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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 12, 1888, Image 2

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His Eloquent Address at the Grant
Memorial Meeting at the Opera
House August 8th, 1885.
We preheat oa this page a very good
portrait of Gen. Benjamin Harrison, the
Republican candidate for President, to
gether wi:h a brief sketch cf his life,
which is ot interest to a host of readers at
this time. Gen. Harrison is by no means
a stranger to our citizens, having on several
occasions visited his son, Russell B., who
in official and business capacities has been
identified with Montana tor some years,
lie was one of a senatorial party in Helena
in 1885, and is gratefully remembered by
our people m connection with the part
taken by him in the Grant memorial meet
ing held at Ming's Opera House, August
8th, at the invitation of the Grand Army
and other prominent citizens. The Her
ald reported his address at the time, and
we reprint bis patriotic words now, that
the measure of the man may be recalled
in the manner that many hundreds ap
proved and applauded less than thre e
years ago :
Senator Harrison began by expressing
bis gratitude at being permitted to take
part in the memorial exercises. Your own
speeches, said he, have so truly and so elo
quently followed the chief events of Gen.
Grant's life that little is left for me. A
sojourner here for a few days, I found your
people engaged, as were his friends in In
diana, in acts of solemn commemoration of
the virtues of the dead hero. So general
is the observance of this day that no Amer
ican citizen need be deprived of an oppor
tunity to unite with his fellow citizens in
a public expression of sorrow. There was
no other citizen whose death could have
so widely and so profoundly moved our en
tire people. Ifauyoneof those who ten
years ago, were laid away in their graves
in the most secluded valley among your
mountains, could be awakened to-day and
placed upon the same favored pinnacle of
observation—if he could look upon the
mournful and imposing procession now
treading the streets of the Great City—
if he could see the high
officials following the draped
hearse, and the humble men acd women
who with tearful faces make the human
walls through which the black procession
moves—if he could hear themnllled drums
and the wailing trumpets, and if, with
wider vision, be could see in every city and
hamlet from sea to sea the draped flags,
the solemn gatherings of the people, the
thinned procession of the Union vétérans —
he would not need an interpreter of these
scenes—he would say, "Grant is dead 1"
It is not given to many men thus to move
the hearts of a whole people. When Prof.
Henry, who had done so much for science
in connection with the Smithsonian Insti
tution, died, a class—the men of science—
were profoundly moved. Grant, in dying,
touched all hearts, because by his living he
had enriched all. He stood to our people
as the representative, the embodi
ment of the valor and patriotism
that saved the nation fiom dis
memberment. He was the leader
who, by wise generalship and his great
confidence in the men he led, gave effi
ciency to their valor.
We do not think of him as a brilliant
igid successful captain. We identify him
vflth a cause. There is abundant evidence
that Grant had small regard to any per
sonal honors that might come to himself;
he fought not for fame, but for his coun
try. I have seen it stated that when com
plaints of delays and ill-sucoess in the
early days before Vicksburg were called to
his attention and the suggestion offered
that he might be superseded in command,
he replied: "Well, 1 shall then ask for a
corps, and if that is ref used then for a di
vision or a brigade. This war must be
fought through to a successful end." This
was the spirit and motive of our great
volunteer armv, and constituted the bond
of union aad affection which so perfectly
united the general who planned the cam
paign and the Boldier whose valor made
the campaign successful. Two or three of
Gen. Grant's notable expressions give us
the key to his unvarying success and show
how dearly he appreciated the issue upon
which the armies of the North and South
faced each other. The North demanded
obedience to the constitution and the laws;
nothing less could be accepted ; the sur
render must be "unconditional."
After the nearly successful attempt of
the Confederates to break through the
lines at Fort Donaldson, wheie his own
troops had suffered heavily and were al
most exhausted with fighting and expos
ure, he ordered a fresh assault, saying,
"Whoever attacks again first will whip."
He judged wisely, and often afterwards
illustrated the wise judgment of these
words. His famous expression in his letter
to Mr. Lincoln from Spottsylvania Court
House, "I propose to fight it
out on this line if it takes all summer,"
more than anything he ever said reveals
Grant to us as a soldier. What unrelent
ing persistence there is in the words "fight
it out" to an end and "on this line"—a line
that led over Lee's army and not around it.
Home called him a butcher, but it was
mercy that was beckoning him on to make
the war short as it was sharp.
Senator Harrison spoke of the magnan
imity of General Grant, as manifested in
the terms accorded to Lee's army, as well
as in his intercourse with his
great lieutenants, Sherman, McPher
son and Sheridan. He then al
luded to the marked simplicity of
Grant's character. Grant was always more
and greater than he appeared. Before the
kings and potentates who received him on
his tour around the world he was always a
simple American citizen. In his family re
lations he was faithful and affectionate.
There was something inexpressibly pa
thetic and heroic in the stubborn fight he
made with death for the time needed to
finish his history of the war, in order that
he might thus make a needed provision for
his family.
"A braver soldier never couched a la«ce.
A gentler heart did never sway In court."
Territorial Judges.
Washington, July 9.— The President
to-day nominated Elliott Sanford, of New
York ! to be Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court of Utah.
John W. Judd, of Tennessee, to be Asso
ciate Justice of the Supreme Court of Utah.
Hugh W. Wier. of Pennsylvania, to be
Chief Justice, and Cbas. A. Berrti, of Min
nesota, to be Associate Jnstice of the Su -
preme Coart of Idaho.
Roderick Ro38, of Dakota, to be Assso
ciated Justice of the Supreme court of
John H. Keatley. of Iown, to be United
States Supreme Judge for the district of
Alaska. t __
Important Land Office Decision.
Washington, July 9.—The secretary of
the interior, in the case of Wm. H. Malone
vs. Union Pacific Railroad Company, has
decided that the preemption filing was
prima facie valid at the date of withdrawal
for the benefit of the company took effect,
except land covered thereby from grant.
This decision disposed of a large number of
cases pending before the interior depart
ment involving the ownership of hundreds
of thousands of acres of laud along the
line of the Union Pacific and other rail
■ ■ C,-.
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v —* *•
Gen. Benjamin Harrisou was born at
North Bend, Ohio, in his grandfather's
house, August 20,1833. The name is his
torical, not only as to the family name,
but as a whole, for the subject of our sketch
is the third great man to give honor to his
title. Maj. Geu. Harrison was one of
Oliver Cromwell's trusted followers and
fighters. In the zenith of Cromwell's
power it became the doty of Gen. Har
rison to participate in the trial of Charles
I. and afterwards to sign the death war
rant of the King. He subsequently paid
for this with his life, being banged October
13,1669. His descendants immigrated to
America and the next member of the
family that appears was Benjamin
Harrison, of Virginia, who, as
a member of the House of Bor
ises, aud later of the Colonial congress,
bore an active and leading paît in the
patriotic movement of the Reyolntionary
period; was one of the signers of the
Declaration of Independence, three times
elected governor of Virginia, and a member
of the convention that ratified the constitu
tion. He was the father of Gen. William
Henry Harrison, who won renown as a
soldier and statesman and was elected
president of the United States in 1840.
President Harrison was The father of
John Scott Harrison, and the grandfather
of Indiana's favorite son.
The North American Review opens its
pages to representative men of both par
ties, and its last issue gives au article by
Rayner, a Democratic member of Congress
from Baltimore, on "The Issues of the
Coming Campaign." We will quote but
one of the propositions contained in that
article, and that to show the wide diver
gence from the St. Lonis platform :
"Third—The Democratic party, what
ever may be the result of the present con
troversy in Congress, will go before the
people npon the distinct issue that the
present tariff must he reduced, aDd that
the plan of reduction must be directed iu
the first place towards the lowering of
duties or the placing upon the free list of
certain raw materials that enter into the
production of our manufactures, and that
in return therefor, what is known
and designated as compensating
duty must be proportionately reduced
upon the manufactured product, and that
no reduction shall be made which shall in
justice permit the manufacturer to reduce
the standard of American wages. In other
words, the manufacturer shall retain inci
dental protection largely more than suffi
cient to cover the difference in wages
between the lowest priced labor of other
countries and the highest priced labor
here, employed upon the article and pro
duct that he is manufacturing."
Now this corresponds somewhat to certain
northern interpretations of the Democratic
platform of 1884, and with what Senator
Gorman wanted at St. Louis, but it is as
far from the position of Watterson and the
concln8ion reached at St. Louis, as the east
is from the west or the north from the
sooth. This concedes the necessity and
dnty of maintaining protection to cover the
difference in wages paid in this country
and Europe. It pretends to be interested
in the protection of wage-earners, and ia
addressed to the ears ot the northern wage
earners who have votes and cast them and
have them counted. It presents the rather
curious but somewhat impracticable
General Benjamin Harrison inherited a
robust intellect that matured early. He
entered the Miami university, Oxford,
Ohio, at the age of sixteen and graduated
at eighteen. His was what might be
called a legal mind, and on quitting college
be commenced the study of law at Cincin
nati. In 1854 be removed to Indianapolis,
where he began the practice of his profes
sion. Those were the times which ap
pealed to the manhood of the country, and
it was qnite natural that Harrison should
take an interest in politics, especially when
the issue was one of extending slavery into
the Dew territories of the north and north
west. Soon he woi a place as a lawyer in
his new home, and before 1860 he was con
sidered ODe of the ablest political speakers
in the state.
In 1860 Harrison was nominated for
reporter of the supreme comt, and was
elected in 1862. Gov. Morton, ander the
call of the President for 500,000 three
years troops, requested Harrison to assist
in recruiting the regiment from the sixth
Indiana district, ander that call the quota
from each district being one regiment.
Harrison's was the first recraiting com
mission issued by the Governor for the
7th regiment, bearing date of Jnly 14,
1862, and makiDg him a second lieutenant.
He was made captain of company A of the
regiment as soon as it was recruited, aud
when the whole regiment was filled he was
chosen colonel. Gov. Morton offered to
scheme of adjusting the duties so that the
capitalist engaged in manufactures shall
make little or no profit, but that the ope
rative shall make it all. A very
plausible plan provided the capital
ist will consent to be a party
to it and lend the nse of bis capital for
nothing. But capitalists are not blank
fools, nor are they going to do business for
the fun of it or for glory or charity. Any
reduction of the price of goods forced by
foreign competition under a low tariff will
fall as mach oa wages as on capital, and
there is no possible way to avoid it. If
capital is not content with the share that
will fall to it, then it will retire from busi
ness and leave the operatives without em
ployment and, of course, without wages.
As a matter of fact universally the re
duction of price will fall ou labor first and
rest ou it heaviest, and all the laws of gov
ernment and of nature cannot prevent such
a result.
The redaction of duties will Rave the
workman only this alternative, to work
for less wages or get no work at all. Yon can
only protect labor as you protect capital,
aud induce it to invest in enterprises that
will give employment to labor and assure
it a reward that will continue the employ
And pray; Mr. Rayner, why should those
who engage in producing raw material not
have the same shield of protection as the
manufacturers? Yon choose to pat wool,
lumber, ores, etc., on the free list and still
those engaged in producing these raw ma
terials as you choose to call them have to
pay the same higher rate of wages as com
pared with producers ou the continent.
They shonld have the same protection. In
deed every home industry, whether en
gaged in produing raw or finished material
from the soil, mine, shop or loom, should
have the degree of protection necessary for
its success.
The propositions of Mr. Rayner are a
send some one else into the field with
the regiment, that Col. Harrison might re
tain his civil office in Indianapolis, bat the
Colonel preferred to go with the men who
had chosen him their leader. He refused
to ask any other man to go where he wonld
not willingly go himself and he command
ed the regiment in the field. After a va
riety of service in Kentucky and Tennes
see during the eighteen months, np to
January, 1864, Col. Harrison's regiment
was formally assigned to the first brigade
(Ward's) of the Third division of the
Twentieth army corps, and with this or
ganization he served until the close of the
At Resaca he captnred the enemy's line
and four guns, and at Peach Tree creek,
while commanding a brigade, he gained
! such a signal victory that Gen. Hooker
I recommended him to the secretary of war
I for promotion and he was made a brigadier
Daring the absence of Gen. Harrison in
the field the Democratic supreme coart de
I dared the office of supreme court reporter
vacant and another person was elected to
the position. The general was given a
leave of absence in the fall of 1864 with
orders from the war department to report
to Gov. Morton. Daring that thirty
days he again made a brilliant canvass of
the state and was re-elected for another
term. Then he rejoined the army, was in
the siege of Nashville, served nntil thesnr
world wide departure from the declara
tions of the last Democratic platform: they
adhere to no principle and promise, only
We consider that the Republicans
weaken their cause very much by con
ceding that our present revenues are too
great. So far as the surplus is concerned
they all agréa that it is fictitious and un
necessary. Every dollar that is called
surplus, and that is given to the favored
banks to use without interest, might and
should be used to buy outstanding bonds.
It would take from eight to ten years with
the present rate of revenue to pay off the
debt. Then there are other things that
reqnire large expenditures of money, snch
as coast defences and a navy, and on these
two items alone there ought to be expend
ed two hundred and fifty millions of dol
lars. Here is demand for all and more
than oar revenues would amount to dar
ing the next ten years. If we adopt penny
postage it will create another draft on the
treasury for a Æw years, and if we do our
full measure of duty to our soldiers we
should grant them all a service pension.
In addition to all these things we ought to
sabsidize a hundred steamship lines ; and
we ought to improve our rivers, bnild an
immense system of reservoirs to store sur
plus water and prevent floods, and have
these waters for use in seasons of dronth.
There wonld he no trouble about nsing all
the revenue to good purpose if we had
even twice as much.
The tie vote in the House oa Dubois
amendment to restore the present duty on
lead, shows that some Democrats see the
folly of the party policy and refuse to be
their own executioners. Unfortunately the
great mining interests are largely in the
unrepresented Territories, bat this will not
be so long, if we once get a Republican
Hoase and President, as we hope and ex
pect after the 4th of next March.
render of Johnson, and was with his com
mand at the final review ot the Union
forces in Washington.
In 1868 he declined a re-election as re
porter of the Snpreme coart and resumed
tfié practice of law. In 1876 he became the
candidate for governor under peculiar cir
cumstances, having been placed on
the ticket by the state cen
tral committee to fill a vacancy
caused by the declination of the regu
lar nominee. Gen. Harrison was absent
from the state when selected as a candi
date, and accepted it as a doty he owed
his party. His opponent was the most
popular Democrat in the state, and he
also had the frauds of W. H. Barnnm and
his corrnption fond to fight, bat notwith
standing this nneqnal fight in a Demo
cratic state, Gen. Harrison received 2,000
more votes than his party. He was de
feated, as a matter of coarse, but he made
a national reputation in the canvass.
In 1880 his name was mentioned for
president. In the campaign of that year
he was conspicuous, and having secured a
Republican legislature for Indiana he was
elected to the United States senate to suc
ceed Senator McDonald. His service in
the senate was not that of a new member.
He went to work well prepared, and took
part in the debates upon every important
question. He was regarded as one of the
ablest members, best lawyers and strongest
debaters in the senate.
Says Representative Reed in an article
in the July North American : "When Mr.
Randall was deposed from the speaker
ship, which he adorned by his ability and
honored by his high personal character, it
was not a defeat of person, bat of principle.
From that moment not a single representa
tive of the protectionist democracy has
been allowed a seat on the committee of
ways and means." The sonthern free
traders may bribe and bally the protection
ist Democrats in the Honse into the sup
port of an an-American policy,but they can
never drive the voters into the support of a
policy that will destroy their interests and
check their prosperity.
Anything there is or can be produced
in this country deserves protection if it
asks it, and can show good reasons for it.
We concede the principle that government
shonld have no favored classes among pro
ducers, whether engaged in producing raw
material or manufactured wares, food pro
ducts or any others. There is very little
that shonld go upon the free list. Of what
benefit has it been to oar people to pat
tea and coffee on the free list? We have
to pay as mach for them now as before the
removal of the duty, and if the the duty
had remained, we wonld have had to pay
no more and coaid have used the revenue
to snpply ourselves with the luxury of
cheaper postage.
Says another writer in the Jnly North
American: "There is only one good thing
about American free trade, and that is in
its name—and that is either stolen or half
finished—for it is not free trade that they
advocate, bat foreign freebooters' trade—
the demand of our rivals and enemies to
reap where they have not Bown, to exploit
the Republic that they cannot overturn, to
welcome commercial unlicensed Al»h»mm»
to our ports while taxing American vessels
to maintain these ports.
Dubois, Idaho, opposed the reduction of
dnty on lead ores, and quoted from the
leading Democratic paper of the Territory
protesting against the redaction, and de
claring that the Democratic party of Idaho
was antagonistic to it. It would have an
injurious effect opoa silver mining, as in
low grade mines much reliance was pkiced
npon the lead which was mined in the
process of silver mining. He offered an
amendment restoring the existing duty,
and providing that the combination of
lead ore with gold or silver ore shall not
be exempted from tue duty on lead ore.
Perkins ( Kan ) sustained the amendment,
bnt it was lost by a tie vote—62 to 62.
The above in part reports the House
proceedings of Friday on the lead para
graph of the Mills bill. Idaho's Delegate
spoke bravely and manfully for the min
ing industry of his Territory, the very
existence of which, in silver-lead mining,
is jeopardized by the Mills measure.
Dubois, though backed in his protest by
the best Democratic authority of Idaho,
was defeated in his effort to retain the
present protective lead duly. The mining
interests of Montana are to a much greater
extent than those of our sister Territory
affected by the Mills bill, yet the voice of
the Democratic brethren and Democratic
press is nowhere heard in remonstrance
within our bounds. Bark, whom the
Idaho Democats want as their candidate
for Congress, submits in writing a plat
form hostile to the Cleveland-Mills tarif!'
doctrine upon which he would con
sent to make the race. Daniel
C. Corbin, a life long Democrat,
declares the Democratic tariff policy "in
sane and dangerous to all financial and in
dustrial interests of the country." We
have waited long, but in vaiD, for some
such l'rank and emphatic declaration from
Ex-Gov. Hauser and Hon. W. A. Clark.
They are among the number of eminent
Montana Democrats largely concerned in
silver-lead mining. The warfare of a
Democ atic administration and a Demo
cratic Congress has been unceasing upon
their interests and their sacrifices in con
sequence have been large, yet they
remain not only submissive, but the party
organs they control sustain and uphold
the very policy which hurts them sore.
Delegate Toole is silent in the Honse. We
cannot expect his voice to be heard with
that of Delegate Dubois in defense of oar
mining interests when his political friends
at home are silent and party organs, op
posed to protection, are ready to cry him
Since visiting the Sand Coulee coal
mines we have been thinking what a good
thing it would be for the city of Helena
to bay t! a 160 acres of coal land at the
price offered by Messrs. Vanghn and Gib
son, $7,500, and have it mined and de
livered to all citizens of Helena at a rate
of 50 cents a ton above cost nntil the
original outlay for the cost were repaid,
after which it conld be sold at actual cost
or a very slight advance. We estimate that
that the cost of the entire 160 acres could
be repaid from the coal taken out ef one
or two acres, and the wants of the entire
city conld be supplied at abont $3 50 per
For abont $10,000 the mine conld be
bought and a track laid to the month of
the tunnel and we have no doubt a con
tract could be made with the Montana
Central to deliver the product of the mine
in the city in quantities to supply all de
mands at $1.50 per ton. And if the cost
of mining and putting aboard of the car
should be $1.50 per ton and the fifty cents
added to reimburse the city for the origi
nal outlay, it would still give oar citizens
cheaper fnel than they have ever had and
make Helena a favored place of residence.
It would not only make it a favored resi
dencecity.bat it wonld insure the introduc
tion of many manufactures at an early day
Of course we apprehend that the first
question encountered would be the power
of the City Council to invest corporate
lands in sach a way. We have not partic
ularly examined the charter ou this point,
bat see no good reason why an outlay for
fuel wonld not be as legitimate as for
water, and if the present corporate powers
did not cover this point, the Legislature
conld easily extend them so as to author
ize it. The city conld then give work to the
unemployed and perhaps make use of the
city convicts to a good purpose.
Think it over.
We abe told that the Mugwumps are
going for Cleveland. If they do it will show
up their hypocritical cant about civil ser
vice reform. The most of these Mugwumps
are closet statesmen, as Bismarck well
termed them. They are fitted only to live
in Utopia. They resemMe in some re
spects the Girondists of the French revolu
tion, who conld strike off a new constitu
tion every day in the week. They were
impracticables, very respectable, brilliant
in glittering generalities, eloquent aud
sedactive in their sophistries, utterly unfit
for this practical world and playing into
the bands of tyranny aud oppression in the
Thebe is bat one issue before the peo
ple in this national campaign and that is
protection. And this question of protec
tion further narrows itself down to one of
wages. With the same rate of wages as is
paid in Europe, our manufacturers could
compete with all the world without the
aid of tariff duties. Working men of
America: the question is yours, you are
the ones most interested. If yon are con
tent to receive the starvation wages of the
work people of Europe aud the freedmen
of the South, vote the Democratic ticket
and you will get there sure.
The Post Republican consolidation leaves
Cleveland without an organ at Washing
ton. Stilson Hutchins retires from the
editorship to-day and the new (independ
ent) management takes charge at once.
The demand of the administration for a
mouthpiece will soon be supplied. Plaus
ibly, as recently reported, Senator Payne
Secretary Whitney and Congressman Scott
will famish the money. It will be the
leading (c oal oil) light of th e Democracy.
The Cobden Clnb hooked its biggest
gudgeon in Grover.
A Grand Rally by the Republicans Next
Saturday Night.
Arrangements have been perfected for a
grand ratification of the Republican ticket,
to be held next Saturday evening, July 14 >
at the Opera House under ths auspices 2of
the Republican Club of Helena. The pro
gramme, as now outlined, will be abojt'as
The club will meet at the Opera House
at 7:50 o'clock and form a parade. At 8
o'clock, sharp, the p-ocession, headed by
the band, will move from the Opera House
and march through the principal streets,
returning to the Opera Honse about 8 30
or 8:45, where the ratification exercises
will be held. These will consist of ad
dresses by several prominent speakers, and
vocal and instrumental music. W. H.
Hunt, president of the olub, will be chair
man ot the meeting, with an able corps of
vice presidents. The speakers will include
Judge AdkiDson, Col. Sanders, Mr. Bur
leigh, Mr. Carter, Col. McCutcheoD, of
Helena, and one or two speakers from
Butte, and other outside points. They
will all make short speeches,
thus making it possible for a number of
gentleman to address the meeting without
prolonging it later th in ten o'clock. Be
tween the speeches there will be music by
the bra's bauds and also singing by the
campaign glee club. After the meeting
there wili be a grand pyrotechuical exhi
bition on Broadway participated in by all
members of the club. This will bust
until it is time to go to bed, when, we
have no doubt, the assemblage will dis
perse with three cheers for Harrison, Mor
tor and Prctection.
The club has devoted much time to the
preparations for the meeting and it will be
one of the greatest political demonstrations
ever seen in Montana. Snecial trains will
bring in Republicans from Butte, Deer
Lodge, Anaconda, Marysville, Wickes,
Great Falls and other outside points,
to join in the great jollification, and if
the political sky of Helena is not painted
a brilliant carmine it wiii not be because
there is any lack of the proper pigment or
those who know how to lay it on. Every
Republican in Helena and those who can
attend from other Territorial points are
expected to be on hand to join the parade
and attend the meeting. All those who
have white plug hats are requested to
wear them for the parade, and all who
have not already done so are invited to
provide themselves with such head gear.
Indications point to a splendid meeting,
and no one who is in favor of protection
and against free trac.e, free lead and free
wool, should fail to be on hand to record a
shout for the great Republican platform
and its illustrious exponents, Harrison and
Monongahela Flood--Immense Dam
age Done.
Pittsbubg, Jnlly 11.—The freshet in
the Mouongahela river is almost unpre
cedented and great damage has been done
to river craft property all a'ong the river
from its head waters to this city. The
suddenness of the rise took river men en
tirely unawares and they were not prepared
when the great volume of water burst upon
them. Millions of feet of lumber, scores
of coal craft, fences, outhouses and coal
tipples have been floating down the swift
current for the last eighteen hours. The
river at this point is still rising, with
twenty-one feet and nine inches on the
marks at 9 o'clock, bat it was reported as
stationary, with forty-five feet at Greens
boro, a hundred mile above this
city. At every point between Greens
boro and Pittsburg the lowlands are under
water and residents are compelled to live
in the upp« stories of their houses, and in
some cases seek bills for safety. Many had
not time to remove their goods as the
water rose at the rate of a toot au hour,
and at Greensboro, a 32 feet rise w.is re
corded in less tuan 24 hours. Damage to
property cannot be estimated at present.
But it will reach away up into the
hundred thousands, go far but one life
has been reported lost. The scene along
the river front this morning was one ot
great excitement. The banka were lined
with people watching the debris as it was
swept down the swift current. The river
and coal men wer« on the alert, tearing
that their crafts wonld be torn from their
moorings, and as fast one cable would snap
in twain it world be replaced by another.
Occasionally a floating boat or tipple
wonld strike one of the piers of the bridge
and sink from view. Again a helpless
craft wonld pass the bridges in safety and
continue on its journey to Cincinnati.
The greatest damage to river crait oc
curred between 1:30 o'clock this moi.'ing
and daylight. Shortly before 2 o'clock a
large number of barges came down the
river and struck the bridge, the huge
barges turning end over end and breasting
the tow boat Barnard against the steamer
Jacobs. Every whistle on the river sound
ed an alarm, and as the rays of electric
lights swept from side to side across the
turbulent flood it presented a wild sight.
Logs, barges and fuel boats were dashed
against the piers of the bridge and
snapped like twigs by the overwhelming
force of the current. About fifteen min
utes after the broken barges came down a
number of pieces of wreckage floated past,
in the middle of which a shanty boat
was swept along with the light on" board.
River men shonted whistled and screamed
to get a reply from any persons who might
be on the boat, but no reply came, and if
the owners were on board and asleep, as
some of the river men thought, they were
swept down to inevitable destruction.
Polishtown. located along the bank of
the Monongeheia river, was in a sorry
plight to-day. There are nearly seventy
five shanty boats at that point occupied by
over 150 families, aggregating a population
of more than 500 people. All of these, with
the exception of about a dozen tamilies.
camped out last night. Early yesterday
morning the trouble began. All day men,
women and children were busy pumping
the water out of the boats and removing
their goods to places of safety. By night
ten boat-houses had sunk or capsized, and
several carried down the river.
At Williamsburg, Becks Run, and
a portion of McKeesport, California.
Mouongahela City, Beilevernon, Biowu
ville, Fayette City, and other towns
along the river are reported partly sub
merged. This morning at various points
along the line of the Pittsburg, Virginia &
Charleston and Baltimore & Ohio railroads
tracks are ander water and great difficulty
is experienced in running trains. At 10:30
word was received that lock No. 4, located
a short distance above Monongahela City,
had been carried away. The loss on this
will be very heavy. The sudden rise «
believed to have been caused by a cloud
burst, which covered • large section d
Sonthern Pennsylvania and West \ îrgin'*
Again Imprisoned.
Dublin, Jnlly 11.—Patrick O'Brien.
Member of Parliament for Tipperary,
released from the Tullamore jail to-day
He was immediately taken in charge by
officers and conveyed to the Kilk^ nD ^
jail, where he will nndergo a farther i®'
prisonment of thre« months for anoth« 1
violation of the crimca act.

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