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iim « m J ■W.H Volume xxiii. Helena, Montana, Thursday, February 14, 889. No. 12 (TV Hlccltlii ferait!. R. E. FISK D. W. FISK A. J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates ot Subscription. WEEKLY °HEKALD: One Tear, (til a<lvanee) ...................I.........$3 00 VI* Months, (In advance)............................... 1 7! Three Months, (in advance).......................... 1 00 When not paid for in advance the rate will be Four Dollars per year! DostaRe. in all cases, Prepaia. DAILY HERALD: City Huhscrilters,delivered by carrier 81.00a month One Year, by mall, (in advance)................. 89 00 Hi Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 if not paid in advance, 812 per annum. 'Entered at the Postoßice at Helena as second class matter.] «fAU communications should be addressed to FISK EKOS., Publishers, Helena, Montana, LOVE'S HALLOWED GROUND. Deep in a vale, where rocks on every side Shut out the winds and scarcely let the sun Between them dart his rays down one by one. tVL re all was still and cool in summertide, An. s' ftly, with her whispering waves that sighed, e little river, that hail scarce begun Her silver course, made bold to tleet and run Down leafy falls to woodlands dense and wide; th ere stood a tiny plain, just large enow To give small mountain folk right room to dance, With oaks and limes and maples ringed around; Hither 1 came, and viewed its turf askance. Its solitude with beauty seemed aglow— My love had walked there and 'twas holy ground: —Gosse, from the Swedish. Dinner Table*. Old and Now. The old English dinner table was a massive thing and was heavily loaded for dinner There were huge joints, enor mous game pies and ' ' e carcasses of poultry It was considered the correct thing for the hostess to carve and to press the guests to gluttony and tho host to pass the bottle several times too often. With such display of food there was little room for floral decorations In the course of time tho vegetables were banished from the tablo and handed by tho attend ants. Then the made dishes were dubbed entrees and were cleared oil the table and brought in by the attendants piping hot. Finally the meats were taken off, and at last the guests were pennitted to eat or not to eat. without any influence on the part of the host or hostess, while at tho same time the praising of the viands, which used to bo tho practice, no longer became proper The appearance at the table, as well os the conduct at the table, has changed. The table is not so massive und the floral decorations are frequently of the most elaborate and costly descrip tion. People who cannot spend much money on floral decorations, yet devote time and taste to them, using such as may be picked wild, ferns, berries, etc., besides such cultivated ones as may be obtained. —Good Housekeeping. Sound and Color Sensations. The phenomenon of color-audition was first brought to the attention of the sci entific world by Dr. Nussbaumer, of Vi enna, who, when a child, was engaged with his brother ono day in striking a fork against a glass to hear tho ring, when he discovered that ho saw colors at the same time that he perceived the Sound; and so well did he perceive the color, that, when he stopped his ears, he could divine by it how loud a sound the fork had produced. Dr. Nussbaumer was afterward able to add to his own observa tions nearly identical ones made by a medical student in Zurich Later on, M. Pedrono, an ophthalmologist of Nantes, observed th ; same peculiarities in a friend. In these cases musical sounds gave sensa tions varying tho color according to the instrument played upon, thus showing tho dependence of the phenomenon upon the timbre. For instance, the saxophone gave yellow sensations; the clarionet, red; the piano, blue. Henri do Parville, in Popular Science Monthly, says: "Popular expressions are often significant. 'I saw three dozen lights of all colors,' or some such expression^ mnv frequently bo heard from persons who nave received violent blows on tho head or face. Under the in fluence of shocks of this kind, the eye Seems to see infinite numbers of sparks. Shocks of a certain class impressed upon the nervous system seem to have tho fac ility of producing phenomena of light. There are persons endowed with such Sensibility that they cannot hear a sound without at the same time perceiving colors. Each sound to them has its pecu liar color: this word corresponds with red, and that one with green; one note is blue, Hiul another is yellow.—Science. An Artful Tittle Dodger, A lady came out on the steps of a house to DuÔiold street and called aloud in sweet, persuasive tones: "Géorgie, dear?" There was no answer, and she anxiously up and down, the street again called, but in a firmer voice: "George 1" Not a word. Taking' in the entire hod* Km with one »weeping, compreh —*— glance, she made a trumpet of her and called slirill and sharp: "Georgie!" Then a little pair of scurrying came around the corner of the house, ao Companied by a round, innocent face, much stained with watermelon juice, and a sweet voice inquired: "Did you call mo, mamma?" — Detroit Free Press. Life In Pari* Studios. In no place more than a studio is It true that tho early bird gets the warm; but in a studio that bird must be prepared to defend her spoils. Thus it is a great thing to be among the first to pose the model at 8 on Monday morning; but unless yoaaxa prepared to fight for the continuance of your pose, you will find that each comer will want to alter it to suit her particular taste. Unfortunately, malcontents have the right to put tho pose to the vote, and it not unfrequently happens that after Ï ou have patiently blocked in the figure uring the first hour, at D o'clock, when the crowd arrives, a fresh and totally dif ferent position is voted for and carried by ftn exasperating majority, and all your labor is lost.—Demorest's Monthly. Any man would much rather fool than look like one.—Tid Bit*. be ft Ê or a left, i\0 MAX'S LAND. ITS PEACE PRESERVED WITH RIFLES AND SIX SHOOTERS. Counteifeit Money Can Be Made Without Interference—An Attempt to Form a Government— The Miscellaneous Society of One of the Most Curious Countries. No Man's Land gives ub an object lesson in the evolution of civil govern ment. No Man's Land does for the sociol ogist the same service that Mr. Water house Hawkins tries to do for geology when ho "reconstructs" those wonderful saurians and gigantic mammals; the same he would do if he could make his wooden mammoth roar through primeval 4a — NO MANS Lan:.' re > i Ps.' T WHERE NO .MAN'S LAND IS. forests, where the pterdactyl fanned the languid air with leathery wing and the mylodon robustus basked and browsed on the mioceno shore. The people of No Man's Land have done this service for us by oiganizing a government on purely original principles, without a congres sional enabling act or anything from state or nation. # # . The scene of this political evolution is a tract of United States territory half a degree wide and three degrees of longi tude in length, which was accidentally left out in giving the adjoining territories straight boundaries, in this wise: When the Cherokees moved west the govern ment guaranteed them the land north of Red river and westward to the Mexican line; that line was then the 100th meri dian from Red river to the Arkansas, S0 the 100th meridian is declared by the land office and United States courts to be the western limit of the Indian terri tory. When Texas was annexed her statesmen agreed to surrender all her lands north of 36 degs. and 30 min., for the Missouri compromise was to the effect that there should be no slavery north of that line, so 36 degs. 30 min. is the north boundary of Texas. In laying off New Mexico congress thought only of giving it square boundaries, and so its eastern border was located on longitudo 103 degs. Similarly latitude 37 degs. was made the continuous southern boundary of Kansas, Colorado and Utah. The result of this paring was No Man's Land, bounded east by longitude 100 degs., west by 103 degs., north by latitude 37 degs. and south by 86 degs. 30 min. * * * a in * * * The tract contains 3,700,000 acres and about 7,000 people. It was long called the Cherokee Neutral Strip, because every one supposed it was part of the Indian territory, and the Cherokees claimed that the grant of land "as far as United States land extends," carried their border to New Mexico; but the grant was con strued by Commissioner A. J. Sparks and Secretary Lamar to cover only 6uch land as the United States had at the date of the grant. After the railroads were built through Kansas a very important trail was laid out from Dodge city south west into Texas, and Beaver river in this forgotten strip became the favorite rest ing place of the teamsters, where they recruited their 6tock. Therefore in March, 1880, James Lane, a bold fron tiersman, established a ranch at the Beaver crossing and built a sod house, with plastered walls, glass windows and roof of rafters covered with prairie Ê ay. It still stands—the first house in teaver City. * * # Others came to enjoy the profitable trade with teamsters and Texas cowboys, and the "metropolis of the neutral strip" became a place. In 1882 some one dis covered that the strip did not belong to any territory or 6tate, and Mr. W. A. Stair, of Oswego, Kan., quietly got a certificate to that effect from the depart ment of the interior, and the inevitable "town company" was formed at Wichita. They compromised with Lane and laid off Beaver City in 1886, reserving for him the two blocks now known as "Lane's Reserve." Now the custom in the far west is to build and boom cities and sell lots on quit claim deeds until an act of congress can be obtained making these titles valid. The reader curious about such matters may find in the "Statutes at Large" many of these relief acts, notably one entitled "An act for the relief of the inhabitants of Salt Lake City." There the people had bought and sold on quit claim deeds, without the signature of any wife, first or tenth, for twenty-three years; con gress gave title to the whole city to the mayor, in trust, who deeded to all bona fide holders. And this is a fair sample. But the Wichita boomers failed to get their "relief," as there was no govern ment survey and no land office with jurisdiction—in short, "nothing to tie to," as tiie western idiom has it. » When Beaver City ft ad reached a resi dent population of perhaps 150 it became a great place of attraction for Texas cowboys, and promiscuous shooting be came a favorite amusement. The visitor usually rode into town at a gallop, yell 2r* THE FIRST OFFICERS OF BEAVER CITY. The gentlemen standing up, beginning at the left, are Councilmen J. it. Alley, Thomas Braid wood, Jack Garrey, M. Magana and .Marshal H. Mundell. Sitting down are Treasurer J. A. Over street, Mayor J. Thomas and Clerk W. B. Ogden. inglikean Indian and shooting in the air, his city "pards" responding with a general fusillade. But the Beaverites ßtate with pride that no ono has ever been killed there by accident. Of courge, the unsettled land titles and vagrant ele ment in the population soon led to many shooting affrays and some atrocious murders. The best sites in the tract were soon occupied, and there were small set tlements at every favorable place in No Man's Land. Then some Kansas states men got up a scheme to have the tract surveyed under such terms that holders of land scrip could take it desnite the settlers. Their bill got through both houses of congress "on the sly," but President Cleveland, having learned the facts, vetoed it. » _ ». * There was a carnival of crime for a few weeks in Beaver City, and the "good citizens" decided they must have a gov ernmen t. So a public meeting was called Oct. 26, 1886, and a neat little civil code adopted, providing for securing claims, which were to be allowed as follows: Article 2. That any person of legal age shall be allowed to hold one claim, and one claim only, of one hundred and sixty (160) acres of land until April 1, 1887, E rovided that he shall by this time have roken at least five (5) acres, or put other improvements thereon equivalent there to. Article 3. Any person may be allowed to take and hold claims for each member of his immediate family, to consist of fathers and mothers, brothers and sis ters, 6ons and daughters, who are of the requisite age, provided he will make im E rovementson each claim as provided for l Article 2. The adoption of a criminal code was left to a more convenient season, but the following clause in the civil code was a good starter: Article 6. That in case any person shall jump, trespass, or in any way damage the claim or claims of any of the signers of these rules and regulations, or of any body entitled to the benefits of these rules and regulations, said person or per sons shall be politely solicited to get off said claim, stop trespassing, and make good any damage done thereon; and if after twenty-four hours, no attention shall be paid to said notice measures suf ficiently severe shall be resorted to to compel said person or persons to comply with said notification. "Measures sufficiently severe" in the far west imply this programme: First, a committee with wéapons well displayed, and if that fails, secondly, thirty-nine lashes well laid on, and, thirdly, death. But the third article opened the door to many fraudulent claims, and a specula tion in eastern localities; crime also con tinued and a better government was necessarv. A schoolhouse had been built and a good school established; so a territorial council was organized, and in due time a constitution drafted. Two preachers had arrived—Rev. Robert A. Allen, Methode t, and Rev. R. M. Over street, Presbyterian. The latter called attention to the fact that there is "a grave defect in the constitution of the United States," and begged the conven tion to avoid it by adopting a Christian preamble, which they did in these words: "Whereas, The residents of Cimarron terri' iry are without the protection of law oi any state or recognized territo rial government, and recognizing the urgent need thereof, and desiring to adopt and establish rules and laws for our protection, safety and government, do hereby recognize Almighty God to be the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, the creator, preserver, and governor of individuals, communities, 6tates and na tions, and recognize the laws of the United States as our organic law, and adopt tho same with the constitution of the United States as the foundation and basis of all law's or rules for our govern ment, and in so far as may be to execute and enforce the same." Meanwhile they have their fun. The first marriage under the Cimarron con stitution was that of Dr. J. R. Linley and Miss Jennie Potts. They arrived as man and wife, but concluded it would BIRDIE EASTER. OLIVER M'CLUNG. MRS. M'CLUNG. GEORGE BLAKE. MRS. GEORGE BLAKE. look better to have a ceremony, and were united by Rev. R, M. Overstreet. As the doctor had a legal wife and family in Iowa, the validity of this Cimarron marriage may become a mat ter of interest in the criminal courts. Several other citizens are living with ladies, from whom they could separate without divorce; but as they are "good fellows" and the population is small, social lines are not drawn with Bostonian distinctness. It is a sort of rule in the far west that a man who locates, buys and improves property may start with a clean sheet to write a new character on. The Territorial Advocate (for Beaver City has a paper, and a very bright and newsy one) gives interesting accounts of the balls, from which we learn that Miss Birdie Easter and Mrs. George Blake divided time at the piano and furnished exquisite music. Tneir portraits, here^ with presented, show them to be quite attractive. Oliver McClung and lady exerted them selves to further the general enjoyment, and Mrs. McClung was admitted to be the most popular lady on the floor—all this despite the fact that Mr. and Mrs. McClung had been bo unfortunate in their last residence in the states as to be able to pay no bills and to leave in a hurry in spite of their vigilant creditors. Though these facts were published in The National Protective Review, they do not hold their force in Cimarron terri tory. # * * The Oklahoma bill that is now before congress, provides for a new territory, including No Man's Land and that part of the Indian territory west of the civil ized tribes. It is opposed, of course, by the cattle men, who nave 7,000,000 acres of that region rented from the Cherokees at three cents an acre, and it will take close watching to prevent fraud. At present the 6aloon men in Beaver City pay no Federal tax, the little distillery runs free, and a squad of counterfeiters worked at will till they ventured into Kansas and were caught. So, also, were some agents of the distillery, who tried to smuggle whisky, but were caught by tho Kansas Prohibitionists and jailed. The people of No Man's Land j ay no Federal taxes whatever. Tho region is an island of no law near the center of the nation, and a unique object lesson, indeed, in the evolution of civil govern ment. Most of the facts in this article relating to the immediate condition of No Man s Land were obtained from an eleven col umn articl e in The New' York Sun. Consequences of Physical Inertia. An American business man appears to be born with a disinclination to walk. I have seen half a dozen at a time stand around the entrance to a hotel elevator, wasting several minutes in waiting for the machine to come for them rather than mount one flight of steps. As a conse quence of this physical inertia most busi ness men of the present day have weak muscles, and especially weak hearts, so that should they be obliged to exert themselves to even a slight degree their limbs become exhausted and tremble like "a reed shaken by the wind," their respi ration becomes hurried and difficult, and their pulses beat at the rate of 125 a min ute, or even more. It is only necessary to stand at the cor ner of a street through which a street railway passes and to watch the men and women leaving their homes directly after breakfast, and running a hundred feet or so at the top of their speed to catch an approaching car, as though it was the only one by which they could go down town, and their lives depended on getting into that particular vehicle. How they pant and blow and turn red in tho face, and gesticulate wildly at the conductor and drop into their seats thoroughly ex hausted from the comparatively slight exertion into which they have been forced by their love of business! Many minutes elapse before they recover their mental and physical equanimity. Not a year passes that the newspapers do not record several deaths that have occurred from this practice, and which would not take place if the subjects had been in the nabit of taking sufficient muscular exer cise. In such people the heart is sud denly subjected to a strain to which it is not accustomed, and it gives way in the effort to accomplish the work required of it. I venture to say that of those who read these observations not one in ten can ascend the steps of an elevated rail way station as slowly as he pleases with out having the action of the heart nearly doubled in frequency. A rapidly beating heart is almost invariably a feeble heart. —Dr. William A. Hammond. Gold and Silver Gold and Silver Product. A valuable report from the director of tho mint states that the total product of gold and silver in the United States during 1887 exceeded $86,500,000. Of this total the gold was $33,093,000. California is the largest producer of the yellow metal, the yield of her mines exceeding $13,000, 000- Tho director estimates that last year the net gain to tho country of bul lion and coin by imports was $28,500,000, and that we used in the industrial arts about $14,500,000 worth of gold and $5, 000.000 worth of silver. The product of these precious metals in the United States appears to be more than one-third that of the whole world. In 1886 the world pro duced about $99,000,000 of gold and $126, 000,000 of silrer. If, however, of our production of. these metals is large for our populaticm, our consumption of them 1 is proportionately large and seemingly ex- ! travagant. The world's annual consump- 1 tion of gold and silver, as nearly as can | be determined, is respectively $46,000,- j 000 and $22.000,000. The population of I the United States cannot now he more I than 5 per cent, that of the world, but | we use iu tho industrial arts not far from 30 per cent, of all the gold and 22 per cent, of all the silver similarly consumed bv all tho world.—New York Herald. V» Oman's Fancies Concerning Jevrelry. A long time ago, that day when the world moved at the nod of Cleopatra, tho Egyptian women saved all their gold to bay emeralds for their daughters, because the possession of them not only insured freedom from all physical ills, but made in their hearts an ever spring well of hope, forcing them to be cheerful, happy women. Sometimes the emerald was en graved with cabalistic characters, oftener its smooth surface was untouched; what could not be accomplished by the precious gem itself certainly could not by the aid of a mysterious symbol. Then the Sici lian women bought coral for their babies, believing that it not only brought to them good health, but counteracted the effect of the evil eye and kept away the wicked spirits. It seemed for a while' as If the same interest was going to be taken in coral now that was then, for beautiful pink coral framed in diamonds was not only shown in the large jewelry shops, but was worn by some very smart women, However, the fancy seems to havo died out; coral is no longer either displayed in the window or on the woman. Unfor tunately both of these health giving orna ments, tho emerald and the coral, are easily imitated, which destroys their value in the eyes of the gem collect ing woman.—"Bab" in Philadelphia Time? A Curious City. Imagine a city with most of its streets narrow, muddy and crowded, where the seller of lottery tickets takes the place of the newsboy, where the pavers of the street, the conductors of the cars, the clerks in the stores, the policemen on their beats, the soldier with his musket, the barefooted men and women who peddle their wares and the very beggars at the doorways all 6moke cigarettes or cigars. The street cars carry the cof fined dead to the cemetery, with the mourners in the cars that follow. Men, women and children, half naked and without shoes, bear the burdens that we put upon drays and wagons; water car riers peddle the limpid fluid from the I ueducts from house to house. Every er woman has a baby dangling con tentedly from a sack upon her hack. Imagine the picture and you get a glimpse of the street scenes that you look upon about the great plaza, facing the costly palace and tho magnificent càthedral of the City of Mexico.—City of Mexico Cor. Albany Journal. aqu otn TEE SALVATION ARMY. HOW THE ORGANIZATION IS REGARD ED IN ENGLAND AND AMERICA. Gen. Moore, Chief of the American Salva tion Army, and Bow He Was Requested to Resi£rn—Gen. Booth's Attempt to Unite the English and American Forces. There is something ludicrous in the recent revolt against tho authority of Gen. Thomas E. Moore, commander-in chief of the Salvation Army, when one considers how the action of those throw ing off Gen. Moore's authority would be considered if they were real soldiers in a real army. They wrote a letter to the general inviting him to resign, and then Bet up headquarters for themselves. Now, the Salvation Army is organized under the form of a real army, and in such any expression of dissatisfaction with the acts of the commander, espe cially in the face of the enemy—and the Salvationists are always in presence of man's arch enemy, Satan—would be looked upon as mutiny; and mutiny is punishable wdth death. Whether Gen. Moore or his accusers be at fault, and however similar the uniforms and titles of the Salvationists be to those of men of actual war, the proceedings in the recent stand against the general are hardly in accordance with those prescribed for preferring charges in the "Army Regulations." How would it appear for the subordi nate officers in a real army in the field to send a letter to its commanding gen eral asking him to resign, and setting up headquarters of their own and choosing a commander to suit themselves? What would we have thought during the civil war to hear of the corps commanders of the Army of the Potomac requesting & Gen. McClellan's resignation and putting one of their own number in his place? The titles in the Salvation Army of gen eral and colonel and captain and lieuten ant may be very pleasant to those who hold tho offices, but the "Army Regula tions" are quite too stringent for these pec pie who fight, not an enemy using powder and lead, but one who uses the enticements of sin. • # # Gen. Booth is the head of the Salvation Army in England. There the army origi nated, and there it thrives far better than in America. The fundamental principle is to appeal to the people in the streets. For this purpose the soldiers deem any method of attracting attention legiti mate. Drums, fifes, tambourines, flaming red shirt9, ban ners on which are emblazoned ''Victory," "Blood and Fire," "Hallelujah," "Glory, Glory, Glory," and other such inscriptions are the means by which the Salva tionists endeavor to attract the at tention of the re cruit. The atten tionNcnce attract- gen. moore. ed, the members of the recruiting squad turn their own attention to making the newly enlisted person a soldier of the cross. The parading of these recruiting squads through the streets has often caused the arrest of the party or some of its mem bers for disturbing the peace. In England such arrests are usually regarded by the people as persecutions, and the result has been to increase the popularity and strength of the army. The church of England has again and again denounced the soldiers of the army as fanatics and blasphemers, but this, too, has favored the Salvationists by bringing to their aid the nonconformists with whom England abounds. # | # The American army is separate from the English army. Several years ago Gen. Booth came to America to try to heal the breach and make the two one. He left a representative in Brooklyn, but the main force of American Salvationists has long been under the independent command of Gen. Moore. When Gen. Booth appeared at the Palace rink, in Brooklyn, there was a brass band and a band of women with tambourines. The general was dressed in black military coat and trousers, heavily braided, with the letter "S" embroidered on the collar of the coat. He wore a fiery red shirt, on the breast of which were the somewhat exhilarating and attention attracting words, "Victory" and "Blood and Fire." He gave out a hymn in which nearly every line told of the horror? of hell. Then the assemblage knelt and prayed and sang, amid interpolations of "Glory to God!" "Save us from hell!" "Bless the * ......... Lord!" and "Glory, Glory, Glory!" and the "Hallelujahs" which rang out from time to time were uttered with all the apparent evidences of triumph. Gen. Booth prayed that the backsliders might get back into the fold before the yawning jaws of hell swallowed them forever. The Salvation Army was established in America in 1884, and divisions from time to time sprang up in the different states of the Union. The general plan of action is the same as in England. The banners are blood red; the inscriptions are glaring; they talk of skirmishes and battles, and the newspaper of the army is called The War Cry. Their actual religious services are much like those of the "shouting" Methodists, who flour ished in America during the early part of the century, but who are now a rarity. An assembly of "Salvationists" resembles in many respects a camp meet ing. There are camp meeting songs, and when they become aroused they all join in I want to hear the flipping of the angels' wings When I die; And sing the song that the angels sing When I die. Notwithstanding the fact that in Amer ica there is the greatest religious free dom, and any attempt to interfere with the street paradera of the Salvation ists would probably react in their favor, there are many who think they ought to be suppressed. Wherever they establish a barracks the price of property sinks like lead. Nervous people are kept awake by the beating of their drums and by their war cries, and the religious sense of many Christians is shocked by their free use and hawking about publicly of words which have a sacred import. A SURPRISED FENCER. The Lesson Taught a Young Americas Swordsman—Disarmed. A young bank clerk in Albany is wiser than he was a year ago In the bank where he was a clerk a new man was given a somewhat inferior position. The newcomer was a small, slight framed Frenchman, whose English was decidedly lame, but who so seldom spoke that it made little difference. The senior clerk had a decided penchant for fencing, and compared with most fellows of his age and position was unquestionably a good swordsman. In addition to this he was a most insufferable braggart, and his mili tary accomplishment was his one topic of thought and conversation He had about him a very patronizing air, which he pro ceeded to inflict upon the inoffensive Frenchman, and his familiar slaps on the back evidently displeased the stranger. Finally a particularly emphatic thump be tween the little Frenchman's shoulders ed as response a stinging slap in ..ce, which left the red mark of a small hand sharply prominent against the otherwise deathly pale face of the young American. Speechless with rage, the young man found his desk, and shortly afterward, through a friend, challenged the French man to mortal combat. The latter apolo gized, in fact did all in his power to undo the mischief of his hasty blow, in vain. "Nothing but blood can wipe out that in sult," the young man said haughtily. The details were arranged, the Frenchman, as the challenged party, choosing rapiers. Greatly to the surprise of the hot blooded young challenger, the cashier of the bank, who knew the Frenchman well, acted as tue latter's second. The day came and the hour. The principals' stepped to posi tion, saluted, and the blue blades crossed with that smooth, gliding sound which is music to the ear of the truo swordsman. The Frenchman, whose familiarity with his weapon was evident at the start, con fined himself at first entirely to defense, turning his opponent's point with a grace of movement and absence of fear or nerv ousness which were poetry in action. The young man grew bolder, his thrusts be gan to have an air of ferocity which seemed to anger the Frenchman a trifle, and turning aside his opponent's thrust he made a quick lunge, and the young American barely parried. Another quick thrust and a turn of the wrist were too much for him; there was a Bharp snap and the top button of his coat flew across the room. Angry at this evi dent trifling, the button's owner made a spiteful lunge, which was quickly parried and the next button was snapped away. One after another the shining buttons on his natty blue braided jacket were cut off by the Frenchman's ready point. De cidedly "rattled" at his opponent's skill and the irrepressible smiles of tho seconds and surgeon, the young clerk now, with greater rapidity and less caution, made fierce lunges, any one of which would Lave driven the sharp rapier through the body of the cool Frenchman, while the little man, quietly parrying, with the sharp point of his weapon stripped the front of the young man's jacket to rib bons. The contest had lasted some twenty minutes when suddenly the Frenchman caught the swiftly advancing point of his opponent, turned it aside, slipped his own sword quickly down along the other's blade, turning it with a quick wrist mo tion so that it partly wound around it, and with a sharp wrenching motion tore tho weapon away and sent it flying across the floor. Then he saluted, threw his weapon down and left tho room. It sub sequently transpired that the foreigner was—and is—a member of a once noble French family, a captain in the French army, and his teachers have been some of the best swordsmen in France. The young American has not challenged any miscellaneous foreigners since, and is less inclined to talk of his experience or skill. —Albany Journal. A Crater in Fnll Hiatt. Walking down Tremont street not long ago with a friend we turned into a shop, attracted by tho latest fad in gold hair pins temptingly displayed. As we stood in blissful contemplation of this golden fruit, forbidden us by tho shallow ness of our pockets, the spell was broken by some subtle attraction about a woman who was on tho point of leaving. Half unconsciously I looked up, but what I be held restored me fully to realization of the ridiculous. In a stage whisper I men tioned to my friend that she would miss the sight of the season if she did not look around. Whereupon she turned, and turned again, for one glance at tho creature of fashion—who, as I supposed, had adjusted a miniature Mount Vesuvius to the rear of her head, out of which streamed great curls of lava—destroyed all the equilibrium of risibles in 'my friend's possession. "Seriously," I said, "what has she on?" "Any one would know you had been out of town," was the reply; "did you como in on a liay wagon that you do not know hair done a la Medici?" "I knew before your burst of information that I had met s jay," was xny stern answer, "and I trust the last of that species." But these girls! I presume you are doing it, or will, so why waste words? We moved back to the counter behind which stood the clerk convulsed with inward laughter, that would come out when he caught sight of our grinning countenances. The result was that we trioed our merriment, as the whole affair had been irresistible. The hair was a streaky yellow, hoisted into a projectile below the crown of the head. At the extreme outer end of this protu berance were fastened what the roman ticist would term "a cluster of ringlets," but in my dull, material way I should pronounce false curls of precisely a lava tint. Consequently my first thought was of a crater in full blast.—Boston Cor. Chicago Times. Drill of tho German Army. A new book of instructions for drill has been issued to the German army, by which there will be established the greater sim plicity and lesser number of movements which various military authorities, notably Lord Wolseley, have favored for several years. All evolutions not likely to be needed in battle are abolished. This would' have been done before had It net been for the unwillingness of the old kaiser to see swept away numerous details which had accompanied the progress of the German arms during his lifetime. No new irills are introduced, only some old ones cut. Captains are made responsible for their companies' proficiency.—New tork Sun. SHOES AND THE WEARERS •'"What kind of shoes are the ladies wearing nowadays?" "If you should say that they are wear ing all kinds you would just about strike it; but there is one thing certain, much more sensible shoes are worn by women today than there were five years ago. The best selling shoe we have in all sections of the country, with ono or two exceptions, is the New York medium toe. A shoe with this toe has a comfortable and yet nattj appearance, and is usually fitted with an inch and an eighth heel, which is a comfortable height. Next in popularity to tire New York medium toe Ls the New York opera toe, which is more pointed at ihe end and has a heel one quarter of an inch higher than the for mer. Either of these styles of shoe may or may not be adorned with the patent leather tip which has been so popular for the last year." "Where are the largest shoes worn?" "I suppose you will think I will say in Chicago, but Ï shan't, for while in that city the sizes range from one to seven, in Boston there are very few No. l's sold, the prevailing numbers ranging between two and seven. Chicago women have been much maligned, and it is a fact that we send more large sizes east than to any other section of tluftcountry. New Yorkers wear much slimmer shoes than are worn in any other city, and while we sell more medium sizes, threes and threes and a half, for instance, right here some women wear as high as fives. We sell very few shoes over that size in New York." IMPORTANT INFORMATION. "Where are the smallest shoes worn?" "You will be surprised when I tell you that for small feet the southern women are in the van. They wear rathei wider shoes than their New York sisters, but their feet are shorter. To sum up, I think I can confidently assert that the largest shoes are worn by eastern women, slimmest by New Yorkersand the widest and smallest by the fair creatures who make the south and west their homes." "Are there particular styles manufact ured for different sections'?' "There are. Here, for instance," and the member opened a black walnut show case and took out what looked like men's shoes, "is a sample of the ladies' wauk enphast shoe, which is now very in that city of blue blood and Boston. "You will notice that they are nearly as heavy, havo as wide heels, and look fully as useful as men's shoes. We sell them nowhere else but in the east. Again, here is a pair of shoes which you will observe have perfectly square toes and narrow feet. These are what the Philadelphia belles dote upon, and you couldn't see a pair in any other city to save your neck. Funny, isn't it?" "Are women wearing heavier or lighter shoes than formerly?" "You would naturally suppose from my previous statement that they are wearing more sensible shoes, that I would say heavier. I regret to say that I cannot. Fair woman has come to the conclusion that distorted feet resulting from too short and too tight 6hoes de tract from her appearance, and is there fore wearing better shaped feet cover ings. You cannot persuade her to wear anything clumsy looking. A thick soled shoe is her abomination, and there are more deaths resulting every year from her determination to wear paper 6oled shoes than from any other cause. At least, that is my opinion. Why, just look at it a moment. The thickest shoe we make has but a three-eighths of an inch sole—a! an inch sole—a! out the thickness a man would wear on a summer shoe—and yet women will put on their 'tliick boots' as they call them, and tramp through slush and mud all day long in them. It makes no differefice if their feet are soaked when they get home; they havo worn their 'thick boots,' and that settles it. That's what I like about the eastern women. They will wear comfortable and suitable shoes every time, appear ances or no appearances." "Is the French high heel as much in vogue as it was?" "For street wear, no. For the house and carriage the most popular button shoe is the New York opera toe, with the high French heel. This shoe naturally is not adapted for much walking, and the women havo discovered this. For low shoes the New York medium toe and the opera with high and moderately high French heels sell tho best. For a good walking shoe $5 to $8 should be paid; for fancy ball slippers of course fancy prices are given." IMPROVEMENT IN MEN'S SHOES. A wholesale manufacturer of men's shoes said: "It would be hard to say that any particular stylo of shoe is being worn now. Wc make and sell all styles. It can he said, though, that men are get ting better shoes for their money today than ever lief ore. Not only better in quality hut in fit. The time has gone by when a man expected to buy an un comfortable, ready mado shoe and tor ture himself by wearing it until it was comparatively comfortable. Improved methods of taking measurements and improved machinery have accomplished this, and a man can today go into a reputable ready mado shoe store and get a perfect fitting shoe without the slightest trouble." "Which section of the country de mands the largest shoes?" "That would be difficult to say, but probably the western man will wear a little larger shoes than other men. As a rule the western man, you know, is not so particular in his dress as an east erner, and so long as a shoe is comfort able that is about all ho cares for." "Do you make particular styles for different parts of the country?" "I can't say that we do except for the south. Southerners wear moro boots than men in the north. In fact there are very few of tho finer grade of boots worn up here. The southern man likes boots and he wears them with liigh h*els and is apt to get them too short for his feet. In consequence the southern foot is shorter and wider than other feet, the sizes down there ranging from 4 to 8, while in the north they rango in this part of the country from 5 to 10, and in the west from 6 to 12. The eastern men have the slimmest feet. A fact which is somewhat strange is that more heavy shoes ai o sold right here in the city than in the country districts."—New York Press. _ in Boston made hand organs.