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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, June 21, 1888, Image 3

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A Magnificent Assemblage—Sensible
Address of Chairman Jones.
Tbe Temporary Chairman from Nebraska
Opens the Oratorical Ball With a
Mamificent Address.
Honors to John C, Fremont—Bred Doug
lass and the Bloody Shirt.
A Significant Grace— Greetings Sent to
Kir*t Day's Proceedings.
Chicago, June ID. —Precisely at 12:31
the gavel of Chairman Jones, Chairman of
the National Republican Committee,
sounded sharply on the table, and the Re
publican Convention of 1688 was formally
opened. The hum of conversation ceased
throughout the auditorium, and the buzz
of expectation gave place to impressive
silence as the chairman introduced Rev.
Frank W. Gnnsaulus, of Chicago, who
opened the proceedings with prayer. He
thanked the Almighty for the blessing of
divine protection, returned the gratitude
of the nation for the benefits granted it by
providence, returned thanks for history
which came massed here, and
expressed a recognition of all that
God had done through the great
organization whose representatives
here assembled. He prayed that the con
vention might be dominated by lofty pur
poses in order that its work might do
much for the glory of God and man. In
an impressive manner he invoked divine
protection on the soldier captain of the
army who lay so near death.
At the conclusion of the prayer Chair
man Jones announced that the secretary,
Mr. Fessenden, of the national committee
would read the call for the convention
issued by the national cctomittee. Allu
sions in the call to the position of the
party on the tariff question, to the deter
mination of the party to have a fair elec
tion and honest count, and other salient
points were warmly applauded by the.
Upon the conclusion of the reading of
the call
stepped to the front of the platform and
spoke as follows:
The Republican party may well be con
gratulated through its representatives here
assembled, upon the auspicious prospects
that lie before it, and the courageous acts
of this convention will sorely lead to vic
tory in the campaign which we are about
to begin. There can be no doubt as to
which side the great majority of votes
will fall, if each party be judged by its
record. If the grand achievements of the
Republican party be appreciated, and the
utter failure of the Democratic party to be
understood. The two parties are diamet
rically opposed to each other. One
favors progression, the other retrogression;
one lifts up,the other pulls down. Tbanks to
Cleveland and his southern allies, the dem
ocratic party has thrown off his guise in
which it has heretofore fought its battles
in the northern states, and boldly declared
for British free trade, and against Amer
ican protection. The avowal has caused
much adultation in certain sections of this
country, and in all England, which has
from the beginning been hostile to the in
dustrial progress of the United Sta'es, but
it has lallen heaviest upon the patri
otic portion of the Democractic
party. However, we must not
expect that there is an end of dishonest
pretesses. Deceit, fallacies and sophistry
will again be resorted to and practiced.
Therefore, we should have a platform based
free from equivocation or ambiguity, and
should nominate candidates who are the
embodiment of these principles. The
founders of this government saw that it
was absolutely essential for self-preserva
tion that the original thirteen States should
become united for the purpose of protec
tion and defense against alien acts and in
fluences as well as for an economical and
effective government. One of the first acts
of the general government wat to provide
for revenue and for the protection of the
industrial interests of the country.
All our early presidents, from Washing
ton to Jackson inclusive, advocated tariff
for revenue and protection, and all great
and patriotic statesmen of those days coin
cided in this policy. No man of note who
was a lover of his country down to Jack
son's first term, entertained and expressed
doubts as to the constitutionality of the
policy of protecting the industries of the
United States against foreign competition.
The tariff institution was not considered
as one embracing solely or chiefly manu
facturer's interests, but one which broadly
embraced the natural condition of ^ the
laboring classes, the mutual interest of all
home producers in the home market, and
ol the country's real independence.
The British, who now shout free trade,
protected themselves against all competi
tion until they became masters of the
commercial world, and until they realized
that the United States, with its great ad
vantages and by moderate use or some
means, was becoming a formidable rival.
It was only when Great Britain perceived
something of the future of her American
rival she attempted to gain that control
over this country by artificial means
which she was unable to reclaim by force of
arms. A Iter relating the history of the allege!
alliance of the South with the English
manufacturer under the administrations of
Van Buren, Polk, Pierce and Buchanan.
Chairman Jones continued: The Re
publican party vanquished the Democratic
party, passed the homstead law, destroy e
slavery, elevated the "mud sills, re f*®5 ,
credit, redeemed the country and start
it anew on the lines contemplated y
their fathers. To-day we occupy a much
higher plane than any other people on the
face of the earth. The Republican party
believes it not necessary or right that we
should be reduced to a common level with
other nations, but that we should have all
the benefits of our national advantages an
the full enjoyment of our glorious heritage.
The logical consequences of the theories o
the Democratic party would have It t
this country with but a fringe of popula
tion on the water ways, many of the
leading Bourbon Democrats of to-day,
look upon the magnificent development
and grand achievements of the nation,
which are simply labor's genius, mananage
rnent, crystalized, as unnatural „and un *
wholesome growth, and believe that we
ought to go back to the days of ignorance,
sloth and small things as quickly as possi
ble. Through the criminal folly ot cer
tain professed Republicans, and by fraud
and duplicity on the part of the Democrat
ic party, our honored and gallant standard
liearera in 1884 were defeated.
Fortunately for the country we still ha ve
the benefit of the wise laws passed by the
Republican party, and still have a majority
in the Senate of the United States, whicn
majority has prevented unwise legisla
tion. We are again confronted with
the same Democratic party) the
mother of all evil this country has
suffered, asking for power to control the
direct future coarse .ant', we find the same
element which first led it astray by its
malignant influence and draggod it down
to the grievous days of the rebellion,
again, in full central of its affairs.
If the majority of American voters favor
the giving away of the home market, in
comparably the best in the world, and the
forcing our people, now the most prosper
ous and happy on the face of the earth, in
to competition with, and down to a level
with the cheapest, poorest and most miser
able of our foreign rivals, Democratic doc
trines will prevail. If the Republican
party will resume its authority and suc
cessfully lead this great country with its
beneficial institutions toward that
sublime goal which all patriots believe
its heaven ordained destiny, I have no
doubt of result.
Chairman Jones then introduced J. S.
Thurston, of Nebraska, as temporary chair
man of the convention. Delegate Osborne,
of Kansas, objected to the assumption on
the part of the national committee of the
right to name the temporary chairman,
and asked if Thurston had been elected by
the convention. Chairman Jones replied
in an emphatic affirmative, for whiche he
was vigorously applauded. But Osborne,
not to be subdued, and in the same tone
as the delegation, declined to be responsi
ble for the action of the national commit
tee in this matter, and iegarded it as a
great mistake. [Hisses.] He desired the
roll of states to be called in order that the
Kansas delegation might cast its votes for
Hon. Wm. Warren. No attention was paid
to this demand, however, and Thurs
ton immediately began his address, as
follows :
Gentlemen of the Convention :—I
am deeply sensible of the distinguished
honor you have conferred me upon as presid
ing officer of your temporary organization.
I am also miudfal of the the grave respon
sibilities of the position, and if they are
successfully met it will be due to a con
tinuance of jour generous favors and the
bestowal of your loyal assistance. I have no
words in which to fittingly express my
heartfelt appreciation of your confidence.
I thank you, gentlemen, not for
myself alone, but for that great
and growing West, which never
disappoints the expectations of the Repub
lican party. I come from a state whose
vast domain has largely been appreciated
by the surviving veterans of the army of
the Republic, under the benificent provi
sions of the homestead and pre-emption
laws enacted by a Republican Congress,
and true to the heroic recollections of the
past, homesteaders of the West still march
on under the banner of Republicanism.
In victory and defeat, in sunshine and in
storm, in prosperity and adversity, this
mighty West retains the
and holds that devotion lo principles,
though it brings defeat, is better than suc
cess achieved by a broken vow and politi
cal dishonor. We are met in national con
vention for deliberation and conference.
The Republican party of the United States
relies upon the wisdom of its assembled
delegation for such as will ensure success.
If we are prepared to honestly and fairly
meet the supreme issues of the hour, with
a clear, fearless and ringing declaration of
principles, and to nominate a ticket which
will commend itself to the loyalty and in
telligence of the country, we can grandly
win. To enter upon the proceedings of
this convention, we should be
prepared to sacrifice individual
judgment to the wisdom of the majority
and to lay down personal preferences on
the altar of party success. When our can
didates are chosen we will all join with
heart and soul in a grand choius of rejoic
ing and
shall give certain promises of the glory
of a victorious morning in November.
When the Democratic party, at the close of
the last presidential election, robbed us of
a victory honestly and fairly won, we
patiently waited for the certain coming of
the justice of the years. We hoped and
believed that 1888 would right the nation
al wrong of 1884, right it not only for the
Republican party, but aho for the grand
and glorious candidates whose names were
an inspiration of that wonderful campaign.
The infinate wisdom of au all wise Provi
dence has otherwise decreed. One of them,
the citizen, eoldier, the warrior, statesman,
the Black Eagle of Illinois, has been sum
moned by the silent messenger to report to
his old commander beyond the river, but
although John A. Logan is dead in body,
yet he lives again in the illuminated pages
of his country's most splendid history.
[Applause.] Lives in the grateful love of a
free people, whose Union he so nobly
championed ; lives in the blessiDgs of a
downtrodden race, whose freedom he so
manfully struggled to achieve;
lives in future song and story
of a hero-worshipping world, and
along the highway of the nation's glory,
side by side old John, with Abraham Lin
coln and Ulysses Grant, his soul goes
marching on. The other, that gallant
leader, the chevalier of American politics,
the glory of Republicanism, and the
our Henry of Navarre, is seeking in for
eign travel a long-needed relaxation and
rest from the wearisome burdens of public
life and service. With the sublime mag
nanimity of his incomparable gjeatness.he
has denied us the infinite pleasure of sup
porting him in this convention, desir
ing in all things party harmony
and success. He has stepped from the cer
tain ladder of his own laudable ambition
that some other man may climb to power.
As his true friends we cannot, dare not
commit the political crime of disobedience
to his expressed wish. We cannot place
him at the head of the ticket, but we will
make him commander-in-chief at the head
of forces in the field, where he will be in
vincible. And though James G. Blaine
may not be our president, yet he remains
our uncrowned king, wielding the baton of
acknowledged leadership, supreme in the
allegiance of hi3 devoted followers,
honored and respected by all
honest and loyal men, the greatest
living American, and a worthy object of ou
undying love. But the Republican party is
not left without great men to place upon
its ticket. We have that honest, able, f-nd
experienced financier aad statesman from
Ohio and his no less distinguished col
league from Iowa. Indiana, Michigan and
Wisconsin present to us gallant soldiers,
while New Jersey, Kansas, Connecticut
and other states offer worthy and favorite
eons. From this splendid galaxy of politi
cal store we cannot choose amiss. The
Republican party points with pride to the
ereat achievements of its past, and oilers
L an earnest of its future faithfulness an
unbroken record of services performed for
freedom, union and national pros
Mrity It is preeminently the party
of protection. It was born of an
irrenressible desire to protect the slave
fiom X lasb of his master and to save
our civilization from the blighting curse
of its crime against humanity. .It per
formed the sacred mission of protecting
the republic from secession Mid disunion,
ÄndWinJi stands for the protection
of all immunities and privileges of
American citizenship; stands for the pro
tection of the ballot box, from crimes of
intimidation, robbery and substituting
stands for the protection of American
commerce, American manufacture, Ameri
can agriculture, from dtstructiue foreign
competition; stands for the protection of
home invention, home skill and home
labor, against free trade heretics, that
would pauperize and degrade them all ;
stands for the protection of the people
from all unjust and oppressive exaction and
the combination of aggregated capital
and corporate power; stands also for protec
tion of both capital and corporation from
confiscation and mob violence, and above
all, stands for protection of sanctity and
hapDiness of American homes. It welcomes
to our shores the downtrodden and oppressed
of every land, but it insists that the inestim
able blessing of Amercian citizenship, pur
chased with the priceless blood of our heroes
and martyrs, shall be extended tothoseonly
who are* in full sympathy and accord
with the fundamental principles of our gov
ernment, and who will loyally support the
sacred provisions of the constitution of the
United States; and it holds that
congress has the power to save American
civilization and morality from the leprosy
of Asiatic paganism, degradation and con
tagion. It maintains that the nation
should extend the benefits of free govern
ment to all true lovers of liberty, but it
demands that the law of the land shall be
a shield to those only who obey it, and
therefore for an Anarchist, Communist and
criminal, American justice has nothing to
offer but fcthe sword, reconstructed Dem
ocracy now being in power neaily four
years, its illustration has been most satis
lactory to those who hold office under its
loyalty and have received the approval of
every enemy of the government. The
courage of its foreign policy has
amused great powers and p eased
every coward; its civil service has been so
thoroughly reformed as to delight W ig
gins; its justice to disabled soldiers has
won grand opinions from those who gave
them their wounds; its financial movement
has been safe because of its inability to
destroy resulting prosperity of Republican
legislation. Its
of the tariff question has been a source of
wondermept to " God and men." It is
strong in the imbecility of"innocuonsdesu
etude," and deserves to live as] a reminis
cence of promises forgotten and pledges
unredeemed. There are those in this land
who seem to believe that the
mission of the Republican party is
at an end ; that the emancipation
proclamation, Appomatox and constitu
tional amendments are at once monuments
of its glory and gravestones of its demise.
But the work of the Republican party
will never be done until every American
citizen enters into his unquestioned in
heritance of liberity, equal rights and
justice; until representation in Congress is
based upon votes freely cast and fairly
counted ; until Jan adequate provision has
been made for the helplessness and old age
of disabled veterans and the widows and
orphans of their dead comrades ; until
these politics of government which
insure national and individual
prosperity are firmly established
and until patriotism and loyalty are the only
qualifications, except for occasional official
position, in service of the Republic. There
are those in the land who insist that the
Republican party keeps up all old time sec
tional feeling, and they offer "to let the
dead past bury its dead." The Republican
party longs and prays for the
coming of the millenium of
hope when in spirit and in truth
Mason and Dixon's line will be blotted out
forever ; when fraternal ties and common
interests are vindicated; when the whole
people are found rejoicing together that
the inherited institutions of human
slavery were destroyed by the
justice of God; glad together
that the holy bonds of un ; on could not be
severed ; hopeful together for a magnificent
national destiny ; loyal together to the
common country and its unconquered flag.
But when that glad time comes, black and
white must march side by side in the
broad Bunshine of safety and lie down to
peaceful slumber in the untroubled shadows
of protection. The Republican party leins
to the new South with wide open arms. It
offers loyal assistance in the development
of its agriculture, the opening of its mines,
and building up its manufactures. It pro
poses to break down the barriers of un
pleasant memories with hopes of new pioj
The great distinctive issue of the present
catnpain is the issue of the tariff. To the
support of the protective tariff there will
rise up our overwhelming army of intel
ligent, thoughtful and practical men of the
East. The North and South will join
hands together to forever exterminate in
this Republic the pernicious doctrine of
free trade.
As we gather here we remember that
other great convention held in this city in
1860 ; we remember how it was inspired
with wisdom and courage to select the
great man of the people, that Moses, who
lei us through the parted waters of the
sea, past the wilderness of battle over the
Jordon of safety into the promised land ;
but in 1884 we were driven back into the
wilderness again. May God give us wis
dom to find another Mœes who can limit
our wanderings to four years instead of
The mighty past is with ns here to-day ;
it fills us with that same spirit of freedom,
patriotism and devotion which called into
the common dust of ordinary hnmanity
the sublime inspirator of heroic deeds.
Let us read its lessons rightly and hold its
precepts dear. When Robert Brace, the
King of Scotland, lay upon his dying bed,
he requested that his heart should be taken
from his inanimate body and borne by
Knightly hands to the 8aviour's sepulchre.
After his death, James, the Earl of Doug
las, undertook the sacred mission, and,
with Bruce's heart encased in a golden
casket, set out upon his pilgrimage
to the Holy Lands. On their way
thither himself and comrades were
set npon by a great host of
Moorish warriors. Though they fought
with all the valor of mortal men they were
borne backward by sheer force of numbers,
and their overthrow seemed certain, when
Douglas drawing from his bosom the price
less casket, cast it far out into the midst of
the on-coming host, and cried out, " Lead
on heart of Bruce, we follow thee." And
as knights of Scotland who were never de
feated, the whole following of Bruce
pushed forward and
Let this convention find a Douglas for
our Bruce. He will take the soul of our
great leader into the golden casket of his
love, and with it lead us on to certain and
splendid victory.
The chair then announced a long list of
secretaries and assistant secretaries, ser
geants-at-arms, etc., for the temporary or
ganization. After the reading of the list
of officers was completed the band struck
up a medley of national airs, which ware
warmly received by the audience, and as
the air turned into "Marching Through
Georgia" the assemblage
and a chorus of many voices resounded
throughout the hall.
Hoir, of Michigan, was then recognized,
and ascending the platform said: "I am
requested by the delegates from Michigan
to present to the chairman of the tempo
rary chairman of this convention, for his
use, a gavel made of oak, under which the
Republican party was organized on the
sixth of July, 1854, in the village of the
city of Jackson, in the state of Michigan."
[Applause.] "This gavel has on it, copper,
wool, wood, iron, salt, [laughter] the five
industries, the party in power, would ruin
and abolish from the face of the country.
We thought that this convention would
commence early to pound the daylight out
ofthat party. And therefore beg permis
sion cf the convention to present this gavel
to the temporary chairman."
Chairman Thurston accepted with the
remark that he would commence to pound
the life out of the Democratic party with
it. [Laughter and applause.]
Mr. Thurston's speech was delivered
with a resonant voice and could be heard
all over the hall, and was continually in
terrupted by applause. His reference to
Blaine's refusal to allow himself to be
nominated by the convention called forth
cries of "No," "No," all over the hall, but
his declaration that the convention dare
not commit the offense of going contrary
to Blaine's wishes was wildly applauded,
although his references to Blaine were
cheered, as were also his references to
other candidates, but much less enthusias
The applause lasted several moments.
Green said : More than thirty years ago
the pioneer Republican pari y met in Phila
delphia sud nominated its first candidate,
and freedom aod fieemen became the bat
tle cry of the party. Hundreds of thou
sands of those who first responded to this
call now sleep in unremembered graves
Some of the leaders achieved monumental
fame. Lincoln, Grant, Logan and others of
those have gone to their grave with fame
entwined around their memories. One of
the leaders first to grasp the standard of
the cause and rush to the front of the bat
tle, still lives, and he is with us, and I pre
s *.nt to you
of Nebraska. General Fremont was
warmly greeted as he was presented. He was
unwilling, he said, to delay the business
of the Convention and therefore would con
sume only a few momen's of time. He
was sensible and grateful for the welcome
he received, he was happy and proud
to see here in this great national assembly
the welcome given by his friends and com
panions of many years by his party friends,
by men and sons of men with whom it has
been his conspicuous honor to be associated
in first opening campaign of '56 (applause)
was then presented amid cheers and ap
plause. He honed, he said, that the con
vention would make such a record in its
proceedings as to put it entirely out of the
power of the Mugwump party to say there
was no difference between the Republican
party and the Democratic party in respect
to the class which he represented. [Ap
plause.] The Democratic party always
had been faithful to its friends, and its
friends had been slaveholders of the South.
The Republican party should be faithful
to its friends, and men with black faces
had ever been its friends. Let the black
men be remembered in the platform which
the convention would adopt, and let it be
remembered that this black man now strip
ped of his constitutional right to vote, let
the platform speak out for equal rights for
equal rights for all. Let not the party be
driven from its duty by the cry of "bloody
shirt." Let it wave as long as
on it. [Applause.] The government that
could give liberty in its constitution ought
to have the power to protect that liberty
in its administra: ion. [Applause]
The secretary then proceeded to read
the names of tne committees fir the per
manent orgvnizatio i. When the Virginia
members' names were - reached
it was stated that two names
would be sent up by the contesting dele
gations. The chair said he would submit
the Virginia question to the convention
when the full list of the committee had
been read.
Root, of Arkansas, moved that the • con
vention elect all officer! named by the
National committe. The chair said he
understood that Chairman Jones having
recognized no objections to the nomination
of the National committee they had been
accepted by the convention and are now
temperory officers of the body.
OsbournKansas, said he was glad this
gave him the opportunity to again protest
against the acceptance of the recommenda
tion of tie National committee without a
vote. He asked that the vote of Kansas
be recorded for Wm. Warner of Missouri.
Root said his motion did not include the
temperary chairman who bad, he fully
understood, been duly elected as other of
ficers, and he now found, were included in
the general acceptance of the committee's
report. He withdrew his motion.
Hall, of Kansas, offered the following :
Resolved, That the delegates to the con
vention representing the surviving com
rades of the distinguished soldier and
General of the Army, Philip H. Sheridan,
and representing aho the living principle
for which he gallantly fought aud tri
umphed during the gieat era of war, send
him their sincere congratulation! on the
prospect of his recovery, and hope his life
may be preserved many years.
The resolution was greeted with cheers
and was adopted by a rising vote, the im
mense audience joining with the delegates
in doing honor to the sick soldier.
Lewis, of Kentucky, presented a petition
from committee of G. A. R., asking if that
tickets of admission be accorded them.
Taft, of South Carolina, made an eloquent
speech in which he criticized the action of
the Democratic party in Congress, refusing
to consider pension legislation, extolled
Republican party as friend of the soldier
and asked for rules to be suspended and
the request of G. A. R. committee complied
with. At the suggestion of Butterworth,
of Ohio, however, the petition was referred
to the National Committee with instruc
tions to comply with the request
A ca d of the states was propped by Geo.
R. Davis, of Illinois. This was agreed to,
and the call proceeded with. When Dakota
was reached, he agreed to suspend the call
and have the names of the committeemen
handed up in writing.
The chair said he desired to make a
pleasing announcement that the Nebraska
delegation had with it, as a guest, the first
nominee of the Republican party for the
presidency and desired to present John C.
Fremont. This announcement was re
ceived with cheers and the convention voted
to allow Ch'rm'n Green of the Nebraska del
egation to present General Fremont. When
Green appeared upon the stage with Gen.
Fremont there was an outburst of ap
plause. The National committee, fie
said, placed him upon the rolls of delegates
as one prima facie entitled to seats.
The delegation at large headed by Mahone,
[applause] were four district delegates
from Virginia, whose seats were
not contested unless the (invention
should otherwise determine, the chair
would hold for the purpose of participat
ing in the temporary organization the four
delegates it had, of which was W m. Ma
hone, together with the four whose seats
were uncontested would have the right to
name the committee membership.
John S. Wise, of Virginia, rose, and in
response to a call from the floor and gallery,
took his stand on the platform. He was
here, he said, claiming to be chairman of
the lawful Virginia delegation. The
state was entitled nnder the call to
have 24 delegates, and out of those 24, 20
were contested. The delegates-at-large,
headed by Mahone, had been held to have
a prima facie title and had been placed on
the rolls together with four distinguished
delegates, whose seats were not contested.
These eight were but one-third of the Vir
ginia representation, led by Wm. Mahone,
whose trifling with the rights of Republi
canism in Virginia was the issue here.
These eight had associated themselves to
gether around Wm. Mahone on the com
mittee of credentials to pass upon his case;
that the matter had been goiDg on in Virginia
for some years the decision was always in
favor of plaintif!' "William Mahone's
name was sent up by William Mahone to
William Mahons to decide whether
William Mahone was a delegate or net.
[Laughter.] He had learned in his bat
tles in Virginia that a free ballot and lair
coant was the dearest boon of nat'ooal
Republicanism. [Applause.] He had
learned that no man ought to be per mi ted
to be judge aud suitor, and he hoped the
decision of the chair putting Mahone upon
thecommittee oncredentials would beover
rultd. It was manifestly unfair that Muhone
should go on tbat committee and pass on
his own name. It might be within 24
hours that the eight men who selected
him might be leaving all with their hats
under their arm with the decision of the
convention against them. [Applause]
Until it is settled neither side shall be
judge and jury in his own case. I am
willing to test the fairness and honesty of
the Republican party from other States of
the Union outside of Virginia, but I do not
want Wm. Mahone to remsrtn in the com
mittee on credentials and vete on his
own case and prejudice mine, and
Therefore appeal from the decision of the
chair to this convention.
The chair said he did not desire to be
understood in his decision to prevent any
gentleman to make any motion looking
to the settlement of this dispute and that i
he would gladly entert tin any motion to
that end.
Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, said the
Convention evidently desires of Virginia,
but he desired to interpose suggestion be
fore the matter proceeded further. First,
that Credential Committee must make up
roll of Convention and dircussion should be
had there first, and, second, in
by all parliamentary law and all justice
no man can vote in committee upon his
own case, and therefore the objection of
Wise appeared to be without reason. We
all have great respect lor the one who
comes to us from Virginia bearing the
name of John S. Wise, and we are also
glad to honor the gallant soldier who first
broke the face of the solid South. Be
tween these two men, who ' unhappily
differ, this convention will no doubt
to make a just decision. But I appeal to
the gentlemen who propose to plunge us
into a controversy at this inopportune
time to allow the matter to take its course.
When Senator Hoar concluded Mahone
mounted the platform and was received
with a storm of applause.
Gen. Mahone said he confessed that it
was with sincere regret he found it necessary
for this convention to be asked to consider
the trouble of the party in Virginia. He
wanted to say in respect to what bad been
said to prejudice his attitude before the
convention that the regular organization of
the party in Virginia, which he repre
sented, had made that State doubtful and
had increased the Republican vote 80 per
cent. He represented not only the regular
organization but 90 per cent, of the Repub
lican masses in Virginia. Those who are
opposing him here have done nothing
for the party except to engage in strife
and contention. He would be prepared
show that the men who were opposing him
had no standing in the party. The con
testing delegates at large were chosen by
a bolting convention consisting of eighty
one members from neaily seven hundred
members of the regular convention. The
contests of the district delegates were upon
equal'y as ridiculous grounds. Iu this
case the convention which selected them
was called by three men who instituted
the convention. One of them took the
chair, another was made secretary, and the
third took the floor. Wise, who was on
the platform, here caused lauglrer by ex
claiming, "Yes, and you took the result."
General Mahone proceeded to giv* a
shetch of the troubles of the party in Vir
ginia, and was proceeding with the appeal
that the convention stand by the regular
party men in his State. At this point
Wise broke in energetically with the
declaration "I charge with frauds by
which I was cheated out of my contest."
"Then," retorted Mahone, "your charge i3
false as you are foul." "I will put the
stamp where it belongs" fired back Wise.
Both gentlemen were becoming excited
when Spaulding, of Michigan, took them
both from the chair by rising
and putting a question of order.
He believed the decision of the eba r ad
miring Mahone as a member of the Com
mittee on Credentials correct and be called
attention to the fact that no appeal bad
been taken from the decision by regularly
constituted delegates and that the whole
discussion was therefore out of order.
Butterworth, of Ohio, said that the dispute
between the two gentlemen from Virginia
turned upon the right of Mahone to vote
upon his own case, it was the right of
Mahone to do that, under the regular order
of business, of course he would be excluded
from Committee oa Credentials, while his
case was under consideration. This was a
Republican convention and it should con
duct the business in order, and be therefore
moved to refer the whole ma' ter to where
it belonged—the committee on credentials.
The chair said he had already decided the
discussion of Jthe Virginia contested case
out of crier at this time.
Wellington,of Mary land,moved that neith
er of the contesting delegates be given rep
resentation.'Senator Hoar,of Massachusetts
opposed the motion and pointed out
the danger which might result
from the settlement on such a precedent.
He moved to lay the motion on the table
and this motion was agreed to amid ap
The convention at 3:30 adjourned until
to morrow at noon and amid strains of
music by the band, the delegates and vast
assembly filed from the ball.
Second Day's Proceedings.
Chicago, June 20.—The convention was
called to order at 12:30 p. m. by Chairman
Thurston. Rev. Stephen A. Lathrop, of
Fort Wayne, Ind., offered prayer.
Motion made that Committee on Perma
nent Organization be called upon to make
their report, but protest came from Harris,
of North Carolina, that the Committee on
Permanent Organization should not report
until the Committee on Credentials was
heard from. He moved that the motion be
laid upon the table. It was stated that
at the last two Republican Conventions
the Committee on Permanent Organization
reported before the Committee on Creden
Henderson, of Iowa, moved to take a
recess until 8 o'clock to-night Bayne, of
Pennsylvania, opposed this. Henderson
withdrew his motion, and moved to pro
ceed to permanent organization. Agreed to.
Ex-Governor Foster, of Ohio, chairman
of the committee on permanent organiza
tion, then read the unanimous report of the
committee. He was given an enthusiastic
reception by the audience, and as he stated
that M. M. Estee, of California, had been
elected for permanent chairman, the cheer
ing broke forth afresh. The report was
adopted without dissent. Chair appointed
Governor Foster, of Ohio, Senator Foley, of
Nevada, and Geo. B. Sloan, of New York, a
committee to escort Estee to the platform.
When Estee appeared and was introduced
by the chairman, the convention applauded
with enthusiasm. When quiet had been
X 38 tored, Mr. Estee said :
Gentlemen of the Convention—I
appreciate the honor you have conferred
upon me. I yet must assume it was intend
ed for the people of the Pacific slope, and
in their name 1 1 hank you. Thiscouvention
is assembled from the body of the Ameri
can people to nominate candidates for
President and Vice President. From the
long list of illustrious names which will lie
presented to you for your support, you can
haioly make a mistake id your selection.
The adoption of a platform, voicing the
principles ot the Republicans of the nation
is still easier of rolutiou, for the leading
features of that platform, if I may be per
mit ed to suggtst, have ail been discussed
and adopted hv the people. Democrats are
for tree trade, Repuulicaus are lor protec
and American products against competi
tion ot foreign labor and foreign products
will take a conspicuous piace in your plat
form. When by reasou of free trade you
stop the production of any article at home
ana thus have to look to a foreign market,
competition ceases and the price will
be increased. Free trade means
European prices of products and European
prices for the labor that produces them,
and thus the American laborer is placed
on the same plane with the ill-paid laborer
of foreign countries. Lastly, tree trade
will decrease the number and variety of
American products, while the fact is that
the large field of our industry offers great
er opportunity for the employment of
labor and for the investment of capi
tal. From the first hour of Mr. Cleveland's
administration until now his well known
lied trade principles have added to the re
peated efforts of a democratic congress to
ehange the tariff laws to be a perpetual
menace to the industries of the country.
New enterprises are thus discouraged and
new lints of labor not created. The result
has been tbat under the Democratic ad
ministration the combined exports and im
ports of the country have been less than
for any like period in the ten years immed
iately preceding; while the exports of coin
over imports is increased. During the
three years of Democratic rule, there have
been built in the United States less tonage
of American shipping than during any
o her three years tor forty years before. In
1887 we transported in American bottoms
to foreign lands ody lour teen per cent, of
all our exports. Indeed so marked has
been the effect of this Democratic policy
upon the industries of the country that
general unrest
among the laborers of the nation is every
where noticed. Nor do these end the list
of Democratic wrongs. The Republicans
of the coantry cannot but note the most
unusual practice in Democratic States of
the M>lid South to disregard the sacredness
of the electoral franchise. If we are to
judge from the official returns of elections
recently held in many of those States, the
population of (ODgressional districts of the
South is less than one-third of the popula
tion of like districts in Northern and Re
publican States. In a word, the people
there are either not permitted to vote
thiough fear, or, voting, their ballots are
not counted ; and it is monstrous to say
that this practice ran do no harm or that
in the end, if successfully pursued, it will
not result in the destruction of the repub
lic. The very ^helplessness of the people
who are thus disfranchised appeals in the
strongest terms for protection. For wheu
the ballot box is made once to tell a lie or
when it is left empty and voiceless, our
liberties our in danger. There should not
be, there shall not be, a foot of American
soil where the humblest citizen cannot go
iu safety and cast his ballot for whom he
pleases and have the ballot honestly
counted. President Cleveland was elected
as the great civil service reformer, and yet
he has removed more public officers for no
reason whatever than anyone of his
predecessors. As a constitutional lawyer
Mr. Cleveland tells the people he is a strict
constructionist; but he has solely disre
garded the soul and spirit of the conviction
which separates the executive, legislative
and pelitical departments of the govern
ment. He has dote this by vetoing more
bills than all other presidents from Wash
ington down. They w^re wrong or he
alcne was right. The flippant and illogical
reasons given by him that he differs trom
Congress as to the necessity lor
passing bills are not worthy of the presi
dent of a great nation, nor within the
letter or spirit of the constitution. He
has thus taken from the people the power
to make their own laws and places in bis
own hands the duties of legislature and
the responsibilities of the executive office.
foreign policy of the Democratic adminis
tration receives the contempt of foreign
people and humiliates our own. The
claim made by the president that, to get
rid of the surplus in the treasury, wool and
other products must go upon the tree list,
has been answered by the people of Ore
gon, but this was merely a rattle along the
skirmisbdine. The toiling millions of the
country were not yet to the front. Wait till
November comes and we will heir from
Cleveland's Appomattox. It was thought
the contest would be a civic one, yet it is a
strange coincidence that the same forces
are arrayed against each other in 1888 as
iu 1861. True, in 1861 the attack was upon
the armies of the nation ; in 1888 it is npon
the industries of the country. On one side
now as then is found the same solid South,
the same Northern "dough faces," the
same British influences with the Cobden
Club and its American membership as re
cruits. True, we are told by the President
that there is a surplus in the treasury, but
there would not be a surplus if our debts
were paid ; there would be no surplus if
our ports were protected with fortifications
well gunned.
There would not be a surplus if our
navy was reconstructed, if our rivers and
harbors were improved; there would not
be any surplus if needed public buildings
were constructed, and there would not be
a surplus if the pension bills vetoed by the
President had become laws. Whoever be
fore heard of a man with a surplus of
money on hand refusing to put a roof on
his own house ?
In conclusion, gentlemen of the conven
tion, the issues presented to the people
this year are not of men, but of principles.
W'hen a nation is looking with breathless
interest to see what we do, may we so act
that in all things we will have the ap
proval of our own conscience, the approval
of the Amt rican. people, our own, and,
above all, the approval of Him who con
trols both men and nations.
Mayor Roche, on behalf of Chicago, pre
sented Chairman Estee with a very beauti
ful gavel of silver and gold set with a
solitaire diamond. He said it was not of
silver alone, as the one precepted at St.
Louis, but of gold and silver, the bi
metalic standard of our financial policy.
Mr. Charles A. Works,, of Illinois also
presented to the convention a gavel which
he said was a plain tocl, and made neither
of silver nor gold, but it is connected with
a great name in American history. It is
made from a piece of wood from
a desk in a tannery, in Galona,
Illinois, which was left by
that silent soldier, U. S. Grant, when he
took the field to fight for his coantry.
The mention of Grant's name was greeted
with an outburst of cheering which lasted
several moments and was the warmest
demonstration of the day. The chairman
accepted the tokens in a neat speech.
Chairman Sayne, of the committee on
rales, presented the committee report. It
adopts the rales of the House of Representa
tives with a slight modification. The rules
recommended are substantially similar
those adopted by the last national con
vention. Tne most essential change is that
is recommended tbat an executive com
mittee, consisting of nine members, may be
chosen by the national committee to con
duct the affairs of the party. The following
First—Resport of committee Jon creden
Second—Report of committee on iesoln
Third—Naming of National committee.
Fourth—Naming of candidates tor presi
Sixth—Presentation of candidates for
vice president.
The report gives Dakota ten votes, Wash
ington Territory six votes, other territories
and the District of Columbia two votes
Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, moved
tbat the report of the committee on rules
be adopted, except the iule referring to
the election of alternates, which be recom
Butterworth, of Ohio, moved to amend
the report by placing limitation of time
on nominating speeches.
This was defeated by a heavy vote. A
discussion ensued as to the manner iu
which alternates should be entitled to vote
in the absence of their principals.
Senator Hoar finally presented a
sub ti tute for the rules reported by the
committee relating to the election of al
ternates, which he moved to adopt.
Chairman Bayne, of the committee on
rules, said be hoped the substitute would
be accepted, aud seconded Senator Hoar's
The substitute is as follows: That al
ternate delegates for each delegation at
large aud alternate delegates for
each district delegation, to consist
of the same number as their
principals and to act in case of absence
of delegate, shall be elected." Haymond,
of California, objected to this proposition
and desired to have the question referred to
the chairman of the committee on rules,
but the chair ruled this out of order.
Johnson, of New York, moved that the
rale nnder discussion be referred back to
the committee. The discussion dragged
along for some time and the members of
the convention were getting more and
more cod fused as to what the language of
"alternate" in the rule really meant,
when General Sewell, of New Jersey,
cut the cordian knot with a motion to
adopt the report of the committee as a
whole, which was nnanimously agreed to.
The committee then called for the report
of the committee on credentials as the
next order of business.
Horr, of Michigan moved tbat a recess
be taken until eight o'clock to-night. This
was agreed to and at 2:30 the convention
The Virginia Contest.
Chicago, June 20.—The credential com
mitte met in secret session at 9 o'clock and
at once resumed the consideration of the
Virginia ccntest. After hearing briefly
and without decision the claims of the
delegates at large, tbs committee took up
numerically the eight contested election
districts. The first and fourth not being
contested, the second, third and fifth dis
tricts had at noon presented their respect
ive claims, no vote being taken. The
Mahone men are not hopeful of the com
mittee deciding in their favor but will
carry the fight into the convention.
Mahone Gets Left.
Chicago, June 21—Credentials commit
tee, by large majority, voted toseat the Wise
delegates in all contested districts except
the ninth, leaving Mahone 1st, 4th and 9th
and delegates at large, making delega
tions stand Wise 14, Mahone 10.
On motion to reconsider credentials com
miitee ruled out ninth Virginia district
and then took a recess until 4 p. m.
Some Say his Name Will be Presented
at First; Others Sav Not--
How the Californians
Chicago, June 19.—The committee on
permanent organization met after the ad
j ournment of the convention. The session
was a short one and resulted
in a unanimous recommendation,
which will be reported to the convention
to-morrow, that Hou. M. M. Estee of
California be made permanent chairman,
and the remainder of the temporary organ
ization be made permanent. The result is
that the Californians are in high feath
er tonight. They feel that
their work has not been fruitless. So far
they are even with their Democratic
brethren of the coast, and they still
hope that when the gavel shall
have fallen upon the final adjourn
ment they will be able to "go
them oce better" in having secured thefirst
place for their favorite on the national
ticket instead of second. This naturally
leads up to the fact that while the men
from the Pacific slope still indnlge in
lustiest and most constant cheers for the man
who dwells across the entire continent from
them, they are not quite so sure it is
best to work for him trom the beginning.
The labors of the Eastern Blaine mission
aries do not appear to have been fruitless.
There is no longer that outspoken declara
tion tbat the coast would know nobody
except Blaine from first to last. A
reporter for the Associated Press to-night
made diligent inquiry for the name of the
man choeen by the men from the Golden
Gate to present the name of the "Plumed
Knight" when California's name shall be
called and put forward her favorite for
first place on the ticket. The search was
fruitless except to the extent of securing
unanimous avowal that the orator had not
been chosen. One of the Californians
vouchsafed further signifiaent information
that when California's name is called
no one will respond for the naming of
her favorite son, cousin or brother-in-law;
that, in point of the fact it had been de
cided to-day that Mr. Blaine's name should
upon the convention at all daring the first
few ballots. J'or whom California weald
vote in t he meantime or what she would
do thereafter, he was not prepared to say.
Mr. M. H. DeYoung, California's member
of the national committee, when asked
if it were true that a waiting race had been
determined, declared that no such deci
sion had been reached, that iu fact no
meeting of the delegation at which such an
arrangement could have been agreed to
had been held. The delegation, however,
hold a conference to-morrow morning. Oth
er members of the delegation when
approached on the subject of
their alleged intention to bottle
up their Blaine enthusiaem and put it on
ice until a convenient season for uncork
ing, professed ignorance of such intention
or were decidedly non-committal. In the
meantime they wanted it distinctly under
stood that the Pacific coast was qnite com
fortable, thank you, not to say happy, over
having secured the permanent chairman
France and Germany.
Berlin, Jane 20.— Empörer William
has telegraphed President Carnot,ot France,
thanking him for the message of condol
ence on the death of Frederick, and ex
pressing that the good relations now be
tween Fiance and Germany may continue.

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