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A Magnificent Assemblage—Sensible
Address of Chairman Jones. Tbe Temporary Chairman from Nebraska Opens the Oratorical Ball With a Mamificent Address. Honors to John C, Fremont—Bred Doug lass and the Bloody Shirt. A Significant Grace— Greetings Sent to Sheridan. Kir*t Day's Proceedings. Chicago, June ID. —Precisely at 12:31 the gavel of Chairman Jones, Chairman of the National Republican Committee, sounded sharply on the table, and the Re publican Convention of 1688 was formally opened. The hum of conversation ceased throughout the auditorium, and the buzz of expectation gave place to impressive silence as the chairman introduced Rev. Frank W. Gnnsaulus, of Chicago, who opened the proceedings with prayer. He thanked the Almighty for the blessing of divine protection, returned the gratitude of the nation for the benefits granted it by providence, returned thanks for history which came massed here, and expressed a recognition of all that God had done through the great organization whose representatives here assembled. He prayed that the con vention might be dominated by lofty pur poses in order that its work might do much for the glory of God and man. In an impressive manner he invoked divine protection on the soldier captain of the army who lay so near death. At the conclusion of the prayer Chair man Jones announced that the secretary, Mr. Fessenden, of the national committee would read the call for the convention issued by the national cctomittee. Allu sions in the call to the position of the party on the tariff question, to the deter mination of the party to have a fair elec tion and honest count, and other salient points were warmly applauded by the. convention. Upon the conclusion of the reading of the call CHAIRMAN JONES stepped to the front of the platform and spoke as follows: The Republican party may well be con gratulated through its representatives here assembled, upon the auspicious prospects that lie before it, and the courageous acts of this convention will sorely lead to vic tory in the campaign which we are about to begin. There can be no doubt as to which side the great majority of votes will fall, if each party be judged by its record. If the grand achievements of the Republican party be appreciated, and the utter failure of the Democratic party to be understood. The two parties are diamet rically opposed to each other. One favors progression, the other retrogression; one lifts up,the other pulls down. Tbanks to Cleveland and his southern allies, the dem ocratic party has thrown off his guise in which it has heretofore fought its battles in the northern states, and boldly declared for British free trade, and against Amer ican protection. The avowal has caused much adultation in certain sections of this country, and in all England, which has from the beginning been hostile to the in dustrial progress of the United Sta'es, but it has lallen heaviest upon the patri otic portion of the Democractic party. However, we must not expect that there is an end of dishonest pretesses. Deceit, fallacies and sophistry will again be resorted to and practiced. Therefore, we should have a platform based upon TRUE BEfUBLICAN PRINCIPLES, free from equivocation or ambiguity, and should nominate candidates who are the embodiment of these principles. The founders of this government saw that it was absolutely essential for self-preserva tion that the original thirteen States should become united for the purpose of protec tion and defense against alien acts and in fluences as well as for an economical and effective government. One of the first acts of the general government wat to provide for revenue and for the protection of the industrial interests of the country. All our early presidents, from Washing ton to Jackson inclusive, advocated tariff for revenue and protection, and all great and patriotic statesmen of those days coin cided in this policy. No man of note who was a lover of his country down to Jack son's first term, entertained and expressed doubts as to the constitutionality of the policy of protecting the industries of the United States against foreign competition. The tariff institution was not considered as one embracing solely or chiefly manu facturer's interests, but one which broadly embraced the natural condition of ^ the laboring classes, the mutual interest of all home producers in the home market, and ol the country's real independence. The British, who now shout free trade, protected themselves against all competi tion until they became masters of the commercial world, and until they realized that the United States, with its great ad vantages and by moderate use or some means, was becoming a formidable rival. It was only when Great Britain perceived something of the future of her American rival she attempted to gain that control over this country by artificial means which she was unable to reclaim by force of arms. A Iter relating the history of the allege! alliance of the South with the English manufacturer under the administrations of Van Buren, Polk, Pierce and Buchanan. Chairman Jones continued: The Re publican party vanquished the Democratic party, passed the homstead law, destroy e slavery, elevated the "mud sills, re f*®5 , credit, redeemed the country and start it anew on the lines contemplated y their fathers. To-day we occupy a much higher plane than any other people on the face of the earth. The Republican party believes it not necessary or right that we should be reduced to a common level with other nations, but that we should have all the benefits of our national advantages an the full enjoyment of our glorious heritage. The logical consequences of the theories o the Democratic party would have It t this country with but a fringe of popula tion on the water ways, many of the leading Bourbon Democrats of to-day, look upon the magnificent development and grand achievements of the nation, which are simply labor's genius, mananage rnent, crystalized, as unnatural „and un * wholesome growth, and believe that we ought to go back to the days of ignorance, sloth and small things as quickly as possi ble. Through the criminal folly ot cer tain professed Republicans, and by fraud and duplicity on the part of the Democrat ic party, our honored and gallant standard liearera in 1884 were defeated. Fortunately for the country we still ha ve the benefit of the wise laws passed by the Republican party, and still have a majority in the Senate of the United States, whicn majority has prevented unwise legisla tion. We are again confronted with the same Democratic party) the mother of all evil this country has suffered, asking for power to control the direct future coarse .ant', we find the same element which first led it astray by its malignant influence and draggod it down to the grievous days of the rebellion, again, in full central of its affairs. If the majority of American voters favor the giving away of the home market, in comparably the best in the world, and the forcing our people, now the most prosper ous and happy on the face of the earth, in to competition with, and down to a level with the cheapest, poorest and most miser able of our foreign rivals, Democratic doc trines will prevail. If the Republican party will resume its authority and suc cessfully lead this great country with its beneficial institutions toward that sublime goal which all patriots believe its heaven ordained destiny, I have no doubt of result. Chairman Jones then introduced J. S. Thurston, of Nebraska, as temporary chair man of the convention. Delegate Osborne, of Kansas, objected to the assumption on the part of the national committee of the right to name the temporary chairman, and asked if Thurston had been elected by the convention. Chairman Jones replied in an emphatic affirmative, for whiche he was vigorously applauded. But Osborne, not to be subdued, and in the same tone as the delegation, declined to be responsi ble for the action of the national commit tee in this matter, and iegarded it as a great mistake. [Hisses.] He desired the roll of states to be called in order that the Kansas delegation might cast its votes for Hon. Wm. Warren. No attention was paid to this demand, however, and Thurs ton immediately began his address, as follows : Gentlemen of the Convention :—I am deeply sensible of the distinguished honor you have conferred me upon as presid ing officer of your temporary organization. I am also miudfal of the the grave respon sibilities of the position, and if they are successfully met it will be due to a con tinuance of jour generous favors and the bestowal of your loyal assistance. I have no words in which to fittingly express my heartfelt appreciation of your confidence. I thank you, gentlemen, not for myself alone, but for that great and growing West, which never disappoints the expectations of the Repub lican party. I come from a state whose vast domain has largely been appreciated by the surviving veterans of the army of the Republic, under the benificent provi sions of the homestead and pre-emption laws enacted by a Republican Congress, and true to the heroic recollections of the past, homesteaders of the West still march on under the banner of Republicanism. In victory and defeat, in sunshine and in storm, in prosperity and adversity, this mighty West retains the COURAGE OF ITS CONVICTIONS, and holds that devotion lo principles, though it brings defeat, is better than suc cess achieved by a broken vow and politi cal dishonor. We are met in national con vention for deliberation and conference. The Republican party of the United States relies upon the wisdom of its assembled delegation for such as will ensure success. If we are prepared to honestly and fairly meet the supreme issues of the hour, with a clear, fearless and ringing declaration of principles, and to nominate a ticket which will commend itself to the loyalty and in telligence of the country, we can grandly win. To enter upon the proceedings of this convention, we should be prepared to sacrifice individual judgment to the wisdom of the majority and to lay down personal preferences on the altar of party success. When our can didates are chosen we will all join with heart and soul in a grand choius of rejoic ing and THE RAINBOW OF OUR HARMONY shall give certain promises of the glory of a victorious morning in November. When the Democratic party, at the close of the last presidential election, robbed us of a victory honestly and fairly won, we patiently waited for the certain coming of the justice of the years. We hoped and believed that 1888 would right the nation al wrong of 1884, right it not only for the Republican party, but aho for the grand and glorious candidates whose names were an inspiration of that wonderful campaign. The infinate wisdom of au all wise Provi dence has otherwise decreed. One of them, the citizen, eoldier, the warrior, statesman, the Black Eagle of Illinois, has been sum moned by the silent messenger to report to his old commander beyond the river, but although John A. Logan is dead in body, yet he lives again in the illuminated pages of his country's most splendid history. [Applause.] Lives in the grateful love of a free people, whose Union he so nobly championed ; lives in the blessiDgs of a downtrodden race, whose freedom he so manfully struggled to achieve; lives in future song and story of a hero-worshipping world, and along the highway of the nation's glory, side by side old John, with Abraham Lin coln and Ulysses Grant, his soul goes marching on. The other, that gallant leader, the chevalier of American politics, the glory of Republicanism, and the NIGHTMARE OF DEMOCRACY, our Henry of Navarre, is seeking in for eign travel a long-needed relaxation and rest from the wearisome burdens of public life and service. With the sublime mag nanimity of his incomparable gjeatness.he has denied us the infinite pleasure of sup porting him in this convention, desir ing in all things party harmony and success. He has stepped from the cer tain ladder of his own laudable ambition that some other man may climb to power. As his true friends we cannot, dare not commit the political crime of disobedience to his expressed wish. We cannot place him at the head of the ticket, but we will make him commander-in-chief at the head of forces in the field, where he will be in vincible. And though James G. Blaine may not be our president, yet he remains our uncrowned king, wielding the baton of acknowledged leadership, supreme in the allegiance of hi3 devoted followers, honored and respected by all honest and loyal men, the greatest living American, and a worthy object of ou undying love. But the Republican party is not left without great men to place upon its ticket. We have that honest, able, f-nd experienced financier aad statesman from Ohio and his no less distinguished col league from Iowa. Indiana, Michigan and Wisconsin present to us gallant soldiers, while New Jersey, Kansas, Connecticut and other states offer worthy and favorite eons. From this splendid galaxy of politi cal store we cannot choose amiss. The Republican party points with pride to the ereat achievements of its past, and oilers L an earnest of its future faithfulness an unbroken record of services performed for freedom, union and national pros Mrity It is preeminently the party of protection. It was born of an irrenressible desire to protect the slave fiom X lasb of his master and to save our civilization from the blighting curse of its crime against humanity. .It per formed the sacred mission of protecting the republic from secession Mid disunion, JEääsä ÄndWinJi stands for the protection of all immunities and privileges of American citizenship; stands for the pro tection of the ballot box, from crimes of intimidation, robbery and substituting stands for the protection of American commerce, American manufacture, Ameri can agriculture, from dtstructiue foreign competition; stands for the protection of home invention, home skill and home labor, against free trade heretics, that would pauperize and degrade them all ; stands for the protection of the people from all unjust and oppressive exaction and the combination of aggregated capital and corporate power; stands also for protec tion of both capital and corporation from confiscation and mob violence, and above all, stands for protection of sanctity and hapDiness of American homes. It welcomes to our shores the downtrodden and oppressed of every land, but it insists that the inestim able blessing of Amercian citizenship, pur chased with the priceless blood of our heroes and martyrs, shall be extended tothoseonly who are* in full sympathy and accord with the fundamental principles of our gov ernment, and who will loyally support the sacred provisions of the constitution of the United States; and it holds that congress has the power to save American civilization and morality from the leprosy of Asiatic paganism, degradation and con tagion. It maintains that the nation should extend the benefits of free govern ment to all true lovers of liberty, but it demands that the law of the land shall be a shield to those only who obey it, and therefore for an Anarchist, Communist and criminal, American justice has nothing to offer but fcthe sword, reconstructed Dem ocracy now being in power neaily four years, its illustration has been most satis lactory to those who hold office under its loyalty and have received the approval of every enemy of the government. The courage of its foreign policy has amused great powers and p eased every coward; its civil service has been so thoroughly reformed as to delight W ig gins; its justice to disabled soldiers has won grand opinions from those who gave them their wounds; its financial movement has been safe because of its inability to destroy resulting prosperity of Republican legislation. Its UNPABALLELLED STRADDLE of the tariff question has been a source of wondermept to " God and men." It is strong in the imbecility of"innocuonsdesu etude," and deserves to live as] a reminis cence of promises forgotten and pledges unredeemed. There are those in this land who seem to believe that the mission of the Republican party is at an end ; that the emancipation proclamation, Appomatox and constitu tional amendments are at once monuments of its glory and gravestones of its demise. But the work of the Republican party will never be done until every American citizen enters into his unquestioned in heritance of liberity, equal rights and justice; until representation in Congress is based upon votes freely cast and fairly counted ; until Jan adequate provision has been made for the helplessness and old age of disabled veterans and the widows and orphans of their dead comrades ; until these politics of government which insure national and individual prosperity are firmly established and until patriotism and loyalty are the only qualifications, except for occasional official position, in service of the Republic. There are those in the land who insist that the Republican party keeps up all old time sec tional feeling, and they offer "to let the dead past bury its dead." The Republican party longs and prays for the coming of the millenium of hope when in spirit and in truth Mason and Dixon's line will be blotted out forever ; when fraternal ties and common interests are vindicated; when the whole people are found rejoicing together that the inherited institutions of human slavery were destroyed by the justice of God; glad together that the holy bonds of un ; on could not be severed ; hopeful together for a magnificent national destiny ; loyal together to the common country and its unconquered flag. But when that glad time comes, black and white must march side by side in the broad Bunshine of safety and lie down to peaceful slumber in the untroubled shadows of protection. The Republican party leins to the new South with wide open arms. It offers loyal assistance in the development of its agriculture, the opening of its mines, and building up its manufactures. It pro poses to break down the barriers of un pleasant memories with hopes of new pioj perity. The great distinctive issue of the present catnpain is the issue of the tariff. To the support of the protective tariff there will rise up our overwhelming army of intel ligent, thoughtful and practical men of the East. The North and South will join hands together to forever exterminate in this Republic the pernicious doctrine of free trade. As we gather here we remember that other great convention held in this city in 1860 ; we remember how it was inspired with wisdom and courage to select the great man of the people, that Moses, who lei us through the parted waters of the sea, past the wilderness of battle over the Jordon of safety into the promised land ; but in 1884 we were driven back into the wilderness again. May God give us wis dom to find another Mœes who can limit our wanderings to four years instead of ten. The mighty past is with ns here to-day ; it fills us with that same spirit of freedom, patriotism and devotion which called into the common dust of ordinary hnmanity the sublime inspirator of heroic deeds. Let us read its lessons rightly and hold its precepts dear. When Robert Brace, the King of Scotland, lay upon his dying bed, he requested that his heart should be taken from his inanimate body and borne by Knightly hands to the 8aviour's sepulchre. After his death, James, the Earl of Doug las, undertook the sacred mission, and, with Bruce's heart encased in a golden casket, set out upon his pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. On their way thither himself and comrades were set npon by a great host of Moorish warriors. Though they fought with all the valor of mortal men they were borne backward by sheer force of numbers, and their overthrow seemed certain, when Douglas drawing from his bosom the price less casket, cast it far out into the midst of the on-coming host, and cried out, " Lead on heart of Bruce, we follow thee." And as knights of Scotland who were never de feated, the whole following of Bruce pushed forward and WON THE DAY. Let this convention find a Douglas for our Bruce. He will take the soul of our great leader into the golden casket of his love, and with it lead us on to certain and splendid victory. The chair then announced a long list of secretaries and assistant secretaries, ser geants-at-arms, etc., for the temporary or ganization. After the reading of the list of officers was completed the band struck up a medley of national airs, which ware warmly received by the audience, and as the air turned into "Marching Through Georgia" the assemblage CAUGHT UF THE REFRAIN and a chorus of many voices resounded throughout the hall. Hoir, of Michigan, was then recognized, and ascending the platform said: "I am requested by the delegates from Michigan to present to the chairman of the tempo rary chairman of this convention, for his use, a gavel made of oak, under which the Republican party was organized on the sixth of July, 1854, in the village of the city of Jackson, in the state of Michigan." [Applause.] "This gavel has on it, copper, wool, wood, iron, salt, [laughter] the five industries, the party in power, would ruin and abolish from the face of the country. We thought that this convention would commence early to pound the daylight out ofthat party. And therefore beg permis sion cf the convention to present this gavel to the temporary chairman." Chairman Thurston accepted with the remark that he would commence to pound the life out of the Democratic party with it. [Laughter and applause.] Mr. Thurston's speech was delivered with a resonant voice and could be heard all over the hall, and was continually in terrupted by applause. His reference to Blaine's refusal to allow himself to be nominated by the convention called forth cries of "No," "No," all over the hall, but his declaration that the convention dare not commit the offense of going contrary to Blaine's wishes was wildly applauded, although his references to Blaine were cheered, as were also his references to other candidates, but much less enthusias tically. The applause lasted several moments. Green said : More than thirty years ago the pioneer Republican pari y met in Phila delphia sud nominated its first candidate, and freedom aod fieemen became the bat tle cry of the party. Hundreds of thou sands of those who first responded to this call now sleep in unremembered graves Some of the leaders achieved monumental fame. Lincoln, Grant, Logan and others of those have gone to their grave with fame entwined around their memories. One of the leaders first to grasp the standard of the cause and rush to the front of the bat tle, still lives, and he is with us, and I pre s *.nt to you HON. JOHN C. FREMONT, of Nebraska. General Fremont was warmly greeted as he was presented. He was unwilling, he said, to delay the business of the Convention and therefore would con sume only a few momen's of time. He was sensible and grateful for the welcome he received, he was happy and proud to see here in this great national assembly the welcome given by his friends and com panions of many years by his party friends, by men and sons of men with whom it has been his conspicuous honor to be associated in first opening campaign of '56 (applause) FRED DOUGLASS was then presented amid cheers and ap plause. He honed, he said, that the con vention would make such a record in its proceedings as to put it entirely out of the power of the Mugwump party to say there was no difference between the Republican party and the Democratic party in respect to the class which he represented. [Ap plause.] The Democratic party always had been faithful to its friends, and its friends had been slaveholders of the South. The Republican party should be faithful to its friends, and men with black faces had ever been its friends. Let the black men be remembered in the platform which the convention would adopt, and let it be remembered that this black man now strip ped of his constitutional right to vote, let the platform speak out for equal rights for equal rights for all. Let not the party be driven from its duty by the cry of "bloody shirt." Let it wave as long as BLOOD SHOULD BE FOUND on it. [Applause.] The government that could give liberty in its constitution ought to have the power to protect that liberty in its administra: ion. [Applause] The secretary then proceeded to read the names of tne committees fir the per manent orgvnizatio i. When the Virginia members' names were - reached it was stated that two names would be sent up by the contesting dele gations. The chair said he would submit the Virginia question to the convention when the full list of the committee had been read. Root, of Arkansas, moved that the • con vention elect all officer! named by the National committe. The chair said he understood that Chairman Jones having recognized no objections to the nomination of the National committee they had been accepted by the convention and are now temperory officers of the body. OsbournKansas, said he was glad this gave him the opportunity to again protest against the acceptance of the recommenda tion of tie National committee without a vote. He asked that the vote of Kansas be recorded for Wm. Warner of Missouri. Root said his motion did not include the temperary chairman who bad, he fully understood, been duly elected as other of ficers, and he now found, were included in the general acceptance of the committee's report. He withdrew his motion. CONGRATULATING SHERIDAN. Hall, of Kansas, offered the following : Resolved, That the delegates to the con vention representing the surviving com rades of the distinguished soldier and General of the Army, Philip H. Sheridan, and representing aho the living principle for which he gallantly fought aud tri umphed during the gieat era of war, send him their sincere congratulation! on the prospect of his recovery, and hope his life may be preserved many years. The resolution was greeted with cheers and was adopted by a rising vote, the im mense audience joining with the delegates in doing honor to the sick soldier. Lewis, of Kentucky, presented a petition from committee of G. A. R., asking if that tickets of admission be accorded them. Taft, of South Carolina, made an eloquent speech in which he criticized the action of the Democratic party in Congress, refusing to consider pension legislation, extolled Republican party as friend of the soldier and asked for rules to be suspended and the request of G. A. R. committee complied with. At the suggestion of Butterworth, of Ohio, however, the petition was referred to the National Committee with instruc tions to comply with the request A ca d of the states was propped by Geo. R. Davis, of Illinois. This was agreed to, and the call proceeded with. When Dakota was reached, he agreed to suspend the call and have the names of the committeemen handed up in writing. The chair said he desired to make a pleasing announcement that the Nebraska delegation had with it, as a guest, the first nominee of the Republican party for the presidency and desired to present John C. Fremont. This announcement was re ceived with cheers and the convention voted to allow Ch'rm'n Green of the Nebraska del egation to present General Fremont. When Green appeared upon the stage with Gen. Fremont there was an outburst of ap plause. The National committee, fie said, placed him upon the rolls of delegates as one prima facie entitled to seats. The delegation at large headed by Mahone, [applause] were four district delegates from Virginia, whose seats were not contested unless the (invention should otherwise determine, the chair would hold for the purpose of participat ing in the temporary organization the four delegates it had, of which was W m. Ma hone, together with the four whose seats were uncontested would have the right to name the committee membership. John S. Wise, of Virginia, rose, and in response to a call from the floor and gallery, took his stand on the platform. He was here, he said, claiming to be chairman of the lawful Virginia delegation. The state was entitled nnder the call to have 24 delegates, and out of those 24, 20 were contested. The delegates-at-large, headed by Mahone, had been held to have a prima facie title and had been placed on the rolls together with four distinguished delegates, whose seats were not contested. These eight were but one-third of the Vir ginia representation, led by Wm. Mahone, whose trifling with the rights of Republi canism in Virginia was the issue here. These eight had associated themselves to gether around Wm. Mahone on the com mittee of credentials to pass upon his case; that the matter had been goiDg on in Virginia for some years the decision was always in favor of plaintif!' "William Mahone's name was sent up by William Mahone to William Mahons to decide whether William Mahone was a delegate or net. [Laughter.] He had learned in his bat tles in Virginia that a free ballot and lair coant was the dearest boon of nat'ooal Republicanism. [Applause.] He had learned that no man ought to be per mi ted to be judge aud suitor, and he hoped the decision of the chair putting Mahone upon thecommittee oncredentials would beover rultd. It was manifestly unfair that Muhone should go on tbat committee and pass on his own name. It might be within 24 hours that the eight men who selected him might be leaving all with their hats under their arm with the decision of the convention against them. [Applause] Until it is settled neither side shall be judge and jury in his own case. I am willing to test the fairness and honesty of the Republican party from other States of the Union outside of Virginia, but I do not want Wm. Mahone to remsrtn in the com mittee on credentials and vete on his own case and prejudice mine, and Therefore appeal from the decision of the chair to this convention. The chair said he did not desire to be understood in his decision to prevent any gentleman to make any motion looking to the settlement of this dispute and that i he would gladly entert tin any motion to that end. Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, said the Convention evidently desires of Virginia, but he desired to interpose suggestion be fore the matter proceeded further. First, that Credential Committee must make up roll of Convention and dircussion should be had there first, and, second, in by all parliamentary law and all justice no man can vote in committee upon his own case, and therefore the objection of Wise appeared to be without reason. We all have great respect lor the one who comes to us from Virginia bearing the name of John S. Wise, and we are also glad to honor the gallant soldier who first broke the face of the solid South. Be tween these two men, who ' unhappily differ, this convention will no doubt to make a just decision. But I appeal to the gentlemen who propose to plunge us into a controversy at this inopportune time to allow the matter to take its course. When Senator Hoar concluded Mahone mounted the platform and was received with a storm of applause. Gen. Mahone said he confessed that it was with sincere regret he found it necessary for this convention to be asked to consider the trouble of the party in Virginia. He wanted to say in respect to what bad been said to prejudice his attitude before the convention that the regular organization of the party in Virginia, which he repre sented, had made that State doubtful and had increased the Republican vote 80 per cent. He represented not only the regular organization but 90 per cent, of the Repub lican masses in Virginia. Those who are opposing him here have done nothing for the party except to engage in strife and contention. He would be prepared show that the men who were opposing him had no standing in the party. The con testing delegates at large were chosen by a bolting convention consisting of eighty one members from neaily seven hundred members of the regular convention. The contests of the district delegates were upon equal'y as ridiculous grounds. Iu this case the convention which selected them was called by three men who instituted the convention. One of them took the chair, another was made secretary, and the third took the floor. Wise, who was on the platform, here caused lauglrer by ex claiming, "Yes, and you took the result." General Mahone proceeded to giv* a shetch of the troubles of the party in Vir ginia, and was proceeding with the appeal that the convention stand by the regular party men in his State. At this point Wise broke in energetically with the declaration "I charge with frauds by which I was cheated out of my contest." "Then," retorted Mahone, "your charge i3 false as you are foul." "I will put the stamp where it belongs" fired back Wise. Both gentlemen were becoming excited when Spaulding, of Michigan, took them both from the chair by rising and putting a question of order. He believed the decision of the eba r ad miring Mahone as a member of the Com mittee on Credentials correct and be called attention to the fact that no appeal bad been taken from the decision by regularly constituted delegates and that the whole discussion was therefore out of order. Butterworth, of Ohio, said that the dispute between the two gentlemen from Virginia turned upon the right of Mahone to vote upon his own case, it was the right of Mahone to do that, under the regular order of business, of course he would be excluded from Committee oa Credentials, while his case was under consideration. This was a Republican convention and it should con duct the business in order, and be therefore moved to refer the whole ma' ter to where it belonged—the committee on credentials. The chair said he had already decided the discussion of Jthe Virginia contested case out of crier at this time. Wellington,of Mary land,moved that neith er of the contesting delegates be given rep resentation.'Senator Hoar,of Massachusetts opposed the motion and pointed out the danger which might result from the settlement on such a precedent. He moved to lay the motion on the table and this motion was agreed to amid ap plause. The convention at 3:30 adjourned until to morrow at noon and amid strains of music by the band, the delegates and vast assembly filed from the ball. Second Day's Proceedings. Chicago, June 20.—The convention was called to order at 12:30 p. m. by Chairman Thurston. Rev. Stephen A. Lathrop, of Fort Wayne, Ind., offered prayer. Motion made that Committee on Perma nent Organization be called upon to make their report, but protest came from Harris, of North Carolina, that the Committee on Permanent Organization should not report until the Committee on Credentials was heard from. He moved that the motion be laid upon the table. It was stated that at the last two Republican Conventions the Committee on Permanent Organization reported before the Committee on Creden tials. Henderson, of Iowa, moved to take a recess until 8 o'clock to-night Bayne, of Pennsylvania, opposed this. Henderson withdrew his motion, and moved to pro ceed to permanent organization. Agreed to. Ex-Governor Foster, of Ohio, chairman of the committee on permanent organiza tion, then read the unanimous report of the committee. He was given an enthusiastic reception by the audience, and as he stated that M. M. Estee, of California, had been elected for permanent chairman, the cheer ing broke forth afresh. The report was adopted without dissent. Chair appointed Governor Foster, of Ohio, Senator Foley, of Nevada, and Geo. B. Sloan, of New York, a committee to escort Estee to the platform. When Estee appeared and was introduced by the chairman, the convention applauded with enthusiasm. When quiet had been X 38 tored, Mr. Estee said : Gentlemen of the Convention—I appreciate the honor you have conferred upon me. I yet must assume it was intend ed for the people of the Pacific slope, and in their name 1 1 hank you. Thiscouvention is assembled from the body of the Ameri can people to nominate candidates for President and Vice President. From the long list of illustrious names which will lie presented to you for your support, you can haioly make a mistake id your selection. The adoption of a platform, voicing the principles ot the Republicans of the nation is still easier of rolutiou, for the leading features of that platform, if I may be per mit ed to suggtst, have ail been discussed and adopted hv the people. Democrats are for tree trade, Repuulicaus are lor protec tion. PROTECTION OF AMERICAN LABOR and American products against competi tion ot foreign labor and foreign products will take a conspicuous piace in your plat form. When by reasou of free trade you stop the production of any article at home ana thus have to look to a foreign market, competition ceases and the price will be increased. Free trade means European prices of products and European prices for the labor that produces them, and thus the American laborer is placed on the same plane with the ill-paid laborer of foreign countries. Lastly, tree trade will decrease the number and variety of American products, while the fact is that the large field of our industry offers great er opportunity for the employment of labor and for the investment of capi tal. From the first hour of Mr. Cleveland's administration until now his well known lied trade principles have added to the re peated efforts of a democratic congress to ehange the tariff laws to be a perpetual menace to the industries of the country. New enterprises are thus discouraged and new lints of labor not created. The result has been tbat under the Democratic ad ministration the combined exports and im ports of the country have been less than for any like period in the ten years immed iately preceding; while the exports of coin over imports is increased. During the three years of Democratic rule, there have been built in the United States less tonage of American shipping than during any o her three years tor forty years before. In 1887 we transported in American bottoms to foreign lands ody lour teen per cent, of all our exports. Indeed so marked has been the effect of this Democratic policy upon the industries of the country that general unrest among the laborers of the nation is every where noticed. Nor do these end the list of Democratic wrongs. The Republicans of the coantry cannot but note the most unusual practice in Democratic States of the M>lid South to disregard the sacredness of the electoral franchise. If we are to judge from the official returns of elections recently held in many of those States, the population of (ODgressional districts of the South is less than one-third of the popula tion of like districts in Northern and Re publican States. In a word, the people there are either not permitted to vote thiough fear, or, voting, their ballots are not counted ; and it is monstrous to say that this practice ran do no harm or that in the end, if successfully pursued, it will not result in the destruction of the repub lic. The very ^helplessness of the people who are thus disfranchised appeals in the strongest terms for protection. For wheu the ballot box is made once to tell a lie or when it is left empty and voiceless, our liberties our in danger. There should not be, there shall not be, a foot of American soil where the humblest citizen cannot go iu safety and cast his ballot for whom he pleases and have the ballot honestly counted. President Cleveland was elected as the great civil service reformer, and yet he has removed more public officers for no reason whatever than anyone of his predecessors. As a constitutional lawyer Mr. Cleveland tells the people he is a strict constructionist; but he has solely disre garded the soul and spirit of the conviction which separates the executive, legislative and pelitical departments of the govern ment. He has dote this by vetoing more bills than all other presidents from Wash ington down. They w^re wrong or he alcne was right. The flippant and illogical reasons given by him that he differs trom Congress as to the necessity lor passing bills are not worthy of the presi dent of a great nation, nor within the letter or spirit of the constitution. He has thus taken from the people the power to make their own laws and places in bis own hands the duties of legislature and the responsibilities of the executive office. THE COWARDLY AND UNAMERICAN foreign policy of the Democratic adminis tration receives the contempt of foreign people and humiliates our own. The claim made by the president that, to get rid of the surplus in the treasury, wool and other products must go upon the tree list, has been answered by the people of Ore gon, but this was merely a rattle along the skirmisbdine. The toiling millions of the country were not yet to the front. Wait till November comes and we will heir from Cleveland's Appomattox. It was thought the contest would be a civic one, yet it is a strange coincidence that the same forces are arrayed against each other in 1888 as iu 1861. True, in 1861 the attack was upon the armies of the nation ; in 1888 it is npon the industries of the country. On one side now as then is found the same solid South, the same Northern "dough faces," the same British influences with the Cobden Club and its American membership as re cruits. True, we are told by the President that there is a surplus in the treasury, but there would not be a surplus if our debts were paid ; there would be no surplus if our ports were protected with fortifications well gunned. There would not be a surplus if our navy was reconstructed, if our rivers and harbors were improved; there would not be any surplus if needed public buildings were constructed, and there would not be a surplus if the pension bills vetoed by the President had become laws. Whoever be fore heard of a man with a surplus of money on hand refusing to put a roof on his own house ? In conclusion, gentlemen of the conven tion, the issues presented to the people this year are not of men, but of principles. W'hen a nation is looking with breathless interest to see what we do, may we so act that in all things we will have the ap proval of our own conscience, the approval of the Amt rican. people, our own, and, above all, the approval of Him who con trols both men and nations. A DIAMOND GAVEL. Mayor Roche, on behalf of Chicago, pre sented Chairman Estee with a very beauti ful gavel of silver and gold set with a solitaire diamond. He said it was not of silver alone, as the one precepted at St. Louis, but of gold and silver, the bi metalic standard of our financial policy. Mr. Charles A. Works,, of Illinois also presented to the convention a gavel which he said was a plain tocl, and made neither of silver nor gold, but it is connected with a great name in American history. It is made from a piece of wood from a desk in a tannery, in Galona, Illinois, which was left by that silent soldier, U. S. Grant, when he took the field to fight for his coantry. The mention of Grant's name was greeted with an outburst of cheering which lasted several moments and was the warmest demonstration of the day. The chairman accepted the tokens in a neat speech. Chairman Sayne, of the committee on rales, presented the committee report. It to it adopts the rales of the House of Representa tives with a slight modification. The rules recommended are substantially similar those adopted by the last national con vention. Tne most essential change is that is recommended tbat an executive com mittee, consisting of nine members, may be chosen by the national committee to con duct the affairs of the party. The following ORDER OF BUSINESS. First—Resport of committee Jon creden tials. Second—Report of committee on iesoln tions. Third—Naming of National committee. Fourth—Naming of candidates tor presi dent. Fifth—Balloting. Sixth—Presentation of candidates for vice president. Seventh—Balloting. The report gives Dakota ten votes, Wash ington Territory six votes, other territories and the District of Columbia two votes each. Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, moved tbat the report of the committee on rules be adopted, except the iule referring to the election of alternates, which be recom mitted. Butterworth, of Ohio, moved to amend the report by placing limitation of time on nominating speeches. This was defeated by a heavy vote. A discussion ensued as to the manner iu which alternates should be entitled to vote in the absence of their principals. Senator Hoar finally presented a sub ti tute for the rules reported by the committee relating to the election of al ternates, which he moved to adopt. Chairman Bayne, of the committee on rules, said be hoped the substitute would be accepted, aud seconded Senator Hoar's motion. The substitute is as follows: That al ternate delegates for each delegation at large aud alternate delegates for each district delegation, to consist of the same number as their principals and to act in case of absence of delegate, shall be elected." Haymond, of California, objected to this proposition and desired to have the question referred to the chairman of the committee on rules, but the chair ruled this out of order. Johnson, of New York, moved that the rale nnder discussion be referred back to the committee. The discussion dragged along for some time and the members of the convention were getting more and more cod fused as to what the language of "alternate" in the rule really meant, when General Sewell, of New Jersey, cut the cordian knot with a motion to adopt the report of the committee as a whole, which was nnanimously agreed to. The committee then called for the report of the committee on credentials as the next order of business. Horr, of Michigan moved tbat a recess be taken until eight o'clock to-night. This was agreed to and at 2:30 the convention adjourned. The Virginia Contest. Chicago, June 20.—The credential com mitte met in secret session at 9 o'clock and at once resumed the consideration of the Virginia ccntest. After hearing briefly and without decision the claims of the delegates at large, tbs committee took up numerically the eight contested election districts. The first and fourth not being contested, the second, third and fifth dis tricts had at noon presented their respect ive claims, no vote being taken. The Mahone men are not hopeful of the com mittee deciding in their favor but will carry the fight into the convention. Mahone Gets Left. Chicago, June 21—Credentials commit tee, by large majority, voted toseat the Wise delegates in all contested districts except the ninth, leaving Mahone 1st, 4th and 9th and delegates at large, making delega tions stand Wise 14, Mahone 10. On motion to reconsider credentials com miitee ruled out ninth Virginia district and then took a recess until 4 p. m. THE BLAINE MEN. Some Say his Name Will be Presented at First; Others Sav Not-- How the Californians Feel. Chicago, June 19.—The committee on permanent organization met after the ad j ournment of the convention. The session was a short one and resulted in a unanimous recommendation, which will be reported to the convention to-morrow, that Hou. M. M. Estee of California be made permanent chairman, and the remainder of the temporary organ ization be made permanent. The result is that the Californians are in high feath er tonight. They feel that their work has not been fruitless. So far they are even with their Democratic brethren of the coast, and they still hope that when the gavel shall have fallen upon the final adjourn ment they will be able to "go them oce better" in having secured thefirst place for their favorite on the national ticket instead of second. This naturally leads up to the fact that while the men from the Pacific slope still indnlge in lustiest and most constant cheers for the man who dwells across the entire continent from them, they are not quite so sure it is best to work for him trom the beginning. The labors of the Eastern Blaine mission aries do not appear to have been fruitless. There is no longer that outspoken declara tion tbat the coast would know nobody except Blaine from first to last. A reporter for the Associated Press to-night made diligent inquiry for the name of the man choeen by the men from the Golden Gate to present the name of the "Plumed Knight" when California's name shall be called and put forward her favorite for first place on the ticket. The search was fruitless except to the extent of securing unanimous avowal that the orator had not been chosen. One of the Californians vouchsafed further signifiaent information that when California's name is called no one will respond for the naming of her favorite son, cousin or brother-in-law; that, in point of the fact it had been de cided to-day that Mr. Blaine's name should NOT BE OBTRUDED upon the convention at all daring the first few ballots. J'or whom California weald vote in t he meantime or what she would do thereafter, he was not prepared to say. Mr. M. H. DeYoung, California's member of the national committee, when asked if it were true that a waiting race had been determined, declared that no such deci sion had been reached, that iu fact no meeting of the delegation at which such an arrangement could have been agreed to had been held. The delegation, however, hold a conference to-morrow morning. Oth er members of the delegation when approached on the subject of their alleged intention to bottle up their Blaine enthusiaem and put it on ice until a convenient season for uncork ing, professed ignorance of such intention or were decidedly non-committal. In the meantime they wanted it distinctly under stood that the Pacific coast was qnite com fortable, thank you, not to say happy, over having secured the permanent chairman ship. France and Germany. Berlin, Jane 20.— Empörer William has telegraphed President Carnot,ot France, thanking him for the message of condol ence on the death of Frederick, and ex pressing that the good relations now be tween Fiance and Germany may continue.