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FISK BROS. - * * Publishers. R. E. FISK, ...... Editor THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 1889. The President to-day approved the act to provide »tores, etc., for the militia of Montana. The assessors who ar** listing property for taxation are the poorest persons in the world to get full and reliable statistics of any species of property liable to taxation. The murder of Robert Hoesfeldt at Radersburg yesterday appears from all ac counts to have been one of the most un provoked and wanton crimes ever per perpetrated. Freeman sober never would have done it, but drunkenness is no excuse for the cri me. Fob the same reason that we believe that high license is more effectual than prohibition to restrict the liquor traffic, we believe that it will produce the best prac tical results to forbid every specits of thieving game and impose a stiff license and other restrictions upon all other gambling. It looks some as if the Senate would con cede to the woolen manufacturers a reduc tion of one cent a pound on raw wool, which we regret very much to see. The duty of ten cents that is left as compared with free wool under the Mills bill, is all the difference between ruin and prosperity to Montana wool-growers. Mb. Toole owes an apology to the friends of Garfield for coupling his name with that of Cleveland as guilty of per petuating the reign of the carpet-bagger. Gen. Garfield was innocent of the great transgression. If hitching Mr. Cleveland's name to that of some Republican Presi dent will assist in making it respectable the right name should be used. Springer's omnibus bill, as amended by Perkins, of Kansas, and agreed to by the House this afternoon, provides that if the people of South Dakota ratify the Sioux Falls constitution, the President shall issue a proclamation declaring the State of South Dakota admitted to the Union. On motion of Toole a similar pro vision relative to the admission of Mon tana was embodied in the bill. The true inwardness of the Independent'a ill feeling toward the Rev. Mr. Raleigh is divulged at last. It was he who, in session with his fellow pastors, spoke of the past election incident of the wine flasks carted from Democratic headquarters. That was some time ago, but the disclosure, in point ing a temperance moral, yet rankles in the Democratic breast. The narration was within rather than beyond bounds. There has been and could be no denial of the facts as declared. The preacher's offense was simply in having stated the fact. The conditions imposed by the Springer omnibus bill, as passed, are much less ob jectionable now that the extraordinary provision requiring resubmission to Con gress is eliminated from the measure. Amendment to the bill in this respect, as we understand it, exempts South Dakota and Montana, and while these Territories are obliged to go through all the prelimi nary work for a second time, admission afterward cannot be stayed by Congress, but by proclamation of the President, in the usual form, we shall be beckoned to Statehood._ We regret to note the opposition of the Dakota people in Washington to the terms of admission proposed by the House bill. They seem to think that they can force an extra session and hare things their own way. But they should remember that it requires a very strong case to justify the calling of an extra session of Congress which always disturbs business more or less. Again, it must be remembered that there is a very frail Republican majority iu the next House and under the rules filibustering may be resorted to that will defeat or delay any more advantageous legislation. They had better taxe State hood when they can get it and jump aboard the omnibus. It is in poor taste and witn less grace before a Montana public, interested as our people are iu the production of wool, for a Montana newspaper of any political con nection to belittle and decry the efforts of the Wool Growers' Association to secure better protection for one of our staple pro ductions. We are interested to see such a rate of protection on both woolen manu factures and raw wool, that we shall make all the clothes and woolen goods and raise all the wool that shall fully supply all the needs of our people. At present Montana is principally interested in the production of raw wool. We aspire, in the near future* to enter the list as manufacturers of woolen goods. Increased home production follows protection, and home production always gives us better goods at cheaper rates. Somewhat extraordinary is the for handed proceedings instituted by the In~ dependent in behalf of Councilman Bick ford, of Missoula, who seems to mistrust the security of his seat in the Legislature. For three days now the pleadings in Mr. Bickford's case have been going through the columns of the Democratic organ, and the end seems not to be yet. All this is irregular and not altogether in good form, to say the least. The gentle man should bide his time and be heard] in the proper place, if his election is in dis pute. As the case so far presents itself, the member is simply anticipating prosecution and by change of venue in advance of any action by his peers is a party defendant heard through a party mouthpiece instead of the Council. Somebody is scared before be is hurt—not the sitting Councilman'* from Missoula, we hope. We prefer to think it is some fool friend, over-zealous in his behalf. Shut him off. THE StlNDAI LAW. This is one of the matters presented to our Legislature by the Governor and is deserving ot their consideration and from that consideration we believe some good, conservative, moderate and acceptable law will be evolved. We do not advocate a Sunday law be cause the Ten Commandments include one to ' Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy,''for that would require the observance of Saturday rather than Sunday. Nor do we advocate the law because the members of Christian churches, following the exam ple of the apostles and early disciples of Christ, observed the first day ot the week as holy day. For violation of the moral law its author and administrator has provided penalties and will see them enforced. The State deals with this subject purely on human grounds. Experience has dem onstrated that those who labor can do more and better work if they have frequent periods for rest, and one day in seven is the generally accepted and tyjproved al lowance. In this respect, a Sunday law stands on the same footing as those laws that prescribe eight or ten hoars for a legal day's work and those that forbid the em ployment of children of tender years in mines and factories for more than half of any one day. It is clearly the proper duty of the State, through its laws, to promote the physical well-being of its people. If it can be shown, as no doubt it can, that men live longer, enjoy better health, can do more work and do better work by resting on Sundays, that it affords not only peace and quiet to those who observe Sunday from religious considerations, but an opportu nity to all othern to cultivate their intel lectual as well as physical natures, allow ing hard-working men about the only chance they have to become acqaainted with their own families and understand the real meaning and comfort of home, then there is ample reason shown for a Sunday law. As necessity knows no law, works of ne cessity should be excepted, as should those of char ty which hallow all days. If there ever was a good reason for a Sunday law in any age and among any people it is more needed to day a :d among the American people than ever before or anywhere else. With onr inventions we bave harnessed by the standard of horse power all the forces of nature aDd multi plied the products of industry a thousand fold. It is said of Whitney's cotton gin that it enabled one man to do the work of 5,000. Wealth is increasing faster than population. Pro duction outruns consumption. Trusts are organized to keep back production from glutting the markets and cutting down prices. Mills are forced to run on half time, and shorter hours for work are the tendency everywhere. There is no reason in the world why one day in seven should not he declared and protected by law as a day of rest, under such reasonable penal guarantees as public opinion will generally sustain, LEGISLATION AGAINST QUACK ERY. We are in hearty sympathy with the reputable physicians of Montana for some stringent law protecting the people against the intrusions, raids, robberies and murders of quacks. Even the profession itself, one of the noblest and most magnificent in the world, deserves protection against the intrusion of pretenders, whose careers of deceit and spoliation degrade the whole profession in the eyes of an undiscrimi nating public. But the principal call for legislative interference is in the name and on behalf of the suffering and ignorant portion of our people ready to grasp at shadows and believe any lie that holds out promise of relief. So far as it merely affects the incomes of the regular physicians, that is not of itself suf ficient reason for passing a law, hot the whole business of these quacks is down right robbery, charging high fees for ser vices and medicines that do more harm than good. Enough of this dirty imposi tion has been practiced here in Helena to justify a riot. Our door-yards and steps are strewn with disgusting hand bills that no self-respecting head of a family would suffer to reach the hands of his children. If half the truth were known, it would provoke more severe measures of legisla tion than we care to see enacted because too stringent laws are not salu tary, even when the end aimed at is a good one aDd we prefer to look for the antidote iu greater intelligence. Without intermingling in the rivalries of different schools of prac tice we hope some law may be agreed □pon that will protect the public from these itineraat quacks that destroy, fat tening themselves like birds of carrion upon the dead and dying. THANKS, AWFULLY. We yield to none in commendation of death-bed repentance and are grateful for patriotism in articulo mortis. We hope therefore the resolution of thanks to "oar Joe 1 ' will be segregated from the memorial to Congress, where it does not belong, and pat through both houses of the Legislative Assembly. As it was a parting kick at an administration without friends or patron age at a time when none are so poor as to do it reverence, it was gracefully done. Its infirmity is that it is three years ten months and twelve days too late. Industrial education is a good thing for whites, for Indians and negroes. In the case of the Indians it has been applied at Hampton and Carlisle long before Com missioner Oberly was connected with the Indian Department. We none the less heartily endorse all that[ can be said and done by any one for the farther introdac sion of industrial and manual labor in struction till it becomes universal. Every body needs it,and all interests one promoted by it. ___ Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoruu to is it do of is of AUDITOR'S AND TREASURER'S REPORT. We acknowledge with pleasure the re ceipt of the very creditable reports of the Auditor and Treasurer of Montana. It is creditable to the officers and to the Terri tory in all respects It constitutes in it self the best petition that could be pre sented to Congress for our immediate ad mission as a State. It would be equally as appropriate and effective as an immi gration document to attract the most de : s'rable settlers and induce the investment of foreign capital. We are satisfied that the delay in its appearance is not the fault of the officers or printers, much as it is to be regretted. Even to call attention to the various tables and statements that deserve special mention would exceed our present avail able space. Many of these matters have already been given to the public in the very full message of onr Governor. Financially we are in better condition than any of the Territories and most of the States. Oar assessment table shows bat a small portion of onr actual and productive wealth. Though the aggregate of county indebt edness shows an increase, there are three counties, Custer, Gallatin and Lewis and Clarke, that show a handsome decrease, while in other cases, as in those of Park and Cascade, the increase is more apparent than real and all of it there is something substantial and creditable to show. The large proportion of onr general ex penditures for the support of the insane cannot fail to arrest attention and call for some action. The detailed vote for delegate at the last November election is a valuable souvenir of an interesting event. And the list of county officials in the several coun ties will prove of great convenience. AN EXCEPTIONAL CASE. As a rale we have opposed tittering a word in disparagement of the claims of any Territory steking release from territorial tbralldom. We should rejoice to see an enabling act passed at once for the early admission of Wyoming, Idaho and Arizona' though neither as yet possesses the quota for a representative in Congress. We have not a word to utter in opposition to the claim of New Mexico, though the majority of its in habitants are of scant intelligence and gen erally indifferent on the subject of admis sion. This is only a temporary objection that will soon disappear with immigration and development. Bat the case of Utah is wholly exceptional. It is the den of that "twin relic of barbarism, polygamous Mormon* ism, to whose extinction the first Repub lican national convention pledged itself. The Gentile minority of Utah, without dis tinction of party, protest against giving state rights and powers to a majority as alien to civilization as to all the principles of free, intelligent Self government, and invoke assistance from those who know the situation in Utah. Montana has been heard before in congress on this subject by the bnrning words of its elo quent Claggett. And to the end of the chapter her people will continue to protest in aud out of congress till the complete and final overthrow and extinction of that vile amalgam of lust and superstition which masquerades under the title of Latter day Saints. _ UNJUST AND UNTRUE. The attacks of the Independent upon Rev. Raleigh are so utterly UDjust and based upou so much false assertions and assumption that they injure its own repu tation and infiueuce vastly more than the one at whom tney are directed. Mr. Raleigh says, and every one knows it to be true, that the words uttered by him that gave so much offense to the Independent aod had such infiueuce here to defeat the third party movement, which had been arranged here as elsewhere to contribute to Democratic snccess, were not spoken in the pnlpit. However mach it may be meanly insinuated no one has yet had the hardihood to assert that Mr. Raleigh has ever carried political dis cuss on into the pnlpit. That he did good service outside the pulpit for what he .in common with a large majority of the 'peo ple of Montana believed to be the highest duty of every good citizen, these dishonor able assaults of the Independent fully recog nize. Men can be good Christians and good temperance workers without being fools or lending themselves to forward the inter ests of a party that is now and always has been the open and consistent ally and sap porter of free ram. The Senate is making progress on the tariff bill and will be ready for the final vote on Tuesday next. Notwithstanding the fact that we have the same House that passed the Mills bill, we do not despair of its securing enough Democratic votes to pass it in the House. That Cleveland would veto it we feel very certain, so that not mach hope can be bnilt upon having a new law very soon. Onr present tariff law is good enough in most respects, and its enforcement by officials favorable to pro tection won Id do away with most of the complaints against it. There would be no special need of an extra session on that account. _ Thebe seems to be a good prospect that the present legislature will adopt the prndent coarse of appointing a code com mission, acting in conjonction and ander the direction of the Bar Asssociation. Though we have a prospect of early State hood, the work would not be lost The civil and criminal codes and practice acts would be just as available to the State. In the case of the probate law, the matter will be more difficult because congress has, by law, provided for dower, and when we become a State there is little doubt that the principles of the civil law and community property will be preferred. Oregon Senatorship. Salem, Ore., Jnnary 16. —Senator Dolph was unanimously renominated at the Re publican caucus to-night is a PROSPECTS IMPROVED. Notwithstanding the very incomplete reports of what transpired in Congress yes terday, enough is disclosed to prove very gratifying to every citizen of Montana. Our prospects of early admission are greatly improved, and we have confidence that some agreement may now be reached between the Honse and Senate that will complete onr admission before another reg ular session of Congress. Come when and how it may and from whatever source and by whatever motives dictated we are for securing statehood for Montana at the earliest moment possible. Those who aid ns in this our highest ambition and great est interest are onr friends, and they may divide the credit as they will so long as we have the benefits. The Honse Democrats seeing in the re salt of the late elections a certainty that several new States are to be admitted, are evidently striving to remove the odinm that justly adheres to their party for its long aud UDjust exclusion of Dakota. An other motive that seems to influence them is to remove the prinipal ground for calling an extra session. But whatever may be their motives concerns ns little in com parison with the fact that there seems to be "a tide in the affairs" that it is onr business to take at its "highth" and swim into Statehaod before the demon of discord aud division have a chance to do their work. With delay will come schemes to divide, to cut off and add on territory till we are involved in a wrangle that might keep us out for years aud fritter away our strength and delay our develop ment. As we now understand the main pro visions of the bill that has passed the House, onr work of admission, with our present boundaries intact, can be completed by next November, and when Congress assembles iu regular session in December following Montana will appear with two Senators and a Representative, prepared to secure for us all the additional benefits that have been aceorded to any of the new States previously admitted. We bad thought that possibly a me morial from our present Legislature, unani mously adopted, asking admission UDder the constitution framed and adopted in 1884, might be accepted in lien of another vote on its adoption. But it will involve no loss of time to submit this constitution to another vote, fer at the same election, State officers, a Legislature aud a Congressman cao be chosen aud the whole machinery of a State government provided. It is fortunate that onr Legislature is in session and will remain in session till the crisis is passed, ready to represent officially and sympathetically the wishes of onr people. _ Oub esteemed contemporary across the street yesterday afternoon bulletined the announcement of the passage of the omni bus admission bill by the House, as it takes the pains to state this morning, bat the Hebald was ont and on the street nearly a half honr before and the news circulated throughout the business por tions of the city. One great advantage of the Hebald is its exclusive command of the day report of the Associated Press, and its ability to circulate the more important news ot the world from fourteen to sixteen hoars in advance of the morning paper. _ They Turn Protectionists. Jacksonville, January 18.—At a meet ing of the Board of Trade yesterday the following was passed: Resolve d, That the interest of the Orange Growers of Florida demand protection against the competition of foreign grown fruit, aud that our Senators and Representatives in Congress are request ed to exert their efforts and influence to secure the passage of a law laying an im port duty of $1 a box on two cubic feet capacity, or in that proportion, upon all oranges and lemons from all foreign coun tries. This movement is being made general by boards of trade and other organizations throughout the State irrespective of party. An Ex-Bank Officer in Arrest. Pittsburg, Pa., January 18 —It is al leged that Henry F. Voight was arrested last night for misappropriated funds of the defnnet Farmers and Mechanics bank to an amount of over two hundred thousand dollars. He was cashier for nineteen years. He resigned last spring to go into other business andtne bank failed in September. The arrest was made on the strength of a report by an expert ac countant. The investigation is still in complete. It is thought others are impli cated. Massacre ot Missionaries. Zanzibar, January 18. —Daring attack on the German missionary station at Tugu the insurgents massacred four German missionaries, one of whom a woman. Three missionaries, one a woman, fell into the hands of Arabs and are held for ran som. The admiral commanding the squadron landed a force at Dar Salem for the purpose of garrisoning the place. Interior Decisions. Washington, January 17. —The Secre tary of the Interior has rendered a decision in the cases ot J. K. Martin, guardian of Calvin James, and the city of Cheyenne, Wyoming versos Francis Nolan. The land nvolved lies near Cheyenne and is need for water works. The decision sustains that of the commissioner of the general land office rejecting Nolan's preemption application, bat leaves the claim of Chey enne undermined. Arab Atrocities. Zanzibar, January 17. —Arabs have destroyed the German missionary station at Toga, fifteen miles west of Dares Sa lem. The majority of slaves caj» tured by the German man of war Leipaeig were lodged at the station. One mis sionary escaped, and eight were massacred. Three bodies of women were found mutil ated barba roars. The Arabs carried off the servants and slaves. The French mis ionary stations near Sngn are in imminent danger. j ; j ! ! AIMED AT PLATT. A Democratic Roorback Manufactured to Order. New York, January 18. —The Cin cinnati Enquirer published on Tuesday a dispatch from Washington which stated, on the alleged authority of Commodore Arthur Batemau, of this city, that three days before the recent election Thomas Platt demanded and received $150,000 for the use of which no accounting waä to be demanded. After the election Platt was reported to have said he used the money to defray the ex penses of the Coogan campaign. The Enquirer's correspondent farther said that before the election, Platt offered the office of Secretary of the Interior to a Pacific railroad corporation for $300,000, conditional a pon Harrison's election. Ac cording to the Enquirer when Bateman was in Indianapolis lately, he laid these charges before Harrison. Yesterday Platt wrote a sharp note to Bate man asking if an interview containing these malicious slanders, he was correctly reported. Bateman replied that abont one-quarter of the interview was correct, the balance being drawn from imagination. Bateman said: "This story about the Interior Department has been current gossip for some time, hnt it is an necessary for me to say I never believed it." Pratt says he would like to know which quarter of the interview Bateman stands by. U. P. AFFAIRS. Some Correspondence'Between Brom ley and Adams. Boston, January 18.—I. H. Bromley will retire from the office of assistant to the President of the Union Pacific Railroad, March 1st. Bromley's duties have been chiefly in connection with the effort to pro cure a settlement of the questions between the company aud the government. These having been decided no farther effort in this connection [will be made after the present Congress and the department in Bromley's charge will be discontinued. In accepting his resignation President Adams writes: "As you say, the work you came here to do is practically accomplished as far as your part is concerned. We have not got a set tlement with the government, nor are we likely to get one, but the tone of the press toward us, largely though your exertions, has been greatly moderated and our case is fairly understood. I have no hope of being able to attempt anything of that sort in the short time left me. I have wasted four years in the futile attempt at an honest settlement, and have no more j years to give to the work which would in ; those years have been worth doing. Orleanists for Boulanger. Paris, January 17.—Reinach, editor of the République Française, in an article in that paper states that a number of prom DeDt OrleaDists recently told Due d'Aumale it would be to his party's in j terest to support Boulanger. The Due ! replied he did not known whether such a ! support would be to the parties interest, but he was sure it would not be to its credit. The Released Steamer. Washington, January 18.—The De partment of State received a cablegram from Consul Allen at Kingston, Jamacia, that the U. S. steamer Ossipee arrived there to-day with the Haytien Repnblic. A Coal Mine Horror. London, January 18. —An explosion of fire damp occurred near Manchester. Seven bodies have been taken from the mine. A hundred persons are still entombed. The Court's Attention. London, January 18.—When the Par nell commission met this morning R. T. Reid,.M. P., one of the counsel for the Par nellites, called the attention of the coart to a placard issned by the Sheffied Telegraph on which was printed the words, "The League Marder Ring,''"Confession in Court." Justice Hannen requested the matter be embodied in an affidavit. Ministerial Resignation. Berlin, Janaary 17.—Dr. Friedberg has resigned the office of Prussian Minister of Justice, in consequence of the publication yesterday of the indictment against Prof. Geffcken. Inaugural Procession. Washington, January 18.—Gov. Beaver, of Pennsylvania, chief marshal of the inaugural procession, issned an order calling on all organizations desiring to participate to notify headquarters before Feb. 20. A Missing Sloop. London, January 18.—The missing bark Sibbel, 1,100 tons, hence June 15th, for Rangoon, is posted at Lloyds as missiDg. She cauied twenty men. Omnibus Bill it is. Washington, Janaary 18.— The House has agreed to the Springer "Omnibus bill" as a substitute for the Senate bill for the admission of South Dakota. Yeas, 133; nays, 120. Shocked. London, Janaary 18. — A shock of earth quake was felt to-day in a portion of Leith Valley and Western Edinburgh. No dam age done. Done All ft Can. Washington, January 17.—Secretary Whitney says the State Department has done all it can in the Samoan matter. It now rests with Congress, which alone has the power to declare war. Both Killed. Poteau, Ind., January 17.— Two men named Webb and Harris fought yesterday with revolvers. Both were killed and a bystander seriously wounded. McMillan ot Michigan. Lansing, Mich., January 17. —In joint convention yesterday the Houses elected James McMillan United States Senator. Overexerted Himself. Berlin, January 17. —Bismarck is suf fering indisposition in consequence of his exertions in the Reichstag Tuesday. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. Cin a for be was to a Ac was he an the pro in the in In to set we case of that at in of in Due in Due a its De of A T. to be of It a SITUATION IN SAMOA. A Serious Condition of Altai js— Outrages by the German Naval Forces. San Francisco, January 19 —The steamer Alemada arrived this morning from Australia and New Zealand via Samoa and Honolulu. A correspondent at Apia, Samoa, under date of January 5, says the most serious state of afftirs exists in Samoa. On the night ot December 18 sailors from the German men-of war Adler, Olso and Eher attacked Matuafa's soldiers under direction of the German Consol and Capt. Fritz, senior German naval officer. As a resale of the encounter 22 German sailors were killed and 32 wounded. Since then the German war ships have burned American houses aud flags, torn down United States flags, seized American citizens in the neutral waters of Apia harbor and taken them prisoners on board the German men-of-war. A boat's crew from a German vessel in command of an officer have shot at a captain a .d lieu tenant of an English man-of-war. SMALL POX. Denver Reports Some Forty Cases. Denver, January 18.— The report pub lished in the east that people are fleeing from this city because of a small pox epidemic and that there are now from seven to eight hundred cases is false. From forty to fifty cases have been re ported at the health office up to date which is not greater than usual at this season of the year. The cases are very mild and only three deaths so far. The Largest Steamship. Belfast, Ireland, January 19.—The White Star steamer Teutonic, launched this morning, is the largest vessel afloat. She is 582 feet in length and nearly 10,000 tons bnrthen. The Delaware Senator. Washington, January 19.—When the credentials of Anthony Higgins as[Senator from Delaware were presented this morn ing Senator Edmunds moved they be re ferred to the committee on elections, as he understood they were not in accordance with law. Carried. Defaulter to Church and Missionary Society. New Yobk, January 19.—The late Henry P. Marshall, twenty years cashier of the Seaman's Saving Bank, has been discovered to have died $12,000 short in his accounts as treasurer of the Episcopal Mis sionary Society /or Seamen, and behind to St. George's Church, of which he was trus tee, $40,000. A Presidential Team. Terre Haute, Ind., January 19.—Pres iden-elect Harrison came here to-day to buy a Span of carriage horses. The Woman's Protest. New Yobk, January 19.— Harriet Coffin, arrested last night for annoying Kyrie Bellew, was committed for examina tion as to her mental condition. She is very indignant because she had been locked up with a number of dissipated women, and denied giving the actor an noyance. Under the Ban. New Yobk, January 19.—A circular from the Archbishop of New York will be read iu all the Catholic churches to-mor row. It places Dr. McGlynn aud all his followers under the ban aud aunounces that to attend meetings of the Anti-Poverty Society is an open and public sin. Denial From Pinkerton. New York, January 19.—Robert A. Pinkerton, of the Pinkerton detectives, writes the Associated Press denying he is in the employ of either the London Times or the British government to secure evi dence against Parnell, as has hten charged. Dynamite Explosion. New Yobk, January 19. —There was a dynamite explosion this morning at the works of the Consolidated Gas Light company, 62d street. The men were engaged in blasting for an excavation. One of the cartridges failed to explode, a fact not noticed and a blow from a ham mer set it off. Five were injnred; none fatally. Coming Scnll Match. Chicago, Janaary 19.—O'Connor, the oarsmaD, in company with George Lee, is here on his way to San Francisco, where he will row Gandanr in March. Gould to Rest. New York, January 19.—Jay Gonld will take a rest. He will probably go South. A Brutal Murder. Rochester, N. Y., January 19.—Near Chili Btatiou, last night, Mrs. Myran Davis was brutally murdered by a hired man, who escaped. Died. Queenstown, January 19. — Robert Seymour, United States vice consol, is dead. A Relapse. London, January 17.—John Bright has suffered another relapse. Serions Charee Against Judge Barnes. Washington, January 16.—Representa tive Steele, of Indiana, has referred a let ter received by him, from Arizona, to the houee committee on judiciary, with the suggestion that if the charges made against Judge Barnes, of Arizona, lie found upon investigation to be trne, that the Jndge be impeached. It is charged that Jndge Barnes has endeavored to restrict the cons titutional rights of American citizens to the freedom of speech by fining the edi tor of the Daity Prospector, of Tr mb stone, Arizona, $300 for criticising certain decisions of the court. Indiana District Attorneyship. Washington, January 16. — Justice Harlan has appointed Solomon Clay pool acting district attorney for the district of Indiana Clay pool's nomination to that office has not been acted upon by the Senate and the appointment is made under the law authorizing justices to fill va cancies pending confirmation of nomi nees. at in 32 of on of he to to is a a is MCCLELLAN. His Failure as a Commencing General Was His Inability to use Great Means to Great Ends. Below we present -u interesting part of the chapter of Nicol* aod Hay's History of Abraham Lincoln in the Century Magazine for February: It was in jjhis native inability to use great means to great ends that his failure as a general lies. It was iu his tempera ment to exagerate the obstacles in front of him, and this, added to his constitutional aversion to prompt decisions, caused those endless delays which wasted the army, exasperated the country, and gave the e";my unbroken leisure for maturing bis plteus and constant opportunity for execut ing them. His lethargy of six months in front of Washington, to the wonder aud scorn of the Southern generals; his standing at gaze at Yorktown, halted with his vast army by Magruder's men in buckram; his innocent astonish ment at Williamsburg at finding that the rebels would not give up Richmond with out a fight; his station astride the Chicka f hominy, waiting for the enemy to grow stroug enough to attack him, while big brave soldiers were lading to specters with the marsh fevers; his refusal to assume the offensive after the confederate repulse at Seven Pines; his second refusal of the favors of the fortune ol war when Lee took his army north of ths Chickahom ny and Porter fought him all day with little more than one corps, but with splendid courage; be staitiug for the James, in this crisis ot his fate, when he should have marched upon the scantily guarded city of Richmond; his filial retreat from Malvern Hill to Harrison s Landing* breaking the hearts of the soldiers who had won on that field a victory so complete and so glorious—all these mistakes proved how utterly incapable he was of leading a great army in a grand war. No general had ever been offered such wonderful op portunities, and they continued to be offered to him to the end. Wuen Pope had drawn away the enemy from Richmond, aud given him an unmolested embarkation* and had fought with uvlauuted valor aga-nst Lee's army, before which at last he was forced to give way for the want of relief which he had the right tc expect from McClellan, the President, magnanimously ignoring all his owu causes of quarrel, gave to McClellan once more his old army, reenforced by Pope's, and sent him against an enemy who, in a contempt for his antagonist acquired n the Peninsula, had crossed the Potomac and then divided his army in half. A 3 a crowning favor of chance this was made known to McClellan, and even this incal culable advantage he frittered away, aud gave Lee forty eight hours in which to call in his scattered battalions. After Antie tam, for six long weeks ot beautiful au tumn weather, he lingered on the north bank of the Potomac, UDder the constant pressure of the President's persuasions, and afterwards under the lash of his orders and reproaches, unable to make up his mind to pursue the enemy so long as he could find excuse for deiay m a missing shoelace or a broken limber. The devoted affection which he received from his army was strange when we con sider how lacking he was in those quali ties which generally excite the admiration of soldiers. When Sumner, swinging his hat, charged in front of his lines at Sav age's Station, his white hair blowing in the wind; when Phil Kearney, who had lost his bridle arm in Mexico, rode in the storm of bullets with his reins iu his teeth, his sword in his right hand, there was some thing which struck the imagination of their troopers more than far more serious merits would have done. But no one ever saw General McClellan rejoicing in Dattle. At Williamsburg, the first Peninsula fight, while Hooker and Kearney and Hancock were in the thick of the conflict, he was at the wharf at Yorktown, very bnsy, doing an assistant quartermaster's duty; the day of Fair Oaks he spent on the north side of the river; when at Beaver Dam Creek and Gaines' Mill the current of war rolled to the north side, he staid on the south bank; daring the retreat to the James he was far in advauce, selecting with his intel ligent engineer's eye the spots where Sum ner, Franklin, and the rest were to light their daily battles; and eveu in the fury and thunder of Malvern Hill— the most splendid feat of arms ever performtd by the Army of the Potomac, a sight which a man with the true soldier blood in his veins might give his life to see—he spent the greater part of those glorious hours, the diapason of bis greatest victory booming in his ears, in his camp at Haxall's or on board the gun boats, coldly and calmly making his ar rangements for the morrow's retreat aud for the co-operation of the navy ; and at Atietim, the only battle where he really saw his own troops attacking the enemy, he enjoyed that wonderful sight "all day," says General Palfrey, "till towards the middle of the afiernoon, when all the fighting was over, on the high ground near Fry's house, where he had some glasses strapped to the fence, s- that be could look in different directions." We make no impu tation on his courage: he was a brave man; but he was too much cumbered with other things to take part in his own bat tles. "With such limitation:) as these it is not likely that posterity will rank him among the leading generals of our war. The most his apologists ask for him is a place among the respectable, painstaking officers of the second order of talent, the "middle category of meritorious commanders;" but when we see such ardent friends and ad mirers of his person as General Webb aud General Palfry brought by a conscien tious and careful study of his career to such a conviction of his continuous mis takes as they have expressed, we may well conclude that the candid historian of the future will have no sentiment but wonder when he comes to tell the story of McClel lan's long mismanagement of a great, brave and devoted army, backed by a government which straiutd every nerve to support him, and by a people whose fiery zeal wonld have made him the idol of the nation if he had given them the successes which their sacrifices deserved, and which were a dozen times within his grasp. Cold Weather. Cedar Rapids, January 16. —The ther mometer has fallen thirty degrees here in the last thirty-six hours and the weather is growing colder. The reports at the Bur lington railway office state that forions northwest winds prevail all over their lines accompanied by a light snow. St. Paul, January 16. —The northwest is experiencing severe weather. A heavy snow has fallen throughout Dakota and Minnesota and strong winds prevail to night and it is drifting badly. There will be bad dela^ in all kinds of transporta tion. Grand Forks reporta a blizzard with snow a foot deep. The thermometer is at zero at Watertown and is going lower. Nominated for Senator. Spingfiei.d, IU., Jan. 16— The Demo cratic members of the Legislature to-night nominated their late gubernatorial candi date, John M. Palmer, for Unites States Senator.