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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 31, 1888, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1888-05-31/ed-1/seq-2/

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With an abundance of water quickly
available, our fire risks in Helena are
greatly reduced and the general feeling
is that rates of insurance should be con
siderably less. In early years we
suffered so much from fires that it has
come to be second nature to us to be all
the time extending our defenses. The
character of our buildings has greatly im
proved, and we have poured out money
like water on our fire department. Either
from greater care or extraordinary good
luck it has now been several years since
we have had any fire that has involved
any great loss. Still the insurance com
panies go on charging the old rates,
which are excessive in comparison with
those of eastern cities.
Now with the demonstration that was
so recently made of the capacity of the
Woolston Waterworks to cope with our
old enemy, the feeling is becoming gen
eral that there must be a reduction of
insurance rates by some means. If our
local agents are without the power to
mend the situation for us, we propose
the organization of a Home Mutual
Company that shall do the business.
We have capital enough and shrewd
business men to manage it, and with
much less than is now paid in premiums
we could give more general insurance
and in a short time build up a strong
home company whose rates would be
adjusted to the risks.
There are not many directions in
which we can invest our capital to good
purpose and on solid business principles,
but here is one surely that we ought to
take hold of with certainty of success
from the start. The capital paid in could
be invested to good profit. The expense
of management would not be greater
than in older countries and cities.
When losses occur they will be speedily
adjusted and paid. By taking small
risks at first and making them very gen
eral and reasonable, it will command
general favor and do a safe and profit
able business. Even those who are now
insured in outside companies will take
additional insurance in a home com
As the company gets more solid it
can extend its operations beyond the
limits of our city and draw its support
from a larger constituency.
The incidental benefits of having
home insurance would be 6een in the
readiness of our best citizens to take
hold of the fire department work and
manage it prudently and efficiently. Pub
lic opinion would become a unit in favor of
everything that could add to our securi
ty. By carrying our own risks we should
make up on one hand what would be
paid out by the other.
As it is now arranged, Helena comes
in with all the other cities of the Terri
tory, or a still wider area, and we have to
pay rates to cover the higher places. We
get no credit or benefit for our greater
care and outlay.
Here is a generally conceded hard
ship and it is for us to find some way of
escape or correction. Let our business
men look into the matter and see if they
have not ready means in their own
hands to break through the iron rule
that is laid upon us so heavily. Per
haps a public meeting might be the best
way to start the thing after some little
private reflection and neighborly com
parison of views.
We are in favor of all kinds of manu
facturing in the Lnited States to give
diversified employment to all kinds of
skilled labor, but we object to having
the chief products of Montana classed
as raw material and excluded from the
benlits of protection, as some attempt to
do, speaking for eastern manufacturers.
Representative Scott based his argument
for free wool upon the proposition that
it would benefit the wool manufacturers
of the country by giving them cheaper
raw material. Wool is not raw material
in any proper sense. The transforma
tion of bunch grass into wooly fibre is
more of a change than takes place at any
later stage in fashioning this fibre into
forms suitable for use and consumption.
Every four-legged sheep is a locomotive
woolen factory, where the most impor
tant and delicate part of the process is
performed; one entirely beyond the reach
of human skill and ingenuity to perform.
Compared with this branch of woolen
manufacture that the sheep performs, all
subsequent operations are rude and com
paratively unimportant. The grandest
woolen mill in the world is a clumsy
contrivance by the side of the delicate
and intricate processes of nature, by
which brouse and bunch-grass are trans
formed into tough, kinky woolen fibre.
We decidedly object to the part of the
woolen manufacture carried on in Mon
tana being stigmatized.as rough, inferior
and unimportant, and theÄfore un
worthy of protection. In fact it is the
most important part of the industry.
Out of the same raw material we pro
duce not only wool for clothing, but
mutton to eat, and skins for all sorts of
Sheep raising is one of the oldest and
most honored of all human employ
ments, and the curse and blight and
brand of Cain will rest upon any nation
that neglects to foster and favor the in
dustry. Those who wear wool have
always and probably always will rule
those who wear silk or cotton or any
other fibr e. _
Farming lands in the United .States
have been steadily advancing in value and
as steadily declining in free trade England.
Worcester, Mass., May 27.—Rev. C.
Wadsworth, Jr., pastor of Plymouth
church, resigned to-day, having accepted a
call to San Francisco.
Every year and almost every day
brings to light new and apparently in
exhaustible supplies of coal in various
parts of Montana. It used to be thought
that the future prospects of our people
for fuel supplies for domestic purposes,
for smelting ores and running machin
ery were particularly gloomy, but the
whole thing has changed with the dis
covery of abundance of coal in many
quarters. In our cool Montana climate
the necessity for cheap and ample fuel
supply is a vital one. And the pos
session of such vast resources of smelt
ing ores is rendered doubly valuable to
us for having fuel to reduce the ores
at home. Not only does it ensure
greater profits and quicker returns in
working our ores, but industries will
spring up at home to give employment
to a large laboring population and
furnish a market for a large share of our
agricultural production.
A new coal company has just been
organized in this city to work the most
extensive mines that we have yet heard
of on Rocky Fork, to which two rail
roads are now building. If the reported
richness and extent of these mines is
sustained they will prove alone ample
for all our wants for centuries to come.
It seems now probable that all eastern
Montana is underlaid with coal. It ap
pears all through the Yellowstone, Mus
selshell and Missouri river valleys. The
bad land formation seems to be the re
sult of these coal veins having burned
out, leaving the country only a bed of
a>hes. The quantities and wide extent
of these areas ensure us and all future
generations of Montanians against any
deficiency or monopoly of this indis
pensible article.
Recent practical tests of the Sand
Coulee coal, made at Butte on a large
scale, prove the value of those deposits
very close at hand and very accessible.
Hereafter coal will be the principal fuel
for our city, and we can depend upon
having an ample supply at cheap rates.
With so much coal comes the reason
able hope that coal oil and natural gas
may some time be counted among our
One of the strong arguments in favor
of building up home industries through
protection is that it substitutes competi
tion between home capitalists, inventors
and skilied operatives for foreign compe
tition of the same elements, and that the
home competition is more readily ad
justed and controlled than foreign, and
subject, in a measure, to regulation by
public opinion. Surely American pur
chasers and consumers would, or in good
reason ought to, prefer to pay the same
profit to American manufacturers that
foreigners would demand if they had no
American competitors. If all manu
facturers are to be considered and classed
as capitalists, or more offensively still,
as monopolists, why should we not prefer
our own monopolists to foreigners of the
same class? Home monopolists live
among us, spend or invest their money
here, pay taxes here and in many ways
contribute to the State and the general
welfare more than foreign monopolists
would, to whom we should have to con
tribute the same profits without any
But the free trade gang are constantly
inveighing against "trusts" as something
inseperably connected with manufac
tures, and as fostered by our protective
duties. That this is a false charge, every
one with moderate powers of observa
tion and a decent respect for truth must
concede. There are "trusts" for coal oil
and cotton seed oil, which are not pro
tected articles, as much and more than
anything else that is protected, and there
are combinations also to raise the price
of wheat, corn and cotton, pork, and
every single article in the market. These
are just the same in nature, substance
and purpose as trusts.
In fact there is nothing protected or
unprotected that may not become the
subject of these combinations to corner
the market and raise the price. If we
had no duties on imports at all, there is
no reason to suppose there would be any
less of these combinations. If the com
binations were made abroad they would
be alike beyond the reach of our laws
and public opinion. While they are
among our own people we can reach
them by some form of legislation, and
Republicans are doing as much as Dem
ocrats at least to find a remedy for this
conceded evil. _
It seems to as that most of the hos
tility to what is called convict labor is un
mitigated demagoguery. To support crim
inals in idleness makes them a constant
dead weight upon the State. It is not
good for the convicts and not good for the
tax payers who have to bear the burden of
their support. The plea that part of the
availalable labor supply of the country
shall be withdrawn from the labor market
for the benefit of the rest of
the laborers, involves the same prin
ciple that makes trusts so objectionable.
We can see some justice in forbidding the
leasing out of prison labor and giving the
employers of such labor an advantage over
competitors, but there is no meaning in
contrasting convict labor as distinctly dif
ferent from honest labor. All useful labor
is honest labor, and the State that is com
pelled for the good of society to imprison
and support a part of its subjects is entitled
to their services and should provide some
useful work for them to do.
New Traffic Manager.
Chicago, May 24.—E. P. Ripley has
been appointed general traffic manager and
Paul Morton general freight agent of the
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, to take
effect May 25th. Morton will continue to
act as general passenger agent for the
To-dav is the day consecrated i to
the memory of those who fell in the
great struggle to save this union of
states and dedicate it forever to freedom.
The graves of those heroes are scattered
all over the broad area of this great
country and their ashes make it hal
lowed soil. The passing years do not
diminish, they only increase the sense
of the value of their services and sacri
fices. Every year increases the number
of these graves that we bestrew with
fading flowers. Ever}' year the great in
heritance won by the sacrifices of these
sleeping heroes shows an increase of
value. They fought and suffered, lived
and died for others more than for them
selves, and with each succeeding genera
tion the obligation of gratitude will
increase. There is no dày of the
whole round year that seems to us so
worthy of general observance as this,
dedicated especially to the memory of
the common soldier in the war for the
union. We honor ourselves' in honor
ing the dead who died that we might
live. Shall we selfishly enjoy what they
won for us at such a cost and not drop a
tear on their graves or pluck a flower to
light up with a flash of beauty and fra
grance the shrine of their consecrated
No doubt the free trade sentiment is
stronger in New York Cily than anywhere
else in the North, but it must be borne in
mind also that New York City is one of the
manufacturing centers of the country and
the world, and has great vesiei interests at
stake in manufacturing as well as reducing
and abolishing duties. Tak : ng all classes
of working men employed in various man
ufactories in the city, who are directly in
terested in sustaining such industries and
keeping up the rate of wages, that depends
upon the continuance and prosperity of
manufactures, we believe that pro
tection would control as many
vote 3 as free trade in the city. We know
the general opinion is to the contrary. We
know that the only hope of Democratic
success rests upon the support of the solid
South and New York City. But we are
confident that New York City will disap
point the Democrats. We have also seen
and conversed with New York manufac
turers, and they tell us that the manufac
turing interests are large and strong, that
they employ a large proportion of the
laboring population and that they are
strongly opposed to free trade. If a stran
ger in New York City falls into the hands
of those*principally interested in foreign
trade, he would conclude that the whole
population was for free trade. But all the
manufacturing interests are just as much
opposed to it, and the majority on this
issue would be very much below the aver
age of Democratic majorities for New York
and Brooklyn. The commercial interest is
not as strong as it used to be in New York,
add even with free trade is there any pros
pect that any considerable portion of capi
tal would be diverted from other invest
ments to be put into ships, even if they
could be built or bought abroad?
Says a recent visitor to Decatur,
in Northern Alabama: "When I visited
Decatur two years ago it was only a junc
tion village and a corn and cotton field;
and a more hopeless and impoverished look
ing locality it woald have been difficult to
find elsewhere in the South. It was a
strategic point during the war, and by the
close of hostilities a town of 2500 inhabi
tants was reduced to only five houses, so
dismantled as to be quite useless,
and the people were scattered and
impoverished. Now the visitor is amazed
by the change wrought by enterprise and
capital withing the last ten months. It is
estimated that six million dollars have
been invested there within a year past.
The most of this capital has come from the
North, some from Great Britain and very
little from the South itself. It boasts of a
$100,000 hotel and a line of street cars run
ning between it and the depot, a mile and
a half distant, in a space where cotton
grew last June. A million dollars has
been spent within a year in grading streets
constructing sewers, introducing street cars 1
electric lights, telephones, etc. The indus
trial plants already founded will give em
ployment to 4,300 operatives. There are
now 7,000 people in a place where, one
year ago, there were less than 700." This
is a sample of what protection is capable
of doing in the South, and this is not the
only instance; a dozen others are mentioned
as showing similar phenomenal growth.
Memphis has grown from 35,000 in
1880 to 90,000 at present, and
has become an active center of
manufacturing industry. Over 300 such
establishments are in busy operation.
The amount of business done in Memph is
last year reached $150,000,000 and the pop
ulation increased 10,000. This does not
look much like a country going to ruin.
All that the South needs is to let well
enough alone, to take advantage of the
protective system and apply it to the de
velopment of its own rich resources.
The visit of Colonel Waring, the sani
tary engineer, has aroused new interest in
the sewerage question. His letter read be
fore the club last night, the salient fea
tures of which are given in our local col
umns, presents some points that commend
themselves to the attention of the City
Council. While advocating no delay, it
would be well for the Council
to thoroughly consider the gigantic
and important undertaking they have in
hand. Let the matter be fully investi
gated. All the professional advice they
can get on the matter will not be too
much. If the opinion of Col. Waring or
that of any other prominent engineer will
throw any additional light on the matter,
the consideration of such advice can only
inure to the good of the city. Let us have
all the light possible on the subject and
then proceed with our eyes open.
Sudden Death.
Washington, May 24.—Prof. E. B. El
liot, who for years has held the office of
government actuary in the Treasury De
partment, died very suddenly this after
noon from a stroke of apoplexy.
As the day of the convention draws
near there seems to be a concentration
of Democratic sentiment at least upon
the candidates. No one has appeared
to contest with Cleveland the first place
on the ticket, and now it looks as if
there would be about as much unanim
ity in naming Thurman for the second
place. Thurman has a national reputa
tion and a good, clean record. We
should much prefer to see him President
than Cleveland and concede to start
with that he will add strength and
respectability to the ticket. But
it is not to be a contest of men so much
as one of policy and principles this time.
The issue is to be protection or free trade;
home market or foreign market, liberal
wages or low wages ; the crude produc
tion of raw materials against diversified
industries, giving employment to all the
higher grades of skilled labor; land
commerce against ocean commerce ; the
development of the interior of our na
tional domain against the policy
of concentrating all our wealth
along the seacoast; home competi
tion, where we can reach and control
combinations and trusts against foreign
competition beyond our control; growth,
progress and independence against stag
nation, retrogression and humiliating
and uncertain dependence on foreign
supplies. The line of demarcation is
already drawn and no contest in this
country ever so signally arrayed the pol
icy that has made the United States
great and prosperous against one
that would degrade labor, tie up
capital and stifle our growth,
as is presented in the one
now before the people of this
country. Though the nominees of
the Democratic party may be Northern
men, the policy is Southern in every
lineament and fibre. It is the policy of
the old South, too, and not of the new
South, suited only to the old slave sys
tem when the theory was that capital
should own labor. There is not going
to be any evasion or masquerading. The
people of the United States are too in
telligent to be deceived by shams, de
luded by false promises and hopes or di
verted from attending to their own in
terests in a sensible way.
The caucus of Republican members of
the House on Saturday voted unanimous
ly that the pending tarif!' bill should be
considered under the five minute rule in
the usual way in the Committee of the
Whole by section and paragraph. This, of
course, will take time, but it will be time
well spent and will afford each item some
show to be considered on its own merits
We see no reason why one bill should not
serve as well as three or four. Randall has
a bill of his own and the Republicans have
been proposing to present another. Wby
not make the pending bill conform to the
wishes of the Republicans as much as pos
sible? This is the course that seemed wis
est to us from the outset. The Republicans
are under no obligations to aid the Demo
crats in getting to an early vote so that
they can make capital for their convention
or campaign. While we would not resort
to any filibustering, we would fight
every inch of ground, and if the
majority is determined on unreasonable
rates, make them as little unreasonable as
possible. Time is important in this mat
ter. We have the fullest confidence that
the principle of protection is sound and
that it will gain strength by discussion and
sober reflection. The constituencies will
be heard from, and many that are weak
and wavering will be confirmed. The
Mills bill is such a grossly unfair and sec
tional one that it cannot but
open the eyes of the men of the
North to its purpose aDd effects. It
may be after amendment it will express
much nearer the wishes and convictions of
protectionists. If it does not, then the
Republicans can formulate another that
will meet their wishes and will serve as a
basis to go before the country. W T e have
no idea that any bill will go through this
Congress corresponding at all with the
Mills bill. It is an issue that must be
fully presented to the electors of the coun
try for their direct verdict.
There is much said in congress upon
the heavy tax that the poor man in this
country has to pay for his blankets on ac
count of protection. The difference in price
between the same articles in England and
the United States is only 80 cents. The
blankets that cost $5.25 in this country
cost $4.45 in England. These English
blankets sent to this country at additional
cost and risk could not be sold at the same
price. At first there might be a redaction
of 25 cents per pair, but as soon as our
sheep were killed off and our mills closed
up and the woolen mills of England had to
supply the demand in this country in ad
dition to what they now supply the price
would certainly advance again and we
should have to go back to raising and
manufacturing wool after having wasted
millions in making the foolish experiment
Killed by Bushwhackers.
Abingdon, Va., May 28.—Engineers of
the Tennessee Steel and Iron Company
while surveying in Wise county on the
25th inst., were attacked by a body of men
in the bushes and two of the party were
killed. A company of guards employed to
protect the engineers were driven off and
routed. Great trouble is expected, and
the settlers of the neighborhood warn the
engineers to leave immediately. The
cause of the trouble is a dispute over the
possession of land which both settlers and
company claim.
Against Boulanger.
Paris, May 24.—A Republican meet
ing last evening, called by Clemenceau^
Joffrin and Ranc, adopted resolutions
pledging those present to combat Boulan
gerism and employ every means in their
power to defeat a Cæzarian reaction, and
declaring that a Republican and not a Bona
partist revision of the constitution is need
ed, followed by a progressive realization of
constitutional, political and social reforms.
Blaine's Augusta Residence Burglar
ized and Private Papers Pur
New York, May 28.— An Augusta
special says : One of Blaine's prominent
friends states that Blaine's house was
broken into some time ago, daring 'the
family's absence, and all his political and
business correspondence and private papers,
involving financial affairs which were in
his library, were overhauled, carefully
examined and a portion of them abstracted
The matter had been kept secret in the
hope that the thief would be discovered,
but he has never been. The supposition is
that the robbery was perpetrated in the
expectation of obtaining something among
Blaine's private papers, which might be
used to his political injury, if ever wanted.
The character of the papers stolen is un
Augusta, Maine, May 28. —The Journal's
reporters have investigated the published
story of the robbery of Blaine's house and
confirm the statement that in April, 1885,
when Blaine was away, the house was en
tered and the papers in his library were
overhauled. Before leaving home Blaine
had carefully reviewed all liis papers and
had taken the papers relating to politics
and business and locked them up in his
vaults. The burglars got only the receipted
bills and letters of congratulation.
Rumored Outbreak of Dakota Hos
St. Paul, May 27. —A Bismarck, Dak.,
special to the Pioneer Press says: Gov.
Church on Friday received a telegram an
nouncing great danger of an Indian out
break at Oelricb, stating that residents and
ranchmen were leaving. He immediately
informed the war department and directed
Col. Thorahy to proceed to Oelrich and in
vestigate, also instructing Adjutant General
Jenkins to have two companies of militia
ready to move at once. The First regiment
Territorial militia has also been notified.
Col. Thornby yesterday telegraphed that
the scare was started by friendly Indians
on Friday telling ranchers to leave the
country, as young Indians were going on
the war path. Women and children left
Oelrich and the town is wild with excite
ment. Gen. Vilas telegraphed Gov. Church
that all is reported quiet at Pineridge
agency, which is 30 miles from Oelrich.
Beef, Pork and Lard Syndicates De
Philadelphia, May 23.— The National
Butchers' Protective Association recon
vened this morning. The Butterworth bill
was endorsed and congress asked to pass it
soon. The question of lard adulteration
was taken up. It was ordered to continue
the agitation of the question before con
gress until a law is passed prohibiting the
sale of adulterated lard, or if its sale be
allowed, that it be branded as such.
A resolution was adopted directing the
local associations of each State to see that
bills are introduced in their legislatures to
the end that it shall be unlawful to ex
pose, sell or offer for sale any dressed beef
or other fresh meats unless said dressed
beef or fresh meats shall be inspected alive
within the limits of the State.
This appears to be intended as a death
blow to Western dressed beef companies.
The local committee of three appointed
to prepare a paper against beef monopolies
submitted a lengthy and vehement report.
The committee style the cattle pool of
Chicago as "the most infamous tyranny
that ever existed in the United States."
The report goes on to say : "We think
also, that the worst combination in the
country is the pork and adulterated lard
packers. They have no equal in the
Standard Oil trust, sugar trust, copper
trust or any other trust They have had
a powerful influence over our business for
years. The prices of cattle to producers
have gone down 50 per cent, and the price
to consumers has increased, and every
dollar difference has gone into the pocket
of the combination."
The report concluded with an injunction
to strive for the inspection bill.
Bar Association Convention.
Washington, May 23.—The conven
tion of delegates from the State and local
bar association having for its object the
formation of a national bar association,
met again in session this morning and
adopted a constitution. It provides that
the name of the association shall be "The
National Bar Association of the United
States," the objects of which shall be to
promote the unification, so far as practic
able, of the laws of various States, which
relate to matters in which the people of
the United States have a common interest;
to study the condition and promote the
improvement of the judicial system of
States and the United States, and to con
sider the necessity and practicability of
the establishment of international codes
between civilized and commercial nations.
The first annual meeting will be held at
Cleveland, Ohio. August 8 next. Col.
James O. Broadhead, of St. Louis, was
elected president for the comiDg year, and
G. S. Worthing, of District of Columbia,
and Judge John H. Doyle, of Toledo, vice
Democratic Caucus Tinkering with
Mills' Bills.
Washington, May 23.—The Democrat
ic caucus re-assembled this evening with
rather a slim attendance. Mr. Randall
was present, but Speaker Carlisle was not,
nor was Cox. The first few minutes of
the caucus were spent in discussing the
cotton schedule. Bliss, of New York, advo
cating the amendment, which was rejec
ted—that duty on cotton bagging be fixed
at two cents per yard instead of 15 per
cent, ad valorem as proposed in the bill.
Upon motion of Holman, of Indiana, works
of art were stricken from the free list, and
their present duty retained. The debate
ran on for two hours, when the members of
the Ways and Means Committee made a
determined effort to save the bill from
tinkering, and opposition was shown
towards the amendments encroaching npon
salient features of the bill. As concession to
Thompson and Briggs, California members
duty on prunes and plums, was restored to
existing figures of 1 per cent, per pound,
but the duty on raisins was not changed,
remaining at 11 cents per pound.
Heard, of Missouri, secured the adoption
of the amendment reducing the duty on
new type from 24 to 17 per cent, to meet
the criticisms of the Republicans upon
coal aud iron ores. Sections to effect the
bill would admit of the free entry of these
articles. Langnage and paragraphs were
changed so as to forbid any such construc
tion. The wool and woolen schedules of
the bill have been left as they came from
Committee. Kaolin and pottery clays
were stricken from the the free list, and
restored to their old duties, but the duties
on pottery was left to be fixed at the next
caucus. Salt and salt machinery was
likewise left open. Adjourned till Wed
Prominent Railroad Officials In
Chicago, May 23.—There was another
sensational scene in the Welch j ury bribery
case to-day when the prosecution closed
its side of the case with a motion that
Welch be required to give bail for his ap
pearance ,in court when the trial is
resumed on Monday. "We shall also ask
the court," continued the attorneys, "to
hold Sumner W. Welch, C. B. Holmes and
Wm. Sharkey to the Grand Jury on the
criminal charge of conspiracy to defeat the
ends of j ustice." This created a great com
motion in court. The court fixed Welch's
bail at $5,000, but said nothing as to the
other matter. C. B. Holmes is superintend
ent of the Chicago City Railway Company,
which controls the extensive South Side
cable road system and is well known
throughout the East for his connection
with Sunday school work and philantbrop
ism. Welch was the agent who made a
business of settling claims against the
company, and it is charged he and
Sharkey, an attorney, have been engaged
in bribing jurors in suits brought against
the railway company. The prosecuting
attorney claims that all this was done with
Holmes' consent and connivence.
Marriage of Queen Victoria's Grand
Berlin, May 24— The marriage of
Prince Henry and Princes Irene was
solemnized in the Chapel at Charlotten
burg Castle to-day. All the bells at Char
lottenburg were rung at noon to announce
that the ceremony had commenced, and a
salute of thirty-six guns was fired at 12:30,
to announce that the bride and bridegroom
had exchanged rings. Both Emperor
Fredrick and the Dowager Empress
Augusta were present during the ceremony.
Prince Henry and the Crown Prince were
dressed in naval uniforms. Thousands of
people were assembled outside the castle.
W'hen the aged General Von Moltke ar
rived he was enthusiastically greeted by
the multitude. The bride and bridegroom
are first cousins and are grandchildren of
Queen Victoria of England, Princess Irene
being the daughter of the late Princess}
A Train Wrecked by Washouts.
Kansas City, Mo., May 23. —About five
miles from here the Wabash & Hannibal
and St. Joe tracks run parallel. Last night
a terriffic rain washed away a bridge over
a ravine. Early this morning a Rock
Island freight came around a curve and
plunged into the ditch. Brakeman
Royster was instantly killed and Brake
man Armstrong went ahead to flag the
Hannibal freight and walked along the
Wabash track by mistake, when a Wabash
freight dashed around tbecu ve and struck
him, killing him instantly. The train
rushed on and dropped down on the wreck
of the Rock Island train. The bodies of
five dead men supposed to be tramps, were
taken out from the Wabash wreck. En
gineer McClellan of the Wabash train, Ben
Morris, a negro train hand, and John
Snyder, a Rock Island fireman, were seri
ously hurt, perhaps fatally. The pecuni
ary loss will be very heavy.
Amended Land Forfeiture Bill.
Washington, May 28. —Chairman Hol
man has been instructed by the House
Committee on I'ublic Lands to report the
substitute for Senate bill declaring forfeit
ures unearned by railroad land grants.
The substitute declares forfeiture of all
lands granted to aid in construction of
railroads opposite to and coterminous with
portions of any such railroad constructed
and completed within the time specified
in granting acts, and provides for restora
tion of ferfeited lands to the public do
The substitute, it is believed, will make
forfeiture of several times as much land as
was covered by the Senate bill, which sim
ply declared forfeiture of lands opposite
uncompleted portions of roads, without re
gard to time and completion.
Tampering with the Crop Statistics.
Cincinnati, May 28. —Statistician Dodge
of the Department of Agriculture, having
asked Mr. Murray, of the Price Current,
whether charges of leakage in regard to
the official crop report were referred to
him (Dodge), the chief clerk or the Com
missioner oi Agriculture, Murray says to
day that his first statement completely ex
onerated Dodge from complicity. There is
an obligation on his (Murray's) part, con
cerning certain particulars which has so
far prevented a full statement by him. He
adds that any official who may feel that
the statement can be construed to apply to
him, may find ready exoneration by writ
ing him, excepting the man whose
name was attached to the informa
tion which came to the Price Current, and
Murray adds that he shall not dodge the
issue with this man.
Agricultural Appropriation.
Washington, May 28.—The House
Committee on Agriculture to-day finished
consideration of the agricultural appropri
ation bill. As completed it appropriates
for the fiscal year 1889, $1,591,860, an in
crease over the appropriation for the cur
rent year of $392,230.
Family Poisoned.
Council Grove, Kansas, May 28.—The
family J. A. Allen, of this place, consisting
of a "mother and two little girls, were
poisoned last night with arsenic, placed in
the coffee pot. The youngest child died
to-day. Allen was not affected, as he did
not drink any of the coffee, and circum
stantial evidence points strongly to himself
as the perpetrator of the fiendish deed.
Fatal Gas Explosion.
Frederick, Md., May 28.— An explo
sion of gasoline occurred this evening in
the store of A. F. Sellers daring the pro
gress of a tire, wrecking the building and
killing Chas. Peals, a boy of 11 years. A
number of firemen who were in the build
ing were frightfully cut, burned and
braised. About 75 people who were
watching the fire were injured by flying
debris. Eight or ten of the injured will
probably die.
Mississippi Riot.
New Orleans, May 24.—A special to
the Times-Democrat from Jackson, Miss.,
says: A well founded rumor exists here
of a riot among the negroes at Langaloo
college, eight miles north of this place on
the Illinois Central railroad. This was
commencement day at the college and a
large number of negroes had assembled.
It is said that the negroes were drinking a
good deal, and when the 4 p. m. down
train passed some shooting had taken
place, but no one had been hurt.
A later telegram was received by the
city marshal urging him to bring up his
whole police force, as a riot was m pro
gress. Nothing definite can be learned, as
no answer can be obtained from the tele
graph office. It is rumored that several
negroes have been killed.
Corner Stone Laid.
Washington, May 24.— The corner
stone of the divinity building of the new
Catholic University of America was laid
this aftemoon.
Dillon Denounces the Papal Rescript.
Dublin, May 27.— John Dillon, speaking
at Kildare to-day, denonneed the bishops
who support the papal rescript regarding
Ireland. He said the Nationalists' party
was net afraid of any bishop's threats, nor
of any mandate from the Vatican. It was
not going to abandon the plan of campaign
or boycotting, with which weapon it bad
fought the battle until now.
Healy, in a speech at Waterford, twitted
the Pope with working his own plan of
campaign when Sardinians grasped bis
territory and with boycotting Victor Em
Wm. O'Brien addressed a large meeting
at Limerick. He uttered bitter invectives
against Bishop O'Dwyer, saying the threats
contained in the Bishop's manifesto, with
reference to the rescript, wore the rashest
and most unjust ever made. The Bishop
O'Brien said, lel'c Limerick yesterday, after
supplying copies of his manifesto to every
Orange newspaper, but he did not send a
copy to the Mayor, to whom his manifesto
was nominally addressed and who dis
covered it in the journals. O'Brien de
clared never was anything falser than
Bishop O'Dwyer's assertion that the Na
tionalists were agitating against the Pope.
The audience, which was greatly excited,
uttered groans for Bishop O'Dwyer.
A dozen other Parnellites spoke at vari
ous places. About 20,000 persons attended
the Limerick meeting. The better class
of citizens and most the local clergymen
were absent.
Proposed Reunion of Catholic
Chicago, May 27.—At a meeting to
day of nearly 200 delegates of Irish Cath
olic societies of Chicago, gathered to make
arrangements for the annual reunion and
outing of the societies, a motion of im
portance was offered relating to the mass
meeting of Irish Catholics to be held
Thursday next. The object of the mass
meeting is the consideration of the Papal
rescript. The motion whicn carried with
out a dissenting vote, was to the effect that
it was the sense of all Catholics that they
could manage their own political affairs,
and that all Irish societies should attend
me meeting to lend their voice to this
belief. __
Dr. McGlynn's Greeting to the Tope.
New York, May 27.—Dr. McGlynn, in
his speech to-night, said that while Irish
fools were sending £39,000 or £40,000 per
annum to the Pope he sends them in re
turn his blessing. Is it not strange that
while money is being collected in New
South Wales and other places to Ireland she
sends this much to the Pope ? He said the
Pope resembled that indivual who took the
Saviour up into the mountain.
Treasury Surplus.
Washington, May 25.—The United
States treasurer has paid $12,500,000 dur
ing the present month on account of
pensions alone, notwithstanding which
fact the excess of receipts over the expendi
rures during the month is nearly $5,000,000.
The treasury surplus which fell to $96,
000,000 at one time during the month has
again risen to $101,000,009.
Wisconsin Tragedy.
Viroqua, Wis , May 25.—Information
was received here to-day of the murder of
four persons last night in the town of
Kickapoo. Mr. and Mrs. Reuben Drake,
an old couple, were shot dead in their own
honse by unknown parties, and the throats
of their two little grandchildren were cut
from ear to ear. Their lifeless bodies were
fonnd this morning when their neighbors
made an investigation—because of an un
usual quietude about the house. The
couple lay on the floor and the children
were stretched in their beds. Everything
wa3 turned upside down in the house, and
it is supposed the murder was the result of
an attempt at robbery. There is no clue
to the perpetrators.
Missouri Tragedy.
Chicago, May 25.—A special to the
Daily News from Brunswick, Mo, says:
Wm. Miller saw his wife and John Mor
gan sitting together in the depot to-day.
Miller had reason to suspect his wife and
Morgan, and drawing a revolver fired, two
shots, one of which pierced the woman's
breast, mortally wounding her. Turning
the weapon on Morgan Miller shot him
through the head, killing him instantly.
Miller surrendered himself
Victim of Opium Smoking.
Boston, May 25.—Frank Mills, of Cali
fornia, sub-freshman at Harvard College,
18 years old, died to-night from the etects
of excessive opium smoking. Miils, with
two companions, obtained some pipes, und
on Thursday night, indulged in the vice.
It is said Mills smoked several pipesfull in
succession. He was made very ill and died
to-night. His two companions are reported
as dangerously sick. Their names are not
made public.
Murder and Suicide.
Cleburn. Tex., May 27.—Yesterday N.
W. Sheeler, engineer on the Gulf of Colo
rado and Santa Fe railroad, shot and killed
Bettie Davis, a cyprean with whom he had
been living for the past year. After empty
ing his revolver into the body of the wo
man, he reloaded it, sat down on the bed
in front of where she laid, placed the pis
tol in his mouth and deliberately blew his
own brains cut.
Wife Murderer Hanged.
St. Louis, May 27.—A special says :
Wm. H. Roe, the murderer of his wife by
poisoning, was hanged at Anderson, Grimes
county, to-day. He was perfectly caliu,
and persistently declared his innocence. At
2:35 o'clock he was iaunched into eternity.
His neck was instantly broken.
Bank Statement.
New York, May 26.— The weekly bank
statement shows a reserve increase of
$539,990. The banks now hold $28,294,099
in excess of the legal rule.
Live Stock.
Chicago, May 23.—Cattle — Receipts
12,909 ; opened weak and generally steady.
Inferior to extra 3 8005.00; stockers and
feeders 2.5004 15 ; Texas steers 2.75 04.40.
Sheep—Receipts 4,500 ; slow. Inferior
to extra 3.0005.75 ; Texas stockers 1 [email protected]
2 85.
Chicago, May 25— Cattle— Receipts,
8,000; stead} ; fancy, 5.25; steers, 3.8005.00;
stockers and feeders, 2.900415; Texas
steets, 2.7504.25.
Sheep—Receipts, 7,000; steady; natives,
3.7505.25; westerns, 4 0005 00; Texans,
Chicago, May 28.— Cattle - Receipts,
8,000; steady and 5010 higher; Texas
cattle, 1,8505.10.
Sheep—Receipts, 8,000 ; dull and 65
lower ; natives and western shorn, 4.00'j'
5.25 ; inferior to fair, 3 9003.50 ; Texans,
Wool Market.
Philadelphia, May 25.—Wool—Dali;
Boston, May 25.—Wool—Steady. Ohio
and Pennsylvania extra fleeces, 23; XX,39;
Michigan extra, 26027; No. 1 wools, 30(i
32; Michigan fine delaine, 23; Ohio fine
delaine, 29032; Texas spring, 16016;!
other grades unchanged.

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