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Blaine Delivers a Great Speech at Augusta,
Maine. Cleveland's Fisheries Message Analyzed— An Extraordinary Document. A Folicy That Grover Declined to Enforce Submission to Outrage After Outrage. The Fresent Retaliatory Bluster—Bravado Until After Election. Cleveland and Andy Johnson—-A Parallel —The Alabama Claims. Accounting for British Partiality for the Democratic Party. BLAINE. His« Opinion of the President's Treaty Message. Lewiston, Me , August 25. —The second public address of Mr. Blaine on the politi cal issues t f the campaign was delivered here to night. Mr. Blaine spoke substan tially as follows : i did not happen to have the oppor tunity of reading the full text of Presi <h ■nt Cleveland's mef-sige on the fisheries treaty until this morning, and with all due respect to the chief executive of the UaciOQ, I must say that, considering ail cir cumstances, it is the most extraordinary document that was ever sent from the White House to the Capitol. Here are the main facts at issue bt-tweeu Canada and the United .Stages, or jn-riiaps, to speak more exactly, between Gr»a' Britain and the United States, in lespect ta the fisher ies: It was our bel ef, end still is, that after the articles of the treaty of Washing ton relating to the fisheries had expired the Canadian government acted in au un neighborly, unseemly and unjust manner towards our fishermen in refusing them the rights which they had long enjoyed by pre-cription. In order to bring the govern me it of the Dominion to a just ap préciât, ion ot the subject, Congress au'lior ized i! e President iu the spring of 1887 to adopt a policy ot .suitable retaliation, and was directe! among othtr things that whenever and so long as American ves-els w»-re deprived ot commercial privileges in tue ports of Canada, Canadiau vessels should ba deprived of like piivileges in ports of the Unit d StaUs This, if I may indu'ge iu appropriate slang, was a genuine "tit for tat" policy, iu which the punishment was admirably fitted to the crime. President Cleveland declined to tnlorcc the policy and allowed outrage after outrage upon our fishing ves sels to go unredre sed. He was bent ou some form of negotiation with Eogland, even against the express will and wi-h of the United States Senate and in defiance ol the large share in the treaty making power which the constitution assigns to the Senate. Finally without the consent ot the Senate and practically again t its protest the President organized to form a trea y that should settle all points of dis pute. lie thus gave what never was in tended by the constitution, a partisan side to an international discussion. It war never designed by the founders of our gov ernment that intercourse with foreign na tions should he conducted by Republicans or by Democrats or by Whigs or by Feder alists. It should he by the nation as a whole Why should the railways of the United Bt .ttes that annua ly transport, $50,000,000 of Canadian goods in transit he deprived of their business and endure a large lo-s od account of a sudden whim of the president? Why should tire transit from Detroit, Buffalo and New York over both American and Canadian rail he suspended when it has no relation whatever to the fishery question? Why should the large traffic beiween (Quebec and Montreal on one hand aud Portland on the other, by which Portland becomes the winter port of Canada, be summarily stopped as a caprice of the president because of his chagrin over the cost of an independent, bat, as be considers it, refractory Senate. Is it the design of the President to make the fish ing question odious by embarrassing the commercial relation and commercial ex change along three thousand miles of Irantier and to inflict on American com muait.es a need!e3q vexatious and perilous confusion ot trade? If congress will give him "the enactments which he asks he will give them retaliation until they will cry, "Hold! enough!" and will allow him to settle the fishing question in the precise manner which the Senate con temptuously reflects on. Atter all, fellow citizens, is not the President's position a mere political device to divert the atten tion of the American people Irom his free trade message and from the Mills tariff bill ? Is not the bluster on the lisheries to be a plan of the campaign for the Democratic party? Are not these permits for bravado to be issued by the political agents of the administration marked on the back: "Good until after the tir&t Tuesday in November." We have our own paitisan diflferences at home and settle them on our own soil in our own way, but towards all loreign powers on the globe, we should present one uuited, uudivisible American republic. But this was not done. The treaty was launched as a Democratic partisan meas ure rather than a patriotic American measure and the London papers have been following their usual vocation of eulogiz ing the Democracy and abusing the Re publican party with a great ly increased vitupéra: it n against the Uepubltcau putty ever since it was found that the .Senate was bent on main taining the nation .1 dignity. It is plainly apparent fiom the text of the constitution itself that he wise men who framed it in tended iba the ordinary legislative power should be commuted to the majority, how ever small, hut no tieaty eouid be iraund without the overwhelming support of pnb lie opinion They provided, therefore, that it should require >n all cases two-thirds of the Senate to ratify a ireaty, but despite this the n.itional administration went ahead regardless of r -'iii's and negotiated a treaty so repugnant *> the American instinct of two-thirds °i *he Senate, it was absolutely rejected by a majority vote What then ? At the first bound the President has leap*d so tar over on the other side that he asks authority to cripple all our commercial re stions with Canada from Passamasquoddy to Vancouver's Island, having for three years offered to waive the righis of the fishermt n and the national dignity. At the mme time the President desires now to tross over to the other side of the question, aisi out He rod Herod in his demands for redress. He seems eager to day to dis ciiurge a whole battery of Krupp guns on the question, when last year a blank car «.I'lge irom a pocket pistol would have settled the whole affair. After snbject ng the country month after month to the humiliation of an un precedented surrender the President's supporters with the zeal of new converts and with the extravagant enthusiasm of ot prelenders are now manifesting renewed and deep and keen sense of the wrongs we have experienced from Great Britan in Carada on the matterot fisheries, and they second the president'sextraoidinary somer sault and in the slang of the democratic leaders "they are thirsting for Canadian gore." The democratic papers were but a short time ago telling Massachusetts and Maine that tbeir contemptable little ques tion over a few codfish on the banks of Newfoundland was not worth con sideration in the National Con gress and that if they kept annoying the country about it,jthey would in the end drive Congress into giving the lull market of the United States to all fisherman in the Dominion. My friends, history repeats Htelf. Let me call your attention to a remarkable paralel between the course of President Cleveland aDd the course of President Johnson, afier his re >urn to Democracy, in a more weighty negotiation with England than that relat ing to the fisheries. You will readily re member that under instructions from An drew Johnson our minister to England, the late Reverdy JobnsoD, negotiated a treaty designed to settle the Alabama claims.lt was negotiated w th Lord Claren don, the foreign secretary of Eng land, and is known as the Johnson - Claredon treaty. It was communicated to the Senate just before the expiration of Johnson's term, and the Senate had it under consideration when Piesident Grant was inaugurated. It was rejected with emphasis and indignation just as the Senate has now rejected the fisheries treaty. A few mouths later Pres ident Grant sent to Congress a communi cation on the whole of the Alabama claims. Referring to the JohDSon-Claren don treaty he used these weighty words, which I beg to read to yon : "Believing that the treaty thus misconstrued in scope aud tnadequte in its provisions would not have ptoduced the hearty cordial senti ment on the pending question which alone is consistent with the relations which I de sire to have firmly established between the United States and Great Britain, I regard the action of the Senate in rejetting the treaty to have bee i « s y taken in the in terest ot [it a ;e ami a nece-sary step in the dirtc ion of perfect and tordial friendship betwetn the two countries. A sensible peo ple, conscious ot their power, are more at ease under a great wrong wholly unde served than under the restraint of settle ment, which satisfies neither their ideas of justiC'« nor the grave sense ot the grievance which they have sustained." 11 his next annual communication Pres ident Grant recommended to congress to authorize the appointment of a commission to take proof of the amounts and the ownership of the several Alabama claims on notice to the representative of Her Majesty's government at Washington, and that authority be given for the settlement of these claims by the United States so that the government would have owner ship of the private claims as well as the responsible control of all demands against Great Britain, The result, you know, was that the British government proposed a joint commission on all claims between the countries; that President Grant, nnlike Cleveland, secured i lie assent of the Senate before appointing commissioners. In return the joint commission made a state ment, which on the whole was very satis factory to both parties. This was brought about to do the houcr of both nations in consequence of the firm position assumed by Preaidtut Grant. Why could not a like attitude to day on the part of the President produce a like result, peacefully, honorably and to the lasting advantage of both nations. The truth is, my friends, the Democratic party has never been for tunate in conducting diplomatic negotia tions with Great Britain. English paitiality for the Democratic party is not difficult to explain. It is not solely because the Democrats are a free trade party and are now proposing to open our home markets for the benefit of Bri tish manufacturers at the expense of American workmen, but it is that every negotiation with a Democratic administra tion England ha3 succeeded in obtaiuiDg the result she desired. the result she desired. Dakota Republican Convention. Watertown, Dakota, August 24. —The Republican Territorial convention met jesterdav morning, but the committee on credential were unable to report till night. Then Col. Geary, of Fargo, was made chairman. The platform accuses the ad ministration of keeping Dakota out of the Union for partisan reasons; Harrison is en dorsed as a friend of Dakota; declares it the duty of Congress to admit Dakota as two States ; favors a revision of the tariff, and delares the Mil's bill a ssctional measure ; favors the banishment of saloons from the Territory. At 1 o'clock this morning a recess was taken. Ohio Nominations. Cincinnati, August 23.— Ben Butter worth was nominated for CoDgress by the Republicans of the First dis rict, and W. J. Vance, of the Fifth district. Woman Suffrage Appeal. Tacoma, W. T., August 25— Papers have been filed aDd approved by Judge Allyn appealing from the recent decision of the Supreme Court, relative to woman suffrage, to the Supreme Court of the United States. Free Trade Meeting. New York, August 27. —Henry George had his first Cleveland and Thurman rati fication meeting to night and btsides him self, Wm. L. Lloyd Garrison was the speaker. Mr. Garrison said the Repulican patty was content to dwell in the issue of the past and stood upon the side, while on the other was the Democratic patty, bewildered. Mr. Garrison said,among other utterances: "We have no desire to conceal that our attitude is one of absolute frte trade." Henry George said: "I stand here to ratify the nomination of Cleveland and ThurmaD. Grover Cleveland is the true labor candidate of to-day. I am a free trader and a man who is not afraid to be branded, as a free trader does not know the power in the word free. Protectionists have had their way for years and it is about time we tried freedom." Disagreement. Washington, August 26—The conferees on Sundry Civil Bill decided to report a disagreement of the two houses. Among the items disagreed to are the Mexican boundary survey, $100,000; reservoirs for storage waters $250,000; Congressional library building, $990,000 ; zoological park, $ 200 , 000 . ___________ He Died Suddenly. London, August 25-News has been re ceived of the death of Sir John lor ' merly finance minister for the Dominion ol Canada. He was hunting in Caitheness, m the north of Scotland, and fell dead as he was about to tire at a stag. Fate of the Great Eastern. London, August 24,-While a tug was towing the steamer Great Eastern Irom Clyde to Liverpool last evening and eDOr ' mous sea was encountered and the hawser Darted. The Great Eastern vanished in the darkness in the direction of the sea, laboring heavily. of in a of a IN THE DEPTHS. The Golden Gate Collision-Foundering of the City of Chester. Thirty Odd Passengers Lost—Partial List of the Drowned. STEAMSHIP COLLISION. C ity of Chester Sunk--List of the Lost and Saved. San Francisco, August 22.—One of the most terribie marine disasters that ever occurred on the Pacific coart happened in the bay of San Francisco, a short distance from G&lden Gate, about 10 o'clock this moruiDg. The steamer City of Chester left her dock here at 9:30, and started on her regular trip to Eureka, on the north coast of California. An unusually large number of passengers stood on her decks and waived adieu to friends who gathered on the wharf. The steamer City of Chester steamed slowly down the bay and when within two miles of the heads she encountered a thick fog, net peculiar in that locality. Capt. Wallace, of the City of Chester, be gan blowing his steamer's whistle to warn all vessels of his approach. The Chester proceeded cautiously on her course until off Fort Point, when the sound of another whistle floated across the water. Capt. Wallace answered the signal and gave proper warning to the straDger to pass on the port side. This was evidently not understood, for in a moment those on board of the Chester saw the huge prow of the Occidental, an ori ental steamer, emerge from the fog bank and bear down upon them. The Oceanica had just arrived from Hong Kong aud Yokahama and was moving up the bay to her dock. The huge steamer was so close to the Chester that there was no pos sibility for her to escape. Tùe cabin pas sengers were nearly all on deck and the captain seeing the danger called on tùeaa to prepare for the shock. A panic ensued at once, partieuiaily among the women and children, of whom there were a large number on board. The Oceauica struck the Chester on the port side at the gaug-way aud the shock was terrific. The prow cut into the Ches ter's upper works and then crushed down lo the bulwarks, tearing great timbers and non deck plates and breaking into state rooms anil «.atuns. The wildest con fusion prevailed amoDgthoseontheiil-fared steamer. The passengers crowded together, sc me shriekiDg with fear and others pray iDg. The fore-half bow of the Oceanica crushed into the middle section ot the Chester, cutting her almost in half and causing her to reel under the terrific blow. While the vessels were locked together a number of the Chester's passengers were passed up over the Oceanica 's bow and rescued in this way, but as soon as the large steamer could clear herself she swung around and immediately began to lower her boats. At the inomeDt of the shock most of the officers and crew of the Chester seemed to lose pos-ession of their senses, and several passengers stated afterwards that some of the crew took the first opportunity to climb aboard the Oce.ïi i a and left passengers to cut away boats. One of these was lowered as soon as possible aDd a number of passengers taken off in it. Others provided them selves with life preservers and jumped overboard. The greater portion, however, were beside tbem.-elves after the collision. Torrents of water ran into her hold, and in five or ten minutes ufer the collision the steamer disappeared, and sauk in filty fathoms ot water. Those of passengers and crew who came to the sur face were picked up by the Oi eanica's boats. A greater number were drawn down by the rushing waters aud Dever appealed again. As soon as it was known around that the collision had occurred a number of tugs and other boats of all descriptions lent their assistance and rendered what service they could in picking up the floating amoDg the wieclc. The greatest loss of life is believed to have occurred among the steerage passengers, of whom there were 23 on board and only two of these were ac counted for late this afternoon and it is believed all the others are lost. They were either in the hold or on the lower decks of the steamboat at the time of the collision and there was no opportunity to warn them of the danger or render them any assistance afterward. The cabin pas sengers numbered 70 and of these 10 are lost. Three of the crew were also lost. The names of the cabin passen gers lost are as follows: G. Wanderscn, Oakland, Cal.; Mrs. S. E. Prater, San Diego; Mrs. C. Haney, Eureka, Cal ; J. C. Hampton and wife, Virginia City, Nev.; C. T. Davis, Springville, Cal., and Miss Davis, his niece; J. Green, Napa, Cal.; Mrs. Meech and Mrs. Porter. The following members of the crew were lost: E. R. Chambers, steward; Robt Fulton and Adam Richmond, waiters. None of the survivors were landed until after 1 o'clock p. m., aud at a late hour this afternoon there was still much doubt as to the exact number of those lost. number of those lost. Attempted Assassination. Chicago, August 27. —Robert Hermann, a barber, this afternoon entered the office of Dr. C. C. Higgins, a well-known physi cian, and without a warning fired two shots from a heavy revolver at him at close range. Both ballets went wild, and the third, which was fired jnst after the doctor had grappled with his assailant, buried itself in the ceiling. At the police station Hermann said be tried to kill Hig gins because he insulted a yonDg lady who had visited him professionally a short time ago. Hermann declines to give the name ot theyoung woman. Dr. Higgins declared the charges utterly groundless, and says Hermann is either mistaken or crazy. Indians Disagree. St. Paul, August 27. —A special from the Crow Creek agency says: The first grand conncil was called together this afternoon. The Indians have selected their spokesmen, all of whom are chiefs. The younger and more intelligent element however object to this arrangement, and insist that each one should be permitted to expres8hisown wishes. That the mterestof one in the reservation is equal to another,and that it would be impossible for any one or half dozen men to express the wishes of the entire tribe. There will be strong objection raised to this plan. Storage ol silver Dollars. Washington, August 27.—The move ment of standard silver dollars from the different mints and sub-treasuries to Wash ington for storage ia the large new silver vault will begin to-morrow. Shipments will be made in lots of $,«00,000 a day and will continue uutil the vault is filled. As the vault has a capacity of $100,000,000 in stiver dollars it will take about six months' time to fill it at the rate of shipment de cided npon. Shipments will be confined to coin now stored at Philadelphia, New York, New Orleans and San Francisco. It is estimated that about $20,000,000 will be brought from each of the cities named. of in a THE TREATY MESSAGE. Comments of the Canadian and Eng lish Press. Toronto, Angnst 24.—The President's mersage on the fisheries question is the the topic of general discussion. The grain dialers whose interests are very much invov!ed in the measure did not restrain their disgust at threats of interference writh consignments of export in bend. Others feared ou increase iu prices of general commodities and ia railway rates. Vessel owners say that the results of ex cluding Caoadia vessels from American ports will be practically to rain Canadiau shippirg interests, as without the Ameri can Hade the present vessels cannot se cure sufficient traffic. The immediate effect of closing the canals to Canadian vessels wonld be to in jure Port Arthur as a shipping point n-d ultimately to blast the luture oi mat promising place. Sir Henry Taylor, presi dent of the Grand Trund railway, said hr could not believe the American people seriously thought of a retaliatory policy such as was sketched iu the message. He would prefer to think the whole thing a political move which would serve no pur pose when the election of President was decided. London, Augn3t 24—The Time» com menting on the president's messages sais: "Nothing that the party leaders may do on the eve of a presidential election onght to astonish us. Mild curiosity is rather the attitude in which the message should be receivtd here and in Canada. President Cleveland bas dished the Republicans by a masterly move, and may fairly be congiat ulated npon his adroitness With both parties anxions to twist the lion's tail, no doubt the bill will be paesed. London, August 24.—The St. James Gazette, commenting on Cleveland's mes sage says: The position is awkward and unp'easant for both countries. The retali ation thieatened is so illogical and umea sonable that it is difficult to understand its precise meaning. Two plausible ex planations occur. It may be intended to influence votes or merely to bluff Canada into granting American demands. London, August 26 —The Daily News ridicules the argument that President Cleveland's message relative t> toe fisher-, ies question is a party move. He would not have recommendtd retaliation it says unless he had regarded it as the best alter native to the rejected treaty. native to the rejected treaty. CANADIAN Export COMMERCE. Privileges to be stopped by the United States. New York, August 24— A Herald Washington special savs: It is understood to-night that a very important discovery has been made by which one of the great est privileges now enjoyed by Canada will cease immediately by order of the secre tary of the treasury, and that is the right to ship her products in bond through the territory of the United States for export from the ports of the United States. It was supposed that article 29 of the treaty of Washington was in harmony with the laws which were then on our statute hooks, and that they were still in force. Investigation shows that this is not true. The privilege was given Canada first by article 29 of the treaty to send her pro ducts to our porta lor export. That privi lege never before existed uutil CoDgress enacted in it March, 1873, that the right should be given as long as the fishery arti cles remained in force. They have so ceased, and so the privilege given „by that law has also ceased. St. Paul, August 26 — W. C. Van Home, president of the Canadian Pacific, h iviug been iterviewed for the Pioneer Press on the proposals contained in the president's massage, said: A policy ot non intercourse between the United States aud and Canada would damage the American railway interests between two and three dollars where it would ipjure the Canadi an's interests one. On the Canadiau side the blow would fall heavily on the Grand Trunk lines, hut to the Canadian Pacific it would be comparatively slight. There is no money for us in American freight any way, aud we could of course hold the pas senger business. Effect of the Message. New York, August 24.--There is con siderable anxiety over the effect of the President's message on theStock Exchange before the opening and the first sales in railroads depending npon Canadian busi ness showed a sharp decline. Michigan Central opened dow n If ; Canada South ern, 1 per cent. Supporting order have been placed in the market, however, and prices were bid up ^ to J from opening. When this recovery was noted confidence was at once restored. Bankers and rail road people generally believe no action will be taken by Congress on the message hut that if commerça with Canada should be interrupted the only roads affected ad versely will be the Michigan Central, Canada Southern ITnd Canadian Pacific. Washington, August 24.—Representa tive Bayne, of Pennsylvania, said to-day : It is a remarkable document. In the first place the President sent a treaty to the Senate which confessedly conceded away our rights. After its rejection he seuds a mes sage insisting upon more power to carry ont vigorous retaliatory measures in the very teeth of abundant legislation to war rant any needed step. There is nothing in it but to recoup some of his lost politi cal influence, and I predict he will do the same thing on the subject of tariff." Washington, August 23— Morgan in troduced iu the Senate to-day a bill identi cal with that introduced in the House yesterday by Wilson to give effect to the President's message on the fisheries treaty. Disastrous Forest Fires. Chicago, August 26—A special to the Times from Negaunee and other joints in Michigan says that disastrous forest fires have been raging for 24 honrs. Families are fieeiDg to towns in large numbers with such effects as can be saved. The fire ex ceeds anything known for years and it is feared many lives will be lost. Negaurnee, Mich., August 27—It is difficult as yet to get reports abont the forest fires near Nevada. It is believed they are worse than at first reported. A number of buildings burned last night and a village is going by piece-meal. A number of families living on farms near the village escaped with nothing but their clothes and are now being cared for at Powers. Owing to the flames and smoke, it is impossible to tell whether the people living farther back from the settlements lost their lives or not. The family of seven as reported missing from Mnmford has not been neard from. Bridge Swept Away. Cincinnati, August 26.—At 10 o'clock this morning the false work for the super structure of the Chesapeake & Ohio rail way bridge ovtr the Ohio between Coving ton aud Cinciuuati was swept away by a great raft of drift wood that had gathered at its base, and 350 feet of the iron bridge dropped a distance of 100 ieet into the stream below. The trestle went down the river some ten or twelve miles, where some of it was anchored. The iron work lies in the river near the Ken tucky shore. The contract was in the hands of the Phcerix Bridge Co. They estimate their less at nearly $200,000. of a a EXPLOSION HORROR. Eighteen Persons Instantly Killed and Many Seriously Wounded. 3 Northern Pacific Places a Five Mil lion Loan Through Henry Villard. To Extinguish the Floating Debt and Pro vide for New Equipment. FATAL EXPLOSION. , eighteen Persons Killed and Many j Injured. j Milwaukee, Wis., August 23.— The I ho ler or the Whiting paper mill at Neenab, •nein, exploded at an early hour this imming, killing eighteen people and inj ar il) : eighteen others. ::nah, Wi8., August 23.—At midnight • • ight the large paper mill owned by l. • Whiting, on an island between this c •..ad Menasha, burned. While the I « I ..mg ftructure was surrounded by a er •! „he battery of boilers exploded. The a .d walls were throw n outward, send ... .. -ho wer of bricks and timbers among tue spectators. Eighteen persons were kil'rd. .«■. /en were fatally injured and a num b e s seriously hurt. The mill was a three s j structure and cost $100,000. It was . , • i'ed day aud night. When the flames i. ■ K.i out fifty men were at work in the b .ilding. The fire alarm brought several ■ •Haired to the spot, who crowded as close • the burning building as the intense _o.t would permit them. The explo sion occurred without any warning , ae roof was thrown upward and out wore.* and the walls of brick crumbled amt crashed into the street in an instant am. scares of men were buried under the dein is. There was a moment of silence and then a cry of horror from the multi tude. The first strong impulse to fly from pois.ble further danger soon was overcome aud hundreds of men began the work of recovering the bodies of the dead and res cuing the injured. Body after body was found crushed and mangled under the great timbers and masonry almost beyond recognition. The injured were carried to neighboring residences aud homes as soon as their identity could be found. The number of deaths are a3 follows: JOHN MOORE, JOSEPH BRIDGES, WM. GUELTZ, THOMAS DORGAS, FRANK SHAFFER, GILBERT MERICLE, FRANK MAN DOVER, FRANK MUNCIMER, CHBI-. LAIGHOUZER, JOHN L. EICHWOGER, JOHN HOFFMAN, LEWIS ROESCH, JOE BUL JNOELKE, THOMAS JETTERS. SYLVESTER JEYHOUSE. ALBERT HOECHMER, BENJ. CROUSE, JOSEPH SMITGE, JOE SMITH, JOHN SULLER, SOELTZ TINGLE. Neenah, Wis, August 23d—The fire started from shavings in the engine room. Alter the roof fell the firemen turned their hose upon the immense revolving iron bleacher, which was filled with straw, rags superheated, and the explosion followed. The bleacher was carried two hundred feet across a tramway, where most of the peo ple were standing, mowing them down like grass. It passed about as high as a man's head, aud most ef those killed and injured were struck by it on the head. Neenah, Wis, August 23.—Seven of the killed are co pers by trade, and nearly all leave large families m poor circumstances. They will lie buried at the city's expense, probably all together, next Sunday. The Mayor has appealed to the citizens for aid (or the destitute families. The coroner's jury is impaneled and will investigate. Fearful Powder Explosion. San Francisco, August 24.—An explo sion of 20,000 pounds of black powder oc curred in the dry ing house of the Grant Powder Company near West Berkley, shortly before noon to-day. Two white men and three Chinamen were killed. The white men were Joseph Lewis, unmarried, and C. Brunce, who leaves a wife and three children. The building was blown to atoms. Fatal Accident. New York, August 27.—The platform to be used lor the mass meeting of the Hungarian Democratic club collapsed to night aud fifty persons dropped to the streets; one boy was crushed aud several slightly injured. Previous to the accident a number of the 5,000 spectators present pelted the reporters with stones and other missels. Matrimonial. Montreal, August 27.— E. M. Young, a wealthy owner of mines in Arizona and Miss Mildred Neidingham, daughter of St. Louis millionaire who owns 120,000 head çf cattle on the western ranges were married in this city Friday. It was a run away match, the couple having only met two weeks ago. Brotherhood Picnic. Pittsburg, Aug. 27. —At the Athinon pic nic grounds a meeting of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Brakemm is in progress. To-morrow will be the en gineers' day, and the assemblage will be addressed by Grand Chief Arthur, who will present the Burlington case and en deavor to excite renewed interest in the strikers. Railroad Strike. Chicago, August 26.—A Times special from Evansville, Ind., says: All tiains have been stopped on the Mackey system of railroad, owing to a strike declared against the reads therein embraced, by Chiefs Arthur and Sargeant to day. The system includes the Peoria, Decatnr & Evansville, the Evansville, & Indianapolis and the Evansville & Terre Hante roads, having a total length of 700 miles. The tronble grew out of discriminations said to have been made by Master Mechanic Smith against the Brotherhood. Absconded With the Bank's Funds. Detroit, August 27.—A special from Hillsdale, Mich., says : Chas. W. Waldron, one of the owners and managers of the Waldron bank, of this city, has absconded, taking with him money and securities variously estimated at from $60,000 to $80,000.j_ International Swimming Race. New York, August 27.—The Interna tional swimming rnaich between Johnson, of England, and Levy, of Pittsburg, over a five mile course was won by Johnson to day at Coney Island iD one hour, twenty minutes and thirty seconds. Granger's Exhibition. Williamsgrove, Pa., August 27 —The Fifteenth Annual Inter-State Exhibition of the Grangers opened to-day. 200 car loads of machinery of all descriptions have been placed in position. IN THE HOUSE. a Passage of the Deficiency Appropria* tion Bill. Washington, August 27.—In the House, under call of States, a number bills were introduced, among them the fol lowing: By Mason, of Illinois, To investigate certain rational banks that hold and use government money without interest, and to ascertain how much, if anything, is con tributed by such banks for the use of such government money to the Democratic na tional campaign committee. By Joseph, of New Mexico. A resolution directing the Secretary of the Interior examine into the occupancy of the Max well land grant by those who hold ad versely to the pariy or parties in whom title thereto has been decided to be by the Supreme Court, and to report to congress daring the pending of such investigation, and report thereon all writs of ejectment to be temporarily suspended. Referred the committee on private land claims By Vamiever, of California. To provide means of exterminating the Cotton Cushion scale, now threatiug the citrus fruit culture in California. The Speaker laid before the House the request of Messrs. Hovey and Matson, rival candidates for the governorship of Indiana, for leave of absence for fifteen days on ac count of "important business." Granted. The House then went into committee the w hole on the deficiency appropriation bill, the pending question being on the ap peal from the decision of the chair ruling the French spoilation section mit of the bill. After an hoar a vote of a quorum was secured and the decision of the chair was sustained and the provision was eliminated from the bill. By nnanimons consent the floor was ac corded to Yost, of Virginia, who made an exhaustive speech favoring the Blair educa tional bill. At the conclusion of his speech Wise, of Virginia, took the floor and made reply. Burns moved that the committee rise and report the deficiency bill to the House. The motion was agreed to aud the chair man reported to the Speaker that the com mittee had agreed to the bill with certain amendments. The deficiency bill (without the spoilation) then passed and the House adjourned. APPROPRIATIONS. Government Expenditure Under Dem ocratic Administration. SENATE. Washington, August 28.— Senator Al lison said the total appropriations for the current fiscal year, not including what are called permanent appropriations, would amount to three hundred and six mill one; that including the permanent appropria tions they would amount to four hun dred and twenty-one millions. The estimated revenue will be four hundred and forty millions. He also furnished a table to show that the expenditures of the government for the four years of Cleveland's administra tion exceeded by ninety-five millions the expenditures for the tour years of Garfield and Arthur's administration. Hale com mented on these figures by the remark "Thus one by one the illusions about the economy of the present administration fade away." INTERSTATE COMMERCE. Protest of Chicago Merchants Against Unjust Discrimination. Chicago, August 28.—Since the inter state commerce act went into effect not anythmg has been done by the railroads that has caused so much excitement and ill feeling among the Chicago merchants as the recent action ol the transcontinental lines in makiDg the rates from Chicago to the Pacific coast about twice as high as therates from New York. The merchants of Chi cago fail to comprehend why the Chicago roads should consent to become parties to an arrangement that discriminates so out rageously agaiust Chicago interests and is calculated to prevent Chicago from com peteting from the east for the Pacific coast traffic. Even the trunk line managers who have all the advantages ander the new tantf have emphatically refused to join in the new through rates on the ground that they are contrary to the inter state law, and that they could not afford to join in a tariff that makes rates from interior points in their territory to the Pacific coast mnefl higher than rates from seaboard points. The most energetic pre texts against the adoption of the new tariff have been submitted to the railroad man agers here by John V. Farwell & Co , Mar shall, Field & Co., J. S Kirk & Co. aud many other prominent firms. Some of them declare that they will refuse to ship any kind of freight by lines that accept the new California tariff These threats are having the desired effect and many of the leading western roads declare that Mr. Midgely has acted without authority in approving the new tariff. Three of the roads wired Mr. Midgely and chairman Leeds, of the Trans continental Association, Saturday evening that they repudiate the new rates and wonld not accept them unless revised so as to give Chicago a fair show. A reply was re eived from Chairman Leeds yesterday, saying that the tariff had been revised and that the rates on com modities produced in Chicago would be made the same as from New York. This litt, however, comprises only ab ut twtuty five articles, while there are thirty pages of commodities on the tariff from New York, on which rates are not more tbau one half of the ratis from Chicago. Atnoug these are dry goi ft 0 >tton piece goods sugar, giucose, ana many other leadirg articles whiqfi are shipped from Chicago. Consequently the concession made by lue transcontinen al roads dots not better the situation. The leading merchants here declare that they will not siaad discrimi nation, and that they will not ga before the inter-state commission wuh their grievances, but bring suit in the Uuited States courts against, any road that charges discriminating aud unlawful rates. The indications are that all the roads betwetn Chicago and the Missouri rirer will repudiate Mnlgtly's strange action and will imitate the example of the trunk lines aud require irom the tran.-continenial roads full local rates betwetn Chicago and the Missouri river on the the overland traffic from New York. Mr. Medgely has sent a private communication to the mem ber cf the Pacific coast association with an explanation of his action. Mr. Blanchard, another member of the committee, took decided grounds against the discriminating tariff' of the Pacific coast roads. He advites that local rates be charged to Chicago and St. Louis, aud that no through bills of lading be given unless the transcontinental lints would establish tariffs in the way outlined by the trunk lines. The Chicago people have nothing to do with the personal quarrel between the trunk lines and transcontinental roads. They simply demand fair and equitable treatment aud the protection of their in terests. Pension Bills Passed. Washington, August 24.—The Hoase at the evening session passed 45 private pension bills. Adjourned. Act Approved. Washington, August 27-The President approved the act authorizing the increase of pensions in cases of deafness. the of to to of ac an be : NEW YORK TICKET. The Eepublicans of the Empire State Wisely Choose Their Standard Bearers. Hon. Warner Miller for Governor and Col. S. Y. E. Conger For Lieutenant Governor. A Strong Platform for the Candidates to Stand Upon. NEW YORK REPUBLICANS. as to to The Nominations and Platform Adopted by the Convention. Saratoga, August 28— The Republi can state convention met tb's afternoon. Gen. Benjamin F. Tracy was elected tem porary chairman and addressed the con vention at considerable length. He said: "Not since 1864, when the Democratic na tional convention declared in its platform that the war for the Union was a failure, a id demanded that it should be brought to a speedy close, lias a more important political issue been presented to the Amer ican people than that presented by President Cleveland's free trade message and the Mills bill. The issue of 1864 in volved the very existence of the nation. The issue of 1888 involves the continued existence of our manufacturing industries and onr commercial prosperity." After the appointment of the tsual com mittees the convention took a recess till 4 p. m. Saratoga, August 28. —The convention, after passing resolutions of respect to Sheridan's niemcry, proceeded to nomina tions tor Governor. State Senator Geo. B. Sloan first gained the floor and placed in nomination Hon. Warner Miller. No other nominations being made, Miller was chosen bf acclamation. Col. S. V. R. Cruger was then nominated for Lieutenant Governor by acclamation. The platform adopted endorses the Chi cago national platform, the nomination of Harrison aud Morton, and says: The Re publican Senators in Congress in rejecting the lisheries treaty acted in accordance with the dictates of patriotism aud correct ly asserted American rights and national honor, while the message of President Cleveland, transmitted on the 23d of August, ia a confession that his administration has been grossly neglectful of its duties in the protection of the American fisheries, and has invited new aunoyances and aggressions on the part of the Canadians by a failure to make a protest, and to employ the peaceful means committed to him. The Republi can party favors a foreign policy which shall do no wroDg to the weakest neighbor and shall brook no indignity from any power on earth; and by insisting on fair play on sea and laud shall through justice insure peace with all nations. The Repub lican party unequivocally condemns the course of Governor Hill in obstructing by veto acts for increasing the fees for licenses by which a large share of the cost to the government might be le«, i d on the liquor traffic and we ap prove ot the effort of the Republicans in the lart legislature upon the liquor ques tion, especially in passirg the act nullified by such executive action, to restrict that traffic by charges which would lift some ol the burdens of taxation caused by the liquor traffic from the home and the farm, and believe such charges should bo ad vanced to standards similar to those suc cessfully enforced in other states under Republican control. Recent investigations make clear the necessity for the effectuai enlorcement of the law for the prevention of thu importa tion of contract labor. The national ad ministration is grievously at lault for this failure to guard against the degradation of American iabor. The Republican party demand further legislation to pro hibit the influx of pauper and criminal im migrants, whose incoming brings upon our working people a comp tition both unjust and disastrous. In view of recent revela tions showing the abuse of our naturaliza tion laws, we desire and nrge a thorough revision of said laws in order that our country and fellow citizens may be pro tected from and pauper and criminal classes of other countries. Yellow Fever. Jacksonville, Fla., August 23.—Six teen cases of yellow fever have been re ported since 6 o'clock Wednesday. Jacksonville, August 26.— Nine new cases of yellow fever are reported to-day I There were two deaths. Washington, August 27. — Advices from Jacksonville, Fla., say there are un der treatment 64 cases. Total up to date, 100. Doctor Neal Mitchel telegraphs that many people in Jacksonville desire to go to Camp Perry. Dr. Hamilton says the re port that no one was allowed to leave Jacksonville was incorrect; that a special train has been chartered by the Marine Hospital Bureau to run daily between Jacksonville and Camp Perry, to allow all desiring to leave Jacksonville to do so by that route; that railroad companies are having extreme difficulty in running trains, owing to conflicting with the local health regulation, which prevents them stopping when they carry passengers. This is tak ing hold of the work. Seven refugees were received at Camp Perry Friday and twen - ty eight Saturday. One case of yellow fever arrived from Jacksonville Saturday and was returned to that city the next day. Mayor Lester, of Savannah, tele graphed he was informed that Merri weather died at Fernandino, Fla., of yellow fever, aud asks that Fernandino be inspected. Dr. Hamibon felegiaphtd authorizing him to send a competent ineptctor to Fernan dino. Jacksonville, Fla., August 28.—The official yellow lever report is as lol.'ows: ten new cases, nine recoveries and th» c e deaths, C H. Pollard, Albert Fisher and Burton Mays (colored). Total 110 cases, 17 deaths and 62 under treatment. Kuilroad Aecidcnt. St. Paul, August 26.—A stock train, running at a high rate of speed, ran into a herd of cattle near Fort Buford, on the Manitoba road, last night, wrecking seven teen cars Nearly 100 cattle were killed and three train men injured, three proba bly fatally. Burlington, Ia., Angnst 27.—In a collision between a passenger and con struction train on the Burlington railroad near Krnm, Ia., this afternoon an engine and ten cars were totally wrecked, and Roadmaster Rose, Dennis Griffin, Patrick Ready and a number of others were in jured. Lima, O, August 28.—A collision oc curred on the Dayton & Michigan road near here this forenoon between a freight and a speciai from Ottawa with a military "ompany on their way to Columbus. One or two cars were broken. Two passengers, one engineer and a conductor were slightly iüj nred. Pittsburg, August 28.—A motor and car on the Sonth Side electric railway ran away this morning and were completely wrecked. Seven persons were seriously injured, one probably fatally.