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OREGON SENDS GREETING.
Monday's election in Oregon is pro pitious of the result in November. Its primary, substantial fruits are a Repub lican Representative and U. S. Senator. Its secondary, but quite as significant result is an emphatic condemnation and repudiation of the free trade policy of the Democratic administration and party. Extraordinary efforts had been put forth to carry Oiegon, so that the glad tidings might enthuse the ratifica tion meeting that Cleveland has called at St. Louis. Free trade orators were sent out from the East to instruct the benighted Oregonians upon the beauties of that delectable doc trine that would reduce this country to the position of colonial de pendence upon England. The result ia eminently satisfactory. As the first di rect popular verdict upon the Cleveland message and the Mills bill it may be re garded as quite decisive of the national contest to be fought on the same issue. Oregon has been quite generally regard ed as doubtful and debatable ground. It is so no longer. Cleveland has made it as reliably Republican as Vermont or Iowa. The successs that crowned the Demo cratic efforts to restore the Confederacy to power, emboldened the leaders to at tempt to undo the results of the war of Independence also, and subordinate American industries to the blighting rule of English capitalists. " Whom the Gods would destroy, they first make mad." This has been beautifully illus trated in the career of the Democratic party. Rendered fatuously blind by the appa rent ease with which the South was brought back to power with an increase of strength, the Democratic party has essayed to reduce the free labor of the North to the level of the blacks in the South and the little better white labor of the continent. The press has given to the people the arguments used in Congress. Free trade is most plausible on first presentation. If the people of Oregon have reached the conclusion that protection is best for them, we may safely conclude that longer and fuller discussion will bring every Northern constituency to the same conclusion still more clearly and stoutly. Democrats will try to explain away the force of this Oregon verdict. We shall be told that the sheep interest was very strong in Oregon and its hostility was to be expected ; that recent immi gration has been largely Republican ; that an unfortunate selection was made of imported orators and that the Demo crats were divided and apathetic. None of these explanations satisfy the condi tions of the case. It is well known that the Republicans of Oregon have been rent with bitter personal feuds, and it was that which caused well grounded fears of tiie issue on Monday last. Indiana, New York, New Jersey and Connecticut are no more doubtful than Oregon, and unless the Democrats take warning and shift their grounds on the tariff, which they can hardly do, we feel reasonably sure that Cleveland will not get a Northern elec toral vote. For it so happens that the Northern States that are classed as Democratic are all particularly interest ed in protection. The two doubtful states in which the Democrats hoped to win Senators and gain control of the United States Senate, were Oregon and New Jersey. Now their only chance is to save New Jersey and secure a Democratic Vice President. But New Jersey on the tariff issue is as sure to be Republican as Massachu setts. Oregon, it must be remembered is as purely an agricultural State as any in the north. The fallacy of free trade was counted on as peculiarly taking to farmers. The result in Oregon may be taken as an indication that there is too much sound sense among farmers to allow them to think that it is no concern to them whether their home market is preserved to them or thrown open to the whole world. As goes Oregon, so goes the whole North. Whether the farce at St. Louis holds two days or two weeks will make no difference. The delegates have been called together to endorse Cleveland's nomination of himself and his message. Nothing more can be made of it, no matter how hard they try. The English, French and Germans are industriously picking up and annexing all the islands of the Pacific ocean, and here is the United States, with greater prospec tive interests in the Pacific commerce than all the nations of Europe together, doirg nothing. Perhaps it could do no good to say anything without a navy to enforce re spect to our representations. Bnt if we had any proper conception of our future needs our President or Secretary of State would inform all these nations that we could not recognize that right to acquire any exclusive possession of these natural way stations for a commerce in which, as a nation, we have the greatest stake. There is bnt one way to settle this business and that is for us to construct a navy. The nation with a superior navy will control the destinies and commerce of all the islands of the oceans in any part of the world. Sixes Blaine has been oat of the case there seems to have been a large accession to the strength of Gresham. There is noth ing like bitterness yet engendered among the Republican competitors, nor is there likely to be. While Sherman will proba bly have the largest vote on the first bal lot, his candidacy does not seem to enlist the enthusiasm that generally contributes so mueh to success. CONVENTION DAY. Ordinarily the meeting of the national convention of either of the great politi cal parties in this country is a matter of exceeding interest. The person named by one of the conventions will occupy the most honorable, important and powerful positions in the world. Well may great interest attach to every step that leads up to this acme of human power and honor. But somehow it hap pens that the work to be done by the convention to-day is all laid out and known in advance. For months past it has been known that Cleveland would be renominated. There was at one time some little snow of opposition because the President did not turn over the offices quite fast enough, but he has left nothing to be desired of late and that opposition pass ed quickly and quietly away. There were some references by political oppo nents to the position assumed by Cleve land in his inaugural in regard to the propriety of a single term. But neither the president nor any of his supporters have ever referred to the subject serious ly. Certainly there must have been something in Cleveland's acts and con versation since he delivered his inau gural to impress those about him that he would like a re-election. There never was a time in the history of the Democratic party when it w: I so submissively devoted to the interests and wishes of one man, as it is to-day to the fortunes of Grover Cleveland. Not only the renomination is conceded without question, but he dictates the policy of the party as well, and names the man for the second place, It reminds us somewhat of the French monarchs holding a "bed of jus tice," as it was called when the king went in person to the parliament and ordered the registering of his decrees for law, and no member of the parliament was permitted to open his mouth. With as much right and propriety as Louis XIV could say "I am France," Grover Cleveland can say, "I am the Democratic party." We see no reason why any time should be lost in useless ceremony. There is nothing to do but to go through the forms, name Cleveland and Thurman, declare for free wool, salt, lumber, etc., and revenue tariff which will protect the South and injure the North, and go home and continue the work of whip ping in recalitrant and independent Democrats. Can it be possible that the great na tional Democratic party has but one man in it, or that Grover Cleveland is so much the superior of every other man, that no other man's wishes and opinion are to be consulted ? It is certainly a rather humiliating confession and spec tacle, but this is the condition to-day. It seems to be a paralyzing superstition that Cleveland is "the man of destiny," that success is only possible with him, and that he must be allowed to have his own way. The Democrats are about as much fatalists, apparently, as the Turks. Public opinion goes for nothing in the solid South, and counts for very little more among the mass of voters in New York City. Democracy has come to be a pretty close corporation. If it can keep out any more new States and prevent the Northern States from pros pering, it seems to be thought that the present condition of affairs may be con tinued indefiuitely. It is something to hold the national offices and handle the revenues of such a nation as this, but when these privil eges are purchased by the abdication of personal independence and a blind fatalism represses all stirrings of indi vidual ambition and meritorious ad vancement, it shows a bad condition of things neither suited to the age or the genius of our nation. We have watched with interest the columns of the Oregonian to find how the contest of to-day was likely to ter minate. We noticed a while ago the an nouncement of the great free trade apostle, John C. Irish, being sent to Oregon to en lighten the darkened understandings of the people on the coast upon the beauties and advantages of free trade. The un savory record of this imported orator dar ing the "late unpleasantness'' has been generally circulated through Oregon, much to his discomfort, and the voters largely believe his present advocacy has some consistent connection with his party's position and sentiments. We pre dict that Oregon will vote Republican to day in spite of the miserable attempt to array the cattle men in hostility to the sheep men. These attempts to set one in dustry at war with another are infernal in its nature. We say protect all home in dustries that ask or need it, against any and all foreign interests. America for Americans, as against the outside world, with inducements for good men of all na tions to become Americans. It tarns oat that the donor of that building which is to be erected on the Yale campus, and which will cause the re moval of that rail fence which has cat sach a figure in recent years, is Mrs. Ed wards Pierrepont, wife of onr minister to England ander Haves. Mrs. Pierrepont inherited two millions from her father. The building will be a memorial to her son, Henry Edwards Pierrepont, who died at Rome five years ago. The building will cost $200,000, and boyish sentiment, however to be respected in many cases, cannot be allowed to posh aside such sub stantial improvements. It is probable that so many congressmen will be away at St. Louis this week that not mnch will be done at Washington. The Republicans who wiil want to attend the Chicago convention two weeks later, will probably pair with the Democrats this week. OREGON REPUBLICAN. A Sweeping Victory for Protection in the Web-Foot State. Portland, June 5. —[Special to the Herald.]—Hermann, Republican for Con gress, lias at least 4,000 majority. He gains in every county in the State, his ma jority in Mnltnomah county (inclnding Portland), will reach 2,500. Victory for Republicans is so great that it astonishes them as mach as it does Democrats. There are ninety members of the legislature. Of these the Republicans will have sixty-six and the Democrats twenty-fonr. It is doubtful if the Democrats can carry more than four counties in the state, and these by greatly reduced majorities. In short, the election was a complete Waterloo for the Democrats, and an unmistakable rebake of the free trade policy of the administration. As an instance of the protection sentiment the vote of Oswego, where large rolling mills are being estab lished, was Hermann 95, Gearin 16. The majorities are so large for the Republicans all over the State that exact figures now have no interest Pobtlaxd, June 5 —Returns from all parts of the State accessible by telegraph indicate that Hermann (Rep.), for Con gress, has 4,000 majority. His majority in Mnltnomah conoty, which includes Port land, is 2,500. The Prohibition vote is very slim. The Republicans gains in every connty in the State, and the Democrats carry only two counties in the Western half of the State. It is the largest Repub lican majority since the close of the war, and is astonishing alike to Republicans and Democrats. Still more surprising re sults are in the returns for members of the Legislature. There are ninety members in both honses, and of these the Republicans will have about sixty-six and the Demo crats a bent twenty-fonr. The returns at 10 o'clock to night give Hermann, for Congress, over 4,000 major ity. The majority of Lord (Rep.), for Judge of the Supreme Court, is nearly as large. From present indications the Re publicans will have sixty-five in the Legis lature and the Democrats twenty five. It looks as though every Republican Senator ial candidate was elected. Compliments of Oregon. Washington, Jane 5 —In the House Herrman, of Oregon, presented to the Democracy the compliments of Oregon, and a message from her people saying Oregon had voted for protection by 2,000 majority. (Applan8e.) INCREASED RAINFALL. A letter from Denver of date May 30, to the Inter-Ocean speaks of the unusual amount of rain that has fallen this sea son, five times as much as has ever be fore been known to fall in the same period. It is quite general and exten sive. As a consequence grass is spring ing up everywhere, and crops of hay are expected in regions where there has only been scant pasturage before. It is ac cepted as a consequence of settlement, the breaking up of so much new land, the setting out of trees, and perheps the effects upon the atmosphere of so many locomotives, stationery engines and ma chinery. The effect in Colorado is en couraging to immigration and the taking up of lauds for cultivation, that have heretofore been considered valueless for cultivation. Somewhat the same condition of things is noticeable this season in Montana. So far there has been no need of irrigation. Grass is springing up everywhere and is getting such a spread and depth of root that even should our rains cease soon the grass and many of the crops will mature. It does not settle the future because one season shows such an increase of rain fall, but it is full of promise and cer tainly goes far to sustain the theory that settlement and cultivation produces favorable atmospheric changes. If Montana can look forward to an ample rainfall to mature crops without irrigation it will save the vast expense for irrigation, and will in sure us a more abundant growth of grass on the foothills and portions of the last plains and prairies that cannot be reach ed by irrigation. It gives a prospect of a much larger agricultural population and at the same time the resources to sustain increased amounts of stock. Even if this increased rain fall is con fined to particular seasons, it will still give us the means, by reservoirs, to store up the supply when it is abundant and distribute it when and where most needed. Califobxia was accorded the brevet chairmanship, and Stephen M. White made a very clever speech from the Democratic standpoint. It is chiefly conspicuous in the fact that it adroitly ignores the princi pal issne of the campaign, or passes it by with the simple observation that, "If the tariff has not beeu modified it is because of Republican obstruction." [For Republican obstruction, see Oregon] - White's appeal to the younger voters was fatherly and pathetic. The young men made no response. That they will avoid " dead discussion " and " useless controversy" may be safely assured, but as they possess patriotism, ambition and good sense, we may just as safely assume that they will not assort with the moss-backs whose highest ambition for the United States seems to be to make it a hnmble ap pendage and profitable market of England The dispatches from St. Louis say that "Oregon yelled itself hoarse" over a ban dana handkerchief. It is well that it got ia its yell before the election news came along. By the way the Thnrman boom seems to sweep the convention it looks very mach as if they were hitching on an ox-team to pall the administration caravan ont of the mire. Thnrman is a mighty good man, bnt do the artists consider how small it makes the other end of the ticket appear? Kangaroos are not an American q nadraped._ lx the case of the disaster to the St Lawrence mine at Batte yesterday there seems to be mach ground for congratula tion that to many escaped with their lives, where so many were imperilled and had such a narrow margin for escape. a The Man of Destiny Nominated by Accla mation For President in 1888. Patrick Collins, of Massachusetts, Elected Permanent Chairman of the Convention. Address of Chairman Collins—Speech of Daniel Dougherty, of New York, Nominating Grover Cleveland. The Convention Adjourns For the Day Without Naming a Candidate For Vice President. St. Louis, Jane 5.—One of the main subjects under discussion this morning before the convention met was the action of the New York delegates at the cancus last night. A meeting was held at Tam many headquarter 1 , and the delegation was overwhelmingly for Thnrman, but the Indiana people bad shown themselves so thoroughly earnest in their opposition to the old Roman, or rather in their advocacy of Gray that it placed New York in a deli cate position. If the weight of its influ ence was then thrown against Gray his chances would be slight indeed, and in this way New York would not only secure the Presidency, but de cide who should have second place. Not caring fo antagonize Gray's friends, the delegation finally concluded to leave the choice of Vice President totheother States and the following resolution was unani mously passed : Resolved, , That when the State of New York is reached upon the call for Vice President the chairman shall ask that New York be passed ; that if permission is refused, the delegation shall then ask leave to retire for consultation. DELEGATIONS OBGAXIZIXQ. St. Louis, June 5.—The California Stats delegation organized as follows : Chair man, Chas. W. Schmidt ; committee on resolutions, Olay W. Taylor; credentials, Jos. Clark ; organization, Robt. Cossner ; committeeman, L. F. Tarpey. Colorado—Chairman, Thos. M. Patter son; Secretary, T. B. Ryan; resolutions, Thos. M. Patterson ; credentials, Dr. W. H. Cockrell ; organization, E. A. Ballard ; committeeman, C. S. Thomas. Nevada--Chairman, J. W. Dor sey; resolutions, M. B. Carra han; credentials, J. G. Fair, Jr.; organization, George Earnest; commi' tee man, R. P. Keating, Oregon; chairman, J. K. Kelley; secretary, Napoleon Davis; reso lutions, U. S. Heilman; credentials, J. L. Cowan; organization, John Lee; committee man, A. Woltrer. The following significant names are proposed for the committee on resolutions: Henry Wattersoo, of Ken tucky; A. P Gorman, of Maryland,and Ed ward Cooper, of New York. The Democratic national convention be gan to gather in the early hours of the morning, altbongh Chairman Barnam will not announce the opening until noon. The trickling stream of humanity which began to run into the big exposition building as early as 8 o'clock bas grown to a torrent which surges in and fills the great Nave ball to overflowing, and long before noon 10,000 hnman faces gazed upon the high desk reserved for the presidmg officers of the convention, as yet empty, but with its gleaming white silver gavel, the gift of the Nevada delegation. Fall of carions interest to the expectant mnltitnde is the noble proportions of the ball. It is oblong in shape, relieved on either side by bal conies reaching back two hundred feet, above which, stretching entirely around the auditorium is a broad overhanging gal lery ample enough, which reaches from the rear of the chairman's platform 50 feet to the east wall of the hall, and accommodates 440 of the gathered leaders and fathers of the national Democracy. The decorations are simple bnt effective. The stage is hang with red, white and bine banting, relieved by festoons and borders of evergreen. Upon a pedestal on the right of the en trance to the stage stands a bust of the President, and suspended from the gallery above the stage is a large portrait of the President in oil. On either side are similar portraits of Cleveland, Hancock, Tilden, Hendricks and Ex-Governor Marmadnke, of Missouri. A very striking effect was produced in the gallery above the stage by an enormous shaded drawing of the Capitol at Wash ington upon a background of sky bine canvass. The delegates from the States are arranged entirely across the nave of the hall and stretch 90 feet in front of the platform. They are arranged with aisles and in alphabetical order, beginning with Alabama at the right and ending with Wisconsin at the left. St. Louis, Jane 5.—Chairman Barnam called the convention to order and intro duced Bishop Granberry, who delivered the invocation, the delegates standing. S. M. White, of California, was elected temporary chairman and delivered the opening address. St. Louis, Jane 5.—1:52 p. m.—The convention is disputing over a motion of Baker, of Ohio, to admit uniformed clnbs to the session. (1-54 p. m.)—The matter of admitting the uniformed clnbs was referred to the National Committee. (1:56 p. m.)—Roswell P. Flower, of New York, was greeted with applause when he arose to move that when the convention adjoHrned it adjourned until noon to-mor row. Governor Abbott, of New Jersey, offered an amendment which accepted fix ing the hour at 10 o'clock. The resolution was adopted. (1:57 p. m )—The convention has taken a recess until 10 o'clock to morrow. THE CONVENTION. It Assembles, Nominates Cleveland and Adjourns. St. Louis, June 6.-11:35 a. m.—The convention gathered early this morning, owing probably to the protracted meeting of the platform committee last night and its farther conference at 9 o'clock to-day. There is a picturesque flatter of fans all over the wall. The hall is close and there is a disposition on the part of the visitors in the galleries to view the proceedings in their shirt sleeves. The portrait of Thur man taken from the California headquar ters has been conspicuously hang in the gallery to help the Red Bandana pat the old Roman into nice precedence. Among the early arrivals «< the hall ia a delegation of women, who are here to in sist upon the incorporation of a plank in the platform in favor of woman suffrage. As the delegates come in there is a good deal of talk about the efforts of the silver men to have their views reflected in the platform. The Gray men still hold on to their gray hats and banners. Jnet before the hoar for convening there arrived a floral shield made of red and white roses and across its front in Cape gessa mines appears the name of P. A. Collins, and above the word "Massachusetts." There is no cheering as on yesterday as the delegates file in in pairs and little groups. The Ohio and New York delegates are particularly tardy in getting in, and there are groundless rumors in consequence that there is a hitch in the Thnrman pro gramme. which includes a second, after his nomination by Tarpey, of California, by Gen. Powell, of Ohio. CALLED TO ORDER. MASSACHUSETTS GETS CHAIRMAN. St. Louis, Jane 6.—Rev. J. P. Greene, of Missouri, delivered the invocation and the convention was called to order at 10:20 o'clock. Patrick A. Collins, of Massachusetts, has been elected chairman of the convention. H. H. Ingeisoll, of Tennessee, was elec ted secretary and one delegate from each State as vice-presidents. St. Louis, June 6.—Mention of Presi dent Cleveland's name in Chairman Collins' speech was greeted with cheering and wav ing canes and hats. Chairman Collins says he was advised by the chairman of the platform committee that it will not be able to report before 8 o'clock to-night. On motion of Boyle, of Pennsylvania, all the platform resolutions were ordered referred with reading. Hon. Tim Campbell, of New York, pre sented a resolution of regret on the serions illness of Gen. Sheridan amidst applause. It was adopted. St. Louis, Jane 6.—The roll call for nominations has began. St. Louis, Jane 6.—11:20 a. m.—Cleve land has been nominated by acclamation. Cleveland's nomination was made by Daniel Dougherty, of New York, and sec onded by Judge Twigg, of Georgia, Byron G. Stoat, of Michigan, Morrison, of Illinois, and a delegate from Kansas, who hailed Grover Cleveland as the "Moses of De mocracy." The Indiana delegation announced that Gray's name wonld probably be withdrawn as candidate for the Vice Presidency. St. Louis, June 6.—Yoorhees moved to adjonrn until 10 o'clock to-morrow. Motion carried nnanimonsly and the convention adjourned at 1:55 p. m. 2 p. m.—Adjournment wp.s carried at the request of the Indiana delegation that it might confer with Governor Gray by tele graph. Governor Gray's friends in tne delegation say his name will probably oy withdrawn. COLLINS' ADDRESS. Speech of the Permanent Presiding Officer of the Convention on Taking the Chair. St. Louis, June 6.—General Collins de livered his address on taking the chair aud spoke eloquently. He said the chairman ship of the convention, filled by foremost men of the party, was appreciated by him as a diatinctionof this character. Young men of the nation, he said, had heard more in their time of clash of arms and throes of war than the principles of government. So it was no wonder the question is asked and scarcely answered : "What difference is there between the two parties ? " The speaker replied to the theory with a pithy summary of the political creed of Jeffer son, the apostle of Democracy. To this General Collins added the Golden economic rale that no more taxes should be levied on the people in any way than are uecessary to meet the honest ex penses of the government. True to these principles, the Democratic party have fought successfully our foreign wars ; pro tected our citizens in every clime ; com pelled the respect of all nations for our flag ; added imperial domain to onr terri tory and insured peace, prosperity and hap piness to all of onr people. False to these principles, the great Federal, Whig and Knownothing parties went down never to rise again. And now, here to-day, repre sentatives of the parly that had survived all others, united, triumphant, invincible Democracy, prepared to vote down forever tbe last surviving foe in November. This conntry has been an asylum for all good men from all over the earth who flee from want aud oppression and mean to be come Americans, bnt we invite and wel come only friends to this ground and liege men to the republic. Our institutions can not change to meet hostile wishes, nor be so mach as sensibly modified save by the peaceful and deliberate action of tbe mass of onr people in accordance with the con stitution and laws of the land ; and a man is not a true American who, knowing wbat we are, will by word or action, experiment or thought, in any way attempt to weaken the foundation of this splendid political structure, tbe republic of the United States. Gen. Collins warmly and at length eulogized tbe administration of President Cleveland and as having triumphantly j ustified his election. The Democracy now stood on the edge of another, and perhaps greater contest, with relation to the electors, not held before for a generation. That for the responsibility for the great tiust of the government they were no longer critics bnt criticised. They were confronted by an unscrupulous and desperate fee and there would not be a stain on their record that would not be magnified into a blot; No cir cumstance not tortured ard misrepresented, no disappointment not exaggerated into a revolt, no class or creed it wonld not be sought to inflame, no passion not attempted to ronse, no fraud that wonld not be will ingly perpetrated. Bnt the appeal of the Democratic party is not to passions or to prejudice, to class or to faction, or race, or creed, bnt to sound common sense, the in terest, the intelligence and patriotism of the American people upon their stainless record for the last four years, and upon their earnest efforts as incomplete à to reduce and equalize the hardens of taxa tion the Democrats enter the canvass. General Collins closed by appealing to the patriotic independent cit izens who four years ago forsook their old allegiance, and who since that time have nobly sustained the administration, to re member that it is a fatal error to weaken the political organization by which great reforms have been achieved and risk them in the hands of their known adversaries. The Democratic temple is open to all, and if in council they coaid not agree in all things, their motto nevertheless was, "In essentials, unity ; in non-essentials, liberty ; in all things, charity." THE NOMINATING SPEECH. The Silver Tonsued Orator Gets in Uia Work for Grover. St. Louis, June 6. —Following is the speech of Daniel Doagherty, nominating Grover Cleveland : "I greet you, my coun trymen, with fraternal love; in your pres ence I bow to the majesty of the people. The sight itself is an inspiring thonght snblime. You come from every State and Territory, from every nook and corner of onr ocean-bound continent, covering the country. Yon are about to discharge more than an imperial dnty with the simplest ceremonials. Yon, as representatives of the people, are to choose a magistrate, with power mightier than a monarch, yet check - d and controlled by the supreme law of a written constitution. Thus impressed I ascend the rostrum to name the next President of the United States. New York presents him to the convention and pledges her electoral vote. Delegations from the thirty-eight States and all Territories are assembled without caucus or consultation, ready simultan eously to take up the cry and make the vote unanimous. We are here, not indeed, to choose a candidate, bnt to came the one the people have already chosen. He is the nu *» for the people. His career illns strates the glory of our institutions. Eight years ago unknown, save in bis own local ity, he for four years has Blood in the gaze of the world discharging the most exalted duties that can be confided to mortal; to day determines that not by bis own choice but by the mandate of his own country men, and with the sanction of heaven, he shall fill the presidency for four years more. He has met and mastered every question as if from yonth trained to states manship. The promises of his letter of acceptance and inaugural address have been fulfilled, and his fidelity in tbe past inspires faith in the future. He is not a hope ; he is a realization, scorning subterfuge, disdaining re-election by con cealing convictions, mindful of bis oath of office to defend the constitution, he cour ageously declares to Congrees, dropping minor matters, that the supreme court is reformed, that the treasury of the United States, glutted with nnneeded gold, op presses industry, embarrasses business, en dangers financial tranquility and breeds extravagance, centralization and corrup tion : that high taxation, vital for the ex penditure of an naparalelled war, is rob bery in years of prosperous peace ; that the millions that pour into the treasury come from the hard earned sav ings of the American people; that in violation cf equality rights the present tariff has created a privileged class who, shaping legislation for their personal gain, levy by law contributions for neces saries of life from every man, woman and child in the land; that lower tariff is not free trade; it is to reduce an just profits of monopolies and boss manufacturers, and al low consumers to retain tbe rest. Men who assert that lower tarif! means free trade insult intelligence. We brand them as falsifier.8 It is farthest from onr thonght to imperil capital or disturb en terprise to uphold wages and protect tbe rights of all. This administration bas rescued the pnbiic domain from the wonld-be barons and cormorant corporations, faith less to their obligations, and reserved it for free homes of this and coming generations. There is no pilfering, there are no jobs, un der this administration. Pnbiic office is a public trust. Integrity Stands guard at every post of onr vast empire. tVhlie the President has been the medium throngh which has flowed the undying gratitude of the Republic for her soldiers, he bas not hesitated to withhold his approval from special legislation until tbe strictest in quiry revealed the want of troth and jus tice. Above all, sectional strife and sixty mil ions of freemen in the ties of brother hood are prospérons and happy. These are achievements of this adminis tration under the same illustrious leader aud we are ready to meet our political op ponents in high and honorable debate and stake our triumph on the intelligence, virtue aud patriotism of the people. Ad hc ing to the constitution, its every line and letter, and remembering that the powers are not delegated to the United States by the constitution nor p.-ohibited by it to State», are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people, by the authority of the Democracy of New York, backed by the democracy of the entire Union I give you a name entwined with victory. I nominate Grover Cleveland, of New York." HELL'S HALF ACRE. The Marvelous Eruptions of the Ex celsior Geyser—Visitors to the Park. Mammoth Hot Springs, May 29 — [Special Herald Correspondence.]—I spent four days among the geysers, having with me Wellington Payne and wife, of Lexing ton, Kentucky. We saw nine eruptions of the Excelsior Geyser on May 25th and 26th. The over flow into the Firehole river is one hundred and eighty feet wide. The water begins to poor down tbe walls into the river about teu minâtes before tbe eraption proper begins. There are usually two great sharp-pointed waves, that rise to an enormous height, after which the water continues to rash into the river for aboat five minâtes, which, allowing two minâtes for the fiercest upheavals, makes the ac tual duration of the ejections or ontpouring from twenty-two to twenty-five minutes. We found the finest eruptions occurring after the loneest periods of #est. There were a few abortive eruptions, where the water rose bnt a few feet above the crater walls, so that visitors mast witness several of them in order to realize the tremendous energy that is brought to bear to fill ap a cavern over 250 feet in diameter and to project a column of water from 200 to 300 feet higher, it having a diameter of at least forty feet at the base on a level with the walls above the cavern. The river is strewn with quantities of white and black lava as far as tbe foot bridge and where the river is 100 feet wide. The water from tbe Excelsior raises the river four inches at the foot bridge, and as stated, takes nearly half an hoar to rise and fall to its normal depth. Mr. Victor Gibbon thinks he saw the clonds forming above the geyser when he was at Castle Mountain, about 150 miles north of tbe Excelsior. On the evening of May 26th Mr. Gibson, Mr. and Mrs. Payne, George Arnholt, John Fossum and y onr correspondent witnessed a most remark able phenomena while standing back of the Fireliole at 8 o'clock in the evening and about four miles from the Excelsior. Tbe discharge of water and vapor seem ed to form a solid comma over 2,000 feet in height and then move westward in mas sive clouds at right angles with the pillar. Mr. Payne was inclined to give this verti cal shaft an altitude of 5,000 feet, but it was nnanimonsly agreed that it could not have been less than 2,000 feet, so that there is but little donbt that the shaft and clond seen by Mr. Gibson and others at Castle Mountain was in reality that of the Excelsior geyser in eraption. Professor Pancoast, of Philadelphia, his eon and Mr. John R. White, of the same city, were at Hell's Half Acre on the same day, and emphatically declared that no words could adequately convey the mental impressions made by witnessing an object of such sublimity, magnitude and over whelming force. G. L. H. Illinois Judicial Election. Chicago, Jane 5. —Elections were held throughout Illinois yesterday for judges of the supreme court. The returns, which are nearly all in, show that the Republican candidates David J. Baker, Jacob W. Wil kin, Joseph M. Bailey and Benjamin B. Magrnder were elected in the first, third, sixth and seventh districts, and John m! Schofield, Democrat, present incombent in the second district This makes the supreme bench of Illinois Republican for the first time in its history. We take pleasure in presenting our readers with extracts from a speech de. livered in the House on May 14th by Jndge Symes, of Colorado, because the speaker is known to many of our readers, bnt still more because it touches a subject in which we are nearly as much interested as Colorado: "The lead mining industry furnishes an other strong illustration that the protec tion which builds up and prospers im portant industries, at the same time creates a competition with the foreign articles, which reduces the price to con sumers. * * * * * It will be seen from tbe table that the production was unimportant for rnaDy years. It was only 1,500 ton9 in 1825. It only reached 2o,800 tons in 1872, and it increased to 97,800 tons in 1880, and to 135,600 tons in 1886. This wonderful in crease in the production of lead canoed by the great development of the mining and smelting indusrries in the Rocky Moun tain States and Territories resulted in a great reduction in price to the consamers. Althongh the consumption has increased 300 per cent, in the past fifteen years, and although a very large proportion oi the price paid by consumers is absorbed by the railroad and transportation oompanies, the price has been reduced to the consumer 30 per cent. r * * * * * From this it will be seen that in 1870, when this conntry produced only 17,830 tons of lead, the price was $6.25 per hun dred in New York, and 1884, when the production was 139,897 tons, the average price in New York was from $3.65 to $3 57 per handred. The consumption of lead has almost kept pace with the great in case in production. With the exception of 1878 and 1879, when considerable quanti ties of lead were sent to ChiDa, the expoit of lead has beeu small as compared with tbe home consumption. The tariff on lead since the act of March 3,1883, ba9 been $2 per hundred on lead in pigs, bars and blocks. By the Mills tariff bill this is reduced to one and one-quarter cents per pound or $1.25 per hundred. The margin of profit on lead ore and smelting, and particularly on lead and silver ore which produces de silverized lead, is very small. This reduc tion of three-quarters of a cent per pound, $1» per ton, wonld enable the Spaniards, with their cheap labor and cheap mining and smelting of lead, to glut the American market and greatly cripple, if not practically destroy tbe great lead in dustry of the United States. The value of the lead production çf the United States has increased from about $3.000,000 in 1872 to about $12,000,000 in 1887. This industry has been built up in a part of t îe United States that before was almost â desert. It has quickened and vitalized the agricultural, commercial, transportation, and other kindred industry of a permanent nature in the Western and Rocky Mountain country. Vast regions of the public domain wonld have remained undeveloped on account of inaccessibility and distance from seashore markets, but for the building up of this great industry. It has added to the wealth of the nation a sum almost equal to the princi pal which has been paid on tbe na tional debt. The lead industry supplies a better market for the product of the man ufacturer, tne farmer, and every industry west of the Missouri than any ether inter est. It has supplied to railroads and trans portation companies an amount of freight traffic without which they could not have paid interest on their bonds. It has caused the construction of thou sands of miles of railroad across the desert, through the canyons and over the moun tains. As the volume of production has increased it is shown that the price has fallen. The average wages to miners and laborers in the lead mines of Utah, Colo rado, and other portions of the Rocky Mountain country is $3 per day, while the lead miners of Spain, with which the re duction of the tariff would bring them in direct competition, is about 50 cents per day. It is not a raw material in any correct sense of the word. The ore from which the lead is smelted lies in the mountains as valueless as the ordinary ston*» until mill ons of dollars a^feivested in the sink ing of shafts, the etffttion of mining ma chinery, pumps, aud the costly plants of the great smelting works. The plants and machinery at the large lead and silver pro ducing mines in Colorado, Utah and other places cost more money than many of the greatest manufacturing establishments in the East. The great smelters of Denver and Pneblo, in Colorado, of Salt Lake ard other cities of the Rocky Mountains are among the most expensive establishments in the world. The United States consumed in 1887 164,000 tons of lead, which, at $70 per ton, amounts to over $11,000,000. If the proposed redaction of the tariff on lead is made, a large portion of thLIsnm would have to be sent abroad in gold, for tbe lead wonld be imported from countries with which we have little trade." The Territorial delegates at St. Louis have presented some resolutions for the consideration of the committee on resolu tions that are rather severe by implication of the President. They recommend Wash ington, Dakota, Montana and New Mexico for early admission, aud mendacionsly charge that the Republicans are refusing them Statehood and self government. For unalloyed cheek this takes the cake. The great man at the White House has shown some more of his true inwardness in vetoing a bill for a pnbiic building at Bar Harbor, Maine. He wants revenge on Blaine and Senator Frye. Possibly be fears that the surplus may be reduced slightly and he prefers that this great aod rich government should transact public basiness as a tenant in inadequate rented quarters. It is contemptible. Wattebson's selection as chairman of the committee on resolutions gives a clue to what we may expect. The Kentucky idea will be paramount. The whisky ring comes out on top. Down with tbe wool industry, bnt spare the revenues of the whisky syndicate, for that is where the Democratic campaign fund is to come from. Oub sole interest in the St Loui.' con vention centers in the platform. We re ceive with some grains of allowance the re port that it hus been drawn by a membe of the Cobden Club, sent over from Eng land for tha special purpose. We kno" from the character of a majority of th< delegates that it will correspoud closelt with the President's message at tbe open ing of Congress and the Mills bill. The; are all links of the same sansage. The unanimous vote of the Trades As* sembly of Western Pennsylvania in con* demnation of the Mills bill and Represen tative Scott is a straw of about the size o ; a saw log to show what the workingm* D are going to do when they come to vo e on protection or free trade.