Newspaper Page Text
COMMENTS ON THE MESSAGE.
It is carious to read the comments on the President's message called out by the rejection of the Fisheries treaty. The evi dent unpopularity of the treaty and its almost ignonimous failure to receive any approval in or cut of Congress, led the ad ministration to make a short trim, to see if it could not overtake the receding tidal wave. Its following so clo.ie upon the rejection of the treaty shows that it was prepared in hot haste and under the spur of the stingmg rebuke contained in the rejection without even an attempt at amendment. All at once from a cowardly spirit of willing submission to any possible outrage and affront, the President proceeds to call attention to new outrages and asks for additional powers to apply the remedy of retaliation in its fullest extent. No matter if it is intruded as a bluff or a bid to alienated or hesitating supporters, the facts brought to public notice deserve the remedies suggested. We hope Con gress will put atjtbe immediate disposal of the President all the powers [he asks for and all the means necessary to carry out retaliation. If the President bad posscs-ed hereto fore the spirit that be expresses in his late message he would uot have allowed the act of Congress giving him power of re taliatory action to lay two years without an attempt to use it. The Canadian press, commenting on tLc message, says the course recommended would be barbarous. If it is so, then the course that demands retaliation is barhtr ous. It other nations act barbarously to wards us, as the Canadians have for a long time and in numerous cases, it is no moie barbarous for us to treat them in the tame style. Retaliation simply means treating olhers as they treat us. If such treatment is barbarous, their treatment of us has been barbarous, and we ere forced to resort to barbarous methods to accommodate our selves to the manners and habits of thos-; we are dealing with. We have no ill-will against Canadians generally or individually. In fact from all that we have seen of them, we like them. We like them so weil tLat we would not hesitate to admit them to equal citizenship in our Union, and we know of no way in the world in which wecould express higher esteem for them. But we are out of a 1 patience with the paltry swindling policy of the present Canadian administration We want no one sided treaties, no ovei reacbiDg reciprocity. In lact, we think the time has come to say plaioly to the Cana dians, choose which you will, but you must either be altogether British, or altogether American. If intercourse contenues, it must be mutually enlightened and gener ous, or mutually barbarous or intercourse must cease altogether. We shall never seek to acquire any portion of Canada by force unless war arises with Great Britain and then of course we would take Canada as a necessary war measure. We should certainly never allow an exposed frontier lice of thousands of miles to become a long line if dan ger, requiring a vast army to watch and protect. It would be cheaper and better in every way to raise an army of half a million of men at once and make short and complete work of it in a single season's campaign. It would not take as long lor our armies to overrun Canada as it drd the Germans to conquer France. Wars of modern times are short, sharp and decisive, andpn this case it would settled for all time, and it would be to hold against aDy future possibility of danger. No more forte or war vessels would ever be needed or seen aloDg the great lakes and inland rivers. Now the president is in the humor let him have all the pewer and means neces sary lor any contingency. Let Congress vote a credit of one hundred miliion> and show that we mean business. A few years ago Gen. Alger, at that time Governor of Michigan, gave to Lis old comrade-in-arms, General Sheridan, $10, 000 in money on condition that it should be invested in a life insurance policy and that the policy should Ire kept up lor the benefit of his widow. 1 he money was in vested iu a life insurance policy lor $25, 000, and inquiry since the death of Gen. Sheridau is answered by the statement that there had been no defaults in the pay ments upon the policy. "Politics," remarks a traveling man, "is something of a matter of ciimate— it deperds on the mean annual temperature. In Dakota, where the air is cool aad brac ing, the people are nearly all Republicans. Ju Iowa the weather is several degrees warmer and the Democrats are a little mors numerous. Iu Missouri it's considera ble warmer, and the Democrats are iu the majority. In Texas, where it's blasted hot, the people are nine-tenths Democrats. And in bell it's unanimous! 1 teil you,sir, it's all in the climate." Yesterday a Herald representative caught Gov. Hauser on the fly, as it were, and to a polite salutation as the buggy sped past came the shout, "Harrison will get there !" It is barely possible we l'aiied to catch the exact words, but that's the way it souuded upon our auricula». If really then, is a mistake, we are prepaied to accept as competent the testimony of the Governor's good wife and make correction accordingly^_ What Blaine had to say about "trusts" was that they were ia no way directly con nected with the question of protection, for they were as rife and rampant iu England as America. It did uot even need a refer ence to England, for the Coal Oil Trust is the outgrowth of an unprotected industry. It bad the power to elect Payne a Senator from Ohio, and gave his sou-in-law. Whit ney, a seat iu the Cabinet. This is bring ing the "trust" business pretty close up to the head of the Democratic administration. Cleveland despairs of the adjournment of Congress and has gone to the Virginia mountains for an outing. He will be absent ssveral days. DEATH OF CHARLES CROCKER. The Sacramento Record-Union of August 21st is a memorial number to Charles Crocker, lately deceased. Three pages of the paper are devoted to the account of bis sickness, death, funeral, a history of his life, personal anecdote», acd extracts from the press of the State. To most people Crocker is only known as one of the mil lionaire railroad kings. The fact of bis wealth and success is by many accepted as proof that he robbed others of what rightfully belonged to them. The simple, honest truth, if any one will patiemly seek it, and candidly acknowledge it, is that he created his wealth out of nothing—by his faith,energy and business capacity. He took hold of enterprises that others would not touch, because he believed he could make them succeed. If he made some millions for himself he made ten times as much for California. In saying this much, in jus tice, we do not pretend that he might not have won a more enviable fame in later yetis by giving more liberal rates of transportation. But men who have gone through the s'ruggle for years like Crock er. planning and coLtriviDg to anticipate and avoid losses and failures and to meet heavy and multiplyingobligationsprompt ly, acquire habits that cannot readily be changed. The general public only think of their interests acd judge eueh men as Crocker, as in tome sense public servants, in duty bound to labor for the public good. Mr. Ciocker simply conducted rail reading as a business to make money from, as all men conduct business. It is true that Mr. Crocker gave away much in charity, though not in a way to attract applause. We wish that ihe country had more such men as Crocker. The whole country is stronger, more united and vastly richer for the work he has done and in the centuries to come when the roll of Cali 'orniu's great bene'actors is called the name of Charles Crocker will stand high on the litt. Harper's Magazine for September con tains an article on "Two Montana Cities" by Edwards Roberts which will have peculiar interest to Helena and Butte readers. It is well illustrated by general and detailed views We have Meyendoiff pouring gold in the Assay Office and "Uncle Tommy Cruse" as natural as life. The court bouses at Helena and Butte will give the country and the world some idea of what we Lave achieved in the way ol permauent improvements. The narrative •iccount is in every way complimentary uot to say flattering, and in the main, cor rect. It is error to say that Helena received her name at a meeting held in the cabin of Uncle John Somervilie, for Unc'e John's cabin was up in Nelson gulch. The meet ing was held in Capt. Woods' cabin, which stood on upper Main street where Suili van's barber shop now stands. But such infl ng errors cannot detract from the gen eral Ia\orahle impression that the article will convey to its half million or more readers. It is by far the best advertising that Helena ever had. Mr. Cruse will no doubt be surprised at the price he was said to have received for the Drum Lummon mine, and we would not be surprised if one of the results would be numerous applications to build universi ties, asylums or pay off national dtbts Butte has equal justice doue to her minmg wealth and prospects. She is ranked as the greatest mining city in the world, aud is not really as bad a place to live in as represented. The article must have been prepared some months ago, for both Butte and Helena have made great acquisitions since that are not noticed. There has been much said of the wis dom of free trade as shown in placing quinine on the free list. It is oue of those articles most suitable for the free list, at least so fa: as the bark is concerned from which the medicinal preparation is made. But it was insisted that the people would not be benefitUd unless all preparations were made free. Now for the results The price has declined but little, and no* any more than in England where there was no duty removed. It has closed every manu factory of quinine in the country except one, and those who used to manufacture now buy the English and German article, putting oa American brands. We send abroad $3,500,000 in gold to pay fer what might have be;n saved at home. It has closed factories, driven American capi tal aud labor out of business and imposed a heavy annual dia'n upon our resonreas ; and in all probability has not made the price to the consumer perceptibly lower than it would otherwise have heeD. Dr. English, of Millburu, N. J., says, with a moderate duty on the bark, we could easily grow the eichoua tree in this country and in case of a foreign war, it would be of inestimable value to have a home supply. We can all remember what fabulous prices were paid for quinine during our late war. Mr. Hoard, who was nominated for i Governor by the Republicans of Wiscon sin last week, w as one of the party of agri cultural editois who visited Montana in June last. He edits a weekly paper at Mt. Atkinson and is largely interested in the dairy business. In appearance be pos sesses somewhat the personal beauty of Abraham Lincoln, whom he further re sembles by a peculiar talent for story-tell- j iDg. He is a man of high ebameter acd excellent sense, and secured the Domina tion by not seeking it. The Republicans of Lewie and Clark« for some days have had before them the I apportionment and con rention call of the i county committee. It is expected that uo j preeinet will be remiss iu attending to the primaries and electing to the convention the representatives to which it is entitled. ! The Republicans of Lewis and C'lake have this year a majority strong enough to carry every candidate, if wisely chosen, to certain victory. Locally and territorially there is a feeling of confidence in Republi can success, and no disappointment in this respect is possible, with the party acting together and determined to prevail. I i j I i j ! TAKE HIM AT HIS WORD. We have seen no reason to change oar first estimate of Cleveland's message fol lowing the rejection of his Fisheries Treaty. It is the first acd only thing that we have seen coming from that source that ever showed any proper American spirit. And though it is so evidently a bluff, so sharp and sudden a change in the entire spirit and aim of the administration, we are exceedingly anxious that Republi cans shall join in with the Demacrats aDd give Clvelaud all the power that he asks and encourage him to go ahead. It will soon appear w ho has got his foot in the trap. For two years the act has been on the statute books giviDg the President power to retaliate, and not the first step has been taken in that direction. In lact everything has be n done at headquarters in Washington as if dictated from London or Ottawa. Nothing too good could be said of Cleve land by the English and Canadian press. Hopes that were shattered by the defeat of the rebellion have had a tew birth. In stead of an ill jointed, shackling con federacy in alliance, Great Britain has of lata been gloatiDg over the prospect of having the whole United States subordi nated to the interests of British manufac turers and shippers. That this long tried and complacent tool of the British aris tocracy should have suddenly become a rampant deft nder of the honor and inter ests of the people of the United States is bewildering to the Britons and Cana dians. In his message he has put himself in position that if the power and means are at once given in response to his request he will be obliged to go ahead and use them, or he will be foiever disgraced. It will be a gigantic mistake if Republi cans do not take the President at his word and leave him without the possibility of an excuse to show the sincerity of the sen timents contained in his message. How I remarkable that, afeer having borne in patience these outrages for years, having denied and apologized for them all this time, now the}' are al! con fesse el at once in their magnitude and new ones added, that cail for still larger powers of retaliation. Of course, we understand fuliy that it is pretty serious bupiuess talking about war with the greatest naval power in the world. But in the first place we have no idea that with all the power asked for, or more, Cleveland could be driven into any act of hostility to England. Next, we do not be lieve England would go to war even to save Canada from being permanently an nexed to the United States. And lastly, though it should prove to be a long, costly aad decisive contest for the supremacy ol the seas, we should not altogether regret it. It would force us to assume the lead ing and controling position to which our stieogth aDd wealth of resources entitle us As between a wai with England and ac ceptanee of tree trade for the United States we should unheasitatingly prefer the for mer. The latter would drain us of our life, independence and virility, while the former would give full compensation for all the temporary and partial losses by leaving us undisputed possessors of this continent and mistress of the seas, their islands, shores and commerce. OUTSIDE the usual order, somewhat, is the speech by Aldermau Harrison in the morniDg paper covering a couple ot columns of solid brevier space. It is ad dressed to the mayor and gentlemen of the council and treats of the sewerage ques tion. The evident purpose was to deliver the speech before the municipal parlia ment at a meeting specially ealled lor last evening, but a quorum not appearing the opportunity for a hearing ia the regular course was lost, and "without waiting for pe mission to print," as stated by a c >1 lesgue, "the alderman from the 5th ward rushes off to put Lis remarks in type." It appears that more or less contention has sprung up in the council in the matter ol the sewerage work, the manner of proceed ing with the contracts, purchase of ma terial, etc. Alderman Harrison has views of his own which he would like to see adopted against opposing views of the sewerage committee and a majority of Council colleagues. Without traversing the merits of the dis pute here, or questioning the d siuterested ness of the efforts of Aldermau Harriscn to induce the Council to act with him, (it being divulged he cannot act with the Council,) it would appear better if all material difference should be arrived at within the Council chamber, and that these extraordinary orations in future be avoided. A speech addressed to the Mayor ™d Council and delivered to the gallery gods is hardly the pioper thing. We fail to see the good in it, aud we should be sorry to witness its repetition. Only once in the history of the country has the duty on salt been entirely removed and that was between 1808-1813. The re sult was that the work of manufacture ceased and during the war that followed with Great Britain salt iu some of the states went np to $4 per bushel. That is wbat we get by killing out au American industry and depending on foreign supply. Under protection the home production of salt m rreased from 13,000,000 bushels in 1860 to 38,000,000 bushels in 1880 and though there was an increase of price be tween 1860 and 1870, owiug to general in fla'ion of prices, yet by 1880 the price was lower than ever before in the history of the country. If we were to destroy our home production again and war should occur with Eogland we might expect to see salt up to $1 per bushel. Protection has giveD us a sure home supply at cheaper rates than"-ver before known. A new silver vault has been completed at Washington capable of holding iu store a hundred millions of silver. If Cleve land is sincere in his late message and should use the powers given him to pro voke England to war, some better place than Washington should be selected for storing the nation's coin, for the British captured Washington and burned the Capitol during the war of 1812, aud with Cleveland to defend it they coaid stand some show to capture it again. DISCOURTESY, IS IT? According to tli9 Independent it is "Sena torial discourtesy" in Chandler to tell how Southern elections are carried for the Democracy. We bave just been reading Chandlers speech as published in the Congressional Retord of August 24th. There is no doubt that it must prove very unsavory reading for Democrats. It is not agreeable reading for any one who cares for the good name of his country, aud will be used with terrible effect by the enemies of liberty in all monarchical countries. The picture presented by Senator Chandler would be a disgrace to any half civilized country in any part of the world. We wish to God that it might be false and could so be proved. But the worst feature about it is its literal truth. Senator Chandler may have stated unwelcome 1 truths, he stated no falsehoods. There is no semblance of freedom of elections in some parts of the South, and very few will hesitate to avow and defend these acts at the South. And wheD Senator Edmunds moved, in the Senate, the appointment of a committee to investigate the suppression of the colored vote of JacksoD, Miss., the Birmingham Age, of Alabama, very disin genuously remarked, iu noticing it, that there was no need of euch a committee, for no one in Jackson would deny the fact, and closed by the significant inquiry : "Wbut are you goiDg to do about it, Mr. Edmunds ?" So far as the LouisaDa election« are con cerned they have been a fierce aad a fraud, when nothing worse, for the past forty-f'cu t years aud there is not a man of ordinary intelligence with any regard for truth, who would risk his reputaiion on a denial of the fact. Loui ana was carried for Polk by the mo3t notorious frauds and there has never been an honsst election in any recent years. For instance at the last election, the vote of Madison Parish was returned by 3,530 votes for Nicbols and none for Warmoutb. Now, Hon. Frank Morey lives in that Parish aud voted there and says that he voted for Warmouth and that he saw 200 votes for Warmouth cast in one small piecinct. There we:e thousands of Warmouth votes cast iu that single Parish and every one of them was counted for Nichols. So shameless have the manipulators of fraud become that they make no pretense of conceal ment or denial at home It is only at the far North, where such things are regarded with some decent disgust, that any one has the temerity to deny them. There are men here in Helena, and we have often talked with them, who have lived in Louisiana for years, by whom the truth of all that Senator Chandler sta'es of the general character of Louisiana elections could be proved uuder solemn oath as having Iranspirtd in their own ex perience and under their own observation. What are you goiDg to do about it? That is the usual closing inquiry following every development of the truth. Perhaps nothiug can be done about it. So far noth ing has been done that has proved of any effectual viitue, and much of the half-way work has done more harm than good. To believe that such a state of things will always continue is to doubt the final tri umph cf tiutb, justice and free govern ment. To sty that any decent, self-respeetiDg black-man is voluntarily voting the Demo cratic ticket either south or north, is sup posing that men naturally and voluntarily love their enemies rather than their friends. We remember to haveseen quotations from a negro paper, in New Orleans, showing that the negroes were supporting Nieho's. Now every single negro coanett ed with that paper was holdmg place in the New Oriears custom house. Of course there are plenty of negroer. as there are white men, who will sell their votes, but they are de-pised by every decent man ol their own raee. It is au unpltasant matter to think about or to talk about. Nor do we know that it produces much good ; ptrhep ; Doue at all. And yet when men will call it ''dis courtesy" to tell the truth we ere bound to assert the truth and our firm belief that all that Senator Chandler has tsserted of Louisiana elections is true and that the truth has not half been told. " Subscriber ' complains of the mis sending of letteis, and papers and conse quent delay in receipt of Can} on Ferry mail. Will the postal authorities look into this matte:': Canyon Ferry is le?s than fifteen miles from Helena and has a tri-weekly mail service. Complaints a so come from Bedford, and other near points east of Hel ens. Mail matter from this city eon s'antly miscarries—that is tosayqia carried by and returned from points further east. Montana in all directions suffers from poor postal service. In one place it is inade quate ; iu another inefficient. It is small satisfaction to say that, the mail service in this territory is no worse than elsewhere throughout the West and Northwest. It seems vain to expect redrtss of grievances under the Cleveland regime. Harrison will help us after March 4:h next. This dry weather coming on the heels of such a luxuriant growth of grass will increase greatly the dangeis from prairie fires, and too much dilligence cannot be used iu anticipating such results. In the first place as much grass as possible should be cut and stacked securely against any possible danger of burning and preventive measures should be used to keep spaces of security by plowing and clearing, from anything that can burn. We shall be greatly surprised if there is not more than usual loss this year from ptairie fires, even with all the extra cantion that past ex perience suggests. The stories that come from Florida of the panic caused by the appeaiance of yellow fever at Jacksonville are hardly credible, bat human nature has often, un der such circumstances, shown itself capa ble of being turned to flint and all the milk of human kindness curdled in an in stant. Happily such conditions are tran sient, and the better elements soon assert themselves and rise to the surface and as sume control. Perhaps the drainage of so mach swamp land in the State has some thing to co with this outbreak of fever. 1 The Democrats say that they are legis lating for the many consumers as against the many producers. A country that does not protect, encourage and assist its pro ducers will soon go to rot. The wealth, growth aud strength of a country come from its producers aud not from its con sumers. Production comes before consump tion in the natural order of things Things have to be produced before they can be consumed. It has always been the study of sound statesmanship and political economy to increase production and di minish consumption. A nation, no more than an individual, gains by what it consumes. So the national policy that is framed to promote consumption and discourage production, is one of decay and death. If it costs $2.50 more for a nice suit of clothes made in this country from wool grown in this country, it is in accordance with all sound principles of statesmanship and politico' economy for an American citizen to prefer to pay it than to send to Great Britain for it and buy from one who pays no wages to American workmen and no taxes to support American government. The twenty-five cents extra that we pay for an American made pair of blankets is not lost or wasted. It does not go out of the country. Money sent abroad is slow to come back, but spent in this country it passes through many hands and keeps up the vital circulation. The good book tells us, "There is that which withholdeth and it tendeth to poverty." I; is 2. life likeness of Democratic economy. It allows money to be idle in the treasury, rather than pay premiums öd bonds, though millions could be saved by doing so. It wili not pay a dollar for subsidy and allows the $700,000.000 of tn nual irade of South America go to the con tinent first. Rather than that the Ameri can workiDgman should make $2.00 per day, it prefers that the foreign manufac turer should make his thousands and mil lions. We haven't seen an argument that could influence a reasonable human being living iu any Northern Btate, outside of seaport cities aud towns, to support the Br.tish policy of the present administra tion. There isn't an argument that can be se; up on that side with enough backbone to hold it Irum collapse at the slightest breath of investigation. Not only all the arguments are against the Democratic posi tion, but all the presumptions are equally so. Could it be presumed that the par;y that always upheld aad advocated chattel slaver/ would be the champion of the laboring men? Could it be presumed that roeu so recently in a'liance with British Tories and at war with the North would hesitate to prefer English interests to those of the people of the Northern States? Could it be that a policy unanimously ap proved by our sharpest rivals and tradi tional enemies would l»e the policy lor us to adopt? The British press would not rejoice and glory over anything that was for the interest aud credit of the United States. They rejoice ove r advantages that England will gain at our expense. Argu ments, pr<sumptions aud facts are ail on one side, and they form an unbroken phalanx for Harrison and Morton. Cleveland Democrats are dissatisfied not to say disgusted wih the young aristo crat, Brice, whose money put him at the head of the Democratic committee. There is disappointment in his failure to respond with the expected million and in conse quence the importers are slow with their big subscriptions Briee. the other day, was publicly quoted as reflecting upon Cleveland by declaring that "the Repub cans have a candidate who helps himself. " This enraged Grover, and his New York organ, ihe Herald angrily lectured the committee chief. "Mr Briee may accept it as a kindness," says the Herald , "if we inlorm him that the Democratic party is not to be carried to victory by aDy political Nickel-plate Rail way arrangement. It will be more useful to him to hear tb : s in a friendly spirit now than to wait until November, when he may be compelled to hear it in a tone far from friendly." James G. Blaine has the happy facul ty of hitting the exact turning point iu every controversy, and those who ihink^to catch him making a blunder always get the full contents of his biuuderbuss iu return. English prosperity uuder free trade is the only argument the Democracy has to offer under the a poste riori method. It was exactly in point for Mr. Blaine to show that all the accumulated savings of the working people of Eng and were less than those of the single small state of Massachusetts, while the savings of New York workiugmen were50 per cent greater tbau all the savings of all classes in Eng land. A more convincing showing it is impossible to make. Euglaud has had free trade for more than a lull generation; she has sacrificed her agricultural inter est for manufactures, for which she has special advantages, and yet she cannot show as much saved from the earnings of thirty million people as by one-tenth part that number in the United States under protection. And if British workmen have not saved, more of their earnings it is not because they have speDt it in luxurious living. The manufacturers in Great Britain make all the profit above a bate living doled out to the laborers, and yet these British man ufacturers are the ones preferred by our Democracy to do our manufacturing. English papers agree pretty closely in their opinions as to the Fisheries message The St. James Gazette thinks "its intention is to influence votes or to bluff Canada." The London Globe bluntly says "Cleveland has attempted to bid for the Irish vote." A Toronto, Canada, paper thinks the Pres ident is "playing to the gallery'' and "try ing to outbid the Blaine Harrison combi nation for the anti-British vote." Blaine delive r ed a masterful speech at Lewiston, Me, Saturday. He roasted Cleveland's fisheries message. NEW YORK REPUBLICANS. Not less iu the nominations male than iu the platform adopted, the New York Re publicans have "organized vieto-y." Sen- j ator Warner Miller is ODe of the ablest acd most influential men in the State. He is a personification of protection as m ich as McKinley, of Ouio. Iu central and north ern New York he is the strongest man by all odds, where his name will tea rallying cry for a fuli Republican vote. The plat form is no less admirable. Besides the endorsement of the Chicago, platform, it fully and heartily approves of the rejection of the fisheries treaty, favors high license, aud demauds a revision of the natural za tion laws, as well as greater res ridions upon the importation of contract laborers, paupers and criminals. In all these ,t represents the advanced aud growing sen timent of the country. The time baseome for some vigorous action iu regard tj the immigration tha t is beiDg pouied upon our shotes as the result of cheap rates of passage and competition of shipping agents. While we would not lay a straw in the way of the j^>od, desirable class of immi grants, who come in good faith intending to become citizens in due time and able to support themselves, we would make the law s.riugeut enough to keep out every criminal and pauper as well as tho e "white coolies" that are imported to cheap en and degrade American lahor_ We have reached a stage of development when we can afford to be more particular about the quality ,of material that we take from abroad to transform in o citizen ship. Nor would it be unwise to require longer residence aud some familiarity with our constitutiou and form of governmmt betöre conferring citizenship. They are still introducing new measures in Congiess, though there is no possibility of having them considered. We should like to see the answer made to that resolution of inquiry introduced by Mason, of Illinois, calling for information as to the amount subscribed to the Democratic campaign fand fc thoee backs that are usiDg fifty millions of public money without interest The interest that nr'gbt lie saved to the government on this amount of money in vested iu outstanding bonds at rates at which they are daily tendered to the gov ernment would amoun* to a million dot lars in a year. Those who get such a gra tuity from the administration ought to divide. The Democratic uomiuee for Delegate in Idaho is J. G. Hawley. Burke would not permit his came to go before the con vention arter it had voted to admit Mor mon delegates and ceg'ected to give any expression in the platform on the tariff' issue. In his speech Burke denounced Cleveland's free trade message and the Mills bill, aud the convention adjourned feeling very sick over the party outlook iu Idaho. Both Burke and Brov n declare Hawley cannot carry the Panhandle coun ties, because of the unity of both parties ia tba» put of the Territory on the tariff question. It is charged and Las never been denied that our government reeenily advertised for 2,000 blankets, and gave the contract of supplviug them to an English firm becaus j their bid wac thirty cents lower. That is the kind of government Democracy gives us. Contrast this with the action of the Cana dian government refusing to accept the bid of T. C. Power or beef, though con fessedly lower tha ï ail others. A govern ment that does not prefer its own peop e and their interests to all others does not deserve to be supported by the people it betrays and sacrifices Northern Michigan is agaiu suffering from fores t fires. It seems as if the fre I j I ! j i : . quent recurrence of these calamities would suggest some effective means of protection on the part of the state govern ment. Certainly people so constantly ex poqpd should provide themselves with means o: escape for their lives. Saratoga Springs gives notice that its Grand Army delegation to Columbus will coûte t for the encampment of 1889. Many cogent reasons are presented why the famous watering resort should be selected in preference to any other. Voting Precincts. With the threeor lour thousand votes that Helena will oust at lue election this fall it will be next to au impossibility to have them all po led at oue pla.e, as has hereto tore been the custom, aud some provision must be made to increase the facilities, t his lies iu the province of the Board ot County Com missioneis, who mett next week, aud will uo doubt come up lor their consideration. At least two polling places should be established lor the city, or more it it could be doue to advantage. Thanks to Missoula's prodigit and Jeffcrsou eouuiy's adopted son, Hod. Will Kennedy, the Territory is without a registration lax, aud there is no piecautiou but eternal vigi lance that can be exercised to preveut "re peaters" from gettmg in tneir work at the election in large cities. The liability fur illegal votiug in cities the size of He eua, where there is no restricting law, imr a s with the number ot polling p aces, aud he more polls there are the more chance there is for the "repeaters " The heavy vote ot two years ago demonstrated that one polling place is not enough lor Helena, but in trying to correct this evil there is no use risking a grea er ODe, which would be incurred by opeuiog polls in every ward. ith the sale-guard thrown around our city eleetitus by the registration ordi nance, this is jJl well enough, but in the Territorial eleetioa, where the polis are open all day, there is no reason why two polling places, one ou the east and one on the west side of Helena. would not answer the purpose. That more than oue precinct should be created is beyond question but we fail to see the ad autage of voting by wards The commissioners will doubt,ess give the matter due consideration aud decide lor the best interests of the city. Our county friends shonld also bestir themselves to see that the pieeiocts are properly distributed. Several new settle ments bave been made since the last elec tion, and these should not be neglected. Every new town in tne county where there are twenty-five or more voters should see to it that the county board is officially m'oruied of its existence :u order that a votiug place may be established. j CITY COUNCIL. Mayor'Fuller Declines to Violate Law on the Solicitation ofthrt he Council. Sewerage Business Considérée» and Lines Laid Out for Immediate Work. A special meeting of the City Council was held last Saturday evening to consider the sewerage question. Iu response to the reeoutiOD of the Council, asking the Mayor to go ca»t to purchase sewer pipe. Mayor Fuller replied by the following communi cation : To the Honorablefhe City Cuureil —Gc-u tlen.ei : By a resolution adopted at your meeting on the 22d instant, 1 was author ized to proceed to such points in the Last as I might deem advisable and contract tor the purchase i f sewer pipe, at the same I time securing the mort auvautageous rates fir the transportation of the same. It was j the conclusion of your body after some I consideration that this was the most pru ! dent and expeditious means of makiug the purebase, aud perhaps the only one that j would make it jiossible to proceed with the i work this year, aud so avoid the loss of in : terest that wtil accrue steadily on the bonds. This view impressed me stronger whin I learned that the cost ol transporta tion was so serious an item of the expense, . involving the employment of uo Usa than 145 ears. In defereuce to your request, I was will ing to undertake the duty if it should ap pear that the unanimity of your action represented iu the same degree the wishes of the lax payers of the city. In the me en 1 ime I have lie ( rd some doubt ex pressed about the legality of the pioposed proceeding aud some criticism upon the action ot the Council. Without attempt ing to pass upon the points that have been raised. I must decline to accept the assign ment in the faee of any such fteliug. I tbereloie recommend that proposals be ad vertised tor in the Helena aud some East ern papers for the necessaty quantity of sewer pije, and that the period for receiv ing proposals be made as brief as will per mit of full competition. I lurther recommend that the contracts for the diggmg of the ditches be let iu shoit sections so that the work may be op» u to small bidders, and that every precaution be taken to make it eertaiu that the money shall be expended among the people of Helena aud that the coatiacts slu 1 not be let to anyone wüo wilt seek to import la borers to perform the work. Tne people have devolved upon the present ci'y ad ministiation the duty of entering upon tin wirk of providing a system ot se-verage. The bonds authorized to be issued for that purpose were si id a". a figure winch is complimentary to tue s anding of Helena in the money cernera ot the couutry The work that is divolved upon us to perform is important aud difficult. We can net es cape the censure o! ail persous who have selfish interes s that they ate seeking to piomott; but I believe that it is the wish of the aldermen, as it certainly is of my self, to proceed promptly and vigorously to carry out the wishes ot the people. Respectfully, Thomas P. Filler, Mayor. The communication was received aud tue City Clerk was instructeu to advertise for bids for sswer pipe m tho Helena and »asteru papers at once. The contract to be let about e>eptem> er 15th. TO HE BUILT AT ONCE On motion it was then ordered that work on the sewerage system be com menced and prosecuted this fall on the fol lowing lines: DISTRICT NO- 1 Section 1. Beginning at the new street east of the Moutaua Central depot from Lynda'.e avenue to the new' street south of the Montana Central depot ; thence west along the street las mentioned to Centre street; thence south aloDg Centre sheet to Sixth avenue; thence e..st along Sixth avenue to Main str et. and thence south along Maiü street to Cutler street. Section 2. Beginning at the intersec tion of I.yndale avenue and the uew street ••ast of the Montana Central depot; thence we.-terly along Lyudale aveDue to the street west of the Montana Central depot; thence sjutherly along the stieet last mentioned to Stuart street; thence west along Stuart street to Benton aveDue, and theuce south aloug BeDtou avenue to Spruce Street. Section 3. Begiou ug at the intersection of Helena avenue with Main Sireet ; theuce southerly to Sixth avenue. A'so, begin ning a' the intersection ot Union aDd Ceutre streets and iUDDing thence east to Main street. DISTRICT NO 2. £e t on 4. Beginning a f the intersection of Elm aud Harris streets; theuce south along Harris street to Phoenix avenue; thence west along Pboeoix avenue to Mon tana avenue. aDd thence Miuth along Mon tana avenue to 11th avenue. Si-ition 5 Beginning at the intersection of Montana avenue aud 11th avenue; thence south aloug Dakota avenue to Breekenrnige sireet; thence west along Bteckeuridge to K street; tbeDcealoog K siieet to Broadway; thence west aloug Broadway to Chaucer street, and thence south along Chaucer to Biidge s'rect. Section 6. Beginning at the intersection of Pbœoix aucune and Harris street; thence south a 1 ug Harris street over the r gilt of way of the Northern Pacific Rail road to the intersection of Harris street with Helena avertie on the sa d right of way; thence a'oag H- lma aveuut to Idaho aveuue; theuce along Idaho avenue to Davis street. Section 7. Beginning at the Dtersectiou of Idaho avenue and Davis street, aud running thence on Davis to Bridge street. Section 8 Beginning at the intersection cf Harris street vvuh Helena avenue ex tended over the right of way of the N< rth eru Pacific railroad ; theuce south aloug Harris to Gal'atin street; thence west al ug Gallatin to Sanders street; thence south along Sanders to MLsoula avenue: thence west along Missoula avenue to Robert s reef, and thence south aloDg Robert street to P<ospe.it avenue. The Council then adjourned. yjAcoBs oil I''or T£heum«ti»ni IRAND NE W, STR ONG PROOFS jc Years. Htwtoa, 111 . May *3. IMS From IB*3 to 1889-01 jut 32 year*—I auSer*4 With rheumatism of th* hip I «as cured by the use of St. Jacobs 01) TO DODD. iB Years. Maple Hill. Mich May 9, 1988. Mr JOHN J SMITH Ensley. Michigan, was afflicted with rheumatism 19 years his case was pronounced Incurable by two physicians, but was cured by it. Jacobs Oil aad hae remained so two paars. g McCREAP.r, Druggist. Jtnce 1885 . Ho BrarchTMich . May 81. 1838. Fall of 1889 was taXsn with Inflammatory Rheu matism and suffered two weals was cured by ooe bottle of gt. Ja cobs Oil M rs J H VAHDSCAH. AT DH0ÔGÏ8TS AMD DEALER— «ME CHARLES A. VOGELER CO.. Baltimorg. MO. Northern Pacific to Build the Hoad. Winnipeg, August 28.— The legislature convened to-day. The provucial govern ment made public the agreement with the Northern Pacific. The government will complete the Red River Valley road from Pembina to Winnipeg, w.th a biaueh to Portage La Prairie before November 1st, and transfer to the Northern Pacific id cost. The Northern Pacific will budd within the year from Morrison the Red Rivtr Vail y road to Brandon. Pooling or sMfiiig stock to the Caindian Pacific or Minnearolin and Manitoba roads, or tatir aflhus is prohibited.