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It is hardly necessary to remark that this is going to be an important week, and the center of interest will be at Chicago and the proceedings of the National Re publican Convention. The assemblage that will organize to-morrow is not a mere ratification meeting called to en dorse a particular candidate. On the contrary, there are at least a dozen can didates, and any one of them, in our opinion, worthier of the place than the present occupant. Even now on the eve of the opening of the convention, it is as impossible to tell on whom the choice will fall, as it was weeks ago. Blaine was our first choice, for reasons that we have often stated, but Elaine is not a candidate and only in the event that there can be no ready choice among the other candidates is there any likelihood that his name will be offered. We can truthfully say that we shall be well contented with any candidate that can command the choice of the majority of the dele gates. This coming contest is to be fought on broad national principles in which the personality of the candidates is a com paratively small matter. We want nothing to overshadow or divert atten tion from the main issue—protection or free trade. All other issues are mere diversions. We have no anxiety about the result, for we know that the Republican con vention will declare for protection to all American industries, agricultural, man ufacturing and mining; protection to American labor, American capital, American skill, energy and enterprise; protection to vested interests, to estab lished industries ; protection to Ameri can prosperity, to American credit and to American honor. There are a great many things besides that we should hope to see in the Repub lican platform, especially a pledge to create a navy that shall protect our sea board and in time give us control of the seas and their growing commerce. We need this as an assertion of our foreign policy ; as an interpretation of the Monroe doctrine, which is nothing but a barren obstruction until we have a navy to back our assertions. Besides a navy we need steamship lines to open up trade with all the countries on this continent, even if we have to subsidise and pay part of the cost of con structing such steamships. We want a declaration in favor of reciprocal commercial treaties as against any reduction of tariff duties. We want to see a resolution in favor of a general service pension to our sol diers, and another for the application of all our surplus to the extinction of our national debt, till the last vestige of this reminder of the waste and loss of war is removed. It will be time enough to talk of removing war taxes when all the legacies of the war are paid off,and when we have constructed a navy that shall put us in condition to meet the next war which will be fought for the control of the commerce of the ocean. Another resolution pledging the party to the earliest possible admission of new states, must on no account be ctnitted. It is only thus that the solid south is to be broken up and brought back to reason and good scense. Within the next presidential term a new census will be taken and the pre ponderance of the North fully estab lished, so that the South will have no more chance to dictate the policy of the nation. In the present situation the true policy seems to us to be to allow the States where the decisive battle is to be fought to name the candidate. Give us the man who will carry New York, Connecticut, New Jersey and In diana and we will warrant that the rest will be in line on the general policy of protection ■ _ TEXAS HI LL IN A CHINA SHOE. We have seen it stated in our ex changes, with what truth we cannot say, that Chaiiman Mills in a recent speech at Providence, said that his committee had put seamless stockings on the free list because none were made in this country and it would not interfere with any American industry, while most of his audience knew the fact to be that the only machinery in the world for making these articles was an American invention, and all the articles of this nature imported were the products of American machinery. It illustrates well the fact that the ways and means committee of our Congress, in which are lodged the power to promote or de stroy our industries, know no more about their business than a Texas steer that has run amuck in a great city and brought up his career in a crockery store. 0 tempora 0 mores ! we might well exclaim with Cicero, when the regula tion of our internal industrial policy is dictated by representatives of a system that is gone never to return ; that has little skilled labor, and is hostile to its introduction. What little prosperity there is at the South is the result of the abandonment of that polioy which the mossbacke of the old slave power are trying to force upon the whole country. Hon. John M. Thurston, who is chosen temporary chairman of the Chicago con vention, was born at Montpelier, Vt., in 1847. He removed with his parents, a few years later, to Madison, Wis., and sub sequently to Beaver Dam, in the same state, where he was graduated at Wayland University. He was admitted to the bar in 1869, and the same year removed to Omaha, where he still resides. He has served as alderman and city attorney and member of the State Legislature, and has been a prominent figure in the politics of Nebraska. He is looked upon as one of the coming orators of the Union. THE CONVENTION. The great National gathering of Republi can delegations from every corner of the Republic is in session and becomes of course the center of all interest. There is no indication of any lack of life. If any thing there is a superabundance of life— personal independence. There is no single indication that the men assembled at Chicago are the representatives of a party that has achieved its career, survived its nsefulne8s or lost any of its vitality. It is an assemblage of earnest men, intent on business, proud of the past, and hopeful and determined for the future, that it may be worthy of the past. Whatever may have seemed true in times past, cannot be charged to day. The Republi can party is no sectional party. It has made freedom national. Honored repre sentatives of a race and section that were enslaved where its grand career began only one generation ago, now sit enfranchised among its members. Some short sighted observers who have no idea for what man or nations exist, say that the work of the Republican party is completed. Men of thought and soul do not think so. There is more in freedom and union than the name. The material chains have been stricken from the limbs of the hardy toilers, but there are other chains still more galling. Labor needs to be raised in dig nity, in self-respect, in independence. The great Republican party is now engaged in the more difficult and important task of giving skill to labor by educa tion, and independence by pro tecting and increasing its reward. In the effort to give diversified employ ment to oar workingmen in the higher departments of skilled labor and in pro tecting them in their ampler rewards against foreign competition, the Republi can party is still pursuing the same pur pose on a larger scale as when it gave liberty to the bondsmen. Of what use is government but for the protection of those who live under it ? Of what nse is wealth but to enjoy, to devote to self-protection, to sustain credit and multiply the daily blessings of every citizen? And so in the convention assembled, one thought, one sentiment is uppermost and apparent everywhere ; it is to uphold and advance that which has given ns prosper ity beyond any other people in ancient or modern times, and to extend that pros perity everywhere within oar national borders. Wbat has given prosperity to the North will give equal prosperity to the South, and the South does, not lack men who recognize this fact. The battle that the Republican party is waging to-day is more for the benefit of the South than the North. It is for the North to preserve the prosperity they now have, but for the South it is to give its people a prosperity they have never known. Free labor is more profitable than slave labor, the Sonth admits. Educated, skilled labor is more profitable than ignorant or un skilled labor and well-paid, skilled labor is best of all to employer and employe, Compared with the expression of principles at this Chicago Convention the selection of candidates is bat a small affair. It is a grand assemblage of noble men. It was worth a journey to Chicago to hear such a splendid speech as that of Thurston. It will live it history as one of the gems of oratory worthy of the best in any age and country. It will thrill, educate, elevate and ennoble all the young men of the nation. It was an outburst of that fire that is surging beneath the surface of things just as the Oregon election was another ex pression of the same spirit and purpose. It is the spirit that is not weary of pros perity, but wants more of it and wants to make it universal. So far from lacking life, the Chicago convention is the center of life of the nation, the life of progress and prosperity, that cannot be stayed or quenched, but goes marching on over all obstacles and pushing aside all opposition. The secretary of the Pioneers' Associa tion has received a polite and pressing in vitation from the Fourth of July commit tee of arrangementsgpf our sister city of Butte for all the members throughout the Territory to join with them in celebrating the nation's birthday, which is to be made farther memorable by the completion of the Montana Central, the driving of the spike in the chain of Bteel that is to nnite forever the fortunes of the two queen cities of Montana. Sorely every old timer ought to be there to renew his yonth and witness the fulfillment of his early dreams. Good-bye to cay uses, dead-axes, Concord coaches ! A Pullman palace car is good enongh for an old timer by way of change and rest to his rheumatic joints. What shall we say ? Shall we all go, pass or no pass, and place the tripple crown of gold, silver and steel upon the fair brow of the Northern Qneen of the Rocky Mountains ? It is pleasing to note that work has been resumed on the Court House grounds and we hope it will be poshed to a conclu sion so that grass seel may be sown before the season is over. Thoaa unsightly piles of stone and rubbish ought to be carted away without delay. A majority of critics think an iron fence would be no ornament and of little use. The selection of trees and shrubbery for the grounds has not yet excited mnch admiration. Possibly some latent beauties may yet nnfold and sur prise the public taste. Some drainage needs to be provided for the sidewalk on the Broadway front. We do not expect a nomination of a presidential candidate before Friday. The adoption of the platform will take con siederable time, and there are so many candidates, in whose behalf speeches will be made, that it will consume time. Be sides a great share of convention work is being done during hours of adjournment* The delegates do not mean to make any mistake or to be swept away by any stam pede or outside pressure. So far there no indications of anything of this sort. No Northern Democratic President was ever re-elected. Neither Van Buren, Pierce or Bncbanan; neither will Cleve land be. LOOKING IN THE WRONG DIREC TION. W&tterson speaking of the last absurd ity, the St. Louis Democratic tariff plat form says: "Its face is towards the east and its eyes looks to the rising and not to the setting sun." There is more truth than poetry in his words. Its face cer tainly is turned away from the scene of prosperity that it might have seen in this western world, to the only country where free trade has become practical by reason of its command of the ocean high ways and profitable by its concentration of all wealth and industry up on manufacturers and commerce. It is true enough the face of the Democratic platform is towards the East, where unrequited labor grovels in its servile lot amidst wretchedness and want. It ignores the fact that "Westward the star of empire takes its way that here on our own fair fav ored soil the great contest of liberty is being fought, not merely for political, but industrial liberty, the battle that is to give dignity and ample reward to labor, that is to give skill to all labor, to con vert it into capital, to give it variety of resources. The policy that looks towards the rising instead of the setting sun is in search of the cradle of the race. But the policy that our coun try needs is beyond the cradle era, it wants an arena for stalwart, full grown men, where battles are to he fought and won for a higher and happier humanity, where honest labor shall wear the crown and plenty shall he the common lot. While all the hopes of the world's enfranchisement and elevation are fixed on our new western world, the platform of the Democratic party fixes its watery, blood-shot eyes upon the East, and wants nothing but a cradle in which to rest its weary bones. Our people have left their cradle and laid aside their swaddling clothes and do not propose to return to them. SILVER GAINING GROUND. The currency commission of the British Parliament has resolved to report to that body in favor of the remonetization of sil ver. The plan proposed by the currency commission, as indicated in the reports, in cludes a convention embracing Great Britain, America, the Continental states of Europe and India, which shall fix a sys tem of weights and coinage nnder which there shall be a mutual interchange of gold and silver between the contracting nations. The success of snch an under taking would have a tremendous and help ful influence upon the world's commerce, and would do very mach to remedy what is confessedly the most burdensome and perplexing feature of oar monetary sys tem.— Philadelphia Press. It does not by any means follow from the above that the British Government is ready for the remonetization of silver. England is the great creditor nation and holds to the re.,t of the world much the same relation that our Eastern States do to the West and South. There is little doubt that silver is growing in favor and if the United States would lead off with all the countries on this continent in a monetary union, as it is easy to do, as all are in favor of it, we should soon see all the other nations hurrying to get in. It would need no further urgent invita tion. A uniform coinage on this continent would greatly promote closer and larger trade relations. And if we should fol low this up by treaties of reciprocity and by the establishment of steamship lines, partly built by government ex pense, to be taken into government ser vice in the event of war, it would not be many years till the United States had settled favorably and forever the principles of the Monroe doctrine. Says the New York Sun (Dem.) : ' The Oregon canvass was made on the Decem ber message of President Cleveland, large ly on the issue of free wool. The experi ment was tried fairly and sqnarely, and the result is now before the country." Where two years ago the Democrats elect ed their Governor by 3,764 majority and carried twenty ont of twenty-seven coun ties, now the Republicans have over 7,000 majority and the Democrats have only a plurality of 50 in a sin gle county. This result moves the New York Times (mng-wnmp) to observe : "The fact is that education upon the real effects of the tariff has barely be gan among the people of a large part of the country, and is especially backward in the remote Northwest." On the contrary, that education on the effects of the tariff is pretty weli advanced over most of the country and especially advanced in the Northwest, where the people know more about in five minutes than the Times could tell them in a century. The eloquent, sonl-stirring speech of Hon. John M. Thurston, temp jrary chair man of the Republican National Conven tion at Chicago, will be read with admira tion by every Republican in Helena to night. It is a bit of oratory worthy a Pitt or Webster, and a political speech that would do credit to Bob Ingersoll Its fall text tjjll be found on the first page of the Herald this evening. On the subject of free wool, the New York San is moved to say: "Against the modern sort of free wool, the wool of sheep, some of the most distigguished anti-woolen statesmen are Democrats-, and it is safe to say also that the Democratic States of New York, New Jersey and California are against it too." __ The "favorite son" business is sverdone at Chicago. Every delegate should strive to aid in the nomination of a winner with out regard to the accident of residence save as it may contribute to success. The discreditable controversy in the Virginia delegation between Mahone and Wise will be regretted, most because it dis closes a division already existing that will waste the strength of the Republicans, which is all needed for the common foe. THE EMPEROR'S FUNERAL. Arrangements for the Royal Obsequies To-day. Berlin, June 17.—The ceremonies at Friederichskron castle to-morrow will be gin with the performance of Baches "Bold Rufst du Mich zu Hoehren Frieden. Then the chorale Jesus Meine Zeurersich will be snng, and the chaplain wi l offer a prayer and bless the remains. After sing ing the chorale, Wenn Yet Unmal Zoll Scheiden, the coffin will be carried ont of the castle. Daring the removal of the body the chorale, "I Know that My Re deemer Liveth," will be sung. The church bells will toll from the time the fnneral procession enters Frederickskiiche and again after the firing of the artillery salute. The coffin will be removed from the catafalque by twelve officers of the body guards and borne to the fnneral car. Ricar, escorted by the court chamberlain and ministers of state bearing the insiguia of royalty, will join the procers on. The ceremony in the church will be con ducted in accordance with the instructions given in the last testament of the deceased, Chaplain Keogel and other clergymen officiating. The behavior of the new Emperor is that of a dutiful, loving son. He does notal low many hoars to pass without enquiry for his mother, and her manner towards him is most motherly and affectionate. Her Majesty has not decided as to where she will go from Potsdam. There is some talk of her going to Switzerland. Potsdam, June 18.—The second service over the remains of the Emperor was held at Friedrichskron castle last evening. Emperor William, the Empress Dowager, and the Empress Augusta and Victoria, all members of the German imperial honses, and the entire houses were present. At the conclusion of the service the coffin was officially closed and placed on the same state bier used for the funeral of Emperor William. This morning emblems of grief were visible everywhere, from the castle to Friedenskirche, and torches flared sling the ronte. Huge flagstaff, and poles bear banners with mourning devices. At 10:30 a. m. the troops assumed po sitions. Various dignitaries, deputations and warriors' associations, proceeded to their places. The ceremonies at Friedrich skron castle began with the performance of Bach's " Bald rufst Du mich zu Holet n frieden." Then the chorale, " Jesus meine Zuverisicht," was sung. As the last strains died way, Chaplain Koegel offered a prayer, and alluded in feeling terms to the doable grievous visitation upon the im perial honse and nation. Potsdam, Jnne 18.—The chora'e " Wenn Ich Einmal Soll Scheiden ," was then snng, after which the coffin was removed from the castle and placed on the funeral car, the choir singing, "I know That My Redeemer Liveth." The procession then moved to the church, and the mourners took the seats assigned them. After the service chaplain Koegel pronounced the benediction. There was no sermon. After the firing of a volley of minute guns by the troops the mourners departed. Before leaving, the widowed Empress bent over the coffin and took a solemn farewell look at the dead emperor. The court preacher, Persius, repeated the closing prayer and the choir intoned a dirge. In the procession from the ca9tle to the chnrch the Prince of Wales walked with the Emperor and King of Saxooy. Among those who took part in the procession were Prince Henry, second son of the deceased Emperor, the hereditary Prince of Sax Meiningen and General of the Army, headed by Von Moltke, who carried tlie marshal's staff. Bodies of Prussian corps of guard and dragoons guards brought up the rear. The ceremonies ended shortly before 1._ Poisoned Herself and Children. Pittsburg, June 20.—This morning Mrs. Josephine Marck, of Allegheney City administered strychnine to her three child ren aged Beven, three and four, then swal lowed the poison herself. In less than three hours two of the children and the mother were dead and the youDgest with no hopes of recovery. The motive for the deed is supposed to have been because the husband ordered a boarder lrom the house whom he suspected of criminal intimacy with his wife. ARTHUR P. €UBTO . FURNITURE, CARPETS, WALL PAPER, and HOUSE F URNISH ING GOODS. Having leased tlie two upper floors of the Davidson Block and con nected same with our already immense Salerooms, we now occupy four entire floors extending through the whole block from Jackson to Main street, ßtocked throughout with goods of ever } 7 grade and at prices that defy competition. Every purchase made STRICTLY FOR CASH direct from FIRST HANDS and shipped in CAR LOADS ONLY. An examination of stock and prices solicited. MUSIC DEPARTMENT. Pianos, Organs, and Musical Merchandise. m IS TIE TIE! To outfit yourself with a Nobby Spring Suit, Handsome Cravat, or a Stylish Hat, and the place to go to is The Northwestern! ONE PRICE C HOTHIERS, HATTE RS, FURNISHERS ! Our stock is now complete with the latest nov elties in Clothing, for Men, Youths, and Children. You will find it to your advantage to inspect our styles and prices before buying elsewhere. J. E. LANDSMAN & CO., Opposite Orand Central Sotel. Spencer & Nye. Manufacturers and Dealers in HARNESS AND SADDLES. H ELENA, - - - - .... MONTANA Send fori Zllustr«te d Catalogue. A GIANT'S ONSLAUGHT. Trouble Over a Line Fence in West Virginia Causes a Fatal En counter Between Two Families. Chicago, June 17.—A special from Parkereburge, W. Va., says : Two families, named Brewer and Bush, who live upon adjoining premises at a place called Happy Hollow, off the railroad and a few miles north of here, on the Ohio side, have been engaged in a contention concerning a line fence, water rights and other common poperty. Win. Brewer had been drinking yesterday and in the evening, when Pass ing Mrs. Bushs house, saw her two sons, Thomas and Charles, talking at the gate. He drew a knife and stabbed Charles Bush in the back. Mrs. Bash and her other son interfered and Brewer, grasping the old lady by the arm, struck her several times in the throat and cut her terribly in the neck, from which she soon bled to death. By this time Bush and a man named Cleaver appeared and attacked Brewer with clubs and stones, beating him until he was fatally injured. Brewer is a giant in strength and made a desperate fight, cutting and slashing his assailants, bat in dicting no serious wounds. One of his hands was cat oil'. Two long gashes are on his forehead and his face and neck are hor ribly mutilated. Chas. Bush, whom Brewer attacked, has since died. A Town Wiped Out. PiTTSBURG.June 18.— The town of Lu bois' in the northern lumber regions of Pennsyl vania, was almost wiped out of existence this afternoon by a conflagration. Nearly 300 honses are in ruin9 and 4,000 people are homeless. The fire is still burning. Pension Bills Passed. Washington, June 20.—In the Senate, Farwell's bill directing the President to prohibit the importation of products of foreign states in certain casts was reported adversely from the committee on foreign affairs. The Senate then took np the pension bills on the calendar and passed all of them, ninty-two in number. Foundry Failure. San Francisco, Jnne 19 —Savage, Son & Co., proprietors of the Engene Foundry, oue of the oldest firms ou the Pacific coast, assigned to-day. The liabilities are not stated, hat are estimated at $150,000. The failure is dne to low bids on work. There are many contracts now on hand. California's Programme. Chicago, Jnne 21—It is reported among Blaine men that California agreed to vote for Stanford on preliminary ballots in order to save their effectiveness for the Blaine move at the time agreed upon. Deyoung of Cal ifornia says it is not true ; that while the delegates of Pacific coast are all for Blaine they don't exactly agree upon wbat to do at first. Live Stock. Chicago, June 13.—Cattle—Receipts, 9,000; strong for good and lower for com mon grassers; good to choice, 5 4006.50; grassers, 4 2505; stocker, and feeders, 2.5004.10; Texas, 305. Sheep—Receipts. 5,000 ; weak ; native mnttous, 3.5003 80 ; stocker«, 203 ; west ern feeders, 3.15(5,3 40 ; Texas feeders, 2(5,4.25. Chicago, Jane 14.—Cattle—Receipts, 10,000; unevenio higher except for grassers. Steers, 4 5007.00 ; Stockers and feeders, 2 5004 20 ; Texans, 2.2505 30. Sheep—Receipts, 6,000; steady. Muttons, 4.0005.00; Texans, 2 2004.00; western f eders, 3.1503 30. Chicago. June 15 —Cattle—Receipts, 10,000; 10040 lower; natives, 4 040 5 60 ; stockera and feeders, 2 5004.20 ; Texas steers, 2 7504 25. ' Sheep—Receipts, 5,000 ; slow and weaker; muttons, 3.9005 ; Texas muttons, 3 5004; stockera, 203 ; western leeders, 303.30. Chicago, Jane 18.—Cattle—Receipts 10,000: weak, and considerably lower than last Thursday; beeves, 4.5006 25; grassers, 3.9004.50; stockera and feeders, 2 4004.15; Texans, 2.0004.25. Sheep—Receipts, 5,000; slow and steady ; mutton, 3.2505.00; Western feeders. 3 30 ; Texans, 2.2504 00. 9 nnri LIU Handsomely Engraved and Lithographed. The Latest and most Popular Selections we offer at Ten cents per copy, three for twenty-five cents. Among Our Latest Issues Are )i l. it Mocking Bird Varieties, InstnimenuJ. Chinamans Polka. Black and Fair. Btdlman March (New Opera). Boulanger March. Piano Duetts from Otello anil Erminie. Gitana Waltzes (Bncalossi). Ruddigore, Espana, Reviere and E' perance. ] (Blue Stocking,) Waltzes by Waldteufel. All long and choice sets. VOCAL. Maid of the Mill and the Owl (Adams). Wandering in Dreamland (Stsrks). j The Forge (Watson), j Oar Last Waltz (waltz song), i Lullaby (Ermiuie). Send for Our Complete List of Over 1,000 of the Latest Selections. I. X. L. BAZAAR, Helena, Montana. We will forward SAMPLE COPY FREE OF CHARGE to all parties sending their name and mentioning this paper.__ SANDS BROS. New Arrival of WALL PAPER, CARPETS, ABTD HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS. ♦__ We carry tlie largest line of the above stock in Mon tana. Orders receive prompt attention. SANDS BROS. S. C. Ashby & Co. Dealers in II WAGONS, CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, ETC. We respectfully call your attention to the following list of Standard Goods : Mitchell Farm and Spring;Wagon. : Stud« linker Bros." Fim^t'arrlage*, Bng grle. and Backboard*; Frazier Road Fart*; Drorlnx Finder* and Slower*; Pennsylvania Lawn Mower.; J.H. Thomas A Sons* bulky Hey Rake*; Fnruf A Bradley Sulkey and Gallic Plows ( nlttvnfors and Harrow*: Standard Disk Harrows: Planet, Jr. Garden Drill*, C ultivator, and Horse Hoe* : Gras. Need Sowers: Victor Feed Mills : Horse r'owers ai d Grinding: Mills; Hand-Rakes, Fork*. Shovels, Spades. Blatt oeks and flees: Poreelain Lined Pump* and Tub ing; Chicago Tongue Serapers: Folnmbla Wheel and Drag-Scrape»*: Railroad Grading Plows: BarbWlre: Bailing Wire; Binding Twine; Heavy and Light Team Harness; Single ahd Double Buggy Harness: Dorse Blankets, Whips Lap Robes; Tent, anti Awnings |: Brggy, « arrlnge and Wr. g on Ion rs: Flo.. Etc. Toglher with a full line of Extras and Repairs lor Wagons, Carriages, Bag gies, Binders and all Bfacliiney. Orders by Blall receive prompt attention. North Main Street, Helena, Montana. Established 1864. A. G. CLAKKE. THOMAS C0XKAD. J. C. CURTIN. CLARKE, CONRAD 6 CURTIN. Importers of and Jobbers and Bétail Dealers in Heavy Shelf andiBuilding HARDWARE. SOLE AGENTS FOR THE Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn COOKING AND HEATING STOVES, AND W. G. Fisher's Cincinnati fron® Iron Ranges for Hotels and Family Use. --o-- Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods, G entennial Refrigerators, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers Etc,, Etc. Visitors to the City are respectfully Invited to call and Examine onr Good, and price, before purchasing. ALL 0EDBES BEOEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT.! CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, 32 and!34'Main Street, ■ Helena, M.T. ESTABLISHED 1866. GANS & KLEIN. Tlx© Leading CLOTHING HOUSK of Montana. Country Orders Solicited. Corner IMain Street and Broadway.