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Death of the General of the Army—-A Painful Surprise to the Country. A Relapse Ending in Dissolution, Sunday Evening After 10 o'clock. The Final Struggle of One of the World's Greatest Soldier Heroes. Physicians, Friends, Wife and Children Gathered About the Death-Bed —The Last Hour. The News in Washington—The White House People First Informed by the Associated Press. History of the General's Malady—Struck by the Fatal Illness Nearly Three Months Ago. AT REST. Sndden Death of General Sheridan. Nonquitt, Mass., August 5. —General Sheridan's death occurred at 10:20 p. m. Previous to the sudden appearance of heart failure, about 0:30 this evening, there had been no premonitions to day of an unfavor able change in his condition. The weather had been warmer than usual and the Gen eral was at times a little restless but seemed generally bright and cheerful to day. His voice was strong and he took a full supply of nourishment and slept oc casionally. The doctors and his family were in hopeful spirits. At 7 o'clock Mrs. Sheridan and the doc tors went to the hotel for supper, and soon after their return the usual preparations for the night were made. At about 9:20 Col. Sheridan said "Good-night to his brother and went to the hotel, there having been, through the day, no sign whatever of any unfavorable changes in his condi tion. At 9:30 symptoms of heart failure sud denlv appeared and Doctors O'Reilly and Matthews, who were with him at the time, immediately applied the remedy which proved successful in all similar previous attacks, but this time it was without effect and despite all that could be done the General gradually sank into a con dition of complete unconsciousness and at . ,-v nn i i l 1 _ 1 _ „ t AT C! V« on o n 'fl 10:30 breathed hi» last. Mrs. Sheridan's sisters, Mahan and Justina, and a faithful lady servant, were also at his bedside throughout his dying hour. No arrange ment has yet been determined upon in re gard to the time or place of the General's burial. The following official bulletin was issued to the Associated Press at midnight : The immediate cause of death was heart failure. The remote cause was disease of the mitral and asertic valves, the existence of which was known to his physicians, to himself, and to his family in November of last year. The complications which have occurred have been nervous exhaustion and pulmonary iosarctions, pneumonia, pulmonary oegeria, anasacaand hemorrhages. The last day of his life was somewhat restless, but no more so than had been several times since his arrival at Nonquitt. At about 9:30 symptoms of heart failure suddenly appeared. The remedies which had hitherto been successful were vigor ously applied but approved ineffectual and he sank rapidly, dying painlessly at the hour named. I Signed,) Robert M. O Reilla , Surgeon U. S. Army, Washington. Mathews, Asst. Surgeon, U. S. Army. Nonquitt, August 6.—All through yes terday Gen. Sheridan had been in un usually good spirits, laughing and chattiDg with his brother and members of the family. At 7:30 Dr. Matthews said the General was doing so well there would probably lie no bu'le tins issued for the week. After dinner, at the hotel, Mrs. Sheridan carried down to the General a large slice of roast beef, which he ate with apparent relish. He dozed off during the afternoon, but awoke to eat supper, and then went to sleep again. Unfavorable symptoms made their appearance so unexpectedly and were so rapid in development that the children were aroused barely in time to take a last look at their dying father. With the General at his death bed were Mrs. Sheri dan, Mary, Louise, Irene and Phillip, the children, Col. Sheridan, his brother, with his wile, Sisters Justina and Urban, and Drs. O'Reilly and Matthews. Mrs. Sheridan and nurses were on their knees in prayer as the spirit departed. At 2 a. m. the em balmers were in possession of the body. As an illustrative of the confidence felt by Mrs. Sheridan in the ultimate recovery of her husband, only a few days ago she sent to Chicago money to pay oil' the small mortgage on the real estate owned by the General in that city, and she had made some preliminary arrangements with a view to the permanent removal of the General from Nonquitt early in September, fearing the cold winds of autumn might retard his speedy restoration to health. This morning they substantially ar ranged the remains to be transported to Washington in a special car, to leave New Bedford Wednesday, and that the funeral services will be held in 'St. Matthews church Thursday or Friday. Sheridan repeatedly expressed a strong dislike of display in funerals, and in accordance with his wishes and those of Mrs. Sheridan, the ceremonies in Washington are to be as simple as possible. The funeral, however, will of course be a military one. The interment will be made at the grounds of the Soldiers Home in Washington if assurance can be obtained that his wife and children may be given a resting place beside him. Messages of condolence to Mrs. Sheridan are arriving at Nonquitt from all parts ^ of the country. Mrs. Sheridan bears up with great sell-control, but is terribly grief stricken. Although the symptoms of renewed heart failure began some forty minutes before the General's death, and although no possible exertion was spared to bring him out of it by a vigorous application of all the remedies known, the General's con dition was apparently not more dangerous than it had been on a number of former occasions, when the remedies accomplished their purpose. Injections of digitalis, appli cations of mustard plasters, the use of am monia, and the repeated employment of a powerful galvanic battery were employed last night, but all proved unavailing, even to arouse the General from the state of complete mental unconsciousness into which he sank soon after the first symp toms of the recurring heart failure occured, and in which he remained until he drew his last breath. a GEN. SHERIDAN. Reception of the Announcement of His Death at Washington. Washington, August 5.—Owing to the lateness of the hour at which the news cf Gen. Sheridan's death was received, it was impossible to gat aDy inlormation from the more important public officials. Neither the Presideut or Secretary of War has heard of the death of the Commander of the Army, and the first news Col. Lamont heard of it was received from an Associated Press reporter. The illness which has resulted in Gen. Sheridan's death commenced on the 12th of May last, immediately after his return from a tour of inspection ont West. He complained of feeling unwell and worn out, bnt come down to his office each day for about a week. He was then forced to remain in doors, and on Tuesday, May 22, he had a severe attack of heart failure which greatly alarmed his family and physicians. On Friday of the week ending May 26th he had several attacks of heart failure, and these increased in violence with each succeeding attack. Several times during his illness it seemed as if life had become extinct, but by the adoption of radical measures the action of the heart was stimulated and he was brought around again. His heart at one time ceased to beat for a few seconds, but the extraordi nary care and watchfulness of the attend ing physicians bro ght him back to con sciousness again. New complications set in and hope was well nigh abandoned sev eral times only to be renewed by the great vitality and determination of the stricken soldier. History of these relapses and recoveries are familiar to the readers of the daily press. With the approach of warm weather, it was decided by the physicians after several consultations, that the patient must be removed as he would be utterly unable in his weakened state to withstand a period of prolonged heat. Accordingly on Saturday, Jane 20, he was taken to Nonquitt. The General has made his will, and all preparations for death, and was ready to face it, though resolutely deter mined that life should not be given up without a severe struggle on his part. He leaves a wife, daughter of Gen. Rucker, and four small children, three girls and one boy. Washington, August 6. —The President received the first inlormation of Sheridan s death by telephone to him at Oakview from the White House at about 8:30 this morniug. The President had decided to remain at Oakview during the day, but this news altered his plans. He decided to come into the city. He reached the White House at about 10:45, and sent word for the Secretary of War to meet him. In the meantime the following executive order was issued: Executive Mansion, Washington, August 6, 1888. j As a mark of respect to the memory of Gen. Sheridan, the President directs the National Flag to be displayed at half-mast on.all buildings of the executive depart ment in the city of Washington until after his funeral shall have taken place. By direction of the President. Daniel S. Lamont, Private Secretary. Col. Kellogg, of General Sheridan's stall', will leave Washington this afternoon for Nonquitt. He will take with him the General's uniform and sword. The Secretary of War will issue a gen eral order this afternoon announcing Gen eral Sheridan's death and directing flags on all military posts to be placed at half mast. The President has directed General Schofield to be ordered to Washington at once to assume command and a telegram to that effect was sent to him by acting Adjutant General Kelton this afternoon. TO CONGRESS. Message From the President on the Death of Sheridan. Washington, August 6.— The president directed General Schofield to take charge of the military arrangements for the funeral of Gen. Sheridan, and consult Mrs. Sheridan's wishes on the subject. This countermands the president's order for General Schofield to come to "Washington, and he will go to Nonquitt instead. After a while an order will be issued closing the executive departments on the day of the funeral. The president sent the following message to Congress at 12 o'clock. To the Senate and House of Representatives : It becomes my painfnl duty to announce to Congress and to the people of the United States the death of Philip H. Sheridan, General of the Army which occurred at a late hour last night at his summer home in the State of Massachusetts. The death of this valiant soldier and patriotic son of the republic, though his long illness had been regarded with anxiety, has shocked the country and caused universal grief. He had established for himself a strong hold in the hearts of his fellow countrymen, who soon caught the true meaning and purpose of his soldierly devotion and he roic temper. His intrepid courage, his steadfast patriotism and generosity of his nature inspired with peculiar warmth the love of the people. Above his grave affec tion for the man and pride in his achievements will struggle for the mastery and too much honor cannot be accorded one who was so richly endowed with all the qualities which make his death a na tional loss. (Signed) Grover Cleveland. (Cleveland's Condolence. Washington, August 6.— The President was informed of the death of Sheridan this morning and immediately sent the following dispatch: Executive Mansion, \ Washington, D. C., August 6. j To Mrs. Sheridan, Nonquitt, Mass : While the nation mourns its loss and shares your sorrow, let me express to you my personal grief and most sincere con dolence. (Signed) Grover Cleveland. Flags on public buildings, hotels and many business houses are at half mast ont of respect to the memory of Sheridan. The Body to Be Embalmed. New .Bedford, Mass, August 5. —It is impossible to-night to obtain an interview with any of the inmates of Sheridan's cot tage or with anyone likely to be informed as to the incidents attending the General's death, as all refused to talk to the report era. A team was sent to New Bedford at midnight for an undertaker who will em balm the body to-day and prepare it for conveyance to Washington. Col. Kelly, who is now in Washington, was telegraphed to Btart for Nonqnitt at once and bring with him the General's uniform. As there is no telegraph office at Nonqnitt, which is seven miles from this city, and bnt a tele phone line, it is extremely difficult to ob tain any details. The Senate's Respect. Washington, Angnst 6.— The Senate has adjourned ont of respect to the memory of Sheridan. The House Likewise. Washington, Angnst 6.— The Honse has adjourned as a mark of respect to the memory of Sheridan. : a is at is TO HIS MEMORY. Opinions of Secretary Endicott and Others Regarding the Dead Soldier. Washington, August 6. —Secretary En dicott said : "His death is a great loss to the army and to this department. I mean as a practical, energstic man of affaire. He had a wide experience, gathered during an active military life. He knew and under stood all the conditions of army life in all parts of the country, and ot the people with whom our soldiers have to deal, in cluding the Indians, in whom he took peculiar interest. He was wise and saga cious, and his judgment was marked by readiness of decision and guided by shrewd common sense. He had so long held high command and been attended by such suc cess that he felt confidence in his adminis tration of affaire, which was rarely at fanlt. I always found him most reasonable and ready to look at all sides of the ques tion and of such impulses most open to conviction. As a soldier, he of course stands quite by himself. Differing with marked and intense individuality from all our distinguished soldiers. He was very interesting and entertaining in social inter course. He had a fund ot anecdote, a variety of information that often was very instructive. His experiences in Europe when accompanying the German army to France in 1870, were varied and very in teresting. I have heard him describe the battles which he saw in a manner which inspired in his hearers some of the enthn siasm with which he told the story, shall always retain a most agreeable recol lection of my intercourse with him, and shall never forget the friendly and valua ble assistance he gave to me in the admin istration of my office " Gen. Roeecrans said he learned of Gen eral Sheridan's death with profound sor row and regret. hen I took command of the small army of the Mississippi," he said, "Sheridan was colonel of a Michigan regiment in that army. I knew him well and watched his career closely. He was a bard fighter, stubborn and unyielding. At Booneville he won his first star and at Stone River another and so on, and every success that has come to him, has been earned. With all of his stubbornness, he was prudent, cautious, a good provider for his armv and was always careful to know the topography of the country in which he was operating and then he w r as prompt to take his troops into action under heavy firing." "You know," he remarked, "that that there are many men who do unpleas ant things, even though a duty, hesitating ly, they wait and consider and doubt Sheridan on the instant went straight for the mark, no delays and no doubts.' Secretary Faircniid said he was not com petent to speak of General Sheridan's status as a soldier, but he knew him to be a great and good man. Secretary Bayard instructed his private secretary to say for him that he heartily concurred in all the President bad said in his message to Congress in regard to the services of General Sheridan. Secretary Whitney sent the following telegram to Col. Sheridan : "I must ex press to you my great personal regret and sorrow and that of the whole naval service at the death of Gen. Sheridan It is the desire of this department to par ticipate in all ceremones which may take place in recognition of his great services to his country, and to mark the high esteem to which such services are held by his countrymen. The President directs me to place at your service an escort of naval vessels, if your plans should contemplate returning by water." Postmaster General Dickinson said : 'He was a great General, and had a simplicity of manner which always accompanied true „reatness. He attached men to him with an affection in which there was something of peculiar tenderness. No man was more universally loved, and the places that knew him and all at the Capitol will miss him sadly^_ _ Messages of Regret. New Bedford, Angnst 6.—The follow ing messages were also received: New York, August 6.—Col. L. M. Sheri dan: The death of the General was totally unexpected. The newspaper men are after me but I mast for the time be silent. Com mand me in any way to manifest my re spect for the General. (Signed,) • W. T. Sherman. Robert T. Lincoln cabled as follows: London, August 6. — Mrs. P. H. Sheri dan: Accept my sincere condolence. General Logan's widow sends this: Youngstown, O., August 6. —Mrs. P. H Sheridan: My heart turns to you in the deepest sympathy. (Signed,) Mary S. Logan. Ex-President Hayes sent the following Fremont, O., August 6.— Mrs. General Sheridan: By the death of yonr illustrious husband, our country has lost her great battle General. All who served ander him suffer with you. Mrs. Hayes joins in deepest sympathy. (Signed,) Rutherford B. Hayes. Washington, August 6. — Gen. Lincoln commander of the department of the Po tomac G. A. R., issued an order this even ing announcing Gen. Sheridan's death, ex pressing sympathy for the family, ordering the officers of the army to wear mourning for thirty days, and stating that the de partment had tendered an escort to Gen Schofield on the day of the funeral. The Republican National League, dis trict and local organizations, held meet ings to-day and passed resolutions of re gret and condolence. Lincoln, Neb., August 6.— President Fitzgerald, of the Irish National League of America, has sent Col. Sheridan a message expressing warm sympathy in behalt of the League for the bereaved family of Gen Sheridan, who is spoken of in highly enlo gistic terms. ___ The Funeral to Take Place on Satnr day. Washington, August 6. —The fallowing telegram has been received by Maj. Hnx ford, of the Loyal Legion, from Col. Sheri' dan, Nonqnitt, Mass.: We expect to leave here Wednesday afternoon and go quietly to Washington without demonstration can only tell yon now the fanerai will take place at Arlington cemetery on Saturday Gen. McFeely and two friends will visit Arlington cemetery to-morrow and select suitable spot for General Sheridan's re mains. The arrangements for the fanerai are in the hands of Dr. O'Reilly who will arrive in the city to-morrow. The fanerai services will be held at St. Matthew church. Washington, August 6. —The final ser vices will be held in St. Matthew's church in accordance with Mrs. Sheridan's wishes, and will be of the simplest possible charac ter. Cardinal Gibbons will officiate and will be associated by Rev. Fathers Mackin and Keryick, all of the Roman Catholic clergy in the city will be present. Previ ous to the interment of the body the cardi nal will consecrate that part of the ceme try which'is to be set apart for the Gen eral and his family, and then the body will be consigned to the grave with fall mili tary honors.__ Death of Col. Gibson. El Paso, Texas, Angnst 6. —Col. Geo. Gibson, commander of Fort Bliss, died yes terday at Las Vegas, N. M. The remains will be sent to to Carlisle, Pa., for bnrial. REMOVAL OF THE REMAINS. Preparations For Escorting Sheri dan's Body to Washington. Nonquitt, Mass., Angnst 7. —Colonel Blonnt, of Gen. Sheridan's staff, and Col. Kellogg arrived here this morning to assist in the arrangements for the removal of Gen. Sheridan's body to Washington. Gen. Schofield will probably not come. It has been decided to cloee the Nonquitt reserva tion, which is private property, against all outsiders daring the removal of the body. Mrs. Sheridan will leave here by the five ».rn.boat Wednesday with the remains. She will be acompanied by Col. Sheridan, Col. Kellogg, and Blount, two sisters of La Bon Secor and servants. The guard of honor of six men, each from G. A. R. Posts 1 and 190, of New Bedford, will attend the body, and at New Yorx the posts of that city. special train will leave at 6 p. m. for Washington. On board the train will be guard of regulars from Fort Adams. On arrival at Washington the body will be taken to St. Matthew's church of Aloy Reqniem mass will probably be cele brated by the Cardinal. In case he is not present the parish priest will officiate. The President and cabinet and both houses of Congress will attend. At the conclu sion of the mass the remains will be taken to the Arlington national cemetery, where bnrial services will be read. Only the im mediate members of the family will see the remains. It is said the face appears natural. _ _ Sheridan's Bnrial Site. Washington, August 7. —General Mc Feeley, Gen. D. H. Rucker, retired, and Major Lydecker, of the army, visited Ar lington cemetery to-day to select a site for grave for General Sheridan. The site chosen is on an open plateau on a hill upon which stands an old manor house and to the right of it. War Office Order. Washington, Angnst 7. —The secretary of war this afternoon issued a general order to the army, reciting the facts of the mili ary caraer of Sheridan and ordering the Hag of all military stations placed at half staff, seventeen minute gans fired on the day following the receipt of this order, and the nsual badges of mourning displayed for thirty days. A Guard of Honor Tendered. Boston, August 6.—Orders were issued by the Governor to-day have the Hags of the State Aroecal and all military armories at half-mast, and that the standards be draped in black and badges of mourning be worn by commissioned officers for 30 days. Artillery minute guns and national salutes will be fired on the day of the funeral. Lieutenant Governor Brackett tele raphed Mrs. Sheridan : "Massachusetts, with the Nation, sincerely mourns, and sends condolence and sympathy." Adjutant General Dalton telegraphed Col. Sheridan, tendering a guard of honor from the citizen soldiers. SHERIDAN. The Funeral Farty to Leave for Wash ington To-day. A Nonquitt, Mass., August 7. —On a cot m a pleasant east room of the cottage, where, tor the past four weeks, Gen. Sheri dan had lain in his illness, the body of the dead commander lies to-night, clothed in the lull uniform of his rank. By his side rests the sabre which pointed the way to many a victory. The expression of his face is that of quiet and repose, though traces of long illness are noticeable. The General's expression is said to be more natural than daring the last few weeks of bis life. The steamer will leave New Bedtord at 3 p. m. to-morrow and proceed to Nonquitt, where the body, with the family and otner members of the funeral party, will be taken on board, leaving Nonquitt at 4:45. The steamer will proceed direct to Vine yard Landing, at New Bedford, where a special train will be in waiting. The train will leave promptly at 6 o'clock and will go over the Old Colony road to Walpole, thence taking the New York and New England road to Jersey City, where the Pennsylvania railway will ,take them to Washington. The guard of honor appointed by the Loyal Legion will escort the body from the time it is borne from the cottage until it is placed on the train to-night. The body is gnaided by Col. Kellogg and Col. Blount,of Gen. Sheridan's staff. Undertaker Wilson, of New Bedford, and his son, called down to-night to make the final preparations for the patting of the body into the casket. Mrs. Sheridan will accompany the remains to Washington and return to Nonqnitt on Monday next. The cars which will be used for the special train arrived in this city to night. One is a combination bag gage and passenger car. In the front com partment the body will be placed ; the other will be occupied by newspaper cor respondents. The other car is a common baggage car. The cars are draped. In side of the compartment where the body will lie is heavily draped in black and white. An American flag is over the door, and the floor is covered with black. The two cars containing the fanerai party will be Pullman's and are appropriately deco rated. ^ ^___ THE BURIAL CASKET. Beautifnl Floral Tributes for the Dead General. Boston, August 7. —General Sheridan's casket was shipped this evening to New Bedford. The casket is elliptic in shape and the body part is made of red cedar. The outside is covered with the finest English broadcloth, heavily draped on the side with material made for this pur pose. One of the largest and most beauti ful floral pillows, which will be sent to Washington to the funeral of General Sheridan, was on exhibition this evening on Tremont street. The piece is nearly six feet high, six feet long and four feet in width, and represents "Gates Ajar." There are two large pillars from which hang two gates joining the pillars in an arch, having in me centre a cross and crown. Suspend ed from the arch is a pure white dove, and on top of each pillar is a large star. Be hind the open gate is a representation of the Garden of Eden, in which flowers, roses and ferns abound in artistic pro fusion. Across the front is the inscription, "Light lieth the earth cn thee." Fnneral Services. Washington, August 7.—For the fanerai of General Sheridan, next Saturday, the following order of services at the church and at the grave has been arranged : At 10 a. m. there will be a solemn reqniem mass, celebrated by Rev. J. F. Mackin with Rev. T. J. Kerock as Deacon and Rev, F. Ryan as sub-deacon. The absolution will be pronounced by Cardinal Gibbons. The services will be conducted by Rt. Rev. John Foley, Bishop-elect of Detroit. Vetoed the Bill. Washington, Angnst 7.— In the Senate ! a message from the President vetoing the bill to grant 635 acres of a military reser vation to the city of Tacoma, Washington Territory, for a park was read and referred to the committee on public lands. The grounds of the President's refusal to sign the bill are that the army engineers report against the grant, because the land may be needed for military purposes. CHINESE CANARD. The San Fancisco "Examiner" in Search of Democratic Thunder. A "Fake" of the Local Party Organ That Sends a California Paper on a Wild Goose Chase—A Letter That Will Tickle Montana Beaders. San Francisco, (Examiner Office,) July 30.— Editor Herald — Dear Sir:— On Jane 29 yon published a purported inter view with Chin Wah Foo, whom yon say is a brother cf Charg Foo, of Helena. In the interview you make Chin A\ ah Foo say that "he will give $50,000 towards Harrison's election," etc., etc. You say he is a wealthy tea merchant here. I have been trying to find such a China merchant here and have failed. Please get his address for me from his brother, if the story is true. I am inclined to think yon have printed a clever fake; if so, no harm is done. If it is genuine will you not kindly furnish me the data I ask so I can look him up and bcom it for all there is in it. Please send me an early reply, as I am a reporter on the Examiner, and I desire your idea in fall. Tell me whether you had a genuine interview with Chin Wah Foo, and give me his address if you can. Truly, L. H Irvine. Care of Examiner. The above is the literal text of a letter that has reached the Herald in due course by post. The contents quite rattled ns and it has taken several days to recover from the shock. The writer is in error— grievously in error—in supposing any in terview of the purport or tenor he speaks of was published in these columns on June 29th or any other date. It is true an in terview of the character named was in vented and circulated here about the time indicated, but the jest is disclaimed so far as the Herald had anything to do with it, or of harboring the Bohemian who per petrated it. Our correspondent, Mr. Irvine, may possibly "catch on" to better purpose when we tell him that the author of the "fake" is at present with out a job ; that a sudden jolt by the directory board precipitately bounced him from the Democratic tripod, and that the local party organ is completely and permanently quit of the wretchedness of his romances and rhymes. It will doubt less prove a great disappointment to our Examiner friend, but the Herald is obliged to assure him that the "interview" is all he mistrusts it to be—a "fake"—and the purpose to "boom it for all there is in it" must be given up. Celestial myths, permit us to add, are "Chang Foo, of Helena," and "Chiu Wah Foo, of San Fran cisco." Save your shoe leather, Mi. Irvine, in searching for either. STATE CONVENTION. The Republicans of Indiana in Force at Indianapolis. Indianapolis, August 7.—The hotel lobbies are filled to overflowing to-day with the delegates and visitors to the Re publican State convention which convenes to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. The chief interest centres in the struggle for the gubernatorial nomination and the busy caucusing between the eleven hundred and sixty delegates to-night, indicates the zeal and confidence of the several aspiring can didates. Ex-Governor Porter, in view of his emphatic refusal to permit his name to go before the convention, is no longer con sidered by a majority of the leading poli ticians in attendance as among the possi ble nominees for the governorship. All doubts upon this point were seemingly swept aside by Gov. Porter yesterday and to-day by his reiterated public declarations to the friends of other candidates, that there were no circumstances or contin gencies under which he could now accept the nomination. The candidates for the gubernatorial nomination are Col. H. S. Robertson, of Ft. Wayne; the present Lieu tenant Governor, Major Geo. W. Steele, of Marion, Congressman 11th District; Col. W. Camback, of Qaeensbury; Ex-Gov. Gen. A. P. Hovey, Mt Vernon; Congressman 1st District, Rev. Ira J. Chase, Danville, De partment Commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, and Hon. J. W. Butler, of Indianapolis. The name of Chairman J. W. Hnston, of the Republican State com mittee, is frequently mentioned as a possi ble dark horse, but Huston declared he is not a candidate in any sense of the word. Indianapolis, August 8.— The Repub lican State Convention was called to order at 10:30 this morning. It is the largest in the history of the state, there being 1,100 delegates. The hall, with a seating capac ity »of 4,000 is packed with spec tat are. The interior is decorated with bunting, and portraits of Harrison, Morton, Garfield, Lincoln, Grant and others. Hon. W. H. Calkins, of Indianapolis, was chosen permanent chairman. A committee was appointed to call on Gen. Harrison and invite him to attend the convention. The renoit of the committee on organi zation was unanimously adopted, and the chairman presented ex-Congresman Calkins to the convention. In his address Calkins tonched upon the civil service law, declaring that Cleveland used the civil service qaestion like a plat form to a car. He used it to get in but when he got in he saw the sign: "Don't stand on the platform," and he didn't. (Vociferous cheers.) Referring to the nominees of the Chicago convention, the speaker paid a glowing personal tribute to Morton, and then de clared : "I need not refer to that other grand name," whereupon the convention burst forth in enthusiastic applause, cheer ing and waving of hats. CHINESE RESTRICTION. Passage by the senate Bill. of Stewart's Washington, Angnst 8.—In the Senate Stewart moved that the regur business (bills on calendar) be laid aside and the Chinese prohibition bill be taken np. Agreed to—yeas 40 ; nays 3— Berry, Coke and Jones, of Arkansas. The bill then passed without division. It provides that from and after the date of exchange of ratifications of the pending treaty, between the United States and China, signed on the 12th of March, 1888, it shall be unlaw ful for any Chinese person, whether a sub ject of China or any other power, to enter the United States except as in this bill provided. Jnst as the country began to dismiss its fears of a fatal ending, that which they so much feared suddenly happened. General Philip Henry Sheridan died yesterday evening, August 5th, of a sudden re currence of his malady. That great heart that once beat so full of patriotism and courage is now stilled in death. The voice that once coaid arouse the fainting hope of defeated soldiers and snatch victory from the hands of a defeated foe is hushed forever. The days of battle have long but the memory of those eventful days of Winchester, Five Forks, Sailor's Creek and Appomattox com&s back as fresh again as of yesterday, when the praise of Sheridan was on every tongue. Sheridan was of humble origin, as were so many others of oar greatest men. Even the place of his birth is in dispute, though generally given as Somerset, Perry county, Ohio, and the date of his birth was March 6,1831. Little is known of his youth ex cept that he was educated m the village school and store until appointed a cadet at West Point in 1848. He did not gradu ate until 1853 and 'hen ranked only 34th in his class. As 2nd lieutenant of the 4th infantry he served six years on the west coast, and wa 9 first noticed for bravery in of S. of of J. is in on but de the Indian fight at the Cascades, April 28th, 1856. The first year of the war found him no further advanced than a captain in the 13th infantry. Halleck recommended him to the Governor of Michigan for Colonel of the Second Michi gan Cavalry, and thus began his memora ble career of success as a cavalry officer. He was with Buell at Perryville, with Rosecrans at Murfreesboro and Chicka rnauga, and under Thomas was the first to cross Missiouary Ridge, where Bragg s army received its crashing defeat. When Grant assumed command of the Army of the Potomac and called for a cav alry commander Halleck suggested Sheri dan, and Grant replied, "The very man. Up to this time the confoderates had always been superior in the cavalry arm of the service and could ride at will all around the Union armies,'cat oil' their sup plies and destroy their communications. Sheridan soon changed this condition ol' things. Whether on foot or horseback, Sheridan was a fighter, never counting the odds, and had a soldier's instinct to be at the front in the thickest of the fight. After aiding Grant in the great battles of the Wilderness and at Spottsyl vania, and an nihilating Stuart and his cavalry, he was selected to clear the Shenendoah valley, the scene of so many reverses and of per petual alarm. The people of this valley have no very pleasant associations connect ed with Sheridan, for war was no 'holiday parade with him. His fight and over throw of Early, Oct. 19,1864, is familiar to every school child in song and story. He cleared the Shenandoah valley of every armed foe and the means of supporting armies, and then hastened to aid Grant in the final campaign. It was short, sharp and decisive. Sheridan with his invinci bles was everywhere, clipping the wings and blocking the way of Lee's retreating forces. There was no #cape and the war ended virtually at Appomattox. Since the war General Sheridan has filled a variety of most difficult and re sponsible positions with credit to himself, and has never lost the respect which his great military achievements and abilities won for him. On the retirement of General Sherman he was made Lieutenant General with command of the armies of the United States, and only a few days since was raised to the highest military rank known to onr constitution. He deserved all the honors and emoluments that he has re ceived. No truer or braver heart ever contributed more lavishly of its wealth and life blood to the maintenance of the Union. Well may we mourn his death, but we can still, with unborn generations, rejoice in his life services over which death has no power. With Grant, Thomas, Hancock and thousands more of the brave defenders of the Union, he has entered into glory, and left us a heritage the greatest in all the world. His last expiring breath has mingled with the ocean breezes on the shore where the exiles of religions and political persecution first planted the standard of liberty under law. It had been supposed for several weeks that General Sheridan was on the road to recovery, but this morning the cherished hopes of millions of the American people vanished with the announcement, dashed to the uttermost parts of the land, of his relapse and death. At an early hour the Herald bulletin board told in few words the sad news, arresting the steps of hun dreds of citizens hurrying to their places of business. A little later particulars of the sorrowful event found circulation throughout the city in an extra edition of the Herald. Flags are flying at half mast on the staffs of the Capital. the np. of on bill Bismarck is conceeded to be the shrewdest statesman in Europe, and in his opening of the Reichstag referred to the example of the prosperity that protection afforded the United States. It is the true policy of every nation, but it is a matter necessity for those nations where new in dustries are straggling into existence against the competition of those long es tablished in older ones. If Germany finds protection necessary and profitable with her abundance of cheap labor 1 we have much greater reason to cling to it to pro tect the wages of our better paid laborers against the cheaper labor of Europe. As one important consideration towards the creation of a navy we should protect and cnltivate onr fisheries. This is the great school for the navy. We want truckling to Canada. Brookes, the Prohibition candidate Vice President says he has been a slave holder, rebel, and fire-eating Democrat, but thanks God that he has never been a Repub lican. Every Republican ought to thankfnl for the same reason. elude "tree air'' with "free water" among BUSINESS. We are very glad to see some one in Montana stand up and even attempt to give some reasons why so important an in dustry as wool-growing in onr country and territory should be stricken at the demand of the Democratic party for the intertets of foreign wool-growers and manufactures. X. does not seem to be familiar with the sheepmen of Montan?., for he says he has heard little complaint from them, and he certainly knows much less about the wool growers iu other parts of the country, for they complain more and have more cause to complain than those in the territories, where as yet much of the raDges are free. The wool-growers of Ohio say that free wool v. ill utterly destroy tba business in the states and that it can only continue to exist on the free ranges of the Territories. X. says Uncle Sam has been giving the wool-grow ers free grass, hay, water and lumber for twenty years past. Has any one ever heard of any free hay or lumber given away by Uncle Sam, even in the Territories? Hay and lumber, even with free grass and timber, cost our ranchmen more than the same articles in the states. We wonder that X. did not in of of of in es the valuable gifts from his imaginery Uncle Sam. Wool growers, in common with every one else, miners and dwellers in cities have used of the grass and timber that grow naturally and not by the grace ot Uncle Sam, and if not used would he food for fires and of no value to any one in the world. But now, as to the broad statement that 60,000,000 people have to pay the wool growers 33 per cent, advance for all the woolen goods they consume. This is one of the sophistries of the Cobden school, and has been shown so often to be false that it hardly seems worth while to answer those who purposely close their eyes to facts right before them. The tarifi' ou foreign wool has stimulated home pro duction and led to home competition, so that the price of wool for the past four years has averaged no higher than under the low tariff between 1850 and I860, and as every one knows who buys a single article of woolen goods they are all cheaper and better now. Nobody in this country has been injured by building up the woolen interest iu this country, giving em ployment to hundreds of thousands and creating millions of wealth, and none more than the consumers of wool. What might have been, is mere matter of specula tion, but there is good reason to believe that if this industry had not been stimulated and built up by protection, our people would have been paying higher prices for poorer articles of clothing to-day. And if the mad folly of striking down this great industry, avhich deserves protection as much as much as any in the land and has justified fully the wisdom that has fostered it, should prevail, though for a short time it might so unsettle the mark ets as to give lower prices, every on< who looks beyond the immediate present knows that it will inevitably result in higher prices for poorer goods and we left depend ant upon foreign sources of supply from which we would be entirely ont off ; " time of war and woolens would then go up to famine prices. X. would have the government charge the wool-growers rent for pasturage, and levy an internal tax on all wool pçpduced. Our government, at least since Republican policy lias been in the ascendant has held its lands as a trust tor the people and gives a homestead free to every one who wants and will occupy it. The true policy beyond all qaestion is to have the public domain utilized. The people are all bene fitted by having the public domain pas tured by cattle, horses and sheep. The wealth of the country is increased, anil every one is to some degree benefitted and no one is a loser. What X. means by saying : "But Pig Iron Kelly and other Republicans tell us that the proposed reduction of the tarifi' will injure our manufacturers of other countries," passes our comprehension. Our manufacturers are not in other countries, unless he talks, as we snspect, from the standpoint of an Englishman. X. seems to have had the glimmering of an idea that the admission of free wool so long as the duties on the manufactured article are retained, will hardly reach the consumer with its benefit. Some of the wool manu facturers have been short-sighted enough to urge free wool. But most of them see already and all will see soon that these benefits will be short lived. They know well enough that with the higher wages of this country they cannot manufacture and compete in foreign markets even with free wool. And they see further that when the publie finds that free wool does not give them cheaper clothing, it will next demand a repeal of dnties on woolen goods, and then the poor broken woolen manufac turers would join the monnfui procession of the sheep growers and bewail their own folly. Without extending this article further at this time we will say to X. that neither wool-growers nor wool manufacturers have grown rich,nor are they prospering any more if as much, as the other classes o'f society which he mentions, including the laboring men. X. seems to have had a suspicion that his logic did not connect, for he says the government no longer needs this reve nue, which before he pretended was going into the pockets of the wool-growers and manufacturers. The latest and most reliable statistic» of wool imports, see Spo fiord's Almanac, 1888, show the imports of wool last year were 114,000,000 pounds,not 300,000,000,as stated. We have almost become self-supporting, While giving the people cheaper wool and cheaper and better clothing. There is not a single good reason that can stand alone in the sunlight of investi gation, why the wool duty should be removed or reduced. the no for but be We said before and say now that it is onr duty to tax Mexican lead. We are for protecting every American industry against foreign competition, no matter where it comes from. We are for protect ing the producer of raw material, and the manufacturer, the laborer and the capital ist. We no more want to annihilate capital or drive it out of the country than we want to see onr laborers reduced to the starvation wages paid in foreign countries.