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Saturday Evening's Meeting at the Livingston Rink. A Big Crowd to Hear Goddard of Yellow stone and McCutcheon and Carter of Lewis and Clark. Livingston, May 21.—[Special to the Herald.]—The Republican rally Saturday evening, succeeding the magnificent con vention of the day, was largely attended, nearly the entire seating capacity of the spacious Kink being occupied. Goddard, of Billings, spoke of the unity of the party generally throughout the country, and especially in Montana. He commended the action of the convention which had just adjourned, and said the delegates represented the people who had chosen them to select delegates to the National convention. He compared this course with the action of the Democratic committee, chosen two years ago, and as suming now to voice the sentiments of their party, when in fact they had acted without consulting their party at all. He also alluded to the course pursued by the Independent in its lying attempt to show a want of harmony in the Republican ranks, and especially in Yellowstone county. His speech was well received and he was fre quently applauded. Mr. McCutcheon compared the states men in the Republican party with those in the Democratic party, and called attention to the fact that the former are and always have been patriots and true to every inter est of the country, while it is not possible to name but very few Democratic states men for whom it is not necessary to make an apology whenever they are named in connection with a public trust. Recog nizing this fact themselves when they sought a candidate for the Presidency four years ago, they selected the most obscure man they could find. They had no use tor honest Allen G. Thurman, and to day they are as lim ited in material from which to select a candidate as they were four years ago They were limited to Grover Cleveland, who stands upon a platform of his own making, not a plank of which but what he had broken. The speaker then discussed the tariff question for a few moments, and indulged in some apt illustrations of his subject. Among others he called attention to the fact that the President in his last annual message had gravely stated that a duty levied upon any article is a sum added to its cost of production which the consumer must pay. The speaker said that when the duty was $23 per ton on steel rails they sold for a long time in the market for $27 per ton, and in view of this declared that the President's statement was not true. Mr. Carter discussed the marvelous growth of the country and its varied interests under the system of protec tion inaugurated by the Republican party. He compared the United States with European countries, and the wages and social condition of the labor here as compared with those of the labor there. He said we do not see vast numbers of peo ple emigrating from this country to Europe, but that, on the contrary, the laborer of Europe is emigrating to the United States in order to better his condition and the condition of his family. His speech was replete with rhetorical pictures and good stories, and was stell received as was man ifested by the frequent applause during its delivery. The audience was a fine one, and the speakers all agreed that they never had spoken to a more attentive people. Park county will give a rousing Republican majority in November. The bill to establish a Department of Agriculture has passed the House by such a decisive majority that it almost certainly insures the final success of the measure that has struggled long for recognition and support. At first almost all the leading papers declaimed against it. The opposi tion has gradually melted away. It has always seemed a mystery to us that this department was not provided for in the original organization of the government. Nearly every civilized nation has a department of agriculture in its gov ernment, while the United States, the chief agricultural nation in the world, has only provided for it as a subordinate bureau, with stingy appropriations that must necessarily result in failure to ac complish much, and yet with all this con tumely and neglect, very mnch good has been accomplished, which deserves recog nition. _ " It seems that we have a book fiend among us, and that our public library is one of his victims. Serious damage has been done that cannot be made good. A valuable series of twenty volumes has been completely ruined and magazines purloined that have broken np sets that were intended to be bound for permanent additions to our stock of books. Wher ever he has had access pillage has marked his course. As the case is in the hands of legal authorities we forbear to say more. It is some satisfaction to know that the fiend has not escaped, and we hope the end of his career may prove a warning for all time to come. These fellows that declaim most against the oppression of the tariff are in reality those who pay twice as much in the way of internal revenue tax as their tariff tax, and for our part we would keep the tax on whisky and tobacco for the benefit of these men, and if we had any surplus after paying our debt we would put it all into a navy and subsidized lines of ocean steamers. Thi s is an off-year for Democrats. An other downing at Butte yesterday. There is too much of the Cleveland free trade preaching in Montana. A few more importations of editors of the Eastin stripe and the Republican vic tories will become universal and nnamin ous. a LIVINGSTON LOVE FEAST Matters in Detail of the Republican Territorial Convention. Officers and Members --- Committees — Order of Business — Delegates and Alternates Elected— Resolutions, Etc. There was never assembled in Montana a larger attended or more harmonious and enthusiastic convention than that which convened at Livingston on the 19th. It was composed of representative Republi cans, authoritatively credentialed and fresh from the party constituencies of the several counties. We here supplement by a fuller report the substance of the proceedings and business of the convention wired to the Herai.d and printed in these columns on Saturday : OFFICERS OF THE CONVENTION. President—John Potter, of Gallatin. Secretary—George E. Bourquin, of Silver Bow. Assistant Secretary—George M. Hatch, of Park. MEMBER.SHH* OF THE CONVENTION. Beaverhead— H. D. Pickman, H. J. Burleigh, James Mackay, H. A. Woods. Cascade—Daa McKay, Mortimer Strong, G. H. Mullery. Choteau—Jerre Sullivan, F. C. Rosevelt, A. C. Johnson. Custer—F. Malone, A. T. Campbell, T. J. Bryan, E. A. Kreidler, G. W. Allerton. Deer Lodge—James H. Mills, H. R. Whitehall, Wm. J. Galbraith, William D. Hoge, M. J. Fitzpatrick, J. E. Kirby, M. W. Barker, John McLeod, W. H. Pittwood, C. F. Mussigbrod. Dawson— C. R. F. Scobey. Fergus— S. S. Hobson, F. E. Wright, E. P. Chandler. Gallatin—Ed. F. Ferris, F. M. Higgins, J. V. Bogart, John Potter, R. M. Wnite foot. Jefferson— N. Merriman, V. Ccok, E 1 R. Dean, II. Raymond, George W. Cowan' S. Piper. Lewis and Clarke— T. H. Carter, J. P. Woolman, A. J. Craven, A. W. Markley, E. D. Weed, Phil. Mamx, William Lorey, Joseph Davis, I. D. McCutcheon, A. J. Seligman, F. E. Thieme, Ed. Lathrop, J. S. Featherlv. *Madison—K. O. Hickman. Charles C. Church, Fayette Harrington, H. D. Ros si ter. Missoula—J. J. Kennedy, J. R. Latimer, H. C. Myers, S. G. Murray, Alvin Lent, I. S. G. Van Wart, Tyler Worden. Meagher—W. Woods, V. H. Fisk, L. Rotwitt. Park—George O. Eaton, George M. Hatch, Georg«" H. Carver J. J. Thompson Silver Bow—Charles S. Warren, George W. Irvin II, Lee Mantle, L. F. Wyman, M. D. Holland, W. E. Hall, A. F. Bray, E. E. CoDgdon, George Haldorn, John E. Lloyd, Gtorge Bourquin, Fred Lo« ber, P. R. Dolman, Wm. H. DeWitt, Wm. Thomp son, Maj. Hornbrook. Yellowstone—A. L. Babcock, John Tink ler, Patrick Gogerty. * Unrepresented. THE COMMITTEES. On credentials : Beaverhead, H. D. Pickmah ; Cascade, I). McKay ; Choteau, J. Sullivan; Custer, T. J. Bryan ; Dawson, H. C. Tuttle ; Deer Lotlge, J. F. Kirby ; Fergus, F. E. Wright; Gallatin, R. M. Whitefoot ; Jefferson, V. A. Cook ; Lewis and Clarke, A. J. Craven; Missoula. Tyler Worden ; Meagher, Wm. Wood ; Park, G. M. Hatch ; Silver Bow, M. L. Holland ; Yellowston«", A. L. Babcock. On permanent organization—Beaverhead, H. A. Woods; Cascade, D. McKay; Cho teau, J. Sullivan; Custer, A. T. Campbell; Dawson, H. C. Tuttle; Deer Lodge, M. J. Fitzpatrick; Fergus, F. E. Wright; Gallatin, Frank Henry; Jefferson, V. A. Cook; Lewis and Clarke, J. Seligman; Missoula, J. R. Lattimer; Meagher, L. Rotwitt; Park, G. H. Carver; Silver Bow, L. F. Wyman; Yellow stone, P. Gogerty. On resolutions—Beaverhead. H. J. Bur leigh; Cascade, D. McKay; Choteau, J. Sul livan ; Custer, E. A. Kriedler ; Dawson, H. C. Tuttle ; Deer Lodge, H. R. Whitehill ; Fergus, F. E. Wright; Gallatin, John Pot ter; Jefferson, N. Merriman; Lewis and Clarke, I. D. McCutcheon; Missoula, S. G. Murray; Meagher, L. Rotwitt; Park, James S. Thompson ; Silver Bow, W. H. DeWitt ; Yellowstone, John Tinkler. ORDER OF BUSINESS. 1. Nomination and election of dele gates and alternates to the Chicago con vention. 2. Nomination and election of mem ber'of the national committee. 3. Report of committee on resolutions. MANNER OF VOTING. The chairman of each delegation to an nounce the vote of his delegation, such vote to be taken in such manner as the delegation may elect. NOMINATIONS. For delegates to national convention: George O. Eaton, of Park, by Burleigh, of Beaverhead, seconded by Carter, of Lewis and Clarke ; Thomas C. Power, of Lewis and Clarke, by Murray, of Missonla, seconded by Craven, of Lewis and Clarke, and Sullivan, of Choteau : Stephen R. Estes, of Anaconda, by Whitehead, of D«"er Lodge, seconded by Bray and Irvin, of Sil ver Bow. FIRST AND ELECTING BALLOT. Eaton. Power. Estes. Beaverhead.............. ..... 4 4 ..... 3 3 Choteau................... ..... 3 3 Custer...................... ..... 5 5 ..... 1 1 Deer Lodge............. 10 Fergus..................... ..... 3 3 Gallatin................... ..... 5 2 3 Jetlerson.................. 3 3 I>ewis and Clarke— ..... 13 12 1 3 ..... 6 1 Park......................... ..... 4 Silver Bow............... ..... 16 16 Yellowstone............. .... 3 3 83 48 39 ALTERNATES. A. L Babcock, of Yellowstone, and W. H. De Witt, of Silver Bow, were elected alternate delegates to Chicago by acclama tion. COMMITTEEMAN. By resolution, nnanimouslv adopted, the delegates were requested to present the name of Charles S. Warren, of Silver Bow, as member from Montana of the National Committee. RESOLUTIONS. Resolved, That the Republicans of Mon tana unite with their brethren throughout the Union in the demand that the revenue of the government shall be so collected as to afford protection to American industries and labor and to preserve the home market to the home producer—a policy that has its triumphant vindication in the marvel ous growth and prosperity of the country since its adoption by a Republican Con gress. We denounce the attempt of the Democratic party to impair a system that has so greatly contributed to secure the fair compensation and independence of the working man and the welfare and happi ness of all classes of citizens: and we pro I test especially against its effort to strike down the wool-growing industry by plac ing its prodnet on the free list Resolved, That the Republicans of Mon tana regard the mining industry as the chief factor of the wealth and progress of our Territory and as of vital interest to all classes of citizens ; that we denounce the avowed and unrelenting hostility of the Democratic administration to the produc tion of silver, lead and copper, and that we demand that all mineral lands shall be re served lor those who discover and develop their treasures ot precious metal. Resolved, That the Rupublican party has always been and will ever be the just and generous friend of the soldier who fought for the Union, and declares its unfaltering purpose to aid such measures as will pro vide that no one of them shall ever be de pendent upon charity for subsistence. Resolved, That we charge upon the Democratic party that it is, in its policies and practices, essentially anti-American, in that it encourages and rewards methods that deny to a large mumber of citizens a fair and free ballot, which is the founda tion of our institutions; that its foreign policy is weak, sycophantic and detrimental to the interests and self-respect of this great Republic; that it imposes upon the people of the territories a system of taxa tion without representation as odious as that which drove the Americans of 1776 to revolt, and, above all, in that it seeks to degrade and impoverish the American laborer for the benefit of foreign nations. Ü Resolved, That we declare the Demo cratic party to be the foe of honest elec tions, as illustrated by the almost unani mous opposition of the Democratic mem bers of the legislative assembly of Montana to a registration law. as well as by the conviction of Democratic election officers in Illinois, the shameful exercise of clem ency by the Democratic President toward like offenders in Ohio and the organized and entrenched crime against the ballot which results in a "solid South." Resolved, That we recognize in the refusal of the Democrats in Congress and the cabinet to set apart sufficient funds to secure the prosecution of surveys of the public lands in Montana, a part of the deliberate purpose of the dominant ele ment in that paity to retard the growth and settlement of the west for narrow, sel fish and partisan advantages. Resolved , That the denial of admission into the Union of those territories that have sufficient population to entitle them to statehood, unless they shall present Democratic credentials, is a political crime that deserves the severest condemnation of a j ust and patriotic people ; and that we demand on the part of 200,0^|p intelligent and loyal residents of Montana that they be no longer deprived of the privileges that belong to citizenship of the Republic. Resolved, That we condemn the policy which has been pursued by the present ad ministration in the matter of appointments to office in the Territories, as being in vio lation of the most solemn promises made by the Democratic party in its national convention of 1884, and is in utter disre gard of the rights and best interests of the inhabitants of the Territories. Resolved, That if "public office is a pub lic trust," Grover Cleveland has demon strated to the satisfaction of the people of Montana, that there is not a single trust worthy Democrat in Montana who has the integrity und ability to administer upon the duties of a public office. Resolved, That it is the sense of this con vention that its delegation to Chicago should go uninstructed. However, we take occasion to gratefully remember the ser vices rendered at all times to Montana ter ritory by America's loftiest patriot, great est statesman and most eminent citizen, James G. Blaine, and to say that every Republican beneath the shadows of the rock-ribbed mountains of Montana would hail with delight his election to the Presi dency of the United States. Notes of the Convention. An auspicious prelude to the organiza tion was the stirring address by Committee Chairman McCutcheon. It acted as an inspiration upon the assembled delegates. Chairman Potter met every expectation of the convention, proving himself a skill ful presiding officer. None of his de cisions were appealed from. His prompt rulings were in every case accepted as final and the alertness which characterized his handling of motions, amendments and amendments to amendments assisted great ly the dispatch of business. There were orators there of whose ability the Republicans of Montana are justly proud. Of »those heard in eulogy of candidates were notably Murray of Mis soula, \Vhit«'hea«l, of Deer Lodgs, Sullivan, of Chot«"au, Burleigh, ot Beaverhead, Irvin and Wyman, of Silver Bow, and Carter and Craven, of Lewis and Clarke. Candidates Eaton, Power and Estes ha«l no lack of able advocates. Their eloquence roused the convention to the height of enthusi asm. The regret was that every delegate hadn't a vote for every candidate. The eloquence of Carter and Craven swayed the convention as by a magician's wand. The spt^eches were blazing gems of panegyric. Theirs is a quality of oratory that might well be heard beyond the Ter ritory in the wider and grander arena of the Nation. The first was an electing ballot for dele gates to Chicago, and before its announce ment changes from the Estes column were announced as follows : Deer Lodge, 9 to Power; Silver Bow, 16 to Power; Lewis and Clarke, 1 to Power ; Missoula, 1 to Eaton. Thereupon the rules were sus pended and the election of Geo. O. Eaton and Thos C. Power was declared unani mous. The withdrawal of Col. Waters was a disappointment to numbers of his friends. His decision, announced eafly Saturday morning, reduced the number of candi dates before the convention to three. There upon delegates from the ea-tern tier of coun ties below Park, went solidly for Waters, as also counties like Jefferson, Cascade and Meagher, and portions of the votes of Deer Lodge and Lewis and Clarke, were turned as a whole to Eaton, making his election relatively unanimous. Waters' with drawal was a matter resting solely with himself and was volunteered in the interest of harmony and to assure beyond perud vcoture the selection of one of the two del egates from the Yellowstone counties, and happily that was accomplished in the united vote cast for Capt. Eaton. Waters' friends, had his name been presented, claimed a vote of thirty-eight to start with, and there i9 no telling just who of the four candidates would have been elected had he entered the contest. Waters' Eastern Montana votes, tor the other choice, were cast as a unit, and were de cisive in the election of Power over Estes. The delegates are Blaine men. To the Herald representative Capt Eaton said : I am now sad always have been for Blaine. The position into which I was forced four years ago was neither of my choosing or liking. Had I then been elected no act of mine could have contradicted a lifetime record. I was born in Maine. Blaine ap pointed me a cadet to West Point. He has always been my friend, and I have al ways been his. In the absence of Mr. Pow er, hia most intimate friend and enthusiastic backer, Mr. Carter, as well as other sup porters, confidently vouched for him as a Blaine man, who would leave no suspicion of doubt on that score at Chicago. The alternate delegates, Babcock, of Billings, and DeWitt, of Silver Bow, are also the strongest of strong Blaine men. Likewise Warren, unanimously endorsed for national committeeman. It was a Blaine conven tion, out and out, and no one should make the mistake to forget it The emphatic, enthusiastic endorsement of Blaine by res olution unanimously adopted, plainly enough shows that. Livingston's sprightly paper, the Enter prise, is rightly named. Its issue of Satur day contained a full report of the proceed ings of the Republican convention, includ ing the address delivered by Chairman McCutcheon, as also the resolutions in full as adopted within the closing hour of the convention. Editor Wright is a live jotnnalist. The Albemarle Hotel managed in credit able shape to care for the deluge of Republi can guests, providing everybody with the best of entertainment. The house is undergoing material enlargement. A four story addition, with fifty new sleeping apartments, will be completed in time to accommodate the season's travel to Won derland. TIIE RESOLUTIONS. The resolutions adopted by the Re publican Territorial convention are ex actly what we expected. They express in condensed form the principles and senti ments of all the Republicans and a large share of the Democrats of Montana. Protection stands foremost. What is our government for but to protect the inter ests of our own citizens against the rest of the world ? Cleveland and Mills and those laboring with them to break down American industries and build up for eign rivals have mistaken their constit uents. They ought to be running for seats in the British Parliament. The fatal blow aimed at the two lead ing industries and interests of Montana present the alternative that no resident of the Territory can be a consistent Democrat without being an enemy to our best interests. Outside of the office holders, present and expectant, there ought not to be a Cleveland man in Montana. That plank about the soldiers is always in place in a Republican confession of faith. To say nothing of past services that can never be overpaid, the presence of such a large body of disciplined vet erans constitutes to day our chief re liance against any possible foreign ag gression and equally so against any do mestic outbreak or discord. They are soldiers still, and doing valuable service. Republicans in the States may not share with us in the way we look upon the humiliation and injustice of our Territorial form of government, but the resolution expresses the exact and logi cal truth. The other resolutions express grievous matters of complaint. Montana is too far north to be in the line of favors de signed principally for the section that furnishes most of the Democratic elec toral votes. Every act of this administration that has been in any way favorable to our in terests has been extorted by the hardest work and grudgingly conceded. These resolutions commend themselves to the attention of the committee on res olutions of the National Republican convention. Tùere is plenty of fight and victory in the fibre of the resolu tions. _ "Oc eana" and the "English in the West Indies" are the titles of two recent addi tions to onr Public Library, by the histor ian, Fronde. Notwithstanding the ex treme Tory sentiments of the writer and his bitter hatred of Gladstone and his Irish policy, these books have a charm and inter est beyond that of any other books that we have read for a long time. The pur poses of these voyages and travels throngh the British colonial world seems to have been to ascertain the practicability of some scheme of confederation to arrest the disso lntion of the British empire. The obser vations of such a writer are always worth reading. The style is wonderfully clear and classically pure, but the tone is very despondent. In the British West Indies he found the work of rain about complete. The whites are fast disappearing, and despairing of any help from the British government de sire annexation to the United States. The blacks and mnlattoes are as universally opposed to it, seeing how the blacks are treated in our Southern States. The culti vation of the sugar beet in Europe has ruined the sugar industry in the West Indies, and about the only ray of hope for the revival of the industry comes from the prospect of the United States removing the duty on sugar. Fronde evidently thinks that the great mistake was in giving the slaves their freedom, and another mistake equally a9 great was giving them any share in the government. Froude would have the West Indies gov erned as crown colonies like India, without any such nonsense as parliaments. In both of these books Froude confesses that free trade ruined the British colonial empire. The colonies have only a sentimental at tachment to England, and the single bond of union is the British navy. The various plans of confederation are considered, and non# of them afford any promise of success. One is left to pick np by way of inference that Froude would prefer absolute and unlimited monarchy and sees only inevita ble ruin in modern democratic tendencies. He would apparently have Ireland gov erned as a crown or penal colony. The chief thing he seems to admire in the United States is the way the blacks are suppressed in onr Southern states. Yet with all these reactionary principles bat poorly concealed, the writer has made a wonderfully interesting and instructive narrative. _ The Billings, Clarke's Fork & Cooke City railroad is assured against the hostil ity of Rocky Fork jaw-boners and the in terference at all stages of the measure by Delegate Toole. The Honse yesterday passed the bill by an emphatic majority. The jubilee meeting at Billings last even ing is an expression of rejoicing that tells the general satisfaction of the people of Yellowstone county. FREE WOOL.] To those interested in wool growing, as so many in Montana are, no argu ment is necessary to convince any single one as to the blighting, ruinous effects of admitting foreign wool duty free. They feel already much of the weight of the threatened ruin. Prices of wool are low down and sales are dull and slow. In our portion of the country, where rates of interest and the scale of wages are so high, the present state of the market is unusually fatal. Wool grow ing has not prospered for some years, and no one engaged in the business is in condition to stand further losses without being crippled or ruined. The severe winter of 1881 broke up a great many sheep men and compelled all who remained in the business to conduct it on a very different scale, providing sheds for shelter and putting up hay for hard winters. We know that Eastern news papers of the free trade ilk dilate upon the enormous profits made by the shep herd kings of the Western Territories pasturing the public domain. This is is all a myth, and those conducting our Territorial press know better. Con sidering the high rates of wages and cost of all supplies, the heavy expense of providing against hard winters and dry seasons, the high rates of interest and the cost of getting their products to market, there is a narrow and uncertain margin for profit even with the duty at present rates. There is no margin for poor management or extraordinary acci dents. It is a hard life, of constant labor and care, involving in our country great risks. In late years wool growing has de veloped in vast proportions in South America, Australia and South Africa, where all the conditions are more favor able. Some may say if our wool supply can be procured from foreign countries so much cheaper than we can raise it, why not abandon the industry for something more profitable. This is a perfectly fyir question. But in looking for a sat isfactory solution, it is hard to find one, The same competition from the same quarters confronts those who would raise cattle or horses or any other kind of live stock. Wheat growing cannot be depended on with our scant rain fall. The most of our highland region will be useless except we can devote it to stock growing. Of all prossibie productions, one so necessary as providing for our own sup plies of clothing material ought to be fostered with the greatest care. We could be cut off from tea and coffee and have something else still to supply the place, but what would be our condi tion without a home supply of wool and liable to be cut of from sources of foreign supply. England in control of the seas might afford to carry such a risk, but no prudent man would advo cate it for this com.try. Give us a navy that would insure connections with to ; to in as to or that would insure our connections with our foreign sources of supply ; give us ships of commerce to insure a constant supply, and the situation would be im proved, but as we are now situated and likely to be for many years to come, it is simply madness to become more de pendent than we now are on foreign sources of supply for such an article of prime necessity. Our demands are in creasing more rapidly than those of any other nation in the world. Our popu lation increases nearly two millions per annum and our people use more woolen clothing per capita than any other in the world. Our pasture lands are being fenced in and cultivated and the limits of our capacity to supply the demand will soon be reached. If we destroy an industry that now supplies more than half our demand and depend on foreign supplies to meet our increasing demands, it is easy to see the consequences. The price of foreign wool will rise propor tionally. We should pay just as high for wool and clothing as we do now, and in the meantime we shall have wantonly annihilated hun dreds of millions of wealth that is just as deserving at least of equal protection as the property of any other class of citi zens. Wool is more necessary to the North than cotton to the South, and Northern men should fight for its pro tection with the same unanimity and de termination. England controls abso lutely all foreign sources of wool supply. The English are the only people in the world that we are in any possible danger of conflict with. Just as certain as we attempt to gain control of the ocean commerce and build a navy capable of protecting that commerce, the conflict will begin. No one can tell when it will end. If England loses control of the sea, she loses everything, not only her colonial possessions and foreign markets, but sources of supply for the sustenance of her people and the material for her factories. It will therefore be a life and death struggle. Shrewd Englishmen see the coming struggle and are preparing for it. If they can delude our people to place themselves wholly in their power and give hostages against inter ference with English policy, it will post pone the day of their doom, but it will be supreme folly for us. "Let the Billings project lie for thirty days," Delegate Toole is reported as saying in his speech opposing the enterprise. We are heartily glad the attempted inveigle ment didn't succeed. All the lying so far has been done by the Rocky Fork, and no one wants to see the rival road adopt any such methods or share any snch repu tation. The Billings project should be a truth-teller and a track-layer. Success depends npon it. The Silver Bow delegates got back in time to vote. CLOSING THE DEBATE. The general disussion of the tariff bill was concluded in the House an Saturday by Reed for the Republicans and Car lisle for the Democrats. It has been a notable contest and apparently as inex haustible as ever. Each side, no doubt, thinks it has vindicated its position and policy. There is this remarkable difference observable: The Democrats deal in theory and prophesy chiefly, while the Republicans deal in recent facts and walk on the solid ground of pres ent and practical realities. To those who prefer to walk on solid ground to flying among the clouds, the policy of the Republicans must commend itself more and more. That the country is prosperous, wealth abounding and in creasing, wages better than anywhere else in the world, our people less taxed according to their ability to pay than any other nation, nothing more serious to complain of than a fictitious surplus in the treasury, are such present, obvious facts that all the fine spun theories of dreaming politicians must weigh as light as feathers when the scales are called upon to ascertain the weight of argu ment in November. The people of Montana would be stark mad to accept the statement of Representative Scott of Pennsylvania, that we must raise the price of foreign wool in order to raise that of the domes tic product. Those who have lost thousands already by the fear of possible Democratic success, have no chance to doubt the ruin that would certainly fol low any partial success in that direc tion. Some parts of the country would be less injured than others, particularly the South, where there is so much less to be injured, but it would injure more or less every industry of every section of the country. We should be injuring ourselves for the sole benefit of foreign ers and especially the English manufac turers and ship owners. Why should we want to destroy our prosperity on land for the uncertain prospect of reviving our commerce on the seas ? The discussion of protection, though concluded in the House, is only just begun la the country. Prof. Charles L. Howard, who has done snch good work in building np onr city schools during the past three years, left this morning for the States, where he ex pects to be busied for some months in getting out some books that he has pre pared for publication. Onr people well have cause, we fear, to regret the folly that has lost us his valuable services for a time. Blessings brighten as they take their flight and we believe our people will realize ere long the mistake that has been made and demand Prof. Howard's return. We had hoped to see the industrial feature intro duced into our public schools without fur duced into our public schools without fur ther delay, but our hopes in this matter will have to be deferred and so wiil our hopesjof any increase of school facilities Our public schools are the greatest single interest that the people of Helena have, and no temporary check or disappointment must be allowed to divert attention or ef fort for their welfare and advancement. There has been a regular seige laid to capture every follower of Randall and com pell him to vote for the Mills bill. There is reason to think that in most cases the administration has succeeded in the con quests. The President is understood to have promised every such representative of a protectionist constituency an office in case he looses his renomination or re-elec tion. Randall deserves no little credit under the circumstances in refusing to bow the knee to the Baal of false Democracy, and he addresses his appeal from Democ racy drunk to Democracy sober. To those who are demanding a repeal of war taxes Randall says the only ones remaining are Internal Revenue taxes. He finds nothing in the Mills bill that gives a return for free wool. Nor can any one else find such a return. The only beneficiaries are in foreign lands and traitorous hands are destroying American industries for the benefit of foreign rivals and possible foes. We hope the Republicans of the House will agree among themselves and be true to the doctrine of simple protection. We do not want duties higher than is abso lutely necessary for protection to American labor and American industries. We want no prohibitory tariff. In some instances duties should be increased, but on a great many more reduction is in order. We believe the Senate and a majority of the House could be brought to agree on a revi sion of the tariff, but the President would no doubt veto any bill that did not deal a death-blow to American wool. There is little chance of any beneficial legislation at this session. After next November, with a Republican President and House to co operate with the Senate, we may expect a revision that will do some good. The U. S. Senate has appointed a com mittee to hear the representatives of differ ent industries that will be affected by the proposed changes in the tariff'. It will be remembered that the House Committee on Ways and Means refused these representa tives a hearing and now the Senate pro poses to let them tell their story in full. The doctrinaires of the House are super ciliously indifferent to the effect of their proposed legislation on American indus tries. The object of this free trade crusade is to injure the growth of the northern States even though it injures the South also in the estimation of the best men in the South.__ The constitutional duties of paying |the national debt and providing for the com mon defense and promoting the general welfare are all neglected by this adminis tration to create a nominal surplus, so that this may be made an excuse for catting down the tariff duties. SHIPPING NOTES. With iron and steel and naval store-« as cheap in the United States as in Eng land, the higher price of labor that enters into the construction ot ocean steamships that now control the com merce of the seas, prevents their con struction in this country as cheaply a iu great Britain and other continental countries. There would be a difference of $00,000 in this item alone between a ship built in this country and one of the same capacity built on the Clyde. Again, seamen's wages are very much higher in this county, and if we could make ships just as cheap, we could uot man and sail them to compete with for eign ships except at a loss. Any one can comprehend the force of these con siderations without overtaxing his men tal powers. * It is a notorious fact that there has been such a competition in ship build ing in European countries for ocean service, that the business is overdone and freights are carried so cheaply that there is no money made in the business. Every account from England represents the depression of the shipping business and the cheap rates of ocean freight are notorious. The United States has chosen the better part by investing iu railroads instead of steamships. By this choice we have made $10 to every $1 that England has made in ship building. We are not the ones to whine over the result. If we can get our wheat and cotton carried to England for half what it would cost us to do it ourselves, why should we go blubbering about like an urching because his two hands couldn't grasp three big apples? • * * * Another well known and pertinent fact is that England pays enormous sub sidies to sustain her steamship lines to all parts of the world. If we would do the same thing as every foreign nation is doing, in addition to their advantages of cheaper labor and material, we might have lines of steamships to other coun tries, and it is very doubtjul if we can get them without it. While it looks like a losing game to establish and run steam ship lines that do not pay their way by the business they do, it may be worth while to do this at a loss for a time, in consideration of incidental advantages and ultimate success. So important do we conside it that we should gain con trol of the commerce of this continent, that we would gladly see liberal subsi dies paid to steamship lines to every South and Central American port. We would pay part of the cost of con struction of every such steamship under contract 'to take it for government ser vice, if need be, at a fixed price, and we would furnish a naval officer to control the running of such subsidized ships. * * The rate at which this Democratic administration is building war ships is distanced by such third and fourth rate powers as Spain, Italy and Japan, and those that are being finished up were voted by a Republican administration. When the Republicans came into power they found a shabby little navy scattered purposely all over the most scattered purposely all over the most distant seas. It was a part of the grand Democratic conspiracy of secession. The single little Monitor was worth more than the whole navy. We know well enough that it will cost heavily to con struct a first class navy. England has just launched a war ship that cost five millions, and in this country it would have cost at least a million more. How are these snivelling economists who de claim about "the enormous and infam ous tariff" to get the means to build a navy and steamship lines if they are going to put all imports on the free list and break down every wealth producing industry at home? Yes, we do think it has been a great, good thing that foreigners have been in duced to come to this country. In fact, we afre all foreigners or descendants of for eigners. It is a matter of modern history when the oldest settlements in the United States were made by foreigners. Still, we get four-fiffhs of all the emigrants from the British islands, notwithstanding Great Britain has colonial possessions 1 in every part of the world, of vast extent, where emigrants can go and have their transpor tation paid. We are jast as well pl> ased' too, over the fact that Germany and Scandinavia and other countries of Europe are sending the best of their hardy, industrious and thrifty people among U9. It has been one of the chief elements in our wonderful growth in population and wealth. We have very many excellent Bohemians and Italians The only objection made to any of the Europsan nationalities coming among us arises from the contract laborers of the lower class, who have no intention of remaining to become citizens. Republi cans have opposed the bringing in of these contract laborers of every color aud nation ality. We want none who do not intend to become citizens, and capable of making good citizens. We are sorry tr see our delegate on the off' side of the bill to grant the right of way through the Crow reservation to the Billing, Clarke's Fork & Cooke City rail road. It is not for Congress or .the presi dent of a party declaiming against monop olies and trusts to single out one corpora tion for all their favor. If one company has tried and cannot build the road, let another try that can. So far as the public is concerned, two roads would be better than one. So far as public interests ex tend, the last vote of the House was right, though undoubtedly some private interests may suffer in consequence. It was a glorious triumph that of the Republicans of Butte. The victory about equals the Helena clean-up recently re corded.