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With an abundance of water quickly available, our fire risks in Helena are greatly reduced and the general feeling is that rates of insurance should be con siderably less. In early years we suffered so much from fires that it has come to be second nature to us to be all the time extending our defenses. The character of our buildings has greatly im proved, and we have poured out money like water on our fire department. Either from greater care or extraordinary good luck it has now been several years since we have had any fire that has involved any great loss. Still the insurance com panies go on charging the old rates, which are excessive in comparison with those of eastern cities. Now with the demonstration that was so recently made of the capacity of the Woolston Waterworks to cope with our old enemy, the feeling is becoming gen eral that there must be a reduction of insurance rates by some means. If our local agents are without the power to mend the situation for us, we propose the organization of a Home Mutual Company that shall do the business. We have capital enough and shrewd business men to manage it, and with much less than is now paid in premiums we could give more general insurance and in a short time build up a strong home company whose rates would be adjusted to the risks. There are not many directions in which we can invest our capital to good purpose and on solid business principles, but here is one surely that we ought to take hold of with certainty of success from the start. The capital paid in could be invested to good profit. The expense of management would not be greater than in older countries and cities. When losses occur they will be speedily adjusted and paid. By taking small risks at first and making them very gen eral and reasonable, it will command general favor and do a safe and profit able business. Even those who are now insured in outside companies will take additional insurance in a home com pany. As the company gets more solid it can extend its operations beyond the limits of our city and draw its support from a larger constituency. The incidental benefits of having home insurance would be 6een in the readiness of our best citizens to take hold of the fire department work and manage it prudently and efficiently. Pub lic opinion would become a unit in favor of everything that could add to our securi ty. By carrying our own risks we should make up on one hand what would be paid out by the other. As it is now arranged, Helena comes in with all the other cities of the Terri tory, or a still wider area, and we have to pay rates to cover the higher places. We get no credit or benefit for our greater care and outlay. Here is a generally conceded hard ship and it is for us to find some way of escape or correction. Let our business men look into the matter and see if they have not ready means in their own hands to break through the iron rule that is laid upon us so heavily. Per haps a public meeting might be the best way to start the thing after some little private reflection and neighborly com parison of views. RAW MATERIAL. We are in favor of all kinds of manu facturing in the Lnited States to give diversified employment to all kinds of skilled labor, but we object to having the chief products of Montana classed as raw material and excluded from the benlits of protection, as some attempt to do, speaking for eastern manufacturers. Representative Scott based his argument for free wool upon the proposition that it would benefit the wool manufacturers of the country by giving them cheaper raw material. Wool is not raw material in any proper sense. The transforma tion of bunch grass into wooly fibre is more of a change than takes place at any later stage in fashioning this fibre into forms suitable for use and consumption. Every four-legged sheep is a locomotive woolen factory, where the most impor tant and delicate part of the process is performed; one entirely beyond the reach of human skill and ingenuity to perform. Compared with this branch of woolen manufacture that the sheep performs, all subsequent operations are rude and com paratively unimportant. The grandest woolen mill in the world is a clumsy contrivance by the side of the delicate and intricate processes of nature, by which brouse and bunch-grass are trans formed into tough, kinky woolen fibre. We decidedly object to the part of the woolen manufacture carried on in Mon tana being stigmatized.as rough, inferior and unimportant, and theÄfore un worthy of protection. In fact it is the most important part of the industry. Out of the same raw material we pro duce not only wool for clothing, but mutton to eat, and skins for all sorts of uses. Sheep raising is one of the oldest and most honored of all human employ ments, and the curse and blight and brand of Cain will rest upon any nation that neglects to foster and favor the in dustry. Those who wear wool have always and probably always will rule those who wear silk or cotton or any other fibr e. _ Farming lands in the United .States have been steadily advancing in value and as steadily declining in free trade England. Resigned. Worcester, Mass., May 27.—Rev. C. Wadsworth, Jr., pastor of Plymouth church, resigned to-day, having accepted a call to San Francisco. OUR COAL SUPPLIES. Every year and almost every day brings to light new and apparently in exhaustible supplies of coal in various parts of Montana. It used to be thought that the future prospects of our people for fuel supplies for domestic purposes, for smelting ores and running machin ery were particularly gloomy, but the whole thing has changed with the dis covery of abundance of coal in many quarters. In our cool Montana climate the necessity for cheap and ample fuel supply is a vital one. And the pos session of such vast resources of smelt ing ores is rendered doubly valuable to us for having fuel to reduce the ores at home. Not only does it ensure greater profits and quicker returns in working our ores, but industries will spring up at home to give employment to a large laboring population and furnish a market for a large share of our agricultural production. A new coal company has just been organized in this city to work the most extensive mines that we have yet heard of on Rocky Fork, to which two rail roads are now building. If the reported richness and extent of these mines is sustained they will prove alone ample for all our wants for centuries to come. It seems now probable that all eastern Montana is underlaid with coal. It ap pears all through the Yellowstone, Mus selshell and Missouri river valleys. The bad land formation seems to be the re sult of these coal veins having burned out, leaving the country only a bed of a>hes. The quantities and wide extent of these areas ensure us and all future generations of Montanians against any deficiency or monopoly of this indis pensible article. Recent practical tests of the Sand Coulee coal, made at Butte on a large scale, prove the value of those deposits very close at hand and very accessible. Hereafter coal will be the principal fuel for our city, and we can depend upon having an ample supply at cheap rates. With so much coal comes the reason able hope that coal oil and natural gas may some time be counted among our resources._ TRUSTS AND MONOPOLIES. One of the strong arguments in favor of building up home industries through protection is that it substitutes competi tion between home capitalists, inventors and skilied operatives for foreign compe tition of the same elements, and that the home competition is more readily ad justed and controlled than foreign, and subject, in a measure, to regulation by public opinion. Surely American pur chasers and consumers would, or in good reason ought to, prefer to pay the same profit to American manufacturers that foreigners would demand if they had no American competitors. If all manu facturers are to be considered and classed as capitalists, or more offensively still, as monopolists, why should we not prefer our own monopolists to foreigners of the same class? Home monopolists live among us, spend or invest their money here, pay taxes here and in many ways contribute to the State and the general welfare more than foreign monopolists would, to whom we should have to con tribute the same profits without any return. But the free trade gang are constantly inveighing against "trusts" as something inseperably connected with manufac tures, and as fostered by our protective duties. That this is a false charge, every one with moderate powers of observa tion and a decent respect for truth must concede. There are "trusts" for coal oil and cotton seed oil, which are not pro tected articles, as much and more than anything else that is protected, and there are combinations also to raise the price of wheat, corn and cotton, pork, and every single article in the market. These are just the same in nature, substance and purpose as trusts. In fact there is nothing protected or unprotected that may not become the subject of these combinations to corner the market and raise the price. If we had no duties on imports at all, there is no reason to suppose there would be any less of these combinations. If the com binations were made abroad they would be alike beyond the reach of our laws and public opinion. While they are among our own people we can reach them by some form of legislation, and Republicans are doing as much as Dem ocrats at least to find a remedy for this conceded evil. _ It seems to as that most of the hos tility to what is called convict labor is un mitigated demagoguery. To support crim inals in idleness makes them a constant dead weight upon the State. It is not good for the convicts and not good for the tax payers who have to bear the burden of their support. The plea that part of the availalable labor supply of the country shall be withdrawn from the labor market for the benefit of the rest of the laborers, involves the same prin ciple that makes trusts so objectionable. We can see some justice in forbidding the leasing out of prison labor and giving the employers of such labor an advantage over competitors, but there is no meaning in contrasting convict labor as distinctly dif ferent from honest labor. All useful labor is honest labor, and the State that is com pelled for the good of society to imprison and support a part of its subjects is entitled to their services and should provide some useful work for them to do. New Traffic Manager. Chicago, May 24.—E. P. Ripley has been appointed general traffic manager and Paul Morton general freight agent of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, to take effect May 25th. Morton will continue to act as general passenger agent for the present MEMORIAL DAY. To-dav is the day consecrated i to the memory of those who fell in the great struggle to save this union of states and dedicate it forever to freedom. The graves of those heroes are scattered all over the broad area of this great country and their ashes make it hal lowed soil. The passing years do not diminish, they only increase the sense of the value of their services and sacri fices. Every year increases the number of these graves that we bestrew with fading flowers. Ever}' year the great in heritance won by the sacrifices of these sleeping heroes shows an increase of value. They fought and suffered, lived and died for others more than for them selves, and with each succeeding genera tion the obligation of gratitude will increase. There is no dày of the whole round year that seems to us so worthy of general observance as this, dedicated especially to the memory of the common soldier in the war for the union. We honor ourselves' in honor ing the dead who died that we might live. Shall we selfishly enjoy what they won for us at such a cost and not drop a tear on their graves or pluck a flower to light up with a flash of beauty and fra grance the shrine of their consecrated memories?__ No doubt the free trade sentiment is stronger in New York Cily than anywhere else in the North, but it must be borne in mind also that New York City is one of the manufacturing centers of the country and the world, and has great vesiei interests at stake in manufacturing as well as reducing and abolishing duties. Tak : ng all classes of working men employed in various man ufactories in the city, who are directly in terested in sustaining such industries and keeping up the rate of wages, that depends upon the continuance and prosperity of manufactures, we believe that pro tection would control as many vote 3 as free trade in the city. We know the general opinion is to the contrary. We know that the only hope of Democratic success rests upon the support of the solid South and New York City. But we are confident that New York City will disap point the Democrats. We have also seen and conversed with New York manufac turers, and they tell us that the manufac turing interests are large and strong, that they employ a large proportion of the laboring population and that they are strongly opposed to free trade. If a stran ger in New York City falls into the hands of those*principally interested in foreign trade, he would conclude that the whole population was for free trade. But all the manufacturing interests are just as much opposed to it, and the majority on this issue would be very much below the aver age of Democratic majorities for New York and Brooklyn. The commercial interest is not as strong as it used to be in New York, add even with free trade is there any pros pect that any considerable portion of capi tal would be diverted from other invest ments to be put into ships, even if they could be built or bought abroad? Says a recent visitor to Decatur, in Northern Alabama: "When I visited Decatur two years ago it was only a junc tion village and a corn and cotton field; and a more hopeless and impoverished look ing locality it woald have been difficult to find elsewhere in the South. It was a strategic point during the war, and by the close of hostilities a town of 2500 inhabi tants was reduced to only five houses, so dismantled as to be quite useless, and the people were scattered and impoverished. Now the visitor is amazed by the change wrought by enterprise and capital withing the last ten months. It is estimated that six million dollars have been invested there within a year past. The most of this capital has come from the North, some from Great Britain and very little from the South itself. It boasts of a $100,000 hotel and a line of street cars run ning between it and the depot, a mile and a half distant, in a space where cotton grew last June. A million dollars has been spent within a year in grading streets constructing sewers, introducing street cars 1 electric lights, telephones, etc. The indus trial plants already founded will give em ployment to 4,300 operatives. There are now 7,000 people in a place where, one year ago, there were less than 700." This is a sample of what protection is capable of doing in the South, and this is not the only instance; a dozen others are mentioned as showing similar phenomenal growth. Memphis has grown from 35,000 in 1880 to 90,000 at present, and has become an active center of manufacturing industry. Over 300 such establishments are in busy operation. The amount of business done in Memph is last year reached $150,000,000 and the pop ulation increased 10,000. This does not look much like a country going to ruin. All that the South needs is to let well enough alone, to take advantage of the protective system and apply it to the de velopment of its own rich resources. The visit of Colonel Waring, the sani tary engineer, has aroused new interest in the sewerage question. His letter read be fore the club last night, the salient fea tures of which are given in our local col umns, presents some points that commend themselves to the attention of the City Council. While advocating no delay, it would be well for the Council to thoroughly consider the gigantic and important undertaking they have in hand. Let the matter be fully investi gated. All the professional advice they can get on the matter will not be too much. If the opinion of Col. Waring or that of any other prominent engineer will throw any additional light on the matter, the consideration of such advice can only inure to the good of the city. Let us have all the light possible on the subject and then proceed with our eyes open. Sudden Death. Washington, May 24.—Prof. E. B. El liot, who for years has held the office of government actuary in the Treasury De partment, died very suddenly this after noon from a stroke of apoplexy. CLEVELAND AND THURMAN. As the day of the convention draws near there seems to be a concentration of Democratic sentiment at least upon the candidates. No one has appeared to contest with Cleveland the first place on the ticket, and now it looks as if there would be about as much unanim ity in naming Thurman for the second place. Thurman has a national reputa tion and a good, clean record. We should much prefer to see him President than Cleveland and concede to start with that he will add strength and respectability to the ticket. But it is not to be a contest of men so much as one of policy and principles this time. The issue is to be protection or free trade; home market or foreign market, liberal wages or low wages ; the crude produc tion of raw materials against diversified industries, giving employment to all the higher grades of skilled labor; land commerce against ocean commerce ; the development of the interior of our na tional domain against the policy of concentrating all our wealth along the seacoast; home competi tion, where we can reach and control combinations and trusts against foreign competition beyond our control; growth, progress and independence against stag nation, retrogression and humiliating and uncertain dependence on foreign supplies. The line of demarcation is already drawn and no contest in this country ever so signally arrayed the pol icy that has made the United States great and prosperous against one that would degrade labor, tie up capital and stifle our growth, as is presented in the one now before the people of this country. Though the nominees of the Democratic party may be Northern men, the policy is Southern in every lineament and fibre. It is the policy of the old South, too, and not of the new South, suited only to the old slave sys tem when the theory was that capital should own labor. There is not going to be any evasion or masquerading. The people of the United States are too in telligent to be deceived by shams, de luded by false promises and hopes or di verted from attending to their own in terests in a sensible way. The caucus of Republican members of the House on Saturday voted unanimous ly that the pending tarif!' bill should be considered under the five minute rule in the usual way in the Committee of the Whole by section and paragraph. This, of course, will take time, but it will be time well spent and will afford each item some show to be considered on its own merits We see no reason why one bill should not serve as well as three or four. Randall has a bill of his own and the Republicans have been proposing to present another. Wby not make the pending bill conform to the wishes of the Republicans as much as pos sible? This is the course that seemed wis est to us from the outset. The Republicans are under no obligations to aid the Demo crats in getting to an early vote so that they can make capital for their convention or campaign. While we would not resort to any filibustering, we would fight every inch of ground, and if the majority is determined on unreasonable rates, make them as little unreasonable as possible. Time is important in this mat ter. We have the fullest confidence that the principle of protection is sound and that it will gain strength by discussion and sober reflection. The constituencies will be heard from, and many that are weak and wavering will be confirmed. The Mills bill is such a grossly unfair and sec tional one that it cannot but open the eyes of the men of the North to its purpose aDd effects. It may be after amendment it will express much nearer the wishes and convictions of protectionists. If it does not, then the Republicans can formulate another that will meet their wishes and will serve as a basis to go before the country. W T e have no idea that any bill will go through this Congress corresponding at all with the Mills bill. It is an issue that must be fully presented to the electors of the coun try for their direct verdict. There is much said in congress upon the heavy tax that the poor man in this country has to pay for his blankets on ac count of protection. The difference in price between the same articles in England and the United States is only 80 cents. The blankets that cost $5.25 in this country cost $4.45 in England. These English blankets sent to this country at additional cost and risk could not be sold at the same price. At first there might be a redaction of 25 cents per pair, but as soon as our sheep were killed off and our mills closed up and the woolen mills of England had to supply the demand in this country in ad dition to what they now supply the price would certainly advance again and we should have to go back to raising and manufacturing wool after having wasted millions in making the foolish experiment Killed by Bushwhackers. Abingdon, Va., May 28.—Engineers of the Tennessee Steel and Iron Company while surveying in Wise county on the 25th inst., were attacked by a body of men in the bushes and two of the party were killed. A company of guards employed to protect the engineers were driven off and routed. Great trouble is expected, and the settlers of the neighborhood warn the engineers to leave immediately. The cause of the trouble is a dispute over the possession of land which both settlers and company claim. Against Boulanger. Paris, May 24.—A Republican meet ing last evening, called by Clemenceau^ Joffrin and Ranc, adopted resolutions pledging those present to combat Boulan gerism and employ every means in their power to defeat a Cæzarian reaction, and declaring that a Republican and not a Bona partist revision of the constitution is need ed, followed by a progressive realization of constitutional, political and social reforms. STOLE HIS LETTERS. Blaine's Augusta Residence Burglar ized and Private Papers Pur loined. New York, May 28.— An Augusta special says : One of Blaine's prominent friends states that Blaine's house was broken into some time ago, daring 'the family's absence, and all his political and business correspondence and private papers, involving financial affairs which were in his library, were overhauled, carefully examined and a portion of them abstracted The matter had been kept secret in the hope that the thief would be discovered, but he has never been. The supposition is that the robbery was perpetrated in the expectation of obtaining something among Blaine's private papers, which might be used to his political injury, if ever wanted. The character of the papers stolen is un known. Augusta, Maine, May 28. —The Journal's reporters have investigated the published story of the robbery of Blaine's house and confirm the statement that in April, 1885, when Blaine was away, the house was en tered and the papers in his library were overhauled. Before leaving home Blaine had carefully reviewed all liis papers and had taken the papers relating to politics and business and locked them up in his vaults. The burglars got only the receipted bills and letters of congratulation. INDIAN SCARE. Rumored Outbreak of Dakota Hos tiles. St. Paul, May 27. —A Bismarck, Dak., special to the Pioneer Press says: Gov. Church on Friday received a telegram an nouncing great danger of an Indian out break at Oelricb, stating that residents and ranchmen were leaving. He immediately informed the war department and directed Col. Thorahy to proceed to Oelrich and in vestigate, also instructing Adjutant General Jenkins to have two companies of militia ready to move at once. The First regiment Territorial militia has also been notified. Col. Thornby yesterday telegraphed that the scare was started by friendly Indians on Friday telling ranchers to leave the country, as young Indians were going on the war path. Women and children left Oelrich and the town is wild with excite ment. Gen. Vilas telegraphed Gov. Church that all is reported quiet at Pineridge agency, which is 30 miles from Oelrich. THE BUTCHERS' CONVENTION. Beef, Pork and Lard Syndicates De nounced. Philadelphia, May 23.— The National Butchers' Protective Association recon vened this morning. The Butterworth bill was endorsed and congress asked to pass it soon. The question of lard adulteration was taken up. It was ordered to continue the agitation of the question before con gress until a law is passed prohibiting the sale of adulterated lard, or if its sale be allowed, that it be branded as such. A resolution was adopted directing the local associations of each State to see that bills are introduced in their legislatures to the end that it shall be unlawful to ex pose, sell or offer for sale any dressed beef or other fresh meats unless said dressed beef or fresh meats shall be inspected alive within the limits of the State. This appears to be intended as a death blow to Western dressed beef companies. The local committee of three appointed to prepare a paper against beef monopolies submitted a lengthy and vehement report. The committee style the cattle pool of Chicago as "the most infamous tyranny that ever existed in the United States." The report goes on to say : "We think also, that the worst combination in the country is the pork and adulterated lard packers. They have no equal in the Standard Oil trust, sugar trust, copper trust or any other trust They have had a powerful influence over our business for years. The prices of cattle to producers have gone down 50 per cent, and the price to consumers has increased, and every dollar difference has gone into the pocket of the combination." The report concluded with an injunction to strive for the inspection bill. Bar Association Convention. Washington, May 23.—The conven tion of delegates from the State and local bar association having for its object the formation of a national bar association, met again in session this morning and adopted a constitution. It provides that the name of the association shall be "The National Bar Association of the United States," the objects of which shall be to promote the unification, so far as practic able, of the laws of various States, which relate to matters in which the people of the United States have a common interest; to study the condition and promote the improvement of the judicial system of States and the United States, and to con sider the necessity and practicability of the establishment of international codes between civilized and commercial nations. The first annual meeting will be held at Cleveland, Ohio. August 8 next. Col. James O. Broadhead, of St. Louis, was elected president for the comiDg year, and G. S. Worthing, of District of Columbia, and Judge John H. Doyle, of Toledo, vice presidents. THE TARIFF. Democratic Caucus Tinkering with Mills' Bills. Washington, May 23.—The Democrat ic caucus re-assembled this evening with rather a slim attendance. Mr. Randall was present, but Speaker Carlisle was not, nor was Cox. The first few minutes of the caucus were spent in discussing the cotton schedule. Bliss, of New York, advo cating the amendment, which was rejec ted—that duty on cotton bagging be fixed at two cents per yard instead of 15 per cent, ad valorem as proposed in the bill. Upon motion of Holman, of Indiana, works of art were stricken from the free list, and their present duty retained. The debate ran on for two hours, when the members of the Ways and Means Committee made a determined effort to save the bill from tinkering, and opposition was shown towards the amendments encroaching npon salient features of the bill. As concession to Thompson and Briggs, California members duty on prunes and plums, was restored to existing figures of 1 per cent, per pound, but the duty on raisins was not changed, remaining at 11 cents per pound. Heard, of Missouri, secured the adoption of the amendment reducing the duty on new type from 24 to 17 per cent, to meet the criticisms of the Republicans upon coal aud iron ores. Sections to effect the bill would admit of the free entry of these articles. Langnage and paragraphs were changed so as to forbid any such construc tion. The wool and woolen schedules of the bill have been left as they came from Committee. Kaolin and pottery clays were stricken from the the free list, and restored to their old duties, but the duties on pottery was left to be fixed at the next caucus. Salt and salt machinery was likewise left open. Adjourned till Wed nesday. COURT SENSATION. Prominent Railroad Officials In dicted. Chicago, May 23.—There was another sensational scene in the Welch j ury bribery case to-day when the prosecution closed its side of the case with a motion that Welch be required to give bail for his ap pearance ,in court when the trial is resumed on Monday. "We shall also ask the court," continued the attorneys, "to hold Sumner W. Welch, C. B. Holmes and Wm. Sharkey to the Grand Jury on the criminal charge of conspiracy to defeat the ends of j ustice." This created a great com motion in court. The court fixed Welch's bail at $5,000, but said nothing as to the other matter. C. B. Holmes is superintend ent of the Chicago City Railway Company, which controls the extensive South Side cable road system and is well known throughout the East for his connection with Sunday school work and philantbrop ism. Welch was the agent who made a business of settling claims against the company, and it is charged he and Sharkey, an attorney, have been engaged in bribing jurors in suits brought against the railway company. The prosecuting attorney claims that all this was done with Holmes' consent and connivence. PilINCE AND PRINCESS. Marriage of Queen Victoria's Grand children. Berlin, May 24— The marriage of Prince Henry and Princes Irene was solemnized in the Chapel at Charlotten burg Castle to-day. All the bells at Char lottenburg were rung at noon to announce that the ceremony had commenced, and a salute of thirty-six guns was fired at 12:30, to announce that the bride and bridegroom had exchanged rings. Both Emperor Fredrick and the Dowager Empress Augusta were present during the ceremony. Prince Henry and the Crown Prince were dressed in naval uniforms. Thousands of people were assembled outside the castle. W'hen the aged General Von Moltke ar rived he was enthusiastically greeted by the multitude. The bride and bridegroom are first cousins and are grandchildren of Queen Victoria of England, Princess Irene being the daughter of the late Princess} Alice. DEATH ON THE RAIL. A Train Wrecked by Washouts. Kansas City, Mo., May 23. —About five miles from here the Wabash & Hannibal and St. Joe tracks run parallel. Last night a terriffic rain washed away a bridge over a ravine. Early this morning a Rock Island freight came around a curve and plunged into the ditch. Brakeman Royster was instantly killed and Brake man Armstrong went ahead to flag the Hannibal freight and walked along the Wabash track by mistake, when a Wabash freight dashed around tbecu ve and struck him, killing him instantly. The train rushed on and dropped down on the wreck of the Rock Island train. The bodies of five dead men supposed to be tramps, were taken out from the Wabash wreck. En gineer McClellan of the Wabash train, Ben Morris, a negro train hand, and John Snyder, a Rock Island fireman, were seri ously hurt, perhaps fatally. The pecuni ary loss will be very heavy. Amended Land Forfeiture Bill. Washington, May 28. —Chairman Hol man has been instructed by the House Committee on I'ublic Lands to report the substitute for Senate bill declaring forfeit ures unearned by railroad land grants. The substitute declares forfeiture of all lands granted to aid in construction of railroads opposite to and coterminous with portions of any such railroad constructed and completed within the time specified in granting acts, and provides for restora tion of ferfeited lands to the public do main. The substitute, it is believed, will make forfeiture of several times as much land as was covered by the Senate bill, which sim ply declared forfeiture of lands opposite uncompleted portions of roads, without re gard to time and completion. at of or at Tampering with the Crop Statistics. Cincinnati, May 28. —Statistician Dodge of the Department of Agriculture, having asked Mr. Murray, of the Price Current, whether charges of leakage in regard to the official crop report were referred to him (Dodge), the chief clerk or the Com missioner oi Agriculture, Murray says to day that his first statement completely ex onerated Dodge from complicity. There is an obligation on his (Murray's) part, con cerning certain particulars which has so far prevented a full statement by him. He adds that any official who may feel that the statement can be construed to apply to him, may find ready exoneration by writ ing him, excepting the man whose name was attached to the informa tion which came to the Price Current, and Murray adds that he shall not dodge the issue with this man. Agricultural Appropriation. Washington, May 28.—The House Committee on Agriculture to-day finished consideration of the agricultural appropri ation bill. As completed it appropriates for the fiscal year 1889, $1,591,860, an in crease over the appropriation for the cur rent year of $392,230. Family Poisoned. Council Grove, Kansas, May 28.—The family J. A. Allen, of this place, consisting of a "mother and two little girls, were poisoned last night with arsenic, placed in the coffee pot. The youngest child died to-day. Allen was not affected, as he did not drink any of the coffee, and circum stantial evidence points strongly to himself as the perpetrator of the fiendish deed. Fatal Gas Explosion. Frederick, Md., May 28.— An explo sion of gasoline occurred this evening in the store of A. F. Sellers daring the pro gress of a tire, wrecking the building and killing Chas. Peals, a boy of 11 years. A number of firemen who were in the build ing were frightfully cut, burned and braised. About 75 people who were watching the fire were injured by flying debris. Eight or ten of the injured will probably die. Mississippi Riot. New Orleans, May 24.—A special to the Times-Democrat from Jackson, Miss., says: A well founded rumor exists here of a riot among the negroes at Langaloo college, eight miles north of this place on the Illinois Central railroad. This was commencement day at the college and a large number of negroes had assembled. It is said that the negroes were drinking a good deal, and when the 4 p. m. down train passed some shooting had taken place, but no one had been hurt. A later telegram was received by the city marshal urging him to bring up his whole police force, as a riot was m pro gress. Nothing definite can be learned, as no answer can be obtained from the tele graph office. It is rumored that several negroes have been killed. Corner Stone Laid. Washington, May 24.— The corner stone of the divinity building of the new Catholic University of America was laid this aftemoon. SUNDAY MEETING. Dillon Denounces the Papal Rescript. Dublin, May 27.— John Dillon, speaking at Kildare to-day, denonneed the bishops who support the papal rescript regarding Ireland. He said the Nationalists' party was net afraid of any bishop's threats, nor of any mandate from the Vatican. It was not going to abandon the plan of campaign or boycotting, with which weapon it bad fought the battle until now. Healy, in a speech at Waterford, twitted the Pope with working his own plan of campaign when Sardinians grasped bis territory and with boycotting Victor Em manuel. Wm. O'Brien addressed a large meeting at Limerick. He uttered bitter invectives against Bishop O'Dwyer, saying the threats contained in the Bishop's manifesto, with reference to the rescript, wore the rashest and most unjust ever made. The Bishop O'Brien said, lel'c Limerick yesterday, after supplying copies of his manifesto to every Orange newspaper, but he did not send a copy to the Mayor, to whom his manifesto was nominally addressed and who dis covered it in the journals. O'Brien de clared never was anything falser than Bishop O'Dwyer's assertion that the Na tionalists were agitating against the Pope. The audience, which was greatly excited, uttered groans for Bishop O'Dwyer. A dozen other Parnellites spoke at vari ous places. About 20,000 persons attended the Limerick meeting. The better class of citizens and most the local clergymen were absent. Proposed Reunion of Catholic Societies. Chicago, May 27.—At a meeting to day of nearly 200 delegates of Irish Cath olic societies of Chicago, gathered to make arrangements for the annual reunion and outing of the societies, a motion of im portance was offered relating to the mass meeting of Irish Catholics to be held Thursday next. The object of the mass meeting is the consideration of the Papal rescript. The motion whicn carried with out a dissenting vote, was to the effect that it was the sense of all Catholics that they could manage their own political affairs, and that all Irish societies should attend me meeting to lend their voice to this belief. __ Dr. McGlynn's Greeting to the Tope. New York, May 27.—Dr. McGlynn, in his speech to-night, said that while Irish fools were sending £39,000 or £40,000 per annum to the Pope he sends them in re turn his blessing. Is it not strange that while money is being collected in New South Wales and other places to Ireland she sends this much to the Pope ? He said the Pope resembled that indivual who took the Saviour up into the mountain. Treasury Surplus. Washington, May 25.—The United States treasurer has paid $12,500,000 dur ing the present month on account of pensions alone, notwithstanding which fact the excess of receipts over the expendi rures during the month is nearly $5,000,000. The treasury surplus which fell to $96, 000,000 at one time during the month has again risen to $101,000,009. Wisconsin Tragedy. Viroqua, Wis , May 25.—Information was received here to-day of the murder of four persons last night in the town of Kickapoo. Mr. and Mrs. Reuben Drake, an old couple, were shot dead in their own honse by unknown parties, and the throats of their two little grandchildren were cut from ear to ear. Their lifeless bodies were fonnd this morning when their neighbors made an investigation—because of an un usual quietude about the house. The couple lay on the floor and the children were stretched in their beds. Everything wa3 turned upside down in the house, and it is supposed the murder was the result of an attempt at robbery. There is no clue to the perpetrators. Missouri Tragedy. Chicago, May 25.—A special to the Daily News from Brunswick, Mo, says: Wm. Miller saw his wife and John Mor gan sitting together in the depot to-day. Miller had reason to suspect his wife and Morgan, and drawing a revolver fired, two shots, one of which pierced the woman's breast, mortally wounding her. Turning the weapon on Morgan Miller shot him through the head, killing him instantly. Miller surrendered himself Victim of Opium Smoking. Boston, May 25.—Frank Mills, of Cali fornia, sub-freshman at Harvard College, 18 years old, died to-night from the etects of excessive opium smoking. Miils, with two companions, obtained some pipes, und on Thursday night, indulged in the vice. It is said Mills smoked several pipesfull in succession. He was made very ill and died to-night. His two companions are reported as dangerously sick. Their names are not made public. Murder and Suicide. Cleburn. Tex., May 27.—Yesterday N. W. Sheeler, engineer on the Gulf of Colo rado and Santa Fe railroad, shot and killed Bettie Davis, a cyprean with whom he had been living for the past year. After empty ing his revolver into the body of the wo man, he reloaded it, sat down on the bed in front of where she laid, placed the pis tol in his mouth and deliberately blew his own brains cut. Wife Murderer Hanged. St. Louis, May 27.—A special says : Wm. H. Roe, the murderer of his wife by poisoning, was hanged at Anderson, Grimes county, to-day. He was perfectly caliu, and persistently declared his innocence. At 2:35 o'clock he was iaunched into eternity. His neck was instantly broken. Bank Statement. New York, May 26.— The weekly bank statement shows a reserve increase of $539,990. The banks now hold $28,294,099 in excess of the legal rule. Live Stock. Chicago, May 23.—Cattle — Receipts 12,909 ; opened weak and generally steady. Inferior to extra 3 8005.00; stockers and feeders 2.5004 15 ; Texas steers 2.75 04.40. Sheep—Receipts 4,500 ; slow. Inferior to extra 3.0005.75 ; Texas stockers 1 60@ 2 85. Chicago, May 25— Cattle— Receipts, 8,000; stead} ; fancy, 5.25; steers, 3.8005.00; stockers and feeders, 2.900415; Texas steets, 2.7504.25. Sheep—Receipts, 7,000; steady; natives, 3.7505.25; westerns, 4 0005 00; Texans, 1.7504.30. Chicago, May 28.— Cattle - Receipts, 8,000; steady and 5010 higher; Texas cattle, 1,8505.10. Sheep—Receipts, 8,000 ; dull and 65 lower ; natives and western shorn, 4.00'j' 5.25 ; inferior to fair, 3 9003.50 ; Texans, 1.7504.20. Wool Market. Philadelphia, May 25.—Wool—Dali; normal. Boston, May 25.—Wool—Steady. Ohio and Pennsylvania extra fleeces, 23; XX,39; Michigan extra, 26027; No. 1 wools, 30(i 32; Michigan fine delaine, 23; Ohio fine delaine, 29032; Texas spring, 16016;! other grades unchanged.