Newspaper Page Text
How the Wily Cree Indian Got Away From the Jail in Broad Daylight and Took to the Hills. The Steel Floor Quickly Cut Throughlby Brown, Finnegan and Davis—Sheriff Jefferis to Bring Back the Bird. In the afternoon of the 15th of July last, which was Sunday, the discovery was made that George Godas, the Cree half breed confined under a jury's verdict of guilty of the murder of Farmer Embody, had cut his way out of the county jail at Helena and, in company with Davis and White, two minor prisoners, had success fully made his escape. The subsequent developments, including the unsuccessful pursuit of Godas by Sheriff Hathaway and his officers and his final capture last month by the mounted police across the line, are well known to our readers. THE STORY OF THE ESCAPE as told by Godas himself will prove of in terest, now that the bird is caught and will soon be in his old cage. This was learned yesterday from ex-Sheriff Hatha way, who, on his recent trip to Calgary, saw and conversed with the escaped pris oner. Godas says that the planning of his eacape was maturely calculated long be fore it was executed. The plan was origi nated and carried ont by Brown, Finnegan and Davis. The two former were hardened criminals and have just been sent to the penitentiary for burglary and grand larceny respectively at the present term of court. Davis is one of the men who es caped with Godas and was confined for some minor crime. The CUTTING OF THE STEEL PLATE in the floor of the rear cell and the subse quent removal of the masonry underneath, was likewise the work of Brown, Finne gan and Davis, who seemed experts at the business. Godas refused to tell how the plate was cut cr with what tools, but said it was done quickly. Brown and Finne gan intended to escape, too, but either the hole was too small to let them out or they were locked up at the time. As near as he can judge, says Godas, the escape was made about 9 o'clock Sunday morning, when the city was very quiet and there were few people on the streets. Godas went first and then followed Davis and White. Others might also have been released,but the conspirators were afraid to let too many into the secret, lest the officers might find it out. Godas says he separated from the other two men outside of the jail yard, the latter moviDg off towards the depot aod saying that they would try to work their way to Chicago. Godas himself struck out TOWARDS DBY GULCH, reaching the outskirts of the city without euconntering a person. He saw one man at a distance when he crossed the gulch but was not observed himself. He then made for the hills as rapidly as possible, going up Dry Gulch on the hillside and dodging behind rocks to avoid being seen, though, as the day was Sunday, he knew a figure on the hills near town would not excite suspicion, as people often go walk ing there during the summer. Once in the timber he felt comparatively safe. He took with him from the jail a supply of bread, made up of his own savings and the donations of other prisoners, so that he was safe from hunger lor a day or two at least. After traveling southward a few miles, HE SWUNG WESTWARD, crossing the gulches leading up from Helena far np in the mountains and always making a careful reconnoisance before ven turing to cross a road. In this manner, hugging the shelter of the woods, he gained the main range, which he followed to the North, keeping near the comb of the range on the western slope. He traveled two days and nights without seeing a man. This contradicts the varions stories about his having been seen and having sent into a mining camp near the Peerless Jennie for food the day after he escaped. Gaining a mountain stream heavily lined with un dergrowth, he lay concealed all the next day and resumed his northward trip the following night. That night he came near losing his life. In the darkuess HE WALKED OFF A PRECIPICE and fell fifteen or twenty feet. He lay at the bottom of the cliff insensible for some time, he does not know how long, and when be regained consciousness again commenced his tramp, though his body was badly bruised and sore. That day he nearly reached Cadotte's pass. Here he met two Indians, who gave him some "grub" and also furnished him with a sad dle horse. He then made tracks for the Flathead country, where he fell in with a camp of Indians, who treated him kindly and gave him a fresh horse, with which he prosecuted his northward journey. He VISITED THE PIEGAN AGENCY, where he staid for several days to rest, remaining in the hills near the agency, the Indians in the meanwhile lurnishing him with food. He then struck North ward again, following the main range across the British line and away up in the mountains near Edmonton, where he mixed in with the British Indians. Here he was discovered by the Mounted Police, who chased him for a day or two, at one time getting so close to him that he was compelled to abandon his horse and take to the boshes to avoid the bullets from the rifles of the officers. The next day six In dian police were sent by the officers, with instructions to catch him DEAD OR ALIVE. A few days later the Indian police brought him into Edmonton, though the manner of his capture vras not learned. As he was wily and also desperate, it is supposed the Indians pounced on him while he was asleep and made him their prisoner. At all events he was turned over to the Mounted Police, who notified Sheriff Hathaway of their capture and subse quently took him to Calgary on the rail road, where he now awaits the summons to return to Helena. The Mounted Police were after him for six weeks, stimulated by the offer of $300 reward, which Sheriff Hathaway pays ont of his own pocket. It is through the instrumentality of Mr. Hathaway that Godas was recaptured, for he has never abandoned the chase and has paid out quite a sum of money for follow ing the fugitive besides the reward. The fifteen days required by the extra ditioo treaty have now elapsed and Mr. Hathaway, who was designated by Presi dent'Cleveland to go after Godas, will probably delegate his authority to Sheriff Jefferis, who will in a few days prooeed to Calgary and bring Godas beck to his old quarters in the Helena jaiL His case will then come np on a motion for a new trial baton the Supreme Coart in January. la Line of Promotion. Washington, December 13.—The death «f Major Edward B. Spaulding, fourth cavalry, will cause the following promo tioua: Captain Michael Cooney, Ninth cavalry, to Major of the Fourth cavalry; First Lient Joseph Garrard, Ninth cavalry, to Captain; Second Lieut. Alfred B. Jack mb, Ninth cavalry, to be First Lient. CITY COUNCIL. Potter & Co., of Cleveland, Ask Time to Investigate Before Tak ing the Sewerage Bonds. A special meeting of the City Council was held last evening to receive a com munication relative to the sewerage bonds, recently purchased by Chas. Potter & Co., of Cleveland, at a little over oue per cent, premium. There were present Mayor Fuller, Aldermen Lissner, Worth, Klein Loeb, Morris, Kirkendall, Harrison, Ad kinson and the usual officers. The Mayor had the following commun ication read, which was unsigned, but which was supposed to be signed by the council as a body: To A. Hershtield, 'Cashier Merchants' National Bauk—Dear Sir: We, the under signed, on behalf of the city of Helena, hereby authorize yon to deliver to Messrs. Potter & Co., Cleveland, Ohio, $40,000 of sewer bonds on their paying for same $40, 404 64. We also authorize you to hold the remainder, $100,000, until further orders. We farther agree to exonerate you from all loss or damage by reason of the delay or non-acceptance of the $100,000 of said bonds. Mr. Kinsley, attorney for Potter & Co., stated he was in receipt of telegrams from Cleveland, which he read and which were to the effect that they wanted a release as bankers from collecting the face value of $136,000 but allow them to take $40,000 at present. Lissner asked Kinsley if he had dicov ered anything wrong in the ordinance. Kinsley replied that he could not say that he had, bnt he wonld have had some things altered. For instance he would have had the ordinance enrolled on the minnies as a part of the record. He stated he did not know exactly what the Cleveland per sons had dropped on and will not know until return mail. Worth said he was willing as he thought all the Aldermeu were to let Potter & Co. have the $40,000, as the other $100,000 could readily be sold at par. Mr. Hersh field has already taken $10,000. Harrison sail some one would have to snffer for discount and interest. Morris thought the Cleveland people had acted square, as they left their $5,000 for feit and were willing to take $40.000 now, the remainder when the slight defect was remedied, which they claimed to exist. The bonds must be good or they would not be willing to invest $40,000. In answer to au inquiry from Mr. Loeb, Mr. Kiusley stated that Pottor & Co. had tried to sei l $100,000 of the bonds to eastern parties and that the latter had discovered the flaw. Mr. Loeb was of the opinion uothing should be done until explanations had been received by mail. Loeb moved that discussion of the sub ject be shut off, aud that the mayor be in structed to call a meeting when notified by Mr. Kinsley that he was in receipt of ad vices from Potter & Co. Worth moved that the mayor be in structed to notify the Merchants National bank of Helena to notify the National Bank of Commerce of Cleveland, Ohio, to waive protest on draft for sewerge bonds and endorse the same on six days sight. The motion prevailed and the Council ad journed. sewerIsonds. How the Question Stands—Potter & Co. do not Wish to Withdraw. There seems to be some misapprehen sion as to the status of the sewerage bouds. These bonds to the amount ot $150,000 were sold to Charles H. Potter & Co., of Cleveland, Ohio, for $1,525 premium, mak ing the whole amount to be paid to the city by the purchasers $151,525. Subse quently through their attorney, J. W. Kinsley, Potter & Co. sold $10,000 of the bonds to the Merchants Natioual bank of Helena at $150 premium. Potter & Co had also put $5,000 forfeit up in a Helena bank as security for the city. The total amount, therefore, to be paid by Potter & Co., less the amonnt sold to the Merchants and the forfeit, would be $136,375 and a draft for this amount was made out and send to Potter & Co. with the bonds. Pot ter & Co. have sold $100,000 of the bonds to eastern capitalists, whose attorney, on investigation of the bonds, has evidently discovered some trifling defect in the same, as the telegram from Potter & Co. to J. W. KiDsley in reference thereto reads as follows: "Attorney writes you to-night with reasonable request for missing links in chain of title. Personally I have the faith that what is not right yonr city will make right." The same telegram pro poses to take $40,000 in addition to the $10,000 sold to the Merchants, and pay for the same at the price bid for, leaving the $100,000 without interest until the "miss ing link" is supplied. In the meantime, Mr. Kinsley says, the $5,000 originally de posited as a forfeit stands a guaranty that Potter & Co. will take the $100,000 as soon as the matter can be adjnsted. Hence the action of the Council last night to waive protest on the draft for $136,375 for six days. _ NORHERN PACIFIC VS. CANNON. The Defendant Given the Benefit of the First Decision in the Land Law Suit. On Saturday Judge McConnell decided in the district conrt to sustain the amended demurrer in the case of the North ern Pacific railroad company vs. C. W. Cannon et al., involving the title to 160 acres of land on the West Side of Helena, in the possession of the de fendants and claimed by the railroad as part of its land grant. The amended de murrer claimed that the railroad company were barred from asserting a claim to the land on the grounds 1st of adverse posses sion ; 2d that, if the land was obtained fraudulently, the complaint should have been made within two yea's after the dis covery of fraud. By adverse possession is meant that the defendants were in posses sion of the ground for the required period, five years, after the alleged title to same had been acqnired by the plaintiff through the location and land grant of their road. The com plaint alleged that the location had been made in 1881, bat this, the plaintiff's at torneys said,was a clerical error and should have been 1882, which would give them a few months yet to institute their claim be fore the five years had elapsed. Hence that part of the demurrer, is held good by the conrt, as the complaint does not show that it was made within two years after the alleged discovery of fraud. Hence the demurrer was sustained and the plaintiffs were given ten days to amend. If they amend their complaint Hie case will come np again and be tried on its merits. The first decision is thos favorable to the defendants, Cannon et al. They Fell Ninety Feet. Stevens Point, Wia., December 14.— This morning ten men at work on a scaf fold on a stand pipe ninety feet from the ground one side gave way, throwing five to the otone bottom, killing Charles Myers, Harry Sills, A. Albas, Jack Ainsworth and seriously hurt Johu Smith. SOUVENIR OF THE SEASON Holiday Greeting and Invitation From the Firemen of Anaconda. A treasured souvenir reached the Her ald Editor from the greatest smelting camp on earth, worded as follows: "The Herald, Helena, Montana. A Merry Christmas and Happy New Year. The Marcus Daly Engine and Hose Co.'s Nos. 1 and 2 cordially invite yourself and ladies to attend their second anunal ball aud parade, to be given on New Year's eve, Monday, December 31,1888, at Evans Hall, Anaconda, Montana. Committee of Arrangements — John McCloskey, Wm. F. Noyes, M. B. Pickle, A. Howarth, Frank Stebbins, H. R. Brown, John E. Jones, Wm. Fanning, E. M. Hein back, James Richey, J. M. Moore. Reception Committee—Marcus Daly, W. L. Hoge, Otto Stalmann, Jas. Richey, Stephen A. Estes, Wm. M. Thornton, A. L. Kempland, David Lewis, David Gilchrist, John S. Dougherty, W. H. Danby. Invitation Committee—James M. Moore, Wm. F. Noyes, D. F. Hallahan. The foregoing is elegantly spread upon a magnificent banner, sixteen by eight inches in dimensions, attached by sliding rings to a beautifully chased copper rod and chain. The front is of heavy white satin; the back, of light green, on which these names appear: Honorary membership—Marcus Daly, Otto Stalmann, Stephen A. Estes, A. L. Kempland, Wm. M. Thornton, Wm. M. Hoge. ^Company No. 1, officers—James Richey, Foreman; John S. Dougherty, First Assist ant Foreman; James M. Moore, Second As sistant Foreman; Francis E. Barney, Secre tary; David Lewis, Treasurer; S. T. Eichel berger, First Captain Hose; John E. Jones, Second Captain Hose; Mont. J. Pickel, Third Captain Hose; Patrick Lodge, Fourth Captain Hose; John McCloskey, Chief En gineer; Mark Williams, Assistant Engineer. Company No. 2, officers—Wm. F. Noyes, First Captain Hose; A. Howarth, Second Captain Hose; J H. Vervat, Third Captain Hose; Ed. M. Heinbach, Fourth Captain Hose; H. H. Webb, Secretary; W. H.Dauby, Treasurer. The whole is beautifully printed in car mine, most artistically executed in the office of the Butte I at er- Mountain. We preserve the invitation as a souvenir well worth a place on the walls of the Herald's art gallery. For their remem brance we tender to our many esteemed friends of Anaconda our best expressed acknowledgments and we hope to have the Herald represented at the great copper camp on the happy occasion that fitly closes the year 1888. WHITE HOUSE SCANDALS. Mrs. Whitney's Defense of the Pres ident-'lngalls and Depew Speak in Praise of Mrs. Cleveland. Washington special : Senator Ingalls was show the following paragraph from Mrs. Whitney's interview concerning the White House scandal: "How the slanders ever started in the first place I do not pretend to know," con tinued Mrs. Whitney, "but we have al ways understood that many of them had their origin on the hill. I should not wish to say that Mr. Ingalls has know ingly set in circulation a false story, but he has been bitter and vindictive against the president." Mr. Ingalls was asked if he had any re ply to make to the accusation of Mrs. Whitney. He read and re-read the clip ping, and finally delivered himself in his characteristic style. "The social leader of the administra tion," said Mr. Ingalls deliberately, "aad the wife of a Cabihet Minister would hardly consent to a formal interview upon a subject so delicate and personal as the domestic relations of the President, without his authority. I assume, therefore, that the publication in the New York Tribune was made with his knowledge and sanction. In falsely at tributing to me the invention and dissemi nation of slanders, even in the guarded and cautions phrase which is employed, Mrs. Whitney transcends propriety and evidently relies upon the prerogatives of her sex for immunity. The man who made snch a statement directly or by in ference would be required to prove it or retract it. I have never been either bitter or vindictive against the ^President. Po litically I have been opposed te him, and my opinions have not been furtive nor stealthy. In the North American Review, the New York Sun, in varions speeches in the Senate and on the stamp 1 have de clared the grounds of hostility, which need not he rehearsed now. I have no more ill-will against him than I have against the yellow fever or the great March blizzard. My weapons have been those of a gladia tor, not of the assassin. Those who re member the criticisms on Lincoln, Grant, Garfield and Arthur, will not differ with me when I affirm that Mr. Cleveland owes more to the consideration of his political adversaries than any other public man in oar history. It wonld be idle to deny that 1 have heard the stories to which Mrs. Whitney alludes, and others mach worse, which time and events alone can verify or disprove. They have been the common gossip and rumor, the open secrets of the promenade, the hotel and the clob for many months, bnt they are of Democratic origin, like the scandals of the campaign of 1884. Republicans are not responsible for them. They have been circulated and repeated by the highest Democratic au thority, masculine and feminine. If the partisans of the Executive are wise they will be silent. "The President's marriage was the mort popular act of his administration. The mistress of the White House has no enemy and no rival in the affectionate adm ration of the American people. Amid many temptations to levity and many opportuni ties for frivolity, she has borne herself with unexampled grace, dignity and composure. Adulation has not disturbed the charming and unaffected simplicity of her charac ter. She will carry with her into retire ment the nnabated honor and regard of all who have been so fortunate as to know her. She will remain among the noblest illustrations of American womanhood so long as virtue has a votary or beauty a champion. Some things are self-evident in morals and history as well as in logic. They prove themselves and are disproved by evidence. To deny some accusations is to plead guilty to them. When yon have to offer evidence that an egg is good that egg is doubtful, and a doubtful egg is always bad. The merchant who is com pelled to produce affidavits to establish his honesty is probably a thief. The citizen who is now obliged to prove that he was loyal and patriotic daring the war was either a rebel or a Copperhead. Shakspeare cast an indelible stain npon the lady who protests too mach, and nobody cares to marry the woman whose chastity is open to discussion and debate. So when it becomes necessary for a husband to obtain a certificate of good moral character, and to prove by the testimony of experts that he is faithful, considerate and tender toward a young, lovely and affectionate wife, he may be innocent, bat he certainly is unfortunate." Kates Restored. New Yoke, December 17. —Freight rates both east and west bound were restored by the trunk lines this morning. REP9RT OF INTERIOR DE PARTMENT. From the full printed report of the Sec retary of the Interior we present Borne facts that will prove interesting to oar readers. Oat of 7,500,000 acres of agricultural lands patented daring the year, 2,669,718 were in Dakota. Kansas follows at a wide interval with 1,400,000; Minnesota next with 888,019; Wisconsin with 649,557; and Nebraska with 563,172. This shows ns where settlement is going on most rap idly. Montana figures in this list with only 107,377; only one-twenty-sixth part as mach as Dakota, though onr area is about the same. Yet there were more lands 'pat ented in Montana than in Nevada, and more than in New Mexico and Wyoming together. To show how completely the public lands are exhausted in some of the West ern States, the report shows only 320 acres sold daring the year in Ohio, 200 in Illi nois and 160 in .'ndiana. The arrears of business in land offices is something frightfnl and altogether dis graceful. There were 238,156 final entries pending for examination in Jane last, while the whole number disposed of dar ing the year was only 70,468. The new cases exceeded those disposed of. And the Secretary says: "No reasonable expecta tion is therefore held out to the settler who has met all the requirements of the law that he can receive the evidence of his title for nearly four years after his proof shall have been submitted." This condition of things, so disgraceful to the Government, is death to the poor settler. Until his patent is secured his title is uncertain. The settler or his wit nesses are very apt to be dead or scattered duriDg this long delay. Wby not put on force enongh to clear off these arrears and keep the business close up to the wants of the settlers, who are in most cases poor men, whose period of doubt and suffering is thns prolonged over a space of four years. The Secretary recommends that new and special quarters be provided for the general land office instead of being crowded as now into a portion of the Patent Office. The importance of the safe preservation, convenient arrangement and prompt tran saction of business ought to have secured this long ago. Farther delay is criminal negligance. * * * The Secretary recommends the repeal of all the land laws bnt the homestead, ap parently as a measure of temporary relief. But there is a vastly better way. After generation of settlers have had the benefit of pre-emption and other laws, it would be a relative injustice to those now going out into the less inviting regions that remain. It is no time to check or tarn aside the streams of immigration. We want our lands settled upon and culti vated. The first co3t of land under either uiethod of acquisition is little compared with the yearly harvests ander cultivation. The bnsiness of the government is to keep up with the demands of land for settle ment; to afford every facility by way of early surveys; facilitating the making of proof, and securing an early patent. The sooner our public lands are all taken np and pnt in cultivation the better will it be to ns in every considera tion. And then there will be a more care ful cultivation of all the land. It will be so cultivated that instead of wearing out it will become better. The idea of check ing settlement of onr public lands as a matter of policy is as vicious as that of discouraging marriage and the slaughter of infants. * * * The Secretary seems to consider onr present desert land laws a failure, but by his own showing they are a brilliant suc cess compared with the swamp land laws, by which more valuable lands have been given to the States for the pnrpose of re clamation, which has rarely ever been at tempted. If the policy that has prevailed in regard to the swamp lands is to be con tinned, the same should be applied to the desert lands —let them go to the States within which they lie. If there has been evasion of the intent of the law in cases of desert lands ander national jurisdiction, there has been greater evasion of the pnr pose which dictated the transfer of swamp lands to the States. Under the desert laws the government at least gets fall pay for its land—$1.25 per acre—while for the swamp lands it gets nothing. There is a better way to manage with both classes of lands. The desert lands should, under government control, be made to pay for their own reclamation by the reservoir system, and in the same way swamp lands should pay for their reclama tion by the best means that science could devise. This question is important enongh to be made one of the leading features of the agricultural department. The irrigating system is as essential to the good condi tion of land as blood to the healthy con dition of the human body. Water is the blood of the land; there ia no life without it. If there is not enough there is drouth and death. If there is too mach there is equally fatal coagulation. There is need of the proper quantity and that this should be in constant circulation. If the desert laws are to be repealed so should all the swamp laws. And both of these classes of land should at once be pnt into condition to become desirable for settlement at prices that wonld pay for re clamation and at the same time cheaper to the occupant than if given away for noth ing in their present condition. We find the subjects suggestive of com ment in this report exceed onr space. We will return to it again. Edwin F. Sharp, a Democratic member elect of the New Jersey legislature from Hudson county, dropped dead of heart disease on the 9th inst. This reduces the Democratic majority on joint ballot to two, and further complicates the Senatorial con test. _ E. A. Woolcott is said to have the lea for U. S. Senatorship in Colorado as suc cessor to Themas M. Bowen. NEEDED LEGISLATION. Those who think there will not be mach work for the coming legislature are most egregionsly mistaken. There is work and hard work for every member and for every day of the authorized term. The fact that we have a better and nearer prospect of admission as a State shonld not abate the zeal to complete any needed legislation. The registration law is recognized by all as of the first importance. Of even greater importance to onr future financial standing is some less extravagant method of support for our insane There is not a state nation or country in the world where so large a share of the general revenues are consumed in the support of the insane. We should do all that is reasonable accord ing to our strength and resources for all legitimate and worthy objects, bat to spend all oar revenues on prison convicts and on the insane, while we have not a single public building and are doing noth - ing as a Territory to promote higher edu cation, is unreasonable. All who are not violently and dangerously insane should be returned to the counties. Those who have means of their own shonld pay for their own support and those who have rel atives able to support them should be 39 supported. But in any event, the Terri tory or State should have some place and means to support its insane where it could be done at vastly less cost. Montana could borrow money at favora ble rates for a suitable asylnm. We shall need it just as much if admitted a State within a year. Perhaps our prison labor could be utilized in the erection of public buildings. No doubt efforts will be made to revise the bounty laws. We recognize the import ance to some sections of the Territory to stimulate the destruction of preditory wild animals, but we believe the better way to provide for (his is to leave this power with the commissioners of each county. The bounties then will be higher or lower ac cording as local sentiment and interest may dictate. Our Lien law is in a wretched condition, nnj ust to contractors and unsafe to build ers and its effects injurions to the working men, whom the latest amendment aims to protect at the sacrifice of every one else. Though a man may contract for a house to cost $2,500, he may find it covered when completed with liens to the amount of $ 10 , 000 . Our School law needs most of all some change that in larger districts will allow larger representation in the board of control. In the matter of onr Probate laws there is a perfect morass of confusion. It is patched up from codes of several States, without any harmonizing, and any sharply contested case might travel to the Supreme Court a half dozen times without being one whit nearer to a settlement. We have a Dower law enacted in 1876, omitted from the codification, but never repealed. Some sections of our Probate laws would imply that such a thing as "community property'' existed, but it is only by loose inference. It is nowhere defined or established. Again, in spite of all that may be said against multiplying offices, each county should have an auditor aud such an office is more needed than any we have. This list of subjects for legislation indi cates some of the work requiring attention It is not exhaustive, but it would fill all the time allowed for the session if nothing else were presented. The obstinacy of the Sioux in refusing to treat on reasonable terms .for a division of their great and useless reservation in Dakota, is likely to result in soihe perma nent gojd. According to the late official report there are 112,413,440 acres in In dian reservations in this country, or an average of 456 acres for every Indian, old and yonng. These reservations include the best lands in the country and cover an area of four times the State of Ohio, while the entire Indian population is lees than that of the city of Cincinnati. The idea of treating with Indians as .Foreign nations, was abandoned years ago, bat still in a modified form is continued, requiring rati fication by act of Congress. Bat even this is too much concession to the Indians, as proved by the failure to come to any agreement with the Sionx, either at their agencies or at Washington. One might al most as well try to treat with a pack of wolves. If onr Government shonld pay these Indians $1.25 per acre for all their land, in cash, the money wonld all be gone soon and we should have to provide for the support of these Indians still. They are recognized always as being in need of a guardian. All contracts with those un der guardianship are made with the guard ian. In this case it wonld be the United States contracting with itself. Bbeckenbidge, of Kentucky has intro duced a joint resolution, proposing an amendment to the constitution, defining and punishing polygamy. This is sup posed to be introductory to the effort to bring in Utah. We can hardly anticipate any opposition to snch a resolution or amendment, bnt it would have to be ap proved by two-thirds of the States before it wonld have any force, and it would not seem prudent to most of the Democrats to venture npon the admiesion of Utah till after snch an amendment had been adopted. The pitiful sum of $9,000 was allotted to surveys in Montana by the Land Com missioner, Stockslager. It was not his fault, for there was only about $80,000 to divide, a small allowance even for Mon - tana alone. Again, the rates of compensa tion allowed by law will not induce any com petent surveyor in Montana to engage in the bnsineas, so it is* that the money may as well go where it can be used where eesier work is to be done in cheaper por tions of the country. But it will be one of the things for the new administration to provide for completing the surveys of the remaining public domain, except the mountains, which ought not to be surveyed at all or paas from under the exclusive ownership and control of the government. CLEVELAND'S PLURALITY. The following election results ou Presi dent are tabulated as officially returned, (excepting Texas and West Virginia, esti mated) which show the sectional nature of Cleveland's plurality ou the popular vote. It will be seen at a glance that the Demo cratic plurality comes almost entirely from south of Mason and Dixon's line, less than 7,500 being contributed by Northern States: Harrisox Cleveland. . 59 813 12 6« 27 210 336 . 3.441 Iowa................... 31,721 Florida ........... . 12,902 80.159 Georiria...... . ft>.003 Maine.................. . 23,252 Kentucky ......... . 28^666 Massachusetts..... 31.466 Louisiana........... . 54,270 Michigan............. 22,911 Maryland.......... . 6,411 Minnesota........... 36,695 Mississippi........ 28,004 . 25,701 Nevada.............. 1,400 New Jersey....... . 7.149 New Hampshire. . 1.834 North Carolina. . 13.627 New York........... 14,355 South Carolina. . 52,825 19.599 Tennessee......... 6,769 .163,362 79,321 . 1,539 Rhode Island....... 3,438 West Virginia... . 1,000 28,404 2U271 Total.............. Plurality........... .118,328 Total................ .474,571 The pluralities in the South are largely in excess of those given for Cleveland four years ago in that sectiou, the chief increase being noted in States which showed no in creased vote, and in some cases a dimin ished vote compared with 1884. In that year Cleveland's total was 65,098, a part of which, it will be recalled, was contributed by the North. The New York Tribune's table, with the vote of Colorado not included, makes Cleveland's plurality 110,904. One of the most striking facts brought out by the statistics of the late election te that of the total increase of 1,273,109 votes since 1884 over 965,000 were contributed by Northern States. A PROUD RECORD. Francis Pop9, who is to-day succeeded by S. H. Crouuse as a member of the Board of County Commissioners of Lewis and Clarke county,goes ont of office with the re spect and gratitude of ail his constituents. His term of office covered oue of the most important epochs in the county's history, having begun in the fall of 1884. He be came chairman of the Board on his election and had for his colleagues D. H. Cuthbert and John J. Ellis, who were succeeded two years ago by Messrs Beach and Cur tin. It was during Mr. Pope's chairman ship that the mammoth work of building onr new conrt hoase was inaugurated and completed. Those were "days that tried mens' souls," but in spite of strenuous opposition Mr. Pope stuck to the work imposed upon him by his office and with the help of his colleagues success fully carried through the greatest public task ever attempted in Montana, when the slightest swerving from the line of duty might have resulted in squandering the people's money and the erection of a court house far inferior to the magnificent structure that is to day the pride of every citizen of the county and an enduring re minder of onr people's wealth aud cuter' prise. Backed by a Republican financial administration, Mr. Pope, too, had the sat isfaction during his term of office of seeing a depleted treasury made overflowing, the revenue increased, the rate of taxation reduced and county warrants go ud from below par to 100 cents on the dollar. Mr. Pope's name, together with that of Mr. Cnthbert and Mr. Ellis, is engraved on the terra-cotta tablet in the walls of the new court house, but he aud his colleagues need no such testi monial to perpetuate the memory of their administration- They have the gratitude of the present generation and the grand bnilding they were instrumental in giving Lewis and Clarke county will forever stand a monument to their perseverance, efficiency and self-sacriflcing zeal in the public welfare. President Cleveland's recent action in extending the rales of the civil service to the appointees in the government Tail way mail service, coming as it does at the close of his term of service, after that very branch of the service has been debauched in the most scandalons fashion for three years and nine months of his term, will bring no credit to its author. The aspect of the affair is this. Cleveland having packed the service to the uttermost with serviceable Democrats, wishes to pre vent his successor from meddling with his arrangements. We care not how many civil-service regulations there are, we are pretty certain that clear, solid and numerous Democratic precedents cau be found that will turn out nearly every Democratic office-holder on the score of "pernicious political activity." There never was a canvass when the Federal offi cials were more loudly and frequently called into service than daring the last campaign. All that we have to say te, that civil service should apply so far, that no good Democratic official should be re moved in order that a poor Republican should be appointed. Springer in remodeling his bill to meet the views of the Democratic caucus, stil 1 provides that everything shall hing upon a census taken by national authority. This is a refinement of cruelty and an empty pretext for delay. Everyone knows that no national census te provided for or can be taken for two years to come. There is a provision for paying half the expense of taking the cessas in the inter me* diate five years, bat there te no law that would give even a semi-official character to a census at any other time. For any purposes of substan tial justice involved the returns of the legal votes cast at the last election are not merely as good, bat even better than any national census. In the case of Montana it shows that we have the necessary popu lation and a great deal larger proportion of that part of the body politic whose p er aonal rights are involved in statehood and whose strong arms support and defend a State. _____________ Oue Democratic neighbor speaks of the "voiceless representation" of the Terri tories in Congress. Voteless represent»» tion wonld be more to the point. Wasn't the voice of Delegate Toole heard in the House the other day urging the admission of Montana? A CHIEF JUSTICE DEAD. Charles E. Boyle, Head of the Su preme Court of Washingtou Territory, Dies at Seattle. Seattle, W. T, December 15.—[Special to the Herald.]—Chief Justice Charles E, Boyle, of Washington Territory, a native of Uniontown, Pa, died at the Occidental hotel here of poeumonia at 7 a. m. to-day. He arrived here November 18, having just been commissioned by President Cleveland. He held his first hearing on November 22. He was sick about a week. The doctors mistook his complaint tor quinsy until to day, and he was given up at 1:30 p. m. He was appointed as successor to the late R. A. Jones, of Rochester, Miun. He was 55 years old, and was in the Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congress from Pennsyl vania. The Salt Lake Tribune of Saturday pub lishes au interview with every Federal official in Utah, and there is uot one who approves of the action of the Democratic cancus in voting to introduce a bill for the admission of Utah as a State. Some few are non-committal, but nearly all are out spoken in opposition. Those who know the most of the Mormons think the worst of them. It is a question deeper ^than politics. Utah as a State would be a dis grace to the country and a curse to the party dishonored by its alliance. Nearly all the lauds capable of cultivation have already been occupied by Mormon«. Only 52,000 acres were entered last year. Boulanger in expressing sympathy for De Lesseps on the failure ot' the l'auama canal scheme seeks to secure for himself another powerful contingent to favor his ambition to be President of the French Re public. He promises that the canal scheme shall have direct aid from the government if he is at the head of affairs. This of it self is as mach as to say that he expects to be dictator. He has further expressed himself as in favor ot the abolition of the Senate. That such a man as Boulanger, who has never showu any capacity for either civil Or military affairs should as pire to become the head of the French na tion, almost necessarily suggests the idea that he is a puppet in the hands of the royalists or Bonapartists. The only sensi ble thing in Boulanger's policy is that it is pacific towards Germany. But he must know that any such action as he proposes in aid of the Panama caual scheme would be a direct violation of a pledge from France to the United States, of which we should be bound to take notice. It is one of those things that have loDg been recognized as necessary that the num ber of trustees for the larger districts should be increased. Snch amendments have been proposed in a succession of legisla tures, bat there has been found great diffi culty in adapting any amendment to the existing law and to our special wants. We believe the only way to reach aud remedy the evil will be to provide for the organi zation of independent school districts in places where the population exceeds 5,000, and allowing the control of school affairs within such districts by a board composed of members from each ward. The general law that we bave te a good oue, but it fails to provide suitable representation in a place of the size of Helena. The latest from Washington indicates that if a bill for the immediate admission of South Dakota and Montana could be brought to a vote it would readily pass the House, but with this expression of favora ble sentiment comes this discouraging an nouncement that there is no way to get such a measure before Congress. Neither the Committee on Territories nor the Speaker favors the move, and it is conceded that it has no chance against their active opposition. Meanwhile this queition of the admission of new states is fast coming to the front iu aad out ol Congress, aud public opinion is forming that will soon command action. It appears that the press and people of country are all off wrong about the in efficiency of the mail service under the Cleveland administration. Our esteemed contemporary, the Independent, strongly intimates as much. It says: "If the grumblers will consider how many letters reach their destination promptly for every one that is delayed or missent they will wonder at the efficiency of the service." We think the new éditer will not be accepted as a competent witness by the West and Northwest. We surmise he will speak differently after a few months resi dence in Montana. _ Reasserting the Monroe Doctrine» Washington, December 19.—In the Senate Edmnnds introduced and had re ferred to the committee on Foreign Rela tions the following: Resolved: Tnat the Government of the United States will look with serious con • cera and disapproval upon any connection of any European government with the construction or control of any ship cana 1 across the Isthmus of Dariea, or across Central America, and most regard any such connection or control as injurious to the just rights and interests of the f nited States, and]as!a menace to their welfare. Resolved, That the [President of the United State» be requested to communicate this expression of the views of Congress to the governments of the countries ot Europe. ___ Chief Justice. Washington, December 19.—The Presi dent sent to the Senate the nomination of Thomas Barke, of Washington Territory, to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Territory vice Chas. E. Boyle, e ceased. _ _ ____ Death of a Venerable Pastor. Cincinnati, December 19.—Rev. Isaac Errett, of the Christian church, one of the best known divines, died this morning at a very advanced age. He was a life-long friend of President Garfield and editor of the Christian Standard.