R. E. FISK, - -
THURSDAY, JUNE 7, 1888.
- - - Editor
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Address FISK BROH., Helena, Montana.
Congressman Scott was hung in effigy
last week fro n the rooms of the County
Democracy in Pittsburg. Cleveland can
whip in the leaders but he can't control
the mass of voters.
Mrs. Cleveland has now two calves,
a bear, a parrot, a monkey, a squirrel and
various other pets of the animal kingdom»
presented her by admirers. In view of the
President's penchant for free wool, would it
not be au fait for a Montana sheep grower
to donate a little lamb to his wife's
The malicious reports current to day as
to the Woolston water works being inca
pable of furnishing plenty of water for
lighting lire have no foundation in fact.
A card from manager Gates and the affida
vits of Fire Marshal Witmer and Engineer
Reese, published in our news column?,
sufficiently explain the situation at the
time of the fire.
The Ninth Annual Report of the Super
intendent of Public Instruction of Mon
tana for 1887 is just out. It is creditable
to Superintendent Logan and full of inter
est to every Montauian. The delay in its
publication is inexcusab'e, though not the
fault of the Superintendent. Such reports
are among the most valuable immigration
documents and about the only ones we
have. They should he promptly published
and widely circulated. We shall notice
the matter of this report further at a fu
Representative Masou, of Chicago,
made one of the most humorous tariff
speeches. Here are some of his political
'"The brigadier rings the caucus bell,
The dough-face cries 'For shame!
I'll .not be bossed by the brigadier.
But lie gets there just the same.' "
* 'Rock-a-by, Hugar Trust, you're on the tree top.
And while we are in power your cradle will
But if the duty on sugar should tumble and
Down comes the Sugar Trust,—Mills bill and
"Little boy blue, come blow you • horn nice.
Blow hell out of mutton, hut do not touch rice."
Professor Hbnderson. of the National
Park, to-day concludes in the Herald his
interesting correspondence upon the Conk
ling visit to Wonderland. Aside from the
doings of the Conkling party, which have
been faithfully narrated, his entertaining
letters have abounded in graphic descrip
tions of the freaks of nature observable in
that picturesque locality. To-day he gives
a pen picture of the mammoth terraces
which will be read with interest by every
one who has seen three wonderful forma
tions. The professor wields a graceful pen
and the wonders of the Park afford him
the best field wherein to exercise it.
Many think Memorial Day is already a
national holiday, but this is not so. In
the last Congressional Globe we notice
that the Senate has passed an act making
it so, and we hope before another year
comes around that its national character
will be a settled matter. It is appropriate
and will always be so. It cultivates pat
riotism and draws out the noblest senti
ments and devotions of our natures. We
need more national holidays and there can
be none more appropriate than this. Man
lives not by bread alone, and those whose
death purchased a nation's life should ever
be held in honor and loving remembrance.
Two items of railroad news appear in
juxta position and striking contrast among
telegraphic items to-day. These are the
passage of the first train through the Cas
cade tunnel on the Northern Pacific, and
the completion of the Russian railroad to
Samarcand the ancient capital of Timur
and Genghis Khan. These two striking
facts protrude from the mass of news as
finger points indicating the present centers
of the world's growth. The United States
and Russia—Republican and Cossack
as Napoleon predicted—are moving
forward to the possession of the old world
and the new, not with arms alone, but
with railroads and Bteam power, over and
through mountains and plains. These two
great, growing powers on their diverse
theatres of action are absorbing all the
hardier elements of the world's growth
and cementing them together for new and
greater conquests. The world is not
only moving, but it is moving
by steam power. Russia may be
poor in cash resources, but she
has all the elements of strong and vigor
ous growth. She has the area that will
provide homes for all her generations of
native and adopted children and resources
to create all the wealth necessary to equip
and mobilize armies that nothing in Eu
rope or Asia can resist. Greek w ill meet
Greek and Turkey will disappear. There
is something ominous in the fact that Rus
sia has planted herself firmly on the
ground that witnessed the tread of con
querors through all the centuries of re
corded history. The millions of southern
Asia have always been the victims and
sport of the hardier sons of the north.
OUT OK THE RACE.
Mr. Blaine's letter of May 17 to
Whitelaw Reid must be accepted a3 a
finality as to his possible candidacy for
the presidential nomination. We can
only say that we regret the decision
while we respect the motives that
prompted the frsal announcement. Our
interpretation of his previous letters led
us to the conclusion that Mr. Blaine,
while not personally seeking the posi
tion, might still be induced to accept
the candidacy if tendered him by gen
eral unanimity. But this condition of
things is not a satisfactory one. The
Republican party has more than one
man in it worthy to be considered in
connection with this great office. And
so long as Mr. Blaine was a possible
candidate his friends were embarrassed
in looking further or regarding [any
other candidate with favor. In justice
to his friends and to allow them to be
perfectly free to make choice among the
several available candidates, Mr. Blaine
has defined bis position so that it can
not be misunderstood. He is out of the
race entirely, either as a willing or pos
Some will say he has reached this con
clusion because he is satisfied that he
could not be elected. We do not believe
it. As sure as he had been nominated
he would have been elected.
A change of GUO votes in the State of
New York would have elected him be
fore and with the issue of protection
against low tarilf, with free trade in
prospect, New York would give Blaine a
large majority, and the same influences
would give him Connecticut and New
Having given Cleveland so close a race
before, we should have preferred to see
Blaine defeat him on the second trial.
There would have been a fitness and jus
tice in it that would have been peculiar
ly gratifying. Besides, we are free to
say that we prefer Mr. Blaine to all oth
ers, because he seems to us to compre
hend more clearly than any others of our
statesmen, what our foreign policy de
mands. England is our great rival and
only possible foe in gaining the controll
ing influence on this continent and.ulti
mately of the ocean and its commerce. The
policy of most of our statesmen seems to
us too narrow and short sighted, con
fined almost exclusively to internal and
present policy without considering the
future and external relations. As a
nation among nations we are a nonenti
ty without influence or consideration.
England has greater influence on this
continent than our country and through
the free trade policy of the democratic
party has some strong hopes of subject
ing even our country to a colonial con
dition. Her stealthy tread is observable
in every direction and yet such
judicial blindness seems to have
closed the eyes of most of our statesmen,
that many of them are unconsciously
co-operating with England for our com
mercial subjugation. While the genera
tion of those who fought the war for the
union survives, England will respect our
military reserve strength, but if this
generation passes away without our cre
ation of a navy superior in every respect
to that of England, we shall see trou
ble and plenty of it. Without
this navy first, free trade is
a mockery for us with outside
nations. The less we have of it
the better off shall we be and learn to
live on our own resourses. England has
acquired her dominion of the sea by hard
fighting and lavish expenditures upon
her navy. It is her only hold upon
power as a nation of the first rank; upon
her colonial possessions on which the
sun never sets; upon commerce through
which all other nations pay her tribute.
While being far from any wish to
stir up hostility with *
we cannot close our eyes to
what is so clearly outlined in the
future. We shall soon be a natidfc of
one hundred millions, with wealth and
powers if we knew how to use them, to
control the destinies of the world. Our
first duty is to construct a navy and be
gin right away. It will cost money and
will dispose of our surplus, but it will
give us in the end the commerce of the
seas and the control of the destinies of
Now, we are for the man who can
beat Cleveland and stamp out free trade
till we are iu condition to be benefitted
by it. _
The Confederate constitution, Sec. 8,
reads as follows: "Sec. 8 . Congress shall
have power to lay and collect taxes, duties,
imposts and excises for a revenue neces
sary to pay the debts, provide for the com
mon defense and carry on the government
of the Confederate States; bat no bounties
shall be granted from the treasury, nor
shall any duties or taxes on importations
from foreign nations be laid to promote or
foster any branch of industry." This
seems to be the constitution that the pres
ent Democratic administration and major
ity of the House are working under, instead
of the one ander which Washington was
elected first President, and one of whose
first official act was to sign a bill for the
purpose of protecting manufacturing indus
tries in this country. The compact be
tween the democracy of the Sonth and
North seems to be this that the latter shall
nominally hold the chief offices while the
former dictates the policy. While the pol
icy declared in the Confederate constitu
tion might have suited states that made
slavery, the corner stone of the social and
industrial fabric, it is no more sniffed to
oar present condition than unlimited mon
archy. If we have abolished slavery let
its incidents and conséquents go with it
A Prominent Mason Dies.
London, Jane 2. —George Parker Brock
bank, P. G. D. and P. G. Standard Bearer
of the Free Masons of England, is dead.
This first day of June is the introduc
tion of what we trust may prove a glo
rious summer. The face of the country
looks bright with verdure. The spring
months have been cool and wet, favor
able to grass, but unpropitious for the
advancement of farm work. As grass is
the greatest and most valuable of all the
annual crops in Montana, we can con
gratulate ourselves on the prospect of a
prosperous season before us. Indeedjhe
prospect for our Territory was never so
bright in all respects as to-day. The
fame of our mines is spread all over the
world. We have crowded to the front
of the procession as a producer of the
precious metals and there is none to dis
pute our right to the place. Increase of
railroad facilities, with cheaper rates for
machinery, the erection of extensive
smelting works, the discovery of abund
ant coal mines of excellent qual
ity, all promise that the rank
we have reached can be easily
held and considerably advanced.
Without an unfavorable change in the
government, destructive to our stock
interests and obstructive to the working
of our low grade silver ores, we should
feel reasonably sure of a steady growth
to a grand development, including early
Statehood, with an influence at Wash
ington that would still further assist our
This month of June is to witness the
assemblage of the national conventions
of the two great parties that are contest
ing for the control of the policy of the
nation. We know already iu a general
way what will be done by these conven
tions. The Democrats have announced
a policy which if adhered to and car
ried out into law will bring ruin to our
leading interests and industries. As we
wish the prosperity of Montana, we can
but desire the discomfiture and defeat of
Cleveland 5 and bis policy. Our hopes
are with the Republicans ; their success
will insure our prosperity.
This month will probably witness the
disposition of the Mills bill in the
House. The contest bids fair to be
close. Every inch of the ground will
be contested and no doubt many changes
will be made. Indeed, there are signs
that the President and Mills both are
willing to concede much, but their con
cessions except on increasing the duty
on lead ores, affect us very little. They
have planted themselves on the repeal of
the wool duty and seem ready to concede
anywhere else rather than on this point
which affects us most. The Democrats
do not claim more than one or two ma
jority on the final passage of the bill and
we hope they will be disappointed in
On Monday next occurs the £tate
election iu Oregon, and much interest
will attach to it as the first indication of
popular opinion in the North upon the
issues of the approaching national cam
paign. In this Oregon election, too, is
involved the choice of a United States
Senator, which is becoming a question
almost as important as that of President.
The Democrats realizing its importance,
have been making unusual exertions to
carry the State, and the divisions among
the Republicans give them some hope.
We are confident, however, that the Re
publicans of Oregon fully realize the
gravity of the issue and will respond
with no uncertain voice to their friends
all over the country.
And on with alternations of hope and
fear we look forward to what this month
of June may have in store for us. It
cannot settle the great issue in which we
have so much involved, but its revela
tions will throw much light on the prob
able issue in November, which we can
already see is going to be the hottest
contest ever witnessed in this country.
It is to be no fight over dead issues, but
a life and death struggle over living ones.
New Yoek has passed a law introducing
manual training into all the public schools
of that State, and the Governor has ap
proved the bill. This is the first State to
accept the new departure for the public
schools, and we expect to see it soon be
come universal. The significance of the
the change can hardly be estimated. It is
a complete revolution, or will prove eo
when carried out. It will require a very
different training of teachers and will in
volve some additional expense, bat we are
confident that good will result beyond the
cost. It will provide an education
that will fit children for the
practical duties of life. It will honor
labor, encourage [industry and fit children
for the practical duties of life. It will ac
complish this withont interfering with in
tellectual culture. We expect that at first
there will be a great development of
quackery and many will pretend to be able
to taach in the new departure who are
withont qualification, but experience will
weed oat these qaacks and make oar
schools a valuable apprenticeship to nsefnl
and honored lives. We have great hopes
that it wlil prove to be just the correction
that Yonng America needs.
The Helena Smelter.
Secretary M. E. Downs is authority for
sayiDg that the committee on the selection
of a site tor the Helena smelter has been
bnsy for a week inspecting certain proper
ties near Helena for its location. The com
mittee has several eligible sites near the
city ander consideration, bnt which will
be the most eligible for a profitable work
ing of the plant is a matter requiring intel
ligent deliberation and cantioos final act
ion. The obliging secretary stated to a
Herald reporter this morning that by
next week the committee would publish a
call for proposals for brick, stone and ma
terials for the construction of the works.
A farther interview elicited the informa
tion that the Bmelter would undoubtedly
be Ideated conveniently close to the city
for all the purposes of benefits to the com
mercial interests of the city and the profit
able working of the plant
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria"
OUR FOE AND DEFENDER.
The fire scenes and experiences of last
night recalled to very many old resi
dents the thrilling times of bygone days,
when they realized their frail tenure on
accumulated wealth in the presence of
devouring flames. The timely appear
ance on the scene of our new defender,
the just completed Woolston Water
Works, throwing a dozen continuous
streams into the crater of the consuming
volcano and finally conquering and
quenching it, brings to mind the appear
ance of the little Monitor in Hampton
Roads at a moment when all hope had
expired of saving a vestige of our nation
Conceding it to be true that we had
the advantage of more stone and brick
walls and tin roofs than formerly, that
there was no wind and that everything
was damp from recent rains and after, it
must be conceded that the fire last night
was one of the ugliest and most threat
ening that our city ever had to deal with,
and all our former means of contending
with such a fire would have proved ut
terly inadequate. Unfortunately a dis
covered defect in the Woolston reservoir
had led o its being drained in
order to repair the defect, and there was
not the head and force to the flow of
water that we may certainly expect un
der ordinary circumstances. Even un
der these most trying and adverse cir
cumstances, the new water works demon
strated most convincingly their immense
superiority over all previous supplies
and defence for a great emergency.
Our firemen have not yet become fa
miliar with the new arrangements, and
we are sure they will hereafter know
better how to get to work more speedily.
We want an abundance of hose and that
well distributed, with such a clearly de
fined and divided responsibility that
there may be no moments lost in get
ting a stream of water playing on the
point of danger. It is the early work
that does most effectual service.
Besides we need a strong, well
equipped and disciplined salvage corps
to save property from destruction. Then
the general public, that can do nothing
but to hinder and get in the way, should
be made to stay at home.
We have now a sure, adequate means
of defense against fire, and we only need
to become conscious of it, adjust our
selves to it and learn to use it most ef
We may congratulate ourselves to day
iu the midst of our serious losses that
enough has been saved to pay for one
year's cost of the water to the city.
We hope that the origin of this fire
will be most thoroughly investigated,
and we have some pretty well de
fined convictions that more stringent
ordinances will have to be passed to
regulate livery stables and the keeping
of much combustible materials in the
heart of the city.
Let us learn "to pluck the rose of
safety from amidst the thorns of danger."
A CREDITABLE ACT.
The whole country in the midst of
engrossing and distracting contentions
has for several days past been watching
with bated breath the announcement
that Phil. Sheridan had fought his last
battle. In the midst of this prolonged,
heroic struggle, some one, we believe it
was Senator Manderson, bethought
him that it would be a kindly and ap
propriate thing to sooth the dying hours
of the departing hero to revive again the
highest military title known in this
country and bestow it as a testimonial of
the country's appreciation of his ser
vices. It seemed almost like a forlorn
hope to get such a bill
through Congress in time to
accomplish this purpose, but thanks
to the mercy of God in prolonging the
spark of life and to the generous consid
eration of former foes and political ene
mies, all obstacles gave way and it will
remain a perpetual consolation to a
country full of warm admirers of Gen
eral Sheridan, as well as a credit to his
opponents that the honor, short, fleeting
and empty as it must seem in the pres
ence of the angel of death, was bestowed
in his life-time. Let us hope that
the exclamation his devoted wife
may yet be realized. "I know he will
get well." We cannot in this connection
withhold our praise and admiration for
the noble conduct of Representative
Mills in appealing as he did to his fel
low Democrats and confederates to with
draw their opposition. There was some
reluctance to yield even to the appeal
made in the name of "the dead and dying
heroes of the Confederacy," but it won
and deserves to be recorded to their
praise. Such gleams of chivalrous sen
timent, breaking out from the very cen
ter of fiercest contention, remind us
that after all we are one people. Our
national motto, "E pluribus unum," has
a new significance, for just as appropri
ately it signifies that underlying and over
arching all scenes of contention, seeming
ly implacable strifes and irreconcileable
divisions, there is unity of purpose, hope
and ambition. We do not think any
better of the free trade doctrine of chair
man Mills or President Cleveland, but
we honor the sentiment that impelled
them to do a handsome thing, rising
above party and heeding the demands
of unselfish patriotism.
The momentary gratification of the
conscious, though dying, hero, is worth
more than the proudest or most endur
ing monument to the dead.
St. Louis, Jane 2. —A dispatch from
vice president Clark, of the Missouri Paci
fic, this morning, from Fredericks, Kas n
says: New York reports regarding Gonld's
condition absolutely false. Now inspecting
the road while traveling at a speed of
forty miles an hoar and doing as mach
work is ever on trips of this character.
Observed in Helena by Suspension of
Business, a Grand March to the
Cemetery and Appropriate
Fine Turn Out of Militia Men and
Veterans of the Grand Army.
Soul Stirring Addresses at the Opera House
by Hon. A. F. Burleigh and Hon.
Wm. J. Galbraith.
Memorial Day, 1888, dawned serene and
calm in the capital of Montana. With the
rising sun the clouds of night were dissi
pated, and throughout the morning a sky
of unspotted bine bent its azure vault over
city and valley. The air was balmy with
the breath of spring and all nature smiled
upon tha day set apart by the greatest na
tion on the globe for commemorating the
deeds of valor and chanting the praises of
her deceased defenders.
Evidences of the holiday were observed
early. The doors of all the banks, public
offices and of many stores were closed, flags
streamed from numerous masts and pa
triotic colors festooned the front of several
buildings. At 1 o'clock p. m.
THE GRAND PROCESSION
began forming on Ewing street, facing
Fifth avenue, under the direction of John
C. Major, marshal of the day. At 1:30 the
column began its march to the cemetery,
with colors flying and bands playing. The
Tönte was pursued as follows: Up Fifth ave
nue to Rodney ; Rodney Bouth to Broadway;
west on Broadway to Main ; down Main to
Sixth avenue; Sixth avenue to Clore;
north on Clore to Lawrence ; Lawrence to
Benton avenue, and thence to cemetery.
The procession proceeded in the follow
ing order ;
Platoon of Police.
Comrade John C. Major, Marshal of the
Day, with aides J. S. Dunn, A.
O'Connell, Sergt. Thompson,
H. L. Luke, J. J. Rohr
baugh and H. C. Yaeger.
Troop A First Cavalry.
First Cavalry Band.
Battery A, Helena Light Artillery.
Wadsworth Post No. 3, G. A. R.
U. S. Grant Post No. 1, Sons of Veterans
Department and Past Department Com'
Orators and Chaplain.
Women's Relief Corps.
Daughters of Veterans.
United Slates, Territorial, County and
Citizens and Visitors.
When on the move the long column was
a grand sight. Marshal Major and aides
directed the evolutions of the line with an
ability that left no room for criticism. The
waving plumes of the cavalrymen, as they
marched their fine steeds through varions
evolutions, under the command of Captain
Gibbs; the brilliant and gaudy uniforms of
the artillery, flashing their sabres in the
snn, the battery drilled splendidly by Cap
tain Craig; the solid platoon of the Mea
gher Guards defiling precisely on the word
of command from Captain Dougherty; the
Wadsworth Post Veterans, commanded by
G. W. Shaw, post commander,and the Sons
of Veterans, led by the division com
mander, Colonel Perkins; the 'bus fall of
little girls robed in white and laden with
flowers; the carriage loads of civic socie
ties and prominent officials—all in holiday
attire or uniform, and each division bear
ing the national colors with their own ban
ners, combined to make up one of the most
brilliant pageants ever seen in Helena.
AT THE CEMETERY.
The procession reached the cemetery at
half past two, when the column broke np
and each division gathered around the
grave of the late Ex-Governor Potts, where
the exercises were carried on. These were
opmed by Post Commander Shaw, of
Wadsworth Post No 3, G. A. R, according
to the Grand Army ritual. An opening
prayer was then made by the Post Chap
lain, Ross Deegan, alter which Command
er Shaw addressed the assemblage on the
duty they had gathered to perform. Chap
lain Deegan then offered the following
prayer : "Almighty God, in the name of
onr Lord Jesus Christ, who brought life
and immortality to light, we bow before
Thee on this Memorial Day. We thank
Thee that out from the carnage of war we
have come to these days of peace. We
thank Thee that the valor and devotion
and sacrifice nnto death of those whose
memories we revere, vindicate onr expecta
tions that no threat against our country's
honor shall be accomplished : bnt as in the
past, Thou didst give to onr dead the spirit
of fidelity and of heroism, so Thon wilt
give to those steadfast in the cause of
hnman rights and liberty, and love and
order, of social justice and national recti
tude, Thy wisdom to direct, Thy might to
strengthen, Thy love to bless.
"We thank Thee for peace; that the aDger
of cannon no longer hardens the air, that
the gleam of the sabre and bayonet no
longer blinds the eyes, that the passion of
war is stilled and that mercy ministers to
those who have submitted to the authority
of the nation. May we give them a soldier's
pardon, not forgetting the wrong that was
done in the charity we accord.
"Continue, we pray Thee, the memory of
the dead; strengthen, we pray Thee, "the
hearts of lire living; bless, we pray Thee,
onr whole people, that it may be a nation
whose God is the Lord; deepen and en
noble that faith that Bhall make the Grand
Army of the Republic the color-gnard of
the nation's patriotism, and let onr coun
try now and forever be the "land of the
free and the home of the brave." And to
the end that all for which we pray may be
wrought ont in us effectually, grant O God,
that by Thy grace we may be enlisted in
Thy great army of the redeemed, under
Jesus Christ, the Captain of onr salvation."
The assembled company responded
"amen" and the exercises were concluded
by strewing the graves with flowers. This
reverent task was performed by the little
girls, who tenderly laid their lovely floral
tributes upon every soldier's grave. This
done, Aide Yaeger sounded the "first call"
on the bogle and the procession counter*
marched and returned to the city.
A notable featnre of the day was the
presence of seven veterans of the Mexican
war. These were Wm. H. Ewing, E. G
Chatfield, Ross Deegan, J. J. Williams
Henry A. Hanchild, A. J. Kelly and Mr.
McCartney. There were also three graves
of Mexican war soldiers decorated yester
day , viz. those of H. W. English, Edward
Con Ison, in the Protestant cemetery and
Bernard Zimmerman in the Catholic banal
ground. Soldiers' graves in the latter
cemetery were decorated by a committee
specially delegated for the purpose.
AT THE OPERA HOUSE.
At 4 o'clock in the afternoon appropriate
exercises were held at Ming's Opera House,
which was filled to overflowing. Ex-Gov
ernor Carpenter acted as Master of Cere
monies. The stage was .beautifully decor
ated with flags and flowers, stacked arms,
a small piece of ordnance and several
sabres. The following persons were invit
ed to take seats on the stage, most of whom
Woman's Relief Corps.
Department Commander J. G. Senders and
Past Department Commander T. P. Fuller
and Gen. C. S. Warren.
Wm. H. Perkins, Division commander S.
O. V., and Staff.
Gov. Leslie and Staff.
Jadges N. W. McConnell and D. S. Wade.
County Commissioners Eliznr Peach, Fran
cis Pope John C. Curtin.
Territorial Treasurer W. G. Preuitt.
County Treasurer W. N. Baldwin.
County Assessor Wm. M. Bickttt.
Recorder W. E. Frederick.
SherilT James W. Hathaway.
City Council—Clerk A. C. Botkin, Presi
dent Moses Monis, C. A. Donnelly, Jacob
Loeb, Marcus Lissner, Wm. Harrison, Jno.
Worth, T. H. Clewell, Henry Klein, K. H.
Howey, Hugh Kirkendall, R. Washburn,
J. S. Featherly, A. O. Simons, F. AdkinsoD.
Double quartette in charge of Geo. W.
I. D. McCutcheon, E. W. Knight, C. K.
Cole, A. J. Craven, C. A. Broadwater,
Thomas Cruse, E Sharp, T. H. Cai ter, W.
F. Sanders, L. H. Herebtield, John B. W il
son, Martin Maginnis, A. J. Davidson, C.
L. Dahler, F. P. Sterling, C. Hedges. R. B.
Harrison, A. M. Thornburg, H. M. Pärch
en, J. B Sanford, S. T. Hanser, E. D. Ed
gerton, S. H. Crounse, D. A. Cory, A. J.
Fisk, J. B. Walker, L. Mollinelli, Alex.
Devine, A. M. Holter, I. Geeenhood,
Herman Gans, Ed. Zimmerman, C.
K. Wells, J. O Briscoe, S. W.
Langborne, C. D. Curtis, J. E. O'Conner, J.
S. Harris, J. D. Thompson, A. J. Steele, J.
S. M. Neill, J. P. Porter, Wm. Math, W.
E. Cox, J. Armitage, M. Jackman, Walter
Matheson, C. D. Hard, Ben Harris, A. R.
Gates, B. H. Tatem, J. W. Kinsley, C. F.
Ellis, R. H. Floyd-Jouee, Wm. Reed, C. T.
Jefieris, V. C. Rinda, Sam Schwab, ß. W.
S. Folk, J. M. Ryan, John N. Heldt, F. R,
Wallace, Revs. Webb, Moore, Raleigh, Al
len, Berry, Kelsey, Britt, Prof. Engelhorn,
Prof. Hahn, Jqbji ^teadjaan, F. S. P. Lind
say, M. Bullard, A. K Barbour, E. C. Rich
ards, L. Stadler, W. E. Cullen, J. B. Clay
berg, L. Kaufman. H. H. Guthrie, R. Luke,
L. F. LaCroix, Henry W. Foote, W. B,
Prof. Cole's Colored Band and the First
Cavalry Band, which furnished such fine
music in the parade and at the cemetery,
were on hand and made the walls resound
» with sweet strains of music. The orches
tra were also in attendance to accompany
the singers, Professor Herahftld at the
The exercises were opened with a prayer
by the Chaplain, Rev. T. V. Moore. A
quartette consisting of Miss Shiland, Mrs.
Arnold, Mr. Hamblin and Mr. G. W. Jack
son, then sang a lovely composition, "Not
Dead, but Sleepeth." It was txautifully
rendered and the touching strains were
received with applause.
The Master of Ceremonies then intro
duced one of the orators of the day, Hon.
Andrew F. Burleigh, who was greeted with
applause. Mr. Burleigh proceeded to ad
dress the assemblage and for 20 minutes held
the undivided attention of the vast au
dience. He spoke of the feelings para
mount on Memorial day and paid a glow
ing tribute to the heroic dead. His men
tion of Abraham Lincoln and eulogy upon
the lofty character of that venerated mar
tyr provoked round after ronnd of ap
plause and he concluded with an eloquent
peroration that stamped his oratory a suc
cess and bronght forth hearty plaudits. It
was a splendid effort and the speaker never
appeared to better advantage.
After music by the band and another
song from the quartette, "Honors to the
Brave," the Master of Ceremonies intro
duced Hon. W. J. Galbraith, of Deer Lodge,
who addressed the audience in a masterly
oration. Jndge Galbraith's oratory was
a revelation to many Helenaites, who
had never heard him speak. His delivery
ia animated, his speech rapid and clear and
his periods gracefully rounded and couched
in beautiful language. He carried bis au
dience to the highest pitch of enthusiasm
in his eloquent tributes to the brave men
who saved the conntry and was interrupt
ed constantly by thunders of applause. In
his eulogy of the union soldiers he was
grand and pathetic, touching responsive
chords in the breasts of his hearers with
every telling thought and word, while his
allnsion to the Confederates paid a deserved
tribute to the brave bat misguided sol
diers who died on the other side. In
concluding he apostrophized the Ameri
can flag, calling it a living, breathing
emblem of liberty and paying it the most
exalted tributes. The patriotism of every
heart was fired by his glowing words and
his eloquent panegyric on the Star Span
gled Banner brought forth frequent ap
plause. He brought his speech to a close
by reciting dramatically that splendid
tribute of the American poet, Drake's ad
dress to the American flag, beginning :
When Freedom, from her mountain height,
Unfurled her standard to the air.
She tore the azure robe of night.
And set the stars of glory there."
At the end of the magnificent peroroa
tion cheer after cheer rent the air and the
venerable orator took his seat while the
honse shook with applause. The unani
mous verdict was: "It was a masterpiece
A male quartette consisting of Messrs.
Jackson and Bargees, Eddy and Hamblin,
then rendered "The Voice of Peace" with
excellent cadence, after which Rev. Mr.
Moore pronounced the benediction and the
assemblage dispersed to the mnsic of a
grand march discoursed by the band. Al
together the exercises of the day were
among the most notable and interesting
of any ever carried out on a similar oc
casion in Helena.
Memorial Day Notes.
The handsome colors of the Helena
Light Artillery were the subject of fre
quent remark. They were made and pre
sented to the company by Vailiant, the
painter, to whom the former are under
obligations for the acceptable gift.
Our militia did tnemselves credit in the
parade. The cavalry presented a fine ap
pearance and maneuvred beautifully. The
artillery showed excellent drill and ap
peared to advantage in their new uni
forms. The Meagher Gnards made a line
showing and held np their end of the pro
cession with credit.
There was a large tarn oat of G. A. R.
men, who stepped briskly along, unmind
ful of rain or son, just line the old soldiers
The fine uniforms and good masic of the
First Cavalry Band were each admired as
they deserved. Prof. Cole's band likewise
received deserved compliments for the fine
martial music they furnished.
The column was one of the longest and
most imposing ever seen in the city. Mar
shall Major and his aides handled it well.
John Maguire gave the use of the Opera
House for tho afternoon ceremonies.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria?
THE MAMMOTH PLATEAU.
Last of the Series of Letters on the
Conkling Visit to the Park
Mammoth Hot Springs, May 28 —
[Special Herald Correspondence.]—Look
ing down into the three great boiling lakes
that have been so well named the Mam
moth Hot Springs, we had a good general
view from Admiration Terrace—a terrace
named on account of the outburst of emo
tion that flows from the lips of the visiter
when he first gets a full view of the mag
nificent Periodical Terraces and Lake.
"This is more than a Wonderland ; it is
the veritable fairyland of my childhood's
"Aye ! my dear girl, if you could onl y
dream your thoughts into words and com
pel the words to do justice to your thoughts,
it would be the greatest triumph of art
and word painting since Midsummer
Nights Dream was crystalizsd into words."
"These lakes must be cold, for I see
no vapor arising from their surface," said
"The day and hour favor ns," I ex*
plained. "There are days when the at
mosphere is so clouded with the vapor
that you could not see your pilot five yards
in advance of you. Oiten the sceptical ad
mirer has to dip his linger into these lakes
to assure himself that they are really hot."
"I am not a doubting Thomas," said the
Senator, "as to their heat. I only doubt
if there is anything in the National Park
that is cold. Even our philosophic friend
Henderson is enthusiastically red hot."
"We know the remedy for him," said the
Judge smiling. "Our combined admira
tion is his similia similibus."
ADMIRATION TERRACE AND PEP.IODICAL
There are two ways of approaching the
mammoth plateau. The most impressive
and altogether the most delightful is to
reach it from Dover pia f eau, and get the
first full view from Admiration
Terrace. Some months later President
Arthur took a seat on the east end of this
terrace, above Gluck Auf and Holy Rock,
and looked over this phenomenal group
of lakes and terraces. It is now pointed
out as Arthur's Seat. Shall we ever bavç
a King s Crag or a Kaiser's Corner in this
cosmopolitan resort? When Prof. Von
Rath, of Bonn, first looked down upon the
cerulean lakes from this point of view he
lifted his hat from his venerable brow and
letting his grey locks flutter in the wind,
exclaimed: "Vonderful! Vonderful! Most
Vonderful ! ! !" And his lovely and intel
ligent wife responded : "Yes, ver-rv
wonder-fnl indeed !" Hence its name,
A few lines might suffice to give some
idea of the Twin Abysmal Lakes. They
have undergone no apparent changes
during the last six years. The
quantity of water is uniform and
the direction of its overflow has undergone
but little change. The eastern lake has
built up the great Oriental Terraces, after
which the water forms a geyser creek to
the southeast of Camp Sheridan and final
ly sinks into the marshes east of Capital
The water of the other lake flows north,
and after building the beautiful Pulpit
Terraces, either sinks through the honey
combed rocks or reappears at the Capitol
Hill Springs to sink into the Boiling River
under the hotel plateau.
It will be impossible to give any ade
quate idea in written word«, or even where
the visitor is present and as intelligent as
most of the Conkling party, it is hardly
possible to explain the wonderful, ever
changing and seemingly incomprehensible
Periodical Lake and terraces.
As Chameleon Terrace decked herself in
gaudy colors, changing them several times
a day, so the Periodical Lake and Terraces
revel in ever changing colors and in lue
most diversified and transient forms.
When Mr. Conkling and his friends ac
ompanied me around Periodical lake, the
northern terraces in tne direction of
Jupiter Terrace were all flooded and the
convoluted aqueducts formed a hundred
outlets to conduct the water from the
lake, all of which sunk into the loose
magnesia and disappeared To-day we
my find a chain of circular terraces, with
beautifully scalloped rims and walls from
one to three feet deep on the outer side,
brilliantly colored with green, yellow and
brown tints of every shade ; and the same
day these surface shades will disappear,
transforming the magnesian walls to spot
less white and pink, as if it were neces
sary to disrobe for night and wear veils iu
the sunlight. To-morrow the crystal
flood may force its way across these walls,
constructing at right angles with them a
series of open aqueducts and drain the
water from these circular reservoirs.
At 6 a. m. you may cross dry 6liod over
thirty terraces, the bottoms of which are
filled with dry, white magneisia, as fine
and pare as the magnesia of commerce.
The stranger fears he is going to be owal
lowed up, as the carbonates yield under
his feet as if stepping into a barrel of flour.
But there is no danger. He will sink only
about ankle deep, bnt by following the
veins he finds good footing, as there is
there an increment of silicon that hardens
in the Ban and makes the veins of the
great bowls hard and solid. Some of these
bowls are more like little lakes and con
tain many hundred barrels of water.
Returning at 6 p. m. you may find a lake
where you crossed dry shod in the morn
ing, and perhaps twenty new ac
queducts being constructed by the
aquatic architect, who seems to de
light in building dams and in breaking
through them. When seen from Admira
tion Terrace, these aqueducts look like
the rays of a star fish, or rather like the
tentacles of the cattle fish, from the fact
that they are not straight, but convoluted
like an uncoiled reptile crawling out of
A few things may be predicated of Peri
odical Lake, notwithstanding her variabil
ity, the seeming conflict among her ter
race, their blusterings and palings, drouths
and floods :
First. She seems to follow a circle and
in one direction.
Second. In 1882 her waters sought a
northwestern outlet and sank into their
magnesian grave back of Jupiter. Now.
in 1888, the water flows out in a south
eastern direction, between Admiration Ter
race and the Twin Abysmal Lakes, being
abont half way aronnd the circle. There
fore the waters will box the compass every
Third. She seems to adv ance and retreat
sweeping her orbit, bnt it is merely to
keep her wale* level and when high
enough she advances onward as a planet in
its sphere in ceaseless and eternal circles.
Fourth. Her water never mingles with
that of the ether lakes bnt drops out of
sight at the end of the tentacled aqueducts
that cross-section her terraces.
Fifth. Conkling, Jndge Cox and Miss
Gertrude Cox, Robert G. Ingereoll, Prof.
3 on Rath and all who have seen her
either from Admiration Terrace or from
her own, pronounce her the moet wonder
ful, beautiful, mysterious, incomprehensi
ble and fascinating of all that has been
seen on this terrestrial globe.
We made the descent from this plateau
over a stairway of dead terraces between
the Pnlpits and Jnpiter ; halted at tho base
of the Minerva Terraces, then in all their
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