the ccok and certainly learned a great deal. But, unfortunately, she had picked up, not only cook's skill, but her extravagance, and when quarter day came round Jack remembered, with a start, that they had both forgotten it and also the un interesting but undeniable fact that hoots and clothing wear out and there was no provision at all for replacing them. They had been very happy and enjoyed themselves very much, and Jill declared that they really had "nothing out of tbe way, after all only she forgot that the style of cooking in a rich man's kitchen is not suitable for a poor man's cottage. Fried fish need not of necessity be an expensive dish, hut ac cording to modern methods of cookery it is, and exceedingly indigestible into the bargain, soaked as it generally is with lukewarm fat and half smothered in a semi cooked mess called "melted butter," one-half of which is invariably wasted. There is a total ignorance with regard to the use of fire. Three times as much coal as is really necessary is burned; saucepans, frying pans and kettles get worn in no time These may seem sordid and unin teresting details, but to the workingman's wife they are, or ought to be, matters of vital importance, ami should be taken into consideration; for if all the wages are spent in beiDg comfortable and having things nice, there is a good chance of poverty coming in at the window even before love has looked toward the window. And yet in such a case the woman is scarcely to be blamed; she means well, but she knows no better. She imitates to the best of her ability what she has seen pre sumably better informed people do, hat ouc 1 » .tnuiuKtjf iguumui i«jui as io me value of the food she buys and cooks and also the proportion of wages that should be spent on it. In fact, domestic servants make about the worst, instead of the best, wives for workingmeD, for they have ideas beyond their means. With better training— with any training—they would understand that what might be a very appropriate "dish" for a wealthy idle man, would he in no way suitable for a poor, hard working man. If economy were practiced by the wealthy classes the poor would unques tionably soon benefit by it. If servants were properly trained and children prop erly educated, much of the sinful waste that goes on every day would be avoided and poor people would be much healthier and happier. There is hardly any class (unless the very wealthy)who do not suft'ermoreor less from extravagant cooking and waste. In lodgings, to persons with fixed incomes, it becomes a very serious matter. Milk, butter, eggs, sugar, cheese, spices and such things vanish in the most astonishing way, though the landlady and servants may be most scrupulously hoDest. They bave simply got into a wasteful way, and until that way is amended no amount of cnltnre or amusement or increased wages will im prove the domestic condition of the wives of workiDgmen or the homes of working women. Two Points of View. First Wood Sawyer—This 'ere is a hard, hard world ; no chance for enjoyment at alL How I'd like to knock off and go duck hunt ing like I did when I was a boy. Second Wood Sawyer—You must be crazy. "Crazy because I want to go duck hunt ing?" "Clean daft. In Maryland, where I just came from, duck hunting is a regular trade, and men are paid so much a head for all the}' kill. I've been a duck hunter for six years." "What on earth are ye doin' out here?" "I came hero to saw wood for a rest."— Omaha World. Great Magnetic Power. A Duluth newspaper, telling of the power of the magnetic iron ore of that vicinity, says that the miners have to wear moccasins, because the ore draws all the tacks from their boots; that houses near the mines have to be built with wooden pins or bolts, because the iron draws the nails; that a wild duck that had inadvertently swallowed a few hair pins was stopped in its flight over the mines, drawn earthward, and made a prisoner, and that persons with too much iron in their blood are so magnetized that they sleep in a trance. Effect of the Climate. "Who is this gentleman who registers 'M'sieur Danniele de Wyllsonne?'" "That?" said the clerk, looking over the register; "oh, that is Dan Wilson, of Ohio. He has been in Paris three months and just got home last night." "And who is this, then, just be low him, who writes himself Daniel Wilson?" "That is the son-in-law of tho president of the republic of France."—Burdette in Brook lyn Eagle. _ A Question of Discretion. *'I see they have set Schwab to making hash in the penitentiary." "So I understand." "Don t you think it is a mistake to let the Anarchists into the secret of making any more of these dangerous compounds?"—Chi cago News._ A Cold, Hard Fact. His face is his - fortune—an insurance agent's.—Texas Siftings, They Don't Grow There. Chauneey Depew told this experience in a recent speech: "I was up in Scotland this summer, where they understand a joke more easily than anywhere in the world, and was tired out traveling and sightseeing, and said to my Scotch guide: 'I must find a soft stone somewhere to sit down on.' He said: 'My friend, there are no soft stones in Scot land.'" BOOK STORESJ THE WEST. How Literature is Mixed up With Other Fancy Goods. (Harper's Magazine ] Madison is not only an educational cen ter, but an intelligent city ; the people read and no doubt buv books, but they do not support book stores. The shops where books are sold are variety shop«, dealing in stationary, artists' materials, cheap pictures, brie a-brae. Bocks are of minor import ance and but tew are keep in stock. In deed, book selling is not a profitable part of the business ; 'it does not pay to handle books or keep the run of new publications, or to keep a supply of standard works. In this the shops of Madison are not peculiar. It is true all over the West except in two or thice large cities, and true perhaps not quite so generally in the East; the book shops are not the literary and intellectual centers they used to he. There are several reasons given for this discouraging state of the hook trade. Per haps it is true that people accustomed to newspapers full of "selections," to the flimsy publications found on the cheap counters and to tbe magazines do not buy "books that are books," except for furnish ing ; that they depend more and more upon the circulating libraries for any thing that costs more than an imported cigar or half a pound of candy. The local dealers say that the systern of the great publishing houses is unsatisfact ory as to prices and discounts. Private persons can get the same discounts as the dealers, and can very likely, by ordering a list, buy more cheaply than of the local bookseller, and therefore as a matter of business, he says that it does not pay to keep books; he giVes up trying to sell them and turns his attention to varieties. An other reason for the decline in the trade may be in the fact that comparatively few booksellers are men of taste in letters, men who read or keep the ran of new publica tions. If a retail grocer knew no more of his business than many booksellers know of theirs he would certainly fail. It is a pity on all accounts that the book trade is in this condition. A bookseller in any community, if he is a man ot literary cul ture and has a love of books and a knowl edge of them, can do a great deal for the cultivation of the public taste. His shop becomes a sort of intellectual center ot the town. If the public finds there an atmosphere of books, and are likely to have their wants'inet for publica tions, new or rare, they will generally sus tain tbe shop. At 1» ad this is my observa tion. Still I shook! not like to attempt to say whether the falling off in the retail book trade is due to want of skill in the tn Oh« Duhlishini» m"ahinary or to public indifference. The subject is worthy the attention of experts. It is undeniably important to maintain everywhere these little depots ot intellectual supply. In a town new to him the visitor is apt to esti mate the taste, the cnltnre, the refinement as well 8 s the wealth of the town by its shops. The stock in the dry goods and fancy stores teil» one thing, that in the art stores another thiDg, that in the book stores another thing about the inhabitants. The West, even on the remote frontiers, is full of magnificent stores of goods, telling of taste as well as luxury; the book shops are poorest of all. An Artful Shopper. A woman entered a dry goods store, and approached one of tbe clerks. "Pleaso do these op," she said, handing him two old newspapers. He looked surprised, and she explained. "I ain't out on a reg'lar shopping tower, and ain't agoin' to buy anything, but there's that Mrs. Simpson, that has half of our pew at church, just loaded down with bundles. She'll never know the difference." As the clerk was tying up the newspapers she said in a low voice: "Make it look as much like a silk dress pat tern as you can, mister; it'll worry her more." —Detroit Free Press. A California View. Omaha Man (on railroad train)—There is a very interesting article in this paper about the coal mines of Pennsylvania. Los Angeles Lady—I am tired reading about strikes, thank you. "This is about their homes. It says the average miner's home is a story and a half high, with three rooms." "Story and a half high and with three rooms! Dear me! How rich they must be." —Omaha WorhL He Was Discharged. Reporter—I've a good item here this morn ing. I found a person who had been confined to one room his entire life. City Editor—Goodl Send it right up. Who is it? Reporter—Why, a three days' old baby down at our house.—Judge. Discounting the Old Snltan's Death. The young sultan of Morocco is only 16 years old, and has about $15,000,000 in his treasury. Unless he writes an American comic opera and puts it on the road, he will not be obliged to negotiate a 0 per cent, loan for a year or two at least—Norristown Herald. Too Much. "We want you to come and see us Thurs day night without fail, Mr. Buskin ; namma has quite set her heart on having 3 ou there aud I am quite as anxious as herself." Buskin, immensely flattered—I am de lighted, Miss Rachel; I will bo there storm or shine. "There will be a few friends to meet yon." "Floods, fire or death cannot keep me away." "And we will present a little play, a poor tragedy of my own, en tirely by our own set, all amateurs." "Ah, yes, charmiqg— ha, I had forgotten I My father—par .On this emotion—fell dead in the street but a few moments ago, and I am even now oaxny way to my widowed mother, who is at the point of death. I fear I may bo compelled to disappoint."— Weeps and flees.—Burdette in Brooklyn Eagle. Fears a Relapse. Doctor—Did you say to your husband, Mrs. Hendricks, that, if agreeable to him, I would send bill for services rendertd during his re cent severe illness? Mrs. Hendricks—Yes, doctor; and he thought you had better wait until he gets a little stronger.—Life. Cramped Quarters. Bobby (looking at the new moon)— Ma, is there really a man In the moon? Mother—That is a popular superstition, Bobby. Bobby—Well, I should think that living in a moon like that would make him bow* legged.—New York Sun. SOME GOOD SENSE, [From Babyhood.I There is many a father of a family who, while doing his utmost for his children, while he is in health, and makiDg the best provision he can for them iD anticipation of his own death, wholly ngelects to pat such a provision in a tangible shape where it can be readily understood and manipulated by the mother or other guardian in case of his death coming suddenly. A case recently came to our notice where property of con siderable value was so tied up with legal restrictions, owing entirely to lack of a few formalities which could have been at tended to in a day's work, that the widow and children were kept for more than a year dependent upon the good will of friends before money could be made avail able. Death is not ordinarily hastened by making preparations for it, and the subject should not be avoided on account of its unpleasant character. Many a model husband and father, w hose business methods are of the most methodical and strictly honorable kind, would find ample occasion to blame him self for neglect ifhewou'd consider for a moment in what confusion his family would he placed if this day should prove his last. A good plan is to make, at least once a year, a written statement of one's affairs at that time, and file it, in an envelops with the wife's name upon it, in a particular place which she and perhaps one other per son shall know of, if not in her own cus tody. Snch memorandum should contain a description of life insurance policies or similar documents, and state where a will, if aDV, is to be found ; encumbrances of any kind should be noted; unfinished transactions should lie briefly described, that their status may be fully under stood ; and even if there exists no property whatever, a written statement to that effect would relieve doubt and avoid needless inquiry and suspense, in case one's business affairs were of a fluctuating nature, which could not always be followed by the wife or fully explained to her. In case of protracted and dangerous sickness, questions relating to the circumstances oi members of a family who may soon be left alone camiot be readily asked or answered; and much distress and dread of the luture would be relieved at such a time if the wife could feel that whatever eartnly pos sessions existed were to be immediately available, or at least that a full account of them was at hand under a comparatively recent date, so that she need not bring the subject into the sick room. Phrases the Girls Must Eschew. [Philadelphia Times. | Tlie Hot. of word«, phraees and expres sions to be avoided by young ladies of Wellesley College includes the following: "I guess so," for I suppose so, or I think so. "Fix things," for arrange things, or pre pare things. The use of "ride" and "drive" inter changeably. "Real good" or "real nice" for very good or really nice. "I have studied some," for s'udi-d some what, or "I have not studied any," for tot studied at all. "Not as I know," for not that I kDow. "Try an ex périment," for make an exper iment. "Had rather," for would rather, and "had better," for would better. "Right away," for immediately or now. "Well posted." for well informed. "Try and do," for try to do, "try and go," for try to go." "It looks good enough," for it looks well enough, or "does it look good enough," for does it look well enough. "Somebody else's," for somebody's else. A New System of Cash Collecting. A new system of cash railway for stores is a eahle line operated by electric motor. The grooves in which the boxes move are of nickel plate. At each corner aro wheels, around which the cables are arranged, a lower and an upper one. Tho lines go all over a store, and could be carried into tho attic or very far away with the necessity of only one head quarters. Tho boxes, little nickel plated 6 quare ones, shut with a spring and fitted with clutches, are side tracked at the station by groo%*es. The clerk puts tho money and check inside and slides it on to the main grove, when quick as a flash it is taken by the cable and hurried up inclines and around corners with wonderful rapidity. In a sec ond or two it returns at the same fast rate. Compared with the rolling ball system it is like the locomotive to stage coach, or what electricity is to steam.—Boston Transcript. Sea Birds' Drinking Water. An old sea captain thinks he has a good answer for the question, "Where do sea birds obtain fresh drinking water?" He says that he has often seen birds far from land that could furnish water flying around and under storm clouds, drinking the drops of water as they fell, and chattering like ducks in a pond on a hot day. They will smeil a rain squall 100 miles away and fly for it with tre mendous speed.—New York Sun. In Washington Society. At an afternooner: She—Ah, good morning I How do you? He—Thanks 1 Oh 1 ah I So glad to see you this morning. She—Charming day? He—Delightful. Y~ou aro looking lovely! She—Ah, thanks, awfully. Didn't I meet you yesterday at Mrs. Blank's tea? He—How kind of you to remember. [He wasn't there.] I heard a pretty compliment paid you at Mrs. X.'s last night. Charming place that, isn't it? She—Exquisite. [She was never there.] Do tell me what you heard? In another corner, later: She (to a friend)—What a delightful man that Mr. Robinson is. Friend—Why, that isn't Robinson; that's Jones. In another comer, about the same time: He (to a friend)—Isn't that Miss Brown lovely? Friend—Rats! That ain't Miss Brown; that's Miss Smith.—Washington Critic. Getting Late. "Clara," he said, in a low, sweet, kiss me tone of voice, "do you see yon twinkling star?" "I see plenty of stars," replied the tired girl, who was anxious to get to bed, "but I don't observe anything particularly 'yon' about them. Don't be foolish, George^"— New York Sun. ABOUT CHILDREN'S PARTIES, (London Queen J Children's parties of late years bave un dergone a great change. Formerly, when youDg people were assembled together, it was thought sufficient to clear a large room and let them indulge in the old-fashioned games of blind-man's buff, post, family coach, hunt the slipper, magic music, mu sical chairs, and such like merry and romp ing games, which, with a goed tea and Sir Roger de Coverley danced afterward, was supposed to form a delightful entertain ment. But now all this is changed; romp ing games are pat on one side. The little boys and girls of the pres ent day are too well dressed to risk tearing their pretty clothes. Child ren's parties are miniature copies of those of older people, with the exception that some form is adopted, either a Christmas tree, a bran nie or any other vehicle for the distribution of presents, that each little one may have something to take home. When all the little guests ate arrived they are generally entertained first with either a Punch and Judy show, marionettes, a children's play, magic lantern or some qniet amusement of that sort. After tea dancing is resorted to, and the Christmas tree or its substitute ends the evening. Children like novelty, aDd any new form of entertainment is eagerly welcomed. Parties for young people should never be lengthy affairs, as it is impossible to keep them amused and happy for long to gether, and early hours are most desirable, afternoon parties from 3 till 7 or 4 to 8 being far more sensible than later hours, when tbe eagerness of expectation tires a child before the fan commences. Refresh ments at a juvenile party should be sim ple, bnt a number of bonbons and crackers should alwas be provided. It is a mistake to give children elaborate suppers before they leave to go home, often disagreeing with them and making them ill the next day. Lemonade and cakes and sandwiches are quite sufficient and far better lor them. There is no prettier sight than to see a number of prettily-dressed children assem bled together, and of late it has been much the fashion to adopt fancy dresses at juv enile parties, when the little ones wear mach the same costumes, on a smaller scale, as are adopted by older people, and much amusement is caused by inspecting the various dresses and characters repre sented. Juvenile parties have a good ten dency in forming children's menners, causing them to he polite to each other and to take an interest in eacother's pleas ures and in affairs beyond their own fami ly circle. Fecundity of Fishes. I Scientific American.] Fishes produce so many eggs that if vast numbers of the latter and of the fishes themselves were not continually de stroyed these animals would finally fill np all the waters. For example, man an nually takes (»0,000,000 or 70,000,000 cod fish from the sea aronnd the shores of New Foundland. But even that quantity seems small when we consider that each cod yields about 5,000000 eggs each sea son. and that even 8 , 000,000 have been found in the roe of a single cod. Were the 60.000. 000-cod taken on the coast of New Foimdland left to breed, the 30,000,000 females producing 5,000 000 eggs every year, it would give a yearly addition of 150.000. 000.000.000 youDg codfish. Other fish, though not equalling tbe cod, are wonderfully productive. A herriDg weigh ing six or seven ounces is provided with abont 30,000 eggs. After making all rea sonable allowances for the destruction of eggs and the young, it has been calculated that in three years a single pair of herrings would produce 154,000,000. Buffon calcu lated that if a pair of herrings could be left to breed and multiply undisturbed for a period of twenty years they would yield an amount of fish equal in bulk to the globe on which we live. STRAY JOKES. Scientist^ say that the savage bas a mors acute sens% of smell tha.' civilized people. They have more material to practice ou. — Tho Epoch. Nothing so vividly reminds us of the brev ity of life as a thirty day note.—Drift. Some people are so sanguine in this world that they think they can plant a handful of seed in a snowdrift and gather a carload of strawberries tho day after the first thaw.— Baltimore American. Farmer's Wife—Will you bo seated? Tramp—With pleasure, ma'am. Your next door neighbor's dog has just unseated me.— New Haven News. Ice—thin. Boy—in. Hacks—'leven. Boy—heaven. —Detroit Free Präs. The body of a boy drowned at Winchen don, Masa, was found through tho use of the electric B^ht, which was submerged in the water. It may be possible to find a dead boy by using the electric light, but it would take an illumination of about 100 , 000,000 candlo power to discover a lad about fivo minutes after he has left tho house with tho remark: "I'm only goin' round the corner."—Norris town Herald. A writer says: "There is always some thing picturesque and striking about an old mill." If the writer wants to see something "striking" he should witness a modern "mill" between a couple of noted pugilists.—Norris town Herald. A Common Kind of Philanthropy. Omaha Man—No wonder you have coèd. You should wear thicker clothing. Eastern Youth—Can't afford it. "I thought your employer was Mr. Too good, the noted philanthropist." "Yes; my errand here is to engage a noted artist to paint a memorial window to Di ogenes."—Omaha World. Round to Have It. Patron (impatient!)—Waiter, waiter! bring me half a spring chicken nicely broiled, in a great hurry; I Lave but five minutes to spare. Waiter—»Can't do it inside of twenty min utes. Patron (excitedly)—Never mind, I must have it at once if it takes an hour; burry up. —Judea. As Grandma Put It. Grandma Bagley (in a reminiscent mood)— And there's Freddy Litewaite. Dear mel I remember him when he was a baby. Bagley—-Yon would hardly know him now. He is a complete Anglomaniac. Grandma Bagley— ßew tell! Well, I al ways knew he was a fool, bat I'm sorry to ar he is a maniac.—Philadelphia Call., . J IIow to Walk. I From the Philadelphia Times.1 There is nothim: that so thoroughly and unmistakably discloses just what a girl or woman is as her walk. In :i drawing room or at a ball, of course, a woman who is new to snch scenes betrays it in every move. But even on the street the woman of fashion and the g ; rl of society can be recog nized by the initiated at a glance, no mat ter how she may be dressed. It is all in her walk. There is nothing so difficult, nothim: so rare, in man or woman, as a good walk, and no girl can lay claim to style without it. Trollope, who was oue of the closest of observers, in describing the grace of one of his heroines, spoke of her walk as "a free stride from the hips." This is tolerably accurate, only a girl should not stride. Bnt no one can have a gool walk who makes very short steps. There 3 re six iules which will insure a good walk if carefully observed. They are: 1. To throw the shoulders back. 2. To keep the body from any motion what soever. 3. To hold the head erect. 4. To place the loot squarely on the ground* 5. To keep the knee s'eady. 6 . To keep the elbows close to the tide. There is nothing that so spoils a woman's carriage as irojecting elbows. Tones of the Voice. [Youth's Companion. ) It is a curious fact that the tones of civ ilized races are louder aud harsher than those used by savage tribes. Indeed, amorg people who are classed as civilized it will commonly be found that the more highly cultivated, up to a certain point, speak in the sharper tone. Of courte, when cultivation and refine ment have reached the point that the tones of the voice have become a matter of at tention and care, the rule no longer holds for the low, well-modulated tones are ac quired as an accomplishment. The philosophy of this peculiarity seems to he that the same energy and vigor which gives certain races the leadership in advancement are accompanied by unusnai nervous strain, and we are well aware how plainly «nervousness is indicated in the tones. The people of New England speak in a sharper and shriller voice than their cousins in old England. They are also more intense in feeling and more eager in action. That tbis difference is not due to the in fluence of climate is apparent upon a com parison of our people with those of the Dominion to the north and east of ns. It is only as climate or other agencies may affect the entire character of a people that it has anything to do with the tones in which they speak. Chinese Doctor's Fees. (London Times.] The new district magistrate of Shanghai has taken the doctors in hand. Lately l.e sent one of his messengers to a well known doctor with a tee of 600 cash—about half a crown—to ask him to visit a patient. As the messenger had strict orders not to say he came from the magistrate the doctor was under the impression that the patient was not an official, and accordingly refused to go. Airain the messenger was sent, and again the doctor refused to attend, saying that the fee was too small, and that he would not go for three times the amount. The third time the magistrate sent his own card, aDd the doctor hastened to see him. On being interrogated why he had not come in the first instance, be made excuses, which the magistrate cut short by observing that in future he would cut down the doctor's fees to such a low figure that it would not be worth his while to continue practicing. He gave the doctor the alternative of paying 5,000 tael(£1,250) to the Yellow river fund. The fine was ultimately redued to 3,000 ($750), and the doctor, it is recorded, was very glad to get off so easily. Safety Steam Making Value. When water once begins to boil, says an exchange, it is impossible to raise its tem parature any higher; all excess of heat is absorbed by the escaping as so called latent heat, and is given out again when it con denses. We olten speak of seeing the steam escaping from the spout of a kettle, but this is incorrect ; steam is an invisible vapor, and we can no more sec it than we can air. What we do see are the minute drops of water into which the steam con denses on coming into the cool air. If we boil water in a glass llask, we shall notice that nothing can be seen in the interior, and by observing the steam escaping from a kettle, we shall notice that there is qnite a distance l»etween the end of the spont and the point where the cloud becomes visible. This clond of steam is of exactly the same nature as the clonds which floit in the sky, and which are formed by the condensation in the cool upper regions of aqueous vapor present in 'he air. Oldest Church in Virginia. The restoration of the Old Brick church at Sinithfielil, Va., supposed to bo tho oldest church iu Virginia, is nearly done. The church was built in 1632, and used continu ously for two centuries. Among the materi als used in the restoration were 2,000 bricks which were originally used in the Bay church, and passed through several hands after that edifice was taken down. Borne of them have served in tho walls of a farm house kitchen, aud others were in the wall of a burying ground. Among tho twenty-ono stained glass memorial windows will be one of Pocahontas, one of Col. Jonah Parker, and one of tho earl of Macclesfield.—Chicago Times. Measurements of Mountains. Recent measurements of Mount St. Elias and Mount Wrangel and other high peaks of tho west show that Wrangel and not St. Elias is the highest. Mount Hood used to bo called 16,000 feet high. Triangulation makes it 13,000, an aneroid l ar ome ter made it 12,000, and a mercurial barometer 11,25.5. St. Elias, estimated at 12,673 feet high, proves to bo 13,500. Wrangel rises 18,000 feet above Cop per river, which is itself 2,000 feet above sea level, anil tiie mountain is at least 1,000 feet higher thar any other North American peak. •-Chicago Newa. Pronunciation of "Iilaho." George Riebold, an Idaho pioneer and mine owner, says thut Joaquin Miller named the territory "Idaho," being a pure Bannock word, meaning "Gem of the Mountains." Miller himself says the word should be pro nounced with the accent on the second sylla ble, I-da-ho, the "a" having a broad sound.