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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, December 20, 1888, Image 1

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Volume xxiii.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, December
*ri,c lilcehlu "ÿjcralil.
g t FISK D. W. FISK t. J. FISK.
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Ag-All communications should be addresnedto
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana
Only thyself thyself can harm.
Forget it not! And full of peace.
As if the south wind whispered warm,
Wait thou till storm and tumult cease.
—Celia T haltet.
Patty Hendrick was so happy that she
fairly jumped up and down. It had been
mowing all tho morning, and as no one
had been to the farm house, Patty had
been having a very dull time. Right after
breakfast she had helped mamma do the
dishes, had made her bed (for she was ap
industrious little girl) and then she had
dressed and undressed Arabilla until she
was tired even of her. Now, however,
she was very much excited, for when Dr.
Gray came in front of her house on his
way to see poor, sick Mrs. James, he saw
Patty in the window and called to her:
"Ask your mamma if you can go down
and spend the day with Amy, for she has
a sore throat, and if you can, I'll stop for
you when I come back, " he said. Mamma
was willing, and now Patty was getting
ready to go.
While Mrs. Hendrick was trying to see
if Patty's face was clean, that damsel was
dressing Arabella and talking as fast as
her tongue would run:
"Mamma, do you suppose Mrs. Gray
will let Amy have the lovely little puppy
In the house? Do you believe we'll have
J am tarts for supper? Have I got to come
tome before dark?"
Finally mamma said: "Why, Patty
Hendrick, you must stop, or you will
drive me crazy, and I can t get you ready
to go at all."
AU this*happened a good many years
ago, and little girls nowadays would think
that Patty looked funny if they had seen
her when she was ready to start. She
had on bright red stockings and a red
and brown plaid dress. Her hair had been
done up on corn cobs the night before to
make it curl, and her face was almost as
rosy as her stockings. Then she put on a
thick brown coat, a white fur cape and
hood, and red mittens, and she was aU
fixed when tho doctor came.
On the way down to the village Patty
and tho doctor met a gray haired, cross
looking gentleman riding on a black
horse. Patty nodded happily, and the
gentleman nodded back, while Dr. Gray
"How did you happen to know Mr,
Simms? I didn't suppose that he liked
little girls very much."
"I don't believe he does, for he always
looks so cross. One day last summer 1
went to the postofflee with papa, and Mr.
Simms came out with a lot of papers In
his hands. After he got upon his horse's
back ho dropped some and looked very
cross about it. I went and picked them
up and gave them to him, and now he
always says, 'Howd' do, Patty?* to me."
After she had finished, Patty blushed,
for that was a long speech for a Uttle girl
who had been taught that "chUdrea
should be seen and not heard," but the
doctor was so kind that no one was afraid
of him.
Soon they reached the house, and Amy
was in the window watching for them,
and oh! how glad she was to see Patty,
for a sore throat is not very good company
on a stormy day.
The little girls went upstairs into Mrs.
Gray's room, and there was the puppy
dozing away in front of the fire, and on
one of the chairs was Amy's doU, Violet,
Now Violet had a wax head and Arabella
had a china one, but they were as good
friends as their mammas for all that.
First the girls had a romp with the puppy,
and then they put Violet and Arabella to
bed. and then Amy said:
"Why the very idea! I forgot to show
£ ou what Uncle Charlie sent me on my
lrthday," and oil she trotted. In a min*
ute she came back with a little round blue
box with a handle on top. She turned
the handle and the box played a lively
tune. Patty was so astonished that she
could hardly speak, for sho had never seen
a music box before. Amy played tune
after tune and then sho let Patty play.
They had their supper up in Mrs. Grav's
room on a doll's table and from doll's
dishc3, but although they had the cutest
little jam tarts you ever saw, stül Patty
was so taken up with the music box that
the tarts didn't taste as good as she had
While Sam was hitching up the horse
to take Patty home she played a fast tune,
tad such was her excitement that she
almost forgot to put Arabella's cloak on.
^'hen she got homo Patty told her papa
a &d mamma all about it, and said that sue
did wish she could have one, and that
n 'ght she dreamed that sho saw little an
all playing on music boxes instead
on harps.
^ eeks went by, but Patty did not for
got, and I am afraid that she teased her
~L cr mamma a great deal. Finally Mrs.
Hendrick told her that for every stocking
Bho darned nicely sho should have a
penny, and also a penny for every six eggs
sho found.
XV hen the first of suinmerjyy^hPatty
had nearly enough to buy t'hi
music box. One bright,
Patty went to Sunday school and/ 1
son was about giving. After it was'over
the teacher. Miss Lucy Sessions, told tho.
little girls how the minister had told tho
People in church that morning about the
prairie fires out in Michigan, and how a
great many people were left without home
or clothes or money.
"Just thin!» of It, children," Miss Lucy
said, ''there aro little boys and girls who
haven't any clothes or anything to eat
and no place to go, and some of them
have lost their papas and mammas.
Aren't you sorry for them?" Tlic children
all said they were. Then Miss Lucy said:
"You still have your homes aqd parents,
and don't you think that you*could give
them some of the pennies that you have
to buy candy with? You think of it, and
if you decide that you can, bring them
next Sunday."
All the way home Patty was very quiet,
and it seemed as if thero was a lump in
her throat. She was very sorry for those
children out in Michigan, and she thought
it must be dreadful not to have any shoes,
or supper, or anything; büt the only
money sho had was that sho had been
saving for the music box, and oh! she
couldn't give that up, it had taken so
long to get it.
Thoughts of those poor children in
Michigan tortured her all the week, and
when sho started for tho Sunday school
tho next time there was something heavy
In her pocket, and something heavier In
her little heart.
She waited until tho lesson was over,
and then sho put her hand in her pocket
and took out two or three handfuls of
pennies and small change. These she laid
in Miss Lucy's lap. Only a little over $3
in all, l«it as much to her as $300 to somo
older people.
"That s for the folks in Michigan," she
said, and rnu out before Miss Lucy could
Patty walked home, and part of tho
Aay was through some woods. When
sho had gone about half way sho sat
down and cried as if,her little heart would
break. When she was crying the hardest
she looked up and saw Mr. Simms.
"Howd' do, Patty?" ho said.
"Pr-et-ty w-weU, s-ir," sho answered
between her sobs.
Then he asked her what was the mat
ter, and she told him all about tho people
in Michigan, for she thought because he
didn't go to church that ho didn't know
about them. Ho looked so kiud and in
terested, not ono bit cross, that she told
him about tbo $3 and the music box.
Ho told her to be a brave girl and not
cry, and then he asked her to kiss him
good-by, for he said he was going a long
way off. Sho did and then trotted home,
feeling better, because she bad told some
ono of her trouble.
The next night after she had gone to
bed Patty heard her papa say: "Well, I
have found out what that Mr. Simms has
been doing here. He has been writing a
book, and starts for New York to-morrow
on his way to Europe. What an ugly
fellow he was!"
One day later in the week tbo minister
came to see Patty's mother. He said ho
had something to show her; ho handed
her a uote and this is what sho read:
Mr. Cunningham—Enclosed you will
find a chock for $100, which you will
please seud to Michigan with the rest. I
don't want to bo outdone by little Patty
Hendrick. Edward Simms.
There is only a little more to the story.
One morning, about two months after
this, the expressman stopped at the Hen
drick farm house and took out a good sized
box, on which was printed in large letters:
U. 8. A.
When Patty's papa opened it there was
—what do you suppose? A big, big,
music box, made out of shining dark
wood, beautifuHy Inlaid with mother-of
pearl. It was mado abroad and there was
a key with it, and after it was wound It
would play for an hour, Mr. Simms' card
was in the box, but that was the last
Patty ever heard of him.—Springfield Re
Amusements of a Conjurer.
In December, 1858, Bosco, the world re
nowned conjurer, came also; ho was a
wonderfuUy jovial man, reveling in the
practice of legerdemain, of which he was
a consummate master, and not in the
least reluctant to fool all he met, high
and low, in public and in private. He
was the last of the prestidigitators who
trusted more to their marvelous manipu
lation than to artificial trieks and§pre
pared contrivances; Bbort and very stout,
he would perform In a sleeveless shirt,
black velvet tunic, and, flourishing his
massive white arms in the air, apostro
phize the "spiriti infemali mici" before
executing some .perfectly incredible feat.i
Ou market days, strolling before the
countrywomen and their wares, h6
would carefoUy pick up a carrot or a
turnip, cut it open abstractedly, and with
feigned surprise extract a piece of money,
repeating the experiment several times
from different baskets, tUl the dazzled
venders ruthlessly performed the same
operation on their whole stock in quest
of tho coveted silver. Bosco, laughing
like a boy at Iris practical joke, generally
handed his dupes the value of their dam
aged goods, preaching meanwhile a serious
little homily on thedangers of covetous
ness. During his stay In Berlin he was
asked to perform before the regent enH
His family! In the course of the seance
he pointed to a terrestrial globe on a
stand, saying to the prince: "Highness,
drop your finger on the kingdom of Prus
sia, and you will see it grow under your
touch." The prince complied with the
request, and as he placed his hand on the
specified spot the frontiers expanded on
either side, to the incredulous surprise of
a score of bystanders. Bosco denied that
he bad tho gift of prophecy.—"Court and
Societv." _
Art Criticism by the Tailors.
The tailors of London are devoting their
ition to artistic tailoring and, inch
properly portray
a sitter's clothes, and that in only one or
two of the pictures at the Royal academy
«mi the materials be recognized. They
praise Burne Jones' paintings without
stint, but Poynter is criticised because his
itrait of the earl of Harewood shows "an
tside breast pocket on the right side of
9 lordship's coat," and Hall's picture of
irl Spencer is "a miserable failure," as
the coat "looks more like moreen than
The strictures on the "style, fit and
oning" of the clothes seen in the por
s are no less severe.—Chicago News.
Paper is now manufactured from sea
weed, according toaprocess recently in
vented In Japan. The article made In
this way is said to be so strong as to be
almost untearable, is sufficiently transpa
rent to admit of its being used as window
glass, and takes all colors about equally
Discoveries Made by an Inquisitive Re
porter—Garments Found in Second Hand
Clothing Stores of the Better Class—The
Poor Relations Not Forgotten.
"What do the fashionable and wealthy
women of New York do with their dis
carded garments?" This question is sug
S ested by ono of our thoughtful readers.
[e says: "To bo in the swim these ladies
must have cords and cords of clothes to
cast off, entirely too many for a supply of
their poor relations. Do they sell them?
Do they invite the old clo' men to their
housosv They cannot give 'em to their
servants. What do they do with 'em?"
Looking this subject up, a reporter
learned that the ladies of New York have
various ways of disposing of their dis
carded garments, and instead of being at
all embarrassed to do so, they could dis
pose of many more. It is certain that
none of them is thrown into the street.
That many of them aro sold is obvious
from tho fact that in second hand cloth
ing stores of the better class there aro al
ways to bo found rich garments that have
been but little worn. There is quite as
much difference between second hand
stores as there is between stores where
only new goods are sold. There are plenty
of second hand stores where only goods
of first quality are sold; where very nice
silks, satins, lace, upholstery and bric-a
brac can always bo found, and where the
prices aro kept quite above the reach of
ordinary people, although far below first
hand prices for such goods. It need not
be inferred that all these goods are bought
directly from first owners. In many cases
they are bought of second owners, who
have received them as gifts from the first
owners, who discard everything the mo
ment that it goes out of fashion.
Yet there aro rich ladies who sell every
thing of this kind, not so much for the
money as for the convenience of it. They
do not like the bother of doling out gifts.
Of course, they do not call in tho ordinary
old clo' man. They would not for the
world exchange a word with the conten
tious junkmen who aro so anxious to ex
change crockery for old garments. They
deal with quiet, nice people who make a
business of going to dwelling houses by
appointment to appraise and purchase
such goods. The advertisements of these
"upper class" dealers may always be found
in the newspapers. The fact that the
business is profitable is apparent from the
fact fthat such advertisements do con
stantly appear, and such garments may
always bo found in second hand stores.
One very capacious outlet for such goods
is'found in tho aid societies of the various
churches and tho rapacious demands of
ladies' fairs. Much rich clothing gets cut
up to make crazy quilts, pin cushions and
the million knickknacks that go to fill
a ladies' fair. The underclothing is easily
seized by the benevolent ladies for distri
bution among the poor, to whom rich
outer garments would be an inappropriate
Some rich ladies do not scruple to use
up all their old silk or satin dresses as
lining for new garments. These silk and
satin linings are not only elegant, and styl
ish, but they are very comfortable and
convenient. They are lighter than ordi
nary linings.
But the poor relations are not forgotten.
There are many of them in New York.
Most of the rich families have come up
from poverty by a long course of hard
work and active business. Very few have
been able to bring up all their rtlations
with them. The poor relations have
daughters who must be made presentable
when they visit the rich houses, and they
are not only not ashamed to accept gifts
of clothing, but aro very glad to get it.
There are also many poor women In New
York who have once been rich, whose hus
bands or fathers have failed In business
or died with embarrassed estates, and who
rely upon old associates among the rich
for suitable clothing to keep up a respect
able appearance.
As to the leading actresses who have
large and expensive wardrobes, they do
not need to give away or sell much cloth
ing. The exigencies of their profession
require large quantities of material to pro
vide costumes for various parts, and tneir
good dresses are made over and over
again and reappear in various forms, are
interchanged, mixed and mingled so that
the original shape is unrecognizable.
There Is no end to the uses that expert
costumers can make of good material,
which, whether the property of the rich
or the professional, need never go a-beg
ging. Much of the discarded clothing of
rich ladies does find its way to the stage
costumer, and reappears in the court
trains, the ball room robes, and other
wonders of the toilet that grace the fair
forms of walking ladies, and astound the
unthinking female in the audience at the
lavish expenditure which the manager has
Much of the best material of the dis
carded dresses of rich ladies finds its way
to the dye house, and there assumes some
more marketable or fashionable color, or
S ts done in black, which is equally the
3te of the grave and gay, the lively and
severe. And thus in many ways the old
dresses of rich ladies are conserved and
contribute their mite to illustrate that
triumph of civUization that is approaching
when nothing goes to waste. The refuse
of the gas house is made into the most
gorgeous aniline dyes, and applied to
faded rich materials, to again reappear in
those delightful forms that ever fascinate
the gaze of man and absorb so much of
the time and thoughts of women. Thus
ever the old is transformed into the new
in the alembic of time and through the
genius and invention of man and woman.
—New York Sun.
Barking Up the Wrong Tree.
Magistrate (to base ball umpire charged
with being drunk and disorderly)—It is
simply outrageous, young man, the condi
tion in which you are brought before me.
You are a disgrace to the great national
Umpire—Wh-a-tl That'll c-h-ost you
twenty-five (hie) dollars, judge. No back
t-talk (hie) t-to me, or I'll fine you the
limit.—New York Sun.
W. H. Foster, of Nashville, has purchased
Of Brannon Bros, the 4-year-old gelding
Parish, by Plenipo-Fannie, paying $500. Mr.
Foster formerly owned the gelding.
The Death of Charles, the nymn Writer,
Occurred 10® Tears Ago.
The commemoration on Dec. 9 of the
100th anniversary of the last year ef
Charles Wesley, poet of Methodism, has
brought out a number of reminiscences of
tho Wesley family not hitherto pub
lished. Everybody knows that Charles
Wesley was a strange, impractical ge
nius, but comparatively few know that
he was the father of a family of remark
able musical genuises; that his son stood
before kings; that his daughter was an
able writer at the age of 15. All
the original Wesleys were talented,
and nearly all peculiar. Many were
precocious in music and a few eccentric
to tho extreme of absurdity. It is
scarcely possible for a self reliant Amer
ican of the present day to comprehend
what a helpless creature Charley Wesley
was outside of his particular line, and
how heavily he leaned on his more exec
utive brother John.
In lineage and succession the Wes
leyan record is more curious still. John
Wesley was one of nineteen children,
and his mother was tho youngest of
twenty-five, and yet in a very few years
the family was nearly extinct, and ex
cept the descendants of Charles Wesley,
there is not a representative in name of
tho original rector of Epworth. But,
though Charles was pronounced by his
contemporaries the most impractical of
men, he was practicality itself compared
with his remarkable son Charles, whose
mother and sister put on liis clothes, tied
his cravat, fixed liis napkin under his
chin at the table and otherwise treated
him like a child as It ng as they lived.
He was incapable of making the small
est bargain, and was as helpless after
the death of his sister as an ordinary
10-year-old child; yet at the age of 18
montlis he drummed out a tune on the
harpsichord, and at 18 years he per
formed before George III and liis court
in the hearing of the finest musicians of
Europe, to loud and earnest applause
This remarkable musician died unmar
ried, as did his sister Sarah, but their re
maining brother, Samuel, married and
transmitted some of the ancestral
talents to his posterity. He was the
seventh child of Charles Wesley, and
although not quite so precocious as his
brother Charles, could produce fairly
good music at 5 years of age, and soon
after could supply a true bass to any air.
He played from his inner consciousness.
But Methodists of Bristol viewed the
natural gifts of these young Wesleys
with anything but pleasure, and little by
little there grew up a strained feeling be
tween the two branches of tho Wesley
family, bo much so that the children of
one branch objected very strongly to all
the religious proceedings of the other.
But this Samuel Wesley, having more
practical sense than his brother Charles,
became a settled citizen and married
Miss Charlotte Louisa Martin, daughter
of the then demonstrator of anatom
in St. Thomas' hospital in April, 179c
and yet he had so much of the family
eccentricity that he lived with her
two years before informing his
mother that he had taken a partner.
She died voung, and he married again
about 1810 and bad several more children.
He acquired some means by the exercise
of his talents, and on his death bed
he said to his son: "Keep thv knowl
of liât, in; remember the Wesleys were
gentlemen and scholars." Rev. Dr.
Charles Wesley, sub-deacon of the
Chapel Royal, and Dr. Samuel Sebastian,
of Gloucester cathedral, were sons of
this Samuel Wesley, and therefore grand
sons of Charles, find their sons now in
England are the only representatives by
name of the once prolific Wesley family.
Charles Wesley, the poet, was bora at
Epworth rectory Dec. 18,1708, and died
in London March 29,1788. He was edu
cated at Westminster school and at Ox
ford, and during all the early and middle
part of his life pursued substantially the
same career as his brother John, and was
so closely associated with him that those
familiar with the life of John are neces
sarily so with that of Charles. His
hymns and spiritual songs are literally
household words in every country where
the English language is spoken; but his
personal eccentricities are, of course,
much less known. Samuel, the older
brother of John, left but one surviving
child, a daughter. John married late in
life and never became a father. Charles,
having escaped fancy free till his 41st
year, married Sarah Gwynne, then aged
21. Sho was unusually well educated
for the days in which she lived, and had
a sweet voice and good musical training.
In 1752 their eldest son was born and
named John. He surprised every one
by humming tunes and beating time
correctly when only 12 months old. He
died soon aft* r with the smallpox, and
his mother, who had never been vaccin
ated, was so horribly disfigured by the
disease that from being a noted beauty
sho became almost absolutely repugnant,
in 1757 another son was bom, the noted
and musical Charles; then a daughter,
Sarah. Their three subsequent clnldren
died in infancy. Mrs. Wesley was ac
customed to soothe her loneliness and
amuse her babes by playing on the harp
sichord, and before little Charles could
speak he showed his sense of complete
ness by taking her left hand and placing
it on tho instrument whenever sho
played tho treble with her right hand
alone. Sho soon found that when sho
tied him in a chair before tho harp
sicbord he could amuse himself, and at
three years of ago ho could plav.
Of Charles Wesley, the poet, little
need be said in addition, as liis writings
aro his liistory. With liis brother Jolin
he went as a minister to Georgia, and
being unable to carry out their strict
ideas of discipline, returned to Europe.
After his marriage lie confined his labors
mostly to London and vicinity .
Method of Electric Acupuncture.
The Chinese, we are told, employed
acupuncture at least 4,000 years since,
and tho Japanese adopted it long ago.
Their practitioners employed puncturing
needles of gold and silver, and their manu
facture was an art of gfeut importance.
They were of different shapes—some
bladed like swords, and others of the ordi
nary needle form. At tho end of the
Eighteenth century acupuncturo was in
troduced into Europe, and was developed
in tho present century. M. Gaiffe, a
French electrician, has recently con
structed a variety of needles for electric
acupuncturo, especially applicable to the
perforation of painful tumors, so as to
avoid unnecessary pain.
By the electric acupuncturo tho current
is conveyed into tho tumor and applied at
the point where it is most required to
effect the dissolution of the morbufrliquid
contained in it. For this purpose the
blado is varnished, except at tho point,
and thus insulated, so that tho current
only escapes at tho point. Glass or India
rubber has been used to coat tho needle,
but insulaüçjj varnish is preferred, since
it doqgj pÿTthicken tho probo so much.
Tl h 'JàoQQt end of tho needlo is connected
tojtj^Y>Glo of tho voltaic battery used,
njfflThêre is a conducting plate applied to
tfrê'skin and connected to the other pole.
When, therefore, the needlo is forced
into the tnmor the current flows from its
point to the conducting plate through the
flesh and decomposes any unhealthy fluids
thero may be in its passage. This process
aids the absorption of these secretions
and tho destruction of the tumor.—Phil
adelphia Record.
Care of a Coal Oil Lamp.
Although tho daily press prints copious
statements of horrors, many people con
tinue to confide in the common oil lamp
with a fearless reliance nothing short of
incredible, considering the well known
dangers associated with its careless man
agement. Some of tho state legislatures
hove enacted laws to regulate tho manu
facture of kerosene oil, limiting tho "flash
ing point" to not less than 100 degs. Fah
renheit. This, however, appears to be an
illusory safeguard. Experiments seem to
have conclusively proved that most of the
lamps made will, even with the best qual
ity of oil, generate gas ia sufficient quan
tities to cause a violent explosion. A
writer in a late number of The Scientific
American compares the ordinary kerosene
lamp to a miniature gas machine, making
gas and depositing it in the oil tank as
effectively as though it were an apparatus
especially designed for that purpose.
It may be worthy of mention here that
tho gas thus referred to is an element
capable of exerting immense energy wben
ignited, but this contingency can bo al
ways provided against by using a good
lamp and keeping it well supplied with
oil, so as to leave little space in the t ank
for gas. Under these conditions a lamp
that is carefully handled and never re
plenished while burning will rarely or
never explode.—"L. M." in Boston Bud
Her Somewhat Remarkable Career Re
called by a New York City Rumor.
Lillian Russell is again the subject of con
siderable gossip in theatrical circles. For
several years she has been singing in some
one of Manager Duff's various opera compa
nies. Now the fickle
Lillian has prom
ised to desert Duff,
and sing her sweet
songs only for the
patrons of Manager
Rudolph Aronson's
New York Casino,
beginn ing next
May. When the
report of this latest
episode in the rath
er erratic career of
the lovely Lillian
leaked out, it gave
rise to a rumor that
she had been dis
charged by Mr. Duff and was to appear at
once with the "Yeoman of the Guard" com
pany now singing at the New York Casino.
This report was quickly denied, however, by
both Mr. Aronson and Mr. Duff.
Lillian Russell is the daughter of Mrs.
Cynthia Leonard, well known in New York
literary circles, and her father is a well known
leader of orchestra. Lillian first attracted
attention as a chorus girl in comic opera in
New York, and she displayed such talent in
her profession that she might at once have
become a star whose services would be eagerly
sought after. But she broke her engagements
with her New York managers, lived in se
clusion for a time and was next heard ef in
London pursuing a like remarkable course
Since she returned to this country she has
furnished food for considerable gossip. She
married Harry Braham, a well known musi
cian. One morning the world and her hus
band woke up and read in their morning
papers that she had again fled Englandward,
this time in company with Mr. Edward Solo
mon, the composer. Two divorce suits fol
lowed, and both resulted in the granting of
an absolute decree. One was brought by Mr.
Braham, who desired to have the bond which
bound him to Lillian cut quite in two; the
other by Lily Gray, an Englishwoman, and
Solomon's wife, who didn't exactly like the
way her husband was carrying on with the
American singer. Then Lillian and Solomon
were married.
The next piece of free advertising given
Miss Russell (or rather Mrs. Solomon) was
occasioned by a suit brought by Pauline
Godchaux, a dressmaker, who wanted pay
for some dresses she had made for the singer.
During this suit Miss Russell made the some
what startling announcement that her salary
amounted to $300 a week, and that her board
cost her from $10 to $18 a day. Sundries
consumed the rest of the $300.
Since then the public has heard little about
her. Whatever criticism of her career may
be indulged in, it cannot be denied that as a
singer she is an artistic and financial success.
She has a little daughter whose voice prom
ises to be, if anything, better than her
Spalding estimates the expenses of his Aus
tralian trip at $30,000, and two-thirds of that
amount was realized from the receipts in the
games on the route to the Pacific coast.
Pine Wood, Properly Prepared, Is the
Best Material for Starting a Fire in tho
Stove—Utilizing an Old Flonr Barrel—A
A west side man was called upon not
long ago to make a fire. After searching
about diligently for kindling and finding
none, he took his wife's toilet set, and, it
being of celluloid, the flames soon glowed
vigorously. It is scarcely needful to say
that this was during tho temporary ab
sence of his better half; but she found it
out, and her lecture was not restricted to
the extravagance of such a proceeding.
It is rather strange that this great city,
with its manufactories of well nigh every
material, has not a singlfe kindling fac
tory, or, if thero bo one, directory men
fail to discover it. Understood, there are
several places where the original article is
prepared. One firm has a saw, or saws,
propelled by a large engine, which turns
out daily many cords of the commodity,
cutting it into short pieces and tying it
into bundles of convenient size, while
nigh every factory using much wood sells
the odds and ends for the purpose named.
But there is no factory which turns out
artificial material, such as prepared cake
sawdust o.' resin—or kerosone dipped
wood. This may be due to the cause as
signed by a well known wood box manu
facturer of this city who sells two or
three thousand wagon loads of board ends
annually. He said: "There can be no
improvement made upon wood, pine wood,
1 mean, that being best of all. Given
plenty of this and there is not tho slight
est difficulty In starting a fire in a mo
ment, more quickly and satisfactorily
than iu any other way." Chicago people
are shrewd and are not inclined to under
take the impossible. Wood being the
best possible material, they stop at that.
This, though, is provided in plenty and
the only good excuse for a failure to keep
a supply at home is a lack of money.
The amount used is enormous. If one
reflects for a moment that hundreds of
thousands of fires are started daily, he
will be ready to accept the statement
that many thousand tons are consumed
annual!}' In Chicago alone. At several
box, sash and door and furniture manu
factories the reporter was told that ten or
twelve years ago they found difficulty in
getting rid of their kindling stuff, but
that now all they have finds an immediate
market. The increase in the demand is
due to increase of population, of course
Of late, in particular, orders keep up with
if they do not run ahead of the supply
Pine is the preferred wood, but all kinds
are readily sold, if well seasoned and out
short, for this latter quality is as high
virtue in kindling wood as in a political
speech or sermon.
The reporter would by no means be un
derstood as saying that wood is tho only
material used in starting the fire upon
the domestic hearth, or in tho new patent
stove or range. Ho would bo derelict ii
his duty if he failed to refer to that arti
cle so popular with the average hired girl
the very danger in the use of which ap
pears to add to its value in her eyes. It
is needless to say that kerosene is meant.
But the employment of kerosene is
scarcely more hazardous than the chop
ping up of an old board or barrel into the
requisite size for kindling. "Putting up
the stove" has been the subject for a
thousand newspaper jests, it being com
monly agreed that to adjust the joints of
pipe demands more patience than Job ex
ercised during all his manifold trials; yet
one who has had experience will doubt
whether that be attended with so great
danger or with such trial of patience as
tho attempt to chop kindling with an old
ax or hatchet with serrated edge and
with tendency to fly off the handle.
As to the danger, that inclines to the
side of the chopper and splitter. One
may once in a while fall from
chair when the pipe obstinately declines
to joint or to enter the chimney hole; but
one cannot well escape the perils which
environ him who undertakes the task of
converting a gnarled and knotted board,
or a meek looking but weather beaten
and shaky flour barrel into the A B C of
fuel If the ax do not come off and fall
upon his head or back, some bit that
seems to require the exercise of greatest
force to break will yield with surprising
weakness and fly full into his face. Or
If he do escape these perils a long and
ugly splinter is sure to pierce his hand
and cause him to bless the whole busi
ness. The need for work of this kind
diminishes year by year, thanks to a civil
zation which counts a duty the prepara
tion of kindling wood for the people.
The heaven for the kindler of fires Is in
proximity to a southern swamp whose
black loam bears upon its surface and
within its depths the famous pine knot,
or light 'ood, as it is called by the natives.
Of all known woods this burns quickest,
brightest, longest and best. Fairly satu
rated with resin, it is as quick to ta^e fire
as tinder. The people there use it not
only as a substitute for candle or other
illumination, but also invariably for the
purpose of starting their fires, whether
m the house of tho wealthy planter or the
cabin of the poor negro. The supply is
apparently inexhaustible, and but for
great expense of transportation no doubt
its pre-eminent excellence as kindling
would have caused its introduction and
general use in Chicago and through the
west. In its absence, its congener, tho
pine of the north, less firm and less resin
ous, is a favorite. But shavings, old pa
pers and debris of all kinds come in as
substitutes when negligenco has !ed to
exhaustion of the legitimate supply.
Given tho best of material, howe' er,
there are many people who would find its
use to the starting of a good fire a task
of no easy accomplishment. Woman has
come in for full share of ridicule here, it
having been charged that she cannot start
a fire any better than she can whistle or
sharpen a pencil. That this is a slander
upon the gentler sex is proved in the mil
lions of cases of wives who preside over
their own kitchens and the numbers of
them who indulgently suffer their lazy
worse halves to lie abed in winter morn
ings until fires are built and houses are
well warmed. Still, it is none the less an
art that must be acquired. Success will
not follow tho mere throwing together of
a lot of kindling and the placing upon that
of a quantity of wood or coal. The bits
must be placed compactly, yet not so
close together as to choke the draught.
It is important, too, that a little time
shall be allowed for the fixing of the dame
before the fuel proper is added. ' —^ -
English and American Women.
English and American girls bear off th®
palm among tho nations of the world.
There is, however, a difference between
their respective qualities of beauty. I
have elsewhere sufficiently portrayed the
swaet and cov beauty of our American
trirls not to told them the whole truth on
this occasion. The English girl is thor
oughly active in her pursuit of healthy
exercise; she walks, and runs, and plays
lawn tennis a great deal; riding, if she
bave tho means, is ono of her most favor
ite amusements; while boating and tri
cycling is eagerly sought whenever op
portunity occurs. Our American "rose
buds," on the contrary, have a very trying
climate to contctid with; they tak) too
little exercise and too much iced water.
The result is that English girls are able
to bring a more roseate bloom to their
cheeks, to walk longer distances and to
stand much more fatigue; they are, in
fact, more robust and have better devel
oped figures; and although there are, no
doubt, in New York, or in any other large
city of the United States, a dozen women
is perfectly beautiful in form and face as
any chiseled by tho greatest artists, our
American girls are in the main less bright
In color, more delicate and pale than would
otherwise be the case if they more stead
fastly resorted to the invigorating means
of health, outdoor exercise, long since
adopted by their English sisters, and to
which, doubtless, the latter owe their ex
quisito forms and also the fact that they
remain youthful ia appearance much
longer than our compatriots; in fact, an
English woman of 40 looks younger than
an American woman of 30 years; of course
[ do not now refer to women of the work
ing class.—Frank Leslie.
Russia's New Railway Route.
The Siberian Pacific railroad has not
yet been commenced, and already a new
Siberian railway is projected. It will be
called after the river Obi. Its connection
with tlio bed of that stream and with a
suitable port to tho west of Walgatz
Island will open a double new road to Si
beria by land and by water. It is pro
posed to "circumvent" rae mouth of the
river Obi, tho peninsula of Yalmal, and
the Kura sea, which aro difficult of access,
owing to the masses of drifting ice. The
new route will only be 400 versts long,
taking a northwesterly direction from the
mouth of the river Obi to the Walgatz
sea, in a bay of which a harbor is to be
built. The site chosen for this harbor is
sheltered from the wind by tho Pai-Choi
The country being level and well stud
ded with forests, the construction of the
lino will offer little difficulty. Tho entire
cost, including the harbor, is estimated
at 20,000,000 rubles. Under existing con
ditions the transport of m#chandise to
Barnaul, via Tlumen, Perm and St. Pe
tersburg to London takes three months,
whereas by the new line two months
will be saved. Western Siberia produces
annually 30,000,000 Russian poods of
wheat. Tho opening of the Obi line will
materially increase commercial inter
course with the west, and be tbo means
of supplying tho European market with
wheat at a considerably lower price than
that produced at home.—Paris Cor. Lon
don Telegraph.
The Whole Art of W mr.
Wo are disposed to adopt the customs
of European nations without taking Into
consideration why they exist there, and
the possibility that theyure not necess
in our country. So long as tho Fre
nation was considered the first military
power in the world, we used French tac
tics and wore French uniforms. When
tho Germans conquered the French we
donned tho helmet. We adhere to rigid
lines in ranks and drills, and to unneces
sarily complicated systems, when every
officer of experience knows that they
have no value and are not used In actual
A member of the national guard is
liable to think that he knows the whole
art of war if he can take the prize at a
competitive drill or a target practice, on
an armory floor and with an unobstructed
range. In actual war he would not be
able to accomplish the facings in a plowed
field any better than the volunteerof a few.
weeks, and tho accuracy of his fire would
be materially affected by the unfamiliar
ground and the knowledge that there was
an enemy who might fire first. Modern
warfare is influenced in a greatly dimin
ished degree by what remains to us of th*
tactics of Frederick the Great and his
time. All that is ever used of the endless
drilling, when in actual campaign, is the
passing from column into line and from
tine into column by the simplest methods,
and no other movements, no matter how
favorable the ground or how perfect the
drill.—Gen. August V. Kautz in Th*
Bond of a Bank Messenger.
'It would be difficult to convince a
person that there was a single walk of
ousincss life which was not overcrowded,"
said the bookkeeper of a down town bank.
"But in our business there are always
places open for alert young men as mes
sengers. The reason why the demand is
always greater than the supply is on ac
count of the large security required by
the bank. The messengers, who have
certain districts to cover and who handle
large sums of money every day, are re
quired to furnish bonds for $10,000. The
salary is $G00 per year, not counting tho
bonus which every bank pays all its em
ployes around the holidays and which
amounts in their case to $200.
"There aro many honest young men
who would look upon such a job as a god
send, but they aro unablo to furnish the
bond, while those who can command tho
security are apt to turn up their noses at
a job paying less than $3 per day. Tho
$200 bonus, it collected in a lump, would
prove a nice littlo nest egg to many of
these young men, but I am sorry to have
to say that such is seldom tho case. There
is sure to bo a Shylock in every bank who
makes a business of advancing on this
bonus at exorbitant rates of interest."—
New York Evening Sun.
A Fondness for Vowels.
The Scotchman has long been noted
his fondness for vowels, a peculiarity !
language illustrated by tho following;'
story: Going by a draper's shop a mai»
noticed a coat and asked, "Aw 'oo?" "Ay**
aw* \ao," replied the shopkeeper. "Aw*
*oo?" was the next question. "Ayt*
aw* a' 'oo," was the reply. In English th®
dialogue would have referred simply to
the fact whether the coat was all wool
and all one wool, the answer being yes to
both questions.—Chicago Herald.

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