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Helena, Montana, Thursday, June 21, 1888. No. 3 ° ÆheïMï R. E. FISK D. W. FISK Ä. J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulât:::: of any Paper in Montana -O Rates ct Subscription. WEEKLY "herald : One Year, (in Advance) .............................£3 CO Hfx Months, (In advance)............................... 1 75 Three Months, (in advance)........................... 1 00 When not paid for in advance the ra»« will be Four Dollars per yeaii Postage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: Pity Huhserlbers.delivered by carrier J1,00a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. £9 00 Six Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, b y mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid in advance, £12 per annum. [ Entered at the Postoffice at Helena as second class matter.) Äd*All communications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena. Montana. Whore Tîaufk 'Notes Are Printed, The president of n large bank note com pany in this city recently said to the writer that it was absolutely impossible for anj' of his subordinates to steal any thing without being detected at once. Every imaginable safeguard is used to prevent the company's suffering through the dishonesty of its employes. In print ing bank notes, or stamps, or bonds, or tickets t lie paper to be used is carefully measured lieforehand by one of the higher officials. Only enough to make the num ber ordered is given to the workmen, and they are held responsible for it thereafter. If a single stamp or ticket is lost the doors are locked and nobody is allowed to leave the workshop until it is found or satis factorily accounted for. With bank notes and bonds extra pre cautions are used, and they are counted after going through each process. If a mistake occurs all have to be done over, and the first batch is destroyed. If one is lost and cannot be recovered all are de stroyed, and a new series printed in en tirely different colors. An instance of tiiis kind occurred sev eral years ago. A bank note company in this city printed some bonds on contract for the Virginia government. One pack age was stolen while they were being transported to the treasurer. Of course none of them had been signed, and they were therefore not valid; but all the rest were at once destroyed, and a new set in different colors were ordered.—New York bun. Restaurants in Congo Land. I know no people who get oysters from trees but the Mandingoes. through whose country flow the Senegal and Gambia rivers. The bivalves are taken from the branches, to which they attach themselves in high tide. Here is a Mandingo bill of fare which Reade, the explorer, leaves on record for the amusement of the curious; "Then followed," he says, "gazelle cut lets a la pappillote; two small monkeys, served cross legged and with liver sauce on toast; stewed iguana, which was much admired; a dish of roasted crocodile's eggs; some slices of smoked elephant (from the interior); n few agreeable plates of fried locusts, land crabs and other crustacæ; the breasts of mermaids, or manatee, the grand bonne bouche of the repast; some boiled alligator and some hippotamus stakes." While this dinner does not equal in courses some of the elaborate feasts of civilized lauds, cer tainly no one will say it lacked variety. Lotus seeds form one of the commonest dishes known to the Barri of Central Africa. The pods when gathered are bored and strung on reeds and hung in the sun for drying, after which they ge,t to the table. Along the Upper Nile another wing of the Barri tribe bleed their cattle monthly and cook the blood with their flour and meal. They esteem this a luxury and the dish is eaten with great relish.—New York Star. Our Doty to Bores. Just how far it is the duty of a man— or a woman either—to let an outsider take Lis valuable time from business uffairs is, in my mind, »question. I think none of us ought to sacrifice a whole morning or an entire afternoon to the po lite duty of being bored to death by people whose woes we cannot help, whose affairs do not interest us, and between us and whom there is not a strong bond of friend ship or common interest. And I believe the editor, publisher or other business uian whom I had been persistently "talk ing blind" for any considerable period would bo justified in politely, and with his most fascinating manner, calling my attention to the door.—Helen M. Winslow in Boston Globe. Warm WalU Repel Dust. Ileatcd bodies repel minute particles of dust, the repulsion operating alike in the open air and confined spaces. Assuming the correctness of this view, it follows that if the floor, walls and ceiling of a room bo warmer than the contained air, the dust will be repellod from the walls fco the aij^md the reverse of these conditions of ten^Praturo will bring about the oppo site result. According to this view, those methods of warming rooms should be acopted which heat the air instead of the solid objects, thus excluding open fires.— Adobe-Democrat. A Soldo Sentiment. IhAiley—Brown told me last night, in strictest confidence, Robinson, that every thing is ail right with the pretty little widow, and that they are to be married in June. Robinson—You don't say so! . Dumley—Yes; but you mustn't say any thing about it. When a man confides in I like to respect confidence.—The El och. Not Altogether Invaluable. A self important official in the patent Glice was talking grandiloquently to his ç h-ef the other day about his importance to the department. "Why, sir," kg "what would liap len were I to die some night?" There'd be fifty applications for your I aco inside of twenty-four hours," re load the chief, and the subordinate with drew.—Texas Siftings. a MART JANE'S LETTER. SHE TELLS ABOUT THE LADIES IN THE GALLERIES. And Adds Some Interesting Anecdotes Picked Up During a Visit of Her Own. A Congressman Who Failed to See Why Has Shouldn't He Blown Out. [Special Correspondence.] Washington, May 24. —"Where are yon going, my pretty maid?" said Dickey to me this morning, as I began putting on my bonnet and other extraforaneous ap parel. "1 am going to the Capitol," said I politely. "Won't you go along?" "No, thanks," said she; "I'm not on the mash today." "What do you mean?" said I, with ris ing indignation. "Oh, just what I say, you innocent old party," said she, with the most provoking manner ''Don't you understand good, plain English, with a touch of the pic turesque?" "1 understand your words," said I, "as miserable as your slang is, but I don't un derstand the application." "Well, if you don't," said she, "let me give you a diagram: You are going to the Capitol, and of course in Washington that means that you are going to occupy a seat In either the senate or house gallery. Am I correct?" I nodded in affirmation. "Very well; you won't be there five minutes," she continued, "until some senator or some member will have spotted you, and will be gazing upward at you, something after the fashion of Dives and Lazarus as narrated in the New Testa ment, with the exception that you will hand him down something refreshing in the shape of a smile, and the'next thing you know he will be up alongside of you talking more than he ever did on the floor of the chamber." "And what of that?" said I, with a con Bcious smile and a tell tale blush. "If gentlemen of my acquaintance want to I want them to, is there talk to me. and harm in itf ' "Oh, no, of course not," said she, "and I am not finding fault; only, as I said be fore, I am not on the mash today. That is to say, I don't feel in the humor to talk to or to be talked to by any rising or risen statesman. " With that she relapsed once more into her reading, and 1 went to the Capitol alone, and a portion of her prediction came to pass. Nor is it unusual for ladies to go to the Capitol. On the contrary, it is quite the thing, and one can often spend a very pleasant afternoon there, especially on the house side, where men are plenty and many of them are young, gay and'gallant, for age doesn't have a very serious effect on a congressman, unless it has been run ning a long time; and charming little par ties of ladies go to the Capitol, and meet ing their statesmen friends there, indulge in delightful lunches in the house res taurant or charming tete-a-tetes in the gallery. Congressmen's wives and daugh ters go there, too, and on special occasions, when speeches are to be made, they are always in advantageous positions, where they may see and hear, and it is a pleasure to see the quick passages'of recognition between the floor and the gallery; the look of the anxious man befow and the encour aging glance and smile of the loved ones above, who center all their hopes and am bitions on the speaker, and to whom the national legislature Is interesting and important only because he is there. Yet the galleries are abused and many women are admitted who should be un der the ban of excommunication, and al most disgraceful fiirtetions are sometimes carried on, but this dots not often occur, and the women occupy the public portion of the gallery, though I have heard of congressmen who have given their cards of admission te the members' gallery to women they would not dare to recognize in public. It would seem that every man who had risen to the dignity of a national representative had also risen to the dignity or decency of a gentleman, but I am grieved to confess that this is not true. Some right funny things occur some times in the gallery, when the stranger seeking information is on hand. Not very long ago a couple of outsiders sat be hind several ladies, and they were descant ing upon the characteristics of the mem bers. One of them knew a number of the statesmen by sight and he was pointing out their noticeable points, much as a dime museum lecturer shows off his freaks. The ladies were enjoying it immensely, too, in a quiet way. tonally one said: "Now do you want to see the homeliest man in the house?" "Of course, I-want to see it all," was the response. "Which is he?" "That's him over on the Republican side. Lyman, of Iowa; see him over there eating an apple?" "GeewhiUikinsl" was the other's ^only comment, when he had located him, and the ladies immediately looked nervous, for Mrs. Lyman was one of them, but she only smiled, for it was not her husband's beauty that had won her. Then the 6träi\gers went on. "Who's that chap speaking?" asked one. "Blamed if I know who he is." "Well; he ain't much, I guess, for no body is paying any attention to him, but I'll ask, and he went forward and in quired of a young lady in the group if she knew the speaker. She turned to the questioner with her sweetest smile. "No," she said, "I do not know who b6 But sho did. for he was her own father. She told me about it herself. He is by the way, one of the leading westem'Republicans. and always makes a speech with- one foot in his chair. To one of the congressional mysteries is how a man can make a speech and main tain his own interest in it, when he knows nobodv is listening to him. The day of the Ingalls- Voorhees skinning mateh in the senate, I happened into the honse about half-past 4 o dock, adhere were only twenty odd members on the floor, with nobod J in the not ev^in the press gallery, and ther member charging up and ^wn the aisle. shaking his long hair and thundering Moratorien bursts as if be woulä loosen the very foundations of the re Sc. It was ridiculous to look at and the echoes in the vast emptiness of the chamber were really appaun. j Two or !«•«•»« case, tho wav ciety, was making his maiden effort. It was on the tariff,' and he spoke in one of those still small voices such as an over married man uses when he asks for the second piece of pie, and he was without auditors save an intimate friend and three other members who had formed a hollow Square around him. When be finished, 1 didn't see a man stop his writing, 1 didn't see a man look up or down, 1 didn't see a ripple of consciousness anywhere on the bosom of the bouse, except among his four friends, who clapped their hands and moved up in a body to congratulate him. This was the only oasis in that whole desert of indifference, and it was a dozen times more lively than the desert itself * * » It may be true that any sort of a man may he a congressman, but it requires a man among men to be a congressman who can force recognition from his col leagues * * * Of the 325 members probably twenty five can do this, and not even that many if the matter he desires to' be recognized is not of especial importance And wbat national ciphers some of the noble 300 are! Some have never so much as said "Mr. Speaker" during all their experience, and others are not even known by name to the newspaper men, whose business it is to know everything, and who have sat in the press gallery day after day and watched the proceedings of the house ever since these mute inglorious patriots an swered to the first roll call. Y'et they arë not useless members; they work hard for their districts and they render valuable service, but they are not of the material from which garments of greatness are cut, that is alL I might say a great deal more about congressmen, but 1 won't; 111 open a chestnut burr and quit. » _ • • Everybody In the United States has heard the story that Congressman Martin, of Texas, blew out the gas at his hotel the first night of his stay in Washington. WeU, on, that eventful night there was a new congressman on his way to the na tional capital from the canebr&kes of Ken tucky, and when he got into town he heard the story of Martin and the gas, and he also read a column or more about it in the papers, and yet somehow the in spiring humor of it didn't strike him. He stood it till evening, and then he called in a fellow Kentuckian for counsel and com fort. "Say. Carnth," he said, "what about the story on Martin?" "It's the best joke I ever heard of," said Caruth, who lives in Louisville. "That's what they all seem to think, but dog my cats if I seem to absorb it. "Why. he blew out the gas," explained Caruth. "Of course he did. but they don't ex pect a man when he first comes to Wash ington to sleep in a room as light as day, do they?" Theu Caruth collapsed, and to this day he won't tell what that -----™— name is. congressman s Mary Jane. LITTLE WANDERERS. A Home for Homeless Children in Bos> ton. [Speeial Correspondence.] Boston, May 24.—The benevolent peo ple of this town are now erecting a home for homeless children, which will be a model in that line, and is the outgrowth of an old and well managed charity. Many years ago a few benevolent people in the city began in a small way the work of gathering poor children without pa rents, or whose parents could not pro vide for them, maintaining and teaching them till they neared the age of self sup port, and then providing them with homes, generally in the west. This charity has grown till it now has charge of some 300 children each year, and its building in Baldwin place, known as the 'Little Wanderers' Home," is one cf the pleasantest places in the city. The mana gers prosecute the work of finding homes so rapidly that they often have less than a hundred children on hand at one time and locate nearly two hundred per year. They correspond with clergymen and others in the west, and have been so suc cessful that it is very rare for one of their chargçs to be returned or fail of obtaining a good home and doing well there. NEW ENGLAND CHILDREN'S HOHE. The suocess of this work has brought large donations, and the managers are now erecting a large home on West Newton street. It will be of brick with sand stone trimmings, three stories and<a base ment, 125 feet front and 65 feet depth, with an annex running back 65 feet further. There is ample room for a play ground in the rear. The building will lave all the rooms and appliances for a home, school and hospital for the usual proportion of sick; And there will be room for many years' growth of the great charity. The structure will cost about $100,000, over half of which is already guaranteed, and the regular patrbns of the institution furnish an Income almost sufficient to maintain it. The system of the home is directed towards making the children clean and healthy first and then teaching them to support themselves; and as the work has been going on for nearly thirty years, the success of the children first located proves that the managers have accomplished that extremely difficult thing—furnishing charity that does good without injuring the recipient. P. M. Salvation Army Charity. É A most admirable charity is that of the Salvation Army in London, which has opened a restaurant, where a meal may he bought for a farthing. The small coin pays for a bowl of soup or a half loaf of bread and two farthings secures a cup of coffee or cocoa and a slice of bread and jam' Thus for about two cents a wholesomo meal can be bought. Threepence brings meat and potatoes and a halfpenny a dish of rice.—Chicago Herald. ■> GARFIELD'S WIDOW. HOW SHE LIVES AT MENTOR-DR. BLISS' ILLNESS. Uncle Sam as a Creditor—The Alibi Gods of Medicine—Ohio and Temperance. John Sherman and Allison—Something About Jennie Chamberlain, the Reality. [Special Correspondence.) Cleveland, May 23. —Mrs James A Garfield is living vefry quietly at Mentor, making preparations for the two weddings which are to shortly take place in her family Friends of hers tell me that she has not changed to any degree since Pres ident Garfield's death. She is devoting herself to her family, and she is well sat isfied with her son and daughter-in-law in prospecta J Stanley Brown, who will marry Miss Mollie Garfield, has shown himself to be a man of sterling ability and worth, and Miss Mason, who is to be Harry Garfield's bride, comes of one of the good families of the Western Reserve. The Mentor homestead has been enlarged, and it is now one of the pleasant ramb ling country seats in the United States. It is within an hour of Cleveland, on the Lake Shore railroad, and the Garfield es tate is within a short distance of a very pretty depot. Mrs. Garfield likes it so well that she has long since decided to sell her Cleveland home, and this, I am told, is now in the market. I understand she still holds her Washington house, on the corner of - Franklin park and I street, and this is the house which Garfield bought when he was in congress. It i3 a three story square pressed brick, worth about $25,000, and is on the edge of fash ionable Washington, and not far from the home of John Sherman. • • • Speaking of Mrs. Garfield calls atten tion to the severe iilness of Dr Bliss, who was the chief of President's Garfieldls physicians Dr Bliss' failing health dates from the day of Garfield's assassi nation and the seeds of his present trou ble were sown in the care and watching which he devoted to the president's bed side. From the time Garfield was shot to his death Bliss was with him almost day and night. He gave up a practice amount ing to from $25.000 to $30,000 a year and for those weary moffths let himself out body and soul to the government and its president. lie was the watchguard Of the bedchamber, and was the moving 6pirit of the wonderful means which kept Garfield alive for months After his death he found himself broken down. He was forced to take a vacation, and he came back at the end of six months some what better. He soofl failed again, how ever, and for the past two years he has been unable to attend.to his practice, and the result is that instead of being the leading doctor of the capital, and the easy possessor of an income of $30,000 year, he is poor and his health is broken. Bis fate is that of all men who have done work for Uncle Sam without having a written contract before the work was performed. Dr. Bliss put in a bill for his services in the Garfield case fbr less than he could have made during the time in his easy outside practice. Uncle Sam gave him one-fifth of what he asked for and told him to whistle for the rest. He might have made up the money loss easily if his health had not been broken. He did re gain much of his old practice, but his constitution could not stand the strain, and it is now a question of life or death. I saw him in the Capitol at Washington not long ago, and I was surprised at the change in him. Before Garfield was shot he was apparently in his very prime. Tall, straight and black eyed, he had the face of a gentleman-scholar. Ilis hair was black, and his well combed jet side whis kers made him one of the most admired men of Washington. A good talker, good liver and the most noted doctor of the capital, he was one of the leading public men of the United States, and was the life of many an elegant crowd. He was a man of ideas, a thinker and a gen tleman welcomed everywhere. Ho lived in fine style and he drove one of the finest teams of Washington city. Fond of music and the theater, he was in the very thick of the life at the capital, and with his big reputation and income he seemed to have nothing more to wish for. Theu came Garfield's sickness, and every little whipper snapper of a country doctor in the United States began to abuse and criticise him. The worry of the sick room and of the nation was added to by the barking of the Trays, Blanches and Sweet hearts of his profession, and he broke down under the strain. Then the nation refused to pay his bill, and the result is as I have stated. It is easy to criticise, and the alibi gods exist in every profession. These alibi gods, as "Gath" calls them, are the men who never do anything great themselves, hut who can teU you just how the great men make their mistakes and how much better they would have done if they had been there. But they are never there, and it is perhaps well for the world that they are not. These alibi gods of medicine sprang up all over the country while Garfield was sick, and they helped to ruin Bliss. They eame to the front during the illness of Gen. Grant, and blighted the life of Dr. Douglass, one of the kindest and ablest of physicians who ever managet! a case of that kind. I heard one of them whis per that Conkiing was murdered by his doctors, and they hovered over the corpse of Chief Justice Waite and embittered the sorrow of his Widow by their unjust suspicions. They are croaking today about the illness of the emperor of Ger many, and they will keep on croaking over the diseases of great men until some day the God of disease will lay his hand upon them and they will die from taking the medicine which they would prescribe for others. * * * Cleveland is growing like a green bay tree. It has at least 250,000 people now and claims more. It has tens of million aires, and money seems to breed here like Australian rabbits. The town is growing moral, too, as well as rich, and its 1,300 saloons are now closed on Sunday. The saloon men here have decided to observe the Sunday closing law, which has just gone into operation in Ohio, and this is in deference to the growth of the temperance element in Ohio. Ohio is the third state in the Union, and it has pronoum ed views upon the liquor traffic. The Dow law snakes each saloon in the state pay a li cense of $250 a year, and as there are about two thousand saloons in Cincinnati to or at that city receives saloon taxes of about 500.000 yearly, Cleveland gets about 240.000 per annum out of her saloons and the other cities proportionately large amonnts l am told that the Sunday closing law is not observed in Cincinnati and Columbus, but it is 6aid that the liquor men of the northern part of the state, seeing the growth of the temper ance feeling, prefer to keep matters as quiet as possible, and as a general thing favor Sunday closing An amendment to flie Dow law permits townships and muni cipalities in Ohio to decide by popular vote whether they wili have saloons within their precincts or not, and some of the country townships and villages have in this way secured absolute prohibition. The quiet movement throughout Ohio, however, is a temperance movement, and not a prohibitory movement It has, I am told, no connection with the Prohibi tion party, nor with any political party, and it is outside of politics. I hear all kinds of presidential talk here, and 1 visited John Sherman's town of Mansfield last week. It is a curious thing that he and Senator Allison, the two leading senatorial presidential candi dates, were practically brought up to gether. They both studied law at the same court, and their first days of prac tice were in towns not fifteen miles apart. Senator Allison settled first at Ashland O., arid Sherman began to practice law at Mansfield with his brother, Charley Sher man. Ashland and Mansfield are the county seats of two adjoining countie and it-is a good fourteen miles over a hilly road from one to the otlîêr The leadin lawyers of the district practice in bot courts. John Sherman's first business was largely a collective business, and imagine that Allison's work was more be fore the courts. Allison married his first wife in Mansfield, and Mrs. Sherman is Mansfield girl. It was just about the time that Sherman was elected to con gress, or perhaps a little later, that young Allison moved out to the new state of Iowa, and the paths of the two statesmen ran for a time apart. Allison made reputation in Iowa and went to congress. He found Sherman at Washington in the senate, aud later the two had seats as near together as when they tried the op posite sides of cases before the common pleas judges of northern Ohio. * * • Allison has now given up all connection with Ohio. I think he does not own any property outside of Iowa and Washington. He is now an Iowa man in all that the name implies. Sherman has stuck to Mans field, and his property has grown in value. He has one of the finest country seats tn Ohio, and he lately remodeled his house at Mansfield, finishing its interior in fine woods, and adding to its rooms, and or namenting its outside with trimmings of a curious red sand stone which has the veins of a gigantic agate. This Sherman house is situated on the hills above Mans field, and its windows give beautiful views of the rich rolling country of this, one of the highest points in the state of Ohio. About fourteen acres of land sur round the house and a beautiful well kept lawn stretches in front of it The house faces West Market street, the finest street of the little city of lô.OOO^eople on which it is located, and an electric street railway car goes by with a whirring sound at ih terval3. , * # Senator Sherman has also a farm near this place, a part of which he lately gave to the city for a park. This park is called the Sherman-Heineman park in honor of the two donors, and it is not far off frqm the senator's residence. Tho remainder of his farm adjoining it has been di vided into streets, and lots are being sold and built upon. Mrs. Senator Sherman has a farm in another direction, and both she and the senator enjoy the summers they spend at Mansfield. TlTey have a fine gai den, several fine Jersey cows, and theu fruit is of the choicest and their vege tables always fresh. Cleveland is, by the way, tho native town of Miss Jennie Chamberlain, the great American beauty, who took the Prince of Wales and the English aristoc racy by storm. "Miss Jennie and her parents," so a leading Cleveland society man told me today, "are too poor to keep house in Cleveland, and they board at the Stillman house on Euclid avenue when here. "Their rooms at this hotel." continued this man, "cost them $600 a month, and all told, I suppose, they have not more than $15,000 or $20,000 a year. They move with people who spend several times this amount, and have to board to keep within their income. The family are, I Ahink, now in Florida, and they were fw a time at the Ponce de Leon. Flagler's big hotel at St. Augustine. " "Flagldk came from Cleveland, did he not?" "Yes, and it is a curions thing that from his boyhood he wanted to keep a hotel. This seemed to be the height of his ambition. He was poor, you snow, until he began to work lus way to fortune in the organization of the Standard Oil company. He is now worth his tens of millions, and he has embodied the wish of his boyhood in this million dollar hotel in Florida." Frans G. Carpenter. Recognized the New Conductor. The memory of young children, at times very strong and active, is proverbial, and to older people often embarrassing. A young hopef ul of 4 tender years, whose Observations, owing to the inclement weather, have been limited the past win ter to indoors and the confines of a back yard, was the past week treated to a horse car ride and visit to an aunt in the sub urbs. The mother and child in holiday attire had scarcely seated themselves in the comfortably filled horse car, when the conductor, dressed in a bright new uni form, stepped in to collect the fares. No sooner had the young hopeful seen the face in the door than he surprised the mother and every one in the car by shout ing in a clear, childish voice "Oh, mamma, here comes our ashmaal" "Hush! hushl dear, that's the conductor." Oh, no, mamma, that's our ashman. " It was too late for the mother to apologize or stop the tell tale crimson flush that spread over the features of the new con ductor. The laughter that filled the car was loud and contagions, amid which the beck yard acquaintance of the two prin cipals was recognized, and young hopeful secured a victory, which the mother thinks, owing to the situation, was largely at her expense.—Boston Budget. If one were his own dentist be might have teeth extracted without payin'. PARIS NEWSPAPERS. SIGNED EDITORIALS ARE COMMON BUT NOT UNIVERSAL. Foreign Affairs Treated with Intelligence and Ability—Local Columns Not What They Should Be—Offices—Prices of Ad vertising—Copying the News. The editorial department of tho Paris papers, which is their leading feature, is often able and brilliant. The habit of signing editorial articles is common, but by no means universal Among the ex ceptions are the Temps, the Debats, and La Paix. The Matin has an article daily from one of several writers, among whom are Jules Simon, Emanuel Arene, Ranc and John Lemoinne. Each writer ex presses and is responsible for his owu opinions only, and as they represent all shades of politics except Socialism, what the paper says one morning is flatly con tradicted by its article of the following day. What are called "general articles" by the American newspapers are almost always signed by Paris writers. They may be literary, critical, or may cover a wide variety of intererting topics. Among the best contributions cf this class are those of Anatole de la France and Hughes le Roux, written for the Temps. Foreign affairs, bo far as regards the continent, are of late years treated with intelligence and ability The domestic politics of the United States are still poorly understood by the majority of French journalists, with the exception of a few who have crossed the ocean. As to the foreign continent in general it is fairer than that of the London newspapers, which is not paying it an extravagant compliment. Probably not less than sixty members of the senate and chamber of deputies are connected with the Paris newspapers, principally as contributors. This leads to what would be considered in other countries violations of parliamentary privilege, or to occurrences that strike foreigners as somewhat indelicate, jour nais not hesitating sometimes to publish facts t! at should be kept secret, or to give speeches of their own writers in extenso with fulsome compliment. IN THE LOCAL COLUMNS. The local columns of a Paris newspaper are not wbat they should be or what their readers would be glad to have them, for want of room. The great city 's a mine of sensational material, tragic, comic, grave, gay, but always interesting if properly treated As a Paris newspaper is usually a small four page sheet, printed In coarse type on bad paper, it is difficult to get more into it than the literary and political matter that must in any event appear, and a mere resum 3 of local events If the foreign news is of great importance, local matter is crowded out. If a single local event is sensational all other Isvoi matters, no matter how interesting in themselves, must make way for it. Re porters of some papers sign their names This practice sometimes causes curious displays of egotism, the writers forgetting that which they have to narrate is their own personal experiences. The facts are obscured by their efforts to obtain them, their little deprivations, and the articles of food that composed their breakfast The self consciousness of French newspaper writers is always notice able, whether they sign their arti des or not. The editorial "we" often appears in the editorial columns. It is hard for a correspondent in a foreign capital to give the facts in a dispatch without prefacing or interspersing them with useless personal detail. Aside, from these evidences of imperfection and jour nalistic juvenility, the local columns are usually readable, and sometimes bright and witty. The Paris interviewer, who is a recent institution already become universal, is, if possible, more unscrupu lous and imaginative than his American confrere. A Paris newspaper office is not usually an abode of luxury. The France has fine building, of which it uses but a small part itself. The Figaro is handsomely installed in the Rue Druot. Tho Petit Journal, the newspaper of the bennes, coachmen and gareons, has comfortable quarters in the Rue Lafayette. Most of the papers of small circulation are in the upper story of some large b uilding , where their business, editorial and composing departments are crowded into a few small, badly ventilated and poorly lighted rooms. TOO MANY NEWSPAPERS. There are far too many newspapers in France for the number of readers, and they cannot all be rich. The revolution ary, socialistic and some of the ultra-radi cal newspapers are sold at one sou. Most of the others are sqld at two sous. Some are sold at three sous, with another sou added when the size is doubled, as in the case of the Saturday edition of the Figaro. A sou is sometimes added to the Paris price for purchasers in the departments. The newsboy cuts no great figure in Paris. Men, boys and women cry certain sheets in the streets, but if one wants a news paper he has usually to go to the'news stands. Prices of advertising are high, and Paris merchants do not care much about the newspapers as a means of mak ing their goods known. The space occu pied by legitimate advertising is e na.il , therefore the newspapers have to depend for support on their circulation and on subsidies paid for their influence. These are sometimes large, and constitute their chief means of livelihood. Paris newspapers working for the most part with an insufficient staff, the habit of copying from one another's columns is general, paragraphs being taken verbatim by the evening from the morning papers and vice versa. As these para graps often contain opinions and individual ideas, they read curiously when met with in succes sion in several different journals. Dis patches two or three days old are often seen in some of them. An important oc currence happening in some En-~- _ capital, like Bismarck's speech in the reichstag. is known, as regards its gen eral import, in San Francisco before it is in Paris The speech in question was de livered about 2 o'clock. Tho Temps that appeared at 4:30 had nothing of it. and the Soir, appearing at 0 p m., only a few words. — Paris Uor San Francisco Chron icle. Driving Away a Pickpocket. "Here comes that blackguard, English," said a detective iu Park row, as a weil dressed man approached. When the per son thus harshly characterized caught sight of the detective the latter signaled him and said, with great show of anger, "English, if you don't get away from here I'll kick you from one end of the block to the other." "All right, captain; all right," said English, meekly, "I'll go," and go he did. English is a notorious pickpocket, who sights his victims in Park row, fol lows them up and robs them at leisure. He and his fellows do nothing in Park row for which they can be arrested, and the only resource of the detective is to drive them from the street with threats The other day the crowd in Ann street just off Park row was astonished to see a little man approach a big man, and with a single blow knock him into the gutter. The big man rose, caught sight of his as sailant, threw up his bauds in a depreca tory fashion and took to his heels. The little man was a detective and the big one was a pickpocket who had not left Park row with sufficient haste.—New Y'ork Press. j. jNot Altogether Complimentary. The not inconsiderable writing frater nity will understand the situation and the mental processes that led us to commit a grievous faux pas-in our office the other day. A young friend who had strolled in proudly exhibited his latest poetical triumph, a pretty song that might reason ably inspire its author with hopes of a foothold on the slippery slopes of Parnas sus. He informed us that he was to send it to one of the leading magazines. Wo expressed confidence in its future, and the poet beamed—but alas for our well meant endeavors to encourage aspiring genius, we remarked as ho turned to go, "Where do you intend to send it first?" Of course such a query could only be evolved from the depths of a live experience with the way of an editor and his "unavailable#," not, unhappily, all acquired in this office. —Boston Commonwealth. Talking in Opera Boxes. In German opera the orchestral part and the choruses aud declamatory sections are just as important as the lyric numbers, and many of the most exquisite passages iu the operas of Weber and Wagner, are a kind of superior pantomime music during which no voice at all is heard on the stage. Now I am convinced that much of the talking in opera boxes is simply duo to ignorance of this fact. Vocal music is much more readily appreciated than in strumental music, and those who have~no ear for instrumental measures do not realize that others are enraptured by them. Hence they talk as soon as the singing ceases, unconscious of the fact that they are greatly annoying those who wish to listen to the orchestra.—Henry T. Finck in the Cosmopolitan. To Attain a Long Life. The sum and substance of all the ad vice that can be given on that point is that a man must avoid excesses, he must live rationally, aocording to the laws of his-being. You cannot get two quarts of milk in a quart jug. You can only secure a certain amount of happiness in this world, and you can only secure it accord ing to good old fashioned notions, founded ou common sense, virtue and morality. Millions have tried their own foolish and vicious ways of reaching the goal, but the wcîld has never reported that they have been successful.— P. T. Bamum in the Epoch. Wliat Is Electricity ? Electricity is another substance concern- ing the nature of which we know abso- lutely nothing. To the question: What is electricity? there is but one answer: We do not know. We do know what it will do, and can make it serve us in an infinite variety of ways; but the most learned electrician is only in the same position as that of a little child who can move the lever which controls a great engine, but knows nothing of its construction, or how the nSotion is produced.—Popular Science News. - t Tbs Right Color. ] Waiter—Isn't that a splendid wine? Guest—It has a fine flavor. The color pleases me very much. Waiter—I should smile May be the boss didn't have a time getting it np to that color. He had to ransack all the drug stores in town.—Texas Siftings. In Cod Liver Oil. Professor Poel, of St. Petersburg, has found 50 per cent, of petroleum in the cod liver oil sold by one druggist, the adulter ated article having the 'taste, smell and appearance of the genuine. Mineral oil is frequently found in olive oil.—Arkansaw Traveler. Oranges in Florida. Visitors in Florida say that besides the delight in picking oranges from the trees, they have the pleasure of oranges for breakfast, prepared i:i several dainty ways unknown to the north.—Chicago Herald. __ Men seldom Improve when they have no other models than themselves to copy after.—Goldsmith. English soldiers are In the future to wear brown tan gloves instead of white as heretofore. Nothing can constitute good breeding that has not good nature for its founda tion.