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The Situation Produced by the Law Stated by One of the Broadest Brained Railroaders the Country. of The Chicago Herald recently interviewed a number of prominent railroaders as to the effect of the Inter-îStac« Commerce Law upon the transportation of the coun try, devoting something like a page of its spate to the answers obtained by its re porters. By far the best and clearest stated of the several replies, in our judg ment, was that made by E. St. John, general manager of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific road. The subject treated is one of very general interest and the text of Mr. St. John's views is here pre sented tor the information of Montana readers. He said: "It will answer yonr purpose, I sup pose, if a few of the more prominent ie sults of this legislation are mentioned. It undoubtedly abolished much discrimina tion as to persons and localities, a result which should be approved alike by the people and railway companies. The long and short clause has, in some cases, pro duced satisfactory results, while in others it hae wrought very great injury both to shippers and carriers. It is Dot easy to say now upon which side of the ac count the balance would be found if it was carefully made up. It has cut it was carefully made up. It has cut off special rates heretofore given to ship pers and manufacturers along the lines of the several railways. The shippers and manufacturers have attempted to save themselves from this effect of the national law by inducing the states, through the legislatures and the executive officers, to make local rates low enongh to secure to them the practical efleets of a special rate. This has involved railways in Iowa in a conflict with the railroad commissioners of that state, who have lost sight of what is just and reasonable in making rates which will enable the shippers and manufactur ers to continue in business under the inter state commerce law. This clause also gives short lines very decided advantages over louger ones, for the reason that the longer lines cannot afford to reduce their rates to and from intermediate stations for the purpose of securing a portion of the com petitive traffic at competitive points be yond. For example, this company had, prior to the enactment of the interstate com merce law, a line between Chicago, St. Paul and Minneapolis longer than the line of either of its competitors. After that law took effect it could meet the rates of its competitors at Minneapolis and St. Paul only by making corresponding reductions on its line between intermediate stations. This it was unwilling to do, and practi cally withdrew from the through traffic. The portion which it had received before, of course, was divided among its competi tors, and it is difficult for me to under stand how shippers at intermediate points were benelitted by this result. Depriving us of all income on through traffic between Minneapolis and Chicago did not enable us to make lower rates on traffic between Chicago and intermediate places. Another very marked effect of the law has been the rate wars which have prevailed over the entire West during the last year. The in ter-state commerce law was heralded to the country as a measure which would abolish all rate wars by abolishing all pools. The facts are that ihe fiercest wars known to railroads have raged under the operation of this law. Practical railroad men see no permanent remedy until the companies can be permitted to contract as to the terms of peace between them and enforce the performance of their contracts in the courts of the country." "What is the condition of the railroad affairs in the West to-day. and is the large decrease in business mainly attributed to the inter-state commerce-law?" "The condition of railways in the West is bad, very bad. Several of the strongest companies have materially reduced their dividends, and it is an open secret that some of those which pay are drawing from the surplus made years ago instead of from current earnings. The gross tonnage upon all principal lines has increased, while the gross revenue has decreased, both the increase and the decrease being very large. The increase ot tonnage has increased the operating expenses and correspondingly reduced net earnings, which would have been otherwise reduced by the reduction of the gross earnings, notwithstanding the increased volume of traffic. What the end of all this will be your readers can conjecture as well as I. Efforts are being made to restore rates to a just and reasonable basis. It may be suc cessful for a time ; we hope it will, and shall he happy if the restoration of rates may become permanent. I doubt, however, whether existing conditions will produce in the future effects materially different from those heretofore developed. In other words, I am not hopeful of a permanent improvement in the condition of Western railways until the mistakes in legislation shall have been corrected." "What remedy do yon suggest?" "Such an amendment of the interstate commerce law as will allow railway com panies to make contracts fixing rates and providing for their maintenance. These contracts should in all cases be open and copies filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission. The commission should have full and ample power, on the com plaint of any person or place aggrieved, to modify Buch agreements in such manner as to prevent discrimination and extortion. The courts should have fall and ample power to enforce, by mandatory injonction, the pertormance of these agreements. The law, as thus amended, would enable rail way companies to make arrangements which would secure reasonable compensation lor services rendered to shippers. It would protect the people against discrimination and extortion, and secure to the business of the country^stahle rates. It would en able companies to operate their railways more economically by reducing the army of agents who now traverse the country soliciting business for their several lines. It wonld secure to carriers reasonable and just rates, and to each its fair proportion of the traffic, while it would guarantee to the people an effective remedy against abuses which have heretofore prevailed in railway management." "What do you think of the plan proposed by Henry H. Porter ?" "Mr. Pftrter's recognized ability and ex tended experience commands the careful and thoughtful consideratiou of any plan which he proposes. As I understand him he would have the inter-state commerce commissioners fix maximum rates and allow arrangements between companies within the limits thus fixed. This, I think, would he entirely satisfactory if practica ble, but in my judgment it is not practica ble. As Mr. Fink has already suggested, no five or seven, or even ten or fifteen men cau grasp, at any time, all the tacts and conditions which should be considered in making the schedules of rates for the 150, 000 miles of railroad which form a net work over this country, extending trom the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from the lakes to the gulf. I am told that there are now in the office of the In ter-State Commerce Commission many thousands ot rate sheets filed by railway companies in compliance with the law which have never been examined, for the simple reason that it is physically impos sible for the commissioners and their clerks to perform the work involved in such examination. If a schedule of rates were made, not too high to constitute any limitation, it would produce widespread disaster, for the reason that rates which ! are reasonable in one locality, environed I by one set of conditions, might be totally unreasonable in another locality sur ! rounded by other conditions. I would j have schedules made in the first instance by the officers of the several com panies and filed in the office of the commissioners. If they were satislactory to the people there would be no occasion for their examination by the board, and the public interested would not suffer if they were not scrutinized. If any shipper from any locality should be in jured by any such schedule, or by any ar rangement which forms a part of it, the commissioners would] be promptly in formed by complaint, the matter com plained of investigated, and proper modifi cation made and enforced. This would secure to every shipper and locality a remedy for a wroDg done, aDd no one could demand more. It would restrict the powers of the commis sion to supervisory action and render it possible for them to do the work placed in their hands. It is one thiDg, however, to investigate a particular grievance and to devise and apply a proper remedy, and quite another thing to make a detailed schedule for the government of all rail ways in the United States. "Mr. Porter doubtless had in mind the general result to be attained and not so much the method by which these results were to be accomplished. As to the gen eral result there is no difference between ns. The remedy lies in giving the compa nies greater freedom of action, guarded by a power which would protect the shipper against abuses." "Do you think it would be wise to re peal the law and substitute anything in its stead?" "No. A wise supervision of transporta tion in this country will be for the inter est of the carrier as well as the shipper, bat it should be wise." Live Stock. Chicago, January 2.— Cattle—Receipts, 10,000; sseady; choice beeves, $4.50(5)4.90; steers, $2.8502.30; Stockers and feeders, $email@example.com; Texas cattle, $1.7503.00. Hogs—Receipts, 15,500; weak; five cents lower. Mixed and light $5.0005.20. Heavy, .5005.30. —Sheep—Receipts, 4,500; Western corn fed, $4.0003.60; Texas, $2.500315. Chicago, January 3. — Cattle — Re ceipts, 7,000, stronger, choice to extra beeves, $4 5004.80; Steers, $2.8504 80; Stockers, and feeders, 2.2003.30. Texan cattle $1.8003.25. • Sheep—Receipts, 6,000, steady; natives, $2.7504.85; Western, corn fed, $4 3004.62; Texans, $2 5003.40. Chicago, January 4. — Cattle — Re ceipts 7,000; active; beeves 4.6004 85; steers 2 9004.40; stockers and feeders 2.00 03.30; Texas cattle, steady, 2.0003.00. Sheep—Receipts 4,500; strong: natives 2 7504.75;jwestern 4.3O04.67J;Texans 2 50 03.50. Chicago, January 7.—Cattle—Receipts, 10,000; steady; choice beeves, 4.5004.65; steers, 2.9004 35; stockers, and feeders, 2.4003.30; Texas cattle, 3.2003.75. Sheep—Receipts, 7,000; strong; natives, 3.000 4.75; Western, corn fed 4 2504.691; Texas, $2 5003 50. Wool Prices. Philadelphia, January 4.—Wool— Quiet; prices firm; Canada washed comb ing 34035; tub washed 35047; medium washed, combing and delaine, 30(5,32; coarse do 30031: Eastern Oregon 15024; Valley Oregon 22030; New Mexico and Colorado 15. Boston, January 4.—Wool has been firm during the week but comparatively quiet. Territory wool sales are reported : Fine 60062; fine medium 58060; medinm 55. Texas and California wools have been slow at unchanged prices. Oregon wool meets with good demand with sales of Eastern Oregon at 16022. Clearinghouse Report. Boston, January 6. —The table com pleted from the dispatches to the Post from the managers of the leading Clearing House of the United States shows to-day that the gross exchanges for the week end ing Saturday, January 5, were, $1,095,022, 574, an increase of $24,300 as compared with the corresponding week last year. Bank Statement. New York, January 5. — The bank statement shows the hanks hold $7,272,000 in excess of the legal requirement. Suicide. Cleveland, O., January 2. —Miss Mary B. Sherman, of Wakeman, O., member of the freehman class at Oberlin college, shot and killed herself at her boarding place this afternoon. Over study is assigned as the cause._ Debt Decrease. Washington, January 2.— The decrease in the public debt during the last month was $14,427,595. The decrease in the debt since Jane 30,1888, has been $31,522,398. Spanish Coal Mine Calamity. Madrid, January 4.—In an explosion of fire damp in a colliery in the province of Ovieda twenty-seven persons were killed and many injured. Connecticnt Fire. Hartford, Conn., January 4.—A tele gram from Manchester says the entire bus iness portion of the town is in fiâmes. Aid has been asked for from here. Later— The fire at Manchester de stroyed a drag store and the telephone ex change. Both were frame buildings. The loss is light. Presidential Nominations. Washington, January 3. —The Presi dent sent the following nominations to the Senate: Solomon Claypool, of Indiana, to be United States Attorney for Indiana; T. Carlos Jewett, of Minnesota, to be Com missioner for the District of Alaska, to reside at Sitka. Arctic Relief Station. Washington, January 3.— A petition was presented by Senator Stanford, from the Chamber of Commerce of San Fran cisco, calling attention of Congress to the urgent need of a permanent relief station in the Arctic ocean. The Factory Burned. London, January 5.—A dispatch from Cochin, British India, reports Aspinwall's cocoanut oil factory bnmed. Loss $100, 000. A Central News dispatch says: Al most the entire place was destroyed. Only one oil factory escaped. The damage was $1,500,00 0. ^ Condition of Prince Bismarck. Berlin, Janaary 3. —Great anxiety is felt regarding Prince Bismarck's health. The Chancellor has been ordered to remain in strict repose and not go to Berlin. Received by the Emperor. St. Petersburg, January 5.—The Czar to-day granted audience to Judge Lambert Tree, U. S. Minister, who presented his credentials. A OMINA VENDETTA. The Beginning and End of a Family Fend on Bald Mountain. I had been told that I ceuld save three miles by making a short cat on the road to Bibbs' place, and I had come within a mile of his house, and the hour was about 4 in the afternoon, when I got a sudden surprise. I was emerging from a ravine to the main trail when four men suddenly sprang out at me from behi.ul a mass of rock. One was old and white-haired, though still vigorous, while the others were men of middle age. All had guns and knives, and a tough-looking lot they were as they surrounded me. There was a moment of silence as we surveyed each other, and then one of the men asked : "Who be you'un?" I told him. ' O, yes," he replied as he held ont his hand. "So you'nn is he'un, be it? Glad to see you. We'uns hev all heard of you'un." All shook with me and passed the time of day, and presently I asked : ' "Out for a hunt?" , ft "Y es." — "After bear?" S" * 4 "Bigger nor that, stranger." ». All chuckled as if highly pleased and after eojoying* my embarrassment for a minute the spokesman said: "We monght ax yon to mix in, stranger, but it's none o' your consider." "What is it?" "We're hnntin' Hank Bibbs an' his pap." "Going to kill them?" "If we kin. That's what we're yere fur. That's why we're come from t'other side of the big hill." "Why, I was on my way to Bibbs'." "Reckon ye were, stranger. That's why we stopped ye. Didn't want ye to saffer in the scrimmage." It was a fend—vendetta. I realized it now. They had set ont to kill men just as you wonld kill pigeons. "Tell me abont this," I said, as wé sat down on a rock and I passed out some to bacco. "Wall," replied the spokesman, "me'n the old man ar' Carters. The others jined in to hblp. We've been down on the Bibbses far—let's see—how long is it, pap?" "A year afo' the wah," answered the old man. "Call it thirty years," resumed the son, "that's a right smart, I reckon And we've killed four on 'em—four of the Bibses. And they've killed three of us—three of the Carters. Thar' han't bin any scrim mage of late, 'cause Hank Bibbs has bin mage of late, 'cause Hank Bibbs bin gone and I have been gone, and the old folks here got moas' too old. But Hank has cum hack and I hev cum back, and so we reckoned on gwine over thar' and wipin' the last of 'em out." "How did this affair start?" What was the beginning?" "The start! Let's see! It goes back too far fur me. Say, pap, what begun this yere fuss?" "Jim Bibs pizened my mewl 'cause I heat him choppin'." "Are you sure of it?" I asktd. "Shore? Of course I'm shore! The mewl was found dead, and if Jim Bibbs didn't pizen him, who did?" "Bat was he poisoned?" "If not, what made him die?" "Perhaps liPwas sick, or got a fall, or died of old age." "Say, pap," said the son, "p'raps that was the way of it." "Mought be, Cyrus. I never thort of it." "Look here, men," I said, after we had talked a little further, "this thing is all wrong and I want to see it righted. I want to see Bibbs before you do any shoot ing " "What fur?" "To see wnat he has against yon, and to see if you can't be friends. You have all been wrong from the start." "Bat didn't my mewl die?" asked the old man. "Yes, but you didn't know that one of the Bibbses was within a dozen miles of him. Did you try to find out if they were guilty?" "I hadn't no show. I jist took down the gun and peppered Bill Gibbs. Then one of his brothers peppered my son Enos, and so we've been pepperin' ever since." "And all about an old mule!" "Well, mewls was skace then, and it was the principle of the thing, ye see. Mebbe we've been too firstly (hasty), but the Bibbses hain't never come to talk it over." After a little more talk it w as agreed that I should go on to Bibbs' and tell them what was up and ask the two men to come down to a little branch which crossed the road ahead of ns. They were guaranteed protection, and the whole matter should be talked over with a view to permanent peace. I found the men—father and son —sitting in front of the cab ; n. Before I had said twenty words they had rnshed ahead for their gnns, and it was half an hoar before they coaid reason. "Didn't they'nns begin to shoot we'uns fust ?" the old man kept repeating; but after awhile he calmed down and it was finally agreed to go down and have a talk. There was no thought of ambush or trickery. The Carters had passed their word, and that word was sacred. It was a curions scene when all came together. There were the two old patriarchs, white-haired, wrinked and getting ready for the grave, and each had hated for 30 years. There were the two sons—strong, agile, fearless, who had the memory of seven killings on their minds as they looked in each other's eyes. The men with the Carters cast down their eyes as if ashamed. "Mr. Bibbs," I said as we sat down, "do you remember how this all started?" "Let's see? It was way back. My Bill was out hunting and Pap Carter peppered him. Bill said so afore he died." "And then?" "And then I peppered Back Carter to git even." "Did yon know that Mr. Carter had a mule poisoned?" "Never did." "Didn't yon hear of his male dying?" "Can't say I did. If I'd heard of it I'd hev been sorry, for Pap Carter an' me was boys together, and we used to set store by each other." "Pap Bibbs," began the old man Carter as he rose up, "ar' ye sayin' as ye Dever heard I lost a mewl with blackish ears and tail?" "I'm a sayin' it, Reuben, and it's God's truth!" "And yonr son Bill didn't piztn him 'cause I beat him choppin' wood?" "He never did! Bill wasn't like it. Bill would hev cut his hand off fast." "And he wasn't mad cause I beat him?" "Hoosau! Why Bill cum home to say ye was the best man with the ax on Bald Mountain!'' "And seven mnrders have been done through this!" I said as I looked at Pap Carter "God forgive me!" he exclaimed as he knelt down and finng op his hands. "Why didn't ye cam over to me, Abra'm, and dan toll me how it all was!" "How could I, Raben, when yon 'ans was pepperin' we'nns with buckshot! Fo' the Lord, bat what wicked critters we hev bin!" "Abra'm!" "Renbei.!" And then the young men also reached ont for each other's hands, and I'm not go ing to deny it was a womanish time all around for the next ten minutes. When we went up to Bibbs' cabin there was more of it, and two old men knelt right down side by side, arms around each other and their white heads close together, aDd they wept and prayed like children lost in the darkness and storm. Thirty years of hate and blood were wiped away in au hour. SHERMAN'S BILL. Proposed Change in the Laws in Re gard to Congressmen. Washington, January 8.— The bill in troduced by Sherman to day proposing nu merous changes in the laws regulating the election of Congressmen, provides after May 1st, 1890, that the elections for repre sentatives to Congress shall be conducted according to the provisions of the bill and the legislatures of the States may direct the election of the presidential electors in the same manner. The expenses of the elec tion in such cases is to be paid out of the Federal treasury. The bill authorizes the President to appoint, with the approval of the Senate, five qualified voters in each State, to be known as the Board of State Canvassers, and three voters in each con gressional district, to serve as an electoral board, the appointees to hold office dur ing good behavior. The electoral board of each Congres sional district shall appoint a registrar and three judges, not all of the same political party, for each election district or precinct, to hold office for six years subject, however, to removal for misconduct. The electoral board is given power to increase the num Established 1864 . A. G. CLAUSE. THOMAS CONRAD. J. C. CURTIN. CLARKE, CONRAD 4 CURTIN, Importers of and Jobbers andIBetail Dealers in Heavy Shelf and Building HARDWARE. SOLE AGENTS FOR THE' Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn COOKING AND HEATING STOVES, AND W. 6. Fisher's Cincinnati Tronghi Ir o n Ran ges for Hotels and Family Use. Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, kill Supplies, Hoes, Belt ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods, Centennial Réfrigéra lors, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers Etc., Etc. Visitors to the City are respectfully Invited to call and Examine onr Goods and prices betöre pnrehasing. ALL ORDRES RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, 32 and 34'Main Street, ■ Helena, M. T. THE DINGEE & CONARD CO'S ROSES«: SeedS We offer postpaid at yonr own door,the LARGEST STOCK of ROSES in America, all varieties, and prices, to suit all wants. ALL THE FINEST NEW ROSES, New Hardy FLOWERING PLANTS, New CLIMBING VINES, New Summer FLOWERING BULBS, and JAPAN LILIES. New CHRYSANTHEMUMS. GLADIOLUS and TUBEROSES, The Wonderful NEW MOON FLOWERS, New GRAPES, New and Rare FLOWER and VECETABLE SEEDS. Goods sent everywhere by mail or express. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Our NEW GUIDE, no pages, handsomely illustrated. FREE TO ALL who write for it. It will pay you to see it before buying. THE DINGEE & CONARD CO., Rose Growers and Importers, West Grove, Pa. ESTABLISHED 1866. GANS & KLEIN. Tlio Leading; CLOTHIPNG HOUSE of Montana. Country Orders Solicited. Corner Main Street and Broadway. SANDS BROS. New Arrival of WALL PAPER, CARPETS, -A.Diri> HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS. We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon tana. Orders receive prompt attention. SANDS BROS. DWIGHT'S/ DWIGHT'S/ SODA THE COW BRAND. - TO MAKE DELICIOUS BISCUITS or WHOLESOME BREAD USE Dwight's Cow-Brand Soda«»Saleratus. ABSOLUTELY PURE. ALWAYS UNIFORM A m FILL WEJÇHT, B« nr* that there is a picture of a Cow on your package and yen will have the best Soda made. THE COW BRAND. DWIGHT'S /SA L ER AT U S\ ARTHUR P. CURTIJST. FURNITURE, CARPETS, WALL PAPER and HOUSE FUJUmHINC GOODS. Having leased the two upper floors of the Davidson Block and con nected same with our already immense Salerooms, we new occupy four entire floors extending through the whole block from Jackson to Main street, stocked throughout with goods of every grade and at prices that defy competition. Every purchase made STRICTLY FOR CASH direct from FIRST HANDS and shipped in CAR LOADS ONLY. An examination of stock and prices solicited. MUSIC department. Pianos, Organs, and Musical Merchandise. her of election precincts whenever neces sary to secure a free and fair ballot. The judge or judges at any precinct may ap point by standers in place of any judge or judges who do not report for duty within ODe hour after the opening of the polls and in case none of the three judges report, the election may be conducted by any three voters of the district who are willing to act. The electoral Aboard is also directed to appoint three commissioners of election for each county or corresponding political division, whose duty it shall be to meet three days after election and ascertain from the returns the number of votes cast for each person at the election. Some pro vision is made for filling vacancies in the list of commissioners as is made in the case of election judges. Provision is made tor the comp.'ete and correct registration of the voters and the judges of election in counting votes are authorized to report any decided to have been fraudulently voted. The board of commissioners is given the power to correct irregularities in the returns of the judges of election and heavy penalties are prescribed for offenses against the election law. White House Carriages. Chicago, January 8. —It was stated in the despatches a few nights ago that President elect Harrison had given Stude baker Brothers orders for carriages for the White Honse. It now transpires that Rus sel Harrison was here yesterday and select ed them. They are a laundau worth $1,600 and a brougham valued at $1,300. The in structions from Gen. Harrison are that they be finished up in the plainest man ner possible. No gilt trappings on either carnages or harness will be allowed. The two carriages will be shipped to Washing ton in time for the inauguration. THE Is the Published In the Territory of Montana. It is the Oldest Paper in Mon tana, dating from Novem ver, 1866. It contains more Reading Mat ter than any other paper in Montana In Typographical appearance it is not excelled by any news paper in the country. a Model American News It is paper. It has the Largest iCirculation of any paper in Montana. Subscribe for it yourself. Send a copy to relatives or friends in the East. Subscription Price, $3 per year For the year 1889 we are not offering any premiums, but we have on hand a few of RAND & McNALLY'S STANDARD 7ÄT LAS OF THE WORLD, that we will furnish to those of our sub scribers who may desire them, at $1.25. This Atlas retails at all book-stores at $5. JU3f We also have on hand a few copies of Rand & McNally's Popular Atlas, which we will furnish our subscribers, at 50 cents each. # Address all Communi cations to FISK HELENA. - - BROS. - - MONTANA. Spencer & Nye* Manufacturers and Dealers in HARNESS AND SADDLES. HELENA, Bead Zlluetrated MONTANA Catalogue.