Newspaper Page Text
Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 19, 1888 No. 34 <fl|c JMs ifjtralil. R. E. FISK D. W. FISK ». J. FISK. Publisher» and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paperin Montana Rates oi Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: One Year. (In advance).............................S3 00 81x Months, (In advance)............................... 1 75 Three Months, (in advance)........................... 1 00 When not paid for in advance the rate will be Four Itolla'n per yeaii Postage, in all cases. Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: City Suhscribers.delivered by carrier 51.00a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. 89 00 81x Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mall, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid in advance, 812 per annum. [Entered at the Postoffice at Helena as second class matter.] 4VA11 communications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. [For the Herald.] THE TI/KErUL TRAMP. (onsid'rably cosmopolite, the comp'ny by the way. As company is apt to be at any new survey. We represented ev'ry land of very much amount. From Chinaman of Shanghai to French and German count. We gathered close together in the prairie town hotel— The cheerless, dingy tavern we anathemlzed as well— And talked about the weather as we crowded 'round the stove, For a blizzard it was blowing, and a chilling mist it drove, Blew and blustered, skipped and scurried, as only it can drive O'er a level plain of forty mites the drear'est place alive. We smoked and talked of everything that any could recall, Considering the comp'ny, which could interest us all ; We talked al>out elections, the cattle and the crop. Of any likely section where a man could safely drop ; Of cattle thieves and lynching bees, of any kind of sport. And dwindled to relations of the reminiscence sort. Till ev'ry one had silent grown Man he wee aware. And thought of other days more dear and other scenes more fair. Then at the wind-shook door was heard a shuttling sort of clamp, And entered there a fellow of unprepossessing stamp, Whom each one thought before he spoke and marked him for a tramp. He looked upon the company, the company looked at him, In truth he was a dirty chap and very tall and slim ; He took from 'neath his rugged coat a large harmonica— That lie was up to business was what every hotly "Now, gentlemen, sirs, if you please, I'm in a hungry way— icû » i füj 6&M * I haven't had a bite to eat for all the blessed «lay— And if you don't object, why then,'' the tramp he further said, "I'll give a little music for a mouthful and a bed." Then some one vowed in joking way, and winked a wink so droll, "I'll give a dollar if you'll play a tune to BUit us all;" Which gen'rous offer, by the by, considering the place, Was rather sly. for every man was of a different The trump was silent for "Fall into line,__ a spell, then said, And if I str'ke the neeilful tune the dollar will > - b e mine,_ Rat Änd if HT gentleinan desires to show his appro bation. That I may know when I ana done he'll please vacate his station." He took up his burun-nio«* and blew so soft an air That almost everj o-.* bethought to take him self to chair ; Then suddenly, yet skillfully, he changed about the tune And drifted to the melancholy "Bonny Banks o' Doon;" He looked upon a Scotchman, who wilted s traight away With, "That's the sweetest music, man, I've heard for many a day." A short refrain, an Interlude, a change from sad to gay, A militar y attitude, and then the "Marsellaise' Forth sprang the Frenchman, fire in eye,„at what he loved to hea* vafc*/ ioMIW flu was again in sunny Franoe, a graoeful grenadier. The artful music still went on, skipped to the "Wacht am Khein A German was another one to step from out the line ; And a doughty Cormshman siweumbed to "Auld Lung Syne." With eye alert and wond'rous skill he kept the game in hand ; A soulier lad who fought with Lee went out at "Maryland An Irishman helped out the gap at "Wearing of th« Green," And ipiite a sentimental chap stepped out at "Gypsy Queen Gal "Yankee Hoodie" took one more, a ^ ankee * tall and slim. .< J»din Chinaman still kept the iloor, and what could "fetchce" him? The player wavered just a bit a moment to recull, Then made a ijuite ingenious hit and played no ' tune at all ; 1 •_ ___ Hrslinply jumbled o'er the keys and^made a drtadfgl din ; g j*. ■„-»•*» s *r There wasn't any music, but, it] roped the ii eat hen in. Re_was the last ; the tramp sat down ; the I i * reader may regard « 4 M That when the ragged hat went 'round it met a just reward. _ ~ ^,. „ ^ L. A. OSBORNE. Tostos, Mont. ri fit QUAINT EXETER TOWN. HER 250TH ANNIVERSARY WAS RE CENTLY CELEBRATED. Lewis Case Once Lived In This Town, and Herr We Give His Picture sad th< Picture of His House—Famous Old Ex eter Academy. Tbe inhabitants of Exeter, N. H., have just been celebrating the 250th an niversary of the founding of the town. Exeter is a quaint old town, about fifty miles from Boston, and especially noted as a place of education. The country round about had been sparsely settled when John Wheelright arrived in 1638 with a colony. Wheelright was a friend and classmate of Oliver Cromwell. Peo ple emigrated in those days chiefly on ac count of differing from their ancestry at home on religious matters, and when they arrived in America they differed with those they found there. Wheel right the year after he landed in Boston was banished from Massachusetts Bay col ony on account of his religious opinions. He determined to go where he could have more liberty, and in March, 1638, arrived with a number of followers at Exeter, where they settled, and enacted laws that they might "live quietly and peacea bly together in all godliness and hon esty." Wheelright re mained with the colony four years, S' J ' -v EXETER ACADEMY—MR. PHILLIPS, when, Massachusetts having taken in New Hampshire, he removed to Wells, Me., and never returned. The town he had founded grew very r slowly, and was not a place of much importance until the rev olution. In 1774, when the storm was brewing, a company from Exeter, together with a party from Portsmouth, attacked Fort William and Mary, at the entrance of Portsmouth harbor, and after a slight resistance took possession of its military stores, and removed them to places of concealment. This was the first open act of resistance of the colonies tc the author ity of the mother country. AfteT the Declaration of Independence Exeter became the capital of New Hamp shire, and continued to be so until the war was over. Washington passed through the place in 1789, when he was received and welcomed by the entire pop ulation. After he had dined, and the prominent citizens had paid their re spects. an escort took him to his next stopping place, Haverhill, Mass. The First Congregational church in Exeter was founded by Wheelright, and is, therefore, as old as the town. There are a number of other churches, includ ing Methodist, Baptist and Episcopal. The Unitarian society is of modern origin, having been formed in 1854. Exeter is now chiefly distinguished as being the seat of the celebrated Phillips Exeter academy, a sort of American Eton. Five years ago the alumni celebrated its centennial. John Phillips, a native of Andover, Mass., went to Exeter at an early age and remained there till his death. He was graduated at Harvard at 15. Soon after settling in Exeter he opened a private school, and was employed to teach the schoobsupported by the town. He studied for the ministry, but never entered upon the duties of the profession. He went into trade instead, and thirty years after retired with a large fortune. Being childless, he gave a great deal to different educational institutions, includ ing Dartmouth and Princeton, but his great work was the academy. To this work he gave a great deal of attention during the latter part of his life, and en * ----- «V dowed the institution f 'vith the greater part / . ^ ièi ). i\ of his fortune. Mr. Phillips died in years, to see l Jle had *>* LEWIS CASS AND HIS BIRTHPLACE, the academy he founded a flourishing in stitution. On the granite monument which marks his grave in the old church yard in Exeter is this inscription; JOHN PHILLIPS, LL. D., ~ Founder of the Phillips Exeter Academy, An Associate Founder of the Phillips Andover Academy, And a liberal benefactor of Dartmouth College. Died April 21, 1795, aged 75 years. Actuated by his ardent attachment to the cause of Christianity, He devoted his wealth to the advancement of Learning and Religion, nis appropriate monuments are The institutions which bear his uame. The alumni of Phillips academy number over 6 000 men. Many of the most dis tinguished men of the United States were educated there, among them the Hon. Lewis Cass, who was born in Exeter, sec retary of state under President buchanan. The people of Exeter have not been satisfied^ educate men without educat ing helpmates for them. William BoMjJ son founded the Robinson Female semi nary, which is fast becoming prominent Robinson removed to Georgia and died there in 1864. He was educated at the Phillips academy in the class wlt ^ ohn poifrpv Jared Sparks and John A. $00,000 (orthebra*; fit of Exeter. The comer stone of toe Lmina^ was laid in 1868 f the bnüd Lag was completed and dedicated a ye» later. ----— - -- ~ fixeter is an old fashioned town. ' n has a great many old landmarks, resi dences, churches, etc., which give it a venerable appearance. There is a man sion called "Under the Elm," the resi dence during the Revolution of Nicholas Gilman, who was In correspondence with Madison, Clinton, Gen. Knox and others. It was boilt of logs, and the loopholes for Indian fighting purposes are still to be seen. The house wherein sat the legis lators of New Hampshire daring the Rev olution, and the inn where Washington breakfasted on the morning of his visit to Exeter are still standing. At the celebration there was the an nual procession, but as might be expected from so ancient and learned a town the literary exercises were the chief feature. Ex-Governor Charles H. Bell delivered an oration, in which he sketched the history of the town from the advent of Wheel right to the present day. MME. ROOSEVELT TUCKER. Sar 'ÆfS A ■vv BLANCHE U. TUCKER. The American Woman Whoso Flay don Will Dramatize. Blanche Roosevelt Tucker— Mme. Mar chetta d'Allegri—has again come to the front, this time in a literary way. Vic torien Sardou is to dramatize her novel, "The Copper Queen," and she has been engaged to assist him. Miss Roosevelt is an American girl. She is a distant rela tive of the New York Roosevelts, and is descended from one of the brothers who emigrated from Holland a couple of hun dred years ago and settled in Ohio. She is 29 years of age, and has already achieved a reputation as a prima donna and an au thoress. She was gifted with a melodious voice from childhood. A few years ago she went abroad, studied under the best masters and while in Paris lived with the family of United States Minister Wash burne. In 1876 Miss Roosevelt made her debut in the opera of "Traviata" at Covent Garden, London, and made a''com plete success. Since then she has sung in the principal cities of Europe and America. She possesses beauty, a charm ing manner and is said to be a brilliant conversationalist. She capt^y a t e d Victor Hugo, who always called her the Ame r i c a n duchess," and wher a fete was given on the occa sion of his 7 3d birthd ay Miss RooseveIt was chosen to crown the old man with a laurel wreath. After a time Miss Hoosevelt ' a voice seemed to fail in volume. She thought of preparing herself for the drama, but meeting with success in litera ture decided to devote herself to the lit erary field. On this account she has since remained in Europe. It is said that Sardou has wearied of the conventional French life as a field on which to base his works, and is desirons of entering more natural realms. The scenes of "The Copper Queen" are laid in the United States and England. Sardou and Miss Roosevelt have been acquain tances for some time. Sardou discovered in "The Copper Queen" dramatic scenes, and told Miss Roosevelt that they were worth introducing into a play. This ex cited the ambition of the fair American to a fever heat. To have her hook dram atized by the famous Sardou and to see her literary name linked with his became a coveted object; but it was not realized at once. Sardou was busy with "La Tosca," and Miss Roosevelt was despair ing of hearing from him on the sub ject which so greatly interested« her, when one evening she got a letter. She said to a New York newspaper man: "I did not read the letter that uiglit. I was exceedingly tired'and I felt as if there was nothing else in the world if Sardou refused and everything if he accepted. I knew that if Sardou was going to write a play with* me the excitement of the news would keep me awake all night, and I was already utterly worn out. On the other hand, if his letter told me he would not do so, I should fail to sleep from chagrin, so I popped the letter under my pillow and went to sleep." When she opened her communication she found that Sardou had concluded to write a play from her book, and wished her to assist him in the work. This would be advantageous in more ways than one; the play is tobe in English, and French idioms in the mouths of Ameri icans of free and independent ways would not conduce to the success of the play. These can be anglicized by toe authoress. This is a fine "feather" in Miss Roose velt's "cap," but follows naturally from her talents and her associations in Paris. Literary society in the French capital is a feature of the social world there, and Miss Roosevelt is extremely popular among poets and dramatists, journalists and politicians, indeed, among intellectual people of all kinds. The advent of the play will be eagerly watched for. ^ _ The New German Minister. Count Arco-Valley, the new German minister at Washington, was born in Bavaria, and was for three years attache to the Bavarian embassy at Rome. In 1870 he entered the Prussian state serv ice, and a year later was a dele gate to the na tional convention at New Orleans. In 1871-2 he was secretary of the German legation at Washington, but was in 1872 transferred to Vi enna. He served in Madrid, in Paris, in London and in Brussels. At The Hague he was for a time charge d'affaires, and for four years coun cilor to the legation at Rome, and for eighteen months consul general in Egypt. Count Arco-Valley is an educated dip lomat, as will be seen from the positions he has occupied- He is a brilliant conver sationalist, a linguist, a sportsman, in deed, a man of the world. He married the Viennese actress Mme. Janish, but was divorced from her a few years ago. ft Is not necessary for a good liar to sea a sea serpent He can describe one from the old files 5? ffU *er COUNT Anco-VALLEY. LENOX'S HANDSOME CHURCH. It Is Memorial Structure, and Cost • 120 , 000 . Lenox, Mass., the favorite summe* re sort of many blue blooded families of New York and other eastern cities, has a hand some new place of worship, which is known as the Trinity Memorial church memorial from the fact that it has been erected by a few individuals as a memo rial to their deceased friends. Its cost was $120,000, and it is located on the main street directly across from the Lenox clnb house. The material of which the build ing was constructed is the local granite. The nave is bö by 42 feet, the transept 3(5 by 36 feet; the tower is 20 feet square and 90 high, and the chancel is 30 leet wide. The facade has a gable rising 45 feet, and in the upper portion is a round window 10 feet in diameter, which is the gift of the Sunday school connected with the church. The effect of the whole is one of beauty and taste. The memorial window to the late President Arthur is in this church, and there is a memorial window in the south wall of the chancel, presented by Miss Knceiand and her sister, Mrs. Mon roe, of New York, in memory of George Kneeland. Tho chancel is a memorial gift of Miss Kneeland and her sister, Mrs. Monroe, of New York. It is divided from the nave by a round arch offetone, 22 feet wide and 26 feet high. The walls of the chancel have a wainscot of ash 6 feet high, and the ceiling is wholly of wood in the form of a barrel vault divided into a series of panels with molded cornice. The organ on the left of the chancel is the gift of Charles Lanier, of New York. fl mi I ras M LENOX MEMORIAL CHURCH. The tower is also a memorial gift from F. Augustus Sehermerhom and Helen S. Auchmuty, in memory of their brother, Henry A. Schermerhorn. The beU in the bell deck of the tower is the gift cf Mrs. Kuhn, of New York. Su perb altar cloths have been presented by Miss Taintor, of Hartford, Conn. The ohurch has been erected under the direc tion of Col. R. T. Auchmuty, of New York and Lenox, who gave about $20,000 towards its construction. The sale of the old church edifice and minor subscriptions amounted to about $30,000. A COMMENDABLE INSTITUTION. The Club for Working Girls Founded at Hoboken, X. J. This is an age of clubs. Not only do men have clubs, but the club fever is ex tending to women. There is a class of clubs composing "The Association of Working Girls' Societies," which is calcu lated to give a great deal of comfort to a hard worked woman. There are now eighteen clubs in the association, whose members como from shops, offices, factor ies, and some from service. Each club has a name, which usually indicates the charac ter of the employment of its members. Fifteen of these clubs are located in New York, Brooklyn, Yonkers, N. Y., and Hoboken, N. J. The remaining three are at Boston, Binghamton and Springfield, Mass. # One of these clubs—the Industrial So ciety of Hoboken, N. J.—has its own club house. It was built especially for the purpose and donated by Mrs. Storms, of Castle Point. It Is of wood, four stories high. On the second floor there are large parlors, which can be divided or thrown into one by shutting or opening folding doors. The floors are carpeted, and there are tables covered with periodicals and newspapers. A piano is included in the furniture of the club, so there need be no lack of music. The windows are taste m. « m % I I I HOBOKEN WORKING GIRLS' CLUB HOUSE, fully curtained and the walls hung with pictures. Besides these are vases and other ornaments. Mrs. Alexander is pres ident of the club, and is very popular with the girls. Altogether it makes a charming place for the members to while away any leisure time they may have, and will doubtless have a refining and intel lectual influence. Advice to Young Writers. 'Nature is free to all. Use your eyes, man: Pluck a buttercup from its stem. There is no charge. You are not stealing. Study it. Observe, observe. Use your ears. Use all your five senses, and then let the impressions play upon your brain, till the true image of nature comes out. Then wait. Don't rush into print. Do not try to force the process. Take the time that is always necessary for perfec tion. x The artist who paints a life like picture must fiave used his five senses. Why shouldn't a man who writes a book do likewise? Many do; but many, who do not, fail simply Because they have not sthdiéd nature, have no-communion with her, and, therefore, have nothing to telL — E. F. Burns in The Writes. REV. ADOLPH STOECKER. ' J to Chap] Man of Strong Pnju«be§. William H, the new emperor of Ger many, very frankly stated when a youth that he hated Jews, Eng Ashmen and peace men, and had no particular liking for Frenchmen or Russians. And so he starts off as ruler by making an intimate and adviser of the Rev. Adolph Stoecker, who was detested by the late emperor and is yet by his wife, and who is noted, if not notorious, for his hatred of all of the race of Israel. He was made court chaplain by the influence of Bismarck, and obtained some standing with the old Emperor William, but was re strained by the powerful opposi tion of the then crown prince and prince^'. Now that the former is dead and the lat ter but empress dowager, her son exalts Stoecker and indorses his ideas about Israel ites. This cleric, who has suddenly at tained an influ- adolph stoecker ence almost equal to that of Richelieu or Mazarin in former and more superstitious ages, was bom in 1840 in southern Ger many, and had to do hard farm work in boyhood. The small landowners being largely in debt to the Hebrew money lenders, he conceived a hatred for the lat ter, which has grown till it includes the whole Hebrew race. He was so bent on gaining an education that he walked all the 350 miles to Berlin, and supported himself while studying by the severest toil. He took a full theological course, became a priest and teacher, established a girls' school in Metz, and obtained such a reputation that Bismarck promoted him, and finally made him court preacher. Since that promotion his preaching against the Jews has made him notorious throughout Europe. He says in a weekly religious paper he edits that the Jews own Hungary, have a big mortgage on Austria and are fast gaining financial control of Germany; that almost every official and large land owner is in debt to them, and that radi cal and comprehensive measures are called for at once. He docs not exactly advise a general spoliation or expulsion of the Jews, but his utterances point that way. He is very popular, and is exciting the people against the Jews. In other respects he is understood to be quite liberal, advocating the advancement of women and tho adoption of American methods in society and government. REV. JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE. L Brief Sketch of His Long aiul Honorable Lite Work. James Freeman Clarke, the eminent Unitarian minister of Boston, who died recently, was born at Hanover, N. H., in 1810. His family removed about a year later to Newton, Mass., and the child was adopted and educated by his grandfather, the Rev. James Freeman. At the age of 10 he was sent to school in Boston, and in 1825 entered Harvard and wTs graduated in the class of 1829, in which there were so many who were afterward eminent, Oliver Wendell Holmes, William Ellery Charming and Franklin Pierce being among the gradu ates. Four years later Sir. Clarke was graduated at the Cambridge Divinity school. He was immedi ately called to the pastorate of a JAS. FREEMAN cxarke. Unitarian church in Louisville, Ky., where he also became editor of The Western Messenger. He returned to Boston in 1839, and in 1841 founded the Church of the Disciples. It is what is cailedAP'tfree church. The form of worship is a combination of different features of the Episcopal and Congregational churches and the Quakers. Mr. Clarke has also been prominent in educational and reform movements in Boston* He was for a long time one of the overseers of Harvard, and for five years was professor of natural re ligion and Christian doctrine, and dit ring 1876-7 lectured on ethnic religions. Mr. Clarke was a voluminous writer in the field of biography, history, travel, theology and miscellaneous subjects, hav ing published not less than twenty-five works, including translations. It was his however, that made him wn and appreciated beyond any repu tation he may have acquired as author or preacher, though in the field of pulpit oratory he was as widely known as any man of his time, except Henry Ward Beecher or De Witt Talmage. In California's "Flash" Days. It was the "flushest" kind of a "flush" time. The years 1852 and 1853, especially the latter, were years of rapid growth as well as unexampled prosperity. Every thing flourished. Fortunes were made in a day. Some idea of the ease with which money was gained and the prodigality with which it was spent may be derived from the following entries in an old ledger of a general store of that period: "One candle, $3; 1 dozen French sardines, $35; 2 white shirts. $40; 200 pounds of white flour, $150; 1 fine tooth comb, $6; 1 tin pan, $9; 1 barrel of mess pork, $210." Whisky was 50 cents a drink, and butch ers' knives, with which miners picked gold from the crevices of the rocks, sold for $30 each. Adventurers, villains and scoundrels from every quarter of the globe flocked here in greater numbers than ever before. The ext ravages, the dissipations, the complete abandonment to self indulgence and sensual gratifica tion, the sudden ups and downs of fort unes, and all the other evils of such a state of society were rampant.—San Fran cisco Cor. Chicago Times. The reason for thinking that the hard times in British high life are over is the increased marriages of the young among the aristocracy. The London Academy declares toot it is in France that the keenest love for poetry nos* manifesta itself. LAWRENCE OLIPHANT. m The Well Known English Traveler and Author Now in America. Lawrence Oliphant, the well known En glish author and traveler, who is now in America, has scarcely ever been at rest during his life. He has wandered over the whole face of the clobe, besides being involved in revolutions and filibustering expeditions. He is the son of Sir Anthony Oliphant, who was chief justice of Ceylon. His first work was an ac count of a trip from Ceylon to Katmanda in 1865. After this he studied for the bar, but gave up practice for a trip to Russia. Then he was private sec retary to Lord Elgin, governor general of Canada, whence oliphant. and was made by Lord Elgin civil secretary and superin tendent of Indian affairs. In 1854 Mr. Oliphant traveled in the southern Ameri can states, and Pierre Soule persuaded him to join Walker's Nicaragua expedi tion. He was arrested at the mouth of the San Juan river and taken on board an English ship, which was commanded by bis own cousin, and carried back to England. In 1857 Mr. Oliphant went with Lord Elgin to China. He was charge d'affaires at Pekin, but was attacked and seriously wounded by persons hostile to Europeans, and resigned his position. He returned to England and went to parliament, but soon left the house of commons to join a spirit ualistic society in Chautauqua county, N. Y., and became its leader. The presidency of a cable company followed in 1873, and after two years of service he went to Palestine, where he has been ever since. Among his writings are "Minnesota, or the Far West," published in 1855; "Pa triots and Filibusters, or Incidents of Poli tical Explanatory and Travel;" "The Land of Gilead;" "Episodes in a Life of Adven ture, or Moss from a Rolling Stone; "Traits and Travesties;" "Sjmpneumata, or Evolutionary Forces Now at Work in Man," published in 1385. His "AtioraPeto" is best known to Americans, and is a clever satire on American society. "The Tender Recollections of Irene McGiHicuddy" Las been attributed to him. Mr. Oliphant is described as a tall man with a wavy gray beard, and though 59 years old, erect and straight. He is about to bring out a new volume, "Scientific Religion." MARSHAL EDMOND LE BŒUF. m \« MARSHAL LE BŒUF. Death of the Largest Man in the French Army. Marshal Le Bœuf, whose recent death was gazetted in Paris, with general or ders for funeral honors, was the largest man physically in the French army, and a sort of military curiosity from the fact that he took a very active part in all the wars of Napoleon III, and yet was almost unknown to readers outside of France. He was born Nov. 5, 1809, graduated at the Polytechnique and went to the Military academy at Metz, from which he gradu ated as a lieuten ant in 1833. He was, taerefore, _ just at the 6tage g of progress to take part in the great wars in Algeria, the Crimea, Italy and the war with Prussia; but in the last he com mitted fatal errors, deceived, as is claimed, by his subordinates. In ^837 he obtained a captaincy by con spicuous gallantry at the "Iron Gate of Algiers," the location of a desperate con flict in that war. In 1840 he was again promoted for skillfully conducting a re treat. In 1842 he was made a colonel. In 1854 he was sent to the Crimea as chief of the artillery staff, and did his duty so well that he was made a major general. In the Italian war of 1859 he became a lieutenant general, and saved the day at Solferino by hurrying up his guns to bear on the Austrian right. In 1869 he was placed in command of the Sixth army corps, and early in 1870 he was named marshal and senator of the empire, with powers to inspect the condition of toe French army. And here he committed toe fatal'error which, probably, had most to do with the downfall of'Napoleon. He assured the emperor that the army was in a complete state of efficient organization and fully able to cope with the Prussians. The painful outcome is well known. The real weakness of the French army was soon revealed; corruption and favor itism had completely demoralized i , though the outside show was fair. Cap tured at Metz with Marshal Bazaine, Marshal Lobceuf felt his humiliation so keenly that after his captivity In Germany he retired to Switzerland and remained till the new govern ment was established in France. Then there arose between him and Bazaine one of those unhappy controversies with which our own civil war has made us too familiar. It ended in the ruin of Bazaine. Frenchmen could not admit that they had rushed unprepared into a great war, and therefore accepted Marshal Lebœnf's statement that tbe army was efficient in June, 1870, and promoted him to still higher honors. Paying street car rare. I would not pay a woman's fare in a street car. Why? Because I wouldn't, that's all. And if you insist on an ex planation I have nothing to offer except this: that it is an unwritten but inexora ble law of the maid3 and matrons of this land that every female who rides must open her own sachel, take out her own pocketbook, close her sachel, open her pocketbook, put her nickel In her mouth, open her sachel, close her pocketbook, put pocketbook in sachel, close sachel, and then, taking her nickel from between her gleaming celluloid teeth, give it to the conductor, and thus pay her fare. I don't know where the law came from or how the sex got hold of it. but it's the law all the same, and we live up to It.—"Maud" in Globe-Democrat. a it SIOUX CITY CORN PALACE. A Typical Summer Festival of the Great Northwest. Here is a picture of the Sioux City Corn palace, to be opened on the coming 24th of September. A handsome com palace was erected last year which was pro nounced a great curiosity. Encouraged by their success in that enterprise its pro jectors determined to outdo their work of 1887 in 1888. Everybody has heard of the ice palaces of Montreal, and how the Ca nadians havo supplemented each one of these ice king residences by one more beautiful The Iowans are following in the footsteps of 'the Canadians bv erect m CORN PALACE, 1888. [Copyrighted by Sioux City Corn Palace Exposi tion Company.] ing palaces for King Com, and if they go on as they have begun will at last have a building as large as a Chicago elevator and as beautiful and imposing as Windsor castle. The com palace of 1888 will bo open to the public from Sept. 24 to Oct. 6. Excursion rates will be made on aU railroads of tho United States, Canada and the South American republics, which will give thousands an opportunity to visit Sioux City r.'id its wonderful curios ity. In Atlanta, Ga., they celebrate King Cotton, in New England King Calico, but the wonders of his majesty King Com as they will be displayed in his abode at Sioux City will doubtless surpass all the royal jubilees that have been held in America since her fair forests and grain lands were rescued from the red man Rats of the* Sewers. Mr. Webb, who has the largest fund of information as to the interior of sewers of any living man, tells some interesting facts about rats, some of which he esti mates as being about two feet long and weighing about eight or ten pounds. The pure blooded thoroughbred stock of sewer rats are a distinct species. House and ground rats are smaller, leaner, sleeker, longer faced and less powerful; they run into tbe sewers through breaks, but re turn to their domiciles in the houses. Sewer rats have nests in nooks and cor ners of dry, abandoned or unused walls; their claws are long and have the strength of steel hooks, which they somewhat re semble. They can easily displace a brick anywhere where the mortar or cement is old or more or less crumbling. Usually they seek the old and decayed sewers, tear their way through and burrow and establish their "family residences" at their own sweet will, and do their mar keting wherever it may be convenient and attractive for them. They are naturally suspicious, coy and unsocial, although never belligerent un less cornered, in' which case they will at tack ferociously and bite and claw vi ciously. When the men are atfwork in the sewers the rats are quite tame, and one workman had the "knack" of callingthem to him by a peculiar hummingor singsong noise, which they seemed to be fascinated by, and would come almost near enough to be handled.—New York Star. City Roofs us Dealth Resorts. The proposition, ably discussed in Science, to utilize city roofs ts health re sorts is a suggestion deserving of careful and practical consideration. Why may this idea not be conjoined with the plan of having roof gardens? There is no rea son why roofs, in large and crowded cities, may not be so built as to be con verted into flower, and even vegetable, gardens. There are not a few roofs so used already. The amount of oxygen and ozone thus liberated, and of carbon gases utilized and substracted from toe air, would be enormous. If sewer gases are to be carried to the.roofs, and so dis seminated into the air, the adoption of the garden system would be all the more desirable. Certainly the degeneration and devitalization attendant on living in crowded tenement houses must in some way be counteracted. Nothing could be more grateful to a sick or puny child than the fresh air and flowers that such a sys tem as suggested might furnish.—Globe Democrat. A Child Without • Name. *Tt happened this way," continued Plunkett. "There never was but one lo comotive made in Georgia up to the time that one was made in Atlanta during the war. They needed engines mighty bad md they went to work in the shops at Atlanta and turned out as good er look ing little locomotive as I ever seed, and they named it 'Sunshine,' and the railroad men took on over it er heap and every engineer wanted it for his. "Things was hustling outen Atlanta, for old Sherman was doing some of his swinging erround, and it was feared he'd get the,control of the Macon and Western then, and this little engine was erbout to be shnt off, so the engineer he fired up and folks piled onto it and out she started for Macon. She was er sailing er long as fast as ever an engine run them days, when before you could wink your eye, she busted. That was the last of 'Sunshine,' and it was tho last of er heap of folks, but it was war times and fifteen or twenty folks killed wasn't noticed worth talking erbout, but in the wreck among tho dead and wounded was found a little baby that nobody has ever claimed, and the little thing was not scratched'by the wreck, but just set there in er little place and laughed and crowed 'Mam, mam, mam,' and we knowed by that it was the little child of some poor refugee ing woman. They took good care of the little thing, and it lived eight months after that, and the strange thing is that it never heard an engine nor seed er car bat what it would say them same words over: 'Mam, mam, mam.' But it's over yonder, with 'Child Without a Name' on its tombstone, ànd that ends it In this world, bat it teaches the lesson that war's er bad, bad thing."—Atlanta Constitution.