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NORTHERN PACIFIC PLANS.
Proposed Absorption of the Wisconsin Central—Control Secured. The "Arid" Region—Beport cf the Chief of the Signal Service. Areas of Rainfall West of the Mississippi and Missouri. IMPORTANT RAILROAD MOVE. Northern Pacific Secures Control of the Wisconsin Central. Philadelphia, March 24.—The repor ter of the Enquirer to-day learned from a well-known railroad man that the North ern Pacific Railroad company has at last secured control of the Wisconsin Central railroad, and through it an entrance to Chicago. The Enquirer will give the fol lowing details of the lease: "C. C. Wheeler, formerly general man ager of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road, has spent three weeks in the ex amination of the property, connections'and accounts of the Wisconsin Central railway. He went over every mile of the main line and its allied branches and inquired into its resources and traffic connections. The result of his investigation has been com piled into an exhaustive report which will be submitted to the board on "Wednesday. In it he recites why the acquisition of the Wisconsin Central road will be an advan tage to the Northern Pacific company. The Chicago. Burlington & Quincy, the North western and St. Paul and other lines enter ing Chicago are reaching out westward for traffic, and will, in his opinion, ultimately reach the Pacific coast and become trans continental lines. The Canadian Pacific has a Chicago outlet, and so have all the Pacific Coast lines. If the Northern Pacific is to maintain its position it must have equal facilities, and Wheeler sees no other line but the Wisconsin Central that can afford the Northern Pacific needed outlet. The road he says isin fine condition. It possessesgood terminals, has growing local trade and is self supporting, with the influence of the Interstate Commerce law to steady rates. He believes the road will be a profitable one to lease for a comparatively short time, either for thirty-three or ninety-nine years. The period has not been determined yet. an operating case, that is, Northern Pacific operates the road pays a rental of 35 percent, of the _ receipts. Of course all Northern Pacific Chicago business will be thrown on the Wisconsin Central's line, instead of being devided up between all roads running be tween Chicago and St. Paul. The case will add to the Northern Pacific system 767 miles of road, including 405 miles of the Wisconsin Central, 189 miles of leased lines and 236 of affiliated road with it. It also comes in possession of extens've termi nal facilities at Chicago, formerly owned by the Chicago & Great Western railroad, which are constantly increasing in value as well as very valuable terminals at Mil waukee. New York, March 25. —Reports of the lease or consolidation of the Wisconsin by the Northern Pacific are denied by the officials of both companies. It is officially stated, however, that a traffic agreement between the two companies will be con summated at a special meeting of the Northern Pacific directory Wednesday. The Wisconsin Central company is abso lutely controlled by C. L. Colby, Colgate Hoyt and Edwin H. Abbott. The stock certificates do not carry a voting power, and the three gentlemen named have been directors of the Northern Pacific road since 1887, when they went in with Henry Villard. Since that time the Wisconsin Central has worked as a close connection with the Northern Pacific and it was generally understood that a traffic agreement wonld ultimately be made. It is the and gross A WORTHY OBJECT. Preliminary Steps tor the Erection ot a Confederate Soldiers Home. New York. March 24. —There was a meeting at the Academy of Mnsic to-night ander the auspices of the Citizens' Com mittee, in aid of the National Confederate Soldiers Home at Austin, Texas. General Barnum presided. Many Grand Army men were in the audience, including Gen. Crittenden and Gen. Carl Schurz. There were also numerous Confederate veterans present. Major Joseph H. Stewart, one of the directors of the home, was the princi pal speaker. Among other things, he said : '"Sectarianism is being fast obliterated from the minds and hearts of the men and women of twenty-five years ago. They now march shoulder to shoulder in the struggles of civil conflict We rejoice that many thousands of Union soldiers are now on the pension rolls, and about 15,000 a<e maintained by the government in comforta ble homes and at an annual aggregate ex pense of about $1,000,000, and that they are honored wards of the nation. But what may be done for the hapless confeder ate soldier, who lett the army and freely shed his blood as a willing sacrifice upon the altar of a country that had no spon sor at its baptism among the nations of the earth, and which was destined to sink, like some bright planet of the heavens, never more to rise again ? It might be an unwise and possibly dangerous precedent to aid at public expense those who fonght against the old flag, and Southern men in both branches of our congress have ex pressed their disapproval of this policy; bnt may we not find sympathetic hearts and generous hands to aid us with their bounty ?" A Cholera Outbreak. % London, March 24. —The Chronicle states there'.have lately been sixty sudden deaths in a hospital at Florence. All cases were preceded by intestinal disturbance. Some -of the papers attribute this to bad food and others to cholera. THE ARID REGION. General Greely's Report as to the Rainfall on the Pacific Slope and Territories. Washington, March 24 —In pursuance to a resolution introduced by Senator Mitchell, there has been printed a letter from Gen. Greely, of the Signal Service, upon the rainfall of the Pacific slope and the Western States and Territories. Ac companying Gen. Greely s letter is a paper by Lieut. Classford, of the Signal Service, discussing the causes of wet and dry sea sons, abundance and deficiency in different portions, summer rainy season in Arizona, etc., fortified with charts and tables ex haustive of the subject. These tables cover observations from 661 stations of an average length of seven years and three months, and the charts show separately the maximum, minimum and mean rainfall for every month and year. The terms of the resolution made it Gen. Greely's duty "to express his views upon the importance and value of these charts, and also to express his opinion on the question of recurring drouth in Texas and iu relation to the question of increas ing or decreasing the rainfall. Of the arid sub-humid regions of the United States, pursuant to his instructions, Gen. Greely discusses the matter at great length. He says : One great result which must rebound to the benefit of the trans-Mississippi and trans-Missouri country by the publication of these officials data will be the dispelling of the erroneous and injurious impressions which so long prevailed regarding this ex tensive region. Early in this century this territory was viewed as hardly suited for civilized man, its enormous and vast mountains being reported arid and the desert region unsuited for cultivation and in many places even unfit for pasturage. Adventure, exploration and immigration have passed the frontier westward until the myths of the Great American Desert to the north of the rainless staked plains have practically disappeared. It is none the less true, however, that the latest and most re liable American text book of meteorology of this country speaks of the areas between the Sierra Nevada Mountains and the Rocky Mountains, including portions of Utah, New Mexico and California, as a region which is almost entirely destitute of rain, and that lurther, on the east side of the Rocky Mountains, the country is barren and almost without rain. Another great value of charts is being brought to the general attention and con sideration of the very extensive areas of the country in what has been known as the arid region, where late and careful ob servations have shown the rain fall to be far greater than has been usually attrib uted, and thus transfer these areas to sub humed districts. The Chief Signal officer puts it forward as his opinion that when Idaho, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico and Arizona shall have been covered with rain as completely as New York or the New England States, the final outcome of ob servation will indicate an actual average of rainfall for this arid region, and it is not understated by the census charts, from twenty to forty, and by others from ten to fifteen per cent. General Greely notes the observations at sixteen stations and they indicate an increase in the rainfall, while eight show a decrease. These stations are located in Texas, Nevada, Mew Mexico, Indian Territory, California, Arizona and Kansas. In conclusion he says: The chief signal officer does not hesitate to express the opin ion that the trans-Mississippi and trans Missouri are slightly increasing as a whole* though in certain localities, it may be slightly decreasing from the causes set forth above, and it seems most proper for him to put forth his strong conviction, even if it may not be certainly, when, as in this case, it will tend to reassure the agricul tural population in the lately drouth stricken districts of the West. There ap pears no possible reason to believe that the scanty rainfall of the past year or two will not be followed by increasing precipitation in the next few years, which will maintain the annual rainfall of these sections at the average or even an increase of it. It is believed that the interests of the country will be subserved by the publication of a large edition of rainfall charts and tables accompanying this report. COLLAPSE OF TRADE. A Bad Condition of Affairs on the Isthmus. Panama, March 25. —The condition of affairs on the Isthmus has been critical for some weeks past, as already^eported, and everything has worn a gloomy aspect. Thousands of men were thrown out of work. Fortunately emigration on an ex tensive scale has ensued and it is expected before the month will have elapsed at least 5,000 men will have been sent hence. Com mercial matters all over the Isthmus are in a bad condition and there is little businees doing. The Colon storekeepers and other dealers have united in petitioning for a reduction of all kind of taxes, owing to the complete stop page in the city. In the city of Panama, things are much in the same condition. A meeting has been held at which Panami ans and foreigners of different nationalities alike spoke, and a decision was reached that the Supreme Government be petit ioned to reduce the commercial contribu tion, which is enormously high as compared with the amount of business which is being done. Died. Pittsburg, March 24.—Hon. John Scott, president and one of the receivers of the Alleghany Valley Railway, died this morn ing of pneumonia, in his 69 th year. Manchester, N. H., March 24.—John W. Moore aged 82, formerly publisher and writer on the subject of mnsic, died yes terday. The Hague, March 24. —Professor Francis Cornelius Dondeas, the well known Dutch doctor, is dead. Rochester, N. Y„ March 25.— Levi Lewis, one of the oldest engineers on the New York Central, dropped dead on his engine mar Chili to-night. It is supposed heart disease was the cause. IOWA SCHOOL LANDS. In considering the best policy for Mon tana to adopt in regard to (her magnificent dowry of school lands, it would be in point to inquire what other States have done, and look at the results. In taking the case of Iowa, we have in testimony one of the most progressive of the Western States, and the one in which the lands were of the most uniform value. There was the same proportion of area, two sections in each township, as in Montana, given for schools. Oat of an area of little less than 36,000,000 acres this amoun ted to nearly 2,000,000 acres. At the close ol the year 1887 only 53,927 acres re mained unsold and the permanent school fund derived from these sales amounted to $4,187,893 94, showing that the lands were sold for about $2 50 per acre. If Congress had exercised the same prevision when Iowa was admitted as in the case of Montana, prohibiting the sale of her school lands at a less price than $10 per acre, the permanent school fund of that State would have been more than four times what it now is. But if the people of Iowa had for them selves adopted the policy that we hope to see adopted in Montana, their school fand to-day would have been equivalent to $50, 000,000 by the general rise in the value of the lands. Those lands were sold as soon as they reached in value $2 50 per acre. If the State had in its constitution made these lands inalienable, all the sub sequent rise in the value of the lands would have gone to swell the value of the permanent school fund. Now having parted with the title, though the value of these lands may raise to $100 per acre, as no doubt will be the case in the next forty years, it will add nothing to the perma nent school fund. On the contrary, the redaction of the rate of interest from 6 to 3 per cent, will be equivalent to the loss of one-half of the fund. Why should not Montana profit by the errors and losses of other States and fix it in her constitution that her school lands and all their enhancement in value should forever constitute her permanent, inaliena ble and irreducible school funds. The lands themselves are safer than any possible in vestment. They could not run away to Canada, nor could any one carry them off. If rented for terms of 21 years, at the expiration of this term there would be a re-adjustment of rents to the enhanced value and the annual income of the fund increased. At the rate at which the school lauds of Iowa were sold, it is equivalent at 6 per cent to a rental of fif teen cents per acre or $24 per annum for 160 acres. It would be a very poor quarter section that would not rent for $100 per annum and that wonld be equal to |a 6 per cent interest on a valuation of $10 per acre. Lands would rent at this price long before they could be sold at $5 per acre. Resolving from the outset that our school lands should never be sold, we should save to the school fund all the "un earned increment" of the lands. We coaid rent the lands always for more than the current rate of interest on their estimated value and could rent them earlier than they could be sold at the minimum allowed by Congress. If Congress had coupled with every grant of school lands the condition that none of them could ever be sold the permanent school fund of this country would be fifty times as great as it is now and the annual income nearly as much greater in propor tion. Let the folly of others teach us wisdom, and though Congress has imposed no such condition, we can do it for our selves and in a few years have a greater permanent school fund than any State or country in the world. The Republican primaries convened in the several wards of the city Saturday night and in a prompt, straightforward manner performed the business for which they were summoned. The attendance in each of the seven wards was large, and while two or more candidates were named or contested before the caucuses for the honor of a seat in the City Council, there was evidence nowhere of wrangling or con tention. The result of the primary choice in every case was cheerfully endorsed by the minority, a motion to make the nomi nation unanimous being in each instance carried without a dissenting voice. The utmost harmony also prevailed in the selection of delegates to the convention to convene on Wednesday. The choice of; the representatives as between the candidates mentioned for the several city offices is un known, although speculations 'and guesses are plenty as to the probable outcome for the Mayoralty nomination. No one of the delegates can be claimed absolutely as "solid" for any one of the candidates so Tar named for Mayor. The votes, as they will be cast in the convention, are liable to be more or less divided. There is no bet ting at the present writing who the man is who will be honored with the nomination. The Her add's Washington advices of last week are fully confirmed by special dis patches published yesterday in reference to the Governorship. Messrs. McCutcheon and Harrison so persisted in their opposition to Mr. Hershfield that that gentleman was forced to withdraw from the field, although the Republican sentiment of Montana was pronounced in his favor for the office. Mr. Hershfield, under the circumstances, and in the interest of party harmony promptly acquiesced in the appointment of another man and joined in the endorsement of Hon. B. F. White. The latter is a good citizen, capable, and will make a first class Governor. Following Mr. Hershfield's example, all Republicans will join in and make the choice of Mr. White unanimous. The new Journal editor has taken hold and opens ont with doable leads. He is reputed a bright-minded yonng man. His home has been Colorado, a State that has furnished Montana with a number of edi tors—notably Barertt, Zeigenfass, and Eastin—not to speak of a dozen or more news reporters. Mr. Bowen more recently hails from Missouri, where, at Kansas City, he assisted to found a newspaper. THE SECRETARY OF NAVY. At a Brooklyn banquet tendered Secre tary Tracy by his associates of the Hamil ton club, very recently, the significant event, of course, was a speech by the new Secretary, and we suppose it was the in tention to give him an opportunity to ac quaint the country with the purpose a&d plan of his administration of the naval de partment. At any rate the speech contained not merely the views of the Secretary but of the President. When tendered the nomination, speak ing of his own inexperience, the President replied : "If I thought that you believed you could plan or build a ship, I don't think I should have appointed you, for you might have proved a stumbling block in the way of those officers whose duty encompasses those things." In our zeal for a superior navy, we expressed a wish long ago that, in the selection of a Secretary of the Navy, consideration should only be given to the highest quali fications for efficiency and zeal according to knowledge. The crisis has come in our national development when everything hinges on and centers in the creation of a navy. It is the only arm through which the power of our great nation can be ex tended so as to be felt by every nation of the world. Through it our foreign policy must find expression. And by means of this arm, too, we are to win back the glory and prosperity of our commercial marine. President Harrison was right in saying that the place could not be filled by a man who could build a ship himself, for natur ally such a man has fixed ideas of naval construction that would lead him to reject whatever did not correspond to those ideas. In naval matters there should be the widest range left open for the play of invention and new ideas. If the advice of experienced naval constructors or officers had been followed the little Monitor would never have been built There is now a general lack of confidence in the serviceable qualities of those enor mous and costly iron-clads that make up the great navies. It is yet an unsolved problem what kind of a war ship is going to win the crown of pre-eminence and sway the scepter of the seas. This is the problem that our inventive genius is to solve and we want a head of the Navy De partment who will lay under tribute all the inventive resources of our people till a a model war ship is designed, constructed and its efficiency established. Secretary Tracy, at the same banquet said that the navy-yards during his adminis tration should not become the asylum of careless, poor and incompetent workmen In this he deserves universal support and pra'se. We want no political navies or navy yards. We want war ships that will carry the country's flag to every corner of the globe and never strike it at the sum mons of any foe. We want a navy that will cover our coasts and harbors from any possible harm and under whose shelter the commerce of the seas shall find safety and protection. It is not more a contest of resources than one of inventive skill and in either direction we can confidently challenge the nations of the world to the trial. With all proper re spect for economy the necessities and cer tain advantages render cost a subordinate consideration. Success and superiority will pay, no matter how great the cost, while inferiority at any cost will be dear, if not utter waste. It is not to be supposed that we can invent the most destructive war ship and keep the invention to ourselves, and thus put an end to competition, bnt we believe with proper encouragement can always keep ahead of every nation when once we have got our proper place at the head of the procession _ OUR GOVERNOR. The afternoon dispatches announce the appointment of Hon. B. F. White, of Dil lon, to be Governor of Montana. Mr. White is a first-class man, a gentleman whom it is a pleasure to know, a staunch Republican, and will doubtless make a Governor acceptable to all Montanians. He was not an applicant for the position—in fact, was one of the multitude of Republi cans endorsing Mr. L. H. Hershfield. The Herald extends to Mr. White its congrat ulations and assures him of its hearty good will. Here and now, however, we most earnestly protest, in behalf of the vast ma jority of Republicans of Montana, against the uncalled for interference and the undue influence exerted by Russell B. Harrison in defeating the appointment of Mr. Hersh field. Dispatches sent out from Washing ton assume that on account of the struggle between Mr. Hershfield and Mr. Harrison's candidate, it was deemed best to select a compromise man. There has been no con tention in the party over the appoint ment of Governor. The Republicans of Montana were relatively a nnit for Mr. Hershfield and against their expressed wish Russel Harrison arrayed himself and succeeded, not in having his candidate, Mr. McCutcheon, appointed, but in forcing Mr. Hershfield from the field. If President Harrison had fnlly undei stood the situa tion he would never have allowed his son whose action in this matter will effectual ly handicap any political ambition he might have had in the future in Montana, to dictate who should or who should not be Governor of the Territory. Young Mr. Harrison has had his say, but he cannot stay the protest that will to-day come up from ninety-nine one-hnndredths of the Republicans of Montana at this unwarrant ed and unwise action of the President's son. Oliver Cromwell White, the new Secretary of Washington Territory, was born in Dubuque, Iowa, whose father early emigrated to Oregon, Where young White grew to manhood, and tanght school. He moved to Dayton, W. T., in 1876, where he filled the positions of auditor, clerk of court, and subsequently became editor of the Columbia Chronicle. He was delegate to the last National Republican conven vention, and is a man of ability and in fluence. a a a DEATH OF JOHN BRIGHT. In the death of John Bright not England alone, but the whole world and the United States in particular, have lost a great and noble man. His temporary alienation from his old political associates and his op position to home rule for Ireland, may check in some measure the expressions of grief at his death and raise a cloud over his fame, but a man is to be judged by the general tenor of his life, his career when in the full hight of his mental faculities. So judged, England has produced few nobler and more complete characters than John Bright. He was bom November 16, 1811, near Rochdale, in Lancashire, of Quaker parent age, and all his life was true to the faith and teachings of that famons sect that has furnished so many great and worthy names to the old and new world. His public career began in 1839, when the Anti-Corn Law league was formed, in which he was associated with Cobden. He first entered Parliament in 1843 as member for Durham, holding afterwards for Manchester and Durham. He came into office first in 1868 as President of the Board of Trade, and again in 1873 as Chan cellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. In his prime he was a good fighter in the moral and intellectual field, though con scientiously and consistently opposed to war. He was an advocate of many un popular measures in England which he lived to see advanced to snccees and gen eral acceptance. Though of late in oppo ition to Gladstone and home rule in Ire land, no Englishman has done more than John Bright for the general success and ad vancement of the cause which he has op posed in the present Parliament. With an instinct and self-sacrificing courage that will never cease to be memor able he espoused the cause of union and freedom in our civil war when it cost heavily to be known as a friend of our im perilled government. He fought for us as affectively as any army corps in the field, and no Englishman of any age deserves more sincere respect from Americans than John Bright. All his life long he had been fighting the cause of the common people of England, now waging battle against the corn laws, and again upon the irritating and repul sive game laws. Every measure to pro mote education and extend the electoral franchise found in him a sturdy and con sistent champion. Blessed with abundant wealth and talent, he devoted them loyally to the good of his fellow men. In the years to come, when courts and crowns have lost their glory and the royal line of England has ceased to reign and its fame sink to the level of its merits, the name of John Bright will be pronounced with ever increasing respect and our own country will honor his name with scarcely less of reverent affection. Wyoming rejoices in the substitution of sunlight for Moonlight in the executive de partment of the Territory. Gov. Warren was removed by Cleveland for his manly independence in resenting for his people the persecutions and slanders ot Land Com missioner Sparks. Though Sparks failed to convince any one but the President that 75 per cent, ot the land entries in the Ter ritories were a fraud, he proved beyond a shadow of donbt that he was himself more than 95 per cent, a nuisance. War has broken ont again in Eastern Kentucky and threatens to depopulate that region. Perhaps it would be well enough to let them fight it out and settle the country with a different race controlled by some rational respect for the spirit and forms of law. In each a state of society as exists in that region there can be no pro gress or development and if there is any survival at all it is most likely to be of the unfitted. There seems something appropriate in patting a Connecticut man at the head of the Patent Office. That little State has always led every other in the proportion of patents issued and successfully maintains its preeminence. Connecticut men have given the world the cotton-gin, sewing ma chine, electric telegraph, as well as the Colt revolver and the Winchester rifle. What we want them to produce next is the most officient and destructive ship of war. The electors have already voted $130,000 of bonds for the construction of lateral sewers, and all that remains for the city executive officers to do in the matter is to see that the appropriation is properly ap plied.— Independent. No $130,000 nor any other amount of bonds has been voted for the construction of lateral sewers. The proposition will be submitted at the coming city election, Mon day, April 1st. The New York Tribune remarks that "the productions of home industry could be increased more than $50,000,000 by changes that ought to be made in the construction of the law by the Treasury Department." We hope it will continue to force this mat ter npon the attention of Secretary Win dom. The new Postmaster General has euer geticall begun the restoration of old, effi cient employes as superintendents of rail way mail service. Reform coaid not have been began in a more vital spot. It is go ing through the whole postal system like a dose of croton oil. Even the cayuses on the Star route lines seem conscious of the touch of reform. The Wheeling Intelligencer, commenting upon the fact that all the leading, progres sive men of the South are outspoken for Republican principles, remarks shrewdly that it is bnt one short step for such to vote with the Republican party. The Pennsylvania florist who has culti vated dandelions till he has produced a variety twenty inches in diameter, is warned not to send any of his flower seeds to Montana. There seems to be an epidemic of law less violence not only in eastern Kentucky, but it extends into south-western Pennsyl vania and West Virginia as well. Miles C. Moore, the newly appointed Governor of Washington Territory, is a native of Muskingum county, Ohio. He began going west at the early age of 12, and at|18 brought up in Walla Walla. In 1865 6 he spent a year in the mines of Montana, and returning again to Walla Walla en gaged in business. As 'soon as he had made $10,000 he went east and finished his education in business and law. Returning to Walla Walla for the third time be en gaged largely and successfully in business, married the daughter of Dr. D. S. Baker and became the manager of his great enter prises and the executor of his estate when Baker died. Moore is a very influential, able and popular man in Eastern Washing ton and his appointment gave great satis faction there. Almost simultaneously we hear of measures to exclude American lard from both Canada and Mexico. It is not Ger many and France warring against our hog products this time, but our nearest neigh bors, possibly stirred np to it by our com mercial rivals. But there is good ground to believe that there are adulterations in the manufacture that justify suspicion and prejudice. We must have some system of responsible inspection of all food materials for the protection of honest dealers, for home consumers and foreign customers. Andrew Carnegie, the great iron king of Pennsylvania, has recently made a thorough tour of inspection through the coal and iron regions of the South and finds a rival there that will put Pennsylvania on her metal to hold her own. The develop ment of the great resources of the South is not to be by the slow processes by which Pennsylvania has won wealth and pie eminence. The best skill and experience of the North, aided by the most improved processes and machinery, are enlisted in the work. It will be a battle of giants and the whole country will be the gainers and the United States against the world. It is expected that the usual 100,000 American visitors to Europe will this sea son be increased 50 per cent. Some of the steamship companies are preparing to send three steamers per week. Thirty millions will go into the hands of steamship owners and most of these are foreign lines sus tained by subsidies. Such is the popular horror of the word subsidy, fostered by Democratic politicians, that in order to save $1 we often lose $5. In some form we have got to subsidise steamship lines in order even to enter the line of competi tion. Such general and marked attentions as those shown by the English authorities and naval officers in Hong Kong at the funeral ceremonies of Rear Admiral Chandler merit a hearty acknowledgement. The Senate seems to have little trouble in keeping np with the executive business. The Senators 'are getting anxious to go home and their families have their tranks packed ready for instant start. His Democratic friends couldn't at all convince Gov. Leslie he was going to be bounced. No more coaid Republican friends persuade Councilman Cole he wasn't the coming successor. The new editor should not be too alto gether fresh, all at once. Wait a bit. Gain a domicil. Get acquainted with the folks. Unpack yonr grip. If you mean to stay, be civil. Gall —The junior morning print, a week old, with an immigrant two days from Mis souri, assuming to teach the Herald the political proprieties ! Some guests never know when they are well treated. The Journal itinerant, for instance. UNION PACIFIC. Matters Before the Directors To-Day. Boston, March 27.—At a special meeting of the directors of the Union Pacific, held this morning, a draft of the annual report was submitted, and in connection with it the question of resumption of dividends was considered It appears that the ^com pany earned daring 1888 about $12,400, 000, which has been reduced about $80,000 through the failure of the St. Joseph and Grand Island railroad, the Oregon railway & Navigation and the central branch to earn their fixed charges, money to meet which the Union Pacific advanced. It was unanimonsly voted that under existing circumstances of the railroad sitnation it was unexpedient to resume payment of dividends. The draft of the report was then referred back to the executive ^com mittee to be perfected and submitted to the stockholders. Oklahoma Proclamation. Washington, March 27.— The Presi dent's proclamation opening the Oklahoma lands to settlement on the 22nd of April next, was issued to-day. After setting forth the terms of the treaties of cession of these lands by the In dians to.the government and the acts of Congress relative to opening them to home stead entry, it describes these lands minutely by metes and bounds, reserves two acres for government use, and then formally declares that under those condi tions these lands will be open to homestead entry at noon of April 2nd next. All persons are warned that under the terms of the act of Congress any person who shall occupy any of said lands before the time mentioned will be forever debarred from making entry thereon, and the officers of the United States are required to strictly force this act. John Bright's Death. London, March 27. —In the Commons to-day, Wm. H. Smith, Government leader, with mach emotion referred to the death of Bright He said he would postpone his remarks on Bright until Friday, when Gladstone would be present. Manley thanked Smith for his consideration in re gard to Gladstone. Bright represented the Central Division of Birmingham in the House. CHIEF JUSTICE BLAKE. Press Comments on His Appointmen to the Montana Supreme Bench. [Madisonian (Dem.) March 23.] Last evening the news was received here that our townsman, Henry N. Blake, bad been named by the President for Chief Justice of Montana. We have no doubt that the Senate has confirmed the nomi nation by this time. The information was received with pleasure by the Judge's friends, Democrats as well as Republicans, who see in the appointment a just recogni tion of his fitness for the place. Judge Blake heretofore served four years and a half as Associate Justice of the Supreme Bench; and we do not remember hearing a word uttered during his whole incum bency impugning his honesty, integrity or ability. The Madisonian stands to Jndge Blake very much as the West minster saddler did to Mr. Fox—it "ad mires his talents, but---his politics,"— and it is tree to acknowledge that (and it speaks in the light of more than twenty years of intimate acquaintance] no ap pointment has been more worthily bestow ed than this, and to express the belief that the appointee will wear the ermine with a dignity befitting the position, with honor to himself and acceptability to the people. We think we voice the sentiment of this entire community in this expression of opinion. [Qu-'ncy, (111.) Whig, March 23.1 Judge Henry N. Blake, iecently appoint ed chief justice of Montana, is an old res - dent of that Territory, having lived there for 'more than twenty years. He was captain in a Massachusetts regiment daring the war, and at its cloie cast his fortunes with the western Territory, where he was readily recognized as a promising member of the bar. He commenced his career as editor of the Montana Post, pub lished at Virginia City, and was ap pointed United States District Attorney at the time Jndge H. L. Warren, formerly of Quincy, was chief justice. He resigned this position to accept an election from the people as district attorney for the counties of Madison, Gallatin, Beaverhead and Jefferson. Although Captain Blake was an ardent Republican, he was elected to office in this Democratic district by handsome majorities. In 1875 he was ap pointed by Gen. Grant as United States Judge in the First Judicial district and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Montana. He has been prominent in every movement for the advancement and de velopmentof the Territory, and wasurged by its people for his present appointment, as a long and varied period ot public service had inspired a confidence in his integrity of character, and also in his marked abil'ty to adorn the high position. Independence Monument. Governor Leslie has written the follow ing reply to a letter recently received from Gov. Robt. S. Green, of New Jersey, chair man of the committee of governors in the movement to erect an Independence Mona ment at Philadelphia : Territory of Montana, Executive Office, Helena, Mont., March 26,1889. Hon. Robt. S Green, Governor of the ùtate of New Jersey and Chairman of Committee of Governors : Sir :—I am in receipt of your letter and fac simile copy of a book containing a his tory of the movement to erect in Phila delphia, the birthplace of American inde pendence and the constitution, a grand memorial monument to commemorate the great events of the first centnry of Ameri can independence under the constitution, and the resolutions of the governors of the thirteen original States on this subject. In your letter transmitting this copy you ad vise me that "there has been space as signed in the book for a letter of endorse ment of these resolutions from the gove nor of each State and Territory." In answer I do most willingly say: Representing a people zealously laying the foundations of a State worthy the com panionship of the original thirteen and all their associate great commonwealths, I cer tainly express their patriotic opinions when I say Montana approves your resolution to build a monument befitting the nation'g origin and the history o its birth. I have the honor to be your most obedient servant, Preston H. Leslie, Governor of Montana. The Wesleyan University The board of directors of the new Meth • odist college met in Helena yesterday at the residence of Rev. R. E. Smith. There were present Rev. R. E. Smith, Rev. A. D. Raleigh, Rev. W. A. Shannon, of Biilinga, W. W. Vanarsdell, J. E. Rickards, of Butte, Col. W. F. Sanders, R. Lockey, F. Gobair and Fred Gamer. The day was spent in visiting two of the three sites that have been offered to the University,embracing locations on the east, west and north sides of Helena, any of which wonld be suitable for the pur pose. Today the trustees viewed the other site and will hold another meeting to-night to determine finally which place shall be selected. The prevailing senti ment seemt to favor the sites on the east and west sides, thongh it is not known which of the two will be chosen. The lo cation offered on the west side is near the Motor line in the Bradford addition. That on the east side is in the Townsite addi tion. Fine Artistsand Fine Works. The Advance Portrait Company, of Min neapolis, consisting of four excellent artists, who arrived in Helena about two weeks ago, and were located at the Pacific Hotel, nave now secured rooms in the Penn block, corner of Main and Bridge streets, where they have fitted np a splendid studio A reporter of the Herald visited their new quarters yesterday and found the artists busily engaged in their different lin c s of work—one in crayon, one in pastel, one in India ink and auother in water colors. Their works are of a very superior order and have been greatly admired. Many of our prominent citizens have given them or ders and in all cases their work has given entire satisfaction. All who desire fine portraits, executed in the highest style of the art, should not fail to visit their studio and avail themselves of the opportunity now presented of shearing a perfect like ness, and one that will be finished in a style that can hardly be surpassed in any of the Eastern cities. The Unhappy Proof Reader. fal Tne most carefully edited journal is lible. On the New York Herald proof readers have been suspended for weeks. In spite'of this severe discipline the Herald once made the astonishing announcement that a long line of scorpions' feathers filed into church, instead ot "surpliced fathers." A reporter on that paper had occasiou quote a verse from a familiar himn, which the word herald occurred. proof reader dutifully underscored ___ word, and the verse appeared, "Hark, the Herald angels sing." It was in the New \ ork World's report of a political meeting that the word "shouts" was so ludicrously misprinted as to make the blander famous. "The snouts of 10,000 democrats rent air," read the report. to in The the the