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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, June 07, 1888, Image 3

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GENERAL OP THE ABMÏ
Sheridan Thanks the President, Writes
His Acceptance, and Issues His
First Order—His Condition
But Little Improved.
the new general.
Sheridan Appoints Ilis stall Officers.
Washington, June 1.—At 3:45 o'clock
General Sheridan signed the following tor
mal acceptance of his commission as gen
eral of the army:
Hkadquabtebs Army ok U. S., \
Washington, June 1, 1888. J
To the Secretary of War :
I have the honor to acknowledge the re
ceipt of my commission as general of the
army, to which position the President has
to-day appointed me, I hereby accept the
same. (Signed.) P. H. Shekidan,
General.
The signature was written with a pen
cil in a large and perfectly legible hand,
soon after the receipt ol his commission
General Sheridan took the oath of office
and directed the issuance of the following
general order, being his first official act in
bis capacity as general :
General Order No. 97.
Adjutant Genebai.'s Office, \
Washington, D. C., June 1, 1888. /
1. The following named officers are ap
pointed aides-de-camp on the staff of the
General of the Army, with rank of colonel,
to date from this day : Major Michael V.
Sheridan, Asssistant Adjutant General;
C'apt Stanford C. Kellogg, of the Fifth
cavalry ; Capt. Stanhope E. Blnnt, of the
ordnance department.
2. In addition to his duties as aid-de
camp, Colonel Blunt will continue to per
form the duty of inspector of rifle practice
at headquarters of the army.
By command of General Sheridan.
R. C. DRUM, Adjutant General.
Official : J. C. Kei.ton, Ass t Adj. Gen.
Washington, June 1;—Col. Sheridan
called on President Cleveland this after
noon at the General's request to thank him
for his nomination and commission as Gen
eral of the Army, and to hand him formal
notes of thanks signed by the General's
own hand.
Idaho's Chief Justice Dead.
Boise City, Idaho, Jnne 1.—James B.
Hays, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
of this Territory, died yesterday, aged 48.
His interment will be at Horicon, Wis., his
former home.
Died.
Madison, Wis., May 30.—Prof. R. D.
Irving, a noted geologist in charge of the
United States geological survey in Michi
gan and Minnesota, died to-day of paraly
sis, aged 41 years.
Death of a Noted Actor.
Tacoma, W. T., June 1.—Harvey New
comb, better known as ''Bobby Newcomb,"
of the Newcomb family, died here to-day
of pneumonia. He has been in the variety
minstrel business for twenty-two years,
aDd was noted for his song, "Where the
pansies Grow." He was forty-two years
of age, and his remains will be taken to
Philadelphia, where he lived.
Important Land Uflice Decision.
Washington, June 1.—Secretary Vilas
•--day, in the case of Lyons vs. The Ivers
Lakeview Land District, Oregon, decided
an important case and one which involves
the townsite of llarvey City, Oregon. He
bolds that pre-emption cannot be made of
lands upon which there is trade and busi
ness at time of entry. The decision is in
favor of Lyons. __
Debt Decrease.
Washington, June 1.—The decrease of
the debt during the month was $1,618,695.
96; decrease of the debt since June 30,
1887, $99,414,577.94.
Telegraph Across the Isthmus.
Panama, June 1.—The Central and
South American Telegraph Company sur
veying stall'are now engaged in locating
its proposed telegraph line across the Isth
mus of Panama, the company having se
cured from the United States of Columbia
the necessary concessions for operating the
lines. The obtaining of these concessions
is owing largely to the demand of the Uni
ted States government, the telegraph com
pany having been opposed by the Panama
Canal Company. It is thonght any further
resistance on the part of the canal company
will raise serious international questions.
Cut His Ear Off.
Chicago, June 1.—John Stevenson, a
young man, was this afternoon standing in
a cigar store under the Adams Express
building writing notes, when James Bell,
a young business man of Hyde Park, ap
% proached and took out a penknife and de
liberately cut oft' Stevenson's ear, placed
a piece in his pocket and walked away and
has not been seen since, though the police
were looking for him. It is said the act
was to punish Stevenson for his undue in
timacy with Mrs. Bell.
Railroad Telegraph Lines.
Washington, May 31.-The Pacific
Railroad telegraph bill was favorably re
ported to the Senate to-day by the Inter
State commerce commission. In the
House Anderson's bill was amended by
striking out the word "construct.' It re
quires subsidized roads to maintain and
operate public telegraph lines, but the el
lect of the amendment is to permit their
acquisition by purchase or in any other
way companies see fit
Elected L). S. Senator.
Baton Rouge, La., June 3 .—The Legis
lature to day elected Judge E. D. White,
United States Senator for the term begin
ning March 4,1891.
Heavy Rainfall.
Denver, June 3— A marvelous rainfall,
which is perhaps at its culmination to-day,
has visited Colorado the past few weeks.
Never before in the history of the State
has one-fifth of such an amount falle* in a
similar period. The last week has wit
nessed a down-pour every afternoon, and
something over a fortnight ago there was a
steady fall of rain for thirty-six hoars at a
stretch. In this last named instance the
deposit of moisture was greater than pre
vious years have shown for two months.
Other recent rains have lasted during
twenty-four hours. This extraordinary
water fall has not been confined to the
vicinity of Denver, but, to a large extent,
is general throughout the State, reaching
to points like Akron and Sterling, and
permeating equally the country once known
on the maps as " Tue Great American
Desert.''
Persons who have crossed the plains an
nually for sixteen years back declare they
never seen the prairies present Buch a spec
tacle before. Usaally the flat country
seems a browu, barren waste, with grass
growing only in tufts or bunches, but now
the wide prairie resembles an almost vast
lawn, so smooth and bright is the green
sward. Around the city of Denver iat
present people have no nse for irrigating
ditches, and the same is true of the land
for 120 miles eastward. The extraordinary
rainfall has benefitted all kinds of crops.
HEMURIAL EXERCISES.
Expressions of Sympathy for General
Sheridan.
New Yobk, June 3.—The Metropolitan
Opera House was crowded to suffocation in
the evening at the memorial exercises.
Rev. Robert Collyer opened the proceed
ings with prayer. He prayed for the res
toration to health of General Sheridan ; for
the perpetuation of the Union and for
divine guidance of the President.
Hon. Channcey M. Depew, who spoke
briefly, said among other things: "We of
the Grand Army have no sympathy with
what is known as the 'waving of the bloody
shirt.' We have none of it. If once a year
or oftener it becomes necessary to tell in
impassioned tones what the civil war was
for and what was its outcome. If telling
what is accomplished may be called wav
ing the bloody shirt, then I say let the
bloody shirt be nailed to the mast."
Miss Rose Coghlan recited "The Charge
of the Light Brigade," and Signor Campa
nini sang "Salve Denora," from Faust.
The oration of the evening was de
livered by Colonel Robert G. Inger
soll, and was one of those brilliant
oratorical efforts for which he is so famous.
The peroration was especially fine. It
began with that wonderful piece of word
painting from his Indianapolis oration,
beginning with the words: "The past rises
before me like a dream," in which he
depicted war and slavery, the going away
of Union volunteers and the horrors of war
and closing with the words : "I have one
sentiment for soldiers living and dead ;
cheers lor the living, tears for the dead."
To this picture he [added the following
with which he closed : "A vision of the
future arises; I see our country filled with
happy homes, with firesides of content.
The foremost laud of all earth."
"I see a world where thrones have crum
bled and where kings are dust and aris
tocracy of idleness has perished from the
earth. I see a world without a slave.
Man at last is free. Nature's forces have
by science been enslaved. Lightning and
light, wind and wave, frost and flame, and
all the secret subtle powers of earth are
tireless toilers for the human race. I see a
world at peace, adoyned with every art,
with music, and a miriadof voices thrilled,
while lips are rich with words of love and
truth ; a world in which no exile sighs or
prisoner mourns, where work and worth
go band in hand ; where a poor girl trying
to win her bread with the needle—the
needle that has been called the asp for the
breast of the poor—is not driven to the
desperate choice of crime or death, of sui
cide or shame."
"I see a world without beggars with out
stretched palms, misers with a heartless,
stony stare; the piteous wail of want; the
livid lips of lies ; the cruel eyes of scorn.
I see a race without disease of the flesh or
brain, shapely and fair, with the married
harmony of form and function. As I look
life lengthens, joy deepens, love canopies the
earth and over all. In the great dome
shines the eternal star of human hope"
Decorating Grant's Tomb.
New Yobk, June 3. —At 4 o'clock this
afternoon smoke from eighty rifles held by
Richmond Grays, floated over the Hudson
from before Gen. Grant's flower-covered
tomb. The arch of the sepulchre was cov
ered with immortelles, in which were
wrought the words, "His words were few,"
"His actions decisive." Many large aDd
beautiful designs stood before the vault,
and inside the iron casket was covered
with handsome flowers. Several military
bodies were in attendance. The Methodist
conference was represented by Bishops
Bowman, Foster, Merrill, Andrews, War
ren, Goss, Herat, Foss, Hurst, Andrews,
Waldon, Mallatier, Fowles, Vincent, Fitz
gerald, Joyce, Newman and Goodsell. U.
S. Grant, Jr., and Fred. Grant and wife
and daughter were the only members of the
Grant family. Chopin's funeral march
was rendered. The grand ritual of Deco
ration Day was then said and Gen. Stewart
L. Woodford followed with an oration.
Decoration Services.
Philadelphia, June 3.—The Decora
tion services at the various cemeteries to
day were very impressive. Special services
were held at the statute of General Meade,
at Fairmount Park, and at the tomb of
General Hancock at Norristown.
Getty'sbubg,P a.,J une 3.—Memorial Day
was appropriately observed here. Hon. J.
E. Taraney, of Michigan, was orator of the
day at the National cemetery.
At the Tomb.
Berlin, May 31.— Bismarck had a long
interview with the Emperor to-day. Af
terwards the Emperor and Empress drove
in open carriage to Grunwal. They re
turned at 6 o'clock, when the Emperor
made his first visit to the Mausoleum since
the funeral of the late Emperor William.
Kneeling beside the coffin of his father his
majesty offered up a silent prayer.
Teemer Beats Gadaur.
Boston, June 3.— The alleged three mile
race with a turn between Teemer and
Gadanr to-day, at Point of Pines, was won
by Teemer in 13 minutes, with Gadaur
two lengths and a half behind. To the
uninitiated it was interesting, bnt to the
experienced it savored of what is termed
"a put up job." While no one was willing
to positively assert that the course was not
three miles in length, it was the universal
opinion that such is the fact, aud no one
believes for a moment that the three mile
record was broken.
Scull Race.
Boston, June 3.—George H. Hosmerand
Wallace Ross rowed a single scull race on
the Merrimac river, above Lowell, to-day.
The distance was about two miles and a
half, with two turns. It was a close race
but Hosmer won by half a length. Time,
16 minutes. ____
Cancellation of Patents.
Washington, May 30.—'The Secretary
of the Interior to-day decided in the case
of Coe & Carter that the first section of the
act of Jnne 15,1880, does not authorize the
purchase and entry of offered public lands
by trespassers. The purchase of such lands
does uot condone the trespass committed
upon them. By request of the Attorney
General suit is to be instituted against
Coe & Carter for trespass and to procure a
cancellation of the patents for lands which
they were wrongfully allowed to purchase
along the line of the Union Pacific railroad
in Wyoming, Utah and Nebraska, and for
the value of the railroae ties cut by^hem
for sub-contractors on said lands and de*
livered in their name to the Union 1 acific
railroad compa ny.
Opposed to Church Union.
PirrsBUBG, May 31.-The General
Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian
IS adopted a resolution this morning
reaffirming** their conviction that the con
SSSn of the United States is virtually
an agreement or compact to administer
government without reference to Christ or
Christian religions; that incorporation with
the government on the basis of this consti
tution is therefore an act of disloyalty to
Christ. A lengthydiMuæionontheqaes
nnitine with the United 1 resoyter
jin* church U.» follow^, »och • »U«
being almo st pnanimoosly opposed .
Prohibition Candidate.
Indianapolis. M.l3L-The Pr„ h ib,.
tion convention nominated CUnton
Fiake for President by acclamation.
The Doubtful Struggle Prolonged—Bad
Cough—Unfavorable Weather.
GEN. SHERIDAN.
Alarming Condition of the Sick .Han.
Washington, Jane 3.—The following
bulletin was not given out until alter 10
o'clock. 8.45 p. m.-—Sheridan's condition
is not so favorable as it was at the time of
the last bulletin, owing to the fact of an
harrassing eongh that appeared to be mak
ing him restless and preventing sleep. Col.
Kellogg said that the cough did not give
them any apprehension as other favorable
symptoms continued. Damp weather, he
thonght, might have caused the cough, and
as the General had secured so much sleep
recently he would naturally be a little
restless. No more bulletins will be issued
until 8 o'clock to-morrow morning, as it is
not thought that any more will be required
to-night in view of the General's improved
health.
Washington, June 3.—General Sheri
dan's condition has again changed fur the
worse and he is now as critically ill as at
any time of his sickness. There has boen
more or less recurrence of the heart
trouble, but the exact degree and extent of
it cannot he learned at this hour. It is,
however, complicated with a severe and
dangerous affection of the luDgs, and the
greatest alarm prevails among General
Sheridan's physicians and family. They
were all hastily summoned and are now
at his belside, keanly apprehensive of
what may follow. The nse of oxygen,
which had been discontinued, will be re
sumed. The first symptoms of the pres
ent attack were noticed about 5 o'clock,
when the General was seized with a spell
of coughing. It was not thonght at tiret
that this cough was of a dangerous charac
ter. As time went by the coughing in
creased in frequency and vigor, and grave
alarm began lo be felt among the house
hold. About 10 o'clock the General was
seized with a severe retelling cough. This
brought another faintness of the heart's
action and his pulse grew weaker and
weaker, and the physicians, who had all
been called to the sick room, sprang to the
General's bedside and everything that was
possible to be done was immediately un
dertaken. Digitati8 was administered to
counteract the feebleness of the heart. A
jet of oxygen was thrown into his month
and he was allowed to inhale it for a few
seconds. The gas made him flighty and
irrational. It was then discontinued and
other remedies applied, only to give way
at frequent intervals to a renewal of the
oxygen treattaent. For some time the
General appeared to be very much like a
drowning man, and it was feared the end
had come. By extraordinary exertions,
however, the patient was rallied again and
at 12:30 o'clock he had improved to some
extent. His breathing was still labored
and heavv and Dot a person in the room
left his bedside. One of the General's aides
came out about one o'clock and handed a
bulletin to a group of reporters anxiously
awaiting the official bulletin, which it was
known would be issued. It showed the
General's condition to he critical. The
aide said he knew nothing much but
what was in the bulletin, but his manner
showed plainer than words could the anxi
ety and alarm he felt. At 1:30 o'clock
word came down that the General's condi
tion was the game as indicated in the bnl
letin, and that he had not improved.
Washington, Jnne 4.— General Sheri
dan is now lying weak and exhausted and
in a comatose condition. He has only ral
lied very feebly from the attack which
nearly caused his death. The hemorrhage
which preceded the attack of heart failure
came from the lungs, bat was not accom
panied by coughing. The blood emitted
was dark and thickly clotted. A recurrence
of heart failure followed closely upon the
hemorrhage. His pulse beat leebler, and
his breathing grew exceedingly labored
and heavy, and the sick man's face as
sumed a bluish tinge. His heart ceased to
beat for a few seconds and the anxious doc
tors bending over him thought all was
over. Prior to this time, however, extra
ordinary measures had been taken to pre
vent or lessen the attack which they knew
was coming, and his system, when it
seemed that life was at an end, slowly und
weakly responded to the treatment admin
istered, and gradually a slight rally took
place. The galvanic battery was applied
to his neck and back, and at last the pat
ient was brought from the verge of the
grave to consciousness again.
He lay back exhausted, and every one
in the room remained anxiously waiting
and dreading a return of the attack. It
was the worst of all the attacks and he is
extremely weak, but at times his mind is
clear, though the intervals of conscious
ness are followed by others during which
he appears to only slightly realize what is
going on around him. He does not talk at
all, and the doctors, ever since his lungs
became affected, have done all in their
power to dissuade him from using his
voice. A bulletin issued at 12:15 a. m.
says :
There has been no material change in
the General's condition. He ha9 been
sleeping since last report.
Washington, June p. —Midnight—Gen.
Sheridan's condition has not changed
materially since the last report. His res
piration continues regular and his pnlse
ranges from 105 to 108 to the minute. His
sleep during the entire evening has been
restful, and he has only awakened at reg
ular intervals when required to take his
nourishment.
Washington, June 6.—A bulletin is
sued at 9 o'clock this morning says : Gen.
Sheridan passed a most comfortable night,
without the recurrence of any alarming
symptoms. At present the General's con
dition is better than at any time since the
last bulletin was issued.
Washington, June 6.— The following
bnlletin was issned at 2:10 p. m.: General
Sheridan passed a quiet and restful morn
ing. At this hoar favorable indications
continue. Pulse 104, respiration 28, and
regular secretions abundant. Mind clear
and sleep natural.
New York Theatre Blaze.
New Yobk, June 6.— About half past 6
this morning a fire broke ont in Tony Pas
tor's. As the flames gained rapid headway
three alarms were sent oat. The theatre
is in Tammany Hall building, and adjoins
the Academy of Music, which at one time
was threatened by the flames. By dint of
hard work, however, the firmen succeeded
in preventing this, and at 3:45 the fire was
got nnder control.
The damage is not less than $50,000.
The fire started in the scene room of the
theatre, the flames burning fiercely before
the firemen arrived. The proximity of the
Academy of Music made additional dan
ger. _ _
Coast Quarantine.
Washington, Jane 5.—In order to as
sist the local authorities in the mainten
ance of a quarantine against the introduc
tion of infectious diseased, the President
has determined to establish, by means of
vessels of the revenae marine, a national
patrol of the coast of the United States, so
far as may be practicable nnder the exist
ing law and consistent with the perform
ance of the other duties consigned to that
service.
MADAME KAWSON'S REVOLVER.
She Shoots Her Husband's Attorney
in a Chicago Court.
Chicago, June 1.—Tremendous sensa
tion occurred in Judge Jamieson's court
shortly after 10 o'clock this morning,while
the docket was being called. Mrs. Meckie
Rawson was impatiently wailing for her
divorce case from her husband, Banker
Rawson, to he called. Colonel R. C. Whit
ney, her husband's attorney, was setting at
a side table waiting, when the court was
suddenly startled to hear a pistol shot, and
Colonel .Whitney at once disappeared
under the table. The shot was followed
by four more in rapid succession, and Mrs.
Rawson was seen pursuing Whitney with
a revolver. Mrs. Rawson succeeded in
emptying the revolver at Whitney before
she could be captured. Two barrels hit
the lawyer, one taking effect in the groin
and the ether in the left leg. Tne wound
in the groin will probably be fatal. Judge
Jamieson at once ordered Mrs. Rawson's
arrest, and she was immediately taken to
the sheriff's office.
Chicago, June 1.—Banker Stephen W.
Rawson, the nnlortunate woman's husband,
reached the city late yesterday afternoon.
His presence was known to bat few. He
heard ol his wile's attempt to kill Mr.
Whitney shortly after it occurred, and he
hastened to the latter's honse. He refused
to see reporters, saying he did not wish to
leave the bedside of his wounded friend
and counsel. He said, however, that he
was surprised at the attack made on the
lawyer instead of himself.
One peculiar result of to-day's affray
may be the total loss by Mrs. Rawson of
any possible chance of a share of her hus
band's great wealth should she receive a
penetentiary sentence for her assault on
Lawyer Whitney. The aged banker has
only to appear in court and show that his
wife has become a convicted feloD, and he
would then be awarded a decree of abso
lute divorce. This evening Lawyer Whit
ney is resting easily, and is in no danger
unless blood poisoning should result from
the wound in the groin.
Ralph Lee, Mrs. Rawson's son, who en
deavored to kill the banker last fall, did
not know of the happening of the day un
til his mother had been in jail several
hours. When told he inveighed bitterly
against Rawson, aDd lawyer Whitney, who
said he has hounded his mother and at
tacked ber fair name until she had lost her
reason. He would not Bay more. Gen.
Stiles, attorney for Mrs. Rawson, said he was
afraid she would do something desperate.
She had been driven frantic by the state
ments brought against her character by
Rawson and his attorney, Whitney, and
the decision of Judge McAllister in the
appellate court yesterday, remanding the
order for temporary alimony to the lower
eourt for a reduction, was the last thing
needed to unhinge her mind. He urged her
this morning not to go to court, but she
went there ahead of him, aud looked so
strangely that he went into the sheriff's
office and asked that a deputy be sent up
to watch her and see that ehe committed
no overt act. General Stiles and a deputy
started np the stairs, and had just left the
elevator when a shot was fired.
A great many people throughout the
city express sympathy with Mrs. Rawson,
while others c mdemu her actioD.
Chicago, Juue 2.— Mrs. Mackie L. Raw
sod, the principal figure in the couit room
shooting ol yesterday, was indicted by the
giand jury to day, for the attempted mur
der of Henry C. Whitney, her husband's
attorney.
EIRE CALAMITY.
A Hotel Destroyed and Eleven Per
sons Burned to Death.
Rockdale, Texas, June 4.—A horrible
calamity has befallen Rockdale. This
moruiDg at 4 o'clock the Mendine Hotel,
a three-story brick building, was found to
be on fire and in a few minâtes it was all
ablaze. Inside were thirteen persons, only
two of whom escaped alive. Dr. W. A.
Brooks, the proprietor, was polled ont of
the burning building with his hair and
heard singed off and he was otherwise
burned, leaving behind him his wife and
four children, who perished. Pemberton
Pierce, representing the firm of George
Seigler & Co., of Philadelphia, jumped from
the burning buildiDg aud was killed. D
M. Oldham, of Dallas, representing the
firm of F. Cannon & Co., of Galveston,
escaped badly singed. The mystery about
the whole thing is that so many could have
perished when none were higher than two
stories, and there were galleries and exit9
on both sides of the buildiDg, occupied by
the sleepers. No one was heard to call or
scream, all dying without a call for help,
thongh a great crowd quickly gathered and
exhausted every effort to effect a rescue.
The pecuniary loss is small.
Wiped Out by Fire.
St. Paul, Jane 4. —The Pioneer Press
learns from Northern Pacific Junction,
Minn, that Cromwell, a small place 22
miles west of there, was wiped out by fire
last evening. A similar report comes
from Washburn, Wis, as to a small sta
tion south of there.
Disastrous Fire.
Philadelphia, May 31.—A fire in the
medical department university to day de
stroyed many valuable pathological speci
mens, wax models and delicate instru
ments, which will be difficult to replace.
The loss to the building is only 10,000.
Cyclone.
Milton, N. C.Jnne 4.—A terrible cy
clone passed near this place Saturday after
noon, extending over a track twenty-five
miles long and five hundred yards wide.
The damage was enormous as it passed
through the farming section and every
thing in its track was completely destroyed
So far as known no lives were lost.
Protest Against Papal Rescript.
Chicago, May 31.—In spite of objec
tions, Collector Onahan and others, who
remained loyal to the Vatican's proclama
tion, one of the largest and most enthus
iastic meetings ever held in Chicago was
that of Irish-Americaos to-night The ob
ject of the gathering was to protest against
the papal rescript. Resolutions were adopted
to that end. Speeches were made by ex
Congressman Finnerly, Matthew P. Brody
and others, stating in substance that the
time for Ireland to take from Rome had
gone forever.
Mexican Veteran in Lack.
Omaha, May 30.—Judge Wakeley de
cided the case of Franklin Robinson, of
California, vs. A. D. Jones, of Omaha, in
favor of the plaintiff, and he will eventu
ally gain possession of $200,000. Robinson
was a soldier in the Mexican War, and was
entitled to a government warrant for 160
acres of land. He authorized Jones, in
18-19, to lpçate land fox bia benefit. He
then went the Pacific coast. Jones located
the land and held possession of it by virtue
of pretended assignment by Robinson. In
1868 Jones sold the land for the Union Pa*
cific depot grounds, and invested the pro
ceeds in Omaha property in his own name.
Robinson remained in ignorance all this
time until 1886, when he brought suit
Jones was held to be simply a trustee for
Robinson. Jones will appeal.
MEMORIAL DAY
The President Participates in New York—
Mayor Hewitt Conspicuous for
His Absence—Cheers for the
Richmond Grays.
AT THE NATIONAL C APITAL
Decoratiou Day m New York.
New Yof.k, May 30. —There were fif
teen divisions of Graad Army, posts. All
of them saluted the president. The floral
division which was the last of the proces
sion, contained forty large trucks filled
with flowers to be placed on the soldiers'
graves in the cemeteries. The absence of
Mayor Hewitt from the reviewingstand.ex
cited much comment among the Grand
Army men. He says he was not invited;
bnt the Grand Army says he was, and that
his knowledge of the fact that he has ex
cited their resentment by his treatment
kept him away. When the Richmond
Grays passed the president, eveiy man sa
luted and the colors were dipped. The
president bowed in response, and the crowd
of spectators cheered the Southerners.
The president expects to return to "Wash
ington tonight.
Grand Parade and All Business Sus
pended at Washingten.
Washington, May 30. —Memorial day
was observed in the usual manner in this
this city to-day. All the executive depart
ments were closed and business was practi
cally suspended. A parade took place in
the morning in which the regular troops,
militia and Grand Army men participated.
The attendance at the cemetery was good,
and of the usual impressive character.
Rawlins Post, G. A. R., decorated Raw
lin's statue and Rawlin's tomb, in the Con
gressional cemetery, Kit Carson Post,
equestrian statue of Jackson and Washing
ton, Lincoln's Post, Lincoln's statue, at city
hall, aud the Peace monument; Morton
post, Scott statue, and GreeDongh post,
Washington statue ; Reynolds post, Dupont
statue, Garfield post, Garfield statue, Burn
side post, McPherson statue, Sumner post,
Emancipation statue and Green's statue,
Farrigut post, Farrignt statue. The revolu
tionary heroes as well as the soldiers of the
late war were remembered to-day. The
statue of Chief Justice Marshall, in the
Capitol grounds, was also decorated. Some
one remembered that Chief Justice Mar
shall had seried with distinction as an
officer in the revolutionary army, and so
his statue was accorded the honor of dec
oration.
At Ailington, after decoiation of the
graves, orations were delivered by Senators
Palmerand Manderaon.
At the tomb of Gen. Logan, Representa
tive Mason, of Illinois, made an eloquent
address Wherever public ceremonies
were held prayer was offered for the speedy
recovery of Gen. Sheridan.
Today bemg the ..anniversary of the
capture of Boonville, Mo, by Gen. Sheri
daD, then in command of his fiist expedi
tion in the South, two district comman
deriez of the Loyal Legion, tbrongh Re
corder General Massey, gave him a basket
of choice and rare roses, with a note con
vey ira their affections and liest wishes, and
hopeuiat, as he was victortois twenty-six
years ago, he would be so in his present
struggle. ______
CIVIL SERVICE.
George William Curtis Elected Presi
dent of Reform League.
New Yobk, May 30. —At the annual
meeting of the National Civil Service Re
form League to day, George William Cur
tis, who presided, was re elected president
for the coming year. The meeting passed
resolutions to the effect that the league
congratulates the country on the profound
interest demanded in civil service reform.
Encouragement was felt for the progress
and prospects of the cause. In many in
stances, however, it must be acknowledged
that that civil service reform law had bien
used by appointees of the administration,
who were not in sympathy with it Changes
in unclassified service, the resolutions
continue, in the past years have been
so great as to forecast its practically com
plete partisan reconstruction by the close
of the administration. It is regarded as a
fact as a loss of great opportunity by the
President aud serious public misfortune,
□either welfare of service nor any public
advantage. Whatever has been shown to
demand so general a change, and it could
be attributed only to partisan pressure for
wholly partisan objects, which the Presi
dent has unfortunately not resisted, disre
gard of notorious and flagrant defiance of
the executive circular of July 14, 1886,
warning certain officers of the government
against pernicious activity in politics, and
the President's letter of November 2, 1887,
advocating choice oi particular candidates
in municipal elections, seriously discredit
ed the cause of reform, and merited public
condemnation, which they had received.
Severe judgment of the public in these
matters was a hopeful sign of reform. En
listment of officeholders for the benefit of
a faction was perversion of the purposes of
parties and pernicious. The presidential
term of four years was prolific of intrigue.
Resolutions, with recommendation of the
adoption of the merits system of appoint
ment to office in penal, reformatory and
educational institutions of principal cities,
and that the league extends its work of in
quiry into the principles of candidates for
office, were passed.
THE PANAMA CANAL.
Report of W ork Done and Money Ex
pended in the Project.
New Yobk, June 1—The Engineer News
publishes an article giving the actual status
of the Panama canal. The only work any
where near completed is about eleven miles
of dredging on the Atlantic and about one
mile on the Pacific end. It is estimated
that a total of about fifty-one million cnbic
meters remain to be excavated, which, esti
mating on the fastest rate yet reached, wil
require four years to finish. The total cash
expended is $177,910,000, represented by
$351,150,000 security. The amonnt neces
sary to be raised to complete the canal is
estimated at $230,000,000, represented by
half a billion securities.
New Russian Railway.
St. Peteesbubg, May 30. — The Svet pub
lishes an article on opening the trans-cas
pian railway which says that it will probab
ly lead to pacific arrangements betweenEng
lftnd and Russia for the formation of a com
plete international railway system and that
communication with central Asia and India
would be attended with great advantages
to Russian trade. General Yanouski, minis
ter of war,received a telegram from the Got*
ernor of Turkestan, stating that an immense
concourse of Russians and natives had as
sembled at Samarcand to witness the open
ing of the railway, and the event was re
garded as the beginning of a new era to the
place promising development of agriculture
throughout the provinces. It was taken
as fresh evidence of the Czar's solicitude
for the needs and wellfare of the people of
Central Asia.
COLD W ATER CAUCUS.
T he Prohibitioni>ls Open their Con
vention in Indinna--The First
Day's Proceeding«.
Indianapolis, May 31. —The galleries j
were crowded wht n Chairman St. John
rapped the Prohibition convention to or
der. The first business of the morning ;
was the report of the committee on iules,
which recommended that the sessions of
the convention be from 9 to 12 and from 2
to 6 o'clock; debate to be confined to five :
minutes to each delegate, no delegate to
speak more than once on each question ; i
the vote to be taken by roll call by states;
absent delegates to be voted in proportion
of those present; nominating speeches to
be confined to one for each state for each
office. The remaining recommendations ;
are unimportant. The convention im
mediately proceeded to get into a tangle
on rules, limiting debate on the suffrage j
question, those most interested in the
probable plank objecting seriously to so
circumscribing debate. The rules were ,
finally adopted as reported. A special mo
tion by the New York delegates to limit
the debate on the sufi'rage plank to three
hoars of ten minutes each was defeated,
and the report of the committee on finance
presented. It recommends the adoption of
the national committee's plank, already
formulated for an assessment by states,
with an additional provision that volun
tary contributions be taken in the conven
tion. Report adopted.
The convention next proceeded to collec
tion of voluntary contributions, and there
was seen one of those enthusiastic occur
rences so peculiar to prohibition conven
tions. Contributions were received in
amonnts ranging from two thousand dol
lars down aDd aggregated $25,000. One
thousand dollars was contributed by R. H.
McDonald, of California, who was before
the convention of 1884 for the head of the
ticket. Delegates from Portland, Oregon,
pledged $1,000 from that State. Califor
nians aggregated two thousand. After a
song by the colored quartette it was an
nounced that the convention was invited
to adjourn to the music hall at Cincinnati
Friday evening to attend a ratification
meeting, at which Gov. St. John and other
prohibition leaders are expected to speakj
The convention adjourned until 2 o'clock.
Indianapolis, May 30.—As the hour
for the opening of the National Prohibi
tion Convention approached, delegates be
gan to gather in Tomlinson Hall, which
had been tastefully decorated with flags,
bunting and mottoes for the occasion.
The first occurrence to excite general ap
plause was the entrance of the New Jer
sey Young Men's Prohibition League bear
ing a golden crank of huge dimensions.
Cheer followed cheer in quick succession
as the audience caught sight of the repre
sentatives of the state, from which the
probable bead of the ticket hails. It was
10:25 before Chairman Dickie, of the Na
tional Committee, rapped the convention
to order and invited the officers of the W.
C. T. U. to the platform with members oi
the National Committee. Chairman Dickie
then invited the past nominees of the party
to the platlorm, and as those present came
in sight the audience broke into load ap
plause, which was redoubled when St.
John came forward.
The formal organizing of the convention
then proceeded, with Rty. H. C. Delano
elected honorary chairman. Colonel Rit
ter, of Indianapolis, mails the address of
welcome, to which Chairman Delano re
plied on behalfof the convention. The re
mainder of the officers of the temporary
organization were then elected.
Delegate Needham, of Kansas, then
stepped forward and presented chairman
Delano with a gavel, made from a wood
telegraph pole npon which Governor St.
John was haDged in effigy on November 7,
1884, at'Topeka. Governor St. John then
made a few remarks upon how it feels to
be hanged in effigy. The convention then
settled down to business and the roll
called by States and Territories, and called
for naming membérs of committees on cre
dentials, permanent organization, resolu
tions and rules. Adjournment was then
taken until 3 p. m
PRESBYTERIANS.
Church Entertainments Denounced.
Pittsbubg, June 1.—In the afternoon
the committee of missions reported in their
opinion the present condition did not jus
tify an attempt to work among the Indians
on an extended scale. Adopted. The
committee on presbyteries reported a
membership of 10,907 and 121 congrega
tions. The committee on systematic bene
ficence denounced church fairs and enter
tainments in strong terms. The commit
tee closed by recommending treasurers of
the synod to refuse all money tendered as
proceeds of immense wealth.
The following resolution was adopted,
after which the synod adjourned until to
morrow morniDg :
Resolved: As our nation is again enter
ing npon intense agitation and excitement,
incident to the election of a President, we
would timely aDd faithfully rt mind our
people that while we are greatly encour
aged in our successes for national realm,
the time has not yet come for ns, as a
church, to secede from our position of prac
tical protest and refusal to incorporate with
any political body, since the conditions by
which this can be done are not in the least
changed._ _ _
Methodist Conference.
New Yobk, May 30.—The Methodist
conference to-day passed resolutions to
the effect that after this a general confer
ence preacher may be appointed to the
charge which he has not served for three
years preceeding, and to be continued in
aid charge for five years, and a pastor
now serving a charge which he had not
served for three years preceeding his
present pastorage, may be continned
through the full term of five years. In
all other cases the rale of five years in
ten shall be strictly applied. The report
on temporal economy providing for the
care of superanuated ministers was adopt
ed. Rev. Dr. B. P. Kidder was made hon
orary secretary of the board of education.
Omaha was selected as the place of meet
ing of the next general conference, and a
committee of seven were appointed to con
fer with Omaha churches. It was decided
that during the months of October or No
vember, 1890, that an election be held in
the various churches throughout Uie
Union, so that each member over twenty
one years of age may be given a vote rela
tive to the admission of women as lay
delegates. The result to be sent to the
annual conference in 1891. The remainder
of the session was taken np in the dissens
sion of the report of the uniformity of
public worship.
The Fisheries Treaty.
Washington, May 31—The Execüiitê
Journal , covering everything connected
with the fisheries treaty from the time it
reached the Senate, is to be printed in
fecord. • It shows that Senator Hoar mad*
the motion which has been credited to
Senator Sherman and which Was adopted,
that the consideration of the treaty be
with open doors. Sherman was. however,
one of the three, (Dawes and Tellers being
the others), who voted in favor of Riddle
berger's resolution after it bad been ad
versely reported from the Committee on
Foreign Relations. The reeolation was loet
by a vote of 41 to 3.
BLAINE IS NOT A CANDIDATE
His Own Decisive Word^ Settle tiie Ques
tion—-He Predicts r Republican Vic
tory and Emphasizes the Issue.
BLAINE'S LETTER.
The Man of tfaine Reiterates
Determination Not to be a
Candidate.
His
New Yobk, May 29. —The Tviln ne of
to-day publishes the following letter from
Mr. Blaine:
Paris. May 17.
Whitelaw Reid, Esq.
My Dear Sir:—On my return to Paris
from Southern Italv on the 8th inst., I
bave learned (wbat I did not before be
lieve) that my name may yet be presented
to the National Convention ft a candidate
for the Presidency by the Republican
party. A single phrase of my letter of
January 25, from Florence (which was de
cisive of everything I had the personal
power to decide) has been treated by many
of my most valued friends as not abso
lutely conclusive, in ultimate aDd possible
contingencies. On the other hand, friends
equally devoted and disinterested,
have construed my letter (as it
should be construed) to be an uncondition
al withdrawal of my name from the nation
al convention. They have, in consequence
given their support to eminent gentlemen
who are candidates for the Chicago nomi
nation, some of whom would not, I am
sure, have consented to assume that posi
tion if I had desired to represent the party
in the presidential contest in 1888. If I
should now by speech or silence, by com
mission or omission permit my name in
any event to come before the convention, I
should incur the reproach of being uncan
did with those who have always been
candid with me. I speak, therefore, be
cause I am not willing to remain in a
doubtful attitude, I am not willing to be
the cause of misleading a single man
among the millions who have given me
their suffrages and their confidence
1 am not willing that even one of my faith
ful supporters in the past should think me
capable of paltering, in a double sense,
with my words. Assuming that the presi
dential nomination could by any possible
chance be offered to me, I coo Id not accept
it without leaving in the minds of thou
sands of these men the impression
that I had not been free from in
direction, and therefore I could not ac
cept it at all. The misrepresentations of
malice have no weight, bnt the jnst dis
pleasure of my friends, I conld uot
patiently endure. A Republican victory,
the prospect of which grows brighter
every day, can be imperilled only by the
lack of nnity in council, or by an acri
monious contest over men. The issue of
protection is incalculably stronger and
greater than any man, for it concerns the
prosperity of the present and its genera
tions yet to come. Were it possible for
every voter of the republic to see lor him
self the condition and recompense of labor
in Europe, the party of free trade in the
United States would not receive the sup
port of one wage worker between the two
oceans. It may not be directly in our
power as philanthropists to elevate the
European laborer, but it will be a lasting
stigma upon our statesmanship if we per
mit the American laborer to be placed
down to the European level, and in the end
the rewards of labor everywhere will be
advanced if we steadily refuse to lower the
standard at home. t
Yours very sincerely,
James G. Blaine.
Gossip About Blaine.
New Yobk, June 3 —J. D. Clarkson, the
Iowa member of the Republican national
committee, who has supported Blaine in
three national conventions, said to-day
that the letter from Blaine published this
morning simply emphasizes his previous
letter for the benefit of the men who have
become candidates ; that he meant what
he said and is out of the race. "But,"
added Clarkson, "Blaine is still the party's
leader. The great mass of the party and
an overwhelming majority of the national
convention are not only friendly to the
policies and ideas in public affairs that he
stands for, but are as friendly to him, and
it is safe to say that the nominee will be
friendly to him and not 'lis enemy—a man
who was loyal in 1884 and is sound on
protection, the great issue on which this
campaign is to be fonght."
Clarkson added that he thought in the
Dew situation the drift of the party would
be toward Senator Allison, whose fitness
and ability for the Presidency, he said, are
admitted. "We believed Allison to be the
strongest man for the polls now," added
lie, "yet we have the spirit of paity inter
est controlling us, and if a s.nmger man
can be found at Chicago we are for him.
The first thing this year is party success."
Public Buildings.
Washington, June 4 —The House com
mittee on public buildings and grounds to
day decided to unanimously recommend
that the House pass the Allentown, Pa.,
public building bill over the President's
veto. The public report will contain no
reflection whatever on the President's
course, but will hold that the committee
has better facilities than the executive for
ascertaining the needs of the town where
it is proposed to erect the building.
Arrested for Selling Bait.
Halifax; N S., June 4. —Consul Gen*
eral Phelan to-night received a dispatch
stating that the fishing schooner Ambrose
H. Knight, of Booth Bay, Maine, Captain
Diggens, had been seized at St. Johns, N.
F., and the crew arrested for selling bait at
St. Pierre Miquelon. The captain gave
bonds and he and the crew were released.
It is believed by the consul general that
they were released with their vessel.
New Mode of Capital Punishment.
Albany, June 4. —Governor Hill to-day
signed the bill abolishing hanging for all
marders committed after January 1,1889.
aud substituting electricity therefor.
Resolution of Sympathy.
Cedab Rapids, Iowa, May 30.—The
United Presbyterian Assembly closed its
session this afternoon, the next Assembly
to meet in Springfield, Ohio, and the next
meeting of the Board of Missions at Belle
fontaine, Ohio. Prayers were offered for
General Phil Sheridan, and the following
telegram sent to Mrs. Sheridan: "The
General Assembly of the United Presby
terian Church of North America, now in
session, greet you in the name of Christ
and Savior. We express to you our sin
cere sympathy in your present affliction,
and have this day offered np to God fer
vent prayers for recovery and spiritnal
welfare for your distinguished husband.'
The Assembly then adjourned sine die.
» v— - - ■
Nothing in It.
Omaha, Neb., May 30.— Col. Stevens, of
the 9th cavalry,who was ont with troops to
reconnoiter among the Sioux Indians, tele*
graps that there is not the slightest danger
of an Indian oat break and no need of
troops except to restore confidence among
the settlers. _____
Bright's Condition.
London, June 3.— Bright is new in a
favorable condition, having passed the

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