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at m «St?" m WJ *55 Ä* * w « *4**, set Volume xx hi. Helena, Montana, Thursday, February 21, 1889. No. >3 <fl|clilrcltlu ^fjcralil. R. 1 . FISK D. W. FISK ft. J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates ol Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: Om» Year. (In iMlVHiiee)............................. (3 00 Months, (In advance)............................... 1 75 Three Months, (in advance)........................... 1 00 When not paid for in advance the rate will be Four Jtollar- per yeaii Postage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: (sty (Subscribers,delivered by carrier 81.00a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. 80 00 V* Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid in advance. 812 per annum. -o-- Entered at the Post office . Helena as second class matter.] S^-All communications should be addressed to FISK BKOS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. Effects of niood Drinking. As to its medicinal value tlie reporter Bpoko to several physicians. They were al most unanimous in saying that the whole Î jnirnco was based on superstition and ruorance. Said Dr. J. M. Macauley: "There has been an unreasonable belief since time immemorial that the blood of freshly slaughtered cattle possessed oc cult virtues iu curing consumption and general exhaustion. This belief obtains to a much larger extent in Europe than hero. I myself have seen, in the large abattoirs in Paris, rows on rows of sick people, taken from every rank and sta tion in life, from the bloated or emaci ated voluptuary down to the thin seamstress with hectic flush in her cheeks, all intent on their morn ings rations of blood. But it's all sheer nonsense. In cases where the blood was said to have effected a euro it was Something else, generally the more ra tional mode of living, which was really responsible for it. Consumption can cer tainly not bo cured with blood. If the stomach has strong enough digestive power to assimilate such blood Ft is strong enough to assimilate milk and bread and meat, things which contain as much or more Nourishing power than blood. And to a really debilitated system blood as a diet may prove seriously injurious. A ease which is likely to be benelited by a diet of ox blood will bo more surely benefited by • more rational and appetizing diet, but the great pauacea is still—as it always Las been—pure air, simple livirg, plenty of exercise, regular hours. That'6 the whole thing hi a nutshell. "—Chicago Herald. Well Dressed Berlin Women. We have been a little surprised at the number of well dressed people, or rather at the few badly dressed people, seen on the streets. I never saw so many neatly attired girls, and I don't think that thé women of any large city on the globe are so uniformly pretty. One coming from America naturally expects to find the wo men of Germany very large, bony or fleshy. If you come here with that idea in your head you will be disappointed, for tho Prussian women are petite, as a rule, below tho average stature, well formed and quick in their movements. The man, however, are large, muscular and some what gross in appearance.—Cor. Chicago Times. From Barbarism to Civilization. Dr. George Harley, F. It. S., has madn an investigation which reveals abundant evidence to prove that although man, during his evolution from barbarism to civilization, has increased in strength and stature and longevity, on tho other h d his power of recovery from bodily hi rt has materially deteriorated.—New York Star Theory of Memory. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes' theory is that a certain part of the brain receives Impressions like the plate in the camera They are photographed there and always remain. Sometimes we can recall than at will and sometimes not, but they are there—a theory that leads to very serious thought.—Chicago Herald. A Liberal Rendering. In Mississippi one of our teachers taught her class faithfully the golden text, "Put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest Is holvground." Tho next Sunday only one girl could remember it, and she recited it tnus: "Moses, Moses, take off them ahoes.''—American Missionary. A Difference of Opinion. Guest (to mountain house landlord)—4 think the amount of this bill ic entttely too large. Landlord—Too large? Just fan your self, sir, w,.u that mil and got anothsr whiff of tho pure, health inspiring moun tain air; you'll think it's too small.—»New York Sun, At the Table. A small girl of 3 years suddenly buret sat crying at the dinner table. •'Why, Ethel," said her mother, i* the matter?" "Oh!" whined Ethel, "mj on my tongue."—Boston Sudden Death. Miss Shawsgarden (of St Louis)—Oh, yes, I am proud of our city. We have changed the saving about Naples to "See St. Louis and die." Miss Dearborn (of Chicago)—Indeed! Is it so sudden?—America. An inebriated fellow was drowned in a street gutter at Stockton, CaL He fell to tho sidewalk, and then rolled off into tho gutter, which contained about four inches of water. He was found a few moments later, but life was ex tinct. Chandler Jones, a burglar, was identt» fled at Hazleliurst, Ga., by two tooth murks left in an apple where he had committed a robbery. One of tho print» tvas of an ingrowing tooth. Bis Generosity. "How was it such a mean fellow as Do Jinks handed yon his cigar case?" asked Merritt. "Ho just pulled it out to show me he hadn't a cigar left."—New York Evening Sun. AN AFRICAN EMPIRE. IMPORTANCE OF RECENT DEVEL OPMENTS IN UGANDA. Race and Religions War in Central Africa Bow the Empire of Uganda Was Ballt Up—Stanley at Mtesa's Con rt—Moham medan vs. Christian. When tho old time reader sees in his daily or weekly paper a telegram with display heads to tho effect that there has been a revolution in Uganda, that Mwanga has been deposed and Kiwewa made king, he scarcely knows whether this took place in Hayti or Afghanistan, for these are new names to him. But really this dispatch marks a new epoch, fçr we aro now so near to Central Africa that we read one day what was kqpwn the day before at the city of Zanzibar, and find that it concerns all Christian nations. Christianity and Mohammed anism are lighting a liard battle for the control of tho dark races; the Arabs are maintaining the slave trade against all the agents and missionaries of Christen dom, and the revolution just reported may decide tho fate of Stanley ami Emin Bey, the outcome of the war in the Soudan and the destiny of equatorial Africa for the next century. Uganda is a great native African empire. In that territory are the sources of the Nile. Victoria and Albert lakes float the fleets of a by no means con temptible monarch, and its former king, Mtesa, was a great friend of Stanley in his lirst expedition. From the mouths of its statesmen and warriors Stanley heard the history of this im THE CAPITAL OF UGANDA, portant empire, and has given that and the main facts about the country in fascinating detail. The people of Uganda proper aro a very superior race of Africans. They aro not at all like the typical negroes of the west coast and the 60 uth. They are tall and finely formed, have good heads and straight noses, wear good clothes of cotton cloth, manu facture many articles of use and beauty and are brave and skillful in war. And by steady conquest for three generations they have established an empire cover ing some 70,000 square miles and con taining near 3,000,000 people. The Ugandas are the ruling race; tnc Wasoga and many other tribes are subject to them. * * # Suna, father of Mtesa, was of the third captives and 8,000 children. Not many men are taken alive in these African wars. The Uganda historians told Stanley of a line of thirty-five sovereigns, the last three of whom had extended their rule till they became emperors instead of kings. They also told of a wonderful missionary, fairer of face tlian themselves, who long ago visited and taught them many valua ble truths; but their accounts were of such a nature that Stanley set down the story as of a kind with the legends of Man co Capac in Peru, Kadmus in Greece, and the first great warrior among the Aztecs. In short, it was a sort of incarnation of the progress of the people and the empire. Rubuga, the new capital of the em pire (of which a sketch is here presented), where Stanley was royally entertained by Mtesa, is on the summit of a knoll from which the slopes in all directions are thick set with bananas, sugar cane and plantains. Here Mtesa held his royal court and gave audience to offi cials and ambassadors in a 6traw cov ered hall, 60 feet long, 18 feet wide and 25 feet high. It had been the intention of Suna that his warlike son Kajumba should succeed liim; but the chiefs, dreading the latter's furious temper, deposed him and enthroned Mtesa, who was supposed to be of a milder temper. Once firm in power, however, he slew all his brothers and the most pretentious of the chiefs, to provide against a disputed succession. Soon af ter he was converted to Mohammedanism by the Arab missionary Muley bin Salim, and as this caused him to abstain from all intoxicants he became mudh more humane. He confided to Stanley, however, that he was not altogether satisfied with his new religion, and under the latter's instructions he was nominally converted to Christianity. All this time the Mohammedans were pushing their conquests, and after the death of Mtesa there was a great schism in Uganda. Mwanga, the emperor, be gan by being ill tempered, and finally became ferocious; distrusting his body guard, he tried to have them massacred, when they turned on him and made Kiwewa emperor. The latter at once adopted the policy of Mtesa. appointed Christians to the principal offices and de sired to establish trade and friendly rela tions with the white men. On this the Mohammedans, stirred up bv the Arabs, revolted, slew many of the Christians and compelled all the missionaries to fly from the country. Such are the incidents of this curious war of races and religions in equatorial Africa, Islamism and Chris tianity contending for the trade and the souls of the blacks. Stanley thinks the Uganda region as fertile as* any on earth. The people 6ay, "We live in a land of wine and butter, milk and fullness," and their appearance Ê roves it. They are cleanly and modest, ave considerable skill and industry enough for their needs, and with peace ful intercourse the trade of the empire would be very valuable. But the gov ernment is thoroughly despotic, depend ing entirely on tho character or the monarch, and just at present the Arabs appear to have the upper hand. Limited Powers. A mother was correcting her littlo boy the other day, and appealing to him, asked how he would feel if he had a son who didn't do this and didn't do that and so on. When she had reached the end of the inquiry he answered ; "Well, mamma, if 1 had a little boy 8 years old, 1 don't think I'd expect the aart.h nf him." « sec: m NC.'n tv n m V w* rrt. "MADAME DE VARNEY." Remarkable Romance of an Expert Fe male Pickpocket. The latest sensation in Paris is the arrest of a Mme. de Varney, an American, as a pick pocket. She was held for three days and then told that her arrest was a mistake. She left the jail without her money and her jewels and, returning for them, was again arrested. The American minister took up tho case and she was at last released. Had the French police communicated with Inspector Byrnes, of New York, they would not have labored under the accusation of having made a mistake. Here is her career in America, according to the inspector: Her real name is Sophie Lyons. She be longs to a family of thieves. Her father and mother, sisters and brothers aie all thieves; her son is a thief and died in prison. The madame is very "lady like in appearance, of dark complexion and has slightly Hebraic features." She is the daughter of oçc Elkins , who was especially expert in shoplifting. As a child thief Sophie was an infant phenomenon. She was often arrested, but was such an innocent looking little thing that her victims were unwilling to proceed against her. When she was about 10 years old she married a notorious pickpocket named Maury Harris, but her honeymoon was ruth lessly ended, the bride being arrested for pocket picking and sent to Sing Sing for two years. She served her term and returned to her ^ profession. Soon after she became intimate with "Dutch Heinrichs," a celebrated hank j thief, hut she seems to have been fastidious ! in tho matter of husbands, ami tried several j before finding one suited to her mind. After remaining with Heinrichs awhile she mar ! ried Ned Lyons. In these alliances Sophie j kept climbing, for Lyons was at the top of tho profession of bank burglars. The pair lived happily together, and had four children, three girls and a hoy. But the father was finally caught and sent to Sing ' Sing, and tho mother returned to her old vacation of pocket picking. In 1872 she was arrested in New York for stealing goods at A T. Stewart's and Lako & Mac Creary's stores. The goods were found on her, and she was sent to Sing Sing for five years. About a week before Sophie entered Sing Sing, her husband van ished from its por tals having affected his escape. Learn sophie Lyons. ing of his wife's imprisonment, he determined to affect her escape. Engaging the services of a confede rate he drove to Sing Sing and there made his arrangements. All that is known is that Sophie was liberated. The pair went to Detroit, where they bought some property and settled down onco more to happy home life Lyons was soon ar rested for an attempt to rob a bank at Water ford, N. Y. While he was in jail Sophie, in order that the work might go on, went into the blackmail business. A gentleman of wealth proposed to remain at her house over night, but when he had undressed to go to bed Sophie entered his room, seized his clothes and threw them out of the window. Then she drew a pistol from her pocket and pointed it at the bosom of her guest Tho gentleman signed a check for a largo amount and went on his way. Sophie drew the money and congratulated herseîf on a fine haul. This and other matters cast a tingo of sus picion upon Sophie's character in Detroit, and she felt constrained to depart for Boston. She levied a contribution there, in one of the hotels, on a credulous gentleman in the shape of a 810,000 check; but, luckily for the con tributor, ho reached the ban!» before the nimble Sophie and stopped pavanent. At this point in Sophie's career occurred an act of ingratitude to her husband, who had effected her escape from Sing Sing. She joined a man named Brock. Lyons, mean while, left his enforced residence, and hear ing of the actions of the guilty pair, went Elfter Brock with a "shooting iron," and the two tried to kill each other. Nothing came of the encounter, except that it resulted in tho re-transfer of Mrs. Lyons' affections to her spouse. Soon after, both wero arrested on Long Island for picking pockets, and Lyons was taken to Connecticut to servo an unexpired term for bank robbery, for, as at Sing Sing, ho had left the Connecticut prison without leave. His wife was released. These continued separations from her hus band while bo was in prison were a great trial to Sophie's fidelity. After her husband was sent back to Connecticut she became ac quainted with a man with whom she took up, and went through the country lecturing. She was then living at a respectable house on Fifth avenue, New York, and was interested in the work of Mme. Touche, the female broker, who was arrested for enticing women to gamble in stocks. Sophie's later operations have been as a confederate for bank thieves. One game was for Sophie and a bank thief to drive up to a country hank in a buggy. The thief would go Into the bank, and if few were there would ask one of the clerks to go out to the buggy where a lame lady wished to consult him about investments. While he was gone the thief and other confederates would help them selves to any cash they could find unguarded. Another dodge was to go into a bank, and if a man were found counting bills, Sophie would drop her handkerchief, and while the polite official was picking it up her confed erate would take the money off the desk. She next went to Paris. In all this record of crime, there is but one act recorded to show that Ned and Sophie Lyons have h uman hearts. While their son imitated his father and died in Auburn pris on, the three little girls were sent to school and kept ignorant of their parents' lives. They are now supposed to be in a convent school in Montreal, ignorant of their mother's profession. Wanted Enough. Young De Fast (who has been out very late the night before)—Have you filled the bath tub, as I told you? Valet—Yes, sah. "With cold water !" "Yes, sah." "Then lead me to it." ""Watah's awful cold for a bath, sah." "I don't want a bath. I Want a drink."— New York Weekly. Something Catching The amateur photographer and the burglar have very taking ways, and there is undoubtedly something catching about the policeman and the fisherman.— Har» per's Bazar. , MARRIAGE ON THE CONGO. STRANGE CUSTOMS OF A LITTLE PORTUGUESE COLONY. A Honeymoon Spent in a But—Import ance and Power of the "Fetich Man.*' It Costs 810 to Get a Wife from a Neighboring Town. Happier than some other races of men, none of these West African tribes prac tice infanticide. On the contrary, it is considered a misfortune not to have children, and this desire is the source of some very curious habits and customs. Among the Bassos, a tribe further to the north, a banana tree is planted on the day of marriage, and if on tho day of îts first producing fruit a child should not have been born the contract is con sidered void and the parties marry again. With the Kabina the bride and groom immediately after marriage are locked in a hut which must never have been occupied before, and are there kept close prisoners for three monfhs, except that at every midnight tho old men of the town take the groom and tho old women the bride and escort them to the "fetich man," to whom they appeal for children. During this time, however, they are well supplied with both food and drink. At the end of the three months a great feast is held, when the prisoners are released and the hut where they havo been con fined is burned, and thus their honey moon is brought to an end. HOW A WIFE IS GOT. The ceremony of marriage among these people is conducted by the different tribes in a manner that is common to them all. When a native wants a wife, if there is none in his own town to suit him, he sends to some neighboring chief asking if there is a girl in his town of the age desired. If the answer is in the affirma tive, he then presents his case to the old men of his town, and after a "palaver," or talk, at which there is the drinking of much rum, they agree that he may bring homo as a wifo a woman from another town. After securing this permission he, with presents in his hands for tho propitiation of the spirit powers, visits the head "fetich man," and after listening to his many prayers receives a charm. He is then* ready to seek his bride. In the meantime tho women of his town—maids, wives and widows—having been advised of his intention and being incensed by his slighting them in select ing a stranger, aro prepared, as they are allowed by their laws to do, to prevent his leaving until their charms have been admitted and their indignation allayed by many presents. This custom, despite every precaution of the man, often ends in disputes which are settled only by an appeal to the "fetich man" and "sussi wood." However, having overoome the diffi culties of his departure, he arrives at and is received in his prospective bride's town by the old men of tho place and by them conducted to the "palaver house, where there is more talk and more rum. Tho presents he has brought having been found acceptable, ho is then allowed to know the parents of the girl he is seek ing, and from them learns tho sum in beads, rum, cloth, etc., he has to pay be fore he can secure her. This usually represents in value about $10. This mat ter having been satisfactorily settled, he returns to his town and forwards the goods as agreed upon. At the setting of the sun on tho day appointed for the closing of the contract the bride, naked except for being painted with different colored chalks, accom panied by her parents and friends, ar rives at the home of the groom. There they arc received with much rejoicing, gun firing, drum beating, dancing and feasting. This is continued until both man and woman are exhausted by their orgies, when they are bundled into the hut to remain for the customary time. The customs surrounding the bringing up of these girls and their conduct after having become wives are strange and interesting. All women, unless they are slaves, until they are married or reach a certain age are under the care of the old women, and are called "cutta do eqa _o," or grigory bush girls. They can easily recognized, for, no matter what may be their age, they aro always en tirely naked, with only a small* horn hanging from a string fastened around the neck. They also plaster thickly their shaven heads with clay at frequent intervals. This it is "fetich" to remove or touch with water, and must be taken off only by their husbands. THE SEDUCER THERE GETS HIS DUE. For one of these girls to be forgetful of her virtue is a crime, but for which she is not called upon to pay the penalty. The nature of the punishment is death, but how inflicted it has been impossible for me to learn, it being "fetich" for any male to interfere in these matters. The old women have sole jurisdiction and most jealouslv guard the secrets of their calling; but, be it as it may, the man, after having been accused, is never free from espionage until some day he is missed, when after a time he is found in a mutilated condition dead in his hut. Contrary to what might be expected, so strict are these people in the observance of this custom that no sum of money will purchase immunity, and even being a white man is no protection from their revenge. After a woman becomes a wife differ ent laws affect her. If convicted of un faithfulness she is punished according to her husband's pleasure. This, as a rule, finds expression by his selling her into slavery. A peculiar belief is their find ing reason for the failure of any en deavor or undertaking they may have in hand in their wives' forgetfulness of their duties. A native chief, when about to start on a journey, or go on a hunting or trading expedition, or to war, on the day before his departure, calls together his many wives and advises them of his intention. He then reminds them that the success or failure of his effort depends upon them, and asks if they have been guilty of any fault of which they should be purged before starting on nis ioumey. This, of course, is answered in the nega tive. Satisfied with their denial, he then instructs them as to their conduct during his absence, and then leaves tp Droceed on his way • SOME PHENOMENAL "FAITH CURES." » PI Mrs. Maria Woodworth, of Springfield, Bis., Claims to Perform Miraculous Healings. The blind, tho deaf and dumb, the lame and the ill are congregating in great num bers in Springfield, Ills. Enthusiasts claim that scenes are enacted daily in that city that for tho past nineteen hundred years have been as rare as angels' visits. The singular spectacle (which recalls to the mind a graphic description in "Ben Hur") is afforded in Springfield's streets of the maimed and sick creeping along on crutches, or being carried in beds or chairs to an old deserted mill loft, where, it is claimed, some of the most marvel ous faith cures on record have of late taken plaça The faith cure meetings are conducted by a woman named Maria Woodworth. She is six feet in height, extremely angular and weird looking, and is said maria woodworth. to resemble a "Macbeth" v. itch. Her power is said to be miraculous. People who have been afflicted with deafness all their lives are said to havo been cured at a single meeting. Tho most advanced and seemingly incur able diseases are said to have been healed in an hour Cripples have thrown away crutches, the blind have been restored to sight, the dumb have broken forth into rhapsodic song, and the fanatics say that there is no ill which flesh is heir to that has not been completely squelched by the sub ject's absolute belief in the efficacy of the faith cure. Among others seeking "the power" the other night were three little girls, aged 9, 11 and 13 years respectively. It is scarcely con ceivable that at such tender ages they have acquired the by no means simple art of ar tistically lying. But the story of their expe riences is pretty diaphanous. It is said that after praying for some time these three little ones became suddenly rigid, with a stiff sort of trembling in the hands and feet. After wandering around through tho crowd they "camo to," and each related a story of strange things seen during their trances. Each had seen the other two, had beheld a heavenly city paved with gold, had looked upon people in torment in another region, who were surrounded by flames of fire and by serpents writhing and hissing in agony. Ono of these little girls, Ida Anderson, was more highly favored than her companions in trance. She is the daughter of a respectable tailor of Springfield, and had lost several lit tle sisters some time ago, whom she saw dur ing her trance and with them played peek-a boo, dodging behind the pillars that support the ceiling and laughing as children do in their sports. Hero is a case which created considerable excitement in Springfield, and put a man named Watts in a rather embarrassing posi tion. Tho day before Christmas a young lady went into a trance at 3 o'clock p. m. and re mained in that state un til 8:15 the next morn ing. On Christmas night she was again over powered. While Joseph Russel, well known in Springfield, was kneeling at the altar with this young lady he was stricken by "the power," but "came to" in a much better spiritual condition. The young lady arose and walked around, and in her path stood Watts. She took him by the hand and, to his utter astonishment, he could not get loose. She tried to talk, but could not, and as she made signs as though she wanted to write, a pencil and paper wero given her, by which she wrote warnings, evidently ad dressed to Watts. Though her writing was hardly legible, enough was deciphered to learn that this was his last chance to be saved. This occurred about 4 o'clock p. m., and sho stood up hold ing him by the hand until 11:35 p. m., when she let go of her own accord and he went away. Just before letting go her hold upon him she lay down and went into a trance, in which she remained until 12 o'clock the next day. Springfield is much shaken up over these stories, the believers and the scoffers being pretty evenly divided. Causes for Divorce. "Attempt on life," in Illinois. "Fugitive from justice," in Virginia. "Ungovernable temper," in Kentucky. "Parties cannot live in peace and union," in Utah. "Any gross neglect of duty," in Kansas and Ohio. "Mental incapacity at time of marriage," in Georgia. Willful desertion for five years is a cause in two states. "Gross misbehavior or wickedness," in Rhode Island. Fraud and fraudulent contract is a cause in nine states. Imprisonment for felony is a cause in all states except ten. "Refusal of wife to remove into the state," in Tennessee. Absence without being beard from is a cause in several states. Willful desertion for three years is a cause in fourteen states. Physical inability is a cause in all states and'territories except ten. Willful desertion for one year is a cause in fifteen states and territories. "Habitual indulgence in violent and un governable temper," in Florida. Habitual drunkenness is a cause in all states and territories except ten. Settled aversion, which tends to destroy all peace and happiness, in Kentucky. "Husband notoriously immoral before mar riage, unknown to wife," in West Virginia. "Three years with any religious society that believes the marriage relation unlaw ful," in Massachusetts. "Joining any religious sect that believes marriage unlawful, and refusing to cohabit six months," in New Hampshire. "Such indignities as render life burden some," in Missouri, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Washington territory and Wyoming. Tho violation of the marriage vow is cause for absolute divorce excepting in South Caro lina and New Mexico, which have no divorce laws. "Cruel treatment, outrages or excesses such as to render their living together insup portable," in Arkansas, Kentucky, Louisi ana, Missouri, Tennessee and Texas. Cruel and abusive treatment is a cause in all states and territories except New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia. Failure of the husband to provide, no time specified, is a cause in nine states; for one year it is a cause in five states, and for two years it is all that is necessary in two states. —St. Louis Globe- Democrat ! COSTLY AND DEADLY KNIVES. Blades Early Made for Business in the Days of California. In 1858 M. Price, who then had a small cutlery shop, sat up nights and made a fine bowie knife, which he exhibited in the first Mechanics' fair held in San Francisco. After the fair Waid Eaton took the knife to tho Bank Exchange pmd raffled it for $150. Price had taken S eat care in tempering the blade, and d offered to forfeit $100 if any better steel could be found. At that time Billy Allison, of Yolo, was making knives, which were sought by all men who wanted reliable weapons Surveyor General Higley had an Alli son knife, and he backed it against Price's blade. The test was made in the Bank Exchange, and aroused as much interest as a national election. ' Gen, Higley laid a half dollar on the counter and drove the Allison blade through it without turning the point or edge. Ward Eaton wielded the Price blade with a steady, strong arm, and achieved tho same feat. Gen. Higley then tried two half dollars, and the point of his knife turned. Eaton piled up three of the coins, drove the Price knife through them, and when he raised the weapon tho three half dollars were impaled on the point, which was not turned. That made Price's bowie knives as famous on this coast as Toledo blades were in Spain, and every man who west heeled had to have one. Marion Moore, a noted mining and sporting man, whose nitro-glycerine blew up Wells, Fargo & Co.'s express office on the corner of Cali fornia and Montgomery streets, ordered of Price the best knife he could make. Moore gave Price a gold brick and a piece of gold quartz that he had taken out of a mine with his own hands, and told him to work the metal in. Price made an eight inch bowie, having a gold handle inlaid with quarts. Moore paid $175 for the weapon, and handed back to Price tho gold that was left over. Moore's lawyer, McCabe, got a gold mounted knife for $100, and these two expensive weapons played a leading part in a bloody tragedy in White Pine, Nev. Moore had a mine there, and, as was usual in those days, somebody tried to jump tho claim. Moore and McCabe were caught in the tunnel by a band of fighters hired by the other claimants, anil cut their way out with their bowie knives. Several men were killed in tho fight, and as most of the dead had only knife wounds, it is supposed that Moore and Ins lawyer did some game and lively work. A little gambler named Barney Kenny used a six and a half inch bowie of Price's make with deadly effect about eighteen years ago. He was playing poker with three other sports in a saloon in Portland, Ore. Somebody was caught cheating, and Barney grabbed the pot. Instantly the three confeder ates pulled their pistols and blazed away at Barney, who drew his knife and waded in desperately. After a brief but furious combat, in which fifteen shots were fired, Barney walked out of the room, leaving the others on the floor. One was dead, a second mortally wounded, and the third cut so badly that ho had to be in a hospital for months. In 1861 Price made two knives for Col. Jack Gamble, who supplied Mexican gold onzas for the handle frames. The handles were inlaid with abaline shell and gold quartz, and tho colonel paid $400 for the two weapons. Gamble gave ono to his friend Charles Norris, who lost it some years later. It was a mere fancy of Gamble's to have such a weapon, as he was never known to use it. Joe Winters, in 1864, walked into Price's place with two friends, saw three $75 knives in the case, bought them, and turning around, presented one to each of his companions just as he would hand about cigars. One of tho men who bought an extrav agantly expensive knifp from Price came into the shop some time after a fight had occurred in a mine and several men had been carved to death, and exchanged the weapon for some other wares. As he put the gold mounted bowie down he said with a shiver that he would never use a knife again. When the weapon was examined the blade was found rusted with blood, and there was blood even in tho crevices between the slabs of the handle and the frame. There were no guards on the hilts of these knives, be cause the men who bought them carried them for sudden use, and a guard is likelv to catch in the clothing and delay the draw. The first big knives made by Price were for a party of United States sur veyors, who wanted them as substitutes for axes in cutting trails through the brush. The blades wero twelve inches long and very heavy, and in the hands of a strong man would cut a person's head off at one blow.—San Francisco Ex aminer. How "Doc" Smart Broke the Banks. "Doc" Smart, a noted Western bandit, with two confederates, bought all the playing cards at El Paso, at. Goldsberg's stationery store, paving for them $75, and when questioned as to what they in tended doing with them said that they were going up in the mines and expected to do a great business, but if they failed would like tho privilege to return what they did not use. Goldsberg consented, and in a few days they returned with about half of them. This same Goldsberg was in the habit of furnishing all the faro banks in town with cards, and upon receiving orders for them and having none on hand ex cept those returned by Smart he divided the lot between the different "banks," anil on the same night every "bank" in El Paso was "busted" by Smart and a few of his confederates. The last "bank broke" examined their cards, and found that every card had been "pinched." An investigation at each "bark" showed their cards "pinched" in tho samo manner. It was found out next day that Smart had returned these cards to Goldsberg, and, of course, it was de cided that Smart and his gang "pinched" them. The town was too hot for him for several days after. It is estimated that the winnings were about $125,000. —San Francisco Argonaut. 'So Use for It. Agent—I desire, miss, to leave this circular with you. It refers to a type writing school which has just been started, and in which the art is taught at the low price of Pretty Girl—1 am not interested in type writing, sir. 1 have resolved never to marry. —Philadelphia Record. DR. A. T. M'GILL. \\ DR. A. T. M G ILL. Sketch of the Life of the Late Emeritus Professor of Theology at I'riucetou. Alexander Taggart McGill, D. D., LL. D., an emeritus professor at Prince ton college, whose death was lately re corded, was a native of Cannonsliurg, Pa., and was 82 years old at the time oi his death. He was graduated from Jef ferson college in 1826 and served there for some ime as tutor, when he went to Georgia, studied law in the offioeof Gen. George McCullough, of Milledgeville, who later became governor of the state. Several years later, his health having been broken by exposure and hard work sur veying the boundary line be tween Georgia and Alabama through the Cherokee Indian tribe's lands, Mc Gill returned to the north and de cided to devote the rest of his life to the church. This was in 1831, and he began the study of theology in the Theological seminary of the Associated (now the United) Presbyterian church. In 1834 he was licensed to preach, and in 1835 he was ordained and installed at Carlisle, Pa., as pastor of three small churches in as many counties, Cumber land, Perry and York. In 1838 Mr. Mo Gill left the United Presbyterian church and joined the Old School Presbyterian church, becoming pastor of the Second Presbyterian church in Carlisle. After tliree years of this work he was elected professor of the Theological seminary at Allegheny. Then receiving a call to the seminary of Columbia, S. C., he accepted it, remaining there till 1853, when the general assembly having again elected him to Allegheny, he returned. In 1854 he was transferred to the seminary at Princeton, taking the chair of ecclesias tical, homiletical and pastoral theology. He %vas moderator of the general as sembly of the Presbyterian chuich in 1848, a permanent e'erk from 1860 to 1862 and stated clerk from 1862 to 1870. In 1883 Dr. McGill resigned his active professorship at Princeton, but was made an emeritus professor by the unanimous vote of tho directors of the seminary. Dr. McGill was twice married, his first wife being a daughter of Gen. McCul lough anil the second wife Catherine Bacne Hodge. Three sons and three daughters survive; his eldest son, Alexander T. McGill, Jr., being chan cellor of New Jersey; tho second son, John D. McGill, being surgeon general of the state. The third son, Samuel D. McGill, practices law. THE GOULD MAUSOLEUM. Its Construction Was Planned by Mrs. Gould, Who Was First to Repose In It. The death of Mrs. Jay Gould, which took place recently in New York, occurs when her husband is understood to be withdrawing from all business, and when ho would most need the attention of his wife. Some thirty years ago, when Union square was bounded by dwellings, on the comer diagonally opposite the Everett house, lived Daniel G. Miller, who made a fortune in the wholesale g rocery trade. At tho time Jay Gould ved at the Everett house. Mr. Miller and Mr. Gould purchased a controlling interest in the Rutland and Washington railroad, and Jay Gould married Mr. Miller's daughter. Six children were the result of the marriage, the oldest of whom is George, who married Edith Kingdon, the actress; and the youngest is about 12 years oka Mrs. Gould brought her husband a dowry of $80,000, which 6he lent to him to make his fortune with. At first it looked as though he would make his wife a pauper instead of a millionaire; but the' event proved otherwise. Mrs. Gould's fund was kept separate from her husband's until recently, when he turned over to her some $2,000,000. THE GOULD MAUSOLEUM. Mrs. Gould's burial place is at Wood lawn cemetery, Nev/ York. For j-ears Mr. Gould owned a lot there, but, it not being to his taste, he turned it in to the cemetery authorities and bought an acre on an eminence and buiit a mausoleum. Mrs. Gould instigated the building of this mausoleum. It is built something after the fashion of tho Parthenon at Athens, though the Parthenon is Doric, while the mausoleum is Ionic. It is a very plain, substantial structure of Rhode Island granite, 21 feet wide, 88 feet long and 20 feet high to the apex of the roof. The columns are 10$ feet high and 13 inches in diameter at the widest part. Three rows of steps lead in to it all around the building. The interior is 20 feet long. 7 feet wide and 13 feet high. The fioor is a 6olid slab of marble, and the ceiling a solid slab of granite weigh ing six tons. Along the sides of the in terior aro the catacombs. The interior walls are of pink Tennessee marble. The crypt is lighted by a stained glass window at the end, which pictures a choir of angels. The roof or the whole building consists of granite slabs each weighing fifteen tons, and thirty-two feet long. Especial care was taken by Mr. Gould, who watched the construction himself, that there should bo no ostentation. The lot cost $50,000 and tho mausoleum $80, 000. It is the main point of interest to those who visit Woodlawn cemetary. Is Engagement a Failure? Mr. Myser—Now that all is over between us, Miss Glubtou, 1 presume it might not be out of place to request a return of tho baubles that 1 lavished on you in the delirium of a misplaced affection. Miss Glubton—With pleasure, sir; her» th«y are. Will you please give mo a receipt in full?—Buffalo Courier.