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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, February 07, 1889, Image 1

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Volume xxni.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, February 7, 1889.
No. 11
^Vlilcchly ifjcraltl.
Publisher » and Proprietors.
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
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Entered at the Postotlice at Helena as second
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•#-Ail communications should be addressed to
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
IIopo is an anxious, craving dream.
And lingers here until the beam
Of life shall fade away ;
Ami in the shining sands that gleam
Vlong life's treacherous, bounding stream,
We trace her name today.
How oft upon life's sandy shore
Libations sweet to Hope wo pour.
Expecting much to gain ;
They sink in sound, are seen no more,
Our moment's dream of bliss is o'er.
Till charmed by hope again.
How lightly will Hope's morning dreams
Leave us when life's noonday beams
Upon our heads shall fail;
TTs her bright dream alone that deems
That future life with riches teems
And strives to grasp them all.
Though chilled by storms of changing life
And wounded by the darts of strife,
On lowly cot she lie:
Though tyrants rage and fate should mock,
She will recover from the shock,
And not entirely die.
Her star still guides the sailor's eye
And sweetly soothes the maiden's sigh,
And hinds them soul to soul;
A something in the human breast
That will not sleep, that cannot rest,
Nor yield to fate's control.
Upon life's path it is the light
That guides each traveler aright,
To every soul 'tis given;
It is the Christian's light divine,
And on his path will ever shine
To guide him home to heaven.
—J. Waller Henry in New York Graphic.
Mario us a Stage Lover.
About 1850 tho famous tenor Mario
was at St. Petersburg singing in a com
pany which numbered, among others,
Lablacbo and his daughter, then only a
girl, but who afterward I «came the cel
ebrated Mlle, de Caters. One day, in
somo opera and during the usual duo of
passion, to her amazement and indigna
tion she heard Mario, while she
sang alone, whisper so low that
the words reached only her own
ears: "Mia cara! Mia bella! Ama me!
Io t'adoro!" So offended was she that
after leaving the stage she refused to
listen to the tenor's explanations, and
refused to sing with him again. Some
days afterward, however, from the
wings she heard Mario sing the same
duo, and this time with a very ugly
woman, who had assumed tho aban
doned role. Again did the tenor till in
his "rests" with tho same impassioned
whispers—"Mia cara! Io t'adoro!" Then
•lie understood. The burning avowals
were only a means of keeping himself
en train of retaining the emotion neces
sary for the continuance of his role.—
Sau Francisco Argonaut.
Advantage of lining » Blonde.
Every year wt get tho cry from fnsnion
writers, "Blondes no longer iu stylo: they
have been superseded fy their darker
sisters," etc. Now. that s all nonsense.
You cannot do away with the blonde, nor
can you do away with frizzled, banged
luur. Pre-eminently, the blonde is the
beauty of civilization. She is among is,
to stay as such, and she cannot bedn :n
away. A brunette now and then i. ty
riso supremo over her by reason of
wonderful loveliness, but we are speak
ing collectively. A woman can dress
more effectively with blonde hair than
with dark. It lights up better and is
more youthful. A well kept blonde has
ten years' advantage, in point of youth
ful looks, over the average brunette.
Chico in a lifetime or so there arises a
miraculous brunette who completely sur
{ lasses lier, but for steady, ordinary good
ooks that m»ko no pretentions of great
beauty, tho blonde carries tho palm.
You cannot expunge her in favor of the
brunette even in literature. In the novels
turned out during the past year there
'have been 882 blondes to 11)0 brunettes.—
American Hairdresser.
A Girl's Essay on the Cow.
The following is a little girl's essay on
tho cow: "A cow is an animal with four
legs on the under side. The tail is longer
than tho legs, but is not used to stand on.
The cow kills llies with her tail. The
cow has big cars that wiggle on hinges;
to does her tail. Tho cow is bigger than
the calf, but not so big as an elephant.
She is made so small that she can go
into the barn when nobody is looking,
borne cows are black and somo Iiooa. A
dog w as hooked ouce. She tossed the
dog that killed the cat that wor
ried tho rat. Black cows give white
milk; so do other cows. Milk men sell
milk to buy their little girls dresses, which .
they put water in and chalk. Cows chew
cuds, and each linds its own chew. That
is all there is about cows."—Exchange.
Got Ills Measure.
A recent English testator bequeathed
his wife one farthing, which ho directed
tho executrix to forward to her by post
unpaid, because in his lifetime she was in
the habit of addressing him as "Old Pig."
Across 3,000 miles of ocean blue it looks
to us very much as if tho poor lady had
sized up her late lamented with remarka
ble acumen.—St. Paul Pioneer Press.
Oilcloths should never be washed In
hot soapsuds; they should first be washed
clean with cold water, then rubbed dry
with a cloth wet In milk. The sam«
treatment applies to a stone or slate
Disappearance of the Mixed Choir—Ad
vantages and Disadvantages of the
Change—Why Girls Who Sing Flock to
New York —Few Planes and Snmll Pay.
'There's a cheerful note!" said a bright
young woman to tho writer. "I am noti
fied that after next Easter the church
where I have sung for the last three
years will do away with a mixed choir
and employ boys and men only. All the
churches are going that way. And yet
when a girl who gets her living by
church singing talks of joining a comic
opera company, there is consternation
among her friends, who at once exclaim:
'She might sing in a church choir; Miss
So-and-so gets §3,000 a year at Dr.
Blank's church on Fifth avenue.' Can't
you say a good word for singers who
would like to earn their living by church
singing, but are unable to find work
owing to the demand for boy choirs? I
came to New York five years ago, and
have managed to support myself, after a
fashion, ever since by singing in church
and giving music lessons, and I know at
least a dozen other girls who have done
the same thing.
"There is not a successful church singer
in any small town in the interior of this
state who does not dream of coming to
New York in order to earn some money
and perfect herself in her art; she knows
that she can hear good music here for a
trille, that schools are plenty, and she has
an idea that the churches of this city and
Brooklyn are always ready to pay big
salaries to singers. They have beard
how Miss Emma Abbott began at the
late Dr. Chapin's church, went to Europe
and 1.1 ossomed out into an opera singer.
They are not averse to singing in opera if
a good engagement offers. But
comic opera is something too dread
ful to think of; that never entered
into their calculations. The result
of this popular delusion is that
score's of clever young women come from
their country homes to New York every
vear to reap disappointment, perhaps
losing excellent chances at home in the
meantime. A cliange in fashion has
eliminated the woman singer from the
church choir. Go to the organist of any
big church where chorus girls are em
f iloyed, and he will tell you same story,
t is worth while uttering a word of
warning to the score who are now Blink
ing of trying for fame and fortune here."
A few hours' visiting among organists
showed how true was this plaint. Twenty
years ago almost every- Protestant Epis
copal church employed a large chorus of
men and women, the beet of whom re
ceived salaries. Today tho churches
where mixed choirs are employed and
paid may be counted on the fingers of
one hand. In a great many Presbyte
rian. Methodist and Baptist churches
the members of the quartet of singers
are paid to lead the congregational sing
ing, but the choir, if it exists, is a volun
teer one. In the leading Episcopal
churches great pride used to be taken
with the choir, and there was a constant
rivalry. With "high church" or ritual
istic services began the change.
A veteran organist, who did not wish
his name used because the church which
employed him might object to his re
marks, said:
"The disappearance of the church
marks, said:
"The disappearance of the church
choir, and the consequent disappearance
of women from our church choirs, is
part of the Anglomania with which we
have been afflicted for the last twenty
years. It is English to have only boys
and men in the choir, and so tlie ladies
have to go. I can mention a dozen
churches which held out for years
against the boy choir craze, but have
been obliged to give in. Zion church,
Holy Trinity in Forty-second street,
Calvary, and St. James' in Madison ave
nue are all important churches that have
sent adrift their mixed choirs within the
last three years and now employ boys.
In tho case of Calvary church there was
particular hardsliip. Mr. Joseph Mosen
thal, who had been organist there for
twenty-two years, had to leave w hen the
change was made, because he was too
old a man to adopt new ways. The con
K egation wanted a boy choir, and they
,ve it.
"Whenever tho boy choir conies in, a
number of lady singers lose their places.
Tho sab ries paid may not have been
large, but they enabled a great many
young women to live in this city while
perfecting themselves as music teachers.
Some of the most successful music
teachers in the great cities of the north
and west got their training hero and sup
ported themselves by church engage
ments. The most successful organists,
In resisting the demand for a boy choir,
have been tho Warrens, father and son—
the first at St. Thomas' church and the
latter at St. Bartholomew's. Go to Mr.
George W. Warren, the veteran organ
ist of St. Thomas', and he will tell you
how small is the field for young women
w-ho wish to make a living by church
singing in New York."—New York Star.
The Heieht of Ocean Waves.
A writer in The Liverpool Mercury—a
captain of tho mercantile marine—has
taken great pains to take what are prob
ably the most careful observations as to
the height of ocean waves in a gale which
have ever been recorded. He made them
during a voyage round Capo Horn and
to do it he went up in the main rigging,
to get, if possible, tho top of the wave
coming up astern in a line of sight from
the mast to the horizon at the back.
The reason he selected the main
mast was this, that as a rule it is
nearly amidsliips and when the sea is
running the sea ahead and from aft lifts
tho two ends, forming a hollow amid
ships (the actual foot of the wave below
the mean draught equal to the sight ele
vation) and the observer necessarily is
above the true height. It was a difficult
operation, but the captain obtained some
good observations, making the height of
the waves on the mast. On measuring
the distança from these to the main
draught he found them to be as follows:
64, 61, 58 and 65 feet respectively, vary
ing in length from 750 to 800 feet.—New
York Home Journal.
Any man would much rather
fool thau look like one.--Tid BiU.
be a
every day phraseology
orating." Yet almost
Gentlemen Who Mirror
Fancies in Art Saloons.
Of all classes of art and artists, from
the highest to the lowest, from Michael
Angelo down to the brush wielder who
whitewashes the back fence, there is
probably no class with whom the public
is more unfamiliar than that known in
as "mirror dec
everybody has
seen decorated mirrors. They abound
in saloons and places of public resort,
and, though so common, it is a rare
thing to catch tho artist at his work.
Elaborate scenes, graceful flowbrs, ferns
and figures, or an "advance notice" of
some coming theatrical attraction stand
out on the polished glass, but how they
came there or by whom they were done
is a mystery to the passer* by and the
man who tarries before the bar.
"Who does it?" repeated a cocktail dis
penser on Madison street to a Mail repre
sentative, looking up at a huge mirror
which exhibited a foreground of reeds
half concealing a meditative 6tork, al
lowing the spectator to gaze over a lake
upon which a boat was sailing, and
bringing his eyo against a range of moun
tains iu tho distance. "Well, lots of
fellows around town do the work as a
steady job, and any number of 'seeds'
tramp the country picking up drinks,
grub and occasionally a quarter, because
they know how to handlo a pencil—or,
rather, the soap—in this kind of work.
"It's done with soap, you know—pure,
white soap. The man who did this piece
of work was a traveler, and from the
way he looked when he came in the other
morning and struck for the job, I should
judge he entered tho city in one of the
side door palace cars. He had a pocket
ful of soap, and I told him if he would
apply a little of it to his face and hands,
in conjunction with some water, he could
use the rest on the mirror. That's the
result of his work. Looks like quite a
job, doesn't it? The fellow did it in about
an hour, and thought himself amply
paid with three or four drinks and 25
Theartof mirror decorating, like every
other specialty of the kind, appears to
require a peculiar knack for just that
kind of business. Tho drawing is done
witli soap, and while the lines must bo
boldly marked, there are opportunities
for delicate shading and requirements of
correct perspective which cannot be neg
lected if the sketch is to be a success.
And while the decorating of a mirror in
a barroom with a piece of white soap
cannot be called very high art, it is still
an art in the sense that many a poor
tramp who is working only for a drink,
can turn out a better piece of work in
quicker time than a way up artist who
has had his picture displayed in the
The mirror decorations commonly seen
are in only one color—the white—al
though many of the "soap artists" attain
to liigher flights and indulge in colors.
What the mixtures they use are com
posed of they consider a trade secret, but
not a few of them can, with their white
soap and their little pots of tinted paste,
produce really artistic results, imitating
flowers in their natural colors and ob
taining a perspective, with the aid of the
mirror itself, that is well nigh perfect.
The work is done very quickly by those
who do it, at a very low price.* The ma
terials used are inexpensive, and the
artist is generally satisfied to make 50
cents or §1 an hour for work which
comes so easy for liim.
There are two or three of these mirror
decorators in the city who make it a
point to spread tho merits of theatrical
the medium of their
point to spread tho merits of theatrical
companies through the medium of their
soap. The manager pays them for their
work, and the owners of the mirrors re
ceive complimentary tickets in consid
eration of allowing a neatly lettered an
nouncement to appear for a few days
upon the glass. And in this connection
a pertinent story has been heard. It is
awell known fact that the men who handle
the paint brushes, and especially the sign
writers, are decidedly reckless in the
matter of orthography.
Önce, when "Hearts of Oak" was to be
given at tho Academy, Col. Dan Shelby,
then in charge, concluded to work the
* 'mirror racket," and hired a man to do
the job. When tho colonel went after
his matutinal cocktail the next morning
ho gazed at the barroom mirror and saw
"Hartz of Oke" inscribed thereon in
large letters. It was that way all over
the west side, too. The bartender said
he should have corrected the soap artist
in any reasonable error, but he so effec
tually disguised his words that ho sup
posed the play was a new one—some
thing about "Mr. Hartz, of Oke."—Chi
cago Mail.
Made Rich in Half an Hour.
S. R. Roger and his brother left their
homes near Hastings, Mich., about four
years ago and went to Breckenridge,
Colo., where they worked in a stamp
mill. They got possession of two claims,
the "Iron Mask" and the "Kewanee," and
worked them during spare hours, putting
considerable time and money into them.
The claims had been worked previously
for six years by an old miner, who failed
to find paying ore. Roger recently put a
man in the lower one, and went to work
liimself. In less than lialf an hour, after
digging about two feet, he struck gold
and silver bearing carbonate of silver,
said to be the most valuable and easily
worked deposit in that state. The vein
was followed to the surface, when it was
found that all the previous years' work
had been within eighteen inches of the
vein. The Reger brothers have been
offered §100,000 for the two mines, but
want §200,000. Within a week after
this find 5,000 men were on the spot
establishing claims, but the Rogers had
secured many of the most desirable. The
mine is on the east side of the mountain,
and the snow necessitates keeping it
roofed over.—Chicago Tribune.
l'octs* Wives.
Wordsworth had a most congenial and
loving wife, who was a "phantom of de
light^ to him. Thomas Haynes Bayly
had a wife who bestowed complete
happiness upon the noet, and to whom
he wrote a sonnet on ner birthday every
year. Barry Cornwall had a most con
genial wife. It was said of him that he
was willing to shut out the whole world,
if he could have her beside him. Larnan
Blanchard's wife was so necessary to his
happiness tliat he would not live with
out her, and killed himself. Both La
martine and John Stuart Mill had wives
who were perfectly congenial. All of
these men were fortunate m their choice.
—The Writer.
fhe Great Biot of 1854, in Which the
Students Were Attacked by a Crowd of
Town Boys—Cannon Brought Out, bnt
Disabled by the Police Officers.
On Thursday evening, March 16, 1854,
a party of Yale college students visited
Homan's atheneum, at the comer of
Chapel and Church steeets. While there
they became involved in an altercation
with some men of the town. After the
performance the students were assaulted
by a large number of the town boys
and roughly liandled. The following
evening, March 17, about fifty of the
students went to the same theatre in a
body. During tho performance no diffi
culty occurred, but outside about 1,500
town boys had assembled. A note was
passed around among the students ac
quainting them with tho situation. A
false alarm of fire was raised outside,
which served to augment tho number of
tho rioters. When tho performance was
over the students remained in the theatre.
Presently they formed in line, two by
two, and, proceeding to the door, were
met met by Maj. Bissell. Ho told them
to proceed quietly to the college. The
students in line crossed over to the south
side of Chapel street and proceeded
toward the college. The mob followed.
When Trinity church was reached a
volley of stones and brickbats were
hurled by the mob. Several of the
students were struck and knocked in
Proceeding a short distance farther
the college men received a second voile;
Directly after tliis a portion of the mo
which had hitherto occupied tho street,
made a rush for the sidewalk. Immedi
ately four or five pistol shots were
heard, tired, it was afterward asserted,
by the students. Within two minutes
of this time a cry arose that a man had
been shot. Maj. Bissell observed a man
near him fall to the ground. Ho raised
the body from the ground with the as
sistance of the bystanders. Upon exam
ination at tho police station, where it
was taken, the body proved to be that of
Patrick O'Neil. He had received two
stabs from a large dirk knife, and lived
but a few moments after the wounds had
been inflicted upon him. He was one of
the ringleaders of tho mob upon both
Thursday and Friday evenings.
When the mob learned of his death it
became frenzied. About 500 or 600 men
rushed for the arsenal, broke into it and
dragged out two cannon. They loaded
these to the muzzle with powder, stones
and brickbats and dragged them to the
city green. Another portion of the
rioters broke into the churches and rang
a general alarm of fire, which brought
immense numbers of the people to the
scene. While at the corner of Chapel
and Church streets Maj. Bissell mounted
an ordnance carriage and addressed the
mob, ordering it to disperse. Tho rioters
replied that they respected the chief of
lice, but must have blood for blood.
7 '
aj. Bissell remained on the gun as the
mob dragged it toward the college. While
on the way up the street tlu? rioters, in
their eagerness to get at their student
enemies, failed to keep a close watch
upon Maj. Bissell's movements. Before
the college campus was reached both
cannon had been spiked by the police,
under the leadership of Maj. Bissell,
without the crowd being awaro of it.
The police, during the transaction of
these events, had surrounded the
churches and prevented the further ring
churches and prevented the further ring
ing of bells.
At 1:30 o'clock on Saturday morning
the cannon were brought into position
and trained to bear on South college,
where the students had intrenched them
selves. When it was discovered that the
guns were useless an attack was made
upon the building with paving stones
and brickbats, The structure was badly
damaged. The students lay low and
made no response. Cries of "Bring out
tho murderer!" resounded in every direc
tion. At this juncture the mayor of the
city arrived and addressed the infuriated
crowd. He pleaded long and earnestly
for tho cause of order, and promised that
the city authorities would immediately
take the matter in hand and bring the
peij)etrator or perpetrators of the crime
to justice. His words proved effective,
and the crowd began slowly and sullenly
to disperse. By 3 o'clock Maj. Bissell
was able to convey tho cannon to the
jail, and by 4 o'clock tho city was quiet.
A court of inquiry was held on March
20, 1854. No witness from the town was
called who was near enough to O'Neil
when he was stabbed to be able to testify
anything of value concerning the iden
tity of the perpetrator of the act. The
jury finally came to the conclusion, as
expressed iu their verdict, that "Patrick
O'Neil came to his death Friday evening,
the 17th of March, A. D. 1854, from
wounds received by him at the ham s of
some person or persons to us unknown—
the said Patrick O'Neil being at the rime
engaged in, and leading, aiding and
abetting a riot."
Investigation was not pursued further,
inasmuch as O'Neil belonged to the low
est class of society, and no one seemed
to care very much for him. Public sen
timent seems to have been with the
students.—New York Times.
Miss Brady's Elopement.
Here is the true story of the Brady
Harris elopement. Immediately after
the marriage of her sister to Mr. Stevens,
Miss Kitty Brady went up to her mother
and said: "Now, mother, I am going to
be married." Sirs. Brady, after slowly
recovering from the effects of this un
expected announcement, replied that
such a thing would be out of the
question for at least two years; but
Miss Kitty replied that it would
not bo out of the question in two
hours. At this stage of proceeding the
learned judge appeared upon the scene
and Miss Kitty continued: "I have taken
all the preliminary 6teps and everything
is arranged, but Ihave only $5 and Sid
ney hasn't a cent, so just lend me §25 to
go on the honeymoon with." The learned
judge, however, as might be expected,
refused point blank to advance his
daughter a cent, but Miss Kitty man
aged somehow to raise the necessary §30,
upon which "the happy pair"—to use a
time honored and time worn phrase—
spent two days in Philadelphia. —The
On the lowest round of the ladder
I firmly planted my feet,
And looked up at the dim, vast distance
That made my future so sweet
I climbed till my vision grew weary,
1 climbed till my brain was on fire,
I planted each footstep with wisdom—
Yet I never seemed to get higher.
For this round was glazed with indifferenoe.
And that one was gilded with scorn.
And when 1 grasped firmly another
I found, under velvet, a thorn.
Till my brain grew weary of planning.
And my heart strength began to fail.
And the flush of the morning's excitement
Ere evening commenced to pale.
But just when my hands were unclasping
Their hold on the last gained round.
When my hopes, coming back from the future.
Were sinking again to the ground—
One who had climbed near to the summit
Reached backward a helping hand ;
And, refreshed, encouraged and strengthened,
1 took once again my stand.
And I wish—oh, I wish—that the climbers
Would never forget as thev go
That, though weary may seem their climbing,
There is always some one below.
—Ella Iligginson.
Dreams and Coincidcenes.
While staying in your good city last
week I read in Tho G lobe-Democrat an
account of curious coincidences con
nected with dreams. Strangely enough,
a night or two afterwards, as I was com
ing east on a sleeping car, I dreamt of
meeting a friend, a lady, whom I had
not seen for seventeen years, and in the
morn ng I sat directly opposite this very
lady in tho dining car. I had not
thought of her, but who will say that
her presence in the next ear did not
have some subtle influence over my
dream the night before?
Speaking of dreams, I will tell you of
another one, of a ludicrous nature, not
many weeks ago. I dreamt that I was
a boy again, and was engaged in yie
rather common juvenile diversion in the
country of robbing a farmer's water
melon patch. Just as I was in the act of
making off with ono of the finest melons
in the patch I 6aw the farmer approach
ing, with dog and gun. In vain did 1
tug at the melon, hoping to get over the
fence ahead of the advancing dog. The
barking of the brute awoke me, and
I found myself pulling with all the en
ergy at my command at the head of my
15-months-old baby, which I had mis
taken lor a watermelon, and whose cry
had filled my dull ears with sounds like
the barking of a dog. The poor child
had been dreadfully abused, and I re
solved never again to sleep in bed with a
baby.—A. M. Heston in St. Louis Globe
Boracic Acid as a Preservative.
Boracie acid only acts when present in
largo quantity. It prevents the growth
and multiplication of germs, but does not
kill them even in a 1 per cent, solution.
E xperiments with milk gave very unsat
isfactory results, as an addition of 4 per
ce.it. boracic acid only preserved the
mi'k for four days. Horseflesh may be
preserved for six weeks by the use of 3
per cent, of the acid. Boracic acid is
supposed to be harmless, but recent in
vestigators, including the author, prove
it to be dangerous, as it strongly acts
upon the mucous membrane of the large
intestine. A dose of four grammes killed
a large rabbit, two grammes made a dog
of four grammes killed
a large rabbit, two grammes made a dog
very 6ick.
The acid is much used in Sweden for
preserving fish and milk, but cases of
poisoning have already occurred in that
country. Long continued use of the acid
is not favorable to good health, and at
all events its addition to milk should be
S rohibited.—Emmerich, Chem. Zeitung,
fc>. 76; L. De K., The Analyst.
Looking Ahead.
A story is related of the late F. R. De
lano which is quite characteristic. When
the veteran railroad man was lying at
the point of death he made a dying re
quest. He said to the attendants at his
bedside that lie wished them to see that
strips of oak be nailed to the bottom of
the pine box that w'ould contain his cof
fin. "I realize," remarked the dying
man, "that Oakland cemetery will have
to be abandoned as a place of burial
some day, and all the bodies ill be
taken up and moved away. Now, I
don't want my bones dropping out of the
box all over the city while they are
carrying them off to another cemetery,
and sol'd like to liave you make the
box strong enough to hold them." It is
understood that tho somewhat odd re
? uest was complied with.—St. Paul
'ioneer Press.
A Fight with an Eagle.
L. C. Brinkman, a clerk in the sui
department of the Burlington and Mis
souri in this city, whilo hunting 6hot a
large eagle. The shot broko the bird's
wing, but left it otherwise unharmed,
and when lie went to capture his prize it
made a spring at his face, and liad he
not warded it off with his arm his eyes
would have been put out by the savage
bird. As it was it gripped his arm, and
despite his efforts to free himself he
could not shake the eagle off. Calling
to his friends, a short distance away,
they came and killed the bird and then
pried its claws out of the flesh of his fore
arm and leg, which were badly lacerated.
He was helped home by bis friends and
medical assistance summoned. His arm
was badly sw'ollen. The eagle measured
eight feet from tip to tip.— Des Moines
High Prie«! Straw.
A resident of this city said today: "I
have bought apples of farmers that were
of the best class—good all the way to the
bottom of the barrel. Today I* found
that a barrel of apples I purchased of a
farmer who is a pillar in a church con
tains a foot of straw. It is not good
straw either. He aetually sold me buck
wheat straw at the rate of §1.50 per bar
rel."—Kingston Freeman.
A citizen of Lynchburg, Va., has a
Newfoundland dog which is noted for
his intelligence. He saw a youth gather
ing apples in his master's orchard, and,
thinking he was an intruder, took him
gently by the coat sleeve and led him to
ins mistress, who told him that she had
hired the boy to gather the apples, where
upon the dog immediately released his
A Ne - Short Card Game That Has Taken
Paris and London by Storni, and Prom
ises to Become Popular in America—How
It Is Played and the Rules for It.
People of Paris who gamble are de
voting all of their spare time to a new
game that has supplanted all of the
other games played for money.
The new game is called "uop," and it
is described as being the most fascinat
ing game that has ever lieen played—not
even excepting the alluring game of
Paris is so infatuated with "hop ' that
millions of francs are lost and won at. it
every night.
The game of "hop" has been intro
duced into tho clubs of London, and it is
being played there with a zeal worthy of
a better cause. So far as known the
game has not as yet been attempted in
the United States, but it is only a matter
of time when it will become as popular
there as in Paris and London, for the
reason that it is so enticing that it is im
possible for card players to withstand
its temptations. All that is required to
render it a go thero is to explain the
rules governing the play.
"Hop" is an extremely simple game.
Any person of ordinary mental caliber
can play it if once told bow to proceed.
Here is a description of the game:
Four persons are necessary to make
up a game. Take four decks of cards,
from which throw out all of the cards
below the sevens. Tliat leaves the aces,
kings, queens, jacks, tens, nines, eights
and sevens to play with.
All four of the decks are shuffled to
gether as though they were ono deck.
This done, and, the cards having been
cut, one [icrson makes the deal, giving
one card at a time to the other players
until he has dealt them three cards
apiece, but taking no cards liimself.
After the deal those who have been
supplied with cards look at their hands
and bet or stay out, as their judgment
The matter of betting having been
settled, the dealer turns a card from the
top of the deck aiÄ proceeds to jiay and
take, according to the exigencies of the
game. 4
Losers and winners are determined
thus: If the dealer turns an ace he
makes a sweep, or, in other words, wins
all of the bets that are made, regardless
of the cards held by the other players.
If he turns a king, and there are any
kings in the hands out, they "stand off"
the dealer. All cards below the king
lose on that hand or deal. All aces out
It is merely this: The persons to
whom the cards are dealt take chances,
after looking at their cards, and before
seeing the turn up, of their cards being
either liigher in denomination than the
card that will be turned up or as high.
The ace is the dealer's percentage. A
king or a seven will stand off a king or a
seven, and there is nothing lost nor won
on such a stand off, but nothing will
stand off an ace when, turned by a
dealer. Even if there are three aces in
a hand against the dealer, he wins if he
turn an ace.
When th» cards have all been dealt by
one dealer ,ie passes them to the player
on his left, and they are shuffled and
dealt by that person until they are again
exhausted, and so on as long as the game
lasts. They aro not shuffled between the
hands as in jioker or euchre, but after
each hand is played the cards employed
in that hand are thrown aside, not to be
used until another grand shuffle has been
are not to be
used until another grand shuffle has been
A limit is placed on bets to be made,
which is determined, of course, by the
purse of the players.
Imagine a game. Say the players are
Blackie Edwards, Tcm Meade, Dick
Holland and Bill Bolander.
They sit in the order named, with
Blackie on Meade's right. It's Blackie'6
deal. Ho shuffles the cards and hands
them to Bolander to cut. Then he deals
ono card at a time, helping Meade first,
until he deals three cards from the top
of the deck to each of the players.
Meade looks at his hand and finds a
king, a ten and a seven. The limit is
§25. Meade bets §1. He signifies his
willingness to bet by declaring that it's a
"go," that being the technical phrase.
Holland finds in his hand a jack, a
nine and an eight spot. He bets the
. Bolander discovers a queen and a pair
of tens. He bets $6.25.
Blackie then turns up a jack.
Meade's king, being higher than the
jack turned by the dealer, wins §1, but
the ten and seven both being below the
jack, cause him to lose §1 each, which
forces him to pay the dealer §1.
Holland's jack is a stand off for Black
ie's jack turned up, and there is no action
so far as that card is concerned. Dick
loses on the ten and tho seven, they both
being below tho jack in value, so he owes
Blackie twice §'25 until he can see Bill
Bolander wins one bet and loses two,
having a queen, and two tens.
The next hand, all of the outsiders,
that is, those other than the dealer, have
average cards and bet well up to the
limit, but, notwithstanding the fact that
Mead© lias three aces, Blackie wins
everything in sight when he turns up his
card, for it is an ace. Remember, aces
in the hand of the outsider do not stand
off an ace turned by the dealer. When
the dealer turns an ace there is but one
thing to be done on tliat deal, and that
is to take everything—if you are the
If an outsider bold three cards corre
sponding to any card—except an ace—
turned by the dealer, there is nothing
lost or won on the hand, for they are all
a stand off. If an outsider have three
cards that prove to be liigher than the
one turned by the dealer, tho person
holding the cards in question wins three
times the amount of the money he bet.
If he hold three cards that are lower
than the one turned he loses three times
his bet.
Thoso who play cards for money like
to get quick action, and for that reason
the game of "hop" is bound to become
popular in the States when once started
there. The action in "hop" is as rapid
as in faro. In fact, it is little short of
being furious.—Paris Letter to-Cincin
nati Enauirer.
The Billboard*' Decline.
Theatrical managers have lately been
discussing tho question of the most
profitable manner of advertising their
shows. A few years ago tho billboard
was the only recognized method of com
munication between tho manager and
his patrons. Spaces upon every fence
and corner were eagerly bought up by
the enterprising advance agent; saloon
windows were utilized to hold the litho
graphs. and a free pass accompanied
each picture displayed. What was the
result? After the agent had gone his
rounds and papered tho town the ticket
scalper also began his pilgrimage. He
bought up the free passes at a small cost
and sold them afterward at a good profit
to himself and filled the house at a direct
loss to the original management. The
scheme was r. complete failure.
Later another plan was adopted and
with similar results. Season tickets, ad
mitting the holder to four performances
a month and not transferable, were
issued, and on each performance the
door keeper was obliged to punch out
one of the dates, as in a railroad ticket.
The result was that the holders of these
C asses held off until they had accumu
ited a dozen or so of admissions to their
credit, and then swooped down upon the
theatre in their might and owned the
house. In Buffalo last season ono man
ager was forced to give away 1,700 free
admissions in one week, and only saved
himself from ruin by getting the differ
ences in the prices of those of his pa
trons who wished to obtain better seats
than their passes admitted them to.
It is generally conceded among ad
vanced theatrical managers that the
newspaper is at once the cheapest and
the best way of reaching the great
theatre going public. Such is the condi
tion of Philadelphia at present that upon
the principal streets there are no places
for the billboard and the lithograph.
They must be exiled to the suburbs,
where tho theatrical patron never ven
tures, and the small boy who cannot
read unites with tho equally illiterate
goat for their speedy destruction. An
afternoon's shower will erase the work
of days, batter down the signs, blur the
colors, and generally destroy the most
ambitious bill posted. The newspaper
is, in truth, tho only reliable means of
theatrical as it is of other advertisement.
It is cheaper, further reaching and ap
peals to a better clientele, and the con
stant increase in the space occupied by
the theatre advertisements in the leading
papers show s that tliis fact is understood.
—Philadelphia Times.
The Major's Whisky Shot.
Some interesting things aro remem
bered by Sherman's Atlanta campaign
veterans in connection with Lieut.
Bundy, commanding a battery of artil
lery, now known as Maj. Bundy, and
one of the editorial writers on Deacon
Shepard's New York Mail and Express.
Lieut. Bundy had a tooth for a good
toddy, and ono morning at Kennesaw
Mountain had sampled somo "Diamond
B" commissary with some other officers,
and reached his battery in excellent
spirits. Soon Col. Geary rode that way,
and, observing the lieutenant, gruffly ad
dressed him thus:
"Lieut. Bundy, you are drunk."
Bundy answered: back, as quick as a
"Col. Geary, you are a d—d liar!"
Here was a situation. Geary was
about to put Bundy under arrest, saving
to him: "You are so drunk you don't
know that gun from a hollow log."
"I don't, eh? I'll show you whether I
do or not. See that bunch of rebs over
there?" pointing to a group of Confeder
ate officers taking an observation from
an eminence half a mile away. "Just
watch me scatter 'em."
Seizing the tail of a gun, he jerked it
me scatter 'em."
Seizing the tail of a gun, he jerked it
around, got tho range, adjusted every
thing to his liking, gave tho order to fire,
exploding a four inch shell right in tho
midst of tho group of Confederates, who
hastily retired to cover, carrying with
them their wounded.
Col. Geary withdrew his offensive re
marks, complimented Bundy on his skill
and rode away.
Lieut. Bundy was an expert artillerist,
and could land a shell about where he
wanted to.
The writer has often heard it said by
Fédérais who ought to know that ho
fired tho shot that killed Gen. Polk.—
Kennesaw Gazette.
The Dominion of Canada.
Canada is composed of seven provinces
and a number of vast territorial districts,
which correspond to tho territories of
the United States. The provinces bear a
relation to the individual states. They
aro unequal in 6ize, British Columbia
having 890,344 square miles of area, and
little Prince Edward Island conta'ning
only 2,133 square miles. Quebec has
193,355 square miles, Ontario has 107,780,
Nova Scotia 21,731, New Brunswick 27,
322, and Manitoba possesses 113,961. The
enormous Northwestern territory, which
has been subdivided into Alberta, Sas
katchewan and Arthabaska, comprises
1,919,502 square miles, Meewaytin 895,
306, the Arctic islands 311,700, and
the islands of Hudson's bay 23,400.
Here is an area in the aggregate of
3,406,542 square miles of God's earth
under the ægis of Great Britain. Poly
glot is tho {Kopulation thinly scattered
over the land. There are 1,200,000
Frenchmen, the Emerald isle has con
tributed 925,600, and the Land o' Cakes
has 555,000 representatives. Three hun
dred thousand persons trace their near
decent to Germany; there aro 70,000 rela
tives of Taffy tho Welshman, and the so
called Scandinavians number about 11,
000 souls. Ontario, the most thoroughly
English province, has a population of
l,7o0,000 in round numbers; Quebec con
tains 1,600,000, of whom 1,100,000 aro
French. Nova Scotia contains 450,000,
New Brunswick nearly 400,000, Prince
Edward Island 120,000, British Columbia
120.000, and Manitoba approximately
170.000. —Exchange.
A unique card receiver represents a eile»
laucer with fluted border, beautified by deli
cately etched wreaths of roses surrounding a
figure of Cupid.
Combination silver book marks, paper cut
ters and pencils, ornamented with bold
etchings of crests and coats of arms, are
pretty and useful novelties.
The latest match box is of oxidized silver,
decorated on one side with foils and boxing
gloves and the engraved inscription: "You
will find (. match in me. :

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