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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, August 30, 1888, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1888-08-30/ed-1/seq-2/

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It is carious to read the comments on
the President's message called out by the
rejection of the Fisheries treaty. The evi
dent unpopularity of the treaty and its
almost ignonimous failure to receive any
approval in or cut of Congress, led the ad
ministration to make a short trim, to see
if it could not overtake the receding tidal
Its following so clo.ie upon the rejection
of the treaty shows that it was prepared
in hot haste and under the spur of the
stingmg rebuke contained in the rejection
without even an attempt at amendment.
All at once from a cowardly spirit of
willing submission to any possible outrage
and affront, the President proceeds to call
attention to new outrages and asks for
additional powers to apply the remedy of
retaliation in its fullest extent.
No matter if it is intruded as a bluff or
a bid to alienated or hesitating supporters,
the facts brought to public notice deserve
the remedies suggested. We hope Con
gress will put atjtbe immediate disposal of
the President all the powers [he asks for
and all the means necessary to carry out
If the President bad posscs-ed hereto
fore the spirit that be expresses in his late
message he would uot have allowed the
act of Congress giving him power of re
taliatory action to lay two years without
an attempt to use it.
The Canadian press, commenting on tLc
message, says the course recommended
would be barbarous. If it is so, then the
course that demands retaliation is barhtr
ous. It other nations act barbarously to
wards us, as the Canadians have for a long
time and in numerous cases, it is no moie
barbarous for us to treat them in the tame
style. Retaliation simply means treating
olhers as they treat us. If such treatment
is barbarous, their treatment of us has
been barbarous, and we ere forced to resort
to barbarous methods to accommodate our
selves to the manners and habits of thos-;
we are dealing with.
We have no ill-will against Canadians
generally or individually. In fact from all
that we have seen of them, we like them.
We like them so weil tLat we would not
hesitate to admit them to equal citizenship
in our Union, and we know of no way in
the world in which wecould express higher
esteem for them. But we are out of a 1
patience with the paltry swindling policy
of the present Canadian administration
We want no one sided treaties, no ovei
reacbiDg reciprocity. In lact, we think the
time has come to say plaioly to the Cana
dians, choose which you will, but you must
either be altogether British, or altogether
American. If intercourse contenues, it
must be mutually enlightened and gener
ous, or mutually barbarous or intercourse
must cease altogether. We shall never
seek to acquire any portion of Canada by
force unless war arises with Great Britain
and then of course we would take Canada
as a necessary war measure. We should
certainly never allow an exposed frontier
lice of thousands of miles to
become a long line if dan
ger, requiring a vast army
to watch and protect. It would be cheaper
and better in every way to raise an army
of half a million of men at once and make
short and complete work of it in a single
season's campaign. It would not take as
long lor our armies to overrun Canada as
it drd the Germans to conquer France.
Wars of modern times are short, sharp and
decisive, andpn this case it would settled
for all time, and it would be to hold
against aDy future possibility of danger.
No more forte or war vessels would ever
be needed or seen aloDg the great lakes
and inland rivers.
Now the president is in the humor let
him have all the pewer and means neces
sary lor any contingency. Let Congress
vote a credit of one hundred miliion> and
show that we mean business.
A few years ago Gen. Alger, at that
time Governor of Michigan, gave to Lis old
comrade-in-arms, General Sheridan, $10,
000 in money on condition that it should
be invested in a life insurance policy and
that the policy should Ire kept up lor the
benefit of his widow. 1 he money was in
vested iu a life insurance policy lor $25,
000, and inquiry since the death of Gen.
Sheridau is answered by the statement that
there had been no defaults in the pay
ments upon the policy.
"Politics," remarks a traveling man,
"is something of a matter of ciimate— it
deperds on the mean annual temperature.
In Dakota, where the air is cool aad brac
ing, the people are nearly all Republicans.
Ju Iowa the weather is several degrees
warmer and the Democrats are a little
mors numerous. Iu Missouri it's considera
ble warmer, and the Democrats are iu the
majority. In Texas, where it's blasted
hot, the people are nine-tenths Democrats.
And in bell it's unanimous! 1 teil you,sir,
it's all in the climate."
Yesterday a Herald representative
caught Gov. Hauser on the fly, as it were,
and to a polite salutation as the buggy
sped past came the shout, "Harrison will
get there !" It is barely possible we l'aiied
to catch the exact words, but that's the
way it souuded upon our auricula». If
really then, is a mistake, we are prepaied
to accept as competent the testimony of the
Governor's good wife and make correction
What Blaine had to say about "trusts"
was that they were ia no way directly con
nected with the question of protection, for
they were as rife and rampant iu England
as America. It did uot even need a refer
ence to England, for the Coal Oil Trust is
the outgrowth of an unprotected industry.
It bad the power to elect Payne a Senator
from Ohio, and gave his sou-in-law. Whit
ney, a seat iu the Cabinet. This is bring
ing the "trust" business pretty close up to
the head of the Democratic administration.
Cleveland despairs of the adjournment
of Congress and has gone to the Virginia
mountains for an outing. He will be
absent ssveral days.
The Sacramento Record-Union of August
21st is a memorial number to Charles
Crocker, lately deceased. Three pages of
the paper are devoted to the account of bis
sickness, death, funeral, a history of his
life, personal anecdote», acd extracts from
the press of the State. To most people
Crocker is only known as one of the mil
lionaire railroad kings. The fact of bis
wealth and success is by many
accepted as proof that he robbed
others of what rightfully belonged
to them. The simple, honest truth, if any
one will patiemly seek it, and candidly
acknowledge it, is that he created his
wealth out of nothing—by his faith,energy
and business capacity. He took hold of
enterprises that others would not touch,
because he believed he could make them
succeed. If he made some millions for
himself he made ten times as much for
California. In saying this much, in jus
tice, we do not pretend that he might not
have won a more enviable fame in later
yetis by giving more liberal rates of
transportation. But men who have gone
through the s'ruggle for years like Crock
er. planning and coLtriviDg to anticipate
and avoid losses and failures and to meet
heavy and multiplyingobligationsprompt
ly, acquire habits that cannot readily be
changed. The general public only think
of their interests acd judge eueh men as
Crocker, as in tome sense public servants,
in duty bound to labor for the public good.
Mr. Ciocker simply conducted rail reading
as a business to make money from, as all
men conduct business.
It is true that Mr. Crocker gave away
much in charity, though not in a way to
attract applause.
We wish that ihe country had more
such men as Crocker. The whole country
is stronger, more united and vastly richer
for the work he has done and in the
centuries to come when the roll of Cali
'orniu's great bene'actors is called the
name of Charles Crocker will stand high
on the litt.
Harper's Magazine for September con
tains an article on "Two Montana Cities"
by Edwards Roberts which will have
peculiar interest to Helena and Butte
readers. It is well illustrated by general
and detailed views We have Meyendoiff
pouring gold in the Assay Office and
"Uncle Tommy Cruse" as natural as life.
The court bouses at Helena and Butte will
give the country and the world some idea
of what we Lave achieved in the way ol
permauent improvements. The narrative
•iccount is in every way complimentary
uot to say flattering, and in the main, cor
rect. It is error to say that Helena received
her name at a meeting held in the cabin of
Uncle John Somervilie, for Unc'e John's
cabin was up in Nelson gulch. The meet
ing was held in Capt. Woods' cabin, which
stood on upper Main street where Suili
van's barber shop now stands. But such
infl ng errors cannot detract from the gen
eral Ia\orahle impression that the article
will convey to its half million or more
readers. It is by far the best advertising
that Helena ever had. Mr. Cruse
will no doubt be surprised at the
price he was said to have received for the
Drum Lummon mine, and we would not be
surprised if one of the results would be
numerous applications to build universi
ties, asylums or pay off national dtbts
Butte has equal justice doue to her minmg
wealth and prospects. She is ranked as
the greatest mining city in the world, aud
is not really as bad a place to live in as
represented. The article must have been
prepared some months ago, for both Butte
and Helena have made great acquisitions
since that are not noticed.
There has been much said of the wis
dom of free trade as shown in placing
quinine on the free list. It is oue of those
articles most suitable for the free list, at
least so fa: as the bark is concerned from
which the medicinal preparation is made.
But it was insisted that the people would
not be benefitUd unless all preparations
were made free. Now for the results The
price has declined but little, and no* any
more than in England where there was no
duty removed. It has closed every manu
factory of quinine in the country except
one, and those who used to manufacture
now buy the English and German article,
putting oa American brands. We send
abroad $3,500,000 in gold to pay fer
what might have be;n saved at home. It
has closed factories, driven American capi
tal aud labor out of business and imposed
a heavy annual dia'n upon our resonreas ;
and in all probability has not made the price
to the consumer perceptibly lower than it
would otherwise have heeD. Dr. English, of
Millburu, N. J., says, with a moderate duty
on the bark, we could easily grow the
eichoua tree in this country and in case of
a foreign war, it would be of inestimable
value to have a home supply. We can all
remember what fabulous prices were paid
for quinine during our late war.
Mr. Hoard, who was nominated for i
Governor by the Republicans of Wiscon
sin last week, w as one of the party of agri
cultural editois who visited Montana in
June last. He edits a weekly paper at Mt.
Atkinson and is largely interested in the
dairy business. In appearance be pos
sesses somewhat the personal beauty of
Abraham Lincoln, whom he further re
sembles by a peculiar talent for story-tell- j
iDg. He is a man of high ebameter acd
excellent sense, and secured the Domina
tion by not seeking it.
The Republicans of Lewie and Clark«
for some days have had before them the I
apportionment and con rention call of the i
county committee. It is expected that uo j
preeinet will be remiss iu attending to the
primaries and electing to the convention
the representatives to which it is entitled. !
The Republicans of Lewis and C'lake have
this year a majority strong enough to
carry every candidate, if wisely chosen, to
certain victory. Locally and territorially
there is a feeling of confidence in Republi
can success, and no disappointment in this
respect is possible, with the party acting
together and determined to prevail.
We have seen no reason to change oar
first estimate of Cleveland's message fol
lowing the rejection of his Fisheries
Treaty. It is the first acd only thing that
we have seen coming from that source
that ever showed any proper American
spirit. And though it is so evidently a
bluff, so sharp and sudden a change in the
entire spirit and aim of the administration,
we are exceedingly anxious that Republi
cans shall join in with the Demacrats aDd
give Clvelaud all the power that he asks
and encourage him to go ahead. It will
soon appear w ho has got his foot in the
trap. For two years the act has been on
the statute books giviDg the President
power to retaliate, and not the
first step has been taken in that
direction. In lact everything has
be n done at headquarters in Washington
as if dictated from London or Ottawa.
Nothing too good could be said of Cleve
land by the English and Canadian press.
Hopes that were shattered by the defeat of
the rebellion have had a tew birth. In
stead of an ill jointed, shackling con
federacy in alliance, Great Britain has of
lata been gloatiDg over the prospect of
having the whole United States subordi
nated to the interests of British manufac
turers and shippers. That this long tried
and complacent tool of the British aris
tocracy should have suddenly become a
rampant deft nder of the honor and inter
ests of the people of the United States is
bewildering to the Britons and Cana
dians. In his message he has put
himself in position that if the power and
means are at once given in response to his
request he will be obliged to go ahead and
use them, or he will be foiever disgraced.
It will be a gigantic mistake if Republi
cans do not take the President at his word
and leave him without the possibility of
an excuse to show the sincerity of the sen
timents contained in his message. How
I remarkable that, afeer having borne in
patience these outrages for years, having
denied and apologized for them all this
time, now the}' are al! con fesse el at once in
their magnitude and new ones added, that
cail for still larger powers of retaliation.
Of course, we understand fuliy that it is
pretty serious bupiuess talking about war
with the greatest naval power in the world.
But in the first place we have no idea that
with all the power asked for, or more,
Cleveland could be driven into any act of
hostility to England. Next, we do not be
lieve England would go to war even to
save Canada from being permanently an
nexed to the United States. And lastly,
though it should prove to be a long, costly
aad decisive contest for the supremacy ol
the seas, we should not altogether regret
it. It would force us to assume the lead
ing and controling position to which our
stieogth aDd wealth of resources entitle us
As between a wai with England and ac
ceptanee of tree trade for the United States
we should unheasitatingly prefer the for
mer. The latter would drain us of our
life, independence and virility, while the
former would give full compensation for
all the temporary and partial losses by
leaving us undisputed possessors of this
continent and mistress of the seas, their
islands, shores and commerce.
OUTSIDE the usual order, somewhat, is
the speech by Aldermau Harrison in the
morniDg paper covering a couple ot
columns of solid brevier space. It is ad
dressed to the mayor and gentlemen of the
council and treats of the sewerage ques
tion. The evident purpose was to deliver
the speech before the municipal parlia
ment at a meeting specially ealled lor last
evening, but a quorum not appearing the
opportunity for a hearing ia the regular
course was lost, and "without waiting for
pe mission to print," as stated by a c >1
lesgue, "the alderman from the 5th ward
rushes off to put Lis remarks in type." It
appears that more or less contention has
sprung up in the council in the matter ol
the sewerage work, the manner of proceed
ing with the contracts, purchase of ma
terial, etc. Alderman Harrison has
views of his own which he
would like to see adopted against
opposing views of the sewerage committee
and a majority of Council colleagues.
Without traversing the merits of the dis
pute here, or questioning the d siuterested
ness of the efforts of Aldermau Harriscn to
induce the Council to act with him, (it
being divulged he cannot act with the
Council,) it would appear better if all
material difference should be arrived at
within the Council chamber, and that
these extraordinary orations in future be
avoided. A speech addressed to the Mayor
™d Council and delivered to the gallery
gods is hardly the pioper thing. We fail
to see the good in it, aud we should be
sorry to witness its repetition.
Only once in the history of the country
has the duty on salt been entirely removed
and that was between 1808-1813. The re
sult was that the work of manufacture
ceased and during the war that followed
with Great Britain salt iu some of the
states went np to $4 per bushel. That is
wbat we get by killing out au American
industry and depending on foreign supply.
Under protection the home production of
salt m rreased from 13,000,000 bushels in
1860 to 38,000,000 bushels in 1880 and
though there was an increase of price be
tween 1860 and 1870, owiug to general in
fla'ion of prices, yet by 1880 the price was
lower than ever before in the history of
the country. If we were to destroy our
home production again and war should
occur with Eogland we might expect to
see salt up to $1 per bushel. Protection
has giveD us a sure home supply at cheaper
rates than"-ver before known.
A new silver vault has been completed
at Washington capable of holding iu store
a hundred millions of silver. If Cleve
land is sincere in his late message and
should use the powers given him to pro
voke England to war, some better place
than Washington should be selected for
storing the nation's coin, for the British
captured Washington and burned the
Capitol during the war of 1812, aud with
Cleveland to defend it they coaid stand
some show to capture it again.
According to tli9 Independent it is "Sena
torial discourtesy" in Chandler to tell how
Southern elections are carried for the
Democracy. We bave just been reading
Chandlers speech as published in the
Congressional Retord of August 24th.
There is no doubt that it must prove very
unsavory reading for Democrats. It is not
agreeable reading for any one who cares
for the good name of his country, aud will
be used with terrible effect by the enemies
of liberty in all monarchical countries.
The picture presented by Senator Chandler
would be a disgrace to any half civilized
country in any part of the world. We wish
to God that it might be false and could so
be proved. But the worst feature
about it is its literal truth. Senator
Chandler may have stated unwelcome 1
truths, he stated no falsehoods. There is
no semblance of freedom of elections in
some parts of the South, and very few will
hesitate to avow and defend these acts at
the South. And wheD Senator Edmunds
moved, in the Senate, the appointment of
a committee to investigate the suppression
of the colored vote of JacksoD, Miss., the
Birmingham Age, of Alabama, very disin
genuously remarked, iu noticing it, that
there was no need of euch a committee, for
no one in Jackson would deny the fact,
and closed by the significant inquiry :
"Wbut are you goiDg to do about it, Mr.
Edmunds ?"
So far as the LouisaDa election« are con
cerned they have been a fierce aad a fraud,
when nothing worse, for the past forty-f'cu t
years aud there is not a man of ordinary
intelligence with any regard for truth,
who would risk his reputaiion on a denial
of the fact. Loui ana was carried for Polk
by the mo3t notorious frauds and there
has never been an honsst election in any
recent years. For instance at the last
election, the vote of Madison Parish was
returned by 3,530 votes for Nicbols and
none for Warmoutb. Now, Hon. Frank
Morey lives in that Parish aud voted there
and says that he voted for Warmouth and
that he saw 200 votes for Warmouth cast
in one small piecinct. There we:e
thousands of Warmouth votes cast iu that
single Parish and every one of them
was counted for Nichols. So shameless
have the manipulators of fraud become
that they make no pretense of conceal
ment or denial at home It is only at the
far North, where such things are regarded
with some decent disgust, that any one has
the temerity to deny them. There are
men here in Helena, and we have often
talked with them, who have lived in
Louisiana for years, by whom the
truth of all that Senator Chandler sta'es
of the general character of Louisiana
elections could be proved uuder solemn
oath as having Iranspirtd in their own ex
perience and under their own observation.
What are you goiDg to do about it?
That is the usual closing inquiry following
every development of the truth. Perhaps
nothiug can be done about it. So far noth
ing has been done that has proved of any
effectual viitue, and much of the half-way
work has done more harm than good. To
believe that such a state of things will
always continue is to doubt the final tri
umph cf tiutb, justice and free govern
To sty that any decent, self-respeetiDg
black-man is voluntarily voting the Demo
cratic ticket either south or north, is sup
posing that men naturally and voluntarily
love their enemies rather than their
We remember to haveseen quotations from
a negro paper, in New Orleans, showing
that the negroes were supporting Nieho's.
Now every single negro coanett ed with that
paper was holdmg place in the New
Oriears custom house. Of course there
are plenty of negroer. as there are white
men, who will sell their votes, but they are
de-pised by every decent man ol their own
It is au unpltasant matter to think
about or to talk about. Nor do we know
that it produces much good ; ptrhep ; Doue
at all. And yet when men will call it ''dis
courtesy" to tell the truth we ere bound to
assert the truth and our firm belief that
all that Senator Chandler has tsserted of
Louisiana elections is true and that the
truth has not half been told.
" Subscriber ' complains of the mis
sending of letteis, and papers and conse
quent delay in receipt of Can} on Ferry mail.
Will the postal authorities look into this
matte:': Canyon Ferry is le?s than fifteen
miles from Helena and has a tri-weekly
mail service. Complaints a so come from
Bedford, and other near points east of Hel
ens. Mail matter from this city eon
s'antly miscarries—that is tosayqia carried
by and returned from points further east.
Montana in all directions suffers from poor
postal service. In one place it is inade
quate ; iu another inefficient. It is small
satisfaction to say that, the mail service in
this territory is no worse than elsewhere
throughout the West and Northwest. It
seems vain to expect redrtss of grievances
under the Cleveland regime. Harrison
will help us after March 4:h next.
This dry weather coming on the heels
of such a luxuriant growth of grass will
increase greatly the dangeis from prairie
fires, and too much dilligence cannot be
used iu anticipating such results. In the
first place as much grass as possible should
be cut and stacked securely against any
possible danger of burning and preventive
measures should be used to keep spaces of
security by plowing and clearing, from
anything that can burn. We shall be
greatly surprised if there is not more than
usual loss this year from ptairie fires, even
with all the extra cantion that past ex
perience suggests.
The stories that come from Florida of
the panic caused by the appeaiance of
yellow fever at Jacksonville are hardly
credible, bat human nature has often, un
der such circumstances, shown itself capa
ble of being turned to flint and all the
milk of human kindness curdled in an in
stant. Happily such conditions are tran
sient, and the better elements soon assert
themselves and rise to the surface and as
sume control. Perhaps the drainage of so
mach swamp land in the State has some
thing to co with this outbreak of fever.
The Democrats say that they are legis
lating for the many consumers as against
the many producers. A country that does
not protect, encourage and assist its pro
ducers will soon go to rot. The wealth,
growth aud strength of a country come
from its producers aud not from its con
sumers. Production comes before consump
tion in the natural order of things
Things have to be produced before they
can be consumed. It has always been the
study of sound statesmanship and political
economy to increase production and di
minish consumption. A nation, no
more than an individual, gains by what
it consumes. So the national policy
that is framed to promote consumption
and discourage production, is one of decay
and death. If it costs $2.50 more for a
nice suit of clothes made in this country
from wool grown in this country, it is in
accordance with all sound principles of
statesmanship and politico' economy for
an American citizen to prefer to pay it
than to send to Great Britain for it and
buy from one who pays no
wages to American workmen and no
taxes to support American government.
The twenty-five cents extra that we pay
for an American made pair of blankets is
not lost or wasted. It does not go out of
the country. Money sent abroad is slow
to come back, but spent in this country it
passes through many hands and keeps up
the vital circulation. The good book tells
us, "There is that which withholdeth and
it tendeth to poverty." I; is
2. life likeness of Democratic
economy. It allows money to be idle
in the treasury, rather than pay premiums
öd bonds, though millions could be saved
by doing so. It wili not pay a dollar for
subsidy and allows the $700,000.000 of tn
nual irade of South America go to the con
tinent first. Rather than that the Ameri
can workiDgman should make $2.00 per
day, it prefers that the foreign manufac
turer should make his thousands and mil
We haven't seen an argument that
could influence a reasonable human being
living iu any Northern Btate, outside of
seaport cities aud towns, to support the
Br.tish policy of the present administra
tion. There isn't an argument that can be
se; up on that side with enough backbone
to hold it Irum collapse at the slightest
breath of investigation. Not only all the
arguments are against the Democratic posi
tion, but all the presumptions are equally
so. Could it be presumed that the par;y
that always upheld aad advocated chattel
slaver/ would be the champion of the
laboring men? Could it be presumed that
roeu so recently in a'liance with British
Tories and at war with the North would
hesitate to prefer English interests to those
of the people of the Northern States?
Could it be that a policy unanimously ap
proved by our sharpest rivals and tradi
tional enemies would l»e the policy lor us
to adopt? The British press would not
rejoice and glory over anything that was
for the interest aud credit of the United
States. They rejoice ove r advantages that
England will gain at our expense. Argu
ments, pr<sumptions aud facts are ail on
one side, and they form an unbroken
phalanx for Harrison and Morton.
Cleveland Democrats are dissatisfied
not to say disgusted wih the young aristo
crat, Brice, whose money put him at the
head of the Democratic committee. There
is disappointment in his failure to respond
with the expected million and in conse
quence the importers are slow with their
big subscriptions Briee. the other day,
was publicly quoted as reflecting upon
Cleveland by declaring that "the Repub
cans have a candidate who helps
himself. " This enraged Grover,
and his New York organ, ihe Herald
angrily lectured the committee chief. "Mr
Briee may accept it as a kindness," says
the Herald , "if we inlorm him that the
Democratic party is not to be carried to
victory by aDy political Nickel-plate Rail
way arrangement. It will be more useful
to him to hear tb : s in a friendly spirit now
than to wait until November, when he
may be compelled to hear it in a tone far
from friendly."
James G. Blaine has the happy facul
ty of hitting the exact turning point iu
every controversy, and those who ihink^to
catch him making a blunder always get
the full contents of his biuuderbuss iu
return. English prosperity uuder free
trade is the only argument the Democracy
has to offer under the a poste riori method.
It was exactly in point for Mr. Blaine to
show that all the accumulated savings
of the working people of Eng and were
less than those of the single small state of
Massachusetts, while the savings of New
York workiugmen were50 per cent greater
tbau all the savings of all classes in Eng
land. A more convincing showing it is
impossible to make. Euglaud has had free
trade for more than a lull generation; she
has sacrificed her agricultural inter
est for manufactures, for which
she has special advantages, and
yet she cannot show as much
saved from the earnings of thirty million
people as by one-tenth part that number
in the United States under protection.
And if British workmen have not saved,
more of their earnings it is not because
they have speDt it in luxurious living.
The manufacturers in Great Britain make
all the profit above a bate living doled out
to the laborers, and yet these British man
ufacturers are the ones preferred by our
Democracy to do our manufacturing.
English papers agree pretty closely in
their opinions as to the Fisheries message
The St. James Gazette thinks "its intention
is to influence votes or to bluff Canada."
The London Globe bluntly says "Cleveland
has attempted to bid for the Irish vote."
A Toronto, Canada, paper thinks the Pres
ident is "playing to the gallery'' and "try
ing to outbid the Blaine Harrison combi
nation for the anti-British vote."
Blaine delive r ed a masterful speech at
Lewiston, Me, Saturday. He roasted
Cleveland's fisheries message.
Not less iu the nominations male than
iu the platform adopted, the New York Re
publicans have "organized vieto-y." Sen- j
ator Warner Miller is ODe of the ablest acd
most influential men in the State. He is a
personification of protection as m ich as
McKinley, of Ouio. Iu central and north
ern New York he is the strongest man by
all odds, where his name will tea rallying
cry for a fuli Republican vote. The plat
form is no less admirable. Besides the
endorsement of the Chicago, platform, it
fully and heartily approves of the rejection
of the fisheries treaty, favors high license,
aud demauds a revision of the natural za
tion laws, as well as greater res ridions
upon the importation of contract laborers,
paupers and criminals. In all these ,t
represents the advanced aud growing sen
timent of the country. The time baseome
for some vigorous action iu regard tj the
immigration tha t is beiDg pouied upon
our shotes as the result of cheap rates of
passage and competition of shipping
While we would not lay a straw in the
way of the j^>od, desirable class of immi
grants, who come in good faith intending
to become citizens in due time and able to
support themselves, we would make the
law s.riugeut enough to keep out every
criminal and pauper as well as tho e
"white coolies" that are imported to cheap
en and degrade American lahor_
We have reached a stage of development
when we can afford to be more particular
about the quality ,of material that we
take from abroad to transform in o citizen
ship. Nor would it be unwise to require
longer residence aud some familiarity with
our constitutiou and form of governmmt
betöre conferring citizenship.
They are still introducing new measures
in Congiess, though there is no possibility of
having them considered. We should like to
see the answer made to that resolution of
inquiry introduced by Mason, of Illinois,
calling for information as to the amount
subscribed to the Democratic campaign
fand fc thoee backs that are usiDg fifty
millions of public money without interest
The interest that nr'gbt lie saved to the
government on this amount of money in
vested iu outstanding bonds at rates at
which they are daily tendered to the gov
ernment would amoun* to a million dot
lars in a year. Those who get such a gra
tuity from the administration ought to
The Democratic uomiuee for Delegate
in Idaho is J. G. Hawley. Burke would
not permit his came to go before the con
vention arter it had voted to admit Mor
mon delegates and ceg'ected to give any
expression in the platform on the tariff'
issue. In his speech Burke denounced
Cleveland's free trade message and the
Mills bill, aud the convention adjourned
feeling very sick over the party outlook iu
Idaho. Both Burke and Brov n declare
Hawley cannot carry the Panhandle coun
ties, because of the unity of both parties
ia tba» put of the Territory on the tariff
It is charged and Las never been denied
that our government reeenily advertised
for 2,000 blankets, and gave the contract of
supplviug them to an English firm becaus j
their bid wac thirty cents lower. That is the
kind of government Democracy gives us.
Contrast this with the action of the Cana
dian government refusing to accept the
bid of T. C. Power or beef, though con
fessedly lower tha ï ail others. A govern
ment that does not prefer its own peop e
and their interests to all others does not
deserve to be supported by the people
it betrays and sacrifices
Northern Michigan is agaiu suffering
from fores t fires. It seems as if the fre
quent recurrence of these calamities would
suggest some effective means of
protection on the part of the state govern
ment. Certainly people so constantly ex
poqpd should provide themselves with
means o: escape for their lives.
Saratoga Springs gives notice that its
Grand Army delegation to Columbus will
coûte t for the encampment of 1889. Many
cogent reasons are presented why the
famous watering resort should be selected
in preference to any other.
Voting Precincts.
With the threeor lour thousand votes that
Helena will oust at lue election this fall it
will be next to au impossibility to have
them all po led at oue pla.e, as has hereto
tore been the custom, aud some provision
must be made to increase the facilities,
t his lies iu the province of the Board ot
County Com missioneis, who mett next
week, aud will uo doubt come up lor their
consideration. At least two polling places
should be established lor the city, or more
it it could be doue to advantage. Thanks
to Missoula's prodigit and Jeffcrsou
eouuiy's adopted son, Hod. Will Kennedy,
the Territory is without a registration lax,
aud there is no piecautiou but eternal vigi
lance that can be exercised to preveut "re
peaters" from gettmg in tneir work at the
election in large cities. The liability fur
illegal votiug in cities the size of He eua,
where there is no restricting law, imr a s
with the number ot polling p aces, aud he
more polls there are the more chance
there is for the "repeaters " The heavy
vote ot two years ago demonstrated that
one polling place is not enough lor Helena,
but in trying to correct this evil there is
no use risking a grea er ODe, which would
be incurred by opeuiog polls in every
ward. ith the sale-guard thrown around
our city eleetitus by the registration ordi
nance, this is jJl well enough, but in the
Territorial eleetioa, where the polis are
open all day, there is no reason why two
polling places, one ou the east and one on
the west side of Helena. would
not answer the purpose. That more
than oue precinct should be created
is beyond question but we fail
to see the ad autage of voting by wards
The commissioners will doubt,ess give the
matter due consideration aud decide lor
the best interests of the city.
Our county friends shonld also bestir
themselves to see that the pieeiocts are
properly distributed. Several new settle
ments bave been made since the last elec
tion, and these should not be neglected.
Every new town in tne county where there
are twenty-five or more voters should see
to it that the county board is officially
m'oruied of its existence :u order that a
votiug place may be established.
Mayor'Fuller Declines to Violate
Law on the Solicitation ofthrt he
Sewerage Business Considérée» and Lines
Laid Out for Immediate Work.
A special meeting of the City Council
was held last Saturday evening to consider
the sewerage question. Iu response to the
reeoutiOD of the Council, asking the Mayor
to go ca»t to purchase sewer pipe. Mayor
Fuller replied by the following communi
cation :
To the Honorablefhe City Cuureil —Gc-u
tlen.ei : By a resolution adopted at your
meeting on the 22d instant, 1 was author
ized to proceed to such points in the Last as
I might deem advisable and contract tor
the purchase i f sewer pipe, at the same
I time securing the mort auvautageous rates
fir the transportation of the same. It was
j the conclusion of your body after some
I consideration that this was the most pru
! dent and expeditious means of makiug the
purebase, aud perhaps the only one that
j would make it jiossible to proceed with the
i work this year, aud so avoid the loss of in
: terest that wtil accrue steadily on the
bonds. This view impressed me stronger
whin I learned that the cost ol transporta
tion was so serious an item of the expense,
. involving the employment of uo Usa than
145 ears.
In defereuce to your request, I was will
ing to undertake the duty if it should ap
pear that the unanimity of your action
represented iu the same degree the wishes
of the lax payers of the city. In the
me en 1 ime I have lie ( rd some doubt ex
pressed about the legality of the pioposed
proceeding aud some criticism upon the
action ot the Council. Without attempt
ing to pass upon the points that have been
raised. I must decline to accept the assign
ment in the faee of any such fteliug. I
tbereloie recommend that proposals be ad
vertised tor in the Helena aud some East
ern papers for the necessaty quantity of
sewer pije, and that the period for receiv
ing proposals be made as brief as will per
mit of full competition.
I lurther recommend that the contracts
for the diggmg of the ditches be let iu shoit
sections so that the work may be op» u to
small bidders, and that every precaution
be taken to make it eertaiu that the money
shall be expended among the people of
Helena aud that the coatiacts slu 1 not be
let to anyone wüo wilt seek to import la
borers to perform the work. Tne people
have devolved upon the present ci'y ad
ministiation the duty of entering upon tin
wirk of providing a system ot se-verage.
The bonds authorized to be issued for that
purpose were si id a". a figure winch is
complimentary to tue s anding of Helena
in the money cernera ot the couutry The
work that is divolved upon us to perform
is important aud difficult. We can net es
cape the censure o! ail persous who have
selfish interes s that they ate seeking to
piomott; but I believe that it is the wish
of the aldermen, as it certainly is of my
self, to proceed promptly and vigorously to
carry out the wishes ot the people.
Thomas P. Filler, Mayor.
The communication was received aud tue
City Clerk was instructeu to advertise for
bids for sswer pipe m tho Helena and
»asteru papers at once. The contract to
be let about e>eptem> er 15th.
On motion it was then ordered that
work on the sewerage system be com
menced and prosecuted this fall on the fol
lowing lines:
Section 1. Beginning at the new street
east of the Moutaua Central depot from
Lynda'.e avenue to the new' street south of
the Montana Central depot ; thence west
along the street las mentioned to Centre
street; thence south aloDg Centre sheet to
Sixth avenue; thence e..st along Sixth
avenue to Main str et. and thence south
along Maiü street to Cutler street.
Section 2. Beginning at the intersec
tion of I.yndale avenue and the uew street
••ast of the Montana Central depot; thence
we.-terly along Lyudale aveDue to the street
west of the Montana Central depot; thence
sjutherly along the stieet last mentioned
to Stuart street; thence west along Stuart
street to Benton aveDue, and theuce south
aloug BeDtou avenue to Spruce Street.
Section 3. Begiou ug at the intersection
of Helena avenue with Main Sireet ; theuce
southerly to Sixth avenue. A'so, begin
ning a' the intersection ot Union aDd
Ceutre streets and iUDDing thence east to
Main street.
£e t on 4. Beginning a f the intersection
of Elm aud Harris streets; theuce south
along Harris street to Phoenix avenue;
thence west along Pboeoix avenue to Mon
tana avenue. aDd thence Miuth along Mon
tana avenue to 11th avenue.
Si-ition 5 Beginning at the intersection
of Montana avenue aud 11th avenue;
thence south aloug Dakota avenue to
Breekenrnige sireet; thence west along
Bteckeuridge to K street; tbeDcealoog K
siieet to Broadway; thence west aloug
Broadway to Chaucer street, and thence
south along Chaucer to Biidge s'rect.
Section 6. Beginning at the intersection
of Pbœoix aucune and Harris street;
thence south a 1 ug Harris street over the
r gilt of way of the Northern Pacific Rail
road to the intersection of Harris street
with Helena avertie on the sa d right of
way; thence a'oag H- lma aveuut to Idaho
aveuue; theuce along Idaho avenue to
Davis street.
Section 7. Beginning at the Dtersectiou
of Idaho avenue and Davis street, aud
running thence on Davis to Bridge street.
Section 8 Beginning at the intersection
cf Harris street vvuh Helena avenue ex
tended over the right of way of the N< rth
eru Pacific railroad ; theuce south aloug
Harris to Gal'atin street; thence west
al ug Gallatin to Sanders street; thence
south along Sanders to MLsoula avenue:
thence west along Missoula avenue to
Robert s reef, and thence south aloDg
Robert street to P<ospe.it avenue.
The Council then adjourned.
yjAcoBs oil
I''or T£heum«ti»ni
jc Years. Htwtoa, 111 . May *3. IMS
From IB*3 to 1889-01 jut 32 year*—I auSer*4
With rheumatism of th* hip I «as cured by the
use of St. Jacobs 01) TO DODD.
iB Years. Maple Hill. Mich May 9, 1988.
Mr JOHN J SMITH Ensley. Michigan, was
afflicted with rheumatism 19 years his case was
pronounced Incurable by two physicians, but was
cured by it. Jacobs Oil aad hae remained so two
paars. g McCREAP.r, Druggist.
Jtnce 1885 . Ho BrarchTMich . May 81. 1838.
Fall of 1889 was taXsn with Inflammatory Rheu
matism and suffered two weals was cured by ooe
bottle of gt. Ja cobs Oil M rs J H VAHDSCAH.
Northern Pacific to Build the Hoad.
Winnipeg, August 28.— The legislature
convened to-day. The provucial govern
ment made public the agreement with the
Northern Pacific. The government will
complete the Red River Valley road from
Pembina to Winnipeg, w.th a biaueh to
Portage La Prairie before November 1st,
and transfer to the Northern Pacific id
cost. The Northern Pacific will budd
within the year from Morrison the Red
Rivtr Vail y road to Brandon. Pooling
or sMfiiig stock to the Caindian Pacific
or Minnearolin and Manitoba roads, or
tatir aflhus is prohibited.

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