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Helena, Montana, Thursday, December 6, 1888 No. 2 <fl|c $wMi l^eralil. 1 E. FISK D. W. FISK ». J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates ol Subscription. WEEKLY "HERALD : One Year. (In ndvanee) .............................83 00 SI* Months, (In advance)............................... 1 75 Three Months, (In advance)........................... 1 00 When not paid for in advance the rate will be Four Dollars per yeaii Postage, in all cases. Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: Clt y Subscribers,deli vered by carrier $1,00a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. 89 00 Si* Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid in advance, 812 per annum. (Entered at the Postoffice at Helena as second class matter.] A^All communications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. TO ROBIN GOODFELLOW. I see you, Maister Bawsy-brown, Through yonder lattice creepin' Tou come for cream and to gae me dream. But you dinna llnd me sleepin'. Th- raoonUwun that upon the floor Wi' crickets been a-jinkin', Nf w steaN away fra' her bonnle play— Wi' a rosier bile. I'm thinkln'. I Saw you, Maister Bawsy-brown, When the bluebells went a-ringin' For the inerrio fays o' the banks an' brae* And 1 kenned your bonnle singin'. The gowans gave you honey sweets. Ana the posies on the heather Dnpt draughts o' dew for th-* faery crew That danct and sang together. But posie bloom an' simmer dew And ither sweets o' faery Cud ua gac down wi' Bawsy-brown, Sao nigh to Maggie's dairy: My pantry shelves, sae clean and white, Are set wi' cream and cheeses G«e, gin you will, an' take yom fill Of whatsoever pleases. Then wave your wand aboon my een Until I close a-wearle, An the night bo past sae sweet and fast 'Vi' dreamings o' my dealte. But pinch the wench In yonder room. For she's na -ood nor bouuie— lier sleeves l>e oust and her pans be rust, And she winkitat my Johnnie 1 —Eugene Field in America. Beauty of Baltimore Girls. The beauty of Baltimore girls is due to the purity of their stock, and to the con ditions <d life in their pleasant old city. They load comfortable lives, with a plenty Of recreation and excellent food. As a fllttea they are remarkably Independent, •nd are fond of the open air They ride well, walk a great deal, play lawn tennis from spring until late autumn, and dance Clear through the programme. As acon sequenco they are well developed, have K )d color, good forms and good muscles. ero are fewer great beauties in Balti more than there used to be. but the crop Of (pria who are pretty and bright shows Bo diminution, and the year's debutantes of the coming season will more than sus tain tho lame of their sex.—Baltimore Ctl. De troit Free Press. Tin* Editor's "Blue Pencil." Editors commonlv use a blue pencil in edit ing copy, because the marks it makes are clear and easily distinguishable. The easiest mark to make with a blue pencil is a double X, cutting out from the man uscript a superfluous paragraph or page. For this reason the bluo pencil has come to mean something that writers dread. Fur:lier than this the color of tho lead in the pencils editors use has no significance whatever. Some writers seem to have an idea that editors have a series of peculiar symbols, used iu marking manuscripts, wliich are generally understood by other •diti rs, and which prejudice their judg ment. Those who aro posted know that this belief F altogether without founda tion --"W. H. II." in the Writer. a it e at ho led of not to pei He tion --"W. H. II." in the Writer. An Excellent Remedy. They were returning from the theatre. "I am troubled with a slight sore thr at. Miss Clara." he said, "and I t hink It would be wiso if I should button my coat lightly around my neck." 'T would, indeed, Mr. Sampson," re plied the girl with some concern. "At this season of the year a sore throat la apt to develop Into something serious. Are you doing anything for it?" "Not so far," ho replied. "I hardly know what to do,." "I have often heard papa sav." shvlv suggested the girl, "that raw oysters have a very soothing and beneficial effect upon such a trouble."—New York Sun. rMKciij-ers' Baggage in England. In the matter of handling passengers' baggage on railways there has been marked improvement in England since the writer s last visit, three years ago. If 'on are in London and about to proceed C and Drt your steamer at Liverpool, the London d Northwestern will givo you a check or your trunk at their station in Euston quart- forward it to Liverjiool, place it u board tho steamer, and if you aon't re uire the trunk in tho stateroom you need "ver givo it a thought until your arrival New York.—Home Journal. Results of Mouth Breathing. Many disease germs enter through an pen mouth. Tho mouth was not made breathing, hut for eating and speak- (• The nose was made for breatnlng, a ae air. passing through tho long, t .asal passages, is purified, and . ist, dinsn germs and irions impurities, while tho air is arau ' a and tempered for tho lungs, on the mouth is left open, dust, - kud disease rush down into tho lungs d, fastening there, develop and destroy c whole system.—Boston Budget. The Late Emperor's Diary. The Berlin Börsen Zeitung vouches for t st 'riement: "In 1873 the Crown ce Frederick William caused twelve os to !>e taken by a copperplate process -•-c dairy which he kept during the _ - >orman war. Of these copies he mg. 11 ! ot . le eac h to persons who par- arlv GnioVPfî Ilia 4 *Ua pij enjoyed his confidence, the plate Iterward destroyed. The recipi -, requested to take special care 'Jfie diary was on no account pub . vears after the death of author.''-Foreign Letter. a LACNI)HYMEN'S HUMOR. A BACHELOR DESCRIBES SOME FEA TURES OF MONGOLIAN LIFE. 00 75 A Chinaman Who Became a Slave to His Voice— Hop Wah as a Joker—Fond of a Social Glass—Told In Confidence—"Sam Sa'' and Chinese Sandwiches. "The first Chinaman I ever had dealings with," said the old bachelor, "was a little weasened up fellow, not more than five feet high, who had a store on Washington street. Next door to him was an Italian shoemaker. Lee, for that was the laundry man's name, was a most taciturn indi vidual, even for one of his race, but he had a peculiarity. He used to sing, not only in his shop, but also, in a lower voice, when he was walking along the street. It was when he was hard at work upon the bosom of some refractory shirt that he could be heard at his best, or, as some might put it, at his worst. Lee's voice was not a pleasing one, even when exer cised on the lower notes only, but when he had got warmed up and essayed to reach the higher kev it was positively heartrending. How his subordinates, of whom he had two, stood it, is beyond human comprehension. Leo's voice grew upon him, and when I last knew him he was a perfect slave to it. "My next laundryman was a character. Ho was about 30 years old, fairly good looking, judged by the American stand ard, and spoke English quite fluentlv He answered to tho name of IIop Wah, but I always called him Hop for short. SOMETHING OF A JOKER. "By degrees, and when I had satisfied Hop that I had no intention of patroniz ing his rivul across the street, for whom ho entertained a profound yet pitying contempt, he told me some of his history. Ho had been ten years in America, and about six years in Brooklyn. I asked him ono day if his parents were alive. He re plied that he believed his mother was, and added, 'Old man dead long time.' Then lie laughed quite merrily, as if the elder Hop's decease was a good deal of a joke. He went to Sunday school regu larly, and this accounted* for his profi ciency In the English language, lie went to Mott street quite frequently, too. as he Informed me. and in his way I think was a rounder Happening ono afternoon to notice a 'God Bless Our Home' motto of the regulation pattern fastened to the wall alongside of a Chinese almanac, I askc-1 him if he was a Christian. He shook his head very emphatically, and then laughed so that I thought he would fall off his high stool. When I said that it seemed queer to find a Christian motto In a heathen place of business, he winked at me with great deliberation and re marked, jerking his thumb in the direc tion of the card, 'Catch trade; everything e oes.' Certainly there were no Hies on top, and his knowledge of current slang was both profound and aptly applied. By and by he got more mottoes, and in a short time the shop inside looked *like a in mission school. "One very cold afternoon last winter he was about half frozen when he called at my room with the week's washing. As he laid down tho bundle he made some remark about tho temperature which sounded vastly like an expression used by unregenerate Christians and proceeded to rub his hands vigorously. Noticing that ho looked affectionately upon a glass of hot whisky and water which I had just brewed for myself, I asked hint if he would have one. Hop 'didn't mind if he did,' and by the manner In which he got away with tho steaming beverage I was led to believe that it was not by any means his first attempt. After this I got into the way of offering him u horn when ever he happened tjp find me in, and I can't recollect that hfe ever refused. One of his weekly visits was made the day be foro last Christmas. I was feeling at eace with the world myself, and when "op hr.d got away with his customary re fresher 1 suggested that another would not hurt him. He agreed with me, re marking quite airily that he 'would have to go me,' and helped himself to his second drink, an even larger one than the first, and that was no tablespoonful. GROWING CONFIDENTIAL. "Not to be outdone in generosity he of fered mo a cigar, which he took out of his hat. end which I delined, having already had experience of likewise cigars. I think Hop must have struck hospitality in other quarters before reaching me, for after the second glass of whisky he took a chair by the fire and put his heels up on the mantelpiece. Ho was remarkably good humored and growing confidential. Said he was about tired of work, and thought that he would soon go back to China, where ho would marry and settle down to a life < f case. At thé reference to mar pei He riage lie stuck his thumb among my ribs and chuckled after the fashion of Asiatics. When he arose to go I saw plainly that in addition to hi6 large bag of clothes he would liavo to carry home with him a very well developed jag. He waved his hat at mo as lie left the room, and I heard him trying to whistle as he went down the first flight of stairs. At the head of the second flight he lost his balance and fell headlong, str ikin g the street door as if ho had been shot ont of a catapult. He was not hurt, at least he did not appear to be, for, picking himself and his bag up, he let himself out, and from the window I next saw him tacking rather unsteadily down the street in the direction of his home. He made no reference to his mishap when he called again, nor did I say anything, but Hop got no more whisky. "Earlv in the new year he called one morning* before I was up, earn ing with him a bottle of rice brandy, 'Sam Su,' as it is called in China, and some Chinese sandwiches. Ho said it was some kind of a feast day among his people and he wished me to iiaVe a share of the good things going. Finding the. too jicg ^or my 6tomach, I placed it on top of a con venient ash barrel in the street. If any one drank it, I pity him sincerely. The sandwiches werequite a novelty and taken before breakfast I found them to be quite appetizing. Instead of bread slices of lemon were used, and in place of meat or cheese green ginger, slightly sprinkled with salt. These sandwiches, Hop sub sequently informed me, were in great de mand in his own country by gentlemen who had made a night of it. Last May Hop sailed for Hong Kong, taking with him in the inside pocket of his silk blouse $2,000 In American gold. He called to wish me good-by, and expressed his hope that if he should ever return to Brooklyn, which, however, was not likely, I would again favor him with my custom. — "C. R. C." in Brooklyn Eagle. of a CITY OF THE DEAD. The Noted Russian Artist's Description— An Extraordinary Scene. Here is a graphic description by the S eat Russian artist, of the results of the ohammeaan rebellion against the Chinese government in the reign of Tchugutchak: "As you approach the town, is hard to believe it is empty; you cannot help hop ing to meet some human being, if it be only a robber. But not a soul is to be seen anywhere. The houses are for the most part uninjured, and likewise the paintings on the wadis and the wooden lattice work of the windows. Potsherds and frag ments of articles of every conceivable kind were lying all about—vessels of iron and clay of all sizes; a quantity of copper coins strung on a string; dresses, caps, plaits of hair, 6hoes of all sizes—the clumsy shoes of Dunghans and Calmucks side by side with the miniature slippers of Chinese women. I put a pair of extra ordinarily small slippers in my pocket, as a memento. "But, above all, skulls are to be seen lying about everywhere. The town is like a vast tomb, and the whole impres sion it produces is terrible. I wandered about a whole day in B.'s company, and then for several days alone, without being able to accustom myself to this stillness as of the grave, and to the sight of all these streets, chapels, theatres and squares standing forever empty. The gate of the fortress, which the besiegers had blown in, is still tolerably strong. Near the gate is to be seen the entrance into tjie subterranean gallery by which the besiegers, after a long and tedious siege, made their way into the fortress. Then came a merciless butchery, in which no one was spared. Skulls and bones lie literally in heaps against tho walls here and all around the fortress; at many points, by several of the gates, the skulls were piled up to a great height. In the fields around the towu, too, lie skulls; as far as the eye can reach, skulls, and skulls, and again skulls. The wolves and jackals have already done their work; the ravens are still engaged in picking the bones clean for the sun and rain to bleach. "One of the farms in particular, which lies nearest the town, abounds in bones. A body of Calmucks, 15,000 strong, came this way to help the besieged, but a force of only a few hundred Dunghans fell upon them, drove them back and killed them to the very last man. What wonderful energy on the part of the insurgent Mo hammedans! What • cowardice on the part of the Chinamen! I had enough to occupy me. From the governor's palace to the simple little houses of the common people all the dwellings were habitable, all were painted, all decorated with paint ings, sculptures, bas reliefs, flowers, dragons, etc. Theaters of an original con struction, Buddhist temples in which some colossal idols were still intact (though the Mohammedans evidently showed great zeal in overthrowing these and breaking them in pieces), seemed almost to be wait ing for the people to throng in to their prayers and their amusements. For three whole weeks I lived with one Cossack and one Tartar in a wretched cabin outside the walls of the fortress, and every day from morning till evening I roamed about, looking at everything, drawing and paint ing. Occasionally a wild goat would stray into the court yard where I was painting, stand transfixed with astonishment, and then rush off at full speed across the brown and desolate steppe."—Current Literature. Literature. The Glory of Moscow. The glory of Moscow is the Kremlin, which is really the citadel, and within its stout walls are scores of churches and palaces. Here are the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, the Cathedral of the Archangel Michael, and dozens of other churches, the arsenal sur rounded by 850 cannon taken from the French during the disastrous retreat of 1812. The magnificence of the churches and palaces in the Kremlin surpasses be lief. The Church of the Annunciation has its floor inlaid with agate, cornelian, jasper, chalcedony and other precious stones, thousands and thousands of dol lars worth of gems being thus laid down for a floor. In the Cathedral of St. Izaak, Alexander will see the tombs of all the czars down to tho time of Peter the Great, who chose to be buried in St. Petersburg, an example which has been followed by all his successors. There are some dozens of tombs of emperors and empresses, for each czar chose to have a shrine to him self, and over the remains of each was erected a temple or cenotaph of consider able size, gleaming with gems of gold. As a mediæval traveler said of the tomb of Thomas a' Becket that gold was the meanest thing seen on it, the same with propriety and truth might be said of the tombs of the czars, for some boast of a wealth of over $1,000,000 in precious stones which adorn each part of the shrine above the tomb. In the Kremlin are preserved the impe rial crowns and regalia of Russia; over twenty crowns are here, comprising not only those belonging to Russia proper, but those of countries conquered by the Russian armies, from the crown of Siberia to the crown of Finland, that of Poland, the Crimea, Astrakhan, the Caucasus and others being among the number, together with orbs, scepters, swords and royal chains and other jewels too numerous to count, and besides all these diamonds, rubies, garuets, sapphires, turquois, emer alds and pearls by the bushel are found in the imperial treasuries, too numerous to be set or even to be counted, so that a distin juished foreigner who many years ago, by special favor, obtained access to that part of the Kremlin in which aro stored these important treasures, said that they lie in piles, in golden bowls and in silver cups, in such abundance as to defy enu meration or valuation.— Cor. Globe-Ï)emo crat. The Peach and Nectarine. There is a widely prevalent impression —yet a false one—that the peach and the nectarine are two distinct fruits. They both have one and the same parent, Amygdalus Persica, and their identity ii proven by the fact that, though the one hot» a smooth and the other a downy akin, both have been frequently produced, not omy from the same tree but the self same branch, and more than this, a peach has been known to grow and mature with one of its sides smooth, like the nectarine, and the other covered with the ordinary fnzi or down. Between the peach ana the nectarine the French make no other distinction than to call the latter the smooth and the former the downy peach. —Table Talk. to be as is MOUNTAIN COMMERCE. STREAMS ARE THE PRINCIPAL HIGH WAYS IN EASTERN KENTUCKY. Hew the Mountaineer Gets His Supplies. The "Push Boat" and the Method of Navigating It—Traveling Up Stream en the Big Sandy. Among the many novelties which the stranger finds among the mountains of eastern Kentucky few will interest a man of a practical turn of mind more than the public highways. The mountain roads, except where a mountain gap is to be crossed, are the mountain streams. In consequence there is scarcely a cross road or four comers in this county outside of this, tho only village in the county, but wherever a creek forks or a brook enters a creek the road forks. Under Kentucky law the county judge decides where and how new roads shall be laid out. The ordinary mountain road is laid out six feet wide, and tho roadway proper must be graded not less than two ieet wide. But Judge Wagner, of this county, is au enterprising citizen, who desires to improve the country, and in consequence he has refused to issue any order for a year past for roads less than nine feet wide. This may seem narrow to northern farmers, who lay out private lanes at least a rod wide, but in a country where traveling is done on horseback, and where the vehicles for transporting goods of any sort, even in summer, are narrow sleds, the Dine foot road is a novelty which has set tho county to talking. THE CREEK RED ROADS. Of course there are necessarily wagons wherever logging is done, but the log wagon sticks to beds of the streams, which aro invariably wide and hollow, whilo the public highway winds along the bank of the stream and runs in the actual bed of the stream only where the con figuration of the mountain sides on each bank of the stream makes it necessary. When tho logging is done no effort is made to keep open the highway formed. Theso creek bed roads are excellent in warm weather and low water; in winter and spring they aro impassable for weeks. The creek beds were originally selected for highways because very little labor was needed to make a highway out of a creek bek There is not such a tiling iu Pike county as a big nigger head rock. The beds of the streams are of sand or sand stone. and there is never a rapid or water fall of such descent as to bother a team. Another very good reason for utilizing tho creeks as roads was tho fact that all tho imports and exports of the mountains have been necessarily carried in and out on the rivers. Tho mountaineer's supplies have been brought up from the Ohio river ever since there was any one on the Ohio to sell them. As all creeks run by tho easiest and generally tho shortest route to the rivers, it was natural for the mount aineer to follow the creek down to its mouth to get his supplies at the stores which were located along the river. THE "PUSH COAT." The rivers are not very trustworthy highways. The steamboats on the Big Sandy very often get started up for Pike ville, the head of navigation, inly to get stranded on a bar, or to find themselves left in a pocket between bars by the sud den fall of the water. Out of this uncer tainty regarding the length of a steam boat's journey to and from the headwaters of tho rivers has grown the craft, very novel to northern eyes, called the push boat. No better craft for the water could be imagined. The push boat is a scow 7 feet wide, CO feet long and 18 inches deep. At one end is a windowless house high enough for a man to stand upright in and 54x8 feet in area. This is the cabin. There is a sort of a quarter deck abaft tho house, and above this sweeps the tiller end of a long steering oar, which the pilot wields by >he..... walking to and fro on a shelf built half way up on the stern. The merchandise is piled on three wide planks that run*, like keels, the length of the boat, so as to cover a large part of the boat's bottom; but a clear gangway of at least fifteen inches in width is left along on each side of the merchandise, no mat ter how great the load. These gangways are also floored by planks laid bilge-keelson fashion. is of of a fashion. A boat like this will carry twelve to fifteen tons dead weight of goods on a draught of eight inches. There are over 100 of them regularly employed on the Big Sandy, and the cargoes carried up consist chiefly of the goods kept in the country stores. At certain seasons, par ticularly in the fall, down cargoes can be had. SHOVING A BOAT. When the boat is loaded the skipper climbs to his shelf and grasps the tiller. The crew of four men cast off the ropes and pick up their push poles. These poles are about ten feet long and from an inch and a half thick at the upper end swell to two inches thick at the bottom, where they aro shod with a short pike. Two of the crew stand on the starboard bow and two on the port, one behind the other, and facing aft, place the lower ends of the push poles on the bottom of the stream, the upper ends against their out board shoulders, and then, throwing their weight against the poles, they walk aft. As the poles cannot slip along tho bottom, the boat is forced forward. The push boat is a horizontally acting treadmill. Of course, the men walk aft on the bilge planks, which are left clear of merchan dise, so that they can w^k there freely. It is distressing to a stranger—it makes him feci as if his own back was about to break—merely to look at the men as they shove the boat along; but the Big Sandy boatmen are a hardy anjl cheerful race, and not only do not fret and chafe over their toil, but even walk away to the tune of some rollicking love song or ditty which they have learned from the favorite artist of a traveling theatrical troupe at Catlettsburg. The men get $1 a day each and board. The day runs from sunrise to sunset, and in that time four men will shove a boat from thirteen to fourteen miles up stream on the Big Sandy. ilot is usually e gets seventy The the owner of the boat, five cents a hundred pounds for general merchandise brought from Catlettsburg to Pikevilla. a distance of 100 miles. Flour he brings at $1 a barrel. It is only when tho boat has a full cargo and a pros perous passage, the boatmen say, that the push boat owner gets any return on his investment, which, however, is not great, for a good boat costs but $60 or $70. —Pikeville (Ky.) Cor. New York Sun. a THE SURPRISE. Joy rret Sorrow in a place tYhf-re the branches interlace. Very secret, still and sweet. Safe from ail profaning feet. '•Why art here?" Joy. startled, cried: "Why art here?" gray Sorrow 6ighed "I came here to weep." said Joy. "Tears are ever my employ." Murmured Sorrow "Yet I see Tears as grateful were to thee. Come, young novice, and he tauch*. How to ease thy heart o'erfraught." Joy sat down at Sorrow's feet. And was taught a lesson sweet. Fain would he make kind return: "Sorro *. art too old to leaiu? Nay? Then tarry yet a while. Till I have taught thee how to smile!' Since that hour the two have been Bound as by mysterious kin; Since that hour they so exchange Tears and smiles, 'tis nothing strange If sometimes a puzzled heart Scarce can tell the twain apart. —Edith Thomas in Boston Transcript. The Diamond Dealer's Methods. Jacob Dreicer, the diamond dealer who made the sensational sale of jewelry to George Law's friends, the sloggers, is ft Saratoga character. He seems as soft and amiable and flexible as a maiden, bat that is merely bis way of accomplishing bis business. "There is more looking at diamonds than buying them," be says. "That is true of every place in the world. If I could charge 5 cents a look from all who come here I would soon be rich with out selling a stone." As it is, the shrewd fellow says he is merely paying his rent and his fare back to New York. "It is a queer business," he says. "People think a man buys diamonds when he has made a little extra money. It takes more than that, I tell you. He buys diamonds only when he feels good. If a man feels just right, diamonds seem just the thing to invest in for himself and his wife. If he didn't feel good they might as well be so many bricks. Suppose a man made a pot of money, and got up with a headache, or his wife made him cross by refusing him something—he has no use for diamonds then. The littlest thing that crosses a m a n who has diamonds in his mind will drive them out." He knows another thing, does this shrewd dealer in luxury. He knows enough to sell his goods in the store, and nowhere else. "The store is my stage," he says. "There is where I play and understand my part. If a man takes diamonds away to Ids hotel to show to his wife I might as well give him up as a customer. She shows them to one lady. Tho lady is envious. 'Isn't that a flaw in that one?' she says. She shows them to another. 'Beautiful,' says that lady, 'but I like 'em clear white,' or rosy or whatever color these don't have. She shows them to a third lady, and that one says, 'They're splendid, but Mrs. Jones' are bigger.' That settles it, particularly as the husband has been told by one man that he saw a finer pair sold for less money once."—Saratoga Cor. New York Sun. Is Death Preventable? _ Why should men, women and children die of disease at all? There is no pro vision for death in early life except bv accident, ignorance of the laws of healtn and neglect of duty toward our neigh bor on the part of somebody. . . . Why do some die, and some recover? Why should disease be fatal at all? Fa tality is connected to somo extent with the surroundings in which the patient has lived before (he became affected, and is living at the time at which the dis ease commences in a given district. If then has been a large number of fatal cases of inflammation of the lungs, you may be certain that the air of that dis trict is not so pure as it ought to be, and the habits of the inhabitants aro not so prudent as they might be. No man dies of Inflam mation of the lungs in middle life, or indeed of any acute disease, be it what it mav, if he has lived healthily both as to habits and character of sur roundings. is If a district has a death rate of twenty four in the 1,000, it is double what It ought to be. The half of the deaths which tako place might have been pre vented if the people would obey the laws of health, keep their houses and their persons clean, dispose of their excreta in a proper way, and be temperate in their habits of living, and at the same time do their duty to their neighbor by avoiding the sophistication of articles of diet, or the mischief of adulteration.—Dr. Alfred Carpenter. Couldn't Get Away with Much. "United States Sub-treasurer Sutton* ■Oppose a thief should get into your big vault some night?" "No thief can get in there-" "But suppose he could?" "Ii is impossible." "But say that some clever fellow did get in, how much could he carry away In gold?" "Not more than $25,000. We pul that much in double eagles in a single J*g> the weight of which is 100 pounds. That is a good deal of weight in a mighty small bundle, making it hard to carry. A thief would have hard work to run with one of tnose bags, and he couldn't manage to lug two to save his life. You have no Idea how hard it is to carry a 100 pound bag of gold. The weight is so concen trated. But, after all, no thief can get in there. The safes are absolutely proof against burglar s."—S t. Paul Globe. To Make Tour Own Perfumes. Our grandmothers well knew the de light of stealing the perfume from the flowers, and their "still room," where were all conveniences for this, was a part of the machinery of every home. In our country vast quantities of flowers go to waste and we send to France for our per fumes, yet nothing is easier nor more womanly than to make the perfumes from flowers which we use. Into a large, flat, clean earthenware vessel pour some purified fat lard and suet mixed, warmed sufficiently to make it liquid. Throw into it as many scented flowers of one kind as it will contain. Let remain twenty-foar hours covered, then strain off the fat and add more flowers, repeat ing the process every day for a week« The method of liberating this essence of flowers from the fat is very simple. Per mit it to harden, cut it into small cubes and put into spirits of wine. The deli cate odor immediately transfers itself from the coarse fat to the spirituous sol vent, and such a strength of perfume Is procured with little trouble as would cost a great deal at a perfumer's.— "S. S. E. M. " In Chicago Herald. THE SEWARD MONUMENT. 35 5S2 It Has Just Been Erected at His Old Home, Auburn, N. T. After lying in his grave sixteen years. President Lincoln's secretary of state, William H. Seward, has had a monu ment erected to him at Auburn, N. Y., the home of the governor and secretary. It consists of a pedestal on which there is a statue of Mr. Seward poised on the left foot, a scroll in the left hand, which hangs naturally, the right hand pointing upward. Mr. Seward, during the pro and anti slave 1 *}* contest before the slaves in America were emancipated, was a power in the east as Mr. Lin coin was in the west. The words, "irrepressible conflict between free and slave labor," especially indicate the quail ties of Mr. Sew ard's mind. Gov ernor of New York, the most S rominent candi ate before the convention that nominated M r Lincoln, known and admired from ocean to ocean, he was chosen by Presi dent Lincoln when elected, to be secretary of Seward monument, state. In this po sition he re mained throughout tho dark days of civil war, and when the Wilkes Booth con S piracy attempted to murder the presi ent and his cabinet Mr. Seward was stabbed by one of the conspirators, re ceiving a wound from which he never entirely recovered. In 1869 he closed his public career, and soon af terwards made a tour of the world. He was engaged on the work of an account of this tour when it was announced to him that lie was near his end. Gfant like, he said: "If that is so, I have no time to lose. We must go on with the book." The following are the inscriptions on the different faces of the monument: [For east face.] Presented Nov. 15,1888, to the City of Auburn, BY THE TOWNSMEN AND FRIENDS OF WlLXJAM H. Seward, in commemoration of his beneficent LIFE, AND OF HIS DISTINGUISHED SERVICES TO THE State, to the Nation, and to Mankind. [For north fp.ee.] WILLIAM II. SEWARD 1801 18~2 [For west face.] The last eight lines of A. D. F. Randolph'« Bonnet: HOW THROUGH THESE YEARS IN SILENCE THOU HAST BORNE THE CRUEL DOUBT, THE SLANDERS OF DEBATE, THE ASSASSIN'S KNIFE, AND KEENER BLADE OF SCORN WIELDED BY PARTY IN ITS NARROW HATE: HOW COELDST THOU PAUSE EACH STEP TO 'INDICATE OF THY SURPASSING WORK ? LOl IT IS DONE. ■VEEDOM ENSHRINED IN OUR REGENERATE STATE, AND THEY WHO WERE DIVIDED MADE AS ONE ! [For south face.] A quotation from William H. Seward's Cali fornia speech in the senate, March 11, 1850, Yoi. I, page 74: THE CONSTITUTION REGULATES OUR STEWARDSHIP; THE CONSTITUTION DEVOTES THE DOMAIN TO UNION, TO JUSTICE, TO DEFENSE, TO WELFARE AND TO LIB ERTY. BUT THERE IS A HIGHER LAW THAN THE CONÖTITU llON, WHICH REGULATES OUR AUTHORITY OVER THE DOMAIN, AND DEVOTES IT TO THE SAME NOBLE PUR POSES. [and below, on base] SEWARD. Count Herbert Bismarck. Count Herbert Bismarck is now a man about 40 years of age. Men mature later abroad than in America; at least they last longer, and Count Herbert may be said to be entering upon his career. He is tall, erect, and his bearing is of the military order, though it is said that he resembles his mother rather than his father. He studied at tho University of Bonn, where the present emperor of Ger many was educated. He was there noted for his fondness for learning and appli cation to liis studies, and above all for his strong esprit du corps which bound him to his fellow students. The count lias always been a favorite with the fair sex. H< several esca pades,and has ac quired the title of Don Juan. While student he le has figured in a fought a duel, which was brought about by an affaire de cœur with the wife o f Prince Carolatli -Ben then,who is much older than him self. He received a sever e cut across the scalp in Herbert bismarck. the duel, and eloped to Sicily with the lady. Prince Bismarck, the f '.her, was verv much incensed at this escapade, and did all he could to bring his son to reason. He finally let the matter rest till Count Her bert's better judgment prevailed. The was divorced from her husband, Count Bismarck also dropped her. About five years ago there was a move ment on foot to send the count to America as minister from Germany. He desired the position, but his father did not wish to lose him near himself and would not Herbert dy id C ^rmit of the appointment. g ei ismarck is the" oldest son of the chancellor and will inherit his titles and the bulk of his estates. Every effort has been made to push him forward. Formerly he held the position of assist ant secretary to the foreign department, an office especially created for him, and afterwards he was made minister of foreign affairs, which office is one of the imperial secretaries of state. It is said that the count is reserved and under good self control in spite of an aj parent open and cordial disposition, is a shrewd observer and possesses the confidence of his father, who has in trusted him with considerable important diplomatic work. It is supposed that tho chancellor sees in the young man traits like his own. The father was wild enough himself in his youth and is not likely to condemn his son for freaks which he practiced as a voungstcr. At any rate he has long kept liis son by him , constantly advancing him . Count Herbert seems also to be trusted As by the emperor, who is perhaps ten years younger. The count was with the em peror during his recent visit to Italy. It is not improbable that the sen will suc ceed eventually to all tho power of liia father—at least all the power that the emperor can bestow, whether like his father he will have an additional weight from talents and rare statesmanship is a question which the future must decide. A MONUMENT TO AUDUBON. —hi / PBO POSED MON LA. ENT. A Fitting Memorial Being Arranged For by the I.innæan Society. The Linnaean society of New York has long contemplated the erection of a monu ment on some suitable site to the mem ory of John James Audubon, the na turalist. The scheme originated with the New York Academy of Sciences some time ago, and for a time its success, or at least its immediate success, seemed doubtful. The appeals of the Lin næan society have been promptly an swered. however, and the monument will probably be built before long. Many plans for the shaft have been submitted to the committee, but the one which is given in the illustration will probably be accepted. John James Au dubon was the son of a French naval commander, who married a Louis iane girl of Span ish descent and settled down on a plantation in that state, where Joan James Audubon was born. The mother was killed a few years later in a negro insur rection on a plantation in Santo Do mingo, and young Audubon was sent to France to be educated. Almost before he was able to walk he evinced a remarkable love for nature, and spent much of his time in endeavors to make drawings of the birds with which he was familiar. His father en couraged him, and placed him in the studio of a Parisian artist, where he was set to drawing horses' heads and the limbs of giants. This work he neglected shamefully, and again liegan to draw pictures of birds and study their habits whenever it was pos sible. His father again yielded to the boy's tastes, and sent him to a farm near Philadel phia. The house there became a museum, and ho spent his time roaming the v. oods with a gun, staying among civilized people long enough, however, to fall in love with Lucy BakeweLL Her father thought him un practical, and induced him to enter business. He was a fiat failure as a business man, but finally married tho girl of his choice and went west with his wife and a business part;. er. Again he failed to prosper in busi ness, as he devoted himself completely to natural history, tramping for days at a time through the woods with nocompanion but his gun. His friends looked upon him as insane, but his wife sympathized with and helped him. His father died about this time, leaving him an estate in France and $17,000. He was defrauded of the money by a dishon est trustee. He earned money by giving drawing lessons, and his wife educated their two children by acting as a governess and drawing teacher. Finally he published his "Birds of America." although beset by ter rible difficulties. The publication of his other books followed, his sons, at that time grown to manhood, helping their father when the rest of tho world laughed at him He died at his son's house, M.nnieslaud on the Hudson, near New York (now Audubon Park), Jan. 27, 185L a COLORADO SLUGGER. Ed. Smith, tho Denver Boy Who Wants to Meet La Blanche. A match between "The Marine" and Ed. Smith, of Denver, Colo., is among the prob able events to come, and the possibility is causing considerable talk in sporting circles. Smith's chances of a victory in case the fight should como off are thought by many to be good, but there are quite as many who think that the Denver boy would have no show if he once got within reach of "The Marine's" Smith is a native of Birmingh am England, is 23 years of age, and stands 5 feet 10 inches high, weighing, in ondition, 160 pounds. He fought several unimport ant battles with bare knuckles in England before coming to this country, generally for purses. He traveled with Jem Mace and Alf Greenfield, giving sparring exhi bitions throughout England, Wale s and Scotland, and with the Burke combination in this KD ' SM,TH - country some three years ago, doing the wind up with Burke. His fights in this country have been few, but have been winning ones, with the excep tion of his fight with Clow, who won in ten rounds on a foul at Dodge City, Kan., Nov. 7, 1885. He, however, knocked Professor Jimmy Connolly out in four rounds in the Buckingham theatre, Chicago. Ho then went to San Francisco, where he knocked out Mathews, the Australian heavy weight, in six rounds. He next fought Frank Engle, whom he defeated in three rounds at Helena, M. T. His last battle was with Lawrence Farrell, a big heavy weight, whom he knocked out in two rounds near Denver, Colo., Oct. 1. While Smith is young and undeveloped, he is a promising pugilist, being very clever and a hard hitter. MIDNIGHT. TBs night's midglory—Earth, so calm, so still, On couch of space is wrapped in slumber's speQ( How soft and pure her bosom's rounded swell 'Neath fleecy robes, and placid radiance shed From silver orb, like watcher's lamp, o'erhead! While starry regions dimly throng and fill Her airy • hamber, whence ail sound is fled Save breath of rising prayer, or whir of wings As angels viewless pass, or heavenward springs The guardian who hath wrought the Father's will Midnight and moonlight, silence, stars and God— Boblimest height DiumaXTime hath trod. —Edward McCarthy in Woman.