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A join SESSION.
The Board of Trade and City Council Discuss the Sewer Question and Decide in Favor of More Bonds. A Resolution Passed Unanimously Favor the Immediate Admission of Mon tana into the Union. Genera! interest centered in the meeting of the City Council Saturday night, which was well attended. It was called by the Mayor at the request of the sewerage com mittee, and the Board of Trade was in vited to be present to discuss the question of completing the system of sewerage so satisfactorily begun. Those of the council present were Mayor Fuller, Aldermen Lissner, Worth, Kirkendall, Featherly, Loeb, Harrison, Howey, Simons and Ad kinson, Clerk Botkin, Sanitary Engineer Miller and Sergeant Nicholson. Among the members of the Board of Trade present and occupying chairs on the floor were President A. J. Davidson, Vice-President A. M. Holter, T. C. Pow er, H. M. Pärchen, L. H. Hershfield, ex Mayor E. W. Knight, ex-Mayor T. H Kleinschmidt, W. A. Chessman, R. S. Hale, W. E. Cox, M. M. Holter, James P Porter, Chas. D. Curtis, Frank L. Sizer, Dr. Atchison and others. The Council first took up some REGULAR BUSINESS that was awaiting attention. Ordinances were read and passed appropriating money as follows: To Green & De Witt, November estimate for sewers, $10,000; to M. H. Keefe, No vember estimate tor sewer work, $1,900: Helena Steam Heating and Supply Com pany, $11,480 for sewer pipe furnished. On motion of Kirkendall, Contractor Bryant was ordered to put the scene of his recent work on Benton avenue in a passa ble condition. Several bills were allowed for lowering water pipes, exposed by street grading. THE SEWER QUESTION. Mayor Fuller then announced the object of the meeting and called upon Howey, chairman of the sewerage committee, to give the status of the sewer question. This the gentleman did in brief. He said that after laying all the main sewers the fund of $150,000 raised by bonding the city would be nearly exhausted ; that, in order to complete the system and give the benefits of sewerage to the entire city, lateral sewers must be built. To do this properly it was estimated would require an expenditure of $140,000 or $150,000 in addition to the $150,000 already avail able and partly used, which would make the sewering of the city cost about $300, 000. The council was of the opinion that these lateral sewers must be built, and the question was HOW TO RAISE THE MONEY" The sewerage committee had decided to petition the legislature for power to issue additional bonds in the sum of $150,000 to carry on the work. That would be a general tax on the whole city. There was also another plan to raise the necessary funds by assessing the property along the streets through which the sewers must pass for so much per front foot. Both plans were open to objection, and for that reason the Board of Trade had been invited to give their views on the question. Members of the Board of Trade were then given the floor. All of them favored the completion of the sewerage system, but there was a difference of opinion as to the mode of raising money. Mr. Davidson was non-committal, saying he came as a listener. Mr. Power favored pushing the work to completion and thought it might be well enough to ask the legislature for an enabling act. Mr. Hersfield thought the city ought to go slow. It would be unw iae to bond the city to the limit al lowed by Congress for sewers alone. Other improvements, such as street paying, etc., must be made in the near future and there shonld be some way of providing money for such work. Mr. Klein chmidt agreed with Mr. Hershfield on the impropriety of increasing the city's indebtedness. He thought the whole sew erage system ought to have been built by the subscription of citizens, as the proper ty now in existence should pay for such improvements, the expense of which should not be shouldered on future gener ations. He thought the people should go down in their pockets for the money to build lateral sewers. E. W. Knight took A DIFFERENT VIEW. He thosgut property holders along the lines of lateral sewers should be treated as fairly as those on the main sewers. He favored asking the legislature for an ena bling act and bonding the city for the money required for iateial sewers. It would be an injustice to tax the city gen erally for maiD sewers and tax individuals for laterals. H. M. Pärchen agreed with Mr. Knight. The city could stand $150, 000 more indebtedness, and he favored asking for an enabling act. Postmaster Curtis expressed like views. The people could vote on the bond propo sition and it would give general satis faction. On the request of Mr. Power, Engineer Miller made a few statements. He said the present sewers would not carry off surface water, and STORM WATER SEWERS would have to be built in the gulches. These could be made of brick and wonld cast about $5 per foot. W. E. Cox, being called on, favored com pleting the sewerage system and asking for an enabling act. There was no necessity for issuing the full amount of the bonds, but as the legislature met only once in two years, it was plain we would need money for ex tending the sewers before the session of 1891. He thought the coming session should be petitioned. Kleinschmidt advocated asking the legis lature to modify the city charter so as to allow the compulsory assessment of prop erty holders for city improvements. A. M. Holter thought we ought take it a little slow. The present aewers were an experiment and ought to be tried before extending the system on the same plan, as experience might dictate some changes. W. A. Chessman got a round of ap plause from the lobby for advocating un conditional prosecution of the work until every street in the city was piped. He favored the completion of the work, and was perfectly willing to pay his taxes to help it along. Mr. Knight suggested that the sewer fund might be reinforced by taxing all property holders one half both for main sewers and laterals. Harrison said there was no difference of opinion on the subject of completing the sewers ; Ml were unanimous that the work shonld be completed at the earliest possi ble day. He favored charging abutting property for the use of the sewers, each man to be assessed so much when he had his property connected with the sewer. In this way the city would get a profit on its investment and raise money to prosecute the work. He Javored an enabling act, bnt did not think it would be found necessary to float one halt the amount of bonds asked for. IT CARRIES. Loeb then presented a resolution au thorizing the City Clerk to draw up for immediate presentation to the council and by them to the legislature a bill for an act to enable the city of Helena to incur ad ditional indebtedness in the sum of $150, 000 to further the construction of sewers. Harrison moved to amend by adding "for the construction of sewers and for other purposes." and the resolution was passed as amended. LOOKING TO CITY WATER WORKS. Loeb introduced thelollowing resolution: Resolved, That Mr. G. N. Muller, super intendent of sewers, be instructed to ex amine into and report upon the feasibility of establishing a system of water works tor the supply of the city of Helena, for both public and private uses, to be con structed and owned by said city. Said superintendent in making this report will give the contemplated source of water supply, nature of works required and the probable cost, and will report on the subject as early as prac ticable; and that the said superintendent be allowed lor his services such compensa tion as the City Council may deem proper, which shall not exceed $300." Lissner expressed himself tired of the water question and moved to lay the reso lution on the table. Loeb raised the point of order ..hat every resolution appropriating money must be either voted upon or referred to a standing committee. The chair sustained him and on motion of Harrison the resolution was referred to the water committee. ASKING STATEHOOD. After a recess of ten minutes the Coun cil went into committee of the whole. Worth introduced the following resolution: Resolved, That it is the sense of the Board of Trade and City Council of the city of Helena assembled in joint conven tion that the Territory of Montana is en titled by reason of her taxable wealth, re sources and population to admission into the Union with the least possible delay and that any further denial of full politi cal rights to the people of this Territory would be unjust and in violation of the spirit of our institutions. Resolved, That the secretary of the Board of Trade and the city clerk be instructed to forward a copy of these resolutions to Hon. J. K. Toole, delegate to congress. The resolntion was unanimously adopted. The committee then arose and the sew erage question was again taken up. Mr. Power made a suggestion as to the charges for connecting with the sewers, which was referred to the sewerage committee; the committee to report at the regular meet ing on Thursday. Lissner asked that the city engineer be instructed to make an estimate as to what it would cost to grade Catholic hill, South Ewing street. The engineer was instruct ed to make an estimate and report next meeting. On motion of Harrison the bid of the Helena Water company to supply a por tion of the city with water was referred to the water committee to report at the next meeting. Loeb stated that Dr. Brooke would con tribute $100 and Mrs. Ming $300 towards the grading of Ming street, provided the city would order the work done. Referred to the committee on streets and alleys. A vote of thanks was tendered the Board of Trade for their presence and valuable suggestions on jthe sewerage question, and President Davidson responded, thanking the council for the courtesy of the invita tion to assist in their deliberations. Adjourned until Tuesday evening, De cember 11. WHEN ME.N.CKfSS THE1K LEGS Some Curions Facts Regarding the Most Familiar Masculine Habit. LLiverpool Courier. | Men usually cross their legs when there is least pressure on their minds. You will never find a man actually engaged in busi ness with his. legs crossed. The limbs at those times are straighter than at any other time, because the mind and body work to gether. A man engaged in auditing ac counts will never cross his legs, neither will a man who is writing an article, or who is employed in any manner where his brain is actually engaged. When at work in a sitting posture the limbs naturally ex tend to floor in a perfectly straight line. A man may cross his legs if sitting in an office chair discussing some proposition with anothor man, but the instant he be comes really in earnest and perceives some thing to be gained his limbs uncross quick as a flash, he bends forward toward his neighbor and begins to use his hands That is a phase that I believe you will al ways observe. Men often cross their legs at public meetings, because they go there to listen and to be entertained ; they are not the factors in the performance, and they nat urally place themselves in the most com fortable position known to them, namely, leaning well back in their chairs and cross ing their legs. A man always crosses his legs when he reads a newspaper, bnt is more apt to lie down when be reads a book. He reads the paper, of course, to inform himself, but at the same time the perusal of its contents is recreation to him, and his body again seeks its position of relaxation. When a man is reading a newspaper and waiting for his breakfast his legs are always crossed, but as soon as his breakfast is brought to him he puts the paper aside, straightens out his legs and gees to work— that is, to eat—his mind now turning on the duties of the day before him. Brntal Outrage. Pittsburg, Pa., December 11. —Miss Mollie Ross, an aged lady, living near Uniontown, was horribly tortured last night by burglars for the purpose of securing money which she was supposed to bave in the house. The rascals bound her with heavy cords, applied lighted candles to her feet and inflicted severe bruises upon her body with clubs. Stuck in the Mud. New York, December 12.— The steamer Galena did not leave for Hayti this morn ing, being stuck fast in the mud. It is hoped she will get off at high tide. Suffocated by Gas. Baltimore, December 10. —Last night a man and woman engaged a room at the East End Hotel. Nothing was seen of them until late this afternoon, when the door was broken open. The man was found dead and the woman nearly so. They bad blown out the gas. They were identi fied as Chas. E. Elliason, a young working man, and Mrs. Lillie May Elliason, his sister-in-law. Mormon Church Affairs. Salt Lake, December 10. —The hearing on the petition alleging that Receiver Dyer and counsel had collected exorbitant fees, etc., in the matter of the escheat of Mor mon church property, began to-day. Re ceiver Dyer refused, under advice of his counsel, to answer most of the questions. The examination was therefore closed, and the situation will be reported to the Su preme Court when it meets in January. THE SEWER QUESTION. There was some talk before the City Council on Saturday evening to the effect that for the construction of all lateral sew ers, as they are called, the abutting prop erty should be taxed. The only reason pretended to be given is that another course it will make the debt excfssive. That is, after the property and residents off from the main lines of the sewer have been fully taxed to construct these main sewers, then they are to be taxed twice again before they can get any benefit of the main sewers. There is no symptom or pretense of justice in such a proposition as this. It could not stand in court and does not deserve standing room at the bar of public opinion. The time to have settled this question was be fore the work was begun. It is too late now. The whole city is not to be taxed to build sewers for three streets. Until those who have property on intermediate or cross streets have the same facilities for connecting with the main sewers, as those who live along the course of these sewers, they are bearing an unequal and unjust tax. It is a bad thing to have a city debt. I; was considered a worse thing to have a foul and unhealthy atmosphere. But it would be, worst of all, to make one-halt the city pay the tax for the exclusive benefit of the other half. The time to have counted the cost should have been before the work was begun. There can be no question that bur dens and benefits must be reciprocal. If we reach the limit of our city indebtedness on sewers, it is as well, perhaps, as on anything else. If we reach our limit this year the limit will be extended next year, and when we become a State this limita tion by congress will cease. Now that we have put $150,090 into main sewers we must go on and build lat eral sewers, or our money is spent for naught. We must not only have the lat eral sewers by the same methods and means, but as soon as we can do so pru dently. Te those who say we cannot afford to carry such an increase of debt, we say that still less can we afford to go without the use and benefit of the large sum already expended, and least of all can we afford to tax those who have the least k benefit of the sewers three prices for them. We could have gone without sewers a thousand times better than many larger cities in lower situations and damper cli mates, but we cannot afford to attempt such an injustice as proposed. If the side and intermediate streets are to be taxed, do the same by those streets where the sewer is now being laid. We fully approve the stand taken by the City Council on this question, and they may be sure that a majority of the citizens will stand with them. FORTY THOUSAND VOTERS. By official count Montana at the last election cast full 40,000 votes, or a fraction over. These votes were all cast by males over 21 years of age who have lived more than six months in the Territory—either citizens, or those who have declared their intention to become citizens. In our wide area there is a large number of people in remote local ities or prospecting in the mountains, who do not come in to vote. We have no part in the more exciting contest for the presidency. We do not even have the poor chance for voting for our own Governor. We have nothing but a few local offices to fill and to choose a Delegate who has no vote in Congress. Under such circum stances, in most States, there would not be more than half a vote called out. The people ef Montana, owing to their greater intelligence and interest in public affairs, come out to vote in greater propor tion than in some of the States, but we presume that it would be a low estimate to-day that 10 per cent of our legal voters did not cast a ballot. This wonld increase our voting population to 44.000. Of those who came within the past six months and were disqualified on that account, there must have been at least 2,000. These will all be voters by the 4th of next March. We shall then have in Montana on the most conservative estimate 46,000 voters, more probably 50.000. There is hardly a congressional district in the country that casts over 30,000 votes, and the average is not over 20,000. At this last election, with no particular interest to call out a full vote, and after a short canvass, we cast votes enough to en title us to two members of congress. And still there are men, even in congress, whose sense of justice is so benumbed as to haggle over Montana's right to immediate State hood. _ The order of resumption of operation at Anaconda is cheering news. Instead of idleness for months, as was threatened by the situation a few days ago, brought about by the hasty and inconsiderate strike of the engineers of the Montana Union railroad, work will commence and con tinue, thousands of employes will be kept bnsy and thousands more dependent npon them will be provided for. In all likeli hood Mr. Marcos Daly is the man who has been instrumental in bringing about a re vocation of the original order which con templated a shutting down for the winter and spring of the greatest copper mine and the greatest smelting plant in the world. Globe-Democrat : The Democrats who are abusing the Grand Army of the Re public for being what they call a political organization are the very individuals who are appealing to the Democratic members to withdraw and form an avowedly politi cal organization of their own. The rabid Bourbon partisan is as weak in common sense as he is in consistency. The history of early Kentucky shows that its first State constitution never was submitted to the people for adoption. The convention framed it also adopted it, and there was no question of its irregularity ever raised. SAMOAN ISLANDS. The condition of affairs in these distant islands of the Pacific ocean is likely to be come r matter of investigation in the Sen ats and of interesting study by the whole country. The speech of Senator Frye, yes terday, and the reply of Gray in defense of Bayard, have introduced the subject to public notice. While it is quite true, as Senator Gray remarked, that under our representative form of popular government no minister of state has any right to commit the country to a policy that may result in war without consultation with the responsible legisla tive bodies, we presume that none will deny that this rule applies as well to our relations with Hayti as with Germany. Nor has any representative of this country at home or abroad, any right to suppose that the United States would submit to in jnrry and insult without reseating it. With several thousand miles of coast on the Pacific our prospective interest in Paci fic commerce is greater than that of all other nations combined. For all the ad vantages our nation has sought or acquired in the islands of the Pacific we have pur sued an open, honorable coarse, and though we have no reason to expect that other nations shall be confined to the use of the same means, it is none the less the duty of honor as well as of interest to defend and protect our citizens, our missionaries, whose unselfish zeal has for long years been devoted to the elevation of the natives of these islands. We have a right to demand respect fo our acquired and vested rights. If, as stated, our government has acquired by concession from the proper soarce in an honorable way valuable harbors and coal ing stations, it is the same duty for our government authorities to preserve, protect and defend these rights against Germany as against Hayti. This is not saying that we would wantonly invite war with Germany. It would be the greatest possible mistake and calamity, doing infinite harm without any possibility of benefit. But war is bet ter than dishonor. If we submit on any terms to such injuries as those detailed by Senator Frye, we shruld forfeit the respect of Germany. A thorough investigation of facts as pro] posed is proper, and so would it be in the case of Hayti. There is nobody frightened or likely to be. We have no idea that war with Germany would result. And should the worst feared be the result we have no reason to fear the result of a war on the seas with any nation except England, and we could soon put ourselves in condition to meet England. If the Republican party doss its duty with the power entrusted to it by the peo ple, it will see to it that the work of con structing a navy i9 not delayed any longer. It is the only thing that will give back bone to our foreign policy, or rather give us what we have never yet had, a policy and influence abroad. There is no nation that needs this more than ours, because our citizens are everywhere scattered through the world. Grady, of the Atlanta Constitution, ad mits that a solid South has made and will maintain a solid North that will control the government, but he says the only al ternative to this is a division of the white vote and consequent Jnegro domination, which is worse yet. If this was the full range of choice for the South, that section of the country would truly deserve com miseration. There is one other plan: to give the negro his fall constitutional rights, then educate him to be an intelligent and virtuous citizen and seek his support by fair means. This is the only path of honesty, safety and success. Introduce manufactures and encourage im migration. There is not a tithe of the danger in doing clear, full, open justice to the blacks that there is in the present regime of fraud and intimidation. Even the Southerners admit that slavery was as bad in its general effects upon the whites as upon the blacks. But a suppression of constitutional rights by violence or fraud is worse than slavery, and ten times worse to the whites than to the blacks. Mrs. Bowles Colgate, Mrs. Anderson Fowler and Mrs. Peter A. Welch are the ladies chosen to organize the Methodist Episcopal Order of Deaconesses, whose du ties, as defined by the laws of the church, will be "to minister to the poor, visit the sick, pray with the dying, care for the wandering, comfort the sorrowing, save the sinning and, relinquishing all other pursuits, devote, themselves in a general way to such forms of Christian labor as may be suited to their abilities. The superintendent 's to be a woman, and her duties will include a general sup vision of the order. The Texas canvassing board is enjoying a prolonged picnic in counting the vote of that State. Through some oversight one of the county abstracts showed a Republi can majority on the face of the return, and it was sent back for rectification. The board, as-far as its labors have progressed report Cleveland 170,000 in the lead and before the count is closed it is expected the Democratic majority will be advanced to 180,000. Grover will be under lasting ob ligations to Texas in setting him ahead on the popular vote. Helena has a prominent newspaper visitor in the person of W. E. Haskell, editor and chief proprietor of the Minne apolis Tribune , one of the foremost journals of the country. Mr. Haskell, accompanied by his wife, is taking for the first time an outing in the mountains. In Manitoba, Dakota, Wisconsin and Iowa, and the fields contiguous and bordering, the Tribune has readers by the scores of thousands. It is a great newspaper and its circulation in Montana, on its merits, should be general and wide spread. No journal that comes to the Herald sanctum shows examples of intelligent and wisely directed enter prise equal to the Minneapolis Tribune. "HOBSON'S CHOICE." If there had been or were an intermediate State between the Territory, without any thing to say in its own government and without any representation in congress, and full-fledged Statehood, we believe with Gen. Warren that many, if not a majority, of our people would be in no haste for admission as a State with the increased burdens appendant. But there is no range of choice. It is everything or nothing—and we have had the nothing long enough. Montana has a genera tion of voters now entering upon the active duties of manhood who have never had an opportunity to cast a vote for President or Representative in Congress. To give the people of Terri tories the right to choose their own officials and their Delegate a vote as Representa tive and one electoral vote would require a change of the constitution, and by the time that could be affected the necessity for it would be past. As things are and will continue to be, there is no escape from our degrading and intolerable disabilities except through statehood. Onr school lands are all being stolen and frittered away. All of the common revenues are divided between the insane and the convicts. It is not so much the amount that is paid that constitutes the burden, as the dissatisfaction with the fruits of the outlay. W T e defy the whole country to produce a parallel to Montana in the amount of general taxes paid and the little that there is to show for it. If we were called upon under Statehood to pay more, we should have more to show for it. The taxes paid would be spent in the Territory and would increase business and permanent w ealth. It would be a severe retributive trial to President Cleveland, if he possessed a sen sitive nature, to read the comments of the Tory press of England on his recent mes sage. The Standard pronounces it "solemn froth;" and even those who speak well of its avowed free trade principles speak of the style as inflated and turgid—some tone it down to "luxuriousness"—other for good reason think it socialistic in sentiment and tendency. The dismissal of West rankles as an insult and the provocation was only the supposed exigency of a campaign. It would never have been thought of had not Cleveland been running for reelection and was fearful, on good grounds, that he would not get the usual amount ef Irish votes. We have no tears to shed for Cleveland. He has met the fate he deserves at home and abroad. And now we hope to see some representative of the United States sent to England, whose head is not so light that it can be turned like lhat of Lowell by the cheap and interested flattery of the Eng lish aristocracy. Chauncey M. Depew is the man to represent us if he will accept the appointment. That was a most regrettable affair that occurred at Birmingham, Alabama, last Saturday night. In this case we think the sheriff was right in defending his prisoner, but it was a fearful responsibility to take, and where there is every reason to think the prisoner is guilty of a great crime, we do not believe a sheriff has the right, in the discharge of his duty, to sacrifice good lives for a bad one. If Hawes is the guilty man that his assailants thought, it is not possible that he should escape, and there was much probability that he is innocent. It seems eminently a case where the law should have been allowed to take its course. Though the sheriff deserves com mendation for defending his prisoner, we think it could have been done without so much fatality. The prison guards evi dently shot to kill. They should only have sought to deter the assailants, and the shots should have been aimed at less vital parts. _ Representative Morse has proposed the repeal of the inter-state commerce bill. If the law were to be judged by what it has yet accomplished we would say repeal it as soon as possible, but we are satisfied that tb*-re is good principle at the bottom o', it that should be brought to the sur face and be established. The roads, as ex pected, have done all that was possible to throw obstacles in the way and make it odious so as to force its repeal. It is the opening only of a long and fiercely fought contest. While we do not believe in the justice of any war upon railroads by the government, still less do we believe that the roads should dominate the government. What the country most needs is a strong intermediate body combined to keep the railroads from being unjustly assailed and crippled, and equally resolute to keep them subordinate to the government and the general good. The gander ought to be satisfi ed with the sauce that suits the goose, and if Texas wants division, we should be happy to see the ambition gratified. This is a question, as we have always held, that chiefly con cerns the people of the State or Territory to be divided. If the people of Texas want division let them say the word and we venture to pledge the Republican party to aid the move ment. We know from Judge McLeary that the people of Texas are opposed to di vision. Now that they have a new state house built out of a common fund, the di vision sentiment will be weaker than ever. Texas ba9 an ambition to be the empire state of the South as New York is of the North. The ideas and ambitions of the people are on a grand scale. For much the same reasons we oppose division for Mon tana. But the people of Dakota want it, and it is for them to say. The result of the mayoralty election in Boston is not properly a Republican vic tory. If there was not as much money spent as at the Presidential election, there was exertion and excitement for the time being. The result is something marvel ous. The secret lies in the fact that a general ^impression was abroad that the Catholics were getting control of the public schools. MASONIC PROCEEDINGS. The proceedings of the Grand Lodge of A. F. and A. M.,"of Montana, at the last, the Twenty-fourth Annual Communica tion, held in Missonla iu October last, are out and ready for distribution to-day. For the first time the work has been done in the Territory, and the Herald office which was the successful bidder, has done a most creditable job in all respects. It is the finest volume ever issued in "he series. Owing to the fact that the work was done at home under the eye of the Grand Secre tary, it contains fewer mistakes than usual It is published at least two months earlier than the average for recent years, and will reach the hands ot readers before the in terest in the work of the last session has died out. It is evidence that "things is moving' when Democratic members of Congress meet in caucus to consider the question ot admitting the Territories a9 States, and this evidence is greatly increased when so influential a member a9 Cox advocates the division of Dakota and the'earlv admission of all but Utah and New Mexico. But Oates, of Alabama, voiced ,the sentiment of the South, and shows us where the opposi tion is coming from. We shail not be sur prised even at factious filibustering to pre vent the admission of new States. The South ; means to keep its present advantage and will fight readjustment to the bitter end. For this reason it will be necessary to make a campaign of it, com bine the strength and friends ot all the claimants iu one omnibus bill. F rom the expression of Southern opinion in the caucus, we are satisfied that nothing wil be done at this session. The South has no confidence in the Democracy of the North west. It don't wash. Though it comes out here "dyed in the wool," it soon bleaches out. The organization of new bodies for fra ternal and social purposes, as well as those subsidiary and ancillary to church work and other benevolent and charitable pur poses is becoming perfectly bewildering and at times proves burdensome to the public. When, where and how to call a halt is for each to decide for himself. It will not do to shut one's eyes, heart or purse to all of them, for their purposes are generally good and everyone spends money for many worse objects. Where innocent amusement can be had at the same tima that some good purpose is served it is a powerful combination to appeal to all who have the means to gratify their better tastes and instincts. Through this festival season now opening, when everything, present and prospective, is so promising and propetious, we entreat our good people to be patient and generous. Oregonian : Montana cast more votes to elect a delegate iu congress than Georgia did to elect ten representatives, whi'e Da kota cast three and one-half times as many. Washington, to elect a single delegate, cast more votes than South Carolina or Mississippi, each of which elected seven representatives, or Georgia, which elected ten. The vote of Dakota, Montana and Washington exceeded by 11,000 the aggre gate vote of Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi and South Carolina, which States cast twenty-seven votes in the House of Repre sentatives for the so-called Mills bill and every other Democratic party measure, and thirty-five electoral votes for the Demo cratic candidates for President and Vice President. The great railroad bridge over the Mis souri river at Sioux City was thoroughly tested on December 5th. Eight heavy engines were coupled together and run slowly over the bridge and then rapidly. This is the ^seventeenth bridge over the Missouri river. The charter was granted by Congress in 1872. The work was begun in August 1887. The three river piers are each 144 feet high, reach ing ninety feet below and eighty-four feet above an average stage of water. The four main spans are 400 feet each and the en tire material is of steel. The total cost was $1,375,000. The Knoxville Journal says there were Democratic frauds enough in four counties of Tennessee to give the entire majority claimed for them. It will be time enough to talk about electing the president by popular ▼ote when there can be some assurance of a full, fair, honest vote in the South. Out of nearly 11,000,000 votes case in the country, all the third parties put to gether cast only 385,950 votes. These third party votes did not anywhere amount to enough to elect a congressman of their own way of thinking. The Alderman from the First ward was a speaker as well as a Lissner at the sewer meeting Saturday night. He vigorously opposed the front foot assessment racket and favored the bonding proposition. New York Tribune: Montana has all the attributes of a commonwealth to join the great circle of States. Passed the Bill. Washington, December 12.— The House passed the Direct Tax Bill with amend ments—yeas, 178 ; nays, 96. Morton En Route. Cleveland, Ohio, December 12.—Vice President-elect Morton passed through here this morning en route to Indianapolis to visit Gen. Harrison. Papal Conciliation. Rome, December 12. —It is stated the Pope is desirous of conciliating Russia and is inclined to grant concessions demanded by M. Izvolsky, including the introduction of Russian language into the Catholic churches in Little Russia and Lithnana. Three Were Drowned. Watertown, N. Y., December 12.— Sergt. Darlington and Privates Fred Pet tit and Benjamin Wilson, of Company A., llthTnfantry, located at Madison Barracks, Sackett's Harbor, were drowned in Lake Ontario, the boat in which they were fish ing upsetting. • • IN CONGRESS. Doings To-day in Senate and House. SENATE. Washington, December 12.—There was but little morning business, so the tariff bill was quickly taken up, the question being on amendment offered by Jones, of Arkanas.to admit hoop or band-iron 1 cotton ties, etc.) free of duty instead of taxing it 2-10 cent per pound additional. The question whether or not this would be a tax on the cotton planter, and if so, how much, was discussed at length by BerTy aud Hiscock. After a long debate the cot ton tie tax amendment was rejected. Yeas, 18; nays, 23. HOUSE. Washington, December 12. —^Blan chard, of Louisiana, reported ou the river and harbor bill. Referred to the commit tee of the whole. Senate amendments to the department of agriculture bill non-concurred iu. O'Neall, of Indiana, submitted the re port of the committee on elections in the California contested elec tien case of Sulli van agaiiut Felton. The report which finds in favor of Sulli van, together with the views of the minori ty (confirming Feltou's title to the seat) was placed on the calendar. The House then went into committee of the whole on the direct tax bill. AS TO TRUSTS. The Senate Committee Taking Evi dence. g New York, December 12.—The Senate trust committee resumed its session to-day. Francis B. Thurber, of Thurber, Whylaud & Co., testified that the purpose of the Wholesale Grocers' Association was to maintain uniform prices by the wholesale dealers. The only articles iu which any attempt had been made to fix rates were sugar, bakers' cocoa and Royal baking powder. The witness deniedJthat the Wholesale Grocers association was formed to compel the members of the sugar trust to sell to members of the grocers association at less rates than were charged to merchants not members of the association. There was no understanding between the asso ciation and the trust in regard to pur chasing from the trust rather than from other refineries. When the Grocers' Association first or ganized they tried to induce the manufac turers in the sugar trust to fix prices so that all the members of their association might be allowed a rebate but were unsuc cessful. Recently some members of the association have been able to make such arrangements. Any member of the associ ation was at liberty to buy from the sugar manufacturers outside of the sugar trust, and many members had done so. Eight Hour Day. St. Locis, December 12.—The American Federation of Labor resumed its session this morning. President Gompers appoint ed a special committee to report on fir eight hor.r section. In his annual addr«. he suggested the formation of eight bon; committees in all cities and towns to con centrate the movement and that on Feb ruary 22 next mass meetings on the sub ject be held all over the country. Recess till afternoon. A Budget of Appointmeuts. Washington, December 12. -This af ternoon the President sent the following nominations to the Senate: Orrin B. Hal lam, of Kentucky, deputy first auditor of the treasury, vice E. P. Balter, resigued. Walter L. Bragg, of Alabama, to the inter state commerce commission. Also a large number of army and navy promotions and of recess appointments of postmasters. The Parnell-Times Case. London, December 12. —Before the Par nell commission this morning an attempt to introduce testimony from County Wex ford, to show intimidation, led to the ob jection by Parnell's counsel, on tie ground that Wextord was not included in the opening address. The presidiog justice appealed to the counsel for the Times to curtail the testimony as much as possible. The court was alarmed at the latitute which the counsel were taking. The Canal Scheme. Paris, December 12. — Several news papers say if the issne of the Panama Canal loan proves a failure, the "govern ment, in conformity with the proposal o: the extra parliamentary commission, will introduce a bill in the Chamber of Depu ties, to enable the company to meet its en gagements. A new company ander the leadership of the Credit Foncier will then purchase the canal. Items in the River and Harbor Bill. Washington, December 12.—The river and harbor appropriation bill was reported to the House this morning. Some changes were made in the bill. As finally agreed npon it appropriates $11,906,850. Follow ing are some of the items: Humboldt. Cal., $67,000; Oakland, Cal., $166,500; Coos Bay, Oregon, $60,000; Yaquiua Bay, Ore.. $100,000; Canal at Cascades, Ore., $150,000; Month of Colombia river, Ore., $250,0 <0; Lower Willamette and Columbia river, Ore., $60, 000. _ Damage from a Broken W ater Mai 0, Cleveland, December 12.—The water main barst on Hanover stree., early th.a morning and a raging torrent went through the street and across lots, tearing every thing np, flooding cellars, undermining foundations and burying railroad tracks in mad. Loss, fully $50,000. The Militia Non-Committal. Bevier, Mo., December 12.—The officers decline to say what the military will do in the event of an attempt being made by the strikers to erect fortifications, as l ^ e - v threaten. They claim to have land* coming for that purpose. The Boston School Election. Boston, December 12.—The comP' ete returns show the election of the eDtl ' e anti-Catholic school committee About 17,000 out of the 21,000 registered, voted.