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. j * > -w r liM* HÜB i LA «Ci Volume xxiii. Helena, Montana, Thursday, December 1888. No. 20 + *ri,c lilcehlu "ÿjcralil. g t FISK D. W. FISK t. J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana --O Rates ot Snbsnription. WEEKLY °HERALD: One Year, (in ndvRiiee).............................83 00 Six Month», (In advance) ............................... 1 75 Three Months, (in advance)........................... 1 00 When not paid for in advance the rate will be Four Dollars per yeati Postage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: CltvSiihscribers,delivered by carrier 81.00a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. 89 00 Six Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid in advance, 812 per annum. Entered at the Postoffice at Helena as second class matter.] Ag-All communications should be addresnedto FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana BUT ONE ENEMY. Only thyself thyself can harm. Forget it not! And full of peace. As if the south wind whispered warm, Wait thou till storm and tumult cease. —Celia T haltet. PATTY'S MUSIC BOX Patty Hendrick was so happy that she fairly jumped up and down. It had been mowing all tho morning, and as no one had been to the farm house, Patty had been having a very dull time. Right after breakfast she had helped mamma do the dishes, had made her bed (for she was ap industrious little girl) and then she had dressed and undressed Arabilla until she was tired even of her. Now, however, she was very much excited, for when Dr. Gray came in front of her house on his way to see poor, sick Mrs. James, he saw Patty in the window and called to her: "Ask your mamma if you can go down and spend the day with Amy, for she has a sore throat, and if you can, I'll stop for you when I come back, " he said. Mamma was willing, and now Patty was getting ready to go. While Mrs. Hendrick was trying to see if Patty's face was clean, that damsel was dressing Arabella and talking as fast as her tongue would run: "Mamma, do you suppose Mrs. Gray will let Amy have the lovely little puppy In the house? Do you believe we'll have J am tarts for supper? Have I got to come tome before dark?" Finally mamma said: "Why, Patty Hendrick, you must stop, or you will drive me crazy, and I can t get you ready to go at all." AU this*happened a good many years ago, and little girls nowadays would think that Patty looked funny if they had seen her when she was ready to start. She had on bright red stockings and a red and brown plaid dress. Her hair had been done up on corn cobs the night before to make it curl, and her face was almost as rosy as her stockings. Then she put on a thick brown coat, a white fur cape and hood, and red mittens, and she was aU fixed when tho doctor came. On the way down to the village Patty and tho doctor met a gray haired, cross looking gentleman riding on a black horse. Patty nodded happily, and the gentleman nodded back, while Dr. Gray said: "How did you happen to know Mr, Simms? I didn't suppose that he liked little girls very much." "I don't believe he does, for he always looks so cross. One day last summer 1 went to the postofflee with papa, and Mr. Simms came out with a lot of papers In his hands. After he got upon his horse's back ho dropped some and looked very cross about it. I went and picked them up and gave them to him, and now he always says, 'Howd' do, Patty?* to me." After she had finished, Patty blushed, for that was a long speech for a Uttle girl who had been taught that "chUdrea should be seen and not heard," but the doctor was so kind that no one was afraid of him. Soon they reached the house, and Amy was in the window watching for them, and oh! how glad she was to see Patty, for a sore throat is not very good company on a stormy day. The little girls went upstairs into Mrs. Gray's room, and there was the puppy dozing away in front of the fire, and on one of the chairs was Amy's doU, Violet, Now Violet had a wax head and Arabella had a china one, but they were as good friends as their mammas for all that. First the girls had a romp with the puppy, and then they put Violet and Arabella to bed. and then Amy said: "Why the very idea! I forgot to show £ ou what Uncle Charlie sent me on my lrthday," and oil she trotted. In a min* ute she came back with a little round blue box with a handle on top. She turned the handle and the box played a lively tune. Patty was so astonished that she could hardly speak, for sho had never seen a music box before. Amy played tune after tune and then sho let Patty play. They had their supper up in Mrs. Grav's room on a doll's table and from doll's dishc3, but although they had the cutest little jam tarts you ever saw, stül Patty was so taken up with the music box that the tarts didn't taste as good as she had expected. While Sam was hitching up the horse to take Patty home she played a fast tune, tad such was her excitement that she almost forgot to put Arabella's cloak on. ^'hen she got homo Patty told her papa a &d mamma all about it, and said that sue did wish she could have one, and that n 'ght she dreamed that sho saw little an all playing on music boxes instead on harps. ^ eeks went by, but Patty did not for got, and I am afraid that she teased her ~L cr mamma a great deal. Finally Mrs. Hendrick told her that for every stocking Bho darned nicely sho should have a penny, and also a penny for every six eggs sho found. XV hen the first of suinmerjyy^hPatty had nearly enough to buy t'hi music box. One bright, Patty went to Sunday school and/ 1 son was about giving. After it was'over the teacher. Miss Lucy Sessions, told tho. little girls how the minister had told tho People in church that morning about the prairie fires out in Michigan, and how a great many people were left without home or clothes or money. a a "Just thin!» of It, children," Miss Lucy said, ''there aro little boys and girls who haven't any clothes or anything to eat and no place to go, and some of them have lost their papas and mammas. Aren't you sorry for them?" Tlic children all said they were. Then Miss Lucy said: "You still have your homes aqd parents, and don't you think that you*could give them some of the pennies that you have to buy candy with? You think of it, and if you decide that you can, bring them next Sunday." All the way home Patty was very quiet, and it seemed as if thero was a lump in her throat. She was very sorry for those children out in Michigan, and she thought it must be dreadful not to have any shoes, or supper, or anything; büt the only money sho had was that sho had been saving for the music box, and oh! she couldn't give that up, it had taken so long to get it. Thoughts of those poor children in Michigan tortured her all the week, and when sho started for tho Sunday school tho next time there was something heavy In her pocket, and something heavier In her little heart. She waited until tho lesson was over, and then sho put her hand in her pocket and took out two or three handfuls of pennies and small change. These she laid in Miss Lucy's lap. Only a little over $3 in all, l«it as much to her as $300 to somo older people. "That s for the folks in Michigan," she said, and rnu out before Miss Lucy could speak. Patty walked home, and part of tho Aay was through some woods. When sho had gone about half way sho sat down and cried as if,her little heart would break. When she was crying the hardest she looked up and saw Mr. Simms. "Howd' do, Patty?" ho said. "Pr-et-ty w-weU, s-ir," sho answered between her sobs. Then he asked her what was the mat ter, and she told him all about tho people in Michigan, for she thought because he didn't go to church that ho didn't know about them. Ho looked so kiud and in terested, not ono bit cross, that she told him about tbo $3 and the music box. Ho told her to be a brave girl and not cry, and then he asked her to kiss him good-by, for he said he was going a long way off. Sho did and then trotted home, feeling better, because she bad told some ono of her trouble. The next night after she had gone to bed Patty heard her papa say: "Well, I have found out what that Mr. Simms has been doing here. He has been writing a book, and starts for New York to-morrow on his way to Europe. What an ugly fellow he was!" One day later in the week tbo minister came to see Patty's mother. He said ho had something to show her; ho handed her a uote and this is what sho read: Mr. Cunningham—Enclosed you will find a chock for $100, which you will please seud to Michigan with the rest. I don't want to bo outdone by little Patty Hendrick. Edward Simms. There is only a little more to the story. One morning, about two months after this, the expressman stopped at the Hen drick farm house and took out a good sized box, on which was printed in large letters: MISS PATIENCE HENDRICK, II-, NEW HAMPSHIRE, U. 8. A. When Patty's papa opened it there was —what do you suppose? A big, big, music box, made out of shining dark wood, beautifuHy Inlaid with mother-of pearl. It was mado abroad and there was a key with it, and after it was wound It would play for an hour, Mr. Simms' card was in the box, but that was the last Patty ever heard of him.—Springfield Re publican. Amusements of a Conjurer. In December, 1858, Bosco, the world re nowned conjurer, came also; ho was a wonderfuUy jovial man, reveling in the practice of legerdemain, of which he was a consummate master, and not in the least reluctant to fool all he met, high and low, in public and in private. He was the last of the prestidigitators who trusted more to their marvelous manipu lation than to artificial trieks and§pre pared contrivances; Bbort and very stout, he would perform In a sleeveless shirt, black velvet tunic, and, flourishing his massive white arms in the air, apostro phize the "spiriti infemali mici" before executing some .perfectly incredible feat.i Ou market days, strolling before the countrywomen and their wares, h6 would carefoUy pick up a carrot or a turnip, cut it open abstractedly, and with feigned surprise extract a piece of money, repeating the experiment several times from different baskets, tUl the dazzled venders ruthlessly performed the same operation on their whole stock in quest of tho coveted silver. Bosco, laughing like a boy at Iris practical joke, generally handed his dupes the value of their dam aged goods, preaching meanwhile a serious little homily on thedangers of covetous ness. During his stay In Berlin he was asked to perform before the regent enH His family! In the course of the seance he pointed to a terrestrial globe on a stand, saying to the prince: "Highness, drop your finger on the kingdom of Prus sia, and you will see it grow under your touch." The prince complied with the request, and as he placed his hand on the specified spot the frontiers expanded on either side, to the incredulous surprise of a score of bystanders. Bosco denied that he bad tho gift of prophecy.—"Court and Societv." _ Art Criticism by the Tailors. The tailors of London are devoting their ition to artistic tailoring and, inch properly portray a sitter's clothes, and that in only one or two of the pictures at the Royal academy «mi the materials be recognized. They praise Burne Jones' paintings without stint, but Poynter is criticised because his itrait of the earl of Harewood shows "an tside breast pocket on the right side of 9 lordship's coat," and Hall's picture of irl Spencer is "a miserable failure," as the coat "looks more like moreen than The strictures on the "style, fit and oning" of the clothes seen in the por s are no less severe.—Chicago News. Paper is now manufactured from sea weed, according toaprocess recently in vented In Japan. The article made In this way is said to be so strong as to be almost untearable, is sufficiently transpa rent to admit of its being used as window glass, and takes all colors about equally of in Of DISCARDED FINERY. WHAT BECOMES OF THE CAST OFF CLOTHING OF RICH LADIES. Discoveries Made by an Inquisitive Re porter—Garments Found in Second Hand Clothing Stores of the Better Class—The Poor Relations Not Forgotten. "What do the fashionable and wealthy women of New York do with their dis carded garments?" This question is sug S ested by ono of our thoughtful readers. [e says: "To bo in the swim these ladies must have cords and cords of clothes to cast off, entirely too many for a supply of their poor relations. Do they sell them? Do they invite the old clo' men to their housosv They cannot give 'em to their servants. What do they do with 'em?" Looking this subject up, a reporter learned that the ladies of New York have various ways of disposing of their dis carded garments, and instead of being at all embarrassed to do so, they could dis pose of many more. It is certain that none of them is thrown into the street. That many of them aro sold is obvious from tho fact that in second hand cloth ing stores of the better class there aro al ways to bo found rich garments that have been but little worn. There is quite as much difference between second hand stores as there is between stores where only new goods are sold. There are plenty of second hand stores where only goods of first quality are sold; where very nice silks, satins, lace, upholstery and bric-a brac can always bo found, and where the prices aro kept quite above the reach of ordinary people, although far below first hand prices for such goods. It need not be inferred that all these goods are bought directly from first owners. In many cases they are bought of second owners, who have received them as gifts from the first owners, who discard everything the mo ment that it goes out of fashion. DISLIKE THE BOTHER. Yet there aro rich ladies who sell every thing of this kind, not so much for the money as for the convenience of it. They do not like the bother of doling out gifts. Of course, they do not call in tho ordinary old clo' man. They would not for the world exchange a word with the conten tious junkmen who aro so anxious to ex change crockery for old garments. They deal with quiet, nice people who make a business of going to dwelling houses by appointment to appraise and purchase such goods. The advertisements of these "upper class" dealers may always be found in the newspapers. The fact that the business is profitable is apparent from the fact fthat such advertisements do con stantly appear, and such garments may always bo found in second hand stores. One very capacious outlet for such goods is'found in tho aid societies of the various churches and tho rapacious demands of ladies' fairs. Much rich clothing gets cut up to make crazy quilts, pin cushions and the million knickknacks that go to fill a ladies' fair. The underclothing is easily seized by the benevolent ladies for distri bution among the poor, to whom rich outer garments would be an inappropriate gift. Some rich ladies do not scruple to use up all their old silk or satin dresses as lining for new garments. These silk and satin linings are not only elegant, and styl ish, but they are very comfortable and convenient. They are lighter than ordi nary linings. But the poor relations are not forgotten. There are many of them in New York. Most of the rich families have come up from poverty by a long course of hard work and active business. Very few have been able to bring up all their rtlations with them. The poor relations have daughters who must be made presentable when they visit the rich houses, and they are not only not ashamed to accept gifts of clothing, but aro very glad to get it. There are also many poor women In New York who have once been rich, whose hus bands or fathers have failed In business or died with embarrassed estates, and who rely upon old associates among the rich for suitable clothing to keep up a respect able appearance. ACTRESS' COSTUMES. As to the leading actresses who have large and expensive wardrobes, they do not need to give away or sell much cloth ing. The exigencies of their profession require large quantities of material to pro vide costumes for various parts, and tneir good dresses are made over and over again and reappear in various forms, are interchanged, mixed and mingled so that the original shape is unrecognizable. There Is no end to the uses that expert costumers can make of good material, which, whether the property of the rich or the professional, need never go a-beg ging. Much of the discarded clothing of rich ladies does find its way to the stage costumer, and reappears in the court trains, the ball room robes, and other wonders of the toilet that grace the fair forms of walking ladies, and astound the unthinking female in the audience at the lavish expenditure which the manager has made. Much of the best material of the dis carded dresses of rich ladies finds its way to the dye house, and there assumes some more marketable or fashionable color, or S ts done in black, which is equally the 3te of the grave and gay, the lively and severe. And thus in many ways the old dresses of rich ladies are conserved and contribute their mite to illustrate that triumph of civUization that is approaching when nothing goes to waste. The refuse of the gas house is made into the most gorgeous aniline dyes, and applied to faded rich materials, to again reappear in those delightful forms that ever fascinate the gaze of man and absorb so much of the time and thoughts of women. Thus ever the old is transformed into the new in the alembic of time and through the genius and invention of man and woman. —New York Sun. Barking Up the Wrong Tree. Magistrate (to base ball umpire charged with being drunk and disorderly)—It is simply outrageous, young man, the condi tion in which you are brought before me. You are a disgrace to the great national game. Umpire—Wh-a-tl That'll c-h-ost you twenty-five (hie) dollars, judge. No back t-talk (hie) t-to me, or I'll fine you the limit.—New York Sun. W. H. Foster, of Nashville, has purchased Of Brannon Bros, the 4-year-old gelding Parish, by Plenipo-Fannie, paying $500. Mr. Foster formerly owned the gelding. ABOUT THE WESLEYS. The Death of Charles, the nymn Writer, Occurred 10® Tears Ago. The commemoration on Dec. 9 of the 100th anniversary of the last year ef Charles Wesley, poet of Methodism, has brought out a number of reminiscences of tho Wesley family not hitherto pub lished. Everybody knows that Charles Wesley was a strange, impractical ge nius, but comparatively few know that he was the father of a family of remark able musical genuises; that his son stood before kings; that his daughter was an able writer at the age of 15. All the original Wesleys were talented, and nearly all peculiar. Many were precocious in music and a few eccentric to tho extreme of absurdity. It is scarcely possible for a self reliant Amer ican of the present day to comprehend what a helpless creature Charley Wesley was outside of his particular line, and how heavily he leaned on his more exec utive brother John. £3 SARAn WESLEY (at 80.) SARAH WESLEY. REV. CHARLES WESLEY. SAMUEL WESLEY. CHARLES WESLEY, JR. In lineage and succession the Wes leyan record is more curious still. John Wesley was one of nineteen children, and his mother was tho youngest of twenty-five, and yet in a very few years the family was nearly extinct, and ex cept the descendants of Charles Wesley, there is not a representative in name of tho original rector of Epworth. But, though Charles was pronounced by his contemporaries the most impractical of men, he was practicality itself compared with his remarkable son Charles, whose mother and sister put on liis clothes, tied his cravat, fixed liis napkin under his chin at the table and otherwise treated him like a child as It ng as they lived. He was incapable of making the small est bargain, and was as helpless after the death of his sister as an ordinary 10-year-old child; yet at the age of 18 montlis he drummed out a tune on the harpsichord, and at 18 years he per formed before George III and liis court in the hearing of the finest musicians of Europe, to loud and earnest applause This remarkable musician died unmar ried, as did his sister Sarah, but their re maining brother, Samuel, married and transmitted some of the ancestral talents to his posterity. He was the seventh child of Charles Wesley, and although not quite so precocious as his brother Charles, could produce fairly good music at 5 years of age, and soon after could supply a true bass to any air. He played from his inner consciousness. But Methodists of Bristol viewed the natural gifts of these young Wesleys with anything but pleasure, and little by little there grew up a strained feeling be tween the two branches of tho Wesley family, bo much so that the children of one branch objected very strongly to all the religious proceedings of the other. But this Samuel Wesley, having more practical sense than his brother Charles, became a settled citizen and married Miss Charlotte Louisa Martin, daughter of the then demonstrator of anatom in St. Thomas' hospital in April, 179c and yet he had so much of the family eccentricity that he lived with her two years before informing his mother that he had taken a partner. She died voung, and he married again about 1810 and bad several more children. He acquired some means by the exercise of his talents, and on his death bed he said to his son: "Keep thv knowl of liât, in; remember the Wesleys were gentlemen and scholars." Rev. Dr. Charles Wesley, sub-deacon of the Chapel Royal, and Dr. Samuel Sebastian, of Gloucester cathedral, were sons of this Samuel Wesley, and therefore grand sons of Charles, find their sons now in England are the only representatives by name of the once prolific Wesley family. Charles Wesley, the poet, was bora at Epworth rectory Dec. 18,1708, and died in London March 29,1788. He was edu cated at Westminster school and at Ox ford, and during all the early and middle part of his life pursued substantially the same career as his brother John, and was so closely associated with him that those familiar with the life of John are neces sarily so with that of Charles. His hymns and spiritual songs are literally household words in every country where the English language is spoken; but his personal eccentricities are, of course, much less known. Samuel, the older brother of John, left but one surviving child, a daughter. John married late in life and never became a father. Charles, having escaped fancy free till his 41st year, married Sarah Gwynne, then aged 21. Sho was unusually well educated for the days in which she lived, and had a sweet voice and good musical training. In 1752 their eldest son was born and named John. He surprised every one by humming tunes and beating time correctly when only 12 months old. He died soon aft* r with the smallpox, and his mother, who had never been vaccin ated, was so horribly disfigured by the disease that from being a noted beauty sho became almost absolutely repugnant, in 1757 another son was bom, the noted and musical Charles; then a daughter, Sarah. Their three subsequent clnldren died in infancy. Mrs. Wesley was ac customed to soothe her loneliness and amuse her babes by playing on the harp sichord, and before little Charles could speak he showed his sense of complete ness by taking her left hand and placing it on tho instrument whenever sho played tho treble with her right hand alone. Sho soon found that when sho tied him in a chair before tho harp sicbord he could amuse himself, and at three years of ago ho could plav. Of Charles Wesley, the poet, little need be said in addition, as liis writings aro his liistory. With liis brother Jolin he went as a minister to Georgia, and being unable to carry out their strict ideas of discipline, returned to Europe. After his marriage lie confined his labors mostly to London and vicinity . Method of Electric Acupuncture. The Chinese, we are told, employed acupuncture at least 4,000 years since, and tho Japanese adopted it long ago. Their practitioners employed puncturing needles of gold and silver, and their manu facture was an art of gfeut importance. They were of different shapes—some bladed like swords, and others of the ordi nary needle form. At tho end of the Eighteenth century acupuncturo was in troduced into Europe, and was developed in tho present century. M. Gaiffe, a French electrician, has recently con structed a variety of needles for electric acupuncturo, especially applicable to the perforation of painful tumors, so as to avoid unnecessary pain. By the electric acupuncturo tho current is conveyed into tho tumor and applied at the point where it is most required to effect the dissolution of the morbufrliquid contained in it. For this purpose the blado is varnished, except at tho point, and thus insulated, so that tho current only escapes at tho point. Glass or India rubber has been used to coat tho needle, but insulaüçjj varnish is preferred, since it doqgj pÿTthicken tho probo so much. Tl h 'JàoQQt end of tho needlo is connected tojtj^Y>Glo of tho voltaic battery used, njfflThêre is a conducting plate applied to tfrê'skin and connected to the other pole. When, therefore, the needlo is forced into the tnmor the current flows from its point to the conducting plate through the flesh and decomposes any unhealthy fluids thero may be in its passage. This process aids the absorption of these secretions and tho destruction of the tumor.—Phil adelphia Record. Care of a Coal Oil Lamp. Although tho daily press prints copious statements of horrors, many people con tinue to confide in the common oil lamp with a fearless reliance nothing short of incredible, considering the well known dangers associated with its careless man agement. Some of tho state legislatures hove enacted laws to regulate tho manu facture of kerosene oil, limiting tho "flash ing point" to not less than 100 degs. Fah renheit. This, however, appears to be an illusory safeguard. Experiments seem to have conclusively proved that most of the lamps made will, even with the best qual ity of oil, generate gas ia sufficient quan tities to cause a violent explosion. A writer in a late number of The Scientific American compares the ordinary kerosene lamp to a miniature gas machine, making gas and depositing it in the oil tank as effectively as though it were an apparatus especially designed for that purpose. It may be worthy of mention here that tho gas thus referred to is an element capable of exerting immense energy wben ignited, but this contingency can bo al ways provided against by using a good lamp and keeping it well supplied with oil, so as to leave little space in the t ank for gas. Under these conditions a lamp that is carefully handled and never re plenished while burning will rarely or never explode.—"L. M." in Boston Bud get. FAI R LILLIAN RUSSELL. «3 n à LILLIAN RUSSELL. Her Somewhat Remarkable Career Re called by a New York City Rumor. Lillian Russell is again the subject of con siderable gossip in theatrical circles. For several years she has been singing in some one of Manager Duff's various opera compa nies. Now the fickle Lillian has prom ised to desert Duff, and sing her sweet songs only for the patrons of Manager Rudolph Aronson's New York Casino, beginn ing next May. When the report of this latest episode in the rath er erratic career of the lovely Lillian leaked out, it gave rise to a rumor that she had been dis charged by Mr. Duff and was to appear at once with the "Yeoman of the Guard" com pany now singing at the New York Casino. This report was quickly denied, however, by both Mr. Aronson and Mr. Duff. Lillian Russell is the daughter of Mrs. Cynthia Leonard, well known in New York literary circles, and her father is a well known leader of orchestra. Lillian first attracted attention as a chorus girl in comic opera in New York, and she displayed such talent in her profession that she might at once have become a star whose services would be eagerly sought after. But she broke her engagements with her New York managers, lived in se clusion for a time and was next heard ef in London pursuing a like remarkable course there. Since she returned to this country she has furnished food for considerable gossip. She married Harry Braham, a well known musi cian. One morning the world and her hus band woke up and read in their morning papers that she had again fled Englandward, this time in company with Mr. Edward Solo mon, the composer. Two divorce suits fol lowed, and both resulted in the granting of an absolute decree. One was brought by Mr. Braham, who desired to have the bond which bound him to Lillian cut quite in two; the other by Lily Gray, an Englishwoman, and Solomon's wife, who didn't exactly like the way her husband was carrying on with the American singer. Then Lillian and Solomon were married. The next piece of free advertising given Miss Russell (or rather Mrs. Solomon) was occasioned by a suit brought by Pauline Godchaux, a dressmaker, who wanted pay for some dresses she had made for the singer. During this suit Miss Russell made the some what startling announcement that her salary amounted to $300 a week, and that her board cost her from $10 to $18 a day. Sundries consumed the rest of the $300. Since then the public has heard little about her. Whatever criticism of her career may be indulged in, it cannot be denied that as a singer she is an artistic and financial success. She has a little daughter whose voice prom ises to be, if anything, better than her mother's. Spalding estimates the expenses of his Aus tralian trip at $30,000, and two-thirds of that amount was realized from the receipts in the games on the route to the Pacific coast. a a of It KINDLING FOR FIRES. A CHICAGO MAN USES A CELLULOID TOILET SET. Pine Wood, Properly Prepared, Is the Best Material for Starting a Fire in tho Stove—Utilizing an Old Flonr Barrel—A Task. A west side man was called upon not long ago to make a fire. After searching about diligently for kindling and finding none, he took his wife's toilet set, and, it being of celluloid, the flames soon glowed vigorously. It is scarcely needful to say that this was during tho temporary ab sence of his better half; but she found it out, and her lecture was not restricted to the extravagance of such a proceeding. It is rather strange that this great city, with its manufactories of well nigh every material, has not a singlfe kindling fac tory, or, if thero bo one, directory men fail to discover it. Understood, there are several places where the original article is prepared. One firm has a saw, or saws, propelled by a large engine, which turns out daily many cords of the commodity, cutting it into short pieces and tying it into bundles of convenient size, while nigh every factory using much wood sells the odds and ends for the purpose named. But there is no factory which turns out artificial material, such as prepared cake sawdust o.' resin—or kerosone dipped wood. This may be due to the cause as signed by a well known wood box manu facturer of this city who sells two or three thousand wagon loads of board ends annually. He said: "There can be no improvement made upon wood, pine wood, 1 mean, that being best of all. Given plenty of this and there is not tho slight est difficulty In starting a fire in a mo ment, more quickly and satisfactorily than iu any other way." Chicago people are shrewd and are not inclined to under take the impossible. Wood being the best possible material, they stop at that. This, though, is provided in plenty and the only good excuse for a failure to keep a supply at home is a lack of money. The amount used is enormous. If one reflects for a moment that hundreds of thousands of fires are started daily, he will be ready to accept the statement that many thousand tons are consumed annual!}' In Chicago alone. At several box, sash and door and furniture manu factories the reporter was told that ten or twelve years ago they found difficulty in getting rid of their kindling stuff, but that now all they have finds an immediate market. The increase in the demand is due to increase of population, of course Of late, in particular, orders keep up with if they do not run ahead of the supply Pine is the preferred wood, but all kinds are readily sold, if well seasoned and out short, for this latter quality is as high virtue in kindling wood as in a political speech or sermon. The reporter would by no means be un derstood as saying that wood is tho only material used in starting the fire upon the domestic hearth, or in tho new patent stove or range. Ho would bo derelict ii his duty if he failed to refer to that arti cle so popular with the average hired girl the very danger in the use of which ap pears to add to its value in her eyes. It is needless to say that kerosene is meant. But the employment of kerosene is scarcely more hazardous than the chop ping up of an old board or barrel into the requisite size for kindling. "Putting up the stove" has been the subject for a thousand newspaper jests, it being com monly agreed that to adjust the joints of pipe demands more patience than Job ex ercised during all his manifold trials; yet one who has had experience will doubt whether that be attended with so great danger or with such trial of patience as tho attempt to chop kindling with an old ax or hatchet with serrated edge and with tendency to fly off the handle. As to the danger, that inclines to the side of the chopper and splitter. One may once in a while fall from chair when the pipe obstinately declines to joint or to enter the chimney hole; but one cannot well escape the perils which environ him who undertakes the task of converting a gnarled and knotted board, or a meek looking but weather beaten and shaky flour barrel into the A B C of fuel If the ax do not come off and fall upon his head or back, some bit that seems to require the exercise of greatest force to break will yield with surprising weakness and fly full into his face. Or If he do escape these perils a long and ugly splinter is sure to pierce his hand and cause him to bless the whole busi ness. The need for work of this kind diminishes year by year, thanks to a civil zation which counts a duty the prepara tion of kindling wood for the people. The heaven for the kindler of fires Is in proximity to a southern swamp whose black loam bears upon its surface and within its depths the famous pine knot, or light 'ood, as it is called by the natives. Of all known woods this burns quickest, brightest, longest and best. Fairly satu rated with resin, it is as quick to ta^e fire as tinder. The people there use it not only as a substitute for candle or other illumination, but also invariably for the purpose of starting their fires, whether m the house of tho wealthy planter or the cabin of the poor negro. The supply is apparently inexhaustible, and but for great expense of transportation no doubt its pre-eminent excellence as kindling would have caused its introduction and general use in Chicago and through the west. In its absence, its congener, tho pine of the north, less firm and less resin ous, is a favorite. But shavings, old pa pers and debris of all kinds come in as substitutes when negligenco has !ed to exhaustion of the legitimate supply. Given tho best of material, howe' er, there are many people who would find its use to the starting of a good fire a task of no easy accomplishment. Woman has come in for full share of ridicule here, it having been charged that she cannot start a fire any better than she can whistle or sharpen a pencil. That this is a slander upon the gentler sex is proved in the mil lions of cases of wives who preside over their own kitchens and the numbers of them who indulgently suffer their lazy worse halves to lie abed in winter morn ings until fires are built and houses are well warmed. Still, it is none the less an art that must be acquired. Success will not follow tho mere throwing together of a lot of kindling and the placing upon that of a quantity of wood or coal. The bits must be placed compactly, yet not so close together as to choke the draught. It is important, too, that a little time shall be allowed for the fixing of the dame before the fuel proper is added. ' —^ - a is English and American Women. English and American girls bear off th® palm among tho nations of the world. There is, however, a difference between their respective qualities of beauty. I have elsewhere sufficiently portrayed the swaet and cov beauty of our American trirls not to told them the whole truth on this occasion. The English girl is thor oughly active in her pursuit of healthy exercise; she walks, and runs, and plays lawn tennis a great deal; riding, if she bave tho means, is ono of her most favor ite amusements; while boating and tri cycling is eagerly sought whenever op portunity occurs. Our American "rose buds," on the contrary, have a very trying climate to contctid with; they tak) too little exercise and too much iced water. The result is that English girls are able to bring a more roseate bloom to their cheeks, to walk longer distances and to stand much more fatigue; they are, in fact, more robust and have better devel oped figures; and although there are, no doubt, in New York, or in any other large city of the United States, a dozen women is perfectly beautiful in form and face as any chiseled by tho greatest artists, our American girls are in the main less bright In color, more delicate and pale than would otherwise be the case if they more stead fastly resorted to the invigorating means of health, outdoor exercise, long since adopted by their English sisters, and to which, doubtless, the latter owe their ex quisito forms and also the fact that they remain youthful ia appearance much longer than our compatriots; in fact, an English woman of 40 looks younger than an American woman of 30 years; of course [ do not now refer to women of the work ing class.—Frank Leslie. Russia's New Railway Route. The Siberian Pacific railroad has not yet been commenced, and already a new Siberian railway is projected. It will be called after the river Obi. Its connection with tlio bed of that stream and with a suitable port to tho west of Walgatz Island will open a double new road to Si beria by land and by water. It is pro posed to "circumvent" rae mouth of the river Obi, tho peninsula of Yalmal, and the Kura sea, which aro difficult of access, owing to the masses of drifting ice. The new route will only be 400 versts long, taking a northwesterly direction from the mouth of the river Obi to the Walgatz sea, in a bay of which a harbor is to be built. The site chosen for this harbor is sheltered from the wind by tho Pai-Choi mountains. The country being level and well stud ded with forests, the construction of the lino will offer little difficulty. Tho entire cost, including the harbor, is estimated at 20,000,000 rubles. Under existing con ditions the transport of m#chandise to Barnaul, via Tlumen, Perm and St. Pe tersburg to London takes three months, whereas by the new line two months will be saved. Western Siberia produces annually 30,000,000 Russian poods of wheat. Tho opening of the Obi line will materially increase commercial inter course with the west, and be tbo means of supplying tho European market with wheat at a considerably lower price than that produced at home.—Paris Cor. Lon don Telegraph. sary sneu The Whole Art of W mr. Wo are disposed to adopt the customs of European nations without taking Into consideration why they exist there, and the possibility that theyure not necess in our country. So long as tho Fre nation was considered the first military power in the world, we used French tac tics and wore French uniforms. When tho Germans conquered the French we donned tho helmet. We adhere to rigid lines in ranks and drills, and to unneces sarily complicated systems, when every officer of experience knows that they have no value and are not used In actual warfare. A member of the national guard is liable to think that he knows the whole art of war if he can take the prize at a competitive drill or a target practice, on an armory floor and with an unobstructed range. In actual war he would not be able to accomplish the facings in a plowed field any better than the volunteerof a few. weeks, and tho accuracy of his fire would be materially affected by the unfamiliar ground and the knowledge that there was an enemy who might fire first. Modern warfare is influenced in a greatly dimin ished degree by what remains to us of th* tactics of Frederick the Great and his time. All that is ever used of the endless drilling, when in actual campaign, is the passing from column into line and from tine into column by the simplest methods, and no other movements, no matter how favorable the ground or how perfect the drill.—Gen. August V. Kautz in Th* Century. Bond of a Bank Messenger. 'It would be difficult to convince a person that there was a single walk of ousincss life which was not overcrowded," said the bookkeeper of a down town bank. "But in our business there are always places open for alert young men as mes sengers. The reason why the demand is always greater than the supply is on ac count of the large security required by the bank. The messengers, who have certain districts to cover and who handle large sums of money every day, are re quired to furnish bonds for $10,000. The salary is $G00 per year, not counting tho bonus which every bank pays all its em ployes around the holidays and which amounts in their case to $200. "There aro many honest young men who would look upon such a job as a god send, but they aro unablo to furnish the bond, while those who can command tho security are apt to turn up their noses at a job paying less than $3 per day. Tho $200 bonus, it collected in a lump, would prove a nice littlo nest egg to many of these young men, but I am sorry to have to say that such is seldom tho case. There is sure to bo a Shylock in every bank who makes a business of advancing on this bonus at exorbitant rates of interest."— New York Evening Sun. % A Fondness for Vowels. The Scotchman has long been noted his fondness for vowels, a peculiarity ! language illustrated by tho following;' story: Going by a draper's shop a mai» noticed a coat and asked, "Aw 'oo?" "Ay** aw* \ao," replied the shopkeeper. "Aw* *oo?" was the next question. "Ayt* aw* a' 'oo," was the reply. In English th® dialogue would have referred simply to the fact whether the coat was all wool and all one wool, the answer being yes to both questions.—Chicago Herald.